Newspaper Page Text
&l)c anti-Slaocry Bugle.
SALEM, OHIO, AVHIL B, 1853.
ExBCUTIVB COMMITTZS IDfCtP May 1.
Th office of the Bern, has been removed to
the third story of the Brick hnilrtin. Corner of
Main and Ellsworth Streets, (olii American
House.) Where all who want Printing done
art invited to call. They will fled Mr. Hudson
ever ready to accommodate.
The Catholics and Free Schools.
A Catholic friend who thinka we have done
the Catholic injustice In regard to their posi
tion on the school iaw, ha loaned us the Cincin
nati Cathnlia Telegraph, containing n lm.glct-
. f? li: 1 Si ii. ... ...
scr oi uisnnp jurccii a on una sunjert. n
have read it, and also reviewed tho little, notice
of which our friend complain". Wo do not
aeo that our alutcmcnt waa incorrect.
Wo alatcd that tho Catholics eek to detroy
tho free School system, and certainly if man
ever luhored to overthrow any system, Bishop
l'urccll labors for this end in tho article our
friend haa handed in. Wo also atatnd that I ho
Catholic! purposed to carry tho question
into politics. On this question the Bishop
is not at all ambiguous, lie says, speaking oi
Catholic, " If they value their privilege, as
American citizens, they will assert them in tho
way pointed out hy tho Constitution, in the c
loution of candidate', who l.nny rcprc.ont
the wUhci and requirements of their consti;u
enla, in tho Hulls of Legislation, tho Council
chamber and the School Board."
It seems to us that no injustice is done the
Catholics by tho system of graded frco Schools,
as authorized and established hy law. Teach
ers and Educational Hoards in those schools m:iy
have trespassed upon their rights hy tho intro
duction of protectant Ilihles, and protcstant
tracta and books, or by other sectarian instruc
tions. Uut this U an abuse nf their position,
and is no fault of the law. And Cutholica are
not the only men who may justly find fun It
with auch instruction. Tho school law, in its
character and administration, should be iinpar
tiat, in regard to all questions of sectarian dif
ferences. Such wo belicvo tho luw to he;
and its administration is, wo think, generally
iu conformity with its spirit. The IiiUc. wheth
er prolrstanl or catholic, has no business, in
schools. Its scienre belongs to the age of Jo
alius the Son of Nun. The morality it tcachts
is too much in conllict with itself. 't vulue
as a text book for teaching pure English clas
sic style, or good reading is just a valuablo as
the hornbooks or novels of King Jamc." tiny,
when it wss written. We go thercfora with
the Catholics against tho introduction to our
schools of King Juinea' translation, and with
tha Protestants against tho Doway Biblo.
There are abundant text books without it, an.)
the range of scienro is ample, to till all the
time dovotcd to education in put lie a.-hools.
Let the Bible, the crcoJ and tho catechism, he
left to the family or to associations for that spe
cific ol'joct. Thus no man's conscience will be
But Bishop Purccil is not satisfied with this.
II says, Wo Catholics havo long been ol
opinion that Education to be efficient, must be,
not only based upon religion, but interwoven
with it in all its minutest details and incidents."
lit objects to tho promiscuous assemblage of
all classes in common schools, because tho
vicious will corrupt the innocent." lie objects
to the promiscuous assemblage of tho sexes,
because it culilvatos lieontioiisnca und immor
ality. But yet he avows himself tho pure and
devoted friend of universal education and gen
general enlightenment. Wo refer our readers
Jo our Cincinnati Correspondent for soino fur
ther facts on this subject.
This question is one of deep and absorbing
interest to us all. There is danger to tho reli
gious freedom of that class of our pcopln w ho
are permitted now to enjoy it. There is.dutibt
loss, dinger from Catholic bigotry, and Protes
tant intolerance and despotism. Hut thp dan
ger from the Catholics is small, if the proles
lants, act with justice mid a truo regard to
tha principles of freedom. This country, so
far as the riht of citisens is concerned is no
mors protestant, than catholic. And, though
we should watchfully guard against the simul
taneous effort now iiiuking in Michigan, Oiiio,
Pennsylvania and New York, against Free ed
ucation, uncrippled by sectarianism, tho more
urgent danger, is, that protctanls with the plov
er of tha majority and excited aecluri.uiitx'al, will
tread down the rights of their !'- numerous
catholic fellow citizens. Protestantism is not
immsoulsto. She has era this given specimens
of bigotry and persecution which show her
an apt learner in the school of ho persecuting
mother. Lot it be impressed upon all, that
freedom, of opinion of worship and of educa
tion is the sacred right of all of the Catholic
no less thsn tho Protestant of tho Protestant
no more thsn the Catholic. Let the prolustunt
majority remember not to tyrauiis became it
has the power, ar.d there w ill bo little danger
that the Pope or bis minions can overthrow or
vary materially check the progress of our frco
Cincinnati Comvbntiom. The time for this
Convention is drawing near. We hope a mul
titude of tha frionds of tho sluve aro making
preparation to be present. It w ill be a meeting
of great importance, and wo doubt not of much
Tha United States Marshal, Chalks Sevens
and tha District Attorney, George Lunt of
Massachusetts, tho agents In returning poor
Thomas Sims to slavery, have been as uncere.
tmonlously turned out of office, as though tbey
( bad not saved hi Union. What national in-yasiiudst
The Nation—Religions Liberty.
