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Selected Articles. Indians and Antiquities in New Mexico and
The Literary World hsd a letter from Mr.
JUrtlett, Chirf of our Boundary Survey inn Com
mlMion, which postose ioidc interest. It was
written at Sn Diego, on May 90th. Wo give
only brief extracts:
In my journry cro trie continent, from the
Gulf o( Mexico to El ro del Norte, and then
acres to Chihushus, nnd various parts of Sone
ra, to Ousquio at the Gulf of California a re
gion rarely viaitcd by foreigner 1 did not
meet with a tingle specimen of antiquity bo
longing to an earlier age than the present. The
frontier of the Stato mentioned abound In ru
ined buildings formerly Inhabited by the Mcxi
eons, but abandoned in consciuciico of the In
dian. Depopulated town and village, in
meat of which are found fine old churches, ore
alio quite common, but no vestige nf n ancient
rate. It wai, indeed, a melancholy light to
vlait the decrted town and riinchr. So mo of
the latter were very extensive, Knowing that
wealth and luxury once abounded there. They
are now overgrown with grata and wood ; cr
penta, liiard and venomou reptile hat bor in
their decaying wall ; owl and bat, In great
number, find a resting placo In their daik
chamber and even the hungry wolf doe not
hesitate to becomo a dweller in tho dcaortt-d
place. Some of the churches are in a good
atat of preservation, tho statues of the mints
atill adorning tho niches; and in order to ren
der them again fit places for worship, ie w ould
only be necessary to exterminate tho bat and
awallow which, in innumerable numbers, now
Tho savage, though he would murder every
aoul In tho village and plunder every homo,
ectm to have felt a reverence for the church
es for even the gildings and ornaments, which
would attract their attention, are left untouched.
These churches are alwuy surrounded by ex
tensive ranges of building, which wcrs doubt
less once occupied by the very Indian (or an
cestors) who have rendered them so desolate.
In fact, it is generally conceded that they wcro
the chief builders of them, working under tho
direction of the priests or others charged with
their erection. Many of tho churches referred
to were exclusively missions, established for
converting the Indians to Christianity, but
more frequently into luborcrs and mechanic.
Hence everything around teems to havo been
adapted to a large household. They were al
ways placed in the richest valleys, and sur
rounded by large orchards of peach, pear, pom
egranate, quince and other trees. Amnios, or
irrigating canal intersecting every portion of
the valley, rendered it extremely productivo
and capabloof sustaining a largo number of peo
ple. ' The ranches or haciendas before mentioned,
are also situated in tho midst of fine valley,
where the attention of their occupant uas
chiefly directed to the raiting of stock. The
deserted ranch of Baboconiori, near tho San
l'edro, onco had twenty thousand head of cat
tle, and tlicro were acarcoly any which did net
possess five thousand, betides mtdes and horses.
Wo found shelter from tha rain a couplo of
nights w ithin the walls of this ranche, and here
net with a party of Sonorians engaged in hunt
ing wild cattle; for though the owners, when
they abandoned these places, drove off tlitir
stock, enough had strayed away among tho
bills and secluded spots from which thcro has
been a larg incrcse. Hence wild cattle abound
In the northern and central parts of Sonmia,
and are obtained by all pasting travelers
through that rrgion. Colonel Conk, in pasting
through that country in 1817, subsisted his en
tire battalion of four hundred and fifty on them
for two weeks. Wo found them very shy, and
difficult to approach near enough to shoot ; to
(ides having a herd of tumo cattlo nod sheep
with us, we did not exert ourselves to obtain
t We saw more or less of the various Indian
tribe from the Rio O rondo to tho Pacific.
With them all, even the most warlike, we were
on the most friendly term. With the warlike
and the now hottilo Apache I had my camp,
for three months, and in the very center of
their country. The chief and other visited
tne daily at my table, and slept on my floor ;
and I have ofton been alone with ten or fifteen
of these pcoplo in my quarters or about the
Among all the tiibe I have seen, there is a
vst difference between the ihicl and tho mas
ses, or those who possess no power or wealth.
