Newspaper Page Text
M Alt I US II. ItOBINSON, Editor.
"89 CHIOS WITH SLAVED OLDER!."
rjiiLv iiobiasov, riibiisiiinv Agent.
VOL. 8---N0. 17.
OHIO, JANUARY 15, 1853.
WHOLE NO 381.
THE ANTI-SEA VEUV IltUEE,
PdHUlHlD SVBRY 8aTUB0AT, At SaLRK. O.
Ti.-flffiO per annum If paid In advance.
au,o per annum u paid wiuun too Unit six
tnontha of the subscriber's year.
$J,00 per annum, if payment be delayed bo
Jponrl "in months.
CfWi occasionally send numbers to those
rho are not subscribers, hut who are believed
to be interested In the dissemination of anti
slavery truth, with tho hopo that they will
Cither subscribe themselves, or uso their Influ
ence to extend ita circulation among their
f7" Communications intended for insertion,
oo aauressed to Maiiivs It. Kobiksok, E litor
All othoreto Emily KoHiNsoK.Publiahing Ag't
J. HUDSON, rittNTEIl.
Reason is llio Lord and llie God of tho
universe of n itid. Lord, because it rules
nd governs llie universe of mind. God,
because it is worshiped by the universe of
mind. He tlint worships any oilier God limn
this, worships no abstraction which in point
of practice is tin God nt nil) hence ilia eaying
of l'uul, " ye linve a zeal but not accord
ing to knowledge, ye worship mi unknown
Cod." Reason is the origin and the Futher
of mind, for without rnnsmi there is no
mind, and in proportion to the power of a
mail's reason is Ins power of mind. Whou
1 speak of reason, I mean truth and righte
ousness. 1 do not mean perverted reason,
for whatever is not In strict conformity with
truth and righteousness is not rcasnnuhlu
though sll Christendom think to the contrny.
Mankind are governed liy perverted reason
iu great measure, hut is it productive of
happiness, the end aimed nl ? Iienre the proof
positive that It is spurious. Tho fruit of all
righteous action is happiness, hence reason
able, and in perfect conformity w ith the laws
of nature. T. F. DODGE.
ADRIAN, Mich., Dec. 29th, '52.
Scraps from my Common-Place Book.
FINANCE—SELF SACRIFICE, &c.
Ma. Editor t Anti-Slavery ought not to
go begging. It brings it too low) too much
m the region of colonization, misHiouary,
ud kindred enterprises. They live tipun
money, and can't live without it.
They work to win favor with God(?) and
obtain tho applauso of men. Anfi-Sluvery
has other mot ive. It works for Immunity,
nd would have to work, if there was no
money and no God. The existence of the
latter and the ubundntice of the former, can
not free the slave or it would hove beed dona
The slave must be enfranchised, and abol
itionists must do the woik. I low? liy tho
use of whut instrumentalities, is the only
Hus the owner to be convinced that slave
ry is moral wrong ? Not if he is elevated
hove idiocy. Hus he to be shown that the
ystem is not profitable ? Ha knows it is
ruinous, if he bus even been out of sight of
its blighted, purulizcd aspects. Ibis the slave
holder's apologist to be reminded that ho is
in unrighteous connexion with the greutcst
wrongdoer? Not if he be a popular con
servative Priest, sagacious Politician, or sua
aesaful Money getter, for if he can think a
thought in ethics, he knows how that is ; but
lie is devoted to his pursuits unci determined
to retain his position. Who then is to be act
ed upon t The Sleepers those who nre " as
much opposed to aluvery as anybody ;" who
think little, say less, and do nothing" for
It is one thing to admit the truth of a self
evident or well-reasoned proposition, and
another to feel a deep interest in it. Tho first
is every one's condition ; to effect the lust is
the labor of the abolitionist.