Tho National Era, some three weeks ago,
I uhlishcd the following. Wo have been unablo
in consequence of the publication of the dis
cussion between Messrs. Philips and Mann, to
dive it any attention until now. That Dr.
Hailey may be truly represented to our readers,
no publish tho whole article as it appeared in
tho Era. In ju-ticc to ourselves however, wc
may say that tho Era did not quoto our entire
A LITTLE SINGULAR.
Tim And'otift Era lino tin following, wliirb
would nut ImvH Hiiiimlfil nl all striinc.! in nnv
ol' tlin IV" Shivery journals ol tin; country,
nut n roi a li'iui Ii Uuiley very lurcibly
in ri'fti'u our iittt'iitinii :
" Hellirious Freedom. The persecution nml
in.piisoiuiient of Hie Mmliiii liiinily by llni
('land Dukn of Timi'iuiy, lor s-s.Hr.-i-.itic; Ihu
rii; lilts nl conscience, have uioiixh.I the iudig.
I in t it mi of rti t men till liver tlm vtmlil. At
Ibis lime tif ilny, it in Inn bud that miy tyrant,
griml or hi mil I , should dare In punish ii man
lor i ending tint Jlible, or worshipping (soil
nrriiriliug In tin; ilirlalrs ol Ins own run
arii'in't, Mithmil interference with tlm rights
of bin iicic.hl.oi'. Kueli oppression justifies
ilili-rcpiilinii of I he. mrot decided character.
" The United Stiitea, ii'i-niiiziiijf uk tliry
ilii.in llii-ir organic law, tlm right ol rim
science, nml lis s I I 1 1 v MiM-nriiiir tin) full en
j") mi'iit ol'ilii'Ki! l ibis tn immigrant, sojour
ners', or ritiens, w iihnnt disluictinn nf sect,
mi) IiiiiiiiiI to ptnini.tn the -ii 1 1. n of religious)
Iri.Tiiiitii throughout ibi! world: nml rsperinlly
In secure lor Aoiri icausdii otlu'rcotiiiliirH.lIm
fii'i il'iiii of cniihi'it'iii i' iinrnniii'il lo ritii'im
ol tbone eoiinii n w bile sojourning or nettling
vri.in our nn.vt"
lleie is n eleiir ilerliiriilimi of one of two
lliiiiL'N either that our three nml tuie tbiid
miiliuliN ofrlaVi'M mi! ui illirr "iiliiiiinriiiilx, ho
Jiillllieln.or cilizi'in',"oreNr llii'V lire proli etnl
liy tlm t iiiit-l ir n Ikiu in their ii'liN o rim
xrii lice, Iheir rilillo ri nd (nml id coin e lo
fmril lo reiul) tin iidili'.iV'w urbiii (jod iirriir
iliii)t In tie iliclali'H id' their ow n einn-rii'iire.'
The Doetor, liir ibn limn lie wim wrilinjr lliin
piii aurapli, miiimI Imvn liiritnitrn tbc existeuco
of hint cry ..hiti S'merj ttuv'.e.
The remark of ibe Huele mirbi Imvn been
rulleil liir, Imil tin' piihiliiin of lln- Em on Ibn
iiiii'hlinii ol Mnvei v In-, ii i.l nil ilniilitliil. iiul
iw the yjrrj i.s mi Anli Slavery paper, nml ban
never lieulei'ti'il to bear tefliiiiimv iiL'anit Ibi
iiiirt-!Hvi! Intva of Ihu riiiinlry i:onei-iiiin
roliiieil pi'iipli', inilmilv mil rilnperl it ol liy
jiik-i ir-y when it nmlniliiUes in (Icmninci; tlm
tiii CM-niiiM of other eoiiuliii i.
Ni'Kro tdavery in lint llm only l:iml of sin
very; oipte.i'iii in not imfimwl In cob. red
lieiii.li.' j C : ll It 1 1 :i I lieninitiMn isi.n bad na hIivm.
inil; ibe world is lull id'eyiln lu be r.Miieilicd,
yvriuigs in lie rein rased.
