Newspaper Page Text
OLIVER JOHNSON, Editor.
NO UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS."
J A BAIINABV, PHllllilnff ABint.
VOL. 5-NO, 27.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA C0.40IIIO, MARCH 16, 1850.
WHOLE NO. 235.
TIIE ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE,
PUBLISHm EVttar iATl'RDAT, IT
S.1LEM, COLVMB1A.YA CO., OHIO.
$1,60 per annum, if paid within the flntt six
months of the auhncribcr' year.
If pi4 brfore three month of the year hit
xpirod, deduction of twenty-five cent will
De mule, reducing the price to ft 1,25.
If payment bo made in advance, or on the
receipt of tho Brut number, fifty rent will be
aertHoteu, making the subscription but f 1.
To any person wishing to cxamino tho char.
actor ot uio paper, It wiu be furnished six
month, for fifty cent in advance ( to nil other,
MTonty-nve cent will bo charged.
No deviation from theso terms.
Wo occasionally sond numbers to thoso
who are not subscribers, but who are believed
to be interested in tho disneminntion of anti
slavery truth, with the hone that they will cith.
or subacril)0 themselves, or use their influence
to extend its circulation among their friends,
W Communications intended for insertion,
to oe addressed to Ur.IVKK Johnson, fcditor.
All others to Jam ks Banaby, Publishing Agent.
Manly Words from a Religions Press.
The Now York Independent is an Ortho
dox religious journal of wide circulation and
communding influence. One of its Editors
is Rev. Leonard Bacon, D. D., of New Ha
ven. In a recent numlier that gentleman has
a long and vigorous article upon the Slavery
Question as it now lies liclbra Congress and
the Country, from which wo give below
some bold and striking passages. When a
popular Divine is found uttering sentiments
like these in a popular religious journul, who
csi: to so !:!:n:l as not to ?cc thst nti-slw-
ry principles, through the fidelity of the ha
ted and despised Abolitionist, are foet per
mealing tlio mind and conscience of the
The StnifTffln pnillir fin is n ati-iirrrrlA ivlinun
depth lie in the organization of society, in
K.l, ...J C...I. .: i I.
cause were planted in the Constitution.
Jliere are two incompatible and naturally
destructive principles wrought together in
the government of tin loud. Hitherto, like
Kanu and Jacob, they have striven together
in the womb. Now thev am born, and that
fond bus liegun which ahull drive the one or 18
the other to the wilderness. To attempt to Bl
settlo a radical opposition of policy, bv eas-
ingoffthe rub here and tliere. leaving the
irreat nrincinles in full viirnr. is as if one
almiibl lint. iv i;..iior .r.,1 ..,,i.i,., .inn ii.. I so
sides of hostile ships that como crashing to-
gi-tncr, instead ot piittmgthe helm about and
going another tnck. " Slavery is right," and
"Slavery i wrong;" "Slavery shall live,"
-Biavery snail dioj" "Blovcry shall ex
tend," Slavery shnll not extend f are
these conflict, to lie settled by any mode of
iMtrcoinng out certuin territories i Now the
battlo roge. nt ono point. By and by it will
rage at another. These oppugnimt ele
ments, Sluvery und Lilierty, inherent in our
iolitical system, animating our Constitution,
checkering our public jMilicy, breeding iu
statesmen opposito irinciilesof government
uiiii iiiMKiiig uur wuoio wisuom on tne great
est questions crosseyed and contradictory,
tlltim l,liniAnlu nra a.nl, nlU.'u 1,1?.
these clement, are seeking each other's lilc.
one or me other must die.
If the compromise', of the Constitution
iu the matter of Sluvery wore adopted, iu
tho expectation that Slavery would .0011
lie eradicated by tho superior vitality of
Lilierty, we can understand the wisdom
of the intention at least But if it wus
designed that one instrument should inclose
the spirit of two theories of government
so totally adverse, it was the most extra
ordinary blindness, the most anomalous
folly which honest men were ever smitten
wuli I We should a. soon look for an a
greement by which Christ and lielial
should jointly undurtuko to govern this
world! Was it thought possible to serve
both Lilierty and Slavery, God and Mammon?
