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'JTO UOTDJT TOTS SlATIUDlEB&S."
SALEM, O., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1845.
Published every Friday at
Salem, Columbiana Co., O.
JAMES BARNABY, Jr., General Agent.
BENJAMIN S. JONES, '
J. ELIZABETH HITCHCOCK, Editors
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Letter from Frederick Douglass.
DUBLIN, Sept. 1, 1845.
Dear Friend Garrison:
Thanks to a kind Providence, I am now
safe in old Ireland, in the beautiful city of
Dublin, surrounded by the kind family, and
seated at the table of our mutual friend,
James H. Webb, brother of the well known
Richard D. Webb. I landed at Liverpool
on Thursday morning, 28th August, and
took lodgings at the Union hotel, Clayton
Square, in company with friend Buffum and
our warm-hearted singers, the Hutchinson
family. Here we all continued until Satur
day evening, the 30th instant, whrn friend
Buffum ana myself (with no little reluc
tance) separated from thorn, and took ship
for this place, and on our arrival here, were
kindly invited by James, in the temporary
absence of Richard D. Webb and family,
to make his house our home.
There are a number of things about which
I should liwe to write, aside from those im
mediately connected with our cause; but of
this I must deny myself, at least under
present circumstances. Sentiment.il letter
writing must give way, when its claims are
urged against facts necessary to the advance
ment of our cause, and the destruction of
slavery. I know it will gladden your heart
to hear, that from the moment wo first lust
sight of the American shore, till wo landed
at Liverpool, our gallant steam-ship was the
theatre of an almost constant discussion of
the subject of slavery commencing cool,
but growing hotter every moment it advanc
ed. It was a great tiino fur anti-slavery, and
a hard time for slavery; the ono delighting
in the sunshine of free discussion, and the
other horror-stricken at its God-like approach.
The discussion was general. If suppressed
in the saloon, it broke out in the steerage;
and if it ceased in the steerage, it wis re
newed in the' saloon; and if suppressed in
both, it broke out with redoubled energy,
high upon the saloon deck, in the open, re
freshing, free ocean air. I was happy. Ev
ery thing went on nobly. The truth wis.
being told, and having its legitimita cdeei
upon the hearts of those who heard it. At
last, the evening previous to our arrival at
Liverpool, the slaveholders, convinced tin t
reason, morality, common honesty, humani
ty, and Christianity, were all against them,
and that argument was no longer any means
of defence, or at least but a poor means,
abandoned their post in debate, and resorted
to their old and natural mole of defending
their morality by brute forco.
Yes, they actually got up a mob a Teal
American, republican, democratic, Christian
mob, and that, too, on the deck of a Brit
ish steamer, and in sight of the beautiful
high lands of Dungarvan! I declare, it is
enough to make a slave ashamed of the coun
try that enslaved him, to think of it. With
out the slightest pretensions to patriotism,
as the phrase goes, the conduct ot the mob
ocratic Americans on board the Cambria al
most made me ashamed to s ly I hud run
aw ii) from such a country. It was decided
ly the most daring and disgraceful, as well
as wicked exhibition of depravity, I ever
witnessed, North or South; and t:ie actors
in it showed themselves to be as hard in
heart, as venomous in spirit, and as bloody
in design, as the infuriated men who bath..;!
t'leir hands in the warm blood of the noble
The facts connected with, and the circum
stances leading to, this most disgraceful
transaction, 1 will now give, with some
minuteness, though I may border, at times,
a little on the ludicrofjs.
In the first place, our passengers wero
made up of nearly all sorts of people, from
different countries, of the mint opposite
modes of thinking on all subject. o had
nearly all sort3 of parties in morals, relig
ion, and politics, as well as trades, cillings,
and professions. The doctor and the law
yer, the soldier and the sailor, were there.
