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Imve; timo for mentnl And physical develop,
incut nnrl maturity, nnd n much greater
chance ol choosing with judgement. An oh
Jr. Lepeiicr once said of going to tlio then-
're, "Kuyoiir children strictly from it till
j ' "11 gun i.j iiimii ii iiii
t'"'? ere old orinogh to know licticr, nnd then
they won't want to go." Ho keen your fcirU
indii nuurjing mi 11, ey urn 0I1I enough In
know le!tfr, nnd hull' tint limn iIihv would
choose in?:.'!) more congenial partners. 'I'lu-y
Would at, II iimrry, because it in moro natural
fir happier r llinn to do so. " I'or
ciltcth thn solitary in families," for good
to nil, wo know. Jim give girls something
10 110 i.ir tnemselvps, mm 1 1 icy wouiil never
hurry into nn n'iectncnt which iniitnrpr lifb
so oli:n condemn nnd mourns over. by
should i'i? law recognise llinn ns lit to Mini
themselves to such 11 sacrifieo of free ngeiiey,
holh ol hody nnd mind, ns marry intf in sumo
now is, helore they nre considered Pit-
pnbh, r,l Itd.ing nro .,1 property ? Why
should tiifni-y he thought ol nmro importance
to l,n preset veil t'lmii wnsto than ihu moral
nnd intu!li'i'.tii;:l nnturc ol'mi immnrt d being ?
That nil marriages do not require this sac.-
riuc.o wo nru gl id to know. Il.it it in only
ucctmso onto men tiro hetter llinn thu l.iua
they nmkc, nnd Ireiit their wives "pvcni'.it
their ow n flesh." I!ut hy miTn'iiign wnnniii'a
individimliiy ro completely into her hiia
linnd'a n. ihe In w (Iiiph, nlie 'ih vil tnally lilolted
nit of cxidteiire. Hho ia 110 hinder recof
liizcd nan rcapiiimihlp nent. Another think.,
hove, nnd apt liir her in nil tliinj;?, nnd the
only ivouder is ih.it ho in jjond mid lu i'hl
us r.Ue in. I,et mn nut hu misunderiiiMiil to
Mipo Mint womun might ever In lake the
place whieh men now hniil, nn I rnnlrol them
a they now do wonien, (tinl forbid,) or that
Ihen; ever could fomii n timo nlien, individ
ual i'iif i:m, men would lint hold iinlinuiided
pnv.xr over women. We know that natural
ihfli reiicj,:, w horn eniiiira we need not now
nniil;, Zi-, 'io rvNt ; that it ia jiiht na iiiiposfihle
lur mn,;: v. nnie:i In think or net for them
aelvex 1... to in:.!;:; n world. f5neh women
need n fMinnlinn wuid.l act k, nnd might to
liovn n: t: Hut, 011 the other hand, then; are
j'lM H.i. h men; whol! nunhlo to liiriii n de
cided opinion on liny mJijui't, uniil ihey have
aoiifjiit power f, cm annul atron'er mind
quit ) na olten f.iiin oiuan'a ns any.
Them thing ni ay iihvay h,i so, and of
course thin i.s not w hit we nhj.-ei to; wn only
ck nfrec roiiw and fair p!m, nml, 114 watern
find llmir levd, wo will vir-li it that the race
will he to the atrongrsi intellect, 110 matter
hnt tlio -
SARAH OTIS ERNST. Spring Garden, Jan. 5, 1833.
Mr. Gidding's Address.
Trcviou to the lato election, the counlicj r,f
Cuyahoga, I.nkc, and Ocaugj, wcro atriikrn
from tho conirresiioiml dis trict which Mr. Uid-
uings hoa long represented in C'onjjrcuj. In
parting with Ida conaiituonts in thrso countiea,
lis hai n!drcHc 1 them tlio following letter. It
aounds like the jt.yous, hopeful 0'itpourir.g of
a truo hearted nnd la'jrmnus icf inner, an J not
like tho doma;nUO and tricky politician. In
bold Q lelity to the slave, Mr. Old lings hai
r.cvcr had an Cijual in Congren. Ho ha won
fir l.imsilf hnporishulilo honor, by that manly
courdo which haa induced him to defy alike,
tlio threat of bra-art ulave holderj at Wa-li-Jngtrn,
and tho llndiidi alnndcn of pnrtian
t?rv:!:9 in Ohio. 'I'licre nmy be radii :d dif
fiTTrcs between Mr. Oiddiiiga 111. d oursclf in
opiuiui.i nnd measures, but none the 1cm clear
ly thcrcforo do wo aec nnd honor hit lidelity to
freedom, in tho position ho hat cbocr. lor him -elf.
