OCR Interpretation

Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, December 05, 1845, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035487/1845-12-05/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

! leave vou for tlie present, gentlemen, and
lat my friends speak for themselves. I will
ha before you again. I will then tell you
why I made this confession. (Here he thank
ed the aiitiiuncf for their attontion and retir
ed.)" A iron Long then came forward and s:iid :
' 1 am about to be hunpr for a rrimo of which
1 am innocent. I always lived at homo with
my parents and worked hard. Last summer
I wont down to N.iiivoo with John, and tlioro
I sup; o o ho saw Fox and Ilia res!, and they
waited him to go tip and help rob Davenport,
and the only diiiiciiltv was to get John sepa
rated from inc. So Pox said he wanted to do
nine business up tho river, and lie must tike
John along as a witness. Si they went up
. and left mo at N'auvoo. 1 a:n as innocent of
this criin! as tho farthest man in England.
When John left nicat Nauvoo, 1 gave him all
the notes i hail against men in Indiana, anil he
gave me all his against men about here. I
am entirely innocent of the murder. I have
nothing more to say.
Granville Young next came forward :
Ladies and Gentlemen You behold tne a
bout to be launched into eternity. (The pris
oner was much affected, and it was with dii
ficulty he spoke.) 1 am about to bo hung for
the murder of Col. Davenport. 1 am inno
cent of that crime. I am to be hung on the
testimony of Mr. Bonny. lie says that he
uw me on the War Eagle, and that I a per
fect strantrer, approached him, and told him
that I knew who the murderers cf Daven
nort were, for I saw them as thev weroconv
Ing up the river, and oil ere J to join them.
Uoe it look likely that a stranger would ap
proach him in that way? No ! It is said
that Jionny s name ought to be written in let
ters of cold on the corner of tho streets; but
I think it should be written with tho blood of
innocent men. I became acquainted with Ed.
Bonny about twelve mouths ago, and previ
ous to that time I led an innocent life. He
was the man that first induced me to commit
rime. 1 leave this matter with you. I am
willing that (Jod should be my judge.
Having taken his seat. John Long again
advanced and addressed the audience:
Ladies and Gentlemen My friends have
made quite short speeches. 1 will now state
why I camq out as 1 did, with a confession of
this affair. While I lay in my dungeon,
chained down with my fellow prisoners, I
could hear on the onu side the most awful
curses, and on the other I could hear these
men who are now on the scaffold, calling on
God to have mercy on them, and asserting
their innocence. Could I endure that! Not
gentlemen, I knew that they were innocent,
and I was trinity: and I determined to loll
the truth about the matter. I did bo. I wrote
a confession, showing the innocence of these
men, but it was not permitted to bo publish
ed. Why was this? Tho people here did
not want those abroad to know that they were
going to hang innocent men. 1 wish you all,
end.especially the young men who are with
In the sound of in v. voice, to lock at me and
take warning for 1 have been for the past 5
ears a very bad man. Lp to the year 1810
1 never wronged a man out of a dollar. But
amce that time I have not been taxed.
The way I first came tocommit crime was
this. In the year 1310, I becamo acquainted
with Alison Hodge. He prevailed on me to
circulate some couuterleit money. 1 contin
ued this business two years. In 18 12, there
was a general breaking up of the business.
I could not think of returning to work for a
living, so I went to robbing. Since that time I
have robbed many. I have madu a business
cf it. lama robber by profession, gentleman;
but I am true to the cause. You have heard
it said, most of you that John Long is a very
cruel fellow. But I solemnly declare, that
the murder of Davenport was the only time
when any person was hurt in nny of my rob
beries. And when I have stood before men
with my pistol cocked to prevent them ma
king any opposition, they have bcon as safe
in my hands as though 1 had been appointed
guard to protect their lives. So far from
being so cruel as you may think, my accom
plices will say that I have always been on
-the side of mercy, and in the robbery of Da
venport, (after he was nccidently shot) I my
self went down and got a pitcher of water,
and gave him drink, and placed it by his side.
I consider that my friends here, Aaron and
Young, have been peculiarly unfortunate.
