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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, December 05, 1845, Image 1

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ANTI
7!
33
SLAVERY
VOL. 1.
'HDTJSTXDJl Tamil SLATICIIDlESliS."
SALEM O., FRIDAY. DECEMBER 5, 1815,
NO. i0.
ANTI-SL A VK R Y BUGLE
Published every Friday at
Salem, Columbiana Co., O.
JAMES BARNABY, Jr., Uciural Agent
BENJAMIN S. JOXES,
J. ELIZABETH HITCHCOCK, Editors
0" remittance to be made, and all Utter
relating to the picumaru affair of thr paper.
to Oe adilrcned (post paid) to the Uenerai
"gent, rommumcation intended Jor inter-
tion to be addrtsted to the Kdilor.
ftfr Terms: 1.50 oer annum, or $2,00 if
not paid within six months of the time of
subscribing.
Advertisements making less than a square
inserted three times for 75 cents: one
square $1.
Publishing Committee: Snm'l Brooke
George Garrelson, J mios B irn ily, Jr
Duvid L. Galbrenth, L t II linins.
From the Cincinnati Gazette.
THE PARKERSBURG TRIALS.
The case of the three Ohio citizens, indict
ed at Parkersburgh foraidingnnd assisting in
the escape of certain slaves from Wood coun
ty, Virginia, came on for trial before the Cir
cuit Court at Parkersburgh, on Monday last,
and resulted in a special verdict. A large
number of persons were in attendance from
wrgin.a an. wn o, u.,t g.awu
un ...fnpiii-itinn. flint tlm map u':ir rnnditntpn
. i l... .:r.-.i
in an orderly and quiet manner, and that great
satisfaction was expressed by the citizens of
both States at the course ot the trial. Ucn.
J. J. Jackson appeared for the Common
wealth of Virginia, Mr. Vinton of Ohio, and
Mr. Wm. A. Harrison, of Harrison county,
Va. for the Suite of Ohio, on the question ot
tho boundary between the two Stites, and
Messrs. Stinger and Spencer for the prison
ers. The indictment cont.iins three several
cnunts, founded on several laws of Virginia,
one count being adapted to cacti law, to wit:
. , i . : . r i e
son to entice, advise, or persuado any slave
1. An net ueciarinir 11 leionv lor hiiv iter-1
from the possession or service ol las master
possessor.
2. An act declaring it to oe iciony iorany
to carry, or cause to be carried, any
slave out 01 tne tommonweaun, against me
consent ot 1110 owner wiin iineni toueirauuor
deprive the owner of his property,
3. An act declaring it felony in any per
son traveling by laud, who shall givo counte
nance, protection or assistance to slaves ab
sconding from their owners, with the luteii-
tion of nreventinirthe slaves from bcingston-
ped and apprehended.
1 he lowest punisnmeui iur incsu uuciiues
oufinement la the Penitentiary for three
ycars. the Virginia laws comer jurisuicuon
on the Circuit Courts in counties w here a riv-
er or water course is the boundary, oversuch
so far as the jurisdiction of the State
extends. There are twenty-one Circuit Judg-
es, allotted to different circuits one ui each to
hold Circuit Courts. There is a General
Court held at Richmond twice a year, com-
posed ot theso tweuty-ono Judges, or not less
turn ten ot mem. ine juuge uoiuing me
Circuit Court, is authorized in all cases of
novnlty and iliiTioulty, with the consent of the
prisdner to adjourn the ca-se over to the Gen-
eral Court for its advice, what judgement to
render. The next term of the General Court
is held at Richmond, the first Monday of De-
cember.
After all the evidence in tho case had been
amined, on the suggestion of tho Judge,
and the concurrence of the counsel and the
prisoners, it was agreed to tike a special ver
dict, embracing all the material facts, in or
der to take the advice of the General Court
UDon the case, and if it should become ne
cessary, to put it in shape for revision before
the Supreme Court of the United States. In
accordance with this arrangement a special
verdict was rtnurncu, miuiiig
. . . 1
I. That the defendants were citizens
the State of Ohio, and entitled to the protcc-
tion of that State.
