Newspaper Page Text
AMERICAN CLOCK MAKING.
nro proverbially tlio cheapest
liost in tho world, mainly because circumstances
hnvo enabled American inonuity find skill to apply
themselves Vn this direction, undepressed by Foreign
rivnrly or enmpit on. There Ik no essential reason
w liy wV should not beat tlio world In Watches ns
Well as Clocks i lint a few hnppy thoughts gave ns a
Mart in Clock which we have never lost, nnd which
hint no purullcll in regard to Watches. Itud tho
manufacture uf Steele, or Hardware, or Musical In
struments, obtained thirty or forty yearn ago such
n foothold among us ns that of Clocks, und Edge
Tools, nnd Nails Actually did. we have no donlit
that it would have been euiiully prosperous at this
ilny, and distinguished tho i
tho world over for tlio chean-
..-.I- .....I ii e i. i '
less mill OXrolltmcn of Its nrnilneta
l n.,..-.. 'i'., ( . V w 11- , i
-J ,,.,;, , iii,,., ... . r li . . !
Ameiu in, luiii..) nn account t'f tho origin and,'
progress ot t lock-making in tins country, (in cor
rection 01 -a insiory ot innkee Clock-making,
by Jr. ii m. A. Alcott. in The llmton 7'nuvll.
Which wo lind deeply interesting and instructive.
e nave ieu constrained to alter it somewhat by
cutting out the special allusions to Mr. Aleott's es
say! but h.-ivo followed Mr. Tcircy's statement ns
closely as seemed practicable, untitling nothing es
sential w ion iiiuic.iuoo ot ins lamer sjust claims
to the first rank among American Clock-ninkers.
Kli Terry commenced business in clockmaking
and watch-rcpatring in l'lymoutli, Illicit iSortli
i i a ii 17H-1 n" c i'
i"ii. v'mim., .ii. ."v..u ,i.'ni j.ui
Windsor Conn., to this plnco ( Waterbury,) sixty
years ago, nnd had before that timo been engaged
m making clocks, and had been instructed in tho
art, as was then known and practiced, in Kast
Windsor by Daniel llurnnp, and in Kast Hartford
bv a .Mr. Cheney. Some of tho best American
Clocks were made by this Mr. llurnap. A few of
thein arc to be found now, said to bo seventy years
old nnd more, and are not a whit inferior in work
minsTlip to the best English clocks that have been
imported from that time to this day, and far supo
rior to ninny of the present day, with a moro cost
ly exterior. At that time (A.D. IVJ'.i,) when Mr.
"ferry commenced business in Plymouth, Timothy
Barnes of Litchfield, So. Farms. James Harrison
of Wiitcrburv, and Ciidcmi Hoberts of Hristol,
. . i i-.. ..i . .i.
were known as clock-ni iKcrs. i ooueu ciucss,
ealctilated for a long pendulum nnd case, wero sold ,
lit this time for X 1, orl:l. When the disk was
made with a brass din!, and a dial for seconds and !
moon's age, the price was I
The price of brass clocks was from CIO to jCl"),
or tf:U to .'Kl. This was the price without a cae. ;
The case might bo nrocurcdata price varying from
h'lto 'IH, according to the quality and materials of
which it was made: so tint tho entiro cost of n
wooiten fink, with the case, was from !?1S to
nnd for brass clocks, iJ iH and 10. He mado clocks
both of wood and brass in tho then ordinary way,
having a hand-eiigino for cutting tho teeth or cogs
of the wheels anil pillions, nnd using foot-lntiic
for doing the turning. It is probable housed a
knife, ns well ns many other tools then in use, in
doing some part of tho work, but that tho different
parts of the clock "wire cut out teili the penknife"
is a tale of manv years' irrowth. liavimr no foun
dation, nnd ought not to be stereotyped as part of,
the history of clockmaking in this country. So
limited was the demand for clocks at this time, anil
so inadequate his means for making them, that af
ter finishing three or four lie was obliged to go out
with them on horseback, and put them up, where
they had been previously engaged or sold. His
usual w ay was to put one forward of tho saddle on
w hich he rode, one behind, and one on each side
in his lmrtmaiitcau. lhiring this day of small
things, however, thero was an attempt nt some
thing more. As early as the year 17'J7, lio procur
ed u patent for what ho then minnosod to bo an
important improvement in clocks. This patent wus
tor a new construction ot an equation clock, show-
ing the difference between tho mean and apparent
time. The patent is now in tho possession of the
writer, as executor of his cstnto. It was obtained
during the early part of John Adams's adniiiiistro-1
turn, una bears Ins autograph signature, together
with that of Timothy Pickering, then Secretary
nuto ami diaries Jee, Attorney linnnrnl. Jtus
invention proved to be a useful one to him, in no
vvavsnvo the discipline he acquired by it; for the
secret ot money making at tnat tune, as wen as tlio
present day, was nut in manufacturing so expensive
clocks us this kind must necessarily hnvo been.
