Newspaper Page Text
From Eliza Cook's Journal.
From Eliza Cook's Journal. Curiosities of Great Men-Their Moments of
'Among tlio rui 'kiiii fnet which wo find in
perusing lliu biographic nt great men, nro
Ilia circuiiiHlnncea connected with tho mm
usitinn of ilio n oiks which linvo innile them
For instance. CosshcI composed hi prnnd
sermons on li ktieef. ; liulwcr wrote his fimt
novels in full dress, scented; Milton, hclnru
roinmencing lit!" ureal wmk, invoked the in
flucnces of tint llnly r-'phil, nml priveil ilmt
liis lip might bo touched with n livu coiil
I'rotn ofT the nltnr, C'liryno.-tom meditated nml
etuilieil whilo contemplating a painting ol
Uncoil knelt down lielnre composing hi
RrcBt woik, nnd pinycd Ibr light liom hen
veti. Pops never could riniipnxu well Willi
out Ilmt derluimiiitr lit lliu top of Ink voire,
ml llnis rousing liis nervous s)stciu toils
llenthain composed after pin) ing n prelmlu
on the organ, or whilst Inking hi." miM pran
dial'! walks in hi garden ihe sninit by the
vay, thnt Millon occupied. Hi. Iloiuiinl
ouinscd liis Meditations amidst the woods;
lie delighted in nothing wi inucli us the sol
tloilu of Iho 'dense forest, finding then', tin
iwlil, aoinelliing mora proloiiuil ami suggest
Ive limn anything ho could find in honks.
.The Mot in would sometimes fall upon him
there, without for a moment interrupting In.
Ctimni ns composed liis verse with the
roar ol' buttle in hi vacs; liir thu Portuguese
I'Ol't was a soldier, Mid n lirnvu one, though
M kx t. Ilu comxiseil others of din iiiohI
tieau'.iful verses tit tlio tinm when hi lni!i.ui
Into wns beeping a subsistence for him in
lli streets, 'i'nssn w rote his lineal pieces in
no- luriil iiitfiv nlrt o! murines.
Roesrmi wrote his wmk early in the
morning; l.c Nugent inidilay; tivron nl mid
night. Ilnrilonin rosu ut linn in llic morning,
end wrolu nil Inlunt niglit.
Arislnllu wiis n licmcmloiis noikrr; ho
look little li i , nml was roiistmitly retrench
ing it. Ilu hud n cniilrivniico hv which he
nwoko enrly, nml In nivalin was wild him to
s-miiim-uce work. J i f .- 1 1 1 1-1 passed llirce
months in a cavern hy lliu him side, in labor
ing tn ovcrcomu lliu iK Ii riH of his voice.
There he rend, hlmlicd, mul declaimed.
Ruhclui coiiiposi.il his Life of (Jargantim
at Itrlluy, in ihe company ol Komiiii cardinals,
sitid under lliu rji'n of thu liishnp of Paris.
La rni1niiic lvii.Ii! most ofhi lal.li K chiilly
under llio shndu of a tree , nml sometimes hy
th tide of lUcinn nml lSuilcuu. Pascal
wrote most of his Thoughts on litilu scraps
of mper,nl hi hy-mnmcnt.-i. Fi'in loii urotu
at tha court of thu (.'iniid Mnnnripii', w hen din
his Tvli'imichiis in tlio pnlncu of Ynixiilli'S,
vlinrijins the ilntiea of tutor to the D.iiiphin.
Tlutta liook ho tlinroiihly deiuocrnlii! rhoold
have 'mailed froin surli a vutirie, uml hecn
writien hy a prie.i, tuny seeni surpri.-'ing.
,Db QiiGiiany first proiuuij,'iilfii his imlioii of
uui(rsal freedom, of person uml tinde,
nd of throwinj; idl tsueson lliu hind the
germ, pcrhnps, of ihu Fnmeli Uvvoluliou
III the boudoir of ,M;id. ilu I'limimdoiir.
