Newspaper Page Text
This ilnen not riso even to the dignity of a
tpiibltle. If the Marshal of Hoston, instead
of putting Hon. Snmiiel E. Hhwi.I1 '..
lock up, hml hung liim at the navy vnnl, nnd
cnt Ilia hill to Congress, woul.l Mr. Mmin
nave voted to .ny it ? Hurely not. lis does
then exnmine the wny in which dependent
cfticem exercise their rimy, ns hi oalli of
office binds him to do to ; niherw ise, wn
might ns well send, na Webster mice said,
broomsticks to Congress.'
Hut is the paying of laxo to the Govern
ment nt all like voting in pay Chnrles Dcveu
his thirty piercs or silver? Voting is n vol
untary act. Taking office is n voluntnry net.
Voting tlio supplies in n voluntary net. Air.
Mann vote, triors nfliec, nml says yen' in
Congress, of his oirn free trill. 1 inv paying
mxes a voluntary net? Suppnso 1 retime.
Government take my house, sell t, nnd
tnkea the money. I.xeeedingly voluntary
thia! When diil the woman, who pnvs her
five hundred dollars to llm city t.f Huston,
(intent lo the iiiipoeilioti ? I might cnutimin
lie list to nny extent. Voting is the net of n
sovereign moulding the Government. Taxes
are a burden imposed on subject. Tim
Government wrung from me, witlnint mv
consent rnliln-d me, of nmne hundreds o"f
dollar, lint they rotihl do nothing with It,
lill Mr. Ilnrnre Mnnn stepped fiirtvnrd mid
V0Lt.xTr.rarD to vote it to Chnrles Devcns
ta payment lor doing worm lliin murdering
Ilia hrntlier. The .Nation met Mr. Miimi and
Mid, ' Witt yon he n mciuhcr of Congress ?'
He replied, Yen,' knowing the duties of the
lliee. 'J'he Government thru nunc to Mm,
nnd prrsenti-d llieir infamous hill in the Sims
case, nnd said, ' Will tint nmhoristt iik tit pay
thisr' He replied, ' Yes.' To gel the means
lo pny thnt hill, llml nriitu- Guvcrnmcnl conns,
end lake my money, wiihuui nuking my
consent. And Mr. Maim 1 1 i i k our relation
to the Hiiinim ciioo nre ideiitieid! I will
agree with him, when he shows mn tlmt llm
Chief Priest were just ns innocent in pnying
Judas thirty piecea of silver, in wnl tlio t'rav
rller fiom Jerusalem to Jericho, when ho
f nve up Ida raiment to the thieves among
whom he full.
It is in litis part of Lis letter thai Mi . M.inn
cull mo 'cnw-nrdly' for reliisinj' to go to
Congress! On this theory, whnl nnlinii of
lieroea wo must tie! since ot nil the millions
Ihere are only n few isniijans afraid to
go lo Congress ! Let me cnngrntulato Mr.
Mann on li in relcus-j liom the post of dunger.
Next conic Hiring in the Courts, nnd using
the Post-ollR-i. In these, case, Government
does mo a service nt n certiiin price, OS n
merrlinnt sells mo his gondii, or n lawyer his
akill. Any liody, a foreigner who never set
foot on our soil, mny ham those services, if
lie will pny for them. No one is linked to
assent lo tint Government, or indorse its good
chiirncler, hcl'oro he enn sue or mail letter.
When Harriet Miirtinemi mails n letter ton
fiiend in Indiana, docs she hecomo morally
responsible for the nrri-st of Huidmcli, ns
Charles Devcns did when ho paid Deputy
.Mnnduil Riley for pretending to hhI ii break
fast, llmt he might seize the slave? And ns
pnrt of the postage goes to Kniilnnd, does she
imloreo monnrchy hesido ? If Mnzzini sent
Kosuinh a letter through the Aiwtrinn mail,
lie incurred tlio same rrsponsihilily for Hay
ion's crimes, na tlio Linpernr llml iaid for
tliem! If 1 liny n Umk in John Murra'
lore, I iiiiIoi-m; In LiiKeopnliiiiiisin! I con
fess, I cniiiint necepl (his ns Hound locie.
Were I a prisoner on n piralo dork, where
they had sunn: one set apart lo decide dis
putes, nnd une nfihe pirates stole my dinner,
J should ni-k hitjwlt lo make him restore it,
and not It el lhal, in so lining, I nt nil heenme
partner in tlio piracy. My poNitimi in this
country is similar ; while I do nuiliiug that u
foreigner mny not do, ncl not ns u imrtner
ill the Government, hut aa n luhjtcl. I do not
consent to Government I only submit In it,
aa to nny inteilab'.e evil. To suck submission,
no guilt attaches.
