the resolution was true, and also admitted
that the Constitution in its formation and adop
tion was designed to he a pro-slavery docu
ment, bttt asserted that by strict Construction
they could make it Anti-slavery. They con
tended that it is the people's Constitution
that we have nothing to do with the design
in its formation and adoption that it does
not require that the fugitive bo given up in
ease he Is pursued by tho slave-claimant, for
there is no service or labor duo to his master,
and asserted they would assist him in his
flight for liberty, and yet not perjuro them
selves. They also contended that there is
no provision therein which requires the quel
ling of the insurgent slave when he attempts
to throw off" his shackles that it is not an in
surrection for him to assert the rights which
God gave him, and which our forefathers de
clared were inalienable, but that the slave
claimant is tho insurrectionist when he de
prives his fellow man of those rights.
As to the three fifths representation, I could
not see much sense in their argument upon
that article, but it may be that they can.
They told us that that clause which declares
that "no person shall bo deprived of life, lib
erty, or property without due process of law,"
is an amendment to the Constitution which
kills, or nullifies the pro-slavery articles.
Thus, say they, if the Constitution of the U
nitcd States were strictly adherrcd to, there
would not be a slave on tho American soil.
Unionville, Nov. 20th, 1845.
AN T I-SLAVK11Y BUG L E
'I love agitation when there is cause for it
the alarm bell which startles the inhabi
tants of a city, saves them from being buru
cd in their beds." Edmund Burke.
0-Persons having business connected
with tlm niuer. will please call on James
Barnaby, corner of Main and Chesnut sts.
THE IRISH PEASANTRY.
" Niithimr can exceed the destitution and
wretchedness in which millions of these peo
ple live. I have been in many of their cab
ins, and have seen habitations of thousands
and thousands ot tliose miserable peopie,
and. in regard to external accommodations; I
ran sen reel v think that there is upon earth a
lower condition of human existence. Certainly
the wigwam of an American savage may often
be regarded with envy for its comforts, com
irareif with an Irish Cabin. I have been in.
to those which were mere holes dug into the
side of a peat bog, and have, put my hand
upon the wet and velvety walls, that I might
be certain my senses did not deceive me.
In these caves, covcreu wun bucks nnu ir,nv
and sods; without chimney, window, or floor;
with a fire of turf slowly burning upon the
ground, and filling the place with smoke;
without bed, table, chair, or plate, or knife,
or fork; with indeed, no article of furniture
save a kettle in which to boil their potatoes,
and a basket in which to take thorn up; with
no other seat but a bit of dried turf of peat,
and no bed to lie down on but a flock of straw,
which was frequently 6harcd in common by
tlm children and the nir. I have found a
crowded family, with rags for clothing, tl at
scarcely hid them from nakedness, living
from one year's end to another upon potatoes
and water, and never more than once a year
tasting either bread or meat.
It has been truly said that governments
have no humanity, no compassion for the out
cast and the oppressed. Their sole object is
la huild un their own power, to strengthen
their own dominion, and if there should ap
pear to be aug'.it of humanity in their acts, it
is to be attributed, not to any kindly feelings.
but to policy, which is the life and soul of
government. Perhaps no one illustrates the
truth of this better than the government of
Great Britain. Policy induced her to pro.
claim freedom to 800,000 of her colored
slaves in the West Indies, while at the same
time she was crushing to the earth millions
in her Eastern dependencies; and in be
stowing the boon of freedom upon her chat
tels in the West, she plundered her own poor
of a hundred millions of dollars. While
pretending to establish honorable trade and a
commerce that should benefit the world, sho
forced her opium upon the people of China,
and slaughtered them because they refused
to receive it. She lavishes hundreds of
thousands upon her baby-princes, and votes
tens of thousands for the support of the roy
al stables; while the scanty pittance which
she gives for the education f the people, is
bestowed grudgingly and with an unwilling
hand. She keeps her dronish nobility in lux
ury, and robs her laboring poor for their sup
port. She boasts of the contentment of her
subjects, but is obliged to surround them
with a band of heartless mercenaries to en
force submission. By command of her most
gracious Majesty, the chartist is left to pine
in his dungeon; and by the course of her
ministry, thousands perish for want of bread.
