Newspaper Page Text
Uepublieniiism in the Implicit snbmi don
IWCIlty llilco millions lima liuinlreil nnn
lu anlv (Itx thooa ui.l iiihnhilniil lo lue will
nml pirns-ore of some seventy-five thousand,
(making a moderate deiincliiin liir iromfrl Mid
niiwi, holding alsvrs In ibrir oivn right,)
ufi'ns; oligarchs, Imldiitg Ibcir Kiwrr in vir
tu of llieir ownership of human flesh nml
Now liolli parlies, consisting of flip vast
majority of the Nation, tire nt one in these
things. Wliot in In rnnii) of it ? Tim Slave
Power, thus reinforced ly its eager allies
bold parties, eon ln what it pleases. Wlint
will it please, to do ? it enn proceed to take
possession of Cuba find Hayti, or to tnko
measures for their reception within the Area
of Freedom. Whether it will door attempt
this, depends tit no decree on tlio general
wish of tlio country or tlio true interests
me nation. It having Im-cii conn-ili-il on
hand, excepting nu insignificant nml fuutiti
nl minority of protcstanls, tlint tlin preser
vation, romliirt nml extension of Slavery
the only Nntlonol polirv, liny iti t-ii U: n Itil in-
terfereiice wild the subordinate interests
the Free Slates whirli the carrying out
thiit policy dcmnnils, neithur will, nor should,
lie allowed to stand in its way. The only
question w ill ln, in thin addition to our prrs-
nt Slave territory liir llu; ndvnnlagn of tho
nine, or nol ? In it ndi i.mlilc lo ri.-k milling
n distant Island, like Culm, tviih n population
in which the blacks largely prfpoiidcrnti',
the flomnin of Republican Shivery? Should
the Spnnisli (iiivciiiincnl, ns n mcnsiirc
defence, proclaim Freedom lo nil llie inhabi
tants thereof, would it not he n dill'n-nlt thing
to reduce the Muck lo their iinlurnl cniidi
lion ng.-iin? Would nut nu insurgent island
looking nernfH llie (Julf of Aluxiro lie of evil
ensnmple lo our own huppy nml coiitciilcd
peasantry? Would it lie wotili our while
to rngngo in n rnnflict with llnyti, from
which Frnnce, in the pride of her strength
mid glory, recoiled in del'enl? Alight not
Hot impn-.Kil.lc, however, iniperlincnt inter
fcrencu on tho purt of F.iiglnnd nml Frnnce
disturb the Present of the Culton Trndc lo
decree not likely lo he recompensed by ilH
incrrnse in llie possible I nline J In
and filch ns these, tin tho considerations
w Inch must dcciiln the questions. Wo nt
the INortli hnvc nothing to iln w iih ilicin, ex
cept to find the men nml money necessary
for enforcing tho derisions of the only com
petent nutlioi iiy. For these we wnit in hum
ble pntienre nml submission.
So much for the Future of our Foreign
Affairs. Our Domestic Policy in suro to lie
moiildrd I) v 'he samo master hum lt. 'I ho
right of publishing tliia Joiirnnl, of holding
I'ublic Aleclitign, of ngitiiling the ipictttiou of
Slmciy in nuy wny, lien nl the door of llmt
mercy, itutli purlieu Imvo resolved nml re
aolvcd thnt the Shivery ni,'itiilion must cenne.
Are 1 1 icy giiiu-; to reduce these resolution!
into nctiou ? It in liir the slnveholili-mlo cny.
There in nothing to prevent the pnsynge nl u
new Sediiion l.nw, iiinkiug llie use of spo
ken or wiillun hingunge, cnlciihiicil lo bring
the Constitution, (jovc rnniciil nml l.nws o
tlio I'uion into contcni) t, iuuishnble by line
ml imprisonment. JuH ns good n awn
might bo ninde out fur such nn one ns vtun
furnished Inr John AdnmsV. Doctot Cooper,
Milthcw i.von, nml otliciH, wtiu punished
under thnt l.nw, for evil spenUiugof nutlioti
tirs, during Federal Kulc. And under Jef
ferson himself, Joseph IVtinie, of the 1'url
mlio, iinrrowly escaped correction liir nu
abstract Dissertation on Democracy, illustra
ted from Ancient History, wiiliout allusion
to America ! Jf the Slaveholders demand
this sacrifice of Free Speech nml n Free
l'ress, we do not see how it can be refused
by the new Coalition of U'higs mid Demo
crats, plcdgnd to tho Salvation of iho I'liiou.