We copy t:. addrcta from tlio Truo Demo
TO THE PEOPLE OF CUYAROGA, LAKE, AND
Fr.l.Low Citi7.e.vh : Tho nHicial relation
which 1 have ao hoi held tnwnrda you in
now dissolved. Tho occasion U 0110 which
ilemanda of inn 1111 expression of tho p.-iii-tildu
whiuli I i:tl townrdt llin.-u in vtlioso
aervico nenrly one-half of lha bii!.inpw por
tion of my 1 1 Jo I1111 been Hpcnt. I leave you
villi emotions stronger llinn tliosij of nnli
linry hiyinf-hip. Long li.ivu I been austain
ed by your inlliienee, atreiiyihunr d by tho
repeated proola of your confidence, nml
che'.red on to eflbrt by your npprovul of my
lnhoiu. Vou hnve geneioti(dy excuml my
crrora, und overlooked my iinperleclioiia.
'J'tici.0 ciiciimalancea mvo creatpil within
1110 n fouling of id'i'ectiniialo nttachmeut, of
ber.rti'eit grnlitiide, which can never bo ef
faced whilo memory shall perform its oflire.
In ixturt) fin- your Uindin , nnd tho con
fidence reposed in 1110, 1 can only aay that I
hnvn endeavored to disclmrgn my puUlie
flutiea with fidelity. My poNiiiona in ( 'oil
press hnve been aomevUuit ioliiled: I have
lollowed tlie ilictutis of my own best judg
ment ; yet my opinioua have hern limned
with deliberation und carelul preparuii.iii.
In looking over the past, 1 expei ieiico tlio
iiiubi iimeiuen jiicnuine 111 ino coimeioiisiiei a
that thus far no pulitiuul opponent, indeed,
io slaveholder, bug Micmplcd to meet ihu
views 1 Imvo expiemed, or to refute the
pnsiiiona I linvo taken couccrniug our cousii
tutiuiiul lelalioiiH to shivery. The declama
tion, tniNiepreseutntion, mid personal detrac
tion, wiili which I Imvo buen assailed. hiniihli
ehlindaut proof thnt my oppoueula were
unwilling to usmiiI the doutriuea which
My viewa upon tlio grent questiona which
now ngitnto the country nre placed upon
record; they are to be liuind in tlio ollicial
ilehatea of Congrea.., nnd will aoou nppenr
ill collected lurin before Iho country. 'J'o
you I may any that 1 ahull cheerfully front
them to the examination nml scrutiny of the
public, nnd of those who ahull come nfler
us. Whether they shall hereafter be up
proved or condemned, I can only any they
were ine solemn conclusions 01 my own
judgment, ulier mutuio und delibeiuto in
vestigation. Since you drat honored mo with n aenl in
Congress, many cliuhgeshave ennui over
the physical world mound iih. Much of the
dark forest of our country has given place
to fruitful field; beautiful dwellings now
stand where the gloomy wilderness was then
unbroken; our railroads have placed us in
juxtaposition with the Atluntic cities; and
our mognetie telegraphs enable us to con
verso with friend who nre thousands of
Dines from usj in abort, progrtu is written
In unmistakable characters upon Ihe natural
world around urn but this progress is not
nor obvious than that which is seen in the
the propped. ol llio pnhlic binds, und pro
"nd , N i'tivo tariff) nppenrs npprnprin'e to Iho pn
tiod riod when we travelled on hoi-Kplmi'k, to
New York nnd other Aliunde eiiies; nnd we
snniihi no no morn nstoiushcil to rnei't n
conservative, now ndvopiiiing thu nm-ient
' mode of enrrjing the limits 011 loot, limn we
should to meet oiiii who attempts to revive
J the political issues of 1(? Iii.
,t that time liiw, very few, ndmiltoil Con
rn.w grw , i,,,,,... ,, ,.,,, jltjoll ,,wer ,
1 iivcry in the District of Columbia ;
1 ,v slaveholder denies it.
moral world, or which marks the political
sentiment of our html.
Of all the political ismifia existing between
ilia panics when I entered Congress, not
inir iiwit luiiiniiiri ill luiicTiiiijf mo inni,
it nppenrs appropriate (lint the issue mads
upon the existence of n I,'. 8. Rank, should
nop now remains. In reviewing Hie nnst,
lu eoutciiipnriiucnoa with muddy ronil nnd
semi-monthly or weekly mails. Tho nb-
sorbing contest in regard to lh division of
In 110 our in'oiilu scnernllv regarded
slaves na prnptrty ; now no man will insult us
ley pretending that slaveholders nnd dougli
t ,11CM eii vviicmI
In toiigres.4, liv luuiortaut
words, nrrangeil 111 the lorni ol n LoiiL'ies
aionnl !,nw, can convert thn iinngn of (ino
containing a living immortal soul, into pro;
trl;i, nnd deuradiug it to the level of n brute.