.1-1 T i . t - f
j mi w iiiiiiiii nun roniea irnm nlinvo in
"without partiality mill wiiluuit liy pnerisy,"
I. ill v mii.iiimi ii reeojiiisen llin tiulb lb it
" them in ii time fur nil iliim.'.'' The nineere
nml intelligent em iny of Slavery will lake
.'ood care to net bin fare npiiiiMt every Iniiri
of oppieioiiiii; but it ilo. g out follow Hint lie
must never make n ileelariilimi nu'aiunt nn
liiriii, w iibuiil Hieeilyiny fl tlm nainn timo
every oilier. Nor v s II Iih ninbly deiiiitinee
the i fliiiln of olio rn lo establish lieeiloni in
oi.h ipiiuter, because they limy i-Imm.mm tn
overlook its iiiterentM in another. I In w ill
rntlier encouia);!' every ritflit iiiovemeiil,
w lmlever iln opeeiiil ol.je'rf, no mailer lbi.ui;li
tlm views of iln Hiippuitern tuny Iih partial
mill iheir conduct in oilier ropects iiii'inmin
tent; fiit, l.ceaune it in n lihl nii.veini.Mil,
nml next, lieenunn nun reforin iiliviiyn pin
parcn ihu way liir nnolber, liy eduralinrf anil
vlevnliiig public Hcutiinciil.and lliriiwin bybt
iipuii Ibe I'ui.ilamental ii iuciplea on w lii.di
ull rul'ortiis rem.
An In the remarks of the Era on which the
!,'( riiitinienls, ln.ru in not unu yve yvimhl
tnkii liaek or ipiulily. Sn far. In. in having
fnri;utti'ii die existence of Shivery w n aeleei
eil our yvuriln wills Kpeeinl icli-rence to it.
Mini Hint " the L'ruYe , Statei" the .Vrion
reei.trnii-iiitf in Iheir niffaiiii: hnv" tbe
Federal Constitution " ibn rilun of runnei
euee, and faiildiilly neriiiiu Ibn full enjiiy-
II. enl of Ihesu l i'blH In iiiiiiiiriuiln, riiijiiiiri'i
rrn.oreilii'.i'iin, witbnut ilisliuclii.ii of sect"
iii mil lliin ii lad 'i ' mi! Iiuiiml lo nromnti:
Ibe riiune ol'reliitinuk free. bun l!irnii)lioiit ihu
world; nml imperially In seeiiin liir Aiiieri
riiun, in oihur riiiiiiti ies the freedom fjuaran
lied in ritizciis of other eoiiiitri.'H whilu an
jouniiiif or scltlii.j; w libin uur bonleiH."
Wo Htiiin it fnrt, Mi idly true, mid drnw nn
inference el. ai lj logical. Tlm fart id bonnr
ulilu In ihu coiiutiy, nml funiirhun u pnnl
rennnii I'or the kind of iutei ioition indicated.
ltiit.Miyn ihu liable, lieru in n clear ilnirln
ruliiiu that slave, nro neither " iininigranls,
Mijuiiniern, or ritizeim," or that the Constitn
linu secures In Ilium ibe rigbtn of ciiiiNeieneu.
I tie inmwer in i.l.vnnin. 1 bey nre ncilln r
'iiiiiiiiyii.ntn," " anjuiiiiiem," (leii.poriiry i en
id. ntn,) nor "citizens:" hence uur M.iieiiient
in literally true. If wo bad lied llui lerin,
inhnhilimls, residents, persons, or natives, tho
statement would lie lalse nml ileeeptiiu.
Whilu nu thin niilject, ivu niiisl Im exruneil
fur milling ii lew reiiiui ki, suge.lecl liy tliu
eouimeulK of Ihu Illicit.
We me Inr Iiiim licliet ing our country per
fect, but in nil the elenicntn of Clu inliiin
eivii.zaiiun, yve think il in uilvtuieu of oilier
countries. Its political iiiKiiiiiiiuus and im
law. (we du not regard shivery unu purl of
tbeiuj me not perleet, hut Ibcy nre, beyond
eoiiipiu loun, preferul.lH In I bone ol ui.y nation
we niu uciilallite.l with. 'I'lm iiioltu, " I 'nr
roiiuiiy, r fx I I or wrong," in its popular iic
ceplalioii, in mi ioleroul one; Inn we g lur
our roiiuiiy when it in right, uiul shall never
iiliniiili.il il, lint labor In mivu it when it is
wtoii, We hale its i-luv.iiy, but nduii.e im
In edoui, nml hball never s.iller uur nlilinr
lem e of tin) lurincr tn lessen our udinirution
of I he latter.
There nro some iiinon no yvhn Imil every
inaliile.lniii.il of l:)ugliili Hyii..atby liir ibn
rniine of lieedoiu in Ibis coiiiiiry even whim
iii.idd l.y I bono who tire blind in L'.ng'i.b
oppremiioii, while tbey licrc.dy rebuke liny
ilmpb.y of Minpntliy with Ihu cause of Kug
lish lieeiloni liy their own country men. 'u
do not like such ilinci iiiiiiiiilion ; it is unual
nml. We rerogoisn the right of the leal
Iriendn of fieeduni ill nil iiatiunn, to prolesl
hiiiI declare uguinsl shivery ami opirenioii
muter nil liirnin, in ul vouutrius. Why
nlioubl wu eiinilenui uur uouiilryinuii liir ex
amining this right ?
