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SALEM, O., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER, 5, IS 13.
ANT I-S LAVE U Y J U G L K.
Published every Friday at
,' Salem, Columbiana Co., ().
JAMKS BARNAUY, Jr., General Agent.
QJIII remittances tn be mrule, and nil letter
relating lt the pecuniary affairs if the p'ipen
ta be addressed (post paid) tn the General
.Igenl. Communications intended for inser
tion to be aildresscd to the Editors.
07 Terms: $1,50 per annum, or $2,00 if
not paid within six months of the ti n. of
AnvERTisMENTs making loss than a square
inserted three times for 75 cents: one
' ' square $1.
I'l'BLismxo Committee: Sim'l Brooke,
" George Unrrctsoii, James B iriiuhy, Jr.,
'David L. Gnlbreath, Lot jlm;s.
BENJAMIN S. JONF-S,
J. KLIZABKTH HITCHCOCK, Kditors.
From the N. O. Tropic, Extra, of Aug. 14th
IMPORTANT FROM MEXICO.
Arrival of the Water Witch—No Declaration
of War—10,000 Mexican Troops on their
March to Texas.
Wo hasten to lay before the readers of the
Tropic the latest news from Mexico. The
IVater Witch, Capt. Trcnnis, left Vera Cruz
on the 5th inst, nnd arrived herp between 5
nud 6 o'clock this morning. It seems that,
after nil the gasconading despatches nf the
Mexican Minister, a Declaration of War is
now very doubtful.
Our prompt and intelligent correspondent
tells the whole story.
Vkra Cruz, 4th Aug, 1R 15,
Dear curs: I last Had this pleasure, per
Kelampago, which lelt hero on the a.id ult,
No arrivals have since taken place from your
The election of anew President commenc
ed on the 1st inst. for which there aro four
candidates say, (Jen Herrera, President, ad
Interim, (Jen. Almonte., ex-Mcxican Minister
at , aslungton, Gomez ranas, and one
whose name has escaped my memory. The
Presidency, however, seems to lay between
the two former, one of whom it is supposed
will he the suc.ccssiui candidate.
Almonte has offered his services to Gov.
eminent in the approaching campaign against
Texas, hut 1 rather tlnnlt it is more a "ruie
de guerre to Help iiun to Hie Presidency,
than any great desire lie lias got to have a
brush with the Tcxians or as I ought rath,
er to say now, tlio United States.
II. U. M. brig-of-wnr Persian, arrived here
on the 27th ult, in seven days Irom Halves
ton, bringing the news of tho Annexation of
Texas being confirmed by the I'residcnt Jones
i and also that a hody ol l.J. Mates troops
iay about 4,000 men, wero expected ut Gal
veston in the course of a few days.
It appears our Government is in no hurry
to declare war against the United States, or
at any rate, it seems to he tlie general opin
ion that she will merely attempt to ro-eon.
uer Texas without making any declaration
of war. Of courseSlin news by the Persian
caused a great excitement throughout the
country. The Ministry has presented an act
to the two Chambers for their deliberation.
1st. To declare war against the United
2d. Authorizing them to iaise n foreign or
national loan to the amount ol fifteen mil
lions of dollars, which they consider to In'
requisite to carry on a war and re-conquer
The proposals are now under discussion
In the Chambers, and if they get the "Tar
rent there is no doubt they will in ike tin
attempt to again get possession, though it is
dontittiil whether they declare war against
the United States or not.
Of course you have beard ere this, of the
revolution ut fobasco, in favor of Federalism.
which has induced government to di :
Said port closed to lorcign as well as n itivi
shipping, but is rather puzzled to find out
Jiow they will keep out the toriuer, as thev
have not got a single steamer th it they can
get ready in less man ciglitsen or twenty
, days, all the engineers being still, as I may
say, loating on snore ami waiting lor their
fay, of which, for some months past, they
have received hut a mere trille.
