Newspaper Page Text
From the N. Y. Times.
WASHINGTON, July 1, 1852.
There Is the I H'Ht reason Til hulicVt! (lint n
Very cxtctisivn plan nf Amu xutiiui is under
Advisement will, in tliu l)i nine rniic Parly,
mid llinl it in iiliniiRi ill linili ly rin.cluih'd up
n. Tim question tmtre itiitiieilintcly limlrr
ilisi-ussiim iniiid tliii Icinlrm lum been
whether the projects inuii'iiiplatcd liy tlirm,
should be prvpored as issue liir tin ram
Imigu, nr should lie reserved lur union niter
till! Vl'Stllt III' till? PUSHIHg I'll'l'lillll, TIPSP
thsstgn ennlc'iiphitP tlie in'iuiiiliiiii of I'urtu
Itiin, rit. Domingo, Culm, n nil ii province nl
Vhtrnl Amnricn, slri'tching lioin sen to sen.
The whole of these lurrilm kn iiniM neces
sarily bo slave-holding, i I it is iiu essential
)iirt of thn design to establish mi l lie shorn
ol' the 1'iirifif, a slave-holding ruimnuiiity in
Iii-iii in anil cut titt' ilm intci veiling region of
Mexico from comitor iiitliieuces, nnil in Iiiivh
a hearing upon dm lci-iriiii of the slavery
question in Cntiluruiti. In Cn of n Deinu
triilic lriutiiili it it thoroughly understood
1 1 in t the entire influence of lint iiiliiiiuuttrii
tioii would ho given In Ilm ilivinitui of the
8 lute, mill thendiiiinsiiiii nf ihn Himlhcrn hull'
to restore the cquilihiiiiin, which "Ilm South"
is mill to h.ive Iiik! ny thu mhuiwiuii of the
whole hi n I i im; inie.
There in no timru ilnuht of thn rcnlii ition
of nil lln.se plane, if Ihu Dcmiicml succeed,
that there was in J81 1 Unit Mr. Tyler mul
liii particular Ii iniiln huil Iii i u tltiming nil
their tiileiilM noil energies tu Ilm accomplish
meiit of the Aiiiiexiuiiiii of Tcxim, nt the
very lime, in May, Is' l.'t, In n John Qu'uu-y
Adams, nnil L-li'ii'ii oilier Xiirlliuru im-mlicis
nf Congress, issued n circular, warning
their cunstituclila Unit such project were
mi lout. It limy In) renieitibrctl Hint the cir
ciilur wn fiercely denied or hiltc.ly denied
liy tlm press unit iiihhu men of thnt day,
North mill Suuih. Vet tliu very next -aioii
n secret treiny was cnuehuleil hy T)ler
nnil hia fiecretniie of Slate, I psliur uud
Culhouu, lurnmiexiiig Texas.
Ii in reported thnt judge Douglas, nml n
large portion ol' the mriy of the Went nml
ntith, ure in liivor of mowing iho purposes
uliove specified, mid making them ut unee a
party question ; hut thn oujoi iiy from the
North me opposed. Senator Duoghi in, he
youil roiiiinritton( tho must suggestive, ori
ginal, during nml unscrupulous lender tho
parly now him. His policy on questions of
thin vhiimcter wn indicated hy hi ngricul
w hen I
lurul nililress nl Kwheslcr, lust l ull,
lie mlvneiiteil the Hiiuexiilioii of more
StMles. meutiiiig Alexico and Culm ; mid hia ;
speeches nt the Jackson dinner, on the Bill '
of January ; and lit the rnnlicu,.,. meeting
here, n fortnight iigo, when hu demanded
exclusion uf nil jiii isilictiuu from Ihu
Mexican Gulf mid l lie Curiiheau Sen, de- ,
iioiiiiniuuig i.ieui niiiericau limes, ns mo
Freneh Used lo speak of the Mi.'dileralieali
under M Thieis' nilmuiifiiiiiiiiii, ns the
French Luke. I lo is ihu more likely, there
litre, to urge upon In hdhiweia n decisive
course of nction now, mid he has far greater
influence in iiiutiagiug the canvass thuti uny
The Wooster, Ohio, Jlrgisler, deserilies a
ease ol Ki,l..n,.pig, wlii. i. lately look place
in Luwiencu Cuiiiuy. A negiu man, who
hud been liir some lime rt.-si.leut in that
couiiiy, lunued some money to a white
l.y name, Cnl.ier.w ho was to give a note
lor It, payaldu oil iteiiiand ; hut, instead, n
note was given pnyalde in n year, iuchidiiig
Ihu interest. The negro could not rend ; hut
when he learned what the mile was, cubed
lipou Collier for the iiinne,, which w.i re-
(used. A day or Iwn nlicr he seiil lor Iho
negro lo come and gel his money. The
next morning, Collier nml two men, named
Davis, Were seen taking him found towards
the Ohio river. Collier soon idler returned,
mid went lu church with the negro' chillies
on! The alisence of the liegm under the
,i.u ... i..i.i....i I
and Collier mid the Davise weie urr,;,le,,
mid held to Imil, jointly, in $M0. Jt was
soon asccrlniiied that the uegiu was ill jail
Greenup, Keiilucky. I le had free papeis,
which were lukeii from him. The licensed
indicted, hut iiiaile their escnpo into
. , i .i ,i 'f
Kentucky where they tire lit lurge. Jrut
The Mansfield Convention on Slavery.
