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""ITD KMIi! Will ClA'yXHWMS."
SALEM, OHIO, FHIPAY, JULY 10, IS l;.
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LETTERS READ A T THE .L.XI-J'ERSIRY.
Tho following would have been given to
our readers before this, but a press of oilier
matter lias crowded them out nf our columns.
nil if l.prcscntulices, Juno (i, 1.311S.
My Deaii Sin :
Vour f.ivor of tho 1st inst., containing an
invitation to attend tho meeting of the I). Am.
A. S. Socio ty, soon to be held at New Garden,
is received. I assuro you it would give ino
great pleasure to meet those friends of hu
manity who may assemble there for the pro
motion of civil freedom. Nor should I regard
the difference of opinion existing between us
sis to tho mode of effecting the great object
which we nil have in view, as in any respect
detracting from tho interest I should feel in
y:ur meeting. Ity mutual interchange of
sentiments, we might, pr rheps, encourage the
hearts, strengthen the hands, and enlighten
the minds of each other, and thus speed on
the causo of emancipation.
The moral atmosphere of the nation at this
time, is dark and gloomy. Suddenly preci
pitated into an unjust and bloody war, for the
extension of slavery upon soil heretofore con
secrated to freedom; and to open up new
markets for human llcsh wo see Northern
men from our free States, by thoimnds, vo
V,i.".:;r'n to go to Mexico and light the bat
tles nf oppression. And little is now heard
but the shout of war and the note of prepara
tion. Hut those w ho believe in the omnipo
tence of truth will not falter in their course
because of the cloud of moral darkness that
poems to hang over us. The (Jod of justice
tdceps not, and 1 trust at no distant day will
crown our efforts with glorious success.
Tor the kind terms in which you expressed
your need of my humble efforts in favor of
the oppressed, I lender you thanks, Please
express to your Committee and to the mem
bers of your Society, tho assurance of my re
spect. Vour 8 for the oppressed,
J. 1!. GIDDINGS.
James IJarnaby, Jr.
TO MEMBERS OF THE O. AM.
A. S. SOCIETY.
Dear Friends :
1 am sorry I cannot be with. you to partake
of the benefit arising from the collection of
so much anti-slavery feeling as will be found
at tho Anniversary. Such an amount of pure
Philanthropy collected (n the little village of
New Garden, or in aoy other similar space,
must necessarily infuso the moral atmosphere
with its fragrance, and cause the he iris of all
freedom lovers to leap for joy. Tho sublime
object that brings you together, has engross
ed the minds ot all the truly good, wise, and
great men in every age; and still there is
room for us to labor. When I look around
me and behold the indifference manifested by
the great mass of the people, nothing but tho
firm conviction that Truth is mighty and
will prevail," strings my nerves for action.
lleing thus inspired, 1 venture a lew sugges
lions as they occur to mo at present.
The meeting ttiat 1 now address has as
sembled to deliberate on the moans to be used
for the abolition of slavery. Let it bo borne
in mind that tho best way is as good as any,
and that any plan that has for its object the
abolition of slavery, is perfectly legitimate on
the Anti-Slavery Platform ; it makes no dif
ference how much it may deviate from tho
beaten track of anti-slavery action. As light
has dawned upon the Society, it has uniform
ly directed its movements in accordance
therewith; and let it be remembered that this
is the only redeeming trait of any society,
first, to earnestly seek tho truth, then follow
its tracking. Zeal, rightly tempered, gives
efficiency ' any movement, and without it,
in some degree, none can prosper.
' True zeal is merciful and mild,
Can pity and forbear,
The false is headstrong, fierce and wild,
Ana breathes revenge and war."
The sentiment above is as applicable toso-
ripties as to individuals: and societies should
in no case trivo impetus to a movement that
does not come within the legal scope of mdl
vidual action. The object of these meetings
bein" only to collect tbe light ot all iiietnein
hers into each one's mind for liiin to uso to
the best advantage, and if each one only bad
"A soul supreme in each hard instance
Abhor nil pain, all anger, and all pride,
Tho love of power, the blast of public
The lust of lucre, and the dread of dnath."