The Ta rill' question is still under discus
sion, or ratner has been re I erred to a ('on
mitten, but if they procrastinate us they gen
erally do, Uod knows when we shall get sight
of the long expected document and in tho
meantime the country will lose a gnv.it deal,
as merchants do not like to ship with so much
I have nothing farther of interest to inform
you of at present, and beg to subscribe mv-
sell, gentlemen, very respeeilu.lv, your
Al'ii. a. Hie at'T U ttrli not silling
yesterday, 1 open to siy taat we have
news from the American Squadron, hut it
thought here that it will soon appear. It
said that the. troops now on the ro id to Tex
as, amount to 10,000 men. Yours, etc
STILL LATER FROM TEXAS.
The cutter Woot'bnry, Capl. Poster, which
b'lt Aransas on th" Uth, and Galveston
the loth h is just arrived.
M ijor Donnlson cams passenger on
1 ho ship Victoria and Suviin were
ledva Arum, is on the tfth.
The United Stiles steamer .Monmouth had
arrived at Aransas in n leaking condition, so
bad that the pumps were going continually
to keep Iter alloat.
e have received the Itulvcston Jews of
the Rth. The sloon-ol'-war St. Mary nrrived
at Galveston on the 7th from Corpus Chiisti.
1 here are 11100 troops at St. Joseph s Island,
where they are comfortably situated. Their
ulterior destiantion seems not to hive been
fully determined upon. The Falmouth was
daily expected in the Gulf. Speaking of the
Mexican elections, which took place on the
isi insi, mo .ews says:
1 lie result ol the contest lor the Presiden
cy of Mexieo, between Herrera and Gomez
..I. . -t .1... t
i arias, which was io r,ihc pi. ire on me isi
instant, will bo looked for with considerable
interest. Herrera is said to be in favor of
centralism, an I Farias has the full confidence
ol the liberal parly. lie advocates the res
toration of the Constitution of 18il. It is
said his prospects of success arc far the most
Uivorahlo. Possibly bis election may give
to Mexico a period of comparative repose
from tho oppression and anarchy of a succes
sion of civil revolutions. A'. U. Tropic Ex
Ira, .lux. 11.
C. M. CLAY.
We givo such further particulars of tho
Lexington mob as we have received since
the issue of our last number. On Saturday,
the Kditor of the American issued the fol
To the Citizens if Fayette Ctinty and City
iij itxi ngiont
As my opponents, notwithstanding- mv
sickness, will not wait to bear iny plan of
emancipation, and seem detenuine.l to pre
cipitate measures to extremity, without giv
ing me a Hearing, anil as thev Insist upon
branding me as an "Abolitionist," n name
full ol unknown and strange terrors and
crimes, to the mass i;f our people, 1 will
make a oriel statement of my plan ol eman
cipation. Although I regard slavery ns op
posed to naiur.il nglit, 1 consider law and its
inviolate observance, in all cases whatever.
is the only salt-guard ol my own liberty and
the liherty ol others. 1 taereluro have not,
and will not, give my sanction to any mode
of freeing the slaves, which does not con-
lorm strictly to the 1 iws nnd constitution of
my state. And as 1 am satisfied that tin-re
is no power, under the present constitution,
by which slavery can be reached, 1 go for u
Convention. In a Convention, which is po
litically omnipotent, I would sty that every
female slave horn after a certain day and
vear should be free at the age of Uveulv-oiie.
This, in courso of time, would gradually,
and at list, make our stile truly free. I
would further say that, after tho expiration
of thirty years, more or less, the Stale should
provide a In lid , ilhcr Irom her own resources,
or from her portion in tho public lauds, for
the purchase of the existing generation of
slave, in order tlr.it the while laboring por
tion of our community might be as soon as
possible freed from the ruinous competition
of slave labor. Tho I'll a. Is should bonppli-.
ed after this manner: Commissioner shall
be appointed in each county, who shall on
oatli value all slaves t i lt shall bo voluntarily
presented to tlie.u for that purpose. To the
owners of these slaves shall lie issued, by
the proper authorities, scrip hearing interest
at the r ite of six per cent, to the amount of
the value of their iduves, and to the redemp
tion of sni I scrip, principal and interest.