The Mansfield Cmigrc giiliniml Cnnveutiun
adopted iiiiauimmisly Ihu billowing Resolu
tions on Temperance uiiil Slavery t
Whereas pure Christianity embraces gen
uine phihiiilhinpy i. ml in the pieseiit ngu is
pectilimly called on lo grapple W illi ami put
awuy existing social evils mid winugs; nod
whereas the genius of Ciiiigregntiuiiiilisui
impede not itself in il nciiim upon any
evangelicul relinin, hut spiupmiiizi' natu
rally willi the sullcriiigs of llin humblest mid
most crushed nf our race; therefore,
Resolved, I. That we recognize the rouse
of Teniperuure its one of vital importance
to human wulline und most cordially lend it
2. Thnt we regard American Slavery as
both a great evil ami a great violation uf the
law of God und of the rights of man, mid
that we deem it our duty to protest by every
Christian menus against slaveholding mid
against nny and all acta which recognize the
fulse nnil ieriiicinus principle thut inuke
merchandize of ninn.
Also, Kusnlveil, Thnt in the opinion
this Convemion the Congregational Confer
ence of I he Sinle of Ohio which we propose
to form should hold mi ecclesiastical corres
pondence with slaveholding bodies.
Mind It, Laborers!
When you are burning lint In these mow
ing and harvest times, you must drink cold
water. But cold water in dug-days kill
many thousand workmen. What i to lie
done t Previous lo drinking cold water, you
must take purl nf it in the hollow of the
linnd, breathe it hy the nostril two or three
time, and a minute alter you can drink
freely without danger.
DR. EDWARD SEGUIN.
- J7Vu Democrat.
There wus a full moon on the 1st of July,
und there will he another on the 31st a cir
cumstance that has not occurred since 1770,
when titers wss a full moou on the 1st ami
ns the aOtlu
$l)c Vnti-Slaucri) 3ttcilc.
Wit it Oon commands to takb mi tmumi'IT
amii iilow a dolorous an A jahhino ni.AT, it
LIK MOT 1.1 MXN'S WILL WHAT Ul SHALL (AT OK
WHAT HI SHALL CO.NgBAL. Miltim.
SALEM, OHIO, J VIA' 17. 1832.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE meets August 1st.
Anniversary of the Western Anti
The Kxpfiilivp Coinu.iitee of the Western
the Amiiuil Meeiing of the . Society will lie
held nt 8ai.cn, Coi.tt.MCiA!A Co.,0., coin-
meuciug on Hiiiurdi.y, the Slut of AuguM nt
10 o'eluek, A. M.,tu continue fur three ihijs.
Now thnt Uilli the grent politienl pnrliea
hnva anew plunged thumselrca lo ierpplnnte
i he po.wer of ahivery and In continue the art
for ulnve ciilehing na the supreme law of the
IiiiiiI; as nliove God, nml nil thnt U culled and
worshiped nsGo.l, it lippoinpa the friends of
lieedoin, lo t,semhle ami devote theinselvea
nfresh tu its interest. To tnke new counsel
to provide new menus nf wnrfnrc--to
ciimhina for new mid more ilrrinvo nction J
such us the exigencies of the limes di'iiimnl.
The Committee therefore invite the attend-
Biicii of all tlie niemliera mid fiiends of the
on this occnssioii. We slmll hnvo
tlm nid of aome distinguished friends of the
cause from nhnmil, hut tlm work In lie done
is wilh ti In Ohio, 1 1 1 il in I in nml Michignn
Let the whole West he fully represented.
In liehnlf of Iln) Executive Committee.
Salem, June 23, 1852.