I low soon would the great chjoct hi ac
complished. Like electricity, truth would
spread, and righteousness cover the earth as
waters do the sua.
I am your sincere friend,
MICA J Alt T. JOIINSOX.
SiiortT Creek, Ohio,
loth Gill mo., 18 Id.
CtvTho following communication from
tbe Liberator, contains a letter from the elo
quent and devoted Thompson, a man, whom
eleven years since tho Americans hunted
from their shores as they would drive a wild
beast from their fields, anil all because he so
loved freedom, that like Lafayette, he left the
land of his nativity that lie might labor more
effectually for the redemption of the oppressed
inerican, using not carnal weapons hut mo
ral moans. It will bo re.nl with interest by
all who love the slave's cause.
LETTER FROM HENRY C. WRIGHT.
EDINBURGH, May 16, 1846.
Dear Garrison: George Thompson is
now in London. Me is to he with us ngain
in a few days, to hold a series of meetings in
this town, during tho meetings of the Tree
Church General Assembly. The following
is a copy of a letter received from him a few
days since. What a picture! Hut it is
truth to life :
LONDON, May 7, 1846.
Mr Dijar Henry: Yours of Tuesday
from E linhtirgh, is hi'loro me the pamphlet
also. The latter leaves the question w here
it finds it. As fir as it touches that, it is but
a repetition of the st ilo libels cast upon our
holy and blessed Christianity, by those who
go to the Old and New Testaments for their
warrant to invade, sacrilegiously, God's fi
mily and to run away with part of bis off
spring. O, what a God must the (Jod of
those he, who represent him, virtually, as
saying, ' You must not enslave my while chil
dren, for 1 have mado them free and equal j
but I have some poor, black, curly-headed
ones, an I its I don't ct re much nln-ut them,
you m :y help yourselves, and do as yotl
please w ith tlieiu. True, I h ,ve embraceJ
litem in the covenant of my grice an I mercy,
and they shall be mine, if they believe the
gospel, in tho day when I make up my jew
els. This is enough eterniiy is theirs, they
are yours till TIME shall bo no longer.
My word, preached by prophets, apostles and
patriarchs, is for ,'', and for the Chinese,
tho Hiii. loos, tbe Mussi linans for all the
htraiglil-li'iired races ; but as for these, having
'searched the scriptures' for yourselves, you
nv.y denv to them the power of looking into
the ' will' of their Heavenly Father, and tell
them no more th in suits your eonveitieno .
'I7i' linn rend it when tiikv iter to IIka
vf.n ! You may point them to mansions on
high you may tell them that they sb ill walk
with llieir Saviour, 1 in (eii.'c,' you may
promise thorn a crown oi life, and lift their
hopes to a world of glory, where they shall
i. . i.: i ' I -... i ..: r
MOjs ,II1H 1'iii aia, hum mphu uit: t-iij ui
the saved, in robes of light j but lure you
may niaku anil keep them slaves. Their
names arn written in the .timb's bonks but
you need not strike them out of your ledger.
Their bodies are ' the temples of the Holy
Ghost ; ' hut tho ' temple ' if not the tenant,
is yours, to do with as you please. ' 1 stand
at the dooraud knock ; ' and if any one opens,
I enter and dwell there; but never mind me
the house is yours; you have a life lease;
though the guest is the Son of Go I ! Tell
them they may lay up treasures in heaven,'
but all llicy have and are, are yours n earth.
Tell them thai Christ hath said, 'If any do
tho will of his Father in heaven, the same are
his brethren, and his sinters, and bis mother
hut t'ut Clirist his no objections to his
mother, bis mVtr, or bis brother, being a
slave. Tell them, that in their origin, their
destiny, and their faculties, (to hit hereafter
unfolded.) they rtre but a littlo lower than
tho angels; but that, for tho present, you
may make ihcm a litilo lower than the brutes.
