Newspaper Page Text
Illinois Slave Law.
The I)arnocrntic Governor find Legis
lature nf Illinois have perpetrated one of the
grossest legislative outrages thnt tins ever
disgraced any ctata or nntinn. We hnve
clsewhero referred to it, hut its pre-eminent
Infamy demands thnt we record it in full.
Il ! hy such mennn thnt ttin Demnerncy
lllinoia propose to rnlso a "ehnrlljfmvt'' for
the support of the poor. It is ns directly
conflict with the I'i'lelirnteil orilmrmco
1787, aa it ia in hnrinnny with savageis n nnd
the most fiendish iuhuinniiity. Tliu service
of the mon ia lint to hu sold, hut the man
liimaelfj and in cnan there is no competition,
the ninn nmy he aold fur lif'.t tn miicel the
fifty dolhira fine. And in caso ho is sold
hut three months, Unit will nlVnrd his pur
chaser ahumhint time to cross the Ohio
the Mississippi, from whence return wnuhl
le hopvlca". It will be observed thnt this
innlica no provision against Ida removal into
a alave atnto by the purchaser.
Yirginin tried hnrd thia winter, in
House f Dclegnti', to enshivo her free rn.
ored ptoph'. 12-.it even there, Ihrrt was
much hiMiirniiy for tin t. Illimis
achieved llio work, nnd stands now pro-eminent
in infamy among tho soul firm n well
a northern at.'itca ot thia enslaving nntioii.
Actio prevent Hie em'grnlhn of free neproei
into this Hl.itc.
Sec. 1. I! it rnnctcd by thn people of
atate nf Illinois, represented in tint (.encral
Assembly, That if utiy person or persons,
I mil bring or caiiso to be brought into
Unto, ntiy nepro or mulatto alave, whether
anid slave in ai t ficoor not, almll hu liable
an indictment mid upon conviction thereof,
lie fined lor every such negro or mulatto,
aiiin not less than mm hundred dollars,
morn than five hundred dollars, nnd impris
onment in the county jail not iiioro than
year, and shall rtnud committed until said
line and costs ore paid.
Hoc. 2. When nn indictment shall he found
against eny person or persons, who nro
residents of this state, it shall bn tliu duty
the court before whom said indictment
pending, upon nllidavit being mndi! nnd filed
in snid court hy the Prosecuting Attorney,
any other credible niuicss, setting foith
ion-residence of s-iid defendant, nnd show
ing the probable resilience of snid defendant,
to notify the (iovcrnor of this state, by eaus
iiiU the Clerk of aaid court In transmit to
oflice of tho pcorelnry of Slate a "certified
copy of said indictment nnd nllidavit ; nnd
hall be tho duly of the (J.ivernor, upon
receipt of raid copies, to r.ppnit.t some suit
able person to arrest said defendant or
in w hatever stale or enmity ho
they mny he found, and to commit him
them to the jail of tho county in w hich such
indictment is pending there to remain
answer snid indictment, nnd ho otherwise
lenlt with, in accordance witlTthis net. And
it ahull be the duty of thn Governor, to issue
all the necessary requisitions, writs and
to tho Uovernor, or other executive
of tho Mate, territory, or province,
where such defendant or delctid mls mny
found; I'rovided thnt thia aeetion ahull
lie construed so aa to affect persona or slaves
bona fidt travelling through this state from
ml to any other state in the United States.
Her. !). It any negro or mullatto, bond
free shall come into this state, nnd remain
ten dnya with the evident intention of resi
ding in the same, every such negro or mu
latto shall be deemed guilty of a high mis
demeanor, and for thn first ofl' nee, ahull
fined the aiiin of fifty dollars, to be recovered
before any justice of tho pence, in the county
where said negro or mulatto mny hu found;
aid pioeeeilinga shall be in the m ine of
people of the Htatn of Idiuois, nud ahull
tried by a jury of twelve men. Tho person
making the information, or complain),
Imt bn n competent witness ujinu said
fee. 4. If Slid iie;;ri or mulatto shall
found guilty, nnd tliu tine assessed, hu
ptiid forthwith to tho jiialicu of tho pence,
before w hom said proceedings were had,
ahull bo the duty of Biiid ju-ah-e to cuumiit
aid negro or mulatto to the custody of
herilf of snid county, or olherwisH keep
him, her or them, in custody: and said jus
tice ahull forthwith advertise said negri
mulatto, hy pontine up nutiees theruol) in
least threo of thu must ptihlio placej in
district, which aaid notices shall bo pns'ed
up for ten days, and on tho day, nud at
lime and placu mentioned in said advertise
ment, the said justice ahnll lit public auction
proceed to sell said negro or mulatto, to
iiersounr persona who will pny said fine
costs for tho shortest time; and auid pur
chaser shall have thu right to compel
ncirro or mulatto to work for, uud servo
aid time, and he shall furnish said negro
mulatto with comfortable liiod, clolhing
lodging, during said servitude.