That upon information that the slaves
named were about to run away from their
tnaster in Wood county into tho State of Ohio
several persons crossed the river into this
State and sheltered themselves on the bank
of the liver, in order to arrest and take the
alavea back should they cross over. That
late at night the slaves crossed in a canoe,
which was hailed from the Ohio bank and
tesponded to in the canoe, but the words not
understood. I hat the Virginia party in am-
bush descended to the river to apprehend
the slaves, and found between tlie bank
and the canoe several white men, and
them tho three prisoners, who wont
to the canoe, stepped into tne water Dy
aide, and took from thence and conveyed
tha Ohio side several wallets containing the
clothing of the slaves. These persons and
slaves were then seized, and taken over into
Wood county and the slaves returned to their
owner.
3. That on the 20th of July, 1815, when
this transaction took place, the water on
in the channel of the Ohio River in
neighborhood, was 39 inches deep that in
ordinary stage of low water, it was from
to 30 inches on those bars, and in the lowest
stage of water II inches, but the water
been known to rise 55 feet in that part of
river. The water in a good boatimr condi-
tion was about G feet on these bars, and
I
I
that stage would cover the beach where the
canoe was grounded, and the transaction with
the slaves took place; and that the bluff banks
ot tlie river average about torty teet in height.
4. 1 lie inry found the acts ot V irurimn
and of the United .States for the cession of
the lands northwest of the River Ohio the
ordinance of 17S7 the act establishing the
otite ot Kentucky, and tlie compact relating
to the jurisdiction on the Ohio of the States
borderinji thereon the act of Congress au
ilori7inT i,0 nuonle of Ohio to form a ('on.
8ljttion of Ktsito government, with the Stito
Constitution, in which the boundary of that
State on thesouth is defined'to be'bv the Ohio
River to the mouth of the Great Miami Riv
er," and the act of Congress admitting the
State into the Union on the looting- of tlie
original States.
"And it upon these lacts the Court
shall be of opinion, that by law the place
where the acts ot the defendants were com
mitted is within the jurisdiction of the Com
monwealth of Virginia, then the jury find
the defendants guilty, and assess their term
of imprisonment at the period of three years.
mil II on the contrary the l-nurk on the tacts
found, shall bo of opinion that by law the
place where the acts of defendants were com
mitted is without the territorial jurisdiction of
the Commonwealth of irgim, tl on tho ju
ry hnd the delcndants not guilty,
1 his verdict is recorded and adjourned to
the General Court which meets at Richmond
next Monday, and will be there argued in
full and decided. And if the decision shall
be against the prisoners on the only question
in dispute, that ot jurisdiction, tho case may
fa rcmovcJ lo thc Supreme Court of the U.
1
States,
We forbear comment on this case, at this
time, leaving it to tho judgment of the Courts
ot Justice
The prisoners of course, remain in prison
until the decision.
ADDRESS TO THE PROFESSORS OF
CHRISTIANITY IN THE UNITED
STATES.
I
I
I
God, in an eminent degree covering our ns
or I seinbly as with a holy canopy; under the in-
nucucc thereof, our hearts nave Deen eniarg
pcrson ed towards our fellow-men of every class and
1
straining us, mat we nave leu our mums
drawn to address you, briefly, in tho language
of expostulation, calling upon you, as you de
waters, sire the glory of God, the happiness of your
fellow-men, and the salvation of your own
I
ot
where the professed Christian sheathes his
sword in the bowels of his brother thoclan
among kingof Slavery's hateful'chain, the groans
its
up
tha there is yet hope for our country. We he
bars I lieve the unmerited mercy of God is yet ex-
an
17
had
the
in
Urethren and Sisters: Ucing assem-
bled together in this our Annual Meeting, and
being tavorcd to witness, trom time to time,
i , i -1 : .1 1 : 1 1 .
uunno-our upiioeraiions. iiiu ueiiinnanu ncait.-
tendering influence of the unbounded love of
description, Willi anient uesires km 1m.11 wi-i
lare ana Happiness, in nine unu in rraimj
The nrosneritv and extension of the cause
and kingdom of the Prince of Peace, and the
salvation of a fallen world, were felt to bo
objects, for tho promotion of which we are
called upon most earnestly, most devoutly,
to labor.
