OCR Interpretation


Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, August 29, 1845, Image 1

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035487/1845-08-29/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

I.. ... ... LL.J . . L. mm,:.mu Ji I J .1 n Ja i, , mill 11 n I. 1 1 m ..ui m,. ,, ...i... -" . I m I
"No Union icilh Slarrfiohlrrs"
VOI,. I.
NEYV-LlSttON OHIO, FRIDAY, AUCUIST 20, 1815.
NO. 0.
rUIJLI.SIIF.I) WEEKLY
At one dollar and fifty cents a year in advance, or two dollars
if not paid within six months.
From the A. S. Standard.
Jonathan Walker.
I mentioned iho nrrtvnl nf this long-suffering man
list week, lie fiiilo.1 on the Sunday after h in arrival
for Harwich, where he now doubtless is, onre innre
restored to his wife Rnd children, almost ns one ri9vn
from the dead. His sufferings, during his imprid'in
nient.hHve been extreme; more so, far. than has been
known even lo his fa.nily end friend, though some
of the latter had suspected them, and supposed truly
that their existence whs voluntarily Concealed bv him.
Irs( useless pain should he caused at home. When
ho us first captured, he was so ill with lever, os to
he utterly incapable of movinir, and in this condition
hn was thrown into prison; fortunnto even in lltni, fur
tho neopld were so exasperated airaiust him, (hat they
sought his life, and were intimidated only by the firm
nessnnd courage of the Sheriff, who was determined
to defend him nt every haz-trd. The prison into
which he was thrown was wnhout lurniiiire. Even
n bed wiis denied him. Unnble 10 git or stand, the
only resiinn place allowed him was the hard floor.
Twenty pound of iron chain were bound upon bis
limbs a useless burden, for he could not, if he
would, have escaped. The fond that was given him
ho could not eat; uud thus bis tormentors came near
cheating themselves of a longer revenje, by killing
the poor man speedily by their cruel inhumanity, ft
was not till thB unassisted strength of his iron consti
tution had conqoerrd tho fever, that his condition
was at all changed, hv malting a bed with his own
hands, from such muteriils ns bo could procure, and
by secret means purchasing food wiih a little money,
which, not their cupidity, but their carelessness had
spared.
lie remained in irons till his fust trial. The par
ticulars of that are already known. It was then
'that be was branded, set in tho public stocks, and be
smeared wiih. rotten -. I remember tha: the Sun
ol this city, tho basest pro slavery print of the many
nt the North, that so lovo to lie in behalf or their ty
rant Southern master, said, when the news arrived
of tho branding of Walker, that this was a merely
-nominal punishment, hardly burning the skin. I did
not doubt he lied, of course, and he did. On the
jnlmtif Jonathan Walker's nyhl hand, in largo rais
ed letters of an inch and a half or two inches Ion",
lire those branded characters, S. S. Ilo calls them
Ihe cat ol aimst.T Iho United States. Abominable
and wicked as this outrage was, i: was done doubt
less with some misgivings. The hard conscience of
lavehnl'Jing law, could Bot but hnve been pressed
tipun somewhat, by the moral weight of mere human
ity outside of, and above it. 1 will not believe that
all the people in Perisracula could hold rich punish
ment a rii-hmnus one. The brand had lo be made
lor the occasion, and it was no easy task to get one
made. The first blacksmith who wag applied to. in
dignantly refused to do such work. "Brands," he
aid, "he could make, for ca.lle ami hogs, hut not for
men." But they got one made at last. The shop ol
the blacksmith just named, wbs near the place of ex
ccution, and they asked to heat the iron in his forge,
but even this too he denied to the Government of The
United States, thinking perhaps that there cculd be
but one fit forge a very hot one if theologians speak
truth where the right heat for such a purpose could
lie foun But the Government ran with the brand
to some other forge, and more compliant blacksmith,
and it was heated. Tho hot iron hissed as it eat into
the flesh of Jonathan Walker the deep mark which
lie will carry to the grave. Will ihe North remember
those raised characters which the Union has burnt
into a Notthorn hand? It is a fit "signed and sealed,1"
of tho band of our vassalage; and lhal ihe deed
might be mora complete, the chosen signer was a
Northern man. He is the United Stales .Marshal for
the district, and his name is Ebenezer Dorr. Uo is
a nntiveof the Stule of Maine, perhaps of Kennebec,
ns he has a brother there, of tho firm of Dorr &,
Severance, Publishers of tho Kennebec Journal
This Mr. Severance, by the bye, is, jf J am not mis'ak
en, a whig member of Congress, and in these con
netting links is a new and not uninteresting solution
of tha ever recurring problem, of "What has the
North lo do with Slavery P At the bidding of the
Slave power, in a territory of ihe United Slates, a
nativo of Maine presses hard upon ihe captive hand
of a native of Massachuselts, the hot branding iron
till it hisses and splutters in the quivering and curling
flesh, and warm blotd! Oh! "Glorious Umoh!"