The popular sentiment mining us now du
lues mn power of human Legislation to
Josnnclily crimes whieh (Jou bus denounced.
The mini who, under the auppoted protection
of Congressional law, now hos men nml
w omen in Iho District of Coluinliin, nml sella
Ihem to the lur Pout i. with the tierl'eet know
ledge) that they will bu hurried to premature
graves under ilu: aeourgn, is regarded 1:0 lesa
11 murderer, Hum lie under whose lash tho
victim expires ; nor is thu member of Oon
gresa who lends his inllnence to sustain the
idavu tradii there, considered less guilty be
nun mo ,-i'urcner 01 hearts, llinn the man
who iiuya and sells Ms lelluw mortals under
the sanction ami protection of laws sustained
liy L ungrcs.
In tlio city of Washington, wc have rpcpnt
I.V seen children lorn from llui embrace of
their h.iniic parent.', nnd uioaiiiiii! and si'di
iug. dragged In tho auction block and sold to
the highest bidder. If tiny criminal on earth
lie, ivm denih, I think those who commit
such revolting ci iines tdinuhl bo Ihe liral In
auller; bin ure they mure guilty than those
iiicmiicrii 1.1 ..oligrpss Who put I. old their
inlhieiice 10 keep in .(rco the l-iw which all
llioi i.es ilieso ti niiseendeiit iniipiilii s ?
Jbil Jou nre aware ih.it both ihe Into Whig
and Democratic candidates Ihr I'lesnlent
wein pledged 10 sustain the law that nil-
iiiories llieso outrages einiiiiiilh d In sus
tain ciiuics nt the contemplation of which
wn shrink back with horror; mid yel Chris
tians were asked to vote lor tiiein. And wo
know thnt every man who voted fur these
cnndid.iley, did, in fiet, ciicuurngn und bus
t.iiu this commerce in human llesh.
I would not bo understood ns aaj ing thnt
nil who suppoited t-'cott und Tierce intended
to wield llicir iiiiiu.mcti to sin h purpose: I
speak not of ihcir .unlives. 1 only state 11
most obvious l.u l. i do not s ty that their
mural guilt wns ns grci.t ns hi.t who deals in
Ihe bodies of iniithers iid children in Wusii
iegttui City. They did not view Ihe i-lTe.cl of
such vote in Ihe snmo light in whieh we
view it, but 1 hesitate to say that 1 would us
soon have voted to coiiliimu ihe shivo Iriule,
or deal in human flesh myself, as I would
vote liirnny tnnu pledged to uphold it; nor
can 1 iiiiiik 11 Uod ol justice would hold me
less guilty fur voting in fhvor of n man who
I was conscious would sustain that infamous
ci uno, than he would for dealiiif'ui the bodies
1 inn happy in saying that the popular
sentiment on this subject of moral responsi
bility connected with nditical action, has ulso
greatly impioved. Wo 110 longer hear men
denounce others for connecting moral prin
ciple with their politicnl nctinn; indeed, the
mini who now votes without regiird to inornl
duty, is considered cither tin inlidi I in prin
ciple, or wunliiu n proper npprcciiiliou of
his obligations to O'o.l and man.
The lone of our pulpit oratory has e-renllv
changed. We 1:0 longer hear preachers of
11m gnspei exnori us to reverence nnd obey
tho infamous fugiiivp law ; nor do they now
attempt to argue lluil slavery is a divine in
stitution. No " lower law" s.-rinoiis arc now
printed and sent over the laud to instill 11
I have not limn lo speak of the changes
in Congresss; of gag rules ; of trampling
upon ihu right of petition ; of the insults,
threats, and assaults upon members who in
fiinnor limes, ndvncnted ihe great tioths
w hich lie nl the foundation of our govern
ment. These things have passed uwny : they
exist now only in history.
At no period of the world bns popular sen
lunciit been undergoing such rapid improve,
incut ua nt Hie. present day. The literature
ol our iintion, of I'.nglaiid, nnd of Continen
tal Luropc, is putting ford, n powerful influ
ence in li.vorof liberty, of tnilh, justice, and
humanity; leaching men lo follow Iho pre
repts of that gospel which apeaks pence mid
guod will 10 all men which directs us lo do
unto others us we would have them do unto
Nothing more distinctly mark the ngo in
which we live, than the npplicnlion ol the
doctrines o! our holy religion lo tho political
dunes of governments nnd of people. No
real distinction cum i, .1.
II IV II llJil IVuutt ft...
I inlidclity which denies the responsibility of
' """ iiiiiuii, nun mai political conscrviHisin
... i.i ,.,,. ,ruII10 , i.nmm, flt.B, .
indeed, I would fir sooner share Ihe icspon
sihility ol Ihejust, bumaiie infidel, in Hie day
of fund retribution, than of that slave-dealer
who profanes till thnt is s.icred, und pure,
and holy, by professing to preiich of Christ
or lo love tho gospel.