They have been persecuted, and have not
hid justice done them. I also have not had
fie rights which tho law allows me. We
have ull been tried and convicted without hav
ing the rights which the Constitution guar
antees to us. In the first place we were
brought here and tried, without giving us
time to get witnesses or anything else. The
counsel who were assigned us by the Judge,
and who, I must say, camo forward and did
their duty most nobly, asked for a continu
ance in order to procuro witnesses, which
was denied by that inquisitorial Judge, for
what else can I call him?
Noxt Mr. Young requested a separate tri
al which was refused. We also made an af
fidavit stating that we believed that wo could
not get justice done in that County, and pray
ed for a change of venue, which was also de
nied. All these things were denied us, and
we were hurried on to our trial, with an over
whelming amount of talent against us. As
Mr as I an concerned, I do not mind it.
Would to God that my throo accomplices in
guilt stood beside me instead of these two in
nocent men. How can you consent to let
two men ba hung for a c.ime of which they
ere innocent! ll is your duty to tako these
two men from the scaffold, and rescuo them
from an unmerited death. I tell you, gentle
men, that what 1 say is true, and 1 feci it my
duty to stand up here as long as the law al
lows me to live, and attest to the innocence
cf these men, (ilero heshed tears and show
ed much feeling as he invariably did when
ever ba alluded to his brother.) My brother
has never, to my knowledge, w ronged a man
out of a picayunn in his lite. ' He has always
fiven me good advico. Ho have my parent,
f I bad listened o their advice, I should not
have ben hero. Last evening 1 read in my
cell a letter that contained the last farewell
of my parents. Jt was the only tiling that
ever chilled my heart. In looking over my
past life and asking myself when 1 waa the
moat happy, my answer js, when I was bon-
est. I wish, therefore, that my young friend
would tako warning, und follow such a life
as will lead them to (here lie checked
himself,") will make them mo.n happy. I
have followed robbing, because without it, I
could nut appear as 1 wished. I have led a
high life for the last few years; have gone in
tho highest classes, visited most of the largo
cities of tho United States have often been
tiken, but managed to escape until now.
Thcro has been a great donl of excitement
against us in this place, and I have no doubt
if there had been some onn to take tho lead,
an I say "com o on boys," the jail would have
been torn down, and wo all should have been
murdered. This mob spirit, gentlemen, is
what makes so many robbers among you.
This is what first set Fox to robbing. He
was taken, shot and whipped in company
with another, for a crime of which he was in
nocent. This rendered him desperate. Fox
is a man of a feeling heart, one who lives up
to his profession, and if ever he is brought
here upon this scailold, ho will say those mnn
are innocent. Would to God ho were bore
now, ho would oiler himself in their stead.
One thing more as to this Bonny. Ho had
two presses for counterfeiting money in Nau
voo, in his cellar, and when tho people be
came exasperated, and were about to attack
his house, I went in tho night and carried
the presses to a distant part of the city. For
the truth of this I refer to Dr. Williams, Mr.
Loomis, Mr. Goie, and Mr. McGough. 1 his
same lionny has men now employed in steal
ing horses in Missouri; he luriiishes them
with money, hall counterfeit and half good.
He will probably arrest them when they re
turn. When I saw him at Lower Sandusky,
I told him that be was the last man I would
expect to arrest me. He then gave me his
hand, and we pledged ourselves not to reveal
anything against each other. Sinco that we
had a quairel, and our last agreement was
that either should kill the other at the first
opportunity. As for Birch, I first saw htm
six months ago, in the bushes at Bridges.
Since then I have been hand in hand with
him, and if any one had attacked him, I would
have defended him, without asking for what
he was attacked. Last winter, I wintered in
Iowa. There is a gentleman who can testi
fy to that, (pointing towards a man standing
near the gallows.) 1 presume thcro are ma
ny more whom 1 have robbed. (Here he
turned to the sheriff and asked him if the
time was nearly out. He was told it was.)
The Sheriff tells mo the time is nearly up.