It is under the influence of theso convic-
110ns, ami in consiuurauon ui ui n:sfuuoiun-
jty ihat rosts upon us, the love ot Christcon-
gouls, to give your hearty co-operation in re-
moving from the church, and the world thoso
crvinir and enormous sins which operate so
powerfully to tho prevention of the spread of
the rungdom 01 onrist on earm, nnu uubuu.-u
our country with the visitation of Divine judg-
moots. Among those sins, wc believe it our
duty at this time particularly to call your at-
tention to war and Slavery, not only on ac-
count of their pre-eminence in atrocity, but
because their very existence in this ago,
and in this country especially, is chargeable
to the professors of Christianity, individually,
and in their church organizations; by their
apathy and indifference in regard to thoso
irreat ovils, in many instances by an active
participation in and open defence of them,
and. in the case of Slavery especially, by the
determined opposition (even of those who
profess to be strongly opposed to the system)
to those peaceful measures for its abolition,
which we verily believe, God in his Provi-
1. nji. .v
1 aence nas canea into operation, as an uiht ui
I mercy to a euilty nation; and which we as
firmly believe will, if finally rejected by tho
I American people, greatly add to their guilt,
and consequently to their punishment, when
the Divine forbearance shall have been ex-
I hausted, and the nation shall be called to
fearful reckoning for us sins.
We cannot but believe that if tho profess-
ed followers of Christ in an individual capac-
ity, and in their church organizations, had
heretofore taken and maintained a linn and
uncompromising stand against these direful
sins, the sound of war, the wailings of wid-
ows and orphans renderod desMtulo by the
sanguinary conflicts on the field of battle,
the bleeding victim writhing under the ty-
rant's lash, the sighing of husbands and wives,
of parents and children, separated forever by
the ruthless hand of oppression, would not
I new nor henceforward, be heard in our land;
I but universal liberty, would prevail from one
I extremity of our country to the other. And
we would impress it upon your minds, that
tended toward us, the day el our visitation
yet lengthened out a little longer we there
toro most earnestly entreat you to use your
great influenco for the reformation of the na-
tion, and the removal of those crying sins,
before mercy shall yield up the sceptre to in-
flexible justice, and the besom ot destruction
of
c
a
is
shall be passed over us. Remember your
great responsibility ! Remember that upon
you it depends, as instruments in the hands
of a mereiful Providence, whether tho Heaven-daring
system of Slavery shall cease to
exist, (lor cease it must.) by the intervention
of those measures which are of a peaceful
and merciful nature; or whether it shall be ex
tinguished in blood and carnage, or any oth
er form of the manifestations of Divine dis
pleasure. Sot your faces like valiants in the
cans'! of Christ, against both war and Slave
ry, nnd you will undoubtedly effect tho hap
py termination of both; but if you continue to
give thcin your countenance and support, wo
cannot but foar that tho latter will bj termi
nated amidst tho awful and desolating effects
of tho former.
We firmly believe that the peaceable abo
lition of slavery nnd oppression would be the
harbinger of the speedy approach of that day,
when nation shall not lilt up sword against
nation, nor learn war any more. O, happy
period and joyful state, ardently to be desir
ed, labored for, and prayed for.
We cannot, in this brief expostulation, en
ter into a detail of arguments to prove the ut
ter inconsistency of both iho practices spo
ken of, with the letter an I spirit of Christi
anity, and every dictate of humanity and mer
cy. Indeed tho proposition is so plain and so
self-evident, as to need no argument to prove
it, with any whoso minds are not grossly
perverted and darkened. We appeal to the
principles ol reason, and thc precepts ot Di
vine revelation, as set forth in the Holy Scrip
tures, and to the dictates of an enlightened
conscience, to decide whether the nnlevolent
and bloody system of war be not wholly re
pugnant to the religion of the Prince of
feuce, whose precepts teach us that all men
sire our brethren, and that it is our duty to
love even our enemies, to do good to them
that hate us nnd to pray lor them that des
pitefully use us, and persecute ur. We make
the same appeal on the subject of Slavery. Is
it possible lor any sane mind to believe that
a system which tikes away every right and
every privilege that distinguishes man from
the bruto creation; which makes him an 'arti
cle of property, to be bought and sold like a
beast, to be driven under the lash of a task
master; which, so far as is in its power, bru
talizes the mind, and wholly disregards and
breaks up all thoso lies of nature which we
irize so highly, can "Be reconciled with that
loly injunction of our Lord Jesus Christ
"All things whatsoever ye would that men
should do unto you, do ye even so unto them."