The brotherhood of man and nations is
rapidly becoming the ruling sentiment of
Christendom. The heart of the civilized
world beats for truth, justice, mid liumaniiy ;
nml almost everv slHiun.r , I'... i.:.. .
. 1. ..11. 110 iiiiiiuh
-oiiii) cheermgsomii word of encour-
ugement f.oui thu philanthropist of the old
The slave power stands appalled at these
inonilesttilions of popular svmpnthy fbr the
rights of man und the laws of God. Already
huve we set bounds lo oppression. 1 give it
as Iho conviction of my mind that slavery
will never pass its present limits, if we con
iiuue firm ami unfaltering in the course which
duty so clearly points out.
Fellow citizens, you have not been idle
spectators oi these clmnges-of ibis grent
reform which now mnrk. n ,...i. :
bitory of the world. Von I 1" Z
.-- in bringin, .,, , bete Piicoun
er or crenter
For myself I desire no oth-
enrthly honor than that of
participating, (hough in nn bumble degree,
in this work of regenerating our government
of sep irniing ii from the support of sin
ery nnd ihe slnvo trsdo ol purifying it
from Ihe crimes, ihe guilt, which now rests
upon it, mid Ihus fur contributing my hum
ble hiburs for thn elevation of our race.
Jl is the cause of Und, of liumaniiy ! it
ennnot fail. Truth, present nnd enduring
clernnl justice cnnsliiule Ihe basis on which
it rests. The feeble nttcmpts of mini to sep
mato Deity from the beings whom be bus
created; or lo Icnrfrnum portion of our race
Ihe rights with which he has endowed them,
must ecus. As surely ns find reigns, our
ciiuso will triumph. Nor do 1 think thnt
triumph is lar distant.
lint whether )'oil or I shall remain to par
ticipate in that triumph, is of little im orliuice.
Let Ihu progress of Ihn past stimulate us to
morn energetic efforts in lutuer: let our in-
lliieucc, our inornl nml political energii s, bo
exerieii lor tlio nilvnnremeiit ol liherty nml
humanity, uga'mst oppression in nil its lurms;
for the elevation nnd happiness of mankind;
but most especially lei ua strive In purify our-
selves, the peoplo of iho lien Slates, mid thu
fed. tiiI government, from the blood of those
victims now annually sacrificed under Ihe
sanction of Congressional law. Let lis bo
careful that the guilt and the odium ol those
national murders, those savage einellies, shall
rest on Ihoso w ho commit, who encourage,
und sanction them.
With these sentiments I entered Congress
in that body I have not failed In maintain
thein : you have generously sustained me in
doing so; nml how, in ihu fullness of this
spirit, wo separate ; nml in il I bid you nil
nffectionato Con speed in nil your futurcla
bins lor the benefit of mankind.'
Willi leelings of grutitndc, of respect, nnd
1 mn Vour Obedient S.-rv nl,
J. R. GIDDINGS.
JEFFERSON, March 8, 1853.
SijC ntt-Slauai) Ducjle.
SAU:t, OHIO, M.lltCll JiS, 1843.
EtKCUTivs CoMMinsi: meets Mulch 27.
The New School Law.
H'b had intended to publish this law wl.cn
it camo to hand, but it is altogether toj long.
Il is we think in many reapeoU an improve
ment ii nn the old laws, and fitigmrnts of laws,
which hnvo been in operation rpgulnting our
common s.diools. It is an ntiemnt to sytcm-
a'.izo and unitir.c the system for tho winds
state. It declares tho purpose of thu law to be
off.jrdinj of tho advantages of a frco cdu-
cation to all tho youth of tho state." And fur
purpose, in addition to so ino other tpeci-
lied taxes, it provides for the levying ono of
two mills upon tho dollar upon all tho taxable
property of tho state. It constitutes every or
ganised township, ono school district, with ita
board of education, whieh district, isalsoaubdi
vided. A most important provision. Is tho c!nc.
lion every thrro years .y the people, of a
Stnto Commissioner," w ho w!lh a aalnry of
IJ'l jOO is to devoto bis timo exclusively to the
educational intrrot of tho state. With this
station well and uhly fillcd.thc system w ill provo
eminently efdeient and usefjl. Thu great da.
feet of the law seems lo us to be tho inade
quate proviiion of funds. The amount of tax
ation we should think would require to be con
sidetably increased toiecurt the contemplated
objects. This is hnwsver question which
timo and experience will determine. It is a
vast improvement upon the past, and is proba
oly all that could bo expected or attained, at
this time, and will prepare tht way for what
may bo further necessary in the future.
j i.o mwnsiup hnnrd of education have
power also to establish in a central portion of
the town a high echool for tho common ben
fit of thn district.