To the Debtors of the Western Anti-Slavery
desirous of having paid before thenext
, .. . . , ,
n"ual Dlccl,n8- "nJ f " who owo lgcj
Py them immediately, tho Committee wil1
bo ablo to report tho Society out of debt, and
with funds to commence next years opcrutions
In looking over tho books of the Society, I
find that a great many persons who made pledg
es at tho two hist annual meeting!, have failed
thus fur to nnv llinm.
Tho society havo severe! debts to Agents, and
for noner &e.. which the Executive Cnmmilton
Wllh. Would nt thut bo clorious 1 Friends of
the cause, send in your pledges to tho subscri-
bcr, and let us bo out of debt once.
Treasure of W. A. S. S.
n excellent nnti-slavcry sermon, exposing the
Bui11 of l'iou lv holders in our northern
' churches t and in tho ufternoon we both 1 re
al scntcd our views of the question to a not lurgc,
i uut attentive audience. Iho assemblies werenc
were , . , . . . ... ., ,
: comnuntcd in aucordunco with the nntiu arcslt-
, . , , , ,
I lnl,l,on 111 which their respective views oro held,
On Sunday last, w visited North Denton in
sampany wun J.mm iiarnuoy. ine people inero
seem not to have the fear of either Whig or Dem-
oerntiu plml'irui heforo their faces. Agitation
WIW decidedly tho order of thot dnv, nutwith-
A ..(jige0U1cllllnci .. 0'f tho 0llCi
rcilUtlincu.. 0f the other Tho t.res-
reimuncu 01 ine outer, ine prcs-
hyterinns havo tho matter in hand, and sccin to
be quite agitated themselves, and to be pretty
successfully agitating others. They huve recent-'
j divUlcJ , qHl.Minn ot hl,Cry. and a
,. . . . . -in'
"nBl1 Fe church has been organised. On
tni" day tho llcv. Stratton spent an hour in
vehement agitation for tho suppression of co-
cession from his church. At tho same hour,
Father Ilobcrtsnn, in the Froe church, (as Iriend
u,.,., ., u-.-j i,:, i.,r.,.. . .....i,.,i
J ho pro-sluvery priest occupied the new brick
temple; tho orthodox anti-shivery brethren
assembled in the nld meeting house ; while wo
intidcls were indebted -to an excellent friend of
tho slave, Abrnm llulioll, for tho sliado of his
grove, whilo wo worshiped st tho
shrine of truth nod humanity.
Wc listened in tho morning to tho Rev. ad-
vocoto of slave holding. Ho informed us, that
his object was tho vindication or the l'rcshyto-
church from the ehargoof guilt in support-;
lllg Dill, ITJ, A 111. iiu uiu, not Willi SJIOClill
directness, but by a vindication of slavery itself,
though hs informed us repeatedly, that ho was
' , , , ! .
tint 1. fwl.lftrl Hit U'H HAl nM.M...i vnr ... n.1
but only Inexpedient."
The abuses of slavery roceivod his condemna
tion, w hilo the system itself was vindicated at
needful to tho master and beneficial to the slave.
The frco colored peoule. north and south, wcro
In a condition vastly worso than that of the
slaves, socially, religiously, and thoso st the
south endure physical suffering fur greater than
those to which tho slaves aro exposed.
We will not attempt to report that sermon.
It was marked with tho usual weakness, wick-
cdness and sclf-ccntradietion, of such perform-
nccs. Sufficiently so marked, we think,
make it, in effect, a good anti-slavery discourse,
with all intelligent and reflecting persons, pos
sessed of any ordinary share of candor and
honesty. The Infidelity of tho snti-alavory
movement, of course, came in for due share
of exposure and denunciation. Although atone
point he coneceded tho evangelical orthodoxy
of the Freo chuch, at another hs told us that
Garrison, Wright, snd Pillsbury wore daily
blasphemers against Heaven, snd "such was
ulsn the state of things tn the Ueavor Proshy.
tcry." From which it would seem that ortho
doxy can blsphemo as well a infidelity. Thank
heavon that it docs in some places. The gospel
of freedom, Is blasphemy against the Qod
whom ths pastor of the PresbyUrian church
In North Denton, worships.
"",e of spceifications, rather eipiivocal.
aii i. ,i ;u , :,. ,,,,
All we w ish l ow to do . to impress upon
our renders, the iiimiIi rjmicy of these inens
the ure to " rench the dtsires of aholitioiiists."
