Newspaper Page Text
a it i us it. nomnrsoiv, Editor.
"SO UHIOS WITH ILATEnOLDEKI."
ANN FEAUSON, Pnblislilnc Agent.
VOL. 8---N0. 42.
SALEM, COLUMBIANA CO., OHIO, JULY 9, 1853.
WHOLE NO 406.
THE ANTI-SLAVE1IY BUOLK,
fvnMiBBO rvirtiSatcrdat, at Salbm, O.
' Tbivs. 91,50 per annum if paid In advance
1 1,00 par annum, If payment ba delaysd ba
yond the year.
17 We occasionally lend numbera to those
rho aro not subscribers, hut who are behaved
to bo Interest,! in the diMeminatlon of anti
iarery truth, with the hope that they will
ither subscribe themselves, or their influ
ence to extend ita circulation among their
tV Communications Intended fot Insertion,
to be addrcned to Maric tt. IloniitsoH, Editor.
AU other to Arm 1'rarson, Publishing Ag U
J. HUDSON. FMNTEK.
Benjamin Franklin on Slavery and the
The National Ern, in in "Southern Plat
form," line the following essny which woi
communicated Ity Dr. Frnnklin, to the Fed
eral Gnsette, of March 25th, 171)0. It is a
satire of apeech delivered in Congress, liy
Mr. Jnckson of Georgia, in defy lire of
slavery ami the alnva trade. Old es it is, il
ia not yet out of (late. Tim Georgian lias
legitimate descendant in Congress, at this
Slave Trade. MARCH 23, 1790.
To tht Editor of the Fultral Gazette :
Sir) Heeding last night in your excellent
paper the apeech of Mr. Jnckson, in Con
gress, against their meddling with the ntVuir
tit' slavery, or attempting to mend tha con
dition of the slaves, it put me in mind r-l r
similar one mmle nhotit one liundred yeHrs
aim-e, h) Sidi Meheinet Ibrahim, a member
of tha Divan of Algiers, which tuny he
seen in Martin's account of hie consulship,
anno 1087. It was against granting thn pe
tition of tha sect called Erika, nr Purists,
who prnyed (or the abolition of piracy and
slavery, na being unjust. Mr. Jackson does
lint quote it J terhnps ho hug not seen it. If,
therefore, some of ita reasonings are to lie
lound in his eloquent speech, it may only
how that men's interests nnd intellects 0i
rrnte and are operated on with surprising
similarity in nil countries and climates, when--ever
they are under similar circunisinnces.
The African's speech, as truuslutcd, is as
follows t .... . t .
"Allah Bismillah, &c., God is great, and
Mahomet is his Prophet.
" I lava these Erika considered the conse
quences of granting their petition ? If we
cease our cruises against the Christian, how
hall we ha furnished with the commodities
their countries produce, nnd which are so
liecrssary for us ? If we tbibenr to make
.sluves ol their tenple, who, in this hot cli
.mate, are to cultivate our lauds? Who are
to perform the common labors of our city
.and in our families? Must wo not, then, ha
our own slaves? And is there not mora
compnssion and more favor due to us, as
.Mussulmen, than to these Christian dogs?
We have now above filly thousand slaves in
and near Algiers. This number, if. not kept
tip hy fresh supplies, will soon diminish, nnd
-be gradually annihilated. If we then cease
taking and plundering the Infidel ships, nnd
making slaves of thn seamen and passen
gers, our lands will become of no value, for
nvant of cultivation i the rents nl houses in
the city will sink one half; and the revenue
of Government, arising from its share of
prizes, he totally destroyed ! And for what ?
To gratify thn whims of a whimsical sect,
who would luivo us not only forbear mak
ing more sluves, but even umuuuiit those
"lint who is In indemnify their masters
for the loss? Will the Stale do it? Is our
Treasury sufficient ? Will the Erika do it ?
Gun they do it? Or would they, to do what
-they think justice to the slaves, do a greater
injustice to the owners? And if we set
-our sluves free, what is to be done with
them? Few of them will return to their
.countries ; they know ton well the greater
hardships they must there be subject to ;
they will not embrace our holy religion ;
they will not adopt our manners; our people
will not pollute themselves hy interuiuiiy--tug
with them. Must wo maintain them ns
beggars in our streets, or suffer our proper
ties to be the prey of their pillage? For
men accustomed to shivery will not work for
livelihood, when not compelled. And
what is there so pitiable in their present
condition ? Were they not sluves in their
Are not Spain, Portugal, France, and
tflio Italian Slates, governed hy despots, who
4iold all their subjects in slavery, without
-exception ? Even England treats its sailors
-n sluves, for they are, whonever the Gov.
