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THE ANTI-SLAVERY BUGLE.
Ordinance of 1787.
It baa long been claimed, that Nathan Dane
waa the author of thi celebrated ordinence,
excluding tlavery from the North Western
Territory. Sumner, Webiter, Rantoul, and
ether distinguished men, hare given currency
the idea. Edward Colce of Philadelphia, In
communication to the National Intelligencer,
contra rerle thia claim, and attribute the "con
ception, draft, and Introduction" of the ordin
ance, to Thomaa Jeffbraon. To establish hli
peeitiats'Ur. Co We laboriously trace the hiato
ry of ttre ordinance through eongrcminnal reo
rde, from ita commencement to iti final eonsu
nation aa law, and he certainly make out a
very clear case for Mr. Jefferson. Of hi qusl
ideation to apeak on this subject, the N. Y.
At an evidence of Mr. Coles's authority,
indeed we may aey duty, to testify upon this
ubject, wo will take the liberty of adding that
.hough himself a member of ono of the largest
alavaholding families in the United States, he
emancipated all hla slaves year ago. He ia
brother-in-law of the Hon. Andrew Stevenson,
f Virginia; was President Madison's private
secretary! the flrst governor of the Stato of
Illinois, and a warm lriond and correspondent
f Jefferson, to whom his elder brother, Isaac
Coles, was privato secretary. Mr. Coles now
resides In Fhiladelphia, and, though advanced
'a years, is noted for his consistent and rational
devotion to the cause of freedom, and for a
generous hospitality, which enchants all who
came within the sphere of his influence."
We have not room for the article, which is
long, and highly valuablo as a historic docu
ment. We add only the concluding portion of
the article. Speaking of the various provisions
of the ordinance, Mr. Coles says i
"That the most important clause in Mr. Jef
ferson's plan that which provided that " after
the year 1800 of tho Christian era thrro should
be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude
In any of tho said states, otherwise than in
punishment of crimes, whereof tho party shall
have been duly convictod, to havo been person
ally guilty" was adopted by Congress with
a change, except the omiaion of tho post
poaeinent of its operation until 1800, and tho
introduction of the clause in regard to fugitives.
Thus the ordinaace, conceived, draughted,
aad Introduced by Mr. Jefferson, was the instru
ment that ultimutcly became, with tho altera
tions pointed out, the great fundamental statuto
of a very large portion of the United States.
Can any one, who compare the plan proposed
by Mr. Jefferson with the plan or ordinance as
adopted by Congrcas, doubt to whom in justice
the credit of authorship belongs Especially
can any friend and admirer of that provision of
the ordinance which prohibit tho toleration of
elavery, and prevent it extension and prolon
gation in our country withhold from the great
author of the Declaration of American Inde
pendence the further and kindred honor of be
ing the author of tho ordinance of 1787 i or
tan he prefer the ordinance, as adopted by Con
gress, which confined the inhibition of slavery
to the territory northwest of the river Ohio, to
the plan of Mr Jefferson, which contemplated
excluding slavery from all territory, wherever
aituated, which bad been or should be acquired
by the cession of individual stales to the United
Sanso of the thorough and uncompromising
advocates of freedom may think the anti-slavery
clause, as drawn by Mr. Jefferson, u im
proved by Congress making the ordinance take
ffsct from its pawagc, lather than from tho
yr 181)0. Hut ninny of them would thiuk
differently if they were aware that slavery ex
isted, and u tolerated by law, in tho territory
ceded by Virginia, and that tho plan of govern
ment, as drawn by Mr. Jefferson, had reference
t the exiatenco of slavery, and was intended to
abolish it, a well a to provido by compact for
ita perpetual inhibition.
A is well known, Mr. Jefferson was in favor
of prospective and gradual abolition of slave
ry in Virginia ; and it ia fair to prcsuino that
the same motive which led him to favor that
anode of putting an end to personal bondage in
Virginia, made him propose it for tho territory
acquired from her ; in which, from the best in
formation I have been able to obtain from the
old Inhabitant of that part of the country,
there were then more than one thouaand slaves,
several hundred of which wcro removed by
their master across the Miesaissippi to the then
Spanish province of Iouiiana. Col. Auguato
Chouteau, at that timo the most intelligent and
wealthy man of that part of the country, told
mo that he and all the largo slaveholders in
Xaskaskia, and the " American bottom," were
induced, by the passago of the ordinance, to
remove across the rivor and settle in St. Gene
vieve and St. Louis, in which latter town, by
tho way, there wero then only about eight or
ten huts, occupied by what were called voyag
er.' .; But it has been laid in disparagement of Mr.
