Newspaper Page Text
The Price of a Man's Head.
The following appeared in n Wilmington,
N. C. paper, in Mnrcti last:
$225 REWARD. STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, N. HANOVER CO.
, ... ...
cornplnint npnn onih ha h , ihm
mile to n, two ot Inn Justices nl
or the Stnte nnd oountv nliircsnid,
day been mat
thn Puni-si fur
by lleniamiti llnlli't of tlm said county, Hint
two certain nialn slnve belonging lo him,
named LOT, aged nlxmt tweniytwn years,
live left lour or live ineiies wan, nun mncK,
r.. i-.i .,..-..,.. t .., vv;iii...... ,r ...
low county ; nml lUllt, nged i.Ihii.I sixteen
five (net 1 1 i 1 1 tt.nl black ) hnvo iilme ill-
ed themselves from their anid mmleiV stir-
vice, nml nre siippnwtl to lie liuKing niiniii
thin county, committing net of felony nml
other inindeeiN: These nre therefore in Ihe
name of thn Stnlo, al'orcraid to cnnitnnnd the
nid slave to return homo to their nmMers
end we do hereby, hy virtuo of tlm Act
the General Assembly in pitch enwes innilo
nnd provided, intimate nnd declare, llint
the anid LO 1' n.ni BOH b not ret.iiii homo
nd surrender themselves immediately niter
thn pul.lieation of Hico present... Hint any
person limy kill nml destroy the mini slaves
ny sncn means n lie or they inny iihiik hi,
without accusation or impeachment of nny
crime or ollinee for so tlniiifr, nml without
incurring any wnnlty or forfeiture thereby.
Given under our hnnile nnd seals, lhia"8ih
day or rrlirunrv, lr.M,
W. N. Purrs. J. P.,
W. (.'. JJettemcouht, J. P.,
Two linn.lroil dollar will he given for
Negro LOT, cither (lend or nlive ; nnd
Twenty-Five Dollnrs fur IIOII'S bend tleliv
ered to the subscriber in the town of Wil
tniueton. lirjAMit IIallttt.
March 2d, 1853.
Another Fugitive Case.
On Wednesday the It inst., n young colored
man, named liasil White, wna hrotiiihl
licl'ore Itinrnhnm hy Alherti, r the slave
one Leonard Uuinlaii, of ll.iliimore county,
Mil., and doomed to u lift; of shivery in thu
most sumioiiry mnnner. II ifil hud cninii to
this city Inst winter with Iho resoliitinn
"takecaru of hiniHilf," nml had miec-ceded
well until he unlin tunnti ly fell in witli nun
John Dorsey, nlso n colored iiiim, w ho won
hi. rniifi, Inner, liv tlm tvnrimot mi nr..,i,
friendnhip, nnd then hetinyerl him In Album,
wn u green," inexpeiiem-ed nnd tin-
suspect in T, nnd eanily vietimi7.tul hy the"
? V" " '
Ms-rtt at liiiiivn. Allinr'l ttrn tdiiiv t in trniufnul
interest in lu wnlliiro, nml pioiiiiiii to Ket
him it cood situntioii. Then hi-rem iinc
till his former mnter c.imr nnil iirrc.-rtetl liim.
r liming IiiiiihuII liopelensiy enlr.ippeil,
confessed himself Quinliiir nhive, nml con
sented to return, thinking tlmilitlesM that tliid
wna hit, uiripfit liiitiev. 1 Iim uI.i.Im
lasted hut n few niimitrs, nml wn .let i.led
before the nrrcst was knnwn fir beyond the
ntlire, mid yet llio eli.iniMUt
managed to throw upon tlm (J, S. Oovern-
ment tho expense ol liiiusporim; Ins enptivo
to Mnrylnnil, hy in.ikintf onili lliat he feared
nn attempt to rescue him. Hueli It ilio
etirily of iinwnry youth; such nre llieunlioly
fruits of our 1'niou nml tlie popular religion,
in our " Model Republic," nml "Ciy ol liro
therly love !" Pa. Ficcnuii.
Colored Emigration to Jamaica.
