Newspaper Page Text
FIRST OF AUGUST CELEBRATION.
Tho Massachusetts Anti-Slavery society colcbrn-
ted this anniversary at Frniuinghnm, Muss, on tho
first int. Wendell Phillip Theodore Pnrkcr, ami
W. L. Garrison were among tho speakers. The
colored filc also liml it celebration, at New Bod-
ford, which wns attended by Frederick Douglass
and otners, a speaker.. At t uicuirinti also in
mnny otlicr places east nnd west, tlio dny wns ap
On the fifth, the New York city A. 9. Society
hud nn excursion to Flushing L. I. nud a plc-nic
In honor of West India emancipation. Tlio Stnn
third, reports tlic very Interesting proceedings in
full. Thcro aro niimoreniis letters from distill
Bundled men, nnd Mr. Garrison nnd Mrs. Krnes-
lino I., Hose, wero tlio principal speakers.
Mr. (lorrisnn, In tlie course of his remark rend
Hie following interesting letter from Joseph Mine
r.inl, tlie Itnlion Patriot, to a friend visiting tliir.
country. It is worthy of A mini occupying sodixlin
jtuished a position as tlie friend of liberty. Will
tho doughface of this country who hnvo extolled
libn heretofore, ropudiuto him now when they
curse abolition? He says;
"J'y dear Friend: You go to the United States:
yon will see I.ucrctia Motr, (iurrisnir, nnd others
who, liko tliem, nro engaged in the nol.le task of
promoting the abolition of slavery throughout
America. Will you shake hands with them for
Ine, tret, and tell tlient how much I ilo sympathize
with their aim and efforts? This i n noble task;
lot them pursue it, ns old (victim said, 'without
haslo uud without rest,' with cuhnne-is nnd con
stancy, a lienelils n nohle cause, with clement
love towurd men, nnd nnlrtMiding ndhosion to prin
ciples, ns befit noble souls: nnd let them Vk blessed
for all they will nchreve or purpose, I v all truo wor
shippers of (jwl mid Liberty, to w hitlevcr land
"And let them never forget that what makes
their struggle a Mrred one is, that they fight '"t
lor nn interest, Put tor a principle: timt the princi
ple is n general on,), emliriicing n II creatures stanv
tted with tho image of God. nnd blessed withnn ns-
idrntton toward nn ideal of truthiind goodness: thnt
white slavery is a sin in Jho eves of (iod, nnd might
to lie in the eve ot men, ns negro slntory; nnd
that while we deeply nnd openly svinpnthixo with
nil efforts tending to the emancipation of tlio latter
they ought to u.M'ply aim opomv sympathize with
us, engaged as we are in a perilous nnd eiinllv sn
ered struggle for the emancipation of those millions
of whit Italians, nnd other slaves, whoo voice
would Is? a powerful protest in favor of nholition-
Ism, were they not deprived of lihertv, free utter-
mice 01 ineir i.ioiigii.s, rigni 01 nssis.-.i.tirig, soi.-eii-oeation,
nud everything that bus been decreed ly
liisl for mini.
"l.ct tliem tliiiiK thnt tho onuses tor which we
struggle nnd bleed nrc one single enuse, not only
in principle, but in the means ol success. Let them
whenever circumstances allow, lilt their Wiieo in
the defense of oppressed nations in Kurope, nnd
help them. Our problem must hnvo a universal
solution, or it will hnvo none.
"We arc.tho sections, tho regiments of ono nr
my; wo muy Ik) entrusted by tliecircunistances un
der which, or the land in which wo live, with dis
tinct operations; but tsio samo banner ought to
spread over us all; nnd we ought, from time to time
to commune nn the same ground.
"Tell your friends these things; end remind
them that Europe, onco free, would not leave them
alone in the struggle. Twenty-four millions nfc-
mtneipated Italians would be twenty-four millions
of abolitionists, tendering support to their Ameri
Mr. Garrison was followed by Mrs. Ernestine Ij.
Ilose, who in tho course of her remarks narrated
the following incidents:
"About six yeart ago," said Bhe, "I was in Col
umbia , S. (.'. A Senator returning from Waslt
iiictnn. made a speech there, and talked a good
deal nbout abolitionists, who were trying to dissolve
tho Union. A young lawyer staying in the same
house with mo caino homo full of these ideas, nnd
commenced conversation with uic on tho subject
nf slavery, and was so full of tho subject that
could lmrdy find time to express his indignation.
"We don t want the North," said ho; "we are in
dependent of the North, and wo can afford to dis
solve the Union to-dny." 1 let him go on for somo
time, for I know he would run hiinselfout. laught
er.! After he had done so I told hint I did not
wish to havo the Union dissolved; I would liko to
slick to you because you need us. I Laughter.l
akcd him, "Wherein would you lie independent
the North? Vt lio are your toucher ami prolosaorsr
Northern men. Who weaves your cloth and bed
ecks you! Aorthern laborers. Vt ho grows much
of the food that nourishes your Northern men. In
deed, so greatly impoverished is the land in the
South, that it is a oKitivo lin t that I onco miw
row held up while she was fed. hi 1 rent laughter.
"lust remember, my dear sir," said I, "that from
your hoad to your feet you were manufactured
the North, directly or indirectly." Laughter.)
"From him who first taught you your alphabet
to tho professor who gave tlie tim.-li to your educa
tion, and taught to make black appear white, they
were all northern men. Nevertheless, 1 dont want
to see tho Union dissolved, for as long ns wo arc
united we have nn iiilluenec over you: indeed, yon
stand so greatly in need of us that I should bo very
sorry hi leave you. Laughter. When 1 first
stepel on slave soil I read tlio curse of slavery up
on it. The sluvo owners nro poor, miserable, inac
tive, la.y beings. Are they not to bo pitied?
