Newspaper Page Text
i llie House of Lord, when naked, - Pray,
my Lord, cnn you tell ma tin precise deli
iiilion of the Itrnn Orthodoxy nnd Hetero
doxy ?" 1 belk-ve," (said Dr. Hloomfteld,)
"Orthodoxy in mu dozy, and Heterodoxy
onofW man's dnxy.
Just ), every innn believes himself to lie
Orthodox and not heterodox in his opinions.
And at every innn believes ho is right, (fur
if he believe himself wrong, it would not ha
Ida opinion,) let ua he tolernnt one to another,
and give the greatest Intitnde to the promul
gation of opinion for truth ia immutable and
You aidt, "Would he (Mr. Hnynton,) ob
ject to our calling to our aid a Catholic or
nil Infidul, to help ua take him nut of a ditch
into which he hud fallen, provided wn could
not get him out without audi assistance ?
Would he consider aurh a procedure an nlli
ance on Ilia port, or oura, with Catholicism,
or Infidelity ?"
tviien I read this paragraph, the following
incident struck mv miml. When i.n n visit
to Scotland, mnny year since, an elderly
gentleman related the following. He aanl
the celehrated historian, David I l ime, waa
accustomed to riae very early and lake a
walk in the country before hrenkfnat. Ono
morning as he waa passing over a narrow
stream, the plank broke with him, and down
fell the learned historian into the hnir or
marsh beneuth. ' lie wag tinahln to extrirnte
himself: he rolled for hull), nnd after n short
time, nn elderly ludy cnino running to his
She aooii discovered who the unfortunate
individual was. "OI!"rnvs she ."nnd ia it
you, Mr. Hume? Nn, air, 1 cannot in all
conscience help yon nt nil, nt nil. Von nre a
wn ti lled infidel, and have done more than
all Scotland lo destroy our holy kirk, nnd
kill the noiila of tho people." Home plead
and entreated with the old woman and a
compromise wnsngrccd upon. She consent
ed In help him if he would repent tho lord's
The historian raised un bis I amis nml '
with a auniilicatinr tone, reunited the Lr.nl's
Prnycr to the satisfaction of tho old huly.
she, true to her promise, assisted the old
philosopher out of bit ditiicullies." Colum
Slavery As It Is.
A writer in llin New. York Times, gives
the following truthful statement of the iuflii
Mice of Slavery upon the morals and intellect
f the tluve. He guys t
"I take ground against tho writer of a
rcrent article in limit's Merchants' Magazine,
who mniulain thut slavery is the (only) true,
speedy, and aneccstifid method for civilizing
and christianizing the heathen ; and must sny
that my judgment nnd my observation of
facts, a priori, would hy tin means lead me
lo recommend any audi scheme for preach
ing the Gospel as he favor.
" I do not admit, in evidence upon this
subject, thn alalistiea that lire usually cited,
ol tbu iiumtier ot slave
eriiiiiti.il us i-i.liiriiiini
by Iheir owners or hy themselves. A proles-
or name for a religious character ninong
them appears to be founded iuhiii tho
exhibition of certain phreuified states of the
imagination, exritnhle in any mind nut hab
itually disciplined to to the control of reason,
and iti tbo direction ot words nnd actions,
according lo certain precepts and formulas."
In speaking of till tluve preuchcrs hu
"The oflico among the negroes, ns among
other people, confers n certain importance
and power. A ptirt of the reverence uttuched
to the duties ia given lo the person; vanity
and gclf confidence nre cultivated, nnd a
higher ambition aroused thati uaually can
enter tho iniiid of a ahivo. The self-respect
f the preacher is also increased by the con
sideration in which he is held hy his maulers
aa well na his fellows; thus, the preachers
generally have an air of superiority to other
negroes; I bey acquire a remarkable memory
of words, phrases and forma n sort of curi
oug poetic talent is developed n habit is ob
tained of rhapsodizing ami exciting furious
emotions, to great degree spurious nnd
temporary, in themselves and others, tliiuiigh
the imagination. waa once introduced to
a preacher, who waa represented to he quite
distinguished nmong theui. I took his baud
respectfully, mid said I waa happy to meet
hi i u. He Mcciued to tike this for a joke, nnd
laughed hcaitily. Ho wag a "driver," and
my friend said, " He drives the negroes at
the cotton all the week, ami Sundays he
drives them at the Gospel don't you, John ?"
lie commenced to reply in some Scriptural
phrases, soberly, hut before be could say
three worn, began to luugh npaiu, and reeled
off like a drunkuu mini entirely overcomes
with merriment. He recovered himself in a
moment, and came up to tig again. 'They
pay he preaches very powerfully, ton. 'Ynh,
itittssa! , 'kordin to tier grace yah! ythl'
and he staggered nlT ngiiiu with the peculiar
liearty negro guffaw."