The powers lhat watched the drawing of the bond
sixty years ago, must have flown back tu their own
place shrieking with joy at mis consummation, "sign
ed and sealed .m signed and sealed!!" It needs
their fostering care no longer.
It will be remembered that Walker was pelted with
rotten eggs w hile in ihe stocks, and lhat the onlv cry
of shame! was from a little boy. The offender
againsi good order was, however, arrested, and was
afterward tried, but in another county. He wag found
guilty, and condemned to pay the sum of six and a
quarter cents!
In May, Cspt. Walker wag tried under the second
batch of indictments, for "stealing" three slaves.
There had been a revulsion of public feeling in his
favor, and although he was found cuilty, ihe penalty
under each indictment, was only 5 for each of the
slaves. This and ihe costs of court were immedi
ately paid from the money which. I mentioned a few
weeks ago, was advanced by his friend. Capi. Small,
of Harwich. He was then set at liberty, afer a
confinement of eleven month", nt-ly all of which
lima no was Heavily ironnd.
Jonathan Walker is an Abolitionist. Such ho hns
alwavs avowed himself to be nt ths South. He
pleaoed "not guilts" m tho changes against him on
hs trial, because assisting a human being tn escape
from bondage, ho did not hold lo be stealing. He
fell justified in the act h did, and said openly, while
in j til, that he would do the same again under Ihe
sime circumstances. Ilo is preparing a work for
theprefswhichw.il give a succinct history of the
whole transact-on. Wo have in Frederick Douglass'
book, life on a Southern plantation; a fitting compan
ion to it will be a yearot a fraeuuti's life in aSiulh-
ern prison.
Hard as hig lot, and certain as their vengeance has
been, there aro sull soma mitigating circumstances.
The conduct of individuals deserves to be mentioned
with warm praise, would not their safety bo thereby
compromised. Snould this ever meet their eyes, they
may ha sure lhat many a heart blesses them. Good
ness and humanity may not bo coolcen of aloud, le.t
punishment follow. But lor treachery nnd duplicity,
wo have no g-ich (enr, us bill few onlv in such a case
will even condemn it. Thomas M. Blunt, ihe coun
sel whom the Committee sent to Walker's aid, was
within fifteen miles of Pensicola when tho trial took
place. Ilo afterward called upon Walker wifh some
paltry excus", but said nothing of Ihe $700 which
had tieen paid him. There could not bo a mero ag
gravaling case of betrayed trust, and no comment up
on it is necessary. Is ihe Emancipator satisfied?
Many will ask, perhaps, ns 1 did, what beeamo of
the slaves: I hey were returned to their masters.
One of ibem was afterward imprisoned on a charge
of theft, and fearing the dreadful punishment wiih
which ihe vengeanc.o of his master would visit him,
ar d purhaps desperate wiih lost hope, ha nearly sev
ered his head from his body, and cut out his entrails,
that he might at least be sure of liberty in death.
In closing, I would maka another appeal to the
friends every where tu raise a couple of hundred dol
lars, necessary to remunerate Capt. Small for tho
money advanced for his friend. He cannot offord,
and should not be allowed, lo bear the burden alone.
The $700 paid lo Blunt would have more than paid
all expenses, but thai being lost, the; balance must be
had from some quarter. Will those of our friends
who aro "blessed in their basket and their store, re
member this? c
Extract from Miss Webster's Narrative.
The reviling, swearing, and threats continued;
mingled with heavy blows, and tho cries, and groans,
and prayers of the victim I advanced coolly, but
resolutely to tho window; and felt that I was facing
an enemy on the field of battle. O, the horrors of
that moment ! Poor Israel, (ihe liBckman.) was
kneeling on the pavement pleading for his life. He
as an old man, a true and faithful servant, an hum
ble Christian, and had spent his lilo in unrequited
toil; and now they told him he must die, miles he
would admit thai he himsolf had carried ifl'the
slaves. He begged for his life. Again nnd again he
protested his innocence; and in the most touching ap
peals, called on heaven lo witness the injustice of bis
punishment.