lie must lulior in such a wny and to such
extent, that the oppoeer und his abetter will
feel uneasy in their position ) because they
re cruel, wicked, damnable. This must be
done ere the owner will voiunturily loose bis
grasp on the victim, and his first impulse to
get out of his relations, may be when he ob
serves a growing public sentiment adverse
to these relations. It is anti-slavery's heavi
est work to generate and increase this oppos
ing seutinienl. Until it can substitute the
listless apathy which pervades the mass of
community, with a restless zeal for the right,
elsvery cannot be abolished. It must create
a public sentiment which has heart, as well
mm head in it) a pervading and abiding
Jove of the right, and hatred of the wrong
-a disquieting that prevents tranquility so
Jong as there is a brother enslaved a feeling
ithat obtrudes itself on the journey, at the
-domestic! fireside, and the amply furnished
board, and naka why should tho despised
descendant of Africa be excluded from the
common means of enjoy roeut, on equal
This kind of live sympathy, those disturb
ing Impulses, can only he relied on for tho
eradication of an evil whoso tup root pene
trance the entire so.itli, and whose fibers
are distributed through the north. Hut abol
itionists must themselves feel this restless
solicitude, or they can't generate it in others.
The stream cannot elevate itself oltove its
source, by sociul, more than by physical
laws. Spirited resolutions and earnest
speeches are woll ; in them are articulated
in VHried phraseology, tho truths that long
since, won assent, but the slave's fiionds
should ever and anon, ask themselves, now
that ami slavery is not mobbed olTthe ground,
whether their disposition to make sacrifices
is remaining stationary, cr on the wane?
Are they ready with hand, tongue, pen and
purse, to aid the nio.-.t suffering of all causes?
If they can giveufllrmative answers, begging
will be supercedcr1, funds will be volunteer
ed, and we shall hear " I wont five or ten
dollars in that stock; from experience I
kuow It is productive of interest."
Capture of a Slaver.
The schooner Advance, of New Orleans,
arrived at Norfolk on Sunday morning, in
charge of J011.1 T. Walker, sailiugmiistcr,
and Midshipman W. V . Tm.v nli,.r ,,..
sage of thirty days from Port Prayii on sus
picion 01 imiug concerned in the slave trade,
(V the United Slut,.. Iiiuntn .
jf - igiuw LI ni-IMM'UVI,
Commander Nicholso. The suspicion
was founded on the tiict that she bad on
board what is gcnerly termed a slave cargo,
consisting of nil tho implements necessary
fur SUcIl truflit!. Who is n Ibiltimnr l.mlf
schooner of ultoiit eighty tons burthen.
'ri . . . . .
ji cl i was iuii at run 1'rnya : the rest
of the crow, consisting of tho inntp, a whito
mall. Olllt iillir lleirrn rpiiihpii wnru l.n..,l...l
over to tho United States Marshal to await
llie United Stotee brig Biinbridge, sailed
from Port PraVII B fuw ilavs he I urn tln A. I.
vanco led, In search of another schooner
ocinnging to llie snmo owners.
The sloops-of-wur John Adams and Gcr
malitowu and the brig Perry were nt Port
Prays). The sloop-of-war Dale hail sailed
for Si. Vincent. The health of the squad
ron wusjuj-uuerally good. "
J. G. Birney.
Tho Christian Chronicle, of this ci'y, states
that Mr. Hirney is "out ofiain in (iivor of Af
rican Colonization," nud quotes as one of bis
arguments lor the scheme, an expression of
his disappointment at -finding that the free
colored people are not "all favorable to
emancipation," and do not " contribute to thu
liberation" of tho slaves. This argument
does not apply to colored men nlono. If lor
tins reason, they merit banishment from their
native country, do not all pio-sbivoi v whites
equally merit it? Then tho cllort should not
rest on complexion but character. Pro-shivery
men, not colored men, should ho col
onized: though in compassion to Africa, wo
should choose some other liohiiiy Day for
them than her shores, nlready so terribly
ravaged by their kind. Pa. freeman.
The New Jkrset Conference of Con
gregational Churches, at its late semi-annual
meeting, udopted strong resolutions against
the alarming desecration of the Sabbath, by
llie " (ii i IK trade, declaring that tliry could
" not expect the outpouring ol the Spirit of
God iu ruvivuls of religion upon churches
where tins sin is practiced with impunity:'
ami calling on all Christians " implicated,"
to repent ami "withdraw immediately
from farther sin in this respect."