Among tho passengers who arrived in tliis
city by a recent steamer frnm Jiiinnicn, West
Indies, war Air. J. t esley iiarnsnn, a colored
innn, unlive nml fomnvrly n lieu citizen
fcjoulh Ciiroliuii. About two yenrs njjo
emigrated lo Juiiiaien, with hw family, in iho
none , c,.e, 1, ,. .,. .. r . . ,,,.
He profefses to huvu sueceedtl. Ilu tlnuks
il.e i', ,. 1,1,.,-U i., ti.t iwl
far more ilen'milile iiimI prnmiKininhiin in
United Stntes, nnd 1m well plensed with
exchange hn has made, lie now vinlN
rjntivo country li.r thn purpose of pe,m,ling
frco people of Ins own color to luliow h
exan nle : to no to Jamaica in truest of new
homey nnd n co'intrv where every lniHiiit:sM,
calling nnd profes.ioii it open to lliem, anil
where they rimy sharo etinlly with
white all political rights and i cspoin-iLiliiies.
Mr. Uariisnn in nu iulelli;eiii man, nhotit
forty yearn of ne, nnd bringa letteis from
some of the most reMprctnhln penpln of Ju
tnaicn. He claims to have nutliorily liom
large planter on the imI mil. who ia the ownrr
of ten miles square of ooi tilluble Inml,
offer it to American emigrant who will oc
cupy it, at tho ruto of one dollar nu iiere.
He is also authorized, as he informs us,
offer n large sugar estate, provided with en
pine, boiling bonnes, complete, to nny colored
Americans who will iimtertakn to put
land under cultivation nml work it, five years
for nothing, nml alter I lint at sued n prieu
they could afford lo pay. .V. 1'. Tribune.
Requisition for Alleged Kidnappers.
The Lancaster (Pa.) " Daily Inland," stales
that John L. Thompson, Esq., Di.-tiiet At
torney for that county, has procured n requis
ition from Gov. lligler on lhe Govei nor
Maryland, for two men, named Pliinennil
Sander, now in the city of Italtimore, who
nre charged with msUtiug nml paiticipniiug
in the recent kidnapping near Alay town,
We aro glad to sen that Mr. Thompson
doing Bomthiug to redeem his nume from
the disgrace he won by his high-handed
course in the case of ll.o Mary land slave
hunter, who murdered poor fSiuiUi r.l Colum
bia. I it) may receive in Ihe present mailer
en illustration of Ihe manner in which
base bowings lo shivery nre appreciated
those whose favor they were intended lo
Sure we arc, llint Gov. Lowti has
much fellow-feeling for kidnappers, to per
mit thn expectation llint he will deliver
nny ot those gauge ol man-lhieves Hint Alary
laud has so long sheltered, so long as
Jireiext can be Ibiind for refusing the demand,
f thess Ivlnne nre given up, it will lie
tliey ere nf little worth in their busi
ness, ami as more curtain means of entire
security for McCreary nml hie gang of
land-pirates. fa. I'ntuom.
The epithet of " smutty atory" appied
to Vnelt Tam't Cabin, is thought to have
with the SuulAern Obtervtr, a relig
ious paper of Richmond or Charleston."
From the Oberlin Evangelist.
Union Literary Institute.
. ,nn1. more tnan ono hundred of which are un
year, der cultivation. It is located In flourishing
; settlement of colored persons, numbering more
The notice bolow tu prepared end forward
ed st our request.
A remanent Manual Labor School, located j
ia IUtulolih. Co.. Indians, desiirned esoeciallr
Ill ivmiuuipii, iiiuini.-i ""'(J vw j
.. .. '
chiefly by them, has beon In successful epera-
tinn for apron years past, under tho charge of .
Hcv. Ebcnczer Tucker, who has been Principal
frnm it, commencement. The Institution owns
one hundred and seventy-four acres of good '
tian four hundred, of nil aget and thcro are
other large colored settlements in the region.