Tho greater demand was, and still is, for a loss
The business was prosecuted by him in this old
wny until nbout tho year 1802 or 1803, when find
ing ho could sell his clocks without being an itine
rant himself, he mado provisions for manufacturing
them moro extensively. Ho erected n small build
ing on a small stream, whero ho had the benefit of
w.iter-powor and ndditiomit machinery in doing
some portion uf the work. At this timo ho made
calculations for manufacturing clocks by the thou
sand. It was regarded by Home at tho timo ns so
cxtravag int nn undertaking ns to Bubject him to
considerable ridicule. A conceited wng of the town
tillered to become the purchaser of tho last ono of
the thousand, thinking ho would never bo ablo to
tmi.-h that number. The clocks, however, woro
K ion finished, and tho waggish gentleman learned
that ho was not only dolicicnt in judgment but
p lorly endowed with wit.
We come now to tho era when a grist mill was
converted into n factory for making clocks. About
18M7-S, .Mr. Terry mado still moro extonsivo ar
rangements for in iking clocks. Ho had obtained
a contraet with the Rev. Kdwnrtl Porter, a Congre
gational minister and cx-pastor of tho Congrega
tional Church ami Society of Waterbury, and I.ovi
Porter, his partner, for making four thousand
clot Its. It took n coiisidorablo part of tho first
yo-ir to fit up the machinery, most of tho second
vcir to iinUli the first thousand clocks, and the
third t ) complete, tho remaining throe thousand.
The success attending this enterprise was such as
to give a new impulse to clock-iiiunufucturiiig us
m nicy m ining business, and wus ho successtully
brou jlit to a Uoo that tho idea of retiring from
bii iiuu.ts w.is entertained, although ho was still
young man, He accordingly sold tho fuctory,
m i Uinei-y, and other property' there, to Mr. Scth
Thorn is and Silas Hundley, who had boon employed
during tho throo years in making these clocks
uml tlicii removed to his former residenco, in the
central part of tho town. The business had at this
time been commenced in Wiusted by llvley Whit
ing, nnd had been revived in llristol, Waterbiirv,
nn I ehewhuro. Asa Hopkins, a man residing
the Parish of Nortlilield, town of Litchfield, hail
erected a factory on tho Xaugatuck Uivcr. Thi;
Mr. Hopkins was a man of considerable mechanical
skill, and a succeisfiil manufacturer of clocks. He
obtained a patent about tho year l8l'l-14, on
maciuno tor cutting tho cogs or teotli ot too wheels.
I Ins invention, or improvement, was tor tho uso ami
introduction of three nrlmr or mandrels, by means
of which one row of teeth on a number of wheels
were finished by one operation ; a machine still in
inn, although superseded nt tho timo by the con
st ruction of nn engine by Mr. Terry, with only
one mandrel, which was used for many years after
wards, nnd has not been ubundoned to this tlay.
Messrs. Thomas & lloudlcy prosecuted the business
us partners for three years or more, when they
dissolved Mr. Hoadley retaining tho factory and
othor proporty. Human Clark, who had been an
apprentice to Mr. Terry, built a factory about tho
vo ir 1811, in the place now known us Plymouth
Hollow, whore ho pursued the business two or
more years. Mr. Tlionms purchased this factiiry
in December, 1813, where ho again 'embarked in
thin calling, and whore ha has bucii eminently
Kuucossful in making clocks, and is at this time, at
an advanced aire in life, extensively eniruvnil in
this and other business. Mr. I load ley has done
loss business but ho boon successful, and inure
so than many who subsequently engaged in this
In A. D. 1814, the short or shelf clock was de
vised, made and introduced by Mr, Terry, who
had thon removed to a site on the Nuugatuck River,
where he commenced the making of those clocks
Mr, Thomas being then engaged in making the
common or old-fashioned clocks, and also, to some
extent, the new shelf or mantle clock. A patent
wus procured for this improvement in clocks
Mr. Terry, A. V. 1810. For a few years from this
time, the old or long clocks wero made by Mr.
