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THE ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE.
SERFDOM IN RUSSIA.
THE EMPEROR NICHOLAS.
Towards the close or 18 M, or in Ilia bo
ginning of Ir1 K, Mr. Jerrninn, nn nctor, who
had spent llirue years prjl".-- kt;i I ly nl Hi.
Petersburg, published book on Russia,
which wu soon after translated into English.
Although many extracts from tlio wor k have
appeared in journals both a! Iioina and
abroaif, we nil! venture to oflor another to
our readers, to show tlint the Emperor Nich
olas, the type in our political meetings of tlio
word tyrnnt, in in worst sense, like the Dev
il, is not quim so black as be is sometimes
painted- Wo give below Mr. Jen mini's
account of tlio Emperor's exertions to abolish
serfdom: L'rentng I'ost.
The rights of ninn ore trampled under
foot in Russia ! Who denies it? A nation
still semi-barbarous, is subjected to semi
barbarous rule ! I'erfectly true, Laws un
worthy of tlio name exiMs there, ns well as
classes of men degraded below tlio propel
dignity of ninn. All Ibis is matter of fact:
but the profound genius of tliu Ltupcror,
lio discerns all this, bis reinless striving to
remedy these evils, to reconcile tliesa incon
gruities that etnuips liiin in my eyes, not
only as a great sovereign, but also us u true
Inend ol the people.
Jt is with rem grutilicntion Hint 1 propose,
In these pngw, a truo and liiihlul rcpresen
tntion ot liicts to a prejudice universal in
jcrmnny n prejudice raiiiirmed and
strengthened by Germans who bnve long re
titled in Russia. It is not my limit if those
Gei'tnnns either were unnblu to tuko a clear
ighted view of whut passed around them,
or else measured it with a German rule a
mode of ineasuremeiit of which Russian
matters certninly did riot admit. The mini
vho ridgidly investigates, und lakes into due
consideration, the character of llio punjile,
too continued liuluts ol centuries, the perils
(incl matoi'ial disadvantages ol the loo stiililcn
ilevclopment of free iiiHtituliuus, will not
only contempliite with r.spcct und admira
tion lira rflorts of the Russian government
for the snto and grnduul spread of liberty,
but will also, liku myself, not hesituto to
procloim the Emperor Nicholas so often
denounced us the tlendly liie to freedom the
true father of his country, earnestly striving
(o develop and tnutuia the rights of his sub
jects. Proofs strike deeper tlmn assertions, and
few of the former may hero with propriety
be given. Let us first gliiuco at thut institu
lion which most estranges Russia from civi
lizationnamely, at tlio institution of serf
dom. For the feitmla mcciilicrs of this clnss
tlioro is but olio legal puth to emancipation :
namely, nuirringe with u I'recmiin. For inula
serfs, at all times until recently, n military
service whs the only avenue to freedom.
Once initial the colors, the soldier is free.
The freedom of the Russian soldier Is not
very comprehensive, and the recruit may in
some sort bo said only lo exchange one kind
of slavery for another and u milder una ;
but when, nn (he completion of his term ol
service, or in consequence of wounds or ill
benllh, be receives his discharge, it is ns u
free man that ho returns to bis home. In
trict regard to truth, I must however, hero
observe that, for a long lime, this roud to
citizenship led but few to iis enjoyment.
1 lie soldier, alter completing a pcriou oi
twenty years' service, whs so uceiislonied to
that mode of lift), whilst on Ilia other hand,
owing to bis long disuse of tha occupation
lo which lie had been brought up, be suw so
little nrosncct of earning a living, thut in
most instances bo occepied n second bounty,
nd re-cnnimanccd ins militnry career, to
which be then clung till death or tlio hospi
tal received him. Seven ycurs ago, bow
ever, the Emperor Nieholua shortened the
term of service to ciuht veins; n reduction
which now annually restores to civil life
inanv thousand froo men, who we.ro slaves
till they donned the uniform. At the expi
ration of eight years service, the soldier is
still n young man ; he ran still enjoy his
freedom, und (bund n free family. For this
first and imnortimt step towards the email
cipntion of the serf, the Hiifhinii people hnve
to thank the love ol liberty of tlio Emperor
A not less important disposition, aimed nl
the same end, nuil at tlio sumo timu ruicutui
ed to avert lliu total ruin of the lliifxiun no
bility, is that which relates to udviinees iiiudu
bv the Crown on territorial property.