He was ordered wiih a loud voice to tako ofl his
shirt; and with everv breath, almost this order was
repeated ; and each lime accompanied with a violent
lash over his head nr face with a cowhide. Still he
dared not take otT his shirt. Poor man! Ho knew
too well his skin would come off next. At length his
master, standing by, seeing the relentless tyranny,
and high toned fury nf iho whipper, seemed slightly
moved; and speaking in a moderate tune, said "why,
then don't you lake ofl your shirt." At this he in
stantly obeyed, and ihe regular whipping com
menced.
I resolved lo count tho blows, knowing that the ex
tent of the law, did not exceed ihe infliction of thirty
nine lashes, even if tho man wero actually guilty of
the crime alleged against him. The whipper said,
the boy must have lied lo him; adding that it was im
possible for tho slaves to escape without assistance;
at ihe same time declaring with a solemn oath, lhat
unless Israel would tell the truth and admit carrying
off said negroes, al least ihe boy Lewis, he would tear
his body in pieces and scatter it over Ihe pavement.
Israel begged for mercy; somotimcs crying aloud '.o
bedclivend from the torturing lash; at others, his
power of utterance seemed gone; and stifled sobs,
lone were heard. But enough. The reality mocks
my feeble effort lo describe, and my heart recoils and
sickens at ihe recollection.
None but eye witnefses to these deeds of darkness
can realize the depth of cold blooded oppression.
With purpose fix-d, I gazed in silence on the specta
cle before me. My heart was riven, but my choek
was dry. This was no timo for tears. Fifty lashes
scored the old man's back; and nil was darkness I
saw no more. My trembling limbs refused their
weight, and I should have sunk lo the floor; but rais
ing my hands I grasped the iron burs and kept from
failing. This motion drew the attention of s -mo be
low, andlhey hastily cried out, "Stop! Stop!! Miss
Webster is lookijig on! Tako him out of sight!
Take him to tho barn."
The order was obeyed and all was once more quiet.
The jailer Mr. Thomas B. Mcgown now entered
angrily closed the window, and withdrew without
speaking. Presently a crowd of gentleman came in,
bringing with ihom my trunks, which they reques:ed
moioopen. I proffered them the keys, which they
refused. N'j ouo among them ajpared wiiliog to
tnlto the responsibility of the search. I placed the
keys on one of iho trunks and retired to mv chair.
At this, thejailor pereo.plorily told me to unlock my
trunks, which I did, leaving tho lios down. They
then inquired if I had lobars in my trunks; I an
swered in the affirmative, and told them which trunk
lliey were in. I was requesleJ lo open it. Bui an
swered thit it was not locked. They however did
not seem satisfied and I raised tho liria. Hut even
this was not enough, and they asked ma to take out
evi ry thing in (hern. This, however, I left for them
to rlo. I pointed out to ihem my letter box. at the
same lima questioning their authority lo examine its
contents. Several however surrounded it, and began
perusing tho letters with a greediness trulv amusing.
The sotrch continued for a long lime. Every box
was opened, and every scrip of paper, however
small, carefully examined by oil who causa lo read
them.
All this was done, without even hinting lo mo the
object of the search. When iho trunks were exhaus
ted, and the contents scattered over the room, not hav
ing found any Ihing as they saidj to serve their pur
pose, Ihey next inquired, if these wore all the papers
in my possession? Being answered, they were "nut
a hundredth part of them," Ihey requested Ihe key ol
my room, which I gave ihem. They devoted some
time to the examination of papers in my room hod
finished and were about leaving, after an unsuccess
ful Search, as I was informed, whon Airs. Glass enter
ed, and placed in tho hands of iho Itev. Mr. Coons,
Mathotlist Minister, some papers which (he common
wealth attempted lo introduce on my trial; but which
at my request, were examined by the Court, who ex
cluded them prooojucing lhat they had "no bearing
on ihe case."
Before noon, Israel was brought bnck from the barn
and placed in the dungeon; and his persecutors, eager,
lo loll their success, rushed up stairs, saying, "Well,
we've got it out of him! Rather than die, heat last
come out and laid it. We knew he would. And
now Miss Webster, Israel says so and so, and if your
statement should correspond with hie, you will gave
Israel's life, nnd yourself from sixty years in the
penitentiary! There is no hope for Fairbank, but
no ono wishes to imprison you. Neither do we wish
you to stand a trial. Il is in your power lo clear your
self. You can do so as easily as you can turn your
band over; and then you will not be kept here an
hour, but the doors will be opened, and you restored
to your school. Wo are your friends, and unless you
lake our advico, (here is no escape from sixty or
eighty years in the penitentiary."