Luther, when stud) ui, ulwaya Imd his
dog lying at his fuel a iIol' hi; Imd drought
from Wnrlhur?, nml of vthii:h ho una very
fond. : An ivory erucifix hiooiI on thu tiihlu
hefuro him, r ml tho Wnllsol' lliu atudy were
ftnek round iith cniii'iitiurs of thu I'ope.
lie wo iked ut Ida dctk for ihiyw Inether,
'widiout j;iiing out ; hut when fitiued, und
the iiluna hepim to stiignnlu in hi. hn.iu, hu
'rould tnko his flute or his guilnr with him
Into the porrh, nml I hero execute omn urn
iricnl fntitnsy (liir ho wns n i-killlid imifieiiin.)
when the idi.n would l!ow upon him m froli
aa flowers nller n suuuner'Hrniu. iMimii: wns
tils iovaii ihle soluco ut stieli times. Indeed,
Luther did not hcKitule to sny, thnt niter the
dogy, iniisio wiis the fust of nits. ' .Miihic,"
said ho, " is thu nrt of the prophets; it is on
ly lliu oilier art w hich !iku theology can culm
the apilntion of tho boul, mid put the devil
to flight." Next 10 music, if not hcli.ie it,
Luther loved children nml flowers. Thnt
grunt gum led innti, had u heart us tei;Jer na
Culvin studied in his lied. Every nirun
tng, at fivo or six ccloek, ha Imd hooks, innti
t.srripls ami pnpeis carried to him there, nml
worked on liir hours together. If hu had
ocraaiu't to go out, on his return he uuilies
aed and went to hed ngnin to continue his
atudiea. In his l.illcr yenrs he clieliited his
rlting to seereliui . Ho rnrely cnireeled
anything. Tho aeulencea issued compluto
from his nioiilli. If ho felt his Ceiliiy of
eomwifioii leaving him, lis fiulhwith ipiit
ed his had, gave up writing and composing,
and want about his out-door duties for dnys,
weaka and moulha together, liul as soon us
he fult tha inspiration full upon h'un ngnin,
li went hack to hisaccrctury uiid act tu work
Cujiia, another learned man, used to study
nhcu laid all his length upon tho carpet, his
face toward tha floor, and there hu reveled
amidst piles of hooka which accuiiiulnluil
about him. The learned Amyil never slud
icd without the hnrpsicord hesido him und
lie only quilted the pen to play it. iWnlhiim,
aUOjWas extremely fund of tho piano liirie,
and he had one in nearly every room in his
Kichilieu moused himself in the intervals
if tat labor, Willi a tqundron of cuts, ol w hoiu
I was very fond.
11a used to go to hed nt eleven ut night,
and lifter rending three hours, liitennd vvritu,
ilirtnte or wurk, till fruin six to eii:ht o'clock
in the morning, when his daily luvee Was
held, lilts worthy student displayed un ex
trnvnrnnco cunalnis thai of W'oUev. Ilis
nmiuul cxpeiulitiiiH was four millions of
francs, or ubout JUU,liU.
r How dilTtrent the fnslitlioiia lemiernuee
of Mi I ton! Ilu iliniik vvnicr nml lived on
lbs humblest liire. In his youth ho studied
during the grentest purl of the night ; hut
in his more udvnnced years ho went euly lo
lied hy nine o'clock rising lo his Mudic
at four in siiinmur nud live in winter. Ilu
aludied tn midday ; then hu took mi hour's
exercise, und nlier dinner he snug and play
rd the orgnii, or listened to the oilier. ' music,
lie studied again till six, and front ilmt hour
idt night ha enguged in conversation wild
Crianda who caino to see him. Then ha
ucii, smokad pipe of tobacco, drank
glass of water, and went to laid. (Jlorioua
visions came lo him in tha night, for it was
tliwif while lying in his couch, that ha coin-
Ced in thought the greater part of his aub-
rioecri. ' Boitiotiiiiii w hen lite tit of coin-
posit inn en me strong upon him, he would
call hi ilnuithlerto his side, tn commit lo pa
per 1 1 in t which he had composed.
