OCR Interpretation

Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, November 14, 1845, Image 4

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035487/1845-11-14/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

From the Beacon of Liberty.
Tb Mrde bad ft meeting, ft few day ago.
To aettle ftome matter of state
And withal, to consider their friend in limbo,
VP ho lone hd been pining in want and in wo,
With law to mourn over their fete.
In ege4 of wire, and caeca of wood.
They were hanging; all over the land,
And there made to sing all day for their food,
And dreamed all night, in their dark aolitude,
Of the groves by the free zephyrs fanned.
The Crow called the meeting to order caw,
For he ho had ft far reaching ken
The eagle wai scribe. He wae skilled in
the law,
And know where 'twas safest to put in his
And he too, was great with the pen.
The Pigeon was there, to carry the news,
T!.J m. w.i'linn n tioT
rvi wiiuuvih " " """'"6 ---
The most part were anxious to get their
.'. -: I -
And break all the cages and traps that thry
Those Bird catchers, year after year.
The Linnet was foremost to open the cause;
For the drooping wing'd captives he spoke
His kindred they were, and he thought that
it was
A sin against God, and the old forest laws,
AO oring mora uiuu unuer me yu&e.
The Canary arose with a tear in his een.
And his musical roice choked with grief.
This caging his kindred, he thought it was
The wickedest thing (hat ever wa9 seen
And he called the bird holder a thief.
Hold! hold! says the Owl, not so fast, my
young spark
And he opened his eyes in a maze,
There's a difference between them old ea
ger (now hark!
I see it as plain as a chick in the dark,)
And those that hold birds in these days..
The fathers transgTess'd the old law, it is
It was bad for the enptive birds, quite;
But that's not our fault we follow the new;
What the many call right, it is proper to do,
And therefore bird-holding is right.
Twas a clear case, he thought, and his log
ic was prim;
But the Goldfinch was not quite so clear.
He could not but think it as much of a crime
To catch a bird now as it was in old time.
Sin was sin, the same now as last year.
Then tip got the Raven, and bowed as he
The case seemed to him very plain.
The fathers who put the birds under the
It was they who the great law of liberty
Sure, we cannot break it again.
Th Sparrow was grieved at such logic, he
They might bring us all into the wires.
And lay all the sin and the blame on the
Of some old transgressor a thousand years
Twould excuse all the robbers and liars.
A sweet little bird, with his wings tipped
with gold,
(The chairman did not know his name.)
Said, the wrongs of the captives could nev
er be told.
Their sufferings now were like those of old.
Thea, why not bird-holding the same?
O quit, said the Wren, you're as blind as a
Tk.n rr,r, .ffir ami Inner tn he free:
But the master has nothing to do with all
IT titra t.t law tliftt'n nrhnt )lA Ifl at
What the laws says, that's right don't
you seei
The Redwing retorted, in fiery mood,
you talk about law! You marauder!
You'd be a bird-holder, vourself. if vou could,
1 wish vour whole tribe driven out of the
But the chairman here called him to order
Nsxt the Ostrich got up, by courtesy there,
And the meeting most gravely addressed:
His opinion he said he was free to declare,
That the birds of themselves who could not
take care,
Were meant to be slaves to -the rest.
The Woodpecker roused up, and gave him
a scowl,
At if he would peck out his eyes.
Avaunt! who sent vou hither old fowll
Co, batch your own eggs "Order.'" eaid
the Owl,
Keep cool you are more nice than .wise.
But now it grew dark, and 'twas thought to
be best
At least, bv the Owl and such sages.
To vote that bird-holding was proper, unless
The treatment was "bad. Then, each to his
. '' nest.