.eminent pleases, seized, and confined in
hip of war, condemned not only to work,
but to fight, for small wages, or a mere sub
sistence, not belter than our slaves are nl
Jowed by us. 1 their condition, then,
made worse by their fulling into our hands?
No; they have only exchanged one sluvcry
for another, nnd, 1 may say, a lie Iter for
Jiero they nre brought into a land where the
ami of Islaiuisni gives forth its light, and
uliines in full splendor, nnd they have nil op
iportuuity ol making themselves acquainted
with tha true doctrine, r.ml thereby saving
their immortal souls. Those who remain at
home have not that happiness. Sending the
, slaves home, then, would be sending litem
out ol light into darkness.
"1 repeat the question, What is to lie
dope with them ? 1 have heard it suggested
that they may be planted in the wilderness,
where there is plutity of land for them to
flubsist on, and where they may flourish as
This paper is dated only twenty-four days
tjeforo the author's death, which happened on
Che 17th of April following.
a free Plate; hut they are, I doubt, too little
disiosed to labor without compulsion, as
well as too ignorant to establish a good Gov
ernment; nnd the wild Arabs would soon
molret nnd destroy or ngain enslave them.
While serving us, we lake cm to provide
them Willi everything, anil they nre treated
with humanity. The lulmrers in their own
country are, as I nm well informed, woise
fed, lodged, and clothed. The condition of
most ol tlieui Is, therefore, already mended,
and requires no former improvement. Here
their lives are in salety. I hey nre not lia
ble to be impressed for soldiers, and forced
to cut one another a Christtun throats, as in
the wsrs of their own countries. If some
of the religious-mad bigots, who now tease
us with their silly petitions, huve, In a fit of
blind seal, freed their slaves, It was not gen
erosity, it was not humanity, that moved
them to the action it was from a conscious
burthen of a load of sins, and a hope, frotn
the supposed merits of so good a work, to
be excused from damnatiou.
"How grossly aro they mistaken to suppose
slavery to he disallowed hy the Alcoran !
Are not the two precepts, to quote no more,
' Milters, treat your slaves tcilfi kindness ;
Slave, terve vour matters with cheerfulness and
fidelity,' clear proofs to tho contrary ? Nor
can Ibe plundering ol liilulcls Ih lit Hint
sacred bjok forbidden, since it is Well
known fioni it, that God tins given the
world, and nil that it contains, to his faith
ful Mussulmen, who are to enjoy it of right,
na fust as they conquer it. Let us, then,
hear no more of this detestnbluproposinon,
the manumission of Christian slaves, the
adoption of which would, by depreciating
our lands, nud houses, and thereby depriv
ing so many good citizens of their proper
ties, creujn universal discontent, and pro
voke insurrections, to the endangering of
Government, nud producing general confu
sion. I hnvn, therefore, no doubt but this
wise council will prefer the comfort and hap
piness of a whole nation of true believers,
to the whim of a few Erika, and dismiss
The result was. as Martin tells us, that
the Divan came to this resolution t "The
doctrine, that plundering and enslaving the
Christians is unjust, is, at best, problematical;
but Hint it is the interest of Ibis Mate to
continue the practice, is clear therefore,
let the petition be rejected.
And it was rejected accordingly.
And since like motives nre not to produce
in the minds of men like opinions and reso
lutions, may we not, Mr. Brown, venture to
predict, from this account, that the petitions
to the Parliament of England fur nbolish
ing the slave trade, to say nothing of other
Legislatures, nud the debates upon them,
will huve a similar conclusion r
J ntn, sir, your coustunt render, and hum
ble servant, UistoricI's.
From the Christian Press.
Slaveholding Religion—Letter from Samuel
Brother Boynton : I lenrn that some of
your brother editors refused credit to tho brief
account I gave you ol a stuo oi a woman aim
child to a trader hy n ineudier of the Method
ist Episcopal Church. It is unpleasant for
mo to write articles for papers. It is not in
my line; and especially is it unpleasant to
sneak of wicked practices in a church wheie
I have been n member for forty-five out of
filly-lour years of my life. 1 would fur more
wiilingly,if the cause of truth and justice
would allow, take a covering uud walking
backwards throw it over the sin, nnd hide it
at once from my eyes and the eyes of the
lint the healthy portion of the Christian
church should know whut outrages are per
petrated within her pale, and with her sanc
tion ; nnd it has therefore become my duty
to write the following statement, which you
inn V use ns your judgement mny suggest.