Could the same mouth breathe justice and
injustice? Could a Constitution having
any definite nature, have two hearts, one
Iteming for lilierty, with vitalized blood, and and
the other beating for Slavery with black
inoodf uould it orwiuizo courts emitow- tho
crcd to establish justice and systematic op- or
pressiou ? courts, with one hand to lift up
the wronged by speedy redress, and to beat
down tho wronged with the other by triple
The South now demands room and right
for extension. She asks the North to lie a
partner. For every Free State she demands
one State for Sluvery. One dark orb must
lie swung into iu orbit to groan anil travail
in min, for every new orb of lilierty over
which the morning star, shall sing for
On that question we hold there can be no
Compromise. The Constitution ha. come
to a period of final Construction. Every
year', deluy will aggrovuto the difficulties;
an earlier day had been ltctter than this:
but this is better than any future day. It
is time lor good men and true to gird up
their loin, and stand forth lor God and fur
Humanity. No compromise can help us
which dodgo. the question ; certainly none
which settle it for Slavery. We are told
that tho question is momentous anil beset
with the most serious difficulties. . Neither
in the aftairs of individuals nor of nation, is
there any difficulty when men are willing to
do right. It is when Right is spun to so
fine a thread that it floats like a gossamer
changing to every breath, that we lose sight
of it or find it entangled in our hands.
There never was a plainer question for the
North. It is her duty opculy, firmly, and
forever to refuse to Slavery another inch of
territory, and to tee to it that it never gets
it by fraud. It is her duty to relliso lier
hand or countenance to Slavery where it
now exist. It in her duty to declare tliat
alio will under no consideration I party
to any further inhumanity and injustice.
'.'I . I m I . I ' l .
i iieu mu ptiui win im pniiu nuu siruigui.
The path of Duty, though steep one, and
ouen toilsome, is alway straight and plain.
Thoso are tho Inliyrintliine roods, which
winding tlirougli slough ami thickets, or un-
bosked and dark, seek to find a way around
tho rock and stceH, and come to the gate
oi success, Without climbing the lull ol Dif-
If tho compromise of the Constitution in.
cluiln requisition which violate lliimnnity,
l win not be Itound by them. Not even
tho Constitution shall make me unjust If
my patriotic sires conledvratud in my be-
half that I should maintain that Instrument,
no I will, to tho utmost bounds of right
..... ..m, tiui i.uwer which even v. i ue-
me to Iliiiisclf, sliull bv compact Ibre-or-
duin mo to the commission of inhumanity
ami injustice ? I disown tho act. I repu
diate the obligation. Never whilo I have
breath will I help any official miscreant in
his base errand of recapturing a fellow man
for Isindugc. Anil tuny my litot pulsy. anil
my right hand forget her cunning, if I ever
iiecomo o untrue to mercy and religion
a not, by all the mean in mv power, to give
aid and succor to every man whose courage
ous iiigiu tens nio Hint lie is worthy ot lilter
ty I If asked, what then becomes of tho
Constitution, I reply by asking what lic-
comi's of (jiod's Constitution of Humanity,
i juu give oack a slave to me remorseless
maw of servitude? I nut Constitution
against Constitution God's against man's.
Where they agree thev are doublv saered.-
Where they differ my reply to all question
ers but especially to nil timid Christian
scruples, is in the language of Peter:
Whether it bo right, iu tho sight of God, to
nuarKcti unto you. mere than unto God.
Onrht not Christian, bv all mean in
their power, to prtntrvt the Union 1 Yea,
by all menus that are right ! Hut, dear a
mo tiuon ih, and ought to lie, whenever it
come, between a Christian pcoplo and their
vuristmn integrity it become a snare. J ho
very value of our Union is to bo found in
"lo6 l,r"',,'I' of justice, liberty and hu
ti,u Inunilv which insnire it Itut if liv nnv in.
,e"n, J"Kl0 ' lrmciplea must lie yield-
! i"""""" u union, men a corpse
"".V w'" 1,0 lu" 111 "r orniN defloured,
"M088! worthless. A Union maintained by
"""y to injustice a Union jierpetua-
,0! by obedience to tho desire of Slavery
"u' c'"P", of violence. We empha-
,lieBe "" "ccauso the long-coiitinued
cr!eB r politiciana have produced among
"""J:' ul,n",m" lnen on "nquestioned and
undnturbed conviction that no evil con lie
great as the dissolution of our Union.
'Lwr? niany evils infinitely greater.