Thrro is s boarding house, with accomoda
tions for forty, malo and female, and e school
house for ono hundred scholars. Expenses be-
sides labor, from $ 20 to ) 30 pet year. Tho
,chool Is conducted on religious (not sectarian)
ri , , It8 Boara of Managers belong to
. . , 7
fivo religious denominations. A largo number,
' . "ireo nuimrra rnmrea jouin, nave reci-ir-
ed instruction since its establishment, a consid-
j crnldc number of whom have been and are
I teachers, l'crhtipt a larger number of colored
1 youth attci.d this School than any other of tho
I kind in the country. Other schools sro open
; for them snd receive tome this is chiefly mado
' up of them. Fully three-fourths of tho whole
j number have been persons of color. Tho In
' stitution has had a hard struggle, but every
year adds to its alaliUty and increases Its uio
ftilneis. Much instruction is hero Imparted at
small cxpencc. Information may be obtained
by addressing David Willcutts, Tret't. Board
of Maiincrd, Now Uurdcii, Wayno Co., Ind.,
or the subscriber, Spirtantburh, Ilandolph
Prin, U. L. Institute.
i cunistanco of color were altogether an acciden
Uaeil tal and unimporant thing. So far as we know
! tho MnnRrr, Df this School, wc seo cause to
' be well sustained. Tho Trusters aro now try
Cotiiiuissiniipr'ri , lug to build a houso for him and his family, ho
'lhn "Vnion Literary Inttituto" deserves
well of tho colored man's friends everywhere.
It has done nobly for the outcastVaco thus fur,
few schools of equal meant having done so
much on 1 nono perhaps more. Wc think well
of its plan of ' union," bringing colored nnd
stBUcnts locrollier, as it indeed tho cir-
confido III their wisdom and competence for
llicir "0,k- Tnn'r rrincipal we know, and
think it a tr ken of divino favor to tho colord
race tluit In his providence lie has given them
such a man. In n spbero where pre-eminently
a wise nml good heart and a self-sacrificing spir
it aro needed, wc have no doubt but ho will bo
,l,d hn' bren 11,0 man fl,r tho P,ac0 T'ct llim
having thus far resided ir. a part of tho board
in house. They need pecuniary aid, and we
arc uro there nre but few openings where more
substantial good can be done with money than
, Will E litors, fiicndly to tho education of the
! colored youth, please notico Mr. Tucker's state
ment as to tho " Union Literary Institute f"
ITT Tho Southerners say that many of Mrs.
Stowo's characters in Uncle Tom aro overdrawn
that, In particular, there never existed such
a foul character as Legrco. Well, it hss so
chanced that wo havo already given accounts
fcmMli (for they ,rc not mcn) who wcrc
ccr,ain, baJ j ,ld for t, b
, ' , . , , .
. f f,u' readers give another example. It seems
that a man, who had hired a femalo sluvc,
living in tho town of Union, Missouri, lost a
$lo nnd could only account for the loss on
lhe (uln,o,i,ion that the woman had stolen it.
, . , . , . , , ,
110 l'11"'' to ner, who charged her
with the theft, but sho mast emphatically dc
nidi it, and continued to protest her innocence.
The barbarian of an owner then bent her hands
backward, tied them to her feet, and dashed
cold wnter down upon her. She, however,
persevered in nsrerting her innocence, and was
finally released without having made any con
fus.iion. Sho was tent back to him who had
hired her, who flogged her w ith a green hickory
stick, until tho stick was split to pieces. Still
no confession. After the flogging, sho seized
tho first opportunity te escape, and crawled on
her hands and knees Into tho bushes, whero
sho whs soon after found dead. Her entiro
back, from tho neck downward, was ono tingle
wound, and an examination showed that both
lungs and liver were fatally injured by tho blows
she had received. Her murdcicr was arretted,
tried by a jury of free and enlightened citizens,
and acquitted. It was only nigger catoi
that's all I True Democrat.
iginated In the Annual report nf the Colonization
Society at New York, tho other day, the re
porter made the following docided home thrust
at the heart and character of the whole con
cern, thus I
Tho year has been distinguished by the lost
tn tho Colonization Society of Its two highest
ofilccrt snd most illustrious orntments. Honry
Clay and Daniel Webster one for nearly
twenty years the President of the National
Society, and tho other with him on the list of
Vice Presidents almost from the foundation
of tho enterprise have been summoned from
the strife and toils of time to the loalitics of
eternity, and, wo rejoice to hope, to the rest
and fruition of heaven."
