Newspaper Page Text
The Ericsson Respirator.
We have nlrently announced the signal
aucees of ilia new iniilive power discover
ed hy Mr. Kricsson, mill applied hy liim lo
( It) beautiful vessel Iteming his mime, nml
we proceed, today, in compliance with our
promise, In offer audi on explanation (if its
riuciploa we hope may prove intelligible,
f not soliaiuctiuy, tu our remit r..
We will ny, then, nn ptcliiiiiunry to this
explanation, Ihnt nil the power used in Cap
tnin Ericsson's engine h obtained from I he
expansion ol'llio atmosphere ly lii'iit. lit
Used no wnler nml makes no steam, tmt en -ploye
tlie atmosphere very much ns llio
teamen employ water, With this dillcreiicc,
that instead of throwing owny tlm boat niter
it hua (mo ii used na llio aienm engine duos
by Cndensiiliun, lie scpciotcs it fioni tlm es
caping nir, ami use it over ngnin in dealing
encli new dmrge (if itir which U Milieil to
liis cylinders. This economy of Ilia limit,
pf course, results in n corresponding eroiio
lliy ol did, liirniico roninnnil tiring equipage,
emuil, it in supposed, to n dilVorcncc, in point
ol expense, of five purls in every six.
We will now givo ns nriir ns wo enn, the
Jirneesa by which this important economy in
effected. We desire our figures nml liiris
to lie understood na applying to tint Vermel
wliicli we visited on thu 1 1 1 la inst. 'J'hu L
iessnn, liy carpenter's measure, rule na n
V.200 ton vessel. Sim ii supplied with two
pairs of engines, nnil eneli pair in aupplieil
with two M Woismg Cylinders," na they nre
termed, and two ''Supply C limlcia" inverted
over them. The anpply ry liudcrs lire small
er Ihnn the working rj butlers, nml inn lilleil
with cohl nir from llie nt Unisphere, nt every
decent of the piston which rrentran Viieiiuni
for it ndinission. Tho winking cylinders,
which are immvilintely In-low ihu supply
cylinder, nml over llio furnaces, nro lillud
liy henled or rurilicd nir, nml nre na miieh
larger tlinn the anpply cylinders ns is iicecs
anry to realize thu difference of liircea be
tween air nt ila mitiinil temperature and in a
rarified stnle, When iho nir in the wniking
cylinder ia lienleil, Iho pinion ascends nml
driven the eolil nir nut of the anpply cy limler
into a reservoir, whero it remains tuilil the
rarilled nir lina exhausted iia Ibreo nml in
expelled hy the descent of I fie piston in the
working cylinder ; then upon the nscciil of I he
piston agiiiu, thia cohl nir rushes into the
working cylinder, where It is again raritied,
ml repenla the million we hnvo dcserilieil,
ml iniilliplie tho force which propels the
lie lore proceeding lo depcribe the novelty
of the niucliinery--lliu prncesa by which llio
beat ia aeperntetl from the wimta nir nml
lield in deptutit liir future line, we will give n
few of the more impnrlniil Hlnli.tiea nl the
dimensioiiH it ml ciiptieitiea of thu nuiiliincy
we Imvc ulrenily ill cri!n il.
Tho ilinmeivr of eneh of the working rjl
Indera ia Kit) inehen, nml tin nreii !f!,:K)0 tt.
Iiieliua nliout three t'ur.ra thu nre:i ol nny of
thu cylimlera of thu Collins Ktc iimcrx, nut)
yet they we':gli only ten Ions, while thoxe oi
the Collins atenmera weigh futeen lone. The
prestMire on lliexn cylimlera u ten pounila lo
the aimiire inch, which givuH nn nugregutu
premture of Sf.U.OOO ptiuutl for eneh cylin
der, lioinn of our renders inny butter nppre-
ciule the extent of this pownr, if wo mid,
whnt ia nu narertaiiied f ict, t lint n aiiiglu
jiound of pressure upon the pi.slou will ruisu
Tho "auuply cylinder" ia 117 indies in di
pineter, nnil ila nreu 1 1,400 nquro iuehen. The
two piBlona, the anpply nml the working, nre
connected by right mnssive wrought iron
rotU, which insure o perfectly aiuiuliiineniM
ami sympathetic motion, 1 he powor Iroin
thd piston ia cnminiinicntcd to the crnnk
the puilillc ahnlt, liy connecting roils place
t an untie of linty-live degreea, and work
ing in nu ll n wny us ciiliri ly to ilispe iimj
Willi Ihu centre ahall, in line in Hteiuuunals,
ml obviitting nil inconvenience from vvluil
ia leuhiiicully known ninong incclianics
the "dund centre." Thia appliance ia iiImi
n iuveniion of Mr. Kricsitiiu, anil scarcely
lrr Miiuorlanl in ita resulla tlinn that wlur
it is our principle purr..":ci"-'hiv to ilescriht'
We will now nitempt to descrihu tho pro
fe by which it ii economized.
. liy lha side of eneh working cylinder is
Vessel or box, filled with u collection of wire
disc, like aievea, six feel hy lour, placed ver
tically in the box. The hut nir, on leaving
the working cylinder niter performing
function by driving the pinion up, is expelled
through the box of wire, w liich Mi, Kricfsou
terms u 'regenerator."
