OCR Interpretation


Anti-slavery bugle. volume (New-Lisbon, Ohio) 1845-1861, March 23, 1850, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83035487/1850-03-23/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 110

WEBSTER'S SPEECH.
EXTRACTS.
Slavery Excluded by Nature California
and New Mexico.
Al to CaUronveand New Mexico, 1 ho d
Slavery to bo excluded front these territories
hy a law cVcn Bi"rtor In tliut which admits
nd sanctions it m Texan. 1 nienn the law
tf nature of physical geography the Inw
.. of thn formation of tho earth. The Ihw sot
ties forever, with strength beyond all
terms ef huninn enactment, that shivery
rnuimt exist in California or New Men
co. Understand me, sir; 1 menu slavery na
" we regard it; slaves in tho gross, of the col-
xtrca raco, translerablc liy sale and delivery
liko other property. I shall not discuss that
HinL 1 leave it to thn learned gentlemen
who have iiiidertakeii to dirusnrtt hut I
-mppone tliere is no slave of that description
in tnhfWuia now. I undeift md that pcon-
isnV, a sort of penal servitude, exrMs there, or
rather a soil ol voluntary eale of a man and
liis oOVpring lor debt, na it is arranged and
foists in km ne parts of Culilhruia and New
-Mexico, ibit what 1 mean to snv is, thut
African Slavery, as we sec it among lis, is os
Utterly iniH!wiblo to find itself) or to be
fonnil iu Alexia, as any other natnrnl itn-
loasihility. California and New Mexico are
Asiatic in their formation and scenery. 'Iliey
are composed of vast ridges of mountain
t euormoits luutit, with sometimes lirokcn
vr.lget of deep valleys. The sides of the
mountains ore barren, entirely birron, their
tops capped ny perenniul snow. 1 here may
He In lulilnrnia, now inndu tree lv Its eoi
etitulion, and no doubt there nro, some trncts
of vuluable land, lint it is not so in New
Mexico. Pray, whnt is the cvidonco which
ny gentleman hn obtained on this subject,
from information sought by Inmeclf or coin
uuiiicnted by others, 1 iinve inquired and
read oil I could in order to obtain inlbniin
lion in this subject. What is there in New
Mexico that could by any possibility induce
ny body to go there with slaves ? There
are some narrow strips of tillable lund on
the borders of the rivers; but the rivers
themselves dry up bclbro midsummer is
gone. All that the people can do is to rniso
mine little article, sumo littlo wheat loi
their tortillas, and all that hy irrigation.
And who expects to sco Q hundred black
men cultivating tobacco, corn, cotton, rice,
or any thing olse, on lands in New Mexico
made fertile only by irrigation P 1 look up
on it, therefore, as n fixed fact, to tiso on ex-
pression current to tho day, tint both Cali
lbrnia and New Mexico are destined to lie
free, so far as they are settled at all, which
I believe, especially in regard to New Mcxi-
oo, will be very littlo for a great length of
time; tree ny tho arrangement of things by
the Power above us. I have therefore to
say, In this respect also, that this country is
- fixed for freedom, to as many persons as
shall ever live thero, by as irrepeulablo and
more iinprobublo a law than tho luw Ihat
attaches to the right of holding slaves in
, Texas; and I will say further, that if a reso
lution or a luw were no v before us to pro
, Vide a Territorial Government for New Mex-
ico, I would not vote to put any prohibition
into it whatever. The use of such a prohi
bition would be idle, as it respects any effect
. it would have Upon tho Territory; and 1
. Would not taho pains to reform an ordinance
' , of Nature, nor to re-enact the will of Hod.
. And 1 would put in no Wilinot proviso for
the purpose of a taunt or a reoroach. 1
;.. would put into it no evidonce of the votes of
uiierior power, to wound the nridn, even
whether a just pride, rational pride, or on
.'irrational pride, to wound tho pride of the
iroiitlemen who people the Southern States.
.... For myself, 1 will any that we bear
much of the annexation of Canada ; und if
. . there be any man, any ot the Northern l)e
. mocrucy, or any one'of tho Free Soil party,
; Vrho supposes it necessary to insert a Wil
i.root proviso in a Territorial Government
.. for New Mexico, that man will of course le
of opinion that it is necessary to protect the
e voi lasting snows of Canada" from the foot
. ot slavery by the samo oveiimwcring wing
of an act of Congress. Sir, wherever there
. is a foot of hind to bo staid Iwick from be
coming slave territory, I am read) to assert
uo principle oi me exclusion ot siuvery. 1
am pledged to it again and again, and 1 will
, lierlurm those pledges; but I will not do a
tiling unnecessary, thut wounds the feelings
. of othors, or thut docs riisgraco to my own
uaueisuinumg.