Let me explain. In man's present condi
tion, Government is n liecesmiry eil. But
who ia lo choose what its lorui nnd nature
ahull lie ? The only rule, nt once praetieahln
ami just, is lo let the majority chooso. Sup
mi the minority think thai the arrange
ments mmlo nre mpidicious. Ktill, ihey
should join, nnd try lo make those nrraiigu
- tnents better. Jini it' any individiial lliiulis
the nrrungements sinful and wirhed, (as, liir
instuncc, if Government command its olli
rcra to lie, to prrii.t idolatry, or lo return
slaves,) whut shall he do ? 'Of course, hn
cnnnol nssent, or hecomo pnrtuer in them.
That is self-evident, no matter what snr.riliee
it costs him. I'ligau I'ompey could teach us,
that It is decennary to he honest ; il is not
necessary to live.' What then w ill he the
relations of such individuals, (like, the t'.ng
lish Nonjurors,) to the Government ? In set
tling these relations, two things nro to he con
considered. 1st. In nny specified territory,
tliero enn he, from the nntum of the case,
liut one Gownmenf. 2nd. livery mnt has a
riifht lo life, nnd property on the spot where
lie was horn. This light God gave him: no
mnjnrity cnu take it away. It is n right ante
cedent nnd paramount to nil Governments i
ami pronounced 'self-evident nnd iuali ililu'
liy our Uuchiralion of liulependelice. From
theso two principle it results, that nny indi
vidual, uniihln to hecomo a partner in the
titale, lius still a right whiM hn keeps the
pence, to follow his usual pursuits, nnd enjoy
die oidinary protection of tlio t'latu ; lo nc-
tpure anil iiulii property, nnd he protected in
it; lo use tlio highways, courts nnd mails ot
the Stale: in n word, to enjoy I tint class of
' rights generally grunted, even hy despots, lo
the ditfranchiitd c' asses.
I know this principle hns heen sometimes
invaded. Clnislinin have held, in Asia, their
civil rights, only on condition of sliming in
idolatrous practices. Home treated the early
Christians in the hiuno way, nnd I'ligland, in
timet past, wna thus unjust lo Catholics.
Such subjects had no choice hut lu die mar
tyrs. Hut mankind have, long ngn, decided
that such n course, though within tlio pnwtr,
it not within the rigldjut authority of nny
fjtnte; nnd il is wholly alien lo lo the theory
of the English and of our Institutions, in
deed of nil modem free governments. I
repent, that the majority have no right in in
fer that the minority, in using such rights,
become implicated in Government sins; since
that would he to suppose that ti majority ia
authorized to set up n wicked Government,
anj then make honest men, to whom God
gov a right lo live on iho soil, join in it or
starve; which ia alisttrd. It was on this prim
. eiple that our Savior puid forcj, and Paul np
. pealed from the court of Festus to Ctrsaf t
- though neither of iheiu would have eerved
; in the Prtelorian guards lo kill Nero's mother,
(spite of Dr. Dewey,) or eat hi the Senate lo
pa for il afterwards.
Hut if Mr. Mann can prove me wrong in '
a&c, that does not shew him to he '
right in voting. It only proves us liotli sin
iters ; nnd I, for one, ahull try to cease sinning,
and mend my ways.
Mr. Mann sneers al my idea, that oaths to
the Constitution nre oaths lo that instrument
in the sen mo affixed lo it hy the Supremo
Court. He used to think differently! very
recently, too. Feb. 2ri, 1851, he said in the '
Hit finite of Itrprrsentntivcs, speaking lo Hep-
reseniulives t, Wi)s--
' F.ven should the Hunreme Court
I I. llml Vtt.l.ia ,lanl-.i ll... I...u Ia l.a Hnli.lilll.
lioiial. then, thoiiuh wo must nrknowlchra
their decision, as lo Ihe point decided, lo he
tho law of llin hind, until it is set aside, yet,
without nny ilisrespect lo Hint Iriliimiil, we
mav still adhere lo our former opinion.'
The same doctrine forma the basis of the
greater part of his arguments ngninst the
Fugitive Slave Liw. This wna the eonsti
t.iiioii'il doctrine uuoV tciVA Ac took his oalli
of qficr.. Ho did not nsk then, as in bis sec
ond letter to you, w hat ho should do when
' the nation wns on one t-idi), and the Supreme.
Coin! on the other' or what he should do if
llin nation chniiffed lis oriinion or hint at
nny understanding Willi Howell Cobb as lo
how fir Iho law should ho obeyed. No. :
II hen he took the 0'ith n-hich lie ts now tripnr lo )
coustrue aitatf, his doctrine wns, thnt a nr.cis-
iom or tiif. Ht'i'MKMR Col'ht is to be ac- '
K.Nowi.r.nor.n as thk law or tiik i.a.nd,
t'.iTii, it is set Asmr.. Conversions nre
suspicions when men change their opinions
in order to excuse their acts.