There is not a Tnilcd Slates Court, nod we
fear not n Slnte one, that would not sustain
uch luwa ns Constiiiilionnl. And under the
new doctrine of Juries, there could he little
difficulty in proving convictions. It is mere
ly a question of Slnvchtd. ling expediency ;
ml if this policy bo not adopted, it " ill be
only because they are too wi.su in llieir gen
eration to endeavour to extinguish u firo by
mothering it with fuel, k.. q.
Tho new Oorcrnorof South Carolina is quite
mild in hii assertion of stato rights. There is
little, danger of disunion from f iat quarter now.
" I am nlinnt lo take the oath prescribed by
law, to preserve, protect, ami defend tho Con
Ftitmion of this Slate, nml of the Fuiied
States. I shall endeavor fhithliilly In dis
clinrge'niy obligations to both ; not less lor
the respect nnd veneration in which I bold
them, tlinn that the fuliiru bnppincss ami
prosperity of tho country depend upon I heir
ninintenniice nnd inviolability. Wc yet have
hipli duties to pnrorin, toiicliing the welliue
of the Souih, by giving fresh vitality nnd 11
mora ctlcclivo oigiini.atin to thoso well
tried principles of State Itights, In w liieh this
Commonwealth, has been so long nml ar
dently nltnclied. Hut should it happen, bow.
ever, in the IVovidenco of Uod, thai, dining
the term of my ofllce, obligations tonne shall
become incompatible with llie support nf llie
other, Mm, both my inclination nnd duly us n
Stale Rights Kepublican, will bo In sustain
the Constitution ami laws of this C'oiiimoti
wealili. 14 The Government of tlio Fnited Stales
lias recently undergone trials of its sliciigth
to which it has never liefnro been subjected,
and which have threatened to sever, from
lime to time, tint bonds which unite its vari
ous parts in a Federative compact, lint tho
unwillingness of tlin people lo endanger n
Government under which they have enjoyed
so much happiness, and attained such pros
perity, has induced ibcin to rcbiiko lo n
certain extent thu tendencies to a reckless
fanaticism nml n total disregard of tho guar
rnntiies of the Constitution. As if to carry
these, views into tfl'ec-l, they have, by nn un
exampled majority, given tlin ndiniuistrutiou
nf the Federal Government into the hands of
thoso who stand pledged bcl'oro Iho country
to sustain all these giiarrantces, and thu right
of encli section of the Confederacy.
" Uut wbilat this Slate has given its sup
port, with remarkable unanimity, to Iho can
didates of Iho Democratic puny liir the
highest honours of llie Aineiienn Itepublic,
nnd listened to the pledge w hicli that parly
lias given to protect Ilia Southern portion of
llie Confederacy in the enjoyment of nil its
rights, lo which our Stato has been so long
nnd so ardently attached principles by
. which tlio triumph was achieved over the
doctrines of consolidation, and w hich mark
tha administration of Jtfl'erson, Madison, mid
JHonrnc, on the halcyon days of the Keptiblic,
it if only Iry the revival of thesa principles
I and her active influence In the control of
pnny i.rirmiiznii.Mi, mm piu.ii.j in.. ,m nim
in individual liberty, through the separate
energies of distinct government, the general
Interests preserved from the injustice of aec
tiounl legislation, nnd our domestic concern
lornficd against invasions of federal authority."
From the N. Y. Tribune.
Slavery's Attitude for 1853.
Tlicro was a time when all tlio authentic or
influential uttcranrcs of our country were ad
verse t Human Slavery thnt is, to its abstract
Justice, and consequently to its expansion and
perpetuity. Tho Statesmen and Heroes who won
our Independence were all in sentiment hostilo
tt Slavery, and the Immortal rrenmblo to tho
Declaration was in their mouth no mockery, no
cini, no nypocracy, nut a
-t I.. l.... - i:..: .
truth. Hence tho Proviso of the Continental
rnirrna M,!,!..!. -. 1 .. 1 .l Gl f C
. . "'"J
. row , waio-nenco
Mia tini- ah (h tu PA...t 1 -a
' 1 " " """" "
,.. , , .
Iradc from and after 180S j licncc tho att tudo
nf the Free Smtc. i lio ..,.t K c.
... . , ., ,,. . ...
