Newspaper Page Text
Increase of Population—Its enuses.
We take from the Nev York Evening
at. 1-' ' f , tlk
1W, Mine .peculations in regard to 4 he
catiaev or comparative increase i """
tknr In different localities. We coinintiiro
with the following facts, extracted from an
English work ou the subject, hy Mr. Double-
"f7n dictls' mostly poor; and triliea ltv-.
Jog on fish, not of the rich kinds, nru very '
nrolirtc. A low veifclshlo diet products the
same effects. In Ireland, in Cliii'h, In Jitpiin,
and Ml lliliilostnii, whero (Kits-docs and lice
form the staide diet, imttiilntion is dense.
In the richer countries, wilt re tlie olive nud
me vine anotinii, ami nniintil limit ia pleiitt-
and cheap, as in the Tiukish nnd Diuui-
province, in the tallow producing din- '
Iricts of Russia, nud in tlio richest nurts of
France and Spain, population is thin. This'
ia jiartictilnrly the case in Rniiiiicliu, Walla -
ehiA. Mnhlittiii, nntl Itiioi.ni-v. when, ilfufi.
lulion is tpiite unknown.
" travellers nil spoaK iierisiveiy ns 10 tins
tact: whilst at Malta, which is a hurrcn rock.
end where the living is meagre, population
increases alarmingly. ' The traveller Shide.
aneakinc of Malta, sava: Why liotitilntiuii
should often increase inversely as u country
fowinff' to sterility or its social cinditiiui
furnishes subsistence, I Icavo to political
economist to determine liut such is lliu
fact.' ' So is it in Japan, whero animal fond
is nearly unknown, and where tho popula
tion is probably, the densest in the world.
The author relcrs to the history of the settle
ment of Pitcaim'a Island, in the Pacific
ocean, as a proof how rnpidly low feeding,
exercise, ami work, increase tlie fertility at
mankind. 1 tic settlement was fouiuleil in
1790 by six litirnpenii mutineers, with ten
. .;, . - . .
P 3 rC"mll'!, A tCu S'TS T ,he5!
gron intoa community of one hundred
B Olglity persons. Jl.rse persons had lit -
tie or no animal food. J hey hved on fish,
yarn, snd wild hnd a eggs.
The popiihilion of the RtisMnn empire
I, on the whole, only 1G1 to the square mile.
j no rousti popiiiniiou, nnien is nun oi n
corn country, w uero noimui iuou is nnien
less pluiuiful, is 1,544 to the stpinre mile
China, where the iuhiihitiiuts live very mea-1
grely, and where butchers' meat is little used,
except hy the nwuidurins nud very rich, Ims !
not less than 2,4UU to tlio square league. ,
In Bengal, where rice is the Ibod the until -
Lers are 2,100 to the lintish square league,
in ireinnii, in ici,incrB nere io inu
aqiiare league. In Trance, tho population
varies with the riches and poverty of tho
lattrtfitia In ltiiftntiV . Iiiolt ia n limia list.
perlment, the population is one thousand
four hundred and fourteen to the square ,
In Laniniedoc. which is wenlthv.
the population is only U86 to the same space.
In ludy, which is a le-s wealthy country
than France the populutioil is geuernlv ih n-
mm Tn.i-.nv ' l.ownvor. h.i. hut " 11(11.
Piedmont 1.200. and tho tine Island of Snr-
dinia but 44a to the sipiaro league, cpniii,
which teems with natural wealth, where the
olive and griipo are liixuriant, and wln.ro
cattle sliourid, has 580 peisons only to the
square league, whilst Portugal has (153. In
Belgium, which is rich and cultivated like a
garden, the people are 1,600 to the s.juare
league, though mere are no wastes, ui n
ninrk, where animal lood ia eaten to u con
aiderahle extent, especially in winter, the
people are 077 to the square league only.
In Spauish America, popululiou is stationary.
" A mass of niinor flirts, tending to tho
aame conclusion, are brought together hy
the author. Thus it is shown, that in Eng
land, when living is cheap and lood plenti
lul, marriages increase but are followed by
fewer births. Ou the contrary, when fund
doar, marriages decrease, yet the biiihs
following are increased. It is also proved,
by means of n curious table drawn up by
Dr. Granville and Mr. Finhiysou, that the
postponement ut miirriago increases ine
rapidity of births. Females who marry bo-
fore ; twenty-four years of age, ou tho average,
only bear a child once in two years ; those
who marry nt thirty-seven, have, on the av
erage, a child every year."
Mr. Douhleilay's " true law of population,"
as he deduces it from these ainj other liicls,
is, that u over feeding checks increase, while
a limited or deficient nutriment stimulates
it." " He illustrates this law from examples
in the animal and vegetable world. Trees
aud plants in luxuriant growth, with succu
lent twigs and abundance of foliage, are not
those which gratify the pirdener with iihtiu-
dance of fruit. -The cultivator checks the
mount of the superabundant nutriment hy
some mechanical method, and obtains fewer
leaves and more fruit. . in one place Mr.
Douhleduy states the law of popululiou thus:
Be the range of . natural power to in
crease In any species what it may, tho yhih
ne state invariably developes i and this
happens in the exact ratio of the intensity
and completeness of each stale, until each
late he carried so far as to bring about the
actual death of tho utiitiml or plant it sell."