To prevent tlio partial depopulation of
states, a ukase, tinted in r:v, iinciureii me
serfs to constitute uu integral and iust-puruhlu
portion of tho soil, 'i'lie immediate conse
quence nf this decree was the cessation, nt
least in lis mom rriiuitmi oiio, wi
grading traffic in human flesh, by sub', liurtcr,
or Bill. Thenceforward no serf rntild be
transferred to another owner, njeept by tho
nlo of the land to which he belonged. To
secure to itself the refusal of tlio laud nnd
the human beinirs appertaining to it, nnd at
the saiuo time to avert from the hind-holder
the ruin consentient oil drillings with usnr
ers, I he government established an imperial
loan-bunk, which made, advances on moit
gnge of lands to the extent of two-thirds of
their vulue. Tho borrowcis hud to pay back
each year three per rent, of the loan, besides
three per rout interest. II they failed to do
this, the crown returned Ibiui the install
ments already paid, gnvo them the remaining
third of the value of the properly, ami look
possession of the laud and its population.
This was the fu st stage of freedom for tho
serfs. They Itceaine Crown pcitsunls, held
their dwellings nnd bit of land as an hered
itary fief from the crown, and paid annually
tor the same a sum total ol' live rubles
(about four shillings tor each mido prison);
a rent for which, assuredly, in llio wholu of
Germany, the very poorest farm is not to lie
liud ; to say nothing in consideration that in
rase of bail harvests, destruction by hail,
disease, &e., the Crown is bound to supply
tho strict neceisitirs of its peasant, and to
find them in daily brend, in the imlixpens
nble stork of cutllo and seed com, to repair
their habitations, ami so forth.
. Jty this arrangement, and in a short time,
n considerable, portion nf the lands nf the
Hussion nobility became the property of the
state, and with it a Urge number of serfs
became Crown peasants. This was the first
. Pictures riwM Sr. PraERsnuiui. By Ed
ward Jerrman. Translated from the original
German, by Frederick llardman. No. XXII,
Putnam's Sciui-Monthly Library,
nnd moM important step towards opening
the road lo freedom to that majority of the
Russsian population which consists of slaves.
When in this manner the first ideas of
liberty bad been awakened in the people,
the Emperor, in the exorciso of his own
unlimited and irresponsible power, took a
second step, not less pregnant with conse
quences than the first. I'nshlo suddenly to
grant civil freedom to the serfs, be bestowed
upon ilicm, or a transition stage, certain civil
rights. A ukase permitted them to enter
into contracts. Thereby was Recorded to
them not only tho rich! of nnssrssnir prop.
erty, bin tho infinitely higher blessing of a
legal recognition of their moral worth as
men. Hitherto tho serf w as recognized bv
llio stale only as a sort of beast in human
form. I In could bold no property, give no
legal evidence, take no oath. No matter
how eloquent Ids speech, bn was dumb be
fore llio law. llo might hovo treasures in
bis dwelling, the law know him only as a
pauper. 1 lis word ami bis honor were
valueless compared to thoso of the vilest
freeman. In short, morally he could not be
said to exist. The Emperor Nicholas iinve
lo the setts, that vast majority of his subjects,
me nrsl si.UKutitiu ol moral worth, tlio lirst
throb of sell-respect, the first perception of
the rights ami h::uity ontl duty ot man !
vv nut prulesie( irieutl ol tho people can
boast to have tlono more, or yet so much,
lor so many millions ol men i
lint the Czar did not rent satisfied with
this. Having given the serfs power to hold
property, be tuiight them to prize the said
property above till in the interest of their
freedom. It seems quite like n jest to spenk
thus of tho " tyrant anil bloody-minded
nmn ;" but 1 speak in all seriousness, anil
the lin ts are tiirre lo prove my w ords. The
serf could not buy bis own freedom, but be
became free by the purchase of the patch
of soil lo w hich bo was linked. To such
purchase, tho right of contract cleared his
roatl. The lazy Russian, who worked with
an ill will towards his master, doing ns little
as ho could for tho hitter's profit, toiled day
niitl night for his ow n ndvunttigo. Idleness
was replaced hy the diligent improvement
of his farm, biutul drunkeiines by frugality
and sohriety ; tfie earth, previously neglected,
requited the unwonted care with ils richest
treasures. Jty the magic of industry, wretch
ed hovels wero transformed Into comfortable
dwellings, wildernesses into blooming fields,
desolate steppes ontl deep morasses into
productive lund; w hole communities, lately
sunk in poverty, exhibited unmistakable
signs of competency nnd well-doing. The
serfs, now allowed lo enter into contractu,
lent the lord of tho soil the money ol w hich
he often stood in need, on the sumo condition
as (he Crown, receiving in security the land
Ihey occupied their own bodies, anil the
hodies ol their wives nnd children. llio
nobleman preferred tlio serfs' loan to the
government's loan, because, when pay-day
came for die animal interest and instalment,
the Crown, if ho was not prepared to pay,
took possession of his estate, having funds
wherewith to puy him the resume ol its
vulue. Thu parish of serfs, which hail lent
money to its owner, lucked these funds.
