Newspaper Page Text
Tho thrco-fiftli slave representation,!- a thing
Veil enough in the eyes of tho chivuloroua
masters, in tho general goTrrnmenf, a it jena-
them lo eftntrnl it .1 tl, ... r .i..
North. Hut it fnils to bo equally accept: hie to
them in thoir tato government. Ira Influence
it to throw tho whole, government of tho stnte
into tho hands of a few slaveholder. Virginia
had despcrnto atrugglo on the question lust
year. Even South Carolina la icatlcsa umler
this aristocratic ru'.c, and tho moro moderate
lave atstea, havo utterly repudiated It.
Louisiana ia juat now agitating the question
with noli. tl: Interest. A. convention for tho
revision of their constitution, liaa just dosed
ita tension. In discussing tho meriia of ita la
bora, ths following article eontaiurd in tho new
constitution receives severe condemnntion.
"Art. 8. llcprcv illation in li e Hnuso of
Keprcaontutivcs shall bo equal and unilbtm.aud
ahull be regulated and ascertained bj the total
population of each of tho scv ?rul parishes of
Thia peculiar feature of republicanism, against
which only a few of tho mot fanatical oboli-tioni-ta
ohjoet, which even tho Piitshuigh
' Platform does not acofit to propose to change,
which haa been acquiesced in t.y ull our lulc
mcn, north and south, whii.li it is high treason
to condemn even in thia latitude, ia receiving
aomo terrible thrust in Louisiana. The press
there ia not at all reconciled to the litct that the
planter with his five hundred or a tli.u-and
slaves, ahull have the sinuo pnlhical power, at
five hundred or a thousand iioti-elavcholding
citizens, induing their men hunt prince, b.nk
capiuliats, &o. They declare that it i " anti
republican," invidious," "impolitic," and
" unjutt." They ask with aome emphasis, why
the the ox and tho ass aro not uNo iucludtd in
tho constitutional basis, a wi ll u. tho kluvc.
The necessity fur the exiicr.ec cf thia "unti
republican, niviJious and unjust" urrungcmriil
in the federal government is very fruukly aet
forth aa fo.'lowa, by the Xew Oilcans True
" Intelligent men well know that the federal
basis was adopted to s'mugtltcH tha stare states
ajnmtl the j! , mile eio rotuhiiHnti of the lice, and
the preponderance, it was justly feared, lice
Immigration from Kiiinpe would givo the bit
Ur. It waa in point of fact, a precautionary
atep taken as against, not probable, but possi
ble, cocniic of alnvcry."
Against tho adoption of tho menstiro in i's
own state, however, it remonstrates as. foil run :
Hut uhoecer heard of such a guaranty de
manded by a slave state against its own papula
linn, which if this cnnstiiminn lin accepted
by tho people, will bn thurusc? Now wc,
luive loo miii'h respect lor ibu intelligence,
shrewdness, mill circumspection of the large
planters, lo helicvu tlmt tlipy would counte
nance, by any net of theirs, an imputation
mo dangerous, tui iiiilhmulcd, mill to m just,
as thut in any parish in tlx- slate, wherein in
fl large while population, any unkind biding,
any unfriendly or liosiilc. heling, exist be
tween lliciu ; or that it would Int possible,
under any circumstance ttlictrl of such run
stitolioiuil provision of thin basis, wliicli
tftery ono condemns, to nrrny llip penphi in
ipMitioii to (he interest of llmir, in n world
ly sense, moro fortiiiintii li'llow-eiii.i'ii.
Equally i iiliiMilotiri would it bu to poll upon
tho ppoplu to nppuKi! or npprovo flic roimii
tntioil mi party rniinds, mieiui; llnit party
ttnil nothintx whatever to do with llin pinirt
nctnipiil of llin rlaiiHrt pniilniniiijf llin nlinnii
IihIiIb provisioinvhii'li pot.s llin iiilcliiciit,
indupti iniiH mid ciilnpi inini; riiii'iiM on ti n
aaino level nil lliu fIiivl. IMpii culling llii'lll
fpIvph flfiiiiii'riitx voted liir llio ilcaiiulin
distiiii'lion, mid presses plainiiii); to In ihon
opiiiI'k: iipprovu liy tlieir vilcnpu llin iin xjii.i
ble wrong ibpi-pby indicted upon ilm pi uplc.