Filled with disgust and indignation, I responded,
"Gentleman, your threats and your promises, are
alike unheeded. Though I smile with contempt on
your proffered friendship, think nut that Ibeso things
move me. You huvo lacerated that old man's back,
nil he is ready lo say yes or no, to suit your pleas
ure. And I wish you distinctly to understand, that
whttever assertion he may make, I shall neither ad
mit or deny. Thank God I am not a slave. 1 ask
no pity. All I want, is ihe extreme justice of the
law. And sooner will I suffer all (he tortures of the
inquisition, than degrado myself by asking mercy at
your bands."
Ministers, Hounds, and Runaway Nkcp.oes.
The Home Missionary of iho Alabama Association
writing to the Alabama Baptist, on the subject of min
isterial support, attributes iho unwillingness of the
people to support their preochers, in part to tho leach
ing of the (inn-missionary ministers. And he repre
sents one of these riding through thu county with a
train of about twenty hounds, and with a braco ol
pistols, and a Bi iwie kr.ifp nrniprtlnrr mil I,;.
- - v" v ib punn
et, showing a handle which would make a bludgeon,
as his informant told him, "largo enough to kill the
d- 1, and thus fully armed and equipped, he makes
...a ..wiiiuin, it uniting runaway negroes : ;
The Missionary of ihe Alabama Association "ocs
on to say: "While it may be right and proper "thai
some one should keep such dogs, and follow such a
vocation, we think it does not filly bocoma tho am
bassadors of Christ. Let the churches ihen awake
to (ho subject of Ministerial support."
Think of this. The Alabama Association sup
ports a Miseionary who concedes that hounds ought
lo bo kepi, and men employed for the purpose of
hunting runaway negroes. Il is wrong for a minister
to do n, because it is not his vocation, and the church
es ought :o support hirn so that he may not need it.
I know not which most lo be BEtonishcd al, the anti
missionary preacher who himeolf rjoos such work,
or the missionary who admits tha propriety of ihe
vocation in others than professional ministers. "O
shame! where is thy blush?" Christian Politician.
A Quakek Embassy. Many of our readers arc
aware that ihere has been a severe discussion, and
finally, a separation, in Ihe Indiana yearly meeiing
of Friends, on account of Slavery and Abolition. A
number of important members became quite zealous
in favor of Abolition, while most of the official lead
ers were opposed to tho movement. The division
has created great anxiety among Friends, and partic
ularly amoi.g those of the London Yearly Moeting;
fui, being themselves prominent and active Abolition
ists, it could not but be grievous to see tho ecclesiasti
cal power of the society in this country employed to
put down what they were so earnestly laboring to
advance. Aad, on the other hand, ihey were reluc
tant lo counleDttuce what seemed lo be a breach of
religious order by the Abolition seceders.
This matter has been three or four years under ag
itauun. At leug-h. iho hondoo Yearly Mauling tuve
resolved In end a deputation nf their wisest nod bol
men to the United Sjates, for tho purpiee of at nnri
endoavorina to henl tho division in Indinoa. nnd of
slirinc up the minds of the body of Friends in thi-
cnunirv lo mote direct and aciive efforts io the causa
of emancipation.
Among the persons selected for tliis important mis
sion, aro Jopiah Fos'er, formerly Clerk ol Iho Yarlv
Meeting. William Foster, who was in tins count.-v
twenty yearn ago, and who procurretl the preparation
uf Judge Stroud's bonk on lb law of slavery, and
Georgo Siacy, the present Clerk of the Yenrlv Meet
ir.g. Theso gentlemen nro among iho most eminent
ol the Society, and are all acting mom'iors ol i-ieot
weight in (ho London Ami Slavery Committee.
They have great weight with the leading statesmen of
England, and this they preserve undpr all n iltnui in n
inns, by their perfect sincerity and devotion. Bos
ton Chronicle.
Amthicav Sl.ueky. A correspondent of ih
Now York Tribune, writing from Richmond, in the,
course of a lung letter, much of which is d-jvoteil tu
making apologies for sla e holders, has the following :
"Ono of the worst features of Ihe whole slave
system, is the hiring of fomales lo openiprnstilution ;
this is done, and that, too, in tho religious cities of
Richmond and Norfolk."
