'J ha American people aro doubtless gener
ally aware, that from the extortinate manner
by which lunds nra li eld in this country, (by
the lew,) and whence follow the cxhorbitant
and most accursed Bent Syxtcm, tho peasan
try of Ireland are reduced to a mere pittance,
bordering on absolute bogirary and starvation.
For generations past, thnir food has consist
ad principally of potatoes, bring obliged to
sell off their wheat, cattle, sheep, hogs, poul
try, cgirs, butter, cheese, milk, fruit, bay and
vegetables, to pay unrighteous taxes and ti
thes. Judge, llien, how deplorablo and pi
tiable must be the condition this year, under
tho horrible prospect of a failure in the Pota
to crop. Accompanying this, I enrloso a
Dublin newspaper to you, containing a letter
upon this subject from X. McEnay, Catho
lic Kector of Krl Is. I believe his manly &
Christian appeals will not be lost to tho A
merican ear, as thoy will most assuredly a
waken deep sympathy and determined action
anions? tho humane of this old country. I
am fully aware of all the obligations and dif
ficulties connected with this subject such as
tho despotism of the Government, cruel and
unjust taxes of the poor, high TarilF, &c. &e.
Yot nevertheless, there is no excuse whate
ver to be offered in defenco of nt'trrntion.
While our own country is absolutely groa
ning under a superabundance of all the pro
ductions of the earth, thousands, ny, millions
of the poor of this country are on the very
verge of universal famine, and Winter coming
fast upon them. I ask luy countrymen, shall
these things be?
Shall any obstacle, whether in the shape
of Corn Laws, or what not, prevent us from
doing our duty to our . ok-man, of what
ever country or kin? I know the humanity
of America will answer, NO! "Hut wkal
shall we duV This is the question. May 1
suggest what may be done. Let public
meetings be called immediately in our cities
und towns, (or private subscriptions raised 1
uud let there be chartered forthwith scores of
vessels, hidden with the stall' of life.and sent
over here as swift as our fierce North-Westers
can waft them.
Don't stop to ask what tho English Tariff
duties will be. Do your nwn duties, Ameri
cans, in this matter, nn:l your very arts will
SHAME the English Government into com
pliance with your humane project. The
Corn Laws would assuredly imiil before the
invincible appeals of FHEE BREAD
STUFFS FROM AMERICA, and the Ports
would be opened from one end of the king
dom to the other, ere the indignation of the
world should he rivited upon the Nation.
Sir Robert I'eel himself could not resist such
isn appeal. Oh! most fervently do I wish that
such a step could be taken furlhivilh. Friend
Greeley, can you not, dare you not, will you
not move instantly in this matter? I know
you can, you dare, and you will,
Kre this letter shall have reached you the
famine will a-tually hive commenced, and
whatever may be done in the interim here to
uvert its evils immense suffering must ensue.
uld I detail to you the many casts of
wretchedness and want daily coming under
iur observation, I believe it would rouse our
country to immediate and energetic, action.
Hut I need not detail them. Is it not enough
that six millions of human beings in Ireland
md Kngland are within cih! weeks of star
vation? Hut I cannot pursue the awful sub
ject. Help ! oh, help ! ye who can! Fath
ers, mothers, sisters, brothers friends of hu
manity, children of a common Father, vour
BROTHERS AND KtSTERS ARE STARVING ! 1 lere
I leave the entire matter, mournful as it is,
fur the profound and solemn consideration of
the American People; and may Cod open
their hearts to do unto others as they would
under reversed circumstances havo others do
to them. Yours tuly,
J. H. Jr.
AN T 1 - SLA V K It Y V, U G L E
"1 love agitation when there is cause for it
the alarm bell which startles the inhabi
tants of a city, saves them from being buru
ed in their beds." Edmund Burke.
fjT-Persons having business connected
with the paper, will please call on James
llarnaby, corner of Main and Chesnut sts.
C7We received an unsealed letter from
W. II. Mills of Geneva, Ashtabula Co., in
which ho says, "enclosed is 75 conts."
There was no money in it when it was hand
ed to ue.
EAST AND THE WEST.
