"101727203 2CT S2i-VysrCX2Jt3.
SALEM 0.,r It UUY. DECEMBER 10, 18-13,
. V JM.'.-a-;-. V JU JL 11 ' 'iL . ' JJ U Vil JIJ SLUG
Published every Friday at
Salem, Columbia Cu., O.
JAMES HA UNA BY, j7, Gm-ml Arn
BENJAMIN S. JONES,
J. ELIZABETH HITCHCOCK, Editors
0.111 remittances to be matte, and nil letters
relating to the pecuniary qjfafrt f Ike paper,
to be addressed (post paid) In the General
Jlgtnf. Communictitttmi intended for inser
tion to be addressed to the Editors.
C-Tehms: $1,50 prr annum, or SC.OO if
not paid within six month of the time of
Advertisements miking less than a square
inserted three times fur73 cents: one
PcBLtsniNO Committkk: S hh'i Bronko
George Oarrol son, James IJ irrrihy, Jr
David L. Galbronth, Lot Holmes.
2. H. JPA23'JHS KTS'Il.
From the Liberator.
RHODE-ISLAND A SLAVE MART.
Start you, reader, nt tl is announcement?
Well you may; but read the following ex
tract, and see its truth confirmed. It is ti
ken from the Providence Journal of the 13th
ult., where it appears in a.i advertisement
signed M. A. D'Woif,' as assign .c of Wil
liam H. D'Woif, how appropriate the name
for ouch ferocious bipeds!
Will bo sold at public auction, in front of the
counting room cf Mirk A. D'Woif, in
Bristol, on Friday, the 1 lt.li Hay of No
vember, at 12 o'clock, noon, for the benefit
All the right, title nn.l interest which Wil
liam II. D'Woif had, at the time of the ma
king of hb assignment, to the following de
scribed rtal and personal properly, viz:
One un.livi.lrd fourth pa-t of a
certain Coffee Plantation on the island of
Cuba, kiown as the 'Mount Hope Estate,'
situate about 20 miles south westerly from
the city of M tnlanzas, and ne.ir the village of
Madniga, with one undivided fourth part of
all the buildings, improvements, coilce-trccs,
NEGROES, (!) stock, tools and utensils bo
longing to said estate'
.There ! is not out accusation proved!. Is
rot Rhode Island a lima fide slave mart?
Who will say she is not? When our eye
first rested on the above advertisement, it at
oncu reverted to the title of the sheet that con
tained tho outrageous, humaniiy-degrading
notice, to see what .Southern paper the lliio la
Island slaveholder had chosen through which
to disgrace our native Statu, and give public
ity to his own infamy; when lo ! ' I'roeidcncc
Daily Journal'' stared us in the face! We
could scarcely believe the evidence of our
own eyea; we almost thought some ncculur
illusion bad deceived us. II tit no we were
not deceived it was a 'Northern print with
Southern principles' that had the audacity (and
to'what' servility too will not such a despicable
print descend) thus to display in it columns,
in thisday of anti-slavery progress,an insulting
advertisement fur tho sale, at public auction,
at high noon, and on the soil of old Rorku
Williams, of political and religious liberty
loving memory, Ill'MAN UEINGN! if
wo had any State pridu left, it was abashed,
if not annihilated at the discovery. Lot the
sheet that could thus scandalize itself e.ml
stigmatize its own Stale, hereafter bear the
euphonious litlo of Providence Journal and
Slave Auction Advertiser.''
Whether there were to be (in mcronnti'e
parlance) any 'samples' of this 'valuable prop
erty' in 'chattels lwsoiia' on the auction stind,
on this occasion, for the inspection of pur
chasers, the advertisement Sailh nol;neit!ieris
the name of the auctionceramiounced. Prob
ably no kniglit of the hammer can ho found
in Bristol, so lost to all sense of shame as
(like this baby-stealing 'Assignee') boldly to
have his name publicly associated with so
vile a transaction. We hope, fur the c"o.lit
of all tho functionaries of this character in
liristol, that this slavemongor of an 'Assign
ee found it necessary to import ono from
Charleston or New Orleans, and to procure
for him a special license Tor tho occasion.