Jefferson' plan, that it was in the form of res
olution i and it may be that Mr. Dane meant,
In caying bo formed the ordinance, that he
metamorphosed resolution into sections, or be
it resolved, into be it ordained. By this mode
it reasoning, the member of tho committee to
whom were referred the constitution of tho
United States,, to revise the style, and arrange
and give proper form to the different article
and reao'.ution which had been agreed to by
the convention, would bo entitled to be called
tho author of the Constitution with thi dif
ference in favor of such a claim on their part,
that they bad been present and aidod in the
Convention from the beginning, whorea Mr.
Pan did not take hi seat in Congress until
November 17, 1734, more than eighteen month
after the ordinance had been conceived and
brought forth by lU great author, and been
doped by Congrc, with certain alteration:
Ike principal ou of which, on motion of Mr.
JlB M tx U eft WUcelltit fui tie-
original provision restored, nesrly in the words
of Mr. Jefferson, eight month before Mr. Dane
made his appearance In Congress.
And perhaps it is due to the occasion, after
the foregoing exposition of facts, to add that
the journals of Congress, so far a I can dis
cover from an examination of them, do not
show that Mr. Dane made any Important mo
tion, or took any active or prominent part in
forming the ordinance I much lest so than some
of the other members, particularly Kufua King,
on whose motion Mr. Jefferson's anti-slavery
clause was in effect restored in March, 1783,
after it had been struck out in April, 1781.
Tho journals show thst Mr. Dsne served on
two of the committee to which the ordinance
was referred, and, as he was not made chairman
of either, it ia to be presumed they did not
originate with him. AY hat he did in those
committee I have no mean of knowing. lie
may have been active and instrumental in
working Into the ordinanco hi fivoraMo pro
visions about titles to property and thus hi
phrne may bo rendered intelligible, when he
ay that he had " framed it mainly from the
law of Massachusetts."
In speaking of the authorship, it is due to the
character, weight, and sound political orthodoxy
of the ordinance to add that it was the work
of a pre-eminently enlightened and distinguish
ed southern statesman, and great favorite
with every part of the country ; that it finally
received the approving vote of every member
of Congresa, except Mr. Yates, of New York ;
and that it we afterward auhmittcd to and
ratified by the Legislature of Virginia without
opposition. That is, it was, by the order of
Congross, laid beforo tho Legislature of Virgin
ia for its approval, in conscqucnco of the ordi
nance violating a condition contained in the
deed of cession from that state about the divis
ion of the territory into states.
Virginia sanctioned and confirmed this de
parture from tho terms of cession, and as I
have heard from political men of that period,
without evincing any opposition or disapproba
tion to tho anti-slavery clause, or any other
part of the ordinnnco. And it should hero be
added, in further proof of tho general approval
and (anctinn given to the ordinance, that among
the ftrxt acta of tho now Congress wo one,
which passed without opposition, to adapt it to
the present Constitution of the United States.
Thus this great measure, big with the destiny
of states, and of millions of human beings,
originated with a Virginian, and received the
sanction of Virginia, both in tho federal and
state councils j and of tho United States in
Congress assembled, both under the articlea of
confederation and under the constitution of the
United States. To which I will add, in justice
to the Old Congress, that it waa the atipulation
above described that created tho difficulty and
caused tho great delay in the passage of tho
In conclusion I must expross my regret that
Mr. Webster should have said, In one of the
best speeches he ever made in tho Senate of the
United States, that tho ordinanco " wa drawn
by Nathan Dane," and tho still more extraor
dinary assertion that it was adopted by Congresa
" without the slightest alteration." I must
believe this wa snid under a misapprehension
of the meaning of the language used by Mr.