Sec. 5. If said negro or mulatto shall
within ten days niter the expiration of
lier, or their term ul service, as nloresaw,
leave the stale, he, she, or they shall he liable
to u second prosecution, in which the penalty
lo bo indicted shall he one hundred dollars,
nud so on for every subsequent oH'.mc,
iiennliy ahull bo increased fifty dollars
nud above thn hist penalty iullieted, and
name nroceed'uiL's shn'l bo hud in each
as ia providod for in tho preceding sections
lor the tu at olleiiee.
Sec. fi. Said negro or mulatto ahull have
riuht to take mi anneal lo the circuit
of the rour.ly in which snid proceedings
hall hnve been had, widiin livu days
the rendition ol the judgment, uelorn
justice ot tUO peace, ny giving noun mm
to bo approved bythocbuk of
-.,ori lo tho Dcnnle ot tho statu ol Illinois,
and to be fded in tho office of said
within said five days in double the amount
nf aaid line nnd all cosih, conditioned
the party appealing w ill personally be
appear before anid circuit court, ot tho
lei in thereof, ond not depart suid court
leave; anil will pay snid line nnd
costs, If the anuie shall IJ so aiijiuiunu
aid court, nnd anid security ahnll hnve
right to lake aaid negro or mulatto into
ond retain the mine until tho order
aid court ia complied with. And if
judgment of the juatico of the pence be
in w hole or in part, and eaid
lie found guiltv, the aaid circuit court
thereupon render judgment ngninst said
or mulatto, and the security or securities
on snid nppcnl bond, for the mnnttnt of fine '
so found l.y tho court, nnd all coats of suit,
nun inn nt:ii ui villi, null, anilll HIT HI V I III
iasuo an execution n gainst aaid defendant
and aecurity ns in other enses, and the aher
'ifl'or other otliccr to whom anid execution ia
directed ahull proceed to collect the amne hy
ante or otherwise: Provided, Thnt this sec
tinn ahntl not ho ao construed na to give the
srrun.y n sn.u np .phi 1.01m rigni 10 reinui
Hie custody ul smil negro or mulatto for a
longer time than ten ,h..Vs, niter the rendition
of anid judgment hy eniil circuit court.
Sic. 7. In nil rnsca arising under the pro-
visions of lliia act, the prosecuting witnesa
or person making thn complaint and prose-
cuiing me aaine, slum He entitle.l toone-nai
ol 1 lie fine so imposed nnd collected, and
the resi lue of Said flue shall he paid into thn
county treasury of the county in which snul
prnceeilings were hail; nnd saul tines, wneu
collei ted, shall be received by said county
treasurer nnd kept by bun na a dis.mcl nnd
separate bind, tube called the "charity fund,
nnd said fund shall bn used li.r the express
inn nnso of ri lievinu the nonr of aaid roiiuly,
uud shall Im pnid out hy aaiil treasurer upon
Hie order ol the county court Ol sain couuiy,
drawn upon him for thai purpose
See. 8. If, ahr ntiy negro or mulatto shall
hnve been nrrestrd under the piovisiona ol
this net, any person or persona shall cluim
any such nei'ro or mulatto as n slave, thn
owner, by himself or ngent, shull hnve right,
by giving r-naonnble notice tn Ihe officer or
person having thu custody of said negro or
mulatto, to appear before the justice of the
penco before whom raid negro or mulatto
shall hnve been arrested, uud prove his or
their right to thu custody of said negro or
mulatto ns a slave, nnd if said justice of the
peace shall, nl'ti r hearing the evidence, bo
satisfied that the person r persons claiinmg
said negro or mulatto is the owner of nud
tiiii.wl tr ti.it miMfiv.lu nf nil iirtftrrt nt inn.