In support of the above tentiment and othert,
Mr. Van Artdule, I). D , miih great justice to
the only blemish in Uncle Tom's Cabin, and
w think to the shame of Mrs. Stowe, speaks
" In that novel lately published for novel
only t can be called-" Undo Tom's Cabin"
-thero is one beautiful passage, where th
author, after following Harris and Elisa through
ill their tri.lt and differing and oppression
when she wishes to wind up her brilliant story
by showing its subject in the enjoyment of
the highest degree of happiness obscrre she
does not leave them here, she does not take
them to England, but she leaves them in Liber
la. (Applause.) There la the land for the Af-
rlclmth0 he flnd, him,clf freo from M tho
j i ...
oppressions of legislative tyranny and unjust
prejudice which he suffers here.'
We look upon the above things as capital
hur'esuues uuon the wholo concern, end the
latter a decided rebuke to tho otherwise truth'
ful, and world honored book. Carton League.
Senator Chase's View of Slavery and the
Extract of a speech delivered by Senator
Chase, In Potcrboro', N. Y. From the Oneida
" Slavery depends entirely upon tho tyranical
exercite of aupcrior power for its existence.
One man possessed of superior power, makes
his weaker neighbor a slsvo by tho exercise of
that power. Tho weaker neighbor ceases to bo
slave when ho rises sbovo tho control of this
superior power. If ono men hat not sufficient
powor to make another his slave, he enters into
a conspiracy with a number of men to rcduco
the other to slavery, and retain him therein.
Thus John docs not, In himsclf.posicss sufficient
power to make Iiaac his slave Isio rebels
nnd says he will not bo John's slave. John
therefore enters' Into a conspiracy with a large
number of individuals to make Issac hit slave.
This combination of consinritors proves too
much for Iaac and he becomes a slave of John
lie remaincs John's slave to long as tho com
bination nf conspirators possesses tho superior
power necessary to continue him in Slavery.
This is tho law, and tho only law which slavery
has lo sustain it any where. When Isaac es
capes beyond tho reach of the superior power
of this combination of conspirators he ceases to
bo a slave and is free.
' Shivery existed In tho States of this Union
at tho tiino nf its adoption nt tho American
Constitution, by virtuo of this power of the
many over the few. Thon was no law for it
to bo found any where. On tho contrary, all
law was against it, Tho slaveholders at that
tiino did not pretend that thcro was or could be
any law to uphold human shivery. They look
ed upon Its existenco in our country, as an
anomnly, which a few years would remove.
Tho Trainers of tho Constitution regarded the
existenco of slavery in this country as a tempo
rary matter. Tho Constitution nowhere, recog
nizes or sanctions tho idf a nf property In man
Its framcrs did not intend that it should in the
smnl'.cst degree, he mtulo a shield for any such
doctrine. Truo it does not in terms prohibit
its existence, for tho reason that every body at
that timo supposed, and intended that it was
soon to eeaso to exist in this land of freedom
and that no such prohibition was necessary.-
This is the spirit and intent of the Constitute,
and was almost tho universal sentiment of the
courtry at tho timo qf its adoption."
Puoonr.ssiva. It is an undeniable fact thrt
tho world actually mortt. Yos, tho world goes
ahead, and it bound to go ahead. Delaware is
illustrating this fact. Under the Revised Codo
of that State tho " whipping post snd pillory
shall bo in or near tho jail yard' This is the
first step of thcte public functionaries of Dela
ware on the path nf retirement to privato life.
According to this arrangement of the law, the
whipping post and pillory in Wilmington, was,
on Friday last, taken down from the Publio
Green, whero it has stood for so many years,
and planted in the jail yard. On Saturday,
thrco convicts wcro publicly whipt, ono with
twelve, one fifteen, and one twenty !ahcs. But
this whipping post will at length be shamed out
of its business, it has been shamed ouc of its
position on tho Fublio Oreen. Commoniccalth.
Pi.avk SrAMPKUKS. Slaves are running away
from Missouri, at tho present time, in battul
liont. Three belonging to Mr. H. Meek, of
Wctton, ran away on Wednesday of last week
two of whom wcro afterward apprchonded.