Thomas and others, but gradually the demand
declined, as the domand increased fur the others
The patent wus a source of no little troublo, strife
and litigation. The writer was familiar with
I perioil, nml acconling to tlio recollection ot tin
;,, .,. r,. r ,i. ,.... i. :,.! i
tinned the work-shop. Ho was during many years
engaged in making now and then A church-clock,
n tew watch-regulators, nml tho like. Tho church
the clocks wero mado in three independent parts, or
nearly so, the connection between each being such
ns not to be injuriously affected by tho other. The
the difficulties and conflicting claims of tho con
tending parties, and knows full well that the im
provement mado lV Mr. Terrv, at this timo and
subsequently, marked distinctly n new era In clm'k-1
milking, nml laid tho foundation for n lucrative
business, by which many have gained their thous
ands, however willing or unwilling they may be
to acknowledge it. Soma of tho importimt im
provements which should have been secured by
this patent are in uso to this day, and cannot be
dispensed with in the making of low-priced clin ks,
nor, indeed, with any convenience, mantle clocks.
Chauneey Jerome commenced his career in clock
making at a later period, gaining his first knowl
edge of tho business under the tuition and cneour
ngemont of Mr. Torrv. Ho commenced some part
of the clock business in l'lymoutli ns early as the
year 1821. He afterward removed to Bristol,
..i . i -.V.i;r . ' i i ' , i
whero ho cmbarkeil in making clocks, Introducing
cnics-cases in uiucrciii sir.es, mm emeus nnuptc'i
to the new torms ot cases made. At a still Inter
writer, not far from the year ho introduced,
or did much toward the introduction of tho most
common form of the brass clock now in vogue.
Tho success attending the prosecution of his busi
ness after his removal to New-Haven, ft few years
since, nnd his reverses of fortune need nut be
In justice, however, it should be hero stated,
that some anterior to, nnd others soon after the
period .Mr. .Jerome commenced business in llristol,
embarked in this occupation, to wit: Mark Leav
enworth, of Waterbiirv! Samuel Terrv. afterward
removed to llristol, ami F.li Terry, Jr., of Plymouth;
Chauneey Koardman. Ives. Brewster anil others in
..i my..,, lining inu inurKci wuii a grout viu iciy 01
clocks, of an exterior in every conceivable form.
ii.:.i i!m:... ,i. . - I
until some of those who had iitinictiMtolv succeedi
Mr. Terry were ready to abandon the business, and
did so on account of the very reduced prico of
clocks, and the iiiterminahlc credit it was then
customary to give their customers. The writer
was one of this number, who had until then very
littlo acquaintance with nny other business, having
been n witness to nil tho improvements in clocks,
and the machinery for making tho same, from the
time the shelf clock was lirst introduced, in the
year 1811, to this period, or the year lXd).
Mr. Terry took his sons into partnership ns they
becanio of suitable age, and in 18X1 withdrew",
leaving too ousiness in their hands. Though no
longer interested in trade nor desirous of gain for
tho last twenty years of his life, . he never nban-
uino Keeping part was ot tne ordinary size, nnd
moved by a separate weight. I he striking pnrt
was moved by one large weight, nml the diiil-whccls
by another, while- that of tho time-keeping Part
weighed only threC or four pounds. Tho tiiul
whecls, hands or pointers, moved only oneo in n
minute. Church-clocks constructed in this wny,
wero thus rendered as perfect time-keepers, and as
littlo affected by wind or storm, ns any house-clock
or watch regulator could be. These clivko were
made with compensation pendulum rods, of bis
own design, and the escapement after n model of
his own. During theso years of comparative leis
ure, his time was mostly spent in making this des
cription of clocks, chiefly in reference- to accuracy
ns time-keepers, making a variety of regulators
with new forms of escapement ami compensation
roils. No ye ir elapsed up to tho time of his last
sickness, without some new design in clock-work,
specimens of which are now abundant. Those'
things ho did, to the neglect, many times, of taking
suitable care of what property he had before ne
cumuliited, Still, he distributed to bis family nml
gave a way to different objects during the latter
part uf his life, not less than SflOtl.tMMl, retaining ut
tho same time nn amount of available property
siiincieiii in iiiioru mm nn annual income oi 9o,uti,
This he regarded as sulhVicnt for nil hit temporal
wants. When commencing business in early life,
he never once indulged the thought of necuinulat-l
!? one tenth tho amount. Ho died the last of
ii is unnecessary 10 nun mucn in regard 10 chick
mukirnr. us it is prosecuted rit tin's time'. It I
scarcely to bo credited that half n million of shelf
clocks aro now nnniiiilly made in Connecticut, nnd
places not fur distant. We have reason, however,
to believe that this estimate is not nil exaggeration.
