tho tfave, imNhi ii! nnlle taun-l by Covim.;
T-i'es, by Sacifly regu.Btiois, 01 Ti curly Mrenrg ad
vices. Thece ere 'hey ho are iles'ined ithrr in, w
it of (be Society, to no n great work.
D i nut the leaders of that Society feoi hat they
must choose between repentance anil destruction, and
Ihnt right ppeedity' Have they not noted the sign
if the times? hnve they not watched the upheavings
of their organization, indicating by convulsive throes
(hat a mighty power is at work beneath the surface?
are they not conscioJs of the warring of the ele-
ments around them, and do ihey not feel their utter
inability to ride on the whirlwind which is sweepir.g
toward them, and to direct the storm that is becoming
more and more terrific. Let them be amused, the
people are coming! Let them learn wisdom from
the pMit! Let them be instructed by the scenes in
wl.rh they were themselves recently actors, and nnl
attempt to establish over others a despotism whose
chains they would themselves spurn. If they would
nave their society from disruption, let them bear, in
deed and word, a dutiful testimony against the nppres.
inn in the land, and refuse longer to slrike hands
wiih those who make merchandise of God's image,
and sell man (or gold.
Court Weeks--Muster Day.
O.ir v i 1 1 a g-3 seems uiiil and quiet now, in what it
did a week ago. We had then all sorts of sighisand
sounds, and every thing so mixed up ns to make con
fusion worse cniifoiiiidpd; presenting u lioetln-r when
Judge, Jury, Soldier, and Spectaiorj urrivoc', a scene
ns 'Cr.isy and exhilarating as tint described in the
Hnrk, hnrfc, the densdo bark.
For strangers have come to town;
There's some in rags, and some in tag!,
And some in velvet gowns.1'
The Judo and Jry came to try the little rogues,
who were not strong or skilful enough in break through
tlio meshes of Ir-.e'Uw. and also to grant or reftiso li
renses tu rumsellnrs and other hotel keepers. We
don't know how in my licenses wero gra htsd or how
many refused. We hnpe that every applicant who
was'not a temperance man was dUmitsed without
one, for liquor sliop whether low groceries cr fush
ionnble hotels are a curse to the community in which
they are located; and beside, rum barrels are an un
oteailv foundation npon which to build the Anti
Slavery 'cause, or any other cause of moral reform.
No man whu is a slave to rum can be a good abolition
ist. Ilis 'moral perceptions are too dim to permit
him to see our enterprise in all its glorious beauty,
and his intellect ton much muddled, to suffer him to
Income an intelligent defender of Freedom.
We don't know how rniny prisoners were tried t
nor for what crimes they were arraigned, but we will
Tisk our reputation for veracity, that if there were
any horse thieves amnn them, Ihey wero more dark;
ly scowled upon, and more severely punished, than if,
under the name and in the person of Henry Clay or
James K. Polk, they hsd stolen both horse and rider.
'One murder nv.kes a villain, millions a hero,"
and by parity of reasoning, it is vile and criminal
to steal a horse only, but honorable and praiseworthy
to tako both h.irse and rider. In this country,
"'Tis theft to rob a hen-roost of a hen;
Hut they who plunder God's afflicted poor,
And holt and bur the captives prison door,
Are christians all, and honorable men.'
The Judge and Jury came to prepare the way for
the execution of the laws; and the soldiery came to
prepare themselves to exocute their fellow men.
We are so constructed physically and mentally,
that we muit laugh at what is ridiculous; and really
such playing it soldiers when wo forget the mur
derous abstract principle upon which these military
musters are based is one of the most ridiculous
things upon earth. The morning of the 21st was
ushered in we were going to say, by sounds of niu
sic, but it would be a libel upon all iweet eounds to
call such discord music ; it was rather
"As if a squeaking fife should strive
To drown a cracked bassoon."
The soldiers had come, and every boy in town
knew it. At an early hour, thoy hastened to their va
rious places of rendezvous, and had Fallaff been there
lie would have rejoiced exceedingly over them, as
men after his own heart. If variety be the spice of
life, as the poet tells us, none could complain that
these soldiers were not highly spiced, fora greater
variety than their uniform presented, human eyes
eldom behold. The only uniformity we could per
ceive in their dress was, that every man wis unifonn
ly unlike his neighbor. After mustering their forces
upon the Public Square, and making sundry maneu
vers characterized aa was the Dutch girl's dancing
'more for strong than handsome," but nevertheless
infinitely to the gratification of soma overgrown as
well aa underground boys, they performed the great
feat of the day a feat which was also performed on
a certain tirno by a certain monarch, and recorded in
the following poetical lines,
"The king of France with twenty thousand men,
Marched up a bill and then marched down again."