The scheming Connecticut wooden clock
maker, the large, surly, New York lion
tamer, the solemn Roman Catholic, bishop,
aind the Orthodox Quaker were there. A
n.inioter of the Kroe Church of Scotland,
and a minister of the Church of England
the established Christian and the wandering
Jew. the Whig and the Democrat, the white
nd the blaok were there. Thero was the
srk-visaged Spanura, ana me ugni-visageu
Englishman the msn from Montreal, and
the man from Mexico. Thero were slave
holders from Cuba, and slaveholders from
Georgia. We had anti-slavery singing and
pro-slavery grumbling; and nt the same time
that Governor Hammond's Letters were be
ing read, my narrative was being circulated.
In the midst of the debate going on, there
sprang up quite a desire, on the part of a
number on board, to have mo lecture to them
on slavery. I was first requested to do so
by one of the passengers, who had become
quite interested. I, of course, declincd.well
knowing that that was a privilege which the
captain alone had a right to give, and inti
mated as much to the friend who invited me.
I told him 1 should not feel at liberty to lec
ture, unless the captain should personally
invito me to sneak. Thintrs went on as
usual till between five and six o'clock in the
afternoon of Wednesday, when I received
an invitation from the captain to deliver an
address upon the saloon deck. I signified
my willingness to do so, and he at once or
dered the bell to be rung and tho meeting
cried. This was tho signal for n general
excitement. Some swore I should not
speak, and others said I should. Bloody
threats were being made ag.iinst me, if I
attempted it. At the hour appointed. I went
upon the saloon deck, where I was expected
to speak. Thero was much noise going on
among the passengers, evidently intended
to make it impossible for one to proceed. At
length, our Hutchinson friends broke forth
in one of their unrivalled songs, which, like
the angel of old, closed the lions' mouths,
so that, for a time, silence prevailed. The
captain, taking advantage of this silence,
now introduced, and expressad the hope that
the audience would hear me with attention.
I then commenced speaking; and. after ex
pressing my gratitudo to a kind Providence
that had brought us safely across tho sea, I
proceeded to portray tho condition of my
brethren in bonds. I had not uttered five
words, when a Mr. Hazzar.l, from Connec
ticut, called out, in a loud voice, "That's n
lie!" I went on, taking no notice of him,
though he was murmuring nearlv all the
while, backed up by a man from New Jer
sey. I continued till 1 siid something which
seemed to cut to the quick, when out bawled
Hazzard, "That's a lie!" and appeared anx
ious to strike mo. I then Raid to tho audi
ence that I would explain to them the reason
of Ha.snrd's conduct. The colored man, in
our countrv, was treated as a being without
rights. "That's n lie!" said Hav-zard. I
then told the audience that as almost every
thing I said was pronmneed lies, 1 would
endeavor to substanii it:t t'leui by reading a
few extracts from slave laws. The slaveo
erats, finding they were now to be fully ex
posed, rushed up about me, with hands
clenched, and swore 1 should not speak.
They wero ashamed to have American laws
read before an English audience. Silence
was restored by the interfer-nce of the cap
tain, wiio took a hoMj st in i in regard to in y
speaking. Ho said lie h id tried to please
all of his passengers and a part ot them
hail expressed to him a dcsiri to hear me
lecture to them, and in obedience to their
wishes ho lnd invitid ina to speak; and
those who did not wish to hear, might go
to some other pirt of the ship. Ho then
turned and requested mo to proceed. I
again commenced, but was again interrupt
edmore violently than before. One slave
holder from Cuba shook his fist in my f ice,
and said, "O, I wish I had yon in Cuba!"
"Ah!" said another, "I wish I had hiin in
Savannah! We would use him up!" Said
another, "I will be one of a numbcr'to throw
We were now fully divided into two dis
tinct parties those in favor of my speaking,
and those against me. A noble-spirited
Irish geutleni in assured the man who pro
posed to throw me overboard, that two could
play at that game, and that, in tho end, ho
might be thrown overboard himself. The
clamor went on, Waxing hotter and hotter,
till it was quite impossible for me to proceed.
Anti-slavery was uppermost, and tho mob
was never of more service, to the cause
against which it was directed. The clamor
went on long after I ceased speaking, and
was only silenced by the captun, who told
the mobocrats if they did not cease their
clamor, he would have them put in irons;
and he actually sent for the irons, and doubt
less would have made use of them, had nut
the rioters become orderly.