The loss of a national conscience is greater.
The loss of public humanity is greater. An
indifference to the condition ot millions of I
miserable cientures. whoso deirrudution. vi
ces, ignorance and animalism pfcud with our
conscience m their behull j this would be an
unspeakably greater evil. So long as we
maintain tho Union on terms which al
us to act with a froo conscience, with
humanity unviohited, we shall count no sac
rifice dear to maintain it. Hut rehgiou and
humanity arc a price too dear to pay even
Our Southern brethren often complain
we don't understand their condition or
.......,1 ,;nn u...l. .1. 1 .l:it!..l.: I
sympathize with their real difficulties.
Even so, too, wo complain that they do not
understand our situation and sympathize
with our difficulties. There are hundreds
thousands of men to whom conscience is
law a luw notwithstanding the sneer, of
tuose who tiout at tho idea ot a conscience
parly. But there is a conscience party !
There is a stem and crowing feeling iu tho
I''reo States, not yet expressed bv unv dis
tinctive organization, that the time has come
a stand against any further nutional 111
Humanity, wo can bear much, but we
cannot and will not bear the guilt of Slavery.
regard it as epitomizing every offence
which man run commit aguiust man. It
takes lilierty from those to w hom God gave
as the right ot all rights. It forbids ail
cither for tho understanding or the
heart It take, all honesty from the con
science. It takes its defeuco from virture,
eives all authority into the hands ot" 1
lustful or pecuniury cupidity. It .corn.
thin v. nml nvm ha it whenever dnu n
the want of money prevail, willi the same
cooluoss with w hich a drover singles out a m
heifer, or a butcher strikes down a bullock.
Theso are not the accidents of Slavery.
Thoy are its legitimate, fruits. They are its
Now we declare that into a fellowship
these monstrous evils, whoso nerne-
trution around our wholo Southern coast is
enouiMi 10 nre-ncciinv tne neaveniv triiiuiiiii
mercv. ami tn exhaust its natieiien nn nn. cr
this form of till tho world-wide human
suflering, we have been drawn unwittingly. 10
o uiu iioi kiiow, or tun not iiiiiik uiai 10
sweur feulty to tho Constitution was to
awenr ItreMervntiini tn Slnvnrv. V lind nl.
i--. . - -: .
understood that tho compromise, of
Constitution were agreed upon in the
North, only that time might be given lor
Slavery to die out. But if another construc
tion be made, and becomes the settled read
ing of that instrument; if tho North is to
the guilt and the South the profits of
Slaver-; if we are henceforth to understand
Shivery is federal anil national, recog-
iu the all-embracing Constitution,
but one course is left us. No earthly JV.
consideration shall make us partner, iu this
monstrosity. We most solemnly declare,
our belief iu Immunity, by our hopes in
religion, by our fuith in Christ, thut we will
every cord of oppression whose force is
Muriveu irum us. Aim 11 in so iiuiug men
choose to interpose the Constitution, upon
Heads lie the blume. 1'ulsied lie
and blasted thoso lips which
our Constitution, ordained for free
dom, the instrument of bondage and cru
We shall study to eircumscribo Slavery
where it now exists. We shall oppose very
party that secretly or openly connives at it
We shall lie hostile to every met sure wmcn
consult it interest. We shall not cease to
stand uion the brink of this dismal abyss,
and over against it smoke and wail to
firny with agonizing earnestness, "llow
ong, O Iiord, how long?" A dnv will come
in liods cotmcil it i already seen ai
vancing when men will look back upon
this system as we now look at the dungeons
and tribunals of the Inquisition, lit that
flnv. mnnv a tnntl will flnnv hia nnretitflire.
and forswear the ancestor who either forired
tetter fir tho slave, or more meanly blew
the bellows for those who wrought at the
anvil of oppression. May my children to
the lutest veneration, in lookmir bock to mv
i ...w w wsw Bvs
lilx-iiy and humanity f
With theso views, no soothsayer is needed
to interpret our view of the extension of
slavery. F.very man consents to it who does
not exhaust Ins strength in endeavoring to
Nor do we misunderstand tho cunning cry
of thoso who ask us to leave tho issues of
this question in now territories to chance.