They distinctly include all the purchasers
us " implicated" in llie sin. We do not learn
thai this Conference whispered a word against
the " sin" of Slavery, or calling those " impli
cated" iu il to" repent" ami with draw im
mediately" from their sin. Thus thev " strain
at gnats unci swallow camels." 'a. Freeman.
A Nut for I'i.wood Fisher to Crack.
Tho following fact, from the official returns
nl llie must tin illy ol Southern cities, should
go into Klwood Fisher's next table of statis
tics: "According to the returns of the as
sessors of New Orleans, there has been a
decline in the vuluo of properly iu llie city
of three millions three hundred und ninety
two thousand three hundred and forty-two
dollars, the past year."
Am American Vessel Sf.izeo as a Slav
r a. Dates, by an arrival ut this port, from
Port Pruyo, Cupo Venl Islands, to November
18, inform us that the Ainericun schooner
"Advance" of New Orleans, was iu port,
having been captured by the United States
squadron on the coast, charged with being a
shiver. It was expected she would sail iu
a day or two lor Baltimore, tinder command
of .Sailing-Master Walker, of the U. S. sloop
of wur Dale. The U. S. ships Germantowu,
John Adams, and Dule, und the brig Perry,
were expected from ISravu with orders re
specting the captured schooner. Common
vxaltlu There are 1000 banks in the United States.
They have a fire engine propelled by steam
Charles Sumner never missed a vote du
ring the lost session of Congress and wus
never absent from his seat during the nine
Ii is said that while Mr. Giddingi was deliv
ering his recent speech in the House on Cuban
annexation, s young man of 18 yeara was sold
at auolion on the avenue, for Q0' and a giil
of 10 for f 300,
From the National Intelligence.
Decision of a Fugitive Slave Case in the
United States Supreme Court.
Richard Kelt, plaintiff in error, vs The People
of the titutc of lllinoit. In Supreme Court
of the United States. Writ of error to the
supremo court of Illinois. Mr. Chase and
Mr. Dixo, for plnintiU's; Mr. McDoco vll,
fur defendant iu error.
Mr. Justice Grier delivered the opinion of
the Court' as follows)
The plaint ill iu error was indicted and con
victed under tho criminal code of Illinois for
" harboring and secreting a negro slave."
The record was removed by writ of error to
the Supreme Court of that t-t.ite nnd it was
thnro contended, on behalf of the pluintili'in
error, that tho judgcuiunt and conviction
should bo reversed, because tho statuto of
Illinois upon which the indictment was found
e I i9 void by reason of its being in conflict
with that nriiclu of tho Constitution of tho
l liited States which declares " that no per
son held to service or labor iu one Stuto,
nndur the laws thereof, escaping into another,
shall, in consequence of any hiV or regula
tion therein, ho discharged from such service
or labor, but shall bo delivered up on claim
of the parly to w hom such labor muy be duo.'
And iiIjo because said statute is in conflict
with tliu act of Congress on the sumo subject.
That this record presonts a cusii of which
this court has jurisdiction under thu twenty
filth section of tho Judiciury act is uot dis
puted. Tho statute of Illinois, whoso validity if
called in question, is contained in the 1 1'.'tli
section of thu criminal codo, and is as lot
ows: " If any person shall harbor or secrete any
negro, mulatto or person of color, tho same
being a slave or servant owing service or
labor to any other persons, whether they re
sido in this State or iu any other Stato or
Territory, or district, wiiliiu tho limits and
under tho jurisdiction of tho United Stales,
or shall in anywise hinder or prevent the law
ful owner or owners of such slaves or ser
vants from retaking thorn in a lawful monitor,
every such person so uflonding shall bo
doomed guilty of a misdameaiior, and fmod
not exceeding five hundred dollars, or im
prisoned not exceeding six months."
The bill of indictment framed under this
statuto contains (our counts. Tiiu first charges
that "Richard Lulls, a certain negro slave
owing servieo to one CD., of the State of
Missouri, did unlawfully secrefe, contrary to
tho iirm of lira-statute," &c. .
2. That ho harbored the same.
3. For unlawfully secreting a negro owing
labor in tho State of Alissouri, to one C. D.,
which said negro had secretly II ml from said
Statu and from said C. 1.