He ipintes (ten. Andrew Jackson on this
point. I hnve great respect for Genernl
Jackson's opinion on n fortification of cotton
lings; hut no respcrt at nil lor his opinion on
a point of law. It happens, however, thnt.
on thia occasion, I entirely ngreo with tho
Jackson doctrine, ns quoted by Messrs Mann
and Sumner. General Jackson snys lhal Iho
President nnd Congress, in making laws,
hnve n right to decide, liir themselves, wheth
er the proposed law is constitutional. Of
courso they havivf Hut Jackson dues not
say, nl least, in tins quotation, nor any w hero
Hint I know. tlmt il' f 'ffiiirrntifi tin. l.nv
- i - .....
which they think constiititiuiinl nnd tho Sti-
preme Lonrt mnciion it, he, on bis private,
uuderstnluling of Iho Constitution, shall, ns
President, rcfuso to execute tlio law: which
is Air. M inn's position. iSuppnsn that Con-
gress has passed n law, nnd that the Supreme J
Court have pronounced it constitutional. In ;
this stall; ol lliuigs,Mr. Minn enters Con-
grcsp. I do not deny that, ns n legislator, be .
limy try lo get Ihe law repetdcil. I do not j
deny that, ns a lawyer, ho may get up u case,
nnd try to mako the Coin! reverse its decis-
ion. lint I nsk whether. irhUr it ri,,',n
Ihr nl ihil i nr, I ,;, ik. '.
reeoruist il as eonstituliinal. he. ns an Officer i
of Government, means to aid in giving effort .
lo its provi.-ions, liy providing process nnd
iippniniing oliieers, &.c,
.1 i-r which lie itt
lint ..t titiiirti- ii.. n.i l,i,i.i...l.U I I
..... ... i..l.., ,.n i.iii.fi Ill.fJ fill, l (lill, JJIflfl,
citizen, lo resist such inoress .,..,1 ....-l. ,,H,.
ccrs; but. coutrarivvise. is bound to assist the
un in executing the other, il lawfully called
on lo do so. From thn niitiiro of Govern-
meni, anil Ihe harmonious co opcrnlinn nee
cssnry to .its success, no honuruhlu man
I...I.I;.... n-... .....i .. :. t . ..... . i
..filling tniivo i.ii.iui it . IB a I1KUI I" nilllSO,
discountenance nnd resist other officers, I
when cngrged in Ihe discharge of their law-
lid llllti.is. IIh is lliiltllil to .fiua n UL-t.riln
llffirll.fi Ullllltll-t tr. In.i . ii... I ..llin... I .. . I . . .. I .. m !
- ri ...lu U.....CI,
lo the same fetnte with b.mscli: How incon- ,
griious nnd nliMird lorn Hepresentntive to go
idiom denouncing Marshals nnd Judges liir i
ohej ing that Conaiitulioii which he also
seives, and is voting them pay for serving!
I'n'u i"y" ',Ve"' ,' '"y, 1,.":,iun1B,WVB. J1!6"
1 ask, how does his relation to Ihe cnlchiiiit ,
nl slaves, or nny other subject on which !
Congress mny legislate, diller from lhal of
slavehuldiug Keprcseutalivea ihemselves ?
It lie anja '.No, nnd asserts thut he has n
In interpret the Constitution for himself,
nnd nullity on existing law, then I assert that
hu turns Iho Government into nn anarcliv
F.veiy other man has Ihe sainu right that he
bus. Hence, ihe Constitution will he one
thing in lioston, nnd another thinir in I'liila-
idelphia; onn thing ono sido of iho street,
m:d quite a dilkienl ilium opposite. Vet
such ii man culls himself u Union until n
suppoiter of Ihe Constitution !
in England, w hat I'aili.imeiit decrees is
law, no matter how unreasonable. (See
1, l ) They hnvo no written
Constitution. Hero we have n written Con-
stilolion. Laws inconsistent w ith it nro void.
Such is tho theory, hut if tho law-making
power mny tnuko any law which it professes
lo think consistent with tho Constitution, now
do we iliilur from England? Our Const!-!
Union is then a sham. Mr. Maun hns clear-
ly nnd fully explained ull this, on the 46rith
page of his volume, which 1 have not rouiu
this point, the authority of the Sti-j
preme Court, I have with me mue-teuths of
Ihe legal profession, end three-fourths of the
statesmanship of the nntion, past nnd presont.
Thut consideration is of weight, when no
prijiidieu mingles in thi question. Let
Mr. Mann answer ihe second reply of Web-',
ster to Havoc, contained in three or four pages
.i.: .i. si i i .
mi in f;u iiit.-iii wmii:ii iiiiiisuiii proiiuiincen
impregnable, he litre he expects ine lo spend
lime in earrjing coals lo Newcastle
1 know this 'magnificent conspiracy ngninst
justice,' w hich Mr. Mnmi culls o government,
is last becoming one of majorities, not of
Constitutions. We nre fiisl verging to un
limited democracy, the rock on which all
former Republics have foundered. Few men
nre doing muio to bring about thia result
than those who are trying to introduce Ihe
Mr Mnnn speaks (p. 28") of Mr Wobster as
bound, in fullllmcnt of An eomtitutional duly,
to secure jury trial to luijilive slaves. Whut
rik-ht had Sir. Maun to talk in this strain to Mr.
