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OMVr.II JOII.MSOft, Editors
MO in ION WITH SLAVE II OLDE ICS.1
JAJins nAIIXARV, IutlililnR Agent.
I i VOL. 5-NO. 29.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA CO., OHIO, MARCH 30, 1850.
WHOLE NO. 237.
, THE ANTI-SLAVERY BUULE,
, PUDLI3HEO EVERT BATl'nDAT, AT
. SALEM, COLV.Mnu.YA CO., OHIO.
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If paid boforo tlirco months of the year has
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To any person wishing to examine the char
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ovcnty-ilvo cents will be charged.
No deviation from these, terms.
"' fW Wo occasionally send numbers to those
who aro not subscribers, but who oro believed
to bo interested in tho dissemination of anti
slavery truth, with tho hope thnt they will cith
or subscribe themselves, or uso tlieiv Influence
i to extond its circulation anions; their friends.
j ijfCommuuiciitions intended fur insertion,
to ha allrcjvel to Oi.ivi:n JoiIns.i.v, F.Ulor.
AU others t) James Hviix.vnv, rublishin A:;cnt
Wm. H. Seward's Speech.
U. S. SENATE, March 11.
' ' Hut it is insisted, tluit tlic ndmiusion of C-il-iforniti
shall beuttended by n compromise of
: questions which have arisen out of slavery !
J I AM OPPOSED TO AMY SUCH COMPROMISE,
, I ANT AMD ALL THE FORMS M WHICH IT HAS
u F.K.i proposed. Because, while admitting
' tho purity and tho patriotism of oil from
whom it is rny niislbrtiine to differ, I think
, oil legislative compromise rudicnlly wrong
and essentially vicious. They involve the
' surrender of tho exercise of jndg mi-lit and
' conscience on distinct end separate ques
tions, nt distinct und scpnruto times, witli tho
iudisK-neublo udvoumges it afford for nsecr
turning truth. They involve a relinquish
' inent of tho right to reconsider in future tho
- decisions of the present, on questions prcinn-
turely anticipated. . And they nre a usurpa
tion as to future questions of the province of
Sir, it seems to mo, as if sluvery linil laid
' its paralyzing hnnil upon myself, anil tho
blood were counting less freely thuit its wont
through my veins, when 1 endeavor to sup-
jiose ihut such a compromise tins been euect
'rd, and my uttarnuco forever is nrrested upon
nil the great questions, social, moral, und po
iaiiww liticuU arising out of a subject so important,
riii I as yet so incomprehensible. What mil
1 to receivo iu this compromise? Freedom
in Culilbrniu. It is well ; it is a noblo acqui
sition ; it is worth a sacrifice, But what urn
I to give us nn equivalent ? A recognition of
the claim to perpetuate slavery iu tho Dis
trict of Columbia; lbrhcurance towards more
stringent luw coneering tho arrest of per-j
sou suspected of being slaves tbund in the
free States; forbearance from tho Proviso of j
freedom in the charters of new Territories.
None of tho plans of compromise offered de
mand less than two, and most of them in
sist on all of these conditions. Tho equiva-
' lent then is, soino iKirtion of liberty, soino
portioii of human rights in one region for lib
erty in another region. Hut California brings
gold and commerce as well as freedom. I
, am, then, to surrender some portion of hu
man freedom in the District of Columbia,
und iu Fust Culifornia und New Mexico, for
the mixed consideration of liberty, gold, und
power, on tho l'ucitic const.
Thin view of legislative compromises is
riot ncio. It hns widely prevailed, und ninny
of the State Constitutions inteulict the intro
duction of more then onu subject into onu
. bill submitted lor legislative netiou.
It was of such compromises that Burke
' said, in one of the loftiest bursts of wen his
majestic parliamentary eloquence :
''Far, far from the Commons of Great Britain
" be all manner of real vice ; but ten thousand
times farther from them, as far as from polo to
t pole, be the wholo tribe of spurious, ultected,
counterfeit and hypocritical virtue I These are
' the things which are ton thousand times more nt
, war with roal virtue these aro tho things which
are ton thousand times more at war with real
duty, than any vico known by its name and dis
tinguished by its proper character.
. " Far, far irom us be that folso and uflbctcd
candor that in eternally iu treaty with crime
' that half virtue, which, like the ambiguous an
. iraai that Hies about in the twilight of u compro
Inise between day and nijht, i, to a ju' luun'i
eye, and odious and disguxtiug tiling. Thcro is
no middlo point, my Lords, in which the Com
mons of Great Britain can meet tyranny and
But, sir, if I could ovoreomo my repug
nance to compromises in general, i should
object to this one, on tho ground of tliu ine
quality and incongruity of the interests to lie
' compromised. W hy, sir, according to the
" view 1 have submitted, California ought to
' coins in, and must come in, whether slu
, very stands or lulls in tho District of Co
lumbia ; whether sluvery stands or lulls in
New Mexico and Eastern Culilornia ; and
even whether sluvery stands or lulls in the
' slave States
Reclamation of Slaves.