And left the poor slaves 1n their cages.
went to
she East river, between the city and Long
Island.- The environ of the city are unusu
ally beautiful, considering how far autumn
fcaa advanced upon us. I reqaant rains have
ftoaxed vegetation into abundance, and pre
awrrod It Tordsnt beauty, Th tree ara
bung with profusion of vines, (h rocks are
dressed In Nature's green velvet of moss, and
from everv little cleft peeps the' rich foliage
of some wind scattered seed. The Island Use 1 1
presonta a quiet loveliness of scenery, unsur
passed by anything I have evef witnessed;
though Nature and I are old friends, and sho
has shown me many of her choicest pictures,
in a light let in only from above. No form
of gracefulness can compare with the bend of
flowing waters all round ana ronna ft verdant
island. The circlo typifies Lore; and those
who read the spiritual alphabet, written all
over the earth, will see that a circle of walen
must be very beautiful. Deautiful it is, even
when the language it speaks is an unknown
tongue. Then the green hills beyond look
so very pleasant in the sunshine, with hornet
nestling among them, like dimples on a smi
ling face. The Island itself abounds with
charming nooks open wells in' shady pla
ces, screened by large weeping willows; gar
den and arbors running down to the river's
edge, to look at themselves in the waters; and
pretty boats, like white-winged birds chased
by their shadows, ard breaking the waves in
to gems.
But man has profaned this charming retreat
He has brought the screech owl, the bat, and
tho vulture, into the holy temple of Nature.
The island belongs to government; and tho
only buildings on it are the penitentiary, mad
house, and hospital; with a few buildings oc
cupied by those connected with those lnstt
Unions. The discord between man and N
ture never before struck me so painfully; yet
it is wise and kind to place theerringand the
diseased in the midst of such calm, bright
influences. Man may curse, but Nature for
ever blesses. 1 he guiltiest of her wandering
children she would fain enfold witliin her
arms to the friendly heart-warmth of a moth
er's bosom. Sho speaks to them ever in the
ift, low tones of earnest love; but they, nlas,
tossed on the roaring, stunning surge of soci
ety, forget the quiet language.
As I looked up at the massive walls of the
prison, it did my heart good to see doves nest
ling within the shelter of the deep, narrow
grated windows. I thought what blessed lit
tle messengers of heaven they would appear
to me, if I were in prison; but instantly a
shadow passed over the sunshine of mv
thoughts. Alas, doves do not speak to their
souls, as they would to mine; for they have
lost their love for childlike and gentlo things.
How havo they lost it? Society with its un
equal distribution, its perverted education, its
manifold injustice, its cold neglect, its biting
mockery, has taken from thcin tho gifts of
God. They are placed here, in tho midst of
green hills, and flowing streams, and cooing
doves, after the heart is petrified against the
genial influence of all such sights and sounds.
A : usual, the organ ot justice (.which phre
nologists say is unusually developed in my
skull) was roused into great activitv by the
sight of prisoners. They said, "Would you
have them orev on society! 1 answered "1
am troubled that society has preyed upon
them. I will not enter into an argument a
bout the right of society to punish these sin
ners; but I say she made them sinners. How
much I have done towards it, by yielding to
popular proiudices, obeying false customs,
and suppressing vital truths, I know not; but
doubtless I have done, and am doing my
sharj. God forgivo me! If He dealt with
us, as we deal with our brother, who could
stand before Him? If society does make its
own criminals, how shall she cease to do it?
It can be done only by a change in the struc
ture of society, that will diminish the temp
tations to vice, and increase the encourage
ments to virtue. If we can abolish poverty,
we shall have taken the greatest step toward
the abolition of crime; and this will be the final
triumph of the gospel of Christ. Diversities
of gifts will doubtless always exist; for the
law written on spirit, as well as matter, is in
finite variety. But when tho kingdom of
God comes 'on earth, as it is in heaven,' there
will not be found in any corner of it that poV'
erty which hardens the heart under the se
vere pressure ol physical sullcnng, and stul
tifies the intellect with toil for mere animal
wants. When public opinion regards wealth
as a means, and not as an end, men will no
longer deem penitentiaries a necessary evil;
for society will then cease to be a great school
lor crime.
"Stand out of tho way," mud a rough voice
under my window, one day as I sat musing
over the bustling scenes below me,- at my
"Your honor will please recollect," repli-
eJ a sharp but somewhat Indignant voice,
"your honor will please recollect that I am
a beggar, and have just as much right to the
road as yourself."
"And I am a banker," was retorted still
moro angrily.