Those ilesirea nut simply, emancipation.
olsililion pnrty, Dr. Ilaily is right. The IIiitT
sociely alo phitlorui dues not reneli the w desire " of
' uliolitiuiiists, not even of thiiso who arc
mcmher uf the pnrty. Nor cmi ony orgnn-
Imtl never been marked by one act, nl vini
beautit'ul mice with gng law ami slave catching. Had
! even tlie sixty oue lliuiisnud, who voled for
James G. Ilirney dune this, Henry Clay nor
Martiii.Vnn Ilnren, would ever again have
. ,10l,l;1t of the IWulcnrv, without a suck
rion t.,llh !,,., runentaiice, which by no
The Inst Nntionnl Erst linn a long article,
giving a history of political anti-slavery silica
iln nrtfui'u 'linn, nml vimlirntiiiK It chnrneler
ami ita reKiiliK. Thla vinilirnl'toii ennrpilet
our great nl j-eliiin In it na an ahnlition
lueiiaiirr, viz. iln Iniuliipiney to produce the
reoult. It ilefeiuU the llnlT lo plntforni, a
" reiii'hiiit the full length, not nf the drsirn
of the iiliolilionietH, hut of I hp political tt
tponiihititieiof the .orlh.n Anil truly enough
lifiirinis thnt tin nihli("nl nrgnniaiilion could
P" further wiihout ronfliri with the roiiHii.
''n. Thia ronOirl, the Editor affinim,
l' " never propneed or ciiuotennnced j
nnil the notion at UufTiihi wna mi letting down
of the nld lilierty parly slniiihir.l, aa many
of the old lilM tiy pnriy men ihink. Willi
the reaulu of ihw iiclimi the Era ia liighly
antinned. To it it nltrihutea the ilefeot of
General Cm, and iiium-nnm nnd'giei.t lien-
efi. n it thinks, have ihenee resulted lo tlm
rnnse of freedom. It alrunly urges the
rnntiiiunuee of the plnn, " ciinlending thut it
was sound in principle, constitutional in it
scope, w ise in ila detnil mid bcueficiul in
Here then we hnve the concession dis
tinctly mid formnlly mnde, thnt the Free Boil
puny is not, olherwisu tltv.it inciihinlnlly , an
uatiuu, which like it, cuufiues itself within
the niilhoriiy of the cousiiiutiun, os interpre
ted hy cvei)tsnly except Genii Smith men.
Aholitiuuiriii lins us yet, luuud no orgmiized
expression, except hy those w ho nlHilinli the
cnuslilutinli hy their uuti-vhivery iulerprctii
tiuu of that iustruineiit, mid those who re
puiliute the constitution mid the Union it
formed nml hut suslniued.
We slmll nut ipiurn l with the Era or any
hody else, about the good, Free Soil litis
accomplished, or the evil it has averted:
Whatevrr it hni done in this wuy we enn
,,cnr,ily r'J"icu Though we confess, thut
' ' P 11,0 ' " '
Whv slii.uhl their measure atmi shnil" of
t,M ? V would not that ita friend should
deci ivn lliemstdves. Thev were sn diiceived
. ioijj mid hnvo lieen since. Thev taiiuhl
-, wi;. p. u..;i;a. ui,r,.
tionisui tlie remedy direct mid positive for
slavery. Dr. Riily it seems, was not so de
ceived, lie wus satisfied with measures
which hnil onlv a ulenduiicv" to lid end.
N, f , A, ,)(.y Kere m,Uy
w ()(l0 w)(J uborui ruit!lflly lo .
. . . '
All abolitionists enn rejnice in any mens-
wbieh exert a li.voring tendency"
i e i
toward their object, lint for oiimelves, we
have tin patience with that policy, which
would limit our nction to mere "(iivoring
leiidencies." Slavehohlcra stop nt no half-
. . . . ..
way measures, and we hke .hen., nml hkeull
others who would win, go lor a decision mill
directnes which shull be uniiiistukeublu
to friends or foes.
If I huso who in 1648 gave their votes for
a platform which had only "n tendency" to
emancipation, had given them directly tn
that result. If they had spoken out the "de
sires of iiholiliouisls," mid not what they
were permilled to speak by n compact pre
scribed by slaveholders, Hcoll in 18."2 would
not have a pled the iihoiuiliutiohk of the
Whig piriform with his nomination. And
n New Hampshire Democrat would not have
insulted God nml man, wilh the infamous
boast, ti no though it tuny be, that bis life
mean characterized the latter when he step-
ed upon the llufl'ulo pint lor ill.
The Slaveholder understand this. When
thev wouhl make out a case against political
j anti-shivery technically so called, they
charge it with the sins of riisiiniuuists.