V- A'or would tucetss atle nd any of Ihe aWru'.'j
' of Ilie compromise. And, first, I advert to the
roKscdiilteratioiiof the law concerning fu
gitives from service or labor. 1 shall speuk
on this ns on ull subjects, with duo respect,
but yet frankly and without reservation. The
1 Constitution contuins only a compact, which
rest! for its execution on the Htutes. Not
, content with this, lo slave State induced
legislation by Congress J and ihe Bunrcme
' Court of tho United Stutes huvo virtually de
cided thut the whole subject is witliiu the
' proviuce of Congress; und exclusive of State
' authority. Nay, they have decided thutsluvcs
re to be regarded uot merely ss persona to
be claimed, but M prqpertv and chuttels, to
'U seized without any legal authority ir
claim whatever. The comp.ict is thus snb
verted by the proctireinciitof the slave States.
Willi whut reason, then, run they expect tbo
Suites cr gratia to rcassnmo the obligations
from which they caused thorft Plates to bu
disch irpcd ? I say, then, to the slave States,
you nre entitled to no more strinpptit laws ;
Bud that such Inws would lie useless. The
cnusj of the inefficiency of tho present stat
ute is licit at till the leniency of its provisions.
It is n law that deprives the ulloged refugee,
liom n legal obligation not iiMitnii'd by him,
but inipox'.'tl upon him by l.-.ws eimeted be
(iire ho was born, of the writ of Itabrns corpus,
and ol'uiiy ceitiin judicial process of txaini
UJtion of the eluiui set tiji by his pursuer,
mid finally degrades him into n chattel which
mny be s'-i.cd end ean'kd away peaceably
wherever limml, even nlthoiigti exercising
the rights nnd i':-;ioiihitiililifS of n free citi
zen of tho Commonwealth iu which bo re
sides, und of tho Lulled States a law which
denies to the eilizen r.!l tiie safeguard of
personal lihcity, to render less licq ieiit tho
c ?cnpe ol tliu Ixindriiin. And nine.! com
plaints lire so freely mnile ngninst tlic one
side, I tihall not hesilalo to declare that thcro
have been even greater limits on tlic oilier
snle. lit lvii g on the perversion nl tin? Con
Ktiluiion which makes slaves mere chattels,
tho slave States have npplied to lh(!lil Ihe
principles of the criminal law, and have held
III (it he who uided escape of his fellow
man tiom bnmlago was guilty of u larceny in
Mealing him. I spetilt of what I know. Two
instances came within mv knowledge, In
which (jovernors of slave Stutes, under the
provision of the Constitution relating to fugi
tives from justice, detiwmdcd from the Gov
ernor of a lice Slate tho surrender of per
sons ns thieves whoso alleged offences con
sisted in constructive larceny of the rags that
covered the persons of female slaves, whoso
attempt nt escape they permitted or assisted.
We deem the principle of tho law fiir the
recapture of fugitives, therefore, unjust, un
constitutional, and immoral ; und thus while
patriotism withholds its approbation, the con
sciences of our peoplt; condemn it.
You will say that these convictionsof ours
ore disloyal, (.'rant it lor the sake of argu
ment. They are, nevertheless, honest; und
the luw is to bo executed among us, uot
among you ; not by us, but by tho Federal
nutiiority. Itns any (iovermncut ever suc
ceeded in changing the moral convictions of
its subjects by force ? But these convictions
imply no disloyalty. We reverence the Con
stitution, allhoiiL'h we perceive this delect.
just us v. e neknow ledgo the splendor and the
power ol the sun, although its surface is tar
nished with hero nnd there sn opaque spot.
Your Constitution and laws couvurt liowni
tulity to ihe rofueefl fluin the mort degrading
oppression on curtu into a crime, but ull man
kind except you esteem that hospitality a vir
tue. The right of extradition of a fugitive
li om justice is not admitted by the law of na
ture und of nations, but rests in voluntary
compacts. I know of only two compacts
found in diplomatic history tliut admitted ex-
TRAKITIOM OF SLAVES. ItelO is OIIO of tllOIII.