But probably no recent act of the British
Government manifests so much systematic
cruelty, so much determined oppression, such
evident design to crush the spirit of a truly
noble people, as does the inhuman & tyranni
cal policy she has adopted toward the Irish
nation. The extract at the head of this arti
cle is from the pen of Mr. Coleman, and pre
sents a true picture of tho suffering condition
of the Irish peasantry. They toil unceasing
ly for a scanty pittance, and of that pittance
tho landlord and the priest must receive a
share. They are strangers to the comforts of
life, and they eke out their miserablo exist-
once day by day amid sorrow and privation.
Their children are reared in wretchedness
and want, they aro doomed to grow up in ig
norance, and probably to enlail upon their
postelity, the heir-loom of the Irish peasant
ry abject poverty which was all their pa
rents had to bequeath to them. Guant star
vation is the constant companion of the peas
ant through life, and at death those who
strive to give him an " illigant wake and a
dacenl bvrrien," 'in order to do so, must make
their own condition more wretched, and if
possible their own cabins more destitute.
Such is tho condition of thousands and
tens of thousands of Ireland's suffering poor,
and who that has humanity in his bosom
does not commiserate their hapless lot?
Were wo not accustomed to looking upon
scenes darker still, upon degradation deeper
than theirs, upon sufferings more intense, the
sympathies of our nature would be entirely
engrossed with the misery of the famishing
peasant. Hut what, we ask, is the poverty of
the Irishman compared. with the wretchedness
of the American Slave? Go, ask the peasant to
exchange his rude home, fora southern planta
tion, ask him to put himself into the power
of an irresponsible master, to surrender soul
and body to one who may lawfully whip
and chain, and torture him, who may burn
his face with a red hot branding iron, and
hunt him down with savago blood-hounds!
Ask him to lay down his humanity, and en
roll himself with tho brute creation, to give
up the right to his own body, tho right to
the wife of his bosom, and the children of
his love! Ask him, if you please, to exchange
conditions with the most comfortable, well
fed, and well clothed American Slave, and
he will deem you a madman or a fool!
lie knows that although he is deeply oppress.
ed, and obliged to face all the horrors of pov.
erty, yet he has rights, lor the loss of which,
he never could bo recompensed by food, and
clothing, and shelter. Ilo is indeed com
pared to tho slave, a free man, and he feels
that it is so. His potatoe and his pig may
be taken from him, but the landlord dare not
sell his children for debt, daro not seize his
wife and dispose of her to the highest bidder,
dare not claim him as his chattel personal,
and load him with chains and fetters. If he
dies of want or starvation, he dies as a man
and not as a brute.
"Better to live in Freedom's hall
With a cold damp floor, and mouldering wall,
Than to bow the neck, anil hend the kneo
In the proudest palace of slavery."
When we see the bodies of the Irish peas
antry mangled and festering from the deep
gashes of the whip; when wo hear tho dis
mal Mailings, and piteous shrieks of helpless
victims, naked, stretched and bound with
cords, and seo the warm blood following eve
ry stroke of the lash; when we sen them
chained to the floor or ceiling, and barely
food sufficient allowed to keep body and soul
together, so that their sufferings may be pro.
longed; when we see them writhing under
tho excruciating pain of tho gag and the
thumb-screw; when wo see them hung up
between the heavens and the earth and roast
cd by a slow fire, without judge or jury;
when we seo Irish children sold by the pound,
and a million and a half of Irish women shut
up in one great Brothel, and forced to sub
mit to the unhallowed desires of a sodomitish
community on penalty of death, then shall
we begin to think that tho condition of the
Irish peasant is as bad as that of tho Ameri
can Slave. When British law stretches out
its parallyzing arm and says to the intellect,
"thou shalt not expand," says to the mother,
for the second offence of learning your child
. .... ,
to read, you shair ue snoi inrougn me neao;
when maternal feeling, conjugal love, all the
sensibilities and aflectiojis ol tho soul arc
converted into so many barbed arrows that
rankle and fester in the heart's core.then shall
we begin to think the Irish peasant is as
wretched as the American Slave. We
would be the last to divert sympathy from the
Irish people, for heaven knows they need
it, and assistance too, in their struggles for
liberty; but whilst we aid them, and make
their cause our own; let us be careful to do
our duty towards those whom we havo be
neath our own feet, and whoso condition is
far worse than theirs.
SOUTH-WESTERN A. S. SOCIETY.