They wcro making for tho Phint. Fifteen
mado a ttampedo from llay County, the week
before, and tock the lino of their march for
Iowa. Several were captured in Grundy Coun
ty, but the larger number made good their es
cape. It would be a glorious thing for Missouri
if all her tlavet should take it In their headt to
run away. If tho only know it, they aro ono
of the greatest drawbacks to hor advancomont
and prosperity. Alton Telegraph,
A Coupiment to Mm. Stows. A London
correspondent of the New.York Herald, tpeakt
thus of Mrs. Stowo i
Mrs. Stowe provos herself quite an Ameri
can In her intsreourte with the Erglish aristoc
racy. Har tclf poictsion.easo and independence
of manner was quito undisturbed in ths pres
ence of the proud duchess and fraughty dames
of the titled English nobility. They expected
timidity and fear and rovcroi.ee for their titles,
in an untitled person, and they found thomtelvt
'Mrs. S. felt herself their equal in pcial lifo,
and acted among them at the felt. This, above
all other things, hss oaused great astonishment
in the high oircles in favor of American women,
in fact it is fact peculiarly distinguishing an
American woman, that ahe can be and is s du
chess among duchescss." '
The driver of an Eighth-at. omnibus, the
other day, toook up s lespcctable and well
dressed colored man, whereat five whito loafers
indignantly got out without paying any fare.
A gentleman, however, made up their loss by
handing the change to the driver, at s reward
for his proper spirit. Now, is there any reason
whv tMneotnhla nnirrivM thnnlif Ha MAltift.fl
from public eonveyancoe. instead of the dirty,
spitting, disgusting beer-drinkert, who sro the
1 daily peat and dread of ladies - Tribune.
Z)t SVntt-Slcnjcru Bugle.
SALEM, onto, JVXE 18, 1853.
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE meets July 3.
Swearing to Support the Constitution.
In tho Massachusetts Constitutional conven
tion, a proposition requiring the State officers
to take an nath to support the Constitution of
the U. S., wss warmly opposed. Tho oppo
nents of the measure, urged that in some of
those states whero this oath was most frequent
ly taken, the most unscrupulous violations of
the instrument occurred, and It wss thought
that such ststes would do w ell " to strew Uti
and do mort.
Ohio Is one of the swearing states. Under
the new Constitution, a man is not thought Gt
for fence-viower or hog reeve, unless besides
twesring to perform the duties of hit office, he
slao swears to support the Federal Constitution,
So say the wise ones.
A Reason for It.
The Washington Union recently came out
with s eulogy of the Emperor of Russia.
This aroused the patriotic indignation of South
cm patriarchs and others, and under ita pressure,
tho writer was compelled to come out with
card, apologizing for this oMution to European
despotism. Tho most satisfactory reason he
gsvo for eulogizing tho Czar, was: that "it was
his fiicndly meditation that initiated the tie
gotistion which resulted in the Treaty of Ghent,
and It was by his arbitration that the citizens
of the SoMh ffct indemnity for the tloret trhuh
vert kidnapped by the British in the last war.'
If that is not sntbfactorr, we should like to
know what would be. We hare heard no rep
Ctition of complaints, since tho publication of
Tho Township Trustees In one Tiundrcd
townships in tho northern part of this state,
have passed prohibitory liquor ordinances, in
accordance with the law of last winter ; so we
tee it stated in ono of our papers. Wo know
that many hovo dono so, and tho number i
multiplying continually. A good indication of
the state of public sontiment on the subject.
The people this way would go tho Maino Law,
The voters nf Washington city, hare had the
prohibitory question up, and have in effect, de
tided In its fuvor by a very considerable vote,
Tho precise question was, "Shall the city
Wsshington ask Congress to clotho its munic
if si authorities with power to prohibit the salo
of intoxicating liquors." Wonder if the voters
ef Wsshington, suppose they can choko off
Congressmen from their cups? Ths institution'
rf rum drinking will not be stopped thcro so
yasily. We doubt whether the Scotch Minis.
tso'vasMolOo will do it, via. I "Lower icaget, and
higher priced liguort."
This convention which held its sessions at
Memphis, Tcnn., adjourned on tho 9th inst
il was pretty numerously attended Is to meet
again at Charleston, in April next. Its object
was to divort trsde, especially foreign com
merce, to the South. The union aeema to
survive ita sessions and its resolutions, and
commorco will no doubt, continuo in spite of
them, to flow on in its secustomed channels.
Southern conventions will never change it.