IllrCS Of tlio MlHBOIiri fnmnrnm in rri.. Cl
.... , ii i i
..,, ,,... urju,o was
iriiiimu VJ llie ICHUCrS 01 OlliniOn
fi.. .t ... .i . i ,
tlmroughout the purer days of our Ilepub c.
inertgooi Ancxar.on, However, bas wit-
ncscd a radical and by no means favorable
""" J commenaeo, nol mere-
ij in us noutnern stronglioias, but by the moro
bisirn ofits Northern servitors, as a good thing
... i.,- . miamuy urn, pica on us by Urcat
imiain, wnicn we must have tune to be safely
rid nf hut a lilnin tn l.n iv.' . ,1 .1 .'U' 1
. v uu MIIU UlllUH'll,
and inndo etarnnl.
J nus j he JUcimaml I jam-
mer, ... an r..inoriai article on tlio "Altcctionato
.,.. i.nr.uun appeal of many thousands of
wie women oi J-.ngland ' respecting Slavery,
thus delivers Itself i
" Tho Countess Dowagers will produco no
other sensation in America than that momen
tary irritation which follows a display of impo
tent impertinence, and it is only worthy of our
notice aian illustration of tho temper of the
world toward tho labor law of these States.
All tho earth unito to accuse, denouce, and
misrepresent us. High and low, far and near,
the face nf Humanity is set against Slavery.
fun the institution support this weight of eon-
icmimtion ? Certainly, nothimr tlint i. mn.n,
r.mg or ur.just, nothing that violates a natural
law, could hope possibly to support it. But as
wc believe, on a long study of the subject, thut
Slavery vfhlntcs no natural or moral Inw, no
correct sentiment or rational principle that it
i a tlung good, right, and usefol in itself wcrfo
think that it will survive all the abuse of all
the world, and that tho prejudice now prevalent
against it will disappear beforo tho enlargement
of knowledge, and tho sober settlement of hu
"All this outcry Is bssod on two assertions
that wo approprinto tho labor of tho slaves
without their consent, and that wo give them
no opportunity to riso into a higher grade of
civilization. Uut vie do tho same thing to
horses, and none complain. It will be said that
horses ore incapable of a higher civilization
than the condition they ore in, and that they
arc better oft" w hen they are the slaves of men
than when they run wild, unciired for, and use
less in the woods and deserts. Why not apply
the same just remarks to the slavery of negroes
to white men
"The only reason given why wo should not
do so, is tho sssumption that tho negro race is
capable of rising to a higher point of intelli
gence and usefulness in a stato of freedom than
in a state of bondage so tho white race. If this
assumption could bo proven true, the moral
question w ould bo decided for over. Ono set
of men havo no right to keep another set of
men down, by forco or law, to a grade of moral
cxccllcnco and intellectual powir lower and
moro confined thau that of which they are ca
pable. Hence the oiislavcmcnt of ono portion
of tho whito raco by another would bo a moral
wrong. But tho assumption that tho negro
rate can ever iio to a point of civilzation high
er than that it attains in Slavery to whito men,
is iiieapabla of proof. Wo havo their history
lor three or four thousand years, in ovcry quar
ter of tho globo, under all conccivablo circum
stances, and under every climate. Yet never
in a tinglo instanco has a negro nation originated
civilization, never retained civilization when
given them, nor even exiited in a stato of civili
zation savo when occupying the position of
bondsmen in the midst of a whito nation.
Now, when wo find tho samo fact recurring so
often, under such a diversity qf attendant cir
cumstances, and remaining unchangea
ble as tho nature, of tiro and water has
done during this Immense laps of time wo
say it is only rational for us to recognize it as
tho effect of sonic elementary principle. some
final cause and reduce it under soiuo general
law. It becomes only rational to recognizo
slavery ns tho most civilized condition of tho
negro race, and tho support of that institution
ns tho duty of tho w hite raco.
" Believing that negro slavery not only vio
lutes no law of morality or nature, as tho world
thinks it does, but that it has this deep, certain,
sure foundation in the fitness and utility of
things, wo also bclicvo that it will outlast tho
Christianity of tho Countess Dowogers, tho
intrigues of Presidential candidates ay, out
last this Union itself. Wo bclicvo that when
Iho vuico of reason and truo fact onco slowly
penetrates the present hubbub of passion, that
t: a'uttcr will become silont.and that all tho world
will admit the usefulness and propriety Ne
gro Slavery with an unanimity not less complcto
than that with which it is now denounced."
Here w havo the truo Slavery riatform
tho ono on which tha institution must stand, if
it stands at all. Black Slavery ia right or.d
proper, becauso negroes aro not really men, but
( essentially brutes. Tho amrmsnce of this pa-
1, A denial of tho Bible doctrine thai all men
sprang originally from Adsoi and Eve, and that
o "Uod hath made of ono blood, all nations of
2. A denial of tho fundamental assertion of
the Declaration of Independence, that " We
hold these truths to bo self evident ; that all
men are created equal that they aro endowed
by their Creator with certain inalienable rights ;
that among these aro life, liberty and tho pur
suit of happiness," fcc. &c.
