Newspaper Page Text
JflAKIVS II. Honi.tSOX, Editor.
"SO UNION WITfl SHVEUOLDERS."
emixy no nix , rubiuiiimr Asmi.
VOL. 8---N0. 10.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA CO., OHIO, NOVEMBER 27, 1852.
WHOLE NO 374.
THE ANTI-XL.A VEHY BlULi;
tOBLIlHIO BVIUY SaTI'HDAT, AT SaLKM, O.
Tbsm. $ 1,50 per annum if paid in advance.
$1,74 per annum if pnid within tlio lint ix
month of tho subscriber's year.
$1,00 per annum, if payment bo delayed be
ye4 xix month.
lF"Ve occasionally lend Humbert to tlioo
"who arc not subscribers, but who aro believed
to b interested in the diminution of nnti
vlavtry truth, with tho hope thnt they will
ilher aubscribs thoinsolvcs, or use thrir influ
no to extend its circulation among their
Communication Intended for insertion,
o ba addressed to Mamiis It. Kontssox, KJitnr.
Alt ethor to KxiLT Hohikso.v, Publishing Ag't.
' 1. HUDSON, l'KINTEU.
A wise Conclusion.
The Pittsburgh Coininoici.il Journal is
turning llio lute whig tlelent lo profitable
account. Tliu Editor rightly divines its
cause, nnil comes In very desirable concht
ain thereon. The fallowing pnrgnruphs
ra from different articles on tliu Kipie", in
For our own pnrt, potiencr; nml nnr cn
pucitiea of endurance, hnve liven wholly
xhsusled In Ihu labor of standing by the
ttoulh, lo witness tliu Suulh stand dy nml
succor, nml give virlnry to our opponents.--V
will no more ol' it."
" "Our complaint is, thai the Whig, wilh
lhair eyes iqten, w riled their success nt the
Notlh lo concilium tlin South ns the sequel
hows, they sacrificed themselves nt ihu iVuirih
la aiiataiu ami adhere lo tliti South, nml after
II, the South litis abandoned tlio Northern
The South trn plank in our platform defeated
a( Ihe .ViwiA, without securing the confidence
a Me South,
Our reputed affiliation, through Seward,
(Jrrelcy, and Johnson, wild ilm Ahnliiinnisls,
authorized ihe Southern Whig lo tin ii their
bucks on ins notwithstanding ne adopted n
National Philliiini thtit wna perfectly eolis
factory to Ihe South. What billows ? We
can have iio-inrlu!riihii with tho Smith w Inch
due not invest the Smith with nil Ihu ciiiilnl
Mock, complete control nml innnngeniout of
Ilia business, nml Ilia whole of the prolils.
The proof of this is before m.
We luive Ih'cii a tolerably obedient Whig ;
certainly wa hnve sirniucii nioderulinn nml
quarreled wilh conscience, to fight the honks
jflhe8outh,iii timer past, but ire ttop sauare, at
this disclosure of the terms of future partnership.
We hope Ihe Whigs will begin without delay
l reviw Ihe ground nml lnka their aliiml.
Like the liiiuipkiu who wanted a coulofuny
lor, didn't rare w lint, an it was red, wo are
Try indifferent w hat coin no ihe Whigs take,
- That ia l ight good brother. A clenr con
frssion, nml one thnt any whig or democrat,
who tin nny conscience, limy make no well
as you. Bui don't forget your good resolu
tion, ami I lie North nlong w ilia it, when ihe
nait election comes.
, It always brings n crisis', nml few men cnti
assist Ihe temptation "just for this onee."
Keep your "squuru" position, nnd you will
cure aclf-respect nml u good reputation, if
not polilicnl success.
Another Jerry Trial.
The following notice of a trial which oc
curred in Syracuse lately, ia from the Slur,
published in thnt place, lis lone clearly in
dicates that if Syracuse lina citizen who ure
randy nt all buzzards lo rescue men from
slavery, it lim alxo some splecny supporters
of ilia itistitulion.
Suit wna brought by ihe AlxdiiiouiHla in
the luvueof (their King) "Jwrry" liir nyuull
nd battery upon him by Kuvm-II K. Lowell,
John II. llriind nml other. The ilelemleiit
Maiated Ihe V. S. lleputy ftliirnhnll Allen, in
I resting and holding in custody Ihe lender
nd idol of the AlioliiionilH, tho uforeauid
Jerry, on the lsl of October, 1851. All were
prosecuted for the participation in that nf
jair. On the trial they justified under ihe war
rant iMtied to Allen lor the apprehension of
Jerry in purcunuco of lire Fugitive Slave
Lw. It wna proved tliut they ncied under
Ihi authority and that no unnecessary in ju
ry woa inflicted on Jerry by those engage,!
in bia arrest.