Noways chance ha. too many wire, and
wiro-worker. to suit our idea
Chance i. the merest gambler,
is loaded. The cards are marked. Only
tl.n :,.:. .1 .i . .i . r . - i
..t.iiii uiiruniB iiiui mum in mir ifhit
Tho South i. to deal, the North is to take
what cards are flirted to it hand. Who
doubt the issue? How many more game
than those already ulnved are needed before
the dupe shall susiicct foul piny ? No: by
as much as Lilierty is dearer to us than
niavery, by so much should we bo more ac
tive in its liehalf, thou its adversaries are in
behalf of Slavery. If they eon toil night
and dnv, dig deep trenches, lienr liurdons
el.wrfi.Ily to sink th meky fiiundutious lor
the towers of Oppression, shall we have no
bulwarks and no lowers lor Liberty ? When-
over and wherever a blow i. .truck lor
Slavery, then mid there must he a double I
stroke tor Liberty t
Putting it Home.
Among die boldest of the Freesoil mem
bers of Congress is Mr. Root of Ohio,
whose powers of wit and sarcasm make him
tho terror alike of the chivalry and the
doughfaces; In his recent speech lie flius
apprises tho Booth of the predicament in
which sho would be placed by an nttcmjit
tn .TAPIItn t. tlirn.tM . I
to execute her threats
Dissolve the Union! How will it work?
Siipimse you do meet in Convention and
resolve that the Union is dissolved, will that
alisolve the President from hi. official oath ?
Will he not stand there still clothed with the
authority, armed with the power to execute I
the luws ot the land i And would they not
be executed? Well, they would. There is
no doubt about it It would lie right in his
line of business. And let me suggest to
you another thing that would follow as an
!.... . a . i
iiieviuioie consequence, mo siar-spangieu
banner, the spread eagle, and so forth, with
fife and drums, and all that sort of thing,
would be paraded through your States.
nie ""gSRst one thing more, as a mere
matter of Onillilin nfeniirUM. tl.flt Vnil liMil ImI. I
matter ot opinion ol course, that you had bet-
ter have a I redenck Douglass on every plun-
tation of the South, lecturing uwn the ' God- of
givtrii riguui ui ninii, limn 10 nave mis mini 01 1
military fuss and parade among you. It
would'nt be favorable to your ieculiar in
stittition. Laughter. It would go a great
way to enlighten your sluve. of the real, not
market, value of weak hands and strong
arms tne very material lor molts anil insur
rections. And if there is any institution on
the face of tho earth not excepting the
despotism of Russia that should be con
servative that should scorn anything like
civil war, insurrection, or mob violence: that
should avoid everything which goes to teach
men with arms that they can, if they only
mane the right Kind ot an issuo, overcome
men with brains; it is your institution of I
slavery. And it may be, or ruther might be,
we were now to have the will of the ma- ha
Jfity of the people of this country carried It
.ll, ,k1 you were to remain in your present the
iruine oi nunu, iiiot you would rusii uiion a I els
cr'B'8 would make it necessary for you In
8I'eedy execute in part what is evidently
",0 ""creu of Uoil, the extermination of sla-
vtry throughout the world. You might
um,l? B"te of thing, which would
moke it necessary to bring about, so far a.
th'ut country is concerned, this result by
your own means: aye, you might arouse
"Uo. "I'on the war Kiwer which is almost
"; u uubuiuiiuii mo wnr now- 1 lor
the military desiKitisin. that would use I On
your siuves nisi as 11 wouiu tuel or louder, I inir
promote its own success. When oppo-
"a n.im ,i,,,i,,,nK Dl,u raumw.
"rcning inrougu your lunn, no you suppose
that VOU COUld keen all VOIlr sluVCS OUlbt? I
1 1 .. i., -i " . .. IP
"uiu uiey 00 naciy to remain neutral in a
civil war ?
The Nashville Convention. But little,
sympathy is given to the gathering of the
Nullifiers at Nashville, in June, among the
people of Louisiana. The tommitteo on
Federal Relation, iu the House of Represon
tliut tulives have reported ugniust sending dole-
gates to such a treasonable gathering. The
O. Bulletin say. the strong men of both
political parties are opiiosed to the scheme,
Every duy demonstrates the powerlessness
Cuihoun's disunion phantasies in the
South-west First, Missouri bolts, followed
usiou by Texas and Tennessee,
o formidable demonstration ha or
been made for a Southern Republic, in
case Slavery is not extended. Nowhere out I
coiiiii Carolina anu ueorgia is mere any p.
unanimity for disutuou.
