Newspaper Page Text
Habits in Martinique.
N. P. Willi, who has been to the Went
Indict in search of health, ha found enough
x( it to keep up a chnrniing correspnndeiico
with th renders of the Home Journal. He
tqteiike with freciRim, good will nml much
apparent candor of nil classes of llio pnpu
lolion, while nutl colored. We huie several
time marked extract from his loiter for in
sertion, which hine heeu for one must) or
another crowded out, Hurt) is ow from ft
MARTINIQUE April, 1852.
y wt.,n dmrnird
with one thing, which delight the tuvcllcr
wherever the r rench lire lumul the mien
Inmate and caressing respect with which
the elderly ludirs of the crowd were treated
liy their younger I'rienils end Hcquniuhiiic.es.
As the dispersing congregation poured out of
church, the centres of the groiipr were the
grny-huired millions (who, by lite way, were
dressed with n rnre nml mi elegant irc rty
that expressed their socinl Valtic) inn who
wore liescf, nnd questioned, nnd kissed, ns if,
to 1)0 loved mid mhiiiri'd, it were Only neces
sary to ho old. The manners of these gmy
(mired favourite were must winning, I
thought their dignity nnd ease hcinjj iiiingl
rd with n kind of condescending playful
ness gayely thnt must iniike the young peo
ple at home in their company, and winch
showed, besides, how completely restraint
wns removed, nnd how sincere nnd iinlornl
were the exchanges of compliment mid
kind word. Life brighten to the end, in
this way, as the son sets.
C lit the Stmdiiy tnnss, wo had been told,
wns the great opportunity to see the holiday
costume nnd di'tnennonr of the iniddlo mid
lower clusaesnf the island nnd h show of no
small mnguificcnce it wns. The French
negu .-s pi vps up her wool, na imprnrtiuiihleof
coitlinv ; hut she miikes up fur the disowned
peculiarity us a thunder-cloud is replaced hy
minium'. kr Madras turban is not only ol
evciy colour (hut mil In: woven, but the
r-quare in it nic painted with brighter col
ours, renewed niter eveiy washing. In nny
sheet of St. Pierre on n week diiy yon may
co thu lilnek brainy with ioIh nnd paint
brush, preparing her bright kerchief nr Stin
di;V wear. Von ciin have no ideii of the ef
fect of h lliousimd ol these gorgeous hendii
ruining down the steps of n cathedral. Jt
was like a Ticutoii Falls of tulips nnd butt
quels n slow cascade of negressrs crown
ed w iih riiiiilows the hlaek liices giving the
relief of velvet under floweis. A true copy
of n cathedral w ith Mich n congregation is
mi'hij from U, would astonish even Williams
ond Stevens's show-window.
Tho remninder of the dreys the fashion
of w hich they iidhere to, w ith singular uiii
vcrsnlity is primitively simple. It is a ehc
iniso and a ieilic.out nothing else. The
hi Hilt sleeves of thu white iiiulcr-gnrnieiit
hnne very loosely about the shoulders, nnd
os it in not shaped nt nil In the liirm, there
seems to he no piirticulnr dentil ot conceal
ing the bust, cither hy young women or old.
As to figure, indued, they hnve evidently no
idea of any dilferences of benutv in it, nor ol
any einhellifdiiiiciils for it, or display of it,
except hy the colours in which it is draped.
I lie petticoat is a mere skirt ol tiriliiiini
dyes, tied over the chemise at the vvuiM, nnd
they have a very unbecoming filiiu of
wearing it so long that it cannot tie liaised
iiioii tho groiinil, but must lie caught tip
nnd hitched nt the side, ll, ronscipipiitly,
clings nngruceliihy close lieliiud, Klniiii(r
sometimes, to be sure, a well-turned nod
polished rnlf ol a liluPk leg, hut otherwise
quite spoiliuc the beuuly of these stalely
C'leopiiti'iis. J hnve not seen a stoekiti)! on
one of them, sinco 1 have lieeu here, and
they are usuully barefooted but it seems to
lie the height of elcpnucp, with here mid
there a dressy one, to wear gentlemen's
wiilkili!-lltlips of patent leather, in which
the skin sets like a lieiil hlnrk Blocking. 'J he
gold ornaments are of such monstrous runs
aivetiess and ipiuntiiy ns to lie the lentiire
which catches the eye, however. I am told
thnt a girl usuully curries her whole fortune
in them, mid, to her ebony complexion, the
rich yellow of the gold is certainly very em
bclludllllg. A walk through the streets of St. I'ierre
on uudy afternoon is not very much w hat
n walk through the streets of New York
would be, at the same hour. The whole
population are sealed outside the whitu
people in rhnirs mound tho loom, the black
people in the iniihllo of the street, squat on
the pavement mid nil in costumes of tho
g nyest colors. The climate, which, nt the
North is fimply.nir to breathe, here furnish
es several tilings beside, viz: a ilrnwiiiy
room w ith a blue roof, happiness when idle,
and several articles of dress. A bouse, tor
the negro, is only a plnre to sleep nml be
sick in. lie nnd bis liunily reside in the
oieii air; nml, on n holiday evening, every
corner you turji seems lo present you with un
immense game of "bunt tho slipper," play
ed by the opposite neighbours on the pave
ment between their houses. I hnve ilcrerili
ed to you the bright rivulet in the middle
every street nud the cIcnnlincM of every one
of them, from there being no vehicles and
eeldotn a horse pawing and this makes the
front of every dwelling like a court-yard, nud
it is so used. The naked children sit in the
water or run nbout like a litter of puppies
the mun nnd women lounge on the flat stones,
un 1 1 smoke, ulid look on; the olil lolkt lean
u gainst the wall, happy in their cigars; the
young girls roquet Willi their liueiy, straight
eniug up and tukiiijr mi iiuiioile ns the
atrnngcr comes along ; nobody looks" bored,''
liohody particularly grave, everylmily con
tent, und half the world, nt lesst, very merry
Through ail this, it is very nmusiiiir for
foreigner to stroll, mid, In me, it is a succes
sion ol tableaux twanll of Which I never lire,
One picks his wuv through seated neighbor
hoods of people, und around groups, making
the circuit ot a fat beautv and I er dirts,
stepping over a child or its grandmother,
snu, reuuy, sees more or tlie physiognomy
of the people and their bubits. in ball'
hour, than elsewhere iu a mouth. "Interior
life oi which the strunger may see noth
ing, in other cities it here nil open to him
Jj diahlt boileux, wbo looked down througli
I tie roots, count scarce see more.