The abolition of slsvcry will gencrato enter
prise that may. At least it will enlargo South
ern commerce, without diminishing that of tho
Father Gavazzi, tho snti-Catholio lecturer,
was assaulted by a mob, while speaking in
Quobco, on tho Oth Inst. Ho defenden himself
in the pulpit with great vigor, and finally es
caped without serious injury. Several persons
were however, killed and wounded in the af
fray. On the Oth he apoko again in Montreal,
on tho tamo subject. Tito mob here also mado
n assault upon tho audience, but wore repulsed
by tho police. Afterwards, tho military, when
the audience were dispersing, wantonly fired
into the crowd, killing and wounding a consid
erable number of persons, among them sovcrtd
children. Gavazzi has returned to New York.
Gbaram's Maoasimi for July, commenecs s
new volume Special attontion is promised to
the pictorial illustrations.
The Knickerbocker for June, has Its usual
Variety and interest. Its editor is a groat
ExTBNDlKO TUB AbXA Of EMPLOYMENT. The
Ashtabula Sentinel, the Geauga Republic, and
the Warren Transcript employ females in their
offices as compositors,. Miss Jane Carter has
been appointed Post Mistress for Beaver, Pa.,
and Miss Olivia Rose, of Thomatton, Lincoln
09., Mo., hss been elected Register of Deeds, over
hor competitor, who was the regular Democrat
io candidate. She received, so far as we have
soen, 469 votes, whilo her opponent received
205. Mrs. J. 8. Bristol has been put in charge
of tho telegraph office at Newark, O.
8am cat. Lewis is advertised to speak during
this month in Morrow, Crawford, Richland,
Knox, Ashland, Huron, Erie and Sonoca coun
ties. Messrs. J. M. Root, J. R. Brinkorhoff, E.
S. Hamlim and Edward Smith are also adver
tised to be w ith him in different places. E. S.
Hamlin snd Sonator Chase are also advertised
for toveral other places. Mr. Lewis visits this
region in July or August.
Dbtroit Daily Deuocbat. E. S. Tlamltn,
of this State, is to take charge of this new Free
Soil paper, after the 16th of October. ' Till then
he expects to stump it in this State,
Slave Labor vs. White Labor.
We TesterdsT conversed with a Snuthorn
planter from the northern part of Georgia, who
has come on here to engage men to work on his
plantation. He has commenced harvcsting.end
... . ... . . i . i i
requires additional netpt ous ino emmnceu
value of slaves since mo Aoonuon tauniiira
places it beyond his ability to purchsse a lsrger
supply, and white labor can bo employed more
economically than that ot nneu staves.
There ought to be somccoherer.ee in this log
ic, but we can't get the hang of it, Uow "Ab
olition agitation" enhances the prices of Slaves,
unlets by preventing the introduction of a freshly-kidnapped
supply, wo, cannot imagine. That
the high price of Cotton and the annexation of
a vsst and virgin Cotton and Sugar region in
Texas, have tended to enhsnce the market val
ue or "field hands" is very clesr 1 but how is
Abolition responsible for this f
However, we are very glad to learn, on such
authority, thst Free Whito Labor does perfectly
well In Georgia, even with lnborert fresh from
the North, whenever the planter find! it hit
interest to employ them. And the more he
hires, the moro he will rcslizc that he caii'r af
ford to buy slaves at $1,000 per head when he
can hire fur moro efficient freemen at f 100 to
ftl0 a vear. Evcrv free laborer taken to
tho South is a fresh nail in tho coffin of Slavery
Neither tho Journal nor tho Trihuno reporta
whether thia Planter was successful in gc'ting
white laborers to go and harvest besido slaves
at $100 to $lo0 dollars per yenr. Such nails
in Slavery's coffin wc should not expect to be
driven very numerously.