Such is but a faint outline of an AMERI
CAN MOB ON BOARD OF A BRITISH
Yours, to the end of the rice,
05" Well, this is a pretty story to be re
hearsed (as it will and ought to be) in the
ears of tin' British people, in illustration of
American republicanism! It is sickening
to remark, that two of tho most furious in
this mobocratic assault wero from Connecti
cut and New Jersey, nominally freo Stites.
How audacious is tho pro-slavery spirit of
this country! Not content with its almost
unobstructed sway here, it claims tho right
to regulate, on peril of Lynch law, freedom
of tluught and speech tho wide Atlantic
over, even up the British channel and on
board of British ships! All honor to Capt.
Judkins fur his manly and resolute conduct
in refusing to give up the control of his ves
sel to a gang of lawless ruffians. An Amer
ican blackguard, in London, writing in a
truly "democratic" vein to the "democratic"
Boston Times respecting this disgraceful
affair, says that "some low Scotchmen took
the negro's part, and told him to give it tj
the Yankees' that 'dpt. Judkins was ap
pealed to, and tho negro was not "permitted
to vomit his foul stuflf any longer on tho
quarter deck' that 'Capt. J. should not
have permitted this fellow to open his lips'
and that 'if there had been a southerner
on board, his (Douglass') carcats would haM
been food for sharkt'.'! How characteristic!
SHORT AND EASY LESSONS.
Question. What is tho unpardonable sin!
Answer. To attack and exposo the sins of
Q. Should we not try them by tho Bible
A. By no means. They are themselves
Q. What is tho greatest injury to reli
gion? To oppose and e,xpose the errors and
sins of its professors and teachers.
Q. Is not the peaco of the church of in
finitely more importance than its purity?
Jl. Yes. Hence the introduction of the
Gospel was a sore evil.
Q. What is the truo doctrino of consis
tency? 'Modern' consistency is to profess to
bo an abolitionist, and at tho same tirric op
pose abolition. Say that slavery is a dread
ful evil, and nt the Ramo time carefully ab
stain, and use your most vigorous exertions
to make others abstain from every attempt to
Q. Wht is the object of the church?
To prevent the improvement of socie
ty, and to retard the amelioration of the con
dition of man.
Q. What is the object of tho ministry?
A. To please tho people. See Gulatians
Q. What arc the best means of overthrow
ing popular vices!
A. L-tting them alone.
Q. Who are tho true friends of the gos
pel? A. Those who tike care not to extend its
principles and blessings impartially to all
Q. Is God a respecter of persons?
Jl. Yes, he loves the white man, and the
rich man.and the honorable man, far above the
black man, and tho poor man, and tlio ob
scure man and bo ought we.
Q. Is truth mighty and will it prevail!
.1. Yes. in respect to everything but sla
very; statistics will overthrow that.
A Srnnr rrc"M NTosr. Th biMfnl Mat
ue of Tim (Jrai-.'i Slave.' bv Mr.Pmvern, lis
excited audi iinivrnl ndniirulinii. ih.it a com
minion to it, wn understand, will shortly l.n ex
hihieii hy th unim arli.t, nndnr thu title of
' Tin: Ajir.Kirs f-'i avc' It is the fumr., t,f .
npjjro. with hi Ii iixIk liiiUenrd wiih chvn. on
tUo mm. Heir of which it cot the American Fa
ille. Hound his Inch in wrnppr-d I lie nnlinn.il
Hig. on which I he "Hipp- lire connpirnnuslv
nl.ived. T)in croueliin itumiil,, of Hie picture
m wooilnrfnllv depleted, but tlin Ktntutt i most
to bn admired fur Us nnwnrful truth ami ui.af
feelml fiill ilicitv. We hiite Iihhii insured bv
Ifi'trlemen who have hurl Ireqin-nt nnportiiiiiiu).
id jnilaioir bv frrqin-iil vi.ils to th.i l.aiul ol
l.ilierly, that tliev have nrm t mien any thiut; so
woinlerl'ully tr.m to nniiirr London Punch.