Look, too, at the audacity of this Ilhode h
land slaveholder in styling his slave planta
tion 'Mount Hop:' after the eminence bear
ing that name in Bristol, and fam.;d of yore
as thn residence of the bold ami daring King
Philip, who (rude savage though ho was)
kept no human herds of slaves, disdaining a
Ilke lo enslave others or to be himself a slave;
and who there long and desperately cuuteud
eH for tho liberty of which the rapacious and
cruel old Puritan, tn his partings for annex
atlon,' would deprive him, and who at length
fall a victim in her cause at the hand of Capt.
(,'hurch, whose conjunction of name and deeds
would seem to have been ominous of the spir
it sod deeds of loose organizations which at
a later period have conspired to rob man
is rights, and trample his humanity in the
dust. What an outrageous incongruity!
lave plantation called uficr Mount Hope,
whose fastnesses were once the shelter of the
untamed red man in his fieodom, and under
whose shade he once dwell, secure and hap
py! As well call 'Ashland, Bunker HiU,
or 'The Hermitage,' TlirriuopyU .'
Runn(-IsLANDER3 ! Wit it think you of this
utrige? of Humac'ty being off red on the
auoJoa block on your own jrce (?) 8il!
you, who are loud iti your boasts of freedom,
and of the deeds of your 'gallant 'hemes' in
her defence who eiai.u t have s'ruek, on
her blue waters, the firot blow of thn Revo
lution, and whose sons once felt the (ires of
freedom burn in every vein who glory in
having given birth to a (irt.E.NE and a Perry
to defend your rights, nnd repel tho assaults
of your foes who exclaim,' iu exultition,
while the motto ua y'-'i:r Anchor, 'in uou w;i
hope,' still inspire "your State pride, and de
notes your confidence nnd trust in the Ruler
of nations, (un'.-ss such a display of 'patriot
ism' and trust in Deiiy be a mockery)
'Shit! tho IniJ that Williams tro.l
Deny her rights forget her Cod! '
In view of such high pretensions, Rhode
Is! ANnnns ! aie you not ubis!,ol, like ourself,
lit Ibo perpetration of Bitch a bold and auda
cious oulrago on your soil! Ordoi-3 ihe hum
of your spindles and the flatter of yourshut
t'cs drown thn cries cf the si ive, and render
you deaf alike to the wails and tho protesta
tions and remonstiances of tho little Spartan
band cf -abolitionists, who havo year after
year, in warnings nnJ entreaties, rebukes and
condemnations, endeavored to kindle again
in your breasts t!ioe fires of freedom tint
leave bean well nigh extinguished by the
floods of sectarianism, which "roar louder than
Again we appeal to you, Ritonr: I-.-i.ANn
Ens ! whosn State was so recently the thea
tre of a fierce struggle for 'equal rihw' and
constitution.il lihr-it,' that resulted in a civil
wj.r that came nigh drenching. y.i.ir soil in
blond is this a specimen of I'm 'law nnd or
duf' that now reigns in your State? Or is it
indicative of a stile of thing i that the adverse
party would establish in !e- i of it, or as their
highest conception cf it! Tho death-like si
1 meo of both your parties, in rerrnd to thU
infamous transaction, proves you both, a- pir
lics, alike rocre-aat to principle fiis : to
Hut who n thn man that has H-tr.-l s au
daciously to make our native Statu a tdave
mart, and himself a Ira. lor in 'the aouls of
men on her soil? Let the genealogy of a no
torious slave-trading an. I piivnicering family
in his Stale, answer tho question. Is be am
bitious to perpetuate tho unenviable notorie
ty of that family, in their war upon luinri oi
ly? Or, should he ever aspire to a scat in
the U. S. r-Viiit-', will he tin J it convenient,
in silly, pnlitic;:l schterfege, lil.e 'his illus
trious predecessor,' t ) protest that it was
'many, many years' wince ho was engaged in
I'm traffic of hum in flash, ( is though time
MmM"Wfpe out tti.it stttw tT 1nn;m',',) 'In "oT
der to strengthen his claims to election?
