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Anti-slavery bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, December 26, 1845, Image 3

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THE LAND QUESTION.
The Editor of "The FrienJ of Man," ii
not satisfied with our answer to hie query in
relation to the distribution of Public. Lands,
and thinks that wo might have replied in an
article but little long) than the one in which
we gave our reason! for declining so to do.
It is true we might have said yes or no, or
ye and no, as wo told him the editors differ
ed with each other on this subject. Many
questions might be asked, to which we could
reply ina single lino, but rather than do so, rath"
r than connect, or seem to connect any extrane
ou topics with tho Anti-Slavery question, we
would prefer giving in an article of twenty
lines, our reasons for not replying. We do
not feci bound to answer every question pro-
jioscd, although the propounJe r may think
it intimately conn ccled with the system of
slavery if ice do not, that is sufficient rea
son why wc should decline discussing it in
an Anli Slavery papor. Wch.wo heard 3om
contend, and with much phuaibility, that if
wo convert tho slaveholder tj Grahamism
slavery would soon cease, but that is no rea
son so long as wo think othorwisa why
our editorial columns should bu occupied
with disquisitions on Dietetics.
Others oontenJ, both opposors and appro
vers of the system, that tha Diblo is the
foundation of Am. Slavery; we think other
wise, and therefore do not enter into the mer
its of this quostion. Friend Hinchman seems
t"j think that tho Lvid Monopoly, is theprin
eiplo upon which it rests, (although, wo do
not see, by the. way, that tho mem question
as to whether actual settler should possess
tho Publii Lands has any direct bearing on
the principle of Land Monopoly) if so, we
ilrtst concur with him, and cannot pursuo
the same course, which he must feel it his
duty to pursue, for each anJ all uvtst act in
conformity with their perceptions of truth, of
duty, of right and wrong, of causa cnJ ef
fect. His remark that our excuse "comes with
rather an ill-graco from n paper that has lmd
the independence (he it said to its credit,) to
speak out on so many and various occasions,
ngainst tho corruptions cf tho American cU-r
gy and churches, and other prpular institu
tions of l!io day" is inappropriate, and the
ro upliment the sonienco contains altogether
misplaced; at least, we wero not aware that
wo had jspokut against tho corruptions of the
Am. church and clergy in ether particulars
than their pro-slavory position, unless per
chance by way of illustration, or by way of
confirming what was said in regard to sla
Tery. If the Land Monopoly were wrong, and
the recognition of every man's equal right
tothcsjil would abolish slavery, still this
would not be tho first question to discuss,
but one of secondary consideration.
It" tho lliblo doctrino of Non-Resistance be
true, and tho abrogation of physical violence
as applied to man would destroy slavery, still
this question lies hack of another which
must bo previously discussed.
Wo will briefly state our reasons for adopt
ing theso positions, which may appear incon
sistent to some. N'o man regards his horse as
oually eiit.il ed with himself to a share of
God's earth, at loast wo naver hor.rd anJAnti-
Lmd Monopolist contend for such doctrine;
and in our intercourse with Xcn-RosisUnts
wo have never met with one who did not
'eem it perfectly right to use such physical
force as was needed to compel submission
from the animals over which he'ehoso to exer
cise dominion. Tho slavo of the South sua
tains the same relation to his master as tho
horse, and other animals to the Anti-Land
Monopolist and Non-HesisLant;he is "one who
is in tho power of his master to whom he be-
lungt," "a chattel penonul to all intents,
purposes, and constructions whatsoever,"
consequently wo cannot establish tho slave's
right to land, until his right to himself is
recognized he cannot bo exempted from
physical violence, until lie is clothed
with humanity, even though Non-Resistance
should prevail. We cannot see then that
the case of tho slavo would be reached by
a discussion of either of these questions,
until his humanity, and his inalienable right
to liberty are established. Some of our Non
Resistant friends, and opponents of Land Mo
nopoly, overlook theso fjcts, and see the sub
ject in a different light from that in which
we regard it. This will account for the fol
lowing resolutions which wero adopted
what the editor of "Tho Friend of Man,"
calls an onti slavery meeting.
Hetolved, That we believe Slavery is not
confined exclusively (o tho Southern portion
of this Union, bur that it is a part of the
system of every government of the world.