: ' His Honor, Judge Piult, overruled ihe oli
jectiona made lo ihe warrant and held Ihe
Jaw ! lie CoiiHlinuioiinl and Ihe process val
id. The delemlauts were nccordingly
cquilled and Abolitionists will liuve to pay
The learned Judge read these poor dulu
itd tilth scavengers and negro worshippers
lesson which they may not Ibrgct.
B. Davis Noxon, Oorge F. Conistock mid
Jantes R. Lnwiunce, Fjmi., ncled na coiiiishI
for the defendeiils, nml I. D. llillis, Chiulca
B. Sedgwick nnil James W. Nye, Est., for
Thus ends Farce No. 2.
New Slave Statss. The people of
Tcias are discussing the subject of a divis
ion of their state They have alrendy, as our
reader will remember, contracted wilb
Congress for the admission or four, fro:n
fWir fcrriiory, with slavery,
Greeley and Giddings.
If the Wliigdcfcnt bns stirred the ill will of
tho Tribune ngninst Mr. (jiddiug, it seems
nlso to hnve provoked it lo love, and good
works in oilier directions, as wiinees tlio fol
And what more of ihe Future ?
We shall, if possible, more earnestly nml
actively than hitherto commend the principle
nml policy of tlio IIomkstf.ad Uii.l to pop
ular acceptance nml spieily nilnptinu by
Congress. If our Artisans nml l.'ibnrcr
ore denied opportunity to work in the Cities
and Manufacturing Di.ilricls, unless nt Euro
pean wage, it is so imii'li the more necess
ary I lint there be hind proffered tlieiu (ome
trhrrt on which lo grow food liir llieir chil
dren. A laborer driven nut of n city or vit
iligo by want of work is very unlikely lo
hnve Ihe me ins of buying land ill mhlniou
lo Ihu com of removing his family Ihilher i
and Ihe fil l llmt hu hint no money, so liir
from being a reason ir den) ing liim land,
is nmilher nihlitiniinl proof that he needs
and should have it. Hut we will ppeult ol
And llien on anoilier point:
" Doctor," said n querulous, snITering in
vulid, who had paid a good deal of money
for Physic, lo lilllu apparent purpose, "you
don I seem lo reach ihu seat of my itisease.
Why don't you stiiku ut Ihe seal of my dis
order?" " Well, I will," was the prompt reply, " if
you insist on it;" ami, lifting his ciuie, he
Hiiin.-dicd the hriimly bottle on the sideboard.
Tliu Poliiieal as well lis moral ilL-temprrs
of our country have lo n great extent their
source in grog shops nml alcoholic dissipa
tion. Ami, since the decks are now cleared,
and there is no longer ground for apprehen
sion that we sin II Mills' ruin the II lug party,"
why may we not io in benny nml tiuciiihar
rosscd liir tho .Maime Law ?
Habeas Corpus Act.
II. F. Atkins coiiinioiiieaics in ihn True
Deinocrut, Ihu following item in tho history
of the passage ol this famous net.
Bishop Itiirnelt relates n curious circum
stance respecliiiK the origin of that impor
lull! statute. 'I hu II. ibcas Corpus Act was
carried,' sins he, 'by nu odd urliuYo in Ihu
House of Lords. Lord CJrcy ami Lord Nor
is were name lo ha the tellers. L"nl N orris
being u man subject to the vapors, wis not nil
limes attentive lo what ho wn ilointrj so a
very fat lord coming in, Lord Gry counted
him for ten, ns a jetU nl fust ; hut seeing llmt
Loid Noris bad not observed it, lie went on
with bis miscounting of ten ; so it was re
ported lo the bouse, and declared thnt they
who wero for llio bill wpre the majority,
though it indeed went on Ihe olhrr side;
nod by Ibis menus Ihe bill passed Ihu House.
(7 Ou Saturday lust, says tlio Cleveland
True Democrnl'the Court sentenced n young
lad, Chnrles Douglas, who was arraigned for
Healing fid cents, lo he sent home to his pa
rents nt llurrishurgh, IV, ami also lobe pro
vided wilh clothing. The poor fellow hud
been imprisoned some two mouths. When
he came to our city he una friendless and
penniless, and w as obliged to steal to get bis
living. Nu one, we are sure, will object to
Ccilainly not. The only fault lo tin found
in I lie premises, is that he was not thus sen
tenced before bis two months imprisonment.