Pay-clay came, the debtor did not pny, but
neither could the serfs produce the one-third
of the value of the bind, which they must
dishurso to him in order lo be free. Thus
they lost their capital, and tlid not gain their
lilK-i ty. Hut Nicholus lived ! the lather ol
Detwcon the anxious debtor and the still
tnoro anxious vrcdilor now interposed an
imperial ukase, which in such cases opened
to tho parishes of serfs the imperial treasury.
.Murk this ; lor it is worthy to tie noted: tho
Russian imperial treasury was opened to
tlio serfs thut they might purchuso thuir
The government might bnvo simply re
leased the creditors from thuir emburruss
meut by pn) iug tho debtor the olio-third still
title to him, ami then land nnd tenants be
long to llio statu one pnii.-h tho more of
Crown peasants. Nicholas ditl not adopt that
course. I lo lent tho serfs tho money they
needed to buy themselves from their master,
und for this loan (u third only of the value)
they mortgaged tncmselves and their lands
lo the Crown, paid annually Ihreo per rent.
iiilcre.it i.iid three per cent, of tho capital,
nuil would thus in about thirty years become
lice, tint) proprietors of their laud ! That
Ihey would bu alilu lo pay oil ibis third wus
evident, since, to obtain its amount, they bad
still thu same resources which enabled ilium
to save up thu two-thirds already paid.
rMipposiiig, however, the very worst tfiut
through inevitable liiislortiilies, such OS pes
lilence, disease ol cuttle, cc, ihey were
prevented satisfying tho rightful claims of
the Crown, in thut ease the Crown paid them
back tho two-thirds vulue which ihey bud
previously disbursed lo their former owner,
ami they became a parish ol Crown peasants,
whoso lot, compared In their earlier one,
was still enviable, lint not oneo in a him
tired times do such cases occur, whilst, by
the above plan, whole parishes gradually
obtain their freedom, not by a sudden nnd
violent change, which could not fail to have
some evil consequences, but in course of
lime, tiller n probation of labor ami frugality,
ami alter thus obtaining to the knowledge
that without tlieso two grunt (actors of tiuo
freedom, no real liberty cuu possibly be
I clioiitdi a steadfast belief that the render,
who pn Imps took up tlieso pages with
previous!) -lortntd contrary opinion, will
hero lay theirl down in astonishment, if not
convened Iroiu ids views, nt least staggered
in thorn; and perhaps will ask why, if the
Emperor t-o earnestly desires the freedom of
his people, w hy ho dues not he to whom
nothing is impossible, nnd who has llio right
ns well us the power cooler it upon them
by a stroke of bis pen, instead of wearily
prolonging bis work, and spreading it over
so many yeurs, to say nothing oi tho thou
sand eventualities which may occur to des
troy it iieloro it Is complclo r 1 ho answer
is pluin. The great man who is carrying out
this reformation no, let us call it by its
right name, this peaceful revolution who
is pursuing, by carefully-prepared roads, bis
duns lor tlio abolition of existing abuses,
lias chosen, in bis wisdom, which is equal to
bis love, the longer path, because it is not
only the sure one, but the only sure one.
in me nrst piuce, no recoils Willi dismay
from the injustice, without which so enor
mous an encroachment on the rights of
property couiu noi uo accoinpiislieu. Not
less does be apprehend the abuse of the
suddenly bestowed freedom, for which Rus
sia is still less ripe than other civilized coun
tries, which nevertheless have proved them
selves, unable to withstand its inseparable
temptations, and have derived nothing but
misery from measures which, wisely applied,
would have led them to prosperity and hap
piness. Fruits can but gradually ripen, and
this is also true of freedom, thnt noblest fruit
in the garden of life. 1 lie Itulttc provinces,
whore serfdom no longer exists, were libera
ted hy this same process, by which the rest
of Russia will not fail to attain the same de
sirable object. Every man is ripe for frea- i
dom when he is fresh from the bands ot j
nature i nflcr a serldom of centuries, he is
noi ripe lor il.