"There is no element in the difficult prulf
lein of shivery whirh we of the North go
little comprehend nnd leave out of view in
our theorizing at the exceedingly low moral
uid Intellectual condition of Ilia slaves. In
one of my earliest letters, alter entering Vir
ginin, 1 conveyed to you the impressions
which I hud received on this point I mil tlio
general apuearuuee, language, ami converse,
tionof the negroes. These impressions have
been strengthened and confirmed by further
nliaervutinii of them ns I hove proceeded
South. I described to you the influences
which, by destroying ambition and olevnted
aims, and by cultivating improvidence nlid
carelessness, and by limultiting the lowest
impulses of a limn, combine lo keep Ilia ne
gro in a condition of mental childishness niu!
lo considering a preut system, we ennnol
Ita too careful not to lie deceivud by in ex
ceptional appearances. Individual instance,
In which various Christian virtues and gracos
re beautifully exhibited by slaves, are con
stantly cited uu both aides by Houilmrnerans
well aa Northerners, hich can only properly
Ut considered 'as eddies in the current of
lave life. ive tlio system fiiir day, where
ho sheltering point of no unusually indulgent
. and sensible matter, or a eculiar natural
drift of nrind, such as in a 4iigher class, ao
ording to lite- piovtrb, produces the poet,
amd you see auly a dork, deep tide of stupid
( ity and superstition.
. The mind nnd aigiW fatuUin of At tttgr
mrt hu dttcijAintd and improved in liiwtry than
Jin th onsniiai iiir4ors oj tit rare, hecauxo
a lb latter state he haa at least to exercise
them under the necessity of contriving to
piwuie food, raiment, and habitation j iu
Iiroviding for hit offspring, in the consequent
y neceasary acquisition of property, exciting
cnutioua enterprise, having reference to the
chaneea of the future, and in the defence of
peraonnl liherty. I do not believe there la a
hody of men in the world that have o stupid,
unmanly, and animal nn existence aa the
rank and Jilt plantation negroes of our South'
mum nun win i'aibi 'in somu luriil
black or white. May not the natural fu
sion stinrts of the husband and father prompt
The Cotton Plnnt, a Journal published aim
nlliineoiisly nt Washington mid Baltimore,
aim aiming to niiiiiitain anil perpatuntn Amer
icuil Slavery, ndvocatea o proposition an
nounced nt Holly Purines. Miss., hv C. U
HaII.ob, ita princiiinl editor, to prohibit hv
law the an!e of slaves fir debt, hi order to knit
the South firmly together, bii making the fit
ttilittionof Slavery a pari of every man's horn.'
Aa tlio rcmleat specimens ol devilishiiess we
have seen in pnut lately, we give a Tew ex
trarla from the leader in the Cotton 'ant of
'1'he great limit nt the South hag heeu, that
the clue I productive In I Mir of tho country
hna heeu m.vta ' capital" of, thus causing it
In concentrate, like all capital, into a lew
hands. Economy hag consequently been
aarrilieed, and division of interest made to
exist in regard to rights haaed upon tins very
propel ty, I he consequences lire known.
Our netion haa nlwny heen feeble.
house divided against itself must lidl." A
cnminuuity of social aetitiinent ia necessary
to " commuiiily of political sentiment. Unity
"f interest is essentiul to unity of action.
The Smith haa heeu divided. We would
knit her firmly together, by making the in
siitntion of aluvery part of every mini's
Ity prohibiting the sale of slaves for debt,
you iiinke it tho intercut of every voter to
own ono. ' This " possession" ia the strength
aimed nt. The man who feels that a certain
institution prese rves him nnd bis family fioin
want r cine, will necessarily become altach-
ed lo Hint institution. This community of
""ii'mienl "ml interest would grenlly increase
numerical strength nt tho polls.