He argues that the plethoric state pro-sop-poses
conditions to favorable to life, that'
the face among which it exists can bo in no
niuliiplicatiou is needless. A itiilclliork state
implies conditions unfavorable to lite, ami
n unusual mortality, and n consequent ne
cessity for rapidity of reproduction to pre
vent the race from dying out.
It will he seen that this view of the mat
ter contradicts the llicory of JMalihus, con
structed with so much appearance of rigid
logic, a theory according to winch ihe nat
..Jl. ..e .1... 1 -
urai iiiiiiiiiiii:niMiii ui ma 111 1 in -n, on-
leas checked by tho most dreadful iimrposi-
tion ol rrovidencc. in pestilence, tunipesis,
MU III. iui; 111 niuiuui .aiiui iiii.i, 1.
progress towurd inevitable and general star
vation. According to the view taken by Air.
Doubluday, there cannot exist under institu
tions and circumstances like those of the
United States, any such overgrowth of the
population beyond the means of subsistence,
tut the tendency of things is to keep the
multiplication of the species within such
limit that it will not interfere with that com
fortable subsislenca to which ilia inhabitants
ef the country are accustomed. J
A writer in the fTestmhuttr llcvitw, Dr. R.
T. Trail, whose animadversions have hist 1
tieen published scperately iu a pamphlet, by
Fowler &, Wells, of this city, object Iu this
theory that it does not disclose a self-reclily- j
W arrangement. Tht dtplcthorie stum, the
reproduction M diminished. it is impossi
ful bin lor ua, in the brief ainee at our com
bian iiuind, to present our renders with even an
uhsirct of tho iirnnfa on which Dr. Thrall
i is mure 1111111 Biiucieui iw imiiimu too
''"''ilion I'V Jealhs, populnlion must coiilin
tiad , ,,.. , :,.,.. . ',' i ' . n, no,,,,!,,,!,,,, POn-
, Whichever of thwe theories may express
'r."e l,'lv ,' l'l.'"l"liii, the fortunate i ex
leaaue. ''l'""' f HieLmmd; Stales, in futiiro tune,
-.Into of want (iiid excessive toil, which eatta
;t the Iiuhmii race o multiply, must, If-nlr.
Iiblrdiiy's theory ha true, common iiseii
i'"'vn."l! 'ihout hope or chit. ThMh-
sufficient supply of the necessaries of hie,
. enure the population, to tiiiil'iply rnpWIy,
(Ill I IIIC IHJJll tllt.lftIUII mum IICUM III ntu.w
m.8,it,i..ni, as it nroirei.itors. if
not even irreoter. Dr. Trail, denying equal-
Jv ujih Mr, Dnublcdav, the theory of
Hma, ami ngroMng with him that there may
IHI MIHiU BtlUII IIEW.I1K lit? U'HIBB1I, Jf. imuiii-
tnins that it cannot ulone constitute the law
of population. Dr. Trail, from the facts
adduced hy Mr. Dotihlcday, and from a vari
ety of other, derived from natural history,
infer that the fecundity of any apecica of
animals is in an inverse proportion to its
'rank in the scale uf intellect. A n race
advance in civilization Ita cnlincllV for 'self-
preservation increase, while ita riower of
rests his hypothesis. Ho shows that tho
met simply and rudely organized of tho
vmtltiililA nriil nntmnl trilioH are tlinse IIUOIl
which the destructive Ibrcca are most active,
nnd winch posses uiu power oi rcpruiinc
tiou to the iirentest extent. It is in tho ml
ranees it Una made in civilization, a ill the
extent to which tho intellect ia cultivated,
exercised mid strengthened in any race of
men, that he finds the causes of diminished
feriililv. In those races or olaasca in which
tho mental faculties are brought into grenler
vigor, the means ol preserving the iiiumiur
al being the most perfect' tho multiplicand!
ot tho race declines. Dr. I rail supposes
that the very necessities of n condition in
which the human race multiplies rapidly,
bring with them onuses wliicli lean in the
' end to n diminished fertility
On this point
"Evidently, so long a the fertility of the race
is more than suficieht to linhmco the in
1 jjcg (0 illcrense't .here must be pressure
, f 8llll!(il!luI1(:e . nm, g(J' Uml! na
y irc?!t(lre ,l0 1)e'Nns on gum
nncc, further meutol developement must go
oll a furiher diminution of fertility must
; result. Hence, the chiiuga can never cense
ui,i on the iiverniie .oneb brinca to inntuii
13' hut two children. Probably this involves
that each pair will rarely produce more than
two oit'xpriug; seeing that wi'h the greatly
increased niiilily to preserve life, which the
hypothesis pre supposes, the amount of in
f"t and juvenile mortality must become
VM V hii.i.II. He this a It limy, however, jt is
nuinilest that, in the end, pressure of poptl
mj(, n, jtg accompanying evils willen
"' "jmblc roiidilioti which ha over-
'""' 'a old world, m which large classes
".' ".''"' 'X are given over to deMilu-
i extremely probable. Whether the
excessive iiiiiltiplicntion of the race be check
eel by any abundance of the mean of sub-
sisiauce, or liv a lujli decree ol intellectual
activity, the two causes co-exist in our coun
try, mill Ihe instances colluded by Europe
an inquires serves in show that one or holh
urn likely to havo I lie effect of preventing a
redundant population and its evils within
Lessons for the Simple.