Crime, expense and temptation, would have
In 1788, only (it yours siuco, (J 10 acres of
laud, embracing a large part of the present
site of Cincinnati, was purchased by Mat
thias Denny, for ff'M'X
A Southern Commercial Convention will
nssemhlu in Baltimore, ou Ihe ldili of De
cember. i,(i.Vi,W;0 three cent pieces
were coined dining ihe last month.
The Anniversary of William I'enn's landing
was celebrated in Philadelphia, on llio rjlh
insl. The first frame building in Buf
falo, was ereclcd Kl years ngo. . At
Brunswick tieorgiu, the polls were not open
ed, llits penplu thinking none of llio candid
ate world voting lor. One bundled
marriage certificates were issued in Boston,
week before lasl. Ihu Liheriaiis lire
turning their utteiilion lo llio cultivation of
colton. Mexico contains 1,0U'J,01I in
liuliilimtit. New York city pays $1,31
cents per inciil for her Alderman and one
cent nml two mills per fin al liir her paupers.
The Melbndisls have recently Ibrincd
their fust annual conference in I'lanee.
Tub Slave Cass beforo Iugrahum has been
decided, at wo feared, for tho claimant, and
Thomas Brown has been sent to alifoof slavery.
At tho adjourned hearing! on Friday after
noon, and again on Saturday, tho claimant An
drew 1'errce, brought forward several new
witnesses, 'from Cecil County, who swore to
his claim and the identity of the colored man,
whom they call Ucorgo Bordlcy. Somo of them
tcntilicd that they had hired him of l'earcc, and
others that they had long known him in Pcarce's
possession as his slave, and all were positive of
his identity. As no testimony eould bo brought
by tho defonse, after a few remarks by D. P.
Brown, Esq., tho Commissioner pronounced the
prisoner to bo the slave of l'earcc, the papers
wero madl out snd another human being, with
the rights and tho destiny of a man was doomed
to the hopeless brutality of slavery.
Tha Commissioner's office and the avenues
to It wero thronged by a crowd of persons inter-
estcd in tho csc, and every countenance, ex-
ceptingnf tho parties to the man-hunt, socmen
to wear look of sadness snd sympnthy at tho
unhappy fate of tho poor man. Ptt. Freeman.
YEsTEnn.w's Journal, in an nrticlo headed
British Morals and American ,11'rogrcss, '
quotes the folluwing from tho London Timet 1
"Though, in tho affairs of a great empire, oc
currences may arise trhich the seeerer lutes of
morality eonilemn, yet the feeling and convic
tions of the people of England siorn and repudi
ate pilitiral advantage purchased nt tttrh a price,
and in there times uo liinjltthman trotilrf ihre to
serve hi country at the Exri;NSE of A 1TUMC
W IIONQ. "
Vpon this tho Journal remarks I "Would
thnt wo con! J say so much for the statesmen of
tho United States. " And wo may add, would
that w o could lay oi much for the politiciani of J
our own section of tho United States that tiny
would "scorn and ropudinto" occurrences
" which tho sovtrcr laws of morality con
demn" and all "political advantages pur
chased at such a price" that no American
citixen would dmo to scrro bis yurly "at the
expense of a pu!)!io wrong ! "l'ituburjh Dis
From the Christian Press.
A New Era.
With llio death of D.uiicl Webster, and
in the late election, wc think w behold the
close of an era in the history of our country.
.ill entirely new scene is npciuuir lieloro us.
Calhoun, Clay and Webster hnve carried
liuw u with theui lo llio L'riive Ihn world in
which Ihey lived, and of which Ihev wero
tliu nuiinutiiiir si'iiiiH. Their advent iinrm
Ihe scenes of American polities marked the
the cniniiieui eineiit of an era, and nt llieir
deaih it has closed. Tim lato tied ion has
seltled, nml for might wo can sec, conclusive
ly and (mover, Ihu tale ol Mr. Clay a Amer
ican system. The crenl ideu of his lilo nnil
of the party which rallied round him, be-
lungs already to the past, nml has been laid
to sleep in the tomb of its originator. Cal
houn, tho mighty commander of .Slavery's
hosts; mid Wehiter, lured like Ihu eagle
from the skies by the glitter of a bnuble, and
impaled by ihe sonilieni sucar: Ihev are
gone and nmong till Ihe friends of Slavery
lltero are nono lo wear llieir armor.