This " idea" being nttnehed lo slavery, mny
nut that "nitcresl" which we nre told abol
ished slavery in certain Stutcs, revive it ?
The proposrd law enhances the " interest,"
(in strict Yniikeo acceptation of the term,)
involved in holding ahivo property, nnd the
question left lo he decided ia, whether the
universal Jonathan loves his own interest
better than uny other pcnple'e. Evon in re
gard to those who nre go extremely benevo
lent, mny not their country prove stronger
than their philanthropy ? The question is
put lo the toiler on tough lands in the West:
" Do you regard the pence, comfort and se
curity of yourself and family more than thn
absurd abolition ond free anil doctrines of
your politicians?" He will answer it. And
bt lii re hu docs so, lie may look into the sta
tistics it; every uaso wiiere slavery has heen
abolished and find the recorded fact, that
Al'ricuu servitude ia the law of (iml. He
may also examine history nnd find that sla
very must and will exist in tame form
him lo preserve those he loves from the not-
liU'dily even of meniul degradation ? Slen
are intensely selfish, nnd this exemption law
appeals to leel'ings, stronger even with Hor
ucii (Jreely than his so-called benevolence.
So much fiir llie political aspect of the
question. We oro serious, when we inform
iiiioiiiioiuvis west ot the Uliio that we nre
preparing to demonstrate, that the possession
of one or two negroes, in conjunction with
the Homestead Dill, presnnts indocoineuta
for owning ihem which should not he thrown
away, hy the white labor of the freo Slates.
We want nt the South thrift, encrcv. and
industry. We want commercially n firm lie-
Icriiimcd course. We waul our institution
inter oven with turu interest. We want it
ilomesiicnteil on every farm. We want it
iHiuiul to us, beyond the reach ot law, nnd
then we become linked to it beyond the
preachings of abolitionism, either iu the vio
lent blasphemy of Fred. Douglass, or the ne-
ctssary evilt thiclriuo of some Southern (!)
men. w e want it tints estulilisbed, thus per
petuated, nnd when an issuo comes, " when
blow is struck nt us through thut institution.
llie South will bt at one man."
A Ffomvi Slave Case. Tho Looisvillo
Courier contuins the following announce
" Yesterday, officer McKinney arrested a
negro man, pastry cook on the steamer Sain
Snoteden, known hy the name of Tom Steel,
who liuil run away liom I ranklort some five
years ago. lie belonged to Messrs Small ec
Shotwell, of this city, who hired him in the
capacity of cook to Captain Henry Todd, of
me lilut ing, ilia Kentucky river packet
then running. It is supposed that lie so
creted himself on tho Isaac Shtlhy, a Cincin
nati mill l iunklort packet, ana thus reucheu
"Captain Todd paid the owners of Tom
his full value after it wag ascertained that ho
waa gone off It is stated thai he has n wife
nnd several children residing iu Pittsburgh,
dipt. Todd arrived here yesterday, nnd took
charge of his long lust property, and will no
doubt tend him South for hie health.
The closing sentence of Ibis extract is the
quintescence of cruelly and hearllesRiicss.
Slavs: Killing. The Richmond, (Vn.,)
Despatch states that at Foxville, (Vs.,) a negro
mini, Iho property of Mrs. Hancock Lee,
received several stubs with a knife from llie
hand of her son, Thomas Lee, which resulted
in the death ot the negro some hours alter
ward. The young man was immediately
committed to prison. Will the murderer he
deu It withaa ho would be, had his victim
heen white? If so, it will mark a new era
iu Virginia juaiiee. I'a. Freeman.
F.uancipatkd at Last. We leurn that
five sluves held hy James Potter of S.ivanuah,
Gii. the legul kidnapper of poor Tlioa. Sims
of Huston were drowned on the 20th tilt.,
by the luiaetl'uig of a Imat, in a squall, on the
Bavannnh river. Whether Sims was one
the number who are thus mercifully released
from tho nower of the tyrant, we know not
The assurance that he wua, would be less sad
than the knowledge that bis prolonged life
must be lo him only n life of slavery iu ibe
depth of its bitterness. fa. freeman.