4. For unlawfully preventing C. D., tho
lawful owner of said slave, from rotaking
hi.'ii in a lawful manner, by secreting the said
negro contrary to the form of tbo statute, &x.
In view of lliis section of the criminal code
of Illinois, and this indictment founded on it,
we aro unable to discover any thing that con
flicts with the provisions of llio Constitution
of the United Stales or the legislation of
Congress on the subject of fugitives from
lalwr. It does lint interfere in any manner
with thu owner or claimant in tho exercise of
his rulil to arrest and recapture his slave.
It neither interrupts, delays, nor impedes the
right of thu master to immediate possession.
It gives no immunity or protection to the fu
gitive against tho claim of bis master. Il
acts neither on llio master nor his slave; on
bis right or bis remedy. It prescribes nrulo
of conduct for the ciiiens of Illinois. It is
but thu exercise of the power which every
Statu is admitted to possess of tlcfmiiiing ol
fences and punishing offences against it laws.
Tho power to make municipal regulations
for the restraint and punishment of crime, or
or the preservation of the health nud morula
of her citizens mid of the public peace, has
never been surrendered by tho Slates, or re
strained by tho Constitution of tho United
Stales. Iu the exnreisn of this power, which
has been denominated llie police power, a
right lo make il a penal olleuco to introduce
paupers, criminals, or fugitive slaves within
their borders, und punish those who thwart
this policy by harboring, concealing, or se
creting such persons. Some of tbo States,
coterminous with those who tolerate slavery,
have found it necessary to protect themselves
against tbo influx cither ol liberated or fugi
tive slaves, nnd to ropul from their soil a
population likely to become burdensome and
injurious, either as paupers or criminals.
Experience has show n, also, that the re
sults of such conduct as that prohibited by
the statuto ill question ure not only to demor
alize their citizens who live in daily and open
disregard of the duties imposed upon them
by the Constitution and laws, but to destroy
the harmony und kind fuelings which should
exist between cilizeus of this Union, to create
border feuds and bitter animosities, and to
cause breaches of the peace, violent ussault,
riots, and murder. No one can deny or doubt
tho right of a Stuto lo defend itself against
evils of such magnitude, and punish those
who perversely persist in conduct which
As this statuto dors not impado tbo mas
tor in the exercise of his rights, so ueiiher
does il interfere to aid or osssist him. if a
Stale, in the exercise of its legitimate pow
ers, in promotion of its policy of excluding
an unacceptable population, should thus in
directly benefit the muster of a fugitive, no
one hus a right lo compluiu that it bus, thus fur
at luust, fulfilled a duty assumed or imposed
by its compact as a member of the Union.
Hut though wo ore of tho opinion that
such is the character, policy and intention of
the statute in question, and that for this rea
son alono the power of the State to make
and enforce such a law cannot be doubted,
yet we would not wish it inferred, by any
Implication from what we have said, that
any legislation of State to aid and assist
the cluimuut, and which does not directly or
indirectly delay, impede, or frustrate the re
clamation of a fugitive, or interfere with the
claimant in the prosecution of his other J
remedies, is necessarily Void. This question
lias not been before the court, and cannot bo
derided in anticipation of future cases.
Il bns been urged that this act is void, as
it subjects the delinquent to a double pun
ishment for R single offence, lint we think
that neither tho fi'.et assumed in this propo
sition, nor tho inference from il, will be
f Mind to bo correct. The otlcnecg for which
the fourth section of. the act of the l'ith of
February, Biijccts tho delinquent to a
fine of (ive hundred dollars, are (liUcreiil ill
many respects from thoso defined by the
statute of Illinois. Tho net of Congress
contemplates recapture and reclamation, and
furnishes thoso who interfere with llie mas
ter in the exercise of his rights, first, by ob
structing or hindering tho cluimuut in his
endeavors to seize- and arrest llio fugitives ;
secondly, by rescuing Iho fugitivo when nr-
resteil ; mill, tliirrlly, liy harboring or conceal
ing him after notice.
And tbo act of Illinois, having for its ob
ject the prevention of Iho imiiiigruliuu of
such persons, punishes the harboring or se
creting negro slaves, whether domestic or
foreign, and without regard to tho master's
de.iro either to reclaim or ubnndon them.