Retolvcd, That to successfully nbolish all
systems of Slavery, it U necessary to abolish
the prpscnt system of Government LAND
MONOPOLY, for mankind can never
free while he has to ask permission of a lord
ly Land Aristocrat to work lor bread to keep
himself and family from starving.
Jletolrtd, Thai universal liberty consists
in the undoing of all unequal burdens tho
abandonment of all tyranny and oppression,
nd not tho nicro abolishment of Southern
Negro Slavery.
Wc feel it our duty at the present tituo to
discuss tbe question of uhattclism; and when
wo seethe slavo within the pale ofa commuti
brotherhood, that will be a proper time to con
tend for other rights which are based upon
his right to himself.
TEXAS.
The Resolutions declaring Texas to be
one of tho United States, were belore the
House of Representatives for discussion, cr
adoption lather, on the lUth inst. A motion
to lay them on the table was negatived by s
vote of 113 to 52. The previous question
having been moved and carried, tho question
was taken on their engrossment and third
reading. Yeas Ml; nays 5J. The question
then recurring to the passage of tho resolu
tions, the correspondent of the Tribune says,
" Mr. Rockwell of Massachusetts proceed
ed in a very ahlo and eloquent speech, point
ing out tho objections to the resolutions. The
eonelusion of his speech was very line. His
vindication of Massachusetts and Ins tribute
to John Quiney Adam were beautiful and
powerful. 11a showed that tho Constitu
tion of Tex is now before the House was in
direct violation of the Joint Resolution for tho
Annexation of Texas.
Tho Annex uion Resolutions provided that
in a certain part of Texas, Slavery should not
be permitted. The Constitution of the State.
of Texas guarantied Slavery in the wholo of
lexis. He concluded by moving that t
Cons'itution tf Texas be rc-eommitied to the
Committee oo Territories, with instructions
to introduce a proviso that Slavery, except
tor crime, be excluded from toe new Suite.
Here a scene of confusion w hich is totally
undecril) able followed. The majority refu
sed to let any one proceed. 1 hey vigorous.
ly applied tho gag. On l!io s una decision
they voted to sustain the Chair by 92 to 77,
and immediately allerwards voted not to sus
tain bv a veto nf 93 to 93. Tim Yeas and
Nays were called for on tho final p iss.igo of
the Resolutions, and resulted in, Yeas 111,
Nays 56.
An attempt wis made to bring them before
the Senate on the 18th, hut failed, as it re
quired the unanimous consent of the members
to introduce thein at that timo, which was not
given. Whin they do coma up, there ii no
question but the Senatorial vote will t.-il for
Slavery and Texas..
fjr-Sovcral communications have hern
crowded out this week, and much other mat
ter which we desired to insert. Our sheet is
not largo enough for our wants.
SIGNIFICANT.
Some of our friends in Eastern Pa. be
came tired of laboring in tho A. S. Society
it was a henry, up-hill kind of business.
nd at only for stalwart souls in which faith
and hope are strong, and so they organized
a political party a Liberty party as they
called it. A much less odious namo is Li
berty in tho cars of American Democrats,
than that harsh, grrating compound, anti-slavery.
They proposed voting slavery down.and
some in league with them wero so rash as to
avow.that if voting did not do it, they would
pull off the political sheath and present the
naked bayonet. W e judge however from a
recent advertisement in tho American Citizen
under tho head of "Christmas Fair," that
their adopted namo has not answered their
expectations, so they have hunted up tho old
discarded title to use as a prefix, and inform
the world thut said Fair is f r the benefit of
the ".Inti-Sluvery Liberty Party."
THE PRESS IN GERMANY.
To show the sort of 'Liberty of the press'
enjoyed in llerlin, it is stated in a recent
French paper, that a celebrated advocate, a
man of profound legal learning and spotless
rcpiitation.has been condemned to four months
imprisonment and a fine of four hundred tha
lers, for tho crime and misdemeanor of wri
tinrr an article in a periodical work, recom
mending the opening of ti.e Courts, and the
public administration of justice! Hut there
t-3 another caso which really outstrips it.
A newspaper, with a circulation of 5000,pro
ducing a large income to its proprietors, has
been suppressed by the government, on the
ground that its writers gave tne censors loo
much trouble in correcting their articles!
I'hiladclphia l'ennsy teaman.