neighbor Thrifty is a fool ; ho will never get
his money hack !" Only fourvears bad pass
is ed nway when farmer Thrilfy was sellina
"Twenty-five dollars for grafied apple
trees!" said old Crnhiipplc when he heard
his neighbor Thrifty had .purchased a lot of
young fruit trees of a scientific horticulturist,
"Twentv-fiva dollars for amile trees! whv.
fn,jt ( ,-,H young trees for n dollar per
hnshel, while old Crubapple was hawking
(W about fur a shilling. . Farmers, fruit is
nolitalile, it cost no mure to keep n good
tree than a poor one, a few dollars spent in
die outset for good trees will be repaid in
hundreds; a word to Ihe wise is stifiicieut,
" Fifty dollars for a cow !" said old liluc
milk, when his neighbor Wise bought n beau
tiful Devonshire cow with a noble culll from
which to slock his farm, "what a waste of
money! Why, I wouldnt uive inure than
half aa much lor the best cow in creation."
A lew years told the story. Farmer Wise
hnd better stock than any other man iu town,
more and better milk, butter and cheese, nud
a ready market for them at tho highest cash
prices. . In short, the filly dollar cow was hy
far tho cheapest one he ever owned.
"Sixty-fivo cents for a hoe!" said old
Penny wip, wheu his neighbor Prudent
hoiilit n first rate steel one for his eldest son,
" Why, no longer ago than yesterday 1 got
as good a hoe as I w ant for twenty-five cents."
Ju three days the eye ol tho cheap line came
(df and Ihe tool was worthless; but Pru
ilenl's boy lias used his five years uud it is a
goon implement yel.
u A hundred dollars for n horse ! " said old
Dolitile.wbeti his neighbor Suvenll purchased
a capital horse; "here is mine that cost only
forty dollars, good euoiigh for any man. '
These men built go the same distance to
market three times a week, and Suveall with
bor every trip, makinir nine hours in three
day by liaviue a good horse, and in all the
wink about the farm, as much more is saved,
proviiii; that the hundred dollar horse of
Haveall is cheaper than the forty dollar one
"Thirty dollars for a rookstove!" cried
farmer Simple, when his neichhor Savel'uel
hntipht of Seavv mid I.ihhv on M'uhlln Hi
S . '
one oi eiewari's large oven stove, "why
.rJ jg (f iia ten dollur one of mine cood
Ciiouh (or any family. So Mrs. Simple has
ID fohlelll jei'M?ll wild baktuiT one IMO at a
time in her small oven, while Mrs. Savel'uul
hakes a pot ol beans, a pudding, a loaf of
bread nud a large pie all nt ou-e, with the
same amount of fuel that Mrs. Simple uses
111 naKiiig one article. Header, dost thou
take the unit i Uooil articles sre cheapest,
. Mutual Fohieahance. The vencrublo Phil
ip Henry, whon his ton Matthow, the Common
tator, was married, sent to the wedded pair
these lines: -
Jve one another, pray often together, and ice
ou never both together sngiy bo;
If one speak fire, t'other with water comet '
Is on provoked, be fother soft orduinb," ..
Uncle Tom's Grave.
Uncle Tom's Grave. BY MRS, R. E. NICHOLS.
They made him a grave in a hillock' of sand,
Green trees overwoeplng hlnrtheYe, 1 I
The holiest spot in that desolate land, ';' ' '
Vnblcst though it was, by a praycri ''
No shatt of white marble, with letters of gold,
Looks up tho pitying skies,' .,1
But, green is tho turf that liosovor the mould;
That hides t'aolo Tom from our eyes, ' 1 ' ;'
They mado him a gravo where, tho shadows
were deep, ' : .
And there, in the silence and gloom, '
They laid tho calm brow of tho weary to sloop,
Tho stars watohlng over his tomb- ..
No coffinjor shroud in that rough shaped mound
Enwraps tho dark form of the dead:
And only the winds stir tho branches around,
That guards Uncle Tom' lowly bed.
The New American Ambassador.
Punch has tho following rnther broad hit
ut our minister, Mr. Abbot Ln wreiice,apropos
ol the appointment ol Ins successor 1
A trusty correspondent at Washington has
sent us an exclusive copy of tho instructions
of the American Cabinet to Mr. lugersull,
who comes over to supersede nlr. Ahlmtt
Lawrence in his duty of United Stales Am
bassador nt St. James's, ll will be seen that
they rehitu more to the personal conduct of
.1 e... ...... .1 1: ..:.l:....
lie luinrc iillllltticr man 111 liny nou 01 iuin y
between the two countries. . They ure as
" I. You ore on nil occasions to remember
that you represent the simplicity ol Ihe re.
publican principle. You will, thereliue, as
seldom 11s may be, consider ynursell Ihe
Duke of Washington the Minimis uf'Niag-
nrn or the burl ol Alisstppt. Uecattso it is
your duty to pay respect to u crowned head,
you are not, therefore, to forget that the
American President wears nothing hut a but
(iiiuht-ciipsgniiig fur nothing.)