A BrrrstoN. Somo bovs were indict,,,) ; p,,,,),
county, Indiana, not long since, for .liBIrbtn(rl"n
abolition meeting, where a man named ju w
make a speech. Tho jury acquitted them, on "lb"
..'..mu uiuvaii nuuiiiiuu meeting was not a lawful
sEuiuiuge, peaceaoty assemoiea lor a lawful
ns-
purpose.
03-The Cincinnati Guzetleof August 2Iit, enn
tains the following statements respecting thp excite
ment in Lexington. We anxiously await further in
telligence:
Cassius M. Clay The Excitement at
j-iexingion.
The Senior Editor of tho Louisville Journal wri'es
from Lexington under dale of '.he 15ih, ae follows-
During (ho whoh, forenoon of to day iho popular
excitement .was very high. Many anticipated that
the meeting of 3 P. M . wrmM i- , n-
of the I rue American. Clay in anticipation of such
U..UUOM, iiiuua ma wiu.armea himself, and sent id
his office fbcinff ton xirtt tn ii ru. .. . .
r i I r a"J yruni lenglll
ol lime) a bed to be occupied by him during the day.
.... -cm ,Uiiiu votiri noiisa and found it
full. Beverly Hicks wnS in Ihn chnir M. iv..
in behalf of the committee, reported C. M. Clay's
letter, and offered a long preomble nnd resolution
which were read bv T. F. Mnrchnll n,i ..:
Iv adopted. Tho proamble was a warm rejoinder lo
v,a, n Niiuuuiii. i ne resolution was lhat a mass
meeting of tha citizens of Lexington and Fayette be
held at Ihe Court house, on Monday next, at 1 1 o'cl'k,
A. M., for the adoption of such m'easuros as may be'
deemed expedient. The adjournment was quiet.
Pl r a ...
me meeting oi itionoay win L0 tremendous.
What it will do I am of courcn onnlJo in .... 1.
postpone ultimate action, but I ibink il, oi..,
versal impression is that it will recolvo itself into a
committee for the redress nf grievances and demolish
the "True American" office, though every body un
derstands lhat Ihe editor will have lo be killed first,
turn mat ne is somewual tlitlicull to kill.
This is a most lamentahln atnin .i' nrr.:.. tt i...
effect the killing of C. M. Clay will have in' the free
otates, in exasperating the Abolitionists and swelling
their numbers, y0u can judgo as well as I. A friend
will give you an account of tho doings of Monday.
Yours, p;
The Journal commcntingon this loiter says:
We cannot but hone lhat. nniwiil,aii,nt.nn
, , ....u,ul,ulg. UJ.
lense excitement which nrevails mnimh ok..
son and common sense may be found lo save this time
honored Commonwnalih frnm ihu !;....,. r u. .
olence. I ersecution never yet wucceeded in its ef
forts to annihilate opinions; on the contrary, (he his
tory of mankind is full of instances proving lhat
opinions never thrive so well and never produce such
abundant Iruits as when opposed by the tyranic pow
er of kings, churches, and moos. We sincerely hope
that the lessons of tho past will not be lost on our
fellow cilizens of Lexington, and the moeting to ba
held this morning may resolve lhat it is inexpedienl.st
least, to resort to mob law to put down what the law
of the land sanctions, namely, freedom of press and
speech. The law which secures lo every slavehold
er his property in hi slaves is regarded by him as sa
credjbut it is not more sacred than that law which
givos to every man ihe right lu utter and publish anv
opinions he pleases in rotation to slavery. Tho law
is the only safeguard of slavarv. nnH d-i. kij...-
should not, by their example encourage others td
f I'amnln ,n 1 1
In the evening impression nf ihe Journal, contain
ing news up to Monday mur.ung, we fiod the follow-
og:
Cassius M. Clav has issued flfirtlhnr linnrlktll Malm.
laied to allay excitement. It defiueg his position
cleurly in regard to emancipation and indicates a dis
position on the part of Mr. Clay to discuss tha mat.
tor in future with duo temperance. A compromise
ma uuuouut ueeu maue, ana a very acceptable ono
to th mobnerats.
The Louisville Democrat of Monday says: A
friend at Lexington enclosed us, yesterday, another
handoill ffom Mr. C. M. Clay, dated on Saturday,

xml | txt