We havo been much pleated by a glance at
this beautiful little volume. It is quito a jowol
for tho holidays, and it calculated to exert a
puro and healthful Influence over tho minds of
its youthful readers. It is quito superior to
most books designed for tho amusement of chil
dren, for whilo it pleases, it will tend to educate
and purify. We give the following specimen i
On a twinging little thelf
AVcro tomo pretty littlo books,
And I reckoned from their looks,
That the darling littlo elf
Whoso they wero,
Was tho careful tidy girl,
With her auburn hair a-curl.
In a littlo chest of drawers
Every thing watnico nnd prim,
And vtdi ahvayt kept to trim,
That her childish littlo ttorics,
Hooks or toys,
In good order could be fjund,
Novcr careless thrown around.
And the laid her bonnet by,
When tho hastened home from school ;
For it u her constant rule
And the was resolved to try,
School or homo,
ilow to prove the taying truo
"Order in all things you do."
When the put away her shawl
Nicoly laying by. her book,
Slio had only onco to look.
In Hi pluet to find her doll ;
She could thut hortmilling eyct,
Suru to find her protty prizo.
Sco her books ! how clean they are !
Corner! not turned down I know I
There it a marker mado to thow
In her lcuont just how lur,
Aro i certain tign to me
That the girl mutt cnrelctt be I
A Second Ulysses.
An old man of very acuto physiognomy,
answering to tho name of Jucob W'ilmot,
was brought before the police court of 1'liil
odelphia. Ilis clothes looked us if Ihey
might have been bought second handed m
his youthful prime, for they had suflered
more from the rubs of the world than tho
" What business tlo you Inflow, Wilinot!"
" ISiiHiucss I IN one ! 1 in n Iruvcler. '
"A vagabond, perhaps ?"
" You nro not far wrong travelers nnd
vagabonds aro much the same thing. Thu
diflbrenco is thut the latter travel without
money, nnd the formtr, without train.
" Where huve you traveled?"
"All over the continent ! "
" For what purpose 't "
" Whut have you observed "
"A littlo to commend, much to censure,
ami very much to laugh at."
"L'niph! and whut do you commend ?"
"A handsome woman that will slny nt
home, nn eloquent preacher that will preach
u short sermon, a good writer that will not
write too much, and a fool who has scute
enough to hold Ids tongue."
" Whut do you ccnuure?"
"A man who marries a girl for her fine
dancing, n youth who studies law or med
icine while ho has the use of his hands, and
people who elect a drunkard or blockhead
" What do you laugh at ? "
"I luu;h at n man who expects bis posi
tion in command thnt respect which his
personal qualities und qualifications do nut
He wns dismissed.
"Hit him again—he has got no Friends!"
On Saturday ovuning we paid n visit to
Masonic Hull, lo hear Sunfbrd's Opera
Troupe, and during our stuy there a littlu
incident came under our notico which we
cannot help referring to showing ns il does
the feelings of soino men towards their col
ored brethren and their oflspring. The
houso being crowded, some hulf-dozun jlittle
fellows, unable to see the singers from be
hind, made their wuy np the centre of the
nun mi they readied within a lew feet of
me plnttorm. Here, with wonder, they were
regurding tho curious antics of " brudder
Hones,,' when an officer appeared, end told
them they must leuve. Silently yet sullenly
they moved buck lo their former position,
untouched by the officer, until a little colored
boy, (who wus among the number,) passed,
when this humane man raised his cane, and
struck the poor child a smurt blow on the
head, telling him if he mado a noise ho
would give him more. This wns witnessed
by several, though none regardetl it as any
thing uncommon ; yet hud this officer struck
one of the white children, equully guilty
with the colored boy, (whose greatest ollonee
was that be hail a black luce, mnde so by
the suuie God who gave being to the white
luced children,) there was scarce a man in
the hall who would not have cried shame at
him for so doing. But it wus only a uiit
ger boy " was struek, and no one cared lor
Every one praises the rose while it gives a
Old reckonings make new quarrels.