Laughter. A gentleman once asked me nt the
South, what I thought, on tho whde,of South Caro
lina? I tidd him: "I am sorry to sny that vou nro
a eeutiirv, nt least, behind hi tho means of civiza
"lie wanted to know why I thought so. I said:
"The only civilisation you Iiavo exists ninnng your
slaves; for if industry ami the mechanical arts arc
the groat criterion of civilization, (and I believe
they are.) then certainly the slaves nro tha only
civil'u.cvl ones among you. liecausn thoy do
the work. Laugbter. In Charleston and Columbia,
3. C, tho slaves aro painters, glainers, enr-
I. enters and masons; in fact, all the trades aro til
ed with slaves. The owners cannot do any kind
of maiiuul lalxir lwcause it is disgraceful, so that
everything is douo by slaves.' Ilo told mo I had
to thank my stars for being awomun. Laughter.
1 tu 1 alwavs thauke'l my stars tor ticing a wo-
innii. but I wanted to know wherein I had to thank
m v stars in that particular instance.
".Said ho" 'our State has inado provisions
mniiycasies. lxit not for some, lor iustauei
we euteh a goud abolitionist we giv him a coat
tar and leathers. Laughter. I hen 1 told
that, as for me, I was an abolitionist in tho fullest
cense ol'tho word japplnu e anil I I woman or
vou aro so exceedingly la.y anil inactive hero
I think it would lie an net ot charity to give
something to do, were it even to givo me a coat
tar and feathers. Great laughter ami applause. 1
To sny that he was curagod would express no
whatever. 1 Laughter. I Then I said to him,
dear sir, you have to thank yourself for this alter-
cation; 1 did not begin it; I know your weak
nnd did not wish U touch it.' Laughter.l Mrs.
Hoso then spoko of the great "political trick"
was enacted to "save the Union," aitdhclievod
there wns not a common seitso man in tho South
who believed that it was anything else.
E. P. WHIPPLE'S OPINION OF SLAVERY.
"But perhaps tho chief Satanic element in our
national life comes from the South. There, in the
"full tido" of unsuccessful "experiment" is a feu
dal system, modified by modern humanity, but
modified also by modern theft. The feudal baron
did not sell his serfs. Now, this peculiar institu
tion has one vital evil which alone would ruin any
eonntry outside of adam's paradise, it maks labor
disreputable. But it is had in every resjioet, cor
rupting the life of both master nnd slave; and it
will end, if allowed to work out its own damnation
in a storm of fire and blood, or in mental and moral
sterility and death. Issikiug at it not sentimen
tally or threwishly, much less with any mean feel
ing of loeal exultation, but simply with tho eye of
reason, what U it but a rude and shallow system
of government, which has been tried over and over
again, and exploded over and over again, the mere
cast-off nonsense of extinct civilixations, hearing on
the front the sign of being a more stupid blunder
than it is a uriuief Now, we can sympathize with
person who has hnd the gout transmitted to him, I
tbe only legae y of a loving father; but that a man i
should go ilelilicratelv to work, bottle in linnil, to
establish the gout in his own system, is nn nbsnr-
nty w nicn touches the wuixotio in iimiHiiism.
Yet this, or something like to this, has been grave
ly proposed, nnd some of our southern brethren
have required us to aid in tho ludicrously iniiii-
tops work. ,o: we should sny to these gentlemen:
If you hnve a taste for tho ingenuities of mis
chief, plant, if you will, on your new territory.
smnll-pox nndty'phus fever, plant plague, cholera
and pestilence,"but refrain, if not from common
honesty, nt least from common intelligence, from
planting a moral disease infinitely more destruc
tive, nnd which makes tho world shake with lnughf
ter or execrations, according ns men consider the
madness of its folly, or tho hrur.cn impudenco of
its guilt." Isi tnmon Literature awt Life.
A DOUGHFACE REBUKED.
At a recent State Convention of Universnlists in
Illinois, a resolution was repotted condemning the
lllni k Law of that State. A member from the
northern part of the State, regretted the introduction
of the resolution, ns there were southern men in
the Convention, who could not voto for it, and, as
for himself, ho thought the Inw was a judicious one,
nnd hoed the resolution would not be pressed iipon
the Convention, Uism taking his seat, n correspon
dent of the Trituiie says: "A long, straight six-
Icet-three rtentuckiun rose ilelilierately, mill alter
retting bis eyes wander over the assembly, finally
fixed them upon tho gentleman from Mclleiiry, and
said: " 1 nm extremely glad tluit I have attended
the Convention. Owing to the distance from my
home to this place it wns some time Ix foro I deter
mined to come. Hut. onco here, nnd nfter the re
marks of the llrother who has preceded me, I feel
amply repaid for traveling three hundred miles.
have traveled almost continually (luring the last six
months, mostly in the southern part of this State.
have mixed Irecly with nil classes ot people, nnd
have come to this Convention to bear a man from
one of the most northern counties of the State,
stnnd up and defend a law, so infamous that itrnu
mil fimt nn ainil'"iiit in nil KillI'll 1 would Hot
have failed attending this Contention for lite hun
dred dollars, since I should hnvo mivsed the spec
tacle of a man, a minister of the religion of Christ,
who brought pence and good will nmong men.
defending such n monstrous piece of iniquity ns tin
'Black Law of the Illinois Legislature of lS'il."
The old Kentiickian then turned to tho Convention
and spoke upon the resolution for nbout the space
ot hall mi hour, In a very Impressive and eloquent
manner, anil when the question was put iiihiii the
pnssngo of the resolution, not a dissenting voice
wits heard. 1 he gentleman from Mel lenry wits
a sheep before his shearer, dumb, so he opened not
Ills mouth. Voiineant Urjmrter.
ANOTHER CASE FOR MISS WORMELEY.
