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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, December 05, 1845, Image 3

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lis dissemination, we should confidently chor
iah lofty expectations of what these bodies
would do to benefit the pceplo during the
coming winter; but tlic general character of
the men who comprise them, is in perfect con
formity with tho selfish design of the pirties
that sent them there, and witii tlio oppressive
governments they arc sworn to sustain.
Those who hare at all mingled in the po
litical contests of tho land, whose sympathies
and, exertions have been enlisted in behalf of
fivorito candidate, must know that in the
partisan ranks there is to be, found moanness
nd profligacy, tho basest dtcoplion and the
Most degrading venality. Not that cither
party will admit this to bo trim of itself, but
the Whigs often charge it upon tho Demo
crats, and the Democrats as often throw
back tho charge upon tho Whigs. There is
abundant evidence on every hand to show
that this is not only true of the Whigs and
Democrats, but measurably so of every par
ty which exists. All know tho corrupting
tendency of power upon thchmmn heart, and
in proportion as tho parties acquire it other
things being equal is their corruption.
It is not by legislation that the world is to
b regenerated. True, tho legislator may
record the progress of morality, may mark
upon his statute book tho height to which
bas risen the flood-tide of humanity, "but as a
legislator, he can do nothing more. Those
who think otherwise, deceive themselves by
mistaking an effect for a cause. Moral re
generation can never bo effected by tho pass
age of statutes. " Be it enacted" never yet
hanged the heart of any man. We grant
that if backeJ up by tho bayonet and sword,
by cannon and musquctry, it has power over
bis actions to a ccrt'.in extent; and hi' opera
ting upon his fears, may -make him play the
hypocrite, and seem to be warmed with holy
al, while the lurid fires of hell are burning
in his besom. Such legislation is worse than
useless, for it call away the attention of the
people from the mnr.il evil which lies can
celed within, and fixes it upon the outward
appearing. It may whiten the sepulchre and
make it beautiful to the sight, but within it
is full of dead men's bones, and all unclean
rws. Wo hsvc more than intimated that the mem
bers of the Assembly of Ohio, and of tho U
nlted States Congress are not the men to do
the work of their own accord, even if legisla
tion were the way in which the work was to
be accomplished. They are the representa
tives of those parties, which have from the
earliest period of our national existence, tram
pled under foot t'.io rights cfman whenever
It suited their interest so to do. They aro
the defenders and successors of those wiio
eonverted this republic into an acknowledged
baud of pirates, pledged to engage for twenty
long years in the democratic business of steal
ing men, women end children. They aro the
defenders and successors of thoso w ho made
provision for the recapture of the flying bond
man, and for the butchery of thoso who resist
their oppressors. They are tho representa
tives and successors of those, who to concil
iate the slave power purchased Florida and
Louisiana, and erected them together with
Missouri int.j slave States who canted on a
Hood hor.nd war with the Seminole Indians
employed tho officers cf the army for slave
catchers, and meanly stole Texas from the
Mexican government. They are tho repre
sentatives and successors of those who gagg
d their constituents, ai.d branded thci; fel
low citizen, who hive basely succumbed to
the slave power, and in every political move
ment consulted the wishes of a s'avchtdding
oligarchy in preference to the interests of tho
laboring man. Nor is it strange that those
who owe their elevation to the i.pproval of
snrh as rule in this land, should not daro to
eet in opposition to tho wishes of those who
breathed into them tho breath of political life.
Thomas Morris dared to be a man, rind he
was burled from his scat in tho Senate Cham
ber, and followed by the maledictions of his
farmer political frionds. John P. Hale con
tended in tho Hall of Representatives fur na
tional honesty and national -honor, and he
went forth an exile from his party. Such is
the policy of political organizations, such is
the treatment they bestow upon those who
dare to be independent of their trammels, and
to think and act for themselves. He who is
true to man is a traitor to his party, and "No
quarter to Traitors," is the motto they have
inscribed upon their banners.
We have no faith in party tactics, or party
policy. Tho contests which periodically ag
itate this naticn, aro contests for power, and
not for principle contests in which the loaves
nd fishes loom up through the political mists
that conceal the precepts of the Master. Po
litical demagogues talk much of the rights of
man, and the interests of the people, yet the
uniform, and we might almost say the uni
versal action of the Federal government which
bas ever been in the hands of unprincipled
men and by the way, is admirably suited
to their purpose has been to strengthen the
might of the oppressor, end degrade the lb'
borer both nt the North nnd at tho South.