Ily this plan the present habits of our mio-
ple would not he suddenly broken in upon,
whilst at the same lime, we believe that it
would bring slavery to almost utter extinc
tion in our Suite within the next thirty years.
ith regard to the free blacks, I would
not go tor forcible expulsion, but I would
encourage by all tae pecuniary resources that
the State had to spare, a voluntary emigra
tion to such countries anil climates as nature
seems particularly to have designed them.
till regard to the political ouualitv ol
the blacks with the whites, I should oppose
Convention their admission to the ri lit
of Kullrage. As minors, women, foreigners,
denizens, and divers other classes of indi
viduals an-, in all well regulated govern
ments, forbidden tho elective franchise, so I
see no good reason why t'.ie blacks, until
they become able to exercise tho right ti
vote with proper discretion, should be ad
mitted to tae right ol siillrae. "Nulhcient
tor the day is the evil thereof." Tho time
might come with tcieoecr inr venerations
whim there would be no obiectioa on the
part of the whites, and none on account of
ilisipialilie lti ui of the blacks to their being
admitted to the saino political platform; but
let aller generations act lor themselves. The
idea of amalgamation and paid equality is
proven to be untrue and absurd, It may ho
said by sonic, what right would n Conven
tion have to liberate the unborn! J hey who
k equity, the lawyers sn v. themselves must
do the e piity, and whilst the slaveholders
have rights, t icy must remember t!u blacks
also have rights; and surely in th" compro
mise we li ive proposed between the slave
and the slaveholder, tho slaveholder has the
l.ion s sh ire.
We hive thus, in a very ratiibliiigand fee
ble, unsatisfactory manner, given something
of an outline of the plan which we had iu
t"iided to present. It may ho that my paper
h is not born conducted in the most pacific
manner, hut is then not cause for mutual re
proach between myself and I'ip public
which I am placed! A"d those who now
most denounce me, should remember that
my paper was denounced even in advance,
in the full disavowal of all the incendiary
purposes which my enemies now affect to
impute to me. I am willing to tike warn
ing from friends or enemies for tho futuro
conduct of my paper, nnd while I am rady
to restrict myself in the latitude of discus,
sion of the question, I never will voluntarily
abandon a right or yield a principle.
C. M. CLAY.
August 16, 1845.
'On Sunday evening, says tho Louisville
Journal, Mr. Clay, who it was undcrrtood
was too ill to sit up in his bed, and, in fact,
so ill, that even his ultimate recovery was
considered doubtful, bad a large number of
loaded muskets and other deadly weapons,
with which he had Intended to defend his
oflice, removed from that building. OnSun
day night the alarm throughout Lexington
was very considerable, on account of the
fact that the knowledge of what was trans
piring was said to have reached a portion of
the population that should have been kept in
ignor.inco of it. Many fancied that they
saw Symplons of insubordination; iind pat
rols were kept up throughout the city during
the night." . "
On Monday morning, C. M. Clay put out
a fourth handbill, addressed to the mass
meeting which was to assemble at 11 o'cl'k.
Lexinhton, Aug. ISth, 1815.
Fellow Citizens of Lkxinoton, xxn
Countv ok Favettk: Being unable from
the state of my health, to be present at your
meeting, nnd even unable to hold a pen,
having been sick thirty-five days with th,
typhoid fever, I dictate to an amanuensis, a
few lines for votir just consideration. Hav
ing been the unwilling cause, in part, of the
present excitement in iny county, and feel
ing, as I do. respect for the safety and hap
piness of ethers as well as my own, I vol
untarily come forward and do all I conscien
tiously can do for your quiet and satisfaction.
I treated the eomniiinlcation from the private
caucus with burning contempt, nrismg not
only irom their assuming over me a power
which would make me a slave, hut from
sense of the deep personal indignity with
which their unheard of assumptions wereal
tempted to be carried into execution. Hut
to you a far diHorcutly organized body, nnd
n constitutional assemblage of citizens I
feci tint it is just and proper that 1 should
answer at your bar; and as I am not in a state
of health to carry on an argument or vindi
cate properly iny own rights, 1 RhJl Volun
tarily, before any action is takvjkin your
part, make such explanattnii as I'tJIM just
During my sickness, my paper has been
conducted by some friends. The loading
nrtielo in the last number, which I am t aid
is the great cause of the public disquietude,
I have never read, because at the time it was
put to press I could not have undergone the
fatigue of reading such a paper through.