Mrs. Swisshelin, iu her letters lo young
Indies, say Ihtit "every country girl knows
how to color red with madder." This
hlive to be nil ethnological fact, as we hsve
always noticed with all the girls the madder
lhy get the redder jhey color. Indianapolis
From Frederick Douglass' Paper.
The National Convention of colored citixent
began Its sessions in our city at 10 o'clock on
1 .l 1 T..t st.U J - J I
labor, at twtlvs o'clock on Friday night, having'
continued tnrougn three entire aayt. ut Hi
composition and character of it principles
and m enure of its real importance and sig
nificance, a volume might be written. It waa
unquestionably a great Convention pcrhapt ths
most extraordinary, in many particulars, ever
held In the Vnited States. It marks an era in
tho history of the oppressed in thit land, and
eonititutct the 6 rat great, and (at ws think)
decisive step mado by that people in ths right
direction. We aro unable, this week, to give
the entire official proceedings ; indeed, they
will be entirely too voluminous for one or two
issues of our paper ) but ws venture to present
to our readers a little sketch of Its character
It was a large Convention there wrote pret
ent one hundred and forty delegate from sight
different States. It ia fair to BMume that
among these were men representing scores, fif
ties, and hundreds, and that all of them are the
centre! of circlet under tlitir direct Influence
and guidance, to that a vaat concourso of per
sons were, represented in tho Convention, and
will be, for weal or for woe, affected by tho
proceedings of ths Convention. Whatsoever
was wiso and good whatsoever wat truo and
beautiful ; whatsoever wtt adapted to advance
tho temporal interest, tho moral and Intellect
ual culture of our peoplo, will bo carried homo
from the Convention by ita delegates, and en
thusiastically unfilled to their constituents, for
their approval and adoption. Never was so
larc a number of the Oppressed of this coun
try represented In Convention ; and its pro
ceedings will becomt more generally known,
and bo more thoroughly canvassed in all parts
of tho country than tho proceedings of any
previous Convention have been.
In the first place, the atmosphero of Roch
ester wat favorable to an nstcmblago of such
objects. The best hall in the eity (if not the
best in Western New York) was flung open on
tho occasion. The attendance of citiicns was
large and highly rctpcctablo ; tnd was, of it
self, sufficient to inspirit the workers in tho
Convention to the highest efficiency.
Tho talont, zeal, and eloquence d'aplnycd,
took our citizens by turprize and wo confeti,
ourselves, even with our expectations, mure
than gratillcd. Thero wero moro working, en
ergy, tant, and skill, than even we had looked
for. Eloquence, like long, is a peculiar forte
of our people ; but tho Convention wat not
more gratifying on the tenro of the speaking,
than it was in the spirit, knowlcdgo, and wis
dom which it embodied.
The Convention was remarkable for tho free
dom and independence which it manifested.
Thero wat Tory little servility to be scon any
whero among tho delegates. No measure was
adopted because it camo from a distinguished
person. Everything had to tubmit to exami
nation ; and tomctimct tint wat not very deli
cately performed. Tpcro wat displayed occa
sionally a littlo tcctionnl feeling. New York
wat thought a littlo too grasping; and our
friend Geo. T. Dowmso, had to tuko it right
and left for his parliamentary dexterity ; and
yot wo think every man in the Convention felt
proud of the tttitudo and activity of our
friend. Ho wat for putting the busincts
" through." Hence ho rotortcd to tho prcviout
Among tho proceedings of the Convention of
colored citizens, will be found a plan for a
" National Council." That plan wat submitted
by Dr. J. McCur.e Smith discussed at length
by leading members of tho Convention, and
wat flntily adopted in soctiont tho greatest
scrutiny being had to its provisioni. That the
plan it perfect, it not pretended, and neither it
it presumed to bo without defects, which time
may thow to be serious; but this we do say, it
ia a plan which tho freo peoplo of color should
give a fair trial, and only alter or amend it at
the wisdom of patient experienco shall suggest.
For tho first time in tho history of thit country,
the Free Colored people have banded them
selves togother nationally, for the defence of
thoir liberty and tho improvement of their con
dition. They have been not only a peeled and
down-troddon people, but they have bcon a
disjointed and scattered peoplo. Tlioy have
had enorgy without order mind without die
oipling zeal without knowledge and purpoto
without union. All have been fighting on their
own plan without tho advantage of combination.