The bill in its preaent form met with violent
opposition, cspeciully from tho Catholic influ-
cnee, wiueli endcuvorcd so to chuugc its pro
visions that tlio public funds could bo devoted
lo tho support of sectarian achools. Happily,
mi provcu a lailure.
une other provision of this law will bo to a
cluss of our citizens and lo us among iho rest,
objectionable and oppressive. Wo alludo to
thnt section whieh rcquirca every school di
rector to mnko oath or sflirmutinn upon en
tcring upon tho duties of hit ollho to sunnort
Iho Constitution of tho Uuited Stutos, and of
the iioto of Ohio. So a man cunnot become a
school director without swearing to support tho
soominniions or slavery, which Hnd sanction
and protection in tho Fcdcrul Conttitution, nor
voto tor one, without tukinn tho outh hv nrnr
If a man promisee to dischargo tho duties of
me oHite, to w hich he is appointed, why not be
..lercwun, ana not requiro him to bo
lisvo or support anything further. Ho is, or
snuum no olected w ith a view to hi, quuliflca
lions to office. And what ho believes or sup
ports, beyond that is none of their concern.
Wn c.l1 u. f..l. i
" """ io oo a Hardship. And
so wo do every exclusion from association with
our fellow citisei.,, in any effort to advance the
wcuare, ana especiuly so in tho ercati
ou, estimation, the greatest of lubors-that of
....U.......IB aim perfecting a system f f,. ...
ucation. llt thi, disfranchisement shall but
intensify our hatred of slavery .! in(.rco, our
".crKjr or its overthrow-shall teach us how to
', : , "7"" "' bonJ ""nd ith them.
..w .cavts ii optional jlh such towns
cities snd village, a. hav. .llopl.a tll0
school law and organised under it, to eomo
tier this general law or not.
In regard to tho tducation of tht colored
children of tho stats, it contains the following
SCHOOLS FOR COLORED CHILDREN.
',0:""' ,,:,".8""e "'' respective tow!.
. . . .j .... ??.Ve.rBI of edu-
, in lhs promises, of each city or incorporated
. villnge, ahull ho, and limy are hereby author
ized and le.iuired to establish within their
respective jurisdiction., one or more separate
schools for colored children, when Ihe whole
number by enumeration exceeds thirty, sons
tonlTiird Ihem as far na prneticahle under nil
Ihe circumstances, the ndvmilnges nml priv
ileges of n common school education and
nil such schools so estnlilished lor colored
children ahull be under the control nnd man-
ngemenl of Ihe board of education, or other
school oflicera who hnve in charge ihe edu
cational interests 01 oilier sciiuuis : nut in
pi ho nvernge number of colored children
111 ntlcndiince ahull be less than fifteen for
nny one month, it ahnll be thn duty of aaitl
board of educnlion, or oilier school ollieers,
to disconlinuo said school or schools for nny
period not Pxeecding six months nt nny one
tinui; mid il the litimbcr of colored children
ahnll be less than fifleen, the directors shall
reserve the money raised on the number of
said colored children, nnd Ihe money so re-
served shall he appropriated for tho educnlion
of such colored children under the direction
of ilia township board.
From this section it w ill be teen that in pin-
i.v nni-iv in. vuiuti-u uwouiniitjii 1. uiiiiieu,
....... . , ' , , ,
their education is entirely at the option ol the
. ... , , , '
lownMilp board of education. A e sincerely
, . .. . , .. m . . '
regret that there had not been sufficient cour-
... . ....
ae among our legislators to have anid nothing
, , , . . . . , , , .
ahout colored persona, but this would have been
.. . , ,. , . , ' ...
triumph over prejudico and a boldness which
- I .1 ..I J 1. !!.!. -.1
of conrso we could not expect. And this ar
rangement for aeparato achoola, ia certainly
iptitc as favornblo aa we had any right to expect
from the present legislature of Ohio. Wt
hope yet to aco tho day when this most odious
of all "class legislation" shall be abandoned'
! among us. Wcro it dono now, the people of
1 Ohio would aequictco notwithstanding their!
strong prejudice and alliance with slavery,
Wendell Philips and Dr. Beecher.
doubiless for freedom. With his benevolence,
could not havo been otherwise. But what
"iho ofr lie might havo dono in tho church, and aa
it were clandestinely, he never identified hiin
thii jclf with the slave, or with Ida unpopular and
Our renders of course, will not pasa over the
cnrrfsMindcnce on our first page, between Mn.
i !towo and Mr. Phillipe. Mrs. S'.owe's epistlo
i contrasts quite favorably with Mr. Mann's,
j which we published last week, llut Mrs.
