Newspaper Page Text
(Continued from First Fagf.)
my opinion man who then held the Or
thodoxy of lloeton in hit right hand, and
who haa .inc. taken up the Weat by ita Tour
corner, and liven it ao larirelv to Puritanism
1 mean the Rev. Dr. Lytnan Beccher.
Mr. Garrison waa one of those who bowed
to the .pell of the matchless eloquetico Ihnt
then rulmined over our Zion. He waned
tin his favorite divine, and urged him to give
to the new movement the incalrulnblo aid
of hia Dome and countenance. He wna pa
tiently heard. He was allowed to unfold hi
plana and array hia feci. The reply of the
veteran waa, 'Air. Garrison, 1 havo too ninny
irons in the fire to put in another.' My
friend snid, Doctor, you had better tuke all
the irons you have in the fire out, and put
this one in, if you mean well cither to the
religion or the civil liberty of our country.'
The great Orthodox leader did not rest
with merely refusing to put another iron in
to hia fire) he ettempted to limit the irons of
oilier men. A. President of Lnlie 1 hculog
leal Seminary, he endeavored to prevent the
students from investigating tho auhject
(Slavery, l he result, we all remember, waa
strenuous resistance on the part of a large
number of students, led by thut remarkable
man, Theouora D. Weld. The Right tri
umphed, and Lane Seminary lost her char
acter and noblest pupils at the same lime.
Khe has languished ever sinco, even with
such a President. Why should I follow Dr.
Deecher into those Ecclesiastical Conven
ventions where the weight of his heavy hand
hss been felt against the slave? He haa
done no worse, indeed, he has done better,
than moat of his class. Ilia opposition has
been always open and manly.
But, Mr. Chairman, there is something in
the blood which, men tell us. brings out vir
tues and defects, even when they have lain
dormant for a generation, (iood and evil
qualities are hereditary, the physicians any,
J he blood whose warm current of eloquent
aia my irienu solicited in vain m Hint genern
tion, has sprung voluntarily to his assistance
in the next, to rouse the world by the vigor
...j ....i e i. i . i. ,t
pnu ramw. vi lis uireoia iidiii iioiii press
anu piupit pfliitliiiMnstic cheers). Liven on
that great triumph 1 would say a word.
Marked and iiacqualed as has been that suc
cess, remcmlier in explanation of the phe
nomenonfor Uncle Tom.s Cabiji is rather
n event than a book remember this;
the old Anti-Llnvcry movement hud not rous
ed the sympathies of Mrs. Stowe, the book
had never been written; if that movement
had not raised up hundreds and thousands
of hearts to sympathize with the slave, the
book hud never been rend (cheers). Not
that the genius of tho author has not made
the triumph all her own; not that tho unri
valled felieity of its execution has not treb
led, quadrupled, increased ten-fold, if you
please, the number of readers; but there
must bo a spot for Archimedes forest his
lever upon, before he can move the world
(applause), and this effort of genius conse
crated to tho noblest purpose, might have
fallen dead and unfAticcd in It ia the
Anti-Slavery movement which haa changed
J8U5 to 185?. Those of us familiar with
Anti-Slavery literature know well thut Rich
ard Hildreth's 'Aacur Moore,' now 'Tut
White Slave,' wos a book of eminent abil
ity ; that it owed its want of auecess to no
lack ol genius, but only to the fact, thai
was a work born out of due time; that the
Anti-Slavery cause had not then aroused
sufficient numbers, on the wings of whose
enthusiasm even the most delightful fiction
could have risen into world-wide influence
and repute. To the cause which hna chang
ed 18U3 to 165? ia due something of the iu
floence of Uncle Tom'i Cabin.
The Abolitionists have overlooked the
wonderful power thut the wand of the nov
elist waa vet to wield in their behalf over the
hearts ol the world. O, no! Frcdeiika
Bremer only expressed the common senti
ment of many of us, when she declared that
the fute of the negro was the romance of
our hittory.' Again and ngain, from my ear
liest knowledge of the cause, have I heard
the opinion, that, iu the debatable land be-
tweeu freedom and sluveiy, in the thrilling
. ........... ., u.a c.u.ui j , ,,, lla iiifiiiiiitf
incidents of the escape and sufferings of the
fugitive, and tho perils of the friends, the fu-
ture Walter Scott of America would find the
border-land' of hia romance, and the most
t i .
loucmng iiiciuentsoi Ins sixty years s nee:'
i .1. i;
nd that the literature of America would
fattier its Iresheal laurels from that field.