Si.Avr.ar Sectional Freedom National. A
faithful-body servant of tho late Vice-President
King, it is said, is now living nt Washington, He
was set freo by Mr. King, who nlso gave him
;2.Kt in money, nnd his gold watch, for the faith-
tut manner in which l:e hint served him. And
yet, if this devoted innn w ns in iiianv of the stales
of tho Union, ho would be thrust into prison and
then sold to pay his jail fees, unless ho had certi
fied legal documents with hiin that Mr. King had
made him a present of himself.- Jlvxtim Traiwrrijit.
Ave! nnd so ho would be if ho had the certified
legal documents. Only two days sineo we puli-
linhed nn appeal from Miss t orinelcy in behalfof
two freo negroes in Virginia, whom tho lw coin-
Fellcd to leave the state merely because hoy were
reo negroes, nnd who are to be separated in a few
uavs, torever toe ono iioni ins wnc unit ciiiiurcu,
and the other'from her husband, who were slaves,
unless some kind persons will buy them and give
them their freedom, so that they may lie banished
together. J ho virtues which tce-l resident Mug
thought worthy ot Pemg rewarded with freedom,
tho deeendan'ts of Washington nnd Jefferson
great indeed hns lieen their deseent-i-wOiild punish
with banishment or bonds. Commometulllt,
THE SOUTHERN CHURCH AND SLAVERY.
The Convention of tho Southern Members of the
New School Presbyterian Church nt Mni-freeslwir-
ough, Tennessee, in session recently, referred to
r 11 .:. i. r !....
commiitce lor cons.iu'niiion me im-iioii m in urir
erul Assembly lately sitting nt lliitt'alo, New York,
on tho subject of slavery. Tho report of the com
mittee strongly condemns tho uncalled-for interfer
ence in matters that they say do not concern the
Northern Church. As a nummary to the conclu
sions to which they haveenmcon mature reflection,
they submit tho lollotving resolutions. .Woim
1. Wo hold ourselves, nnd the members of the
eniircues we represeur, to no an integral portion
tho Presbyterian Church in the United States, and
entitled to ull tho righU and immunities of said
2. In regnrd to shivery wo stand upon the plat
form of the liiblennd the constitution of the church,
which in our opinion no where teaches that
holding of slaves is it sin or a disciplinable offence;
that consequently the resolution passed by the
tieneral Assemblyat Hetroil in defining where
in it is nnd is not nn oll'uuce, is unconstitutional
and of no binding force.
3. That we shall look with interest to tho course
that shall be pursued by tho conservative brethren
of the Northern nnd Western portion nf the church
at tho next (lenerul Assemlilv; w hether they
lend us their aid in preserving tho integrity of the
church, mid arresting tho course of sectional ngi-
tation, nud settling tho church on tho basis ol
The Convention comprised six ministers nnd one
elder from the Synod of Tennessco ; three fron Ken
tucky ; twelve ministers and live ehlers trom the
Synod of West Tennessee, and two ministers from
tho Synod of Missisippi.
Says n worthy colored man: "Let those who
hnve been raised in u warm climate, or far South,
that do not desiro to goto Canada, only go to
West-Indies, nnd there plant a colony, to engage
raising those tilings which are demanding millions
of F.umjsuin dollars, to go into tho coffers of South
ern planters, and theio continue to labor until
ships iustcud of going to American ports, shall stop
.it their own ports and there receive tlicir cargoes,
una put the money in the bunks ol the men w ho have
earned it, and if we do not soon ccuse to hear of
grout benevolence of Southern men giving thousands
of dollars to christianizo Africa, then wo shall
disappointed. And let those who aro not in favor
of going South, fettle down in Canada, and in n few
years the wheat, ryo, oats and com that tho liritish
vesstdn now take f rom moro northern States, could
be in u great degrco supplied from their own prov
inces, by tho industry ofsulijcets; und tbttt would
more iu hastening the day of universal lilierty to
race, man me crow ning 01 u lliousiina ot us 1'resi
dents, or even Kuipcrurs iu tho colony of Liberia.
Mr. Editor: Tho following anecdote illus
trates very strikingly the diffcreneo between a man
who was called one of the "world's peoplo" and
minister, i'lense insert; inremiiaiur.
Patrick Henry thus wrote:
"Would any one believe that I am master
slaves of my own purchase? I am drawn alon;
by the general inconvenience of living here with
out them. I will not, I cannot justify it. Howev
er eulpublo my conduct, I will so far pay my
t virtue as to own the rectitude of her pro-
uepts, and, lament my want ot conformity to tliem.
"I believe a time will come when nn opportiini
ty will be offered to abolish this lamentablo evil.
It it a debt we owe to the purity of
religion, to snow that it is at variauco with
law that warrants slavery.
Now look at this, and judge if tho world's peo
plo aro not sometimes better than the. professed
disciples of Christ:
"Key. Itobert Jonos, of Chambers county, Ala
bama, a preacher of the Methodist denomination,
lately tied a negro man of his up to a tree and
whiic4 him to death! After thie, finding that
neither (bid nor man would uphold him in bissuin-
inary mode of rending a fellow crcaturo to Heaven
he igimminiously tied.
The iiccount of this bnvbnritv is given in tho Al-
nlinma lleiuld. .Virionuf r.ra
THE MEAT MARKET.