Dane in his Digest, and without a duo investi
gation of tho subject. Whatever was the cause,
or however the error was committed, coming
from such a high source, and embodied a it
has been among hia greatest speeches printed
and bound volumes, it will be preserved and
handed down to posterity, when this and other
transiont notices of it will have passed to obliv
ion ; tho historian, like Mr. Webster, preferring
to tuke the fact on tho authority of a great
name, rather than trace it through long and
imperfectly-kept journals of Congress,
As a friend of Mr. Jefferson, a native of Vir
ginia, and for many years a resident f Illinois,
whero I had an opportunity of witnessing the
ordinanco in operation, and participating in ita
benefits, I am induced to draw up this state
ment, and deairo its publication.
Another Incident for "Uncle Tom's Cabin."
The editorial correspondent Of tho Oneida,
N. Y., Telegraph, writing from a steamer on tho
Mississippi river, give the following lad atory t
" At Louisville, a gontleman took passage,
having with him a family of blacks husband
wifo and children. Tho master wo bound fur
Momphi. Tcnn., at which placo ha Intended to
take all except the man ashore. The latter
waa hand-cuffud, and although his master laid
nothing of hi intention, the negro made up
hia mind from appearances, as well as from the
remark of those around him, that he wa des
tined for the Southern market. We reached
Memphia during the night, and whilst within
sight of the town, just before landing, the negro
eauaod hi wife to divide their thing, as though
resigned to the intended separation, and thon
taking a moment when hia master's back wa
turned, ran forward and jumped into the river.
Of course he sank, and bis master waa several
hundred dollar poorer than moment beforo.
That wa all at least scarcely any on men
tioned it the next morning. I was obliged to
get my information from the dock hands, and
did not hear a remark concerning it in the cabin.
In justice to the master, I should say, that after
the occurrence, he disclaimed any intention to
sepsis te them. Appearances, however, are
quite againit him, if I have been rightly in
formed. Thi aad affair necda no comment.
It ia an argument, however, that I might have
used to-day, with some effect, whilst talking
with a highly intelligent southerner, of the evils
of slavery. lie had been reading Uncle Tam'i
Cabin, and spoke of it as a novel, which like
other romance wa well calculated to excite
the sympathies, by the recital of heart-touching
incident which Never Aad an nietenoe, except
la tbt lifltim of tic wtjta
Letter from Michigan.
ADRIAN, Mich., Jan. 8th, 1853.
Fbibkd Robinson : For three weeks and more
I have made no sign of life or action through
your columns. No great loss, well filled a
they aro with goodly matter, but still not ex
actly in fulfilment of promise to keep friends
Informed of whst is doing here. My last letter
wa dated at Plymouth, and the day after wri
ting (Sunday) I had two good meetings In
Union Meeting House some thrco mile from
the village tho audience substantial farmers,
of a class quite inclinod to do their own think
ing more then is customary in theso days.
Monday evening a small meeting In tho samo
place ; Tuesday in a school house near Farm
ington Wednesday at tho Methodist Church in
tho village, with a good audience. By a vote
of tho Society, tho house is placed In clinrgo of
one person, and he is not to open it except for
those who can bring credentials to provo good
moral character and orthodox faith: right in these
particulars (cyecially the latter,) the house is
to be free for Temperance, Anti-SIuvcry, &o.
All theso good causos of courso would undo
such care, be judicioutly advocated and no pro
fane word uttered against tho Church. I had
unfortunately no credentials except the fact of
being an agent of your most excellent Anti
Slavery Society, and sad to say, that could
hardly be "confirmation strong a Holy Wilt"
a to orthodoxy in fnith and practice. So 111
informed aro (ome as to its high standing in
both particulars. However, two of tho Trus
tees opened tho house on their own responsibil
ity, in a very manly way, and all passed off well
In Fartnington and vicinity, much Interest
has been shown, and " material aid" given for
the Cunadian fugitives. The " Voice of the Fu
gitives" is taken by many, and its Editor, Hen
ry Bibb, has earnest friends.
The plan now on foot for helping tho colored
people in Canada to help themselves by buying
land to bo resold in small parcels to them on
credit. The Refugees' Homo Society has somo
leading and eflicicnt advocatca there.