Milton wus of the opinion that the verse
composed hy him between the ntilmnnal nml
spiiug eipiiun.xc were idwnys the best, nnd
he wii never satisfied with ihe verses he hud
written nt any other season. Albert, on
thu contrary, said that thu rquinneliiil winds
produced u state of idmnsf. j.lele stupid-
lit," iii Lint I i L tat Ixi tint Itliitrrnl.tai linrritllil
oi.lv sini in summer, ft wn l.ia favorite
I'ieire Corneillo. in his lodiest fliL'hl of.
irringiunlioii, wns olteu hrolicht to a stnnd
still liir want of words nnd rhyme. Thoughts
were seething in his brain, which ha vainly
tried tu reducu lo order, nnd ho would often
run to his Thomna 'for a word.' Thomas
rnrely failed him. Sometimes in his tils of
inspinitioii, ho would huiuhige his eyes.tliniw
himself upon the. eol'u, mid diclalo to hi
w ilit, who almost worshipped his cenius.
Thus he would puss wlmlu days, ilictnting tn
her hi great tragedies; his wiie scarcely
ventured lo speak, almost nliuid to hi eu 1 1 id.
Allervviirds, when n tragedy wns finished, he
would cull in his sister Martha, nnd submit it
to her judgment, lis Molii-ro used lo consult
his old house keeper ubout tho commeilics ho
hud nuwly written.
KnciiiH composed his verse while wnlkiuc
about reciting them in a loud voice. One
day, when thus working nl his play of JIi'M
riluit; in tho Tuilerie (inrdeus, a crowd of
workmen umbered n round him, attructed hy
his gestures; lliey took him to hen iiinihnnn
about to throw himself into lliu basin. On
hi return homo from audi wulks, ho would
writu down scene hy scene, nl first in prose,
nnd when he had thus written it out, he
would cxclniin 'My trngudy is done," con-
sideling the dressing of tho ucta up iu a verse
a very smull nll'.iir.
Mugliabeechi, Ihe learned librarian to the
Duku of Tuscany, on tho contrary, never
stirred iibiond hut lived amidst books, nnd
lived upon honks. They were his bed,
ho. . nl nnd ni.iing. Ilu panned i igl.t nml
lolly yenis iu llicir miilpl, only tw ice in thu
cuiirst'tif his lilii vcnluring beyond Ihu wulls
ol I 'liu eni'c, iincu lo go l tvo leagues oil, mid
Ihe other three uml a half leagues by order
of the CjihiiiI I'ulic. Ilu was on extremely
frugal man, laind upon eggn, bread nnd wa
ter, iu great moileriiiion.
Thu lilb of Lielu.it. wns one of readiiiL',
"riling uml meditation. Thnt wus I lie se
cret o his prodigious know ledge. After mi
nltaeli of gout, hu confined him.elf In n diet
of bread uml milk. O.ien hu slept in a
clinir; uml rnrely went lo bed till alter mid
night, rf.-nietiines hu wns months without
quilling his sent, where hu slept hy ni'ht
nml wrolu hy duy. Ilu had mi ulcer iu his
light leg, which prevented his walking about,
even hud he vv islied lo do so.
BY MRS. L. H. SIGOURNEY.
Thcro's u'eoncert, a conceit of gladness and glec,
Tho prugrauimi) is rich and tlio tickets arc free ;
In a gruud vaulted hall, whero there's room and
With no gas-light tn cat up the oxyRen there
The mui iar.s excel in their wonderful art,
They have enmpnu of voico and the gamut by
They truvcllod abroad in the winter recess,
And ung lo vast crowds with unboundod sue-
And now 'tis a favor, a privilege raro
Their arrivals to hail, and their melodies share.
These ex'i'iiMto minstrels a foiddon have sot,
Which they hopo to comply with and may not
They don't keep late hours, for they'vo always
'Twould injure their voices, and uuiko them look
They invito you to como, if you hnvo a fine car,
Tn the garden or grove, their rehearsals to hear;
Their chorus it full ere the sunbeam is born,
Their music the sweetest nt breaking of morn ;
It was learned at heaven's gate, with its raptur
And may tcsch you, perchance its own spirit of
St. Auguatino is said to be the oldent city In
the United States. Its appearance Is thus de
scribed by a correspondent of tho X. V. Com
"You would feci nmazd at tho apparent qui.
etness of St. Augustino, should you tver visit
It; a seaport, without a vessel in port or in
sight, cf any description, and but three or
four yawls. I say apparent quietness, for I
am speaking of out doors, but in doors the case
is very different. Balls and parties aro fro
quent. Thoso disposed to attend them can
havo the opportunity almost every night.