No disrespect is intended toward any of
the parties named. All except uraity nre
my acquaintances, and ihcy have treated ma
with the usual courtesies of society. Mr. D.
lives ui to the highest cluneli standard
around him; and his error is that lie allows
the church to form his Christian standard,
instead of forming it himself, from the Bible.
Mr. !., a prominent Inwyer, nnd member
of the M. E. Church, resides in Kingwood,
Preston county, Virginia, lie purchased a
slave woman nnd infant child fur (StKK), to
wait on n must amiable and excellent wile.
The difficulty of hiring good help was tho
reason assigned for the purchase. Not long
a Her thn purchase, say one or two years, his
wife died; and some mouths after her deuth
Mr, D. sold the slave woman nud child to a
slave-trader named Brady, a man well known
in Virginia, of greut industry, nud nn exten
sive denier in slaves. The price was friOO.
The woman and child wero tuken nway to
market, the leaving other children in the neigh
borhood. The class leader of Mr. D., a most excel
lent man and devoted Christian, informed
me that this act of Mr. D. had lieen submit
ted to a committee, according to the rules of
our church, and the committee had found
nothing in the transaction that violated our
There the matter rests, and with all other
cases of the kind more or less aggravated
mutt rett so long as our discipline remains as
it is now.
1 repeat that all the persons In any way
connected with the affair, including Mr. D..
the the preacher, nnd committee, are men of
the first standing, and ami would tie the Inst
persons to do what they suppose essentially
wrong. But the law allows the slave trade
and our members in the slave Suites find
nothing in our discipline against occasional
trading in such property by church members.
It is proper for me to any the great major
of our church, especiully in the free States,
believe such dealing to be sin ; and many
would so conatrue the rulea of our body.
Bui in tlove States, church members can find,
always, sufficient excuse for audi trading
with impunity, without in any way affecting
their social or religious standing.
It should also he noticed that an increasing
number of clergy, laity, and conferences
among us are being tmdeneived about the
humbug of holding slnves for their good, and
are demanding our rule to be so altered as
to exclude slaveholders altogether. When
the church shall adopt such a rule, slavery
must cense, for with all her defect the
church has still a moral power that can put
down that "sum of all villnnies," American
Mny that day soon come, is the prayer of
your brother, Sam l L.r.wis.
The Political Present.
The N. Y. Daily Tribune, of June 28tli,
contnins an nrticle entitled " Thn Past The
Future." Under the first head, it briefly
condenses tho triumph of the South, and
the humiliating submission of the North,
since (he admission of Texas till the present.
We quote what he bos to any on the Inst,
under the more appropriate head of the
present. General Pierre is in good faith, re
deeming his pledges to slavery. Heretofore
our countrymen have professed, whatever
their practices at home, to lie the friends of
freedom abroad. Henceforth a marked fea
ture of our foreign policy, Is the perpetua
tion of human bonduge wherever it exists
abroad. The genuineness of our professions
of liberty, will soon be rightfully appreciated
by nil nations.
The Tribune says :
Having thus surveyed the ground mutually
occupied down to the present year, let us
see where we now stand. ,
Gen. Pierce was elected, and proceeded
to form a Cabinet, con;Ksed of six enrly
friends of the Compromise anil one South
ern opimuenf. . Col. Jeff. Davia had con
demned Gen. Cass's Nicholson doctrine, even
while supporting tho nutlior for President,
ngainst his own father-in-law, Gen. Taylor
declaring thnt ho could assent to no proposi
tion which did not secure lo tho south a lull,
clenr nnd indefeasible right to tnke slaves
into all pnrts of the New Territories. On
this ground he fought as U. H. Stnnlnr the
Compromise throughout, voting only fur the
Fugitive Slave Law, and resigning bis sent
lo go home and stump Mississippi as anti
Compromise candidate for Governor. - Bent-'
en in the canvass by Gen. Fonte, who was
backed by ono-fiflh of the Democrats and
liineteeii-tweutieths of the Whigs, Col. Davis
remained thenceforth in privatn lilo unlit
Gen. Pierce called h'un into his Cabinet, nil
uurepenting adversary of tho Compromise.