This Is so no longor. Ilonceforth, (as long as
the necessity lasts) we are united. Whatever
of mind and power wo possess, shall now have
the benefit of order and organization. The ea
tablishment of thit ' Council
is indicative of
progress among our people. Union impliei
confidence, and confidence Impliet intelligence.
Suspicion rises out of ignorance, like miazma
out of decayed and decaying vegitation Die-
trust baa deflod all attcmnta at union, until
now. Vile mischief maker I the curie of the
oppreiied in all countries, and ths handmaid
of tyrants under all skies, we bid thoo begone
Such men as Dr. Jamet McCune Smith, Dr.
Pennington, William Whipper, J. B. Vashon.
Ms. Wnndsnn. (iaorffa T. Dawmiur. Professor:
non. John M. Laneston. John I. Oainca.
Ilev. Boyd Parker. II. O. Wagoner, J. W.
Wilson. J. M. Whitfield. Charlea Lenox lie-
mond. Stephen Smith, J. C. Beman, Amoa O.
Beman. Thomas Van Kensaleer, C. B. Ray, Mr.
Van Bracklvn. and a host of others, whose
names we nood not mention all men of mark
could not bo brought together in any place,
nder m, circumstances, without producing
....Lion and a sensation thev did produce
amonsst us. Our columns are entirely too
aa tw. waek for aatan. rnm.rk. We
shall take occasion In our next number, to die.
course somewhat freely upon ths charaoter and
action of this body. SufHcs it to say, for the
present, we have every reason to congratulate
ourtelrts that tuoh a Convention has been
IftljC 2VUtt- Iftt) CtJ) llUglC.
8 A LEU, oniO, JULY 23, 1863.
Exbcvtivb CoMMirraa meets August 7.
To the Friends of the Western Anti-Slavery
Some weeks since, your Executive Commit-
tee resolved to enlargo The Anti-Slavery Bugle
to tho size of tho Boston Liberator. Their ar
rangements for this purpose ars now so far
completed, that they hope to give it to the
readers in enlarged form and new tgpe, tcitA the
Jl tl item In Augwd.
They now ask your ronewed cooperation and
aid, In extending Its circulation. This aid,
judging from past experience, ws expect to re
ceive, end if it comes in as liberally as it should,
wa can give you tho paper at its old price of one
dollar and fiflf cente, if paid in adtanct.
In the great battlt for freedom in ths Welt,
the Bugle ttandt alone In Its position. The
ultra principles it advocates, place it beyond tho
reach of compromise, and in itt position, it can
have no rcasonsblo hope of popularity, except
w iih its Immediate friends and tympathiacra.
it can therefore afford to be plain spoken and
faithful for t'no slave, administering rcbuko or
aid, at occasion may require. It haa nothing
to gain by concession to religious sects or po
litical parties, for it standi independent of ei
ther. Wo havs in tho region over which the
Bugle circulates, a largo number of political
anti-slavery papers, of no ordinary exccllonoc,
and conducted with marked ability, and yot we
think there is indispensable necessity for just
such a paper as the Bugle. It theiefnre hat a
claim upon the tupport of all earnest friends
of emancipation. It cannot be spared from the
field, nor cap it afford to drag out an existence
of difficulty and doubt, with a niggardly sup
port. Its external appoaranco, as woll at itt
character, thould recommend the cause it advo
cates. In both these particulars, tho committee
hope to make it worthy of support, and that
aupport they expect to receive. They prefer a
prepaid tubtcription, to a dollar and a half in
donation, to its support They do not desiro it
sustained as a charity. They think it worth
all it costs you at individuals, to lay nothing
of itt influenco upon tho cause.
If any of you are iu arrears, please lend on
your money. Don't wait till tho end of tho
year for a bill. Tho money haa been earned
it it needed -don't delay. If your tubtcription
it just now out, renew it, by an advance pay
ment, and send us at least, ono moro name with
Taunt 1 1,50 In advance. $2,00 If pay
ment it delayed.