" If lliu ilidpgiitpn wlio voted lin' it, ilnl mi
Ulnli'i' the inincHMoii that lliu hlavcs of the
tiitf uro ii no idiiblo ns u repirMi-nt itivp
lianis I Ian 1 1 tin ox or tint iikh, riH'oiiiini'iidi'il
by our Coiii'oi'd'ni t'oiiti'iiipiirnry. wo really
cannot hcu on u luit principle, tiny moro than
wo run poyiuhly find exciiso or I'Xlrniiiitiou
for llin violaiion of pvmyihiiij liki' republican
equality in what tin y have nlii-iuly done
" Wu repaid the ipu'ntion only in ono I'ulit,
anil that in, iia dangerous unit most odious
fpatiii PH. We ilo not rpgaril ll ns n quest inn
nfli eiing Phiqiiciniiid liny nioiu lliaii t'U
Iviiulry, Jeftcixiii than Jackson, War-liio-on
limn h 1 1 kl in p irinli. II tti ii): s Juitue
to the proplt it inlio'luccs ilittiiu tions irhuh
for forty ytai t have been unknown in the ttnte
Mtul distinction which every one of its Southern
sisters, which have of Into year remodelled
tlmir organic In w, have repudiated; mid it i"
for tliPrio nMMDiia wu opposn it. lie oppose,
and shall ever oppose, a constitution irhich makes
no distinction bttiveen the white citizen and lite
stave in apportioning the representation n Uun
lillltioii which places tlio government mid
(Icatiny of ihta city mid iIi'ih uobhi hii.ih in
the liiintla of n fnifjiuenl of thu populalion,
PXeepiling but by tl Iraclion tin) paltry iiiiin
ber fif eighty thoiniaiiil Hiinlri, n niiiiiher bo
low that of llio population of lliix fiiy, px
cluaive of Laliiyelle, (llin 1'ourih District).
"No mull Ima yet appealed in print with
efTrotitory itnoiiuli to approve what thia eon
veiilion lum done. Kvury one, on the con
trary, who lina upoketi, p.niuleuuiH, im we
roiiiltifiin, llio wlnvo biiin of repienentatiiui.
Can it Im doubtful, then, whether llio people
will ratify or reject tho coiiKlilulinu, w hen
even tlio Btock-jniiliers nnd Fpeeiiliitor, who
hope to bocoinu enriclied by it, liuvu nutliing
to tirpo in it liivor ?
" ll ia ton Into in the dny to introduce either
tho idave or jacka qiialifieiition lor repre
sentative basin; find that tho nrcliilecm of the
new couKlittitioii will, or wo nro lunch mis
taken, discuver before tho Stli day of Novem
The New York Evening Post, commenting
upon this, Bays ;
Now we would like to know what la to
become of this government il ' mirli Inlk na
this i to he allowed ut the aoutli. It ia biiI
ficieutly frightful to bear micb doctrifipa
broaphed, na they occasionally have been,
by aueh irracliiiinnhlo print h the New
York Evening Post, the National Era, unit
pajmra of that ilk, but lo rend in n aoulberu
paper that the aluve busia of representation
vrbieb waj given to the people of the Uuited
jtatetj by tha fothera of the republic; to
l"""""'' uulwark "ileuip jiisiipu to Hie ppo
Me ' I'1''" " " dislinpfiniia which
I which wo Imvo often been told the Union
I owpd it origin, mid upon llin continuance,
! which it depend lor if existence from dny
) lo d"v ! f'id ' n southern paper flint this
lor forty jpiir bavii Ireeii iinkiinwn in
alnlpfi," nnd whieh every oiih of its nouthcrn
aister liavo repiidiateil," ia snniclhiiifr
which wo rnnli-a w were not prepared,
while Mr. I'llliimiB was phargpil with llio
PXPcnlivH duly of punishing liiirli Ireasoii,
ntid (ipiipral Hcott retained bisnllice naCoin
liiHiidcr in Chii f id the Aiuericaii Army.
And, (wu will mid) w bile tho New Yoik
I'vening Post supports Frankliii l'ierco for
. Our friend Pillsburypiileitaiiiatbo rendeia
of llin Ami Slavery Ktniubird, with the fol
lowing description nf town nnd country
J liPii-aliMuis. Tor ilm rrctlil of our town, we
are sorry to aay that in this description wo
cannot enumerate ns tnauy " unwarrantable
bypi'i boles" na wo rouhl ilcsiro l.'nder il itn
of August Slid, speaking of Snlcm bo says:
Why ilm peoplp of ilm place many id
whom nro wealthy, should consent In bn
bundled together, two or Ihieo thousand nl
them, in so much mud, filth, find rubbish
every kind, is most mysterious. Only lino
of Hip afreets has timlhing which can bu
called n side-walk, without n most daring
bitimilp in I hn u-e of laiiguagp. And then
they me clustered with utmost every roneciv
nble thing w hii'li should not b there. A
I'hi'ndelphia liiend rpiiiniked to mo just
now, ns we wi re walkiiiL'. llial " il looked n
thoiigh iiolniiig was ever picked up." I told
him ii good many things bud been throw n
down, nt nny rale.
In some places, the flow of sundry sinks
mid kitchens of most equivocal housew ifery
run directly into llio main street. In tluse
hot noondays, you w ill bo greeted with nil
inantieis nnd ' compounds id vilhuinus
smells," ns you leap tlii'so luihriilgcd estua
ries, In side swarms of Mies, liitleiied on llio
tilth into truly nri-iocraiie proportions, that,
w ilh ii leal lul buzz, open to the right iimi
left liir your uccomod nioii as you pass along
mid lin n, tun, a most IhwIcks, independent
held ol swine wander find bivounc.bv flay or
night, ns suits llicii iucliiuitiuu--iiidepeiiilent,
huwever ill lillle else, Inr most of tlieui re
mind uu far more id Phnraoh'a seven year
of (amine ihau the seven of plenty.
ll is rumoured that Ihero lire excellent
g lided in the low n, bill tho stables, stjes,
and iiihi r opmpip bodies, almost wholly
eclipse them hum human gaze.