An iuMnnre of negro politeness which
full in with, the other evening, may amuse
you. My friend and 1 were sauntering slow
ij toward the lovely suburb of the town,
when I found myself compelled to go around
a fat negrp!, very gully dressed, who sat on
the pavement in the street, and wna indolent.
Iv dividing an orange. The segments of the
fruit looked so r'mo nnd te.nuliiiit that I ven
tured lo put thumb and finger inward one of
tbein, nnd nsk lor it with a'i voiuplnil. She
(mdded her chin quite down into her black
bosom a she hnmied tho orange up to me,
but, seeing Mr. O. nt the next moment, she
insisted on my taking the rest of the fruit nud
sharing il with my J'rienil. With a broad
finite of good nature thnt hnd hot a shadow
of servility or olweipiioiiioiers iu it, she waved
her fat band with an allien, nud we went on
our way, enriched with a new neqiin'nilaiicp.
I have met her once since, nnd taken otf my
IihI, with quite a much pleasure ns a Ihjw
usually gives and the world would be hap
pier, 1 iliiuk, if this were a specimen of it
A liitle farther on, in the same walk, we
passed a garden in which ffipre was a flower
ing tree, ol a beauty quite new to lis. Its
green foliage wns veiy full, mid the tree was
nbout ns lull ns the common tulip tree but it
looked precisely ns if a sol) dnmp snow had
fallen iu the night and laden down its brunch
es with ns much ns they could bear. The
rich white flow ers lay cupped in the middle of
each spreading branch a large lap-lull iu
every cluster. Wu learned nlterwnrds thai
this was the franjfipint and it seemed ml ex
otic, for in vain we inquired ils mime, of two
very intelligent-looking gentlemen who were
passing nt the moment, hut of whose polite
ness I wish to speak, by the way, ns illus
trating the mnniiera of the belter cUss of
white inhabitant. 7 bey rinsed their lints
very courteously nt my abrupt question,
stopped, nnd entered into conversation, and
parted Iroui us, a Her rive minutes discuurse
upon the trees mid plant of the island, with
ibe civility of friends mid ncqimilniice. As
wo were hound to a puldii! promenade, we
pnsscd these same gentlemen again, si nted on
ono of the stone benches, nnd they look oil'
tlieir hats lo us again with the smite genial
courtt sy und a polite phrase of recognition.
This is not much, perhaps, but nsn feature of
national iiianm rs, I think it very admirable.
The stranger i made to feel nt home by such
kindness, mid there isun out-door hospttnllity
in it, which, for the pleasure it gives, leaves
" letters of introduction'' liir behind,
Poor people, here, live in the city not in
the suburbs ; nud a walk out of town is, con
sequently, a plensatiter thing than where the
suburbs lire shanties ami pig-styes (it 'bree
mile guaiillet of vile smells, im it is nt New-
Y ork). (lurdeiisnud villas commence imme
diately nt the ends of the streets, nnd, to mi
Amerienh eye, nt least, there tire lew objects,
moving or stutiuiiniy, even for the first mile
out of St. I'ierre on tho north, that are not
new mid picturesque, bu it seemed In us.
A little Hilar, nt the side ol tho road, Inul one
pour candle burning beliirn us rude image ol
the virgin, nnd a U'gro knell praying be lore
it. The Indies sat smoking their cigar- under
the porticoes. Yoked together by the horns,
und with their noses crowded down lo the
dust, the poor oxen, that could not turn their
head.-1, toiled past w ith their monstrous loads,
nml gave tig n side glance out of their great
mournful eyes. A now volciiuo, lately Iwoken
out iu the side of the mountain hc)niul,(iitd
in w hich the inhabitant rejoice, us n vent lor
w lint might otherwise hnve been an earth
quake,) scut up its black column of smoke lo
the sky. Charming waterfalls. (sluices from
the side of the massive nqueducl,) poured
over precipice that were not born lo the
honour of so whiten veil. .Soldiers off duty
wcro strolling over the hills in tlieir bright
uniforms. Naked black children were play
ing everywhere on the road, slumped with
iBigiu-rrcotype of tho w hite.ilused stones
they bad sat down upon. Flowers of the
most brilliant dye grew wild on nil sides.