Although it was read over to me at the time,
yet I am fully persuaded now, that bad 1
have been in health it would not have been
admitted into my columns. Hut I felt the
less hesitancy in admitting it, because it has
been my avowed policy heretofore to admit
free discussion upon the subject of slavery,
by slaveholders themselves, and the author
of this article is largely in that kind of prop
erty. You have seen before this time that
the course of policy which I commend, my
self, to the Stile, is widely different, iij mi
ny essential points, to this author's views.
The article written by myself, and published
in the same paper, was written a few days
after the leader was in type, nud which has
also been the cause of so much dissatisfac
tion, the justice of which, to some extent, I
am willing to acknowledge. 1 assure you
upon the honor of a man, it was never in
tended to mean, or to boar tho construction
which my enemies have given it. I was
pursuing the rellectious of my own mind,
without thinking of the misconstruction that
could be put upon my language.
Had I been in the vigor of health, I should
have avoided the objectionable expressions,
for by sharply guarding against the cavils of
my opponents, 1 would best guard at the
same time against anything which could be
considered of an incendiary character. I
cinnot say that the paper, from the begin
ning, bis been conducted in the manner
could have wished. The cause of this it is
not now necessary for mo to mention. Sat
isfied, however, from past experience, that
the free discussion of tho subject of slavery
is liable to many objections which 1 did not
anticipate, and which I had allowed in an
excess of liberality arising, no doubt, from
the fact that I had been denied the columns
of the other presses of tho country myself,
I propose in future very materially to restrict
the latitude of discussion. I shall admit in
to my paper no article upon this subject, for
which I am not willing to be held responsi
hie. This, you perceive, will very much
narrow the trroun l; for my plan of emmet
pation which I put forth a few days ago,
of tho most gradual character. My other
views put forth there also, are such us 1 learn
aro not at al olfensivo to the great mass
our people. IJy this courso I expect
acbievo two ob jects, to enable me to carry on
tho advocacy ol those principles and meas
ures which I doom of vital importance to our
Statu without molestation, and without sub
jecting the people to tho appjchcnsions and
excitement which are now unhappily upon us,
You may properly ask, perhaps, why was
not this thing done lictore! 1 reply that 1 did
not foresee any such eniisoqunnees as have
resulted from a ditT-r-nt c iuroc. The de
nunciations of lb" public press on both sides,
I conceived, and am still nt the same opuv
I OU, lliuu uiii iiiu giBuv vr iiiunn Muni 'ai-
I ... ..A C.X..1 .Il.-!r In .tl'.L'A ItntV.
ties political capital. And you will sec also,
when the excitement is worn ofT, that thero
havo been many selfish purposes sought to
bo accomplished at tho expense of your
peace ami mine, by men who aro professing
to bo actuated by nothing but patriotic mo
tives. Having said thus much upon the conduct
of my paper, I must say also, that my con
stitutional rights I shall never abandon. 1
feel as deeply interested in this community,
as any otliei man in it. No man Is, or has
a connection, more deeply interested, in the
prosperity of this State, than myself. You
ought not, you cannot, if you iuo as just to
me as you are to yourselves, ask me to do
mat wiucli you would not do. I know not,
in reality, what may he tho state of public
feeling. I am told it is very much iullamcd:
I, therefore, directed iny publisher, after the
publication of to-morrow's paper, to exclude
nil matter upon the subject of Slavery, until,
u my neattii is restored, 1 shall be ablo my
self to take the helm.
My olfice and dwelling are undefended,
except by the laws of mv country to the
sacred inviolability of which I confide my
self and property; and of these laws you are
me sole guardians. on have the power to
do ns you please. Y'ou will so act, howev
er, 1 trust, that this day shall not bo one ac
cursed to our County nnd Stato,
our obedient servant,
C. M. CLAY.
Upon the appearance of this handhill.says
the Louisville Journal, very many thought
that, in consequence of Mr. Clay a pledges
and his illness, the people would not molest
either him or his premises, but there wore
some who seemed actively engaged in incit
ing the rest to violence. Diuing the whole
of Monday morning, the vast number of peo
ple then in Lexington, worn gathered in small
or large groups in all the streets of the city.