Hark Anthony D' Wolf that's his n imo.
Henceforth be the mirk of a traitor to Ciad
and a foe to humanity upon him. Hume
could boast of h 'r M irk Anthony as Ciesar's
friend. Little Jlhodi should blu.ih ;:t hers as
freedom's foe. Tho former would bury Ctes
ar in tears the latter would dance oil Lib
erty's grave, and wiih ie,-isli scent and hy
ena ferocity, tear asunder ilia heart-strings of
From the True American.
VISIT TO CINCINNATI—SIGHTS
SEEN THERE—PROSPERITY OF,
AND THE CAUSE OF IT—KENTUCKY
1 11 play the fool no longer. I have been
stark blind when I thought you stark mad
know net how you feel now; but 1 am us one
whose eyes uru just opened, and I look upon
a new won t.
I love Kentucky. There iti net a spot in
her, or about her, that 1 don't cling U with a
woman's aiVcciion; an.l I was crazy enough
fo.1 cuou.'jh to join in the hue and cry about
you, because. I lliuuj'it you ttytinit Kc.itucky.
Heaven forgive u.r"; I I: now you will. Yuu
were wrong in many thing.!, as I believe, hut
right it lie..rt and light in aim, and 1 go for
you now, as openly and learltssoy rs I went
against you before.
The Lexington mob first turned me. I
hate despotism. Sec how men cringe be
fore it. See how it dwarfs them. Not a
press ia old Kei.tacky, wheio men vole open
ly, and bear themselves bravely, that ventures
toresistit. Shame! Slums! Even the Jour
nal cries pecuri and thinks this not tho timo
for discussion! Why, where would these
editors have been when Columbus in Spain
saw, in vision, the new continent, and claim
ed tho means from his Government to go and
find it! Against him, as they would have been
against every reformer from Luther to the
present day. Net tho ti.u.-! Where my
Suite's interest- are eoneernej where the
interest of tiie people is at slake, fioio nn.I
now only is tiio time for action. Let who
will biggie, and hesitate, and dudge, wiil
not. 1 am for Kentucky; the whole of Ken
tucky; for rdl her people for tho greatest
good of the greatest number; nnd therefore, I
am fer law, the freedom of spench the liberty
of the press, and for gradual mancipation.
Another thing has clinched me. Hero I
am, in Cincinnati. From my window I see
the hills of Kentucky; bold, lofty, and beau
tiful: hut go to ilium; and nature only blooms
no.' m in the rich soil tells from its native
growth whit may come out of it; but it i3 un
titled by human hand-'. And I'm n i!,, cast
your ryes upon v.no.ana wnat lite; what en
ergy, what progress you behnlJ! Barren bill
tops subdued and made rich; glens tecmin"
with lite; plains all aslir with industry and"
prosperity; and yet few owning more than
fifty acres apt?ce! Why this dilferenee?
tell you I caul J not shut my eves lo the
fact. SLuerj i Ike tame. Out with the fact
for it is so! That keeps Kentucky down.
lint she shan't be kept down: she shan't la'r
behind; so let us join in ridding her of this
.msc, and in putting her lit a position worthy
her n lino and iter pride.