J he improvements in machinery, nnd the skill
attained in manufacturing, gradually reduced the1
prico of clocks. Thus it is, that a brass clock
which formerly cost from !?.'i8 to $80, is superseded
by a moro neat and convenient shelf clock, nnd
afforded and sold nt tho very low pricCB of $5, $3,
and $2. Sumo may suppose these clocks to bo nj
poorer article, and not as durable. This nlny be
ti uu oi many oi uie ciocks now munuiucturcd, sun
it is equally true, that a clock as good ami durable
can now be made nnd sold at a profit, ut theso low
prices. hat is true, also, of the entiro clock, is
well illustrated by tho introduction in price, of
several of tho separata parts uf the clock, ns now
mado. Such parts ns ut one timo cost ten, twenty,
nnd even fifty cents, to ouch clock, nre now manu
factured tor ono-toiirth tlio amount, nnd in soine
instances for less than a titho of w hat they form-
crly cost. Spring clocks aro made more extensively
than they wero a few years sinco. Tho springs
for ono clock, that cost, only six or soven years
ago, seventy-live cents or more, nro notv mailo nnd
sold for eight nnd seven cents. It is proper to ndd
hero, that this description or springs cannot be
imported, nor is the secret of manufacturing them
known in foreign countries.
Theso facts show the folly of uny slight cxperi-;
inenting to ascertain what can or what cannot be
manufactured in this country. President Wuylund
in his Klcini'iits of Political F.cononiv, virtually
denies the right of n tiovcrnmeiit to impose dis
criminating nnd prohibitory duties, but, says he:
"A (lovernineut can do much, by experimental'
"manufactures, which might show, from timo to
"time, what branches of manufacture could profits
"ably bo introduced into a country, and huw they
might be successtully conducted.
Now, then, suppose the United States Oovern-
nieut had, sixty years ago, set up an 'exporimentul'
workshop, nml undertaken tlio business ol manu
facturing u few clocks in Philadelphia, nnd ufter
ward in Washington, for tho purposo of aacortain
ing whether thu " manufacture could bo profitably
"introduced into this country;" how many tlov-orninent-paid
operatives, with soma distinguished
Governmental nabob to superintend them, think
you, it would havo taken, to havo kept puco with
V.VMIlf. bilUf CIIIUI ,l idu hum mgciiuiijr 111 MlUlllllllV
till ing clocks'
In conclusion, it should bo stated, that these
statistics are given lor tho purpose of preservation.
The w riter is aware that other branches of Amer
ican industry, are equally deserving attention
that tlio improvement attained in other pursuits,
has been us great, tho skill ns iiminrcnt, tlio prog,
rcss as rapid, and tho results still more surprising,
Yours truly, Hk.vhv TtKHV.
Vai.i'I! or HoNEsTV. An old trader among the
Northern Indians, wdio had somo years ago estnV
lished himself on the Wisseva, tells a good story,
with a moral worth recollecting, about his first trials
of trailing with his red customers. Tho Indians,
who evidently wanted goods, and had both money
(which they culled sliiinciili, ) and furs, llockcdubout
his storo, and examined his gootls, but for sonic
time bought nothing. Finally, their chief, with a
large body of his followers, visited him, und accost
ing him with "How do, Thomas; show me goods;
1 tuke four yards calico, three couuskins for yard,
pay you iy mby to-morrow," received his gootls
und left. Next day ho returned with his whole
bund, his blankets stuffed with coonskins. "Amer
ican man, 1 pay you now; ' with this he begun
counting out the skins, until he had handed him
over twelve. Then, after a moment s pause, ho of
fered the trader one more, remarking, as ho did it,
--unit's it." "1 handed it hack." said the trader.
"telling him he owod me but twelve, and would
not cheat him. We continued to pass it back and
forth, each one assorting that it belonged to the
other. At last he appeared to be iutistied, gave
me a scrutinising look, plucod tho skin iu the folds
of his blanket, stopped to tlio door nnd gavo a yell,
ami cried with a loud voice : ' Come, come, and trudo
with the pule face, he no cheat Indiun j his heart
big. lie thon turned to mo, and said ; ' You bike
that skin, I tell Indiun no trade with you drive
you off like a dog but now you Indian's friend,
and we yours.' Before sundown I was waist doep
in furs, and loaded down with cash, 80 I lost
nothing by my honesty."
BY J. G. WHITTIER.
Memory with n spectre's fingers
Scatters torn flowers o'er what hath been.
Farewell! if this be only
A lightly spoken word,
Why should the heart be lonely
As a muto-forsaken bird!
If its meaning bo not deeper
Than its simple sound would seem,
Why should it haunt tho sleeper
And mingle with his dreamt
I have heard it lightly spoken
With a smile upon tho lip,
When chance or change had broken
Some cosuul fellowship.
It was kindly, coldly given,
As arc tho forms of nien(
Hut no sacred ties wero riven,
No hearts wero sundcr'd then.
I have heard it nnd my bosom
Like nn echo mado reply,
When hopo hud left tho blossom
Of early love to die.