"2. You will he courteous and accessible
on all occasions to vour fellow-citizen of the
Union : never permitting the atmosphere of
n monarchy, and inure especially tlie intox
icating and deleterious aliiuispliero of Al
nmcks, of StuiiehengH House, Nuruialiblood
l'uluce, and such liijili places lo niako you
forgellul of the equality of nil the children of
Jonathan (nigucrs lieing cattle.)
"3. Vim will, iu the fulfillment of your
ciflicutl duties, have to swallow iiiiuiy pulilic
dinners: whereat von will be culled iiiii to
speak. Always hold out the right hand ol
fellowship hut keep nur back straight.
When invited to Hie high festivals of the
Tittlebat mongers' Company, Juil may or
rather imuf use a little suit stnviler iibiiut
tin- fish business, so uinicably (with 11 hook
uud line.) . '.'..'!..' .
" 4. You will havo to proprisii toasts.
Therelore do not give ihe immoral memory
of KlNO Jou.v lieeaii.-e you may see ut the
board 11 Jew sheriff whose ancestor had his
teeth pulled out by Ihe ordei of his anointed
Majesty the King drawing on tho Jew's
jaw instead uf his bank, f'inully, you will
not spit upon lliu memory (uy tlio way, you
must not suit iu company anywhere in Kuir-
Inudjof W at Tixr.n as n rebel 10 his htu fiil
King, seeing who once riz against ioud Ki.no
(Jeokoe, the father of his people (Jon itiian
giving his old father such u tarnation licking.)
The followinii interesting statement wo
copy from tlio Religious lleruld of Hartford,
Every year furnishes additional proof of
tho wide dispersion ot tho Jews, according
to the declaration of the inspired prophets.
Neurly fifteen hundred years lieliim Christ,
Cod through his servant Moses, threatened
thniii with overthrow in case of npnstacy,
saying, " The Lord shall scatter then among
all people from one end of lliu earth even
unto the other." In fulfillment of this, we
sen them iu all the cities of our ow n land,
and thn traveler meets them in every coun
try of Europe, iu Egypt, mid in western and
southern Asia. As iinknoivii regions are
visited, they are discovered in tlia most un
expected places, having in some cases, as in
India, even lost their original color and be
come black. Lately a new discovery has
been made, to which we would call thu at
tention of our readers. The account con
tained in u French religious newspaper
published at Paris in pamphlet form, and
entitled, " " Uulleiin 1I11 Monde Chretien."
Wo translate tlio following:
" The Rev. Dr. Philip, missionary in" the
North of Africa, gives lliu Ihlhtwiug detail.s
concerning that country. A Russian Jew.
resident at Medeah, gave him information
concerning a great number of Israelites in
habiting the Oases of Sahara, anil dwelling
also nt ISathuor, Iiis-Wrnbi, Tuuggurt, lion
snrii, Dein-Uzab, Lotpias, etc. There are iu
each of these places us many as a hunched
families, aud in some even more. In 0110
place he found six hundred families, with
numerous synagogues, nud about a hundred
copies of the Law, written upon parchment,
some of which were more ancient thuu uny
he hod ever seen.
But this is not all; other curious details
reached Dr. Phillip from another source.
A Jew who bad accompanied a Cierman
traveler as far as Tiinhuctoo found near the
boundary of the kingdom of JJaiulmrn, u
large number of Jewish negroes. Nearly
every f. uuily among them possessu. the Law
of Moses written upon parchment. Al
though they speak of thu Prophets, they
have not their writings. Their prayers dif
fer from those of other Jews, and a 10 com
mitted to little leaves of parchment studied
together and contained numerous passages
derived from the Psalms. These Jews have
mingled some of the superstitions of 'oral
law,' (which they Jiavo not committed to
writing,) with those of their neighbors, ihe
Mohammedans mid ihe heathen. They en-
joy equul liberty with the other suhieels of!
mu -iiiicun cuioiSjOtiii nave their synagogues
and their rahbies. The explanation which '
they give of themselves in connection with j
their black skin, is this:, that after the de-1
striiclion of Jerusalem, nt the lime of ihe !
first captivity, some of their ancestors having 1
neither goods nor land fled to the desert.
The fatigue which thev endured was so ureal. '
.I.-..' .. . .
thuf nearly all llis fenutlo died hy the wuy. j,
The children of, Hutu received them wilh 1
kindness, and by interinairiaga with tbuir
daughter, who were black; communicated
thai color to their children. These children
became, generation by generation of a deep
er bun, until no difference of color now dis
tinguishes thu children of Shem and those
of Hum. Tho form of their features, how
ever, ia very difl'erent Iroln that of the tic
groes around them." . , '.' . !
These are highly interesting facts, and
create a strong desire that these unexplored
region may ho speedily opened to inter
course with the civilized world- Access to
these ancient manuscript, which are proba
bly older than any others now extant, would
be of great value in correcting the received
llehrew text,' or in throwing light upon
doubtful pnRSiigeii. ' And w hat 11 door of hope
for Africa would be opened by their conver
sion to Christianity, ' .)