Short reckonings make long friends. "
. What we learn in our infancy remains
From the N. Y. Express.
Commonplaces Correctly Credited.
It is amusing to hear, ns one does almost
everyday, the most ordinary commonplaces
niisipiutuii ami noi omy so, out ludicrously ,
iniscredited. Everybody has heard of the '
wiseacre who turned over bis llible to find
Sterne's touching sentiment, " Ood tempers i
the wind to the shorn lamb (" ami mad Nat ,
f I... ... 1 U IIM . rl I i l
: , .:? -Zr-:J.r..l
express precisely the reverse of the author's
" When Greek meets Greek, then comes1"&c.
Then there is Shnkspcnre's terrihlv abused
passage, "A looker on here, in Vienna," thot
almost everybody will presist in preverting
into, A looker on in Venice!" to which we
mlil that other instance i "thut undis
covered country, from whose bourne no
traveler returns;" nl ways misquoted so as
to rend H from tlint bourne whence," &c.
And we might name many similar examples.
vv o nave ueen induced to Ibis course ol
remark by being asked, just now, whence
comes tho familiar line,
"The feast of reason and the flow of soul?"
s question which reminds us that not long
since we heard a discussion as to the author
ship of the common quotation, the " ruling
tiassion strong in death." In fact the list might
le swelled greully from remembered disputes
of this kind. For instance, where these
" That State's w hole thunder born to wield,
Anil shake alike tho Senate and the field;"
u Dure to love their country and be poor."
They are all by the same poet : the first
referring to llulingbrokn, the second to Cob
ham, the third to Argyle, and the last two to
Ht. John Wyuilhani, and Marchniort and
the poets noma wus Pope.
The Wan Reapers.
BY MRS. EMILY C. JUDSON.
I oamo from a land whoro a beautiful light
Slowly it creeping o'er bill-top and vulo,
Where broad It tho field, and tho harvest i
But tho reapers arc watted and pale.
All wasted and worn with their wearisome toil
Still they pause not, that brave littlo band,
Tho' toon their lone pillows mutt be the strango
Of that distant and grave-dotted ttrand.
For dangers uncounted arc clustering there,
Tho pcttileneo ttalkt uncontrolled,
Strango poitont aro borno on tho toft languid
And lurk In each leaf 's fragrant fold.
There tho rose novcr Moomt on woman's wan
But there's beautiful light in her aye,
And the unilo the wcart it to loving and meek,
Nono can doubt itoomct down from the tky.
Tho ttrong man is bow'd in hit youth's golden
But ho cheerfully sings at his toil,
For be thinks of hit sheaves, and tho garnering
Of tho glorious Lord of tho toil.
And ever they turn, that brave, wan littlo band,
A long, wittful gnso on the West
'Do thoy come, do they come O, we're feoblo
And we're passing liko thadows away ;
But the harvest is white, and lo ! yonder the
For luborors for laborort we pray,'
BY. M. H. COBB.
Wo will not faint nor woarv in well-dnlntr.
Nor recreant proro unto the trust assi(tic J us!
a win noiceaso tlio i;ood wo crave, pursuing.
To look behind us !
Too long Disuse has dimmed our Mauhoad't
Tho harvest ripened whilo
dream in i! !
wo yet wero
Wo will go forth our purpote firmly clutching
The Past redeeming I
Sloth'a gathering rutt is from our garments
With new-born strength wo grasp Right's
Knowing thnt Man mutt from his dream awukon
Ur sloep torcver !
Error's dark cloud it o'er our path careering
We hear tho muttering of its docp-toncd
But its dark pall, Truth's tun-light, spirit
cheering, Shall cleave astundor 1
Wo will go forth with kindly words and healing,
To choor thu fainting and reclaim the erTiiiir.
Till human hoarts, clcanted of unhallowed
Sliull cease their waning 1
To Bigotry our lint havo breathed defiance :
Our hearts are laid upon Love's sacred altar,
Led by those twin tire pillars Truth and
We cannot falter t
Lo 1 it it time Sloth's chains w'ero from us
The iield is boundlctt yet how fow the
Winter apace steals nn ut ho 1 awaken,
Ye slothful iloopori 1
Nowtow'rtend strong, Wrong day by day is
In human hearts Distrust spring! hydra
Whilo Man it to his chorished idols oleaving,
. More closely wedded.