If il lie right lo give the devil Ins due, it
cannot lie wrung to jive our country its du ?
Why seek to dishonor it ? Wholesale nlmne
In no better Ihnn vrliolewtlc flntmry t the de-
fiiiiirr w as bad M lhs demngoKim. He who
nr. I.v . I n, i ....;..i
Ihroi J nml he who wnu'.il meml his roiinlr.v,
expect tn sneceed liy excluding 'it
limn the pale nl Ins. rympnthiea. l,et bun
ilefenil it iigninst Inlnn iiecus.it ions j let Into
seek the Jirigiiolion of il inlrrenln ; let him
p.ve it lull rreilit lor .,1 the tf.,.,,1 ... ,. rl.nr-
iirter nml lis nets ; let him rejoice in it pro-
perity, ..nil , k l,...eli,lly of il f.il.ire ,
ll.en, Willi proprietv, limy tie iluiil IreelV Willi
ii liiultn, uiul expert to aid it. their correc
Pntriniisni is not inconsistent with devolion
tn nl.sobite riuht ! a bank ncknow ledL'einent
of the ineii.s of our latli.'i laud in rompiitibln
with the alt ietent (iilclily lo lo ti uthj contempt
or ilefaiiuiiioi, of o.ieVronn.ry in nut here.
sarily proof of great moral heroism or sub
Wo did r.nt charge the Era with hypocrisy,
hut only with fnrgctfulness for tho timo being.
This mi;:ht have been right, or it might havo
been wrong, for wc do not suppose as the Era
intimates, that a man is to think of slavery
and nothing rise. But wo do bol l that every
newspaper, and especially every " anti-slavery
newspaper," is bound so to remember those In
b inds, as not lo seem to sido with iho oppres
sor. Tho paragraph of thc Era, does minister
aid and comfort to thut self satisfied phoriso?-,
ism, whiih lauds our nation and government at
the expense of truth, and helps to coiitinuo the
oppressions of tho sluve. In tho article we
criticised, the Era did neglect to testify against
tho oppressive " organic law" of tho country.
I'or this mere reflect however, wc should nev
er have criticised it. But it did more j it ap
provingly end triumphantly contrasted that
law and thc practice of the government, with
tho oppressive law of Tuscany,' which impris
oned the M uliai, w hen according tn tho present
defence, tho writer of this laudation was dis
tinctly remembering tho bet that that samo
eulogized " nritnnie law," afforded no protec
tion nf thc lights of conscience to n largo class
of its subjects. Wo do not chargo tho Ers
Willi hypocrisy, but wo do with inconsistency,
in that while it opposes the pro-slavery enact
ments of Congress, it dclcmls and culngigcs so
very defective an organic luw," as it dcsciibcs
in this ankle.
Wc charged that tho Era declared ono of two
things, cither that the blarci were not immi
grants sojourners nr citizens," or else that they
were protected by the constitution. It admits
our first proposition, that thc slave, are not
citizens, they nro numbered among ono or all
tho four classes named, viz : ' inhabitants, resi
dent; persons or natiert." And it ulso admits
that they uro not protected by tho " organio
law," in thc rights of conscience, fir had thoy
been numbered among iho clashes sfi protected,
its " statement would have been fulso and do
ccptivc." To us it was deceptive of tho real
meaning of tho writer, for till his explanation, J
wo understood him to ust tho term "citizen,
in its general, and not its restricted sense, and
so o think would the great muj irity of his
readers understand it; and this it was in part,
that provoked our comments. Its ambiguity,
therefore, if nothing else, would havo entitled
it tn tho littlo notice wc gave it.
Wo readily sdu.it that tho constitution guar
anties protection lo the classes s ecilicd, in tho
exercise of the rights of conscience, but this
guarantee is but a dead letter. It affords no
protection, and il is by no means so clear to rur
mind, as it seems to be to the Editor of tho Era,
'that tho ' United .States tho nation," affords
' full enjoyment of those right." to any chis.
Wc expressed our conviction that tho Era
bestowed a most undeserved compliment upon
this nation, und it replies to us by a lecturo
up in our want of randor in not acknowledg
ing th? good actually existing in tho nation,
and with a rather earnest exhortation to givo
this government its due; an exhortation which
shall not be lost upon us.