Il is found iu a treaty of peace made between
Alexander Coiniieiius and Leontiue, Emper
ors ut Constantinople, and Cleg, King of
Kiissia, in tlic year W-i, and is in these words :
" If a Russian slave tako flight, or even if ho
is carried away by any ono under pretence of
having been bought, las muster ahull huvo tho
right and power to pursue him, and hunt for and
cupturo him wherever ho shall bo found ; vnd
any person who shall oppose the mauler in the
execution of this ri'Ut shall be deemed guilty of
violating this ticaty, and bo punished uetonl-
This was in the vear of Grace 002, in the
period called the " Dark Ages," and the con
tracting Powers were despotisms. And here
is tlic other:
"No person held to service or la'.nr in one
Slate, under tho Ihwj thereof, escaping into an
other, ahull, in consequence of any luw or regu
lation therein, be discharge.! from such scrvicj
or labor, but shall bo delivered up, on claim of
the party to whom such service or lubor u due."
This is from tho Constitution of tho I'ni-
ted Slates in 17b7, and the parties were tliu
republican Slates of this I'nioii. The luw of
nations disavows such compucts; tho law ol
nature, written on the bcurts suit conscien
ces of freemen, repudiates them. Armed
power could not enforce them, because there
is no public coiiHcienco to sustain them. 1
know that there tiro laws of various sorts
which regulate tho conduct of men. There
nru constitutions and slutulcs, codes mercan
tile imd codes civil ; but when we urn legis
lating for Slates, especially when we nre
(bunding States, nil theso Slates must bo
brouuht to the standard of the laws of Cod,
and must bo tried bv that standard, and must
stand or fall by it. lhis principle was ban
pily explained by one of tjic most distinguish
ed political philosophers of England iu theso
There Is but one luw for all, namely, thai,
law whudi governs all law, the luw of our Crea
tor, the law of Immunity, justice, oquity, the luw
of nature mid of nations, So far as uny law J for
tify this primeval law, and ?ivo it more precision,
more energy, more ellc-ct, by their decimations,
such laws cuter into tho sanctuary and partK'i.
puto iu the sacrcducss of its character ; but tho
man who quotes us precedents the abuses of ty
rants and robbers, pollutes tho very fountains of
justice, destroys tho foundations of ull luw, and
therefore removes tlio only nufeguurd ogainst
evil men, whether governors or governed: the
guard which provcuU governors from becoming
tyrunts.undtho governed from becoming rebels."
There was deep philosophy in the confes
sion of nn eminent English judge. When he
hud condemned a young woman to death,
under the Into sanguinary code of his coun
try, for her lirst petty theft, sho fell down
dead at his feet : ' 1 seem to myself,' said ho,
"to have been pronouncing sentence, not
against the prisoner, but ogainst the luw it
self." To conclude on this point. We are uot
slaveholders. Wo eunnol, iu our judgment,
be either true Christians or real freemen, if
we iiiioo on another I '.lain that we dely
all huinuu power to fusion ou ourselveA
Yon brliovn nnd think otherwise, nnd doubt
less Willi equal sincerity. Wo ji djo you
not, nnd l!e ulone who ordained the con
fcietice of mnn nnd its laws of action enn
judge i:s. Do we, then, in this conflict, de
mand of you nn tmreiifonabli) thing in ask
ing that, since j on w ill have properly that
Can anil will exercise human powers to effect
its escape, you shall be your own police, nnd
in acting among us such vou shall con
form to principles indispensiiiih) to the seen
ri'y of iidmitti d rightH of freemen? If you
will have this law executed, yotl inustnllevi
ntc, not increase, its ngors.
Slavery of the Capital.
Another feature in most of these plans of
eoinnioimso is a full ol peace tor si;. very til
thn District of Columbia; nnd this In i I ol
peace wo cnnnot grant. We of tin) frto
Stntoi me, equally with you of the slave
States, responsible for the existence of slave
ry in Ibis District, the field exclusively of our
common legislation. 1 regret that, as yet, 1
!ec little reason to hope that a majority in f
vor of emancipation ex'n.t.i here. The Legis
lature ol New York, from whom, with gieal
(lelerenee, 1 dissent, seems willing to accept
now the extinction of the slave trade, and
waive emancipation. But we tihall assume
the whole responsibility if we stipulate not
10 exercise the power hereafter when a ma
jority shall lie obtained. Nor will tho plea
with which you would furnish tis bo of any
nvail. If I could understand so mvsteriotis
11 pnnulox inys: h; I never should be able to
explain to the apprehension of tho people
whom I represent how it was that an abso
lute and express power to legislate in all oa
ses over the District of Columbia was em
barrassed nnd defeated by nn implied condi
tion not to legislate fiir the uhnlilionxif slave
ry in thitj District. Sir, 1 shall vote fiir that
measure, and am w illing to nppropriuto any
menus necessary to carry it into execution.