3. A denial of tho justice, philanthropy and
wisdom of our National efforts to suppress the
Slavo-Trsdc i for if Tht Examiner' position bo
true, thon tho African Slavers stand foremost
among benefactors of mankind, and especially
of thoso whom they carry manacled into Chris-
AU tncM MrM of mori, Ti.1p0n,ii,ility, re.
. ligious capacity, &c, which havo impelled Mis
' sionarics to plant the Cross in Africa and Chris
, ,,, ,ho 0 , , lnclu Jin
' negroes, are struck nt by the Slavery l'latform
, If Kramiuei'i positions arc tenable, then
1 , r .- .
I ,ho Un of '""verting negroes to Christianity
; is absurd, for thc havo no souls.
Agnin : Tat ICxamhitr's premises cover far
mm u,concIu,ion. yor UlCT0 ootlicr
L I .1 in i. L
rsces beside the lllmk which have not yet been
, , , e . ... .. ,
proved enpnblo of civilization, ns we understand
it the Aborigines of our own country, the
( Esquimaux, and the Malay. There ore negroes
In this country either born slaves or the chil
; dren of slaves-who stand this moment higher
in the scale of civilization than any Malay or
Amorican Indian docs or ever did. If inenpa
city for our Civilization bo sufhclcnt warrant
for enslavement, then tho number wo oimht to
hold as chattels is not a bceiarlv Three or Four
; Millions, but some Hundreds of Millions.
Wo a.-k for these positions a general and
' thoughtful consideration. The l'jcaminer,t diO'
I ,,, nh.,rrl ,i,m,i.,i,. ,
ly tho busis of slavery as it exists at tho South
but they nro tho animating soul of tho pro
jccls now fermenting in tho popular brain re
specting Cuba, Hayti, tie. The very mon now
foremost In demonstrating tho rule of right
and eternal fitness of things' whereby Cuba
ought to bo and must be an integral portion of
our Confederacy, would bo tho deadliest cno
mics of such absorption if the principles of our
Declaration wcro this day operative in Cuba.
So the annexation of Hayti is talked of by
hundreds with whom the degradation of the
Iiayticna to tho condition of slaves or serfs is
the condition precedent of any audi Annexation.
Wc might have been tho next friend of Hayti
her counselor, protector, and tho recipient of
most of her trade but for our adhesion to the
princip'.o that such pcoplo as hero aro not men
bur rightfully cattle. That this is the principlo
which lies at tho base A the I'ropagnndism of
Annexation and Filbusticrism in this country.
Can wo bo wrong, then, in opposing to that
Vropagandism a vigilent nnd stubborn resist-!
Law in Virginia.
In another column will bo found the message
of tha Governor of Virginia tohcr Legislature,
on the recent decision hero in tho I.emmon
caso. From this message, wo learn what is nor
considered good law in thut ancient Common
wealth and, as a consequence, a natural curi
osity will bo felt to know what is goad law
there. As an answer to this question wc sub
join a few items from tho polico reports in two
lato nun.bcrsof Richmond papers The Hvjntb
lican and Tie Di'jiatch. l'irbt, from The .'cii4
lican:A. S. Sianu.ird,
DisciiAiior.o. Jordan Goode, slave to Haxall
& Brother, was caged on Sunday night for not
having his pass indorsed. Yesterday tho May
or let him ofT, but for the next tlTVmc won't he
Toiciinn I.taiiTi.T. Isaac Allen, a gentle
man of colour, in the service of Messrs. (iooJo
and Allen, received a pottion of las holiday
suit yesterday, by urdcr of tho Mayor, for fail
ing to have his pass indorsed and running from
Waumino. Felix Hnrwoud, slave to George
Turner, was caught by tho watch when stealing
wood, on Sunday night last, nnd caged. The
Court yesterday ordered that his system should
bo heated by additional dremug. A striped
jacket must havo felt flueaycstcrday, as cold as
tho wind blowcd.
IIovsi'.D. Jos Shicwny says he is a free ne
gro, but as ho is without a register to prove
that fact, and no ono feels disposed to take hit
word for it. tho Mayor directed his delivery into
tho kind keeping of tho old Commodore.