Jlithndisl Dc"e.neriiry. c prnv God that
the Methodist Episcopal Church Smith -viy
hold on to the genuine principles nf p i i ive
Methodism; that it may never become, our
practice to pew our houses of worship, and
above all that we may never see (what Dr.
A. Clark considered a heathenish practice)
organs or other instruments of music intro
duced into the churches under her care.
Southwestern Christian Jldv.
Hark! That dreadful organ, pouring forth
such unhallowed sounds nu the Sabbath, who
can bear It! But the Sabbath is gone, 'tis
Monday morning, the horn blows to rally the
slaves, several are missing, thev lnvo run
away. Call the bloodhounds! 'Hark! they
are on the track, they are yelping over yon
ridge! That's the music! True IVcaleyun.
SHORT AND EASY LESSONS. THE COST.
The Boston Traveller, a neutral paper of
hirrh reputation, remarks upon the daily cost
of Texas to this country.
The expenses which the United States are
now and have been defraying for ships of
war, ordinance, forts, troops, including both
horse and foot, with all their provisions and
military stores amount to tens of thousands
of dollars per day. Mexico, it is said, would
have yielded all her right to the ccuntry and
thrown in nearly as much again territory be
yond the Rio Grande if the Americans
would havo paid her but ono third of the
money expended up to this time by our gov
ernment in their warlike preparations. And
what, after all, is the main spring and mov
ing power of this mbryo war? Slavery. It
is the slaveholding spirit and power of this
country which has driveo-on this work to its
present stite; and it is tho slaveholding pop
ulation of this country who expect to be ben
efitted by this entire movement. We greatly
mistake, however, if the slave-holding States
do not yet rup tho day that they moved in
this black work.
SLAVERY IN THE CHURCH.
Extract from a speech by John Pierponl.
Slavery for half a century has been making
its inroads upon tho pulpit and the sanctuary.
It is forever creeping or crawling in, in ono
form or another. lib ipsia like a toad through
the shrubbery of the g.irdcn of Eden, or
creeps stealthily like the old serpent himself.
Sometimes it enters in the form of a man,
whose son, educated to be a lawyer, has gone
South and is doing a lucrative business
Y'ou preach on slavery, and the old mnn
thinks you mean him. "Ho means me
that is personal preaching I know it." He
sees you afterwards: "Did you mean me
and my son!" No! Ah, but you did there
was nobody else there you must have meant
This is i.ot tho only insidious form. There
is a fine family of daughters. One goes to
the South and becomes principal of nn Acad
emy. She lives in ease, and is highly ilat
torred. She is delighted and writes home
that it is the pleasantcst place, and the bcau
Jilullest thing in the world to be waited on.
The good minister preaches on slavery. "It
won't do hp means us surely it is wromr
to be so pointed."
A man sleeping soundly under his good
pastor's voice, all at once wakes up justns
he is uttering the word Slavery. "What,
what's that? Slavery? slavery, cotton
cotton, slavery I have a ship engaged in
that trade" and he looks like a thunder
cloud. (Great laughter.)
Another has a lare stock in a manufactur
ing establishment in Lowell. His minister's
sermon on slavery starts a peculiar associa
tion of ideas: "Slavery cotton cotton
slavery no slavery, cotton scarce, prices
rise plenty of slaves, plenty of cotton, low
prices." He goes to his minister "You
had bctter not preach on that subject You
don't understand it, my dear sir the com
promises the compromises." (Increased
These are but a few of the insidious forms
under which slavery has crawled into the
Church, until she has visited every spot, the
pulpit, the pew, the singing choir all ex
cept the "nifrgcr pew" that she avoids.
She sits in the pew, shakes her finger at the
minister, and says, touch me, nt your peril.
What shall the poor man do! A voice
"cry aloud and spare not-' and itarrc.