I'ell them, that they wcro ransomed out ol
spiritual bondage by tho precious blond of
tho Son ot liod ; Out that you may sen mem
into temporal bondage, for such 'corruptible
things ns silver and gold.'
lint whither am I running. My paper re
bukes my rhapsody. My thoughts were
with the slave on earth, : mi Christ's freeman
in heaven, running up and down Jacob's lad
der, from the plantation on earth, to the New
Jerusalem in glory; Iroui the liorritilo lion
d.t"e of the slave below to the glorious liber
tv of the boiis of (iod above !
roroive me; I nau amicipaieu nut uay
Iho day for which all other days were made'
when Christ shall honor his own when
the Shenherd shall claim his sheep; the day
when that temnlo snail lie num. me toonea
w hereof havo been fashioned by tho Divine
Architect on earth. In that fold, tee the
nr,rm iii that temple. see the ncgrn, a liv-
inir stone. Ouisido of that fold, and ex-
rluded from the materials of that temple, me.
thinks I see those who claimed the child of
God as theirs. hat would tliey now give
to recoirnivai him to ho roooanized by liim
Melhinks I hear them say, ' Have we not
prophesied in thy name and in thy name done
wonderful works 1' and the answer is,
I never knew you. 1 was on earth, hut ye
bought and sold me ye manacled and
scourged me ye outlawed and enslaved me
yo despised And insulted me. I camo to
you in ihnnrm nf a black man ! I hi ngered,
thirsted, fainted, wept as a black man. I was
poor, ignorant, friendless, powerless, as n
black man', and v );:!' '.e Jirofesspcl to wor
ship me, seated :t i'- right hand of my Fa
ther, in majesty and glory, ye spurned mi
from tho door, ye drove me to the fields, and
hunted me with dogs! I came to you as a
little child, and in tho lielpnessness of infan
cy, asked you to succor me, and train me for
heaven. "e ranked me with the calves of
your stall, fed mo only for the flesh market,
and sold me in the shambles.'
No more. The ground is holy the thought
is overpowering. 1 have done. The more
I tii ink on this subject, the more I find the
incompetency of words to express mv
thoughts. () God ! forgive my sins, anil
save mo from this, the most terrible of all,
that of persecuting Thee in the persons of
thy children! For heller, for worse, I link
myself with Thy suffering poor, and glory in
the name of 'infidel,' if" Thv vicegerent in
my heart tells me, that I HKLIKVK IN
THICK, when I believe that it is not Thy will
that one of these littlo .ttes should perish.
Appear for their deliverance I Make those
strong, who favor their cause. Ho with Thy
servants when thpy go into Pharaoh, and cry,
'Let my people go!' May they he con
founded in the presence of the great congre
gation, who pervert thy law, and make void
thy statutes; and may the prey bo delivered
out of the hands of the spoiler.
I scribble this in the Chili Room, ami send
it to assure you that my.hpart is with you.
Ho no longer from lOJinlittrgh than you can
help. All arrangements) for the Assembly
week should he soon made, ami well made.
Y'ours, and tho slave's,
Henry C. Wright. f,
The excitement increases about the Free
Church alliance with man stealers. Not a
paper in Scotland but isirngaged in it, one
sido or the other. A pamphlet was publish
ed in F.dinburgh, by the Free leaders, a lew
days ago, to stamp mo as, an infidel, and you
and Thompson. It bases' the charge on ex
tracts from 'Six Months at Gracfeiihern','
touching the Sabbath, i'oh-llcsitancc anil the
authority of tho Old Testament, whero it is
opposed to the New. Such is the excite
ment, that six thousand of lhat pamphlet sold
in six days. I have befcn fairly in for a
strugglo since last spring. But tho Frees
find it iinpossiblo-lo tuM off puUio attention
Ironi their guilty league with inen-stealers.
I ho people see through tliein. Uut 1 am
obliged to publish and explain my views, as
you will see.