The fuio imposed U nut given to the master,
os tho party injured, but lo llio Stute, as a
penult) for disobedience of its laws. And
if the lines inflicted by the act of Congress
had been made recoverable by indictment,
the offences, os suited in any one of tho
counts of tho bill bufbro us, would not havu
been supported by such an indictment.
F.vcn thu lust coiiiu.whicli charges the plain
tiff iu error with ' unlawfully ircvchlinc
C. D., tbo lawful owner, from retaking tho
negro slave," rs it does not ollego notice,
docs not describe an offence punishuble by
the act of Congress.
lint admitting thul the pluiiitilTiu error may
bo liable lo an action under thu net of Cuiig
rcss.for the snmo acts of harboring and prevef
ing iho owner liom retaking his slave, it does
not lidlow ll.at he would ba twice punished
for thu samu otleuce. An offence, lit its le
gal signification, means llie transgression of
a law. A iiiuii may bu compelled lo miiku
reparation in ihimnges to Iho injured party,
utid bu liable also lo punishment lor u breach
of the public peace, in ronsrquenco of thu
sumo act ) nml may bo said, iu common pur
lance, to lie Uvice punished for. iho samu
Oli'uiicc. l'.tcry citizen of the United States
is also a citizen of a State or Territory, lie
may ba said to owe allegiunco to two rovcr
eigns, and may lx liablu to punishment for
nil Infraction of the laws of either. The
same net may bo an offence or transgression
of iho luws of both. Thus as nssuult upon
the marshal of llio United States nud hin
dering him in tho execution of Iral process
is n big pfl'ince against llio United Suites,
for which tho perpetrator is liablu to punish
ment ; and thu same act may also be a gross
breach of the peace of thu Slate, a riot, as
sault, or a murder, nnd subject the same
person Iu u punishment under tbo Statu laws
for a misdemeanor or felony. That cither
or both may (if they see fit) punish such on
ollcndcr, cannot be doubled. Vet it cannot
bu truly averred that tho olleiider has been
Iwico punished for thu sumo rU'eiicr, but
only by one net he has committed two offen
ces, for each of which ho in justly iiunisablo.
ilo could not plead thu punishment in bur to
a conviction by Iho other; consequently ibis
totirt lias ileeiileit, in the case 1 ox rs. the
Stuto of Ohio, (3 Howard, i'.i'l,) that n Statu
mny punish the otl'cnco of uttering or pass
ing false coin vs a cheat or fraud practised
on its citizens ; und in the casn of the United
Slutenrj. Marigold, ("J. How., 5C0,) that Con
gress, in thu proper exercise of its authority,
may punish tho Fame- net as an ofleiicu
against llio United Stales.
Il has been uracil, in Iho argument in be
half of llio I it 1 1 1 11' iu cnor, that on tdlir
inaiica of I i ut judgement in this case w ill
conflict with llio decision of ibis Court in
thu ease of Prigg t'. the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, (Iti Peters, 510.) This wo
think is a tiiisiako.
The (iiipsiions presented and decided in
thai case dillcrud entirely from those which
affect tho present. Prigg, with full power
aim authority Hum the owner, had in rested
a fugitivo slave in Pennsylvania, nud taken
her to her master iu Maryland. For this he
wos indicted and convicted under a slututo
of Pennsylvania making it a felony to tuko
or curry away any negro or mulatto for the
purpose of detaining Ilium as sluves.
Tho following questions wore presented
by tho case anil decided by thu Court :
1. That under nnd iu virtuo of the Con
stitution of tho United States tho owner of
a slave is clothed with cntiro authority, in
every Stuto in tho Union, to sei.u and recap
ture his slavo wherever bu can do it without
illegal violence or a breach of the pence.
2. That the Government is clothed with
appropriate authority and functions to en
force tho delivery on claim of tho owner.
nud bus properly exercised it in the act of
Longress ol thu lSillt I ebrtlury, 17'j:i.