Except on Ilm main street; what of side
walks there nro consist of plank stretched
along lc ii'jhthvt ise, liiquenily only ono
nhieiisl (a mi Irisbmiin would s i) ); mid so
flip peopln tire compelled lo Walk ns is re
quired of prisoner in tho Penitentiaries,
unit nfter another; nnd iheso planks arc,
many of them, warped as badly ns the prin
ciple of some political patties; mid in nin
ny eases, indeed, liko I hose principle, they
have entirely disappeared. And it is ru
maikablo with what calm reie.n:ili"li llin
citizens hear their loss, mill submit, year filler
year, to tho bereavement.
And over nil, the smoke nf llin bituminous
cord, w hich is burned in large quantities, lum
thrown a pall of blackness, which puts llio
place in becoming mourning, mid give il u
truly uniuii'ing appearance, reminding ou)
stiiiiigly of w hal an old resident told me,
that every th'uttf was so sooty, Irmu llio use
of coal, that nioihcis bad nlwrivs lo wash thu
h.ces nf the children when they bad been
out, before each rouhl tel! her own; I think
this is im Unwarrantable hj pel hide, mid can
not endorse it.
In sm:h ii place, ha the ,-1nti-Slavtry liable
been located, and here has its editor come lo
reside, leaving as prellv and pleas Hit a lit It
home, twenu miles oil' as could b i ilcsiicd.
The region mound rvjem is lerlilo mid
beautiful ; nnd many of the firms are most
magnificent. Nature bn done bountifully,
mid only in ks n little wise nnd failhtid cul
ture, mid this whole vicinity would become
nun of thu very gardens ol the world.
Wo have just closed the tenth Anniversary
uf tin) Western Anli Havery (Society, ii
was held ill llio llieksilo Meeting bouse, PX
pppt on Huiiibiy, w Iipii lliu multitude in at
tend nice diuvu us to the grove. The llick
sile Clunkers ru e extremely honourable and
generous in granting tis their bouse without
uny charge at nil, except pay lo thu pei'Mina
who mo employed lo wash it, uller wo have
eloM'd our fXeicises : and then lliu hospital
ity of llin peopln is without bound. b'iliy
persons are ollen entertained bountil'ttdy, fur
the whole three flays, in huu.-,cs not us large,
as the ordinary firm houses of New York
mid New England ; nnd then the cheerful
bi'arliucs with which everything is ilouo
nuist honourable to human nature ami n filul
denial lo llio hole iliictiiuu uf Total De
pravity. Tho ofli'dal proeeeditmii will tell you
about lliu nn-Plinjr. Joseph H.uker, Oliver
ohnson, Jalio KhzaWclh join', mid Henry
('. Wl icbl. look prominent part in llio meet
ings. Frederick Douglas was also present,
lo represent mid to advocate (though I lliink
lo tin Its purpose enough) some kind of polit
ical Auti-i-'lavcry. Hut whether bo would
have us ciulirnfi) tho theories of the old
" Liberty I'.uty," or llio very widely dillereut
platform of ihe " I'reo Democracy," was
certainly not tit nil apparent. My ow n opin
ion is, that wu shall ' cotupromisu " llio mat
ter generally, by slicking to A iili-S Invet
proper, ntul Ictlins both idoiip. At tunes,
when Douglas soared above the mists and
mm Us of politics, bn was eloquent in
must superlative degree, ntul reminded
mournfully of what ho once was.
There nro some political Abolitionists here
lit tho West, whoso virtue is bko that of
Kouiiin Eniirps, "iibove suspicion." They
stand by tho Wi-sti-m Bopiely in every trying
emergency, mid, I trust, would, no iimitcr
what cost to politic r iiiiything dsn-
though ii yet they cannot we the propriety
mid liiiporiinico of rolnsing nil poveriiiminliil
lillimice with tho slaveholders nf the Sunlh
em estates; indeeil.l think il i""ly lbs leafi
er of atiy of tho political purliee in Ohio
who hold linek tho people from nrovlutiiiing
ot once, No Union with Slaveholders.
The Western Society gives good acrount
of herself this yeur, us yon will see by
interesting Report of the Corresponding So
crelary, oud nlo by the proceedings ol
Auniversury. You will find the Kesolulion
adopted nro in no ainbignoui terms, whut-
ever aubjects aro embraced in t!u;m. And
Voii niny be niirn no orgnniznlinn Iw-tipr rnr
'rip info life nnd practice it pn.li-f.ainn ami
ilecliiralioii. toward Church or Ouvcriifiiiiit,
thim doe flm Wiffcrfi Ami-Shivery Society.
Your mid vnur renders',
Frederick Douglass out for Hale and Julian.