Dm Name. Thomas Jefferson ! what a big
namo for a negro was brought beforo the
Mayor yesterday and ordered livo stripes for
firing pop-crackers in Cury-tt. on .Saturday
All Hioht. Georgo Wullcr, a freo negro,
had no frco papers when arrested. Troved his
freedom and missed the jug by feet adzackly.
Tho record had been moro complcto if tho
reporter hd stated precisely how many stripes
go to a ' holiday suit," but that, no doubt, is
well understood in Virginia. Next wo copy
from The Dispatch : ,
A negro boy named Thomas, slavo to Mayo
& Atkinson, was arrested Saturday evening lust
with an irregular pass, and on yesterday order
ed fivo lathes.
Jamks Ai.t.rK, slavo lo Allen & Gordon, was
caught with bis sign hanging out in tho samo
manner, contrary to law, and was ordered ten
ItoHEHT, slavo to R. A. Mills, and Edmund,
slavo to Henry Cornell, on yesterday were
punished by tho Mayor, for participating in an
unlawful assemblago. Ilnbcrt received 20 lash
es, and Edmund, being a small boy, 10.
NiD Ellis, arrested out of track Sunday, on
yesterday was discharged by the Mayor with
Tetkb Foce, slavo to T. C. Eppes, was ar
rested with an irregular pass, Sunday night,
and discharged yesterday with an admonition.
A delicate frco nop.ro named John SrAiLDi.ta,
was on yesterday committed in default of a
A very black and suspicious negro named
William IIlthei.l, was arrested on Sunday
evening while engaged in tho interesting game
of leap frog without any pass. On yesterday,
In consideration of his activity and general good
behaviour, tho Mayor discharged him.
C'hahi.f.s Joiinsok, slavo to A. W. Morton,
on yesterday received 10 lashes for unlawful
Felix Haiuvood, slavo to Georgo Turner,
not being able to control his pilfering propensi-
tics, on Sunday night condescended to an act of
petty larceny, In atcaling a quantity of wood
Iho Mayor supposing thnt tho firo kindled
from tho wood was scarcely sufficient to warm
even Hnrwood's nose, ordered him a hot strips
ing of 39 lashes.
A slavo named JonDOM Goiuio.t, slave to
Haxall fc Brother, was arrested Sunday even
ing in default of a correct pass. Proving, yes
tcrdsy, that ho acted under authority of his
employers, ho was discharged.
SALEM, OHIO, JASVA11Y 8, 1853.
ExcciTivc Committee meets Ftbrunrv Oth.
l)c ntt-SIaucnj Cuglc.
As our readers will find elsewhere, an official
account of the fair, wo shall attempt no des
cription nf it, but merely notice tho account of
tho Homestead Journal. Tho editor of that
paper informs his readers that " thero was a
ball held on each cvoning of the Fair, which
was connected with tho fair, and the proceeds
or profits of which went to swell tho funds to
carry on this great mor-1 disunion enterprise."
Ho also, condemns theso bulls as "improper
means to raiso money to carry on their opera
tions with, and thereby prevent many genuine
friends of humanity from joining with tlictn,"
ic, the uisunionists.
Tho Editor's idea is rather clumsily got out.
hut we believe wo havo it. It is that many
friends of humanity," and wo presumo Mr.
Ilinchmnn among tho number, "are prevented
from joining with tho disunion!!," because
these balls were connected with and aided the
fair. Wo aro glad to learn that these friends
nro so favorable to our movement, and if wo
can now romove this objection in regard to "im
proper means," wo may look for quite nn ac
cession to tho numbers of tho disunion aboli
tionists. II Mi's is their groat objection, wc
somewhat wonder thoy did not join us beforo
theso bulls wcro hold. But belter lato than
Mr. Ilinchmnn has been misinformed in re
gard to tho facts. On Saturday evening, after
thecommitteo of the Fair had ceased to need
the Empire Hull for their own use, it was oc
cupied for acouplo of hours by a dancing party,
but milhnut any connexion with thefah , pecuniary
or otherwise. How much this may havo swel
led tho funds for tho disunion enterprise may
be judged by tho editor and all others.