Hawtiiob.Vs Lire' of PiF.ncE.- Those
who predict that Mr. Hawthorne has killed
himself by this honk are anticipating ft little;
and those who prolesssuch a proliinud regret
and w onder that he should have been willing
to use his pen to write an electioneering pro
duction, shut their eye to tho limlive upon
which other men than Mr. Hawthorne act
Why fhould not a poet and novelist some
times act to promote his own interest, when
he is not Culled upon to do anything
wrong, but merely to chronicle the uninter
esting monotony of a friend's lile ? ' There is
nothing very lul'ty or magnificent in Hitch 11
labour : hut none pretimd.-i thai writing Ihe
life of Gen. Pierce is its own reward, if re
volving years should chance to place beliire
lliu nation one of our own college class
unites, friend or enemy, to receive the en
lightened suffrages of his countrymen as II
candidate for the Presidency, wo confess that
our attention would he immediately arested to
the contemplation of Ids virtues, excluding
everything else, with an earnestness and as
siiluitv thai would not fail to be rewarded
with Ihe discovery of much of which we are
at present nbolv ignorant. If, then, there
was a sung little ofilee in ihe Custom 1 louse ,or
somewhere else winch would suit 111 exact
ly, nud which wo were a competent to ti'l
as tiny other man, we feel sure that wo could
not he restrnihed from giving the result of
our discoveries to tho world, in thn shape of
a " fiiography of (icneral John buntli, 1! 1 -
bellishcd w ith- n portrait-, by his friend and
classmate.'' Thu opponents uf Gen. Smith
might ay that it would bn thn death of our
literary reputation, hut we do not believe, il
would bo any such thing ; and, if it were, it
would be the birth of our incumbency of the
snug little ollice in lite Custom-House (which
would rise, lilto a Phaunix, from thu ashes uf
our reputation), and thai, perhaps would he
11 fair recompense. It is trim that nil this goes
on tha supposition ol the election ol uoneral
Smith ; hut that is a risk which all politicians
must run. To-Day. ,
I drcam'd I died and, mix'd with fellow chiy
Closo by aoo nil "a bj'.ir's jido I lay;
And, as so mean a neighbor shock'd my pride,'
Thus, liko a corpse of qua'.ity, I cried:
Away! away! thou scoundrel ! touch me not;
Morn manners learn, and at a distance rot.'
Thou scoundrel !' in a louder tone, cried he,
'I scorn thy very words, nud more scorn thee.
We're equal now; I'll not an inch resign;
This is my rotting place and that U thine'
A Negro Harvey Birch.
A few weeks since, Mr. Core, a planter of
rayette Unuiity, wus 111 one ol Ins fields,
some distance from bis residence, when ho
perceived approaching him from the woods,
a stout, nblu bodied negro . mini. Mr. C.
awaited his approach, thinking lift belonged
to one of his neighbors, uud bad been sunt
upon some errand. Ho cauin boldly up to
nlr. (J. anil uccosteil him thus
" Your nnnie is Mr. Core ; I am a runaway,
ami have long wished to have a conversation
with you. 1 do not fear being apprehended
1 nm wen armeii (exiiiniimg to Mr. J. a
splendid brace of pistols nud 11 bnwie knife)
hut 1 have long wauled to sen you. Jul he
first place, I wish to pay you, as your negroes
have been leediug mu liir several tiiouihs,and
I have plenty of money (pulling out
of his pocket us he spoke, n large roll of hank
notes) and 1 assure you, I never murdered
any m.'iii 10 get it. I gut it by robbing houses
in Aleinphis" (naming many houses hern
and exhibiting to Mr. C. o large bunch uf
M. C. ihinlitlii the propriety of attempting
to nrrest him, lis he was ulone, concluded hu
would question him about two runaways
who had been gone sometime, and asked thu
negro if be kueiV them; uud ulieii ha had
seeii them? The negro promptly replied
that he d'ul know tliein, and volunteered to
assist Mr. C. in arresting them, and luld him
if be would meet him ulone. ut thu same
place tho next day, he would carry him w heru
lie cuuld arrest buth of the negroes, as they
had been very toublesouio to liiin, and be
w anted to get rid of them.
Mr. C. promised to moot him nt tho place
And time appointed, but instead of going
alone, bo took with him his overseer uud an
other young mail, and secreted them, armed
with double-barrelled gnus, in thu vicinity
of tho place of meeting. At the appointed
time the runaw ay mado his appearance, but
instead of finding Mr. C. ulone, liiuud Ihe
two gculluiiioii with their guns levelled upon
him. He ut once surrendered uud gave up
his weapons, begging them not to lie him,
as he wanted tu bu taken, uud w as tired ol
staying out, having been in the woods near
five years; thai he belonged to n gentleman
in Alabama ; and that be would still go with
them and show them thu two negroes, us be
They concluded to trust him, and all four
proceeded in company to an old deserted
cabin, hard by. Upon upprouching thu cab
in, our hero informed his capiors that thu
two negroes were iu it -that there was but
oue door uud 110 window that if they
.. ......... I-. ... 1. .1.. ., .. n
woiuu suiicr nun iu nii oaeu me cuniii nrsi,
as soon us they entered the door he might
close up, and thus capture Iboin with his
assistance. They ugrceil to this plun, aud
he proceeded cautiously towurd (he cabin,
and us he entered tho duor beckoned to
them to rush up. They did so ; but, lo and
behuld! they perceived a buck window.
through which their prisoner hud jumped,
and mounted the overseer' horse, made cood
hi escape. JcnuMis 7ent. Eaglt, .',,;! ,j
Agents for the Bugle.
