Newspaper Page Text
SALEM, OHIO, FIUPAY; JUSE 2-J, IS!?.
ANTI-SLAVE It Y BUGLE.
Published every Friday at
Salem, Columbiana Co., O.
J A MFN 1? A I? .V BY. Jr., General Agent.
BENJAMIN S. JONES. )
J. ELIZABETH JONES, j -mT0M-
(tV .111 remittances to be made, and nil Idlers
rr'ating to the ptciinmry nffuirs of thepnpnr,
i be cd'Jrrssed (post paid) to the General
.l.rcn'. Coimttnicrttinn intended for inter'
tiontobcnddrerud to the Editors.
(r Terms: Sl,50 por annum, or Si.00 if
not paid within six months of the time of
A dvertiskments making less than a square
insetted three times for 75 cents: one
lYnr.Tsitt.a Committer: S-n'l Brui.kc,
Ciwrtxr Garrelson, J.mics li 1 run by, J r.
LUviil L. G:ill,r,-.T.th, Lt Holmes."
a. a. 2a:to:e:s, :?:e;ra?2&,
SLAVERY AND THE CHURCH.
The New School General Assembly of
the Presbyterian Oluirclt, after a long discus
sion, adopted, on Wednesday, the following
declarations introduced by Dr. Dtiflioll.
Tho vote stood 07 to 27 70 majority in the
affirmative. Absent 80.
1. The system of slavery, as it exists in
these United States, viewed cither in the
laws of the several States which sanction it,
or in Us actual operation and results in soci
ety, is intrinsically unrighteous and oppres
sive, and is opposed to the prescriptions of
the law of God, to the spirit and precepts of
the Gospel, and to. tho best interests el Ira
2. Tho testimony of the General Assem
bly, from A. D. 1787, to A. D. 1318, inehi-
iiiv, V-s condemned it, and it remai'is still
the receded testimony of the Presbyterian
-hurcli ot these Lulled Mate against it,
from which wo do not recede.
.1. We cannr.t, therefore, withhold tho
expression of our deep regret that Slavery
thniiM b continued and countenanced by
aiy of the members of our Churches; and
v a do e-rne.stly exhort both thtm and the
rve;i.s I'i ti'cir power lo put it away Irom
Ibem. lis perpetuation among them cannot
f.;il to be regarded by mulliliiries influenced
by '.heir example as sanctioning tho system
purrrayej in, and maintained by, t'le statutes
.3!' tne several slavcholding States wherein
'.'ey dwell. N01 can any mere mitigation of
rs severity, prompted by tho humanity and
Christian feeling of any who continue to hold
t'leir follow men in spoil bondage, be regard
ed either as a testimony against the sslom,
or as in the least degree changing its csseii
4. ' But whilo wo believe that mary evils
incident to the system, render it important
md obligatory to bear testimony against it,
yet would we not undertake to determine the
degree of moral tinpitude on the part cf in
dividuals involved by it. 'This will doubt
less ba found to vary in the sight of God, ac
cording to the degree of light and other cir
cumstances pertaining to each. In viev i f
nil the embarrassments and obstacles in the
way of emancipation interposed by the stat
ute of the slaveholding States, and by tho
social influence uftccting the view and con
duct of those involved in it, wo cannot pro
nounce a judgment of general and promiscu
ous condemnation, implying that destitution
of Christian principle and feeling which
should exclude from the table of the Lord,
fill who should stand in the legal relation of
masters to slaves, or justify us in withhold
ing our ecclesiastical and Christian fellow
ship from them. We rather sympathize with
and would seek to succor them in their em
barrassments, believing that separation and
secession atun ' the ehurches and their mem
bers, are not the methods God approves and
sanctions fcr tho reformation of his Church.
5. While, therefore, we feel bonnd to bear
our testimony against slavery, and to exhort
our beloved brethren to remove it from them
as speedily us possible, by all appropriate and
available means, wc do at the same lime con
demn all divisivo and scbismalical measures
tending to cVst.-oy the unity and disturb the
peace of our church, and deprecate the spirit
ef denunciation and inflicting severities, which
would cast from the fold those whom we are
rather bound, by ihe spirit of the gospel, and
the obligations of our covenant, to instruct, to
counsel, to exhort, and .thus to lead in the
ways ot Cod; and towards whom, even
though they may err, to exercise forbearance
and brotherly love.