I urn in Uroadway. My window opens
south. I hear tho hiss of steam, the clam jr of
machinery, nnd the elernl din n(" human in-
lustrv. Clatter! clatter! Iiis! hiss! Buzz!
huxz! TireleiS ceaseless they iro on as
if there were no resl lice for in '.ciiin-ry or
man. And I hive gone abroad an I looked
into shops, ind turn ices, a i l nianiiaV'toie.
and iiiechanic.il establishment, and teen with
my own eyes why Cincinnati hy Ohio
stands where they are and why Louisville
why Kentucky stands where they do. '7V.
,(W. There is tho seer. t. 'Tis voluntary-
I.AIIOII THAT pors it ai l. Thai makes
the Hillerence. That sets l ineinn ili away
ahead of Louisville, and makes OliiodUt -nice
Kentucky. And shall wo not see it? Shall
we bite the nose ofT our faces, and cry "we
wont examine we won't discuss we won't
do anything because a set uf fanatics abroad
roar agiinst Slavery, or a set of fiuaiics at
home roar for it!"' I go for my own interest
I go for tho interest of Kentucky ani I
00, IrtKttEI'-OllB, AGAIN-tT SLAVERY.
I went up, with a friend, to one of these
Cincinnati factories. The owner of it is a
man every inch of him. He looked toil
worn his face was blackened with soot nnil
swot; and bis hands roughened with labor;
but his large full eye his lofty brow his
strong frame and his directness of speech
assured me, at once, who and what lie was;
and he has two hundred and fifty hands un
der his employ! Hut no matter abeiut him
tho self-made. Enter that room; you see a
Hor.en or more workmen; they are all busy.
But stop and speak to one of them: don't fear;
speak; how ready end intelligent bis answer;
he is well-informed, and knows what to say,
and when to say it. Go now into the room
adjoining. It is darker, and lucre is harder
work apparently. Tho men look blacker;
they don't notice you, and you fear lo disturb
them. But tbere one looks up speak.
How very intelligent he is: how clear his ex
planations. And ince than half of these
hands aro married! What a little village this
one establishment supports! 1 hear that near
two thousand souls, a fourth of the popula
ti a.i of Lexington, aro dependent on this fac
tory. "Why can't we have such establishments
in Kentucky!" 1 asked the proprietor.
"We have water power, and everything else
ntessarv. - " - .'
"Whites end slaves won't work where
there nro slaves. Labor, lo bo effective and
honorable, mutt he frrc."
But." resumed I, "we can worlc our
'It won't do,' ho rejoined. "Manufactur
ing labor must he intelligent. Then you havo
to whin slaves to mike them do Ihtir task
and hen done, ii is not well done. No safe
ty, cither. One had slave, whether for re
venge or out of hv.iness, may destroy in cue
ni lit all vour buildimjs. Tree labor is the
only payin r labor il is the only safe labor.
I s aid no more; for I felt what he said to
be true, every word of it. But never mind
this conversation. I want to follow up these
laborers I want to sec and know all nliotit
them for tbey are the State. So I said to
niv friend, "do you know where any of them
live?' "I do." "Well show me, and, if
possible, let me go into their houses," I con
tinned. ".Nntiung easier. I onic on, re
plied my friend, 'and 1 will make nn appoint
ment lor you, and so we entered the lirs
room, an J I was introduce! to several of th
workmen, ana told wait 1 wanted, nivi at
noon, 1 agreed to visit them. Weil I am
there. And neatness, comfort, and abundance
are to be iu.cn all around mo! They are well
of!; they are iudipen.lenl; they ara happy.
per they are confided in at tin) m lnui'ietary
and loved at hooi", an. I have enough and to
pare. Say you. I suvexeeplioiis? Prioivls,
Ker.tnckians, I.vidt-d four or f.ve of tho
workmen's houses, an! in all aye, in am.--there
was evcy comfort mar. nr woman could
Nor Hi 1 I stop here. Satisfied of llm well
doing and well-being of the laborers I de
sired yet more to know what was their social
position, niiil the prospects of their f inii!io3
and children. I said so to my friend. "No
difficulty," replied he. And ho tikes down
the names of children, and asks, "Will you
be at sc hool to-morrow !" To-morrow is here,
and nt ten I am waited upon. Now for the
Tree Schools. W"o dash away, and soon ar
rive nt the sehr.olhouse. Pause. For the
building is a lino. one, and b.-;s a ne't garden
in front it is a t'-nip!o rfedic it.nl to Freedom!