Hate knits her brows unvoiled within our
Our prietts and laymonteom Wealth's sordid
Self, Pharisaic, on eaoh altar perches.,
With outstretched pinions.
Ws will be woikort in the fiold btforeus, .
Whila Man shall groan boneatu his weighty
nd when 8uoeets at noonday smileth o'er us
Bs that our guerdon.
Agents for the Bugle.
The following named persons are requestej
"nd authorised to act at agontt for the B ugle in
thoir rotpootivo localities
, . ,
ch"-Dou8lM.B'o. Cuyahoga county, Ohio,
Timothy Woodworth.Litchflold, Medina co.,0.
Payne, Richfield, Summit eo., Ohio,
Jotso Scott, Summerton. Belmont Co.
C- M- L"'hm. Troy,ao.ugn, Co., O
J. 8outlism, Brunswick.
L. S. Specs, Orangcr,
J. B. Lambort, Bath,
Isnao Brooks, Linotville,
J. T. Hirst, Mercer,
Finlcy McOrew, Fsinrtville,
Thomns Wooton, Winchettcr, Indiana.
Hurriet Pulsipher, llissels, Gonugn Co., O.
O. O. Brown, Orange, Cuyahoga co., O.'
Richard lllenden, Adriun, Michigan.
The Uhile Wtire, Unr.lt TonC$ Citlw,
lthjlhedtilt Itnmnnce, ,1Kht Siile oMiture,
Religion of Ucotozy, Itavii' Jl, relation!,
Carlyle'iJjiteofSterlmff,Creat Jlnrmonia, toll.
1, 11, 111, Hater Vurt iiirycoiafeio,
And a splendid assortment ot lanev indenta
tion Bonks, and an endless variety of Juveniles.
Also, a largo Mock of Bibles, Historical, Poet
ical, Scientific-, Miscellaneous, and School hooks,
Steel pens, Gold pent, Art or.'tom. Toys, Fancy
Articles, Blank Bonks, Portfolios, (Slates, and a
complcto assortment of plnin nnd fancy Station
ery, Just recoived and fur sale at 1, McMillnn'a
CHEAP BOOK STUKK. 6 doors cast of tho
Town lis I where every book in tho mailt ft can
bo procured, if ordered, at tho lowest prices for
cash. In arldition to tho above can be found a
nice lot of Wall and Window Paper.
Salem October 10. 18.2.
A'. Side Main-St., One Door ll'nf of Salem Book
store, Salem, Ohio,
Coats, Vestt, Pants, (fee., Made to order and
Wartunted to Ufve Satisfaction.
Tho Tailoring Butir.cst in all its Brnchct
carried on at heretofore.
tlAACTKBSCOTT. CLAUK TllttCOTT.
I. TRESCOTT & Co.
SALEM. OHIO, Wholcsalo and Retail Deal
era iu School, Classical and Miscellaneous
Books nnd Stationery ; Drugs and McdiJ
cincs; Shoes and Uroccrics.
March 6, 13J2.
A man canjind nowhere to goodn Savings
Rank as hy tnuilytng his purse into his head.
Knowledge is the best capital he can possess ; it
is at his command every moment, and always
above par. Dr. I-'ha.kl.i.-.
To Merchants, Clerks, Traehcrs, Stutleuts,
JUST PUIIL1SI1LD-A new and com
plete set of Rules by which all the fuiidn
mental operations of Arilemelic may be per
formed in an incredibly short space of time.
To become a muster of Ilicm will require not
more than a couplo hours' study of any good
sound mind: ami llio student will thereby bo
enahlcd to Atld, Subtract, Multiply, or Di
vide, in any sum no matter of how inuny
figures, more accurately, (indeed, beyond the
possibility oj 'an error,) mid in less than one
Ion rth the time required in the old system.