C. As a court of our Lord Jesus Christ, we
possess no legislative authority ; and ns the
General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church,
we possess no judiciary authority. We have
no right to institute and prescribe a test of
Christian character and Church membership,
not recognized and sanctioned in the s icred
.Scriptures, and in our standards, by which wa
nave agreed 10 wain. We must leave, there
fore, this matter with the Sessions, Pn sbvte
ries and Synods the Judicatories to whom
pertains the right of judgment to act in the
administration of discipline, as they may
judge it to be their duty, constitutionally, sub.
11 ct to the General Assembly, only iu the way
C I . . 1 . 1 J
ui V!.tM ioih-w uuu control
THE ANNUAL MEETING
Of the Ohio American Anti-Slavery Soci
ety w-.s held in New Garden meeting bouse
of Friends the 17lb, ISth, and 19lh of June,
Tho President, Cyrus McNeely, in taking
the chair, announced thai, inasmuch as the
Society was composed of members of various
religious denominations, and a portion not
member of any, it had adopted no particular
plan for owning its meetings, but would, as
had been usual, observe a short eR8on of si
lence, that any who might feel it their duty
could offer prayer, either vocally or mentally.
Alter a short pause, tho president an
nounced that the meeting was ready for busi
ness. On motion, the following committees wero
Business . Committee Samuel Brooke,
George Garretson, Joseph Cope, Stephen S.
Foster, J. Elizabeth Jones, Samuel Myers,
and Pa'l.T Pillsbury.
To Nominate Officers K. G. Thomas,
Benjamin S. Jones, Eiiza Holmes, S. Brooke,
Nathan Galbrcath, A. K. roster.
On Roll Win. C. Alexander, Thomun,
E. Viekors, Jaiia Troscatt, Rachel Thomas.
Poled, That all persons who arc or may be
present be invited to participalo in the de
liberations ol this meeting.
The reading ol tho constitution of the So
ciety beii.g called fur, was read by tho Sec
retary. Samuel Brooke submitted the following
a me' d merits to the constitution,- which were
adopted, viz :
That "Ohio American," in Artiete 1st, bo
changed to " Western," and Article -1th to
read seven instead of nine counsellors j Arti
cle Silt-to rej'',he foregoing officers (except
tho Vice Presidents) snail couititu'.e au Ex
ecutive Committee, 6-0.
S. S. Foster nnd A. K. Foster occupied
tho remainder of the session.. The former
reviewed tlin cheering progress of reform at
large, and particularly the unprecedented ad
vancement of the Ami-Slavery cause in
the Slate of Ohi ; ti e Liter 1111. In a slirrinfi
pppeal rn l-ivor ci increasing tlin snasciiptr.ii
list of the ' Bugle," an I enlarging its sie.
AJjourned to 2 o'clock P. M.
Samuel Brooke, on behall of the Business
Committee, reported tho following stries of
the American people rind Gove rnmont, wp
have abundant testimony that the national
ompact is pio-s)avrry in its. character, and
that wo need no reference to the Ic'ltr of ihe
Constitution to convince us of this fact.
Advocated by J. Elizabeth Jones anJ op
posed by Hubert II. Folger.
The Business Committer! further r-poricJ
the f'ilowing .resolutions, which were.
advoca'l bv P.i:k.r i'aUaury, and S. S.
and A. K. Fester.
JViereas, The people of Ohio, by heir
Representatives in Cencral Assembly in 1837,
passed the following-resolution:
lle'oiied, That in the name and on behalf
of the people of Ohio, we do hereby protest
against the annexation of tiie republic of
Texas to tho union 01' these Slates, as unjust,
inexpedient, and desirue.tiv! of the peace,
safety, and well-being of the nation ; and we
do, i-i Ihe name and on behalf of the said
people, o!..::i.!y declare that Congress has
no power conftrred on it by the constitution
of the L'uileJ States, to-consent to such an
nexation; and that the people ef Ohio can
not be bound by any such covenant, league
or arrangement, made between Congress and
any foreign Statu or nation.