Hog meat in lbiUlmorc Is worth from ?o to M
f'littl lbs. Fat lioys nnd young babies from $10
to 11 per sinirle pound In North Carolina, ns np-
rears by the follonin notice from the Wilmington
(North Carolina) Journal. U will bo seen that
tneohier tougher article is suiuic iuur, twui
"IIioii l'nu f.s or Nrnnnr.s.. W o know not to
whnt enuse to nttrilaitc It, mil netier prices nsir
t,.l I, itr
yl.lXHl very readily. Women nrc selling for very
nt cause to attribute H, tnit tietter prices nsve
n offered by traders for this description of prop-1
V. thnn wo have ever before known. Negro j
ows of very ordinnrv appearance, nro bringing
weiehing about fifty pounds can bo sold for nUut
o(itt. This is the tunc for selling, 11 nny ono is so I
tlispnreu. .iiiiiown iimol . i
larire prices, varying from filHI to M.isni. lioys
! ... ' ' , .i. .1.. - i.in t.t .
u a woolil n so remnrsiuat tow sumo siii'-'" 1
things exist in this town, and tho prospect is that
negroes nrc still going nigner. , i
There is now a fair opportunity for Allierti nnd ,
nnd other Silver (ireys to do a briskbiisiness.
Such is the prosperous condition of the trii'le.
crnscd by rendering property senrce, and "saving
the Union" from the: troublesoiuo Hellenics of "fa-:
nalics." Lnm anler Whiij. '
!)c Clnti-Slaucrn Duglc,
Knlmi, Ohio, AiiKUt 90, 133.
The Eleventh Annivcrsnry of
ttr.,,.!,,,,., A Q1.,.,.tr font v will no 1
' ' J J' I
held at SALEM, Columbian!! County,
Ohio; Commencing On Saturday, l,,C
27th of August, nnd irobably contiuu
i ,r I In il .vs
lug UllCC Oil 8.
gether n largo number of tllC Opponent"
of Slavery, Who Will COlllO prepared to
muni font by word nnd by deed their ciin-'l!!,r;l'lll"",:',n.,,''i"'
It is hoped the occasion will draw to-
linUCtl hatred of Oppression, nnd lllCir
determination to do at least ns much for
1' lCCdom, ns tllC ChaniplOIIS Ol bliivery j
it is CXpected that Turkcr Pillssbury, ;
1 " i
and the ndvocatcs ctf Compromiso can,
do to oppose it. j
In addition to our Western speakers,
Abby K. and Stephen S. Foster will be
By order of tho Exeeutivo Committee.
BENJ. S. JONES, Rec. Sec'y.
Ota TaI'IR. y e greet our subscriWm ariTead-
.., , tr i .i
CIS with our enlarge ,or... ...... ... mr ..w '"-
to-uny. iv pnrv oi our ouisii.o is iioorijr mo sen, .
seniinntion of freo principles,
j moro prepayin
in conscqtienee of not receiving our inking appa
ratus in season. Our type is nil new, and our
printers nro determined to give you n specimen of
good printing, no thnt it will nil bo right hereafter.
The Committco and the Kditor will spare no pains
to ntnko a paper richly stored with fucts and valu-
1,,'iu Hiiirnuui j ,,.., iin.oiia m ... " ,'... i,
... ii .1 r . r re i
o cnll upon all tho friends of progress, of free;
, , , . .. .
inquiry, and freo men, to givo us their aid in I
' ;. i . , ,. ,,
extending our circulation, nnd thus making the
self-sustaining instrumentality for the .lis-',.
To do this, we want
Let us have them
right n tvn v. Tho West can furnish these. It
wants but a little effort on the part of its friends,
each ono doing it little, and all will be done.
POLITICS IN COLUMBIANA.
Politics area little mixed in this count v. this Falf,
The l'eniocruts lire largely in the majority over
either of the other parties. ISut so far ns we can
learn, neither freedom nor ii iiipciinii e lins any:
thing to hope from them. 'Hie Free S.ilcrs have
also innde their noininiitinns. Thorough friends of
freedom unit the Maine Law, it is said they ull are,
Somo of them wo know lo bo such. The Whiirs
havimr no party of their own to niaiuiee. bavins '
coiitrivcd to kill it for amusement, have iiiiilerta-
- .1... I ...!! . ...I.I ' .
sen to luaoiigc iiiu i -rcu rsuicrs, w nil i.iieill to Ijrillg
about the sumo result. A most desirable consumii-
tion for hunker w higgery, especially if with that
result they can combine unother, vii: the defeat of
To this double end, a "People's Convention" was
gotten up. The said peoplo consisting, ns near as
wo can find out, of Whigs, with a sprinkling of
i reo Soilers, nud now and then, a speck of a dem
ocrat. Tho w hole, not making a very numerous as
sembly. This convention assembled on the sixth inst.,
nud nuininuted a ticket from among Whigs and Free
Soilers: tha Democrats not being a people worth
untieing. This tiukot wns gotten up so as to eon x
Free Soilers with tho 1iom3 of electing somoof their
men, and yet cast contempt upon their party and
their nomination. Jonas Cultell, ono of the legis
lative candidates wits rctaiiiod, uud tho other can-
liduto for tho legislature, nominated for an inferior
oflie.o, nnd Daniel M'Curdy put in his place. Mr.
M'Curdy is u temperance man, und an old unti-shi-
slavcry mun, and thorcforo acceptable to teui'r
nueo nnd nnti-slavery men, und this wus tho bait
by which Freo Soilers were to bocauglit supporting
pro-slavery Whigs, of which a part of tho ticket is
conijsjsej. Thus tho matter stands.
Somo of tho Free Soilers nro for tho conlition
others asa determined to maintain their own self-
respect nnd tho integrity of their parly. Sonio of
the more ultra of the Whigs stand nlis.f bv the
dead enrcass of Whiggery, and talk of a Whig
nomination. Others are for tho conlition, though
for different reasons. Tho tricky und spiteful hope
Uj use tho Free Soilers as tho instruments by which
to flog the Democrats. That dono, to elii'un the
vicUiry for themselves, and leave their allies disu
united and with that stigma which alwnys iittachos
to the more instruments of any iarty, and especial
ly of the fragment of such n party. Another por
tion of the Whigs arc for the coalition because they
uro temperance men, und ts good to bo satisfied
with tho Baltimore Platform. Who will gut the
uotos that will elect them, wo can't say. We shull
have to wait till October to find that out. If the
Legislative eundidiitcs on cilher tho Freo Soil or
the Pooplo's ticket shall sueceed Columbiana will
no represented by moral worth and liberality, far
ubovo the avrrago of that which makes laws iu this
ABOLITIONISM IN NEW ORLEANS.