Intto, in accordance with the luwa 0f ,,e
I'liiled States passed upon this subject, lui
ahiill, upon tho owner or ngent pny iug till
cosls up to the time ol claiming saul negro
or mulatto, and the cost of proving the same,
nuil nlso the balance of the fine remaining
unpaid, give lo said owner n certificate of
said facts, nnd said owner or ngent ao claim
ing, shall have n right tu tuke uud remove
snid slave out ol tho State.
Sec. 0. If nny just ice of tho pence shall
refuse to issue any writ or process necessary
for the arrest and prosecution of nny negro
or mulatto, miller the provisions of this net,
upon complaint being made before said jus
tice by nny resident of his county, nud his
fees for said servico brin tendered him,
shall ho deemed guilty of non-feusaiiso in
office, nud upon conviction thereof punished
neeordincly, uud in nil cases where the jury
find fur thu negro or mulatto, or that he, she,
m y, ,.r no. umy .inner lie p.ovis ous
editing witness, or person in.ikiuir the com
i - ......
plaint, nud shall collect thn same ns other
judgment ; Provided, Thnt said prosecuting
witness or person making rnid complaint, in
case judgment is rendered ugninst him, ahull
have n rieht tu take nil nppenl lo Ihe Circuit
Court, ns is provided for m this ncl, in cuse
raid negro or mulatto is found guilty.
Si'C 10. Kvery person who ahull hnve
one-fourth negro blood shall be deemed n
Sec. II. This net ahnll take effect and be
in fbrcu from nnd a Her lis passage.
Approved t'ebruitry IQth, 1853.
SALEM, OHIO, il AUVll 19, 1853.
. , . ,
l)c IJVnti-Slftucri) Duglc.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE meets March 27.
A Name Waxtko. Somo ono has sent use
letter containing $1,00, without any signature.
It is Postmnrkcd Litchfield, Michigan.
jro It seem, to bo thought a matter of course
that every editor should comment Uon tho
President's inaugural. Wo had no room last
week, and fed no inc lination now. So wa will
even consent to bo out nf the fashion, nnd eon.
ourselves with repeating in the President's
own language, his intentions in regard to tho
only great national question. A question by
tho way, which unlike his predecessors, ho is
not disposed to cover up or blink. Hie dcclar-
ations on this subject need no common!. They
aro unequivocal and apcuk fur themselves.
We will only add that judging from the re-
inaiks of tho press, tho document seems sbnost
equally to pleuso Whig, and Democrats. Hero
is tho creed on which both theso psrtirs sgree.
l'ilato and Herod are friends when liberty is to
bo crucified :
I am moved by no other Impulso than a
most earnest desire for tho perpetuation of that
Union which has mado us what wo are.
"lbelir that INVOLUNTARY SEUVI-
Tl'DK, nt it exists in different States of this
confederacy is recognized by the Constitution.
I belief that it stands liko any other admit
ted riht, and that the States whero it exists
aro entitled to efficient remedies to enforce the
" I hold thnt tho laws of 1S50, commonly
eallod the Compromise Measures, are ttrictly
Constitutional, and awjht to be uiihetUaliiujly
carried into effect.
" belief that the constituted authoiitics
this Republio aro oouud to regard the rights
the South in this respect. That tho lawa to
or force them ihould be respected and obeyed, not
with a reluctance encourat)ed by ubitraet opinion
aa ro their propriety, in a different Stat of loci
rfy, but cheerfully.
" Seen nave been and ahe mt convictions,
and on them I shall act.
"Mr owi poeitiun upon this subject, teas
clear and unequivocal, upon the record ot my
uoril and my act, and it is only recurred to at
this time. because silence might perhaps b mi
construed. "Tho policy of Mr admimistiutiox will not
bo controlled by any trivial foreboding of nil
from zxFANStoir. Indeed it is not to b ditgui
d that our attitude a a nation, and our position
OH th Glob BN DEB Till ACQUISITION" OS CSE-
tain rosssssioNS not tri'Min our jurisdicliom
tminmlif important for our protection in th fx,-
ture, and tuential far th p nervation of th
right of Vommerc and th riaca or th
' " It will not be sufficient tht the rath conn
loin of human passion are rejected. It mutt
be felt that there ia no Nstionnl aecurity but in
,he Nion., humbIo Bcknowlnlgoment of Ood
. ... ,. . , ,?