In our intercourse with the people of tho
West, we havo often observed, though more
in sorrow than in anger, the prevalence of a
sectional spirit a local jealousy, which re
gards with dislike and distrust every thing
of Eastern origin. Instead of that catholic
spirit in which tho hearts of alt should meet
and mingle as kindred drops, thero is too
much of sclf-prido, and self-glorification.
Unless we are ever 011 the watch, and care
fully guard against the approach of such feel
ings, they will find a dwelling place in our
bosoms; and with the fostering influence of
those whoso interest it is to cherish them,
will soon become a mighty and controlling
power Perchance our remarks on this sub
ject may give offence to somo morbidly sen
sitive minds, and wo should doubtless bet
ter please tho mass of the peoplethough no'
tho mass of our subscribers if they aro the
thinking men we judge them to be if we
were to adopt the spirit and language ot some
of the Western prints. The following from
the Cincinnati Herald will perhaps some
what increase its subscription list, but we
should not prize subscribers purchased at such
a prioe, Spieling of tho nioctii.gs 1'IJ i"
thai city by S. S. Foster anJ Abhy Kelley
"On last evening, they made a full, de
tailed exposition to the meeting, of the divi
sions in the ranks of Abolitionists at the East,
tho causes, in their estimation which led to
them, and the results of them. The audience
grew restive under this unlucky infliction,
and numbers went out. The mistake the
speakers made was, in supposing people in
the West could bo interested in listening to
a detailed account of controversies between
certain Eastern individuals, of whom tho
great mass "out hero" had never heard. And
here wo would make a general remark. The
Vest is a world within itself. Eastern peo
ple, especially New Englandcrs, who have
never crossed tho mountains, overlook this
fact. Old England considers this nation yet
in its minority; and New England regards
the West as in a state of pupilage, with its
meek, modest eyes turned up to observe her
illustrious deeds, and worship her great men.
She is at a loss to understand how what she
says or does, should not constitute the great
topics of talk and meditation in the. West.
If the speakers to whom we have referred
could live in the West long enough, they
would learn tint tho strife between certain
anti-slavery gentlemen in Hoston, is of the
least possible concern to us; that here, we ae
very much bent upon thinking our own
thoughts, speaking our own words, and going
our own ways; in a word that Western Peo
ple have come to the conclusion that they
constitute the body of the American Nation,
w hile the lingering Stiles along the seaboard,
though very useful in their way, constitute
Miller the ')c;ii.'cs."
Now this is what wo call contoinptiblu
bombast. We would not disparage the West
in order to exalt the East, nor would we speak
contemptuously of the East in hopes to give
consequence to tho West. This is a kind of
game that is played off by brainless Fourth
of July orators, and ignorant Hritous. Tho
one can sec nothing good in England or in
Englishmen, but glorifies as excellent be
oond description all the institutions of Ameri
ca; the other sneers at the Yankee, calls him
mean, and mercenary, and ignorant, lauds
"little Vic" to the skies, and swears that her
government is the best on earth. This sense
less bombast has done much to foster jeal
ousy and suspicion between these nations
whose interests are so nearly allied. We
havo no respect for such a spirit on which ev
er side of the Atlantic it may be found; and,
if wn mistake not, tho feeling which dictated
the sentiment we have quoted, is akin to that
of which we have been speaking.
The East is a great and glorious portion
of God's creation, great in herself, and not as
"an appendage to tho West" as the Dr. very
modestly assserts. The mighty West is also
great and glorious, though we have no war
rant as yet for asserting that it "constitutes
the body of the American Nation." Look
at New England and trace her progress from
the year tho May Flower first touched her
rock-bound coast up to the present hour. By
patient labor, and indomitable perseverance,
her rugged soil has been subdued, her rivers
havo been taught to obey and toil for man,
her commerco whitans every sea, her file
steeds thunder o'er her plains, and the busy
hum of machinery ascends from almost eve
ry village. She has made her granite an ar
ticlo of profitable commerce, her ice is us
ed a a luxury in the tropical zone, and the
timber of her forests is sought after in the
market. Her children are to be found in ev
ery clime, upon every soil, they are scatter
ed over the prairies of the far West, and their
habitations are seen upon tho banks of the
Ohio, the Miami and tho Sciota. Some of
the first poets of America claim her as their
birth place, some of the greatest statesmen ol
the present time point exultingly to her as
tho land of their nativity and men whose
lives have done honor to themselves and their
race, ho have labored with a world-wide
benevolence for the regeneration of mankind,
there breathed their first breath, are there toil
ing to enstamp tho principles of reform upon
the spirit of the age.