The characteristic ot a tribe may be discovered
by an observer in all classes, in the tamo man
ner that you can recognizo an Englisnian or an
Irishman, whether he belongs to the nobility or
the common laborer or the rich llostnn mer
chant from a down-eastern of 8am Slick sump.
You would know them both to be Yankee.
The Indisn chief and their fumilies are always
tine specimen of theysmi homo well midc, of
good height, regular features, full ftccs, and
generally of fairer complexion than the rest.
This may be accounted for in the tamo manner
a you would for the superiority and inferiority
of people in every nation, I. ., their model of
life- The Indian chiefs are rich they always
have the best to est ami to wear. Their wig
wams, too, are always tho best. But thoso of
Inferior grado are generally half starved, and
many of them aro without wigwam or blank
et, and but a scanty covering for tho body.
Hence you see disproorlioned limbs, lank bo
dies, shrunken skint, and inferior muscular do-
vslopmsnt ' -
Want of ear duct tn mora damage llinn
twant of courage. .
5 . ' . . .
Mora men are awry for speaking 1)10,11
Miss Hosmer's Progress.
Qraco Greenwood write from Rome, with
regard to Miss llosmer's progress aud pros
pects, as follows : "Into the studio of Mr. Gib
son, Mis Ilosmcr has been admitted as a pupil,
and receives from that artist, a most admirablo
master, all the advice she needs, sll the en
couragement a generous heart can bestow.
She has already modelled tho head of Venus of
Milo, a beautiful antique torso, and is now en
gaged on tho Cupid of Prsxiteles. It may
gratify her many American friends to hear that
great interest is felt in her, and warm admira
tion expressed for her genius, not alone by Mr.
Gibson, but by many of tho first artist in
Rome. Sho I a marvel to them, for her Indus
try, her modest eniifiilci.ee, her quiet enthusi
asm ; fr her lino feelings I or nnd knowledge, of
her art. They all ay that the copie the has
made which, by tho way, have been chosen as
dillicult studies have been executed, not alone
with eate and tssto and faithfulness, but In the
truest and highest stylo of art. With tho full
consent of Mr. Gibson, sho is .hiii to model
some of her own ideal compositions. I have
spoken of tho artist truly, but even less admi
ringly than I could have spoken how shall I
speak of the friend, of the woman, of the child
woman, as I call her 1 After threo months'
daily intercourse, I cannot say less than that I
havo never known a moro charmirg and lovea
bio person. Her character is a pleasing and
piquant combination of qualities rarely com
bined enthusiasm, with sternly perseverance,
refined taste with playful and exuberant
spirits, poetry with sound good sense. She is
thoroughly oilginal nnd independent, without
cxtravagnnco or retention of any kind a
simple, earnest, truthful girl, whoo strong and
cheerful heart is tho peer and ally of her activo
and comprehensive intellect. Sho makes her
kindly and generous spirit felt by those around
her, more sensibly than even her genius ; and
in the brilliant and peculiar career befnro her,
sho will ever be followed as well by loving pride
a by admiring interest."
It will bo recollected that we published an ne
count a few days ago, of tho arrest of Gen.
I'easlee, at Washington, at tho insiignntion of
"Sam Chase," who wa crony. The Concord
Reporter give the follov ing account of him :
Sam is a queer character, although crazy as a
loan. lie was in the Lunatic Hospital in this
town for a while, afterward resided with Clif
ford over at Sugar Hall. Ho i a on of tho
late Ilerach Chase, Eq., of Hopkintnn, and is
a relative of a rich Wiggin family in London.
He contrived to get out to England and visit tho
World Fair, whero he pulmcd himself off a a
Major-Gcncrul in tho American Army, and
contrived to gain an audience to' the Queen.
During the administration of Mr. Polk, when
tho editor of this paper waa U. S. Marshal, for
tho Distiict of New Hampshire, Sam pretended
to bo a Deputy Mur.hnl, and showed a docu
ment which he had manufactured to that effect.