Amused at this strange dialogue, I leaned
over the case and beheld two citizens in a
position which a pugilist would denominate
squared, their persons presenting a contrast at
once ludicrous and instructive. The one,
was a purse-proud, lordly man, apparently in
silk, and protecting a carcass nearly the cir-
cumlerence ol a hogshead; tne other, ragged
and dirty, but an equally impudent and self-
important personage; and from a comparison
of their countenances, it would have puzzled
the most profound M. D. which of their ro
tundities was stored habitually with good
victuals and drink. Upon close observation,
however, of the banker, I discovered, almost
as soon as my eyes fell upon it, a line be
speaking somewhat of humor, and awaken
ing curiosity, as he stood fixed, and eyed his
antagonist; and this became more clear and
conspicuous as he lowered his tone and said,
"How will your right appear?"
"Why, listen a moment, and I will teach
you," said the beggar. "In the first place,
do you take notice, God has given me a soul
and a body just as good for the purpose ef
eating, thinking, and drinking, and taking
my pleasure, as he lias you and then you
nay remember Dives and Lazarus as we
pass. Then again, It is a free country, and
here again we are on an equality for you
must know that even here a beggar's dog mar
look a gentleman in the face with as much
indifference as he would brother. I and
yro bans the same eommin master; ire
Ull., U1, I Hi JLJl'i.1 J. fc-KLSStt
sqoally fr,and tin equally easy; are both
travelling the same journey, bound to the
same place, and both bare to -die and be bu
ried in the end.". ,
"But," interrupted the banker, "do you
pretend that there is no difference between
the beggar and banker?" '. :
"Not in the least as to ttsenlial. You
swagger and drink wine in company of your
own choosing I swagger and drink beer,
which I like better than your wine, in compa
ny whicn I like better than your company.
ou make thousands a day, perhaps I make
shillings, perhaps; if you are contented I am
we are equally happy at night. You dress
in new clothes I am just as comfortable in
my old ones, and have no trouble in keeping
them from soiling, if I have less property
than you, I have less care about it; if fewer
friends tho less friendship to lose; if 1 do not
make as great a figure in the world, I make
as great a shadow on tho pavement; I am as
groat as you. Beside", my word for it, I have
fewer enemies, meet with as few losses, car
ry as light a heart, and sing as many songs
as tho best of you."
"And then," said the banker, who all
along had tried to slip a word in edgeways,
"is the contempt of tlio world nothing?"
"The envy of the world is as bad as its
contempt you have, perhaps, the one, and I
shire of the other. Wo are matched there,
too. And besides, the world deals in this
matter equally unjust with us both. Yon &.
I live by our wits, instead of living by our
industry; and the only difference between us
in this particular worth naming is, that it
costs society more to maintain you than it
does me: 1 am content with a little you
want a great deal. Neither of us raise grain
or potatoes, or weave cloth, or manufacture
anything useful; we, therefore, add nothing
to the common stock; we are only consumers;
and if tho world judge with strict impartiality,
therefore, it seems to me I would be pro
nounced the cleverest fellow.''
Some passers-by hero interrupted the con
versation. The disputants separated appa
rently good friends. I drew in my hoad,
ejaculating, somewhat as the man in the play.
"Is there no difference between the beggar
and the banker?"
But several years has since passed away,
and now both these persons have paid the
last debt of nature. They died as they lived,
the ono a beggar and the other a banker. 1
examined both their graves when I next vis
ited the city. They were of a similar length
and breadth, the grass was equally green a
bove each, and the sun looited as pleasantly
on one as on the other. No honors or de
lights clustered round the grave of the rich
man. They were both equally deserted, lone
ly, and torgotten. 1 thought, too ol the des
tines that had passed; and that state in which
temporal distinctions exist not; temporal hon
ors are regarded not, where pride and all the
cucumstances which surround this life never
find admittance. Then the distinctions of
time appeared, indeed, as an atom in the sun
beam, compared with those which are made
in that changeless slate to which they both
had passed.
We find in the Newburyport Herald a
sketch of Mr. Cushing's Lecture, before
tho Lyceum of that place.
Mr. C. has a much better opinion of the
intelligence and capacity of the Chinese
than those who have had no opportunity of
intercourse with that people have been wont
to entertain. A large class of the people
are learned; as a nation they are industrious
and ingenious beyond others, the whole
country is like a bee-hive. Learning has the
first place in public estimation, and books
are as numerous as in Europe. A catalogue
which Mr. C. had in his possession of a sin
gle library, occupies ten volumes. Public
measures lire debated by tho populace as
much as in tho United States, and public
opinion has as much influence in China on
the government as with us. Tho fatal error
of the Chinese has been in giving too epicu
rean a character to their habits and their gov
ernment. One illustration of this cited was
the fact that at the close of all letters to one
another, the written salution is, "I wish you
tranquility and promotion." They luck only
military skill and discipline to make them a
powerful nation, capable of repelling inva
sion or overrunning contiguous countries;
for no men are braver or die moro fearlessly
in the ranks.