I went ono evening to Southtlcld, some six
milos towards Detroit, daring with a temerity
almost unprecedented to talk "right on and
right out" about Church and State, within fif
teen miles of Lewis Csss and Rov. Dr. DuflicUb
a bravery almost equal to that of the clergy,
whon they denounce gambling, profunity, or
some other unpopular ovil, that nobody cares a
straw to defend. After spending somo four or
five day in tho vicinity of Plymouth, I left for
Ypsilanti in company with Cyrus Fuller, from
whom, I had recioved much cfllviont aid. Held
three good meetings in Friends' Meeting House
near Samuel D. Moore's, thenco went to Ann
Arbor, and finding the Court Houao occupied,
spent a week on Lodi Plain talking every night
in School Houses, held two good meetings in a
Union School district west of Saline, among a
liberal and candid people, and returning to Ann
Arbor took cars for Battle Creek.
Sunday and Monday held two meetings In
Bedford, somo four mile distant, in the String
bam School Houso; the first a small gathoring,
the next larger, but howling wind, snow, and
rain keeping many away. It is an excellent
place to work in readiness to cxamino and can
dor unusually abundant. Had also two small
meetings in Battle Creek audience excellent in
quality, but beyond the few faithful friends it
seems difficult to bring out audiences four
churches and a keen chase after the almiihty dol
lar divido tho attention of tho poodle, and be
tween tho two, fortified aa they both arc by a
pice of prido of purse and creod, there is small
chance for such potty mattera as Anti-Slavery,
There aro much better material to work on in
tho eountry round less bigotry and prejudice,
Two days wcro Cxed on to visit tho home of
Hey nobis Cornell and hold meetings; but illness
and a storm on the first, and a soaking rain on
tho second prevented, much to my regret.
Returning to Ann Arbor, and being still un
able to get the Court House, in consequence of
prior engagements, held three meetings in the
neighborhood and left by stage for Adrian,
where to-morrow (Sunday) meetings are ap
pointod in Odd Fellows' Hall, In Ann Arbor
only one church (Univcrsaiist) could probably
be had. The feeling among tho orthodox may
be judged by the fact that a clergyman, (Uov,
Mr. Viuccut of Cincinnati,) agent for the Chrit
tian Prete and the Anti-Slavery Tract Society,
was refused admission to the church of Rev
Mr. Curtis (Presbyterian) when he wished to
present hi cauio, although theologically of the
samo faith and soct. Ho spoko in tho Congre
gational church, and it was said gavo a muuly
expote of pro-slnvory expurgations practised by
tho publishing committee of the Old Tract So,
cli-ty in obedienco to their Southorn masters,
and divers other highly interesting matter of a
kindred nature among " the elect.
Ha ia to spend some month iu this Stato and
if he goe on as he haa begun, will open the
eyea of the religious community tosomo strsngo
things not dreamed of In their philosophy. Af
ter a week and more I leavo for the East, hold
ing meetings meanwhile in this vicinity j will
writo again before leaving.
Youra truly, ' O. B. STEDBINS.
TO FRIENDS OF POPULAR EDUCATION.
The citizen of Salem and vicinity are in
vited to meet in the Town Hull, at C 1-2
o'clock, P. M. Friday, January 28th, for the
purpose of listening to an address from Mr.
LOR1N ANDREWS, of Columbus, on the
subject of Education. Mr. A. lias been for
the last two years the agent of the Ohio
State Teachers' Association, and bus long
boon fuvorably known as nn indefutigable and
successful laborer ill the cause of Universal
and Free Education. It is hoped that this
call will meet with a hearty response. You
re not asked to give your money, but to lend
January 22, 1853.
The Woman's State Temperance Convention.
The proceedings of this Important convention
havo not yet come to hand In full. All we have
heard, however, concurs in representing it as
an occasion of great Interest, and tho conven
tion as entirely satisfactory to it friends. It
continued ior two days.
PnEsiiiBT Mns. Puor. COWLE3, of Oberlin.
Vies. PnRsmajrTS Mrs. Bateham, Mrs. Shel
don of Columbus Mrs. Bronson, of Medina
and Mrs. A. E. Lewis, of Cincinnati.
Sr.cur.TAiiiEs Mrs. Burncll, of Elyra t Mrs.
Grilling of Litchfield, and Mrs. J. Elizabeth
Jone, of Salem.