They tell ils supporters that they are ene
mies of the cunalituiioii, mid nre seeking the
dissolution of the Union. Pro-slavery not-
i '''' "'"" enti eluvcry ones do not,
j w"" "!,r interpretation ol the cousti
tution, Disunion is the only direct ami sluvery
action. Tho only notion worth while liir
men in earnest lo make. And believing
them to lie iu earnest, they charge upon
them the intention of this action. And thus
have they been subjected lou great amount
of labor in vindicating their loyally to the
constitution and the union. A vindication
that with their creed in regard lo the former,
they should blush fur their short sighted. .ess
in milking. So long us they shall satisfy them
selves with a mere restrictive iMilicy in regard
lo sluvery, while their enemies are unrelent
ingly waging a dctlruclive war againat liber-
ty, they cun only expect a succession of Iiu
initiations und defeat. We hope therefore
that the out-and-outiiess of the Dultimore
policy, end their past experience may induce
n change of policy among those who sbsll
assemble at Pittsburgh. That they may not
altogether coincide with Dr. Body in his sut
isfauiiou, at the results of the IJuflulo Plots
frrm. It la no perantiol iliKimmgempiit to
4)r. Dllilv. Itllt. rmlv tfti.nlamltiin nf lit
common frnihy of r rnrp, ,0 y. ,,
w hnlever sprvlcn lie msy have heretnfnrp, or
uiny herpnller render the cause, the Era is (
not the pnper, nor Wnsh'mglon the locality,
to w Inch we should look for the origin of a
policy, anffiriei.tly hold and ciiprpetic, to
the firm seated despotism of this
AMivensAar, Kail Road Far. On
application, the superiiitpiuhint nf the Penii
)lvnnia and Ohio Rnil KohiI, hna promptly
signified, that nil persons pnjing their liire on
the Rail Road to the Convention, will he car
ried the like distance, on their return free of
exicusp. A similar arrnugnuieiit, we pre
sume will he miide wilh Iho Cleveland and
Pittsburgh Rnnd, which as soon ns complet
ed, will he niiiiiiiiiiceil.
Underground Rail Road in Iowa.
A friend writing from hpynnd the M'missip.
pi, sends the following advertisement which we
prcsumo was not written in Missouri, an J wil I
hardly secure the return of the fugitives.
While the whig, were rejoicing over Scott's
nniniunton, thpse men .ac:l ipiictlr and snfo.
ly over tho Missisoippl. We ailvise a certain
class of Scott men to put this down ns a new
argument in fuvor of the election of their Can- j
didntc. Tlicro seems tn ho no doubt but Ins
nuiiuiiiiiiiin uiu iimi in uiu eKBjie oi nice iiigi
tives. Our friend asys,
I havo the pleasure nf sending you a short
advertisement of two vnluubic Christian Hcr
VAnts who I presume nro or w ill bo snfo by the
time ou receive this, yes safe in Victorias
Kcntm. Our rnsd isjiew and depots far between.
I saw them sale. o, miles, ferrying tho . great
ricrr ono o'clock at night and landing in a
strango place, more than 40 miles from the first
station in Illinois.
Strayed from the subscribers, two valuable
Servants, Morgan Moris and Jerry Williums
both about 21. It is supposed thnt they will
pnss down the Missouri Itivcr to Alton where
ua doulit they will find help and will be salcly
landed in Canida. Morgan has hnd the impu
dence tn go onco before, and on his linck mny bo
found the marks of his reward, Jeiry not Syra
cuse Jerry has been a waiter in a punliu House
w hero it is supxscd he learnt tho way to free
dom, the boys aro both full blooded bla- ks,
Though this is not common among youi'g
vcrva.it now a-das, and ubout six feet high,
and no doubt worth $!00 each, Wo shall bo
w illing to give a rcwuid of $.100 each, if deliv
ered to .us at Lexington, Mo. Our agents aro
now on the lookout, and Abolitionists will bo
mudc to smart if said slaves bo found on their
hands. Much pnins has been taken to keep
them ignorant ot routs und distances and they
will supposo themselves in Canada as soon ns
they cross tho Mississippi. If they should pass
through by the way of Iowa, il will tnke them
some four weeks to travel to the line, traveling
by n'ghl and that without provisions. In low
they will Hi id it mnro difHcull tn get alonx un
less snmo of the few hateful Abolitionists
should help them ntf in boxes, for wc hnvo
ncurly all of thnt Stato on our siiio ol' the ques
tion. They muy ulier starving from 3 to 5 days
supply their stomachs, from somo sinoko house,
ns starvation often obliges them to steal, wo for
got to state that both of sai I servants aro men of
good moral character, and w ill no doubt bo con
sider' d Christians if they succeed hi reaching a
frco Slate. his '
S. M. JAMES.
Masjachisbtts.-TIio nld liny State is speaking
out nobly for frccdmn. What a gathering was thut
at Abington, which Mr. PilWhury describes in his
letter tn day ! Only to think of it, seven thou
sand people assembled on Independence day,
at a meeting of intidcls, fanatics, and traitors !