Ami, if 1 shall be usked what I did to embel
lish the capital of my country, I will ioiiit to
her frcedmcn, and say, these nre the monu
ments of my munificence !
If 1 was willing to advance a cause that 1
deem sacred by disingenuous means, I would
advise you to udopt those means of compro
mise which 1 have thus examined. The echo
is not quicker in its response than would be
thut loud and universal cry of repeal, thut
would not ilie away until tho habeas corpus
was secured to the alleged fugitive from
bondage, and the symmetry of the free insti
tutions of the capital was perfected.
I apply the same observations to the pro
position lor B waiver of the Proviso of Free-
floin in TotTitnrtntrhnrtpTii.'--TTI113-T
have only direct popular action in fiivor of
thut Ordinance, and there seems even lo bo
n partial disposition to nwait the action of
the people ol too new territories, as wo have
compnlsorily waited for it in Culilbrniu. But
1 must tell you, nevertheless, iu cundor and
iu plainness, that tho spirit of the people of
the free Stutes is set upon a spring thut rises
with tiie pressure put upon it. Thut spring,
if pressed too hard, will give a recoil thut
will not lenve here ono servant who knew
his master's will, and did it not.
You will say that this implies violence.
Not at ull. It implies only peaceful, lawful,
constitutional, customary netiou. 1 cannot
too strongly express my surprisu that those
who insist thut the people of the slave States
cannot bo held buck fioin remedies outside
of the Constitution, should so far misunder
stand us of tliu free States ns to suppose wo
would not exercise our constitutional rights
to sustain the policy which wo deem just
Texas and New Mexico.
I come now to notice the sinrvesteil rom-
jrromise o'thr boundary between Tua.iand.Ycw
.wxico. I lus is II judicial question in its na
ture, or ut least a question of legal l ilit and
tide. Ii it is to bo compromised at all, it is
duo to the two parlies, nnd to national digni
ty ns well us to justice, Unit it lie kept separ
ate from compromises proceeding on the
ground of expediency, und bo settled by it
selfuloiic. I tuko this occasion lo say, that while I do
not intend to discuss the questions alluded
to in this connection by the honorable and
distinguished Senator from Massachusetts, I
am not uhlu to agree with him in regard lo
the ullcged obligation of Congress to admit
lour new slave Stutes, to be formed in the
fMute of Texas. Then) are sevcrul questions
arising out of that subject, upon w hich I nui
not prepared lo deeido now, and w hich 1 do
siro to reserve fiir future consideration. One
of these is, w hether the Arlielo of Annexa
tion does really deprive Congress of tliu right
to exercise its choice in regard to the mihdi- 1
vir ion of Texas into Hair additional Stutes.
It seems to me by no means so plains ques
tion us tho Scuutor from Massachusetts ussu
nii'd, ami that it must be lelt to remain un
open question, us it is a great question,
whether Congress is nut u party w hose future
consent is necessary lo tliu tbriiiuliou of new
Stutes out of Texas.
Necessity of the Proviso.
Tho argument is, that tho Proviso is unn
ccssary. 1 answer, there, then, ran be no er
ror in insisting upon it. But why is it unne
cessary? It U said, fn.d, by reason of cli
mate. I answer, if this be bo, why do not the
representatives of tho slave Stutes concr.de
ihe Proviso ? They deny that the climute
prevents thu introduction of sluvery. Then
I w ill le.nvo nothing to a contingency. But,
In truth, I think tho weight of argument is
against the proposition. Is thoro any climiito
where shivery bus not existed ? It Im. t,,....
vailed all over Europe, liom sunny Italy to
lileuk England, and is existing now, stronger
Ihuu in uny other lund, iu ice-bound Russia.
But it will lie renlied. thut this is imt Alii..,.,.
shivery. 1 rejoin, thut only makes tho case
the stronger. If this vigorous Snxou nice of
ours wus reduced to slavery while it retained
tho courage of semi-barbarism in its owa
high -northern lutitude. what aecuritv .lr.
climate ullbrd oguinst the U'uusplunmtion of
ill." ni'iie gentle, mora do: ile, nnd nlrcndy
rnsliiv c. I iiikI debased African to tho genial
climate of'New Mexico mid F.nstein Califor
nia? Sir, there is no climate uncongenial to sla
very. It is true it is less productive than
f.oo whito labor in even tropical climates.