In pushing through thn disc the expelled
air gives oil' nil, or nearly nil of ila heat,
but uhout 'M tleg , to the wire, where it
lield on deposit as it were, until the process
pf expulsion is complete nml llie valves open
for tlm ntlitiisfioii uf llio end I ntmnspheric
pir wblcb is wailing lo undergo the pieces
of ruriticuljon, Wlteii the valves open,
cold air rushes through the lespiinlor
which the bent is depoMletl, takes it up,
thus enters llie working cylinder alinobt us
pa tho nir which a moment before ileporitd
Uniue bent in tho reeervoir, thus leaving
the iurnace the moderate duty ol supplying
a trillling dill'erence of only uhout HO
pf teiuperuture (a the nir in the working
The capacity of these w ire meshes to
porb ami rtlain the coloi i; w ill mil be ipies
lioned liv tiractieul men, when we stale
tlie (our reifeiierntora" in the " I'.i icMSon"
iiresents n Mirfaco of over 13.000 iiunei ficial
i'eet, while there nre mure thnu l'JO,(JOO,000
uf cells between the meshes. The wire
rids IkiiU is 1.-1 (Jill of on inch in diameter,
that may bu vaiied, uf course, nccordiug
cireunislaiices, us may llie mimber of discs,
both ilennndiii!' iinou the nmnuiit of
which is vuueiit to be dennsiicil. The
liica of wire employed in nhsurhiiig the
III the " I'.i icssou" is eipial In thu entire
purluceof lourol llie very largest sieU
liy a most elaborate series of experimeni",
the dot.iils ot winch, thnugli exceedingly
curious and nttrnclive.vye have no time to
to narrate, Captain I'.ricsson nscerlaiued
each imrticle of nir occupies just l-'10lti
a aenonil in pnnaing tpiile through the
pud in that time undergoes a change of
of 400 that is, llio expelled
pir ia four hundred degreea cooler when
eaves the regenerator than when it enter
and the cold air becomes four hundred
irraea wanner when it eutera tha working
(cylinder, or beating chamber, tlinn it
when it entered the regenerator. It doserree
In this con nox ion to be borne in mind
yap licsou' puieut never contemjilaici
n prenler beat in llie working cyliiuler than
5(10 . Veatcrday that bent was only about
In passing thrnngli the reppneralor, it la
aaceriitiiied that the hot nir deposits nil but
iiIkiuI 30 of iia heal that is, H' waato or
aciiw nir is only f0 degreea warmer than
when it entered the reservoir cold und con
sripienlly the wnste of bent is only about 10
per cent on every 300 ' employed, and it i
this w nam only wiiicli it is the function i ol
the furnares lo repair. A greater aaving
might be obtained bvomplujing n greater
number of wire discs nml some other obvi
ous camions, but no prnclicnl advantage
would be derived from carrying the procesa
ol nhstriictiou nny larther. L,vt. I vsi.
The Song of the Telegraph.
I have hear! mm say that whon winds wero
And cloud were tossing about the sky,
Journeying over som lone inornss,
Wlicro tho endless wires "f tho telegraph pnss,
They have stood, and listened, and trembled
w iih fenr,
Tho song of tho telegraph to bear :
A sad and most unearthly strain,
A shrp low moan, tike a soul in pain,
Uisitig and fulling fitfully,
Liko tho Inng waves after a storm at sen,
I have thought and wondered many a time,
What iho wiro would say, could it speak In
And thinking rr.iwh, nnl wondering long.
At length have found tho telegraph's song I
Lo, the golden a?e is conic I
Light bns broken o'er tho world I
Let tho oynon-niouth be dumb,
Let tho battle-flag be furled I
Ond lmth sent inc to tho nations,
To unite them, that each man
Of all future generations
May be cosmopolitan.
I, the lightning tho de.troyer
1, tho untamable, the proud
To bo harnessed to the wire,
I havo left my thunder-cloud,
Harboiigcr of peace ond union,
Messenger no moro of wrath,
To establish sweet communion
Down to earth I tako my path.
With the olive branch extended,
Swilt I go to every shore j
Soon all nations shall bo blended,
They shall loam of war no mora.
1'caco and progress bo forever
l'tiitted on the hearts of men,
So that future times may never
Sco a b.Ut'.o tuld again.
Soon beneath the deep Atlantic,
t'jr below tho swelling wavo,
Will my still small voico be parsing '
To tho land that owns the slave,
Shame, oh, shame, that starry banner
Doth not yet tho strlpo disown i
Ehamc, that great namo be degraded
With the lash, tho chain, Iho groan I
Now tho .world is growing better,
Now that progress leads tho van J
Is it not a stranga injustice,
To enslave a fellow man ?
Are yo not the world's fico troders,
Yo yourselves tho bravo, tho freo )
Rio annihilate this horror,
This foul stain of slavery
Tho Awyrian is forgotten,
And tho old race of tho Nile,
And we stand amid their ruins
Uuzing on each woudcrous pile
And tho glory is departed
l'rom the bright llcllenian shore,
And though Home is still in being,
Yet the Komnns live no more.