I'nder authority of this document ho went to
Muiicl'oMc-r and attached all tho factories in tho
place, putting up the lubcls on the doors ; and
to prevent his putting all the property in the
State under attachment, wc had to read him out
of oflico in regular form. Ho used to attend
regularly the session of tho V. S. Circuit
Court in this Stuto a an attorney, nnd on one
occasion he had a long argument with Judge
Woodbury, who humorod hi w him on somo
legal question. It seems he i now practising
in tho Suprcii.o Court at Washington. .Van
cheiter (.V. .) ili tor, MurcA 22,
From the Phil. Daily Register.
The Marshals of Kentucky.
Thfi Marshals of Kenluvky form quite nn
extensive rnniirclinii. of ivliii'l, uvuru .......
distinguished liir talent. There nre several
generations of them. Thomas F. Marshal
and Edward C. Marshal, llio present M. C.
from California, nrn brothers; tho younger
neiiig every wny equal 10 llio elder. II11111.
phrey Marshal, the present Cominisimier to
China, is their second cousin. 1 1 i father,
John J. Mrrsbal, wn Judge nt Louisville,
nnd for a long time before his death enjoyed
tho reputation of being the most eminent ju
rist of Kentucky mid wiiluil a most accom
plished gentleman, Tho. A. Marshal, who
lint recently met a violent death, belonged
lo still another branch of the family. Jo
was a generous, hospitable man, impulsive of
foul, somewhat busty in temper, anil wild n
high sense of family pride. The incident
which led 10 Ida appointment n ISrigodier
General of llio troop from Keuluchy, is oa
("oil an illustration of manners and customs
of Ihiit stato to be los. An English traveller
who witnessed it recorded it us u specimen
of what the KentiickiHiis call u f'reo fight."
"Tom Marshal of Mason county,'' as ho was
railed in contradistinction to his'nnmosoke of
Woodford, was ono day sitting very quietly
in Iho bar-room of the Mansion 1 Inline, the
best hotel in Frnnkfort. He had just put to
bed hi friend Captain X., in 11 stnio of intox
ication, and was worming himself nt the Cue
preparatory lo retiring fur tho night. Tha
door opened and five yoiinu; men.'iill high
spirited younp bucks, entered. One of il.enj
ueked the bar keeper liir Captain X. On be
ing told (hut tho Capliiiii was in bed, they
decided to go up to his room and drag him
out; be hud innilli'il, they nil, n Indy.
Marshal now rose, mid bowing to them, said:
wriniemeii, vnpiiiin is Head tiriink, and
run make no revisnuiee; but 1 havo every
reuson to think ha will give you salisfuctiou
in the morning."
Ilul wniiing did not suit their impatience:
ihev ivntihl linvn li'mi i,nt ,..,.1 1
j . '"lima nun,
"gentlemen," said Marshal, Capluin X. is
r.:n.i. 1 1. j . 1 ...
17 iiiriiu, 1 ...in 11 ior 111111 j ne will nuswer
ony or all of you in the morning." Thin
speech, tillered by a well-sei, square-built,
brood shouhleii d mini, in ibe vigor of mid
dle age. drew iihiii ntilhor 1111 explosion
of the nlrendy excited passion of the young
men., One of them menaced the speaker
Willi a slick. Marshal wrested il from Ilia hand
and culling oil, Kentucky, h'ohion fat
jtgW." rushed 111 on hi assoilunt. To seize
him in hi brawny nrm, nnd dash him thro'
tho window snsh, was tho work of a moment.
Tim melee now heenme general. Mninhnl
rough! like a tiger at nay, biting oil the tip
of the nose of one of his antagonists, and
Tho combat wn nt It fiercest, when the
Englishman, who wn nnxinu to eo " a free
fight," pot In'" 'ho room. The next instnnt,
lie wn seized by the neck, and the sent of
his trowsors nnd thrown bend foremost
through the hnizo door of tho bar-room,
nirniiist tho bannister of tlm stair. The
Keiitiickirnt wcro satisfied with the whip
ping they 1 1 ii t reruivcil, nnd said no more
about it 1 one of them, tha ono who had lust
bis nose, shot himself next morning ; lint the
Englishman, not content with putting the
hntile down In bin nolo Iwok, entered his
complaint befnro n magistrate. Tom Mar
shall mm fined live dollars lor his pnrt in the
liny. The nff'iir gave him. however, such
reputation for courage nnd decision of char
acter, that, when tho Mexican wnr cniua on,
lie wn liy common consent called on to lend
tho Kuiituckitius into buttle.