China docs not need any foreign trade.
Witliin her own territory she produces every
thing requisite for the wants of her popula
tion. Newspapers as well as bosks uhound and
circulate freely among the Chinese, and
the Pckin Gazette, particularly, penetrates
to every part of the Empire. They annnu
ally publish a Red Book, similar to our
Blue Book, giving tho names and emolu
ments of all public ollicers.
In regard to the population of China, Mr.
Cushing seems to be of opinion that the
Chinese census does not overrate the num
ber, and that the three hundred and fifty mil
lions which they claim, is not far from the
true number. In the Southern part of the
country two crops a year are produced, and
the poorer c'assei subsist on a little rice, and
the flesh of dogs, cats, rats, &c. To the
cities and towns there are no carriage-ways,
the streets aro only narrow foot paths, ind
no horse or other beasts of burthen lira kept
to require large ranges of pasturage. The
f population is crowded into the narrowest
units, by a long succession ol ages of peace
and industry. The compensation asked by
the servants which -Mr. C. in his character
of American Ambassador, employed, was
only five dollars ft month, and out of this
they lound their own food and clothing.
The Chinese have long been acquainted
with the improvements in the arts, upon
which the Europeans pride themselves as
tho inventors, with tho exception only of the
steam engine. Machinery has not been in
troduced among them.
The wrong impressions which have ob
tained in regard to the Chinese character,
have been caused by the always difficult and
erroneous translations from ft primitive lan.
guajn, which frequently makt what la the
otigiml tons rational and serious, appear in
the translation absurd and ridiculous.
It i better to lire in tho present linn In tint
put or future. ' We ennnot benefit the past.
Tin way lo benefit the future is In gits the wind
wholly to the present. Ae I ho future heroine
the present, let n attend lo it; let m think sn.l
ore nothing for the future, except ae it becomes
present. Tlio only way lo prepare for the fu
Inre and lo aeil all its evils, however reinuie
that future, is lo (five entire attention to a fiiih
ful performance ol passing duties. Fidelity to
the piosenl is the only sure (round of hope for
the future; and ho that faithfully serves his God
not In holy days, assemblies, rites and ceremo
nies, but In loving man with an alf-confiding.all-hoping,
(II Buttering, and all-forgiving love, and
gives himself lo the promotion of their welfare,
may with dauntless heart a no fearless step walk
down Into the leran future, fur iindernealli
him will be the 'Everlasting Arm.' If ministers
would censo to humbug the world nbont the past
and future, and call Hie attention of mankind to
the events, maxims, and human beings and do
ings of tlio present; war, slavery, drunkenness,
and man's dominion over man, would sooa ceae.
Salvation from prtttnl six, not fromuliirt mik
t, would bo more aimed si. Kauris and de
sires after present holiness and conlormily tn
Christ, would supersede all concern about a fu
ture lira von or hell.
This mny bo heresy to some but truth accnr
ding to Him who said Why tako thought liir
tlio future Tile fuiuro shall take thought Cor
itself. Sufficient for tlio present are the busin
ess and duty lherei'1.
What is it? -!A Mechanic," in the Phila
delphia LenGKB, says that two eentlomen of
that suite have invented a ni w method ol roor
ing houses more durable than shingle, slate or
tin, as brilliant as glass, tiro-proof and water
proof; red, blue, vollevr, green, or any other col
or that may be desired; a non-cnndnslor of elec
tricity, a rellcclor of liev; cheaper than tin,
lighter than alate, being vitrified, il is almost in.