Eat Britannia stands forever,
Throned upon the eternal seas;
Nailrd tu every mast, her burner
floats fotevcr on tho breeze ;
And we laugh at our old quarrels,
All our fooli.h deeds of yore )
Wo are older grown and wiser,
Wc ore children now no moro.
Let America with England
llund in bund uphold tho " right,"
So their path tho path of prngiess,
And their famo shall know no blight.
For they are the noblest nations
Thut the sun hath ever blest,
Iiravo Old England ond her children
In the broad lands of tho wot I
A Touching Story.
Tho Knickerbocker Magazine nays : One
of Ihu iiioi-I touching things wu've rend
many a day, is the " Mory of n 1 onng Cliiui
ney Hweeper," in London, which wus elicited
by the exatiiinaliou uf n cmuiuiilea into
condition and trealinent by their luitbtcrs,
this uuhii;ipy cIuks ot llie poor ul llie me
iropoliB. Alter ileserilnug thd dealh ot
fellow sweep, a little boy limned Jem, who
bud been caught in a tine, nml wits sufiurcd
by bis I't ulnl mnster to die I hei r, becuusa
iliuu;M;t lie wus "sulking, the account pro
"Poor Jem! lie v.ns long missed among
us. I was never sorrier lor on body, except
Iho liblu la.-s thai died, il milit bu a year
all.'r be, und the uud mu drew together from
the fual. the wus n desolate crealine,
I.., .,i,.i,,il,. mi. m.iuiu.'d u,il',. u.,(f,l
,,1., .,'iin,,Fiuit .iiuotv., B " ll", ,w,.i,
her wonie Ihnn nigger. Liltlu Nun, or
hu wus mostly culled by the boys, Jueky,
wus a child of her fust liiifbaiid by
first wile; so beluiii'iug, as one iiught
Willi iiiueli truth, to uobotfy, Tbe niislrets
she never could please, and ihe masliir swore
Hint she KhouliJ not cut thu Uruml ol idleness
n bis house; so, fuiunle as she was, be taught
Iter to climb, rihe was uncouunuii lillla
her age, w hich made her bundy for small
flues, such as ovens nnd coppers and
like, which is olien less than nine inches
square, nnil she bad far mora wit ami sense
mm urn uoys nun were uer size.
Ollun uud olleu have Nan nud I lain
by tide upon the soot we had lathered in
day, will) our sacks over us to cover us
the cold, for aim was n shivery rrenture alill ;
and ninny 'a the lime I've abilleil her alien
of the soot, when she wna tired with her
dn)'sWoik. Hho bad tilwiiy n bail cough
when the cold act in; ami 1 used tn think
the aoot get. ing down her throat made it
worse. 1 liey'd any it was n bard word to
use, but I always shall fancy climbing, Which
was little fit lor bur, was tne dentil ol her.
;ho fell into n waste ns tliey cull i', nml be
li.ru she died wna nnihiug but skin and bone.
Hlia used tn creep into n nook when they'd
let her be quiet, nml no there ; nml it any
thing would please her il wan when I went
up sidy to her Willi nu urniigu in mv liiiml,
or nu apple, which I used lo buy with Ihu
few pence Unit were given nie, msteiiil ol
pin inn nl clmck-f. r binj w ith the boys. Poor
thing ! she. had n eonsianl dryness, anil lliem
things did her tho most good. ' fciiin,' alii;
used lo say ttheii I get well ngaiu, )oil nml
me II run nway, nnil hunt in somu place n
greiit wny nil', whore, no body shan't Mud us,
for I can't climb nny more, nml daddy'll bent
mi: if I don't. .Shu gave mu u bull penny
with a hole in it, to keep lor her sake, und
that very night she died."
Luck and Pluck.
Rev. Samuel Osgood delivered a leptnre on
this subject on the evening of the 5211, in the
Tabernacle, beforo n numerous audience.
The lecturer cumineiiced by suiting that evey
man's hie was n drama in winch the plot
depended upon tho play, between bis will
nml bis fate, on between bis character nml
his circumstances. The interest of the play
liirtnl upon llie hern, nml our nets mill slo-ry-lelleis
hnve liiuud litvor only na they illus
trated by lervid portraitures the trials nml
triumphs, of our commnii lot. I '.very true
sketch of life is read Willi pleasure, Ik) it u
biography or n novel, in w hich llie Item was
either n Hialestuiiii or an nppienlice hoy, ami
Iho heroine n city hello or n liielory gill.
We euro not now so much hnw Ctesai tiaiglit
or Louis reigned, us bow n man would uet
iiloug in the oidinary roulinu uf lilii in tiiher
I'm nee nr llouu.
The chances of lifo nre, combined .Mr.
Osgood, casual instead of being certain
they ilcl'v nil llie powers uf huimni foresight
or know iedge. We lire required lo bo watch
ing the probabilities of events In guide iia in
our every -day win Idly nlliiirs. Kvcry year's
experience has made tturlling developements
Let nny practical man phylosopbically study
tho price current of bis own business let
him consider llio causes nml consequences
ulli'Ciing his commodity, coilon, wool or iron
let it lie studied well, nml what n view
would then flash upon him nt once of the
vastly complex condition of things in the
rehiiionsnnd business of men! Iel llie pol
itician truce thu cllects of n single net of
popuhir will upon our political condition.