We referred to the rnpid cultivation of to
bacco in Algiers some limn since, nnd an
Alabama paper, in commenting upon it says,
"Iho Hoiilh will be struck down by such
instrumentalities when the limnlics would
not trust il."
Leaving that point, tho other is worth
looking at, nnd especinlly with reference to
eottnn growing. Tho experiment in, or nenr
Sierrn Leonu, nre very satisliictoi v. The
Manchester men are pushing these with prac
tical visror, nnd anticipate, in a ftw yours, n
rich yield. Indeed the Southern prints watch
with it jealous cyo every sfp taken in this
Now what Liberia can do, In this regard,
remain to be seen. Her commerce is grow
ing, especially with England. Il is less with
u llinn it was years nj;o. In H'i7, Liberia
shipped i,?C0 tun palm oil to (ircnt Hi ilain
Ml, 4.1.1 tons in le.)l. I Ins generally, says n
Southern writer, exceeds by one-luilf nil tho
pork packed in Cineiiinali. if we rntn the
quantity a high n !ft)(,000 hog of 250
pounils encli, and it almost equals the wholo
export of pork, lineon, nnd lard from the
L'nited Hlnles, in ISol ; our total exports of
" hog products" for that year exceeding tho
export of the palm oil of Allien, but littlo
more ihnu ihree percent.
Commerce firsl! The Litterbin bnd to
get what would pay. The vegitablu oils, for
which Ihey have nn iiiilimiled power of pro
duction, have nil unlimited demand in the
world. Hence they prodiiei: these oils, and
directed their ntleiiiinn, mainly, to them.
Hut Liberia will produce cnllou. The plant
is indigenous to it. Full ono half of those
who compose the Republic know how 10
cultivate, it. i; therefore, tint Liberiuns
should turn their attention (, tbo culture of
cotton, ns n reckless Southern print sny,''the
in It-r 11 ti I black republic tiiighl dn more in ibis
wny in ruin the South (to abolish shivery is
meant here) tliiiu nil tho d d nlsuliiionists."
For,oui-n raise one hundred ihousaiid b iles of
collon in Africa- once prove that its produc
tion there is unlimited and tho price of ne
groes wo'd fall with the necessary declension
of the price of tho article; until, free black
labor in Africa should redeem slave black
labor in America.
tJrctit flrilinn is certainly paying close and
earliest attention lochia mailer. Her Gov
ernment has put into operation n line of
steamer which is in make monthly trips to
nnd from Liberia. Indeed, sagacious slave
holders hardly know what - lo tin in this
"gravo mutter." One class say, " Wo might
In acknowledge the independence of Libe
ria, 11 France, F.iiehiiul, Prussia, Sec, have
done, and control her." Another nnswers,
"Our only hopn is to keep by ourselves, and
stand together, funking.' our interests at liomn
the best for llio world is ngaiust us." Hut
if cotton should he successfully ciiliivaled in
Allien, the dollar interest would force on
c iiiaucipntinn in the South with n rapidity nt
once surprising nnd marvellous. For let llio
valuoof the slave, im property, begin to fall,
with ibe certainty that it uiiisl decrease- ami
do limbing but decrease, and harked by tha
money power, Iho morel power of lliu Smuli
would find voieu nnd vent, nnd speak for
universal freedom in toiie loiuh-r than any
"liiiiiilic."evor "ihunderd," by nets moro el'.
I'nciivn limit nny "liiuulic" could perlorui.
Six Days in a Grave.
All fteenllllt WAI lril'wi n ulinrl limn nfr, nt
two men nnd n boy having burn buried six
days and six nights in n marl pit nt Eerell.
ville, in tha department of the Seine Infeii-
euie, ami men rescued, a narration of thu
liflair. derived from iho Kiiflitrnrx ,.
cn ill a Rouen paper. During llio wholo of
lliat tune they were without food, without
water, and almost without clothes; nnd they
Wcro in Milch 11 rniifiiinil nlimn il.-,t u..ii, il.
exception of tlm boy, they could not stand
upright. Uoitard, the eldest man, declares
that during the whole time, he did not sleep
mu:o Winn ivu Honrs; uui ins two compan
ion, and especially the youngest, slept more.
