Newspaper Page Text
JlRXJAMTX K. JOXES. )
J. ELIZABETH JON ES, 1'n,Tl",s-
Pcni.isiit.xn Committee: Samuel Urooke,
Ceorge Oarretson, James li.trnahy, Jr.,
David L. Oalbrcath, Lot Holmes.
1' I'D LIS II ED EVERY FRIDAY AT
SALEM, COLUMBIANA CO., OHIO,
JAMES DAItXAUY, Jr., General J?r nl.
xo union with si.Avnnoi.Dr.Rs
S A I. K M , 0' II 10, F KID A S E 1 T K .M U K II is. is us.
VOL. 'J. .NO. S.
Wiioi.i; no. ()
G1 i b
(iJ'rfut'tanc t't be marfc rntl a Uttei
. . . tl . jr . r ml i
t r.t'r r "if in ine " n( wiry tiy'iir itj inr ''' tf
' be fitltfrenrtl (nost jwiil) lo (he tieneral
Qrenft Cit:rtmnuttfitt'rmM hiieiuh.d fw iruer
tiufi to be udAr(Atd ttt the Jlifms
Tkiims : $I,fi) per nnn or 1,75
(inrnriiili'i rf'i'rrt!) if not paid w ithin six
months of iha ti ne of snbscrildeg.
AnvKitTioKMRNTs making rm limn a square
inserted three limes for " cents; one
J. II. I.t nler, I'rlnler.
Our renders will recnloc( the account
given through the papers in 1HII, of no in-
tended insurrection of slaves in Cuba. Many
may not be aware that tho le ader of that re-
volt was a "XEnno and A Man," one wor-
thy to be ranked with Oenrge. Washington or
miy other hero. We have made the follow
ing pxlmris from Whitlier's " STUANHlill IN!
Lowkm.," believing it w-ll be interesting to
most of onr readers. We regret we have-
not room to give tho articlo entire:
I have recently been deeply interested in
the fate of I'LAeino the black Revolutionist
of Cuba the acknowledged leader c.f the
late wide-spread and well-planned revolt of!
the slaves in the city of II ivan-.-, and tho
neighboring plantations and villages.
Juan l'iacido was horn a slave on the
estate of Don Terribio ln Castro. 1 lis
f ithcr was an African, bis mother a mulatto.
His mistress treated him with great kind-
ness, and taught hi in to read. When he was
twelve VenrH ..I" nirn cl.n A',nA nn.l k tWl ill-
to other and less compassion.,!.: bands. At
tho ago of eighteen, on see inn- his mother
struck with a heavy whip, he "for the first
turned upon his tormentors. To use his
own words. 1 frit the blow in mv heart.
To utter a lend cry, and from a downcast .boy
with the timidity of one weak as a lamb, to
nceome all at once like a ngmg lion, was
tho thing of a moment." He was, however,
subdued, and tho next morning, together with
his mother, a tenderly-nurtured and delicite
woman, severely scourged. On seeing his
mother rudely stripped lind thrown dow n up
on the ground, ho at first with tears implor
ed the overseer to spare her; but at the sound
id the first blow, as it cut into her naked
llesh, he sprang once more upon the rulfi.in.
who, having superior strength, beat him until
he was nenier dead than alive.
After sit tiering all the vicissitudes of slave
rv hunger, nakedness, stripes; alter brave
ly ami nobly bearing np against that slow,
dreadful process which reduces the m in t
n thing the image of Cod to a piece of mer
chandize, until bo had reached his ihirty
eighth year, he was unexpectedly rt leased
from bis bonds. Some literary gentleman in
Havana, into whose hands two or three
pieces of bis composition had fillen, struck
with the vigor, spirit and natural grace which
they inanilV-stcd, sought out the author, ami
raised a subscription to purchase bis freedom,
lie c.iuiH to Havana, and maintained himself
)iy house painting, and such other employ
ments as his ingenuity and talents placed
within his reach. He wrote seveuil poems,
which have been published in Spanish at Ha
vana, and translated by Dr. Madden, under
Ihe title of "Poems by a .Slave.'
It is not too much to say of these poems,
that Ihey will bear a comparison with most
nf the pioductions of modern Spanish litera
ture. Certain it is, thai their author is the
only Cuban poet. His stylo is bold, free,
energetic. Some of his pieces arc sportive
iiml graceful; such is his address to "The
Cucuya," or Cuban fire-fly.