3. That any Statu luwor regulation which
interrupts, impedes, limits, embarrasses, de
lays, or postpones the rights of the owner
to tho immediate possession of llio sluve, und
the immediate command of his service, is
We have in this case assumed the correct
ness of these doctrines ; and it will be found
that the ground on which this enso is deci
ded were fully recognized in thai. " We
entertain," say tho Court, (page "no
doubt whatsoever, that llie Stales, in virtue
of their general police power, possess full
jurisdiction to arrest and restrain runaway
slaves, and remove them from their borders,
nnd otherwise to secure themselves aguinst
the depredations and evil example, as they
certainly mny do in cases of idlers, vaga
bonds, and paupers. The rights of the own
ers of fugitive slaves are in no just sense in
terfered with or regulated by such a course;
and in many cases the operulious of the po
lice power, although destined essentially for
othor purposos-tor the protection, safety,
and pouco of the State may essentially pro
mote ami am the intercut ol Iho owners.
Hut such relations Can never be permitted
to interfere with or lo obstruct the just rights
of tbo owner to reclaim his slave, derived
from Iho Constitution of the United Slates,
or with tho remedies prescribed by Congress
to aid and cnlbrco tho snmc."
Upon these grounds wonro of opinion tint
tho act of Illinois, upon which this indict
ment is founded, is constitutional, and there
fore aflirm the judgement.
Judge. McI.r.A dissented.
From the N. Y. Evening Post.
The English Abolitionists.
The London papers are still discussing
"Uncle Tom's Colon," and the Address of
tho l.ndies of Statlonl House. A corres
pondent of the Timm argues nt great lenclb
that an address so discreditable could never
have been written by lCmcli.ih Indies, but was
undoubtedly sent over from America, and
probably written by Mrs. Stowo herself the
principal oflwico which ho finds In it being
nn acknowledgement Hint slavery was intro
doced into America by I Jigbmd hrrsclf.
Hut a correspondence has been published
between Snmuel Gunicv, Sir F. N. Iltixtou,
Joseph feturgo, nud G. W. Alexander, with
llie Karl of Shaftesbury, lu w hich the address
is said to hnvu been prepared by that noble
man, who is censured lor saying, in that ad
dress, that llie immedinta abolition ol shivery
would bo tlillictill and dangerous, and is asked
whether he would not approve of (mother
address, of which they inclose copy. The
Furl writes in reply thus:
To Mtssn. iSVurye and ,Verandcr ;
Gentlemen: I mil much obliged In you for
the kind letter I bavo had Iho hour to receive
J um fully awaro of llie great zeal and ex
ertions of that party w ho assert tho necessity
and safety of immediate abolition, nor do 1
deny that they formed their opinion on very
strong and cogent arguments.
nut our present purpose Is less to discuss
Iho question of the liuio of abolition than
the mode by which wo can obtain it at all.
It is a sad thing thut wo should nppcnr to be
disunited. We aro not so in fact. Wo nil
alike abhor and denounce that iniquitous sys
tem of slavery w hich disgrace and desolate
to many regions of tho civilized world.
My own views, ns far us 1 urn able to form
any, and lliosu of many with whom 1 am
associated, ore very moderate. An interval
of Ibreo years would bu ample lo innko all
necessary preparations for tho admission of
tho slavo to every light and enjoyment of a
1 heartily npprovo tho cnurso yon propose.
Obtain us many siguntiiies ns you run to
your address, which requires immediate abo
lition. Wo will do the same by ours, which
admits that it should bo progressive. Iloth
of them mny then go together, for, with tho
exception of ouo passage, the addresses w ill
ba identical, identical in spirit, sentiment,
and expression, and differing only ina thu
subordinate consideration whether a short
interval, or more, should be allotted for thu
purpose of preparation.
I um, gentlemen, your very obd'l. s'v.,
SIIAl TF.S1U RV.
Tho New York Journal of Commerce
states that nn effort is making on tho part
of the friends of Mr. Fillmnru nud of the
American Colonization ."Society, to constitute
him n lilu Director of thu same, by raising
one thousand dollars, In bu appropriated lo
assisting emigrants to Liberia vthilu a suit
li t lu tiibutu of respect is thus paid lo thu re
ining President. Certainly, let the thing bu
done. Tbo man whoso signature gnvu vital
ity to llio Fugitive Slave l.uw oi.'if lo bo
n Director of tho Coloni.ution Society.