Putting it Home. Slavery and Freedom-their Fruits.
W6 iKht the opposite influences of Slavery
I .,t i'-,t ., , , .. '
and Social improvement. It is no wonder
The following extracts from tho Speech of
hob U II. Campltcll, (anti-Taylor Whig,)
of Ohio, made in the House of Representa
tives, feh. I4th, 1850, exhibit in a very forci
the South shrieks in agony when blows
like these are dealt at her darling institu
Upon the question as to what ts frue
I hnnmnem and comfort thnni nuiv ha anm lif.
lerenceof opinion. It is a very comfortable
thing, no doubt, to have a negro to rub you
ilwn when you get up in the morning alter
I navwg oeen on on a "bust" t in n Wl.t lu.
- -- r diivii i us. vj 1 1 1 1 r:i iu
br Iff you a light when you wish to toke your
evcu'"K moke or to keep off tho flies as
Juu ul"3. your allemoou snooze! 'Ibis is
'V """J"" comfort In the Northwest, we
bclisve that tho cultivation nf intelli-et. tlm
advancement of public morals, are the true
source of public happiness. Hence, we
build churches and school-houses. found
colleges and academics, establish literary as-
. uiiiuiis, ami ciuiiiay schools! I take
-,,.i.i ., . . .: . p ,-y
.... ;iiu. im. m, biiu u in iy un
7i"m al "li "K., V ""'"'"V nB,,ve '"
..iB.-w.ii tuiuer ina o
ordinance of H7.
and proudly place her by tho side of the
Southern States, to meet her examination,
and an unbiassed verdict.
I lake my statistics from the census tnhlea
returned iu 1840. Ohio ha about one half
only of tho white population of Virginia,
North Corolinn, South Carolina, Georgia,
Alabama, Iiouisiana. Arkansas, and Missis
sippi, eight of the "prosperous and haimv"
' Stales ; yet she sends to school rru.
' oiousand children more than the wholo
Ovio has about the mine white population
worm Carolina, booth Carolina, Georgia,
Alabama, and Mississippi united; and she lias
(IUHT HUHDBED AND FIFTEEN I1KIIO Collcffcg.
academies, and schools than tho whole live
together, and sends to school one hund
aro a.iD thirty-one thousand more chil-
divM ! .
In order to bring the test nearer to our im
mediate homes, 1 propose bringing the dis
trict I have the honor to answer for here, in
to comiiarison with the honorable member's
H hnjpy" constituents. 1 do not boast of the
Ihurfifcehe of my constituents limy are
about on an equality with the balance of tho
state. I here is one county in the gentlo-
lnau'. district whoso people 1 suppose he
liat In in!,,,l'. ..,1..,-. J.
prosperous ana nappy condition ol the South!
ought to be the most intelligent county
soutn ot Mason and JJixon, it we may judge
iron) uia vast numlier ot snaeches which
have been made for its special improvement
is the county of Buncombe! (Laughter,)
iiu ataiw.it .nun uiai my uibitici, compos
ed of three counties, has fun hundred and for-
college ana icnoolg, and sends to them
upward, ol Jyleen thousand scholar., linn
combe ha. one college and the startling num
bcrot otu whole school! (laughter) precisely
the same number that you find sustained in
several of our villages by the free negroes!
do not know that it should be counted as a
whole school either, I m; cause, by reference to
the whole column, I see it contains ouly ten
Buncombe gives 0110 school to every 4,000
her white population my district, one to
My district aends one out of five of her
white imputation to school. Buncombe send
one to 350.
A voice: You take no account of our
private Schools not returned by tho cen
Mr. Campbell. Nor do I take any account
on private schools. Every log cabin in
my district is a private school-house! Von
can find those there that never get to public
schools. In the long winter evenings you
will find collected by the fire-side, tho evi
dences of that increase of population com
plained ot, a circle ot naxoii-huired, hearty
imvi and arirla. The oldest has nerhans ad-
vanced at school to the " rule ol three," and
a c las. of voumrer one. in aiinnle addi-
ion at home calculating not the value of
Union, but probably the number of hush-
ot corn taken to market durunr the dnv.