Labor is in demand quick in nil new coun
tries. Slave labor is cheaper than free laW,
oud it would go first into new regions ; nnd
wherever it goes it brings labor into dishon
or, mid therefore free white labor avoids com
petition with it. Sir, I might rely on cli
mate if I bad not been born in a laud where
slavery existed : and this land wus all of it
north of the 40th parallel of latitude; and if
1 did not know llio struggle it lias cost, and
which is yet going on, to get complete relief
from the institution and its baleful conse
quences. I desire lo propound this question
to those w lio mo now in favor of dispensing
Willi the ilmot Proviso. Wan the Ordi
nance of 1 7c necessary or not? Necvssnry,
wo all ngree. It has received too many eu
log'niius to b.i now decried r.s im idle and sti
peilhious thing. And yet that Ordinance ex
tended the inhibition of slavery from the U7lh
to Ihu 4()lli parallel of north latitude. And
now we lire lold that the inhibition named in
unnecessary anywhere north of ;i degrees
U0 minutes! Wo nre told that we may rely
upon tho laws of Cod, which prohibit slave
1'ilMir north of that line, mid 1 1 it. t it is absurd
to re-enact the laws of (od. Sir, there is no
litiurm eiii.ctuiciit which U just that is not a
re-ciiactiueiit of the law of Cod. The Con
tlituliiin of the 1'iiited Stutes and tho Con
stitutions of all the States arc full of such re
cuactincnts. Wherever I find a luw of Cod
or a luw of nature disregarded, or in danger
of lieiiig disregarded, there I shall vote to rc
utlir.n it, w ith ull tho sanction of the civil au
thority. But I find no authority for the po
sition that climute prevents sluvery anywhere.
It is the indolence of mankind in any climute,
and not the natural necessity, thut introduces
slavery in any climate.
I shall dwell only verv briefly ou the argu
ment derived from tho Mexican laws. Tho
proposition, tlurt those laws must remain in
force until altered by laws of our own, is sat
isfactory ; and so is the proposition thut those
Mexican laws ulsilished und continue lo pro
hibit shivery. And still I deem un enact
ment by ourselves wise and even necessary.
Both of the propositions 1 have stated are de
nied with just as much confidence by South
ern statesmen and jurists as tbev nre affirm
ed by thoso of the free States. The popula
tion of the new Territories is rapidly becom
inir an American one. to whom thn Mexieun
code will seem a foreign one, entitled to lit-
thyj'tcrcncc or oliedicitce.
Slavery lias never 71itainctf"huYwTicr6 1if
express legislative authority, but always by
trampling down laws higher than any mere
municipal laws tho laws of nature nnd of
nations. . There can bo no oppression in su
peradding the sanction of Congress to tho
authority which is so wonk and so vehement
ly questioned. Ann there is some possibili
ty, if not a probability, that the institution
may obtain a fiiothold surreiititiouslv, if it
should not be absolutely lbrbiddeu ly our
What is insisted upon, therefore, is not a
mere abstraction or n mere sentiment, us is
contended by those who waive tho Proviso.
And what is conclusive on tho subject is,
that it is conceded on all hands that the effect
of insisting on it prevents the intrusion of
sluvery into tho region to w Inch it is propo
sed lo apply it.
Let, then, thoso who distrust the I'tiiou
make compromises to save it. 1 shall nut
impeach their wisdom, ns I certainly cannot
their patriotism ; but indulging no Mich ap
prehensions myself; I shall vote li.r tho ad
mission of California directly, without con
ditions, without quulilicutioiis, und without
For the vindication of that vote I luok not
to the verdict of thn passing hour, ihstuibed
as the public mind now is by conliicliug in
terests and passions, but to thut period, hap
pily not fur distant, w hen the vast regions
over which we aro now legislating shall have
received their destined inhabitants.
While looking forward to that duv, its
countless generations seem to mo to bo ri
sing up and passing in dim unci shadowy re
view before us ; ami a voice comes lorth
from their serried ranks, saving, " Waste
your treasures and your armies, if you w ill ;
raze, your fortiiieutions lo thn ground ; sink
your navies into tho sea; transmit to uneven
a dishonored name, if you must ; but the soil
vou hold in trust lor us givo it to us free.
Vou tbund it free, and conquered it to extend
a belter and surer freedom over it. Whatev
er choice you huvo made for j ourselves, let
us huvo no partial freedom; let us ull be
free: let the reversion of your broad domain
descend to us unincumbered, und free from
the calamities and tho sorrows of human
The DotaiiFACKs. 1 hope, w'uh some fears,
that the race of dough-liiccs is extinct. 1
do not see how it could well bo otherwise.