Yet great as is New England, the West
may perhaps become still greater, and her
rapid growth is full of promise. Her inland
seas are no longer an unbroken waste of wa
ter, whose shores aro uninhabited save by the
beasts of the forest; her mighty rivers are no
longer unknown and uuvisitcd save by the
roving Indian in his light canoe, and the ad
venturous trader in his flat boat. Her prai
ries are no longer solitary in their beauty, her
forests aro no longer interminable and track
less, and her beautiful valleys have ceased to
be known onlyjby the description of the Wes
tern traveller. A few years of industry and
toil, has, like tho magic stroke of the wi
zard's wand, changed the aspect of the entire
West. Handsome and thriving cities have
grown up in 1 er midst, villages have been
built upon her prairies, commercial towns dot
the shores of her lakes, and the constant pas
sage of the numerous steamers upon her riv
ers and inland seas, laden with the pioducts
of hor soil, and the fruits of her industry,
bear ample testimony to her growing prosper
ity. Like the East she has colleges and va
rious literary institutions, sho gives to hej
country statesmen and poets, orators and
I writers, philanthropists and laborers. The
people of the West have a goodly heritage,
their lot has been cast in pleasant places.
Let them be grateful for the Meisings they
enjoy, but never sloop to dispaugo others in
order to elevate thomselves. A truly noble
mind would scorn the idea of dragging down
another in order to teem great. Let us all,
whether of the East or the West, banish sec
tional jealousy, and local prejudices, and a
dopt for our motto tho just and catholic sen
timent, that instead of a section of our coun
try being the world, it takes the whole world
to make our country.
In the Lower House they have already had
the gag question before them. During the
first day's session it was moved "that the
rules and orders of the last House be adopted
for the government of the present House."
Mr. Chapman of Michigan, who, we suspect,
designs to become an humble imitator of
Chas. G. Alherton, and a willing catspaw for
the South, moved to amend by adopting the
rules of the first session of the last Congress
only. Tho adoption of this motion would
have renewed the far famed ilst. rule (though
we believe it was the 23d. when it died,) un
der which' all petitions, remonstrances, and
memorials relating to the abolition of slavery
were laid on the table unheard, unread, un
referred, unnoticed. Tho amendment was
rejecU'd by a vote of 131 to 81. But eleven
from the Northern States voted for it, and
seven from the South against it; an indication
of progress most certainly, for when the gag
was last adopted in 1810, twenty-six Northern
members voted for it, while there was not,
we think, more than one vote from the South
against it. At the present session Delaware
cast but one vote, which was against it, Lou
isiana gave one against it, Tcnnesce two,
and Kentucky three. Of the eighteen votes
which Ohio cast (two of her Representatives
were absent) but one was given for the re-adoption
of the gag, and that was by Farren
a Democratic member.
The House has this yoar elected a North
ern Speaker, J. W Davis of Indiana, w ho is a
member of the great Democratic party, which
has for its head a slaveholder, one who claims
a right to make merchandise of his brother.
We cannot say certainly, but will venture a
guest that he goes for the enlarging of the a
rea of freedom by the annexation of Texas.
The very fact that ho is elected Speaker
must be regarded as pretty good evidence that
he is a willing tool in the hands of the slave
ocracy, for with public sentiment and party
power as it now is, who but a Southerner, or
"a Northern man with Southern principles"
could bo promoted to the Speaker's Chair?
OHIO BLACK LAWS.
Governor Bartley in his Message recom
mends the repeal of these laws, and on thu
2nd, of December the subject was introduced
into the Legislature hy a committee from
Cuyahoga Co. and by a memorial from the
Orthodox Yearly Meeting of Frionds recently
held at Mt. Pleasant, the same that dragged
out Abby Kelley for daring to speak against
practices ten times as black as the Black
Laws which they petition to have repealed.