P.emleed, 1st, Tlir-t this Society feel bound
to brand the grcit mass of the people of the
State of Ohio as recrnant to their ovn profes
sions, inasmuch as they are now waging a
war upon Mexico in behalf of that very an
nexation whleh tliey liuve so solemnly re
pudiated. 2d. llevj'a-ed, -That if the naave resolution
of the General Assembly be true, then are
the people of Ohio, who support this war,
covered with the crimes cf plunder and the
shedding of torrents of innocent blood.
. 3d. Jtemhed, That this Society cannot in
any way be accessary to the murder of the
.Mexicans at tint bidding of slavery that we
e. 11. n-t tven dignify that slaughter by the
ni-iie el wui-, but that we shall protest against
it, in the name of outraged humanity, and an
insulted God ; and that we shall regard any
victory ever the Mexicans, as a tiiumph of
iniquity, that will, ere long, bring down on
ibis nation ihe just judgments that have over
whelmed other nations ol a liko iufamau
and oppressivo character.
lib. Tlcmhcd, That the union of these
Sutos is a compromise, entered into only on
condition that a large portion of the people
bo held as clialt'.-l slaves, and that such Uni
on is a crime, and that to. support it, consti
tutes a criminal against every law of Human-'
i'.y and Justice.
5th. Rtu!.-fl, That Dissolution of the
fiiwi," should bo the -watchword of nil who
w ould he true t; the claims of justice and the
laws ol God, even though it brand them wilh
treason against the government of this coun
Benjamin D. Pavis asked that the busi
ness be suspended M enable bini to introduce
the following resolutions, to bo made the or-
j der of the day fox to-morrow morning
Ilrwlved, That our bond of union with
slaveholders consists in Our commercial, re
ligious and political relation to them, and that
to dissol.e this bond by which we aid in
snppriri'--- !.;vprr, wo must eeaso to use its
products, refuse to recognize slaveholders as
Christians or promote them to oiTice.
licsolscd. That the slaveholder has no mo
ral right to the slave nor to tho fruits of his
toil, and in selling cither can convey to tho
purchaser no other than a felonious title.
MORNING SESSION, June 18, 1846.
James Barnaby,. Jr., presented the report
of the Ex. Com., accompanied by the Treas
urer's report, w hich was read, adopted, and
ordered to he published.
JaniPS Barnaby, K. G.' Thomas and Sam'l
Brooke were appointed to audit tho Treasur
er's account .
The nominating Committee reported the
following list of officers, viz :
President C y rns Me eely ,
f'ice Vi'. Lyman Peek, Lewis Mor
gan, Geo. Garrctson, -
tor. bee if J. l.lizabeth Jor.cs,
(Ye. isre'y Lot Holmes.
Counsellors. K. G." Thomas, Rebecca
, Dixon. Saineel Myerq. David L. Gal-
hraeatb, M lhlon Erwin, Henrietta M.-.rshill,
The President, after iendering his lltanks
to Ihe Society for tho confidence manifested
towards him, declined survir.g, and moved
That so much of the xj:-on as related to Ids
nomination, be referred back to ihc.coiiiiuil
tee to bo amended. AJopted.
The Free Prrluee question bemg taken up,
James Marshall olfered rj "resolution as a sub
stitute for the ones olfc-red by B. B. Davis,
which was advocated at' some length by the
mover; and opposed by S. S. Foster, und was
as follows :
Jl. Milred, That we haye no Moral right lo
use the proceeds cf the slave's labor.
Ponding tho discusr ibn, the meetinr ad
journed. - t
On motion of Abby KL Foster, the resolu
tion under discussion til adjournment, was
Iji.l on thu t.ihle, uneonditionaMy, lo t,'iie. op
portunity to uke up lheti11.1nci.il co -.c-ras oi
tho Society, and obtain subscriptions to
the Anti-SUvery Biigloi
Samuel Urouke presented tho following,
which wa3 adopted : j
Jlesolvrd, That wo r.e Three Thmiwnd
floll.-.-s, the "present year, to sustain the oper
ations of tiie Society.