But yve wcro mistaken in supposing that the
Era had f lrgotten tho cxUtenco of slavery. It
spoko with precision, ond "selected" its " words
with special referenco to it." Wocall tho at
tention of some of our friends iu this region,
yvho assert for Dr. Bailey u belief iu the ami
sluvcry character of tho Constitution, to this
deliberately made and carefully woighed dec
laration. Not that tho Era has ever advocated
any other views. It l.u not, so fur as we know.
it o isn ine reauer to loon a', mo scntonco at
the Era has it, and in its connexion. It asserts
that protection in tho enjoyment of tho lights
of conscience, is limited by the nation and tho
constitution, to "immigrants, sojourners, or
citizens" and that such human beings umong
us as aro simply and properly characterised on
ly as "inhabitants, residents, persons, or na
tives," aro utterly excluded from this protec
tion. Surely a " nation" or an ornanic law."
which would .muko such distinctions, would
nned .nmo bol.tnrinf.. and nenniiiflfiriil.lA umm.... !
of br.zon eulogy lu make it respectable before :
to savo every body the troublo of
preaching another sermon from tho text, "Give
tho Devil hi due," wo w ill say, thut hero in
Oliio wo rnjoy tho privilege of speaking freely
on any subject w c choose. Nunc need feel tuoro
free than wo hero in our sanctum, and wo aro
quite willing that all Hie credit for this that
belongs to tho Constitution or tho nation, should
bo freely awarded them. And perhaps, it is
truo thut this nation afford, mora of pcr.snul
freedom than any other nation. But still it Is
truo thut this nation doss not afford ptntoction
either emigrants, sojourners or citizen." in
th enjoyment ol tuliginus liuorty. Tho Cons. '
titution may guarantee it, but tho promise is
broken. Not only aro "inhabitants, residents, '
persons or natives," deprived of this protection,
but citizens from among tho nativo born, and
all other classes, are deprived of tho same, by ,
tho necessary action of the govornmont, in de-
priving any pait of the inhabitant of this .
tceU h,t co"cient entirely free, while com
rniinot polled to submit to tho slave laws of Virginia,
as bad as physical. Oranted. But is there no
spiritual despotism, exercised by this govern
Now ment? Ceorgo Thompson was a sojourner,
temporary resident" among us. Ho cuino st
tho bidding of an enlightened conscienco and a
benevolent heart, to pour tho words of truth
"" 'ov upon the cars of this oppressive nation,
but ho was met at thc threshold of the Stutes,
where these laws exist, and theso sinners live,
whom ho had crossed the ocean to rebuke, and
was utterly prohibited from the fulfilment of
'' heaven inspired mission. What protection
docs the United States afford to its native born
oitijcns What protection did it afford to Wil
to liam Lloyd Oarrison, and James O. Birney,
when they undertook to print an auti-slavory
Gospel in Maryland and Kentucky . What to
regular ministt rs of tho church, McBride and
Crooks,and Bacon, when they would preach that
8n,P'i not 10 the slavos, but to the masters f
W bt protection doos it promise to tha thous.
snds of abolitionists at tho North, who would
We cannot see how anv intcllinor.t sbolition-
i,t can fail to have felt this oppression. Wa
doubl mnethef the E(litor of ,h, Natlf,nj Er.
hm not him"'lf fclt w lu' whether he
in tho city or Washington. Wo doubt wheth-
cr a conscience, entirely free, dictated to him
,n0 e0U8 ho IlBi i0 r(,)Catcu- Uofcnded, of
ife non.intcrfcrcnc() with th, hproio efrrU
... , . , ...
of thc thousands of slaves in tho slave states,
"ov ..- w .ucm moir personal
freedom. To all theso appeals Dr. Builey turns
a deal car, and contends that all abolitionists
should do tho same, Ono important part of
pure religion, according to abolitionists, is to
visit tho fatherless and widow with aid and
comfort ln t,,c.,r 'ction, and yet if any of
these widowed, fatherless, and afllicted thous
ends, should apply to him lor aid, as did thoso
brave men to William II. Chaplin, some two
years ago, Dr. Builey could not piactico a puro
anti-slavery religion, and givo them aid, with-
out encountering tho dangers which Chaplin
braved. But why Is it hecauso tho Dr. has
a seared conscience, or a darkened understand
ing, that hu I'ccis not, nor sees tho claims of
puro religion in their behalf J I it thut bis
humane impulses havo been obliterated, and he
has no heart to feci for their animus? Ilo
will pardon us for the supposition. Wo know
it is not. It is that laws laws which tho cons
titution as Dr. Bailey has always interpreted if,
tiso up before him, clothed with tho dangers
Chaplin encountered, or with thc fate of Jona
than Walker;' of Thompson, Burr and Woik,
of Crandul, or of Drayton and Sayers, The
law enslaves tho Dr.'s ronsc.cnee, or if not his,
it docs that of tens of thousands of humane,
and most truly and purely religious men and
women in tho nation.