The nir wns an iiuiiiingled dcliciousnes to
breathe, mid everybody's countenance mdo
lently mid contentedly expicssed il. Take
me such a walk in your temperate zone, my
And with thus gelling the better of you I
will close this letter. 1 ours ever, w. p. w
Virtue or the Lasii. Fred. Douglass
sns in ouool his hue papers that John Alt
lli'nr.n mul II. 11. bTANTO! "deserve to lie
lushed with H'orpions, und lo hnve blood
drawn nt every blow," lor deserting the cause
Negro overseers nre proverbially cruel, nnd
delight in administering the lash. There
ure nbout three millions of negro's in the
L lilted tMntes, mul nut quite so in. my Aboli
tionists. II both were put together in usep
erate community, we think the Abolitionists
would soon bo cured. liouthtrn I nu.
A Kentixkt Lawyf.h's Appeal. "The
thunder rolled, the moon rolled, the s'ars
winked, the sky was a complete cobweb
gentlemen of the jury ofdiukliiig dnikuess
on Hint niglil ; nml vet this 'ere mini did, with
malice a lore thought, steal lorlli inter the
quiet shades of ii lonely farmer s I se, nu.
then maliciously pisened Iu liniiille yeller
dog. Convict him, and Ibe prayer of u uu
tiotis are yours."
FALi.E.f rptniTs. The Rangor Mercurv
learns that the Belfast liquor store, kept by
Mr. lilnckstrap, was entered on Saturday
night last by some philanthropist, who
tupped id! the spirits, some $500 worth, and
set them ut lilierty.
A new method of making yeast is to tnke
a large ten-cup lull ol split mul in led pen.
put Iiieiu in a pint ol boiling water, cover
them closely to exclude the uir place them
by the side ol the fire for twenty-lour hours
w hen it should have a linn froth on the toil
A table spoonful of the liquid will ruise one
pound ol flour.
The New York Crystal Palace. It i
said thill 18l,',00 hnve been subscribed to
wards the fund of $300,000 required for the
erecting of the Crystal Palace in Reservoir
Square, The director calculate on " 140
tier cent n the profit of the concern, nnd
tho building on bund, at Ibe close of the
lit at season, with power to keep open the
exhibition during the coniinunnce of the
lease." These ure somewhat suiigiline ex
(T? Voltaire' definition of a physician
'An iinl'ortiiiiatii gentleman expected
every day lo perliirin a miracle namely,
ricoiicue iiuuiiii with intemperance.
ft?" The Lantern savs: " A correspon
dent n stores ua that Maine msv I mi .niiuidxr.
ed a defunct part of the republic, "a
pirn no departed to another state!"
Pearl and Pearl Buttons.
The pearl button manufacture I the pret.
tiest, alter all (the prettiest of that pro
diictinn. perhaps the charm is in the mate
rial, the broad shell, which we know lo have
lieen.a while ngo.M the Isittouiol the Indian-
sens. The raiulsiw light, which gleams from
... 1 a.. .. .1... .'. .........
me sur.ace, seems u. snow ,., ... moo
of where Ibis shell once was, nml what wns
dune about it. This i not from the Gulf of
Mexico Ibis shell. Many come from thence
hut Ibis is of ton good a quality bur those
western sens. Nor is il from Manila, though
the Manila shells lire very fine. This come
from Singapore, find is of the best quality.
To gel it, what hope und li'tirs, what enler
terprises mid calculations have Iwvn underta
ken and undergone! What Imiitstiil Iw.r
bnriniis went out, amidst the muttering and
chunking of charms, to the diving lor the
shell lor our handling! How gently were
they paddled over those deep clear sens.where
the moon shines with n gulden light, nud
sends her rays far down into the green depth
w hich the diver is iihuiil to intrude upon !
A the land bree.e comes from stirring Ibe
Ibrrest, nud hrciithinu over the rice-grounds,
to wall the bonis out lo aen, the diver pre
pared li.r their plunge, each slinging bis loot
on the heavy alone which was lo carry him
down, nine tinhorns deep. In w here bis prey
wns reiiosmif Mow. Then there was Ibe
plunge, nud the wrenching of the shells from
the rocks, unit pulling iiieiu into me mncii
nt tint waist mid tho assent, amidst a vast
pressure of water, causing the bead lo seethe
nnd rour, nud the ears Iu nclin, mid Hut im
prisoned liieiilh to convulse the frame ; nnd
then there was the tear of sharks, nud Ilia
dread spectacht of wriggling and shunting
fishes, mid who knows what other sights !
Aril llun, the bienlh hastily snatched ; and
the tearful plunge Iu he Hindu again ! And
then must have lollow'cd the sale to the hig
npuro lufichiiul ; nud the shipping to F.ng
laiid; nud the laying up in London, lo galher
uu enormous price thu article being bought
up by a few rich merchant and the journey
to Kirminghmn, where ibe finest pint of the
shell is Iu be kept for buttons, nud the courser
purl sent on to Sheffield, hi make the handles
, , ' i . ,
Through Mich ndvetilure has this brood
sneu guue, wiucu wo nuw inuu iu i.i.r iinnii.