Wt ahull hereafter matt rigidly intitt upon
the additional price, in case of failuro to pay in
advance. It is indispemablc.to remunerate the
Committee for increased labor, and inovitable
How will a dissolution of the Union affect
slavery i Let a South Carolinian answer, now
that thero are no cowardly northerners to
frighten, and no necessity for moulding craven
dough faces into southern political shape. Let
this South Carolinian answer Horace Mann,
Charles Sumner, and thoir admirers, who de
light to burn Incenso upon the altar of this
Union, which according to South Carolina,
ssnc'.iflcs and will ever protect tho infernal in
stitution. On the 4th of July, J. 8. Preston delivered
an oration at Charleston, S. C, before "The
Seven t j -Six Association," of that city, in which
he extolled the Union in such spirit stirring
stylo, that a distinguished lawyor, Kichard
Yeadon, felt constrained to rise and render
thankg to the orator for the good servico done.
Speaking of Mr. Preston, he said : '
I thank him, deeply thank him, for the
manly sentimont uttered in roforenee to the
prolonged duration and probable perpetcation
of our political Union 'I have no fcart of
abolition.' In the whole scope of hit matterly
and unrivalled performance, gemmed as it was
with the treasures of intellect and fancy, en
riched aa it was with a wise and truo philoso
phy, there wa nothing that more strongly
commanded mv sympathy than that sentiment
1 It has only given tongue to what hat long been
my own thought. , loo, have no feart of abo
lition1 is a bugbear, that should alarm no
one, and, abort all, it should never induce or
teduc ui to forfoit or surrender the richest po-
Ui'cat inheritance ever bequeathed by a patriot
ancestry to their posterity
" Ia the Union, we ot ths Bouth, are strong
enough to defend the Institution ol slavery
within 'he limits of the Union, snd ws havo
tnnneMo strength ot the V nton to dctend
u " " auroaa,
We have only to bo true to ourselves, and
while members of tho Union, tho institution is
impregnablo against assault of any kind cov
' its bulwark at once the constitution of the Un.
ion and our own right arma."
Is it truo, that the Union is the ' ineineiMe'
' strength of slavery It it an "impervious shield
and bulwark " Lot every roan answer in tho
liaht of its past history and ita present relations,
and we cannot see bow ho can say that Mr,
Yeadon is not right Thus much for tho lecu
ritv the Union eifotds from external lorce.
I And here is his view ef saving slavery from
that overthrow with which the moral lodigna-
' lion of the world bow threatens it. The rolig
' ion and free ipiritof the North, so much of
there la, will, the Union continuing, do
something to shield the tlaveholding south from
that potent sentiment of the civilized world,
which Mr. Yeadon justly fears. Ths Union
has done and is doing much in this direction.
But this eannot continue fbrover. The North,
Instead of always protecting the South, will be
eventually blasted by the world's indignation,
for ita wicked union with the oppressor. Nov- .
vrwieie.., n is irue, as ur. zeauon amrms, in
1 1 . i. . r - , r- i '
ths following paragraph, that whatever of good
there la in ths North, will, by the union, be
brought to sanctify slavery, and aave it from that
" itolalum" in infamy which would secure its
" But, were the Southern States to dissolve
the Union and form themselves into a sepsrato
and distinct confederacy, we should be uolattd,
as tho only slave-holding republic on the face of
the earth, and become a target for ths whole
civilized world, including our northern brethren,
on our border, absolved from oonttitutional
obligationa and converted into aliens, to lsvol
their batteries at, and our position would be to
lay the least, one of doubtful ttrength and dura
bility and the institution of slavery would bo
In dangor of tottering to its fall. Neither war
nor force of any kind, would bo necessary to
effect this end ; but the potent engine of p ublio
opinion the publio sentiment of tho civilized
world, brought to bear upon nt and against ui,
in every possible shape, might by ita constant
and wearing action on opinion and morbid con
science, ultimately undormine ths inttitution
among ourselves, and tow within our own bo
som tho seeds of Its decay and destruction.