Reclamation of Slaves.
. I will state these complaints, especial
ly one complaint of the South, which
has, in my opinion, just foundation ; and
that is, that tliere bus been found at the
North, among individuals and among
the legislators of the North, a disinclination
- to perform fully their constitutional duties
in regard to the return of persons bound to
service who have escajied into tlie free
(States. In that resiiect, it is my judgment
that the South is right and the North la
Wrong. Every member of every Northern
Legislature ia bound by oath to support the
constitution of the United States; and this
article of tho constitution, which ssvs to
these States they shall deliver up fugitives
from service, is as binding in honor and con
science ni any other article. No man fulfils
his duty in any Lcgmlatura who suls himaelf
to find excuses, evasions, escapes from
tins coueitiiiuunui duty. I have nlwnyi
thought tnut the constitution addressed it
self to the legislatures of the Slutes them
selves, or to tho States themselves. It say
thut theso persons escaping to other States
tdiull bo delivered up, and 1 conlbw I liuvo
fdways been of tho opinion that it was
injunction irpon the States themselves.
When it is said that a person escaping into
another Stato, end becoming, therefore,
Vfithiu the jurisdiction of that auite, shall
delivered up, it seems to me the import
the passage is, that tho Stale itself, in obedi
enco to the constitution, ahull causo him
ho delivered up, Thut is my judgment.
liuvo ulwaysontertiiined it, and 1 entertain
now, Hut when the subject, souio years
ago, was Lcfbro tho Supreme Court of the
United States, the majority of the judges
held tout tho power to cuuse fugitives from
crvico to be dulivured tip was a power to
exercised under tho authority of tho (j'overn
liu.nl. I do not know, on the whole, that
limy not have been a fornmuto decision.
Sly habit is to respect the result of judiciul
uhbeiauona, und tho aoiemuity of judicial
docwKMk Jim, us k now stands, the bui
lieas ,j mhno f that these fugitives are de
livered p resulos iu the power of Congress
Mud the Motional judicature, and my friend
V bead of the Judiciary Commute !,,
bill os the subject now Imforo the Senate,
. fc I
whli soma ninendinenta to it. which I pro-
pose to supiiort, with all its provisions, to the
fullest extent. And I desire to call the at-
tention of oil sober-minded men, of all con-
ecienlioua men iu the North, of all men
.i, ... , ..r.,.i i.v ,h. fnnntirnl
idoa, or by any false idea whatever, W their
constitutional obligations. 1 iut it to all the
soler ami sound imnds at tho. isoiiii as a
question of conscience. What right have
they, in their legislative capacity, or any
other to endeavor to get round this consti
tution, to cmhnrrass the free exercise of tlw
rights secured by tho constitution to tho per-
m,n.m uhnut lui'ia fn no t'miii llinn ? Nmifl
at all ; none at all. Neither in tlie forum of
oonsHem-o nor before the fuce of the con-
stittuion are they justified, In my opinion.-
Of course it is a matter for their couplers-
mm i. ..i t.. :i .i..
lion. l liey proiiainv, in iu iiirimrn ,i 11113
times, have not stonned to consider of this;
they have followed what seems to be tho
current of thought and of motives for tho
occasion, and they iiCL'Iret to investigate
neglect
fully the real question, and to consider their
constitutional obligations; as I am sure, if
they
did consider, they would fulfil them
with alacrity. Therefore, I repeat, sir, that
hero is a ground of complaint against tlie
North well founded, which ought to be re
moved, which it is now in the power of tho
different departments of this (jovermuent to
remove; which culls for tho enactment of
proper laws authorizing the judicature of
this tJovei nmenf, iu tho several States, to do
all that is necessary for the recapture of fngi-
tivo slaves, and tor the restoration ol them
to tlio.io who chim them. Wherever I go,
and whenever I speak on the subject and
when I seak hero I desiro to speak to tho
whole North I say that the South has been
injured iu this rrxpect, and has a right to
complain ; and tho North litis been too care
less of whnt I think tho constitution per
emptorily and emphatically enjoins upon it
as a duty.
The Anti-Slavery Agitation.