A Natchcs pnper, contains nn article from a New
Orleans cotrcspondent who is greatly alarmed nt
the fenrful progress of nlsditionisin In Hint city.
We trust his apprehensions nro not without founda
tion. So fur ns they ore based upon the fact of ex
tensive amalgamation, certainly they nro not. If
inc nteaciiing process, is w undermine slavery, its
prising that tho Aegroes of this
pltmnt,jpBtj,,n nt n0 distant dny."
""" ' ' ""7 "J1 ' r0 c,t'
foundation cannot last long. According to the
writer's statement "ten per cent of tho population
of New Orlcnns is nlrcady of this sort, wo think it
lie much more showing every shndo from snowy
white to sooty," nnd he adds that "it is not sur
prising that tho Negroes of this city anticipate
Of conrso not.
We are glad to learn, that in spite of tho worse
, h i, nni,T f ,.b hiiitt men
( i n t)) ,jnvc( Xcw Orlcnns are nev-
l.hi.! i .1.
j lie lonuwiuir imniKnipiis miner
than bitrhamiis laws which
upset tho idea that slaves nro so greatly the stif-
fercrs In consefpionco of the Northern ngitution.
i no writer sny s.
"We bilk of the abolitionists of the North, nnd
depreente any movement on their part hitting
even n remote nllusion to southern institutions, ns
though the wolf were not in our very midst. New
'thleiiiis is the hot-hed ol nnti-sluvcrv, from whence
much ot the nhuse nnd nusrepresetitntion found in
the northern papers havo their origin, nnd w here
tho material lor such book its Uncle Tom's Cabin,
aro manufactured to order. The origin nf this
mny be traced to thnt system of amalgamation
which has been practiced ever since shivery was
known in Louisiana; nnd though we reeogiiiro in
the present tone of public morals n more refined and
cultivated taste than prevailed horn thirty years
ago, yet it is a lamentable truth, thnt men occupy
ing high nun respoiisinin positions are olmoxious
to the charge of livinir in onen coneiihiiinfrn with.
!, nml (ViH icirroos. At lim, n.., ;
it i very difficult M arrest ah evil that is daily
.growing nnd strengthening under such fostering
l'". evil, and one which sl.onld be ern.liea-
wnere...es,,csnroii,soper,u., e. to receive he
rudiments of un education, which, so far from ho-
ing a lieuelit, Is usually n curse to them. Hut this
is not all. The negroes have erected a large brick
church, stvled the "African Methodist Kniscoiml
Church," which is under the control of a negro
llishop, and w here the serv ices aro performed by a
negro minister, in direct violation of tho laws of
the State, I take pleasure in saving that this
l'n-ver. with the Moth
odist church, hut is ol a fungus growth, cnmposci
ted. root nnd branch, mnv be traced to the schools
established for the education of freo negroes, but
. ., . . . . .
-'"''" '""' religious dciioim-,
Dishon Allen, of Pbibididuhin. occusNioimllv via.
. i. ' , I
,tH l'"H "' to Imik nllrr tho firtunn of Mh ljlm k
hostility to the w hites, nnd eonncels them against
holding any intercourse with tho hated and des
pised race that has solong tyrannized over the des
cendants of Haul.
The negroes, Isdh free and slaves, have their be
nevolent associations: their w idows' charitable so
ciety; burying society, nnd various other societies,
where such ns complain, whether justly or not. of
unnatural oppression from a hard tusk-muster, nrc
mil it in, I l,i hi 1 1 iLssisliincn lis tlm stntn of tlin r,,,.,!.
and the necessities of the applicant would seem to
NEW ENGLAND CORRESPONDENCE.
WORCESTER, Ms., Aug. 3,1853.
our sterling coadjutor, Sbephen and Abby K. Fos
ter. My destination is Ohio nnd tho West the
West now, is not. Ohio. The Ituckeyes and Ynn-
kro, wi ,,, ,m0 t,, cIlMHe(, tK,.tlpr( ,1IllI(.r
.;,., r rv,. !,
wnrd flies tho Stnr of Kmpire.
Jlut no mutter about that now. I wns pleased to
see how Stephen and Abby Foster nre living. Per
haps some of your readers would liko to know,
especially as they arc so soon to visit Ohio and
some other states, on a tour in thecitusc of 1 Ionian-
, , ,,
itv and Liberty.
, , , , . ,
I don t know how far I may bo permitted to write
,,.,,.,,. ' ,
tho Mijnlerietiil their Mitiixiim. I mil a pretty curly
,, , ,. , , ,'
. , , ., ,. ,
K. telle.., to join i?iep.ic.., w no, w nn one o. .i.sworK
inen, had been grinding his sythc under my chamber
window, nil the tim.i I was washing and dressing,
when who should I encounter but tho Mistress ol
the Mansion herself, busily employed at un ironing
I venturo to writo this, though she scolded me
like a step mother, for this untimely intrusion.
The family Cooking Kungo was in full blast, on the
heated top of which, floated her fleet of flat irons,
She w as drcst all so freo nnd easy, in loose Uloomer
Cosluine, her constant working garli, & as I thought,
had risen out of duo time, hi have tho cool of tho
dny, for this piece of teaman' weekly bUtrkmithiny.