THE PRESS IN AMERICA.
at
bo
To show the sort of "Liberty of the press"
enjoyed in Americi, it is stated upon good
authority, that a celebrated editor, a man
clear moral perception and spotless reputa
tion, was condemned to pay a fine of one hun
dred dollars and suffer imprisonment in Bal
timore jail until the samewas paid, for the
crime and misdemeanor of writing articles
a periodical work,recommending the breaking
of the bondman's fetters, and tho strict ad
ministration of justice! Dut thero is another
case which really outstrips it. A newspaper,
with a circulation of nearly 4000, established
at a heavy expense to its proprietors, was
suppressed by mobocratic power, on
ground that its writers gavo tho mobocrats
too much uneasiness in making their practl
ces public, and it was too much trouble
the.n to correct their villainous deods.
Though government did not directly engage
in this act, yet it stood by u a consenting
witness!
When other factsare stated in regard to
('erman Press, we will furnish a (mallei
each from tho history of the Press in Ame-
For the Anti-Slavery Bugle.
OHIO LEGISLATURE.
of
in
the
for
tho
to
Mtmdau Dee. Wlh. In tho Senate, the
usual variety of petitions was presented, some
for the erection of new counties and some n
gainst it; one from the citizens of Kichlaml
Co. lor the promotion oi Agriculture; one trom
'281 citizens of Medina Co. for an act sup
pressing houses of ill fame, and more ade
quately to punish th u crime of seduction; one
from 318 citizens of (ieauga Co. for a law
to punish more effectually seduction and oili
er crimes. Uommilteo on Judiciary reportrd
that it would be unconstitutional to pass a
law rendering Ministers of the Gospel ineli
gible to elective civil oflices, is had been ask
ed for in the memorial of the Rev. George
Dcnnison tho Committee was discharged
from a further consideration of the subject.
Same Commute reported adversly to crea
ting the office of Attorney General, and a
bolishing thatof Prosecuting Attorney. Sev
eral other reports were made by that and oth
er Standing and Select Committees.
Petitions were presented in the House, on
the all engrossing subject of new counties;
one for the creation of a Siato Hoard of Ag
riculture; one foran improvement in the Com
mon School Laws; and ono from 50 women
of Ashtabula Co. asking for an amendment ol
the law so as to exempt the real and person
al property of females, from execution on
debts of their husbands, and to give to to.
males the entire control of their property; all
ol which wero appropriately referred.
The following preamble and resolutions
were read and laid on tho table.
Whereat, tho practice of corporal punish
ment is milictcd on American citizens em
ployed in the service of the army and navy
of the United Suites, and in Rome instancts,
it is feared, such punishment is inflicted to
gratify the malice of some officers whose
displeasure they have incurred, therefore
rVjo.'.-c..', by the General .l.iximb!y if the
State if Ohio, that our Senators in Congress
he lnstruct.'d, and our Representatives re
quested, to use their endeavors to so alter the
law regulating the army and navy which au
thorisesa practice) so repugnant to humanity.
civilization and republicanism.
ItcsnlreJ, that the Governor bo requested to
forward a copy of the above preamble and res
oluiions, to e;'ch of our Senators and Rppro
senlalivos in Congress.
Tho Committee on Finance mado tho fol
lowing report.
iVWieu, ly the Semite and 11-ntc if Iirpre
tentative), That it is expedient to provide by
law for valuation at its true value in money,
of such real property in the Slate, as shall
not be. expressly exempted therelroni, to be
reported to the Govornor on or befurothu 1 5th
day of November next, for levying a tax up
on part of the property in the State which is
exempt from taxation under existing Isws,
and for a mere, effective administration of the
laws now in force, for levying taxes, accor
ding to their true intent and meaning.
Mr. Rkkmli.n moved to amend by adding tho
following resolutions, remarking that he did
not supposo they would be accepted:
Mcjuiked, That it would be inexpedient and
unjust, to increase in any wise, the taxes rest
ing upon real estate.
Ilemlccd, That thosn portions cf the tax
laws, passed at tho last session of tho Legis
lature, which tax labor, and compel our mer
chants and manufacturers to give under oath,
an expote of their private affairs, should be re
pealed, mid provisions substituted, which, by
a proper selection of assessors for the differ
ent branches of commerce, will Bubiect, for all
useful purposes of fair and equal taxation,
the capital of our merchants and manufactur
ers to its just share of the public burthens, and
that tho other provisions of said law be thor
oughly revised, so as to make them operate
with more equality.