Wubslor ) Had not Mr. Webster a ritjlit, as
Mr. Mann, to construe the Coiistitutionjur him
sslj't and had ho not just declared thut, in his
opinion, no such constitutional duty existed!
tin Mr. Mann i present theory, that which a legis
lutor thinks his constitutional duty it his const!
tutiornl duty, such a remark to Mr. Webster
was logically absurd, indeed, savored of im
pertinence. Instead, however, of allowing Mr.
Webster to explain tho Constitution in An own
way, Mr. Mann, (tail, i'elt at liberty to say, (con
tinuing tho aruncnt, p. 209.) Tho Supreme
Court of the United States has furnished us
with an ai'Thokiiativi intbui-ubtation of tho
tllcre Mr. Mnnn la riding two hones again.
If it bo his privilege aa a legislator to examine
the constitutionality of all act submitted to him,
has he not the power, and, having the power, is
he not bound lo dooide also whether he will pay
Charles Dovens for doing an unconstitutional
act under an unoonttitutional law His former
theory and this one do not hang together.
theory of private interpretations of the Con
aueiug, atitulion, and to loosen the obligations of
bringing the Ami M. ivory c.itiso lo 1'ieir nt
right tcnlion. Hut it is fur them to decide that
point, not liir me nr the government. Many
'" become partners in the government.
There are many similar eases. 1 would not
nniko such n speech ns P inicl Webster's, or
' fuch a lecture as Orvillo Dewey's fiir ull Cul
lilackstone, ! ifornin.
j Hut let nny body deny their legal right lo
do it, nnd the world ahull find me nt llieir
' side in a moment, to give them nil Ihe nid I
" in vindicating that legnl right. I hope I
' l"dl never be left ngnin to walk the streets
under epaulets, and lied lo a aword; but
when the colored mnii claims the legnl right
to be enrolled in our regiments, 1 bold up
j both hands in his favor,
I would not ndvise any mnn In be n Cutlio
On I'C or n I'resbyterinn, nn'lnfidel or n Morinnn,
""d would rather cut off my right hand than
join Uowe street church, whose pew a are
h''d on Ihe express condition that no colored
mun ahull be allowed lo purchase ; but I eon
parly Miiuily tmt government shall allow
every man lo chooso his own sect, nnd even
' t" go to Kowe street church, if ho idcuse.
ai. at -.1 1
Hot llm evil is fur erenter than the mere
.-- r- ---- ,
destruction of thia Government. '1'ruth '
II1R mil II Q Mill rriuionH ui uiiiiiiinBia ii
ament Hint hinds society together, and make.
progress possible. The principle of limited,
written Constitutions, interpreted hy some
power before set apnrt for the purpose, is the
great political discovery ol mortem tunes.
great political Discovery oi inoneru nines.
To elaborate Ibis principle hns coat the lav-
sh sacrifices and pulient aiitTurmgs or limny
generations, nnd llm best blond of the rnce,
If 0 1 1 H I'll t If Itl .
shed on tlio battle-field nnd the block. Ev-
en the froulom of Ihrne millions of slaves !
would bo purchased loo dear, if purchased
at tlio cost ot truin, or oi ine essential prui- i
chile of Constitutional Government ; the only i
noli.icnl hone of .ho rnce. We were tint
sent into the world lo free slaves, but to do
our doty. To do riiht is our first duty, lo
do good is only n second consideration.
Mind, I any, the essential principle of all Con
stitutional Government is tint to be snci ificed
to free slaves. 1 do not mean this individual
Constitution or Government. Welcome the
blow thill strikes this into a thousand frng-
gmonts, if il atrifces off ulso the fetters of Iho
Mr. fttann iihiiks me tno innio-ryeu, too
much of a pettifogger, lo understand great
Coiisiituiioniil quesiioiis. It innv be an. I
nnlv claim to know r.ul.t from wro..i. " Mor-
al principles nre not changed hy iiumlM-rs.
F.vil is slill evil, though von follow n multi
tude lo do it. When (tod culls bis short
sighted creatures to judgement, no grand ar
ray of slu:e maxim, no curious net-work of
polities, will hide me from his single and
Mr. Mann thinks we desert our duty to
the slave, in refusing In vote nml go to Con
gress. I will gladly do both, ns soon na ho
w ill show me how 1 cnu do them as an Aon-
e.il man. He docs not, surely, think I nm
bound In do whnt I think dishonest, in order
to free slaves !