Some of his devotional pieces evince the
fervor ami true .-eiingol the (liristi.ui poet
His " Ode to Keligiou
contains many ad-
of the inailvrs of
iniiable lines. Speaking
the early days of Christianity, he says finely:
" Still in thnterad'.e, purpled with their blood.
The infant Faith waxed stronger day by day."
I cannot forbear quoting the last stanza of
"O Cod of mercy, throned in glory high,
On earth ami all its misery look down.
Heboid the wretched, hear tho captive's cry,
And call thy exiled children round thy
There would I fain in contemplation gaze
On thy eternal beauty, and would m.iko
Of love ono lasting canticle of praise.
And every theme but Thee henceforth for
sake!" The disastrous result of tho late insurrec
tion of tho slaves in Cuba is well known.
lietrayed, and driven into premat.ire collis
ion w ith their .oppressors, the wronged and
maddened bondmen were speedily crushed
into subjection. Placido was arrested, and
after a long hearing, was condemned, to be
executed, and consigned to the "Chapel of
How far Placido was implicated in the in
surrectionary movement, it is now perhaps
impossible to ascertain. The popular voice
ut Havana pronounced him its leader ami
projector; and as such he was condemned.
1 lis own bitter wrongs; the terrible recollec
tions of his life of servitude; ihe impunity
with which the most dreadful outrages upon
the persons of slaves were inflicted, acting
upon a mind fully capable of appreciating
the beauty of Freedom, furnished abundant
incentive to an ellort for the redemption of
his race, and the humiliation of his oppres
sors. The JleralJo, of Madrid, speak of
liiin as " the celebrated poet, a man of great
natural genius, and beloved and appreciated
by the most respectable young men of Ha
vana." It accuses him of wild and am
bitious projects, and states that be was in
tended to bo the chief of tho black race alter
they had thrown oil" the yoke of bondage.
lie was executed at Havana in the Till
month, 1811. According to tho custom in
Cuba with condemned criminals, he was
conducted from the prison to the Chapel
the Doomed.' II passed thither with sin
gular composure, amidst a great concourse
people, gracefully saluting his numerous ac
quaintances. The Chapel was hung with
black cloth, dimly lighted. Placido was
seated beside his collin. Priests in long
black robes stood around liim, chanting in
sepulchral voices the service of the dead.
js an ordeal under which the stoutest-hearted
and most resolute have been found to sink
After enduring it for twenty-four hours ho
was led out to execution. Placido oamn
forth calm and undismayed; holding a cruoi
fix in his hand, he recited, in a loud, clear
voice, a solemn prayer in verse, which
had composed amidst the horrors el the.
'Chapel." It thrilled upon the hearts ofj
nil who In a d it. 1 am indebted to a friend
f,,r assistance in rendering this remarkable 1
prayer into English verse: I
PRAYER OF PLACIDO.
; All things obey I her; dying or reviving,
I As I'-ni commundesl; all, apart froni I hee,
j ' roin I hen ulono their life and power de
lime , . ", rivin-' . .
I . . s,lnk 1,n:1 1,rn I'"" ,n vast eternity !
Cod of unhnnndt'd love and power eternal !
To Thro 1 turn in darkness and despair;
Stretch forth Thine arm, ami from the brow
Of Calumny, the veil of Justice tear!
An l from tho forehead of my honest fitno
Pluck the world's brand of infamy mid
O, King of kings! my father's Cod! who
Art strong tosave, by whom Is all eontrol'd.
Who gives! tho sea its waves, the dark and
Abyss of Heaven its light, tho Xorth its
The air its currents, the warm sun its beams.
Life to the (lowers, and motion to the streams:
cl du,h v,,kl ul,ey ""'e! 81ll(f0 froln
This marvellous being by Thy hand was
O merciful Cod! I cannot shun thy presence,
For through its veil of flesh Thy piercing
Looketh upon my spirit's unsoiled essenco.
As through the pure transparence of Ihe
Let not the oppressor clap his bloody hands,
As o'er my prostrale innocence he stands !
15 i:t, if alas, it swrnetli good unto Then
That 1 should perish as the guilty dies,
That, a cold, nuiigled corse, my foes should
With hntel'ul malice and exulting eyes.
Speak Thou the word, and bid them shed mv
Fully in mc Thy will be done, 0 Cud !