Tho following named persons aro roquestej
and authorised to act as agents for tho Bugle r
their respective localities.
Chas. Douslass. Tlnren. Cu vnhnffa county. Ohio.
Timothy Wood worth, Litchfield, Medina CO., O,
Wm. Payne, Uichfiold, SUminit 00., Ohio. ' '
Josso Scott, Suinmcrton, Dclmont Co.r ,',
. linker, Akron, Summit Co.
. 1). Smalley, lUmlolph.l'ortnKC Co.
Mrs. C. M. Latham, Troy, Geauga, Co., 0.
1 3 iiitham, IJruntvick.
. O.JJrown, Biunbridgo. "' ' "'.','"'
j. S. Spec, Granger. . '
:. U. Ltinhert, Hath,
Iliac ltronks, Linosvillc, ' ' ' ' 1
'. T. Hirst, Mercer. : '
Thomas Wooton, Winchester, Indiana.
Harriet Pulsipher, Missels, Ueattga Co., O. '
O. O. Urown, Orange, Cuyahoga co., O.
' wn. c. PEAiisox,
II O M E O P A T 1 1 1 S T ,
WING permanently located in Salem,
would respectfully announce to tho Public
Hint ho is prepared to treat lliiaieoupathicully all
disease, whether Chronic or Acute. Ha gives
a general invitation to all, and flatters himself
he can render general satisfaction.
, OFFICE AND RESIDENCE, on Main St.
oim'Ositk tub Post-Officb.
May 15, 1852. ' '..
PRIVATE MEDICAL LNS'lTiUTE.,
THE subscriber would rcKpctt fully announce
that this Intitutinn will commence its next
term with still greater advantages than ever he
fore oilercd ; on Monday tho ldtli of October
next. : .......
Tho design is at heretofore, to render the
cotirso ol' study useful, uttraetivp, interesting
and practical ; to this cud ho will endeavor In
illustralo . and us far aa possible demonstrate
each subject. , .
. S'.udents desirous of availing themselves of a
thorough Co u rso of instruction, will hero Hnd
the requisites i'.r spacdily aiijuiring a knowl
edge ot the sciences iu all its hranelics.
' 1 AtnoiiK the meats at command lor demonstra
ting may be found a lino l'KEXCII OBSTE'f
UIO'AL MANIKIN", Skeletons, wet and dried
preparations, Lire S1zr.11 and hundreds ol other
Anatomical l'latrs. A collection of most ap
proved colored p'atcs illustrative of Mklucai.
Botany and Patuolooy. A welt selected
Modem Library with numerous illustrations,
containing' works 011 nil tho various brunches,
and a splendid as well as an extousivo
CAKISET OF CASTS,
Purchased at great expense, though surpassing
fir any thing of a like character in tho Slate, it
not in tho Country, to bo found in possession of
any 'private Physician or Institution. Alto
gether affording nil opportunity of 110 ordinary
character for Gentlemen aud Ladies for acijui
ring a thorough Practical knowledge of Anato
my and l'hysiology iir the Science uf Medicine.
And to make tlio cour.o still more, useful and
attractive," has just effected an ' niiingeuicet
with Mr. Ai.rniio Ilor.Httsox, whose teaching
talent is of tho highest order, to teach the ele
ments of l'nii.osoi'iiv and Ciiumisthy, hy which
tho class may huvo access to his cxtensivo and
splendid appnratus. one of the bust in the Stale.
In ull the above course important iiiii.tuuce
will l.e alF.ir.lod uml a general oversight of the
Lidiea depurtmcut rendered by Mrs. E. L.
J'o applicant will bo received on any other
terms thuu by the best Medical Schoul, in point
of attainments and moral character.
TERMS of studies with daily recitation, for
a full course Is three years, including two cour
ses of Lectures.. That for Anatomy, Physiolo
gy and Hygicn, six months, preparatory to lec
turing. Students m the luttcr lurr.iahi'ng their
own text bonus.
Tuition one hundred dollars fur the first.
Thirty dollars lor the latter course.
U.iikI and convenient boarding may be pro
curod at $1,12 to 1,150 per week. Thus is eoiu
bincd cheapness, with rare and cxtcusivu oppcr
tuuiiics for knowledge, making this a place
doubly dc.-ir.ihlo es il at onoc places it within
the means of almost all.
Further information and satisfactory referen
ces given hy addressing tho snhsciiber.
K. O. THOMAS, M. D.
- Slarlbjro', September, 1852,
foii rim irnoLEs.iLE trade.
HATS, CAE'S, FL'IiS, ,
STRAW A,D SILK J1ILLI.VERY GOODS,
A j. 9fi pid 07, Superior Si, up sfuirs) Ckvcltutd.
THE SUltSClUHEKS desire once more to
cull tho nttontinn ot thoir customers and dealers
gonerully to their now locution and unequalled
tjtock of (JouiW which for extent, variety and
richness of tpiuttty, surpass anything ever offer
ed West of Xinv YurK, uud wo Challenge. Com
petitors or Comparison wilh uny, having now
three of the best sales-rooms in tho city, we uro
prepared to and w ill exhibit a stock which w ill
yomuaro favorably with any in the eastern market-,
and at prices ns low us can be found any
where. ' Their stock consists of ' '
HATS Silk, Molc.-kiii, Augala. Brush, Wool
Kissuth, Fur do., llrudi do., Urush Magyar,
Soul do., Mexican, Cmtgirs, and Child's Fancy
hats, of all different qualities and varieties.