Nothing could bo more appropriate. I'a.
From the Autographs for Freedom.
Passages in the Life of a Slave Women.
BY ANNIE PARKER.
" The slaves at Oak Grovo did not mourn
for poor Flniu when she died," said Aunt
Phillis, continuing her narrative. " She was
iievern favorite, and from llie time her lteauty
attracted tho uolico of thu young master, und
ho began lo pet her, sho grew prouder nud
prouder, and treated tho other slaves as if
she vverti their mistress, rather thuii their
equal. They bated her tor her itilluoiice over
the muster, und sbo knew it, and that madu
matters woreo between ifiein.
When she died iu giving birth to her
second child, her lilllu boy and 1 were the
only ones who felt any furrow. Tho master
hutffcrown tired of her, though he had once
been very fond of her. Besides, he was at
this limo mukihp oi'i-angemeiils lor bis mar
riage with n beautiful Northern lady, so thai
whatever be might bavo fell, nobody knew
anything about il.
l.lsiu wus niv vnung sister, i lovcu ner
duurly, and had been almost as proud ns she
was of tier rcmurkituie neauiy. iiur niiiu
bnv wus verv loud of bis mother, and sho
doaled upon him. Ilo mourned and mourned
lor her, alter tier ueuin, nn i iinuosi utuugni
lie would dio too. Ilo wos a buuutilul hoy,
and at that time looked very much like bis
father, which was iirobohly the reuson why
tho muster sold him, bul'oro be brought his
brido to Ouk Grove.
It was very hard lor me to part with poor
Fluid's littlo boy. llut tho master cbotio to
sail him, and my lenis ovuilod nothing.
ZilShn, Flsie's infant, wus given me lo lake
care of when her mother died, and with thut
I was obliged to be content.
Marion l.ee. the young mistress, was very
beautiful, but as dillurunt from poor Flsie ss
litlit from darkness. She hud deep blue
eyes, with long silkou lashes, und profusion
of soft browu hair. She olwoys uiudo mo
think nf r half-blown rnse-bud, she was so
delicate and fair. Sho proved n kind and
ireoiiB imsuess. All the slaves loved her, ns
well Ibey might, for she did everything in
hor power lu make them comfortuble and
hen she enme lo Ouk Grove, she chose
me to be her Wiiiiinir muid. Zili,l, nn.l I
occupied n Inrgo pleasant room next to her
She made a ctcat prt of Zilpha. Noltodv
vcr told her Hint sho was her hushnndV
child. No one would hnve dared to tell her,
even if she had not hern too much beloved,
ior nuy one to ie wining to grieve hor, as lbs
knowledge of ibis fart must have done.
In dim lime sho. too, had n Inthi girl, bnn
lifnl as berselC Zilpha wns delighted with
um iiaoy. pno never wrnrird of kissing Its
liny hands, nnd talking to it hi her sweet
coaxing tones. Mrs. I.eo Said Zjlphn should
be Ida's littlo maid. Tho children, nrcord
iii):ly, grew up togethrr, nml when they wero
old enough to be taught fiom books.Vvery
thing that Ida learned. Zilpha learned also.
When Zilpha was seventeen, she wns
more In r.iitilid than her mother bad ever
l'en, nnd she was ns gentle nud loving ns
F.lsiu bad been passionate nnd proud. There
W'ns n beautiful, pleading lock in her largo
dark eyes, when she lifted the long lashes so
that J nil could sru into Ibcir clenr depths.
Sho w as graceful as a young finvn, and play
ful us a kitten, ni d she had rend ami studied
so ninny hooks, that J thought she knew n.
most ns much ns Iho master himself.
Mr. Minium lived Rt I.ilvbnnk. llie estnfn
joining Oak Ginvo. Ilo was no old friend
ol Mr. l.ee, and tho families were very inti
mate Abonl4"ibis lime n relative nf Mrs.