in his chnins has found it go. If hedares togive wing
to the noble aspirations of his nature, and peaceably
claim his rights as a mnn, ha is told that his enslave
ment is an ordination of Providence that it is in con
ecit:ii!$ ibith ihnr place am;:'w arlmi
ribly R8i.'d, and lb u hole pcene well fjemplirict
t ho TriCWB Law. There was the Our". Ilouee in
repif .ent the Vitil (dm of this nation, iho Meeting
House to shadow lutth the Divine law, ahd the Sol
diers, who appeared as the supporters of its Military
law; end without irreverence we say "These three
ARB onr!" Yes, they are one, and the slave pining
fonnity wiih ihe Divine law. And then his tyrants go
ind Sit down in their Legislative Halls, and most im
piously chart, "he is hereby declared 10 be a slave;"
and thai is Civilian;, and the Chaplain tr.akesa pray
er over ii. end his Amen! is as long as the purse which
is given him fur his pious labor; Although this slave
is told that the Divine law which our Clergy leach
sanctions his enslavement, yet he kno vs that hn rob
bery is wrongj and althoagh the Civil law declares it
to bejust, he feels that that law is a lie) he strives to
obtain tho rights his God gave him, by an appeal to
force, but he is crushed by the strong arm of brute
strength, and that is Military law. Wo repeat it
"These three are cne!" The slave knows it to be
sn; end as his life's blood is gurgling out Upon Ihe soil
which his tears had before moistened, as he feels the
cold steel in his quivering heart doing its pledged
work, he understands that thai tied is n just represen
tation of the three fold power of this nation, of the
Triune God whom the people worship of their Mili.
tary, Civil, and Divine Law!
Had War been divested of all its "pomp and glori
ous circumstance," mankind would not have been sn
cursed with it, but the sword is entwined with a wreath
of flowers, and the system has been enveloped in much
ihat is beautiful and attractive. The waving nf ban
ners the nodding f plumes tho glancing of bright
steel the tasteful rJress the uniformity of motion,
thousands moving as one the multitudinous gathering
the swelling strains of martial music, all these, in
Ihcmsrhrs are attractive to most minds. But these
things to be attractive, and therefore hurtful by their
connection with the system of War, must possess the
genuine quality of beauty, and not be miserable at
tempts at imitation, as were the efforts of the troops
Country places and we rejoice to say it are not
filled for this military display which is a curse to our
cities and larger towns, oor are the people fitted to be
come mere military automatons. They look as uncom
fortable and as much out of place in such costume, as
woulJ a 'Quaker in a court suit, or a dairy maid in the
trappings of a Dutchess. We don't know but we shall
offend some over sensative minds by our plain talk.
We would like however to ask these trainers a few
questions. Does not your every day coat (eel more
comfortable Ihan your military dregs? Are not your
sorv ices more valuable, is not your occupation more
dignified when driving your team, or guiding your ox
en, than when marching up and down a dusty street
under theeommand of a Corporal ot Captain, stared
at by those who think the exhibition a ridiculous one,
and followed by a troop of noisy children t Are you not
more in the line of your duty as a christian and a man,
when tilling your farm and taking care of your fami
ly, than in learning the art of killing your brother?
Friends, this going to trainings, this attending of mili
lory muster is a bad business. It is wicked in itself
to learn the art of war, and by it you are furnishing to
the Southerner strength to hold his slaves, for it is by
the power of the North, acting in part through this
military organization, thai he is enabled to retain his
cruel grasp. The Editor of the Maryville Intelligen
cer, a Tennessee paper, declares, "That to the non
slaveholding slat in, particularly, the South is indebt
ed for a permanent safeguard against Insurrection."
And here you have been training yourselves to shoot
down the man who strives to win his freedom, to ac
quire sufficient dexietrity to thrust your bayonet into
his heart. You have been practising military maneu
vers in order that you maybe belter able to do the
bidding of ihe men who have imprisoned your fellow
citizens in Parkerburg Jail. Engage no more we be
seech you in such dishonorable, such wicked bu
siness; but rather imitate (he example of Him who
came to establish peace on earth, auJ promote good
will among meo.
As might ba expected, there are tumors of war
having been declared against this nation by the Mexi
can government. A considerable portion of the U.
S. troops have been ordered to the Texian frontiers or
vicinity. We have stolen a province, and now have
to fight for its possession the common fate of thiev
ing braggadocios. Various reports are in circulation.