I
Then, sir, there arc those abolition societies,
of which I am unwilling to speak, hut in re
gard to which I have very clear notions und
opinions. I do not think them useful. I think
their operations for the lust twenty years have
produced nothing good or valuable. At tho
sumo time, I know thousands of them era
honest and good men ; perfectly well mean
ing men. They have excited technics, they
think they must do something (r the causo
of liberty, and in their sphere of action they
do not see what else they can do, than to
contribute to un abolition press, or au aboli
tion society, or to pay an uholition lecturer,
1 do not mean to impute gross motives even
to the leaders of these societies, but mil not
blind to the consequences, 1 cannot but bco
what mischiefs their interference with the
South produced. And is it not plain to
every man P Let any gentleman who doubts
of that recur to tho debates in tho Virginia
House of Delegates iu l&t!, and he will! sco
with what freedom a proposition made by
Mr. Randolph for the gruilual aliolition of
slavery was discussed in that body, livery
one sioko of slavery as he thought ; very
ignominious and disparaging names and epi
thets were applied to if. The debates iu the
House of Delegates on thut occasion, 1 be
lieve, were nil puuhbhcii. 1 hey were rend
by every colored man who couhi reud, mid if
there were any who could not read, those
debates wore read to them by white men.
At thut time Virginia waa not unwilling nor
afraid to discuss this question, and to let that
part of her imputation know as much of it
us they could learn. That was in
As has lieeu said by the honorable member
from Carolina, these uholition societies com
menced their course of action in lt15. It
is said I do not know bow true it may be
that they sent incendiary publications into
the slave States ; at nny event, they attempt
ed to arouse, and did arouse, a very strong
feeling; in other words, they created greut
agitation iu tho North against Southern slavery.
Well, what was tho result? Tho
bonds of tho slaves were bound mora firmly
than laifbre ; thoir rivets wero more stronuly
fastened. Public opinion, which in Virgiuiu
had begun to bo exhibited against slavery,
and wus 0K.-niug out for tho discussion of
tho question, drew back and shut itself up
in its castle. 1 wish to know whether uuy
body in Virginia can now talk us Mr. Ran
dolph, Gov. McDowell, and others talked
there openly, and sent their remarks to the
the press, iu 18,'fci, We all know the fact,
and we all know the causo, and every thing
thut this agitating people have done has been,
not to enlarge but to restruiu, not to set free,
but to bind faster the sluve population of tho
South. That is my judgment. Sir, as
have said I know niuny ot thorn in my own
neiL'iiuoriiood, very honest court neonle. mis
led, us 1 think, by strange enthusiusm ; but
uiey wish to do somcthiiur. and they are cal
led on to contribute, and they do contribute
and it is my firm opinion this da v. that with
in the lust twenty years aa much money has
been collected and paid to the abolition socie
ties, abolitiou presses, and abolition lecturers,
as would pin chase the freedom of every
sluve man, woman, and child in the State
Maryland, und send them all to Liberie.
have no doubt ot it. liut I have yet to leant
that the benevolence of these obolitiou socio
ties has at uny timo tukeu thut particular
turn. (laughter.)
Colonization.
au
be
of
to
I
it
be
it
at
In my observations upon slavery as
has existed iu the country, and us it now
exists, I havo expressed no opinion
tho modo of its extinguishment or utue
liorution. I will suy, however, though
have nothing to propose on that subject, Iw
ciiuso I do not deem myself so competent
other gentlemen to consider it, thut if
gentleman from tho South shall propose
schema of colonization, to be carried on
this Government upon a huge scale, for
transportation of fieo colored people to
colony or place in tho world, I should
quite disposed to incur almost any degree
expense to accomplish thut object. Nuy,
following an example net here more than
twenty year airo by a irreut man. then
Senator from New York, 1 would return
Virginia through her for the benefit of
wholo Soutl
ii .t ,
all tho money received from
the lands ami territories ceded by her to
Government, for nny such nuriNiso as to
lievc in wholo or iu put t, or iu uny wuy
inmiiiiNii or uoai Deneliciully with the
v.. i wim iiMnuiiuii u uiu i?ouuiern mutes,
I I. mm I I . . 1 17' . A. I
LT . . a
cession or this territory. Thni Iifiva hvnn
received into tho treasurv of tl. ir..it.,.l
Slates eighty millions of dollars, the proceeds
of the sales of the public lands coded
by V irginia. If the residue should bo
at
the urao mm, the whol aggrr-ate will
J .. a l..tau.Mrl mi linn . Julias s- If
exceed two hundred millions of dollani.
Virginia and the South see fit to sdopt any
proposition to relieve uieinseivee iroinum
eople of color among them, they way have
uiy tree consent that ino i.overiimeni simn
nav tlicin any sum oi money out oi i
ceeds which may be adequate to the purpose.