CAl'S Silk Flush, M.diair.Cntton, Silk Vol
vet.Cloth, Uluzed, Leather, and Fur Cups. Now
styles daily received.
FL'HS MufTs, Victorcens, Cuds, Fur Cloves,
Fur Mittens, U iflUo llohes, &e.
STKAW UOOnS-l'earl, Cob'uig. Florence,
inn sunn otrarai jj.iuneis. jsow styles ol Funcy
Straw Uonnrts of tho Fall Stylo. Struw Cards,
uuiijis aim jjrar.is 01 all styles.
SILK COUDS Silks, Laces, Paris Cord, Il
lusions, Modes, Linings, Satins, Crapes, Tarl
tons. Flowers, Velvets, Feathers, Varrants,Tu!u.
1 HII1UONS llonnet Kibhnua. tho host Stock
in Cleveland, Tiitfcta, Satin. Fluted ribbons for
trimming, uud ull other goods 111 tho Millinery
lino. ... . - ...
SatcJids, Carprt lirrgt, Trunk), t'alices, Vm-
Also a largo stock of Husmity and Gloves of
every variety direct from the importers, uiid for
sulci at a small advance from cost.
Woolen Cravats, Woolen Gloves. Buckskin
Cloves and Mittens. . . ... . . .
Let" The above, with manv other snods we
now offer lo tho trade at A'ew York i'riau. Con
nected with a largo Manufacturing llouso in
Xcw York, wo ure enublcd to sell our irooda 011
tonus to pleusc.
Wo rcsnectfullv solicit a' call from ail
dealers visiting this oity, promising to olfcr in
ducements worthy their attention.
-'- ' A. rUL,LJJK & CO.
Connected with Williams Denison, JJ, Y.
October 2, 184 J, i' '- ' '
Till! ONLY TlttJB tMBTA1T;OyWSIIIMOTO!.
JUST Pl'III.ISHF.D, 1
' T. n. WELCH'S M.1GXIFICF.YT
PORTRAIT OF WASIllN (rroN;r;'J
Engraved (hy permission)' from Sfunrl's pntjf
' original purl rait, In the Ailieliemu, ItoStnli. '
This superb picliire, Rngraved iiluler tii4
superiiileudi'iice ol THOMAS SULLY, tniX"
the emiiient mid highly gilted nrltsl, is tile"'
only correct likeness of, Washington ever.n
published. It has been characterised aa Ihe w
greatest work of an ever produced in the,
rotililry. As lo its fidelity, we refer to the
letters "of the adopted so'11 of Washington;'
(JKOllGE WASHINGTON PARK CU8J "
TIS, wluimijs, Mil isalHitlniilrepreseiilatmnfi'l
of Ihe eelfliraled original," mill tu CHIEF,,!?
JUSi'lCC 'I'ANEY of the Supreme Court,,:,
of Ihe United Stales, who says, "As a work .y
of art its cxeellenee and heaiity must strike
ever) hue who sees it : and it is 110 less Imp 1
py in its likeness to lliu Father of his conn- "
try. Il was my good fortune to have seen K
lii m ill ihe ilnjs of my boyhood, and bi.-. ,
whole appeal anec is j et strongly imprcsseit, j
011 my memory. The portrait you have , is
sued appears to me to be an trad likenets?
representing perfectly the expression as well"''
lis Ihe form nud leaturps of his face." Ami '3
says SENATOR CASS, if is a life like reprt-. -.t
tentiilion nf tlit. grtat original. I'KESIDLN.Ti-:!
FILLMORE says, " Ihe Wink appears to me
to have been aduiirnbly executed and rmt
iicii'i w orthy of the patronage of the public."
Says AIAHCIIANT- the emimiit portrait'''
painter, mid Ihe pupil of Stuart, ''your piinl
lo luy mind is more remarkable than any "
other I have seen, for presenting the trAofa "
iudividiialily of Ihe original pnriiail, logelli.'
ei w ilh the noble uud dignilied reHisi:of air -i
nud manner, which nil who ever saw him '
considered a marked rhitrncteristio of the
illn-irious man it cimoiieiiiiiiateH," , : :! ..'I
. For the frrent merit nf this picture tot would ')
rrftr LViri) lover of H'nshinton to the portrait i
if.li ', to he sent nt the office of this pnptr, and
to tht tetters if the folimpinit Jlrtitts. Statesmen, ! "
Jur.sls nn I SiIiii'iiis iircumi'M'inu it. i-.a-t
Alt NS I'S. Aliirchniil mill Elliott.-' of'"
New Voile; Ncagh', llothi ruiel, and Ltiinb- '"
din, of i'iiil.ulclpliia ; Chesnir il irding, of
iioslnii; Charles Finser. nl Clnirlesliin. S. C; "
and to thu adopted .-on of Washington, Hon
(leu.. W. I. Cusl'm. himself tin a nisi. '
STA'I'ESAl EN. His Exci lleney Millard'H
Filhnore. Alejor (Jen. Wiiiliehl Senlt, Hun..
George M. llalhiH, lion. William R. King, :.
lion. Daniel Webster, Hon. Linn iluyil, llmi.' -if.