The JelTergonian quotes from a Vera Cruz letter of
tho 22nd of July, received by a gentleman in New
Orleans, which says,
"I have to conclude this letter in a hurry, sa the
otws is just in town that WAR HA3 BEEN DECLA-
fiP.D purl Mia ArpHii'i.T rd ihe tf'.'eV are $o
inr'cfViiPiri'-fl.atrlt- in pivmt being rod."
We howeier have ihfnlmiiion up to the 27th ult.,
five dsys later than the letter quoted above which tells
a different story. The New York Tribune of Aug.
list 20th. lays:
"We learn that a gentleman who arrived in this city
yesterday morning from New Orleans, which city he
left on'lhe 11th inst.stati that news had boon receiv
ed at Mobile that the French brig of war Mercure
had arrived at Pensacola from Mexico with dates to
Ihe 27th July. Up to that dale there lir bkkM So
war tiKCLArtKD and he heard of no action of any kind
on the subject of Ihe difficulties With this country ."'
This paper, published in New Lisbon, which but a
little while since found it impossible to pronounce the
Shibbnleihof Abolitionism, has been making some re
cent efforts to overcome the difficulty, but its pronun
ciation has such a strong Whig accent, such a politi
cal twang, that the wayfaring abolitionist, though a
fool, would hot be deceived thereby, A politician
may write or speak in opposition to slavery, but Abo
litionism is something, which as a politician, he knows
We perfectly understand you, neighbor! The
fall eleciions are drawing near, and ynu would like to
gull Some of the) abolitionists into voting with yoor
pro slavery party under a pro slavery Constitution.
Yes, your pro-slavery party, for your great leader
Henry Clay, has publicly declared, that neither the
Whig or Democratic parties are Anti-Slavery, and
that party which is not for Anti Slavery, is necessari
ly against it.
Your trick has been tried too often, it will not succeed.
For the information of the Editor of the Liberty
Herald and "all others whom it may concern," we
will state that Samuel Brooke, one of the publish
ing committee of this paper, is the Samuel Brooke
whotraj a Liberty party man.
"How is this?" asks the Editor. We will tell
him. Samuel is converted to the true faith, and the
doctrine he formerly opposed he now advocates. Is
there any thing strange in this? Is it very remarka
ble thai when a man desires to do right, and finds he
is on the wrong side, that he should abandon it and
take Ihe opposite? We think not.
Cassius M. Clay.
Although it is pretty well understood that we do not
regard Cassius M. Clay as an abolitionist occupying
the true position, but as one who opposes the institu
tion of slavery in a manner and by means which
we utterly disapprove; yet as an honest foe to that ac
cursed system which has cast its blight, not only over
Kentucky, but the entire Union as one who knows
his rights and knowing dare maintain them as a
brave man who fears not to beard the lion in his den,
and who is determined to uphold what he believes to
be right, "come life or come death," our entire sym
pathies are with him. And he who is the true friend
of a Tree Press, whether he be Whig, Democrat, Lib
erty parly r.ian.nr Disunionist,will always stand by that
piess whose liberty is attacked.
Since the publication of the "True American, Ex
tra" which, together with some other mailers of inter
"t in connection with that paper we have transferred
to our columns, further intelligence of the proceedings
of the mob have been received . At the meeting which
the articles referred to, mention as ebbut to be held, a
committee of sixty was appointed to enter the office of
the American, pack up the type end press, and ship
Ihem to Cincinnati. This was done. None of the mob,
except the committee, were permitted tocnter the office.
The articles wets' carefully packed under the superin
tendence of a competent person, and sent to Cincin
nati there to remain subject to the order of C. M. Clay,
who in the meanwhile was lying upon a sick bed, as
the cowards well knew.
The more angel-like '.he Devil appears; the more
dangerous hs is, and the more carefully should we
avoid him. The more gentlemanly a mob is, and Ihe
more regular its proceedings are, the more dangerous
it is to tho cause of freedom, the more necessity is there
for denouocing and exposing it, and the less excusable
are its conductors. The man who strikes mo in hot
blood, or the mob that in quick anger destroys my
press and office, is more: worthy of my respect than
ihe villain who deliberately plots my murder or the
gentlemanly mob that while trampling under foot my
dearest rights, is very careful to prevent my property
being injured. All it asks is, (hat I shall submit to its
cool and calculating tyranny, and exercise my rights
only so far as it sees fit to grant me the privilege.