" But, remaining within the Union, wa ere
absolutely impregnable on thit point. If true
to ourselves, we havs no vulncrablo point we,
or rather the border southern States, may loose
a few hundreds, or few thousands, of fugitive
slaves (soon, if the truth wero known, anxious
to return from tho tender mercies of frccsoilism
and abolitionism, to tho comfort and luxuries of
southern slavery); but otherwise, and within,
ourtolvea, we are moro than aafo from frantio
machinations, either American or foreign,
againtt the institution in defence of which we
are ready at any moment, to pledgo our lives,
our fortunes, and our aacrcd honor.' Why,
sir, were the abolitionists themselves to march
in armi among us, proclaiming liberty to the
objects of their false and devilish philanthropy,
our attached and happy slaves would them
selves join in putting them to rout snd discom
fiture, instead of embracing their ruinoui and
deadly aid or alliance."
Mr. Farady, in the Athencum, a British
Journal, thinks he has satisfactorily ascertained
the cause of tublo moving. Ho Invented an
pparatus which indicated the alightest ptcssuro
of the hands of the tablo movo in a horizontal
direction, and thit placed before the cyet.alwayt
successfully prevented the movement of the
table, though it could be moved without diffi
culty when this apparatut wat not attached.
Mr. Farady conceeded that the operatora were
intelligent and honest, but thinks them deceived
regard to the direction of the pressure
which they suppose, if exerted at all, to be
downward, and not horizontal. Previous to
the uso of this apparatus, Mr. Farady had dem
oustratcd, at he tupposcd, that the movement
was not mado by electrical or msgnetical agency.
Ho found that large bundlea of various sub
ttancct, conductori and nonrondnctcrs, in pro
miscuous layers, placed between the table and
the hands of the operator, presented no obstacle
to their success. While tho movement of tho
Index invariably prevented it, however earnest
ly desired or persevreingly sought. If thit be all
so, it doea not yet account for the rapping! and
variout other marvelous phenomena. Such at
tho well attested facta, of the movemoni of
physical objecta without the touch of the handa.
But that, perhaps, all in good time.
A Resolution declining to aend dclagates,
hereafter, to alaveholding ecclesiastical bodies
wat introduced in tho Rhode Island Evangelical
(Congregational) Association, at Ita recent moot
ing, by Rev. Mr. Woleott, of Providence. It
mado no little stir, and after a fruitless effort to
give the subject tho go-by, it was referred to a
committee to report next year I What tn eva
aive, dilatory and shuffling set of mon ministers
are generally found to be whenever they aro
called upon to tay an earneit word or porform
an earnest act againtt Slavery 1 They can act
promtly enough and talk loudly enough about
almost everything site, but ssk them to mani
fest hearty sympathy for the alave, and forth
with they can articulate nothing but excutct,
and do nothing except frame plana for dolay 1
Shamo on thom 1 A. S. Standard.
Babsabous Punishmzmt. Sarah Johnson, a
slave, convicted of the ciime of arson, bat been
sentenced to two hundred lashes by the author.
ities in one of the Slave States. What ail in
dication of social civilization and refinement.
We have received the Fall announcement of
the Penn Medical College. The Faculty consists
of twelve individuala. The full term is design
ed exclusively for females. Mas. Uannau K.
Longshore, M. D. Demonstrator of Anatomy.
For further particulars, see advertisement in our
A Baboaih Pbofosiu. A wise one in the
Canton Whig paper, propoaoa to the Froe Soil
era to form a perfoct union for the overthrow of
the Democracy and Slavery. Tormsj Tho Free
Soil candidates all to resign except the Supreme
Judge. The Whig Supremo Judge to do like
wise. Wonder if Free Boilers won't bite at this
bare hook r
Wat. H. Buulmioh. The friends of Tomper
anee In Pennsylvania have engaged the services
of WUliaraU.Burloigh, who is very saocessfuUy
canvassing mo western part of the State In be
hall of the Maine Law.
Letter from Indiana.
JAY CO., IND., July 11th, 1853.
DkabMabiusi It seems to me if Horace
Msnn is correct in ssserting the an ti-slavery
character of tho Constitution, that slaves only
havs to be made acquainted with the fact, to
enable them to cease tunning to the British
dominions for protection.
Why not stay In tho
free states ? . ,
But Horace Mann knows that the Constitu
tion gives to the ilave-holder certain privileges
which enablo him to pursue and capture his
slave, In any state or tcnitory into which he
may havo fled. Hence we seo slaves running
awsy, not only Into the free states, but going;
ths wholo figure to Canada. Such Wat the
case a short tims sgo. Some seven or eight
passed through here on their way to Canada,
to aeck protection under Queen Victoria, leav
ing ths land of the whip and chain behind.