"d ll" Providence,
The National Era says I " We enter our pro.
tost agniint this creed, just ao far aa it tram.
cends the requirement of tha constitution, for
tho sake of giving countenance and aid toalav
m, tlnr, r nd nted hart,ly ,
. , ... . . ... .
"'"k " v
!'"" -:. ...
To this add, that Vf a enter our pi
tho constitutional, and
.' . . . , , ,
eonsftutionsl support of slavery nnd tl
power. a bclicvo in a ' huher law," which
the constitution neither limits nor controls.
The Macon (Georgia Citiicn chargca tha
Philadelphia Saturday Evening I'oar, with be
ing an abolition print, and i alarmed about its
40,000 copies circulated at the south. Quiet
your fears, Mr. Citizon. The Tost never says
anything against southern Institutions. For
all it ever saya against tho enslavement of
southern Americans, it might as well be a
hitching, or a lamp post, n thu post it is. It
is too wiic and prudent for that. It publishes
very intcr0tlng novelets, very fine poetry, funny
mccAat aml curiotl, conundimns but it nor.
' ' "
riks its reputation by meriting the charge
f uc'"' an "abolition print." It ia alandrr,
Mr. Citixcn, nnd wo hnpa you will tiiko it back.
The "forty thousand" circulated among the
I Southerners, wont hurt your institution one
Hero is tho pnrngmph from the Citiicn :
11 Miss Fuedkhica Bukmiu. It will pain
; many o. u a aum.rer. o. mis la.iy ro learn that
ano nas written a letter to tho Abolition print
-Tho Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post-
approving of Mr.. StoW. Uncle
We Cabin," and intimating thht ahe has
witnessed worse thing, than those described in
that book, and will publish a work ahortly on
tho subject ! Tho Post boasts of a weekly cir.
culution of 40.000 copiea in the South ; Teter.
son, tha proprietor, is making money hy pub-
...m ,n a encap cuuion lor
incir enemies f
Ciumrt Fund. Illinois raises a fund for her
poor by aellir.g travellers through her State,
(unless they are slaves) and visiters and emi
grants to it, into slavery. Nothing can aave
them but tho summary payment of a fine, or
positivo proof that they are more than three
fourth, white. That i. Sucker hospitality:
n., v.. w. i ..
The Fcjco Islander, could not equal it.
What will tho Homctoad Journal, Vindex.
, .. . , ,, , . .
iiu iitncra, up .u v.ianrs oumncr, mina now
about granting to such states tho power to re
turn fugitive slave. That, if we understand
it,., i. il.. .... il... ...:.. r..: ...
- -"' ""' "
emancipation under the present Constitution.
, ... ,. , ,
They nneht ju.t ss well concede tho power to
" . .... 1
fugitive slave bill.
j - ' o
' tho most extreme caso would juitify auch in
tent 1 terfcrence.
I "But if it bo meant that Her Majesty haa
Lord John Russell ha. written to Sir Henry
Bulwer, instructing him to interfero In behalf
of tho Madiai. Tho letter conludc. as follows i
"As this is a matter affecting a Tuscan sub-
ject, it may be said that Hcr Majesty's Govern-
mcnt have no right to interfero. If this means
that interference hy force of arms would not
he justifiable. I confesa at once that nnihinir hut
not tho right to point out to a friendly lover-
j eign tho arguments which have prevailed in
i the most civilised naliona against the use of
. the civil sword to punish religious opinions I
entirely deny the truth of such an allegation
" You arc, therefore, instructed to speak in
the most serious tono to tho Minister of For
eign Afluirs, and lny beforo him all the con.id
erst ions stated in this diipstch. You will do
it in tho most friendly tone, and take care to
assure tho government to which your aro ao
credited, that none aro moro aincere in their
wishea for the independence and happiness of
Tuscsny, than tho Queen of Great Britain."
I am, do. J. Russell.
Do not the same reasen. exist for interference
in behalf of American., who by millions are
imprisoned, scourged and tortured, to prevent
the enlightenment of their consciences, or to
prevent obedience to its dictatca. Wo rojoice
in ttiia fraternal intervention by and for whom
soever mado. We hope great Uritain will not
confine hcr interference to sufferers in a weak
and defonceless Italian State, but will also ex
tend it to her more prosperous, but equally
The attempt which haa been made to in
troduce alavery into New York, Pennsylvania,
and Ohio, by their respective Legi.lstures,
seems likely to be a failure. Illinois is ths on
ly new sluve stato likely to be made this year.