The Lexington mob was one of the most systematic
and villanous attacks upon the freedom of the Press
we ever read of, and we trust that it will call forth
lsuch a thunder1 peal of indignation throughout the
u rt ! r,r i d rUil o ke l.ir e i mily Ltrr'h.
msmrtho altl-ked a sick nQ, quvl with lear, sr-d
shrink before Ihe just robukeof an awakening peopl a.
Left Boston on the lfiih inst., in (he Steamer Cam
bria for England. He will spend several months in
Great Britain whero it Is his design to lecture on Amer
ican Slavery. That ho will be cordially reccived.there
is no doubt, and his society will bo courted by ihevry
elite of the British people, an admission into whose
circle would bo vainly coveted by those Americans
who in this country would scorn to nssoeiato wiih n
"nigger," even so much estorhlein the same cabin
or car, or dine with him at a public table. How ihuso
fellows would stare to see him upon the same platform
with O'Connell and Brougham, occupying a sent in
Lady Byron's carriage, or enjoying a tetc a tele with
tiie Duto'iess of 3 1'.hrla id,
We are glad he has gone to Europe; wo want that
the people there should see fur ihemslves what degra
ded beings they are, whom Americans;hold as slaves.
It is well for Diuglass that his character for veracuy
is unquestionable, else would it be difficult for him to
satisly our transatlantic brethren, thai in America, ho
was really held as a piece of property. They havo
even now n very mean opinion of our Christianity and
Democracy, but when they see what a noblo being wo
have endeavored to degrade to a level wiih tho brute j
when they see one who possessjs intellect of a high
order, talents of no mean character, kindly disposition,
and amiable spirit; and when they learn tht tour Dem
ocratic slave whips have left their marks upon his
back, and that our nominal Christianity sanctioned
the deed, they will turn from us wiih ineffable IotiIh
ing and disgust, and brand us as a nation of hypocrites
and infamous dastards.
"The Branded Hand."
We place on the first page of this week's paper, an
interesting account of Jonathan Walker, the Prisoner
of Pensacola. On our fourth page will be found a
poem in relntion to his wrongs, from the pen of tho
Quaker poot, John G. Whittier. Some of our exchange
papers give a likeness of ":he Branded Hand," which
we would also gladly doif our means permitted. This
"Coat of Arms of the United States," as Walker calls
it, ought to have copies of it multiplied indefinitely, so
thot the people may fully understand this new device
in Republican Heraldry. We sometimes use wafera
with ami slavery mottoes for sealing our letters, and
we would suggest to some of our Eastern friends who
have the proper facilities for so doing whether tbey
ought not to get out a new edition of wafer sheets, con
sisting of a neat emblazoning of out National Coat of"
Arms, accompanied by an appropriate motto such for
instance as "Sa to all Samarai-ins.1
Meetings at Salem and Mt. Pleasant.
The egents of the Am. A. S. Society design hold
ing meetings at the above named places, during tho
Yearly Meeting weeks of both divisions of the Socio
ly of Friends.
Perhaps all do not comprehend the design of these
meetings. They are not intended particularly for Ilia
people of those places, but are called with a
special view and desire to benefit those who
will be in attendance at the Yearly Meetings from
different parts of the country; art opportunity which
occurs but once a year, and which should not be suf
fered to pass unimproved.
Latest from Europe.
The Hibernia arrived in Boston on the 18th, bring
ing advices to the 4th instant.
Mr. M'Lane, our new Minister to Encland. had
arrived, aod was lodged at Thomas' Hotel, B.-rkely
The Annexation of Texas to the United Slates has
Dotal all excited surprise.
The price of American Motions wae rather tendinrr
downward, aod the market closed heavily for all de
scriptions. The wife bf George Catlio, Esq., the celebrated
painter and delineator of Indian customs, died in Par
is on the 30ih ult.
The British Government design taking vigorous
measures to put an end to the Foreign Slave Trade
upon the coast of Brazil, and the measures contem
plated, are punishing the traders us pirates
Serious fears of a failure of the harvest now begin
to be felt. The weather, at Dresent. and for
time past, haa been far from favorable for the har
vest, and although the crops are generally described
as good, yet ihey must severely suffer ehouid thd
present weather continue. This already producing
its effect a demand for money. During the past -week,
the demand bas so much increased tbat dis
counts have been raised 4 per cent. The supply of
grain at present in Ihe country is limited, and it
failure of the coming crop would be a serious in
Letters from Rome state that the health of his
Holiness the Pope is such a to cause very great
alarm. He suffers much from a cancer in the noso
with which he has been for some time afflicted. The"
disease has been latterly somewhat checked, but with'
in the last few days has again acquired fresh violence.
He is now nearly 60 yesrs of age.
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