destructible by time or weather, and so eauily
put on, that the largest roof can he covered in a
single day if disirrd. It requites very litl'o de
cent; a roof covered with llm niiitoiiul liny lc
mnde as flut as any I in roof, without the least
danger of leaking Nothing short of actual vio
Knee will injure . Should it cmno into gene
si use, our cities will outshine the Kremlin ol
Muscow. When a house with aelile rotf isnn
fire, 1 he slates lly so, that firemen aro in greal
tl liter, should they como near it; but this arli
e'e hivixg parsed through the fire, ill the process
of manufacture, is nut lublo to tins objection;
its durability is such, that il will last as long as
the house
Shoe Pkos. A writer in the Boston Even
ing Traveller, says:
"Perhaps you have not seen what I have,
many and many a time, a shoemaker take a
block of maple wood, and with his hammer
and knife, split off a piece for pegs; then
pare, point and split oil his pegs at the rate
of ten a minute. Well, instead thereof, you
may now go into a peg mill and see the saws
knives and chisels, driven by water power,
and forty bushels of pegs all pointed, smooth
ed and polished, turned out in a day. 1 can
not describe the process to you, but only say
they are made as neat as a pin, the last pro
cess being to put them into a large cask,
which is kept revolving long enough for the
friction of each pin against its neighbor to do
the business of polishing itself to a charm.
They are put up in clean cotton bags of a
bushel each, and sent to Boston. This Yan
kee peg is now exported and used in ths shoo
shops of Londou!
A letter from Alfred Wells, of Oswego
county, New York; to tho President of the
New England Non-Resistant Society, con
tains the following interesting incident:
"I write chiefly to give you an account of
the power of love that look place in tltn fam
ily of an old friend of mino who is now no
moro. Besides other children, he left two
sons, Henry, aged about twenty, and Albert,
about sixteen. The latter possessed what is
called a bad, ungovernable temper, that gave
his mother much trouble, and she, (probably
in a pet,) told Henry that he must whip him.
He did; but Albert resisted, and ho received
a severe thrashing; but it did not tame him
at all, and he vowed that he would never
speak to Henry again until he wasold enough
to havo revenge. While he stayed at home,
(some months, I believe,) he never spoke to
llcnry. After this, he went lo sea, and was
absent four or five years. But Albert was a
boy of many good qualities. Ilelaid up mo
ney. While the vessel was loading and un
loading at the ports of the distant countries
ho visited, he ma do short excursions into the
interior, and made use of his eyes and ears
to improve his mind and gain w h it informa
tion lie could, and camo back un amazingly
stout athletic young man, and apparently
greatly impioved. lie was frank and social
with the rest of the family, but not a word
did he say to Henry. The latter by this time
had become a Methodist preacher, and Al
bert's conduct toward him grieved him to
the heart. After a lime, Henry went to Al
bert, and with tears iu his eyes said to him,
"Albert, I cannot possibly live in thU way
any longer. Your silence I cannot be ir an
other hour. You remember you said, when
you whipped mo, you would speak to mo a
gain; and I am uow ready to receive your
punishment. Let us go to tho barn; I will
pull oil' my coat -I promise you thu I will
make no resistance, and you may whip metis
long hh you please, and wu will then befriends.
I never should have struck you, if mother hid
not requested it, I am sorry that 1 did."
Albert s stout heart could bear blows in al
most any quantity, without shrinking; but
Henry's love ho could not withstand; it incit
ed his proud spirit instantly, and in a mo
ment ho was bathed in tears. They emhr.io.
ed each other directly,, for a timn their lovo
was too great for utuiranoo, hut soon Albert
expressed his regret for what he had said, and
they aro now, for aught I know, two as lov
ing brothers ns any in the country; and to
God, the (Jo J of poaoo, be all the gtory.
Tho pnrent who would train up a child in
tho w.iv ha should cro. must iro in tho wav
he would train up a, child,
fin.r MaartuW. A etmpfe had bem liv
ing together, at man and wife, in Philadel
phia fi r some time. . Ihe gentleman per
haps becmnlmt tired of incumbrance relat
ed to support bis reputed wife. Sho institu
ted a suit to obtain tier share of his worldly
Substance. The defunce was, that titer wero
not legally married. It appeared that no
clergyman, or minister of law, officiated at
tho marriage ceremony; but thai tho parties'
acknowledged themselves man and wife in
the presence of witnesses. This, Judgo
Sargent decided to bo legal marriage, and or
dered the husband to give Security for tlio
payment of t0 per week for the support of
bis wife. Willi this decision the husband
refused to comply, an I was imprisoned for
contempt of court. He was subsequently
brought before the court, backed by an ex
traordinary rombination of legal talent, on
application for a discharge. But all to no
purpose; the Judge was inexorable.