Not likely to change his Opinions.
I have sought onlv to speak my scntlmenta
fully and at largo, being desirous once and lor
all, to let the Senate know, and to let the coun
try know, the opinions anil sentiments which I
entertain on all these subjects. These opin
ions are not likely to lie suddenly changeu,
If there be ony future service that I can ren-
der to tho country, consistently with t lieso
sentiments and opinions, 1 shall cheerluiiy
render it. If there lie not, I ahull still be glad
in Imvn Imil mi niioortiililtv to ilishurden my
- , i- - -.
conscience f.om tho Isjttomof my heart, and
to make known every political sentiment that
' therein exists,
The Peroration.
:
j
And now, Mr President, insteod of
stieiiKing oi mo possioimy or uumj
caverns of darkness, instead of groping
with those ideas so full of all that is horrid
and horrihle, let us come out into the light of
day; let us cherish those lioes winch oe
loiiif to us; let us devote ourselves to those
grcut objects that are fit for our connidera
tion and our action ; let us raiso our conccp-
lions to the magnitude and the importance
of the duties that devolve upon us; let our
comprehension bo as broad as the country
for which we act, our uspiratinns us high us
its certain destiny; let us not be iiiiinits in a
case that calls for men. Never did there de
volve on nny generation of men higher trusts
than now devolve upon us lor the preserva
tion of this constitution, and the harmony
und peace of all who ore destined to live
tinder it. It is a great populur Constitutional
Government, guarded by legislation, by law,
bv judicature, and defended bv the wholo
affections of the riconlo.
No monarchical throne pressed these
States together; no iron chiiin of dcHKitie
power encircles them; they live and stand
upon a Government popular in its form,
representative in its character, founded upon
principles of equulity, and calculated, we
impo to lust forever. In all its history it has
been beneficent; it lias trodden down no
man's lilicrtv: it bus crushed no Suite.
has been, in all its influences, lieiievolclit,
beneficent; promoting the general prosperi
ty, tho general renown, mill, ot lust, it has
received a vast uddition of territory. Large
before, it has now, by recent events, Ix coino
vastly turgor. This republic now extends,
with a vast breadth, across tlie wholo ronti
nent. The two irreat sens of the world wind
the ono and the other shore. Wo may real
ize tho heuutihii description or the orniuneli
tal edging of tho buckler of Acliille
"Now the broad shield complcto tho artUt
crowned,
With his loit hand, and poured the ocean round
In living silver seemed tho waves to roll.
And beat iho buckler's vcro, and bouud the
whole."
I LOVS AGITATION WllKS: TllrotU I. f-p POK
IT TUB ALAHK DI'.I.L TV II I OH BTAUTLK tUS 1M-
UA1IITANTS or A cm, SAVr. TIIUM moil ukino
ULUNEO IN TUElll iieiw. Burkt,
B'alt'm, Ohio, March 23, 1819.
EI)C Uiti-Slaucrii Bugle.
fT7HE.NRr C. Wright will hold meet
ings on War and Sluvery ot Deerfield
Sunday, March 31st. He will siicnd next
Sunday (to-morrow) with the friends at Fuir-
monnt.
Speech of Daniel Webster.
I
;
of
I
it
of
I
us
a
bv
tho
any
be
of
sir,
a
to
the
this
re
to
bee
.
"or
sold
Tho extracts we this wook present from Mr.
Wcbtcr's Speech will command gcncrul atten
tion ; and so also will the manly crtliqtu of tho
Nw York Tribuno, on tho First Page. All
things considered, wo regard the Speech,
which we have only given some of the most im
portant passages, but quite enough to exhibit
true character,) as tho most degrading and ser
vile yet made in cither House during tho pres
ent session. His dough is even flutter and
sourer than that of Cass, his yeast of a poorer
quality than that of the great Compromiser
himself. Whnt ailed tho political idol of New
England, tho prido of Puritnn piety, that
should havo mado such a speech ? It were
charitablo, perhaps, to ooncludo thut ho spoko
under the inspiration of the wino-cup or
lirandy-bnttlo, but that conclusion is rebutted,
not unfortunately by his reputation for sobrie
ty, but by the evidences of cool deliberation
which pcrvado tho entire performance. Thcro
must bo somo other explanation of what
North and South both regard as a strongo
unlookod for phenomenon. What can it be I
Mr. Webster has not turned his back upon
North and courted the proUci of the Washing
ton Union and tho panegyrics of John C. Cal
houn without a motive. Why should he, a pol
itieian, be true to tho North, whon the North
not true to herself? Whon New England
to Kentucky and Louisiana for a Presidential
candidate, and hastens to throw herself at
foot of slaveholders and warriors, why wonder
that her own sons should hopo to commond
thcmselvos to her favor rather by truckling
subserviency to tho South than by a bold
mnnly ndhcrcnce to tho interests of Freedom
That Mr, Webster wants to bo President, nobo
dy doubts, and past experience having taught
him that the North never supports for that
fice any man who docs not stand well with
Slaveholders, he doubtless resolved to obtain
from Mat a reward of merit,' in the hope
I thereby securing tho approbation and favor
i a,. I..U.V uitiuuuuiw vwiiBu.uvijuh - Vital! IU
i . ....... nii.