Ill the middle i Hie seamed, imperfect pint,
fioiu which the fish wns torn. I' rom that
centre, nil round to the thin edge, is the lino
part which is to bo cut into buttons. IVoui
that centre buck to the joint is the ridgy por
tion, vtiih its knots, will serve lor kiiitehiuulles.
There is, perhaps, on harder siihstaneo
know n ; mid strong must be the machine that
will em it. It is caught and held with mi
iron grip, while thu tubular saw cuts it in
circles, n quarter of nu inch (or inure) thick.
hoinii o the circles lire mi men and il null
in diameter; others us small n the tiny but
tons seen on bi.by-cliitl.es. They are, one by
oiiei clutched hv n sort of pincers, nud held
against n revolving c linder to be pnli-hed
with sand and oil. Then, each is fixed on n
lutlie, nud turned und smoothed ; iiihiincd
with conceiilic rings, or with stars, or leaves,
nrdols; nud then routed or milled nt the
dges, with sireaks almost Ion hue to lie seen
with the naked eye. Tho figures in the mid-
llu lire to mask Hie holes hy w Inch the button
is sewed nu. In n small depression, in the
entre of Ibe l.attern. the boles are ill died by
sham hard point which pierces the shell.
I be edges of the lin es nro sharp, .. iiuuso-
wives well know. !ut lor urn cutting ot mo
... ... . . i
.1.- I :.. .1... m....m.i ... .....u l.u iIim .i.l.rurf
lllinilli, III ,IID viiiii in mil' , i'j in"
tieio I button would wear for ever.
nud then, the thin pierced bit iu the middle
breaks out ; but much ultener, thu liutluu is
lust hv the rutting of the thread. They last
su lung, however, as to make us wonder how
there run be any need of Ibe vast numbers
that ure made, lliriiungbiuu supplies almost
the whole world. A very few ure maile lit
Sheffield ; mul thnt is nil. In ibe I'uiled
glides, where the merchants can gel almost
any quantity ol the shell, lioui tlieir greut
trade Willi Al.inihi nud Singapore, I Iih notions
are nut made. The Americiius buy nu in-
redible nuaiilitv fioiu Hiiuilogliam. Many
Ihotisaiuls ol persons ill this lowti lire eninlo) -
en III inn lii.s.l.e.s , linn iiiuj imiisn iiiiiii; i" linn
. i ...... I. . I ........
mil tukm lli.iiiumiil iiriifiM luir ive,1!!. mill VerV
steadily ; for fashion has lilllu or nothing Iu
1 - - J
In with pearl billions. 1 he iteuiaiul is steady
nml increasing; nml it would increase iiiiu-h
fester but liir the restrietioii in the quantity
of tho material. The profit math) by the
miuuifactiirer is extremely small su dear as
the shell is. The Kitigaporo shell Was sold
, i;. ....ij ....
v. il e......,,l be bad under one bun-
Inn ; now
died und twenty-two hiiiiuIs, ten shillings,
. I- .uu;....-
ier tun. J be mauiilacturer complains ot
I.r II' .1.. l.u tin. i.i.lld.1 ll lll.l ilimr-
i" i." ' . .1
iitrpr, uitj 1 niiii 111 1110 hhd m Mpt
' ' ... .
b t'HbfhtMl liHnru iii(T. Juno will hIiuw
viu:iiinr llio iMii'iir niu I'niiiniiiu t Aiiinii-iru,
like Ibe lursof polar cnuutries. Weventure
n. .t. while lonkim, rom t the ...le of.
shell frngmeiils, nml heaps ul w hite dost that
accumulate under thu lathes, that it seems a
pity lo waste all this reluse, seeing bow val
uable, a manure it would make, if mixed with
bune-dusl or guano. The reply was, that il
is iinpssible lu crush a substance so hard;
that there is no uiacliine which will reduce
these fragments lo powder. II so, some sol
vent will probably soon be found, which will
act like diluted sulphuric urid upon hones.
While we were discussing this matter, mul
begging a pint or a quart of the powder Hum
under the lathe, to try a small agricultural
extM'iimeiit with, n workman mentioned that
1 1 l ... ot.. 11. 1.1 - ! .1.1 :
when he worked ut Shellii Id, n neighlioring
liinner used lo come, at nny lime, nud nt any
inconvenience to liimsell, to purchase shell
powder w hen allowed to letch it, declaring
it lo Is) inestimable, a a manure. Iu place
like IJirininghum, where the sweeping and
senpings of the floors of mauufaeluries lire
sold for Ibe sake of the metal dust IIimI may
have fallen, we venture lo predict Hint such
heap mid masse of shell fragment a we
uw, will not long be Cast nwny as useless
rubbish. If one house alone could sell two
IllJIIdlPiJ mill lllty ion Ol lliell-rehise per
year, what n qumitity of wbent nml root
might be produced from under the counters,
ns 11 were, 01 itirmmgiinin worusiiop: Aim
we are fold Hint such a quantity would cer-
laiuly be ufforded. Hitch a sale may, iu course
of time be a set-oft against the extreme
deiirnes of the imported hell. While thu
smallest pearl billion goes through nine
Inn uuira of lunula More it is complete,
piece from which it Is cut may herenfler
simmeiiiig in suine .( axm , nun nm-
ing into the ground, and rising again, soft
and green, as the blade of wheat, or swelling
into the bulb of ibe turnip. Will not soma
While this dust win liultbling out from
under the turning-tools, nnd flying nlsmt be
fore it (Pttled, we hnd misgiving about the
lung of the workmen. Hut it weuw there
wns no need. The workman who was ex
hibiting hi art in the dusty place, lohl us he
Had woraen inns uir iime-nmi iweniy years,
and had enjoyed capital health, mid truly, he
l.u.Litli iffllli mill lllllltltrtlllJ SslllklKlll Mini
Wesiiw no signs of ill-henlth among the w hole
niinilier employed. The proprietor carps li.r
Ibeiu lor tlieir bealih, tlieir understandings,
their feelings, nnd their fortunes ; nnd bit
seem l In) repaid hy tho spectnclo of their
The white jwiirl button nro not the only
one made of ahplls of the Knstern seas.