On arriving at the fatal spot, he sat down
as ordered, on a bench, with bis back to the
soldiers. The multitude recollected, that in
some iilf.'Cting lines, written hv the conspira
tor in prison., he. had said that it would he
useless tu seek to kill him by shooting his
body taat his he.irt must bo pierced em it
w ould cease its throbbing. At the last mo
ment, just as the soldiers were, about to tire,
he rose up and gazed for an instant around
and nhov- him, on the beautiful capital of
his native lind, and its Rail-flecked bay, on
the ili nsp crowds about him, the blue iiionn-
,.,-, in ,!, distance, and tho skv glorious
Willi the summer sunshine. "Adins iniindo!'
(Farewell world!) be said calmly, and sat
down. The word was given, and five b ills
entered his body. Then it was, that, amidst
the groans and murmurs of the horror-stricken
spectators, he rose up once more, and
turned his head to the shuddering soldiers,
bis face wearing an expression of superhu
ni in courage. " Will no one pilv mc?" he
n.nd, laving his hand over Ills heart. "Mere,
fire here !"' While he vet spake, two halls
entered bis heart, and he f.'ll dead. Thus
perished the bero-oet of Cub i. He Ins not
' fillen in vain. Ilis genius, and his heroic
' death will doubtless be regarded by his race
I as precious legacies. To the great mums of
1,'Ouvertur and Petion the colored man can
! now add that of Juan Placido.
An Interesting Fact.
A correspondent of the Emancipator re
lates the following incident, showing that
although northern professors recognize men
stealcrs as christians, and pray and commune
with theinas such, there are southern slaves
who have a better knowlcdgo of what con
stitutes pure Christianity.
Gen. M , was my particular friend,
with whom 1 used to take my tea usually
two evenings in the week. Ho was an elder
in the Presbyterian Church. Ho lived a
mile from town, and owned a great number
of slaves. Doing a prominent man both in
the church and country around, of course, he
entertained a great deal of company. His
domestic department required the labors of
fifteen or sixteen servants. From the timo
he made a profession of religion, ho was in
the habit of requiring the attendance of these
servants al family worship. This was a dif
ficult task, and to secure obed'ence to this
regulation required constant invitation uud
often admonition nnd rebuke.
On ono occasion the general informed his
favorite man servant, Dennis, that if more
attention was nut given to this duly he would
be obliged to resort to punishment enlarg
ing at the same limn upon the advantages
and privileges of family worship. Dennis
listened till he was done, and then shrewdly
asked if the Bible anywhere said thai Coil
whipped people into Heaven. This query
so iiun-plitssed hi master that the general
concluded to give liberty of conscience after
that; tho consequence, was, that inn short
lime all I lin servants ceased to attend family
prayirs. This oi.ly increased the anxiety of
the general to know the causo of this Hike
warmness. several of the servants being
professedly pious. Onu Saturday evening
w hen I saw the husband of bis chiwf maid-servant,
who was owned by another plainer, and
was also a Methodist preacher, who was on a
visit lo bis wife, be sent for him into his
sitting room, and the following dialogue took
Gen. Isaac, do you know the reason why
all the. servants bavo ceased to attend lamtly
worship I am much concerned for their
souls, and foar they are neglecting their re
Isaac. 1 fear so too, mastcr.and have talk
ed to lliom. but they will not mind me.
They siy they would rathor pr.iy by themselves.
Cen. Do yon know the reason?
Isiac, Yes. sir. Harriet told mo.
Ocn. Xow, Isaac, I want you to tell me,
if you will. Mind. I do not insist, but if
you are willing to tell ine, I would bp glad
lsiae. "Yoll, master, I will tell you, I
think them very foolish, and lell them so,
but when sn'iio things get into black folk's
head you can't get them out. They think you
are not a christian, and Ihey don't like to hear
(on. Indeed ! why, don't I treat them
kindly, and do all for them I canl
Isaac. Yes, but all that don't matter.
Cen. Well, what is the matter. 1
lsiae. They think you are not a chris
tian because you don't set 'em free.
(Jen. Why, who put that foolish notion
into their heads they could not take care ol
themselves, and would all starve or bo in jail
before a ye ir.
Isaac. 1 tell them so, but tbev think
tliey would like to try to t-ike care of them
selves. (icn. Who told I'lem this 1
Isaac. Nobody, master, they just felt it
in their lireasts.
(icn. I)n you feel so Isaae 1
Isaac. 1 think you a christian, and always
come in when I come lo see Harriet.
Cen. Co to the kitchen, Isaac, tho ser
vants are very foolish; Cod has placed them
under mv care, nnd it is tnv duty to take
care of them, and they ought to be contented
and grateful for my kindness.