S. S. Foster, Sam'l Brooko, Serepta Brown,
and Abby K. Foster were appointed a Finan
Henry 'latch, Henrietta Marshall, Rachel
Thomas, and Lyman Peck wcr1, appointed to
procure subscribers to tho Anii-Shivery Bu-
The Financial Committee reported
C-ish collected, 1 r.O
In addition, B. B. Davis pledged $jU, pro
vided it be used wholly for tho purpose, of
p ying a lecturer to advocate the free labor
The Coramitteo on the C.'gle reported they
had obtained tighty-seven subscribers.
On motion of S. S. Foster, t'.io Free Pro
duce resolution was taken up.
B. B. Davis moved to strike out all after
"Resolved," and insert tiio following:
That wc believo it our duty to abstain, ns
far as practicable, from thu fruits of slaves'
labor, and encourage tho labor of freemen.
Cyrus McNoely olfered the following as
an amendment :
Rrjoicr, That the mo.tn, ' No Union with
Slaveholders," require?, 011 ihe part cf those
who adopt ii, total abstinence from the uso of
slave labor. .
Opposed by P. Pii'.abury and S. S. Foster,
and supported tiy tarver i umitnson, luoiu.
Donaldson and others.
' 11. B. Davis olfered the following as an
amend iiienl to the uiiiuiid;iiciit under discus
Uemilved, That consistency with our pro
fessions of Disunion, and our duty to lite
slave, requires us to disconnect ourselves,
commercially, from Slavery, by Ihe disuse of
An excited discussion took place 011 the in-
juti hi 1 consequences ol blending lb!.s ques
tion with ot!n 1 di tinct subjects, in which a
number participated. The question being
called for, resulted in the Tijection of tho
amendments, and tiie question recurring up
on the resolution olfered by B, B.Davis, was
passed with scarcely a uissciiting voice.
MORNING SESSION, June 19, 1846.
President in the chair.
Tho Secretary read letters from Joshua R.
Ciildings und Micajah T. Johnson.
Committee on Nominations reported tho
name of Lyman Peck as President, and sug
gested that Caleb Green bo appointed Vice
President in place of Lyman Peck. The re
port and suggestion were both adopted.
The series of resolutions reported b tho
Business Committee, in relation lo iho Mexi
can war, Disunion doctrines, were taken
up and unanimously adopted.
S. S, Fostpr offered the following resolu
tions, which wero discussed by Robt. Folger
in the negative, end S. S. Foster in the affirmative.
Itcmhrd, That whenever individuals or
ganize themselves into an association for any
purpose whatsoever, and z.r? the inprrtv
and physical force of the wholo under the
control of the majority, everv member of such
association is responsible for tho acts of the
body lo the same extent that bo is for his
own individual acts, anil Ibat secession from
the body is Ihe only means by w hich this re
eponsibiiity can be avoided.
ftemhed, That ns the Federal Government
is suih in association, ns members of what
ever political creed or party, are individually
n jj.iiim.iir ic-r nn its criminal n"is ; and as
tbe war which that Government is now wag
ing ujwan Ihe Republic ef Mexico for the p-ir
post: ( i rcnnering 11 subservient to tbe blave
power, is w holly aggressive on the parted'
tlio I ruled States, a war nf plunder, and of
cnui-Diooucd. reckless butcliery of the inno
cent and unnnVnrlinrr all who renu'.in within
the palo of tho Government, proffering it tin if
mi, tinned allegiance and support should be
tegarJcd ns murderers of in ordinary guilt.