So much, Mr. Chairman, for our treat
ment of the church. We clung to it as long
as we hoped to make it useful. Disappoint
ed in that, we have tried to exnose iia mil.
tering and hypocrary on this quetion,broad-
"0 " -V I """' J " fuailwi.Lil Unil
ly and with unflinching boljness, in hone to
purify and bring it lo our aid. Our lubors
with the great religious societies, wild the
press, with the institutions of learning, have
been as untiring, and utmost ns unsuccess
Ail. We have tried lo do our duty lo every
public question that hna arisen which would
bo made serviceable in rousing generul ot-
leiinon. The Kighl or Petition, the Power
, of Congress, the internal Slave Trade, Tex-
tactics of parties have all been wuiehed and
used with sogucity and effect as means to
a change in public opinion. Dr.
Chantiing has -thanked the Abolition party,
in the name of all tho lovers of free thought
and free speech, for hoving vindicated that
right, when all others seemed ready to sur-'
render ii; vindicated it at the cost of rcpu-
ease, property, sometimes life itself;
il eftecfively when its entire do-
fcnee was in their hands.
Antl-Slavery life has been no empty vaunt
no. cm uccu sueu on mis aiue me ocean ill
Ikfenc. of the freedom of the pres. was the
Mood Of Loveioy, ..ue of their number, Dr.
-i ;.. 1Z i... i,i ...-i I .,
Channing, iu Decemlnir, ItSW, spoke ol their
Whilst in obediencL teonscienre they
ih C wont opposu. j
..j. ... r(:vereu aim,. .
Wong, ia yriving utterance to their deeu m
inns sun persevere.! ..... 1 menace
ay mat lliey have r..,u.7
. siivii m tin nni .:. .
PHir. eelal rvice than anyUdv n, "
12 i?U' Tbe '"Jers o freedol " I
ihoa. who claim aud Llrefl'i 11 !
JwdTTto Zlend"'8 ,'rM' P
Mfnritt If tho m.ny 0, th. few, T thl
wv si sauij iin nna . l .
ppi.ua. bv 7"." .hour. or
liberty i d.v. Z T" o
conBOle"c of the god-less como-ouler'
"'. 'J'.0 ,r6niljl'g South demand the Fu
produce f"'ve s,nve Lllw i and the Fugitive Sluve
,'"WI '('"'voked' Mrs. Stowe to the good
,w!"k L"at Ton. That is something
lt',"'cn')- Let me say, in passing, that of
,f""B 01 "'J'." '"Kn or ,ljeir efforts, will you
. " em,l,'r ' "'ore generous apprec
iation, l,"' or .",ole "owing eulogy, than in the col
vindicated !J"'."i i '-'Wor. No one, however
i tovli "us ever peeped or muttered, in-anv
S c, n,e"ur" the A mi"
2 0V Lw. "provoked. The An -pot
f -verted th.M nW,
i, B::v,La. ?.
Abolitionists this honor belongs. The first
systematic effoit to atrip the citizen of free-
dom of speech, they have met with inviuci-
ble resolution. From my heart 1 thank
them. 1 am myself their debtor. 1 am not
aura that 1 should this moment write in safe-1
tv had they shrunk from the conflict, had
they shut their hps, imposed silence on tneir
presses, and hid themselves before their fu
rious assailants. I know not where these
outrages would have stopped, had they not
met resistance trom tneir lirst nestmeu vic
tims. The newspaper press, with lew ex
ceptions, allowed no genuine indignant re
buke of tho wrong-doers, hut rather counte
nanced, by Its genial courses, the reign of
Force. 1 he mass ot the people looked su
pinely on this new tyranny, under which
portion of their fellow-citizens seemed lo he
sinking. A tone of denunciation was be
ginning to proscribe nil discussion of Slave
ry, and hod the spirit of violence, which
selected associations, as its first object suc
ceeded in this preparatory enterprise, it
might ersily hnve been turned against any
aiid every individual who might presume to
agitate the unwelcome auhject. It is hard
to sny to what outrage the lettered press of
the country might not have oeen reconciled.
I thank tho Abolitionists, that to this evil day
lliev were true to the rights which the mul
titude were resdy to betray. Their purpose
to suffer, to die, rnther than surrender their
dearest liberties, taught the lawless that they
had a foe to contend with, whom it was not
safe to press, whilst, like all manly nppeuls,
it called lorth reflection and sympathy m
the better portion of the community. In
the nainu ol freedom and humanity I thank
No one, Mr. Chairman, deserves more of
this honor, than he whose chair you now fill.
Our youthful city boasts but few places of
historic renown, but I know nut one which
coming time is mora likely to keep in mem
ory than the roof which Francis Jackson
offered to the Anti-Slavery women of Hus
ton wnen oi n) or uyman coulcssc.l he was
unable to protect their meeting, and when
the only protection tho laws could offer Mr.