Thero wos a boll held on Friday evening in
tho samo hall. Tho managers and company
composing it, were of all classes, Disunioniats,
Frco Soilcrs, Whigs and Democrats. The only
connexion which tho managers of tho Fair had
with this ball, wns, after closing their sales, to
grant tho uso of their hall to tho individuals
who w ere cngied in providing tho supper for
tho dancing company. These individuals en
tered into this arrangcinont without any con
nection with tho Anti-Slavery Fair, or the
AiUi-Slavery Society. It is true, that thoso who
provided tho supper, nro among our most true
hearted and devoted anti-slavery men and wo
men. It is also true, that they undertook this
difficult, laborious and thankless task, with no
desiro of private gain, but intending to devote
tho entire proceeds of their labor to tho cause
uf freedom. And this intention they will
doubtless fulfill. For tho generous philanthro
py which prompted it, wo respect and honor
them. In what particular channel it will be
appropriated wo know not. That is an individ
ual matter with regard to which wo aro lesa
concerned than our neighbor of tho Journal.
Wo can however assuro him on tho authority
of tho tnanagcrs'of tho Fair that it has not as
yet "swelled their proceeds" nor wcro any of
tho contributions to the fuir used f jr tho benefit
of tho supper.
For those who aro honestly concerned on this
scoro, thoso facts will we presume be satisfacto
ry. For our own part wo con rejnico in tho ap.
preaching timo when consecration to freedom
shall ho written upon the bull rooms, and ac.
cording to tho prediction of tho old prophet,
upon tho "bells of tho horses." Y'ct, while
associated with others for tho great causo of
freedom, wo would do nothing to commit them
to any extraneous measures or opinions with
which they aro not in harmony. And such
aro tho viows and footings of thoso concerned
in getting up this fuir, as well as thoso who pro
vided tho supper for tho dancing company.
But while they are thus mindful of the opin
ions of others, they claim tho like immunity
for their own.
Fatal Effects j-koji I.iuiou Dmxkino.
Two citizens of Wcllsvillo, died last week of
Intemperance, and two others were attscked
with delerium tremens. These facts so aroused
tho inhabitants of the villago, that a company
of them, roado a circuit of tho groceries whero
liquor was retailed, and gnvo notice to tho yon.
dors that they must quit tho truffle, Whether
they obey this popular Injunction, wo do not
Women's State Temperance Convention.
From the call in another eolumn, it will bo
seen that the women have issued a call fnr a
Stato Tcmperanco Convention, to bo held in
Columbus, on tho 13th inst. The notice, wo
fear is quito too short, to secure a largo general
attendance. The meeting occurs on the day
following tho Free Soil Convention, which will
bo somewhat favorable to tho attendanco of
friends from a distance.
A most successful movement of the kind,
wos mode a year ago in New York. It has re
sulted in tho advancement of tho tcmperanco
cause, and Incidentally of other iinportont
movements. Tho women of Medina county.
also held a convention of the samo sort, a few
weeks since, and its success, wo believe has
encouraged tho present call.
Thero is occasion for the movement. Wo
man s aid has always been rendered In behalf
of temperance, and its importance acknowledg
ed by all, and yet as auxiliaries they have novcr
been generally recognised as equal co-workers.
Thero has been on entire willingness that they
should collect funds, and aolicit signatures to
pledges, under masculine direction. But their
energy and bencvolcnto hnv never had full
scopo to work freely in the common cause
True, men as tho greater sinners might bo justly
called upon lo lead in labor and saeriflco for
tho common couse. But their past plans nnd
labors have as yet, very far failed of success,
and we aro glad to ace women tako tho guid
ance of their own acts in this work. Wo ore
confident that in very many places this is the
only way they will ever exert their true, full
influence on tho question. Women have a high
er and better woik to do in tho temperance
cause, lhan merely to extort temperance pledg
es, by the force of gallantry, tho principlo use,
apparently, to which many of our temperance
leaders can apply their oid. It is humiliating
to them, and unworthy of tho cause, to thus
degrade and undervalue tho most earnest and
numerous portion of the friends of temperance.
When impelled by self respect and sincere at
tachment to the cause, they nsume their own
freedom to work in their own way, wo shall
look for results far exceeding the past. Thero
tulcnt, energy, and philanthropy enough
among Ohio women, to give nn imposing char
acter to this movement, and we hope to hear
nf its assemblago at Columbus, on tho thir
Another Screw Turned.
The Supreme Court of tho United States has
recently had a caso before it for decision,
which involved tho correctness of the famous
I'rigg case. It scorns to bo a settled fact with
slaveholder and ithcir Judicial supporters,
that slavery and slavo hunting must never be
put at disadvantage in any ono instance, and to
escape it, their own judicial decisions, as well
as tho best established principles of lsw, and
manifest justice, aro to bo alike disregarded.
Hcnco in tho case described below, in order to
convict.nnd punish Dr. Eels, for tho practice of
humanity, it was necessary to decide In effect,
adverso to tho decission in tho Trigg case, and
to tho constitutionality of tho fugitive law.