Lewis Cuss, II1111. Win. A. (iiaham, Hon.'
John 1'. Kennedy, Hon. It.C. Wintluop, LL. '
I). JliRIS'l'd ' Hon. Roger . Tuney;
Ilon. J.ibn lJuer, lion. John McLean, lino,
Unfits ChiHiie. SCHOLARS. Cimrles Fol- " '
sum, Esq., ibe well known Librarian of tho nt
Huston Atiieuetim, who says, "1 would ratbi .11
erown it than any painted copy I Imve cver"i
seciii'! E. I'. Vbi.i!e. Rieluird ll.hlrmh.
Ibm. l.dvv. Kverell, I.U. I).. Jnreil Spurkft, '
LL. I)., William II. I'r.seotl. LL: 1)., VVimh- -
iiigliui Irving, Ralph- V. Emerson, Er-11
I'roi: T. C. L'phiini, J, 'I'. Ilcndh-y, Fust-'1
Green llalleek, II. . Long t Ih.w. Wm.fjil. A
more Sin. ms; and FilOVI EUROI'E. 1 r.l
'J'alliiurd, T. II. Aliiciiuln). Sir Archihahi Al- -;i
i-nn. Lord Mayor of London, &c. &. dec 1
THE 1'RESS, lliniiighout lliu euliif Union, -have
wilh line voice proclaimed the merit .
of Ibis superb engraving. . r
To enable nil lo possess this valuable, treas
ure, il is sold nl the low price of $5 fur cr.iiv. '
1'iiblish.d by.GEOIU.'E W. CHILIJS.',- .
N. W. corner nf Fiuli nud Aicii-sl's, I'uila. '
WILLIAM U. STEEL, Sole Agent lbs
the Sillies nl Ohio nud Indiana., ' ; - ;:
This I'nrtruit I'lili Only be obtained from t
MR. S TEEL, or liuiu his duly uiilhoi ixed
ligeitls. r, ... .. ;
Arrnuements have lieen mtiilc with tha i''
I'nsl Ollice ik'paiimenl, by whiub oopiea of
the rortrail can m sent lo any-point, per 11
mail, in ii.rleel order. , . ., j.
fXjT" IVrsons by remitting Five Dollars
lo V il. G. Sl'EEL, Cii einnali, Ohio, will, -i
have n copy of the l'orlrail sent tu then) fret -'a
of Postage, . v t
055" ftlagiiiliceiit Gill Frames, got up ex-. ii
pressly lor Ibese Furlraiis, luri.iihed at tliOM-t
low pi ice of $5,00 each. 1 , ,:. : .. i
JUST ISSUED, " '
: A MAONIt-ICKNl' IMIKTI1AIT OP " .:it
; 0 E i K K AL J A C K UN ;
Engraved ly T. O. nELCn, ESQ..' nfttr ths .u
original portrait iiuinted hi T. SULLY, ESQ.tl
This I'm trail will be 11 match fur the,
Wasliiiiytou, and Is iu every respect us well
g I ,i .T-. i f
Price S.CO per copy. Address ns above.;',
NEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS
MfiCI'IIV, TIISAAN H
(sUc'JliSsOH TO MfitrilV, WILSON, & Co.) ,' j
IMl'DUIFRS AND WHOLESALE DEAL- jt
EiiS I-Y FlIllElUN ANJJ UOMIiSi'lC , d
. UltY ,tiO(JUS.. , ,. n hu,
. Ko. 48, Wuud-St., rutiaorg, Pi.' ,f-
. ARE now receiving from ull tho Eastern Ci-,.,(
tics aud Europe, their first supply of GOODS ,;r
for the Fail Truio,; to winch they invito tho at-, j,
tention of buyers. , On tho 1st of September
they expect to havo ihcir asaortment compute!','
which will bo kept' bo, by constuut additions
every week throughout the season. They will
ns heretofore continue to sell goods as low as the '
LAS1EUN JOBBERS, for CASH, or appro.
ved paper on the usual credit, and they assure "
thoir old customers ntil) frienrla n.l all mIim..
design purchasing here, thut they will not be 0
undersold in this market. !
l'Uteburyh, August 20, 1S32. - . w
SALEM, OHIO, APRIL 20, 185J,
. mus. c. l: cnuiini,
LATE OF THE CITY OF PITTSBURGH,'
BEOS leave to inform tho inhabitants of Sa. '
lem aud vicinity thut she bus brought with her
a huge assortment of HO TAXI J UHVICIXES?
carefully prepared, in the form of Fills, l'ow- 11
dcrs, Tinctures, Syrups, O.'ntinenH, Salves snd 1
Flusters, together with nn assortment of crude "'
or unprepared Medicines, which she offers far'
tillo on reasonable terms for cash, or such artb- "
cles of produce as are used in a family. ' .
Office,' Coriurof Green and Lundy St. ' " H
nuiIClIAKT TAILOR I ? fhw
-V. SiVs Uain-St.', One Door 'ftof Salsm'aloi
store, Salem. Ohio. "
Coats, Vests," Pants, , Made to'ord"e .'aM,!)
.. vii ti mix oausiBcIion. 1
. The Tailoring Biiiir.u n .11 :,. n"l'l''Jx
parried on ai heretofore, J