Garrison was tho shelter of the common jail.
uiii neu a nation seis nscll lo do evil, and
and all its leading forces, wealth, party nnil
piety, join in the rorrcrr, it is impossible but
thut those who offer n constant opposition
siiouiii ue niiieu anil muligueil, no matter
how wise, camions mid well planned Uicjr
course may be. We nro peculiar sul-
lerers m tins way. The rommtiuiiv has
wiiid to bate Us reproving Nathan so hitter
ly, that even those to whom the relenting
pun oi ii is ueginmng to looK ns stnudnril
bcurers of the Anti-Shivery host, think it
unwise to avow any connection or sympathy
with him. I refer to soinu of the leaders of
the political n ovemenl uguiiiHt Sluvery.
They felt it to ho their mission to marshal
and use ineffectively as possible the present
convictions of the people. They cannot
afford lo encumber themselves with the odi
um which twenty years of angry agitation
has engendered, in great sects snru from
unsparing rebuke, purties gulled by conslunt
tie lent, and leading men provoked by iiucx
ected exposure. They aro willing to con
less, piivutely, that our movement produced
theirs, and that its continued existence is the
very breath of their lite. But, at the same,
time they would fain walk on the road without
being soiled by too close contact with the
rough pioneeres who threw it up. They
are wise and honorable, and their silence is
When I speak of their eminent position
and acknowledged ability, another thought
strikes me. Who convened these men and
their distinguished associates? It is said
we hove shown neither candour in our plans
nor sagacity iu discussion, nor ability iu ar
gument. Who then or what converted Hoc
iingamc ami Wilson, Sumner ami Admus,
Pnl fry and Mann, 1,'huse and Hale, Phillips
and Giddings? Who tnught the Christian
Jtrgisttr, the Daily .Itlvetlittr, and Ihnl class
of prints, that there were such things as
slut end n slaveholder iu tho land, mid so
gave them some more intelligent basis than
their mere instinct lo hale Wm. I.i.ovn lim.
I risom (shouts and laughter)? Whut magic
, . - . ' i$ ...
'"! W"H . wlose ,ol'h niuilu the toadying
em.l,,Jr ol '""'I 'irl up the real demon
' , I1 ul ,h" nme gathered into
,l,e,l"vu ""vice t, professional ability, ripe
lilNlfft ami iinssnm.1 ... : . I
7,' ... '"" 6r!"'" "e
V refl Knil moL 7 VVA ......... t ....
v nigiio ; i uese
men, then, were converted by simple de
nunciation ! They were all convened bv
tho 'hot,' 'reckless.' ruiilinir ' l.ioni...i
fiioutic' Carrrison, who never troubled him
self about facts, or stopped lo argue with an
opponent, hut struitwav knocked l.i... .i,.u...
' f i , , , ii iiuiiii
. (ro oJ"UKl'iernd cheers)! My old and
1 , lut" "'unu '" eumner often boasts Unit
1 'l0 wa .? ren,,er . . ''e Liberator belbro 1
! J""1' i . "0,,cr',i,;'se loo much the ageiiey
i I f V ","," were converted. Thut
blude ,m" n "oul,e edge. Our reckless course
; T?u,' .e'".l"y rut our funnticisni, has made
A001!"0'1'"" of some of the best and ablest
' T ,a"u ve ara inclined to go on
""' Bce " .even "'i'1' ,,c' poor tools we
oul the right hi
quiuier, iiiui tho vigilant eye of the Pioneer
uiseu mm. ue iu. stretched
liund of a most cordial w-lim.
,,, ,, e """",
"1! ' fuCe WM turuud Zi"
..' ' "O' mention these thinira m t.r;.
Mr. VT. l. 1 l"?6...,!".n?8 ioJ
can prove it-that the movement of the
r"""""uiis converted these men,
r "u iv ii. jne as-
'r,nl "d JM,"k r Slavery the'de-
anuevniiun of 'JVvNfl ii.. ir..:.:
niavnrii ff . . "
o speak, and it
mem the officik furU ZZ f !?.,
'ehari.M.ljTh ell me!'
owobre.wrfilu!Pn.'''ple.inh." ' -
SV" '""" "''' audien... V, " ",e,r '"". ,
CD only aav l,f ,i,. i ... ri'on aim' j. f he
did not give them their ideas, it surely gave
them the courage to utter them,
In such circumstances, is it not singular
that the name of William Lloyd Garrison
has never been pronounced, for fourteen
years, on the floor of the United States Con
cress, linked with any epithet Diiitnaioi
contempt! No one of those men who owe
their ideas, their station, their audiences, to
him. have ever thought it worth their while
to utter one word in grateful recognition of
the power that called them into being.