Gen. Dix wus pressed fur a place in I bo
Cabinet on the part of the Frea Soil Dem
ocracy ol other days, but lie was deemed
ineligible nnd rejected, though recently a
supporter of " tho Adjustment." And it is
now understood thnt Ilia French Mission
promised him by (Jen. Pierce, is to be with
held, nllhoiigh Souln, Gadsden, Borland,
Meade nnd other bitter Southern opponents
of the Compromise have received Diplomat
ic appointments, and several inuro such have
been inducted into the most lucrativa Con
sulates. In no case does the fact that a
politician has fought the Compromise on
the side of Slavery appear to bar bin pio
motion, but the contrary ; nor is he required
to repudiate nor repent of such hostility.
But whenever u Barnburner of 1848 aspires
lo a pluce under the Federal Administration,
he is required to renounce his Free Soil
principles or prove that he never bad any.
Thus, The Union, defending the appoint
ment of Barnburners hy Gen. Pierce, charg
es Scnutor Bell with falsehood in assuming
that they are still I'ree-Hoilers, snying:
" He nssumes thnt Gen. Pierce has ap
pointed 'Free Soilers' to public trusts, nnd he
would make the impression that these ap
pointees art still Free-Sailers. But the as
sumption is untrue. The ' Free-Suiters' of
1848 renounced their FretSoilism in 18.V2,
when they adopted and came upon tho
Compromise phitiorm. Mr. Bell knew this
fart, and yet he hud not ibc magnanimity
to slate it. Ho chose to in" o n false im
pression hy stating only u part of the truth
of the case, nud by lht means to obtain a
party advantnge. The Democrat of Ten
nessee would promptly repudiule Gen. Pierce
if he had brought 'free Sutlers, ' with their Fret
Soil sentiments still clinging to them, into the
public offices. They now know that he bus
been guilty of no such net of bad faith."
But is there any corresponding requisition
that a Southern anti-Compromiser shall re
nounce hit 'Stale Bights' faith in order to bring
him within the range of promotion ? Noth
ing like it! There is not a single leading
MitnlliHrn tnllrmil 4,f tltn SlnlA Itildllu'
school which professes lo have rcponted of
A,..,na;,;n m ,i,a fin tin
contrary, the spirit in wbidi they regard that
legislation is very fairly exhibited in the fol
lowing letter to n leading Virginia organ of
the school, duledl
"WASHINGTON, June 20, 1853.
Editor South Side Democrat ;
"The present state of things here is quite
" The President seeks to reconcile ex
tremes by favors, while Tht Union, his organ,
V OMUIVIIVIjr VllgngCll HI VUIUUIS.IIIH tow
Compromise, the abomination rf both. The
-I !:.... . .... I.. .1 - r.. ...l.'.li
.'gun mum very iiiuu inci m mis, lur hiiiiw
tltn l..n. I...U,!. .... ,1, .....I tmltd
w iBniiiuii, if,,,, us U', litu wiR"" "
down. If the President approves Ibis, then
As, also, ia building card-houses. Laud the
lii..r i i . . i
i lauuriii mm lei inn iompromiss aiune,
would be the true policy ; one extreme nt
1,'fl.l WAiitil hm ula.uafl ,I.a 3.,,it liar,, liir
the Platform is committed to the only feature
in the Compromise for which the Southern
.i....- . -i 1 1 . i ...i.
mii'm ruicu. no iiiii acquiesceu uit or sou-
milled lo, the objectional features, nnd he
dots not like to be continually reminded of
it. Do yon not feel somewhat degraded I lint
your school is nlwnys spoken uf as a icing
of the party, nnd thnt, ton, in (o inexion wiili
fie other, or free soil wing ? I bail supposed
that thn State Kighls division composed the
b idy of the Democratic party South. Tho
Compromise men themsulves see now that
they have givuti nwuy a vast domain for
nothing, nud circumscribed themselves in
such a way ns lo make their future fate in
evitable. What is the difference now be
tween a Southern Compromise man nud nn
ultra? Buth were delending the suiue gar
rison; ono, in despair, was willing to capit
ulate the other was fur holding out until
every man was put lo ihe sword, believing
that preferable lo n slow death. The tulviee
of the first prevailed, nnd Ibo keys were de
livered lip. The gallant ultra, however, was
lint lo hu slighted, for be hnd the rympniliies
of his people. A toconciliuliou, or a alio
of it, woa absolutely necessary ; fiir there
could be no general organ without it."