They slept bnek.to buck. They felt-no hun
ger, nnd lloiturd says that even if they hud
had provisions they would not hnve touched
ihem; but Ihey experienced great Ihirsl.
On die fourth day they found a little water,
thick with marl, by digging into tho bottom
of Iho (lit. It wag this w ater, probably, which
preserved their strength. At first Ihey henrd
the noise of the pick-nxes and spades above
Ihem ; hut during the lust three days their
breathing was so loud as to prevent it from
reaching ihem; nnd this circuiiistnneo until
rally increased their agony of mind ; they
also feared the miners were digging in a
wrong diieclion. One of them had fifty
chemical matches ami mull n.nn ..1' ....
- 1 - u, ,.aii-
tile ; hut, though they often tried, Ihey could
mi, mi- nmiiiu air, cause tne candle to bum
uuring ine inner part of tho lime, they I
csmo so exhnusleil as to bo unconscious
their position : but ihev i-emon, ,i., .
bov once cried, urn il idm... u'n :
, , 1 " .iinio in
Ihu rtijie, Boilard! Let us ascend !" Only
one of them, llriiird, was ablo to shed tears)
and w hen he did so, the hoy consoled him
by lellinu him tharthey were sure to no res
rued. The moment a breath of nir reached
Ihem 'hey fainted, but alter a while recovered.
The firal thing lioilnrd said, on being rescu
ed, was, " Give me a pinch of snuff!" nnd
he took it with intense delight. GaUeanfi
Messenger. - - .
When men try to get more good than
comes from well-doing, they olwnya get leas.
Moral Heroism of Quakers.
Mr. Cobden, who, In Ids own aeas, carries
more guns than nny other man in Knglnud,
having received a panegyric pronounced by
some clergyman on the character and servi
ces of the Duke of Wellington, has written
three very long and able letters in denial of
the justness of the wars of l-unland neainst
Trance, and consequently or the right ot
Wellington, who led in these wars, to be con
sidered a good man or a public benefactor,
lie maintains at great length, that the wnr
against France was undertaken to put down
the principles of freedom. In referring to
Ihe immeasurable superiority of victories of
pence over victories in war, he makes the
following striking allusion to the moral he
roism of the Quakers amid the Irish famine 1
"The famine fell on nearly one half of a
great nation. The whole world hastened to
contribute money nnd food. Hut a few cour
ageous men left their homes in M iddlesex and
Surry, nnd penetrated to the remotest glens
nnd bogs of the west const of Iho stricken
island, to administer relief with their own
hands. They found themselves, not merely
in Ihe vnlley of the shadow of death that
would be but nn imperfect imnge they were
in the chsrnel house of nation. Never,
since tho eleventh century, did Peslileimc.the
handmaid nf Famine, glean so rich a harvest.
In tho midst of n senile, which 110 field of
battle ever equaled in danger, in the number
of its slain, or the physical stiff-rings of the
living, these brave men walked ns calm und
unmoved ns thnugli they had been in their
own homes. Tho population sunk so fast,
that the living could not bury the dend; half
interred bodies protruded from ihe gnyog
f;rnves; often, the wile died in tho mitlal of
ler slnrviug.ehihllen, while tho husband lay
a festering corpso by her side. Into the very
midst of these horrors did our heroes
penetrate, dragging Ilia dead from the living
with their own hands, raising the heads of
the famishing children, nnd pouring nourish
ment into ptiri'licd lip, from which shot fe
ver flames moro doiiilly tlmn a volley of
musketry. I l-re .was courage ! No music,
strung tho nerves; no smoke obscured the
imminent danger; no thunder of artillery
deadened the senses. It was cool self-possession,
nutl resolute will, calculated risk,
nnd heroic resignation. And who were these
brave men ? To what " gallant corps" did
Ihey belong ? Were they of llio horse", foot,
or artillerry force? They were Quakers,
from Claphnm and Kiuestnn ! If you wotibl
know what heroic actions Ihey performed,
nu must inquire of those who witnessed.