Frf.pf.hick Doioi.ass lias unfurled tho
slur mid sn ipe with the names of Halo nnd
Julian inscribed thereon, lie bucks up Ibis
.1 :.l. .1 i -
u,.s,ra.,.,,r.ero.i. -u,i ...
for so doing. The seventh plunk in tho
Pilfsbnrgli platrorin which some nulical ami-
Invery iiipii, (Jerrit Pinith among tbeiti, Imvo
pronounced rotten, Mr. Douglass disposes of
in manner quife original. Though wo doubt
win Iber Ihu Pittsburgh delegalea w ill fb'Cln
il Complimentary. Ilo thrusts them upon
tho horns of a veiy ugly ililcmttm mitt com-
i , i . , i -.i ....
pelslbcn to be gored upon either one or the
other. I la any that resolution " liohls its
place" "purely by aecalcnt nr oversight, not by
design. Any other supposition would slump
tho Pittsburgh convention, in mi.'n'y paltering
in n double sense." In consideration of audi
n defence, wo should not wonder if the I'ren
Democracy should give Mr. Douglas ,
i i .i i . i.
same nnvic. which they lulmimstered to n
lip w rerruit lin y obliiiiied in Ibis region, v J! :
that " hn had heller go baek froui wbeiieo he
CtifllP." T hat Huiii such Il if ml tin Vilesircil
, .. ., ,. ., . ... .
salvation moro ban rotn llieir enemies, lor
benefit of till who may bo influenced
thereby ,we give the whole of what Mr. Doug-
ha to say on this point. It ia No. 10 of
,. - e if i itr
his rpasons for voting for Halo and Juban.
10. It is objectpil to "the free Democracy?
that il doe not deny the possibility ol legal-
i.ing slavery ; but i ibis so? We under-
stand " the Free Democracy" In admit, w hat It
would bo lolly lo deny, that " pro)Krty in man"
bo asserted mid maintained by liirce,
umler the liirms ol legislation. Wo suppose
every one will admit this. Wo imileisliiml,
at the same lime, that "Me tree Democracy"
deny tho validity id' such legislation, ti being
destitute of any authority over thu sIuvp, or
the conscience of any class of men.--
We believo lhal even (icrrit Smilli rcgnrds
I'lee Democracy a going Ihi length;
bul be objeeis, that in number part nf llin
plallorin, there arc admissions which militate
figainsl ibis doctrine ; such, Ibr instance, us
Ihu billowing resolution :
" That no pel im ut setllptiirnt of the
Slavery question can bo looked liir exfept in
Ihu in'ncliciil lecoL'iiiiion of Ihu truth, tlmt
Slavery is sectional and I'leedoni tialioiial,
Itl' 1 1 ... Illtlll tfioiiiriil inn t,l ilm .l-llfl'lll tblV-
J 1 . ..
ennui-ill limn Wiuvery, mill tho exercise ol
its legilimutK coiisliluiioniil intbienCH on tlie
side of Freedom, and by leaving to iheSlati's
whule subject of Shivery mid the cxtru-
tlilioi, of fugilive limtl serv.ee."
Now, ailmiiiim? that Ihi is nil tinsound
plauk III the Pittsburgh philturill, llurro is mi
l-xplaiu.tion by which, itl truth, Ihi tVi-ohf.
Iimi floe not iielong ut nil lo the platform.
Tho fuel is, that tl resolution iissi;rliug pro-j
pisely what Ihi resolution now assorts, lit
iisserting that which make Ibis resolu-
lion objeciooablp, w.. ..Imnst unmiio.ously
voted ihiw n, mid cast out ol tho platlorm; it
must tht.reli.ro he plain Unit lliu ire t res-,
olulioti holds if phu'H in thu sm ic of resu-
bilious purely by i ideul or ovenught, not
by design. Any other supposition would
stamp the Pittsburgh Convention ns meanly
paltering in n dotiblo sensp Neverlhi'tess,
thero urn persons in "the tree Vemocraey
whoso sentii mu'exprcsseil in tin res.1-
lotion ; iimi it will, in thu eircuinsliiiice, be
claimed by till snch.iisn purl ol llio pbiilorm;
but in tho light of tho explanation we havo
it docs seem that it ought not to be
ma le u barrii r iitiauiM llio union of Liberty
'(fWyineiiimdrVceMtMorcoM; certainly not,
w lieu il is reinenibered that thu liidil ol dis-
ciissiim is secured, ami llio means of cnliht-'
enmeut uru tit baud.
The whigs In this region are holding up as
stool pidgeons all tho recent free aoilers they can
find. Hoping thus to flutter up snmo littlo
enthusiasm for Scntt. I'hey dout aecm to ua
to mnlto very much headway. Tim Free flo'dcrs
aro Inclined to think it in tho near mighhor
hood of an insult, to bo thua continually plied
by traitors, tho only men who can hope to
influence them. And to show their fidelity
abovo the buying or cajoling point, thty pity
tho traitors, and acorn their reosona for deser
tion, llelow we givo extracts lrom two impor.
tunt Whig electioneering documcnta. Tiuo
they were not originally designed for thia lati
tude, but on that account they tell tho truth
nono the less. Wc give General Scott the beito-
tit of their publication.
Tho first is a letter from Mr. 1'pton of Lou
siuna to the New Orleans lite. Mr. Upton was
ono of the Secretaries of tho Uultiinoro Whig
Convention, and of cour.o must be regarded as
Hut minimis to know Gen. Scoli's real
sentiments upon tho Compromise, most pur
lieiibirly on thu Fugitive bluvo Ijiw, 1 ad
dressed to him n nolo upon the iMibjpct on
lliu 7lli of Juno lust, nnd on tho b.iiiih .day,
lit bis own retpiest, I had fl personal inler
.. ot. I.;... 'I'n i" iMi'r.avii:w wis A
LONG ONE. OEM. fll OTT SI08T U.NRMWf.D
UOAVKTO IE MIS VIEW IHOM A 1.1. Till!