Laughter. "If I oTend 'Squire Barnes or
Deacon Short, I am placed in a painful posi
tion. I must lirrht for it. But. I am a man
of peace, and hate broils." lie Is helpless
some years nt the Academy rmothcr sc
ries at College then at tlio Theological
School he was withdrawn the best part ol"
his life from manual labor. lip ii helpless
"What shall I do! I cannot dig Lnun-h-ter.
To big I am ashamed there are my
wife and little ones, bound to my life by in
numerable tics 1 miirht be content to kLtvp
myself, in prnpria. persona, but to starve in
them O!" Don't you pity him! "15ut, let
mo see mere are other and noble topics
it is not worth while to preach about one
ining i win tux ol the beauty of holiness
Laughter my penplo will be delighted
to hear of the exceeding sinfulness of sin."
It is Slavery that dors all this mischief.
Its iron grip is upon the souls of tho free
From the Washington Patriot.
THE CONSEQUENCES OF DOING
There is a large a very large class of peo
ple, who, when asked to do what they ac
knowledge to be right, aro seriously alarmed
lest the conscquciuca may be evil. "They are
firmly persuaded that a sweet fountain may
send forth bitter water, that thorns may bo
gathered of grapes, and thistles of iigs. Not
withstanding the experience of thousands of
years to the contrary, the majority of men
have got into the idea that evil will result
from doing that which is right. Instance:
Most men acknowledge that slavery is a very
great evil, ono which they would be glad to
see abolished, in saying which thcyadmit
that it would bo right to abolish it. But
but they aro afraid that this, that, and the oth
er bad consequence will result from its aboli
tion! "What will von do with the nl:iv.t"
just as if there would be less work for them
to do alter, than before freedom! The aboli
tion of slavery will not diminish tho amount
of labor to be done; it will only chango the
condition of tho workmen, and fit them for
doing it better, and moro advantageously.
True, the relative position being changed, it
will be a matter attended with some difficul
ty for a while for those who were masters and
slaves, each to conform to their changed re
lations. Just so, every man who undertakes
it finds difficulty in changing from any habit
to which he has been long accustomed, to
another. But this is by no means an evil.
We observe in the report of a Peace meet
ing lately held in Eon-laud, that the same ob
jection is there urged against tho abolition of
war. Men acknowledge that war is an evil,
and ought to be abolished, but but "what
will you do with the soldiers!" The an
swer that is given to this bv ono of the
speakers at that meeting, is so pertinent to
uiu uniurnu uDjecuuu urgea against the aboli
tion of slavery, that we copy it.
"When it was announced the other day,
said tho speaker, that I should preach a ser
mon on peace, a friend of mine came to mo
and said "but what are you going to do with
the soldiors!" To that I replied'do without
them. I hope you are all reformers every
one of you should be such and each reform
himself. Endeavor to set tho truth wnll
planted in the world without much consider
ing the effects it may have on those who are
engaged in supporting error. Christ did not
troublo himself as to what would become of
the Jewish priest, scribes and Levites he
taught the truth and let otherthings find their
level. Did Su Paul think of the shrine ma
kers being thrown out of employment when
ho preached Christianity at Ephesus? No.
Paul was not Providence he put down his
truth, and left the consequence to God.
Martin Luther could not tell what t in
come of the monks, friars, and priests, when
no imu out ins reiormation but he, too,
set his truth down, holdkr. nnd rrA .u-
face of man. In later years men spent not
.iic ii- uiuKupon me sieam engine, because
thev knew that its inventinn wnnU n.,t ..:a.
stage coaches and all the parties employed
upon them. Tho astronomers were not "de
terred in their sublime work because the old
prophetic almanacs, and those who dealt in
them would havo their trade destroyed; ther
hid each tO Set down snmn frront r.,ll.
did so, and left it to do its work. And so
we have nothing to do with what will be
come of gun makers, and sword makers, and
army lailors, or that tho abolition of the
war system will throw the younger sons of
tin nra,it;... e J . b ...
..... . .uw.iiijr um ui employment, we hav
nothing to do with these or with the trumpet
makers or drum stretchers we have to sot
our truth down, and let it do its work."