My idea of the wny to reform government
is this. When God shows any iuali thnt a
pnvcriiuiclit nrrntiffemeiit is wrtmrr. f .iiiir.illv
jo - - - - c - ri
wrong, nut merely inexpedient,) that mini
should Hicucclortli reluse lo join m it, I hoso
who sec hint thus s.in ilico to n conscientious
conviction his political right, dear to every
man, will reconsider their ways; nnd thus
light will spread. When public opinion baa
been thus changed, tho mass of men will
shape their institutions to suit it. ThiH,sure-
Il", is n plain, honest nnd expedient course,
fruitful of good results. I he other course
continuing in Ihe government in the first1
place, soils n mini's conscience, by making
liim do thine he cannot w hnllv niiiimve.
Seeniullv. von nre n bail nilvficmn nl' vnup
Dow iilons if vour actions tiro not wholly
consistent with your opinions. Men will not
"ceil a preacher Who does not IhinK Ins ideas
wiiriu sari ii.riui; iiiimiiiii lor. .an niaiorv
HtmiA - it llmt lln. on .,.,,.!.. nC
...... .i.w i wilil'lillllioi VI lflff, IIIUII
have made iho race hull in ii. ndvnnce nnd
kept truth at iho bottom of her well. Com-
promise is llm American Devil
Mr. Munn thinks mo inconsistent in asking
for women the right lo vote, nml in writing a
recent circular on this subject, which 1 must
n....r... ... i. ......
."hm i. iui.o .iifiii.-.
1 have no wi.-h to measure other people's
consciences ttv inv vnrfl.uiiflr I ilri nut p.
liect thill every llmil W ill COinU llll to IIIV lllcii '.'
I 111 t I fin flf-flitHifl lln.l u.'a . u ...h.i al.nll ....t I
consistency inM his own xdeis. Now, our
goveinment is based on the principle tlmt1
very tnx payer, every person nmennhle lo
law, shall huvo n right to vote. Women
come within this description, ami should
r !"; right. Imnonnnl heiicfiis
How Iroiu the poMeuion nt il ; I claim It.
therefore, for women. When Ihey gel it, I
shall immediately argue thnt Ihey ought not
to exercise il, which will ho another means of
will vote, shall Ihey he deprived of Iho
right, hecaiiso n few abolitionists will not use
ii i Tho possession ol the right to vote is no
hin. A wicked government can iffer us tiny
thing. Therxrcise of llmt right is; for that
shows that we accept the oiler, nnd nre willuitf
i e.. niiinu iiiee won iner
nope i nave
not inisienrcaenleH Mr.
Mann's Cnnslitutinunl positions. 1 hnve
tried not to dost; bin what with bis volume,
and his various letters, ii is ulinost impossi
ble to make out what be docs really believe,
at present, about tint Constitution. If be
continues this discussion, I hope he will not
'proceed on imputations of meaning,' but
frankly tell ua whether bo now considers the
fugitivo sluve clause, correctly construed,
covers the case of fugitive sluves. I lo owca
this tolii.niM.-li; to me, and to your readers.
His doing to is a necessary preliminary o
our discussing 'Constitutional questions
Mr. Mnnn informs me thnt my letter con
lams seventy-live departures from truth, and
that its ulmosphere was as ofl'ensive ns that
of n middle pussuge cabin, and then requests
me not to lie persouul. I submit thai exam
ple in this matter would be butler than
precept. Ymirs truly,
Colonixatioji is VmamiA A bill hat past.
cd both branches of the Virginia Legislature,
sotting apart about $40,000 annually, to be ap
lled in removing free portont of color from the
State to Liberia. A portion of the amount to
be raised it to be derived from an annual tax of
$1 each upon every free male person of color
in tho State, between the ages of twenty-one
and fifty-five ycart ; $30,000 are to come from
the State Treasury, and balance from the tax on
auscnea w registers oi trcedom,
"To tho Senate and House of Representa
tives of the United States of America, in Con
tt,c VI Mlv Vl.l.
, . , , ,.,
Tho mernon.l of the Undersigned, citizen,
of Pennsylvania, respectfully represents I That
they regard the existence of slavery in the
Southern States of this Union as injurious to
th, prosperity of the nation, destructive to the
th, prosperity or the nation, destructive to the
of ieTeral tccti incompatible
..... . . . , , ,.. . r. ,
h Brcst Pcple. of liberty and th.
rights of man as set forth in tha Declaration of
Independence and the Federal Constitution,
IUJ eminently calculated to retard tho progress
of lh(Me prUlciplcs among other nations i that
. ., . , . , ., . ......
wh.l. acknowledgmg that the.r right of direct
legislation for the abolition of slavery rests ex
clusively in the people of tho Southern States,
your memorialist yet believe that inasmuch as
the citisens of the Free States, through their
commercial relations with the South, participate
in the profits of Slavo labor, and have thus be
come partners with the Slave-holders in the
great biuinas of Slavery, it is the duty of the
National Government, whenever tho Southern
gutci mav be disposed to adopt legislative
measures for the purpose, to aid them in cstab-
'"'""g universal freedom. And your memori
alints, therefore, respectfully, bat earnestly, ask
of Congress the enactment of a law which
shall provide that whenovcr any State, by its
Legislature, shall pass an act emancipating tho
Sluvcs within its limits, an assessment shall be
in ado by Commissioners appointed under the
authority of the Governor of tha State, and
tho Proaident of tho United States, of the los
ses sustained by tho Slave, holders individually,
and the aggrcgato amount to bo paid out of the
National Treasury into tho Treasury of such
Stato for equitable distribution.