A little palo woman of my jutrtieular acquaintance
in New Hampshire sometimes thus economizes
her not ovcr-abundnnt endurance, nnd I wns ncr-
Imps looking for tho samo in Mrs. Foster. But she
I .1. . . ..1. I 1 1 .1 I
lissureu me null sou nun ocvu up iiiorv innn un iioiir
and a half, and rnso no earlier that morning than
usual. They keep three or four cows, nnd she
jtho milk maid. A man calls for tho milk tn carry
to the city to market, nlsmt half past four o'clock,
every morning, and sho told mo ho never had
I wait long. Sho and the birds commence their song
ut half pust three, or a little later; for work seem-
ed only her song nnd cheerily onward came uud
went tho day.
They huvo purchased a Massachusetts farm
of sixty acres of laud, rocks, undraiiiod meadows,
u n fenced fields, neglected orchards, and buildings
sadly down ut heel and out at elbows, and have
bravely set themselves to regenerate nnd redeem
Somo people suppose our friends to bo a kind
destructive monsters, incupublo of any thing but
perpetual warfare upon Slavery, und its "alliod
powers" of church and ministry, Union and gov
ernment. Never was a greater mistake Under
their Wiring hand, tlie wilderness blossoms, and
und the desert shouts for joy. Confusion and chaos
yield tho reign, nnd what was tho neglectcd,wrotch
ed, ruined home and possession of Intemperance,
is become the happy nnd hnndsumo abodo of In
dustry nnd Virtue, Plenty and Peace
But it is costing many long days of hard, perse
vering toil. These, bow ever, are cheerfully borne.
When Stephen nddrcsscs himself to the laboring
classes, as ho often does in our meetings with great
beauty nnd power, ho is speaking to those with
whom ho is emphatically identified. No man goes
to tho field with a greater relish, few to any better
purpose Whatever ho docs he docs with his
might. I hnvo seen him in Faneuil Hall lieforo
audience of four thousand poople, tho elite, many
of them, of Massachusetts society, and that multi
tude bent beforo tho tempest of his eloquence, liko
tho loyal grain field nt the voice of tha westorn
wind. And I could hardly believe tho man I saw
this morning, bending to rigorous field lalxir, with
hands hard and caloused, face browned almost
bronze, and garments parti-colored with patching,
wns the snmo, A ml yet to me, be hud eonio to his true
dignity, his real greatness, then and there, as novcr
when hnrrnuguiiig nn admiring multitude in Boston
or the West.
And Mrs. Foster is proving herself a model wife
at home, ns well ns tho Queen of our Fcmalo Kc-
Once sho had only a pule, sickly Irish girl to assist
formers in moro public spheres. No farmer's wifo
lit New F.nglnnd is more devoted to domestic nmtirs,
or toils tnoro diligently with her own hands nt the
hardest nf woman's work. Much of the linio last
year, her family was very large, having workmen
employed on tho building, ns well as on the farm
present position Is, that it is voluntarily assumed,
Voiil.m. M niK Mn rmttf nnnil nvor thus doom I
, ....v ......
in the work. Then she cheerfully bore tho burden
nnd bent of tho day, of every day, herself, and
performed tho heaviest nnd hardest pnrt of the
work of thnt largo family, with her own hands.
And nt present sho stands scarred most honorably
with severe labor, though they hove on excellent
family just come to reside with them, nnd conduct
their business during the autumn and winter.whilo
they aro abroad in the work of huninnity. They
were fortunate, and feel so, itl finding so good a
And not the least interstingclrcumstnrico in their
themselves to such labor. Multitudes would deem
it dishonorable nay would tlespiso them for it.
With their commanding talents and genius, they
could grow rich mm h faster, were thnt their object,
in a thousand other ways. Hut they nro indebted
to tho world as little for their Philosophy, as Ihey
will bo for their fume or fortune. They reason In
A way peculiarly their own. They see nnd sny
thnt much hard labor must be done. They are
willing to do their pnrt. They take their lot with
tho rest of tho teorking trorhl. Let whoever shall
seo and henr them during the coming months in the
West, rememlier, that grent ns they nro abroad,
they nro still grenter nt homo. They enn conquer
rugged nature in the field and forest, as well ns
move tho hearts and mould tho chnraeters of their'
fellow men abroad. They hnvo a dunl mission in
I tl, vnrl.l mot in.l.lenrn tlmv rolllllioir ! W ill.
. cvcr ,, in good time,
.. , . . .
head, heart and hand, they are serving their gen-
crntion. Long may they live to bless and be bless-
ed. They ore building their own monuments, of
material better than Parian marble. No matter
for their fame in this generation; for justice is
Your and their friend and brother,
LETTER FROM JEFFERSON COUNTY.
MOUNT PLEASANT. Aug. 1st., 1853.
Wo hud a fine ride from Salem to
Leesburgh, nnd there found, ns AlHilitioiiistsnltvnys 1
a., i i . i . .i i ,
i oon. n ociirn ni'icimiu m 11 i 11 i 01 oucoo nun
M - T
have lonir labored for his deliverance, nnd iimid
oppoMtion nnd trial thnt wrniM lmvo appullril nml
discouraged timid, wnvering minds, have achieved '
for themselves n freedom experienced only by those 1
who hnvo come up out of grent tribulation, having j
thoroughly examined every position thry hnvo tit-!
ken, nnd always ready to give it reason fortheirteal
nnd decision. For hero tho spirit of Pro-shivery
and Sectarianism, liko tho grent red dragon men
tioned in tho Apoculypsc, has long stood noxious
to devour nlsilitioiiisin ns soon ns it wns born.
But it has been preserved notwithstanding tho rage
and persecution of tho dragon against thoso who
keep the commumlmenls of (Iod, und hnve the tes
timony of Jesus Christ, (hi Saturday evening we
held a pleasant meeting thnt wns well attended, iu
the Wosloynn Meetinghouse. Tho next day, Sun
day, wns principally occupied with the funeral ol
Uev. Thus. Cummings, of tho M. K. Church, w ho
wns a distinguished Hon of Temperance, and under
tho direction of that Order, wus buried with their
In tho afternoon wo held a meeting in the grove
of J. M. Holmes, in Coiinottott township, near a
Methodist meeting house, from which abolitionists
aro shut nut.