Our people say thoy havo a right to go to Cuba,
that is, migrate there or any place elsei and I
suppose that alavee have also tho right of ml-,
grating from tho land of alavery to a land of
freedom. It la certainly the duty of a chrittlsn
to aid and assist those who Seo from the
southern house of bondage ( who are deter,
mined to be men snd women, and cease to be
classed longer with tho brutes.
Thank heaven, the day is coming, when the '
slave will be delivered from the galling chain
of hit tcrritude, and will walk erect in all the '
beauty of hit manhood. Humanity will tri
umph In despite of all obstacles. Never was
there a time when our peoplo were more dis '
pose to hear ths gospel of anti-slavery preach
ed, than now. We are making soms arrange.'
mcnts to cultivate our field, but not aa exten.
sively as it should be. Wo need tome more
efficient laborrra than we have; acme like
Jamet Walker, or the Oriffings, who would
deal out truth which would burn up the chaff
that ii in tho mindt of the people, and set them
to thinking aright.
Our Anniversary la coming on, and at we
are deeply interested in It, and its action, some
one will probably attend it from this neighbor
hood, this year.
1 remain thy friend in tho causo of Human
ity. J. Y. HOOVER.
We aro glad that our Indiana friends are to
bo represented at our snniversary. And equal
ly glad are we to assuro them, that there is a '
prospect thst they will bo visitod this fall, by '
some of the most sble and efficient of our lee. '
Tits Juvenile IxsTitccTon. A small folio by
Lucius C. Matlock is sn interesting Juvenile, 26
cents for a single copy five copies for one dol
lar. Mabtua's YiNSYAUD.Theiicwspapere report '
that not a criminal case haa occurred on Martha's
Vineyard for eighteen years 1 This is account- '
ed for by ths fact that not a glass of liquor haa
been sold there during that poriod. Let us have '
rum cast out everywhere, and we ahall have
annihilated a good many of the evidences of
Comi.io os. A bookseller in Richmond,
Vn., has published "un Essay on Culcarioug '
Manuree." The notice of which, in llie Nat
ional Intelligencer, ia inagniloquently lieadrut
in large caps, " Book publishing in Virginia?
So Virginia is a book-publishing State. That '
encouraging. They will perbapa print '
some spelling books by and bye, and some of
the thousands in that Stale will learn to
read, who are now altogether unskilled in
this very necessary accomplishment. Cer
tainly we may expect this, fur book publish.
ing can never prosper without readers. We
just now remember some rather singular ata-
tistics on this subject, in Mr. Wise's old dis.
Irict. And that, we dare sny, is not an
isolated esse. Success to book publishing
in Virginia, we say.
Right or SvrrBAOB. The Constitutional
Convention of Massachusetts, have reported .
unfavorably to the numerous petitions in
favor of the extension of the right of suffrage
lo women. The petty despots, how they
belie their professions. What wondrous re
forn;ers,wbo can't oflonl lo intelligent women
the right to decide upon the laws which ahall
govern them. The Convention also, by
special vote refused to release these disfran
chised women from taxntion.
Fumht. A South Caroliniun who lias been
Inking the New York Express, the Courier
and Inquirer, and the Observer, baa relin
quished lliam nil, because " they art aholilion
prints in disguise." What keen vision. Ho
writes for a specimen ctty of the New York
Day Book, which the Editor sends with the
assurance that "it will be found orthodox,'
according to Carolina standard. No doubt.
Matrasses are now made of a sort of
felted cotton, which are represented as tu
perior to moss or curled hair. The process
hut been patented.
The Slave Power as a Guest. Gen.
Leslie Coombs, of Kentucky, was among the
f nests at the celebration dinner ill Faueuil
lull, lust Monthly. He made a speech, lie
diluted some w but on the Memphis Conven
tion and the Pucilie Railroad project As
suming for the South entire command of that
inntter, lie said in substuncet
" We will shuke hands with you, and al
low you to hove a connection with this oad,
if you behavo well." ,
It did not require extroordinary wit to
comprehend what that meant; and it ia quite
unnecessary to specify what was required to
qualify a aleveholder to any it in that place
aud on that occasion. Comstonieea.