Thus, you see Ihe Southern ultras, instead
of regarding their hostility lo Ibo Compro
mise us something to lie recanted, concealed
or apologized for, avow ii, glory in it nud
regard themselves ns the very salt of the
Democracy and in the South its suhstauco.
Accordingly, Ihcy havo taken posMsinn of
me tieinorrntic reorganization in most
Southern Slates; have nominated candid
ates: for Governor, ccc. in Georgia and Mis
sissippi ; nnd, tieing backed by n sent in the
Cubinet unit armed with the great mass of
the Federal patronage at the South, regard
the Administration ns their property, nud
bestow a few subordinate, places on their
Union or Compromise brethren, as you might
throw n bone lo n beggar.
The attitude of the Federal Admiuislrnlinn
on nil questions involving tha extension nud
lortiliciiiinu ol slavery, is unequivocal.
Messrs. Soule, Buchnmian nnd Gadsden nre
sent to Madrid, London nnd Mexico respec
tively, witn trie clenr understanding that they
nre to do their utmost, first, to effect a trans
fer of Culm to this country as a new bulwark
to Slavery ; nr, secondly, to rusist nnd ihwnrl
all efforts looking to the Emuueipation, im
mediate or otlierwiso, of tho Hall Million
Africans held in cruel bondage in thai Island.
The land of Washington nnd Jefferson lins
liecome the only Nation on the face of Ibo
earth that intermeddles with tho policy of
Foreign Stales expressly In :criuluute the
slavery nud degradation of man by man.
I lie l.uiloriol columns of Ibo Administra
tion organ are prostrated to culogiums on
the Bosnian Autocrat nud argument inl'avor
of a lively sympathy between our Govern
ment ami Unit nf Kussia, on tha avowed
ground of the freedom of Ihe hitler from
" fanaticism" or any sort of prejudice ngainst
The Ibllowing extrnct from Tht Union's
stalely nnd occular lender ol last Saturd ;
glorifying the new President's Foreign I'ol'i
cy, is a specimen of tho perpetual assump
tion in that quarter, that the support nud
perpetuation of slavery is regarded by ihe
executive as the duel end ol our Federal
Wejhave alluded lately to one of these
questions, growing out ot the rumored policy
of Great Itiiliiin in regard lo Cuba, which
annuls out nt tins tiiuu with imposing prom
inence. If the public minors which attrib
ute lo Greut Britain a design, in connexion
with Spain, to convert Cuba into agoverntiuut
of fret blacks, shall prove lo bo well-liuinded,
tht high position taken bu the Executive will be
put lo a severe trial," &c. &c.
To the same effect, a Wusbinglnn letter
writer, high in the councils of ' the Democ
racy,' thus exputiutes:
"Thn demonstrations in favor of Mis.
Uncle Turn, added lo the rumors of British
designs for the abolition of slavery in Cuhii,
aro already considered as un adequate justi
fication of Iho proposition fur our Govern
mont lo take the initiative in Iht trar impend
ing, by the immediate seizure of Cuba."
The attitude of ihe Federal Administration
is emboldening the Southern ultras to prof
fer now and unheard of exactions. Ii is
now distinctly proclaimed that Nkurask.i, a
territory consecrated lo freedom hy tho M is
souri Compromise more than thirty years
ngo, must be surrendered to Slavery! Mr.
Senator Atchison recently madu n speech
nt Weston, on the western vergu of Missouri,
wtiereiu lie explained Ins resistance last
winter to tha recognition of Nebraska as a
territory as follows;
"He had told Mr. Guthrio that, consider
ing the circumstance under which ho was
sent to Washington, ho would not be receiv
ed as a Delegate; that treaties would huve
to bo made with the Indians before any po
litical organization of wliilo men could ho
tolerated in that Territory ; und that even
then he (Mr. A ) would nut consent to the
organization of that Territory unlets all Ihe
citizens of Missouri, and of the Union, should
have the privilege of stilling there upon a basis
of common equality. He (Mr. A. ) would nut
vote for ihe organization of that Territory if
the Wilmot Proviso, or any other proviso of
inai character, should Jie engrailed upon it.
Hu would vote for extinguishing ihe Indian
title to that Territory, but never to exctuil mm
citizen of the United Slates from settling there.
Cm any one say as much lor Col. Benton ?"
All which means "No organization of
"ienraHiui or any similar territory until the
"North shall consent to surrender lo Slavery
" what our fathers expressly consecrated to
" Freedom." Are we ready lur this?