Could the statesman tell iih what consequen
ces were to billow tn our country from the
march of that determined soldier who made
llie Itio (,'rauilo Iho Kuhicon of our umpire,
nud found upon thu shorn of llio far P.ieilic
domains of gold nml n luturo so full ul ro
inantic hopes. How slrungelv Ihu chances
connected with that event had bornu upon
llie substantial history of our country. W hat
nmn was more siirpnsed with the high honor
conferred upon him, und whoever leceived
nn linunr with moro unoliliuiovo bumiltiv
tlinn llie. I'resideut elect of the L'niteit Slates?,
nml whnt parly ever bore a defeat mure inan-
lully thnu Ihu party in thu instance? lap.
Look In iinnt'innlion nt the last open grave
in M. l'nuls Cnllieihal. whero Ihu tlost ol
Wellington now mingles willi thu nslics ul
Nelson, nml reatl the lesson there nruiioune-
eil upon the chances of human lile. Think
of 1 ral'algur, und eslitnata if possible, what
might luivu lieen thu etleet il llie liullet Ihat
struck down Nelson on board thu Vietorv
hnd been fired nn hour etulier. Think what
what would have been the slory of Waterloo
bad llluclier been more tardy, or Grouchy
more ague. i.noK now nl 1' ranee and lie
hold that strnugi) spectacle, in which the
stars of Josephine nml Napoleon seemed lo
ininglo (heir light over Ihu bend ol the l'.m
peror, lor wnoui wo might even now mm;:-
mo we heard Iho mIioiiIs of Iho imnuiace
cheering him to the throne. Think of lha
man the mud-cap ol Hirtuvshurvh nud
ilologue, nud llie Fcaiie-eoat of Ham, IVesi-
deiit, nml now l'mperor lOiupcror, appar
ently, by ihu suf.iuges of the people, und re
ally hy Ihu imlueiicu ol Ihu men ul property.
Think of Ihat man upon llio French thiol. e,
nud Ihen meditate, upon ihu chances in the
In rneeiing tiie cbnnres of their lot. men
divided themselves into three general class;.
esj iiCforiling us Ihey walehed these rhaiic
es, Ihey looked upon 1 1 it' in with hope, or
w uli (ear, or wuh hii even mind. I u si came
the man who v.ns in n lever at thu prospect
uf luck thn sanguino man who believed
litb lo bo n lottery, i-i which he intended l
win. bitch u man in Lis most vulgar shape
wna literally n gambler, beul on making u
fortune us though thu scene of his exertions
was the card laldu or iho race course. Iinl
let the gambler pass, for gaining trained no
active, manly energies, anil necessarily nrf i
rd Ihe man nud bis linmnes. Closely upon
the lieela of Ihu gambler came the "last"
man of Imsiue.'s in ha-lo to bo rich, impa
tient of labor, nnil by bis expenses, proving
thut if bu did not miiku bis fintuue, hu ua
deulood us well how to spend unoiher mini's
furlino! us if be learned the urt in our Com.
This happy hit nt llie nulurioiis prot!i;;tuity
of ihu Common ('nuucil was received with
the most euliiusiinilii; :,pp:ii!it:tiiiii,1
Tho lecturer concluded by speaking of
me iiinv oi man 10 mnsier liie chances of
hie by energy, nml lelcrrcd lo ihu example
...I . l: c ., '
prcsenled in llie lives of Deiuosiheiiese,
v.ensler, t.uuuithuu und f- haksieate.
M Man," said lie, bhould, in the tirat place,
consider ihnt hu wna n something lliul tiuil
sent him iulo Ihu world tu be n lad; ho
alif.iilil I .... ,!, l.t.. I I !
. I'liil,. Illlll9i; lll UJH pOSUtOII
utul not iiiovo frtim it, he was culled upon to
tirfu bis forcu of thought utol in bring tlio
power ol his jmlgement iulo tho liuld. 1'roni
whatever ililarter cuiitiuuineies cania bu v.ns
I to iuterruj'atu lliem nbo iilv : i-niherint iI.m
I treasured wisdnui of his lace, he was to
I choose the way est bin bert lined fur him
piulerring to bu nu fll'cimit smnehiidy, with
iitimls a li'.llo rough, ilian a milksop nu'budy
willi fingers us suit us n girl's. Hu was to
study Iho science ol pruhahiliiius nut like
I the gambler hut a student of practical life
be would look before im leaped, nml wiiilj
i prepaiuii lor iiusiiaps, lie would not add biin-
sell na one more to the number of iIkihm ui,.
began lifo in presumuliou and ended in ,u.
Geology.—Definition of Terms.
We commend the atuily of these terms to
every fiirmer' boy in Ainoiicni nud even if,
some of the boy's lathers would lenru them,
woid l enablo Ihem better to i.nderal.ud
matters of the most essential importance to
'III in their occupation.
Rucks are divided into two great classes,
viz: ttrntijitit nud nnitral'Jictt.