(Signed) Samuel Rhnads, Abm. L. Pcnnock,
Kiincli Inis, Jasper Cope,
Uco. V. 'lnylor, Isaac Collins,
A few year since, a bright-eyed mulatto
woman, the slnva ot a gentleman residing in
Anion county, North Carolina, fled to the frco
Stntc, which, nftcr unusual hardships, and tho
cxcrcino of inoro heroism than is generally at
tributed to her race, she succeeded in reaching.
Sho left behind
a husband who was also a
sluve, belonging to Mrs. K., of tha tamo coun
ty. To this husband, Nancy wat strongly at,
tached, and though ahe wns well situated in
. this Stuto, cudd give herself no peace until
I,,, , ,. , , . ,
'""l "lvcd to return and attempt his res
cue. The long and weary journey to her old
homo was made on foot and by night. Arrived
near tho rcsiilrnro of hor husband's mistress.
,ho lay conccuica for more than a week in the
mountains, beforo she could prooure an inter
view. But her husband lackod courage. lie
dnrcd not risk the attemnt to fleet and It wna
snveml viecVs I)rfor this lilnrW M,it-V.nlK' rmir.
age could do 'screwed to tno sticking or
fc fc , j . A fc fl
nd ncarly Cumberland Gap,
when ho was ovcrtukon and captured,
jji, mUucts, by the way, was willing he
tboM but ho , fcar f fc hclr
... , , . , , , ,
ho lnieeA' Bro tho PBrl,e, lhat ch"cd and
captured the slave Nancy escaped and re-
turned here. Tho aged mistress of the fugitive
was to sircctcd by the dovotion of Nancy, and
Ihe desire of the husband to bo re-united, that
she conceived the idea of herself running otT
with her own slave, for the purpose of bring
ing him to a free Stato. The preparations were
in lido w ith the greatest secrecy, and carried out
with to much skill and prudence, that she sue
cccdcd, ond lately passed through this city on
tho way to tho rcsidonce of Nancy, who is now
living with her husband. The old lady left
what propcity sho had, beside this slave, in
North Carolina, and has mado nu attempt to
regain it. Sho is now permanently settled in
thia Stato, and is supported by the charity of
Our inlormant, whom we met yesterday, was
on his way from tho residence of Mrs. K. lie
thinks that there will still be an effort made to
regain possession of the slave.
Romance and Reality.
An American in Faiit taya he could get
round " Undo Tom" after a fashion by saying
it wot a romance j but Iben the National Intel
ligencer and other papers come laden with ad
vcrtiscmcuts of the sulo of slaves, 4c. That is
substantial. It it roality. There it no dodg
The American in Paris writes as follows :
" I havo already mado my complaint of the
troubles brought oa Americana here by that
incendiary' book of Mn. Stowa't, espociully
of tho difficulty we have in making the French
understand our institutions, llut thore was
one partially satisfactory way of antworing
their questions, by saying that Uncle Tom's
Cabin was n romance. And this would have
served tho purpose pretty well, and tparcd our
blushot for the model Ucpublio, if the tlave-
holdcrt themselves would only withhold their
testimony to the truth of what we were willing
to lot past at tiction. Hut thoy are worse than
Mrs. Stowo herself, and their writing! are get
ting to be quoted here quite extensively. The
Moniteur of to-day, and another widely circu
lated journal that lies on my tabic, both con
tain extracti from those extremely incendiary
periodicals, the N ational Intelligencer, of Fob
11, and the New Orleant Picayune, of Feb. 17.
The first givca an auclioneor'a advortisemont of
the tule of "a negro boy of 18 years, a negro
girl aged IS, throe horses, and saddles, bridles,
Thon follows an acoount
' t,ie ,al' 'iiloh roads very much like the
description in tl.e dramatio fueilletont here, of
J famous scene in the Case do l'Oncle Tom,'
' as piayca at in Amuigu vomique. i tit see-
ond extract is the advertisement of our es
teemed fellow citizen, Mr. M. C. Goff,' who
presents his respects to the inhabitants of Oua
cheta and the neighboring parishes, and inform
them that he keeps a fine pack of dogs trained
to catch negroes, &c."