Tho Homestead bill, and the Nebraska Ter
ritorial bill, were among those passed ever in
the haste and confusion of the last day of Con
gresa. The lost day's session laatcd twenty -four
Captaih Ryndeb Is in Washington with
his pockets full of recoomendations for the U.
S, Marahallship of the Southern District of
New York. It is thought he will fail of his sp
pointment. It is to be hoped he may.
Lecture of Mrs. Severance.
upon Ul0 puuiie hcart BnJ lifc. livery way,
,icrt.r0rc,-as wo are charmed with truo elo
cordially quence-aa wo venerate tho truth-aa wo love
humanily-wo bid woman a Joyful welcome to
' tho iuborl of ,he p,lblic ,pf((kc.. Wt h.ve no
fcnr, lhnt io wilI loo,c hcr om.n
God ha. taken csro of that. And woman will
nccr CMk0 ,0 lo lu faitllfu, RUlirdilin. yU
h.vo fuU f:.h. tbi h, . .Vln.. .h. .ill
On Friday evening of last week.'Mra. C. M.
Severance, delivered a lecture in the Town
Hall of this place. Her subject " Humanity."
We have rarely listened to a more finished pro-
duction. It waa rich in thought, arid gave ev.
idence of careful, thorough research. In her
Introduction, Mrs. Severance briefly traced the
evidence that humanity had been ateadily and
gradually progressing, snd then proceeded to
the necessity of still further progress
and Improvement, especlslly in our social rela-j
tions, and in tho position occupied by woman. '
Her argument was clear, compact, and forcible, j
Her illustrationa were chaste, appropriate and ,
impressive, and her occasional latito well ,
merited. She made no attempt to play tho
orator, but read her lecture with good taste
and Judgment. 'The only criticistna wa havo
lo make are, that notwithstanding her clear
voice and distinct enunciation, many of her
audience were able tu hear only by painful lis
tening. She would also have much more
deeply impressed her hcarera, had ahe herself
seemed more to hare kindled with her aubject.
Wo see no better hope for the ultimate suc
cess of tho important moral enterprises of tho
day, thsn that based upon the welcome they
extend to woman, to labor aa an equal for their
common interests. Woman controlling tho
press, and swaying publio mind from the pulpit
and the forum, brings tu their aid, two import
ant c'.cincnla of success. Pint, it doubles the
number of laborers, and of audi laborers aa
are unsurpassed for earnestness and devotion.
Second, it introduces a new element into the
field of influence. Heretofore, whatever haa
been peculiarly woman'a Influence, haa been
excluded from its operation through tho publio
audience. It has been " shame Tot a woman
to speak." All know the magic of thnt influ
ence in tho private social circle. It will not
to Iocs in public, if freely admitted. And
when the hdlucnco of man and woman .shall
havo combined, to mould tho atyle of public
oratory, it will not only be more perfect as an
art( bul t, influence also far mnro irrosistable,
tnAot mor0 fui,y Ucvelope and happily direct
her brother's nature a nd 'her own." W. .ill
only add that Mrs. Severance by her good taste
her talent her moral courage and benevo
lence, ia one of the women efficiently to help
forward this great work ; and we bid her and
all her co-laborersja hearty Ood apeed.
Axotiieb Compromise. Somo time aince
an officer waa dispatched to Maryland by the
...ti .r .:.v. .... .:.::
putllllll.1 Ul 1 GIIII.MiaillU, mill MP IVUUWIIIVII
,,. ... ' . ' . . , .
XZ . , ' '7 ' " ' , "
i Parker girls.. Governor lvwe refused to aur-
render them, on tho plea that the Pennsylva
nia C'ounrcl, who managed tho rescue case,
which resulted in the freedom of the.o girl.,
ld entered Into a engagement with the Mary.