LEAIIINO TOl'ICS Of TUB DAT, AND SAI "K
HAD NOTHI.NO TO CONCEAL MOST V
LARt.r I' I'ON THE CofttmOMISF. ACTS, l--;-
i.iv.i 'i ni.' i.'i i.Tl'lVI'. s,I.AK LAW
ll.S M J I I . -
' mid his position was then, as now, a position
' that must bn a.ilisliiclory lo every southern
.., K.,..kioir of the I'liuitivo fcl:ie lAW,
Cun. Seotl Hand Ibis bingiiiigti:
"If lever, us Um. Scott, ut tho head or
the armies of the United Suites, as plain Mr.
' Seolt, deprived of my commission,
President jcott, if it uhoiild plouso the iikh.
i itnepvnlo mo lo that high slulioti. It I
; KVKIl IHI ANYTHIiJd CALCULA J I.D
TO I.MPAIM THIS l'.ri'ii or auh
Ooncral Soott answered my note on tho
morning of tho 8th or Juno, in writing which
answer, taken in connection with the conversa
tion of tlis day previous, was completely satis-factory.
FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW OR HAVING A
TENDENCY TOWARDS ITS REPEAL
THEN WRITE INFAMOUS BEFORE
MY NAME WRITE INFAMOUS AFTER
MY NAME AND KICK ME INTO THE
Thu Iniigiingn was an emplinlir, aoatinnp,
and made audi mi inqn essimi on me, flint 1
quote, I think, lienernl cult's own words.
J run, very truly vour.
R. A. UPTON.
LETTER FROM WM. A. GRAHAM.
l""-V" ' ariou proMsious, m sep-
crate bills. ,o one, in ma sphere of itrqnnint-
,,. . , , ' ,. .
once, nl morr ihtpli the importance of the crt
tho 'sis, vine erliih.tttt more ical in behalf of these
measures, by argwn nts an I prsuanion Hinang
lass '"' "''"'. ""' "one rejoiced more heartily
Uhrn it teat supiosrd nit danger tr t averted bu
ic( fJrf) ((( M(ipi
his coiulcuci, while llio contest raged mid il
was doubtful on whieh side victory would
incline, in Congress, or in the country,
' If others, w ho, seeing the subject in n
. flillbretit light, at lhal tune oppose. I this ail
prin juslmeiit, or looked upon it w ith dislhvor or
, iiuldl'cience, have since brought their miiiils
: to sanclioti or ncipiiescu in it, it i cause liir
coiigratuhilioii ; but history will not perform
; her ollico if she fail to enunieralfi (ieneral
, r-colt ainong the lii inesl frieiuls of Ihi na
over i lioiinl piicilicniioii in il hour of trial. I, at
least, cannot consent, by my silence, lo seem
lier ingly approve, thu iliscrimiiiatiuu made by
' you to hi prejudice, on a national question
i where bu was equally zealous with myself,
! ntul more inlbiential ; and I know no safer
j criterion for thu future observance of the
Tho Webster Whig of North Carolina re-
ccn,T Iicl(, mtcXig al)J ,;rp,cntcd their
nomination Webster for President and Urahnm
for Vk0 Pnsidcnt. Mr. Orahum declines thia
association with Mr. Webster for the following
reasons. Wo extract from bis letter:
, ,,,,,,, ,,,, JOr 0,jrrlin , 0r,
Peolt consist mainly itl an Apprehension
that ho will not do jusiico to the tfoulh, by n
f''"'fl "illiirpfipe lo ihe compromise ol lAV).
'n lhal point I biivi; Ihi slatPiiipnt lo innku:
, mrlvlM,ht U ashingto, ,o tho invitntiou
of Presidput I'lllmuro to tho nnvv depart-
meiit, oti the last day nf July, lr1 .)(). On I
flay the '-Omnibus'' bill, so palled, repot
by Mr. Clay, fro ii the committee of thirteen,
was rejectod, and tho w hole suhject of dis
pute was thrown open Ibr agitation anew. I
linmd (Jpii. Spoii tipting a Secretary of War,
i" hieh ii,iiion ,u coiitiuueil liir s-venil
weeks; and htunieiiing to tako lodging nt
, ,.., ,' . , (;li,v ,((
i,,lor usowiih him Irotn that lime until
the cousiimiition of Ihe Compromise by llin
"'" rompromisp, than tho ilccwuve and manly
km iiiii;u ill us r um iiinmi.
i " lu Bt I'""1"
Scott wc publish tho following from General
Pierce by which it will bo scrn that ho atill uf
thu flrm, ,lat , wor(t or nt.t of iire ia, uccn
nl v,ir;,ul.c witl, ,hc u,lUiinorJ rlft,frm.
u , .t fl0m ,cUrr ,0 Mf mhcon
. . ,, ... ... ., ...