Romance and Reality. ANNUAL MEETING
Ohio Woman's Rights Association
The Frst Annunl Meeting of the Ohio
Wotnnns' Rights Association will be held at
RAVENNA, Tortnge Co., Ohio, commencing
on Wednesday, the 25tli of Mny next, at 10
o clock A. M., and continuing two day.
The object of this Association Is the re
moval of the many unjust anil oppressive
legal and social regulations, from which
Woman niflers; and which lend, not merely
to prevent her fulfilling her own high destiny
by meeting her responsibilities and per
forming tier duties but retard also, the
progress nml development of the rnce.
The intelligence of the world ia becoming
awakened to the ovils of many of these legal,
social, nnd vocational distinctions ; nnd mnn
hood, oa well us womanhood, ia demanding
something better adapted to the advancement
and welfare of both.
The friends of Humanity and Progress are
earnestly and cordially invited to attend the
meeting, and there discuss the subject of
W mnnn s true position in society her rights,
uu;ie, ami responsitiililies.
SALLIE B. GOVE. Secretary.
March, 28th, 1853.
Tho Free Democracy of thit State it "getting
widc-awnkc." It will grow atronger every
day from thit time forward.
The infamous Negro Law" is rousing the
people. Indignation meetings "nro held In
almost every county," or " will be," and ' not
a lection of tha Stato w ill bo left uncanvnsscd.
We knew Ibis most shameless and barbarous
act would have this effect It it not in the na
turoof lion to uphold or "stutid" a ttaluto
blacker in !.ts inhumanity than any which dis
graces tho most scrvilo free State. Why, even
Southern men are shocked at itt brutality and
denounce it. That influential and pro-slavery
paper, the New Orleans lice, refers to it thus -.
" llut Illinois has recently canned the climax
by an act ot special and aavoge ruthlessncss.
Other Southern papers condemn, with fierc
est speech, thit Illinois ou'.rnge.
How much servile Northern men mistake
tha South 1 How little they understand their
position and feelings I They may fret and
fume, and clamor ; the tpilfiret among them
may rugc; but tha body of tho pcoplo aro cool
and know what it right, and who doca it, on
the great theme of human liberty. Is it won
derful then that this statuto of Illinois excites
disgust all over the South 1 Doci it teem or
lound itrango that tho New Orleans Bee should
denounce it r Learn to know tho South better.
It will never uphold villainy liko this.
Nor will the poople of Illinois. This wo
know from tho number of anti-slavery conven
tions called in that State. And we rejoice to
tee, that a largo number of them aro called
"irrespective of party." At Freeport this ret-
Jletolved, That irrespective of party we view
at odious the enactment commonly known at
tho "Illack Law," and indignantly rcpol it at
unchristian, unconstitutional and impolitic, and
deem itt author and ull those who permitted or
aided in placing it upon our statuto books, di
rectly or indirectly, as unworthy of our confi
dence, and cannot by our permission aguin
stand in our Legislative Halls.
C. M. Clay, in a letter to the Timet of Chi
cago, emphatically says :
' Vour tlave law out-IIcroda Herod !
Whcro can wo go to cscaps tho scour.drelism
of men 1 It makes me tad tad indeed 1"
The "Hioheu Law" has usually been con
sidered a plant of Northern growth, but that
impression it corrected by the publication (in
the New York Tribune) of the following ex
tract from a speech of Hon. James Daudoub,
Senator from Virginia, on a bill for abolishing
imprisonment for dobt, delivered in tho Scnato
of tha United Statct, Feb. 17, 1821:
' Tho question now presented for decision ia
limply thit It it right to punish, by imprison
ment, tho honest, but insolvent debtor! I
grant you the power, but deny you the moral
right. I do not mean to encumber the discus
sion with any constitutional question. High as
tub Constitution is, I appeal to an authority
still higher to the patent held by Man direct
ly from his God, by which his liberty, ard the
rght to its enjoyment, was guarantied. It ex
isted beforo constitutions or sociotics themsolvei.
The imago impressed upon him at hit birth
was the tign of the Covenant, and should have
been tho shield against itt violation."
More, "of the tame tort," fallows but
then the honorablo gentleman used this lang
uage "in a Pickwickian tense," and never
dreamed of itt application to " niggers I" Di'-
QTJuit at the cloao of the late Congress, the
Compensation of Fostmastcrt wat changed, and
thoir commissions now rate at follows : JVws
On a turn not exceeding $ 100, 40 per cont
On a turn between $100 and $100 40 percent
On a turn between $400 and 2,400 85 per cent
When the mails arrive regularly between 8 at
night and 6 in the morning, 60 per cent is allow
ed on the first $100
Those officers whote compensation ahall not
exceed $100 a quarter, are allowed one cent for
every "free" letter delivered out of their offices,
and each Psssmaster is allowed two mills for
every delivery from his office to a subsciber of
each newspaper not ehargenble with postage.