Ktsoh cd, That the capital of banks, public
and private, should be placed upon the tix
duplicate in each county where they are lo
cated, and that the amount of taxes thus re
ceived into the Stato Treasury, should be
specially set ap-rt and r-ppliod towards the
payment of the funded debt of the State.
Jiesuhed, That an income tax should be
levied upon the income of Attorneys at Law,
upon Physicians and upon tho Salaries of tho
officers of Corporation, cqjal, at least, to
per cent, upon the amount of income or sala
ry, over and above the sum of $200 per an
num. December 10th. In tho Senate petitions
were presented for the abolition of capital
punishment; tor the promotion oi agriculture;
for the protection of the property of mirrioJ
women, for preserving th inviolability of bu
rying grounds, fora repeal of the ltlack Laws
&c &c, which wero appropriately referred.
The Commillee on Common schools, to whom
was referred the memorial of L. A. Hine;
praying a repeal of all laws on the subject
Common Schools, reported that, in tho opin
ion of the committee, the granting of the pray
er of the petitioner would be inoxpedient.
The following resolution was agreed to:
liesoked. That the standing committee
Common Schools and School Lands be in
structed to inquire into the expediency of
amending the law for tho support and bettor
regulation of Common Schools now in force,
as to prohibit Directors from employing any
person as a teacher in said district, without
first obtaining the consent of a majority
the householders in said district; and in
cases where a teacher shall be employed,
shall be the duty of the Directors for tho time
being, to give notice to each householder
said district, that Huch person has been em
ployed, aud tho lima when such school will
be commenced.
After the recention and reference of peti
tions, the House went into a Committoa
the Whole for tho consideration of 6avaral
Bills, among which was one from the Senate
for the moro ellectual protection ot property
against mob violence. I lie Uluo state Jour
nal gives the following report of what trans,
nired on that occasion.
Mr. Gallagher said, upon consideration,
thought thero was no necessity for the pass
age nf this bill. Property was protectod
der tho common law; and damages had
recovered under it.
Mr. Dnko said he thought the gentleman
from Hamilton mistaken in the statement
5
of
on
so
of
all
it
in
of
he
un
been
that damages could bo recovered under tlie
common law. lu Maryland, decisions had
been made, which ho presumed wero roferrod
to by the gentleman; but Maryland naujja
statute law on the subject. Without com
mitting hnnsell lor tins bill, lio must say no
was in favor of some law of the kind.
Mr. Fiinn objected to the principle of the
bill. It was making cities an I towns inwi
rem against calamities id" the kind referred to.
With eiiually as much propriety, should we
ning. It inllicted punishment upon tin- in-
ndcent, fr evils which they could not pre- j
vent. It was an inviution to men to provoko '
popular violence. He would go as far e the
farthest in Rtreii'rthening the police, hut bu
was opposed to the adoption of la s recog- j
nizing this principle j
Mr. Irwin took opposite grounds from the
gentleman last up.
This bill mule nil citizens if towns and
cities directly interested in the preservation
of order. It appealed to their interest to lend
efficient aid to the authorities in suppressing
disturbances and riots. Since a similar law
was passed in Maryland, wo have heard of
no disturbances and riots in Baltimore. The
effect had been most salutary.
Mr. Fiinn movd to amend by making
towns and cities responsible for damages by
fire, earthquake and whirlwind lost.
Mr. Fiinn Raid the Legislature had no pow
er to pass such a law. It was iniquitous leg
islation which caused the outbursts of popu
lar violence, in nine cases out of ten. The
riots in Cincinnati, induced by tho corrupt
practices of banks, bail a better effect in reg
ulating the currency, than all the legislation
on that subject. The remedy for these out
breaks was to correct our corrupt legislation.
Mr. Johnson did not know but he should
move to amend the bill, by excluding Cin
cinnati l'rnin its operation. Ho was also in
clined to introduce a bill, to repeal all laws
so fir as they relate to that city. This thing
of beintr restrained by law was "unconstitu
tional" clearly, besides being unpleasant. The
gentleman thought this bill would tax the
innocent. On the same principlo the rx-
pensa of the establishment of jails and the
support of the police and criminal courts, was
taxing, or as the gentleman would say, "pun
faAintf" the innocent.
Mr. Oi,ii moved, to amend by excepting
Hanks r.nj Hanking institutions from the
protection of tint luw lost.
Mr. Mason thought tho bill sufficiently
guarded. Tho principle upon which it was
founded was thr.t of prevention. If tho bill
passed he believed mobs would not bo fre
quent in our history.