Slnilificiilion consists ol the division of A
rock ioio regular parallel planes nr leaves,
vai) inu in thickness Iroiu Hint of thin paper,
several yards. Strati! me nl'leu tortuous
and variable in thickness, in ilill'trent pans
of Ihe s one lamina or layer ; " nevertheless,
thu fundamental idea of slriililic.itiou, is ihat
of par illelisui ill thu layers." The term
strticlum is sometimes employed to desig
nate ihu whole mass of n rock, while its
parallel subdivisions nru called bed', or lay
ers, Hn ulso of sand, clay, gravel, &.C
Tho term Bid is used to designate a layer
nr mass of rock more or less irregular, len
ticular or wedge shaped, lying between thn
layers ol another rock suuh us beds uf coal,
gypsum, nr Iron.
A .V"!ii is n 1 1 iiit layer of rock that sepa
rates the beds or strain of another ruck, us
a seam uf coal, limestone, &.c.
A Joint ia a separation uf rocks, both
stralifieil nml luistnililied, into masses of
some determinate shape : Joints nru morn
or less p.uullcl, und usually cross tho buds
C.'cnritizc pf'tnrs nro divisions' in rocks,
which do not coincide with thosu ol slr.iti
frciition, lauiimilioii or joints. They are
supposed lo result from a fi slalino an align
ment of the particles of tin) rock.
Jfiirtznntiit llriiUt nro those which have
little or no inclination hot Im parallel w ith
Ihu horizon; this position, however, is ran,
almost nil strata being more or le inclined.
Thu l of strata signifies thu tingle
which it forms with the horizon.
Outcrop. .When the Klr.im nro uncovered
above Ihe surface, or proirinlo from Ihe sid i
of ii bill so cs lo be visible, they nre said tu
An Hirpmrnl is formed when strtt.l ter
minate iihi oinly, so na lo lot in u precipice.
A i'nu'l in n rock is the dislocation of
strata, so that their continuity is destroyed,
und ii series of strain on one or both sides
of the fracture nro forced from their original
position, und raised one above another, or
moved literally, faults nre generally filled
willi clay, suud und fragments of other
A Caret is n wulo and open, fissure or
fmlt; when still wider, with sloping sides
nud rounded ut the bolioin. it is culled a
A Duke is a mass or wall of roclt inter
posed between the ends nl a ilisloeiiiion, so
us to break iheir continuity dykes rurely
aeuil oil brunches.
I'em nro portions of rock smaller ibnn
dykes, proceeding from some large mass,
'nml luimfMiii: through n rock ol a ilillerenl
kind. Metallic veins were originally melt
ed metals, which were injected into Iho lis.
sines und crevices of rocks by some aubler.
Fossil. This term includes those petrified
remains ol plains nml liuiin ils which nru
Ibtind in alluvium, nr imbeded ill solid rock,
nml cotisiiiiiiuig its struclmo.
formations. Tlie term formntinn is lined
to designate n group of rocks having somr
character hi common cither in relation to
age, origin or composition. I'.very Ibrui.i
tiou citusists of several varieties of rock, nil
agreeing in certain qualifies, und occupy ing
such relativo silualions ns to indicate Ihat
llu y were limned (luring the same period
nud under ihu sumo circumstances. Thus
wo speak of gray waeku Ibruialiun, gneiss
lurinution, coal lurmniion, occ,
Wealth of the North and South.
Hy nn extract frnui ihu late snnaii.'! we lenrn
tho cnlirn vuluunf real uud personal m t.ilu
in Ihe Free Slates is 3, 1 18,000,000 of the
S-hivo flutes i.'.,8irj,000,000. The rcpor
stales l!,nt cin porulion nud 8lale stocks arc
not included in ihu estimate, but lite vrthie of
si wis is iiuliittrtl. r.siiniale three iiuilions
of slaves nt (Mr. Clay's valuation) . !0'J
heml, which makes nu eggreirate of . I ,'JOO,.
IH O, and deduct thai from Iho slave Slate
valuation, nnd it leaves 8 l.:jUi,(K)0.000, the
slave Siules exclusive ol'sluvus. This shows
u great diU'cruiice.
Again, by ll.e census it appears that the
average eo.it value ol laud per acre in id, -is
liriclinsclls is t-d'i,o0. Conn. L10,oJ. N. Vo.
i'itl.CO nml so on.
In Iho slave stales, tlm nvemge cash value
nl laud per in re, runs thus : Virulm, v'-!7
Nonh Carolina 9'.V'3. South Curuliuu05,0d
Uenrgiu 1,11) and so on.
Now tho population of South Carolina re
turned i.V-'id.i.'J smaller Ib.in Ihe popiilaliou
ol any bee relate except Hhuiht Islanil, I).
aware, town, Caliluruia, nml iov .Mexico,
nml yet she is rellirued Willi nn uggregato
wenllli to each person ol j;'I,01,00. t,Vor
gin ulso $lil0 lo each person. While Al
h.icluoclls is allowed but A.')77. Conn. ' l,0
nnd Now Vuik $3M to vacli person uud
This difference in personitl weullh result
from llie mono of uuiking llie eslunaie.
1'ereoiiH ill the elavn Btales uoiBn thi ir Itibor-
trs," while lint laborers of tho Ireu atutes
Ihu fcluireisof llio wealh.