When obliged, by the course or their ago
went, to treat the question historically, they
can go across the the water to Clarkaon and
Wilberforce yes, to a sale, salt-water dis
distance (laughter). Aa Daniel Webster,
when he was talking to the formers of Wes
tern New York, and wished to contrast slave
Inhor and free labor, did not dure to compare
New York with Virginia sister states un
der the same Government, planted by the
same race, worshipping at the same niter,
speaking the same language identical in
ull respects, save that one in which he wish
ed to seek the contrast hut no; he coin
pared it with Brazil (cheers and laughter)
the contrast waa so close (renewed cheers)!
Catholic Protestant ; Spanish Saxon ;des
potism muiiicpid instiulioiis ; readers of
Lope dn Yegn and of Sluikspenre mutter
era of Muss children of the Bible! But
Virginia is too near home ! So is Garrison!
One would have thought there was some
thing in the hitman breast that would some
limes break through policy. These noble
hearted men whom I hnve mimed must sure
ly have found unite irksome the constn.nl
practice of what Dr. Gardner used to cull
' that despicnhhi virtue,' prudence (laughter)
one would have thought, when they heart
that name spoken with contempt, their rca
dy eloquence would have leaped from ils
scahlinrd to aveugo even a word that llieut
ened him with insult. But it never came
never (sensation)! I do not say 1 blame
Idem. Perhaps ihry thought they should
serve I lie cause better by drawing a broad
black line between themselves und him.
Perhaps they thought the devil could he chea
ted ; I do not think he can (laughter and
We are perfectly willing I am for one
to be the dead lumber that shall make a path
for these men iltlojhe light und love of the
people. We hope for nothing better, V.'Iien
tho temple is finished, lli tools will nut
complain thut thry are thrown aside, let who
will lead up the nation to put on the lopstoue
nun snoiitings. iut wiuie so much re
mains lo he dour, while our little camn ii
beleaguered nil about, do nothing lo weaken
his influence, whose sagacity, more than any
other single man's, has led us up hither, and
Whoso name is hlcntilied with that move
nienl which Ihe North still heed, and the
South still fears tho most. Alter all, Mr.
Chairman, this is no hard task. We know
very well that, notwithstanding this hill
clamor about our harsh .judgement of men
and things, our opinions dillitr very little
from those of our Free Soil friends, or of
intelligent men generally, when you really
gel al them. When men lay aside the judi
cial ermine, the seuutor's robe, or the party
collar, and sit down in private life, von cuu
hardly distinguish their tones from ours.
1 heir eyes seem as auiiomtvd aa our oui.
Aa m l ope a day
'At all wc Inugh, they laugh no doubt;
ino nniy uincrcncc is, wo uuro law ft out.
Caution is not ul ways good policy in a cause
line ours, it is said Unit when Napoleon
saw tne day going ngumst him, he used to
throw away all tho rules of war, ami trust
himself to tho hot impeliinsiiy of Ihe soldi
ers. The masses are goverend more by im
pulse Ihuii conviction; and even were it not
so, tho convictions of most men are on our
sidrt, and this will surely appear, if we can
only pierce the ciut of their pr. juces ol
indifference. I observe thut our Free Knil
friends never stir their audience so deeply as
"I'm soiuu iiiiiiviiium leaps neyoud the plat
form, and strikes upon the very heart of the
people. Men listen lo discussions ol luws
and Indies with ominous patience. It is
when Mr. Sumner, in Faueuel I f ill, avows
ins dc termination to disobey the Fugitive
ntuve iiw, mid cries out I was a man m
fore I was a commissioner' when Mr. Giil
iliugssays ol slave insurrection, ' If that is
the only pulh lo fm-ilom, let tliein come,
mm ihuii iissui-iuiuif uii me piuitorm ure sure
they are wrecking the party while many i
heart beneath bculs its first pulses of Ami
Tin se ore hruve word.. When I compare
mi mm inn fienerui tone ul f ree soi
men in Congress, I ifHiiu.it the atmosphere
of Washington und politics. These men
move about S.iuls und Gulialhs among us.
taller by many a cubit. There they lose
pun nun simure. mr. puuiner s Speech in
Ihe Sunale mis iys no purl of his Fmieiiil Hull
pledge. But, discussing the same topic, no
one would gather from any word or argu
ment thut the speaker ever look such ground
as he did in Fuueuil I hill. It is all through,
the law, the mnnntr, of the surrender, not
the surrender itself, of the slave, thut he ob
jec:e to. As my friend Mr. Pdlshury so for-
ki.hj aujn, su iur ns any tiling in the sieech
shows, be puts Ih.i slave behind the jury
Iriul, behind tho habeas corpus act, and be
hind the new interpretation of Ihe Couslitu
tion, and soys lo Ihe sluve claimant You
must get through nil these before you reach
bun; and if you can gel through ull these,
you may have him." It was no lone like
tins wincn made the old Hull rock! Not if
no go! mroiign iwelva jury trials, und forty
habttt corpus acts, and the constitutions built
high aa yonder monument, would ha .-...i.
ao much as the shadow of the little finger of
iho .1.1. o ciuiiiihiii io ioucii me sluve (great
appluusal! At least. BO ha Will lmrtaftiii.n.1
In an elaborate discussion by the leader of
ue puiiuciii Aiui-Hiavery parly, of the
whole topic of fugitive alaveo, you do
not find oiio protest against ihe surrender
itself, one frank expression on the constitu
tions! clause, or any indica;iou of the aiieak
cr' final purpose, should ayy on. ba proper
ly claimed under that provision. It waa
under no audi uncertain trumpet that tho
Ami-Slavery host waa originally inarslmlled.