Tho political drama of half a century j
phijcd out. Uxeunt omnea, and the cm lain
The future is evergrowing up in Ihu pres
ent, had we the eyes to behold. What then
is the character of the buds which arc spring
ing around us, what Ihe characters which
promise now to be soon in Ihn ascendent?
Could wo righlly determine this question wc
should thereby forecast ihn future we could
court with some accuracy Ihe chances
ngninst and in favor of the triumph of liber
ty mid right in the now opening scene. In
the poliiieal heavens what stars are selling
now, and what are llowo which nre rising,
beialds of the coming day? Tho Soulh
sits in her widowhood, without one great
mind to lead her, as utterly bereft as fallen
Jerusalem, weeping over departed greatness,
glad to fawn nu n fourth-rute man of the
North, if be will only save Iter from ruin.
Within the lasl iwo years every prominent
and pledged defender of Slavery or southern
policy, especially of that true cmhnilwng of
southern sentiment, the Fugitive Bill, has
found his iuftiicoctt diminished and his fame
crlip.scd as if the mark of Cain were on his
brow ; nml nt this moment every leading
mind of the North, all Iho.-tc w ho aru sure io
influence ihe dcHiuy uf the country fur llio
next twenty-five years, .are strongly niiii
shivery. Those who followed the loi nines
of Clay and Webster have discovered, loo
late, that ihcy held a barren scepter in their
"No foil of theirs succeeding," tlm suc
cession is broken, and ihey ure laid ci-i le.
The intellectual chieliiaua of the polilicnl
world nre uuli slavery men, and Ihey sway
Ajrain t ihn influence of every distinguish
ed minister of the laud, who n xhurt limu
ngo drunk so eagerly of Ihe wiuo of south
ern abominations, is waning us rapidly as
the light of a selling sun, It wero perhaps
invidious lo mi it iu lliem, but llio power of
in ii ty once mighty is smitten with n wasting
consumption, and they ure already virtually
The ministers of this land who nre now
rising musi rapidly and surely lo n pnsiiiuu
where Ihey will conlrol public senliiiient,
are struuglv and uclively opposed lo Sluvu
ry. The newspapers, nlso, which have ruled
Ihe last quarter of a century, find that llieir
mission is nearly over. Like ihe N. York
Observer, they seem suddenly templed of
Salon into a position where, by ouo false
step, they shatter and blot tho labor of years,
uud a reputation painfully won. Money and
support such will undoubtedly slill have, but
Ihey will be read and admired by Ihoso who
lire passing nff llio stage, not by Ihoso w ho
are coming on. Their influence over events
isswilily passing n way, uud journals which
consecrated to freedom nml righteousness
are already swaying ihe public thought.
The literature ol the country is wrested
from Ihe possession of Ihe slave power
L'liclo Tom's Cubiu hns rendered impossible
a literature for America which shall sustain
sorthern institutions. That book will draw
into iis wake the lighter literature of tho
country with a power which cannot be re
sisted, for years lo come. Tho force w hich
drives on I ucle Tom, ia fur mightier than
steam power. Millions of human henna all
mightily beating together, lit live him up and
forward with a lift stronger ihuu lliut of ihu
ocean swell, and he cannot lie stayed iu bis
career any more than the sweep of tho tide,
or Niagara at the crest of the full. I'ncle
Tom sweeps on, crashing over "Aunt I'liis-
I i' Cabin,'" " Life in ihn South," nml such
small Ihiun throw n in bis wnv. like n Col
lins Mcamcr over a Heel of b.u'k eunoes, not
knowing that ihey nru there.
The literary nml educnlinnal institutions
which nru most rapidly rising lo eminence,
nre ihoso which sympathize, most strongly
wilh Ihe ritiht nml Ihe Hue; nml Ihose which
are withering ni,d wasting nwny, or diluting
lo n sickly and dubious existence, nro liioso
which Hlaiul aloof fioui human liberty anil
pure Christianity. Such Khun! willi rich
endowments ami piolisors, nil ready lo
loneh, and doors wide open for students, nnd
et ii drag ml thrown over I In) country
entehes sc.irco enough in sweep llio tiluul
I.r.slly, llio great centre of this nation's
power, or Which is quickly lo bo such, is
becntiiinn more nml inoro iu favor of univer
sal I'rei'iloui w ild every beat of human hearts
which throng it.
iod is laying, lit this Western valley, llio
liiiiliilalion of Hint palace w hero the n ull
ing influences of this country urn lo dwell,
mid no lover of Slaveiy will wield a scepter
Election of Gerrit Smith.