There i a sort called black, which lo our
eyes looked quite a pretty, gleaming as il
did with green and liliae colors, vheu moved
in the light, This kind of shell comes from
1 lie islands of the Pacific. It is plentiful
round Tahiti, and Hawaii (a we now call Ol
nheitn mid Ovvhvhee). It is much worn by
working men, in the larger tonus of bullous.
We remember to hnvn olten seen il but
never to have asked what it was. jne
Ao.'il H urJs.
- ; , , " " : -"" . . " .
Mind and Body.
Dr James Johnson, in his essay on " Indi-
gpjtion." has Hie li.llowuig excell-nt remark
tf influence which the cuudiliiui of Ibe
)0,V lias on the itinicl and iieuri
" Many a hnppy nnd lucky Ibottgbt ha
sprung loriti mi empty stomeb. iM uiv mi
iuipiiilnut undertaking ha been ruined by n
hil of undigested pickle; miny a well laid
scheme has filled in execution Irom n drop of
green bile; ninny n tertibbinml murriles
edict hns gonii tin til in consequence of no
blinded gastiic nerve. The churucter of
men's minds has otleii sufl'ereil friuii tempo
rary derangements of the body ; mid thus
health may make the same man n hero in Ibe
field win. ui dispepsiu may render imbecile,
ill the Cabinet."
Dr. J. illustrate hi subject in the follow
ing maimer :
"1 lately sawn gentleman of brilliant tnl-
puis nml prolific genius who could si
aH, ,,, rxH.,.n,.y h ,
extemporaneously whulo pages ot
superior poetical effusions with scarcely nu
i fliirl of mind, und who would yet, from a
sudden derangement of ibe digestive organs,
be so completely und quickly pro-united iu
intellectual power ns Hot to be able to write
three line on the most common subject.
On a late occasion, w hen be had merely lo
couimimiciilo iiu ollieiid Iriuis iclimi that re
quired nut more than n do. mi hues in Ibe
plainest language, be cool. I nut put pen lo
paper, though thu attempt was iu nle fifty
limes iu the course of Inn d ts. At length
be Was lorced lo throw himself iniii u posl
cliais.) and peilorm a lung journey , Iu deliver
orally what might have bueii done lit one
minute by the pen.
u Iu biilf' mi huiir after thn task wns per
formed, he sat down mul wrote mi ode de
scriptive of his ow n state of nervous irrita
bility, which would not have duim discredit
to the h;ii of Ityron.
" Tho author of this essay was himself so
enervated by a fil of what is called iudiges
linn n In be utterly incapable of breaking
the seal of a letter iu twenly-li.ur hours, too'
to nil appearance in good lienbh ut I Iih limit.
I.ipinlly asionishinu and unaccountable is the
( M o(. ( ;,.,
,. ,,, .,... -.- -.,
..i.i... v irini-i mill;!., f-ii. il ,s, mill ii
.... m 1
nihilates fur a lime the whole energy of the
mind, mid renders the victim of ibspepsin
afraid ot bis own shadow, or of things mure
iiusubsluuliul, if possible than shadows.
yfgnin he say:
M It is under lint influence of such pnrnx
vsms ns these, 1 am Ihoruiighty convinced,
thai siit-- tenths of thine melancholy instan
ces of suicide which shock the out of thu
public, take place."
From nn ncconnt recently published by
members of ibis eoiniiiunii v, we learn thai
, . , coi .. .
iin.rc iirw imiv eiuiiu-e.i soei-.ieB 111 o.ianirs
in the I'niteil Stales, distribuled in the several
Stales as billows: lour in M assachusetts, tvui
III Maine, two in New Hampshire, ouu ill
Conuecliciit, three in New York, four in
Ohio, nnd two in Kentucky. There aru also
individual memliersiii fellowship, who reside
apart from the regular settlements. The
ursi onaner riim.uu
first shaker community was established near
I Manchester, liuglattd. i.hul.t the year 1747,
: James nmljane Wi
iirdly being the first uiio
islers. bight members ol this little hand
embarked Iroui LiverH.ol lor New York, in
I 1771, und two year alter they look up I heir
. 1 ur . r . 1 .
. poui.liiiulii lit tin (.kxiitil itl W liraliatl iilkimt
. m ..... M w
. i-(m . , .