I lule "9,,cmt0 U"0"lf ,,lc "''" ' O'
j i'""0 " ' written for Southern consumption
but it may not bo uimervicablo hero. Mr. Do
p Leon wrote to know whether tho reporU in cir
least ; cu.lt:0 ajjuir.kt his Siuthern clmrai ter were
Une rhc clnrg0 wa, tllrtn,o had a Northern
, . , ,, , , ,
cliaractcr. How ho repell. tnc charge, read and
Mjr nrIjon n,,(1 , llnj,ungo in New
. b,,p,,ir,., tonehing Ihi inulter, (slavery)
mve ht.,.n , ,,.,, ,, Mlllt.r ,.irc,.
guuiees in entire iiPcorilaiif;e with my action
! m buiguage ut Wushington.
My vol;i , ,)B yt.lllu IIMI iollso of
Reprrsciitiiiives were not republished in the
.;,. r ,10 rirs, ,,,,, J-t.sy havo been
llgj , ,,g,,in paruded to inuusi! llio pas
given, tlllUH , , t t-.M f r .,, ,iKiiist
, i,,ivi(llv, ami ngainst III.) party with
. vlii-li it Iih lieeii mv pride ntul pleastiru
,.. Tiarr u uVi v., -rn.,i. n
Tl... . -. 1 . 1 . . e,
KVAUE Tllfi l ol,t K or THE ukcoiiii. It has
UtCN AT A I.I. TIMES 1'HKEI.r AI1M1TTFI), lllld
my puMiiuu sustained upon giuuuiU satisfac
tory to my own mind."
A Dark Feature of Slavery.
It has been charged tiiinii the opponent of
slavery that they have misrepresHiiled it. A
great many slave holders, under cither the
direct or indirect inllilPlico of Christian
prieiple, treat their slave better than they
tub-lit, wpro they inclined to exercise the
despotic, power llie system confers on them.
And il is possible some such may be charged
with atrocities which lliey would condemn
i nnd iihhnr. Hut Ibu system itself is so dark
' and unrighteous that it is almost impossible,
to paint its features in too iiuliivoruhle col
ors. One of these features is apparant in
the punishment affixed by Ihe laws of thu
slave slate lo crimes on thu part of Ihe
slave. A while man limy bo punished by
: fine, by tho deprivation of liberty, ami by
j corporeal tillering, mid by death. These
punishments are graduated according to the
demerit of tho crime. Death is inflicted
for the single crime uf murder iilone. Hot
the slave bus no property Willi which to pay
fines, bo bus no liberty lo be deprived by
imprisonment.iiml the only two pumsliiiieuls
that cull bo iiilliclctl, arc corporeal sulfcriiig,
nnd dentil ; and the hitter is ullixed to all
crimes of any inngditude. Theft, uraon,
burglary, nssatilts and similar otl'ciises, which
would bo cuinparilivcly lightly dealt with on
the part nf n while man, all fire pimUhcd
with death on the slave. And this is neces
sary, iflhey aro punished at nil, tor this pro
vissinu of ibu law ill u prulessedly Christian
country, is a plain admission that time is
but one thing worse than slavery that can be
inflicted on a man, and that is druth. Slavery
o a domestic despotism that involves in it all
condition of evil that man dreads short of
death itself. And thu only method ill which
ii slave, enn bo made, worse uir than in u
mut ter's bund, is by taking his bfu. This is
the theory i,f the law. Let thu apologists
tor slavery loolt nt this feature nf lliu system
na proclaimed by itself, nod forever cease
their ell'orts to cull- evil good, uml put iluik
lieu for light.
I The Tribune snvs John P. Halo will siicnd
four or five week in the West
IThere shall lie got The old lina Demo-
cruts of Now York at their stute convention,
kicked John VaD Uuren out of doors.
lion. Orrin Fowler, member of Congress
from Massachusetts, died nl Washington oti
the 3rd i..st.
Tim New York livening Punt publishes
Mr. SniiiPi' spcepli cnliip. ft will nlTord
some vnlublc refilling for the Pierce men.
A planter nt Amherst, Vu., linn left $li,000
to settle bis sluves in a iiew-sluveholding
ll is said over 1,000,000 w ill be sr-nt from
ibis ci, nutty to Ireland, by relative to enable
their families to emigrate to this country.
Tiinnn says that w lien t lac men marry now-n-dajs,
they get iiuiiu whalebone than wo
man, ntul more rufl'ee bag than "tin." A
Imiit these days, Tiuion should uvoid broom
handles. Freedom ok the Press is crushed in Cuba,
mid ii iiioiirtraiico against Hum honored
iihosc is punished uioie cruelly than in Ala
bama or foutli Carolina in proportion n
llio " giuuliu" is moro Severn than tar ami
lealheis, tiding on a rail, or other institutions
pi esci value til thu "peculiar ilislltnllun."
Receipts The Bugle for the week ending
S. Chatdeld, Sharon,
W, Ji. Jidinsmi, (.'onnoton,
J.iinrs price, Lecsvillc,
J. Millissck, "
J". Jollv, S, io,
M. A. il.uley. Mt. t'nijn,
Ann Clurk, bcerlield,
i.UO .IS 5
Columbiana County Teachers' Institute.
Tho second aess-on of the Columbiana Ci.,
Tciuhers' Institute will be held in tho town of
Wlil.I.SVlI.I.K, to commctico on tho 4th of
Uc'obcr next, and continue ono week.