These Fundamental Rules nro billowed
by An Examination into the Properties of
Numbers, which even further facilitates the
There nro also rmhrnrrd in the work,
RULES FOR TI1IC CALCULATION OF
INTEREST, which will work out the inter
est nt any ruto upon nuy sum with the ui
most accuracy, nnd a simplicity ami quirk
iiosb fully etptal to till thu oilier operations hy
this, nnd vuslly superior lo all courses in the
Together, these form thu Most Complete
liiE.iTisE on thu Science of Numbers ever
issued inn) nro incalculably valuable, lo nil
men from their liuver-failiug aceinuey, ninl
to business men from the immrnsu nmoiint
of tiintthey save from thu most wcurisome
detail of business lile. J'nrtieuliirly ought
they to ha in tho hands of Merchants und
Clerks, Tuiir.hers and Students, and Young
C?" Tho copies of the few remaining hiiu
dretls of the present edition nro liting hur
ried oll'at a price greatly reduced Iroiu that
(5) nt which the bahmeoweie sold, to n III 1(0
room lor a new edition lo ho gotten up in u
magnificent mid mid costly stylo immediate
ly upon nosing out tliu present one.
Oy Every purrhiiser is bound (ns a
ter of justice ami nrotection ih .
rightusi) by his sacred pledge of honor, to
use llio Processes for tho instruction of him
self only, and to impart the information oh
tuiuetl from them to no one.
C7 To obtain the Processes it is neces
sary to give such a pledge, with the price,
Three Dollars, enrlosril in a letlrr, post paid,
directed to P. May Ma bulky, Finikstown,
Washington County, Maryland. The Pro
cesses will bo fbrwnrded post-pnid, lo the
given address. Uo particular to write thu
name of the Post Ollice, County, ami State,
distinctly; with those neglecting this, mis
takes frequently occur.
07 Those preferring it, can order copies
or the forthcoming edition, which will ho
ready about the holiday.. The price will bo
ti; ortlors sent belbre its issue will ho filled
as soon as the copies uro ready, for tji5.
L.ocul A souls Wuutrd.
In every town, and all through the con n
try.grcnt numbers of copies of these Rules
can be disposed of by any one who will only
take the trouble to mnke their scope known.
I hey comprise that which business men.and
every body, ha. long felt the want of, and
will gladly obtain. The nature of the buai
ness allows any one to act a. Agent, and to
energy ensures a large reward. As before
expluined, the business, requiring privacy,
ordersfrom Agents are filled in sepnrate
sealedenvelopes forj delivery through their
hands. When a number of three conies or
more are ordered with the remittance at one
tune, dd per cent, is allowed to be retained
as the Agent's feet and SO per ceut on of
dera for eight copies or more.. - - -
September 33) 165a.
BOOKS! BOOKS ! I BOOKS I ! I
Jewell, Proctor I Worlhlngton,
138 SUPERIOR-IT., CLEVUND, 0.,
Would invite the attention of the public
to their Inrge nnd varied assortment of Books
in all departments of literature, which they
offer, at wholesule or retail, at very low
Coiuitry.iricrclinnt Ac Booksrllen
Will find it to their advantage to call on us
before purchasing elsewhere- Our Stock ef
School Hook-, Juveniles, arid Stationery, ie
largo nnd complete, nnd we cnu sell at such
prices as will make it an object to buy of us.
FOR AGENTS AND PEDLARS
We have a fine lot ofllooks. Valuable, interest'
ing mill t'lienp, w hirh will sell first rale, and1
pay n handsome profit. The following is
jiurt of them i
PARI I y's CELEBRATED CABIMRT MBRART
routaiuiiig twenty henulil'ul volumes, five
hundred n.linirablo engravings, and nearly
seven thousand pagrs by lion, Samuel U.
Goodrich n gentleman who, ns Peter Pur
ley, has iiiiiiIu bis name n household word
iu two hemispheres.
These popular hooks area library In them
selves. '1 hey embrace the most itnportnnt
subjects in History, Biography, Science and
Ai l, so judiciously arranged, well condensed,
and clenrly expressed, ns lo be equnlly pro
fitable lo both young nnd old. Some idea of
their popularity may be formed from the fact
of their having been introduced already into
over six thousand families, of tho most re
fined, intelligent, nnd judicious portion of so
ciety. The inosfdistiucuished men in America
have given this) Library their enthusiastic
approval, and tho press have been luvish of
THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF USEFUL
AND ENTERTAINING KNOWLEDGE,
Illy V. R. Murray, ,F. R. S., octova, 53(1
Jinirrs, ,1."i0 unernviiigs.
lEtll.LUSTRATED MIRROR;OF TUB
WORLD; or, Universal Library of Liter
ature. By Wulter Poreivul. Octavo, 250
MURRAY'S PICTORIAL! HISTORY OF
THE I'. STATES.