Thus closed the interview.
Alter Ihe servant was gone we had a long
conversation on ihe subject, in which my
friend frenlv admitted that slavery was a
curse to tho 'country, and would continue to
be so until it wis removed.
Slavery must Cease.
The following is another extract from a ser
mon of tho Hcv. A. Barnes :
"The spirit of the age, and the points of
elovalion which we have gained in the pro
gress of events, are against tho institution of
Slavery; and that institution is destined cer
tainly to fall. It is a Bysteiii at variance with
the settled views of mankind, and with prin-
ciples now established, and from which our
race is not to go oacuwaru. every ining
which has been developed in the long track
of ages and in the revelation of Cod, about
ihe essential equality of man, tho fact that all
are of one race, that the same blood has been
shed for human redemption, and that the same
heaven is open for all, is against this institu
tion. Kvery thing that has been elicited or
established about the dignity of man, iho no
bleness of the soul, the honor of human na
ture, the distinction between intellect and
malter, between man and the brute, isagainst
Ihe existence of this institution. Kvory blow
that has been struck in the cause of liberty,
either in this laud or in the old world; eve
ry lesson taught by the struggles of tho Pu
ritans for freedom here, is against the spirit of
this institution, r.verv common school, acad
,,' . - , , , ' , I. ..
in the land, and all .he
ich we have adopted, that the hu-
views which we have adot
man mind, as such, has a right to instruction;
all that is sacred in the right of trial by jury,
ami r.ll our views that every accused man, no
matter what his color, has such a right; and
all our convictions thai the Bible is made for
mankind, and is to be withheld from none;
and all the deep-felt and inextinguisbahlu con
victions which men are settling upon, that
every man has a right to the fair avails of his
own labor; all these things are against this
institution. All tho settled notions of reli
gion too are against it; and it is only by a
warfare upon the plain and indisputable prin
ciples of the Bible, that it is maintained.
" From these fixed points in regard to lib
erty, education, trial by jury, the right to read,
and tho right to the avails of labor, our nice
do not go backward. These are matters set
tled now, in the ago in which we live. 'One
generation passcth away, and anotlier gene
ration comclb, but these- principles, like 'the
earth, abide for ever.' The spirit of Slavery
is coming more into contact every year with
those great principles; and as they acquire a
deeper hold on the mind, the mind becomes
more iepell.ini to the system. The opposi
tion nude to the institution in this land nnd
Ibis age, is not the ebullition of passion or
excitement. It is the spirit of the ago against
it the growth of centuries, tho result of con
flict, ibu fruit of liberty, Ihe ifftprin rcli-
tzinn i and if any thing may bo predicted in
regard to llie tuttirc, ll is, mai, soiuenow, the
lNSTITl'TlO.N OK SLAVKUV MUST CUASK toll
From the Liberator.
Polk and Flowery.
Our last paper copied a communication from
tho Boston Courier, on the subject of tho rf
fort making for the pardon of Captain Flow
ery, which should have been accompanied
. J . -. Tk,. i
iiy a worn oi rotiuueni. i on iMi.-!.ji,Mi,n,-ni
of the Courier took the ground that Flowery's
sentence ought not lo be remitted, on account
of llio cruelty and wickedness of the crime of
which he had been convicted. At tho first
blush, this would seem to be reasonable
enough. Hut when wo consider who it is
that "keeps him under lock and key, his
claims to a pardon may appear in a dillereut
Who is Peter Flowery? Ono who under
took to supply the demand in the slave-market
of Cub i by importations from the coast
Africa. Who is James K. Polk, who keeps
him in durance, as head gaoler of the nation
One, who countenances and protects men
whoso business it is to supply the demand
the slave-markets of New Orleans or Texas,
by importations from the coasts of Ilalliiiioro
and Washington, Flowery w as only a slave
holder in prospect. Polk is a slaveholder
fant. Flowery's crime coiiRistnd in nn inten
tion to deprive men of their liberty, for bis
private advantage. Polk is doing this every
day of his life. Flowery was a man-thief
poe. Polk is a man-thief i';t ease. Flowery
intci'irri t , steal v u on th-'coaM of fiuine.i,
snd h is in Salem jraof. Polk ha actually i
stolen men ami appropriated Ihem lo his use, !
by the banks of ihe Potomac, and he is in 1
Ihe White House! Such is luck, 'One m ill
is born with a silver spoon in bis mouth nnd
another with n wooden ladle !'
iThore. is great virtue in degrees of longi
tude and pircllcls of latitude. What is a
crime puitishaMe with fine and imprisonment,
tot intend (o do. anrf one punishable with
dqalh to hnvo actually done, in Africa, is the j
corner-stone of Ihe republic, tho Heavcn-do-
and Divinely blessed stay of
(Thurch. in America. Piracy in the ' Culf of
(Juinea is a fair trade in tho Culf of Mexico.