The election of (Jerril Smith ns n Tlepre
sctitalivc to Congress, by nil overwhelming
majoiity, is among the most eMraordiunry
poliiieal evenls nf this mo.it exlruordiunry
age not that ho is not won by lo lid, and
entirely competent lo (ill, ami 'able grenlly to
ndom, even the highest nfhVc iu tho gill of
Ihe peoplebut iu tiew of llio (act, that,
wlii iher pertaining lo ihn Church or llio
Slate, be is n radical of the radicals, 'ultra,'
disorganizing,' ' infidel,' nml ' traitorous' lo
Ihn utmost extent, according lo Ihe popular
limiieuelalure uf the day. What is inexpllc
alile, eeitainly very singular, is, that ho owes
his election lo Wiiigs uud Democrats, who
gnvn him n strong suppotl, in llio face of
nil his heresies with what consistency we
are looohtiiic mentally lo understand, lie
ha nearly k-JO majority in ins own county,
Madison, earning every town but one. Iu
one township, Smilhlie'ld, he Iias2l , voles,
against '.:." lor Tencjik, Whig, nml HI for
Hough, )i mocral. In Oswego, it is estima
ted be must have had I lit; votes of ?7."i Whigs,
and rA'l D.-mocrnts, iu ndditiou lo I lie nboli
lion votes. It it every where known, that
Mr. Smith deniislhat lltero inn nny slave
holding guaranties iu llio U. S. Coiislituiiou,
and that he mnintuins the illegality of slave-
ry in every pnrt of ihu bind; nml su he
-will construe his mrtlr to be faithful lo Ihe
Constitution. Will the oath bn refused to
liim on thai ground, or will his right lo n
Bent iu Congress ho conlesled ? I lis appear
ance nl Washington will doubiless make a
'sensation,' its well as thai of Miku Walsh,
the representative nf i,o rascality and row
ilvis.ni of tho city of New York. Al the laic
'Jerry Kcseue' celebraiion at Syracuse, Mr.
Smith ofieicd and advocated the follow ing
among other scathing rcsululious:
' IteMoloiJ, That Slavery is to ho over
throw n, not by speeches nml writings which,
however learned nml eloqueiil, admit its
legalization, mid thercliiru its respectability ;
but by a regenerated public senliiiient, w Inch
shall assign lo shivery list prc-cmilicul place
among piracies, and to s'.avi hollers their pre
eminent ptnes among: piiahs'
Mr. Smith next December, is to take bis
scat with sumo nf llus.! 'pre-eminent pi
rales'; ami il will afiord him mailer liir eu
l ions speculation as lo how il happens that
hu ami Ihey are equally entitled to Ihn rep
resentative position in Conirrcs. On bis
theory mil nun of them ought to hu allowed
n seal in 1 1 in t body at least, lint for Ihn
purpose of representing slave properly.
Now, ns there are tint less than I went) -live
members from ihe South, w ho stand ou Ihn
Door of Congress in virion of w hat is culled
tho three lillhs. representation, wo submit,
Ihal ninniig llio earliest eli'orls of Mr. Siuilh,
niter Inking his sent, one should bn for Ihu
expulsion of ihese ' piratical ' intruders from
tho House of Uepresenliitives ! Let him
make a proposition in thai i-H'ccl, and we will
guarantee thai a refreshing huiricanu of ex
citement will bit the consequence. But it is
not fur us lo murk out bis course. ' Hu is of
age,' uud will speak liir himself. W o believe
hu does not fear Ihe liici; of man, and will
dare to do bis w hole duly, us il shall he
clearly revealed lo bis own mind, be tho
odium or peril what it may. Liberator.
The N. Y. Herald says of this event:
A IoviNa Pa in. Cerrit Siuilh and Joshua
SX. (jiddiiigs ihe one ihu guardian uf Fred.
Douglass; the oilier llio piiiiieular terror of
Horace (j.'eelev, but both rank abolitionists,
will (iirui a sinking feature of Ihu next Con
gress. Ii is due In (jerril, however, to say
that be is a practical philatilhrniiist, notwith
standing his crazy crotchets of abolitionism,
lieu lai'ius, lieu properly, wmucii s lights,
socialism, and llio Maine liquor law. Ci'crril
is a liiimlie, but Joshua is a demagogue.