Tho sessions of tho first day were held in the
Second Presbyterian Church and tho evening
"?V;on, In the Hall of the house of Represen
tatives, During tho dny addresses wcro modo
by Mrs. Bronson, of Medina, and Mrs. Dyer
in tho evenin?, by Mrs. J. Elir.ubcth Jones, of
Sulem, and Mrs. Josephine 9. CI tiding of Litch
field. A poem was also read by Mrs. Conner,
written by a lady of tho Western Rescrvo.
The proceedings of tho lat day we bavo not
yet seen. Wo regret our inaliability to give a
full account of the meeting. All we can give
additional is tho following extract from a priv
ate letter, which a friend has kindly permitted
us to coppy. Tho writer says ;
"I never attended such a temperance meet
ing, never caw such au interest among the class
largely represented there. Ladies and gentle
men who aro styled of the first class' and gen
tlemen of the Houso nf Representatives, and
the Senate, took the most courteous, kind, and
earnest interest in tho meeting. Mrs. Cowles,
of Oberlin, presided, well very well. On
Thursday evening tho convention was invited
to tho Legislative Hall, tho most commodious
and popular placo of assemblage in tho city. It
was a moat deeply interesting timo. More than
a thousand people, listened with almost breath
less attention, to what they never heard before
a woman speaking in a popular, puolic audi
ence the very best in that large city. I wish
you could havo looked upon that meeting in
its splendor, and seen tho tears and heard tho
applauso that succeed each other. Tho con
vention closed on Friday evening, In tho Sec
ond Presbyterian Church, whero most of its
scsiions wcro hilil. Tho citizens of Columbus
deserve the greatest praise for their unbouded
hospitality. On Saturday morning tho memo
rials from tho convention were presorted to tho
Legislature, by Mrs. Grilling as chairman of
the committee, to the Senate, and by Mrs.
Brownsnu to tho House."
Free Democratic Convention.
Samuel Lewis called the Convention to order
at 10 A. M. on the 12th, and on motion of J.
M. Root, the following gentlemen were declared
it permanent officers.
President Jacob Brinkcrhoof.
- Vice PretiJente ThomasTc, of Harrison;
Dr. Adams Jcwctt, of Montgomery.
Secretaries James Walker, of Logan ; A. N.
Shepherd, of Hamilton; Conrad Maun, of Erie.
On taking the chair, Mr. Brinkcrhoof mado
a few remarks.
Judge Spalding moved that a committee of
eeven be appointed by tho Chair to consider and
report resolution for the action of tho Conven
The Convention resolved to nominato a full
ticket, and to voto for the persons named for
the several office by ballot.
The names of candidates wcro then presented
to tho Convention.
Tho Convention took a roccss until 2 o'clock,
The Convention met at 5 V. M., when Judge
Spalding submitted in behalf of the Committee
on Resolutions, the following report :
1. That slavery, wherever it exists, is n
sin against God, ami a crimu egainnt mnn,
nnd will soniivr or later destroy nny enplo
or Government which uphold or perpetu
2. Tlint as Congress hn no power to
crcntn or function slavery, anil ns the Consti
tution of the L'nitud State expressly denies
to tho Onerul Government, ull power to de
prive any " person of life, liberty, or proper
ty, without duo process nf law;" therefore,
wherever slavery or the sluvo trodo exists by
enactments of Congress, or of Legislatures
deriving their powers from the ;eneral Gov
ernment, it is clearly in violation of said
constitution, end ought immediately to ceuso.
.1 I'l.,. .l. t.'...l I.. . .
"iu 1-huihi viuvcriimuhi i nm.
n .lumen powers, ucrivcti solely from the
Constitution, and the grunts of power there
in ought to bo strictly construed, by ull tho
departments and agents of tho Government j
r i .i . :
urn mere is no power grantuil therein to
puss laws for tho return of fueitivo slaves.
and Hint tlio Fugitive Sluvo Act of lc0 is
repugnant to iiiu Constitution, to tho princi
pies of the common law, to the spirit of
Ulmstininty, and to tho sentiments of the
civilized worm, ami lias not heeu, and can
not bo generally enforced ; and. like all oili
er unconstitutional and unchristian Ihws, is
not binding upon the people, and ought to
4. That the doctrine that any humnu law
is a finality, and not subject to modification
or repeal, is not in accordanco with the
creed of the founders of our Government,
and is dangerous to the liberties of tho eo.
pie; and that ono Congress cannot make
compromises binding upon future Congres
ses. 5. That it is the duty of the General
Government, while moving strictly within its
constitutional powers, and exercising no
doubtful ones, to exert its influence on the
side of freedom in this and all other lands.