Such is the dilfjrencR between carrying Ihe
same articles of ine.ohandize coast-w ise and
across the ocean. So great is the distinction
between a Yankee coaster mil a lialtiiuore
Had Captain Flowery only chosen Virgin
ia or Maryland for the sphere of his enter
prise, ho would not only have licen sal"; and
iionnreil, but would have been in the direct,
nnd only, line ol promotion. Hy actually be
coming here what he only attempted to be
come there, ho would have taken out the free
dom of this guild, he would have establish
ed bis citizenship, and might have fiirly as
pired lo the highest honors cf Church and
State. So supreme does horrible humbug
Miln n,..- ..a I Vr. ...i. !... fl... .1:,!'.-
between tweedle-duin and tweedle-dee! i
Truly, as Hurke said of llritish llamauiiy,
'Our humanity is a humanity of points and
For our part, wo hope that Mr. Polk will
have Ihe decency lo release Captain Flowery
from his duress. Wo should think he would
blush, if he has not entirely survived such
weakness, to be living in the Xalional Pal
ace, in the enjoyment of the highest honors,
by virtue of tho very act, which Captain
Flowery lies in a git of for attempting to com
mit. This is carrying out the maxim, 'set a
thief to catch a thief,' with a vengeance.
We would, further, commend him to Mr.
Polk as a suitable candidate for promotion.
And in cas of a vacancy in ihe Navy De
partment, (which, from the circumstinee of
its being now fulled by n New England man,
must be considered as probable.) we cannot
think of a more anuroariale choice to replace
the present incumbent. His experience on
me coast ol Alrtca would on tnvaluaiilo lo
guide our men of war, on that stilion, so as
to make the most of the national horror of the
slave-trade, without really interfering with it.
Ami we think that his patriotism might be re
lied on to protect the American Flag in those
w'.t-ters from tho iinmannpred insolence of
British cruisers. These hints are quito ut
Mr. Polk's service. o.
From the Boston Investigator.
A Minister and his Slave.
In one crucible, and presented as a tlinnk-ol-college
,o (o( m(j ,() n, ,()
,. " ,.,., ln , v..i,,
Mn. KniToti : As an instance of the
strange infatuation of the human mind, under
tho influence of religious feeling, by which
everything is am ilg imated, the good and had
fimily I was, in 1810, a family teieher. He
was a very large, portly, tall man, ol the san
guineous constitution, with a full head of
hair as w hile as tvuol, with the peculiar rev
erend glaze of his seventy second year upon
it. He had lost none of his vigor, having
been diligent in business while serving the
Lord, and by three times prosperous mar
riage, and thrifty management, bad his plan
tation and one hundred working hands.
Kvery other Sabbath ho proclaimed about six
miles oil', in a small church for all denomina
tions; and, on the Sabbath morning on which
ho inflicted with bis own hand, piiiiUhment
on a fine, open-faced, and handsomely form
ed young female slave, was about starting in
company with myself to the place of worship.
His lady informed him that Susan had not
been in tho bouse that morning, and presum
ed that she was playing poi.su m that is, pre
tending to he sick. Ho immediately called
her with tho stern voice of a Stentnr, angry,
imperious, and vindictive. We were on a
back pia..a, raised about four feet from the
ground. As I had no idea that he would use
violence, it being the Sabbath day, and he n
minister of the Gospel, 1 remained on the pi
azza. Catching down a largo cowhide, as
the young worn in presented hersi lf,and with
the aspect of a demon, if there is ne, the fol
lowing dialogue and scene ol barliariiv ensu-
Ministcr.-rGomo. here, you black wench !
come close to Iho shed, that 1 may sen and
feel you sick, aru you ! hah! sick! Why
didn't you come at sunrise?-
Snaiin. 1 am very sick, my dear, good
m ister ! I did come, and nobody was up
1 was faint and too sick lo comn tigiin.
Don't whip mo, my dear, good mister I am
too sick !
Htiiitlcr. OfT w ith your slim l, you trol
lop I'll cure you !