About a quarter before 1 1 o'clock, the rush
for tho court bouse commenced, nnd in five
minutes the building was full. An adjourn
ment took place, and the yard was full. Sev
eral thousand persons were present, Wal
ter Bullock, Ksn. was appointed President
and Itenj. Gratz-Socrctary, Tho President
exhorted the meeting to be orderly, remark
ing that tho doings of tho people of Lexing
ton and r ayette on that occasion would hi1
published mid discussed throughout the
whole Union. An address to the crowd, in
the name of a committee previously appoint
ed lor tho purpose, was then read by Hon
l x.larsliall, who was the writer ol it,
wo regret that its great rcngthr pmvnnta its
insertion in our columns. It is a labored at
tempt to fasten upon -Mr. Clay the stigma of
itlemptiiig to excite an insurrection among
the slaves anil to overthrow slavery by vio
lent means. To show this, passages from
bis letter and editorials are taken out of their
connection nnd commented upon in a spirit
eminently calculated to excitu to the highest
pitch the indignation ot the assembly. I hey
Utcmpt to prove that lie is I'lcntilicd in prin
ciple nnd feeling with the Abolitionists of
tho jSorth, who, they assert, "maintain lor
the slave the right of insurrection and ex
hort him to Hh exercise," The committee
concfcdn th it the law furnishes no means of
suppressing bis paper, but they say that, "as
a sudden invasion or insurrection itself, the
people havo ut once, independent of the magistrates,
the right of defence, so when there
is a well grounded apprehension of gnat,
and, il may be, irreparable injury, tho use of
lorce la tijc community is lawlul and sate.
1 he ooncliialuii ol tliu address is lu these
'Mr. Clav has complained In bis recent
handbills of bis indisposition, and charged
the people as deficient in courage and mag
nanimity in moving upon him when ha is
incapable of defence. If all that is said
of him, bis purpose, and his means, bo true,
his indisposition is fortunate. He may rest
assured that we will not he deterred by one
nor 10,000 such men us he. He cannot bul
ly his countrymen. A Kcutuckian himself,
he should have known Keutuckians belter.
His weakness is his security. We are arm
ed and resolved if resistance be attempted,
the consequence be on his own head. For
our vindication under tho circumstances we
appeal to Kentucky and to the world."
1 he address was unanimously adopted,
together with the following resolutions:
1st. That no abolition press ought to bo
tolerated in Kentucky and nono shall bo in
this city or its vicinity.
2d. That if the ollice of the "True A
inerlean be surrendered peaceably, no inju
ry shall be done to the building or other
property. The press and printing apparatus
shall bo carefully packed up and sent out
the Stato, subject them to V. M. Clay's or
der. 3d. That if resistance bo offered, we will
force the ollice at all hazards, and destroy
4th. That if an attempt be madn to re
vive the paper here, we will again assemble,
5th. That we hope C. M. Clay will
advised, r or our regard to our wives, our
children, our homes, our property, our ooun
try, our honor, wear what name he may,
connected with whom ho lnay, whatever
arm or party here or elsewhere may sustain
1) i it), he shall not publish an Abolition paper
here, and this we alhrm at the nsK, be it
his blood or our own, or both; or of all
may bring, of bond or free, to aid bis mur
bin. i tiat tun i -hatrrrian be, and ho
hereby authorized to appoint a Committee
sixty ot our body, who shall be authorized
to repair to the ollice of tho "True Ameri
can,'' lake possession of press and printing
apparatus, pack up the same, and plaoe it at
the railroad olfice for transportation to Cin
cinnati, and report forthwith to this body,"
The action of that Committee is thus re
ported by a correspondent of tho New Y'ork
"The committee went to the oflice tho
key was given to them tho city marshal
reported progress, that in a few hours tho
press, &c. would be on the cars.
The committee reported at two o'clock
that the press was taken down, and pledged
themselves that in a few hours it should bo
on the cars. Kx-Governor Metcalf, alias 'Old
Stone-hammer," addressed the vast assem
blage of human beings for two hours, on tba
subject of abolition, and the peaceable inan-
ncr in which they had conducted themselves,
on this 18th day of August, which will bo
long remembered by Kentuckians. I leave, .
the meeting to write theso Ibw lines,
I neglected to inform you at first that C,
M, Clay has been sick with the typhoid fe
ver for thirty-live days, and could uot ba
From the N. Y. Tribune.