When thy tears, fond one, wero sturting
From an eye of lovo and mirth,
Thou wast nn angel parting
With a weary son of earth.
When watching stars were o'er us,
And earth hud passing charms,
Add tho water ran before us
With the moonlight in its nrms
Wo had watched the sun's rich setting,
Ami the meek night coming on,
When tho tints of day's begetting
Stole backward from tho dun.
We spoke ef nature's glory
Hut our thoughts were far nway;
I gave nn ancient story,
And thou an ancient lay;
But the thoughts of our hist meeting,
Of the passionate farewell,
Of the effort nt forgetting,
Was round us like a spell.
Thou wast leaning on my bosom
A fond confiding child,
A bright and uncheck'tl blossom,
Horn where the sunbeam smiled.
Thy hand in mine was thrilling,
Thy cheek was pressed tu mine,
Tears many tears worn filling
Those starry cycj of thine.
Tearfully then we parted,
In the utmost hush of even,
When above the weary hearted
Looked tearfully tho heaven,
And u long farewell was spoken
Whii h thy heart might not forget,
I have lost full many a token,
Hut that is living yet.
'Tis n loved Jingo in my story,
A suu-rny in my dream,
Turning to rainbow glory
What clso would durkness seem.
Though darkly memory givoth
Its visions of the past,
Yet while that picture liveth
I would that it might last.
TAMING WILD MAGGIE,
AND THE ORIGIN OF THE DAY-SCHOOL OF
THE HOUSE OF INDUSTRY.
BY LUCIEN BURLEIGH.
When Mr. Pease first opened bis work-shop on
the Five- Points, in New York City, before the House
of Industry wus thought of, ho was often annoyed
by a young, ragged, uud bare-footed beggar girl.
Many times a day would she thrust her bead in at
tho door, and shout, "Oh! you old turn-coat Prot
estant!" nr other equally impudent language,
Wild as a hawk and fleet ns a fawn, it was no
easy tusk to tamo or even catch. Persuasion nnd
threatuiiig were alike powerless. Mr. Pease de-1
tcrniined to have her caught, us ho doomed her lit
for tho Douse of Refuge,
Accordingly, ho placed n man behind the door,'
with instructions to scizu her ut till ha.ards. She
soon appeared, uud with the same wild rogiiishucss
uttered one of her saucy exclamations. Out sprung
the man from his biding place; quick as thou-hll
away bounded Maggie. Then began the chase
urouiul the littlo park, up and down "Cow ll.iv."
through the "Den of Thieves." through "Murderer's
Alley." nn the garret uf the "Old Hrewerv." down
tho muddy nnd rickety stairway to tho dink cellar,
uml not to tho street inmin.
Fur nearly half nn hour this exciting clnso con-l1'11
tinned, r lve I'ouits was all ustir uud 111 uproar
1110 policemen, who aro ordinarily very quiet, par
took of the general excitement. "Hap, rap, rap,"
went their clubs, up rust' the ".vr.," and ioinrd in
tho pursuit; but thu girl uutsped them nil, like the
Tho special watchman came back in duo timo,
compcletly exhausted and panting like a hound from
tho chase. Scarcely was he seated, when Maggie's
saucy head popped' in ngaiii, and with her thumb
upon nor nose, sho luugcd out bur iinpuduut defi
ance. Time woro on, and Maggie continued to taunt
tho Missionary, and annoy him with her vile epi
thets, till her presence had become u grevious nui
sance. Still Mr. Pease did nut givo her up us past
One morning, bright und early, before tho hun
dred sewing-women eauio to their work, little Mag
gie appearoil about the door of tho Mission Room
"-Maggie," said Mr. Pease, "I want you to
o, nnd I will pay you if you will come und lav'
out cloth, buttons, and thread for 1110." "
.nay do you tliinK 1 II come: unswored Mag-
K""1 . ,
..ii.iiiuj 1 uo, mm 1 win pay you money to
"Won't you make n I'ruteilmU of me? won't1
vuu nun 11111: won 1 you semi 11111 10 uio llouso of
Koliigef she hastily inquired.
"Now, promise 1110, Mr. Pease, on your word
nun iionor nun jou won 1 .-
The nromiso was givon, und Maggio came boldly
" V, ell, what do you want ?" 1
Mr. 1'eu.ir, " I havo laid down a pnrt of these
shirts : now I want you to put two of these sleeves
to each one -two sleeves to 11 shirt, you know."
She did it fuithully.
" Now one collar tu each,"
She did that.
" Now six gussets to each,"
She ditl it.
" Now three buttons to each," nidi so on,
which sho did correctly und quickly.