this way many of our people ore educated,
and not a lew ot thoso thus brought up, find
their way, iu the course of time, to seats in
this House. I have a constituent, now in
mind, who was born in Kentucky, and
came to my district which is now his home,
who received his educution m one ol these
private schools of ours! At the age of six-
teen he drove boggago-wagon. with supplies
me armv wnicu ueiei ueu our iroiuier.
his return he was crippled in his wauon
operations, ileum confined lor a vea.- fie
betook himself to atudy, and at the end of
uino uau, wiuium 1110 am 01 icacuer,
became master of ttio Uitin and l.reek lull
anairea. '1'ha u crnck of his wllill" has been
or --. . .
heard m both branches ot congress, and it
Union is not dissolved too toon, we would
to see how he could nianuge the great
But I have heard of these private schools
Uio South before. I will apply another
which may be more satisfactory and
In the five sluve State, altove named there
of whites, over twenty yeur of age, who
cannot read or writo, i;j,UUU. In unio ' wiw
Mine white population) there are those
cannot read or write, 35,000. Showing
the .lave Suite, with the same white
imputation of Ohio, one hundred and three
thousaud more white adult, who cannot read
write than wo do. Your private schools,
therefore, are not unite so efficient a. ours.
will not say that your scholar are not a apt
ours. a. tliat might uo regarucu a. ng
llow then is it tn Runrnmlie? Her white
wiMiliition over twenty year old is :iTi"i.
Ol these there are who cannot read or write
11T!. Or lor every three adults who can
read or write she has two who cannot
Taking her wholo white Imputation there
is one to six who cannot read or write. In my
district we have onu lu thirty-two. In the
five slnve State above named, of this clnss
there is one to fourteen. In Ohio, only one to
In giving these statistic their proiier force,
two things must lie borne in mind ! 1st.
That tho slave imputation of the south, few
of whom are educated, is not included. 2d.
That they have slaves to ierforin their lulwr
whilst they may go to school, and in Ohio we
lubor for ourselves.
I refer the gentlemen, who have pressed
this investigation upon me, to a table which
is the result of some lalior. It will be a con
venient thing for them. They can at any
time, by reference to it, ascertain how happy
they are, compared with tho eoplo of my
State, with as much precision a they can
ascertain the day of the month by reference
to the counting-house calender, or how cold
i is uy looKing at uie inerinoueter. l give
the proxrtion of tho whole white Hipuhuiun
who, Ix-ing over twenty yen old, cannot
read or write :
Ilimcnmlie Co., North Carolina, 1-fi
North Carolina, 1-8
North Carolina, l-l.'J
Alabama, 1-1 1
It will lie observed that North Carolina
stands highest in the scale of human happi
ness, civilization, and refinement, and that
the good people of HiiiicoiiiImj are particular
ly blest! (laughter.) If their distinguished
representative here is not satisfied with this
exhibition of his constituents, in future he
may rememlier the old adage, that u those
who live in glass house should not throw
Mr. Ashe. Will the gentleman fiivor
us with a comparison of statistics of crime?
Mr. Campbell. My time is so nearly out,
that I cannot If it will comfort the gentle
man in his present tribulation. I will admit
that Northern wuitentiurics show more con
vict than Southern ones. The reason is ob
vious to evervbodv. everywhere. Wn mm.
ish our rascals, you allow yours tn run at
large! (Laughter.) At least we have seen
some recent evidence of the fuct
From the Knickerbocker.
True Freedom: A Sonnet.
Oh ! what is freedom f Say, is that man free
Who wears no shackles on hia outward frame,
And, knows no lord his weary toil to churn,
Or force, obeisance on tho bended knee;
Who yet is bound with botom slavery,
And dare not in tho nico of men to name
His thoughts and focling lest they bring him
Call him not free ! 'tis hollow mockery !
Ixt hun the name of ' freeman ' only wear
Who heralds forth tho truth with curblcu
Who stands erect his fellow men among,
And scorns the coward' abject name to bear !
His name with that of heroes shall bo lung,
And he, their equal, will their glory share. I
Rochetter, .V. Y. Item Hf.nuy Bacon.