Sumn. Oh ! my Cod have mercy on :u" !
Miniitrr. Off with vour shawl in an in
stant, or I will order the overseer to lie you
up to a hundred !
Tho poorgtti, weak and trembling, now
fulled off bar shawl, only exclaiming "Oh!
am loo sick! My dear, giod, Christian
master, don't whip me !" 1.1 r dress was
low, her breast full, and shoulders naked.
II.? hrr-uin-lit ,ln,i'n tlio eovesUin willl :ill his
...,. I. ;..(!;,; ...i.i. ..-.di -... I .tr.win.r
Mon,ri'v..r. .ir?. mnn her shoulders and
krmo ll, r,.,n,T ..ro.,li.r sliriekiiwr all tllC
tune ."Oil ! master! mv good inisur: un
Lord ! God ! Oh ! Oil ! Lord !" Ha expend
ed his strength nn passion, and after twenty
cruel blows, the poor stck girl wenl to tier
sick room, for she was loo sick to be able lo
Ho now adjusted himself for churc.lv, and
preached from the text "lining therefore jus
tified by fiith, we have peace with Co.
through our Lord Jesus Christ, rjy wnom al
so we liavs received Iho atonement. i on
miy well think that I was highly rd:!:f d,
""i'-bly !lTW i? l by Ihe dist oor,r.
Free vs. Save Labor.
f -"V." " " 1 " re-
J''"' '1 !" ,'" '""' '.' "' " "-'7 P"'1 " 1 -scended
borers in Iyr,,pe ; an, argi.e.l Ihe necess.tv
''' ':r!,,".c""!? """ 1 ,l'"r' r" "' r ,rV I
We have received nod penu'd wfih some
rare, a speech of H ni. Andrew Sp-wart. ol'
this State, in defense of the protective policy,
delivered in Congress, on the lib of M r--1
last. Mr. S. r inks among the ablest advo
cates of this policy, and Ihe p.milil-l before
us gives evidence of great industry and re-
iro:n ioe;r ruinous compel) I mn. ys a Iricnd
of the laboring Iran, he u.Mlol not consent j
lo a policy lfi.it would d 'gr nl.' him to a level i
with the lialf-naid laborer of ih. U ,,,.,-!. I I
In th S wo fiillya rre. wilh M -. S ., but there !
is another part of his speech that o'u-hes '
wol'ully with this doctrine, lo that Part of i
his speech under the he id of "Policy of the !
South," we find the fdbwin.': t
"He would r.joiee to see the Niut'i as hap
py end as prosperous as ihe .North. Th- V
had all Lie dements id'weaiih and prosperity
in prolusion around lliem -the raw material
and bread stud's, minerals, 'and w iter -power
In abundance, running to waste. f ih.-v
would allow him to nlfer Ihein advice, it
would In; to abandon an exploded and ruinous
policy; follow the example of ihe Ninth,
and share in their prosperity. Instead of
coining here repining and complaining that
the North was rich and prosperous, making
forty or lifiy per cent on their eipiial. whilt
the South realized but four or live, pist turn
around, quit your lour or live perecui. profits,
and go to work, on what vou u'legc yields
foity or fifty. If tho tariff was confined to
the North you mirlii comnlain: but it was
free loull alike North and South, Kist,,n.
West. Co to tho hammer and the loom,
the furnace nnd the forge, and become pros
perous in their turn. All these blessings lire
within your reach, if you will put forth your
hands lo grasp them ; they aro offered freely
to your accept nice. You enjoy great a I van
tages. You hive not only all tho ndvun-
tages enjoyed by tho North for lit lnnfaclur- i
ing but you have others superadded; vou
supply the raw materiil, anil abovr all, I t'u ir
with'iut icjirn, perfectly available for such
purposes; the hands of ihe young nnd old,
now useless for the field, might, infictorics,
becomo highly profitable and prj lucliv.i oper
atives." Her,', then is the alternative presented to
the free laborer of this country. He m iy
be protected against Ihe pauper labor of F.u
mpe; but let the recommendations of .Mr.
S. be adopted, and he comes directly in con-
i.iui .iin uie siavo i.ioor oi uts o vu country.