Txaci and Weli-ahs of the CocNTnv. By
the following extract from the West Tennessee
Democrat, w e learn that rum as well as slavery
s one of the corner stones of our republican
prosperity, the "Southern people" can't stand
the Maine Law any better than abolition. Iloth
are vital to their Interests, and they can no
more stand tho agitation of the one than the
other. We rather agrco with tho Tennessee
logic, that slavery might bo endangered by ton
pel unco. We aro suro its friends and support
ers In thu north would bo diminished thereby,
After charging the Maine Law agitation in Ten
nessoa to the crufiincss of W nigger y, the Dcm
ocrat priicccds t
" It may not be a ' Whig trick,' ts wo haro
suppotod, but limply sn effort on the part of
the 'Undo Tom Cabiuites to wring in, insidu
ously, a dangerous and fearful question, in vol v
ing the vital int. rest ol the Southern people in
both s social nnd pecuniary sonse. We shall
avoid tho discussion of this quost'.on so far as
possible for the present, but if it shall be press
ed in this canvass, or at any other time, there
will bo no hesitancy on our part in taking s
very definite position. Wo think the peace,
safety, and wclfuro of tho country should do
mand of every man to do likowiso."
Fenny SunscuirTioNt to Mrs. Stowb. Tho
hunker papers will have it that Mrs. Stowo is to
be enriched by the Subscriptions which arc be
ing made in England. This is not truo. They
are to bo appropriated for tho improvement of
tho free people of color. Henry Ward Beech
er speaks in the Independent of its object as
"A word upon tho pecunini y offerings to Mrs,
Stowe, in England. It is well known to many
that Mrs. Stowe has from tho first desired to
turn whatever iniluonce this might give her, to
the elevation ot the African race. The plan
most in her thoughts has been s seminary in
which persons of Af 'ican descent may be thnr
oughly educated, not merely in literary and
scientific courses, but in practical arts, by which
they might sccuro and maintain a proper place
in society. Tho founding of such an institu
tion sho had determined to rontributo much of
her income ; and tho hopo of securing greater
interest for it, was one among tho chief reasons
of her tour. Tho generous contributions in
money, mado to her in great Britain, aro not
understood by cither party, but certainly not by
Mrs. Stowe, to bo for her own personal and pri
vato use, but to bo employed for the elevation
and education of the frco colored people of the
Not Settled Yet. The whig papers can't
tcttlo the quettion whether thoir party be dead
or alivo. Some of them ttoutly maintain that
it is dead, and proposo to galvanize it by a now
name. Others affirm that it is alive and well,
and will elect its state ticket in Ohio next full.
We shall lee.
Tcmpbuancb Convention. A Stato Tem
perance Convention is to bo held in Columbus
on the 27th Inst. Nxal Dow promises to be
present, and to spend a week or more in Ohio.
A Goon Suoobstion. The Governor of Mis
souri, in his late message, makea an admirable
suggestion. It is that no man's endorsement
of a note shsll be valid without the consent of
the endorsor's wifo. Such s law would be one
of tho best homestead lawa that could bo pass
ed. Let us have such an one in Ohio.
Emancipation.-The will of the late Ocn.
James Taylor, of Newport Kentucky, disposes
of property valued at $ t.000,000, and gives
freedom and property to moro than twenty hu
man beings, and their posterity. Tardy as is
this act of justice it will win for the donor the
hosrtfclt blessings of the enfranchised and their
children forover. Exchange,
At late meeting of colored persons in
Frovidcnco, R. I., the colonization scheme was
heartily donounccd, and measures suggested
for sn organized opposition to it among all
Colonist fob LinEui. A company of
mors than ninety negroes, emancipated by their
owners in Tenn., have arrived st Ssvannah,
whence they will embark in the bark Adelaide,
for Liberia. lb.
American Tract Society.
Among the most servile of our Ameriean
organizations, is the American Tract Socioty.
Almost a seore and s half of yoars, has this
society been in existence. Its especial business
is to rebuke sin and bring the sinner to repent
ance professedly. It has heaped Up ex
posures and warnings against gambling Sab-
bath-bieak ing profane swearing, lit., but has
sought fellowship with slaveholders, and stu
diously avoided any rcbuko of his sin. To
this end, it has shamefully and dishonorably
mutilated and altered the writings of faithful -men
who havo exposed the evil, and in every
way consistent with Ita organization, it has
covered up the sin, and honored the greatest of
Mr. Cook, the Corresponding Secretary of
the society, recently applied to Hon. Win. Jay, .
for a contribution to the funds of tho socioty.