Why were they not doing honor as patriots sho'd,
to tho prolific parents of the twin platforms,
tho Constitution and tho Union Who shall
appear for tin in now in their time of need, now
that he, who is tho "defender" of tho one, and
and tho "suvinur" nf tho other, is going into
retirement at Msrshlield.
The Fiee Soil Stato Convention tt Worcester
was also ono of the grandest ever held in the
Stuto. It numbered somo flvo thousand, and
was compelled to adjourn from tho largo Hall
whero it assembled, to tho open air. Tho tnno
of tho meeting was firm, and its resolutions
speak out strongly as men can, from their posi
tion. Letters wcro rend from Messrs Sumner,
Chase, and Giddiugs und Mmin, cmidcniiiing
both platforms, and advocating separate noinina
tinns. Mr, Halo was present and addressed the
convention, and a resolution was adopted, Bug
ccs 1 1 tig that either .Mr. Halo or Choso wcro
suitable candidates fur the nomination.
A Lesson Learned.
Kossuth sadly gives tho result of his Amcri
ran experience, in his fiircwell speech tn tho
Germans of New Ymk. Speaking of our na
tional obligations to aid others in tho attainment
ol freedom, and his own expectations from us
he says t
" When X came to America, I measured in
my soul her will, with tho rule of her power;
1 metuurea ner policy, wun the rule of her vrmci
At tho olnse of my toilsome wandering, I
measure her power according to her w ill and iho
rent ralue of her priiuijjlte vith the rule of her
This lust is the true rule nf estimation. And
by it we are sorry to say, that not rnly tho
American pcoplo are tn bo judged by Kossuth,
but Kossuth himself must in like manner bo
judged by tho s'ave. With this lesson so dear-
1 'T bought by disapointcd hope, hardly would
no Blun renew his submission and flattery to our
1 outhcrn tyrants. Pity that
our own pcoplo
do not learn tho somo lesson, and practice ac
cordingly. Women's Kiohts in California The
Legislature of California, have adopted
(aw authorising married Women to hold
property in their own name, and lo transact
Business itmepenueniiy ol their husbands.
Letter from Cincinnati.
Letter from Cincinnati. Funeral Obsequies of Henry Clay—The Public
Letter from Cincinnati. Funeral Obsequies of Henry Clay—The Public Schools of Cincinnati—Buildings, and Improvements
in the City—Spring Grove Cemetery.
CINCINNATI, July 10, 1852.
Tg (h mtof of M( RwjU ; 11ie fcm,ini of
n,.nry c,y ,me,, ,rriUi(( tlli, t.ity n Thurg.
,,av.thc8;h in,t.,,d wcrpreceivp.1 and conduct
overthrow ca 'through mme nf our prindunl strppts hy a
lnrge prnccssinn, the most Imiinsingonp, indeet
of the kind thnt we hnvo had here, since the
fur.prnl ohsequioi of Ucn. Hirriion, in 1811.
The Military Companies, Mssonio ImIkps, OJd
Fellows, Engine Companies, with tome of tho
Engine) draped In mourning, and other Socio
ties and eitisens anxious to psy their respects to
tho doparted.mndo altogether a lino display. The
henrso wns the Hnest one in i'io tit v, the sides
being all nf glass snd tho ronf surmnuiitcd with
heavy silver urns from pneh of which a iiinurn
I nU plume waved in the sir. This wns ilrnwn
by six white horses. Along the ronio of tho
procession mnny of tho business huucs were
closed, and these ns well as tunny of the private
dwelling houses, shrouded in mourning.
Tho .riKessioii paiucd til tho river, where tho
coffin wss pliued on a aicim bout, under a eano-
PT prepared lor the pur,oiP. The boat whs
draped in mnumhig, nod us she moved ofT, min
"tc gul" wcro tired from the wnrf, and slow
music added to tho solemnity of tl.o s.'ene.
Thcdsy was intensely wiiriii.hutnll vla-iesof our
eitixes seemed to uniip in paying the Inst iriliulp
of respect to the memory of ono whom all re
garded ss a distinguished statesman and orator,
who had, fur a long term of years, been in tho
public councils, and had, with all his faults,
done his country no littlo service. The pomp
and parade on this occasion was not congenial
to my tastes or feelings, and not in unison, I
think, with Mr. Clays simplicity of character.
All displuy, indeed, on such an occasion, sums
unnecessary ; but such Is the custom of society,
which, for ages past has niado great funeral
processions a mark of outward respect to the
real or supposed virtues of the great.