Iho Secession Synod some 100 minis
ters havo unanimously adopted the principle
of NO FELLOWSHIP WITH .SLAVK-
HOLDKRS, as u rule of discipline. The
Relief body 250 ministers aro about to
lOont the same. It is said the established
Kirk of Scotland w ill do the same. Comfort
the slave-brecJing ministers and Doctors of
Divinity with tho assurance, that t ,ey can
not bo received into tho Kvangelic.il Alli
ance; nor will they bo allowed to enter a
pulpit in Scotland, for the Frees won't dare
to admit them, however willing they might
be to do it. Tell the man-stealers, we will
go before them around the world, and close
iho door of every church and pulpit on earth
gainst them, ami thrust them back to their
own dens of pollution and infamy. Their
doom is sealed in England. The next step
is, In g( t the government of Britain to refuse
to receive a man-stealer as an Ambassador
from the United States. IT WILL HK
DOXK. If that shameless, hypocritical He
pul.lm will send S L A V K-H U K K D K It S AS
MINISTERS TO K.NCI.A.M), England
will not receive them. This time is coming.
HENRY C. WRIGHT.
The following is the miserable apology
Cassius M. Clay gives for his shameful de
sertion of tho cause of freedom :
From the True American.
TO OUR READERS.
We have volunteered for the war, and will
say a word, in parting, lo our friends.
Wo have denounced unsparingly ine an
nexation of Texas, as a boldly flagitious
scheme, and a war with Moxico as kindred
wilh that disgraceful and degrading act de
grading alike to tho Government that con
summated, and the people that submitted
Hie ono is nerlert ! t I exas, unfortunate
ly, is a part of our Union. The other is just
he.nin. That tho war wilh Mexico might
easily havo been avoided that the common
est regard tor justice, ana a moderate snare
of prudence, on the part of the Government
could have prevented it is palpable as the
Hut though this be so. wo cannot change
the fact. II V exists. It has been declaroj
by a Governmenlchosen by the people them
selves. We submit, therefore, as good citi
zens, to tho law of the land, and givo that
government our support. Resistance lo it
now would be rebellion ; if general, anarchy,
in its worst form, would be the result.
Congress, as well as tho country, is of
this opinion. Tho Whigs, predicting tho
result long ago, have steadily opposed the
policy lhat led. to this war; yet, when it was
forced upon. Ilium, and hostilities avowed,
they rallied as one man in support of the go
vernment, The preamble to the- resolutions
in Congress, declaring that war exists by the
ad of Mexico, is a lie a nefarious trap set
by demagogues to catch their opponents.
As such we have denounced, and do denounce
it; but, making this protest, we should havo
done as tho Whigs did havo Voted what
ever supplies of men and money wote asked
for, holding the President responsible before
the country and the world.
Our opinion is, that the war, so unjustly
and wickedly begun, should he pressed with
vigor. It is the only alternative left. Clouds
and darkness, in consequence, rest upon our
path in the future ; hut it has to ho trod.
Wo act upon this necessity, and do not hesi
tate to support the Government; to peril
alt to sustain it for ne war not against the
South, nor the people of tbe South, but against
slavery; and when there is a common foe in
tho field, and the summons comes to the
citizen soldier, we know, and can know but
ono country and one duly, and would not
urge another to go where we are not willing
ourselves to lead. "
Hut in taking this step, wo shall neither
shut our eyes to a vile and wicked policy,
nor close our lips against the mercenary spirit
w hich has involved the country in the horrors
of war. With our harness en, wo feel, in
deed, a more unconquerable determination to
resist the giant cause of all this mischief; a
stronger will than ever to overturn a corrupt
dynasty, and elect as rulers, freemen who
will stand by and defend tho free. Not a
jot of principlo do we give up ! Not a hair's
breadth of sentiment, of opinion, or of oppo
sition, shall we yield to tho curse which,
vampire-like, is sucking away the life-blood
of the nation, and which, unless shaken off
forever, will destroy tho Republic, while
glutting its infernal lust.