We fear that tha General assembly will not
wipe from tho statute book of Ohio thoso op
pressive laws which no people truly demo
cratic would for a moment sanction. We
fear that Texas with her heavy debt and her
heavier load of crime will bo admitted to
companionship in that Union, which if we
believed half tho lying demagogues tell us,
we should think was the envy and the terror
of the civilized world. Hut mark you, if our
fears aro realized, it will nut bo that State or
National Legislature are oppose 1 to repealing
the black laws, cr to rejecting Texas in them
selves considered, hut because public opinion
does not demand such action. They have no
principle about the matter, none at least that
can stand in opposition to the interests of
party.
When tha people dcminl just and right
eous legislation when the hour shall come
in which the bondman's chain must be bro
ken and tho oppression of the colored man
must cease, it will bring with it tho men to
do the work which needs to be done; and un
til "Tho Hour" is here, in vain may we
look for "The Man."
REPORTS OF THE COMMITTEE ON
STATE AFFAIRS OF THE MICHIGAN
LEGISLATURE.
We have read with great interest, and
should be glad to transfer to our columns, if
wo had room, the entire Report of tho Com
mittee in tho Michigan Senate on tho petition
to extend the right of suffrage to the colored
man of that Stale. A short extract will be
found on our first page. The w hole abounds
with truthful, just and republican sentiments.
The following is tho basis of tho argument:
"These reasons induce your committee to
report favorably to the petitioners' prayer.
1st. Because cf the greatprinciple involv
ed the Siamese brotherhood of taxation and
representation.
i. Because of the dancer to the suffrage
principle by tampering with it.
3d. Because the precedent such tampering
aliurds lor 1 10 most odious restrictions.
4th. Because of the debt due to the gov
erned, and our constitutional obligation in
that bchiilf.
5th. Because of the constitutional provi
sion against exclusive privileges.
0th. Because of the promotion of State in
terests. 7th. Because of the peculiar claims on de
mocracy tc carry out its principles.
An Bth reason is found in tho unuttera
ble littleness in taking from a class, year af
ter year the means of supporting our govern
ment, of paying our governor, judges, legis
lators, ecc, and yet disfranchising the payers
from voting, and Irom representation. There
is not a member of the present legislature
who has not in his pocket the money of the
dislranchised, and politically degraded tax
payer of color.
A 9th reason is suggested in the prepos
terous puerility ef making color a qualifica
tion for suffrage. To deny the right to a
nnn born on our soil, whoso f ithcrs fought
with ours for American independence; who is
s .ne, crimeless, a tax-pnyer, and a good citi
zen; and to deny it only because the Crea
tor's sovereignty dictated the color of his
creature's skin, is a procedure, in your com
mittee's opinion,beneath the dignity of a sove
reign people, claiming intelligence, and an
imated by a just self respect."
The Committee serin to have gone as far
as politicians can go in defence of truth and
justice. This remark which wo find in it,
" Be our opinions what they may, the Peo.
pie's will is our law," shows that he who is
true to the government of which he is a mem
ber, is trammelled and cannot pursuo that
course that his own sense of justice dictates.
If tho people's will is in accordance with just
and righteous principles, it should bo our law,
but if not, it should be no law for us; and he
certainly cannot bo deemed guiltless in the
sight of our greit Lnvgiver and Judge, who
sustains a law which contravenes the laws of
his Government.
We d nibt net the petition referred to, will
he granted, for we learn from the Report,
that public sentiment has already abrogated
tho State Constitution in this respect, as will
appear from the following er.traet:
"Already tho constitutional restriction has
been swept away before the rising sentiment,
and the colored man was permitted to vote in
Detroit, on an election of unprecedented nv
terest, neither parly having the hardihood to
oiler a challenge on tuo ground ot color.
We hope Cfhio will not be behind her sis
ter State in extending to the colored man his
rights at the ballot box.
Praying Machine. On the high road of
Japan, every mountain, bill, or clitf, is con
secrated to some divinity, to whom travel
lers are required to address long prayers. As
this would occupy too much time for those
who aro in haste, a machino is used, consis
ting of an upright post, with an iron plate,
set on the top. The turning round of this
plate, upon which the prayer is engraved,
is deemed equivalent to repeating the pray
er. We cut the above from an exchange paper,
and think it an evidence that the Japanese
are somewhat in advance of the Americans,
fur though praying machines are common
this country, we have not yet simplified them
so much as they appear to have done in the
far East. We should Judge that there,
costs but little to erect and keep their ma
chines in ordr, whilo tho thirty thousand
we have here, aro maintained at nn expense
of from S300 to $3000 each yearly. They
pray pretty much as the people wish there to
pr;y, for Catholicism or Protestantism, for
Methodism cr Presbyterianisni, or any other
ism, according to the fashion aftor which they
are made.