The Convention which met in Cincinnati
on the 18th inst., formed an Anti-Slavery So
ciety with tho above title. We understand
tho field of its operations will be the south
western part of Ohio, and the adjacent por
tion of Indiana. Hiram S. Gilinoro is Pres
ident, Christian Donaldson, Secretary, and
Win. Donaldson, Treasurer. Wo havo not
received any further report of the proceedings
on the occasion referred to,
The citizens of Lake Co. have had a meet
ing, at which they proposed measures to pre
vent the violation of graves, and to bring to
punishment those who. nrc guilty of tho act.
They adopted quite a lengthy scries of resolu
tions expressive of their views from which
we extract tho following:
Resolved, That we hold tho man who
steals our horses, or commits burglary upon
our houses, to get our money, comparatively
innocent, by the side of him who plunders
our departed friends from the grave, where
alfection had placed them.
There is a kind of body snatching much
more criminal than that to which the resolu"
tion refers which takes not the dead body
from out the grave, but thrusts tho living one,
into it. If to steal a dead body be worse than
burglary, and stable plundering, what lan
guage shall wo uso to descriho tho criminal
ity of him who steals the living templeoflhe
Holy Ghost? If to rob us of the comparatively
worthless casket from which tho Master has
removed the jewel be an act of such detesta
ble character, what shall we say of that act
which plunders us of casket and jewel
The opponents of Texas in the East are
making a systematic and strong movement
against its annexation as slave territory. In
Massachusetts they arc holding largo and en
thusiastic meetings on this subject, without
distinction of party. They have appointed
an efficient committee which convenes week
ly in Boston, and are nlready issuing a jonr-
nal called "The Texan Chain Breaker, or
Free State Rally." In another column will
be found an eloquent speech of Wendell Phil
lips delivered at one of those anti-Texan mass
Tliose who design to ptotcst against tho
annexation of Texas, must do it speedily.
The following or any similar form of rcinon.
strance would answer for circulation, and we
hope that every well-wisher of his country
will lend his influence in behalf of this meas
" To the Senate and House of Representatives
of the Lnitcd Males tn longress asiembled
"The undersigned, citizens of the State of
Ohio, solemnly protest against tho admission
lexas luto tins Lmion as a sluve Male.
It is an encouraging sign of progress to find
that tho true-hearted in the corrupt organiza
tions of tho land are awakening to a percep
tion of their real position, and manifesting a
determination, no longer to strike hands with
thieves and robbers, and consent with adul
terers and murderers.
The Greenland Church, whose resolutions
we published a few weeks since, continues
to recognize the General Assembly as a part
of the Church, of Christ, while the resolu
tions of the Greenfield Church, which aro
given below, designate that body, as "tho
foolish work of foolish builders." Tho for
mer retains its connection with it, the latter,
is in this respect, a Comeouter. Both pro
fess to be anti-slavery. The one loves sect
better than the slavo, the othor prefers to es
tablish tho truth rather than tobuild upa tow
er of denominational strength. The position
its members have assumed in these res
olutions, gives undoubted evidence of their de
sire to know where, and what is Truth; and
where such a spirit prevails wo havo no foar,
but those who aro governed by it will ulti
mately find tho right ground, wherever that
maybe. It is an unusual thing for a Pres
byterian Church to take so bold nnd honora
ble a stand, and its testimony will be known
and felt in every Synod, Presbytery, and As
sociation in the land; startling those who have
slumbered in indilference,and warning tho de
nomination of its downfall, unless in the spir
it of repentance it wipes out tho errors of the
'At a meeting of the Session of tho church
nf rZrnniifit'lfl. nil tlm iiicinhpra lieimr nrnspnt
tho tallowing declaration was unanimously
After having attentively considered tho de
cision of the General Assembly of the Pres
byterian Church, ol 1H1., on the subject of
Slavery, they feel constrained to publish to
the church and the world tho following reso
1st. "Resolved, That tho church of God
with all her divinely instituted judicatories
"is built upon the foundation of the Apostles
and Prophets, Jesus Christ himself being tho
chief earner stone," and therefore a body
claiming as tho lasi assembly claims, to be
organized and administered, and an agree
ment with slaveholders that the discipline
shall not be exercised on them, to bring them
to repentance of the sin of "Domestic Slave
ry under tho circumstances as it exists in tho
southern portion ot me cnurch; cannot in
consistency with tho Scriptures, bo viewed
as a court of the Lord Jesus Christ, but as
the foolish work ot foolish builders.