As the session advances, other petitions of
a similar character will be prcsonted, and as
the Whigs have the majority in both Houses,
we suspect it will be rather amusing to watch
tho shifts to which they will resort, on tho
one hand, to sustain the character.
JEFFERSON INJURED IN THE PERSON OF HIS
Descendants. Notwithstanding all the sei
vices of Jefferson in the establishment of the
freedom of this country, his own son, now
living in Ohio, is not allowed a vote, or an
oath in a court of justice ! Cleveland Ameri
can. Is this a fact? If so it ought to be known.
Perhaps "the Democracy" might bo indu
ced to pass a special act in his favor tin
If the Whig, Democratic and Liberty par
ties would refuse to support the Constitution
which denies to him the right of the elective
franchise if they would no longer appoint
men to swear to sustain it, and to execute
the laws which reject his testimony in the
courts of the State, it would be a more pow
erful rebuke of the spirit of oppression than
any they have yet administered, or can ad
minister while acting under the Constitution.
Among our communications will be found
one from James Barnaby to the Society of
Frionds, which we commend to the particu
lar attention of all connected with that body,
as well as to the members of other religious
associations that sustain slavery. It is a
frank and decided expression of opinion, ev
ery way worthy a man of principle, and a
lover of humanity.
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
As might be expected this is a lengti.y doc
ument, quite too long for our columns. The
extracts which will be found in another part
of our sheet.together with the following brief
synopsis, will give an idea of the subject up
on which it treat.
Texas annexation. The faith of both coun
tries solemnly pledged to it, and its speedy
Our relations with Mexico, whose attitude
has of late been rather hostile toward us.
Our pecuniary claim upon that goernment.
Complains of Mexico, who it seems has be
haved very naughtily, while the U. States
ha9 been very forbearing, though much ag
grieved. Oregon. Anticipated difficulty with Great
Britian in relation to that Territory. The U.
States has of course done just what was right,
and is not responsible for any thing unpleas
ant, which may hereafter occur. Suggests
the propriety of establishing a monthly Ore
Financial Affairs. Balance in Treasury
on the 1st of July, nearly eight millions of
dollars. Public debt unpaid on the 1st of
Oct. a little over seventeen millions of dol
lars. A modification of the Tariff recom
mended, and tho establishment of a Constitu
Public Land. Management of the miner
al lands belonging to government very de.
fective; recommended to be sold.
War Department. Some excursions made
by one or two regiments of Dragoons into
the Indian country were productive of good !
effect upon the savages, by exhibiting our
military prowess. Increase of tho Navy re
commended. Post Office Department. Deficiency of
between ono and two millions of dollars the
last year. A change proposed which will
relieve the Treasury from any further demand,
and not materially increase the rates of pos
tage. Attorney General. Recommended that he
be placed on a par with the heads of other
District of Columbia. A tender caro fur
all the people of this District except the ne
groes is very strongly recommended, and
the President declares that Congress posses
ses exclusive jurisdiction over it.
Conclusion. A pancgyrie upon Gen. Jack
son as a friend af the rights of man &c. &c.
and a commending of Congress to tho care
and guidance of God.
GOVERNOR BARTLEY'S MESSAGE,
Opens with a concise statement of the
pecuniary affairs of tho commonwealth, by
which it appears that the debts of the State
amount to about twenty millions of dollars.
The present system of common school edu
cation he considers very deficient, and with
a view to its improvement, recommends
the establishment of a Stato Board of Educa
tion, and the appointment of a State Superin
tendent of. Common Scools. The Miami
University at Oxford, which has been patro
nized by the Stato, is in a flourishing condi
tion, but the Ohio University at Athens,
which is also a kind of Legislative ward, is
embarrassed, and has partly suspended opera
tions. The Medical College at Cincinnati
which is under the control of the Legislature,
is prosperous, but he proposes a relinquish
ment of this property to the Trustees of tha
College in order that it may be enlarged, which
he thinks tho State ought not attempt to do
while its pecuniary responsibilities are so
heavy. He calls the attention of the Legis
lature to the practice of betting on elections,
suggests that it be made a crime in the eye
of the law; and is of opinion that the perpe
trators deserve imprisonment in the Peniton
tiary and disfranchisement. He states at
considerable length the difficulties between
Ohio and Virginia, and in a paragraph of five
lines urges the repeal of the Black Laws.