The idea is preposterous ! The attempt at
such a reconciliation is an attempt to recon
cile Christ with Belial. Even the voico of
naturo cries out against this iniquity; and the
pagc3 ot divino revelation, and the admoni
tions of an uupcrverled conscience, speak in
tones of Sinai's thunder against this enorm
ous system of oppression.
As wo firmly believe that Slavery must
cease from tho earth before thc reign of uni
versal peace can come, wo wish most sol
emnly to call your especial attention to this
subject. W e again entreat you to remember
your responsibilities! Remember the language
of our Holy Redeemer to his immediate fol
lowers, and consider it as addressed to you,
individually: " j eare the light ot tre world; '
that is, if ye be careful to let your light shine
beforo men in its purity; "but if thc light
that is in thee become darkness, how great
is that darkness !" And again: " Ye are the
salt of the earth; but if the s ilt have lost its
savor, wherewith shall it be seasoned! it is
thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast
out and trodden under foot of men." Where
is the light of that Christianity, or thc savor
of that religion, which connives at, apologi
zes for, defunds, nnd rven participates in the
pratico of American Slavery? Surely tho
light has become thick darkness, and tho salt
has lost its savor indeed; and by the gross
misconduct of the professors of Christianity,
they have caused the way of truth to be evil
spoken of. Wc have no doubt but the slave
holding, slavery-dul'euding, and abolition-op
posing professors have been tho true causo
of the fearful inroads that the spirit of infidel
ity is making in our country : and tin) apathy
and indifference of a largo number of thoso
who profess to be fully convinced of the great
evil of slavery, have added greatly to the
spread ot that spirit. 1 he professed disci
pies have held their peace till the stones have
cried out. Impelled by the loud calls of na
ture and humanity, even the sceptic lias been
induced to cry out against the enormities ot A-
merican Slavery; and when he finds the pro
fessed Church of Christ arraying itself a-
gainst thoso who are pleading tho causa of
the oppressed, is it any wonder that lio should
be emboldoned in his opposition to that relig
ion whose professed disciples and accredited
ministers thus uphold and defend a system.
at which infidelity itsolfrecoils! Whatmore
effective weapon could the unbeliever use a
gainst the Christian religion, than that which
its professors and teachers have furnished
him with! And it is no marvel that he has
been but too successful in its u-,e. Thous
ands, wo believe, whose hearts have been
touelied with deep sympathy for the suffering
slave, have had their belief in the Christian
religion shakon by the corrupt fruit of its pro
fessors and teachers. They see members and
ministers of the great and popular denomina
tions, engaged in the nefarious task of buy
ing and selling, of chaining and tasking and
exacting the sweat of their follow Christians,
with stripes, "which mercy with a bleeding
heart, weeps when she sees inflicted on
beast" they see these slaveholding professors
of Christianity owned and communed with
as good brethren in Christ, by tha great mi
joriiy of the nominal Church they behold
men of great talents and literary attainments, '
and who maintain a high character as men of
exalted piety, men who nre looked up lo as
eminent divines and able expounders of
Christian theology, laboring as it were with
the zeal of apostles, to justify this abomina
ble system from the llible to make it a
Christian institution. They bohold the great
mass of Christians coming up to the polls,
eager to elevate slaveholders and pro-slavery
men to the highest offices in the Government,
and giving tho system the most efficient sup
port, by freely purchasing and using its
blood stained products. In view of this ap
paling exhibition of Christianity, wo ask a
gain, is it any wonder that infidelity U mak
ing its inroads in our land! And to cap the
climax of folly and madness, these pro-slavery
Christians, with rcat apparent zeal for
the causo of Christ, now attribute ihis in
crease of seeplicism (which is the legitimate
fruit of their own doings) to those who are
laboring to vindicate the honor of our pure
and holy religion from tho foul imputation of
sanctioning ono of tho greatest systems of
abomination that was ever practised among
mon.
And now, in conclusion, we would renew
our earnest expostulation with all who love
the cause of Christ, to stand forth in vindi
cation of his holy religion from the foul as
persions cast upon it by its professed friends.
O, be not behind, we beseech you, be not be
hind the unbcliovcr in the advocacy and the
exhibition of practical righteousness, lest your
ears bo siluted with the awful language used
by the Divine Author of our religion, to a
highly professing people formerly: "The
publicans and harlots shall enter into the
kingdom of Heaven beforo you."