S.ilisiic.1 delighted willi this out door gaze,
we enter. "There," s'id my friend "these
aro tho girls we saw yesterday and
these," entering different rooms, "are the
boys." They were examined. They road
were put to the black-hoard recited, &c
The picture was complete. And it was
glorious one lo gazo upon and to imitate.
Fathers in Cincinnati toil cheerfully, be
cause it is honorable for them to make their
living by the sweat of their brow; they are
content, because their homes are made glad
by warm and loving heaitijnnd they are hap
py, because their boys and girls are well ed
ucated, and are destined to take their station
by the side, or before the richest and proud
est in tho land: and thus with small farms
without the city, and small capital within,
through voluntary labor, and industry, Cin
cinnati anl Ohio are beomiing great, intelli
gent, hippy, and powerful.
Tuo ouuoul Taj cause! Irepaat it, fxiunJs)
Freedom. Ynj, Kent.icki ins,- frcb la
u or and nothing ki.se uoes rr all. I nev
er saw it before. 1 did not understand il be
fore. But here it is plain as tho sun in the
heavens! and if you l..ok nt it you can't help
seeing it; the thickest film will fall from your
eyes if you but gaze upon it. Do you own
t ans'! So do I; they are nearly my all.
Bat I say, let's get clear of them, and substi
tute in iheir Mead vounta y labor. Il is our
only salvation. It would be belter for me
n.l mv children for you and your children
for tho Slate. J)tmU von own any- Then
in God's name work work day and night
that you and yours may be, nnd Ho, nnd live
like these free workmen of Cincinnati. Make
your boys men by letting them know the
blessings of an honest independent toil. Nev
er mind your politicians! Never mind your
editors! Nevermind your lordly, brow-beat
ing aristocrats! Never mind the cry about
abolitioui.su! Do utnt uour luarli tell voti
ri'ht. Like vie, shake off prejudices, and
for the sake of Kentutky, that u c ail lure, for
i.'tt ui.-eti our wtnes ana ehtiaren, ararcr to m
than lift, let u rcsoiee la make Kentucky
From the Indiana Freeman.
A Boston paper says:
"It is noticeable in this market, that Sher
man's Lozenges are not so black as they
I'pon which the New Orleans Picayuno
"And in this, that negro babies are not so
bluett as ihey used to be."
How Hoes the St ate Sentinel, (which seems
incapable of distinguishing the difl'erence be
tween an abolitionist and an amalgamation
ist.) account for this phenomenon!
The slaves at the South, owing to some
cause, are getting "bleached" with remarka
ble rapidity. Some of them are so very white
that il is almost impossible to discover that
they are "negroes." A lato paper, for in
stance, contains tho advertisement of Mr. P.
Lee, of Mayville. Ky., offering a heavy re
wanH'or the apprehension of his4s)ave Fanny,
who is described as being "the mother of
four children, about 2. years old, as while
as most while ictimcn." Fanny's children are
no darker than their mother. How came this
woman and her offspring tcii'c? Not legiti
mately, I presume.
The following anecdote, which I am assur
ed is positively (rue, in every particular, will
servo to illustrate tim necessity of preventing
the democratic "abolitionists," of Uio South,
Irom coloring their blacks white:
About a year ago, Mr. T , a Baptist
clergyman, irom a tieigniioriiig county, was
travelling towards lireenheld, to attend a pro
tracted meeting. As he reached the Nation
al Road at Cumberland, be saw, some dis
tance west, a gentleman travelling tho same
direction witii himself. The day was chilly,
and the roads intolerable, and Mr. T
thought it would greatly alleviate the tedium
of the journey to have a sociable companion.