Monday cneving our meeting was in Mustcrsvillc,
nnd ut its close wc expressed our opinion of state
ments found in a stupid pamphlet, written nnd
published by somo liereremt Simipkius, who vege
tntos in this vicinity, entitled "ltise, Progress, nud
Present lnlidel Position of the (iitrrisoiiiitus," It
is a combination nf foolishness, fulsehisul and pious
fury. Such a Issik as only a priest could w rito if
they would, or would writo if they could Yet
Methodists, Disciples, Ac., cuino forward to its de
fence, w ho, failing to confirm its declarations, testi
fied to tho extreme piety of its author. Our next
meeting was near Hanover, nt tho hotiso of Ksq.
Coiuiwuy, iu tho Still Water vulley. Hero wo held
two meeting that wero well attended by the friends
in tho vicinity, who evinced much sympathy with
the oppressed. Tho first evening, an excessively
Hjiiritiittt person proposed to enter into discussion
with us iiMin our anti-slavery positions, und prove
by "Holy Writ," that wo were Infidels uud Athe
ists!" And ns we declined the discuKsien, he sol
emnly warned tho people ngitinst us. Tho next
evening, a iofcr ineinberof the Presbyterian church,
defended tho defenders of shivery justified the
compromises, nnd found Iiifiihlili in the declaration
thnt God is Love, and nn this basis is true und effi
cient unti-sluvery action. It is thus that this sense-
loss cry of Infidelity is raised by tho Shepherds,
believed by the sheep, nnd continually yelped by
the dogs of tho flock, wherever Anti-Slavery senti
ments aro promulgated.
From this place wo went to Hopediile, the resi
dence Cyrus and Juno McNcely, who nro well und
favorably known to tho curly Abolitionists of the
West. AJthough they do not nt this timo feel it
their duty directly to co-opcrato with tho AV. A.
Society, yet their sympathy for tlio slave has not
abated, und they aro utill laboring to clevnto nml
enoble humanity. They have recently established,
upon tho most approved principles, and w hich they
hopo to prosorve from Sectarian influence, a school
for tho homo education of the children of tho neigh
borhood, nnd others who may wish to avail them
selves of its advantages. Grounds nro laid out on
a liberal sculo, embracing several acres, ornumantcd
with shrubcry and ahndu trees of all kinds. The
buildings aro new nud commodious, and no effort
has been spared that woujd contribute to the com
fort, convenience, or improvement of the pupils.
A largo Library is connected with tho Institution,
and the school rooms aro well supplied with a Phi
losophical and Chemical apparatus, Maps, Charts,
io. Iu the accomplishment of this object thoy
hnvo incurred a greut expense, for which thoy only
expect to receive remuneration on philanthropic
principles, for in blessing others they have always
sought, and received, thoir highest rewards,
Jonas Harwell, who recently held a discussion
on tho Bible, with Joseph Barker, is a near neigh
bor of tho McNeoly's, and in his company we spent
a good share of our timo while wo remained utllopo-
dalo. Ilo has a most intrestingand amiable family,
in which we visited, and found Intelligence und
kindlinoss their predominant characteristics. With
Mr. Hurtzell, we conversed most freely and plea-
suntly upon our relativo positions und distinctive
differences, and concludo ho is not thoroughly in-
formed upon tho Anti-Slavery question, particularly
io refercuco to the position, action nud object of tho
Gnrrisoniuns or Disuuionists. Looking upon them
as Infidel to some things ho deems of great inipor-
tance, I presume ho bus not sought their acquuin-
jurmusly to them nnd others. Even yory good men,
liko Ilenrv t nrd Reeclier. soinet tnoa nrsfnt,
-., ... - , , ..
of forming his opinion of them from reports, often
etninnting from a pro-slavery church, the enemies
alike of the slave nnd his friends. Hence it is not
strnngK that ho feels called upon to oppose them,
nnd in his piiblienddresss may sometimes unintcii
tentioimlly mlr'pre!-'fit them. I believe ho ar
dently desires the slrfve's cmnnciptllion, nnd wishes
to nid in effecting this df'slrnblo consumntion, but
that his efforts nro somewhat crippled by his min
istcrial position; having, ns I frflr; to some extent,
fallen Into tho too common orforof the1 clergy, in
supposing thnt their first business is to preach the
faiths and forms of worship that the'j SMpposo' ifio
Bible demands, leaving "Judgement, Justice and
Mercy;' "Good Works, 'to flow from their Ilidigioii.ra
thcrthan toerento and represent it. (living ton much'
prominnnce to n belief thnt often is attendant upon
a lifo without goodness. When this feeling acquires
itnduccnntrol over a person, it is likely to operate in.
tintinuce of evil until their profession of religion1
may hnvo the honor of its nlsilition.
Our visit to Hopcdnlo wns to us a very pleasant
one, nnd lends us to renewed desiro that tha time
mny speedily come when tho mist now obscuring
the vision of those who nro one in spirit nnd desiro,
shall be removed, nnd thoso becomo ono in action,
who nro ono in heart. 0.