The following Peace Pledge was prcsenl
rJ by P. Pillsbnry, and voted to be circulat
ed through the audichco for signatures:
Resolved, That this society approve and
ad i.j-1 the following pled go as ji3 own declar
ation of sentiment on the' u.,r this govern
ment is now waging with Mexico, and recom
mend its printing and circulation for signa
ture,", under the direction nf the Executive
Committee, in every pari of the valley of ihe
We, the undersigned, desi r ,us to show ot:r
abhorrence of slavery, and of ever -fet, either
of tho Slate cr tln individual, which is de
signed to support'it, and desirous lo bin I our
selves before God and the world to sido with
the oppressed end not w ith the oppressor,
nrn-.r i'i. edge oltiski.ves, that wc w ill not
in ai y way, voluntarily aid tho V. S. Gov
ernment in its war 11 fon Mexico, but that We
will refuse enlistments, and contributions,
I will aid la the extent of our power tiie
l.in.iiy of any, who, being drafted for service,
refuse to render it, and sulter'tlin penalty.
The President, being under the necessity
of leaving, again returned his- thanks to the
Society for tho conti-.trnco reposed in him,
and vacated the- chair to Lytnati Peck, the Pre
'Adjourned. . . '
Society met, Lyman Peck in the chair.
Discussion on tho resolutions cifcrcd by S.
S. 1-osier, was resumed. H. U. Davis olfer
ed r. ti amendment which was advocated by
Ihe mover and others ami opposed by S. ,s.
Foster, Abby K. Foster, P. Pillsbury and Ed.
P. If.: -sett.
On inoiioii ihe amendment was laid on the
table, and the qaestion being called for on
tho resolutions, it was adopted almost unani
mously. P. Pillsbury moved the adoption of ihe fol
lowing resolution which wr.3 advocated in a
very forcible manner by the mover, some ex-ccplie-;:'
wi ro l iken by cmc, v hila it was
sustained by otlieis. The question being
called for, it was jiassed almost unanimously.
Resolved. That American religion, as em
bodied in Iho Prcsbylci in. Baptist, M.-ilio-di--t,
Quaker and (ther lei,uin -:iion whor,.
niembers fellowship each ether as Christians,
while they hay and sell their very God and
Vavior, in the person of Lis children, at pub
lic auction, or w ho Heel one another to oiftco
in the government of the country, or who
support that government by their political
acts, their sermons and their prayers, in its
wara and other supports of tho slave RVftcm,
(that such a religion is worthy only of the
conlempt and execration of cvrry enlightened
ond vi'luous ti'iud.ard connection wilh these
denominations idiould mark any j.erson as un
worthy the name of Christian.
Henrietta Marshall, Raclu I Thomas, Hen
ry II. Hatch and Win. C. Alexander were
appointed to circulate the Peaeo Pledge.
Although many had previously left for home,
about o5'J signatures wero obtained in tho
S. S. FostorpiTsented the following, which
was adopted w ith but one dissenting voice :
Hrs.ileed, That Gamaliel Bailey, Jr., and
C. M. Clay, by advocating the protection and
drfence of Genera! Taylor rnd ihe V. S. Ar
my, in their niariuJiiigexpeJilionaainst tho
republic of Mexico, and bestowing upon them
l.e highest eulogy for their singularly sue-
ecislnl sloiigbtur of a people wboso only ol
fenca. '.v.o tbeir hatred and unwavering hos
tility to slavery, ii.ivo forfeited entirely 'our
eontidcncH and respite! ns friends of the slave,
and exhibited a recklessness of principle,
which identifies them in moral turpitude with
iho originators of this foul and distantly
scheme, to perpetuate tho " jiecultar instilu
tion " of rur country.
Parker Pillsbury offered the following re
solution, which was carried unanimously.
JlcMiUcd, That tho Liberty party is not
anti-shivery, because lei. Its lead-ora in many,
if not inosi instances, cro ministers in, or
supporters of, the American Church, which
James G. Birney has proved ta be the " Bul
wark cf Atiieiiean Slavery," and because,
2d. it is a Fupuurler of the American Govern
ment, and I'ni'Mi ia in suppoit of shivery,
and of llio Mexican murders and plunder in
behalf of slavery and Md, because it would
degrade iho high and holy enterprise, of
"preaching delivcranca to tho captive," to a
mere squabble in party politics, utterly un
worthy its high moral character and design.
The vommiuen appointed tr audit the
Treasure,' afcvint. repoiltJ that tfcev find
tint tho balance in tho treasury was reported
J0 more lhan the actual amount a claim for
that sum held upon iho Ex. . Ccmaaiueu
was not lakeo Into CCnsidciation. ' - ,
The amount in cash is not S107.23 ns re
ported, hut l.y deducting ScJl), will leave lhor
irue amount ?87 2U ts.