, , , , ,,, , ,
land Counsel, that these kidnappers should not
. . , . " . ,,.
bo prosecuted. Immunity to these suilty.
murderous wretches, si the price stipulsted for
tho rcleaso of their victims. This waa certainly
one of the most shameful iargain. ever made,
besides being utterly unauthorised and need
less, for never wss any point ao overwhelming
ly established by testimony, as the freedom of
these girls, and clearly by the aame testimony
was tho guilt of Mo'Crcary, manifest. The
Pennsylvania. Freeman exprotscs its appre
hension that tho compromise was really made.
And who knows but this was part of tho price
paid by Mr. Campbell of Pa. for his admission
to the Cabinet. Ho was we believe one of the
principcl counsel from Pa.
Mu. IA Aldkidob. Some weeks sinco we
noticed tho honors conferod on this Colored
American Aotor, by the king of Prussia. But
wo must have copied our notice from some pro.
slavery print, which to rave the honor of our
Democratic Yankee Nation, suppressed tho fol
lowing important part of tho transaction.
"Mr. Aldridgo, after performing in tho pret
ence of the Royal family, waa called out after
the curtain fell, and recited an epilogue in En
glish poetry, wiitten hy himself, in which he
alluded to the oatraciam which weigha on hia
color ; this piece waa greatly applauded, and
the next duy the King sent him the great gold
medal of civil merit.
Such talca aa Mr. Aldridgo can tell, a'e no
a feast of fat thing! to the kings, and ty
rants of the whole earth. Nevertheless we
dont quito agree with the wise and courageoua
Oeorgo Graham of the Magazine, that wo had;
better ourae and alienee all the Aldridgoa nd
Uncle Tome for tolling their talcs. But we
rather rejoice that they are rewarded, and in-
vita all the Kinga, Emperora, Csara, Grand
Turks, end all their servile retinues, to concen
trute thoir scorn upon tho hypocrisy and hollow
pretenoe of this nation. By so doing, they
will the soonor end all despotism ours and
Anti Slavery Meetinos im Hamilton Co.
W. I.a.n frnm 1nt.jr nf TW Uriah....'. I il..
.......... . ., . . ... III!
ri ...... o. .
vuiuuiuisu, wis ns w.iii DAMuab A.BWIS, nave
been lecturing of late to large anil encouaging
audiencea in Hamilton County. The Dr. adds,
"Mr, Lewie will do a greet work for our cause
tide season if our friends will only be active in
oo-operating with him. , Surely they will do
this. We will gladly give him our co-opera-
tion, and hope he will visit this part of the
MAHaiED.Oa tha 1st ofJnnuary, at Atwater
1853, by themselves Jcrrc bjoq FsUHTSnd
CATHaaisi P. Tbomas. -
The Pork Trade of the West.
CINCINNATI, March 8th, 1853.
been to auch a great extent ita centre, an far as
the amount of business transacted is concerned,
I propose to go more fully into the dotsils of
the statistics of this branch of trafflo than I
have before done. Much pains have been token
for some years past to collect in this city, and
from all pointa in the West where Pork has
been packed, correct statistica aa to the amount
of tho business ; and, in the lnit two years,
! this has been dono in a much more full snd
J satisfactory manner than formerly. The tables
i for the season Just clmcd huva been published,
' giving the number of Hogs nscked at fifty pointa
opernto to prevent the Pork business there
frnm bfl"8 carried on to anything like the ex
doubt : tent m West, Be.ides, we are assured
t'1"'1 Western packed meat can be ahipped to
To th Editor of th Buffi : I have taken notice
in some of my previous letters of the statistics
nf the Pork business published her annually
for some yoare pat. The production of Pork
has becoma ao much a matter nf importance to
farm era and merchants, and Cincinnati haa
In Ohio; fifty-five in Indiana; thirty-seven
in Illinois t and nt the principle towns In Ken
tucky, Tennesseo, Missouri, lows and Michigan,
These have been compiled with great care by
Mr. Richard Smith, proprietor of the Cincin-
rati Pricca Current, one of the very beat Com
ahoeta in the Union. The eummary
shows the number of hogs killed and pseked
in the statca named, in tho last two acasons, to
bo as follows t
Incresse in number 481,426
Thus a large increase is shown over tho bus
iness of last year, but this excess is reduced by
a falling off in weight. This In some places
amounts to twelve or fifteen per cent ; in others
there ii no decrease j but putting all together,
the average decrease is shown to be about tcu
peunda to Ihe hog, or five per cent. This de
crease in the sggregntc number of hogs given
above i. equal to 100,000 head, which roducea
the exccis to 381,425 head. There are a few
point, still to be heard from west of this, but
no return which csn como in will muko any
material difference in tho above aggregate.