Vim will nut find them recorded in the vol
ume of Reports published by Ihiimselves
fiir Quakers write 110 bulletin! of their victories."
The month of April, of which this is tho
first day, ronsecrnled to " All-Fools," derives
its namo from the Lnlin Jlprilis. from njierio,
lo open, because the earth, in this month, be
gins lo open her bosom for the production of
flowers nnd vegetables. It is in this month
that the leathered songsters make every copsa
nnd tree nnd bush vocnl with their melody.
The first of April is called April-fool day,
from the practice of playing juke! nnd de
ceptions upon children or simple people.
The custom prevails in England, Ireland, and
Frnnee, nnd nlso in this country. The
French cull tho fool poissnn iT Jlvril, a nnmo
which ihey nlso givo to tho mackerel a silly
fish that is easily caught in large numbers
during this season. In F.nghiud the custom
is probably burrowed from France. It can
not, at oil events, bo very old there, ns no
writer ns far back as the time of Queen Eliz
abeth makes mention of it. In Scotland it is
termed " hunting the gowk," nnd applied to
n simpleton who is sent on a pretended er
rand with a letter, in which is written " On
tho first day of April hunt the gowk another
Among the Ancient Roman, a day is
marked in their calender as dedicated in font
diet tlullorum. Once n year n feast was
held iu honor of tho goddess Fornax, who
taught the mystery of making In cad. On
the day of the celebration, tablets wero sus
pended round llio forum, directing thu peo
ple to what temple they were In repair; nnd
Ihe joke consisted in culling llitisii persons
fools who could notreatl the labels and who
were therefore prevuulod from resorting to n
placo of entertainment till it was too l.itu to
share in its festivity. All nations on-'lit lo
hnve somo particular period dedicated 10
fools, as the great muss of mankind can sym
pathize with its observance, seeing that " wo
all have a touch of tho sume."
The Salt Experiment.
It ii known lo the public, that tho Secre
tary of War, yeur ago,ordurod experiments
to be made in packing pork, lo lest iho rela
tive qualities of Onondaga solur stilt, with
Turks Island. Kuch hog was cut iu two on
the back, and one half packed with Onon
daga, solar, and the other hall' with Turks
Island. The same quuiilily of each kind of
salt being used iu each case, ami packed in
barrels of the same quality. In short, the
treatment of each kind throughout, waa the
sume in all particulars. This pork. has been
packed for more than thirteen months, und
few duys since we saw some of it opened,
and it wns imHssible to discover nny par
ticular difference between Ihe two kinds of
salt, or to see any difference in the quality
or preservation of the meat.
This pork was put into barrels, numbered
from 1 to 100, the odd numbers being of
one kind or salt, and Ihe even numtiera the
other. They were sent out, one of each
kind to every military sutiou throughout tho
United States, with iustructioni'to be opened
after a given time, and certain tests of the
meat to be made by a board of oll'n-ers, un
der the direction of the officer in command.
Many of these reports huve been received at
the Commissary's, nnd yestcrduy 1 look the
opportunity to examine them. The result is,
it is n I most impossible to discover any dif
ference. The greatest difference is in the
loss of weight, after being boiled for an hour
and a half. A a general tiling, there is more
loss of weight iu that salted with Turks Is
land, thun with the Ouondnga aolar anil.
In most cases the meat ia represented as
being uncommonly good. The result of
this experiment thus far, ia 1 full vindication
of the quality of the Onondaga solar salt,
and shows beyond a question that it ia fully
equal in all respects to the best Turka Is
land brought 10 tin! country, for packing
LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.
Extracts of letters from Judge Chancellor
Kent, and President Adams.
CAMBRIDGE, April 24. 1844.
t have read the prospectus with great
pleasure and entirely approve the plan. If
11 can only obtain the public patronage long
enough, and large enough, and securely
enough, to attain Its true ends, 11 will con
tribute in nn eminent degreo to give healthy
tone, not only to our literature, but to public
opinion. Il will enable us to possess, in a
moderate compass, a select library of the
best productions of the age. It will do more :
it will redeem our periodical literature from
the reproach of being devoted to I is lit and
superficial rending, lo transitory speculations,
in Bicsiy ami epiiemernl sentimentalities, and
false and extravagant sketches of life nnd
ennrocter. JOSKIM1 STORY.