Ihe tone ia tbat of the German soldiers
whom Napoleon routed. They did'nt care
they said, lor tho defeat, but only ilitt ihey
were not beat according to rulef lainrLi. .n.l
cheers). Mr. Mann said in one his speeches
tbat ' he felt for the fugitive slave -. hi.
own blood brother that he ought to do as
nuch for him a. for bi. blood brother and
Ii ikm fVi.!..'l.... e . 1 IT -. . a.
wntiHWHmvi mo uuiiea state.,
- O . What
vTerviuiug ramor man let him
UT I from the
R'puld i.. - . "
he blgbw Uw!
"pa, too. nr - 'loin.: "
Spit, of all constitutions, neither my mo
ther', son nor any other mother's son shall,
with my consent go back to bondage (en
thtisinstio cheers). So speak, the heart
Mr. Mann's version ia that of Ihe politician.
Mr. Mann', recent speech in August, 'si,
haa the wiuie non-committal tone to which 1
isve alluded, a. Mr. Sumner . While pro
lessmg, in tbe moat eloquent terms, his loy
alty to Ihe Higher Law, Mr. Snulherlnnd
asked' la there, in mr. ntann opinion,
any conflict between the Higher Law and
Constitution! If so. what ia it? If not so,
why introduce an irrelavatit topic into the
debate ? (CT'.Vr. Mann avoided any rtpy,
and asked not to bt interrupted T) Is that
Ihe frankness which becomes an Abolition
ist? The design of Southerluud is evident
If Mr. Mann had allowed there wna no con
flict between the Higher Law und the Con
stitution, ull his remarks were futile and out
of order. Hut if he asserted that any such
conflict existed, how did he justify himself
in swearing to support that instrument!
.question our Free Soil friends are slow to
meet. Mr. Maun saw the dilemma, und
avoided it by silence 1
The samo speech contains the usual dep
rccnlory assertions that Free Soilers have no
wish to iuterlere with Shivery in the States;
that ' they consent to let slavery remain
where it is.' If he menus that he, Horace
Maun, a moral and accountable being, 'con
sents to let slavery remain where it is,' al
the real of hia speech is sound and fury, sig
liifVing nothing. If he menus that he, Hor
ace Muini, as a politician and party man, con
sents lo tluit, but, elsewhere end otherwise,
will do his best to abolish Ibis ' all-conipre
bending wickedness of Shivery, in which
every wrong and every crime has its natural
home then he should have plainly .Hid ao,
Otherwise hia disclaimer ia but an unworthy
trick, which could have deceived none. He
must hnve known Ihnt ull Ihe South care lor
is Ihe action, not in what capacity tho deed is
Mr. Giddings is more careful in his state
ment; but, judged by his speech on the Plat
forms, how little does he seem to understand
either bis own duty, or tbe true philosophy
ol the cause- lie serves ! He says
' We, sir, would drive the slave question
from discM-Joi, ; j;,;, ""j;. It never hod
u constitutional existence here. Separate
this Government from all uiterlurence with
sluvery; let the federal Power wash its
hands from that institution; let us purify
ourselves from its contagion ; leave It will
Ihe States, who alone have the power to
sustain it then, sir, will ngitution ceusu in
regard to it here ; then we shall have nothing
more lo do with it; our lime will be no
more occupied with it; ami, like a bund of
freeman, a band ol brothers we could meet
here, and legislate- lor ihe lirnsiierity, the
imprnvemet of all mankind, for the eleva
lion of our race.
Mr. Sumner speaks in the same strain.
' J he tune will come when Court, or
Congress will declare, that nowhere under
the Constitution can man hold property in
mun. For the republic, audi a decree will
he the way of peace and safely. As slavery
ia banished from the National jurisdiction,
it will cease to vex our National politics. - It
may linger in the Stale, us a local institution,
bin it will no longer engender nnlioual ani
mosities when it no longer demands national
support.' a For himself, he knows
no brtter aim under the Constitution than to
bring the Government back to the precise
position which it occupied when it wus
This seems to me a very mistaken .train
Whenever shivery is banished from our Na
tional jurisdiction, it will be a momentous
gain, a vast stride. But lei us not mistake
the lull' way house- lor ihe cud of the jour
ney. I will not any that it mutter, not to
ubulitionists umler what special luw shivery
exists. Their butllo lasts while it exists any
where, and I doubt not Mr. Sumner and .Mr.