Smith has been fleeced by his kind friends
of his money and his lands; but (Jiddiiigs
makes his enusiilueuls pay lim piper. There
is a ureal dissimilarity belwcun thciiii but
Ihey will form u leading pair iu Congress.
Caution to Southerners.
A friend who has just returned from thcXnrlh
hns made us aoqusinted w ith fact w liich should
bo known to cvciy southern merchant uud tra
veler. While, ou a trip from New York to Bos
ton, on tho steamer Buy Htittc, ho encountered
in tho apartments ullottcd to gentlemen for
slcoping, a strapping dandy negro, w ho divested
himself of his garments with an air of superi
ority and turned in his birth, whilo gentlemen
had to seek quarters leas coinfortuhlo. It is
coining to a nice pass when such things as these,
nro tolerated, and wo hope, in order that an un
informed public may guard ngninst tho snid
line, thnt our exchanges will pass this fact
around. Bemembcri bicamer Bay Stnte, run
ning from Now York to Fall Biver, accomodates
negroes and then white men liavo the privilege
nf taking the (cfune.
Oh "Desputl dcspull" ns a certain old lady
iHcd to say what a terrible tiling it is fir p eo
ple whom Ood thought worth coloring to prc
sumo to travel on the same brat with genthmcn!
miserablo whllc-skluncd creature that wero
not considered worth llio dystuff that would
have been required toco'.or them.
The colored people mny toil from sun to sun
to support those cM'cmioatc creatures called gsn
t!cmen, who arc nit c.ip.dilo nf supporting
themselves; tiicy mny nniko and wnsh their
clothes, cut nnd curl their huir, shave llieir faces,
cool; Ihcir food, brush thcirbo.it, bo their con
cabinet in the dark, ns tho number nf yellow
people b or w itness, but then to think of travel
logon tho same boat 1 What hutrit'c inipu
denco ! Vuitinv Duat,
Slavery in California.
The California Christian ttlvornle relate
mi incident which recently occurred iu San
Francisco, showing what lliings nro dnni!
there under cover of tliu late Fugitive Slave
Law of Ihal Slate :
On last Thursday morning, jus! before llie
sailing of the steamer (iohbm c.'.iti, the usual
quiet of Bed, leu sheet, in this city, was ilis
tni bed by n most remarkable nil air (lie thread
of which eems ns yet shr led in mysiuiy
probably in ihu mystery of iniiiuitv.'
II appears, as near as Ihn fuels liavo ns J et
been ascertained, thai n coloured, woman,
named Louisa, had resided Ihero for some
lime past, washing ami cooking for several
pei suns, and striving to make an honest living.
She seems In have maintained a fair character
iu the neighbourhood. Sim had been n
slave, however, nml was brought to this
country sometime in IrCO, by Airs. Ueese,
who keeps n boarding bouse nu Dupniit
street. Louisa lived w alls .Mrs. Reese tin one
year, w ben, ow iug to causes not n ssarv lo
relate, she loll, agreeing lo pnv 800 lo .Sits.
It. fir Ihe year's time, she still owed her.
Since the passage nf the Statu fugitive slave
law, Louisa, il is said, hud heard various ril
uiiiiiis that she would be sent back lo Slavery.
But shu eoiilided in tho integrity of her oiil
mistress, mid look no pains lo keep herself
out of the way. She considered also that
tho I epulis, if from tin: foinily, were only in
tended In stimulate her lo pay Ihe $r!U0 two
hiimbeil, or moie, ol which she had already
paid, and slio was labouring siic.cessfiillv lo
secure Ihe balance. Some ll illering (Dints,
or more properly decoys, bad been presented,
Iu induce her lo return lo Ihe Slides, but she
bad not listened lo lliem.
On Ihu il ay beliiru Ihe sleamcr sailed, wc
nre told, on what wc consider reliable author-
liy, Ihal slio was requested lo go lo Mrs.