T. Buti.ek Kino. Tho. Butler Kimr. in
letter to the editor of Tlie National Intel.
ligeneer, says he received uo instructions from
the President, or any member of the Cubi
uct ou Iho subject of slavery, or anv other
subject Ho says: "I was prepared to ex
pect that tho objects of my mission would lie
jterverted at the North ; and I find accord
ingly that during the last full elections, in thut
quarter, I was there represented as a South
ern slaveholder sent to California to indoc
trinate the people in my opinions alsjut sla
very. This was a base falsehood ; but it it
not half to base at an attempt to imprest upon
the public mind that I tons sent to coerce or in.
Jluenct California to exclude tlavery.n
(T?A few months ago a slave livinir about
eight miles from Washington who was own
ed by a good, pious member of the church
J mother in Israel " run away, leaving a
wife who is now in sluvery. Wishing to be
with his wife, he offered to compromise with
his pt'out mistress, but she rejected his offer
oner me following spirited manner 1
" When my man Gabriel Campbell pay.
le the sum of THREE HUNDRED HOL
LARS in cash and the sum of FIFTY DOI..
LARS jail fees, tliat 1 paid for him when in
tho District Jail, then 1 will give him his free
Irs. Letetia Lanham."
Stevens's Rebuke of AVinthrop. If
you reud tho noble speech of Tiunnri s
Stevens, mude in the House yesterday, you
will find one of tho most scathing rebukes
upon this man that ever was uttered bv snv
one upon the floor of Congress ; so thut Free
Boilers are not the only men who denounce
Wiiithrop. His servile course is the tltcme
rebuke among JS'orthern Whigs, und could
they have their work to do over ouuin. tho
chief of the cottonocracy would not have a
restectuhlu coitorul's guurd to givo him
"aid and comfort." His shameless servili-
ty.muy gain him a foreign mission, but it sinks
below the respect ot all tmo freemen.
In his virulent assaults upon the Free
Soilcrs, the Southern members and dough
faces cheered him most lustily ; and when
attempted to thrust hia malicious dairirer
through Northern freemen at the Proviso,
disuuioiiistB, slaveholders, slave-breeders,
thoir Northern tools, with old Ritchie at
their head, all chipped their hands in triumph,
exulted us to many infuriated despots
wuuiu over me expiring agon IV 01 Ulliertv
herself. Cor. Bott. Jtepub.
Glorying in his Shame.
There wm a great gathering of Dough
fice In Castlo Garden, in tho city of New
York, on tho 2.th nit., to express approba
tion of Clay' Resolutions. The Mayor pre
sided, and Gen. Scott and other dignitnrics
were present Among tho spankers va3
James R. Whiling, a member of the Bar.
formerly District Attorney. Hero. is lint
speech a. reported in Tho Tribune i
Fellow-Citizens, said he, it is no onluin: y
occasion Order! Whiting! Louder! Seoul
Scott! Go ou! Hiss; Older! W o incut
Hot a partiznus, nut as Democrat, pot
as Whigs, not o Abolitionists, nut as I',i
natics but as Unionist. Wo arc ci'lvil
to meet ujion one broad platform, upou
which all the various parlies of the C'Hii:
try, except AlMtlitiouists, can uwrl
join hands and hearts for tho Union; Wg
meet Tor tho I mon, nv, and will die iin.I-.-r
Iho Union! A great black cloud liar-: ov r
our Southern atmosphere, and its titicului.
ing aspect denotes wide-spread ruin. It ia
carrying across the water the luiu-ufMu
news that this country ol lilierly, of eq i -iliiY.
of Union, is nlMtut to lie dissevered ui.J
plunged into fratrici.lul strife; and lor wlul?
For somewhat of injury done to the South.
I stand here to speak the word. The Noilli
has failed to do her duty tn the South. S!w
ha liiiled to fulfil the provisions of tho Con.
Mitution. We have not done justice to thtt
South. I stand here to ask evcidiiiiuU-d just
ice, and if it bo done, the South will sii
dow n with us under our vine and fig tree,
and through all time worship the s.-uno i.hif
of Lilierty. Wo have violated tlio Constitu
tion and injured the South by not reiinnii'
their runawuv slaves, when they sought tlirui
among us. Cries of no! iioiVlircis. Fa
naticism and Abolitionism urn but other
name for burglary, robbery, fraud uud lar
ceny! It was a coiiiprnitiif-e'oii the qiu-tin:i
of Sluvery, iinil hiuul.l ll.u luVr.i! ViAu:
together, and by tliat Compromise that
Constitution we were hound by our oaths,
by our fi-nlty to our country, to render up
their fugitive property. I ask the question,
Have we dono so? S'o! we never ought!