Thcacrvicca of LOKIN AXDKKWS, Agetit
of the Stuto Teacl.era' Association havo been
secured for the occasion, and ho will be assisted
by other experienced Teachers. The evenings,
during tho session of tho Institute, tsill bo de
voted to Lectures on Scientific end other inter
esting subjects, and also to tho discussion of
questions connected w ith the Practical business
of Teachi ig.
1'cmalo teacher will bo boarded in private
families frco of charge; male, touchers nt the
usual rates lor permanent boarders. Arrange
tncnts will be mado with 'he l'.uilroad compa
nies to carry teachers to and from tho Instituto
at half price, As a nieaita nf defraying the
expenses of tho Imlitute it ia proposed that
each mule teacher pay fl, and each female iO
f ru.ow Teaciikhs, will you not heartily res
pond to thia call by turning out cn man to the
Institute l)y ao doing you will make another
efFirt to clcvule the standard of teaohing in our
county. Our neighliors in adjacent counties aro
setting us noble example. Shall wc allow
ourselves to be distanced in the race for exccl
Icurc? Lot us fi-rl tho moral dignity of our
palling, and tho responsibilities devolving ujsin I
us in the formation of the habits, feelings, and
action of tho children and youth of the coun
try. It is a high privilego to labor and tnalio
sacri tiers for tho causo of education a eatue
ultimately conntcteii irVA i hupjiineu of intltci
thfili and society. Let us meet, become acquain
ted, impart und receive counsel ; and encourage
each other's heart, that when wc return to our
respective fields of labor wc may be better pro
pped to meet the duties and rcsponsibi.itics of
VM. M. f LAIN', )
J MA UK II AM, Com. ofArranj.
SECOND SESSION. New Lisbon, Sept. 1852.
Pahki r, Piu.sui'uv uml Ma. nnd Mux.
Gntrrnti, will attend tl meeting nt IIIXCK-
L11Y, Medina coiiuly, on Saturday ami Sun
day, the 1 riili mid IU:li inst. Tho meeting
w ill be belli in llio burn of John Dunham,
South West of llie ceiiti u.
Young People's Convention!!
At a meeting of a committee appointed lu
decide upon o lime find place, nnd issiiu n
call for the meeting of llio young people of
Ohio in Convention j it Was decided that
such n convention should be hold on the
2.VA and SliA of September next, at Murllioro,
rflark county, Ohio ; tho first session com
tni'iicing on the 23th, nt ton o'clock, A. M.
Our object in railing tlm young people
together, is not to consider the narrow, sel
fisli viuws of nny sect or party, but to discuss
tho great question of Human llifihts. Young
men nnd women ! iipun your physical, iulel
le dual, ntul moral development, depends the
future progress mid eleval'ton of Ihu race.
Then lliruw nsidu Ibn shackles of parly
and prejudice, uml let us discus with a she
eero desire to know llie truth of those priu
ciples which I'm nt the foundation of liiimui
improvement and happiness.
All nro cordially invited, nny, urged to como
prepared lo take un active part in llie doings
of the convention. It will bo under tlie ex
elusive control of the young : then lot ns como
up a mighty host, in tbo s'rength ami ardor
of youth, und w ith w illing hand end brave
hearts take hold of the monster evil, and (ear
it limit from limb. The sorvices of soma
experienced speakers, capable of adding in
teres! to the occasion will be secured.
William 11. He r tis, Eliza M. McCJowem
Jam is MnnoAN,
Catii. H. Mukkis
All papers friendly to the movement please
copy tue uuove
TKIVATE MEDICAL INSTITUTE.
THE subscriber would respectfully snnounca
that this institution will commence its next
term with still greater advantage than ever be
fore offered ; on Monday the ldth of October
The design Is as heretofore, to fender thd
course of study useful, attractive, Infercating
and practical to thia end ho will sndeavor to
illu-trato and as fur ft possiblo demonstrate
H'.udents desirous of stalling thenelves of
thorough courss of instruction, will here find
the requisite f ,r speedily acquiring know l
ede of the acienre In nil its branches.
Amoiiu the meana at command for demnnstra
tinsi mny b found s fine FUIiXCII OUSTET
UICAL MAXHvlX. Skeletona, wet and dried
preparations, I, h e Sunn and hundreds nf other
Anatomical l'laics. A collection of most ap
proved colored p'ates illustrative of MsmcAb
II-itant nnd Pathoi.oot. A well selected
Modem Lihrary with numerous illustrations,
enntHttiina: wotka on all the various branches,
and a splendid as well a an extensive
c.iijim:t or casts,
Purchased n. great expeme, though surpassinjf,
fur uey thin of a like character in tho Stute, if
not in the Country, to bo found in prs-sessionif
any private 1'liVMeian or Institution. Alto
gether affording an opportunity of no ordinary
character lor tientlenien and Ladies for acqui
ring a thorough Practical know ledge nf Anato
my and Physiology or the Sciemoof Medicine,
And to iiuike Ihe course atill more useful and
attractive, has just rlTcctcd an arrangement
with Mr. A i i am II il.tiuooK, whose teaching
talent is ot the I m'n -t order, to teach the cle
luetitsof PifiiiMU-iiY and C'liiMisTiiv, by which
tho class may havo aeeesa to his extensiro and
aplcudid apparatus, one of the best in tho State.