Waiting for the gentleman to coine up, he
entered into convocation with him, and tound
him highly intelligent and agreeable. After
travelling together, for sometime, Mr. T
inquired what business had called his friend
for they had become quite intimate to In
dianapolis? He had been there to organizo
nn African Baptist Church! "Why," ex
claimed Mr. T. "you must be greatly inter
ested in the colored people to travel so far, in
such unpleasant weather, toorgauizea church
"Perhaps," replied bis companion, "you
are not aware that I have some African blood
in rny veins." He raised his hat, and Mr.
T saw that his hair curled slightly.
Here wns a predicament! But Mr. T
concluded, us he had thus fir received ncth-
ing but pie . sure from the intercourse with his
companion, ho would suppress his prejudices
and travel on with the black man. And as
they were about separating he t;:ld the color
ed preacher that if he would come up to the
meeting at Greenfield, he Mr.T would
endeavor lo tnako arrangements to have tho
colored church admitted into the Indianapo
lis Association. They separated.
A few days a'ter Mr. T , whilo
preaching, saw the colored minister enter the
meeting bouse, accompanied by Mr. M'Doug
el of Indianapolis, and another gentleman.
After concluding his sermon, Mr. T. reques
ted bis former fellow traveller to close tho
meeting with prayer. Instead of complying
he seemed confused, and 8 lid hastily, "You
must excuse me, 6ir: I beg you to excuse
Mr. T, was somewhat surprised at this refu
sal; but as he left tho pulpit !iis surprise grew
into utter astonishment, as the peoplo crowd
ed around his colored friend shaking him by
the. hand, and exclaiming:
"How do you do, Governor?"
"How is your health, Governor?"
"Are you well. Governor?"
Mr. T. looked again, and the blood rushed
to his face, as ho discovered that he had mis
taken His Excellency, James Whitcumb,
Governor of Indiana, for the colored minister
that he had met on the National Road a few
i'his little story has a moral to it. It
would be expedient for Gov." Whitconib, be
fore going near the Ohio river, to got out free
papers. And furthermore, some efficient
steps should be taken to prevent blacks from
looking Hue white people, or ttce versa.
All who have Anti-slavery memorials, to
the at Ho or .National Legislatures, should
kend ilium in early in Uiu Session.
From the Anti-Slavery Standard.
What are Revolutions, and whence corns
they? They are changes in the policy ores
t iblished usages of n people, which, "though
they como not without observation, are yet
silent and unmarked in their earlier and more
important processes. Ho was a wise man
who said, ' We live in tin? midst of a Rev
olution nnd do not know it !" Tho race has
been ever in a revolutionary state; though ws
note in ihe calendar only tho last results.
Where freedom of thought and expression is
permitted, the progress'ol revolution is mors
plain to the observing eye, and may he urfed
on u i til greater momentum. But it is al
ways at work.
ilencn our hope in the moral movement a
gainst Slavery. We look around us; and it
seems as if ils foundations were established
forever. Thn system is guardod by the des
perate ferocity with which the slave-owner
maintains its integrity, and by the supine-
r.ess nnd selfishness which prevent the funds
set apart by Church and Slate, from molest
ing it. It is defended by commercial timid
ity, by clerical craft, by political knavery.
Its lines extend to tho remotest frontiers of
Ihe land, and its impregnable citadel lies in
the Constitution of Ihe nation. Its assailants
are exposed lo cross fires from every side,
and their numbers are from timo to timo di
minished by treachery and desertion. Here
it would seem as if there were nn institution
beyond tho reach of reforming hands. Is it
not idle to waste life and strength in attack
ing it? So has looked each onward move
ment cf tho race, until the time of its tri
umph. So insignificant and insufficient did
it nppear, in the first stages of iu progress, '
n undisccrning eyes. Such has been the
file of the earlier champions, who have mar
shalled onward the successive revolutions
which have changed the policy of nations
and of the world. It moved the lauchter of
the courtiers of Elizabeth to see the starched
demeanor and prim self-righteousness of men
who chose to suffer persecution and want,
rather linn hear "an ill-munihlcd mass" said
in the churches of the Reformed Establish
ment. But their grand-sons found it no laugh
ing matter nt Naseby and Marston-Moor.