From the N. Y. Tribune. The Lexington Outrage---Opinions in
We have waited with no common interest
to see how the late outrage at Lexinirton
would be viewed by the Press in other uarta
of Kentucky, where the people are less ex.
cited and in a condition to look upon tho '
maiier witii some aegreo ot calmness and
impartiality. Our desire has been met and
gratified in part by the following article from .
the Louisvlllo Journal, which no doubt ex.
presses tho sentiments of a large and high
ly influential body of citizens, We publish
it with great pleasure, not because it accords r
in every respect with our own opinions, but
as an evidence that the conduct of the citi. '
zona of Lexington will meet tho decided
condemnation of many of their most intelli
gent icpow citizens, and that tqe cause of
1'eacelul, l.awtul hmancipation, so far from
being overthrown, will bo greatly accclera. '
Vnl by the very means intended to check its
It will be perceived that the Editor of tho
Journal is inclined to give credence to the
stories told hiin nt Lexington of the' inso.
lence and insubordination of tho Slaves con.
sequent upon tho publication of the Truo
American. Our own conviction is, however;
that these reports wero greatly exaggerated,
that, in fact, they had very little foundation
except in the excited imagination of men
hostile to the rights of the Negro and bent
upon his enslavement at all hazards, That.
-Mr. Clay's paper had excited hopes of ulti.
mate emancipation in the minis of many
Slaves is probably true, and it is easy to sea
how any manifestations of interest on their
part in his movements would be regarded by
their jealous masters as indicatians of an in.
solcnt and restless spirit; but that there was
really any danger ot Insurrection on this ac
count wo do not for a moment believe, Iff
however, there was danger of such a catas
trophe before the outrage, there is infinitely
more now that the Blacks have witnessed
this illegal assault upon one whom thev
deemed their best friend. But we detain our
reader too long from tho article of which
wo are speaking. Here it is;
From the Louisville Journal, Aug, 21.
The Lexington Disturb anck.-.TIio sup.,
prcssion of the "Trim A"orican" by the peo.
plo of Lexington and the surrounding coun
try, and the manner in which it was effect,
ed, are acts of which we are comnclled r
disapprove. We never will sanction the ex
ertiou of mob-power in any instance. Ours
is a country of laws, ! reedom of snenrh
and aetion aro to bo restrained only by law.
ueuever me saie exercise ol these privile.
ges is made to depend upon the sufferance of
the populace, their value becomes insiimifi.
cant, the majesty of the law degraded, and
sooner or later licentiousness will supplant
sound morals. Jf, on account of the absence
of legal restriction, an individual chooses to
pursue a course ot action annoying to the
community in which he dwells, we think it
is better, temporarily, to suffer the evil, tha
to set tho bad example of taking its summa
ry punishment into hands entitled to no i
gal power of restraint. The Lekington case.
wo know, is marked by great peculiarity,
yet, we think, some other course would bava
been preferable to that which wag determin
ed upon and pursued, and, that the lust haud-
uiu ot Mr. iiuy and the assurances of lug
fiiends, should have induced the prop to
withhold their hands from an unauthorized
control of his private property. The man
agement of Mr. Clay's paper has been very
indiscreet. He has inllicled injury where ho
designed to do good. His exertions have re
tarded a movement which he wished to ac.
celerate, His hasty temper has involved him
in personal quarrels, conducted through his
paper, and embarrassing the question with
which ho had connected his publication.,
I lo did not assume the toqo in whicli to ad.
dress this people with fcffect or to awaken
them to a s.onso of their truo interests upon
tho subject he proposed to discs. He seen),
ed to have forgotten that slavery did not ap.
pear to evjry one as a sin to be atoned for,
and to be abandoned at any and every sacri
fice, He beoamo impatient at what h con.
sidered the perverseness ot tho people, and
suffered his temper to master all discretion
in his use of language. We think tho edi
torial in the last American, which, spread
such alarm and created such indignation in
the bosoms of the citizens, was, to say the
least of it, a foolish flourish of rhetorical firo
among combustibles easy to be ignited by
the application of jqst such means as Mr.