I Stowc's earnest defence of her father, cannot,
and should not protect bia cnurso from rchiiko
an 1 eondem notion. The positions of Mr. I'hil
lips aro abundantly sustained by the facts.
Dr. lleccbcr'a moral firmness wss inadequate
to tho emergency which mot him nt the
Line Seminary. lie fullered and fell, and hia
cnicrj-rtso icu wun mm. Ilia impulses wcro
i persecuted frionds, and from the hour that ho
declined tho honorablo post of leader of the
hosts of freedom, (forauch he might have been)
his inlluonco comparatively perished, and his
namo and famo wero reckoned only (rora the
patl. Dr. Jleecher refuting to aide with freedom,
bit history and tho retribution which overtook
him, is the right of tho slavo and the right of
tho world. It should bo held up aa a beacon
to all who aro tempted to prefer aucccaa to
principle, and expediency to justice And if
men aro to bo honored for such things, in our
esteem, Mr. Diilips has won far higher honors
by bit fidelity and firm nets with Horace Mann,
and Dr. Bcccher, than ha ever has, or can win
by the choicest power of his surpassing eloquence
The " Union Line," is the stylo of a line of .
uuui. running ociwcen a.ouisviiio and Wheel-
nig, and directly competing, for freight and j
patsnge with tho Pittsburgh and Cincinnati
Line of Packets. The Union company recom
mend themselves to the public, by tho assur
ance, that tho Southerner can now travel with
Ida slaves, on their line, without danger of
their being atolcn, or of their running away.
To this tho Cincinnati line replies:
" Hero is the great hook upon which they
are going to hang us. They havo raised tho
yell of ' abolition" against Cincinnati. Well,
we wish them comfort in that pound of wool."
Cincinnati has been cast atido, and now let Cin
cinnati look to herself, and it will soon appear
how long the wind will hold out. Aa to thia
" trump card" of ' niggort," all wt have to lay
is, that tho first complaint is yet to be made
against tho old lines."
So ono is as good st the other very likely.
But what a plea to put in for patronago, by
model lovers of freedom, and addressed to mad
el Democrata and Christians.
Womsn's Rights Tracts. Tho Publishing
Agent of the Bugle haa received amall as
sortment of tht series of tracts on this subject,
published by the Committee of the National
oman't Eights Association. They aro for
tale at the Bugle Office, as ia also the Kcport
of the Convention at Syraoute, and the excel
lent tract of Mrs. Severance.
World's Temperance Convention. A pro
position haa been made to hold world's tem
perance convention in Now York, during the
approaching World's Fair. August ia apoken
of aa tht time.
Mus. M. A. W. Johnson, Is now delivering
second course of lectures on anatomy and
physiology, to the colored ladies of Philadcl
phia. Those who attended hor first course,
have adopted and published aeries of resolu
tions, higldy approbating them, snd also ex-
pressivt of their gratitude to Mrs. J., that they
at latt havt not been overlooked in this matter,
V... I 1 .......
uui 11010 ueon lurnuuiea wun an opportunity
to become acquainted with the laws of their
Mr. PitTXAN, tht author of tho syttem of
Phonography, has been lecturing: In FhiU-
The American Slave Code in theory and practice;
Its distinctive features shown by its Statutes,
judicial decisions and illustrative facts.—
William Goodell. New York, American
and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society.
Thia is tht book of which we announced the
publication a few weeka si nre It presents tho
yttemj a legal 11 Institution" In its true, start
ling and abhorrent aspect It is a book to be
used by abolitionists, and should be read by the
nation. It iano fiction, and deala not in fancr
or exaggeration. It quotes from atatutea and
.. . , , . ,,,
J""a T ' ? ,"u"r' "10 wrx.g 01
the Code by vM -'ed fscta-facta aa revolt,
ln8 ' humanity as any of the details of Uncle
Tom's Cabin, and well attesting its fidelity. 1
i Tho following extract will show something '
of the ch,ractcr of tho wotk Tho h , ,
, . """"",
ll'utrtt,,n8 Py maxiaif the Slave !
Code, that "the end of elacery ie the profit of
! the mailer." " That the elate ie one doomed to toil !
that ol hen may reap the fruite."
" It will be esay to show that in thia use of
llittnrnnAH In ... a f il. U1..1.. i .
....... w ... ... u.nx.,
, , . ,, ,
1 yatcmatically and deliberately $o used as to
. , , , . . ,
be tip, and destroyed in manner that
. . r , , . . . . .
would be shameful and wicked, even if brute
. . .
beasts wcro the victims.
,. n r a , .
" Dt. Demming, a gentleman of high respfc-
I , .... . ,. , . . , . ... , , , r
! tabthty, residing in Ashland, Ilicbland county,
, . ....,,,.... ... ,. .