It has boon the fortune of few men to have
such bitter enemies, nnd such hosts of wann
personal and political friends, as Mr. Clay, and
it will not be until tho present generation, and
its heated political contests have passed awnr,
that ho will bo appreciated, or his life imparti
ally reviewed. He always uiscournged a resort
to war, and I doubt not, was sincerely in favor
of the ultimate removal of Slavery by some
gradual process, as he certainly had a clearer
view of its evils than mist Southern statesmen,
but owing tn his cunscrvativo east of mind, and
cautious policy upon every subject, ho cannot
bo called a PhilunthorUt.
The summer has fairly set in with all its se
verity here, the heat for several days pmt hav
ing been oppressive The mercury, in tho shade
has ranged from OS to 104 degs,, according to
various thermometers, which is as hot weather
as we ever have here, as, . indeed, every one's
feelings testify. Farmers sro busy st harvest,
and things ir. the City dull, all who can, leaving
for summer cxcurMons for recreation, health
or business. Tho examinations of our Public
schools, and of most of tho Private Academics,
with the closing "exhibitions" have taken
pluco within tho past two weeks, and tho sum
mcr vacation commenced with this month.
iho PuUfti. Schools of this ptaco havo been for
somo years advancing in efficiency, and uro now
equal to any in tho Union, unless thoso of Dot
ton bo excepted. Tho teachers ore rigidly ex
amined hy a competent Uourd, the best ones
obtained as far as possible, nnd very f.iir wages
given them. Tho High Schools, now two in
number, gsvo great satisfaction during tho luto
examinations, and excited much interest, as wus
thowu by the large number of our most intelli
gent cU'.kciis present, in tho largo Hull of the
Institute w here they wcro held. The City may
well be proud nf such schools. In thorn every
child, however poor or humble in life, may re
ceive as good an education as can bo obtained in
tho country, unless ho winh to go though a
lull College course, w hich is the caso with very
few w ho utlend these schools. Tho now lluild-
ing now in progress of erection for tho Hughes
High School will be, when completed, thu most
elcgunt for cducutionul purposes in tho city.
I hesc schools now receive all upplicunts pre
senting tl.o right grudo nf qualiti. uiions.whelhcr
they huvo been pupils in thu Public Schools or
There will not be at many buildings put up
this summer as in tho lust two or three, but
there will bo moro substantial improvement in
the old settled snd business parts of the city,
Old frames and bricks aro giving way to new
lows of five story edifices many with stono
fronts and finished with much taste and elegance.
Ihero havo been many of this substantial ki
of warehouses put up in tho last two ycurs and
the number is incrcusing. Tho exicusive rows
of lurgo brii k storehouses on Wuluut and Slono
fronts on Pcurl streets muko theso streets look
moro like those of Now Voik and Philadelphia
than before. Among tho new buildings to be
erected this year are the Custom House, to con
tnin rooms for tho Post-Oliice and other public
offices, by thu U. 8. Government ; and a new
Court House, tho foundutions of which are ra
pidly progressing. Tin will bo a large build'
ing (100 feet squurc) and very commodious,
containing rooms for four courts, all the county
otliccrs, a largo public hall, &o. It will bo com
plcted in a year and s half hence.
I have just been reading the last two Annual
Reports of the Spring Grove Cemetry, pub.
Imbed in a pamphlet form with a map of the
grounds attached. 1 hit was laid out some five
years since and is being rapidly Improved. It
embraces 217 acrot, about 8 miles from the city
and in its plan is much liko Mt. Auburn, snd
Greenwood Cemeteries. There sre now on the
grounds 220 monuments) 300 head ston
213 inclosed lot 13 private vaults. Some of
ths monument sro vsry handsome and costly
rosembling in this rospoot thot in the etitern
cemeteries. . One cost $9000 snd several
1 3000. $'2000 snd less. For romantlo scenery,
forest shnde, undulating ground snd case of so
crs to any part by svsnnes, this will compare
favorably with any of the pastern Cemetfie.
Many of iho costly improvements it is true sre
monuments st much of tho wealth and pride,
and lusts of the living at of ths virtues nf the
dead, but making allowancs for this thero is '
much to commend in tho ides of these rural
cemeteries, and tho good taste in which the de
tails aro carried out. Let no stranger visiting
us fail to go out to tho Cemetery 1 can asiuro
him ho will be amply repaid for the time snd
trouble, if he is not dead to all the finer sensi
bilities of ths hcstL . .
Letter form Parker Pillsbury.
INDEPENDENCE DAY AT ABINGTON, Ms.