The people of the United States have a
hard task before them. Tho public offices nf
the country, these many yoars, have been fill
ed, for the most part, hy demagogues, who
hive sportpd with the public weal, as children
with their holiday purchases ! And paid ad
herents, and a hireling press, have labored to
gloss and glorify their selfishness, and even
whilo perpetrating and perfecting their gi
gantic schemes of fraud, to embody their
names in the public mind, as tho essence of
American greatness, V e must ho purged of
this rottenness. There can bo no safety, se
curity, or stability to liberty or property, un
til wo nre. Now, as tho only constitutional
remedy the peoplo have is through the ballot-box,
there must bo established a sound
and healthy public opinion, wherety worthy
and honest men shall be put in the places of
tho unworthy and dishonest. For this end,
let all who are for pcaco and progress let,
especially, every friend of freedom, to what
ever party he may belong unito, an I, heart
to heart and hand in hand, labor with lusty
sinew and ceaseless energy, until the Con
stitution and I'.viVEnsAi. Liberty shall be
acknowledged of all men.
Good ftiends for whom we can vouch, who
know us, and who have stood by us from the
beginning, w ill conduct the True Jimeriean
while we are away. They wiU be trammelled
in nothing. No position, taken by us, or ne
cessary to he taken by them, in behalf of
ircedom, will they abandon or hesitate lo as
sume. For tho right, for justice, for univer
sal liberty, they will plead as strongly and
as fearlessly as ever! Our paper is felt in
this State, Eastern Tennessee, in the moun
tains of Virginia and North Carolina. Let
the reader glance at his map, and see what
an inroad would he made upon slavery if tho
peoplo of this large region were roused
against it ! That they can be lhat in our
humble way we are hastening on this result,
wo Avium. Not for ourselves, then, but for
the cause, do we ask tho friends of freedom
to sustain the True American !
NEW ORGANIZA'I IOXISTS.
A correspondent of the Liberator, who called
in at a New Organization anti-slavery meet
ing which was held in Boston during tho an
niversary week, in order as he declares, to
learn tho whereabout of Liberty Party, says :
While I was present, Origen Bachelor
camo in and addressed the Convention nearly
as follows: "Mr. President, I am astonish
ed at this meeting, the few persons you have
hero assembled, and iho want of real anima
tion in tho meeting. I have just como from
old Faneuil Hall, where there are thousands
assembled, and they are in earnest there
putting on the blows in a zealous manner, and
where they tell too. They are putting the
lash on the Park Street Church and very
justly too for kicking out the dead body of
poor Torrey. I toll you, Mr. rresident, they
are creating down there a great sensation by
their boldness and independence ; and if you
would havo a full meeting, you must speak
out boldly and plainly you must attack the
church. Gentlemen tell us here, wo must
send the gospel to the slaves. I would in
quire wh it kind of gospel you would send to
them? Such as is preached in Boston, in
Park Street Church 1 I tell you, Mr. Piesi-
dent, if you would abolish slavery, you must
attack the church, and cause her to preach a
Mr. u ichelor continued his remarks mostly
in the samo strain, and then sat down where
unon Rev. D. S. King rose, and made an ex
pianatinn in regard to tho thinness of ihe
meeting. He said, however, it was not owing
lo the notice; for, said he, I sent notice of
the convention to clergymen in tht State, and
it was given before a large meeting in the
city, the present week, lie said tho reason
was, bec.ansn thoso friendly to their move
ment hit an interest in other meeting ot
religious character; whilo those at Fanpuil
Hall did not come to the city for any other
purpose than io attend their own convention.
Tnis ho considered tho main reason of tho
difference in numbers at the two meetings.
Mr. Bachelor rose to reply. He said, ' the
reason given was not true, as it regards tho
attendance on other religious meetings, by
those he supposes friendly to this meeting,
especially the clergymen fori have just left
Faneuil Hall, and fi.ur clergymen are there,
and not tt other meetings; for I saw them
there myself.' 1 need not say, that no reply
was made to Mr. B.