, ull of
From this time she was geiiortilly tlitS first to
come 111 the morning, und nuuu wc
than little Maggie.
All day long she would wnit nt the room, helping
uiu . 10.S101 i.uj, 1 inn cming tuu i.rcau ami cuitti sue
thiinklu ly received from Ins hand.
Ono day littlo Maggio was idle, and Mr. Pease'
set her to playing school. This was u h iny sug-l
gusiioii, ttini 1110 germ 01 011001 inecniei picssmgs
jund uieuiis of doing good on t!io Points tho Day
Sho gathered a few of the brightest nnd most
amiable of tho filthy urowd of children that swarm
ed around tho door, and, ranging them shout her,
stick in hand, ns tho emblem of her authority, with
solemn fuco sho opened her book, and taught them
their A, 11, C.
This proved pleasant and profitable amusement,
and most of Maggie's leistiro was thus spent, till
sho came to love the idea of a school very deeply.
One morning she asked tho Missionary
" Why can't wo have a school here lor us nil to
And her reasons were ready, for she had thought
" We, poor children," said she, "enn't go to tlio ;
Wnrd Schools, becnuse wo nre ragged nnd poor, nnd !
our fathers nnd mothers arc drunkards."
The Missionary was forcibly struck by tho inter-
csting question and the reason upon wliich it was
urged, nnd instantly answered :
" You moy hnvo a school, Maggio ; go carry the
news to the children, nnd tell them that on such a
day, I will open a school for them."
Vith a heart overflowing full of glad emotion,
she bounded nway to carry tho nows to tho garrets
and cellars, nllcvs uml lanes, nnd secret hilling
plnces of this dessolato region ( nnd well it was
received, for when the day arrived, tho room was
tilled with rngged anil oarelootetl children.
The school thus originating, hns continued ever
since, nnd now numbers more than two hundred
pupils, with nn nverngo attendance of ono hundred
In its general nppenrnnec, nnd the progress of
the elnsses, tho school will hold nn honornblo com
parison with nny school in the city, mntlo up of
Littlo Muggio proved to bo bright, and became
quite an intelligent girl. She learned to sing
Her father nnd mother hnd been drunknrds for
forty years. Sho induced Mr. Pease to go and see
her mother. The mother was bellied, and soon
was nblo to help herself, nml, finally, canto with
Maggie to live in the " Home," which was opened
They w ero taken into tho country for a while, by
n man who needed their help, nnil nt the t lose o'f
the engagement, returned to tho "House of Indus
try," us tho "Home" hns of late been called,
Tho father was n thoroughbred drunkard, even
at the " Points," Ho lingered nbout Ids wife nnd
daughter, ashamed and lonely, perhaps cherishing
some indefinite longings for n more decent life.
He came, nt length, to the Temperance meetings,
and finally pledged himself not todrink. He went
thou tu live in the " House." The mother and child
wept over him tears of joy, nnd ho stood fust by his
There seemed a Providence in his reform nt this
precise time, for, in n few days, the mother, on n
Sunday, fell dead. Any but an iron heart would
have melted at the sight, ns tho husband and little
Maggie stood bending over the tie id wife nnd mo
I ther, ono leumving his vows of fidelity to Temper
lance, and the other wringing her hands, and calling
upon her mother "U speak to her own dear Mug-
More than two years have passed since this sad
ialllietion fi ll upon this little family. The father
still livesa temperate life: little Maggie In at school,
mi intelligent mid interesting girl. Student.
FACTS AND FANCIES FROM THE
FACTS AND FANCIES FROM THE KNICKERBOCKER.
"dated ; but 1 jot you dim 11 11 lew sentences: 'Hut,
brcthc'riu, yen c m t git tinners to give to missions.
I 'allow' it's impossible: Hefore they'd git to see
it'1" ''"' "'t, vim must convert 'cm. l'here nre
! m:m.v Wi,.v,s u' '" tliw- "o you git the p'int? For
; s:1,:'' "' '-!;u'Ut, we'll take lishin', for instance,
"" t:lk" '''''c? 1,1 """ reasons you can go
I (l"'' to the shore anil throw out your net, nnd haul
i 'on1 ''' 'I'""1, hundreds nml thousands. These
: llr0 "ur revival. Then, again, somo slip through
i l'"' " ,,,:'t t!ls" '"' t"kn " "'X'k "1 lino,
Who docs not remember with what intenso do-
light he first heard or perused tho life and ndven
i,i.n. I'.ni.. ii....i. p..i.:.. ... ...i : .i
ui iiiii,. , . n iiviimi, ,m, no I iini-ing iinwiiril,
the deeds of the 'Merry Artdier of Sherwisul ''
Who can ever forget the scenes of enchantment
that first burst upon him from the wondering pages
of The Arabian Nights; nt times chilling his young
I life-blood with terror, nnd then entrancing h"is im-
agination w ith some gorgeous sceneof magnificence
: and grandeur? How careful, then, should wo be
! in childhood to keep tinder proper restraint Ibis
i most important faculty, not to crush its life out by
! rudely uml cruelly forbidding; its indulgence, making
men "uml women of our children, hardening their
' hearts nnd blunting their sympathies in advance,
! but placing it mider popor and judicious training,
that it may cast the sun-light of love over the lile-
path, nml fill w ith genuine sympathies the young
and tender heart.