After speaking of the flourishing condition of
the Stato Penitentiary, and Lunatic Asylum,
Asylum for the Deaf & Dumb, and Asylum
for the Blind, and suggesting the creation of
a State Office of Surveyor General, and re
commending the erection of Public Buildings,
the Governor concludes his Message in the
Well Done Attlkrorouoh. We learn
that Moses Wihnarth, Esq., a staunch Abo
litionist, and a very worthy man, was elected
Representative in Attlcborough, on tha sec
ond days' trial. The choice was effected in
this instance, by the help of the Democrats.
We hope the Whigs will take the hint in Jorae
of those towns where they have failed to e
We should not think that Moses Wilmart't
Esq., would feel very comfortable in his
Representative chair, knowing that he does
not occupy it by the wishes of those who
I chose him, but was elected as a kind of
lesser evil, in order to spite the Whigs.
The " Beacon" calls this doing well, and
hopes the Whigs in other places "will take
the hint," and in the spirit of retaliation, e
lect Liberty party candidates.
The Liberty party, claims above all other
political organizations, to be governed by
principle, but numbers are necessary to its
success; and if the above bo a specimen of
its tactics, we should say that it is more ea
ger for victory, than scrupulous about the
means by which it is to bo obtained.
THE LIBERTY PARTY IN NORTH CAROLINA.
The following extract of a letter is from a
respectable member of the Society of Frionds,
in Guilford county, North Carolina.
" One word as to the present stab? of feel
ing in this section, on the subject of slavery.
Within the last twelvemonths there has been
a great increase of anti-slavery sentiment in
this section of country. The time has been,
and not many years past, when the most o
dious epithets could he applied to a person,
but this cloud of prejudice is now becoming
dispelled, and people converse freely on the
subject. Political Abolition is a lever that
has exerted a more powerful influence on thu
leading men of the South, in arousing thorn
to a respectful notice of Abolition principles,
than any other means that could have been
adopted. The anathemas and appeals against
slavery fall unfelt. But acquire the balance
of political power, and break old party lines,
and there is immediately an inquiry awaken
ed in the two old parties, as to tho means of
success by inducing tho third party to joia
them; and before they can hope to succeed in
this, they will have to conform their policy to
that of the third party. And by these inqui
ries, prejudices are dispelled, und an unbias
sed examination of their principles is tho consequence.
" Respectfully, thy friend,
We have a better opinion of Southerners
thin has friend Starbuck. We do not be
lieve that their moral sentiment is so dead,
that "tha anathemas and appeals against sla
very fall unfelt." The effect of such means
may be unnoted by a political Quaker, who
manifestly has more faith in the ballot-box
than in moral principle; yet our belief remains
unshaken that no truth was ever uttered in
vain, but that it will perform its appointed
Only think of the Quaker shoemaker of
England the founder of the Society of
Friends going to the South, and in tho harsh
old Saxon with which he was wont to stir up
the wrath of the ungodly priests of his day,
pouring out his anathemas against slavery,
and appealing to those inborn and eternal
principles of justice and humanity which have
a dwelling in the bosom of every man. Tha
seeds of truth which he scatters, lie for a sea
son buried in the earth, and Reuben Star
buck, who has watched his movements with
a curious eye, calls to him " Friend George !
Friend George ! Thy anathemas and appeals
against slavery fall unfelt. Political Aboli
tion, the ballot-box is the great lever by which
the system is to be overthrown." Imagine,
if you can, the look of astonishment with
which George Fox would listen to such sen
timents from a modern Quaker, and the ter
rible language in which he would ruhukohim
for his want of faith in God.
B. S. Jones, and J. Elizabeth Hitchcock,
will hold meetings at Mt. Union or vicinity,
on Saturday afternoon und Sunday, the 13lli
and 1 1 tli inst.
111 fai, i:vsPArr.in.
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