Behold ine i dying a dead man. And
my dying words are, that these men are in
nocent. Would that God himself would come
down and convince the audienco of tho truth
of what I say. You ars about to behold, my
friends, a sight which I hope you may never
behold agiln two innocent men hunr. As
for myself, f-ni'emcfi, 1 do not know what
will be my fate of that I am entirely igno
rant. All my hopes lie between this mo
ment and that (pointing to the rope.) Should
I make a full confession, I should implicate
two hundred men in thisStite, Indiana, Mis
souri and tho Territory. Perhaps so.no cf
ycu think it is my duty, but I do not, for I
have s.jirie feelings for their families. I have
confessed about Jionny. I make no other
confession. (Here he closed his very lengthy
speech, lifting up his hands, and asserting
with his last words the innocence of the men
by his side.)
After he had closed, he returned to his seat
and, after consulting the oilier prisoners, re
turned and stated that it was their dving re-
?uest that their bodies might be given to their
riends, and no! to the physicians. Mr. Gat
chell now stepped forward and offered up a
short and appropriate piayer: after which Mr.
Haney read a Psalm. The prisoners now
severally shock hands with those on the scaf
fold, and with each other. Aaron Long and
Young nearly overcome with emotion: John
quite calm and collected. The Sheriff bound
their arms, put the rope round their necks,
drew the caps over their faces, and led them
forward upon the drop. Taking the axe, he
severed the rope at one blow, and down went
the drop, letting them fall a distance of four
feet. But now remained a sceno most revol
ting to behold, and most horrible to describe.
The middle rope broke, letting Aaron Long
fall, striking his hack upon the beam below,
and lying insensible from the strangling cau
sed by the rope before it broke.
For a moment, not a human being moved;
all were horrified, and seemed rivetad to their
places. Soon, however, the officers descend
ed and raised him up, when he recovered his
senses, and was again led upon the gallows,
suffering intensely, raising his hands and
crying out "Tho Lord have mercy on me!
The Lord have mercy on me! You arj
hanging an innocent man. And (pointing to
his brother,) there hangs my poor brother;
but alas! he heeded him not. Ho was al
ready gone beyond bis sympathy he was
left alone, to euduro tho dreadful sight of his
brother's last agonies, and onco more to pass
through the dreadful scene the rope the
platform the axe! I shaii never forget tho
appearance of that man, as he sat upon tho
bench, a largo bloody streak about his neck,
his body trembling all over, while prepara
tions wero making for his final fall. But
there was another act in the drama. Ashe
was ascending the gallows, signs of an out
break ami ng the crowd wero evident. Some
cried 'That' enouoh let him go! while
c'hers gave expressions to their horror. Just
at this moment soino cry was raised in a re
mote part of Ihe crowd. No one knew what
it was; some were frightened one w ing of
Ihe guard retreated towards tho gallows tho
tumult increased a sudden panic seized the
immense crowd, and they ull fled precipitate
ly from the place. If the earth under tho
gallows had opened, and Pluto himself had
arisen from tho infernal regions, with his
horses and chariot, it could not have caused
greater consternation, or a most hasty flight.
The guard were with difficulty kept in their
places; the crowd returned, and soon oil was
quiet, every one ashamed of himself for hav
ing been frightened at nothing. Ouo wagon
was found upset, but it was found to be the
effect und not the cause of tho panic. The
wretched victim of the law was at length de
spatched, and tho crowd dispersed. Thus
ended the first execution I .vcr witnessed,
and God grant that it may tua laat, W.
Such should be published in the highways
and hedges, as a warning to tho rising gen
eration. Two women that were appointed on
the committee to circulate petitions in relation
to Texas, and the Black-laws of Ohio, called
at tho Tavern kept by John and Seth Hunt
of this place popularly known as the "Dead
Fall," to obtain signatures to the petitions.
A prrsnn present proffered to tike them in
to tiio bar-room to see if nny names could bo
gotten there. When lo! one of tho petitions,
containing about one hundred names of the
best citizens of Salem, and tho result of two
afternoons hard labor was destroyed by some
ruffian,or set of ruffians, wearing the human
form, thus offering an insult, to all the citi
zens of Salem. And to add iil manners to
their infamy, while the friends cf humanity
were waiting in the parlor lor the return of
the petition, first one would come and open
the door and gazo in, then another; probably
if they had been wild beasts broke loose from
a Menagerie they would not havo elicited
more curiosity at the doggery than they did.