They wcro nn unmanly, imbecile race, inca
pable, according to tho laws of iialiire, of
reproduction. 1 liopo they have loll no des
cendants. Thi) old ones arc deep in political
graves. For them 1 urn siirelhcnj in no let
hiirieeiiuii, for they worn soul!e.-s. Now
when tho whole civilized world unites in de
nouncing slavery us a curcc, n slutine nnd a
crime, I trust that when the great bntihi be
tween liberty and slavery comes to be lotnjht
on this Hour, there will none be found biding
among the Mull no fraudulent concealments,
not one accursed Achaii in this whole ramp
of the Representatives of freemen. Stevens's
-Although tho amount of gold already re
ceived from California exceeds ttveive miUions
of dullars, yet it falls short of tho aggregate
of exports from New York ulono, to that
country, which Amount to some fifteen mil
lions of dollars I ....
From the New York Post.
Song for Certain Congressman.
We nretill docile Don gh -Faces,
They knend us with the llt
Tl'.er, the 1 n. li i ii r; southern lords
Wo lab.ir ns they list i
l'V:r them we speak or hoi 1 our tongue.,
For them wo turn un 1 twist.
We join thorn in their howl niaiti t
1'rccSoil and " Abolition,"
That firebrand that assassin knife
VI. uh ii.k our l.mifs cun.lilioii,
And leave no peace of lil'c to any
T'. pill now-. ' notation," now,
We tiling llio nm.t ju.'.icious ;
To I'amii ull " noi'tlicirn fanatics,"
'Iko'c "tra'tirs" Mack nr.d vl' ious ;
The regular p.nty ua;;( i "
For us, ami no new t1 mcs."
Things come to nrrclty pns,
hen a 1 1 i tic small as this,
Mnvin;; and bartering niygcr slavci,
C an open un uhyi i,
Willi jaws a-i;n;.e lor the two great pal ties,
A i Telly thought, I wis !
Principle Freedom ! Fiddlesticks !
YVc know not w here they're found,
ltights of the masses Progress ! Dull I
Words that tickle anil sound ;
Hut chinning to rule o'er " practical men'
li very dillcicnt ground.
Beyond nil such wo know a term
('banning to ears and eyes,
With it wo'll stab young Freedom,
And do it in disguise j
Spenk soft, ye wily Dough-Faces
That tci in is " compromise."
And what if children, growing up,
lu futuro seasons rend
Tlic thing wo do nnd heart and tonguo
Accuse us for the deed ?
The futuro cannot touch us
The present gain we heed. .
Then, altogether, Dough-Faces 1
IiCt's stop tho exciting clatter,
And pacify slave-breeding wrath
lly yielding all the matter;
For otherwise, ns sure ns guns,
Tho Union it will shatter.
Besides, to tell the honest truth,
(For us an innovation,)
Keeping in with tho alavo power
Is our personal salvation ;
Wc'vo very little to expect
Ficin t'other part of the nation.
S- S - , T . H. . .V
M ho likeliest wins tho ehusc.
Whut ourthly chance lins Free Soil'
For uny good fat place ?
AVhilo many a daw has feathered his nest,
liy his creamy and meek Dough-Face
Take heart then, sweet companions,
lie steady, Scripture Dick 1
Douglas, Cuss, and AVulker,
To vour allegiance stick !
With llinoks, and HriKga and Pluenix,
Stuid up through thin und thick I
We do not ask a bravo front ;
Wo never try thnt game,
'Twould bring tho storm upon our hoad.s,
A huge mad storm of shame ;
Kvudc it, brothers stibtvrfugo
Will answer just the some.
Mr. Calhoun Right and Wrong.
Amazed ns our merchants, lawyers, pro
fessors, doctors, polilit i.m.i, t.c. &c. through
out the Free Slates must have been nt Mr.
Calhoun's ncriisalioti that tho North has
been conspiring nnd working mraiiist Slave
ry through the last liiny years, Hutu is yet u
truth at the bottom of it. In thu sense con
templated by .Mr. Cidhoim, it is not true,
nor anything liko it. Our Northern col
leges huvo baited their hooks alluringly lor
Southern students, (white ones only:) our
Northern merchants, &.c. lor Southern (fkivo-
liolding) custom; our iNurthcrn aspirants
here looked laiigiiishiugly toward the patro
nage in the giit of Southern Presidents, nnd
' roared you ns gently ns uny sucking dove '
against 'Southern institutions some of
them going the length of recasting their
published opinions und suppressing nil of
them that seemed likelv toolii'iul thu South.