C. That every nation bus a clear right to
alter or change its ewn govennmeiit, and to
administer ita own concerns, iu such manner
as may beat secure the rights and promote
he happiness of the people; and foreign
intnrfereuce with that riirht ia a daticeiuiis
violation of the law of tuitions, ogainst
which all independent governments should
protest, and endeavor by all proper means to
prevent; and especially is it tho duty of the
American Government, reiireseiuinir lint
chief Reniiblio nf il
( - "wiiiii V lllUkVDI
against, nnd by all proper means to prevent
the intervention of Kings and Emperors
against nntinns seeking to establish fur them
selves republican or constitutional govern
ments. 7. That while the Federal Government
should faithfully adhere to llio laws of na
tions, nnd fulfil its trnnty obligations, and
should not interfere in the internal nfliiirs of
other nntinns, yet it is the right and privilege
of every citizen of the United States to leave
his country nnd go where ha pleases, and
upon his own resnnnsibiliiy, aid any people
whatever, in throwing off the shackles of
tyranny, nnd establishing freo institutions
lor themselves, nnd that the Federal Govern-
J incut has no right to prevent him from thus
8. That ono of tho most happy features
of our Government is its rapacity of eximn-
i sion, nnd that it is both the dictate of duty
I nnd of trim policy, to open our nrms to re
I reive under our national flag nny people on
this continent, or its adjacent islands, who
1 form n Republican Government bnsed upon
tho principles of the Declaration of Imle
Ipemlcticc; but thnt wo will fight now and
I ever more ngninst the nilmisn ion of any more
sluvo Mates or elnvo territory.
1. Thnt wo recommend tho introduction
into all treulies herrnfler to bo negotiated
between the United States ami foreign nn
tinns, of iiimo provision for the amicable
settlement of diflictiltics by a resort lo deci
10. Thnt freedom of speech, and of the
press are inrstiinublo lights, guaranteed by
the constitution, necessary safeguards of
liberty, and we will ever war against their
being overthrown or curtailed by the enact
ment of nny legislative body or political
11. Thai all men have a natural right In a
portion of the soil, mid that as the use of the
oil, is indispensable to life, Ihe right nf all
men to Ihe soil is as sacred a their right to
12. That Ihe Public Lands of tho United
States belong to the people, and should not
be sold to individuals not granted lo corpo
rations, but should Im held as a sacred trust
lor tlio benefit of the people, nnd should bo
granted in limited iiuantilics, free of cost, lo
I. 'l. That a sotintl odininistrntivo policy,
domnuils that the funds of tho General nnd
Slate Governments bo kept separata from
banking institutions, and that iiiNiul and
ocenu poMugo kIioiiIi! bn reduced to tho low
est possible point, ami thai the franking priv
ilege bo abolished ; that no more revenue
should b raised than is required to defray
strictly the necessary expenses of tlin public
service nnd to pay off tho public debt; and
thnt tho power unit patronage of the Govern
ment should bo diminished by the abolition
of all unnecessary offices, salaries mid priv
ileges; mill by tho election by tbnpeoplo of
all civil otliccrs in the service of the United
States, so fiir ns may be consistent with the
prompt and cllicieiil tiunsuctioii of tho pub
II. That River and Harbor Improvements,
whon necessary lo tho snlely mid conveni
ence of commerce with foreign nations or
among the several States are objects of Na
tional concern, and it is the duty of Congress,
ill the cxerciso of its constitutional powers,
to provide, for the same.
15. That emigrants and exiles from the
Old World should find a cordial wclcomo to
homes of comfort and fields of enterprise in
the New ; and every attempt to abridge the
privilege of becoming citizens and owners
of tho soil among us, ought to bo resisted
with inflcxibe determination.
, 10. That the property of individuals nnd
corporations should bo taxed equally.