2d. "Resolved, That the discipline which
the word of God, and the Constitution of the
Presbyterian Church, and our ordination
vows hind us to maintain as officers in the
Church, is "the exercise of that authority,
and tho application of that system of laws
which the Lord Jesus Christ hath appointed
in his word;" and the otfences of which wo
aro bound to t ike cognizance aro "anything
in thu principles or practice ol achurch ineiu-
ber which is contrary to tho word of God, or
which, if it bo not in its own nature sinful,
may tempt others to sin, or mar their spiritu
edification;" and therefore the doctrine of
the last Assembly that the course of slave
holders shall not bo interrupted by tho exef-
ciso of discipline, is neither more nor less
than a shameless proclamation of their apos-
tacy trom their own ordination vows, and
their hitherto professed regard for tho word of
(tod, and the constitution and standards of the I
3d. "Resnlred. I hat tho doctrine of the last I
Assembly "that memorialists who ask for the I
exercise of discipline for the sin of slavehold- I
ing, are to be viewed ns virtually requiring
the Assembly to dissolve itself, and abandon
orgmzation, ami pursuing a course which
tends to the dissolution of our beloved coun-
try," is a plain intimation that in future wo
may expect to he disciplined for the Bin of
treason, or that tho Assemoly according to
men u ii buuw iiiir, tor me suko oi manners, i
ire willing to retain traitors as well as slave
holders in their communion.
4 th. "Jlesulvcd, That lioldinrr human be
ings as goods and chatties, is what tho word
of (Jod terms man stealing, and the decision
of the last Assembly on the subject of slave
ry, is wen calculated to pistity the. assertion
often mado that "tho Presbytorianchurch is a
brotherhood of thieves."
5th. Finally, "Resolved, That until thedc
cision of the last Assembly is reversed, we
cannot take any part directly or indirectly,
in tho annual organization of that body."
A. B. WILSON, Clerk of Session.
Greenfield, September 20th, 1845.
AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY.
By tho last report of this society it appears
that its receipts during the last year from the
nominally free States amounted to $13,000.
while the slave States contributed only $33.-
000. We think the South rather ungrateful
in this respect, for if the Bible sanctions the
patriarchal institution, surely the Southern
patriarchs should support the Bible. But we
suppose they deal alike with all their credit
ors. Depend upon it brethren, if yen don't
pay up better, the Bible Society will experi
ence a rapid growth in anti-slavory grace and
Our meeting at this place was a failure.
1 he person to whom we wrote to make the
appointment had moved away, and no notice
of our meeting had been circulated, and no
preparations made for it. Under these cir
cumstances wo thought it best to make ap
pointments for Sunday, at Friend's Meeting
House at Doer Creek, about two miles from
Limaville, where in the afternoon and eve
ning of that day we had good meetin'Ts. Tho
evening meeting was enlivened by opposi
tion from somo Liberty party advocates, one
........ iuiu-d asaeru-u ui.iv til-
C I T IT 1 .
dell Phillip's reprint of the Madison papers,
entitled "Tho Constitution.! pro-slavery Com-
pact," were garbled extracts, said that he had
compared them with a copy in his possess
ion, and discovered that "all the Debates on
those clauses of tho Constitution which re"
i . . , , . . , .,
late to slavery aro not given, as tho compiler
nccuircs. u sirucK us as rattier singular that
the keen sighted Liberty party lawyers, lee.
hirers, and editors of the East, where this
book has been freely circulated for a considera
ble time past, should havo left it to this late
day for Isaac Pierce to make the discovery
ho claims. Having confidence in the careful
research and knowledgo of the compiler, we
could not but believo his assurance that he
had given all, in preference to the assertion of
Isaac Piereo that ho had not, nnd therefore
denied the charge and demanded proof. Wo
told friend Pierce that the columns ofthcBu-
glo were open for any corrections ho might
choose to make, and if he does not speedily
bring forward his evidence or retract the charge
we shall consider him guilty of willful mis-
(c5Tho editor of the Aurora, as an offset
to his admitted inconsistencies, refers to acts
in other persons which lie deems as inconsis
tent as his own, but which they do not admit
so to be. The allegations which he makes'
are pretty fully answered in the Disunionist
by Wendell Phillips.