On motion of Benjamin S. JoncJ,
Ketd.-cd, That the thanks- of this Society
aro hereby tendered to the friends of the slave
in New Garden and vicinity-for iho generous .
hospitality ibey havo extended to the Stran
gers in attendance upon the meeting.
On' moticu, tho meeting then aJjourned
CYRUS McNEELY, President.
LOT HOLMES, Secretary.
From the A. S. Standard.
TO THE ABOLITIONISTS OF THE
NEW-YORK, June 1st, 1846.
The American Anti-Slavery Society, at its
fate annual meeting, 111 New York "
Resolved, That in view of ihe present ex i
goneies of the cause, and the plan of the cam
paign of the ensuing ve.ir, wo will raiso the
sum ol ten thousand-dollars.'
In nccordance with this resolution, the Ex
ecutive Committee of the Society, resolved
that a special fund be raised in the West to
sustain Agents in that field, and farther re
solved lo contribute from the Treasury of the
Society for that purpose, - $100 00
1 bomas Donaldson, pledged 100 00' .
."Mary Donaldson, "
C. IU Taylor, of Pittsburgh,.
. 600 00
All subscriptions and donations to this fund,
will be promptly a- know lodged jn the Anti
Slavery Bule; and the fi lends of the causo
are urgently solicited to forward their names,
wilh tho amount they tire willing to contrib
ute, 10 lie paid w ithin ihe year, to James Bar'
naby, Jr., or the editors nf the. Anti-Slavery
Bugle, at Salem, Columbiana County, Ohio.
Individuals are requested to become volun
teer agents, to procure subscriptions to ibeir
respective neighborhoods und to forward the
names of tho. contributors ith tho amount
subscribed as above specified. . '.
, Abolitionists of the West, shall not the '
above sum bejundrupled ? Your replies to
that question will bo heard in youraetions.
Will you not act? With a lillle effort, tho
sum may be more than quadrupled, and eight
or ten lecturing agents kept in the field du
ring iho year. "Reepi etfully.
Gen. Ag't of Am. A. S. Society for the West.
Special fund to sustain thu Agents of the
Western Anti-Slavery Society : '
Total amount pledged for this , -purpose,
By reference to tho proceedings cf the last
Anniversary meeting of the Ohio American-Anti-Ma
very Society, it will be seen that this
Saci.-ty has become less local in its character,
so that its ojientions hereafter will be extend-'
ed, as circumstances nny admit, to all parts
of tho country, west of the Alleghatiics, that
could be reached by Iho AgenU ef the Amer
ican Anti-Slavery Society, and as the West
ern Society is auxiliary to the American So--ciety,
tho principles of each are the same,
and the ohCct3 ot both are iho s.unc; tho on
ly difference in the Agents employed, is
those employed by Ihe American Society are
sustained by the funds contributed lo its
Treasury, and those employed by the West
ern Anti-Slavery Society by tho funds col
lected by it,
Tiie difference between the Special Agen
cy funcs of either Society, is only a nominal
one; hence, persons can contribute to either,
at their option. In either case, tho fund will
be expended exclusively in tho West, and for
tho purposo specified.
James Barnaby, Jr., tho Treasurer of the
Western Anti-Slavery Society, will also act
as Treasurer of Ihe American Society for tho
West. Persons can forward the funds of'
either Society to him, specifying particularly
to what fund the payments, pledges or con-'
The Agency funds of Iho two Societies, to
gether w ith tho General Fund of the West
ern Ami-Slavery Society, amount, in cash and
pledges, to about one thousand dollars.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN!
A day or two after the Liberty Meeting in
Ravenna, I passed through that place, and
was informed that Samuel Lewis had stated
that S. S. Foster was in fayor of forming a
fourth political Party, and of voting for men;
conveying tho idea that Mr. Faster was in
favor of voting for men to fiil office undei tbe '
Constitution of the United Slate where
tiicy would bo required to take tin oalh fl