CONSTITUTION OF THE WESTERN
Whorca9, we believe that slavery is con
trary to Ihe precepts of Christianity, danger
ous to the liberties of the country) and ou'ghi
immediately to bo abolished ; and whereas
we believe that the citizens of Ohio not only
havo the right to protest against it, but are
under the highest obligation to seek its re
moval by a moral influence ; and whereas wo
believe that the free people of color are un
righteously oppressed, and stand in need of
sympathy and benevolent co-operation ; there
fore, recognizing ihn inspired declaration
that God "hath made of one blood all nations
of men for to dwell on all tho face of Iho
earth" and in obedience to our Savior's
golden rule, " All things whatsoever ye
would that men should do to you, do ye even
so to them," we agreo lo form ourselves into
a society, and to be the
Article 1st. This Society shall be called
the Western Anti-Slavery Society, and shall
bo auxiliary to the American Anti-Slavery
Art. 2d. Tho object of tho Society shall
he to endeavor to effect t'le abolition of sla
very in the United Suites.
Art. 3d. Any person by signing the Con
ktituiion shall be considered a member of tho
Art. 4th. Tho officers of this society shall
be a President, Vico Presidents, a Corres
ponding Secretary, a Recording Secretary, a
Treasurer, and seven Counsellors, who shall
bo elected annually at such time and place
as the Executive committee shall appoint.
Art. 5th, Tho foiegoing officers (except the
Vice Presidents) shall constitute an Execu
tive Committee, five of whom shall constitute
a quorum, to whom shall be entrusted the
disposition of the funds and tl.e management
of tho concerns of tho society. They shall
havo power to make their own hy-laws, lo
fill any vacancy which may occur in their
committee, and to employ agents lo promote
the objects of the society.
Art. 0th, There shall bo a public meeting
of the society annually, at which timo the
Executive Committee shall make a Report of
their doings for the past year, and of the in
come, expenditures, and funds of the society.
Art. 7th, Tho President shall preside at
the meetings of the society and of tho Exec
utive Committee, or in his absence one of iho
Vice Presidents, or in their absence a Presi-
iduut pro tern.
Art. 8th, Tho Corresponding Secretary
shall receive and keep all communications or
publications directed to the society and trans
mit thoso issued by them, and shall corres
pond with the agents or any other bodies of
individuals according to the directions of the
society or tho Executive Committee.
Art. nth, The Keeording Secretary shall
notify all meetings of the Society and of the
Executive Committee, and keep the records
of tho same.
Art. 10th, The Treasurer shall collect tho
subscriptions and donations to the society,
hold all its funds and make payments accord
ing to tho directions of the Executive Com
mittee; he shall keep a true account of tho
tunc, and render a statement to accompany
the annual report of tho society.
Art. llth, Any anu-slavery or any asso
ciation founded on kindred principU s, may
hecomo auxiliary to this society, by contribu
ting to Its tunds, and may communicate with
us by letter or delegation.
Art. l Jlh, 1 bis Constitution may be alter
ed at the annual meeting for the choice of of
ficers, provided the amendments proposed to
he made, have boon submitted to the Execu
tive Con minuter, in writing previously.
Dr. Brisbane says that when ho was in
South Carolina, one of his Baptist brethren
underwent a church trial for a very serious
offence. This Baptist brother had been tho
means of separating a slave husband and wife
forever. He had been importuned not to da'
it to sell them both to one master, ami not
wring their hearts w ith the agony of separa
tion ; but ho said he " would see them both in
hell, first .'" He was brought up before tho
church, and tried, for what think ye I Forth a
inhumanity ot sundering man and wife! ISO;
hut for using profane language ! His spirit
ual advisers and co-workers took no thought
of the crime of parting w hat God had joined
together, but they were very much horrified '
at the profane expression used by their brc-"
Good Example. The papers in Martinique
speak of the nun e'ous escapes c.f slaves from
that to the r.ni'lish islands, where they of
course aro safe and free. They do nht com
plain of this, but Hnr' it as an argument for
emancipating alt the slaves if the French Colo
nics. How much belter would if he for our
southern editors to pursue the Same sensible
course, instead of indulging in their crazy
ravings against iho Abolitionists! limp