Minturn died at the fiir South, and left her
largo iiunibei of slaves. I don't know how
hey were all iI'imi nscd of, but one of the
number, r very handsome young mm, nnm
ed Jerry, wns brought to Lilybnuk. ami
became Mr. Minium's conehmnii. He was
considered n pretil prize, for he had a large
muscular frame, and rnpnblo of ciiihtrinir
great niiiount ol' bodily fatigue. Ho wns,
also, for a slave, very intelligent, nud from
bung nt finl merely llio coachman, he soon
beeamo tho confidant servant of his master.
Owing to the intimacy between the heads
of tbo two families, the young people of
both were much together. Ida often spent
whole dajs nt l.ilj bnnk, nnd ns Zilpha al
ways nccoiiipuiiiid, she had ample opportu
nity lo become acquainted with the new iiiuii
Il so happened thai 1, bring more closely
coiilinvd by my duties ut homo, had never
seen Jerry, when in the summer lollowing
bis mining to Lilybank, Mrs. I.eo went lo
visit her friends ut llie North, and took ma
iili her. Ma and Zilpha remained nt homo.
Wo wero gouu ibreo mouths. A fuw days
lifter our return, Zilpha told mo thnt she
wns soon to bo married to Jerry. Tho poor
child wos very happy. Sho bad evidently
given him her w bole heart. We talked long
thut day, for I wanted lo know how it had
been brought about, und she told mo oll.wiih
tho simplicity and urllessness of o child.
They bad felt great anxiety lest their mas
ters should opposo tho ma triage. Hut that
lear was removed. Mr. I.ee had himself
proposed it, und Mr. Minturn gladly con
sented. I rejoiced In see my darling so
happy, nnd tell truly thankful to God thut
Iho warm love of her hcui t hud not been
Thut snmo evening Jerry came In see Zil
pha. S.'iu called me immediately, fur 1 had
nrver seen him, and sho wished us lo meet.
Tho moment 1 looked upon his fare, I knew
be was my poor JOIsiu's run. I grew sick
and li.iul, and thought 1 should have fallen.
Zilpha inado mo sit down, and brought
mo a glass of water, woiuleiiug all Iho time,
poor thing, what hud uiadn mu ill so suddenly.
I soon recovered taillicieiitly to remember
that I must not betray llio cause of my agi
tation. 1 did uot speak much, but watched
Jerry's face ns closely ns I could, without
in-renting their attention. Every moment
Mreiigthi-hcil thu conviction that my suspi
cion wus cornel. There was the same
proud look thai Klsie had, the saiuo flashing
eye, nnd slightly curled lip, nud when he
carelessly brutiliud back the hair from his
forehead, 1 saw a scar upon il, which I know
was caused by u fall but a little while be lore
bis mother died. O God ! I thought, whut
will become of my darling child !
1 soon left the room, on tho pretence that
my mistress wauled me, but really thut I
might shut myself into my own room and
think. I did not cl-i.su my uyca that liighr,
and when ihn morning duw tied, 1 was us fur
us ever bom knowing what I ought to do.
At last 1 resolved to sec tho master as early
us 1 could, and toll him all.
Alter breakfast I went to the library to
fetch ii book fur my niidlrcss, and found llio
mutter ihcro. Ho was reading, but looked
up as I entered, and said kindly " What do
you wish for, Phillis?" I named the hook
my mistiess wauled. Ho told me where it
was. I took it from tho shelf, and stood
with ii in my baud. Tho opportunity which
1 desired had come, but J trembled from
lieuil lo fool, ami had no power to speak. I
don't know bow I ever found words to tell
bun thai Jerry was bis own child. I tried,
altei wards, to remember what I Slid, but I
could not recall a word. Ho turned deudly
pule, nnd sat lor some minutes silent. At
lenghl iu n low, husky voice, he buKI, "You
will not be likely to speak of this, and it is
well, for it unlet not be known. Ishull sat
isfy myself if what you bavo told me is true.
If I find that it is, I ahull know what to do.
You may go."
I took the hook to my mistress, and was
sent by her lo find Zilpha. She wns hi the
garden will, Ida, nud when 1 called her, she
cniim hounding toward mS with such a
bright, happy luce, that I could scarcely re
strain my tears. Zilpha was a beautiful
reader. Sho often rcud aloud to her mistress,
by the hour together. 1 liked lo tuke my
sewing and sit with Iheiu ut such times, but