Mr. Jny declines the contribution, and accom
panies his refusal with s letter setting forth hi
reasons therefor. An extract from thia latter
will quite prove all we have charged upon the
Mr. Jay says:
I know not that in the twenty-seven years
of its existence this Society hat published a
lino intended to touch the conscicnco of an
Americsn slavc-brccder or trader. On the
contrary, especial care has been taken to x-
)iiai7 from your reprints every expression thst
could even imply s consure on our stupendous
national iniquity. The S.icicty hat no hesita
tion in condemning cruelly, oppression and in
justice, but it shrinks with affright at the very
idea of acknowledging that it is cruel, oppres
sive snd unjust to reduce a blarh man to the
condition of s beast nf burden, to deny him
legal marriage, and to sell him and hia children
to the highest bidder, in company w ith the
bcr.sts of the fL'ld. This extreme sensitiveness
is shown in tho alteration of a passage in your
reprint of Gurney's essay on tho habitual ex
ercise of love of God. Gurncy ssysi If this
love had alwaya prevailed among professing
Christians, where would hsvo been the sword
of the crusader r Where Iht African tlare tradet
Whero tho odious system which permits to
man a property in his fellow men, and converts
rational beings into marketable chattels'
(Pago 112 ) This meat was ton strong for tho
digestion nf the Society, and hence it was care
fully diluted, so that it might be swallowed
without producing the slightest nausea, as fol
low! : If this love had always prevailed among
professing christians, w hero would have been
the tword of the crusader i Whrre the torturee
of the Inquisition t Whero every tyttcm of
oppression and r..ng by which ho who hss
tho power revels in luxury and easo at tho ex
pense of hit fellow-men r (Page 193.) It
was an Ingenious thought to turn npon tho
Inquisition Gurney's application nf his subject
to stave traders and holders, and to lota sight
of property in man in indefinite generalities."
Mb. Eoiron. Is it a saucy q'lestion, "Ot
what uso aro lions in a m iral reform ? " Win
can tell tho uso There is no difficulty in point
ing to dangers which may well bo apprehended
from having such s class ; danger to the eels
brated and cclehrators. History furnishes abun
dant ovidencc that high position in any depart,
incnt, is adverso lo grot moral excellence j
reflecting men havo ccasod to hope that in such
position, it can bo maintained or retained.
Hazael is only ono in the million, who once
thought, " Is thy servant a dog, thst l.e should
do this thing f" It is not kings alone who
snoum distrust themselves when surrounded
by voluntary admirers. Continued and un
qualified Commendation is insinuating ; by
by little and littlo it substitutes self-approval
with love nf approbation, and ends in requiring
obsequiousness. If a Garrison and a Douglass
have been objects of adulation and remain
n.cn i ar.d if II. B. Stowo has beon tho object
of a world's worship, without the lost of tro
manhood, let them bewaro ; tho intidiout enemy
in still in their van.
When ono fulls morally, wi.o hss been raitsd
socially, it is a loss of one lost thus fur to him
self and othors but who shall estimate the
destitution of those who raised him In the
reflecting hour they will see that their own
manhood was tho price paid for hia ruin that
they looked to, and relied on others to do that
for which they should havo fullon on their own
resources. They havo bestowed upon their fa
vorite "that which not enriches him, but leave
them poor indeed." Years, will not restore
the mental snd moral tone, lost by hour of
Pacific Railroad Thomns II. Denton
recently made a speech at Kansas on this
subject, on Ihe occasion of tho departure of
the expedition for exploring what it called
the middle route that running from St.
Louis to Snn Francisco. He proposes that
from lhe bonier of Missouri to thorn of
Culifoniiii, it shall ho built by the Federal
Government. Thui instead of donating largo
tracts of bind to speculators, Government
shall, to encourage settlement, grsnt limited
qouuliiitisjtn actual settlers through the wliolat
route ; thus et once securing the settlement
ot the country and support and protection
for the rood.
Convention or Colohed Peoplb. Thi Con
vention whioh is to astemblo in Rooesteron
tho the 6th of July, has been widoly and fs.
vorably noticod by the press a most encour
aging symptom. And the colored people ar
holding meetings and appointing delegates in
all the Important towns in th country.
Oovshxob Sswabo will (peak in Columbus
In September next, on ths occasion of the ded-
, ,,, v.n,i,i uuy vnlvertity building.