Congress bus repeatedly denounced and
curbed all manner of intoi lcronco by North
ern spirit with Southern servitude, passing
resolutions to nbridge tho privilege, of ru
liioustrunco ntraiust Slnvorv, nono to ex
tend it. The South bus Imd all that Law
could givo her ol' protection nirniust fana
tics,' und where Hniiite-law f iled, mob-law
has been olleu invoked with decided effici
ency. No noted Abolitionist has ever bun
appointed to any important station under the
Federal Covei iimetit, w hile ultra pro-Slavery
men huvo generally been in high favor nt
tho White House. Yet niter ull wo nre told
by Mr. Calhoun thut tho North in spito of
the recorded diets touching llj;i Kiiooos.dvu
ueqiiisitio:.:! of Louisiana, Florida, Texas,
and lha Lower UioCrniulo in s;uto even
of tho War on 7de.ico ban ull tho limu
been sappinj, mid liiidermiuiiij; ' tioiithum
Yet Mr. Cnlhouii is i,ot entirely wrong.
' Tho Stars in their courses fought ngaintt
Si.iJia small bl.iin.i or iner t to f.'ii.ii .'
they idione-, end could not ln!;i it. T ho
North, while sedulously courting nnd con
ceding lo tho Slave Power, bus really been
sapping llio foundation of Slnvi ry. Ohio
be.sido Kenliii'kv, Illinois contrasted wilh
Missouri, Wisconsin the junior of Aikmiims
ull thn history und progress ol tlio l ite
West has been a coniinual warfare upon
Human Bondage. Wherever the smoke of
a free laborer's cabin lias arisen from any
portion of the Western wilds, there has gone
up a testimony of the iiijnslico nod a pres
age of the doom of Sluvery. Wherever a
man has gono forth iiHin the lonely prairie j
lo bow out for himself and his bubes a homo
and n snhsi. tene0 by tho strength of his arm
the sweat of bis brow, there has arison nu
nnti-Slnvery pot, which hencefintli must be
li lt in tin) decline nnd the downfall of Hu
man cliiilfclhuod. The squatter may Im as
empty-headed or wrong-hended ns lie can.
may spend his evening in bar-rooms exe
cratin;' Abolilionists but if be fives hi
days to useful loil ho is preaching un ant'i
Slavery linraiigiie mora potent than that of
any ol' the Aaiiileiing ilcclaimers against
Culleo's wrong w liom ho is liiol enough tu
hunt from tho school-house with bud lan
guage nnd worse eggs. The law of gravitn
tiou refuses to be set nido by even so sub
tle a Ic.ticiuti ns Mr. Calhoun, nnd FYco La
bor will not eniiiimu) to plow iu the snmo
o!;uwiih Shivery, no inciter what inheri
ted prejudice or puny discipline may impel
it f r n lime lo spy. 'The only cfiectiml, obi
din (.ii.iiiiute:) of pmco mid security to
Slavc-v in th" Sc'ith wonhl bo a reduction nt
the I'l-. o Labor of the North to n kindred
cet.diiioil witli tho winking chattels of 'our
Soinhein biethren.' No nmeniliiiint of Ihe
Con: titiitit u tli.it did not tllecl that eml
would ci:tiiiriii;:ly subserve Mr. Culhouu's
piupoi.e, Mul that is probnbly rather more
then even he could Impu to accomplish.
His case, then, is inutiifeslly pnM. surgery.
.V. 1. i'li'oilie.
From the Practical Christian.
Slavery and the Union Forever!
Grand Unity of Ihe Dialmlians in frtorif cation
of .Slavery nnd the I Won .' Thriilmr'SfHtch'
rs araiimt Ilie .ibnlilionisls ! Mateldist lle
salvts, declaring Slavery and Ihe Union one,
indissoluble and immortal 1 1
1 III) follow im? rlertrifVinc" intidliiwnrft !a
roiitaiueil in a Communication picked up
near tho gato of Erebus, supposed to have-
lwf.fi nri-li li.dtnlt tr lout I.,. .... ......... ...r.....M.
' j .-.- i,j ..ii v a,i iiui.uimi j
Courier, on his w ay from Diuliolia to Wash
DIABOLIA, March 12th, 1850.
.Most Cltivalrous Sir:
I l.n.n i.., i.. .
COIUIIlllliiciite to vim. nnd ll.rnin-li ion t, u1f
our faithful puiliitaus in tho surliice regious,
n I'lici repon oi me proceedings ol tiie lar
gest lillbhc meetinir ever lu.t.t in ililnnnimn.
olis. It 'nok nhiee pursuant In n iniiirlniim.
lioll of tho eitv llllthni'ilii'A nnrl u-na ilnuiiriu,,!
to express tho profound symputhy of our pop
ulation with the friends of the pecttliar nun't
tution in the United States, and of that glo
rious union uy w men it lias been so long los
terud, protected and sustuiueiL You are
uwnrc, sir, that but one opinion prevails hero
wii mi geuui in sunjcci. ah ponies and tac
iiuu. nuugo into one, ou such a paramount
question. This will expluiu why the City
authorities assumed the res-onsil.ility of call
ing nnd regululiug this grand convocation.