Wo have not. (Mr. W. then mentioned seve
ral case, that had occurred in this city cif
uits to recover chattels, in which tho South,
ho contended, had been wronged. Ho sound
ly rated the Judgo who would nut ermitthii
laws of Maryland to appear in Court nn that
basis of a alove claim.) I will go as fiiras anv
one to free a man from his bonds; but I wifl
not go so lr aa to break through tho Consti
tution I will yield up tho neproe. If is
our duty to yield them up, when thoy hnve
run away from their owners. I hnvo pro-i
fessiotiuily defended several such cases, and
have found all theso men men from Mnry
luud, Virginia, Gcorrin. reasonable and dis
posed to be just. 1 defended one big negro,"
who s'ood six feet lu his stockim?. lie w-iw'
cluimed by a man from North Cmlin:i,
named Wilson; but it turned out that thn
claimant wa his own father llmt the negro
was his child bv 0110 of his feninle kl.iv '
tho jury returned a vertiirt in fiiror of tin
negro. Did North Carolina over rnniphiin ?
No. And sho never will conml.i'm. iiKtrl, V
justice lie done. I tell ynu, our fiir.jtiep, uur
Abolitionists arc the worst men Icvcrs.nv."
When Mr. 1st of Maryland n-i leinc.rn!)!
high-minded, chivalrous a gentle.rin nil'
ever met camo here to claim n ninawnv
sluve, a liody-servunt, and one in whom
had pluced grout confidence one win. hud
always fared better than the lieo negroes
nere nc i.ur. 11 lounil slinme id trrntineni.
le found that the slave hud been pursundeil
to run away by some free negroes: thnt hu
never desired to leave his master, but tlio
negroes end Abolitionists would not allow
inn to go back. I made arrangements iheo.
to sell the negro for ono-third of his value.
and could have doue so, and ho might Inivo
easily earned his freeedom, had theso l'unat--ic.
anil AMitionista let him alone. Oh,,
these smooth Uuakcr rascals, these fonmio.
mams, these scoundrel Abolitionist, whoso
lynoerisy and canting tthilauthmnv oinrlit t..
double-damn them 1 it la thev uhu iiiilii. u
Judgo to reverse hi decision, and 1, U
man ; it is thoy who hnve not us to in n-
brink of disunion. Great coiilusiou. VVheut
we do justice to the South, thero wiU.ts? no.
cause of complaint ; there will be no" com-
tluuit. I J he noise was now so L'renl thut.
we could not catch Mr. W.'s lemaiLs it:
some time. The South are as deeply iuW
csted in preserving the Constitution intnot as.
we are. 1 hey say to the North, do us jiisv.
ice simple justice. 1m us biiuiu. 4hu.4e.
do our duty, and the causes of strilii miII ' Im.
at an end. Tho Union must not, emu mi Im
dissolved. N curly - al h nf those bc!nif tnr
have Imjcii nursed mider tho Uittnrr.'-J'rc-lc.'f'
tho Union, then ; let it stand,; therjartjii!
beacon to which all tho tin-pi s' cf rturiu.rjlr"
tho Old World are anxiously lod.ii.
Let it never be said that tho.su lui!!:.u:L
tar grew dim, uud 0110 by one, Jri pt.l
from their sphere that tltuso stripes u erb
tarnished by internal strife that lids great
Union is shivered and scattered ubroi.d. La
say to tho South, we will do you justice
our judiciary .hall do you justice. Let un
soy and do this, and tho Union shall tit bo
dissolved. The South shall bo bound tip
with the North iu tho hopes of itir.sn w!,i
to come after us who are to Jivo in
peace and prosperity undor the Union. Let
pledge our "lives, our Ibrliiti. s and our
sacred honor" thut not a star rhull be ohlitt
rated, not a Btripe erased from tho gloiiou.
flag thut now flouts over our Union.
There was something of a flurry ns the
attorney sat down, but no up
pluuse greeted his diutribu.
Onco make antiquity a model for ail fu
ture ages, anil fuslou ou the mind a system
aucrod tor examination, and beyond
ich it must not stray, and in cxtiuguisii
ing ita hope of progro&s you luko away u