THE LIBRARY OF NATURAL HISTO
RY, complete, 400 engruvings.
COLEMAN'S PRATICAL AGRICUTL'RE
AND RURAL ECONOMY.
JOSEPIIUS, various editions.
LORENZO DOW'S WORKS.
ROBINSON CRUSOE, fine edition, full of
SARGENT'S TEMPERANCE TALES, il
lustrated. This is a book which every one
interested in Temperance should own.
CARN ES S YOYAGE TO THE COST OF
AFRICA. A capital book.
KOSSU1II IN NEW ENGLAND. This
volume cuutuins many of the finest speech
es of this great man, delivered iu Amrii
cu, Ilis speech, delivered on Bunker Hill,
inspired ns he wus by the place, nnd the '
the memory of the past, is, a lout', worth
double thu price of (lie book. 4
WORKS OF LYMAN REECIIER, D. D.
BEF.CIIERS LECTURES TO VOLNO
MEN. a-J'000 copies sold.
COLE'S DISEASES OF DOMESTIC AN-'
i.M.VI.S' Best wuik of the kind publish
ed. 35,000 copies sold.
COLE'S AMERICAN FRUIT BOOK.
20.000 conies sold.
SCHNECK S GARDNER'S ASSISTANT.
IIRECK'S BOOK OF FLOWERS AND
ORNAMENTAL SHRUBS & TREES.
AMERICAN FOWL BREEDER,
Willi many other books loo numerous to
Wo publish nlso the inimitable und world
renowned UNCLE TOM S C A II IN,
By Mn. Harriet Iieichir Stout.
Thesnlo of this woik stands without a
parallel iu thu annals of hook publishing
The sulo in this country, bus, iu ihe short
spuco of 7 months, readied ulmost 150,000
copies, or 300 000 volumes. The sule ol it
in Eiivlnml, eiiuitls, if not su masses, the sale
in this country, und it is being linnsliittd into
nil tlio hinguiiges of ihe Continent, bo thai ,
soon the wholu of the civulized und enlight
ened poiiion of the world, w ill have seeu
und read Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Tlio work is published iu 3 styles of binding; '
paper, $1,00; cloth, 1,50, mid cloth gill,'
Iu addition to these, we have in press, an
ELEGANTLY ILLUSTRATED EDITION,
Octavo size, on new slrrrcotypo plutes, with
about 100 beautiful iilustiuliuiis, making
nil elegant gill book for the coming bolli
duys. We have nlso in press nn edition of Un-
I-Im Tfii.t ni-i..l..l i' ' . r
'I'be price of this w ill be 50 cents, iu pnper
Wo huve nlso n largo assortment of Fam
ily (luarlo Bibles, from g 1,25 1020,00 J al
so, Pocket Bibles from 374 tents to f5,00,
wiih nil kinds of books suited lo the Farmer
Mechanic, Men-hunt, rnd the general renti
er, lor side ut tho lowest prices.
Public and Pi ivntu Libiui its furnished ' '
the lowest prices lit
THE BOSTON BOOKSTORE,
138 Superior street, Cleveland, O.
DR. C. PEARSON,
HAVING pormonontly located In Salem,
would respectfully niniounco to the Publio
that he is preparcd.to treat Uomtoopathically all
diseases, whether Chronic or Acute. lie gives
a general invitation to all, and flatters hiiuselX
he can render goncral tutisfaction.
OFFICE AND RESIDENCE, on Maw 8.
OITOSITE TUB POST-OFUCB. . -
May 13, 1832.
JOHN C. WIILNERY,
SURGEON DENTIST II-Offic ...r W
Salsm Ilnnlt v 'T'l. ...1 ! i . . .
, - : mi uuscriDer would m.
form his friends and the publio, that he is agaua
at rut post. Having spont several wontlit in
Uncinnati, In making hiiotelf minutely aoqu.in
tea with the various branches of his Profettion
hsfoels confident of rutin, -r-i. j -u'
servi,ote.?ti""0ti0n t0 thoM wh0 rlulM bi
6lni, March 6, 1832.