Mask balls aro ul.o in vogue. The pooplo are
hospitable, but how they live, and what they
livo upon, is a question I cannot answer.
There is employment for nono except laborers
or negroes, who perform tho usunl routino of
every day duty. A cart or carriage is seldom
seen in the streets, except when in une by some
of the iuvulid. or visitors. The lower classes
(for I have not seen a beggar sinco I came
here) livo on fUh and oysters, procured in the
harbor and siljncent waters ; and although I
have been out curly and late, I havo never seen
any kind of victuals go in or como out of any
homo, or sniffed tho j crfuino of tho kitchen iu
passing through or along tho houses ; yet it is
very evident they live on something else bcii
des air tlio women fresh and plump, the men
only middling. This town or city wus, until a
few ycais so, tilled and surrounded by orango
groves, giving it a most beautiful and romantio
appearance, and affording nourishment and
support, by tho uco and sals of tho delicious
fruit, to the inhabitant. A fiott destroyed
them almost in a night, and an insect, beforo
unknown or harmless, has since infected tho
treos, and destroyed what the frost left, as well
as discourged tho Inhabitant from cultivating
any mora. Tha consequence is, that the place
proscnts the appearance of desolation : you can
hardly conceive of one more ruinod and untight-ly."
From the Oberlin Evangelist.
The Little Stranger's Burial.
Returned from the funeral seenet of little
orphan fugitive from slavery, who has just now
found a refuge in our grave yard, vre sit down
j to sketch them for tho Stiko of our readers,
rf Dobbins, acolored child of some
I four brou8l l"t0 " viBe on"
few dnys nince.in the last stnget of consumption,
mother died two years since, but In her
last hour committed this littlo one to tho com
passionate care of a fellow slave-mother, by
w hom ho was brought here tn die. lie had a
f.ilhcr but of him humanity makes no particu
lsr account. Ho was one of thoso fathers who
oien proptrly In the flesh and tones of their
children, to whom therefore a sick and dying
boy is a valueless thinj. Ilis i.ntural mother
seems never to hsve thought of such a futhcr as
a protector of her child. Instinctively she
turns for human sympathy and help to a sister
slave-mother -and lint in vain. The latter
promptly accepted tha trust, and heroically did
she fulfil it. (She nursed tho fccblo one along
with tho other littlo ones of her fold, till tho
hour came to ttrike for freedom, and then with
a babe of her own on one arm, and this sick
helpless one on the other, she bailo her other
children follow, and fld. A Hand morn than
human guiding and sustaining, they wcro set
down among us, in safety. Tho littlo sick one
could go no further. With many bitter tears
this mother by adoption tore herself avvsy and
left him here, till God opened his Great House
of Itcfugc, nnd took the fugitive orphan heme!
Upon this community it devolvej to perforin
the lant offices of sympathy for tho orphan boy,
nnd not often has such a cull been responded to
more promptly. More than one thousand per
sons were present at this funeral. I'rom many
an eye unused to tears, they "would unbidou
start." We thought of tho hnrriblo system
tthich gives to thousands of littlu babes no
earthly father, snvo such as woutd chase down
and sell tin m fjr the gold-value of llicir bones
snd muscles. Wc thought now this sains sys
tem tears away from its tubes tho mothers God
guvc and dooms them to more than orphnrnge
urphauugo among human flonh-mongers I Wo
thought how kind it is in God t.i open tho
grave as a hiding-place, over v hose thicshhold
even Slavery cuunot stride, to reach iti fljeing,
escaping victims, liut oh, how tcrriblo must
bo that mode of lifo from which death is a ref
uge ! Wo looked upon tho wast?d Cum of
this babe of years, as ouo of many tbousnnds
yearly born to orphanage and bondage whom
slavery rears and fattens for its shambles who
havo natural mothers to love and cherish them
whilo they may, but often have only toinorMroi
father who ehsso thein down if they fly for
freedom, and whom this nation clothes with
its wholo power for their merciless woik.