' 'mi"M m ln oou " wemens, of
I Washington Union, the Charleston Mercury
nd Dennett's UcralJ, he may hopo to compete
successfully with tho next fjUveholding
i tunt ibr Presidential honors.
!
Tho speech is remarkoblo as well for what
I ..... -un
1 does no as for which it do contain. - Thcro
". in it one bold or manly word for Freedom
' one expression of sympathy for the slave,
' single rebuko of tlio South for her numberless
It
on
(of
its
ho
tho
the
and
the
Is
goes
the
and
and
r
of
tho
of
of
lllu
the
ospi
it
is
oi a
outrages against the laws of hospitality and the
Constitutional lights of Northern citizens. Ia
point of hurasnivy, he is even behind Mr. Clay,
in that he offers not a word agaiuts the truffle in
human flesh in tho District of Columbia 1
His heart if he may he supposed to hare one
is steeled against the cries and and agonies of
the oppressed. No sentiment of moral indig
nation against the oppressor escapes his lips.
Tho Constitution Is to him tho end of the law
for righteousness. lie can see no ' broad line of
distinction between Right and Wrong,' and in
his estimation it is no more unnatural that soma
men should hold slaves than that others should
regard the practico with abhorrence 1 Ne
wonder that a man whoso moral perceptions are
thus confused should be found willing to barter
the hopes of millions and tramplo his own pro
fcasion and the honor of bis country in the
dust for the sake of political preferment.
We have neither timo nor room to review
the speech. Lot every one look at the ex
tracts we have given, and judge of it for him
self. Note his impudent pretence that the
Wilraot Proviso is unnecessary to exclude Sla
very from New Mexico. Aa if the wholo
country did not know that the Ordinanco of
1787 was applied to a regioa lying wholly North
of 86 e 30'. Behold, too, his readiness to
make all our Postmasters slavecatchers, and to
punish the citizens of the North for feeding the
h'ngry and clothing the naked. The business
of catching and roturning the fugitive bondman
to bis tyrant master is one in which, in his
judgment, conscientious ' men at the North
should engage with almrtiy yes, that is the
word 'ALACRITY I!
We rejoice that this infamous speech is con
dcrnned by many leading presses at tho North,
Even tho Boston Atlas declares : Wo can'
1 not agree with Mr. Webster ; his sentiments
aro not our sontimanta. They aro not, we
venture to say, tho sentiments of New Bug'
nd."
The Washington correspondent of the Bos
ton Courier, another Whig paper of high au
thority, says i " Wo are unnblo to find that any
Northern Whig member of Congress concurs
with Mr. Webster in the propriety of estab
li.ihing territorial governments for New Mexi
' co, stc, cilhout the ' WUmot.' And it is free
ly said, that his argument, that itis not worth
whilo to ' re-enact what God has ordained,'
woidd have been as good an argument agninst
' tho original passago of the ordinance of 1787,
1 as it is against tho application of the 1 Wilmot
to a territorial government for Now Mexico."
Tho Boston Journal takes ground against Mr,
Webster's views and shows that the Resolves
of Annexation do not rcquiro tho erection
now slaro States in Texas, the languago being
may erect slave States, not thali.
The Pittsburgh Qasettu condemns Mr. Web
ster's remarks on the reclamation of slaves.
says t " It la not in the power of Congress
pass a law to compel a great community
violate their consciences. They may make
many laws as they please on tho subject, and
the moral senso of tho people of the free
States will render them inoperative. The laws
of God and tho dictates Of humanity com
pel us to sympatluzo with the distressed, pant
ing, hungry fugitive from oppression
and no act of Congress can convert a commu
nity which abhors slavery into a society
slave catchers."