Reese's early on llio next morning that is,
on thu morning the sleniner sailed. She did
not go, but put ou her wusli-wntcr and was
pi nceeiliug as usual w ith her daily nvueu
lions, when five men lushed unexpectedly
upon her, seized her, nml nlier u vigorous
resistance, iu which her dress was nearly
lorn off, captured her nnd hurried her into u
carnage, which was standing III llio street
adjacent, uud drovo speedily nwny. A
Scotch woiuiui w ho was near, witnessing thu
linrrililu plight ol Ihe coloured woman, ran lo
fetch her number dress, hut ihe curriago was
gone, nnd only one or Iwo persons happened
In be near, who were confused nnd euiiliiun
iled by the circumsiiuiecs, till ihe curriago
was beyond reach. The live men were nrin
ed wilh revolvers. A number, ready lo se
euro Ihi) full value of llio woman In nny
claimant, ran to the bunt, but amid llie denials,
contradictions, and coufusiuu of starling,
nothing could bo (lone. What mhl to llio
mystery of tho nliiiir is that no process of
law was observed. So far ns we can learn,
no warrant was obtained nor was the woman
taken belbrc any justice of ihe peace or judge
of any court. It ia said, however, but w
know not bow truly, llmt u certain official of
the city led ou thu chivalrous ntlnck
Another matter of inj stery is, Airs. Reese,
the proper person nnd cluimaut (or her
daughter) to move an arrest according lo
law, assures n friend of ours thnt shu neither
knew of nor authorize. I thu arrest.
Under the Sluta fugitive slavo law, two
colored men who bad been blewarls ou tho
Golden (Julo were sent back lo the Stales ou
'.he last trip. We suppose ihese were sent
buck according to law.
An account nf another ensn, under the law,
is given in the iS'rtii t'runcisco Herald:
FtuiTivr. Si.avk Case. Justice Shepherd
yeslenlay issued a warrant for Ihe iirrcsl ufn
mulatto woman, who was claimed us u fugi
tive from labor by T. T. Smith, of Jackson
county, Missouri. Shu was brought lo this
country by Ihe cluimaut, in IS.'iU, mid re
mained, together wilh ii number uf other
slaves in his laiuily, until a few days since,
when she married u lieu negro and escaped.
Her owner heard of her miival here, and
eaiiio down iu search. Being inlurincil that
slm was secreted on board Ihe ship Flying
Cloud, ho applied liir a "arrant, by virion of
which sbo w as in rested and brought beliiru
Justice Shepherd, by whom, on salisliielory
proof of title, shu wus remanded lo tho cus
tody of Mr. Smith, lo hu conveyed to tho
stale of Missouri.
Pork Raising in West.
The Louisville Democrat hns tho following
slanting blaliolicsol thu swine business ol ihu
Ohio, in IcViO, produced
1,' 1,770 hogs.
, Total 13,1111,730
This is coming it pretty strong half a bog
to every man, woman and child in the Union;
but it is nothing in whnt wc nre threnlnnej
with nt the next census In Ir'llO. Here is it
grind total of over twelve millions of awiuo
from only five States, nnd Ihese Klnles nnt n
quarter settled. f this is not going the vhol
swine, we should i;n t know whnt is.
Why. if ihese pmkers were placed in a row,
nnd n crmtiniinus line formed by plncing tin)
caml..l appendage of ihe fust in the mouth of
the second, and soon through the entire mil
lions, and taking no uuiiiir advantage by un
twisting thu Links, but nllnwing only four
feel to each nniinal, lliern would be nine
thousand ono hiiiiibed ami eighty. one nml n
half of emiliiiiioiis pmk; or if Sy mines' boh)
could bn found, Ihey would slreleli qoilii
through our clulin from nretic to nnlaiclic
pole, leaving, besides n hamlstuiiR projection
of over five btimlrrd miles ulsive Ihn surface)
on each side; or, supposing ihn Atlantic In
be three thousand miles hi nail, nnd the w hit Ii
of each pig to be but eighteen inches, a pig
hi iilge oi' nearly live feet broad might rem
ncct New Yoik an,! London making a road
In nnd eunugli fur n uent band to tool n sulky
through in handsome style, (i is no joking
matter, but n pretty serious nml substantial
ficl. What we urn coming to lit this rat",
no one can tell, '1 his western counlry will
becouio ono vail hog pen if this ihing coii
liuti s lo increase ni ll.is rale.
From the New York Tribune.
Slaves Free—Decision of Judge Payne.