Any person that would commit so hose an act,
would hardly hesitate to perpetrate any crime
in tho dark catalogue of wickedness, and can
descend to the most unmitigated meanness.
If persons do not wish to sign petitions, they
should, at least treat thoso who feel it their
duty to circulate them with becomingcivility.
And I tremble for the lukewannness and in
difference to tho cause of bleeding humanity,
when I remember that we have a God of jus
tice, who will deal unto us as we have dealt
ASHTABULA Co. Nov. 25, 1845.
Not unfrequently is it the case,
that those who are engaged in moral enter
prises, pass on without knowing either di
rectly or indirectly the result of their labors.
This must bo in a great measure the case
with those who labored in this section, in
behalf of the oppressed during the past sum
mer. As evidence that their efforts were not
in vain; permit me to give you the following
extract of a letter from the wifo of a Presby
terian clergyman, in Lake Co., who with licr
husband was an attentive listener of Mr. Fos
ter and Miss Kclley, at one of their meetings
in the Co. ...
"One result of Abby Kelley's lectures here
is, that the hearts of some of our brothers
and sisters havo been to warmed by tho truth
she poured down upon us; that they havo es
tablished a weekly Anti-Slavery prayer meet
ing. When Abby was here, I felt convinced
that God was in his providence sending her
through the country to proclaim the truths of
his worj, against tho sin of slavery, and I
said, don't let us oppose her lest we be found
opposing God. Though she may say some
things, which we may think incorrect or in
judicious, yet she advances such Bible Anti
Slavery truth, so reprovingly, so fearlessly as
I havo heard no Anti-Slavery lecturer before.
Let her alono, let her curse, i t may be the
Lord hath bidden her. I have seen the hand
of the Lord working in tho Anti-Slavery cause
here, ever since, and never more strikingly
than this evening. During the meeting, one
of the brethren while leading in prayer, pre.
senting the case of the slave; of Mr. Torrey
and other persecuted ones in the Anti-Slavery
cause, seemed to have his mind so filled with
the views tie was taking of the guilt of the
nation and tho Church; that utterance left him
and he seemed crushed beneath tho load."
It is confidently expc'H by the friends of
tho flave here, that tho fire kindled will not
ccaso to burn; neither can it, or will it be
dented, that though much and bitter opposi
tion has been raised against Abby Kellcy
there has not been as much good accomplish
ed by any ten lecturers who may have pro
ceeded her, in enlisting the hearts of tho peo
ple in the cause of suffering humanity. Said
a very warm Liberty man in Cleveland 'had
I it, I would give" a thousand dollars per year
to sustain Miss Kellcy as a lecturer, for she
docs moro than all of us." A Female Anti
Slavery Co. Society has been formed and we
hope to havo sewing circles in every town;
for in that wo plejgo ourselves to do all that
we can. Tho following lines I copy, not for
their poetic worth but fer the sentiment con
tained. They were written by a little girl
thirteen years of age; and show that children
can aoa the inconsistency of the North, if
wise heads will not. You can dispose of them
as you please.
A loving Brotherhood indeed!
Can we deny the fact
That North and South f hand In band,
To help enslave the Black?
Perhaps some disbelieve the point
Thai wo are so connected.
Then lot U3 clearly prove it out
And have that view corrected.
Loving communion as I've learned
Most strongly does ccuuect us,
Our sacred tables reach the South,
And lately shot to Texas.
When one poor slave breaks ofT his chuln
To leave this bloody Union,
The North will send him back again,
To keep up church communion.
So when he leavps tho Southern States
He ne'er can say I'm free,
For North and South aro much afraid
That they shall disagree.
In vain the North may boast and say
Th'it they enslave no man.
For cure their hands are dyed in blood
This sin o'erclouds our land.
Dissolve, ilissoh-c; disjoin, I say,
Let that be our ambition,
And let the South maintain herself;
This is true :;bclilioii.
That success may attend your efforts in
behalf of the poor Slave, and others maybe
incited to effort also, is the fervent wish of
MERCER, PA., Nov. 20th, 1845.