On tho other hand, Mr. Webster has earned
tho praises of John C. Calhoun, the Boston
Post, tho Washington Union, the New York
Herald, and tho Hunker Democracy generally,
In viow of this tho New York Tribune hits
him thus t
" Mr. Webster has a strong head, and
trust no such flatteries, anticipatory or compen
satory, will suflire to turn it. He will yet find
that they are but Judas kisses, given to mislead
and betray. They were dearly earned, and
will vanish like the dews of summer. Mr.
Webster cannot outbid Mr. Buchanan
tho Propagandists ' favor, and if he could
good intentions would bo futilo. We doubt
whether ho can carry a single Northern Whin
vote besido his own even to tho extent indica
ted in his Speech. In short, the speculation
a bad one for all parties engaged in it. They
havo only deceived each other and compromised
themselves."
Thomas Cahlyle. This ccccntrie genius
issued what he calls a Latter Day Pamphlet'
the first of a scries, in which he proposes
give tho world the benefit of his views of gov
ernmont and society. Democracy in America
ho considers a failure Ho says t
"My friend, brag not yet of our American
cousins 1 Their quantity of cotton, dollars, in
dustry, and resources, I believe to be almost
unspeakable, but I can by no means worship
the like of these.
What crcat human soul, what ereat thnucht.
what great noble thing that one could worship,
or loyally admire, has yet been produced there
None; the American cousins havo yet dono
nono of theso things. What have thoy done
growls HmcUungus, tired ot the subject. 'They
have doubled their population every twenty
years. They have begotten with a rapidity
yond recorded example, Eighteen Millions
me greatest tort ever seen in this world before
that hitherto is their teat in history. "
Mr. Carlisle, wo fear, is a somewliat fickle
nius. How long is it since he pronounced
West India Emancipation a humbug, because
did not put ' dollars ' into the pockets of
planters, but only brought Quashec' plenty
pumpkins,' and made him too Independent
work for nothing r And yet now he turns
his genteel noso at his American cousins,'
affects inability to worship his own idols,
Aey are found bending before them I
would think 'Brother Jonathan,' for his opposi
tion to Emancipation and his hatred
Quashec,' entitled to Mr. Carlyle's special com
mondution ; and yot he exhibits toward him
spito amounting almost to malice. We
thut this is simply ungrateful. If the Ameri
cans have produced nothing but cotton,
lars and industry,' it is because the churlish
Scotchman's philosophy is susceptible of no
fruits, for they have practiced it with
that aa hardly be excoedsd.
Letter from Henry C. Wright.
CINCINNATI, Match 7, 1850.
of
It
to
to
aa
of
we
in
his
is
to
i
) '
be
of
:
ge
it
the
of
to
up
and
Ono
of
a
insist
dob
hot
ter seal
biAiOLrvtai The contest deepen, and thia
Slavcholding Confederacy rushes to its doom,
The nation Is now reaping the bitter fruits of the
violation of natural justice perpetrated by those
who formed this Union. They tought to unite,
in loving fellowship, the most glaring and re,
vol ting contradictions. They undertook the
fearfully wicked and absurd work of forming a
,'nio between Liberty and Slavery, Truth and
Falsehood, Justice and Injustice, Love and
Wrath, Purity and Pollution, Christ and Belial.
Tho result has been just what any mim mind
might have foreseen. From the first moment of
its existence the War began ; and never, for one
hour, has it been intermitted and novsr will
be, till Slavery or Liberty has annihilated iu
antagonist. A union with slaveholders to se
cure the blessings of justice and liberty, and do
mestic tranquility I The world never witnessed
a more stupendous enmo. At once the whole
Northern section of the Nation was thrown in
to a position in which all mutt begin a stern and
determined warfare against those with whom
they had formed an alliance or begin to exert
their ingenuity to reconcile with all that is just
and good all that they feel to be unjust and
evil. The Religion, the Literature, and Gov
ctrunent of the country, entered the lists to re
concile the most revolting crimes with the most
cxslted virtues. Tlie Church and Clergy, the
College and Seminary, the priest and politi
cian, the poet and orator, have done little else,
in this land, than seek to throw the sanctions of
tho Bible and God around deeds perpetrated by
their Southern allies in plunder Jt murder, which,
whon done in Ohio, thoy say ought to consign
a man to the dungeon or the gallows. Whst a
fearful state ia that people in, when they are
oriven to justify their conduct by seeking to
make the moat atrocious deeds and principles
seem hi harmony with a God of justice and
lovo I
Of the abolition of Slavory there is no hope
whilo this Confederacy exists. The glorious
consummation is impossible while the Federal
Government is pledged to return fugitive slaves,
and to put down servile insurrections. Therefore
my prsycr, by word and deed, shall be down
with this bloody Union, begotten in sin, born
in sin, nurtured in sin, and now, like a boa con
strictor, gorging itself with the very vitals
humanity.