Again, how many hundreds and thousands
of the best and purest in slave states, long to
teach thc colored people to read tho scriptures,
but dare not on penalty of popular indignation,
sustained by luw, and sanctioned by tho nation
and tho constitution, at least by its inoperative
ness, an inoperativeness which bus continued
for three fourths of a century. If they do it,
the prison is as certainly their doom, as it is the
doom of the Madiui in Tuscany. The truth is,
the religious freedom of thc masters yvho would
teach their slaves, is no less restrained than that
of tho slaves themselves, who would learn and
if Dr. Bailey concedes that the constitution pro
hibits thc class of inhabitants called slaves, from
the enjoyment of this freedom, ho must also
concede that it precludes all who would instruct
them, from the liko liberty. Ho wh wo religion
is of thc stump of Dr.'s Lord and Spring, and
Purkcr and Smiley, or any other pious slavo
catcher, may exercise his freedom without fear
or stint; but bo who has an intelligent anti
slavery conscience, obeys its dictates at his piil.
Surely this freedom of being on the side of tha
tyrant, is nothing to boast of. Even in Tuscany,
if a man's conscience teach him obedienco to
the Pope, he is free. So here, if a man's con
science teaches him to support slavery, and
catch staves, his liberty is unrestrained. How
much freedom docs tho organic law" or tho
nation secure to us, when such statutes us tho
follow ing sre to be found in full force, in differ
ent states; w hen under their inllucncc, sabbath
schools aro broken up, Misiionaries uro forbid
den to preach to tho slaves, Biblo Society agents
aro forbidden to distribute thc scriptures tn tho
slaves, and tho Biblo Society itself, compelled to
disclaim the most distant intention of giving
tho scriptures to the slaves, or even to tho frco
colored people of thc slavo stutes. Here is tho
reiglious liberty of citizens of tho U. S., who
rcsido in or visit Louisiana.
"If nny person sluill lino nny liuigtingi!
from the bah, bkncii, stack, fli.fit, or in
nny other place, or bold uuy co.nvkrsation
having a Tr.NnKMcr to promote ilinronieut
among Ireo colored people, or insiiliordinn
tion milling sIiivch, he mny tie imprisoned nl
luiril labor not lens than three, nor li.uri- lliiin
twenty-oiiR yutirn ; or he uniy sulfur duulli, ut
tho discretion of the Court."
" In Missiet-ippi, n while ninn who prints
or cirenlatcH doctrines, sentiiiii.'ntn.'iidvice, or
inuendoes, likelT to produce discontent
among tho colored clans, in lined from ono
hundred l.i n thousand ilullarn und imprison
ed from throe lo twelve months." '(Child's
Appeal, p. 71.)
" In North Carolina, ' for publishing or
circulating any puinpldct or paper liii'viug uu
evident tauknctl to excite alnven or lieu hit.
, - -
on ol color lo insurrection or resistance,'
,,,u l,,w l"',,vi,,t'' imirinin:mi'nt not len than
onn yeur, and (Handing in tlm pillory und
whipping, nt the iliscretiou ol the Court, lor
tho lirst olluusu, and dkatu lor the second."
" In tienrgiii, tho tame yvitbojt nny reser
In Virginia, the first olTenae la punished
with Ibiriy-nine lushes, and the second with
Tit- ltflUnV fnltsl list tilaif ntt'Wltnl llnonnl!. , t.
g'u to preach repenUnco to to slave holding
sinners at tbs souui f w nave ourselves at tht
aouth, friends among the slaveholders, who j
rt.v. IsroA rt.Sm. unnn us nersonallv. for rest I
, , - - .
frsfcrnsl kindness but not for ono hour would
...l. l.Tl-l 1 1 in VII. I11IUI 'I J'....- H..I .W WW.
or our life, did we dare to visit them and plainly
utter in puSlic the opinion we entertain in refer
ence to their co duct. l is not true therefore
"literally" or any otherwise, that this govern
ment secures to " immigrants, sojourners, and
citiwns," or to any other class, " the full enjoy.
mciit of theso rights.'
The Era certainly will not contend that con
science, In its legitimate operations, is routined
t" form, of worship or theological opinions
lis highest function is in directing our conduct
with our fellow men, in accordance with tho
high principles of justuo. In thin, as we havo
seen, and as wo might show hy numerous nthe
cr instances, there is no freedom to nny class,
not even tho highest official in the Nation.