Ohio, stated to I'rof. Wright, at New-York
That during a recent tour at the South,
while assending tho Ohio river on the steam
boat Fame, he had an opportunity of convert
ing with a Mr. Dickinson, a resident of Pitts
burgh, in company with a number of cotton
planters and slave-dealers from Louisinns
Alabama, and Mississippi, Mr. Dickinson stated
at a fact, that the aiig.ir-plnntcra upon the sugar
coast in Louisiana had ascertained that, aa it
was usually necessary to employ about twice
tho amount of labor during tho boiling season
that was required during tho season of raising,
they could by execuiee tir icing, day and night,
during thu boiling teuton, accomplish the wholo
lubor with one eel of hands. By pursuing this
plan thoy eouM affurd to sacrifice one eel of hands
once in seven years! Ho further atated, that
this horriblo system was now practised to a con
sidcrnble extent. The correctness of Ibis state
mcnt wss substantially admitted by the slave
holders then on board." (Weld's ' Slavery aa
It is," p. 30.)
' The late Mr. Samuel Black well, a highly
retpected citizen of Jersey City, opposite tho
city of Jiow-York, and a member oi the Fret
uyio.ian inurcn, vititeu many or the augnr
plantations in Louitiann, and snysi 'That
the plantera yenerally declared to him thnt they
were obliged to to overwork their slaves, during
tho sugar-making acason, (from eight to Ion
week.), aa lo USE THEM UP in seven or eiyhl
years. For, aaid they, after tho process is com
menced, it mutt be pushed without cessation,
night and day, and wt cannot afford to keep a
stimcicnt number of slaves to do tht extra work
at the timo of eugnr-making, aa wo could not
profitably employ them tho rest of the year."
' Ilcv. Dr. Uecd, of London, who went thro'
Kentucky, Virginia, and Maryland, in the sum
mer of 1834, gives the following tostimnny :
' I wst told, confidently, from excellent au
thority, thst recently, at a meeting of planters
in South Carolina, the question was acriously
diacutscd whothcr tho slsvo is more profitablo
to the owner if well fed, well cloihcd, and
worked lightly ; or, if made the moat of at
once, and exhausted in somo sight ysara. The
decision waa in favor of tht last alternative
That decision will, perhaps, make many thud
ucr. uui 10 my mind, this is not tho chief
evil. The greater and principle evil is consid
ering the slave as property. If ho ia only nro
pcriy, aim my property, then I seem to have
some right to aak how I may mnko that proper
ty most available.'
' Other testimony might bo added. Soulh.
em newspapers havo puhlishcd the proceedings
01 Agricultural Societies, in which, after dis
ouasion, it had been agreed ihnt the nmro pro
fitable method was to use up' a gang of ne
groes once in seven or eight years, and then
purchaso a Iresh supply of the dealera."
nowis bcenes. A family Story, by Amanda
i aM, ayrocuts, A. I. Published by L. V
I hit la a charming little book. A picture of
"l'Py. quiet home, w ith its labora and re
wards, its triala and its joya. Wt can recom
mend it to our young friendt, and older ones
will read it with interest and profit.
Buchannan'i Jovhnal or Man, Tor March,
ia out discussing as ususl important questions
or anthropology. We learn from it that spirit
ualitm is exceedingly prevalent in Cincinnati.
The number of mediums, it states, ia not less
than ucs hundred. Those interested, are of
all classes, Jews, infidels and Christians, and
" the number of investigations aro to be esti
mated by tens of thousands."
Anti Lmuoa Decision. Tht Court of Com
mon Pleaa decided last week that our Borough
Anti Liquor Law waa Constitutional. That
tht general law authorising it, took effect from
May last. Of course our rumscllers in Sulcm,
w ho hoj,ed for impunity on the ground of tho
Unconstitutiontl.ty of tho Law.or of Ua inopera
tiveneaa until Afuy next, are disappointed.
Mr. CuiHiMo'a bill, providing a black law
for Ohio, alccpa upon tht tablt of our adjourn
Mrt. SuvEKNCt delivered a lecture bofort tht
Mercantile Library Aaaociation in Cleveland.
last week. Tho press of that city bestow upon
it the highest approbation.
TEMhEBANCB CONVENTION IN New LUBON
on Tuesday and Wednesday of Next week
Don't forget and don't fail to be there of pos
Mr. Hine's Lectures.
Mr. L. A. Hine will lecture in Rtilem on
Monday Evening, April 4th. In Columbiana
7th and 8th. In Salem (aguin) 9th and 10th.
In New Lisbon 1 1th.