Glad was I to read tho doings in Salem, as re
corded in the two or throo last Bugles. This
tangible ground. liaise the moral sense of the
pooplo of Ohio and all the North above the
Constitution, in regard to protecting the fugi
tive slave ; get up a public sentiment that will
stamp every man and woman as the meanest
and vilest of the mean and vile, who will refuse
to hide tho hunted slave and to protect him, by
right means, against the kidnappers ; and then
let men as voters and ofHco-holdcrs go, if they
can, and swear to support the Constitution that
forbids them to hide the fugitive.
This subject is talked of down here among all
classes. No ono subject causes more talk on
Slavery, or is doing more, practically, to dis
solve this Union with slaveholders, than the
proposition of Clay to make penal laws to pun.
ish us as felons for feeding the hungry, clothing
the naked, sheltering the outcast, and siding the
slave to his liberty. The truth is, the Consti
tution is a dead letter in Cincinnati, and no law
passed by Congress could ever be executed now
in this city and vicinity. I have read the ex
pressions of opinion in the public press of the
city. They seem determined to hold to tho Un
ion, yot say, no law by Congress could ever
prevent the pooplo of Ohio from extending
' kindness and protection to the fugitive," and
scorn and contempt to the kidnapper." Not
one in ten of the people of this city and State
would heed such a law ; or refuse to aid the fu
gitive. So tho Federal Government is a dead
letter in Ohio touching runaway slaves. So
should be. Thanks to the DUunionut ;
they havo done tho work. As to tho eonscion'
cos of those who swear to slaveholders to return
their fugitives, when they have no intention
keeping their oath as docs Judge McLean,
Chase, and most all politicians they must an
swer to their own nature for these outrages.
Disunion is becoming the theme of the daily
and weekly press. The people will ere long
used to it. Enclosed is a slip from a strong
Democratic paper. It is replete with meaning,
Use it or burn it. Deeply should all DUuninn-
ists feel the greatness of this hour. Will thoy
not rally to the support of the Bugle, in
hands of its present Editor f Sure am I that
those whose war-cry against Slavery is, "So t-
io vilh Slaveholder," are the conservative
power of Liberty, Truth, Justice and Bight
this nation. Ict them gird an the armor
Uod, and rally around their paper, tha Bugle,
and prepare for a vigorous campaign of aggres
sive warfare upon the citadel of oppression
the coming season.
Whcro are Samuel Brooke, J. W. Walker,
and all and every other laborer i Will not Par
kor Pillsbury come West this summer r
position of Ohio, in reference to Slavery, cannot
be ovorratcd. She is tho advance guard, by
ion, especially in reference to fugitive slsves.
But I must stop. I hopo to be in Salem in
weeks. Sound the loud trumpet over Egypt's
dork dark, and docp sea.
HENRY C. WRIOHT.
STBrniN S. Foster gives in the Standard
account of a very cowardly mob at Canaan
Will Cnmnrm rv.lii.nK!.. rv. XT V t I.:..
a clergyman named Wicks was the cliicf wire
puller, and in which several members of
church and two cousin, nt mir nt f ;n:.fn
England were corumicuous actors. An E..J,,..
tico of the Peace proposed to give Stephen
his wifo a suit of tar and feathers.
7C. M. BunxEian is laboring with success
parts of Now Jersey hitherto neglected
AbohtionUts. His reports in tho Freeman
very incouraging.
Portage A. S. Society.
MARLBORO, March 14. 1850.
I
'
.
j
,
Dbab Olitmi The Portage A. S. Society,
you will see by refering to the published pro
ceedings, resolved to hold its next Quarterly
Meeting at Fairmount south ef Mt. Union,
en Saturday and Sunday, the 18th and 14th
ef April, commencing at 10 o'clock, A. M. The
Exec. Committee, at its last session, made it
part of my duty to address yon with a request to
attend and participate la the proceedings of the
Meetings.
If it meets your aprobation and yen can
possibly attend, yon will have the A tarty wel
eotne of many friends, besides the coneciousnee
of aiding in striking another deadly blow at the
dread monster, Slavery.