Mr. Oi.ns moved to amend tho bill by
applying its provision to organized town
ships. Mr. Drakr said the principle involved
was not that of insurance. We proceeded
an the principle that tho citizens of cities
and towns could prevent tho destruction of
property by mobs. This was a new movo
in our legislation, and we should apply the
laws to the great evil first. If it operated
well we might extend it. He went still
further. He would strike out that portion
which made the recovery of damages de
pend upon tho conduct of tho persons ag
grieved. Wo should not set up tho mob to
judge whether the conduct of individuals was
proper or improper. On the samo principle
tho populaco might punish tho horso thief
and hang' tho murderer.
Mr. Rksmrmm contended that tho principle
recognized in this bill, would require us to
remunerate all suffurers from crime of every
description.
Mr. Drake remarked that tho principle
should bo recognized, if the gentleman could
suppose a case in which the public could
prevent the erime.J
Mr. R. continued. Ho thought the law
might have the effect of calling out citizens,
when they suspected the rising of a mob,
in order to prevent it, but it would be impos
sible to collect damages, under the loosepro
vision of the law.
Several other members spoke on tho sub
ject. Mr. r linn moved to amend by excepting
Cincinnati lost.
Mr. Gallagher moved to amend so as to
provide, that if any person bo killed during
riot, tho Mayor and Common Council shall
be hanged lost.
On motion of Mr. Moulton the committee
rose, and the bill was referred to the commit
tee on the Judiciary, with instructions (pro
posed by Mr. Remelin) to inquire into the ex
pediency of providing tiat no Court of the
state shall entertnn any suit against any city
&c, unless it shall be proven that the owner
oi me property destroyed, naa uscu an uiu
gence in obtaining legal redress of tho per
sons composing the riot.
December nth. Petitions were presented
in the Senate, asking for a law for the pro
motion of Agriculture, in which subject the
people appear to be much interested if wo
may judge by tho number of petitions they
send to the Senate and House; included in the
samo petition was a request that a Stato Hoard
of Agriculture bo established, and tho forma
tion of County Societies encouraged.
Ono asking for the passage or a law to more
effectually protect religions societies from dis
turbance was read ami reierrea, and tne usu
al number and varieties of petitions which
we have heretofore noted were presented and
referred, after which came the usual uninter
esting reports from Standing and Select Com.
mittees. A motion was made and lost, that
the Senate adjourn for the purpose of allow.
ing its members to attend tho Temperance
Convention.
In the House, Mills of incorporation for
Chanel, and an Insurance company were
passed, then followed the usual deluge
petitions to tax nogs, ounn new counties, re
peal the UlacK. Liwa, reguiaio ma iiiceuso
system, prevent horse racing, to. were read,
and annropriatolv referred. A petition from
Ashtabula Co. asked for the amendment
the Resurrection Laws, making exhumation
a penitentiary offence. One from the Ohio
Yearly Meeting of Friends oekod for the re
peal of the Ulack Laws. A petition was
presented, (10 ft. in length) from 500 citi
zens of Montgomery county, for a law em
powering the legal votora of every ward and
I
a
of
of
tow nship in the state, to prohibit the ruuil of
ardent spirits. A memorial from tbe Ohio
and Indiana Society of Friends asking for a
repeal of tho Uluck Laws was presented by
the Speaker.
Mr. Dki.i. moved it be, not received on the
ground, upon which a similar petition was
refused last year, viz: that ilwas from otber
than citizens of the Stale.
Mr. Fi.inn explained, that the society fiom
which the petition emanated, was composed
of churns of Ohio, as well as Ir.diana, and
l!iat these societies uniformly acted a a So
ciety, in their yearly iiici-ling-?.
After some convers ition, the petition was
received by a Vote of II) tj 'JO.
Wc find the follow ing in the State Jour
nal; the resolution was introduced by Mr.
Gallagher.