! This is of n little boy in Virginia; 'Long before
I he had learned the alphabet, bis parents hud made
! him familiar with the narrative notions of the
! lliut.n, which they were accustomed to read to him.
I One tiny he was permitted to have the old family-
liible to look nt tlie pictures; nud coming to 1 Pan
ii.i. in the Lions' Den,' he gazed ut it for n few
minutes silently, then running to his mother, book
in hand, he broke forth in nn indignant tone:
Mother, this Hiblo don't tell the truth !' 'Why,
my child, what makes you sny so ?' ' Why, mother,
did n't you read to tun that w hen 1 1.1x11:1. was thrown
into the den, (hid hul the lions' mouths? and see
here, they lire w ide open !' The boy believed the
picture, which ho could see, rather than the text,
which he could not read.'
15 y tlio way, western preaching is in no way be
hiuil western poetry. I listened to 11 sermon a few
Sundays ago which I would not repeat, only that
such ignorant ilesoeraturs of the desk may see how
they appear ill the pillory of tvpe. Tlio subject
was inissi ins, and the necessity '!' supporting them.
intonation and '( iud-liko action ' can never be
new the preacher leaned over tho pulpit as if
angling In .111 11 boat, bait it nice, nnd sit down nnd
f'" ','."1 I"iticntly, and when you git tho least
nibble, givo a right smart jerk. Theso aro our
single conversions. Hut there aro some, bretberin,
you can't ketch this-a-way. They won't go in the
net; they won't touch the hook. These nro tho
lazy, fat old sinners, who lio in tlio cool plnces in
tho brook, nml if over they sco you n-comin', they'll
just turn up their white sides, and slip oil' into deep
water. Now, when you lind 0110 of this sort, hooks
is no account; nets u'n't. You've got to drop net
and I100K, unit our oratur threw liunsclt buck in
tho desk and struck the attitude of a hurpooncrl
grab tho spear of wrath, and shout, ' Now, by tho
grace of (lou, we're urtor ye!' '
From the Chicago Weekly Journal.
DISTANCE AND MOTION.
holpjuway on beyond the train, whero tho two iron bars
that noblest couple in the creut epic of the time
Did you ever creep gingerly up to the deck of a
rail-wny ear, w hen the train was moving, suv tweiity-
. .1. ; I. 1 a A I . 1 1 1
live or iiiiriy tunes 1111 iiourt viuitiui you iouk
weru wcldcd lovingly together without hammer, or
furnaco. or lire, but 111st beneath the wonderful, in.
I visible fingers of Distance, till they lay thero, a
,'iugo V upon tho bosom ot tlio prairie? And how
niurvellnuslv, 11s the train moved on, those stubborn
bars swnyeH round to 11 parallel, us lightly nnd
noiselessly us a hriieo 01 sun-lienius, ttung trom a
mirror swinging in tho wanton wind, sweep round
1 in tho blue air? Anddid vou 'mind' not a spiko
wrenched trom ns good hold; not a tie im-tied; not
ln timber splintered ? Thero must be a charm in
those lingers, indeed !
Thero now, a brood of littlo hay-cocks, csenpod
from their native meadow, have clustered down on
tlio track, right before tho engine. Heedloss littlo
things 1 Hut ngo will bring wisdom, and one of
these days they'll bo discreet hay-stacks, and not go
... 1. -1... ii-'ii.i 11.1.
n-gOHSippi!!g till riHl-roiiu ir.tc&n. ,i lit net I, ny,
they lire getliii'j tu bfl stacks already. How they
oxiuind and 'get up 111 the world ns we near thorn !
And they hear tho trnin ; for soe, they nro wheeling
in a sort of Knh KttiiiiM KEn wait, to tho right nnd
left, over the fence, and back of the barn, uud bo-
voinl the orchard : and there they are. dignified and
! linpertiiriiblo us hay-stacks imiilU to ho.