As ncsrly si csn bo ascertained, the number
of Hogs put up in Cincinnati ha. been equal,
for four or five years, to one. fifth of the whole
number packed in the West, but previous to
that timo the proportion waa considerably great
er in favor of this city. Tho business of pack
ing Pork is extending eastward.and is increasing
fast at points adjacent to the district of country
where hogs can be produced to tho best advan
tage. Tho business, as a branch of commerce,
ia deemed of so much importance that tho
merchants of our neighboring cities havo for
acveral years past been exerting themselves to
attract tho trade from thia place. Some of them
h vedone a largo business, and yet it haa not
acrved to diminish to any material extont, tho
amount of our business. Our Information aa
to the business of our two nearest riva's, Louisvillo
and Madison, extends back Ovo years
and I give below the statistics of thoso two
placea, compared with Cincinnati for theae
Cincinnstl, Louisville, Madison
1843-49 410,000 179,000 91,000
1849-60 333,000 181,000 37,000
1860-61 334,000 190,000 90,000
18S1-62 862,000 197,000 07.000
7362- 63 302.000 301,000 137,000
Tho busines. in Louisvillo has increased grestly
in proportion to the more general attention paid
ti the raising of hogsinIveutucky,and nearly all
the trflio centers it Louisville, very little,
comparatively, being done by the other towns
in thnt Stato.
Sinco Rail Road communication has been
oponed with the East, New York has entered
the field, and during laiteummoraconiiderublo
number of live hogs were shipped to the East
by that channel. The experiment is about to
be tried in Now York of doing a winter packing
business, which it is bcliovcd by the best judges
here, must fail ao far as it is intended to tranler
the business at that season from tho West to
to tho East. The difficulty of transfering the
immense number of hogs raised in the West,
with our present Rail Road facilities, in tho
abort time cm breed In the season ; tho certainty
of many perishing in the cold weather; the loss
in weight, and the expenae of doing buiineaa
in New York, which is much higher than here
1,10 EQ,t ard aold for leas than the first coit
lh,t Pckc1 .here. Ihero is a market, too,
here for nil parte of the hog. The head, feet,
tails and hair are sold at good pricoa, and for
n( of-falU our slaughterer! pay from
twenty-five to fifty cents par hog and do tha
I have before me a statement showing the
i'" end averag price of hogs in this mar
ket pn eacn dll7 ' ,hc season, and the average
for eaoh of the last four years in thia place.
The aummary allows the average to have been
for each aeason.
lBJ8.ja ! 01
IB0U-. 01 4 00 1-9
18S2-'4S 6,31 1-2
Thus it seems the price, hare been gradually
going up, whioh is for the advantage of the
producer, aa the coat ot raiaing the hog has
not increased in the same proportion. This
the only season in which the ruling price haa
been above 8,00. The business U destined to
go on. 80 many both of produaers and pack
ers have 'of late years made money by it,
that even should some retire from the business
aatisfled, and some of tho packers lose this year,
ethers will be ready to engage In it, and it wilt
Increase In extent and importance with the re
sources and capital of the Great West.
Temperance Rally at New Lisbon.
New-Lisbon, March 7, 1853.
, meeting or the frienda of Temperance, convex
ned In this place on the first Inst., that an arn
Illustrate eient and speedy orgsnisatioa is indispensably
necessary to insure ultimate success I ft tfi (
' most praiseworthy enterprise; and that atdsn-
, mil tee bo appointed to address a circular to the
friends of tho cause throughout the comnty;
1 calling for a convention with special reference
to tho formation of a Columbiana County
Temperance Alliance. ...
! We, aa the members of that committee would
respectfully, urgently, and earnestly submit 1o
your consideration, whether aa individuals 4r-
, Sons, or Washingtonians, be you Whigs, Dene-' 1
ocrata, or Free Democrats, the propriety, expe- '
' diency and necessity of meeting us in this phase
for the above named purpose, either in anasas. ' ; ,
representatively, or by endorsing the doctrinea ' -mcrcial
' embodied in the following resolutions, and re
' turning this: 1 r '
i ,. n,,rr.d. That we hereby resnectfullv but "
It was Ilinirti at a targe and entkasiastie
organisations, churches, Temples ot Honor,
i earncaily request the different political parties'
tn nominate for oflU-o in future, especially for '
the legislature, good Temperance man. ' . .