&l)C QVuti-Slaucrn Bugle.
SALEM, OHIO, APRIL 80, IMS.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE meets May 1.
The office of theBvoLB has been removed to
the third story of the Brick building. Corner of
Main and Ellsworth Streets, (old American
House.) Where all who want Printing doava
are invited to call. They will find Mr. Hudson
ever icutly to accommodate.
Mm. lloBiKtox, has withdrswn from the
Publishing Agency or the Bugle, and is suc
ceeded by Ann PxAnsoa, to whom Utters of
business rclatiro to tlio paper should hereafter
Her residence is on Oreen St., next door east
of James Barnaby't, where she will be found,
ready to attend to any business connected with
Those who hsvo heretofore been in the habit
of calling for their papers at Samuel Brooke's
store, will hereafter call for them at the print
Cincinnati Contention. An accident upon
tho railroad, delayed our return from Cincin
nati, until it wat too lato for tho insertion in
full of tha proceedings of thit interesting eon
vctition. For tho name reason we are prevent
ed from saying the much wo desire to, in regard
to it. It wat a glorious occasion. All classes
of Abolitionista were represented, and mingled
together with freedom and hearty good will."
There wot frco thought free speech, and there
were frco men snd women. There was union
without compromise, difference of opinion and
frco discussion, w ith harmony of purposo and
fraternal feeling. And to the credit of Cincin
nati and of the immense audiences which as
sembled to hear, it should bo said, that thty
listened with Ihe deepest attention and tha
most perfect decorum, to tho elenrest exposure
of national and individuul guilt, and to tha
sharpest rebukes, liut we shall havo more to
say next week.
Cincinnati Anti-Slavery Convention.
Thit Convention assembled on Tuesday the
10th inat, at Masonic Hall. The excr. ics were
commenced by prayer by Rev. John Rankin.
After which the folllowing ofllccrs were elected.'
Phesident, SAMUEL LEWIS, of Cincin-.
Vicb PiicsiDENTt, Win. Lloyd Garrison and
Chariot Lenox Rcmond, of Massachusetts, Geo.
W. Julian and Judgo Stephens, oi Indiana,,
Mrs. S. Otit Ernst, Mrt. M. A. Guild, and Dr.
W. II. Brisbane, of Ohio.
SecnKTAtiiEs, J. W. Chnflin of Clinton Co.,
J. W. Towner of Medina Co., and Mr. Langtton
Business Commutes, Wm. Lloyd Garrison,-
Dr. Brisbane, Judgo Stephens, Dr. A. Brooke,
G. W. Julian, M. R. Robinson, Christian Don
ton, Mrt. Julia A. Ilarwood, Mrt. Elizabeth T.
Coleman and Mrt. Sarah O. Ernst.
Finance Committee, Andrew II. Emit and
Mr. Lewis, on taking the chair, laid he un
derstood ho had been selected becsuse he wss
known as the representative of the principles
the convention had met to advocate
This Convention wat called by the Anti-Sla
very Ladies of thit pluce, with a view to get
together all the Anti-Slavery sonlimont we can
to dclibarato with a view to the carrying on tha
progress of these principles. Thcro will be dif
ferent sentiments advanced, and we must not!
expect to agree entirely with all that ia said.
But we ought to start with the understanding
that the utmost liberty is allowed to all so far '
at it consistent with order and tho purpose of
tho Convention, and we ought to feel the utmost
deference to tho opinions of others. We are
the representatives of a new era.
When our futhcrt landed on thia continent,
they declared certain principles at the basis of
their colonics and communities, and they are
carried out into what we call a republic, and
these principlci are broader and purca than any
ever doclared in any other country. But they
did not probably have a full appreciation of those
principles. The prophets of old who spoke of
their progrcst and triumph of the Gotpel did not
fully understand ita extent and magnitude. It
baa been tho business of ages to develope these
principlci and bring out the great maxima of
universal justice and light. We should allow
no organization! whatever to hedge ut up from
the mott thorough inquiry into what it right
And I ask that portion of the audionoe who,
are particularly devoted to the doctrine! of
Christianity, if they shall hear any remark een.
luring any class of rcligionisti not to eonoluda
that Christianity ia denounced. I ask you to
draw tho distinction between the thing itself
and that which claims to reproient it. It ia be
cauao those organization! are unfaithful, that
our movement ia necessary.
Mr. Rbmond wished to lay that if thit quel
tion embodiod in it anything of importance, it
not alono concerned the colored man, but attach
ed itself to our entire country and countrymen,
and wat worthy tho consideration of all. Tha
oolored poople are the preiont greatett sufferers,
but he believed many of our political and reli
gious great men, were greater si a vet. Slavery
was to be abolished, by the powerful influence
of American moral sentiment on the one hand,
and of foreign countries oa the other. He had
almost despaired, but be was becoming mora
hopeful. The dsy is toon to dawn, when the