Wc Ihawjlit and from our aching heart, we
asked How long, O Lord, how hngt How
long crc it shall bo said Verily, there is a God
who judgcth in tho earth"?
The heroism of this Seeing snd escaping slave
mother, had she been l'olo or Spartan, and not
of tho doomed race, would have earned for her
immortal fame. Two daughters grown to wo
manhood, ono of them wilh an Infant in her
arms, sho learns, are sold to gn down the river,
tiler husband was already sold and gone.) It
is too much for a brave snd bold heart to bear,
and at once her plans sro laid for freedom. It
matters not that sho has ono infant of her own
upon ono arm, and this adopted, sick, and al
most dying one, on the other, it hinders not
that thcro urn three other lads to bo taken
along a compai y of nine, mid not one man
on whoso strong arm and steadfast heart, they
can lean ; it daunts them not that hounds and
horses, and yet moic savagcincn, will surely be
upon their track for what will not the hero
ism of a slave-mother, in agony for her sold
daughters, do and dare? lViUp sho had
faith in God. At least, hoi spirit reminds us
of thoso ancient men of fuith who "out of weak
n ess wcro made strong."
And shall it be s'.ill demanded of this op
prossed race, that they prove thoir birthright in
the human family ! Posterity will love to ac
cord to them this honor, while it must grudge,
if not deny it to their oppressors 1
Since writing tho sbovo we opened Henry
Bibb's Voice of tho Fugitive, p.ubluhed in Can
ada West, opposite Detroit, turned to the col
umn of "Local MaUtn," "Tho operations of tho
under-ground rail-road," and found the follow,
ing welcomo paragraph, which should bo con
ncctcd with the history as abovo :
"Sinco the above was written, a woman with
sovon children and one grandchild, havo arriv.
cd on the last train. They ran away from lliec
Bolton, of Dover, Ky. Theso were all tho
slaves which he possessed. This woman wishos
to sny to her old muster, that sho has landed
safo with nil her children, and that she uuix
pcrtcdly met with l.cr brother Thornton in
Canada, within ten minutes after shs londcd
here, und that she found him doing well. She
also thanks him for selling her two eldest
daujjhtcrsto the soul-drivcrs for $1800, for it
was this that roused her lo flee owny with them
to a land of liberty,"
A freight train travelling at tho rato of twen-ty-four
miles tho rour, requires on a lovel
old yaids to coma to astop, and 79 1-2 seconds
of time. A passenger train at the roto of
miles tho hour, cannot bo brought up in less
than 779 yards, but takes rather loss timo, only
00.8 seconds. Two trains, therefore, approach,
ing each other at a speed of 21 miles tho hour,
will experience a collision, if the brakes aro not
brought to boar when they aro about 1 100 yards
or nearly two-thirds of a mile, asunder.
From the co-operation of tho fuculiie,
their cultivation increase! their jiower iu
The School Mistress.
BY MARY IRVING.
She sit among her littlo flock
Of flaxen heads and restless feet ;
Like water trickling o'er a rock,
Her tones koep on thoir cadence sweet.
Her lips are smiling quietly,
Yet with an effort to be glad.
Lest childhood's sparkling gaiety
Be shadowed by smile too sad.
The smilo is sweetest in bcr eye
Yet there is something in it gleam
Thnt seem to sny you know not why,
The shadow of a broken dream.
The sun is winking through the blinds,
And pulses bound to bo at play
Cut among tho truant winds
Thnt murmur of tho grassy May.
Bright eye look dreamily on books,
And read unwritten lessons there,
Of humble-bees, and flowers and brooks,
And arrows w hiatllng through the air.