We 'should be very happy to see more
manifestations of sincere, fervent, lieart-felt
prayer among tho people than there now is,
nnd less practical faith in their praying ma
chines.
COLORED CITIZEN.
We h.tvo received several numbers of a
paper bearing this name, which has recently
been started in Cincinnati. It is to bo devo
ted, as its Prospectus states, to "Education,
Moral Reform, Temperance, Agriculture,
anil Mechanics." Its mechanical execution
is good, and from the hasty glance we have
given its contents, we presume its conductors
understand their business. We were sur
prised, however, that they had adopted for
their motto, that of tho American govern
ment E Pllriiu's U.nxm. Wo should think
the colored man would feel strangely fight
ing under that motto, whoso practical adop.
tion has enabled this government," to crush
him to the earth, and extend and perpetuate
that system which chalelizes his brother.
OiTlntho "Bugle" of Nov. 11th, we pub
lished the prospectus of the "Congressional
Intelligencer &c," having been promised tint
for so doing we should have tho "Weekly
National Intelligencor" for one year. We
sent, as requested, a marked copy of our pa
per to Gales & Scaton, but have not yet re
ceived the promised paper. Will the pub
lishers of the Intelligencer please attend to
it, and oblige us by forwarding it immediate-hi
Tho Kentucky Conference passed the fol
lowing resolution:
" Resolved, That wo will constantly,
calmly, though resolutely, oppose the prac
tice of selling or renting pews in our church
es; b'-lieiing as we do, that the practice here
alluded to, has a tendency to subvert that
glorious peculiarity of our holy religion
" The pour have the gospel preached unto
them."
To sell or rent a pew in a meeting house.
is subversive, of the "glorious peculiarity of
our holy religion, but to sell human beings,
males, and females, and to rent them out by
the year for all purposes is in harmony with
'that glorious peculiarity ol our holy religion
"J he poor have the gospel preached to
them." How capable are men are of
being blinded by interest! True IVerhyan,
"The Texan Chain-Breaker, or Free
State Rally," is the title of a small sheet
which is to be issued weekly or oftener in
Boston, by the Massachussets Anti-Icxas
Committee (formed without distinction of
party Hon. Cliarhs Francis Adams, Chair
man) until the great question of Annexation
is settled by the final action of Congress.
Tho Committee have also addressed a circu
lar on the subject to every Clergyman in tho
State, and wo notico that pulilie meetings
have been called in various places to take
this important matter into serious delibera
tion.
Suspension or a Clergyman ron Here
sv. Rev. Mr. Graham, a prominent divine,
was recently suspended at Ripley, Ohio, by
the Synod of Cincinnati (the new school
Presbyterian Chur"h) for the offences coin
prised in the following charges:
1. He teaches that according to the Jew
ish law, the slave was not reckoned as a man
or woman, but as property.
2. He teaches that the master had tho
right to beat tho slaves and that hardly.
3. He teaches that t'.io master had the
right to sell the slave.
4. He teaches the Head of tho Churches
has authorised the relation between master
Bivl slave involving the right of property not
only in the charter, but in all tho laws that
ho has given fjr the government of tha
Church.
Hope for the Church. The Presbyteri
an Church in Goshen, in this State, has ex
communicated four of its members for the
heinous sin of carrying milk to the railroad
depot on Sunday. Tno day will yet come, if
we will be patient, when selling human be
ings on week-days will be treated by "these
Christians" as a misdemeanor. S. Mans
ard.
TEMPERANCE.
in
it
At at meeting of the Salem Washington'
an Total Abstinence Society, held on tho 2!,
of November, the following resolution was
unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That humanity, while she is
bleeding at every pore, loudly calls for action
in her behalf, and all her friends are earnest
ly solicited to exert themselves for her bene
fit, and unite with us in such manner as they
may deem expedient in driving the demon of
intemperance from our land.
The following named persons were appoint
ed to address the Society at its next meeting,
viz: H. W. Murray, Israel Beans, John
McClary, and Jesse Hawley.
On motion,
Resolved, That the Village Register and
Anti-Slavery Bugle be requested to publish
the above resolution and names of tho speak
ers. Adjourned to meet on Saturday evening
the 6th inst., at the Hicksile Friends meet
ing house.
Extracted from the minutes,
J. H. PAINTER, Sec'ry.
GENERAL ITEMS.
ARRIVAL OF THE BRITANNIA.
THIRTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
The steamship Britannia arrived at Bos
ton on Thursday evening,Novembcr the 'JOth
with thirteen days later news.