These novel exactions from the South nro
of course paralleled by corresponding nhiiso
nicnts nl the North. Thus u nameless om
clo of faction in Ibis City, supported by con
tributions levied on office-seekers and nomi
nally edited hy a noisy Freo Soiler iu 1818,
thus blazens iis owu recreancy and itiliimy iu
n leader entitled
" THE ADMINISTRATION PARTY IN NEW-YORK.
"The whole American uress. Wh'ur and
Democratic, East, West, North and South,
is quite universally engntred in discussing thn
publics of this Slntc. What is lo be thn
f ittire action of thnt faction which has figured
somewhat extensively under the general rug-
iiometi of II ii nbnrner ? Will il stand iv the
Compiomi-p, or ihe Fugitivo Slave L tw ?
More territory nppears to hu inevitably ni-
prnnching the orbit of our I'nioii i soil which
will, probnblv, for some li ne, lie governed us
Irriilory nud lint ns Slulrt. ', the lltrn
burner fiction Now constat that the South
shall have nn equal participation in th: benefits
of territorial acquisitions i Or will tbev cry
nut again, " IN o mine slave territory!' nnd
seek, through popular nud Cniigrcssiniud
aifilalion, lo shut nut tho South from what
ever new field may be acquired ? Aro we
to live in perpetual drend Hint the fue of
Ihunticismnru not quenched, but only smoul
dering beiienth the hypocritical surface of
what a distingiiiHlied leader of Ihu faction do
nominates anptirsr-cnit ?"
" To fail on any of throe points will lit an
art of rebellion aqtiinsl the present Mminis
trnlion ; onrf il wM, we are confident, be so re
garded by the Etctulite."
Here ills distinctly laid down that re
sistance to the extension of Slavery into nny
Free Territory which may htrtnjhr lie ne
quired by our Government is to Im regarded
und treated ns treachery to the Platform nud
hostility to the National Aduiiiiitralioii!
And this Culmination, contemptible ns I its
source, derive importance from tho course
of ntt'aiis at Washington nnd throughout tho
Suulh. To resist Ihu establishment of Slav
ery, under whatever circumstances, is held
in powerful quarters lo be n factious pint
ling ngainst tho National Democracy nnd its
How fiir shall this ba allowed to proceed
without encountering resistance ? H is the
spirit of devotion lo Liberty died out of ihe
r rue states ? Or will Ihn lime never come
when its dictates may he prudently nnd
properly obeyed? Why should not our Slate
1-L'ir.laiure, while uciiuiescing in whatever
tins been wisely done in tho past, distinctly
indicate tho boundaries of such action, nud
reaffirm thai hostility lo Shivery Extension
which has ever been a cardinal principle of
New-York? Is it not high tima lo protest
atfuiiist Ibo iutcrmeddiing of our Federal
Government in the ulKiira of Foreign Slates
tor Ihe perpetuation ot Unman lt.iinli.gi!
therein? How lung shall our silence nrm
nud embolden ibo deadly adversaries of Ihu
principles or 70 and ol the inalienable
Bights of Mun ?
From the Friend of India, Feb. 10.
Slavery in Travancore.
Among tho many subjects which will not
he pressed upon the intention of Parliament
in tho inquiry now proceeding, is the extent
to which Slavery still exists in ludi.i. It np
pears to be taken for grafted, that because tha
iiiHlilulinn is not recognized within the Brit
ish dominions, ned un one can pursue a
runaway, il fins censed to exist in nil the
countries under our control, nud that our
duty iu this respect has been performed. The
Bombay Guardian has culled utieiitinii lo the
extent lo which it exists, even within Ibe
regulation Provinces, hut in those districts it
is not recognized hy Iho authorities, und il
would appear lo be n rather harsher form of
pauper aerviluilu than actual Slavery. Tl
cush is widely different iu somo of llio tribu
tary Provinces of Southern liulin, vthero
Slavery exist in a form, only to be distin
guished from that of North America, by ihe
fact that instead of fund nud t.lothiug, n pit
luncn, the maximum of which is euuul to
unu-iiiiru uiu wages oi n ireeman, is given
lo the slave, nud that his suffering nro not
aggravated by communion with n powerful
und civitized rnce. We publish Iho detail
which I'uve reached us, iu tho hope that ihcy
will produce coiimitiuicutioiik displaying Ihe
whole extefit of ihu evil.