This grandest physical project of the age, n direct,
speedy communication between the Atlantic and the
I'ncitle, is probably, liko etery thing else, to bo
mixed up with slavery nnd controlled by slave
holders. At least, a desperate effort is to la; nimbi
for it. According to the following extract from the
Washington correspondent of the N. Y. Freeman's
Journal, xluvcrv has ahead f won President Pierre
to its side on this question, of course ho difficult
tusk. Oeneral (iadsdeii is the newly npiminled
Minister to Mexico, nnd the following says the cor-
rosiwinilont above alluded to, are the instructions he
has received on this subject. lie says
" Having obtained nn authentic outline of the
ngree to relinquish
instructions given to tlen. (iiulsdeii, I find the
method of solving nil these questions, us well as of
promoting the railroad to the Pacific, adopted by
the Administration, to be ns follows:
"lien, (iadsilen is instructed to ask for and insist
on the grant by Mexico to tho United States, of A
free right of way for a railroad along life ,'lid par
allel of latitude. The United States, in return,
nil claim to Tchuniitcpcc : to
i..: .:... . . i i...
k" ",,....... - ,
depredations, and to share with Mex the ndva...
t. ? .. ;n . . .:. ..n ... i .i... i i.i. ..C.-. i.. . r .i..
ll'ilH'ii, 11 ill linn in mi v iiiiinii uir i i in iiiorii.' 1,1 100
(luu'luluupr lliilul.'TroiUy. nMidri in tUv kprpin
up a line of military posts along the Mexican Isirder
"" '"V1?01, ,,,l'"M!,r.vV . . , , ., ....
i bus our t nl t hopes lo settle the conflicting
,,,,..,. r(.,p(V,iK N,!rl.rn orn Siuihern route
for the Pacific !,,ilwnv. The Smtli will not find
here the northern terminus for the rood that she
dislikes; and, on the other baud, the anti-slavery
men can find comfort in the fact that most part of
this road will lay through free territory. Mexico,
our cabinet hopes, w ill find in the lultunti.ges her
northern Stntes will reap from this mad, nnd iu
t lie prospect of n speedy grunt of indemuitv money
for I . i it in ti depredations, motites Hiwerful enough
to induce her to accept the proposal held out to
Another compromise, according to tho well c;
tablished American meaning of the word, tin: all
the benefits to slavery nnd all the costs to fr bun.
(ieneral Piereo nnd the Democratic filibusters
mny lie satisfied with this location of tho road,
nnd Ibis new annexation of Mexican territory.
It may suit them to build a road for Mexico and
slavery, but nnti-slavery men will bo anything else
than satisfied. If tho execution of this phut i
attempted, tho peace measures will not prove very
efl'ectivo upon tlie next Congress,
The Tribune, which bus heretofore exposed this
phut for tho aggrandizement of slavery, scukiug
of the ulsivc'itcin of news, says;
"We cxposeil the true impulse nnd drift of this
new demoiistrutioii some days ago. Briefly, it is a
Slavery Propaganda d.slge', intended to secure a
row of Slave Stales from tho Kio (iriiudii to tho
Pacific, half wrested n fresh from Mexico, with tho
Pncifle liiiilroad running through their center, nnd
rendering them the focus of the World's Commerce.
The North is to be told ' Yes, you can have a
' Hailrnad to the Pacific; hut only on condition that
'it shall run along our extreme Snitlicrn Isirder,
' Partly through Mexico, nnd render necessary u
' further Annexation ; then consent to divide ('ili
' forilia, make the Southern half n Slave Territory ;
' let two morn such be established on the (iila ainl
'the Colorado, uud the liesolutions of '.IH shall get.
' out of the way of your Pacific liuili d.' Such is
the tnlilrim to lie presented on the ringing up of tho
Kxecutive curium next December: such is Ih.i
meaning of Jeff. Davis's intimation."
LETTER FROM MR. HARTZELL.
Mr. Boiii.xson: I much regret, that you have'
made it my duty to allude, nt this time, to the dis
cussion between Mr. Barker and myself. If it
were n personal matter, I would not trouble you
with this note I would bear tho injustice. But
Sir, when you pluco mo in u false attitude beforo
till anti-slavery men, suvo tho self-styled reformers,
iir exeellenl, us you have done, by isolating ono of
Mr. Barker s speeches and giving it to tho public,
duty culls for a few words front mo.
Tho said speech in the Bnglo of July 2.'!d, was
itself u misrepresentation of tho views udvocutcd
by myself, of which the report of tho dobuto w ill
bo sufficient proof. I appeal to you, to say, if you
enn in truth, whether I occupied tho position as
signed me by Mr. Barker in this speech, nt tho
closo of tho discussion. You sir, nnd your party,
nro loud in your complaints against one sided edit
ors. I nppeul to your renders to sny, whether you
have not evinced n partiality in this affair, at wur
with your pretensions or tha doings of un honor
able editor. What urgency, to bring out this
spcoch just now? Wus it to meet "rabid ortho
doxy"? or was it not to manufacture a little capita!
in advance. Think sir, you enn "put out tho eye
of tho people"? "lie that judgethn matter before
ho heareth it, is not wise ; it is u sliiune unto him."
To reply to this speech at this time, would be a
work of supcrorogution. Neither cult I suppose
that your readers judge so meanly of my views of
order und propriety, that I would now enter upon
n newspaper debate aWit matters wo hud debated.
No sir, you did not cxpoct mo to do this when you
transferred that speech to your columns ; you far
ther kuew, that Isith my friends nnd myself were
too w ell satisfied with tho result of tho discussion,
to muko an extra and untimely effort; "and so you
took timo by the furdoek," at poor lliehard lay.
I will however ulludo to ono misrepresentation.
It wns a palpable one in its verbal dress, and your
types havo not converted it into truth, " You ask
what havo abolitionists dono?" I had no recollec
tion of having asked this question when Mr. Bark-
' or put it into my mouth. I uskod one of tho mod.
orators this morning, if I hud asked that question:
ho said I did not. And in ovideneo ho said, that
in conversation with some of Mr. Barker's friends,
nt tho closo of thnt session, ho told thorn, that Mr.
i Barker hud misrepresented mo iu that thiug. If I
asked such question at nil, it was with roferenco to
that class of abolitionists with w hom I was then
in conflict, und was so uudortdood by the audi-
once. Thofc who sny tho church is tho bulwark