Dkab M ahius t We celebrated our 4th of Ju
ly as usual, at the grove in Abington. And it
was a great diiy indeed. Vow Isuve seen and.
he ird iWseriptinn of thi grovs" Of Paradise,
before. Most of tho speakers, ton, you know
quiio wv!U But not even in Ohio, piobsbly,
havo you ever seen so largo an Anti-slaver
gathering a we had on thut day.
You know how many, mnny times Daniet
Webster has saved tho Union, by his Match
te$ Sanction" of Fujitive Since aiitation, fnp.
pn ied " Well, w c w ent to Abington to K
how ' ngitatinii supptrsscd" would look. We
had often seen it in its wild and untampd stste.
Uut we wanted to sec it, domesticated. We
wished to see it, after the great political Van
Amburgh hnd subdued it into meek submission
hsd curried the bristling mane nf tho wild Lion
down soft and smooth as carded, Carolina cot
ton. Curiosity to sec this, seemed wrought up to the
highest pitch. Indeed I am almost afraid the
South will prefer the nld state of things. The
" Finality," and tho ' suppression of agitation"
arc objects of tl.o iutensest interest. And tho
" silence which now reigns amid the spheres,"
seems louder than all the rattling octachords of
agitation w ith which we hnvt been stunning the
world. Almost every body heard it, and mul
titudes aro wondering what it all means.
I presume it is info to say we had seven thou
sand peoplo at our celebration. I have seen
meetings in Ohio that wcro estimated at about
thnt number, though I did not call them more
than five thousand. Ours at Abington was very
much larger than any of them, when I have
Fanieul Hull holds four thousand comforta
bly, our meeting must have filled it twice.
Did not this seem liko Finality ? The Immor
tal Webster will have to rido forth once more in
tho Chariot of Sulvatinn. There is danger to
the Union again. Then will there be a Finality
ot that Salvation.
The speaking was most of it, worthy of the
occasion, and of those who spoke, the allusion
to the Orent llcjectcd was sll " mors in sorrow,
than in snger." Never before was mortal man
mnro disapointod. Never beforo hot meanness
or majesty stooped so low to gain sn end. Ho
has crept, cringed, snd crnwled, ss if the nld
Serpent's curse wero indeed upon " On thy
belly shalt thou go, snd dust shalt thou eat nil
the days of thy lifo." As Oiddingt well says,
ho has died of eating too much southern dirt,
Could suicide be moro terrible ?
Theodoro Parker was truly pathetie in the
sketch ho gavo of Daniel Webster's csrrcer,
and termination. Ho declared that from the
depths of hit soul, ho had never to pitied
mortal man. Sn might multitudes of us have
said. Intellectually, he has beon exalted to
henven, ; hut morally, and now politically, he
is thrust down to hell.
But ho represented only Boston, and so no
moro was really to havo been expected of him.
Ho is as good at thoso ho represents, any of
them, nnd greater than all of them. Hit rich
est supporters move out of Boston to save their
tnxo. The most rcliaiout of them rent the!.
buil.lingt lor grog thnpt and brothels. All this
is neither disgraceful, dishonorable, nor irreligi
ous. It it that godliness which is crowned Wilh
great gain. It tccint to have promise of the
lifo that now is, at well at that which it to
come. Daniel Webster it a legitimate product
nf American polities and religion. Of them
was ho begotten and horn, and no child was
ever more dovotcd to his parents. There will
he.there already is great mourning for hi death.
I hope the ditapolntment and defeat may teach
Boston and Massachusetts whigt a lesson hey
have all along needed to learn. The South will
u thorn and their Webstert but they will
dospise them unutterably, all the while. They
do at thit moment despite the wholo of them,
as they novcr do or did, their meanest negro,
laves. They would not stoop to give Webttet;
one single vote. To do it, would have been siv
hypocrisy, to them perfectly loathsome. And
so they acted an open, manly part. AH honor
to them, for it. FAKKElt PILLSBURY.
BOSTON, July 6, 1852.
Frek Soil Convention at PiTTsioaon'.
Lpw'm Tiippim und Dr. Leinnioe have
published their protests against the cell for
this convention. The occasion of their pro
test is, the limitulion of the rnil lo the friende
of the Buflnlo platform. They affirm that
by the terms of the resolution which ap
pointed tho committee, they were unauthor
ized to make any such limitations. And
their call should have been addressed to ell
tlie friends of freedom leaving them free to
declure their owu principles.
Put down the Agitators. Tlie Pres
byterian Divine who ui'mistera to the Church
in North Benton, informed his audience last
Sunday, that unless this anti-slavery agita
tion waa suppressed, property xoould greatly
diminiih in value I If he can make it be be
lieved, he will succeed In quieting metiers,