Bemhed, That, while It ia not our purpose .
to use tho lannuoo of Intimidation, we reoo .
lately promise to support no candidate, at least ,
for the I.ciniUturc, who will not unhesitating-
nleduo his best efforts, in the event of ah
election to secure tho spevdy passsge of tha .
Maine Liquor Lsw, or ouo embracing ita fun
daincntal principles." 1
The Convention to meet on the 29th and
30th of this present inst. . .
It wss alio Reioleed. That all tha Uiniitara.
of the Gospel in the county be invited to preac-h ; e
a discourso in favor of the Maine Liquor Law, ,".
or ono embodying its fundsinental principle!,
between this time and the coutcinplstod Con- ...
vontinn. .. 1 1 v.
Will you respond to this call Several die ' ' '
tinguisbed speakera from abroad are expettsd
to be in attendance. . , . .
17 The "latch atrins" will be out.
WILLIAM YOUNO BROWN, VummUi.
A. II. THOMAS,
A auoscrioer uisconimuing me iiugio, assigns
tho following very satisfactory reaion : '''
"I am a friend and always was " 1
To tho abolition cause, , ' '
But I can never disobey
Our glorious nation's lawa. ,
Therefore please to discontinue Immediately.''
A good reason for haste. We recnmmtn.il . 4
all who intend to obey the alave lawa of thia, .
oountrv. to " discontinue Imnipdintalv Ttut.
all be sure to do as this woman did, (for truth ( t
to ssy, she is a woman,) pay up. Had it been
a man who discontinued for auch a purpose, he
would probably have forgot to pay.
Alabama Slave Laws.
- r .
Alabama has recently adopted a revised sode.-
of lawa, which go into operation about the
present timo. The following are some of tha
provision, in regard to alavery I t.j ; .
" No master, owner or overseer must allew
any alave of which he has charge to hire hie '
own time or go at largo, under a penalty of not
leaa than twenty nor more than one hundred
" No person must permit any alavo to be or
remain at hit house, out-home or kitchen, more
than four houra at any one time, without per
mission of tho ownet or overseer of auch alave. '.
" Any assembly of moro than fivo negroes,""
(other than thoso nf tho person of the houie at'
which they may be.) at any house, plantstion, J
or quarter, is prohibited under a penalty of 14 . .
fur each 0110 over that number, to any one waft ,
may sue for It.
" No slave shall keep a dog, under the pen-
alty of twenty stripis, and if a alave keepe a."
dog with the consent of his owner or overseer. ,
such owner or overseer forfeits $5 for every ,
dog so kopt, to be recovered by any one who
sues for it.
" No slavo can own any property, and all auch '
property may be aold by the order of a justice '
of tho peace, and one-half the proceeds given. ,
to the informer."
Massachusetts Constitutional Convbi
tion. Tlie Coalitionists have a decided majori. ,
ty in their Convention. Sevoral of the most -eminent
men of the stato have been elected.-
Among others Charles Sumner has been elected '
from Uarthtieltt, before ever the grass hss grown,
upon the grave of Webster. Will the Union,
survive such indignity to its arch defender r t
This Indignity is intensified by the fact that tha
election occurred on the 7lh of March, the third '
anniversary of Mr. Webitor'a famous compro "
mise speech. Somo of the irreverent freeseil .'
yankcea are commenting curiously upon the.
London A "clever" Engliah Corieoposr. 4
dent or the Philadelphia Daily Register, eaya 1
that 300,000 Valentines were this y eat diatribe. 1
ted in that city, That the penny testimonial to ' '
Mrs.Stowe, is going on merrily, That the Lon-" "
doners feel greatly interested in the Erricesoa
experiment, and that a Mr. Stone of New York ',
haa imported the spiritual manifestations, whioh
are spreading rapidly, and there, as here, baf. '
fled all investigation as to their origin. " I
Rail Road Faub. The State Engineer of N. '
Yerk has reported to the Legialature that pas.
aengers ean be transported on the fail road at ,
an expense of I than on sen! per mite, wheat
the average loads are ninety passangsn, smb. ,