Giddings feel themselves enlisted for the
whole war. I will even supiiose, what net
iher of these guutlemen stales, that their
phn includes not only that shivery shall not
only be abolished iu the District and in the
1 t-rritorics, but that tliu sluvo busts of ren
reseutulion shall be struck from the Consti
tution, aud the slave-surrender clause con
strued .way. But even iheu does Mr. Gid
dings or Mr. Sumner really believe thut
slavery, existing in its full force in the State,
' will cease lo vex our national polities'?
Can they point lo any Statu where a power
ful oligarchy, possessed of immense weullh,
has ever existed, without attempting to
meddle in tho government ? Even now, do
not inanutaclin ing, hanking and commercial
caiiitul puiiieiuully vex our uolitius ? Whv
should not slave capital exert the same iu.
Aiii-uce? Do they imagine that n hundred
thoiiBuud men, possessed of two thousand
millions of dollars, which they feel the
spirit of tho age is seeking lo tear from
their grasp, will not eagerly cutch at all
the support Ihey can otiUin by getting th
control of the Government.
In a laud where ihe dollar is almightywhere
ihe sin of -not being rich is only ultoned for
by the effort "lo become so,' do ihey doubt
iniu sucn an oligarchy will generally suc
ceed? Besides, bunking end inHiiufucur-
ing cupilul are not urged bv desnuir to
seek a controlling iiifluouce in politics.
They know ihey are about equally safe
whichever parly rules that no party wishes
to legislate uieir rights away, slave uroner-
ty knows that it. being ullowed lo exist de-
iends ou its having the virtual control of the
tiovernmeut. Ita constant presence in no ¬
tice i. dictated, therefore, by desnuir a. well
at by th. wish to secure fresh privileges.
Money, however, i. not the only atreugih of
ine Diave rower, i nut mdeeu were enough
in an age when : capitalist, are our feudal
liarons. But though driveu entirely from
National ahelter, the alaveholder. would
have the strength of old associations, and of
peculiar luw. in their own States,which give
those States wholly into their hands. A
weaker prestige, fewer privileges, and less
comparative wealth, have enabled the Brit
ish aristocracy to rule England for two cen
turies, though ihe root of their strength was
eut off at Naseby. It takes age. for deeply
looted institutions to dis. Aud drivins-Sla
very into th. State, will hardly be our Nase
by. Whoever, therefor., lay. Ihe flattering
unction to hi. soul, that while Claverv exiata
anywhere in th. States, our legislator, will
set down ' like - a band of brother.' unless
they ar. all sluviliotding brothers i. doom
ad to find himself wofully mistaken, ilr.
Adams, ten year, ago, refused to sanction
Ihi. doctrine of hi friend, Mr, Giddings,
lienrinucu on oceana rags.f
Tac American Phreholooical Journal
Vol. XVII., for 1833, devoted to Science,
Literature, and General Intelligence. Pub
lished by Fowlers and Will. No. 131
Phrenology, the science of mind, include.
in it. wide domain a knowledge of all the
faculties, passions and powers of Ihe human
ioul ; nil the bodily organism over which the
soul presides, with its structures and func
tions; and all the realm of nature to which
man i. reluted, and with which he should
live in harmony. It include, a knowledge
of man and his relations lo God aud the uni
verse. It is thus a central and comprehensive
science, beginning with the constitution
or man, and ending with all hi. possible re
lations, spiritual and material. It is thus
ihnt self-knowledoe is the basis of oil
The Phrenological Journal, therefore,
ha. a sphere that is universal. All philoso
phy, oil science, all art, all the details of
practical life, are legitimate ouhject. of dis
cussion in it. columns. Th. experience of
twenty year, lies not been lost to us; nor
amid the progress of this wonderful ugc,
have we idly lugged behind. The Journal
will endeavor to slill be a little in advance of
tbe age, and of ita own former efforts.
Phrenoloot, the science which unfolds
to man the law. of hi. own Physical, Morul
and Intellectual Being, will .till command
our first attention ; ol! other subjects being,
in fuct, but applications and illustration, of
this science. We shall illustrate the vari
eties of cerebral development by spirited and
truthful enoravinos of Human nature, in its
highest and lowest, it harmonious end dis
cordant, it. symmetrical and grotesque de
velopments. You.io Men, about launching forth upon
the activities of life, and anxious to start
right ami understand their course, will find
the Journal a friend and monitor, to encour
age them in virtue, shield them from vice,
and to prepare them for usefulness and suc
cess in lifo. The various occupations will
be discussed in the light of Phrenology and
Physiology, so that every one may know iu
what pursuit he would be most likely to suc
ceed. The Mechanic, the Farmer, the Profes
sional Man, the Student, the Teacher, and
the Parent, will And each number of the
Journal nil instructive and vuluuble compan
ion. The Phrenological Journal is published
on the first of each month, at One Dollar
a Year. Now i. the lime to 'subscribe.