Again, the 3,000,000 slaves nre esl'unaled
ns mrtons to inako repreiaoilalivcs und pre
ideltliul electors, uud tu draw ni'iney uiion
and nru estimated ns properly only when
public dt bis are to be paid. The constitution
provides but out) rule for representatives am
luxes, lint cunning etnlesmeii pruviilo n tar
which throws the burden l'rom slave properly
upon conaiimern, nnd there nro few consum
ers ut ihu South. Carson Lcugue.
Rluoious ToLUiiATioK. At tl.o racont tos
sion of tho Mibsiseippi Ctato Convoulion,
Cominittco was appointed ta momnraliao Con
gress upon Ibis important suhjeot. Iu the r.au-.e
cf Iho 1,600,000 Uuplicta of Amoriea, they
upon tho government to provide for tho religi
ous liberty of its subject i when in foreign lund-i.
Tho brooding of silk-worms, as a thriving
important branch of buiiucsa, is extending
Tho gold tuinos of Australia art as proliSo
Agents for the Bugle.
Tha following named persona are requested
nd authorixed to act as agentsfot the lluglt In
, . , . ..
tho" 'esP'v local.Ucs.
Chaa. Douglass, Uerca, Cuyahoga county, unto.
Timothy Wood worth, LitchHcld.McdinncO., O.
Win. Tayne, ltichncld, Summit co.,t)hio.
'esso Scott, Summorton, Belmont Co.
Mrs. C. M. Latham, Troy.Ueuugu, Co., O.
J. Southain, llrunswiuk.
L. 8. Specs, Urangcr.
J. II. L Hubert, bath,
Is etc Ilrooks, Liocavillc,
J. T. Hirst, Mercer,
Finlcy Mclirew, 1'aincsville,
Thomas Wooton, Winchester, Indiana.
Harriet Pulsipher, llissels, (ieatiga Co., O.
O. O. Itrowu, Orange, Cuyahoga co., O.
Ilicliard llleudeu, Adrian, Michigan.
13U0KS! BOOKS !t
Tlie ll hlte S'nve,
Ii iitUc.l tle lliimincc,
Vnrie. Tom's Citbin,
.Yight .SVie of.Vuture,
lit lifion of Urology,
Carty'e's lJr nf Sli rl!ng,Citnl llnrmoniti, vols.
, 11,111, ft tiler Lure L,nryclopntuia,
And a splendid assortment ol fancy presents.
tion Hooks, nod an endless vnrietv nl Jtivei.iics.
Also, birue Stock of llibles. Uisloricul, l'oet
lrnl,- iei.tili , Miscellaneous, uud behnnl books,
Steel pens, (i d I pens, Accon'eons, Toj s. Fancy
Article, Dlank Hooks, Portfolios, Males, and il
complete assortment nl plain snd fiutcv Station
r, j'ist reecivi'tl sad lor sale nt J. McMillan s
iiu.vi hook (sroui:, adio.-s castor the
foivn II i I where even hook in the laa.ketcaii
ho procured, if ordered, nt the In wist prices lor
ma. In aI. litem to Die above can ho iuuud a
nice lot ol Wall and Window Taper.
aalein U.ttolu r lit, la.VJ.
JA.MES Ji A UNA Hi',
.V. Side Main-: St., One Door Wt it of iiakm Look-
t'jre, fr,iu, (iiio.
Coats, Vest', F ,mts, Mudo to order and
W ..limited to Uivo Satisfaction.
Tho Tailoring li.isii cis in ul 1 its llruchcs
carried o. us herclolVuc.
ISAAC TltUSCOTT. CLAI1K TUtsCOTT.
I. TKESCOTT & Co.
SALEM. OHIO, Wholesale nnd K-tnil Deal
ers in sjehool, Classical nud Mtseellanenus
Hooks and Stationery ; Drugs ond Mcdi
cines; Shoes and Urocciics.
March 6, ISil.
.1 mm enn find nowhere so rood a Swines
Iliink us bif emptying his purse tnto his head.
Kiiow'tdge is Ihe best ctiuilnl he can possess: it
is at his command terry moment, und alwniis
above par. Du. Fha.iiki.im.
To JIcreluiiH, CltrliH, Tnicliert, Sludcnls,
nnil All jIl'ii.
JUST PLMILISIICD-A new nnd com-
pletu set ol Holes bv which nil Ihe lumla
llieuliil operations nl Ai iteinelic may be per-
lorined in on incredibly short space of time.
1 o become a tna::ter ol llietii will icon ire lint
more than u couple hours' study ol any good
sound mind: and Iho student w ill liieiehv be
enabled to Add, Hubtruct, Muliiply, or Di
vide, in nny sum no mailer ol how many
liguroH, more iiccurnlely, (indeed, beiiund Ihe
possibility of an error,) nml in less than onu
luiirlli Ihe lime retpured in Ihe old fslem.