One of the men whom this nation elevated
to the second office within ils gift, tho vieo
presidency, yvas compelled to live in a state of
co.iiuhinago with thc mother of his rbildrcn.or
srpcrato from his fimily, because it was in
contravention of tho laws of the Ststo where
ho lived, to unite him in wedlock with the wo
men nf his choice Tho same minister of re
ligion who refused to perform the marriage cer
emony beeuuso tho Stute forbado had also pre
viously refused to admit tho woman to the
membership and ordinances of the church, be
cause she lived in this forced state of concubin
age. Pray how much of protection wss sfforded
in this case to bun yvho was elected Vice Pres
ident nf tho Uni'cd States How much to thc
mother of his children, or to tho minister of
It may bo said that all this yvas done hy State
laws, and that thc General Government, mid
rspeviall) the Federal Constitution is not respon
sible tticrelnr. We hold it ad perfectly relevant
and directly applicable to the question between
us ond the Era. Dr. Bailey says in his lust
articlo : We said that the t'mVcrf Utates the
Sat ion, recognizing in their organic law tho
l iderul Constitution the rights of conscience
und faithkI'lly seeurintf the eiyoyment nf these
rijhts to imvrrants, sojourners or citizens." with
out distinction of sect, and he adds with apparaut
triumph, is not this a f.iet ?" We answer ho.
Tho facts we have given abovo all answer nn,
and a thousand other facts corroborate thc an
swer. Thut the Era should, with full know
legdo of these f acts, eulogize tho "United States
the yatian," tor "Jaithallu seturini" the full
enjoyment of tho right, of conscience, is still
nu.. . wiienwo ursi penneu
tho notice of tho strange declaration.
With regard to thc lesson tho Era rather mag
isterially reads us, (wo supposo he means us
from the connection) wo hovo li'llo to soy. We
have curcfully reviewed our course, and don't
find ourselves guilty of the charges ho prefers,
so wo can afford to bear them. Ho who tells
tho truth of his country docs not therefore treat
it with contempt, nor is he guilty of Dcfama
tion. If he seeks thereby to remove its sins
and dishonor, ho shows a commcndublo attach
ment, and acts tho part of the faithful friend.
He treats his country w ith contempt and dis.
honor who lauds it at thocxpciiso of truth, and
hy covering up, perpetuates its injustice.
I.itcTuni'.s of IIiNiiosTAM. I.uxiinon Roy,
Who represents himself as a Brahmin, and
nephow of the celebrated Uiimmnhuu Hoy, has
been lecturing in Salem for a week past on
Hindostun its inhabitants, mannera, peculiar
customs, &c. His advertisement seemed chsr
letanical, and was to us no recommendation.
Nevertheless, ho is a llucnt speaker mukes
some capital hits toll many iinportunt truths,
and cummunicatcs much interesting informa
tion. On Sunday evening, ho guvo n temper
ance lecturo. It was an argument in favor nl
the Maine Lay , and was listened to with inter
est by a crowded audience.
Ho also claims extraordinary power of Mag
nctism and .kill iu Eist India curatives and
Recently thcro died in Cincinnati, a German
Refugee, and his body was intnred iu the Catn
oliu Ccmctry, to which communion he bad nom
inally belonged. A biographical notice pub.
lishod alter hi. death, stated that he was liberul
in hi views, and bud diod without resorting to
iho forms of tho church. Whereupon tho
Trustees of the Cemetery ordered the body to
bo removed within forty-eight hours. The
friends, who had a pecuniary right in the Cem
etery, refused, when the Trustees had tho body
exhumed and left cxpo.cd Uxn tho ground.
The friends then ro-intcrcd it in the grave from
which it had been removed. It was again ta
ken up tho coffin broken, and tho remain left
on tho ground, horribly mangled. Finally it
was again intorcd in another place, in tho pros
enco of on immence assembly. Great excite
ment prevailed in Cincinnati in consoguencc of
This is cathnlio intolerance and bigotry. A
small specimen of protestantism, somewhat in
tho urne direction, wm given in Sulcm few
tluyi ago. A poor colored woman died in tA
villuizo. Her frienda dchiin.l Unit D.,..i.i
t, -'iu .iiuuiu I
be intered in the Bantitt Hurvin., . i !
application, however, to thoso w ho had chumo '
j n o - - v. ft
c ; i . i .
of the ground, they were informed sho could j
not be laid thcro without tho pavmont of four
dollars. This they were unablo to pay. Indi-
viduals had already contributed to the expenses '
cf hor sickness and burial. Tho Friends, how- !
ever, gave permission for her body to rest among
their dead, where it now lies. The ehurch '
which would make such a demand under such
oiroumstances is as soulless ss the corpse for
which interment was .ought. But this is . v..
niul offence eomp.red with the treatment which
the ehuroh generally reader, to the living, pro-
vid.4 their eompl.xionisd.xk.
GENERAL RELIGIOUS CONFERENCE,
WITH VIEW TO THE ESTABLISMENT OF A
YEARLY MEETING IN PENNSYLVANIA.