Addres all letters, postpaid, to
FOWLERS AND WELLS,
Clinton Hull, No. 131 Nassati-st New-York
This Journal is doing more to benefit man.
kind than all the gold-diggers in ihe two
hemispheres. It is only $1 per year, and ia
worth ten times that in any liimily. CYrtx
Do you wish to acquire tho most impor
tant knowledge to be learned iu the world ?
Then know thyself. To do this, send for
The Phrenological Journal and rend it. No
other work now published can be so useful
lo its readers, and especially ihe young men
end young women. JVei. Era.
A journal containing audi a mas. of in
teresting mutter, devoted to Ihe highest hap
piness ami interest of man, written in tho
clear and lively style of its practiced Editors,
and oflhrded nt the " ridiculously low price"
of One Dollar u Year, must succeed iu run
ning up its present largo circulation to a
much higher figure. .Vein- lor TViiune.
(X7"Cluhs may be made up and single
subscriptions sent in to the publishers ,t
once, for the New Volume. Auents Wa.nt-ed.
.TUDVIVL'PD vnrirw o-ii-iti n t i
. uKuuij wiiu.i oljiiu nas oeen
removed to Dr. Stanton's liuilding, Corner "of
ai nil anu I'nctnut St., Immediately West of
Chostman Ik Wright'. Hardware Store, and
nearly opposite ths Bank.
Where the mint tt..iiiiful mnA
Amortmentof FANCY UOOD3 AND YAN
KEE NOTIONS, th.t hu .v.r v., Kiwin kM....k
to this country, can be found at the lowe
Salem, Feb. 26, 1852.
Johnson's Superior Tooth Soap
Took the First Premium at the Ohio Stat
All admib. Bkauty. desiub Health, and
sbik Happiness; but all cannot possesa these
blessing unless they use JOHNSON'S SU.
PEHIOB TOOTH SOAP, which is wabbamtsd
ta all oases lo Purify the lireath, Destroy th.
unpleasant Tastes, and pbivent th. injurious
RvraoT upon th. system arising from Diskas
W. th. undersignedl do most chearfollT .nil
unhesitatingly recommend the us. of Johnson's
Superior Tooth Soap.
It is an article well ealeuleted for removin
impurities from th. month, and beautifying th.
Taeth an article that is cheap, and much
J. C. WHINERY. D. D. 8. Salem, Ohio.
M. L. WRIGHT. M. D.,bentlst,Cleveland,0
ROBISON ft AMBLER, ..
Dr. B. STRICKLAND,
A. D. BIQELOW, "
C. 8. PLEASANTS. Paine.vill.,0.
B. P. HUNTOTON.
Bold by Dentists and Druggist, generally. .
8, Brook. Wholesale and B.i.tl A ...i
What can be got for Five Dollars
The undersigned have entered into an ar
rangement by which they agree to furnish
the Knickerbocker Magazine, (monthly,) the
Home Journal, (weekly,) and the Musical
World and Times, (weekly,) lo new subscri
bers, nt Ihe very moderate price of five dol
. ' . .. . r' .1- .1 '. ..i. . .ii
Inra a yeur lor ine inrrn .uii.u:m"i.t. , -
orders enclosing that amount to Dyer. St
Willis, will be proudly attended lo.
Publisher of the Knickerbocker.
MORRIS & WILLI3,
Publishers of the Home Journal.
DYER & WILLIS,
Publishers of the Musical World and Times.
257 Di-oaduay, .Veie York.
Grand Literary nd Artistic Comblnalloi.
Arrangements have been made to furnish th.
Knickehbockkh Maoaji, the Houa Jocusjal,
and the New Yoke Musical Would axd Tims,
to nkw surschihkhs, for riva dollars a year!
This is cheap lirorsturo with a vengeance. The
KaiCKBiiaocKKH t $3 tt annum; the Ho)ia
Joi'KNAL, $i snd th Musical World and
Tim as, 93 i making S a year at the usual rates.
Thst three such works can be obtained for nva
dollars a year, is a fact truly worthy the Cal
oric age, which ia just now being ushered In.
Of the Knicesrhoceer Maoasine, edited by
Lrwis Oaylokd Claue, it is unnecessary to
speak. For twenty yesrs it hss been the most
genial, humorous, and spicy "monthly" in the
world; and the present volume will be better
than sny which preceded it. The lions Jour
nal, edited by Oao. P. Morris, and N. P.