Friends Editors:
In glancing over the "Bugle" lam general
ly pleased with its Anti-slavery character. I
hope it may do good. I greatly rejoice at all
tho instrumentalities & influences of the pres
ent day, honestly put forth in behalf of the
Slave, and with the intention of destroying
the man of Sin, " the sum of all vilhnies,"
American Slavery. May God Almighty pros
per tho right.
Now I would rather both the Old and the
Xew Organizations could "mingle into one,"
but God may bring good out of seeming evil,
and each party may do good, and enlighten
tho other by holding up its faults. But I am
sorry for crimination and recrimination, both
agreeing in the main, but differing on some
points. For instance, you are in advance of
us in showing tho criminality, and inconsis
tency of Liberty nu n in voting for candidates
in communion with pro-slavery churches.
when they will not vote for candidates in
communion with proslavfiry.'i7W organiza
tions. I see in you, however, a manifest
criminality and inconsistency, in holding up
tho sin of pro-slavery Church, and State or
ganizations, on account of their inherent cor
ruption, immorality, and wickedness, whilst
you do not set them an example of a pure
Church and State organization, built on tho
foundation of the Moral Laws if Jehovah.
Now both old and new organizations, are
for generating a moral influence for correcting
and regenerating the public conscience. But
is there a more effectual, powerful and peace-
full channel, through which to excrciso a
moral influence than the Ballot Box? If there
is I do not know it. We must reform pres
ent organizations, we must repeal the slave
laws, or if we fail, we must pull down the
old, and build up a new order of things in
their place. But as J. It. f iiddings says, the
same public opinion, or moral power that
would be adequite o dissolve would regenerate
the union, thejsumo power that would dissolve
the constitution, would amend it. Why then
denounce tho action of the Liberty Party,
when they are equally pledged with you to
abolish slavery ,or toindueesomo other party or
power to do it? But should they fail in con
sumating their hopes, their honest exertions
would hasten tho dissolution of the union, and
consequent einaucipation of the slave. I am
convinced if we are not successful, as a po
litical party to abolish slavery, and save the
union, there is no other instrumentality exist
ing, so efficient, or so well calculated to bring
about the desideratum you to devoutly wi.-di.
I now say to you, nnd to my old friends,
tho Covenatrrt, come over to us, tike your
stand upon the platform of thp Liberty Party,
and labor with us, (and it will do you good,
for God is with us,) until every yoko is bro
ken, every burden loosed, and the oppressed
permitted to go free. And if not sufficiently
prue, wa need your aid, to make us so. I de
sire to see concentrated on the Liberty plat
form not onlj' old organizition,the Covenant
er, tho down-trodon slave, and disfranchised
colored man, the good, aud tho true, every
where, but also tho ten millions of women in
oar land. This would epitomize the Broth
erhood of man. Now this we must do in
order to'txhibit the Glory of Christ's King
dom on Earth, in order to give a practical ex
hibition cf the Golden Rule, "all things
whatsoever ye would thr.t men should do un
to you, do ye even ao to them, for this is the
Law and the Prophets." Christ's mission
on Earth was to preach deliverance to the
captive, to break down all unholy distinc
tions betweon Jew and Gentile, Scythian and
Barbarian, bond and free, male and female,
that they might be all one in Christ, not a
brotherhood of thieves, but i brotherhood of
To eff;ct this consummation, the frienda of
God and man, must generate a moral power,
sufficient to enliglr.en, correct, and purify tho
public conscience-must exhibit the glory and
grandeur of moral over the physical power,
(which heretoforejias trampled underfoot the
proicribed classes.) We must cut the sinews
of tints L;u!jthn, politically and ecclesias
ticallywe roust bring back to the fold these
proscribed classes place them on a level
platform of humanity, of civil and religious
Liberty restore to them their robbed, but
God given rights and privileges bo that iaall
legitimate organizations in society, social,
civil, ccclesiastial or political, they all may
enjoy equal liberty of the Will, Locomotion,
Equal rights, and privileges at the Ballot
Ilox, that they may havo a voice in making
th Laws by which they are governed.