Iu Trnvflncorc, csiiecinllv. thn " Paradise
of the Holy," under tho immediate eve of
lien. Cullen, Slavery assumes its most ru
pulsivn form. Tho population of Ibid Statu
iu li(i, tho dale of iho last census taken,
amounted lo I!80,(i(i8, of whom rather more
than twelve per cent., or I0I.8C4 were slaves
in every sense of the word. They nre di
vided into four castes: Pariah, !18,(i25 ; Pul
iynr,00,5U8; Cnrownr,:H,8Jl ; Pullar, 11,750.
These nre ngain divided into three classes :
house slaves, private field slaves, nud Gov
ernment slaves, of these, the fnsl class, ns n
matter of course, nro the mosl leniently treat
ed, they are generally of tho same rasle ns
their masters, who purchase them iu infancy
and their bondage though hereditary, is alle
viated by the prospect of freedom under
certain coi.ililions. This clars, however, is
much mure limited than the field slaves, who,
especially In the rice-growing districts, are
exceedingly numerous. They uru worked
harder Ibau Ihu hen laborers, receive a pit-
tuticu which is barely sufficient to un serve
animal li:o, nud nre frequently cruelly Ireuled ;
lor, iiltliiiiigh the law nominally protects their
persons, it is nliiiin-t impossible, for them.
Irom tgunrauce, extreme poverty, ami the
intrigues ol their masters, to set it in action.
Even their ungraded condition, however, ia
iHitler than that of the Government slaves,
forlheynre permitted lo purchase their free
dom. Should they, however, loose Ihe war
rant of manumission, they are at nny moment
liable to he seized by the ngenl of ihe Gov
ernment nnd aguiu reduced to lioiidagfl, with
all their descendants. It is, thureluie, Ihn
custom for the sulu lo be mailulosumu third
party, in whom tho slave can couliile, nud
who will allow him perfect liberty, while hy
retaining Ihu nominal rights of a master, hu
prevents the tion rumeiit Irom exercising
lliern. If a slave nl this class marries a lieu
woman, ns sometimes occurs, the children
nro free, but if a freeman umiiics n tdavn,
Iho children belong to the proprietor of the
ino;lier. The Government slaves, on ihe
contrary, ii would appear, cannot purehaau
their freedom, llmugh, like iho serfs iu Kus
sia, they are occasionally ullowml permission
to woi k lor ihctiiscives upon jiayuu.nl nl a
monthly fee. A still more fre pient practice
is to lei them out nt a stipn'ntrd payment,
nnd Iho slave masters aguiu, illegally, ill' J c:
them, ami curb transfer convey an abstiiute
right over the a'avu's lulmr. Aa a matter of
course, the h st owner bnving to nny the
Government lax, and the middle min i profit,
nnd lo keep ihe slave alive, nud do all this
w I c ii human lalior is nlu ost a drug, works
his unhappy purchase ns nearly to dentil ns
be dure venture. I t one ns-et, indeed,
Ihn slave in North Ainnri n is in the h dter
position of tin two; ho is at least fed and
clothed in his old nge, has a mom of some
kind lo cover him, und may linger on for
years, a mere hurdi n upon bis master's estate
Iu Truvnncurp, there is no provision of the
kind. The slave live through a life of un
paid toil, nn scanty food, iu which even the
Bengaleu hut is n mansion, nud if he survives
to old ngc, is turned nut lo hr g of tn .n as
wretched ns himself, or stnrve.
iu 181'), it is understood, ihe .Madras Gov
ernment, moved by Ihe tnles which reached!
i's members of the deep degradation of this
class, forwarded 10 Ihe Kaj-ih some remon
strances on thn subject, so stringent, thnt bis
Highness wavered, nnd tho large slaveholders
b came nhirmcd; they wont In a body t.
TrcvniuhliiH, and represented to the Itajah,
in unusually li ce language, the consequence
which must result from his interference.
They declared that if the slaves were paid,
they would refuse to work, licit the rich cul
tivation must perish, nnd the laud would be
in danger of a famine. The nrginneiit ia
precisely ihnt of Ihe American slave-owners,
and nf the Jamaica planters, but Ihe Rojuh,
a kind hrnrled, but indolent man, was alarm
ed, nud the effort of the Madras Government
were nf no nvnil. At Ihe samo time the
missionaries nf Tr.ivaneoro forwarded a for
mal nddi-ess to iho resilient, iirnvius that lis
ho would forward In tha Kajali a memorial
in liit ir behalf, representing the extreme Mtf-
tcriug nnd degradation to which bis subjects
were exposed. The correspondence was
subsequently published In 7'he Clirislian Wit
ness, nml from it o few of our facts nre taken.
but we reproduce below General Cullen
reply, ns thnt journal is not one which the
majority r.f our readers are likely to have
"Tn Rev. C. Mai'lt, nml ihe Mouthers of
the Church and London Missionary Soci
eties iu Trnvmicore.