Tho meetinir eoiiviou.il in ln.l.,,i...,;..M
O ... , uu.i.u.iiiiuiii
I lai., nt U o dock, V. M., yrHlrrdny, ami nu lulu-red
not li.ss tlmu SO,C(iO citizciif. This j
ono of our innst Hiuiriniiu r.il.la i,..11
was crowded lo siilliieulion wiUi all clusses
of Diuholiiilis from the IjIkIh,i m tl,o
ull of whom in tneir nm-cml w .v,.,.,..n,i
a zeal, enthusiasm mid tinauimiiv of senti-
iiieni woitiiy oi mo occutiun. J lis Honor,
the iWnvor. assumed tl ii, fin.:., i... .
--.j..... . ..u.l ,IJ f'lGl.llt-
livo, precisely ut the hour npioiiitud, amid
the roar of u salute from Fort Dosiructiop,
und the dealeuiiig r.ppluiiso of tbo immense
Concourse. The erect mmili'in.l.. It . 1 1 ..... I
culled tho Compromise Trumpeters, then
;niu un lino ol llieir ll!Osl siuriiig uus, nml
nil was silence. Ills Honor now stated the
business of ihe meeting in a clear nnd sen
tentious, end impressive speech, which com
manded profound intention in every part of
the Hull. Il is not n.v ih-hv li.... t.. i'.,-.,:..!.
yoti even n tketeb of die powerful nddressc
delivered on tho occasion. Fniihfiil reports
of the in inehial imcccl.es will soon m in
tho public prints of' lhis metropolis, fchiflice
it to my, thev were mui ked by passages of
surpassing eloquence, und responded lo wilh
plaudits nidi ns can be given in no part of
tho universe. Bcclohub, Moloch, Apolvou,
and even lleliul, ncqiiitted themselves in u
milliner equal to their palmiest days. But I
barton to present you the Uesohiiions, which
were adopted with ucclamution, ncmmc con
tradicentc. Cenrral Preamble. Whereas the institu
tioii ol slavery uinnng mankind originated in
Dii.bolia, and bus ever been sustained by thu
govern ut und loyal citizens thereof; ns one
of v ital importance to the public prosperity j
nnd v.heicns the said institution, iu the tid
ied States of Amei ien, is in dirpe usable to tho
coiiiiieniclion ufihosu fiiiiuticnl nnd duiigcr
ous iloctrim s of Liberty which fomented llio
vilo Kcvohilion of 170'; nnd wlu reus tbo
Federal Constitution end Union of those
Stales h::s proved to he tin: only tli'cctual
safeguurd o! our peculi :r iiisliuuioii, without
which it must soon Im overthrown by tho
ruthless lu. nds of iibohiioii fanatics; and
whcieas we have food rcaions to suspect
lb it the iie:.iili! Pov. i rs above, ever iiiacliiuo
liii'. our ruin, l.avo iustiiuited tho ierociotia
Yi lU'cin l.hivd IJcT'ie.-.iii en, I l lo V...
. " - ...... i - . ..Wl lllUI U
Ooths to in sail the paid I'nii u . iih n vit ivto
rcvoliitioifi.e public Miutiiiifiit, nnd thus bur
baioiisly overthrow thu M l.ule sysleni of blu
very; nl lha Eine time my ttr i ioutty dement-in.-r
tlits jivat Culhoun un.! his cl.ivc.liic nd
heivnts witii the mania of Disunion, in ordor
to rciuier then iincoiisciot.sly insliiuncutal
of precipiti.tii'g tJ i0 feui fnl ci.taoliophc :
i. I: .nlveil.TI'atAmerfi'sn P!.ivery,ahoV
nil other iiistifulious, must and shall br suss',
l.'iincd by every infiiicnce which cm bo exc
elled by Dialioli..ns.
y. Id i-oh'i d, That iho Pi'dernl Conslitu-t
tlou, r.nd the Union, thereby cemented be-
... . .... I ..1.1.., a ,.i,.l .,.,.,.a.,,-..1,,l,t..,-. i.
the Piilladiom of Slavery, and must be sus
tained nt all hazards. ; ". -'. . "
3. Besolvcd, That iho illiistripus chnoipi- '
ons of the Whig ami Democratic forties nt
tho city of Washington, and elsewhere, w,o,
liiilns sills iiitM tti'iit i iltu. Iinvn rtassli .
1111 It 'I inn j w.j.( u.s . vr svium jl J'H yig
Bitcli iiiduhitiiulo proofs of hvr di-volion to
t.n suutsMwl tl 'nniiimMiisMtit ) : . .
lioji, drero uctl of Dinbolin, ami that AA