A "kibor without wages," as .Mr. S. tru'y
remarks. Nuv what is the cost of this la
bor! The estimated expense of keeping an
able-bodied slave per annum, with his
coarse clothing, and his peck of corn per
week is thirty dollars ; and the inti lest of
the purchase money, say forty more in.ikin"
tho yearly cost of a laboring man seventy
dollars. And if Mr. Stewart's argument is
worth any thing, it amounts to this we
must adopt the protective policy to guard us'
against the half-paid labor of Kurope, while
we are encouraging a policy lb il brings us
in direct contact w ith labor that recites no
wages at all.
e do not introduce ibis article as an ar
gument against protection ; hut to exhibit
lo the laboring man the danger which M ires
him in the fire al home, and from which he
ill! t !t illHT Ilin IV tt H"il II If I
oi ,,i i i a .- ,-7. i . ii. ,
try. Mt:r, l.uminttri.
In a littler of Aug. ", to X. Moire of Cham
plain, X. Y. Mr. Smith writes as a reason
for not attending a Convention,
"Since the Liberty parly his subscribed to
the doctrine of voting for proslavcry men, 1
have no desire lo attend its meetings. I ntil
the last nine mouths, 1 hud liken it for grant
ed, that not lo vo:o 'or a proslavery mill was
a settled, iuimovabh , never, no never to hc
drp irted-lVoiu doctrine of the Liberty parly.
But, 1 learned my mist ike, when 1 found,
that most of tho mombers of the Liberty pir
ty in this Stale and m ist of the Liberty party
newspapers in the nation were In fiv r u!" vo
ting fir proslavery iii mi in construct the fun
damental and organic law of the St ii- of New
York. I bad another and very painful proof
of this mUt ike. when I saw the Liberty par
ly members of the New llimpshirn le gisla
ture voting fir a proslavery m in for Cover
imr ol their State for a man, who, whatever
bis words, is, nevertheless, pros'.tvery in his
influence, so long, us he votes fu' the buyers
and sellers of men. And slill more painful
was mv mistake, when I found, that 11 it one
of the Liberty party newspapers, w hich I b id
seen, evccpliug llie Albany Patriot, disip
proved of iliis con lu -t of the Li icrty p iny
meui'icrs i, f Inn New Hampshire Legislatere.
I cannot vote for nu ii-thicves. I cuiiiot
vote for those, who think ineu-lhieves lit fir
civil rulers. I have no desire I i attend Ihe
meetings of a party, which is gudiy of such
gross inc-iiisisloncy willl the obvious requite
incuts of liepu'ilicanisiii and I 'hristijnliy .
A certain Democmio paper sailh
" Wo despise from Ihe depths of our soul
' and w lib our w hole heart the mischievous
I cant and odious all' clali in, au l iosiUit in-
! tMlsi.lll of till! Ab-lliti
So tar forth
is renccruc.i wr r:t n r ir'nrt u u
We- do not ov'cre thsy h ire t rrr
'Jul ui 'hr iv ' ilnn irmfi-in'Ui hi the
Ir.th t.'l:. U'hi 't I.Jf'I.H the lime tin
tl iirm tc..-j sitn"t Jrtt.H l!ie sturim' im
Ut '"f ' ''''''"" fo'nt Hi ii'",'
r pi nnd cuinpamun to the whiter
fir it ti i '
.'o I hi
We should like to see this gentleman o--plain
upon bis theory, tho conitnu.il running
away of negroes. If tho meters bo s ) dread
fully aggrieved, and iho slaves b so trenieu
d iu 'v hajU'V. why 'li.i'l til" former tun nft ?
They hive every cIit.u-c. Tli -re is no con
siituiioml wirrmt fir nrr.vstiu i t'nvii : their
slave would h - cert, in not to oll'-r any to
jwaidi f r their re-capturo;- they mividi.ir
themsjlvis i 1 1 -1 when lliey phase. Instead
of Ibis, the ii p iy si ivcs ran oiT. and the af
; llie'e.l m isiirs stay at home! Was ever such
stupidity I Ttie poor, distressed, degnde t
.meters are K cn;i,;Vt, ly erased, peelej,
irilljlb d i! nl o. lb 11 Ihey hm,. ,,,( ,.v,,n 8,
much pine'; as their f.lv r s !
Again, we ask Ihe m-Mlcm ip who is so full
o! compassion for ihf enslaved ins-tors, to
evphin thjs ri unili.iide pheu.- ineiroi. Cin.