In ull llio nbnte course important sssistanca
will he nirirded and a general oversight of tho
I, elics depai'.incut rendered by Mrs. K. L.
No applicant will be received on any oti er
terma than by the best Medical Schools, in point
of attainments and moral character.
'H'.IUH of studies with daily recitation, for
a full course is three ycora, including two cour
se of Lecture. That lor Anatomy, Physiolo
gy a. d llvuirn, six month, preparatory to lec
turing. Students to tho latter luridsbing their
own text books.
Tuition one hundred dollars for the first.
Thirty dollars for the latter course:
Uo'hI and convenient boarding may be pro
cured at $1,12 to l.'iO per wcik. Thus Is com
bined cheapness w ith rare and extensive opprr
t unit ics lor knowledge, funking this a pfneo
doiihly desirublo rs it st once places it within
the mean of almost all.
Further information and atisfactnry referen
ce given by addressing thp aul seribrr.
K. U. THOMAS, M. D.
Stttrlboro' , September, Mil,
NEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
JTIlItPIIV, TII'.ICVAX & Co.,
(SCCCESSOU TO Ml'IlfllY, WILSON, & Co.)
IMl'OUTKltS AND WHOLESALE. PEAL
EUS IX FOKl'.HJX AX I) DOMES1TU
No. 4S Wuotl-SI., rill.burf, Va,
AI1E now receiving from all the Eastern Ci
ties and Europe, their first supply of UOOlLS
for the Full Trade, to whieh they invite tho at
tention of buyers. On tho 1st of September
they expect to have their assortment complete,
which will bo kept so, by constant additions
every week, throughout the season. They w ill,
us heretofore continue to sell goods na low a tho
EASIEltX JOIIUEKS, for CASH, or appro
ved paper on tho usual credit, and they aisuro
their old customers and friends, and ull w ho
design purchasing here, that they will not bo
undersold in this market.
I'ittibtuyh, August 'JO, 18J2.
PU. C. PEAItSOX,
II O M (li O P A T 1 1 1 S T ,
nAVIXQ permanently located In Salem,
would respectfully announce to tho Public
that ho is prepared to treat llomiropathienll v nil
discuses, whether Chronic or Acute. Hp give
a generul invitation to all, and flatter himself
be can render general satisfaction.
OFFICE AXU Uli.SIDEN CTJ, on Maix St.
Ol'I'OHITK TUB PcST-Oll ll'S.
May 1), toil. .
DAVIS' IIUlMONI.l, VOLUME 3.
WAIEK CUltE EXCYCLOPAODIA.
Can be hi 1 at tho "Cheap Honk-Store."
July 7, "fi-J. J. McMILLAX.
JOHN C. WIIINERY,
SUROEON DENTIST!! Offics over ths
Sai m Itooi Storit. The kubrcriber would in-
form bis friends und the public, that he i again
at in post. Having spent aevcral months in
Cincinnati, in muking himself minutely acquain
ted w ith the various lirunehea of hi Profession ;
he feels coulldent of being able to render tho
fullest sntibluotioii to thubo who may require has
Salem, March 5, 1852.
Sugar Creek Falls Water Cure
TVJSCAIl.lWAS, Co., O.
niniS Institution, twelve miles south of Mns
X kdlon, on tho road from Wooster to New
Philadelphia, 11 miles west of tho latter pluee,
and is (ucccssiblo by stages daily from all the
above places. It is supplied with very
It oft Piiru Siii'iiig YVhUt,
conducted to tho Cure, from the neighboring
hills, in stunt J'tjieM, Ii is under charge if Dr.
11. FHE.sE, and conducted on puru Hydro
pathic principles. Our biisiiies is tu lake drug
out of the kjitem, and not put them in. Tho
Proprietor Hatter themselves thut. their Facili
ties, lor aueccsslully treuting disease, urs not
surpassed by any other establishment iu the
TEllMS: In ordinary eases $5 per week,
puyuulo weekly. Each patient should bring 2
comfortables, 2 sheet, 2 blankets, and aomo
linen for bandages, or they can bo bad at tho
Estubli..lunent for 6J ct. per week. 1'oat.
Odico address, Ih'artkjijf MiUt, Tmcaraieas Co.,
Ohio. Dlt. II. Fit K ASK, )
HOLOMOX FilEASE, j I '""'Wktoks.
May 10, laiJ.
SALEM, OHIO, AVItlL 20, 1852.
MUS. C. L. CI1UKCII.
LATE OF THE CITY OF riTTSliUrvCIl!,
UE(I3 leave to Inform tho inhabitant of 8a
lem and vicinity that alio has brought -wilh her
a largo assortment of UOTAXIO MKMLISliS
carolul!y prepared, in the form of Pill. Fow
dora, Tmutures, Syrups, Ointments, halves and
Plustera, together wilh an essnrtuiout of crude
nr unprepared Medicine, which h offor &r
sulo on reasoaahlo terma for cash, or such arti
olu of produce as are used lo family,
OjRiv, Corners Cnen and .indy ,