"'. .r i7VJ l80 nnuiy of he
residents m Lebanon, N. ., and vicinity' hu-
came converts lo their doctrines, nnd soon
after a society was tiuiiided nml established
there, which is rncngiiized as the parent or
lending society in the United Slates, and from
which the several other societies mid branch
es have sprung tip. The member of this
community hold their property in come,
mid it is scarcely necessary lo add, thai they
are distinguished, the world over, liir moral
ity industry, li ugiiliiy, neatness nnd hospitality.
(jy Among the choice specimens of hu
manity in tho Whig National Slave Catching
' Convention win one Charle Anderson, ol
.Ohio, n vulgar blnckguurd, who spoke u
follows: t'jjtx Frttman.
He would say to the gentleman from Mas
sai-hiisells (Cbotile) thnt be could not halo on
; Abolitionist more than ha (Anderson) did,
unless he liuil more iimligmiy m his heart
than wns portrayed in bis face. Liughter
nnd applause. He was nut opposed lu the
Fugitive Slave Law. He would make
strong enough to lake from the Free Stales
not only the tugilive Slavt,but also nil the
, (,-,,otfroes nml Abolitionists. Thai I... iv.
' ever Wl),,( perhaps bo too cruel lor it wa
, cy t ronceive what hard tusk iimstor
U(.ra would make tin)
Iron Paper At the Prussian Industrial
Exhibition, Count Keuard, a large proprietor
ef iron works, exhibited sheet iron of itch
degree of tenuity llint the leave can
used liir nuner. One of the finest sort the.
, mrchinery roll is 7,040 square feet of what
, piny lie cuiiuii leal iron, iroin a OWI, ul met
al. A bookbinder of Breslun has made
album of nothing else, tho pages of which
turn as flexibly as the finest fabric of linen
Agents for the Bugle.
The following named persons are requested
and authorised to act as agents (or th liugle ir
their respective localities.
fjhas. DouUm, Uerca, Cuyahoga county, Uhto.
Tlmoth - Vuodworth.I.iteliHeld,Mc(linnco., O,
W.n. I'nvno. Kichliold. Summit co.. Ohio.
Jesse Sjott, Sumincrton, llclmont Co.
Z. U.iker, Akron, Summit Co.
II. U. Smitlley, Randolph. I'ortnge Co.
Mrs. C. M. I, itlmni, Troy,Ucauga, Co., O.
i. 8 mthain, lirunswiek.
O. O.llrown, llinlirido.
I.. 8. .Specs, Granger.
J. II. I.unhcrt, Hath,
Isaac H rooks, Linvsvillp,
J. T. Hirst, Mercer,
Fuiley Mutirew, l sincsville,
Thomas Wooton, Winchester, Indiana.
NEW SPRING DRY GOUUS,
AT H IIOLES.IL!:.
iM I It Fill, TlfclOAN A. Co.,
No. 48, WOOD ST., I'lnsitVUOH. l'A.
Aim now receiving their second supply ol
New U.iodi lor tlii. fhim ; bought union the
lew days at the very loet tales. In their
su.ck will he li.iiiut a lull and complete ns...t
meat ol AMICUHJAS, HH1TIH, tUI.Jifll,
ami (tliUMAX UIHHIS; all of winch the
oiler ut falAYl'LUN I'HiCKft, lor eaah or up
Tncy rc,iectfully invito so examination nt
their stuck Ir.iin nil tiuyvrs vuitnig tin. llinrkit.
April 17, JS'S i.
ISAAC TIltsLMTT. CLAItK TUtstOTT.
I. IKLSCO'l T
SALE M, OHIO, Wholesale and llrtail Deal
ers iu 8uIkh.I, Classical und Miscellaneous
Duoks nnd Scutionery ; J)rug and Modi
Lines; Miuic and Urucciics.
March 6, 18.5J.
VOL. FIVE WILL COMMENCE IN" Al'KIL
Dickens' "Ilousehiild Wo ds,"
.1 IIVcA.'y Jouriml, ami " WiliuMe Whuptri, '
ut Attwrutiit ltitMt.
Designed for tho Instruction and Entertainment
ut all Classes ol Headers, und to assist lu thu
dicuiou of thoSociui Uucstioiig ot the limes.
8-4.30 a Voar by .11 :t 110 Coils n
A ii in her.
TO CLLTH 3 im r tfil; eopitt fur $!);
10 fur tjilS.
Tho most ngreeulilo and instructive mass of
reading ever collected. . Juarnal.
Tne bc-t of that writer's works by far.
Chrtstia A 'A isuitlor.
This journal is one of the spiciest productions
wlucll reach us. Musical World.
I'ne urtieles me on subjects interesting to nil
cbeMcs nt people, nt a character touching their
vital interests. .Ww iledf'tnl Mrrcury.
Weighty is the in ittcr and buoyant tho stylo.
.V. 1'. U.iil.4 Timuu
It will cause inn. iy a futility hcnrtU-atonc to
lliw io ro brightly. I'l ibune.
X ono can peruin thii work without being
wis?r nd better. AUtmn Mrin.