But all thia was no obstacle to tho unscrupulous
judges, who prcsido in tho Federal Court.
They can establish these opposite, and directly
conflicting opinions without hesitancy. Tho
Court has reaffirmed tho constitutionality of
tho Illinois law as it doubtless would the ro
ccnt abominable fugitive luiy of California.
Thus another screw is turned upon the North.
Every citizon of Illinois, of California or of any
other state, which either- has or may have a
fugitivo law, will bo liablo to two prosecutions
for tho samo ofTcncr. Thoy may bo punished
under tho fugitivo laws of Congress nnd then
under that of tho State. Thus there is no law
or constitution but slavery. Tho following
from tho New York Times will moro fully ex
plain tho case.
IMPORTANT LAW CASE.
Our special correspondent nt Washington
has sunt ns h statement of thu I'artM mid mgu
meiilH in n highly iiiten slingcase now pend
ing in the Supreme Court ol the Foiled Stales,
which prescnlH n very important point of
controversy, rchilalive In tho power lo enact
lawn for Iho nrrest mid delivery of fugitive
slaves. The enso arose under the Fugitive
Slave Act of Illinois, and involves tlin ques
tion whether the power to legislate on the
subject of I he delivery of fugitive slaves does
not vest, e.velusivcly.cither in Congress or in
the several Stales; und if so, which has ihu
jurisdiction Ihe Stale, or tho Federul au
Dr. Richnrd Kela, n wnnn-lienrted, benev
olent man, nnd a highly respectable phWiciuii,
was indicted, under n statute of Illinois, for
hat boring and secreting a fugilivu sluve ; was
convicted nnd sentenced lo pay u fine of futir
hundred dollars. From this sentencu un ap
peal wns taken to Iho Supreme Court of Illi
nois, where llie sentence wns iitlirmed bv n
divided Court. Jiiilgefuow Seimior) Shields
delivered the opinion of the majority, mid
Judge I.orkwood the opinion of thu minority
(mining whom was thu Chief Justice) against
uflirmniioti of tho sentence.
From this judgment of the Supreme Court
of Illinois n writ of error was taken to the.
Supreme Court of the I'uited Stales. The
case stood fust on the docket Ibr the present
term, nml win nrgucd by Seiiulor Clnisu, of
Ohio, orally, nnd by Air Dixon, of Illinois, in
writing, fin- Dr. Kt-ls, nml by Air. AIcDongiil,
Attorney General of Illinois, also in writing,
for the Slate.
Thu leading point made Iiy ilin plaintiff in
error is, that llie exclusive power to legislate
in relation to the nrrest mid delivery of fugi
tive slaves, is vested either In Congress or in
the states: and flint ns Congress lind nlrendv
(by the oct of 1700) legislated thereon, the
suite could nol. mid therefore the atuliilo
under which the plaintifF in error was con
victed and sentenced, is void. Thus the cuse
necessarily brings under review the decision
nf the Supremo Court in llie fatuous case of
nSK vs "e Commonwealth of rtnnsylvama,
in which the Court held thut the master of a
fugitive slave had a right to seize him nnd
lake liim out of llie State where found, with
out any process; nml, second, thnt the ex
clusive power of legislating upon the subject
of fugitives from service is vetted in Camftren.
Senator Chase m well known to hold tha
opinion that no such rights of seizure and
deportation exist in the master t nnd thnt tha
power In legislate on Iho subject of fugitive!
from service ia not in Congress at all, but
exdusirrly in the Stnte Legislatures. That i
the ' Free Peninerntic" doctrine J nnd It will
be seen nt once that tliia opinion operates
ngainsl his own client. In opening his ar
gument to the Court, ho adverted to his own
opinions, nml lo his endeavors to impress
Ihein upon the Court ) but, having foiled lit
theso iittempts, he now claimed the benefit
of the udjiiilieniinii in the l'ri(g case for hi
client in the suit. He nrgucd I
1. Thai the power til legislation on the
subject of fugitives from service having been
held to lie exclusive in Conpres, till Stnte leg
islation upon iho same subject must neces
sarily be void.
2. That if Congress and tho Slate Lcgisy
latum possessed concurrent powers of leg
islation, (as is tho opposing argument,) the
power by Congress must necessarily nnper
redo the exercise of llie same power by
Statu Legislature; and, lliereliire,
That Congress having by law prohibited
the harboring nnd seereiing of fugitive ser
vants under n penalty payable to the claimant,
no net of Slate legislation prohibiting tha
same nets under n penally payable In the
Stiite, could bo valid. How he nrgucd
ran the same man, for llie same nlTi-nec, nml
nl llie union lime, lie nrrcsled by Naiinnnl
nllieers nnd Slate otlicers; be tried in Nnlionnl
courts, nnd in Statu courts ; and in case of
non-payment of penally be imprisoned in
National jails mid Slnte penitentiaries?