Whereas, The employment of convicts, in
the Ohio Penilentriry at various branches of
mechanical labor, has seriously affected the
interests of a large portion of the citizens of
Ohio, engaged in mechanical pursuits, by
giving to tho Stato Gjvcrnment a monopoly
of all the branches of mechanical industry,
in which the convicts in said Penitentiary
are employed, as also, tending to degrade the
mechanic arts, working great wrong to the
productive laborer; that portion of our citizens
to whom morn than to any other, our State is
indebted for its past prosperity and present
wealth and greatness; it being no sufficient
argument in support of the Penitentiary sys
tem of labor, that it results in immediate pe
cuniary benefit to the State; for admitting th
fact, it cannot also, be denied that its effect
upon the mechanics of the State is unjust and
unequal, and in this, directly antagonistic to
the right spirit of republicanism; in view ef
these facts, and with the desire and intention
that the tax and burthen of government shall
fall alike upon all the citizens of Ohio, and
that the honor and dignity of labor, may not
bo sullied or affeitol by a forced and legali
zed connexion with crime, therefore bo it,
Hemlred, That the committee on tho Peni
tentiary be instructed to inquire into tho ex
pediency of reporting a bill, at as early a day
as possible, abolishing the system of labor
and conlracting.now pursued under tho rules
and laws regulating tho Ohio Penitentiary,
having at the same time, care to violato no
previous contraet.nnr in any way to interfere
with individual rights.
Mr. Uallaohuh supported his resolution
Mr. SiMMiHS said he was ready to meet
this question at once, by a direct vote. Ha
could not understand the propriety or justice
of the proposition of tho gentleman from Ham
ilton. If he lrad a correct understanding of
tho matter, it amounted to this, that the con
victs Ehould be left without labor, and a a
consequence, that instead ot an income of
$20,000 to case us, in a small degree, of the
uriuens oi taxation, we Rhall be compelled
to pay some $50,000 more to support these
convicts. Now four fifths nr'thereabouts, of
the taxes of the State are paid by theagricul
al class, and a small proportion only by th
mechanics. Shall we levy this additional
burthen on the already burthened agricultur
ist? Standing hero a farmer himself, and re
presenting a largo farming district, ho could
not consent. The gentleman from H. as
sumes that convict labor degrades free labor.
Wise, legislators in all the otlur States, and
in this Slate, have taken a different view of
this subject. It has always been thought
proper to employ convicts at hard labor. He
had never felt it dishonorable to labor, and
did not boliovo others havo felt so, for tha
reason that labor is still considered honorable
in our State, although eonvi;ti have been en
gaged in that business. Would it disgrace
the farmer if convicts were made to ais
their own bread! The gentleman threatens
us with a continual agitation of this ques
tion. He may possibly learn, that after thia
House has passe I directly on this question,
it may be prudent if not wise, to let the mo
tion rest, till this hall is filled with wiser
men than tho prosent occupants. Very littla
would be gained probably, by a repetition of
the subject, should it not succeod at tho pre.
Mr. Ridowat replied with much force ta
the remarks of tho gentleman from Hamilton
county. I lo said that he was a practical me
chanic himself, and probably felt as much
for their honor, as did the professional gen
tleman from Hamilton county, but never felt
degraded because convicts worked at thn
same business. He took a survey of the pro
gress made in this State to prevent injurious
competitions. Ho showed that the mechan
ics did not object to convicts being employed
on public work, for the erection of public
buildings, and Ui.tt all was done, and on pro-
gross that tho mechanics had a ri"ht to ex
pect at tno present tune. Ho adverted to the
operation of tho Pennsylvania law, that of
solitary confinement. Ho pointed out tha
fact, that if all theso branches were excluded
our Sum would be flooded from other States;
from the labor of convicts, and inferred, that
it would be equally degrading to themechan
ic and impolitic for the State. He alluded also
to tho subject of saddlery and hard ware.whioh
was very properly carried on and did not in
terfere with the business of others. He men
tioned the manufacture of locks and door
latches not made of malable iron, how our
shops were filled by such articles manufac
tured in the Stata of Connecticut. He took
a survey of certain establishments in Cincin
nati and the unjust competition attempted
some years since by the Directors of tha
State Prison against that experiment at Cin
cinnati. But tho gentleman from Hamilton put hia
wish of change in the law, on the disgrace
that attached to the free mechanic, hence his
own remark beyond that point were not ab
solutely necessary, and as had already been
shown, that this gentleman's arguments gu
against his own position.
Mr. Fkbousom followed, Uking the (frorrnd
that this resolution demandod and should re
ceive full attention. Ho advoc&ttd its refer -euco
to tho appropriate committoi.for consid
eration. We learn that Cneaius M. CUy designs
visiting Cuba in order to r,rcruit Vits hesUU,
which is much impairedv

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