17. That round policy requires u system
of Free Trade with nil nations thnt will trade
free with tho United States ; mid that the
only fair and just mode of raising a revenue
for tho national service, is tbut which the
Constitution in muile the equivalent oi slavo
representation dirkct taxation.
18. That the Freo Democratic party is not
organized to aid either the Whig or the Dem
ocratic wing of the great Slave Compromise
party of the nation, but id devclope, in its
purity and truth, "the free, living sentiments
of Amfrican Dkmocracv"
1'.). That the Constitution of this State
ought to be so amended os to provide for the
election of members of our Legislature from
singlo districts, and for removing al! distinc
tions on nrcount of color, in the enjoyment
oi mo cicciivu irnncluse.
20. 'I'll at the Legislature of this Stale
ought lo provido, by luw, and without delay,
for securing to tho inhabitants of tho Stato
the full benefit of tho writ of habeas corpus,
and of the right of trial by jury in all cases
whore their personal liberty may lie called
iu question, under the " Fugitive Law," or
21. Thai wo inscribe on our banner
Fiieb Hon., Fnr.it Tiiouoiit, Frer Spekcii,
Free Laboii, nnd Frer Mem nnd we fling
it lo the breeze with mi bumble trust that the
God of the Oppressed will put it in the hearts
oi mo people to iipnolil it.
JAMES WALKER, ) . .
A. N. SIIEl'lI AUD, . s"r''"-"-On
motion, Uie Pittsburgh riuttorm wo
adopted and approved.
Tho Convention then took a recess till 7
o'clock this cvoninj.
A very warm discussion occurred on the re,
olutions ubovo, which propose to introduco Eroo
Trado upon tho platform. The debnto was es
pecially sharp between Messrs. Vance and Root
on tho ono side, and Judgo Spaulding on tho
other. But the report of the commit'oa was
Anally agrood to, entire. Tho dobato occupied
all tho afternoon, and whon it had closed tho
Convention took a roccss.
It met again, and Sauuei, Ltwi wa nomi
nated for Governor by acclamation. He refused
to serve ; he beggod to bo excused ; in vain.
Wo will make you Governor yet, suid Edward
Wade, ere we aro done. Wo want no bottor
leador answered the Convention, and will have
none other. Tho old veteran had to viold. and
will give hi best effort to the cause, during the
Hon. Bcnj. Bisscl wa then nominated for
Lieut Governor Rouben Hitchcock for Su
preme Judge; Cooper K. Watson, Attorney
Uonoral W. H. Uruhoin, Secretary of State I
J. W. Chaffer, Treasurer ; A. O. Blair, Board
of Publio Works.
Judge Spaulding offered a aeries of resolu
tions, endorsing the course of Messrs. Chase,
Giddings, and Townsond ; also recommending
the support of Freo Democratic papers j oLo,
recommending and Urging the nomination o
Free Democratic county ticket.
The resolutions were adopts J.
The temperance resolution wa then taken
up. It recommended the Legislature to pas
laws restraining tho liquor traffic, far. The res
olution waa adopted.
A rcsrdution censwring tho United State
Senate for it prescriptive course in refusing to
put any of tho Free Democratic Senator on
committees, was offered and adopted.
Aft or other discourfes, at ten o.clock the Con
1,000 BOOK AGENTS WANTED,
TO SF.:. I, riCTORIAL amo csefci, works for,
the tear Itfovl.
SI. OOO DOM. A IIS A 1'EAR!!
WANTF.I) iu every County of the United
States, nrtivo nnd enterprising men, lo en
gage in tho sale of somo of the best Ituoke
published iu the country. To men of good
address, possessing n small capital of from
Zr to $100. such inducements will he offer- ,
ed as lo enable them to make from'i to $5
a d'tv profit.
fXThe Rooks published by us are att
use I ii I in their character, extremely popular
and command lurge soles wherever lliey
For further particulars, address, (postage
paid,) ROUKKT HF.AKS. Publisher
J81 If illiam St., A'eie York.