And tho next sovercm-n but one to the lion.
Iin:irl...t 11., our, c,vl...l ,,i,l, Ml .U.
... .. .. ... . . . . , u.iiu ii mi um uiuuu i.io
Revolution thoso obscure fanatics had begun
upon the scaffold at Whitehall. The squab
bles between the Royal Governors and the
legislatures of the American Colonies, have
in tlionu&olvoa no intritutip dignity, and they
often seemed to conten-poraries as factious
and contemptible. But it was from the seed
that was thus sown and fostered that the
Tree of Liberty, we bear so much of, grew
up in 1770, nnd it is to Ibis, that such shel
ter as its branches have afforded, is due.
The suppers of the wits of Paris, a hundred
years ago, and the blasts of ridicule which
wero breathed from them,
" How to o'erthrow a fool, and how to shake
wero not things to arouse the jealousy of the
despotism 01 a thousand years. And yet be- '
fore ihe century was over.'they had laid throne
and altar in uudistingiiishable ruins, and giv
en n shock to the established stato of things
in Europe which will bo felt to the end of
It was a glorious Revolution, imperfect as
it was, by which Englishmen, through the '
long and painful struggles of more than forty
y.nrs, ascertained their rights and recorded
them in tho Acts of Setllement of 1639. But
the triumphs of that Revolution were due as
much to the men who in the proceeding cen
tury had renounced their livings, for" con
science' sake, anl Jed forth their Hocks to for
eign in 10 uesen i.mus, as to tiose whose more
fortunate hands crowned l!ic work thev had
begun. They were as truly the martyrs of
liberty whoso blood followed the lash of the
beadle as they were whipped at tho cart-tail
throtioh the town, or stained the nillnrin.
wnere itioir ears were IcR as monumenta of
th eir fidelity, ns were Hampden, or Yann, or
Sidney, who ungrudgingly pouted forth their
ives in l.er cause, at Clml .'rave-field or on
Tower-Hill. It was a memorable. Revolution
which severed the tie tli.it connected tho thir
teen colonies to the parent country; though its
benefits have been so mournfully curlaifod to
us hi. me snori-tigntea sciiishucss ot those
who achieved it. Buttbat Revolution began
not with the battle of Lexington, or even with
the spirit ol resistance aroused by the Stamp
Act. It begun almost as soon as the first
emigrants in Massachusetts made the old char.
te-r the pretence for an indep-ndeiit Govern
inent; and its progress may be traced through
all the phases which opposition to the parent
Stale assumed in difTercut provinces. It wss
a great Revolution that tumbled in tho dust
tho dynasty of the Bourbons, with all theao-
i iniiiiiauuii 01 nuuses mat clustered around it.
But it Hid not date from tho assembling of.
the States-General in 1785; nor were the
coarse and cruel hands that consummated it,
those to which it was chilly due. For many
years before, the philosophers and encyclope
dists bad been preparing the way tor tho
mighty change, and schooling meu's rniuds
to expect and to demand it.
On any one day previous to the successful
issuo of any of these revolutions, the existing
stats of things in either of these nations, seoBi
ed fixed ad the foundations of the earth
And yet the change came in due time. We
look about us, and the great Institution of our
land, incorporated as it is with almost every
other institution, social, civil, and religious,
stands up before us, w ith its battlement iu.
salting tho heavens, and its foundations rro-
l ing dowu tohvlL Al tncet ail lLo moral ore.
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