A Preamble and Resolutions adopted unanimously
by Presbytery Illinois of the
Reformed Presbyterian Church, held in
Princeton, la. October 13th, 1845.
Wiikreas, Tho Church is the light of
iho world, aim wnereas, ner ugni in oroor 10
be useful to her own members and to others,
should shino clear and bright, holding out to
tho view of all tho great principles of Divine
Revelation in all their bearings upon man in
his individual and social character; and where
as, there is danger that tho principles of the
Reformed Presbyterian Church on the sub
ject of slavery may bo misunderstood there-
1. Resolved, That tho Reformed Pres
byterian Church is, ond always has been tho
firm and faithful friend and advocate of relig
ious and civil liberty, and the stern and im
placable enemy oi J tyranny and oppression,
2. Resolved, That buying, selling and
holding slaves, as is done in the United States
is daring rebellion against Almighty God,
and a most flagrant violation of the inaliena
ble rights of man
5. Jieinlved. That those Churches and
Christian professors who apologize for slave
ry, or are silent on the subject, and do not
testify against it, are chargeable with sup
4. Remind. That it i !m Kneriiil ilnitf
of every Covenanter to inn all lawful mean
for the speedy removal of slavery from this
Resolved. That while Reformed Pres
byterians should sustain mid encourage all
proper measures for the abolition of slavery,
they cannot consistently work with tho Lib
erty political party in their justification of and
apologies for the Constitution of the United
States, which sanctions anil supports the evil,
nnd is tho great bulwark of American slavo-
ry or in swearing to support this Consttlu-
turn or in electing others to do it for them.
for the purpose of abolishing slavery, thus do
nig evil that good may come.
(J. Resnlred, That the people under our
care be and hereby are directed to prepare
memorials addressed to the Legislatures of
Illinois and Indiana, and also to the Con-
tress of the United States, callimr unon tlieso
authorities to submit to Jesus Christ the now-
er oi mmgs oi e.inti, lo receive his law reveal-
. wi.m in. mo inn ILICUI-
ed in the Bible as the rule of legislation, and
to break ott their sins by righteousness, and
ineir ini puues oy snewing mercies to the
Resolved, 1 fiat in view of the threat
ened nnd impending judgment of Heaven o
ver this guilty land, it is the duty of every
covenanter to open his mouth in the cause of
the dumb lo pray earnestly nnd importunate
ly to (iod that every yoke may be broken and
the oppressed go free that slaveholders and
their abettors may be turned from their evil
ways that slaves may enjoy natural and
spiritual liberty, and that all the inhabitants.
rulers nnd ruled, may bo brought to speedy
repentance. By order of Presbytery,
JAMES WALLACE, Mod.
JAMES FAIR,, Clerk.
The advocates of the non-voting doctrine
have often been classed with the non-resist-
Lnts, especially in those localities where
resistant is as odious an epithet as is infidel
among sectarians. Some doubtless do this
with a design to prejudice the people against
us, others bocatiso they see no difference be
tween tho two. No one, however, will sus
pect tho Cevenanttra of being non-resistants,
for tho many battles which they have fouirht
amid the mountain fastnesses of Scotland in
defence of their religion, attest to tho contra
ry, nnd the faith of tho fathers has been hand
ed down to tho son. Tho Disunion resolu
tions which they adopted as nbove, were not
prompted by their love of non-resistance, but
grew out of their hatred to slavery. They
ppear well to understand the connection of
the churches with that institution, and tho du
ty of the Christian professor in regard to it;
the character of tho United States Constitu
tion, and the position of Liberty party; and
in theso particulars fully endorse the doc
trines of the American A. S. Society, yet aro
neither infidels nor non-resistants.
FinilTivn r .n -n... ,..
dists and Baptists at Little Rock. Ark.. !.
used tho chapel on alternate Sundays, had
V'"1 possession oi it a lew weeks
since, i hey have rather a summary way of
minim" mailers in lll.lt nan ot t in i-mmi
"? r" ,,,ln? Ted h,,t with the horn of
nm.eii, it win uu coa
shining black varnish.
u nui-cp, ii win uecoaieu with a durable and
Mechanics should try
III I'l'AI-O NKWSIMIMIIIS.
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