NEW YORK, 7th May, 1844.
I afprovk very much of the plan of the
" Living Age;" and if it be conducted with
the intelligence, spirit nnd taste that the pros
pectus iinlicutes, (of which I hnve no reason
to doubt,) ii will bo one of the most instruc
tive and populur periodicals of the dny.
WASHINGTON, 27th Dec. 1845.
Or nil the Periodical Journals devoted lo
literature and science which abound in Eu
rope and in this country, this has appeared
to me Ihe most useful. It contains indeed
the exposition only of the current literature
of the English language, but this, by it im
inensn extent nnd comprehension, includes n
portraiture 01 tne iiiiuinti 1111111I In the ut
most' expansion of thu present nun.
J. Q. ADAMS.
This woik is conducted in Iho spirit of Lit
tell's Museum of Foreign Literature, (which
was favorably received by ibe public for twen
ty yetirs,)biil as il is twice ns lnrge,ntiil nppenrs
so often, wo hot only give spirit ami freshness
toil by many things which wero excluded
by a mouth's delay, but while thus extending
our scope and gathering 11 greuler nnd more
attractive variety, aro able so In increase Iho
solid nnd substantial pnrt of our literary, his
torical, ami political harvest, ns fully to sat
isfy Ilia wants oftlie American render.
I'ho tl.iboralo nnd stately Essays of the
Edinburgh UnnrUiiji, und other Reviews j
mill lilacktBooil't nn'bhi criticisms on I'oclry,
his keen political Commentaries, highly
wrought Tules, und vivid descriptions of
rural mid mountain Scenery; ami thn enn
trihuiiuns to Literature, History, ami Com
mon Life, by iho sagacious fyteclirtor, Ihe
spin Ming Exmuiner, the judieimis WMcntriini,
the busy und industrious Lilcrnn Gazelle,
Ihe sensible nutl comprehensive JJritannia,
ihe sober nutl respectable Christian Observer;
Ibesu nre intermixed with Iho Military mid
Naval reiiieuiseeiiees of the Unitnt Service,
nutl Willi ihe best article of the Dublin Un
iversih), Xeiv Monthly, Frasrr't Tail's, Jlint
tvorlh't Ilood't nnd Snorting Mngnzines, and
of CArmi6er' admirable Journal. We do not
consider it beneath our dignity lo borrow wit
and wisdom from Punch ; and, when wo
think it gootl enough, mukotise of the thun
der of The Tunes. We shall increnso our
variety by importations from the continent of
Europe, iiml from thu new growth of the
The sleumshin has brnunhi P urmisB Lin
nnd Africa, into our neighborhood ; nnd will
(,11-niijr ,iiiiiii,iy our connections, ns Mer-
cluiKttJ. Travellers, nnd I'l il ii ifiita fitl ..II
parts of the world ; so that much more 1I11111'
ur "'"v uecome every intelligent Amer
ican tu be informed nf ,....1;,;.... 1
1 .. . iiiiii
changes ot foreign commie. Ami this not
oniy iieenuseol llivir nearer coiineeiiiin with
ourselves, but becuuso tho nations seem in
be hastening, ihrougb u rapid process of
change, lo some new stato of things, which
the merely poliijcul prophet cannot compute
Geographical Discoveries, the progress of
Coloniztilitin, (which bi extending over Ihe
wholo world,) urn! Voyages nnd Travels, will
ui-d.viiuim j IIIIII) in
gHiieru!, we hImiII nyBtenmiicully nnI very
tllllv llpitimiiit mi. - I ...:.i. . . J
1 .uui;ii wiiii 1 iiu great de
partment of Foreign affuirs, without entirely
neglecting our own.
Whilo we aspire lo muke the Living Jlat
desirable lo nil who wish to keep themselves
informed of iho rnpid progress of fie move
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leisure 11 is slid a stronger object to make
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more solid matter, we may produce a work
which shall be populur, while at the same
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