They would scon know their rights aa they
now ft 'I their wrongs, and would aoon re
dress their grievances. This would break
up class Legislation repeal the slave lawa
abolish slavery, and the slavo trade, anni
hilate the divine right of Kings, monopo
lies, and rights vested in tho hands of the
f:y, by which the rich are made richer, and
tho poor, poorer. Tho thrones of tyrante
would toiler, Satan would fall as lightning
from tho political and ecclesiastical Heavens
Satan's Kingdom would fail. Michael
would chain the Dragon, that ho would no
longer deceive the nations. The aninta of
the Most High would take tho Kingdom, it
rule in righteousness, and the Kingdom of
this world would become the Kingdom cf
our Lord and of his Christ.
'ou sec just what is wanted. Extend the
right of universal suffrage. Enlist the mor
al power of the nation, bring unman on the
political platform, tho Lever which muat
move, and reform the world.
Yours for universal Liberty and Law,
"I love agitation when there is cause for it
tho alarm bell which startles the inhabi
tants of a city, saves them from being burn
ed in their beds." fidmund Burke.
("cSrPcraona having business connected
with tho paper, will please call on Jam
Barnaby, corner of Main and Chetnu te.
When the Ex-Commiiteo of the Ohio A
merican, Anti-Slavery Society, transferred the
Bugle to tho rrcscnt Publishing Committer,
it proposed to appropriate the funds due the
Society after its debta had been paid, to the
support of this paper, unless objection were
made by the donors, in which case the
pledges were to be paid to the Treasurer of
the Socictyjand accordingly a transfer ofaid
pledges was made. Tho following, mad
at the annual meeting in June, are yet un
paid. Wm. B. Irish, New Lisbon 100. Eliza
beth Robinson, Short Creek g5. Mary Wal--ton,
Centre Township $5. Benj. B. Davii,
Salem $5. David Galbreath, Fairfield t4.
Jesse Garretson, New Lisbon S3. Erastu
Ells, New Lisbon $3. Lewia Morgaa,
Marlborough $2. Elisha Erwin, Marlbi
rough, S3. James Richardson, Gulford $1.
Thos. and Sarah Moore, Marlborough $1.
Jos. H. Pai..ter, Salem $1. Oliver Griffith,
Centre Township 3. Erastu Ells, New
Lisbon $1. Aquilla Hurford, Mu Pleasant
$1. Eineline Faweett, Hanover Townhi
75 cts. Tliebe Ann Cooper, Green Hill it
ct9.. Joseph Fusscll jr. $1.
There w ere also some pledge madeat New
Garden. David L. Galbrtath $3, Isaae
Johnson, Elizabeth Whinnery, E. D. Grie
ssl, Wm. Graham, Abigal M. Whinnery 91
e?.ch. Elijah Whinnery, Elizabeth R. Mill
ard, Edward Jones, James Russell, Rufua A.
Hall, Leli: Grissell 50 cts. each. Jamn
Whinnery, Addison Snider, Matilda Way,
Eveline Kenr.et, Amy A. Robinson, Mary
Ann Burton, Martha Courtney, Mary E.
Griffith, Rebecca Vaughn, Esra Galbreath
25 cts. each. Anna Jackson I2.
Hut few of the subscribers to the Bugle
havo yet paid their subscriptions, and the
Committee therefore aie in need of funds.
Wo hope the statement of this fact will in
duce all promptly to redeem the pledgee
they made six months since. If the friend
at New Garden would find it more conven
ient to pay their pledges into the hand of
Isaae Johnson of that place, than to send
them to Salem, they can do so, and we would
thank frieiid Johnson to attend to the same.
Those sending to Salem will please addreee
On Monday the General Assembly of Ohio,
and the Congress of the United State nsteta
bled in their respective places of meeting-.
The members of one convene aa the repre- '
sentalives of a sovereign State, the bound of
whose territory are a extensive aa the en,
pircs of half a dozen of some of the poteit.
tateg of Europe; tho others, aa the delegate
of a mighiy nation whose habitation ia wash
ed by the waters of the Atlantie on the one
side, and those of the Pacific on the other
Were legislation tho medium by which good
ia to bless the world, and were legialatoro
sufficieiuly disinterosUsd to be the agent fat

xml | txt