1 liese r uuilaiiieutal Kules nru billowed
by An Inanimation iulo llio I'lopertics of
Numbers, which even further facilitated the
Them nrti u!ko embraced in the wnik,
iu i.i'.s roii nn; calculation of
INTIjKLriT, which will work out thu inter
est nt any rntu upon any sum with the ul-
most ucctntcy, a:id a simplicily nud quick-
iti's J lully equal lo nil Ihu other operations by
this, uud vustly supuiior to nil courses in thu
Together, tlieso form the Most Co.Mri.KTE
Thi'.atisk on the Scienco of Numbers ever
issued ami nre incalculably valuable to nil
men from their iiever-liiiliug ncciiracy, nud
to hiii iness men from Ihe immense amouiil
of lime ihev s.ivo lioni tlie most wearisome
del. id of bmiiuess lile. I'arncularly ought
ihey lu bo in thu bands of Merchants nnd
Clerks, Teachers mill Eiludculs, und Voting
(t Tho copies of tliu few remaining hun
dreds of thu present edition nro being hur
ried oil' at a price ereatly reduced Irom ilml
() ut which Ihe balance weru sold, to make
room lor a new edition to be gotten up in n
iitagnilieeul nml and cosily slylo immediate
ly upon closing out tho present one.
(X5 F.vcry purchaser is bound (as n mat
ter of jnslicn nud pioleclioii to thu copy
rightcst) by bin sacred pledge of honor, lo
use tlm i'rocerses fur the instruction of him
self only, nnil In impart ihu information ob
tained from lliem to no one.
(X?5" Tu obtain the IVocessea it is liecea
sary to uivo such a pled.'e, w ith Ihu price.
Three Dollars, enclosed in a letter, poet-paid,
directed In 1. . M AV iM AnKi.r.r, Fiiokslown,
Washington Coontv, ill. try land, ihu I'm
cesties win lie forwarded post-paid, lo the
given address. !o pellicular to wrilu Ihu
n i of ihu 1'oKt Oifice, County, nml Stale,
ill lincliy ; willi tbo. e licglccling Ibis, mis
takes f;-eqiieiilly occur.
IX" Thnse preferring it, con order copiei
nl Ihe torihcoiniug ediliou, which will bu
ready nbout Iho bolulays. Thu price will bu
It'll; orders sent before its is.-ue will be filled
us soon us thu copies ure roudy, for 5.
Iocti! Agents lVuiUosl.
In overy town, und all through tho conn
try, grout nuinhcia of copies of these Utile y
can bu disposed of by tiny one who will only
take llio trouble to make their scope known.
They comprise !hni which boeib.i.s itieii.and
every bndy, htm long felt Ihu wtinl of, nml
V. ill glntlly olilnin. I he naluro of ihe busi
liess allows nny nno In net ns Agent, nml to
energy ensures n large reward. As before
explained, tho business, requiring privacy,
oriiersirum Agents urn Inled in senurnlo
sealedeuvelopes fur delivery through Iheir
bauds. Wbeu a number of three copies or
moro nre ordered with ihu remittance at one
time, 3'J per cent, is allowed lo bo retained
as the Agent's fee; and 50 per cent on of
ders lor eight copies or more
Dll. C. 1'EAKSON, ,
II O HI L O I A T II 1ST,
HAVING pnrmancnlly lotated in PslfiB,
would re. pet tlully soiioui.ee to the 1' utile
timt he is pre, srcd.to treat lloii.srnpathieall) all
diseases, wheiher (jlironiu or Avute. Ue givea
general Invitation to all, and tlultcrs himaalf
can render general sutiluctioii. ...
OFFICE AND ItESIDENCE.on Maim St.
Ori'OSIIE TIIS I'ohT-OlJICB.
May 13, ISdi. "
JOHN C. WJ11NKRY, :
SUIIOEON DENT1S1 II Vffici ever Iks
.VWen Uuuk Slort.'iv subseiibir would ili
form his friends ami tho public, that he is a go lit
his post. Having spent several months id.
Citiiiniibti, in mukiuK himselt uiiiiutcly aequain
ted vilth the vutious branches of bis l'rol, ion
be feels eonlblent of being able to render tha
fullest sntisl'uuiion to those who may requita hia
Miilcm, March fl, 1852. -
WATtll-CUUE AND IXFIUMARY,
ran the vvhv ofcuuosic diseases
Located at Uiianvillk, Lickimo Co.. O., and
cnnihines tl.o Hdviiuui);es ul other good HUjb
bshiuenis, a hialtliy bnntinn, a supply oi pur
water, gymnasium, a skiliul lutly in charge of
the It male puticnis, a pbysii inn Im bus hud an
ex'ensive piactii e ul 'lb )eiirs, &e., fcc.
Funnies v. ho hnve In en coiiUnrd tn tl.eil beds,
unable lo wnik nr sil tip lor Irom one to twenty
yi srs, in eoiisi qui nee of nervous, spinal, or
uterine disease, aie cs; n islly invited to iorrea
pond w iih or visit us, Vniversnl success In
the ticiitmrut nl this class ol discuses has given
ns cm, Illici t e, ai d o say to nil such. even
ihnui:li llu y hnve sulo led much oi' ninny l'hy
sniiies, iinike one n .rue tiial. Trims lu tu 6
to $1', per vtei k. 1'niiei Is turt.ish towels anil
poising maleriuls. Addiess, -.
S. V. LANCHOIX .
Granville, Nov. 6, 'ii, .)