Hobacb Manh has replied to Wendell Phil,
ips in the Liberator. Ws shall publish it nost
Mrs. 51. Thacy Citler has been delivering
scries of lectures in Clevclsnd, embodying
her impressions during recent visit to England
Franco snd Ireland. Judging from tht
sketch In tho Truo Democrat they wort of un
Daourhbotyib. Mr. Wliipple, of Clsve
land takes dsguerrentypes upon glaaa plates,
which aro afterwards uted for stereotyping, and
any number of copiea may be thua procured, at
Ws notico in the last Liberator, most flatter
ing notices of recent lecture in Boston, on
the " Lost Arts," by Wendell Philips. All
classes unito in speaking of it at a matter ef
fort ot genius nnd eloquence.
Mrs. Emma It. Cor. Ws aee by the papers,
that this lady has returned to Ohio, and hat
been lecturing on temperance and woman't
rights in Morrow county.
A Nut for the Editor and Garrisonians
Among your quotation (in the A. S. Bugle,
March 19th) from the PicsidcnU Inaugural
Address, we find the following:
'I believe that IN VOUNTARY SERVI
TUDE us it exists in different Statca of tht
Union it recognised by the Constitution."
' I believe it stands liko sny other admitted"
(ryal) right, and that ihe States where it e
ists aro entitled" (consequently) to efficient
remedies to enforeo tho Constitutional provl
aiona." (Their leg d rights.)
You sny ' those declarations need no com
ment." They are unequivocal and apeak for
Again, Tho doenment seems almost equal
ly to please Whigs and Democrats," (and Dis
unionists). " Hero is the creed on which both these psr
ties agreo. Pilot and Herod are frionda when
Liherty is to be crucirled."
Do you not join iisua with the first r And
is not tho second a leeitimoto eons,,.n r
Picoso anawcr and obligo othors,
J. D. C.
Tho qucation wt arc desired to anawcr is,
Da you join issue with President Pi,...
when ho lays that involuntary aervitude. aa
n exists in uiitercnt States of the Union
cognized by tho Constitution.'
Wo believo with Whigs, Demo-
grent army of the Free 5loiU..
that slavery hae a recognition in the tVi.u.-.v,..
and wo really don't know how to controvert
1110 rresKlonts inleronce; and thcrcforo ws will
not swear lo support tho Constitution with
this recogrition, or send anybody rise to Wash
ington, to do It fr us. If there is In thi. .
nut at all to crack.it is a very soft shelled one,
and wt cannot find thn vri
As lo the sly hint that Disunionitts art aa
much tickled with the Inaugural, at Whiga
and Democrat!, we w ill bumh at the fun f tl..a
joke, aa hoartily at our corroapondent, when
no gives us somo evidence of tho fact.
In the United .Stairs' Commissioner.
ill Now York, a lueitiv ..,....:. .
" "i i-.i-...ii.i? iwiiue,j
was remanded to his muster in New J,.
under the provi,ion of the In .itive act of man
This i. the ...end instance of this .nnl..iin
the law. Whether this hnv u.. i.a
the expense f tle u. S.. we aro not infm-m.
cd. We ate uunhle lo sco why the citixent of
New Jersey should not he thua favored, as well
thoso of Soulh Carolina.
Ocean Fenny PosTAOB.-E!ihu Burritt .
ports favorably of tho prospects of tho ocean
penny po.tugo movement. The motion for its
adoption, is to bo proposed in Parliament tht
last of April. Both tho opposite political par
tica are expected to unito upon it. So says a
letter in tho N. Y. Evoninu Post.
A Mr. Connoy, from Clarke oountv KentusV.
with others, pursued and captured ten of .h.!.
tlnvca In Wayuo county, Indiana, on the 2fllh
ult. Their frienda commonced blowing horns
alarm the neighborhood ; after a severe con
test, in which Mr. Cannoy was severe).
ded, tho negroes wero all captured and t.k.n
back to Kontucky.
Government has ordered a calorie .nm'n. r
horse power, for the Navy Yard in Wash.
Iowa A largo Fret Soil Convention t...
jutt bocn hold in Iow a. Tho Iowa True n.m.
ocrataaysitwa much tho largest mcetin
ever held in Iowa, and its intelligent, benevo"
lence and firmness of purpoto was of tht bleh.
Population of St. Louis. Th.
Louis, ju.t tsken, gives a tot.1 sss.0.,!..
87.03. Thu white popul.tion it 84,340
Free colored, 1,453 j sltves, 1,850.
The census gives other items r.r 1.,. .
, - w" mWlOTI
ina merchants number 945: th.
atatittics tell . hard story of ,ht oon.ump.'
. ; ,n" In the si,
ward, thort art 855 dram-ahops, ,d 85 bte,
houses! nt ward has 99 dwder. in liquors,
another 78. Tht toul number of build-
n,goa.n thVClty' wooden. Wck, and .tone, J.