Willis, is well known aa th best family news
paper in America ; and tho Musical Would
and Times, edited by Kichahd Stohiu Willis,
with Lowbi.l Maoon, Oeo. 11. Curtis, Thomas
Haitinoi, Wm. P. Hiiadrury, Oeo. F. Root,
and other musical writers contributing ; and
which gives, among other things, over ('26 worth
of music and a full courso of instruction in har
mony annually, is tho Tory best musical Journal
ever published. These three publications will
post a family up in regard to nearly everything
worth knowing ; Art, Science, Literature; Mu
sic, Painting, Sculpture; Inventions, Discover
ies; Wit, Humor, Fancy, Sentiment; th New
est Fanhions and other attractions for Ladies
Choice New Music for tho Sabbath, the Churoh,
and the Fiicsidc ; Reviews snd Criticisms of
Musical Woiks, Performer and Performances ;
in short, the very pick and cream nf Novelty,
Incident, History, Itiography, Art, Literature
and Science ; including whatever ran be given
in porinrtical to promote Hcultliy Amusement
and Solid Instruction in tho family, and help to
make it Better, Wiser, and Happier, may ho
now obtained for piv. dollars. Address DY
ER & WILLIS, HI Broadway.
nrE litnrs publishing tho above three times,
and sending the papers containing it to l))r St
Willis, will rccoive tho three works named, lor
The IlhiSlave. Uncle Tom's Cabin,
lihjlhtdale liomance, Night Side of Xaturt,
Htlirion of Ccology, Davis' Revelations, -Carlylt"sLijeofSlerling,Oreat
i, II, 111, H'aler Cure Encyclopaedia,
And a splendid assortment ol funcy presenta
tion Books, and an endless variety ol Juveniles.
Also, a large Stock of Bibles, Historical, Poet
ical, Scientific, Miscellaneous, and School books,
Steel pons, Gold pens, Accon'rons, To) s. Fancy
Articles, Blank Bookf, Portfolios, Slates, and a
complete assortment of plain and fancy Station
ery, just received and for snlo at J. McMillan's
CHEAP BOOK STORE, d doors cant or the
Town H a 1 whero every book in the iiiaiket can
be procured, if ordered, at the lowc.t price for
cah. In addition to tho abovo can bo found a
nice lot of Wall and Window Paper.
Salom October 10. 1852.
ItlKItCIIANT TAlXOIt J
X. Side Main-Si., Out Door fVtet of Saltm Book'
stars, Saltm, Ohio.
Coats, Vests, Pants, &c, Mado to order and
Waiiuntod to Uive Satisfaction.
The Tailoring Butii.css in all its Braches
earricd on a heretofore.
DR. C. PEARSON,
II O Jtf ft? O P A T II 1ST,
HAVING permanently located in Salem
would respectfully announce to the Public
that ho is prepared to treat Hoina-opathic ally all
diseases, whether Chronic or AciMe. He give
a general Invitation to all, and flutters himself
ho can render general satisfaction.
OFFICE AND RESIDENCE, on Main St.
oprosiiB tub PosT-Oima. ,
May 13, 1S52.
WATER-CUKE AND INi'JRMAKY
FOR THE CURE OF CURONIV DISEASES.
Located at Granville, Lickino Co., O., and
combines the sdvsittngcs of other good estab
lishments, a healthy location, a supply of pus
water, gymnasium, a skilful lady in charge ot
ths female patients, a physician who ha had an,
extensive practlco of 2d years, &c., c.
Females who hsve been confined to their beds,
unable to walk or sit up for from one to twenty
years, in consequence of nervous, spinal, or
uterine disease, are especially invited to correi
pond with or visit us. Universal success ia
.the treatment of this class of disease haa given
us confidence, and we aay to all surh.even.
though they have sufTered much of nisny Phy
sicians, make one more trial. Terma from $ ft
to f 12 per week. Patients furnish towels aod
packing materials. Addrena,
uranvuie, xsov; 0, '62.
MRS. C. L. CHURCH,
LATE OP THE CITY OF PITTSBURGH,
BEGS leave to inform the InhabitanU of Sa
lein and vioinity that ahe haa brought with he
a large assortment of BOTANIC MEDICINES
carefully prepared, in the form of Pills, pow.
ders, Tinctures, Syrups, Ointments, Salvt and
Plaster, together with an assortment of crude
or unprepared Medicines, which she offers fqr
ssle on reasonable terms for cssh, or such arti
cles of produce as are used in a family.
Offiot, Corner of Grttn and Lundv St.
Salem, Nor, 80, 1842,
ISAAO TRISOOTT. CLARK TRBSCOTT
I. TRESCOTT & Co. '
SALEM, OHIO, Wholesale and Retail DmU
p v. "Vo T. awewarteou.,
JJooks and Ststmnery j Drugs and MadiS