111 , riXMKli, I). !. A f.-W
VP1:M S""''' id-qnitea ll mr-
H'.l1".' ,nl,1 '." '"s ''' U'iv ' I'"' Uihlr,
P"!""?11"" "' V"' " -"i'""'.j'ieii'ly he
was niioij iipiaily cnspuoious in Ins denun-
e'aiions of vboliijonists. Then is a law in
Virginia tixiug the ineians of individii ils as
well as their ot'n ! pro; eri y. The clergymen
of I!iehlll',n I fi -cling lliis law In I p'pres-
sive, recently agreed lo test it an I se'eeted
Dr. Plnmer to make ihe case.' He aceor
dingly refused to njyo the eoiuinisi-ioner of
(be revenue rmv account of the amount of his
income. This hret.'jht the rase to court, an I
the commissioner being sworn, stited "that
be railed on Dr. Plunier for his tival'le prop
erty and bis incline : Dr. P. gave him a list
of his taxable properly, consisting 'if slaves,
horses. I. irourhc, w atches Mid piano, but re
fused." A;.-. I, t nil know then that ihe Key.
Wtn. S. l'lnin.-r, D. D-, of Ittc'nn old. Ya.,
is a si ivebolde', and th it be reckons bis
"j.'ui".'" w ith bis taxable inncriy." Wo
gither thee f ids from the H, ligiou i Herald,
Aug. 0, I Mil!. .y. .V. II purler.
Tiio.tts I'inmuam, wbosoinetiine since ar
rested in Pcuiisj Iv inia as fugitive slaves
Catharine Paine and her children, nnd con
veyed them to Virginia, where they were de
cided lo lie free li Juil oi Fields, Was laleiv
Irie.l nl (iattyshiugb. Pa., and i-onvirted
11,- ill now" have an opportunity of exoeri-
curing what be was so anxious to
others the loss of liberty.
Shout Chkkk, Harrison Co., ()., )
!Hh mo. ISIti. I)
fVic nfs II. S. (J- J. i:. J.mcsj
I sit down lo redeem rny promise by giv
ing ymi a brief account of the Yearly Meet
ing of Friends which has just clospd its ses
sion at .Ml. Pleisanl. Your leaders may un
derstand that I allude lo thai part of the soci
ety called " Hie!. sites." There had been for
months past much anxiety felt on the subject
of this Meeting. The agitations of last year
were still remembered, ami the s.imo causes
of trouble, and perhaps additional ones, it was
anticipated, would bo eneountere I. Tho
reading of Epistles from the Yearly Meet
ings being nearly the first business, they
were taken up and disposed of, when it was
lnnounced by the clerks that there were two
communications on the table f oin other bod-
i''si (on Iroin (ireeii Plains and one from tho
Marlborough conference in Pennsylvania.)
i . Ii-
A iiomin ittoii ol a low ! rum, Is to examine
ihem was proposed ; nn? member desired that
they should be read without a reference lo a
coiiunilice. No further objection being made
in a eoinmiltt.r, and being according to disci
pline, about two members) fro.n rich Q lartcr
were nominated, w ho, tit a su'iseq ient meet
ing, reported against the reading, with the
explanation tint such was " tho sense of the
majority " of the committee. Sometime al'ler
the committee had reported, the subject was
again referred to. h was proposed that the
articles be put into the hands i.f the assistant
clcik, that members wishing to read them
could have the ojijini liluity ; no objection be
ing beard, and several iipprohating it, Ihut
was iho undi rstinding.
When the Epii-lVs for the di!f rent Yearly
Meetings w ere re al, some diss ilisl'action was
expressed with thai to Indiana, because il did
It it represent fully the fm lings of the meeting
in relation to iheni, OsC
In tho appointment of clerks no diiliculty
arose the old ones were continued.
The Cuiiiiniitee on the subject of Slavery,
which met previous to llie opening cf tho
Yearly Mi cling, continued its session fr.im
day to day, and for some time made little or
no progress, owing to ihe opposition of a few
of the members. Several propositions which
were by some considered important, were, for
the want X unity, abandoned ; but an address
to the members, also intended for circulation,
was, with entire unanimity,' adopted. The
snie passed the Yearly Moi-thi.r without a
tr ird rf npp isi'inn. This was an event as un
expect' d as it was ini ortant, embracing, as
does iho fiddiess, a widj field, nnd being
a lb ciuueiit of eoi si.ler.ible length.
A very important address on the subject of
War was produced hy the Meeting for SufTer
I ings, which was also adopted by tho Yearly
Meeting, and 150i) copies of each of the ad
dresses ordered to be printed for the use
of the members.
After thso acts to further tho testimonies
of the Society on those subjocts, some prob
ably thought we had done too much, soma
th.it we had done enough, but it appears that