Our accounts in a commercial anil finan
cial point of view are moro important than
they havo been for tho last twenty years. A
terrible revulsion has commenced in England,
like that of 1H'J5, and similar to that of 1S37
in tho United States. This revulsion has
been produced by the combined influence! of
a bad harvest all over Emjland and Europe.
a bid monetary system and tho unthinking
inflation in railway speculations.
All stocks, and every staple is going down
except the price of breadstuff's, which the
impending famine enhances and improves.
The terrible movement is just in its com
mencement. Tho first blow has been struck
and in Ireland, the agitator O'Connell is
already using it for the purposo of opposition
to the union.
Tho English government seems to be in a
state ol alarm, and Sir Robert Peel, is call
ing cabinets to deliberate on the opening of
the ports, and the best means to meet the im
pending f.iiiine. Cotton is down corn is
up and the excitement caused by the revo
lution is increasing every day. What the
result may be, no one can tell; perhaps it is
the lioginning ol the end ol the financial and
political superstiucture of England and
France.
i ne railway mania hai received its quie
tus, something line a panic lias overtaken
the speculators in iron highways. Now that
re-action has come, it brings in its train ruin
nnd devastation to thousands.
The wreck of fortune and of character
which this temporary insanity has produced
will be felt Ion? after the cause3 that produ
ced it have passed away.
In Ireland matters look appalling in Eng
land gloomv. The irranarics of the conti
nent are exhausted. The corn fields of tho
Vistula, the Danube, and tho Elbe, are bare
ly sufficient for tho local wants of tho inhab
iting. The nation is in commotion; and the
cry of " Open the ports and let in com, duty
trc; is heard on all s.des, reverberated from
every part of the empire.
The "pressure from without," has made it
self heard in Downing street; and faith in the
gliding scale is gono over. A third of the
potato crop in Irela.id is destroyed. The
Government has s.;nt scientific professors to
the scene of the mischief, and the awful truth
is out that this large portion of tho people's
food is unfit for use.
What is to be done in this terrible emer
gency? "Open the ports!" is the exclama
tion. The ports must be opened.
O'Cenncll, who assumes to bo the tribune
of the Irish people, goes beyond this. He
demands a grant of public money, to tho ex
tent of a million and a half to be expended in
tho purchase of food ho asks for tho prohi
bition of corn and provisions leaving the is
land, and the prevention of distilleries con
suming grain.
An evening paper lias published a state
ment to tho effect that Wheat and other de
scriptions of corn are to be admitted immedi
ately at a low figure Wheat at a sixpence
a bushel and the other kinds still lower; but
this statement, alti.ongh put forth imposing
ly, is also considered preinaturo.
TniAt. or Polly BonixE. Cause abandon
ed in this Cnun!y. At the opening of the
Coutt, Stith inst., argument was heard on tho
reserved point whether on a person being ex
amined touching his qualification as a Juror,
and he states his belief that a murder was
committed at Staten Island, whether it is not
necessary also that ho should say he believes
the prisoner to havo committed the murder
in order to disqualify him. The Court held,
under tho rule laid down by Chief Justice
Marshall in Burr's case, that the Juror was
disqualified without the latterclausc. A large
number of persons were examined as Jurors,
but no additional ones empanntllcd previous
to recess.
At the evening session there was a greater
crowd of Jurors in attendance lhan on any
previous occasion, creating a perfect jam not
only insido of tho Court room, but in the
Hall. Soon after Jur'ga Edmonds had com
menced receiving excuses &c, Mr. Graham,
one of the counsu l for prisoner, rose, nnd, af
ter remarks as to tho difficulty of obtaininga
trial in this county, proposed that the pro
ceedings bo arrested and the jurors thus cm-
panne. led discharged. Mr. 1 1 irk, one of tho
counsel for tho prosecution, coincided in the
view and it was supported by Mr. Jordan.
Judge Edmonds gave a history of the eifovt
ot cinpannelling thus far, stated that between
5,000 and O.Ojo persons bad been summon
ed as t ilesnieu and be had been compelled
to examine upwards of 4,000, either touching
excuses or their fitness as jurors. lie grant
ed the motion, and ordered that the jury thus
far cmpannelled bo discharged. The new
spread anion" those summoned with the speed
of electricity, and three hearty cheers resound
ed thronnh the Hall. The trial, accordingly,
will ho removed to some other county.
Judge Edmonds will proceed, on Monday, to
tho Circuit in Kings county, which will oc
cupy about three weeks, when he will re
sume his court in this city. Tribune.