Tho various religious denominations in ti e
land are arrayed against the progressive tpirit
nf tho age, and by their very structure, as
sumptions and regulations, cannot occupy a
co-operative position, because they impose let.
tors upon freedom of speech and of conscience.
i.j iciiumi.g Biaviau vnmorillllT in mailers 01
nl)1(ttBl:l fllhh )ld iec,nri(n princi lo t,,,.
by requiring a slavish conformity in matters of
led and is leading tn extensive seeessiona from
such organisations in all parts of tho country,
leaving the seccder generally in scattered and
isolated condition, whose talents. Influence and
means might be prolhahly concentrated fir the
advancement of tho world-embracing cause of
Human Brotherhood, and who arejyearning for
some form of association at onco simple, free
The abuse cf a good thing is not a reason for
Its uttter rejection ; and organization, in Itself
considered, is not only proper, but may be ren
dered powerfully efficacious as an instrument
in tho hand of Reform, without impairing the
liberty, detracting from the independence, ov
lirr.iting the conscience of any individual
though from the nature of things its perpetua
tion is not to be expoceted or desired, but it ia
at all times to bo regarded as a moans to a
end, and to bo discarded w henever it become
an impediment to tha csuso of truth.
The Society of Friends has been a theatre of
agitation for years, growing out of ecclesiastical
domination on thc ono hand, and tho demand
for practical rightoousness on the other; a
domination entirely at varianco with the spirit
of primitivo IJiiokerism, seeking to suppress
free thought and to excludo from membership
thoso whoso lives aro without blemish, whose
rxatnplo in word and deed is a a burning and
shining light, and who aro seeking to know
and do tho will of Ood at whatever sacrittci
domination which has been deemed so intoler
able that in the States of Asm J'or. Ohio, and
Michigan, Yearly Meetings have been formed,
two of which have taken the name of Conobs
oatoxai, Fuisnds, and two other that of Puo
ouussiva FuiexDs, end which invite to mem
bcrship "nil those who look to Ood ss a Uni
versal Father, and who regard us ono Brother,
hood tho wholo family of man."
In view of facts liko these, aud believing
there is an extensive propsration of mind for
such a movement, e cordiallv invite not only
tho members of the Society of Friends, but all
those who feel tho want nf oeial and religious
co operation, and bchevo that a Society may
be formed, recognising tho I'ro;ireuin Element
which will divorce lleligion from TVoWof
Titobyy, tn meet with us in Uknbiial Com
ritiiEME at Friends' Meeting House, at .OJd
Kcnnctf, in Chester County, Pennsylvania, oi
First day, tho 22d of Fifth month. 1853. t. de
liberate upon such plan nf organization as may
commend itself to the judgment of those a,
semhlcd, aud to take action upon such other
subjects pcrtuining to Human Duty and Wel
fare, as may appear to demand tho attention of
me assembly. ,
This circular Is signed by about 80 person,'
most of whom arc wcli known u thoroui.ii .nrf'
Letters to County Girls. D; Jane U. SicissAelm.
Arw lor, J. C. ltuker, 129 Fulton street.
Wcarc indebted to the authoress (we presume)
fur a copy of Ibis work. It is a reprint of the
popular letters published in the Visitor, some
threo years ago. We nro glad tn see thom
thrown into a convenient, well printed book.
They will be rcail, and they deserve to he. Wo
have ever thought them the best nf Mrs. Swiss
helnfs productions. They aro full of plain,
enmmonsense, ubout the every day business of
life Ms little matters which a great many
bookmakers think beneath their notice, but'
which como right home to the wunta and in
terests of thoso to whom theso letters are ad
dressed, and which will help them to know and.
practice those lawa of life, health and happi-,
ncss, without which existenco will be of little
uso to its poscssor or tho world.
Annual Meet in j of the Ohio Woman's Rights
Asiaciatiaa.'lhim anntversnrv wt11 - 1,-t.l
J " V ll-IU f..
Ravenna, commencing on tha 25th of May.
See notice in another column.
Tho body of Mrs. Fillmore, who died at
Washington on the 30th ult., was carried to
Buffalo for interment.
Uncli Tom's Cabim im Gbbmah, ia for aals
at McMillan's Book Store. Will not our anti
slavery friends see to its circulation among thai
Little's livino Aon. This work oommen
ces a now scries with tho April No. The pages
are somewhat decreased in sizo but increased in
number. Its appearance is decidedly improved.
Terms Six dollars per annum, free of postage.
Nohthbup the recently returned kidnaped
'vct but to publish a naratlva of his .
tierienefs. in . ..... TT 1. . - I -ar .
periences in slavery.
for tho eopy right.
The Ohio and Pennsylvania Roil Road ia to
ue completed this week to Crestline, its junction
'ilh the Cleveland, Columbus snd Cincinnattl
R"n Rodi Pittsburgh to Crestline is 187
Goon fob Ev.l.-A slaveholder near St.
Lou!., who had fallen into the Mississippi on th.
7th of March, a. rescued by one of his .laves
The life of the heroic negro was placed in eU
,, pwU by dol 8 P'oea uiu