Tho gentle watcher gently chides,
With " half a smile and half a sigh j
For in her heart a whisper hides,
That pleads fur sunshine and blue sky 1
But lessons must bo learned ( and so,
With words that rouso and words that win,
She wiles the restless rsmbler through
Life' first, life's lightest discipline I
From the N. Y. Eve. Post.
Olden Time—A Curious Relic—The Original
Deed of Staten Island.
Among tho curious papers in tho Now York
Historical Society is theori;innl grant of Stuten
Inland from tho Indians to Governor Lovelace.
Before the An.i tican Revolution it was in tho
possession cf lki.ry Kipp of New York. Then
it vias in the hands of Sidney Breose, Casinovin,
N. Y., and given by him to Mr. Hazard, of
I'hiladulpl.ia, w ho presented it to the Now York
Historical Society. It is a most remark ablo
fuct that tho half of tho third sheet of this doc
nn. cut wr.s lobt for forty-two years, but aftcr
wair! found among soino old papers belonging
to the Historical Society, when it was restored
to its originul placo. Thus the deed is again
complete, and any descendants of the Knicker
bockers ort'uo Huguenot who first settled that
beautiful icland, may see the original grant of
its soil fairly purchased of tho Indiun owners
and paid for.
The Iudcnturo was made on the "13th day of
April 1070, in tho 22d year of Charles 2d, by
the Grace of God, Defender of the Faith, &o.,
between Francis Lovelace, Governor-General,
under James, Duko of York, and Albany, &c,
and tho Indians Aqucpo, Warines, Minqua,
Sochcmack, 1'crmcntocs, Quewequcen, Wo
mancca, Oncck, and Mataris, on behalf of
tlicu. solves as the true owners and lawful Indi
an proprietors of Statcn Island." They also
dnc'.aro "that they, the Sachems, aro now the
very true, sole and lawful Indian owners of
sid Ulaud,' and all and singular premises, as
being derived to them by their ancestors." It
w as ulso bargained that tho Indian then re
siding on tho island should have liberty to re
muin thcro until tho first of May next, when
they wcro to surrender it to such person a the
governor should plcaio to appoint.
De Viros, tho early Dutch navigator, had
visited tho island thirty-two years before this
period, (in 1G38) who claimed it by patent
from tho West Indian Company. He calls tho
Indian inhabitants Howi-ataks, and the island
itself Mononco.no. I bcliovo that John An-
thou, Esq., has named his splendid place on tho
heights of the Quarantino after this aboriginal
"The payments agreed upon for tho purchase
ot Statcn Island, conveyed this day by ya In
dians Sachem' propriet', is vis :
1. Four hundred fathoms of Wampum,
2. Thirty Match Boots.
3. Eight C'oatcs of Durrccn'i roado-up.
t. Thirty Shir t.i.
6. Thirty Kettles.
6. Twenty Ounncs.
7. A Firkin of Fowdcr.
8. Sixty Barrcsof Lead.
0. Thirty Axes.
10. Thirty Howes.
11. fifty Knives.
"It was convonanttd that two or three of the
said Sachems, their hoirs, or successors, or per
son employed by them once in every year, on
tho first duy of May, after their surrender, re-
pnir to the fort and acknowldge their salo to the
governor, nnd continuo in mutual friendship.
Would not theso parcel of the Olden Tike
make a good literary dish for tho Sons of St.
Tammany or St. Nicholas, to smoke over, at
somo of their rich dinnors G. F, D.
Dec. 22, W5-'.
The Poor Man's Song.
Thcro's a cold that cannot pierce u
There' a frown each heart may brave;
There's a woe that cannot reach us
They aro thino, O droamy grave 1
There are loves that weary never ;
There are tics ne'er coldly riv'n j
Thcie aro souls that never wrong us
They are thine alono, tweet Heaven I
Earthly scorn Is changed to kindness
Earthly want to boundloss tore
Earthly moans are turned to niusio
On a not far distant shor I
Ne'er a traveler's lip confirmed it ;
Yot 'ti writ in promise fair I
Staff and scrip have long been ready
I've th heart to journey there I
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to bo continued from lime to lime, ure, (1) n
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.Dickens's Household Words,
A'D UNITED STATES WEEKLY
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