The Mormons at Nauvoo aro neociatin j,
it is said, with Bishop Puree)), the Catholic
bishop of Cincinnati, for the transferor Nau
voo, with its magnificent temple, and public
buildings, to the Catholics. It is reported
that tho terms have been settled on.
The people of Now York have decided,
by a majority of near 150,000 in favor of
holding a convention to remodel their consti
tution. r lodr. I here has been a perfect ava
alancha of Flour pouring into our city yes
terday and to-day. t,very thing that could
float has been loaded and forwarded to Alba
ny. The basin is crammed, Wa venture
i :y that at least 40,000 barrels are to-day a
float in our harbor!- Albany Evening Journal,
jaonoty.
Jesse E. Dow, one of tho editors of ths
Washington U.S. Journal, is on trial upon
an action for filso imprisonment brought a
geinst him by a free colored man.
OcTho business men of Boston liars hail
a meeting, and resolved to have the Magnetio
Telegraph between Boston and New York,
and appointed a committee to carry their re
solution into effect.
Gov. Wright has commuted to impr'son
me.nt fotlifc, the sentence of death which hid
been passed tipon Van Stcenburgli and
O'Connor, the Anti-renters.
ii avti. .ir. iiogan, who recently return
cd from a secret expedition t.i ll.nti. In
which be was ordered under thrt adminis(r
lion of Mr. Calhoun, bas presented, it h said,
a long and elaborate report on the condition
of the black Government of Hayii, which
will accompany the President's Message to
Congress.
The substance of this report consists of
historical sketch, extending many years bark,
of the progress of the negro race in I lay ti, and
their utter incapacity for self-government,
It is also said that a project is on foot a
mongst the Spanish population of that Island
or the white inhabitants, for the purpose of
reducing the blacks to obedience, and that
some proposition for aid has been made to
the United States government. The doeu.
ment will be a very curious one, and will
be looked for with interest. X. V. Herald.
ANTI-SLAVERY MEETING.
B. S. Jones, and J. Elizabeth Hitchcock,
will hold meetings at Mt. Union or vicinity,
on Saturday afternoon and Sunday, ths 13th
and 11 th inst.
RECEIPTS FOR THE "BUGLE"
FROM NOVEMBER 20th TO DECEMBER 4th.
Lathan Clark, Genera, Robert Hanni.
Mercer, James Farmer, Salincrillc, $ 1 ,00 each.
Jane Eaverson, 1'oltrrsville 50 cents.
J. D. Snelling, Damascorille, Irvine Quisr,
.Itieater, Thos. Vater, Cincinnati, 75 etseach.
A. II. Ernst, Cincinniti, James Richard
son, Guilford, John Thompson, Salinevilln,
George Wheely, Xew Lisbon, David B MiU
lard, Mahoning, Edmund Smith, J'enn, N.
Andrews, Youngslown, Joseph Saxon, Salem,
J. II Clewell, Latimer Roe, Canficld, Ann
Reeves, Mt. Union, Ann Clark, Detrfield,
Joseph Inirram Jr. A'eio Garden. Jos. IJjlL
Salem, Albert Keith, A't u Gitrden, Ellis Cope,
Cool Spring, Mary Taylor, Fairfield,
each.
AGENTS FOR THE "BUGLE."
L. Galbreath.
Columbiana Lol Holmes. Cool Springs
T. Ellwood Vickers. Berlin Jacob H.
Barnes. Marlboro Dr. K. G. Thomas.
(hnfield John Wetmoro. Lowcllville Dr.
Butler. Poland Christopher Lee. Tnung
foum J. S. Johnson. Xew Lyme Hanni
bal Reeve. Mron Thomas P. Beach.
JXew Lisbon George Garretson. Cincinnati
William Donaldson. KdsI Fairfield Joha
Marsh. Sclmu Thos. Swyne. Springbor
Ira Thomas. JfarveysburgV. Nichol
son. Oakland Elizabeth Brook. Chagrin
Falls S. Dickenson. Malta James Cope..
Columbus W. W. Pollard.
Indiana. Greenboro Lewis Branson.
Marion John T. Morris. Economy IraC
Maulsby, Liberty Edwin Gardner. Win.
Chester Clarkson Picket. Knighitiown
Dr. 11. L. Terrill. Richmond Josenh Ad-
dleman.
Pennsylvania. Fallston Joseph B. Coal
Ill 1 t AI.O MEWSPAPEK.
FCBLISIIED ON THS CASH SYSTEM,
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In politics the Pilot looking above and b
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The Pilot's parly is the citizens of this
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termor is mscperauly connected.
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