'I. Thai the right of the States In legislate
could not be successfully asserted on the
ground I lint it wns a simple polico power.
To sustain this position, be quoted the opin
ions of Cliiel Justice Taney and Judge Dan
iel in tin- I'rigg rase ; mid further argued, that
even il it en- a police power, still, the whole
power of legislation having been vested in
Congress, aceordiiig to the mnjnrity of tha
coin I, noparl of it could remain in the Slates1,
by whatever mime it might bo railed.
No one run fail lo see iho itiiHrlnnt polit
ical bearing which llie derision in Ibis man
must have. Fiiless the Supremo Court re
verses its own opinion, (lung ngo delivered,
and ever since looked up to ns the highest
exposition of il le constitutional law,) and de
clares tlint there is no exclusive jurisdiction,
either in Congress or thu Slates, hut thnt
their power is concurrent, one of two things
must result either nil Siale ennctments on'
the snhj"ct must Utile from the statute hooka,
nnd tho plainlill' in error in the ease be re
lieved I'roiu his sentence ; or, tho very Fugi
tive Slave Art of Congress, which so recently
convulsed llie land, must bederhired Invalid,
nnd lie blotted from Iho pages of Federal v. '
The public will await, with deep interest, llie
decision of the court.
Several artic les.snch ns vessels, table cloths,
towels, &e., sent in with contributions lo llie
Fair, ran lie had by their ow ners on rnlling
upon I low-el llisr, nt whoso bouse they liavo
been deposited. .
Diiawi.no Class. A class in crayon and
landscape drawing is nbnul commencing nt
Air. AlcCliiina writing rooms. A good op
portunity for those who wish instruction in
this useful nml elegant accomplishment.
Mn. Tiffany is delivering a enurso of lectures
in the Town .Hall this week. Wo shall speslc
of them hereafter.
State Free Soil Convention.
Thismocting for which a call was issued'
some weeks since, takes placo at.Columbus, on
Wednesday the twelfth Inst A full attendanco
is urgently requested by tho Free Democratio
papers of tho State. Tho call is signed by J.
C. Vttughan, Ed. Wsde, H. B. Spellman, O. II.
Coulter, and W. O. W. Lewis, State Central
Tho Legislature of North Carolina has ad- '
journcd sum die, without electing a U. S. Sena
tor in tho pluco of Mr. Mangum.
8i.avrs in New Ohi.kans, A writer in the
Oneida Telegraph, from New Orleana, says:
' I am surprised to sec so few slaves employed
in this city. In some of their first hotels none
but whites aro employed, and private families
ore fast substituting free lobor for slavo. Eco
nomy and their own comfort demand it." '
A Gaooeo CiTy. -Tho City Council of Ro
chester huvo undertaken to control tho frco
speech of its citizens. It constitutes the Major
absolute dictator by tho following Resolution :
Ilcsolved, That all pcrmna who shall lecture,
sing, or givo any exhibition of a puulio nature
in this eity, except the llochcster Alhaneum
and Young Men's Association, from this date,
without a license from his honor tho Mayor,
who shall fix tho sum to be paid for tho same,
shall pay the penalty of not less than nve or
moro than fifty dollars, to bo credited to tha .
Tho Ship l'anama, which sailed from Califur
iiin on the first of December, has on board
$2,710,5,10. Tho largest amount ever shipped
in 0110 ve.scl.
The Allkohemy Vallet Kail Road. Tlio
ConiinUsiniiers of Allegheny County, Pa., hsva
subscribed 7o0,000 to the Stock of the Alle
gheny Vulley Rail-Road. This largo subscrip.
tion will sccuro tho immediate and vigorous
prosecution of tho work.
Tho Temperance women of Now York meet
in Convention in Albany thia month. They
aro now olive and active, aeourlng petitions
in behalf of the Maino Law.
TnACTs on the Maine La w.-II. At. Addison
of Cleveland has republished several abort
tracta on iho Maino Law. The whole make
pamphlet of 13 pages. Priue, postage
paid, three cents the single copy, $1 for fifty,
$'2 per hundred.
Rev. John Scoblu has arrived in thia coun.
try wild his family.' Ha is about to settle Iti