P.ii.vr, J. This rase came before run up
on llie writ of habeas corpus, issued lo I ho
respnmleiit, requiring him In have the bodies
of eight colored persuus, lately taken from
llie sleamcr City of llielunoml, ami now con
fined in n house in Ibis City, before me, to
gi lher with ihu cause of their imprisonment
The respondent has returned lo this writ,
thai llio said eight colored persona nre the;
propet ly of bis wile, Juliet Lemmnn, vhn
has been llieir owner for scvcrul yenis past,
she being a resident of Virginia, n'slavchohl
iug State, uud that by llio Constitution nnd
laws of thai Slate ihey have been, uud slill
are, bound In service ns slaves; thai sbo ii
now, w ith her s iio slave or properly, in frrm
situ tinm Virginia to Texas, another !uvo
holding Slam nml by the Constitution nml
laws of which she would he ( Milled lo said
slaves nnd lo their service; that shu never
had any intention of bringing, nml did not
bring theui into this Slate In remain or re
side, but was passing through tho bai hnr nf
New-York, ou her way from Virginia lo Tex
as, when sbo was compelled by iicccsity to
touch or laud, without inlemliug to remain
long, r than w as necessary. Ami she insists
Ihal said persons arc not lice, but are slaves
as aforesaid, ami that she is entitled lo their
pmwcssiun and custody.
To lliis return ihu relator lias put in a gen
I cniainly siq posed, win n tins rase wna
first present, d Iu me, lh.it, ns Ihero could be
no dispute about the fuels, there would be
no delay or ilillirulty in disposing of it.
But, upun Ihu iirgumi til, the counsel liir llie
respondent cited several cases which satisfied
me 1 1 in I ibis case could nut be ileder'nkd un
til I'iosii had been carefully examiiied.
The principle w hich those cases tend mors
or less forcibly lo sustain, is licit if nu owner
of slaves is merely passing from home with
them, through n lice Stale, into another
slave Slate, without nny intention nf remain
ing, Ihe slaves, while iu such free Slule, will
lint be allowed to assert tin jr freedom. A
thai is precisely the slate of facts constliuiing
ibis ca.-e, il becomes necessary to inquiro
whether Ihn doctrine of those cases call
hu maintained upon general priuripic,
ami wl.elhcr llie law of this Stale does not
cl.fler limn the law cf those Slults where
llie ileoi-ions were made,
I shall first consider whether those cases
can be sustained upon general principles.
The lirsl ease nf the kind which occurred
was that of .Sruvm" .S.'otvj, which was deci
ded iu Indiana, in I8'!, by Judge Munis,
ami will bn Ihtiml reported in !i Am. Jurist
404. The return In llie habeas corpus stated
that Sewell resided in Virginia, nnd owned
and In Id slave under Ihe laws of that Stale;
ihal he wn emigrating wilh them lo Missoti
ri, nnd on his way was passing through In,
diana, w ben ho was served with the liubcaa
D, how ever, appeared on llie bearing that
Sewell was not cuiiiir In Missouri to reside.
bill to Illinois, a Sinto whose laws do not
allow of Slavery. The Judge for this reason
discharged Ihe slaves. This case, therefore,
is nut not iu point, and would be entirely ir
relevant lo the piesenl, wero il not lor a por
lion uf the Jupge's opinion, which was not
railed liir by the ease beliirn him, but ap
plies directly In tlm ease now latfoie me.
" By ihn iaw," be snjs, "of nature and of
nations, (Vaitcl, ItiO,) and iIih necessary nnd
legal coiiseqiiences resulting from the civil
tmd political relations subsisting between the
citizens ns well as the States of this Federa
tive Republic, I have no doubt tho citizen
nf a Slave Slalo has n right to pass, lljmii
business or pleasure, through nny of Ihe
Stales nltomle.1 by bis slaves or servants ; nml
while bo retains tha character nnd rihf
of n citixen of a Slave Slato, bis right lo
retain bis slaves would be unquestioned.
An escape from ihe intend nice upon Ihe
person of his master, whilo on n journey
lluoiigli n Free Slate, should lie considered
ns nu escape from Ihu Slule wheru ihu mus
ter hud n light of citizenship, uud by the
laws of which llio rurvicu of the shivu wna
line. Thu emigrant fium one Stale lo un
other might be considered prnspectively ns
the citizen or resident of tho Slate to w hich
he was removing ; nnd should be protected
iu ihe enjoyment ol ihoso rights be acquired
in ihu Sn.lo from which ho emigrated, and
which nre recognized and protected by the
laws of Ihe Slate lo which be is going, . But
this right I conceive cannot bn derived from
any provision of pn.iiivo Inw,"
I'ho next case relied upoti ia M'iilard vs.
The People, (4 Kacumuioii's Kep. 4fil) nml
which wus decided in the Slate of Illinois in