The decision, is not new. This interpre
tation of the law was established ir Eng
land many years ago, and a low providing;
for marriage is ttiin foriw was adopted in
South Carolina in 1009, "in order tfiuf nrnrrt
might bo hindered in so necessary a work."
'there being no ministers." Freeman-
Methodist Troubles. Tho M. K, Churclif
don't split with a very smooth seam. Itf
Kentucky, a few ministers and congregations
adhere to the old church, and more still ia
Missouri; while the Ohio conference clai'ma
jurisdiction over some churches in Virginia.
The people at Parkersburg have driven rdT
their preacher with threats of violence. TH
Illinois conference has declared that the sep-.
aration is in violation of the ruIeB of discip
line. that the conference recommends the
ministers of the church, in the southern
states to remain in tho church, and to meet
and form thcmsilves in regular annual con
ference: that tho Bishops of the church be
requested to preside over such meetings
that, in view of tho secession at Louisville,
the Bishops he requested to call a General
Conference ns soon as practicable; and that
as soon as a majority of the Conferences
shall have approved these resolutions, the
Bishops be requested to take charge of the
ministers and members adhering to the
Church, from tho "self-styled Methodist
Episcopal Church South." Emancipator.
Powpfr! The slave-holders of tho I8th
admit there is pressing danger from our
slave fire lust and murder. Yes, sla
v. ry is a "p iwi'er house" sny they, which
a mid man may blow up! S;iy yon so my
respectable masters? Then by all the in
stincts of self-preservation, wo demand of
you t) remove this powder house from
among ns. What right have yon, the 31,
000, to keep "powder" in your houses
which may blow up the 600.000 free whites
of our unhappy country? In the name of
our wives, our children, our daughters, and
sons, our friends and relations, our homes
and our country wo demand that this "nui
ancc" be removed, as utterly intolerable and
dangerous to our peace and 'safety. True
No Mkticv Mrs. Child relates an anecdote
of a youne man w ho emerging from a prison,
ffot a situation and filled it wilh honor for many
vears. Ha wss at Inst recnjrniied as a person
who had been a conv'ct.and was discharged Irom
h a einpli.yinsnt. He returned to his former evil
c ur-e and hecuno a hardened aod desperate
w e ch. Had the world snid to him go and sin
no moro, he miht have been saved.
Is hereby given, that a petition will be
presented to the next Legislature of the State
of Ohio, praying for the erection of anew
county out of the following tnvnships in
Trumbull and Columbiana counties, to be
called the county of Cass with the seat of
justice ut Canlield Trumbull ro inty, to wit:
Milton. Jackson, Austintown, Youngstown,
Coitsville, Poland, lloardman, Canfield, Ells
worth, and Berlin, in Trumbull county, sml
Smith, Goshen, Green, Beaver, and Spring
field, in Columbiana county.
October 31st 1845. 4t 15.
New Garden David L. Galbreath.
Columbiana Lot Holmes.
Cool Sprinu T. Ellwood Vickerj.
Marlboro' Dr. K. G. Thomas.
Bkri.in Jacob II. Barnes.
Oanfield John Wetmore.
Lowelvili.e Dr. Butler.
Poland Christopher Leo.
Yot'NnsTOWN J. S. Johnson.
New Lyme Hannibal lteeve.
Akron Thomas P. Beach.
New Lisbon Georgo Garretson.
Cincinnati William Donaldsoa.
Salinevii.le James Farmer.
East Fairfield John Marsh.
Fali.8ton Pa., Josoph B. dale.
I nl i-Slavery Publication
3. smAX'-S'm lOTCBCDBS ka.
just received and has now fiir sale at her
boarding house, Sarah Galbreath 's, west end
of High st.
COMPACT, or selections kro
the Madison Papers. '
Ciirnr:n and I'i.krov, by K. S. Foster.
COME OUTERLSM, on the dutv or se
cession from a corrupt church, by Wm,
by J imes G. Birney,
"THE DISUNIONIST," by WendpU Phil,
ARCHY MOORE" by Richard R, HUt
From No. 1 to 6 inclusive.

xml | txt