We are fully ot the opinion that now, at
most above all past times, is It incumbent on
reformers to act act promptly and energet
I vij vwnnmm ufiii wwuuDcua snort nut
. u . 1 . nr .
forth at this crisis will be felt as it may never be
in future if neglected new. Now that the
State is Just en the eve of holding a Conven
tion for the re-organisation of our State Con
stitution, we ought not to be found lethargic.
We need at their post every man and woman who
can appreciate tha work before us, and tho
favorablo time now presented for efficient labor.
At the contemplated meeting we expect to take
efficient measures for the circulailMi of petitions,
to adopt other means to influence the Covnen
tion in favor of stringent measures to sorure
tha equal rights of all the citisens of tho State,
and to further this we grestly need your co-op
trttion st that time. Please corns.
This Invitation is also extended to B.
Jones, J. Barnaby, and I. Trcscott.
fee.
K. G. THOMAS.
of
is
it
for
ef
get
the
in
of
The
po
lit two
an
I
I. !
his
A
and
in
by
are
It ia our intention to comply with the a-
bove mvitution Ed, Bugle.
' SinovlaM UaVikATtoHS.' We have received
from the publishers, E. W. Capron and H. D.
Barron, Auburn, N. Y., a copy of the new and
enlarged edition of the pamphlet entitled, ' Ex
planation and History of the Mysterious Com
munion with Spirits, comprehending the Rise
and Progress of the Mysterious Noises in West
era Now York,' sec. This edition differs from
the first only in presenting more fully the terti-
monp of those who have witnessed the wonder
ful phenomena therein described. The witnes
ses are all said to be (and we personally know
that eome of them aro) worthy of the fullest
confidence. They are, moreover, so tar as we
know them, no greedy and credulous swallow
era of marvels, but as cool-headed and eautioua
as they are honest. Among them are lawyers,
doctors, deacons, clergymen, farmers, mechan
ics, and merchants, and also a large number ot
women of the highest respectability as well aa
Intelligence. Tha testimony of such persons ia
relation to facts which have fallen under thoir
own observation, is not to be act aside by a
sneer or overcome by heartless ridicule. We do
not affirm that these remarkable phenomena are
proved to be revelations from the spirit world.
but we do say that we have seen no attempt to
explain them on any other hypothesis that is not
a thousand times more incredible and absurd
than the supposition that they proceed from
that source. Believing most fully in the exist
ence of spirits after death, we can see nothing
absurd in the idea that they should be able te
hold communication with those who remain in
the body. We can see, moreover, how such
communications might be of inestimable value
to tlie human race, by removing the terrible an
pontitioas which prova'l in relation to death,
and giving us clearer and more rational views
of human destiny. Let us preserve our minds
free alike from tlie incredulity of the Sadducee
and tho credulity of ignorance and superstition.
As we have already said, the pamphlet
above noticed may be obtained at the Seism
Book Store ibr 25 cents.
CTTnABUKVs Stbvcss's Sraacn is decided
ly tho best made in the House during the pre
ent session on the Slavery question. We did
hope to publish it in full, but the pressure up
on our columns has prevented. We may find
room for an extiact next week. Mr. Stevens
is one of tho few members of Congress from
the North whose faces are free from dough.
Intellectually he ia not inferior to any of hie
eotemporaries, whether from tho North or
South, and as a speaker ha ranks among tho
best ia the country. He is a Green mountain
Boy ' by birth, and the stand he has assumed in
Congress is honorable alike to tho State of hie
nativity and to that of his adoption.
ESSlavery is still the almost exclusive topic of
discussion in Congress. The Southern leaders
have resolved that no important business shall
be transacted till this question is settled to their
satisfaction. When any move is made to
push forward the publio business, a drilled co
hort is ready to squander hours and days by
calls of the Yeas and Nays on motions which
have no other object than the waste of time.
The Northern papers grumble over this state of
things, but they should remember that this ia
the appropriate reward of the North for tha
crime of entering into a confederacy with men
stealers.
Ths Pboflr Kbady to Listen. S. S. Foster,
writing from Columbia County, N. Y. to tha
Standard, saya : - At no former period in my
experience has thcro been so general a deaira
to hear, and such ready acquiescence in tha
truths of Anti-Slavory. If the friends of Free
dom fully understood how much csn be don
at the present timo, by the living speaker, I
am sure they would furnish the Executive
! ' Commtee of tlie American Society with the
' ' m0n, f ondl,,B out rgor number of
agents, iho harvest truly ia great, but tha
laborers are lew."
The same readiness to hear, tha same urgent
demand for laborers, exists also in Ohio. How
important, at such a crisis, that Abolitionists
should ba aenaiblt of their responsibilities

xml | txt