Signed by direction and on behalf of Indi
ana Yearly Meeting of Anti-Slavery Friends,
held at Newport, Wayne County, Indiana,
from the 1st to the Gth'of the 9th mo., iuolu
sive, 1815.
WALTER EDGERTON, )
REBECCA EDGERTON, J Clerks.
THE COLORED PEOPLE.
a
The Legislature of Michigan at its last
session, appointed a committee to report on
the propriety ol extending the right ot suit-
rage to colored men. w e give below some
extracts:
"The objector says the colored man is of
race inferior, and intellect weaker than the
white man.
Neither history nor experience sustains the
objection. On the contrary, they conclusive
ly refute it. Like other nations, Africa hud
hpr season of glory. During it she was one
of the most powerful nations of tho world.
Her victorious arms had nearly annihilated the
Romans. Her black Hannibal will ever be
found in the list of Ciesars and Bonapartes.
The limits of a report, however, forbid en-
largom!nt.
In modern times, one of tho greatest wri
ters of the day, celebrated for his intellect,
and brilliant talent, amid thc most brilliant
capiUl of the world, Paris.is Alexander Du
mas, a colored man. Europe's first men deem
his acquaintance an honor. Many other in
stances might be mentioned. In this State,
the objection is decisively exposed by the
public exhibition ot talent, in colored men un
der tho most unpropitious circumstances.
1 he committee allude to the many public
addresses in the State, made by persons
bom in Slavery, and denied the nidol educa
tion.
In estimating the intellect of colored men,
sufficient allowance is not generally made for
the effects produced on a race by continued
servitude, and a denial of education, during
a series of generations. Reverso the situa
tion of the African and the European make
the one the master, and the other the slave
for centuries, and tho white man will then pos
sess the supposed characteristics of natural
inferiority; to illustrate this the committee
quote the following passage from the celebra
ted American tiavei:jr, Stevens. .ve
Greece, Turkey an t Kmsia, vol. H H irper's
td. page -10: "I was forcibly struck,' says he,
'with a parallel between the white serls ol luis
sia, and African bondsmen at home. The
Russian boor generally wanting the comforts
that are supplied to the negro on or.r best order
ed plautations,appeared to me to be no less de
graded in intellect, character, and personal
bearing. Indeed tho marks of physical and
personal degradation were so strong,lhut I was
nsensiuiy compuueu w auuiiuon curiam uir-
ones not uncommon among my countrymen
at home, in regard to tho intrinsic superiority
of the white race over others. I'erhaps, too,
this impression was aided by my having pre
viously met with Africans of intelligence and
capacity, standing upon a footing of perfect
equality as soldiers in the Greek army, and
the Sultan's."
But some may ask, do not the moral hab
its of the colore J people place them below
whites! Your committee has been assured
by citizens of Detroit well qualified to judge,
and entitled to full credit, that tho moral hab
its of this people are better than those of
equal and average number of whites. The
eolorej population of Detroit is about COO.
has tw o Churches, two sabbath schools,
day school, a temperance society, a female
benevolent society, a young men's lyceum,
and debating society. Over 250 regularly
the churches. The official repo.'t of
Detroit school committee for the past year
states that the colored children between
Rges of 5 and 17 are 109, and that of these
03 attended schools, a proportion very great
ly exceeding that ef tho white children,
even after unking every possible allow
ance. Oi the 41 not attending school,
some'doiibtless were hired out, and obtained
education others obtained it at home,
some wore detained by sirkness, per
haps, or want of proper clolthing, so that
the number that voluntarily absttinrd from
education was trifling. This important fact
is very significant of the people's habits
Tho same facts are also shown in the colored
population of Washtenaw. In that county,
thure are many colored farmers of the highest
respectability, and they are, without one ex
ception, aming tl.e most honest, industrious,
and moral of thc community. They are inde
pendent in circuin8Uinres, good citizens, en
couragers of schools, churches, and morality.
The heaviest petitions for their franchise coma
from that quarter.
Again, our colored pcoplo are rarely found
as criminals, or in poor-houses. They are
not mendicant3 do not burthen the country,
but make an hor.rst living, spite of the dis
advantages of prejudice and legislative deg
radation. Many of them, too, have come
from the South, poor anil friendless to a new
climate, and among strangers having expe
rienced in law but au instrument of oppression
and with our border river only between them
and immunity from any deeds they may commit.