UOODAI.r, Ull'MJItOVE A Co.,
41 HANK hi'., CLEVELAND; , '
COMMISSION MKIU'IIAMS. "
WHOI.r.is.VI.E Drulcrs in Woolen and Do
mestie lioods. Merchniits will tind a luiger as
sorlmrnt uf Woolen t lor.ds tlisn at any other
house West ol N. Ymk, and lit a sntisfnetorjr
terms us can be found in X. Voik or H ston.
Cash advaneea on Wnol.
N.ivemhir 1!7, 18.52.
U.2li.TMS( HE.1CI1S" XEtr PAPER.'
TIIE ILLISTRATLO NKflS. ' -SIX
CENTS 1'EH COl'Y. '
P. T. DAKM'M, SrKCIAL 1'AUTXKk; H. V. k A. t'.
VkACU, Gl:.NKUAL FAHTSKIIS. '
Thiscnmpnny have investod in this paper
capital nl (too.ooi).
Tho Illustrated News will be published week
ly, and will comprise sixteen lurgo pages, U'dad
with original nnd selected letter press contents,
of tho highest literary standard, and with a
ureal number of large und handsome engravings.
No pains or expense will ho spared to produce
the llest Illustrated Newspaper in the World;
an acceptable liru-sidu companion, an ornanisut
lo tho Amcricun 1'ress.
The Illustrated News will he a faithful and
beiiutilut Factorial History i l the Wmld, in
w hich si cars and events in this and other coun
tries, sketches Bud views in nil parts of the
U.obc, l'orlruits nl' l'ublic Men, Scenes in our
National Ctqiitol, Autographs nud IliogrnfihicSj
of Eminent Characters, nnd nil lualtcis nl gen-
ci nl interest to llie community, vill be lounrt
promptly illustruted. In iidditinn lo II e llliia
trations rquul euro will ho bestowed on th
News Depsrimeut, Each number will contain
tho latest intelligence from ull paits i.f the
world, with Miirket llepnrls, &e. &e. Due at-'
lent ion will ulsu bo paid In tho lteliuious, Sci
cut Jin nnd Agricultural ii.teresls ol the country
and frequent appropriate Illustrations will bs
The Editorial Department will he placed n.
tier the chai'KU oi several of the most able wrist
ters in the I'nitcd Stales, who will be assisteaV
by enntiibutiniis fioin the most eminent Au
thors uud l'orts of our own nnd other countries.
Talcs and Sketches of approved merit w ill from
time tn tiino add interest in the columns, and
ulford entertainment tu ull classes of tho com-.
in unit v.
The pub'I.Oiers n! o propose occasionally to
preK 'in their subscribes with cngisvings suita
ble for friuniiii', embracing ningiiifieent views
of publiu bnildinur and ii rr monies, historical
events. t:e. It will Inllv illustrate the enminsj
x'tiihitioii of tho World's Industry in New
York, and arrnngi n.ents have ubo been made
especially to illustrate tha in aimers habits and
coiinlry uf tho Ji ppuuese, Tho work as pub-,
L.'lu I will I onu two volumes in one yenr.
leim In ni'.vnnee. Doc I opr. Kl,60: Four
Copies, $.5,00; Ten Copies, (10,00.
A IH'OK '
FOR EVEHV AMEUICAX.
iin:; WANTED . . .
TU 'rUAVUL A" AUK.NTS.
Ths Sub'cribcr is nine publishing a Third Edition
OF THE L1FE.1XD VOYAGES OF
Tho great Navigator alter whom our country-
DV C. F.. LF.S li:i:, Lam U. S. Consul.
ILLl-STUATEl) Wim ENOllAVINOS.
From tht Arte York Journal of i'ommtrtt.
T liia is a very interesting and msiructive vol
ume, especially to Amci leans, as il rclatea to ths
discovery and curly history of this continent.
Tho Flutes illustrating various points in the,
history ol' the great Nuvigutor, ndd to the vsl-.
no of the work, and still mole to ita accepts-,
blcness to the common reader."
From tin Neio York L'hrittian Obterrrr.- lo
this elegantly punted volume, the cnmplleia,
have preserved all the information accessible.,
respecting this celehisted voynger. The liook
v.ill ho a valuable acquisition."
From t ' e Xcie York Jtecordtr. " Tliia ia a,
wurth;,' t.ihuto to nno of the great navigator,
whose niuiio and history, will be forever con
nected with the American Continent, The.
work is well worthy uf attention as a reposito
ry of much thut is valuable, hearing oil tho
early history of the New World." j
From tin Album Spectator. " The subject o(
this work is sufficient of itself to attract and
inteiest every Amciienn. The man who gavs
name to this great western continent, can never
be forgotten. . ; . . i .
It is written in that flowing and attractive)
stylo which thuructorir all Mr. Lester's pro
dilutions, and cannot fuil to have an rxtcnsiv
A number of active and intelligent rnen.oC
good character, are ollerd profitable employment;
in circulating, by subscription, the above Talu
able and interesting work, in this and adjoining '
Counties, in tho State of Ohio.
Tho Terms will be given on application lo' the.'
Subscriber, post paid.
U. MANSFIELD. Publisher. ' ; ' "' '