A delightful part of Richmond is built on
"Shockoe Hill,' near to which is "Union
Hill." Standing upon tho farmer and look
ing down upon the valley of death between
them, most appropriately called Butchertown,
I was shown six private iails or man mare.
houses, where hundreds of the wretched vic
tims ot oppression wero crammed within
their Sultry cells while the thermometer with
out stood at OS degrees, or blood heat! Six
large buildings, built and used solely for tho
man trade! How many moro I know not,
for my expression of unoualifled ahhnrrene
and detestation of the system cut short my
iniormant s communications.
I understand t'ioi:gh dial in Richmond, a
well as in the national man-market at Wash
ington, the moral turpitude or wickedness of
the thing has no influence to deter the man
dealer in his course; yet the public odium
the disgrace, which ho keenly feels, and
which is on the increase, has already to a
kii:ji t Aieoi in.iou uie ncart rending exhibi
tion of the thippins; of slaves, a work of
darkness. In both places it is now dona
chielly under cover of night.
The man auctions in Richmond I under
stand aro held daily. I heard an auctioneer
cursing "tho hard times," becanse he had
"sold but one nigger to-day." At the "Bell
Tavern" I saw a w .man sold with an infant
in her arms to one man, while her little
daughter of some eleven years of age was
knocked off" to another for 82.00 separated
forever! The father the husband, I did not
The cars from the North (I went to no
other landing place) brought slaves to mar
ket daily. These, on their arrival, wero
thronged with slave dealers and jail keepers,
who with shameless impudence, surpassed
only by New York porters, all but wrangled
for their prey. I have just now counted from
the cars in one lot 13 slaves for sale. Threa
men tvero chained together, one of whom
led a little boy; four more men were rhnine
cd together in couples; two women led a lit
tle child between them, one of whom had
an infant in her arms. Cnweancd children,
I believe, aro not rrencrallv counted or ,,lrl
separately from their mothers, but thrown
iiuo me uargain.
But enough of this for to-day. Poor old
Virginia! Decrepitude, dilanidaiion n4
premature old age seem to be inscribed upon
all her doings. Tho days of her greatness
J. B. W.
WHAT HAVE THE
Or, are the Baptist Churches in
way Connected with it.
Mr. EniTOR. I Was led tn mi Io .!, :
quiries from learning of certain events thai
... ...u..n,...uu in me town oi Haverhill;
tho facts, as I learn, are tho following A
number ot years ngo, a man by the name of
Cottle, emifj-rated from Mnvorl.ni .i,.
, . " ; ureoan
ot Weorrrla. and there lne:iio,l ,.A .ui:.L
ed himsell in business. In a few vpnra h
had accumulated unite, n hnnrtanm
a part of which consisted in human chattels)
auuiumg .u uia i.iws oi ueorrria. A few
years aticrwards, Cottlo was taken sick, and,
not being a married man, left no legal heirs
to his property in Georgia. His children
were part oi his property. The lawful heirs
lived in Haverhill and its vicinity, and soma
of them were members of the Baptist church
there. Some few friends of the slaves thero
thought they would make an effort to obtain
their liberation. They labored wth the heirs
to convince them it wag wicked and sinful in
them to continue them in bonds. They to
far succeeded as to get their consent to liber
ate them, provided that the abolitionists would
subscribe money enough to pay their expen
ses to remove them to the free States. This
was immediataly commenced upon by the
friends of the slave, in obtaining subscriptions
and donations for this object, Mr. Emerson,
whose wile was one of tho heirs, came to
Lowell last fall, at the time that the Baptist
Association was being held there, to obtain
funds for this object. They obtained some
twolvo dollars. Other places were visited
until between two and three hundred dollars
were paid and pledged to meet the expenses
of their removal. Bnt what was the result!
One of the heirs, moved by some Satanic in
fluence, saw fit to change his mind, and wrote
on to the administrator of the estate to sell
the nine slaves immediately, and they wers
accordingly gold by the order of northern
church members, and sre now toiling in servitude.