From the Chicago Daily-News.
LEGAL MURDER.
ROCK ISLAND, ILL., Oct. 25, 1845.
a
I
the
an
It
a
at
tend the
the
Mr. Editor: I hasten to lay before your
readers an account of the horrible tragedy
just enacted here. John Long, Aaron Long,
and Granville Young have this day been
hung according to law for the murder of Col.
tieorgo Davenport. Although tlie morning
was a rainy one, an immense concourse of peo
ple were seen assembling trom every part ot
the country, and at the time of the execution
I made an estimate, and should judge thero
were five thousand present a promiscuous
assemblage of men, women and children,
At 11 o'clock the guard formed in a hol
low square before the jail, and marched to
the gallows, whero they were dismissed un
til after dinner. Music by the Green Mnun
tiin Boys, composed expressly for the occa
sion. At one o'clock the guards again form
ed in front of the jail, when the prisoners were
I brought out, and conducted in sulemr proces
sion, Willi music, to the gallows. 1 he guard
formed in a hollow square about the pillows,
while the prisoners ascended the seallold and
took their seats Willi the sheriff. Several
other gentlemen also ascended the scaffold.
I say other gentlemen, for the prisoners ap
peared very much like gentlemen. They
were well dressed, and up to this time, scarce
ly any emotion was visible in their counten
ances, liut after sitting awhile, a slight
paleness seemed to overshadow their faces.
as they looked upon tho crowd, and upon the
apparatus before them. Strange would it be
it their hearts did not sink in that hour. The
sheriff advanced and read the order for their
execution; after which ho remarked that if
the prisoners wished to say anything, oppor
tunity was given. John L,ong then arose,
(the sheriff having unbound his arms) and
advancing forward, made a very polite bow,
and addressed the audience as follows. I
give the substance of what he said, avoiding
his frequent repetitions, and correcting bia
language, which was sometimes ungrammat
ical and otherwise incorrect:
" Ijodie and Gentlemen of the retpeetable
audience: I appear beforo you a dying man,
about to bo launched into eternity, and re
quest that you will listen to what 1 have to
say before I leave this world forever. My
self, my brother Aaron, and my friend Gran-'
ville Young, you see brought before you a
bout to be hung for the murder of Col. George
Davenport 1 now say to you, gentlemen,
and 1 wish you to receive it as the declara
tion of a dying man, that as for myself I plead
guilty, but thse two men (pointing to the
prisoners) are innocent of the crime. I wish
you to receive this as the dying declaration
of a otiii. (Here he became much affected.)
I now tell you, gentlemen, that Robert Birch
William Pox, Theodore Brown and myself
committed that murder though we killed
Mr. Davenport unintentionally and I wish
tho people of Rock Island distinctly to un
derstand and depend upon it, that no other
person is guilty of that crime, either as ac
cessory before or after the affair, and every
other man who is hung for that crime is hung
innocent As lor me, gentlemen, I do not
fear to die; the fear cf death was never be
fore my eyes; but 1 cannot bear to see two in
nocent mon hung. Look at the evidence a
gainst these men. Who was it! The evi
dence against Aaron amounts to nothing at
all. There was not the slightest evidence
excepting what was givon by Birch, and I
do not believe there is a man within the sound
of my voico, who doea not believe that Birch
perjured tiimscll. I lie grocery man testified
that Aaron bought bread there, but when ha
come to look at him, he said that he thought
tne roan wno Dougni tne oread was two or
three inches taller. So you see what that
amounts to. As to Granville Young, upon
whose evidence wa3 he convicted! Is Mr.
Bonny here! (Here he looked for some time
among the crowd.) If Mr. Bonny ia hero, it
is my request that lie step lorward. (He
was told Mr. Bonny waa not there.) Well,
then, if Mr. Bonny is not here, it knocks
C50 pagea from my speech. That man Bon
ny has been held up before yeu, gentlemen,
as one of the best men that ever lived. But
I now tell you that ho is the chief among
thieves and robbers, and waa accessory both
before and after the taot, to ti.e murder of
Miller. You may apply to Dr. William
und Mi. Loomis, ua witnessee to tjhat tact.

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