" llr.vEnr.Nn Gf.nti.emf.n : I have the lion-'
or lo acknowledge the receipt of your letter
of the Vtith of March lust, with ita enclosure,
tho address to hi highness Ihe Rajah, on the
subject of Shivery iu I'ruv.incore, which was '
duly siiiiiiiiitcil to lua highness. And I have
now lite pleasure in transmit n ropy of Ihe ,
letter fruui the ncling'Dewan, communicating
his highness thn ltajuh' sentiments on
this important question. I need scarcely add
that the subject of amelioration shall receive
every support in my power.
" I have the honor to be, sir,
Your most obedient servant,
(Signed,) W. Cri.tr-N, Resident. ' -"
Resident's Office, on Circuit Quilun.
June 8. 1H17.
"TREVANDRUM, June 1, 1847.
" Rr.siT.rTr.n Sir: With reference loan
address lioin the reverend missionaries of
Travancore to his Highness the Rajah, under
dutn the I'.lih uf March last, which you weru
pleased to hand over to hi Highness, I nin
directed lo request you will bu so good ns to
iiilimato in those gentlemen that hi High,
ties fully appreciated ihu feelings which
prompted that nihil ess, Hint hi Highness
cannot but feel deeply interested in Ihe wel
fare of every class of bis subjects, however
low may be their condition ; nud hi Highness
will he ever disposed lo ameliorate, ns Ihr aa
mny be practicable, the condition of ihe class
referred in by ihe reverend gentlemen, by
the iiilroiliieiion, fiiim time lo time, of Im
proved regulations for their treatment. Em
ancipation hi Highness considers to be too
important n question to hu entered upon nt
present, especially n no such measure baa
yet been introduced, oven in the honorable
Company's teirlturies; but the nmeliornliun '
uf the cuuditiou of the unfurtumito classes -
ol the population 1.4 n subject which will not
fail lo entpign hi Highness' future consider '
nlinn. I remain, &c,
(Signed) V. Kristso Row. '
" General W. Cullen."
"We Inivi) mail. 1 no exaggerated stnto
mculs. Volumes might hu written on ilia
cniuliiioii of ihesi- classes, nnd another Mrs. '
Beecher Stowe might find among ihem the
material for stoi ics which wnuhl ns strangely
mnvo Ihn people of England lis her tale hn
ihuie; hut no record of oppression could
call mum strongly for the interference of Ihe
British Government than Ihe simple fact Ihnt
hereditary slavery exists as n legalized iusli
lutioii in a Kingdom, which iu nil else, is
absolutely subject to our iiulhorily. No in
terests exist hero na in the Duiled States, too
powerful for anything but conciliation. The
Rajah can abolish unpaid labor by n deeree,
and to liberate Ibrcver n hundred thousand
liimilies, would scarcely cost live miuulrs to
the Governor-General. One such letter as
that which brought thn Nizam lo his knees,
or frii'hiciifd 1 Im Rajak of Nnppnre, would
put an cud ton system which, if liiirly placed
bcliirv Parliament, could not endure un hour.'
From the Phrenological Journal.
Within n venr fro 01 bin ni.i,,,,,... .1..
yniiioriiigu imiiiuy scnool, lie received
imitation Ii siicccm! it
,!, A'i. g
ltv ui iitiHior ol ihu ll..li.d-.t a m 1.
11 11 '- 11
. . . : 1 " viiit unii wus or-
ilumed in April, 1SPJ. This was n eoi.spicii.
all 1st 11 1 111 iti-l ' It in I itn .li I I I - . 1
1 rrr-11 mi. I 1 II ill 1 1 ill lBf lliii r II ....I ...
. ,, ',,., ' preilictsor,
Ihu Ke.v Hnrnce llulley, who had consented
to i.s.unin the Presidency of Trnnsj Ivanui
College m Lexington, Kentucky, was a mail
ol reniatkulily popular gifts, possessing a
iover ol extemporaneous eloquence seldom
equaled, with u comniiiniling personal sp.
pearance, and with a hearing and manner 111
society thul wero equally impressive and
delightful. Ilia I'uinu a a pulpit orator had