Jotiiiaon Superior Tooth Sonp
Took the First Premium at tht Ohio SUxlt
All aumirr Bkavtv, nssiui Health, and
sekk HArrissss; but all cannot possess these
blesing unlcs they oso JOHNSON'S Btf
rEKlOR TOOTH SOAP, which ! wauuasteo
ik all caes to Purify the Breath, Destroy the
unpleanant Tastes, and rnuvnxT Tus injurious
r.mxrs vpoa tum svstem arising from Diseas
ed Tur.ru. ,
We, tho undersigned, do most cheerfully and
unhesitatingly recommend the uso of Johnson'
Superior Tooth Soap.
It is an nrticlo well calcnlctcd for removing
impurities from the mouth, and beautifying the
Teeth an article that is cheap, and much
J. C. WHIXEUY. D. P. S. Salem, Ohio.
M. L. WRIOIIT. M. D., Dontit,Cloveland,0
ROBIROX & AMHLKK, V
Dit. B.STRICKLAND, "
A. D. RKiEI.OW,
C. 8. PLEASANTS. " raiiicsville.O.' .
fi. P. IIUNTOTON. "
Sold by Dentists and Druggist, generally.
S. Brooke, Wholcsalo and Retail Agent,
AT THE YANKEE NOTION STORE,
BoWditch on Slavery, History of the Trisl ef
Cuntncr Hannwoy and others for Treason, Jsy'a
Review of tho Mexican War, Woman's Right
and Duties by Klixahctli Wilton, Mavchohlct's
Religion, Alcott's Tract by Dr. Alcoit.
ith a variety of other Ault-Muvery and
Reformatory Books. ,
S dun, lcc. 11, ISii.
E. J. KMtlllT, A Co,
Booksellers anil Slalioners,-
SO, SUPERIOR ST., CLEVELAND, O. ' .
HAVE constantly on hand a full saaortmcnt
of BOOKS In every department of Literature,
LAW, M EPICAL, THEOLOGICAL, CLAS
SICAL, SCHOOL AM) iliac ELLA .Vii
CH S UUOKS.
Andrew Jackson Davis' Publications, includ
ing his Great Harinonia in 3 vols., Revelations,
Approaching Crisis, Philosophy of Spiritual
PRINTER'S STOCK. Cards, Crd-Doard;
Ink, Glared, Medium, Demy, Cap, Quarto-and.
Orders from the country respectfully solicited.
E. U. KXIOHT, se Co. -
Dec. 24, 1852.
CUTTING AND FITTING.
8. U. GAI.BRF.ATU Ic JULIA A. STONE,
respectfully announce that they are prepared by
tho uso of Mituhcl's Mathematical Guide, to
cut and fit Lndioa' Dronses, Mens' and Boys'
Sucks, ('outs, Round Jaikctsand Vests. They
solicit tho patronage of ull who are in need of
their services, from town or country. They
may be found for tho present at their respective
residences, Mrs. Galbrcuth nn Muin St., below
loiulinsou's Storo and Miss Stone on New Gar
den St., South of Mjin.
N. B. Tho riht to uso the guide, for sale aa
above, also, Instruction given for tho same such
as will enable any person to eut and til with
accuracy, lor either imhIc or female.
Salem, Doc. 17, lUii.
Miis. c. l. church, r
LATE OP THE CITY OF PITTSBURGHi
BEGS loavoto inform the inhabitant of 8.
lorn and vicinity that aha has brought with lur
a lure assortment of VOTAMC UEDIC1NLH
carefully prcpurcd, in tho form of Pills, Pow
ders, Tinctures, Syrups, Ointments, Salves ar.d
Plustcrs, togcthor wiih an assortment of crude
or unprepared Medicines, which she offer for
ale on reasonable terms for cash, or such arti
clcs of produce a are used in a family.
Office, Corner of Ureen and Lundy St. '-
Salem, Nov, 20, 1802.
THE YANKEE XftTTnv fimnr u u '
-- v--... uviu MM UcClk
removed to Dr. Stanton' Building Corner of
w-uii nu.v.uosnui at., Immediately Wct of
Chessman & Wright'. lUrdware Store, and
nearly opposito tho Bonk. T
Where tho most Beautiful and Extensive
Assortment of FANCY GOODS AND VAN.
KEE NOTIONS, th.t h.. Jr. "Z v
-p - - vw rot Wfjcjii uruUKOI
to thi eountry, can be found at the lowea
Salem, Nov. 20, 1852. "