ANUE1.L, E.NOEI. & II K WITT,
1 Spruco-st., N. Y.
LUTHER AND HIS ADIIEUKNTS
Tim Proprietors of Sarl.iio's Magaine
having piucliiised thu large mid handsomu
steel plate, carefully engraved in lino mul
mezzotint, from llio celebrated design by
Ucorgu Ciiileruiob', rcprusentuig
Tin: i ius r kefoh.mf.ks
Presenting their 'imt Protest at the Diet of
now iiffer il in eonnexiou with their Maga
zine on lerms uiiprecedently low.
This iniignilieent eompo.-ilion coiiliiius
nearly one hundreil tigures, mul iuchuhis
iiulbentii! portraits of the most prominent
men eouiieeled with that iniportaiit event.
The work (exclusive of margin) ineiisures
ii I inches hy 15, and the print ha never
been retailed al n price less than ff.i per copy.
I i-'h impression is accompanied by an in
structive pictorial key uf relerei.ee, describ
ing Hie scene, the characters, the history
which b-d lo tho evout, mid the principles
In connexion w'tli Sin tain's Magazine
both works will bo furnished on the billow
ing lilainil terms, which ure invariably in
Ovk Copy of the M.ignziuc, mul ono of the
Two Copies of tho Magazine, mul two m
tne liiols, lsf.1
Five Copies uf the Magazine, nnd five ol
Hie I'riiil, together with one copy of both
works lo the getter up of the Club, $Vl.
1 he price ol Barlam H Magazine being ol
Itsidl ffl per annum, both works jointly may
nuw, by llio alaive oiler, be bad fur what
was berelolore Hie puce ol each separately
Preparations are making tu publish III the
Magazine a series of Illustrated articles on
Amkiucan Hkuuks, coiiimeiieing with
Pictorial Lite ol (J.mera I Jackson.
fT7Agents wanted in every town and vil
lage m the United Stales, lo get up Clubs
upon ibe uliove liberal terms.
Send on your Subscriptions, ami secure
.!( worth ol rcudiug mul engravings lor l?J
Address, JOHN S.UU.UN & Co.,
" THE COMMONWEALTH"
DAILY ANU WEEKLY BY
E. WRIUII I' & Co.,
Ao. 00 Washington Street, Boston.
elizcu wutoiiT, Editor, cha's list, Ass't Ed
TlIC Daily CommnmccuHh contains more
reading mailer, and inoru Irish NEWS, than
uuy oilier lloslon paper. Il is independent
in every thing, nml ueliirnl iu iiolhmg. II u
religiouslv conservative of nil good iuslilu
lions, and radically destructive towards nil
bad ones. Il I Ibn only paper in the me
tropolis of New F.ugliiud which advocates
Free Soil, the llepeal of the Fugitive Slave
Liw, mul the union ot tree people througli
out tho world Uir the dufeuce of Liberty
Tkriis. Daily (Sunday nxnepted)$5
year, mvuriauiy iu uvanee. vuy siiusci uiers,
I'i cunts per week, pavuhle to Hie currier
or $(1 per milium, payuble in advance ut the
cAu Saturday mornings, $2ayearin
advance. Clubs ordering 3 conies lo one
address $5; 10 copies f 15; SO copies $25
LITTELL'S LIVG AGE. '
Extract! of leUtrl from Jadgt Story, Chmnetilof
Jitnl, and 'resident Admm:
Camkridue, April 94, 1844.
I have rend the prospectus with gital plea
sine, nml entirely iq piuve the li.n. Il it
enn only oblaiu ibe public pulioiiiige long
euiiiigb, nml bilge noiigh, nml set-iiit iy
iioiighlo alhiiu its true ends, it win ei.btri-
liute in mi emineiit degree te pile a healthy
lone liot only lu our blerntuie, bid lo public
pinion. It w ill ciiitble lis lo possitsili a
lOdeinte compuss a select liluniy ul tin la si
prniluelioiis ol the age. Il will do n ine! it
will redei to our periodical lilerulute urn.
ic repronrh ol Is it.g iletotirl to IilI.I Mul
snpeilii inl rending, to Halisilor) spi cnlalii US,
to sickly ami epbeineral seitiiu.t atslHis, kliu
liilse nnd uxtriivtignlit ski til i sol tile itnl
htirnctcr. jom.i ii tsiuuv. .
New Youk, 7iIi May, 184-.
I npprnvp very liu.eh of the ph n ol the
Living Auej' mul il ii be condni e I with
the iiitelhgeiicp, spirit und Insie tl.nt the
piospi'ciu ii.diciitts. (ol wbii Ii 1 I. nve no
reason to dnitbt,) il will be oiu-of tl.c nost
stioctivu ulul 1 1 indar prru dm Is id 119
ihvy . JAM I S KENT.
Washington, '7ibDcP., 1844.
flT nil ibe in i Ii ilicul ioiii i.nls devnlcd to
literiiliue M il sciel re which iibfinlut in Fis
tope and in this mutiny, tl is hns npppnrctl
lo me Ibe mrst iiselnl. Jt contain indeed
the exposiiii ti only of the cuiri nt liti rniiiie
of the English liu.euiige, but ll is. by its im
nu use extent nud cninpiehi nsiuli, iii( bide
poitriiilorn ol Hie luiiiinii mind in the ut
most expansion ol the sel l
J. U- AU.l.US.
This work in cm. ducted iu li e nihil of
Littell's Aiiimiiiii ol I nii iLii Liu ii.ttiie,
( It it-1 1 was hitniiibly iiciivnl by lletl,lic
lor twenly yenis.) hut ns il is twice ns luif.e,
nnd nppenrs so olli Ii, we tint only i: i n' s nil
tiiul lieshiiPss to it by many lliiiiy which
were excluded by n muiiihY 'delay , I ut while
we arc thus exit iiilmg our i i e t,t d gi.ll cr
iug a greater und more titlriiclive vtuiett, me
able so to increase ibe solid mul H.bsli l lild
pari ol our literal J, histoiici.l, nnd uhliinl
iinrvesl, us lulh lo snlisly ibe wuiilsol the
Amei leini lender.
'I'hil elaboriile mul stalely F.sse) s uf ll e
diiiburgh QuaitciK, mul utbt r Id views ;
nml llliii'kwonil's noli'e rt iliciMns on 1'iuliV,
his keen political Comuu Him ii s, birl ly
wrought Tales mid vivid ih si r i linns i.i t u
ra I und muiiiiliiiti Sci iteiy ; iilid the ediiiii
billiuns lo Llleralli.e, llisloiv, M.d Ci II II on
ite, bv Ibe sagacious Spi ctitlnr, ibe si i ik-
liug Examiner, Ibe jnilieii.tis Atlu I in, ti n
busy nnd industrious th zetle, the si iimI.Iii
and ciitupri hensive lit ilMitiin, ll.v sol 1 1 i t tt
respeclalihi 1 hi i.-tii.n ObsiiMr: llese eie
liileriiu.xeil Willi lhe.il.blmy m il iSmal u u
iiiscences ol the l ulled f-enici, ii.ilwiib
the best nrlieles ol the Liiblm Fiiiveisity ,
New Muiiibly, Finzer's, 'I nit's, Ait.bwot th's,
Hoods, nnd r pni ting nlngiziiu s, it l nt
Cbniuber's iiihiiirable Journal. We do l ot
consider it beneath our dignity lo btuiow
wit mul wisdom hum Punch ; mul, when wei
think it good enough, to make use ul the
thunder id' The Times. We ll.ill ini'ienso
our variety uf iniportatioiis bum ibe c t.ti-
ueiit ul l.uriie. nml lioui ibe new ciuwtli
of the lirhish t.'olonies.
We hope that, by ' winnowing ibe when
from the el mil',' hy providing nhunihinilv lor
Hut im iginatioii, mul by ii large collection of
liiogrnphy, Voyages, travels, History, tint!
more solid iiiutler, we limy produce u wotk
which shall be popular, while at the slime
lime it will nspuo tu raisu the stntulurd f
The l.tvi.xo Aok is piiblishrd evcrv Fa
lunhij.by E. Ldlell & Co.,' corner ot 'lie
iiioiii and Uiimdiehl slieels. Jlosinn ; Pi ice
I t I x cents n iiiiinber, or six dollars n unr
advance. Kiuiiiltiiiit-c lor nny iieiiotl
will be thankfully received und promptly
Postaoe Free. To all subscribers w ith
in l.'KJO miles, who remit in ndviii.ee, din et
ly to toe olliee of publication, nt liusion, ll.e
sum ol Six dollms, wtwill coi.iii.ue ibe
work beoiiil tho year, ns longus sbi.ll be Ml
equivalent lu the cost ol the (ostngc: li tis
virtually curry mg mil tin; plan ot sl iding
every man eopv lu him Postage r ki e t
placing our distant siibsei ibeis un ll.e M ll.e
tooting ns those nearer lo ns : M d mnkiiigi
tho wlmle country our heigl.bui I i.i d.
We hope fur such Inline change in the
law. or iu the interpretation thereof, ns will
enable us lo make this idler lo Mihscriheia
nt any disii nee.
E. I.ITTI'LL. & CO.. Hostnr..
1 lie Lii'Miiir, J'osi, Sfmi-ucrklj.
fl'BLISUKD tVtUV TVESUAY AND FItlDAV,
At )jf3 jttr annum, payable in advance. At Ho. 18.
jvuieuM, near i'me elitef, Auw 1'iuk.
WILLIAM C. UUY ANT & Co.
F.arh Number contains the latest . intellU
getice, poliiii nl, loreign, and (lomesiie niul
js sent off by the earliest mails to sohsciiber
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the latest loreign inlelligeiice r pi inl u)l
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Manufacturer of Varriaije; Ttaeyim, Fnlkit; fa
A general assortment of carriage '.onstantlv
on hand, made of th t boat tc: riul i,d iu lh
neatest style. All t jrk h. (nted
Hhop nu Mum stn rt. Sa.a , O.
AGENT WANTED, "
TO SELL NEW AND POPELAll HOOKS.
WE are in want of Agents to canvun this
psrt of the State tor our new Honks.
A smull capital of but $10 or $15 wilt be re
quired to commence with, and an activo person
can earn from $3,00 to $5,00 per day. bonis
of our Agent earn much nioro.
Those desirous of engaging in this proBtabla
business, may obtain our plan of operation, and
a list of our Publications, by addressing, poat
paid, M. F. TOOKER Co.,
No. 102, Superior St., C)eylpd, O. '
Marah 20, mi, . . ,