Ami llinun little flushes a cnnitiil H. if llinir ip
, laches exactly in the way, whispering und nil of
n flutter, dodging up hero, and nestling down thoro,
iko truants in tho entry' duringV hool-hours. On
thunders tho train, ami up jump tho Hushes,
jillhieg indeed ! .Turks, forest-trees j troos of a
eonturv; columns In 'Hob's first temples.
trees nre on the. track f growing on tho track I On
tho truck, eh? By tho holy rood, they are roth
nwuv, just whero tlioy woro beforo ruil-ronds wore
And the worker of nil this iliulilerie! You can
sco tho fluttering of her blue robe just thero in tho
horizon. Sho lias gono on to conjure again. It is
'Stop thetrnin ! LotusolT! Conductor, Captain,
somo body, nny body !' There's a riltaie on the
truck ; born, christened, and grown since lust night.
There's a meeting-house, and a grnve-ynrd, and a
block of stores in tho way ! On wo plunge dis
pelled at the first whistle ! The church moves
gravely nwny, ns churches thiiahh Tho grnve-ynrd,
with its sleeping tenantry, is whisked out of sight
like n tritndlo-bcd; a martin-box of a cottage scuds
round the corner of the meeting-house ; the row of
brick stores, very much flushed, Steps six paces to
the rear; tho oars jar oil, Olid LMstanuo and iHotion
aro in tho secret.
Look behind you. nnd thev nro adjusting the
machinery for the next trnin. Hack goes the villnge
that had licen frightened nwny by the Miistle, and
the stneks and tho trees grow ' bountifully loss ;' nnd
so it is every day, nndnll day, nnd every where,
when Distance and Motion nre pnrtnors, There's
something on the track again 1 It's a fly it's n
frog it's a child it's a man six feet high a
P. an M. C. On we go. Wo havo passed him
We havo left him. Five foot high four feet high
ncbilil a frog a bug a nothing ! What pranks
Distance enn play with man nnd his dignities, ns
tho enrs drive rattling on 1 Your 1). D. is dwindled
down; your P. M. is past minding: jour C, is
LITTLE TOPSEY'S SONG.
This song Is set to music by Henry Russell, nnd
11 1 1 1, 11 - r ... . .. .
piiiiiisueii ni me aiutwai Jjowjuet umce, High llol
born.J " Topsy ncber irns born,
Nebcr hnd a niodcr j
'Spocts I growed a nigger brat,
Jist like nny oder,
Whip mo till tho blood pours down
Ole missus used to do it;
She said she'd cut my heart right out,
Hut ncber could get to It.
Out no heart, I dont belieb .
Niggers do widolit 'cnii
Ncber heard of (Jon or Lovo,
So can't tell much nbout 'cm."
This is Topsy's savage song,
Topsy 'cute and clever;
Hurrah, then, for tho white mini's right
Slavery forever I
"I 'spocts I'so very wicked,
That's jist what I am;
On'y you jist givo mo chance,
Won't 1 rouse Ole Sain?
'T dint no use in being good,
Cos I'so black, you sec;
I ncber enred for nothin' yet,
And nothin' cures for me.
Hn! ha! ha! Miss Fccly's hand
Dun know how to grip mcj
Ncber likes to do no workj
And won'tr-widont they whip mo."
This is Topsy's savngo song,
Topsy Vitto nnd clover;
Hurrah, then, for the whito man's right
Slavery forever !
"Don't you die, Miss F.vy,
F.lso I go dead too ;
I knows I'so wicked, but I'll try
And bo all good to imt.
Y'oti hub tnught mc better things, ,
Though I'sc nigger skin ;
You hnb found poor Topsy's heart,
Spito of nil its sin.
Don't you die Miss F.vy dear;
F.lso I go drnd too.
Though I'sc black, I'so sure that Oud
Will let me go wid you."
This is Topsy's hninnn song,
I'nder Love's endeavor;
Hurrah, then, for tho white cbilds work
Humanity forever 1
LITTLE TOPSEY'S SONG. WASHINGTON'S WEALTH-THE MOUNT
The following extract is taken from nn old book
published by Russell .t West, Huston, in the vear
IMiMl, entitled " Washington s Political Lciracies.'
nml dedicuted by the editors to .Mrs. Martha Waili
"(lenernl ashingloii was ut one time probably
one 01 urn greaiest land-llolilei'S 111 the I 11 lei
States. II is annual receipt from his estates amount
ed in lTOli to four thousand pounds sterling. Hit
properly, nt me same period, was estimated to hi
worth ono hundred nnd sixty thousand pound,
sterling, wliich 'i a very large sum in federal nionev
ind was considered a very great fortune nt thai
early day in this country for nnv ono'iium to possess.
"II is estate ut Mount Vcriion alone wus computed
in ITS" to consist of nine thousand ucres of land,
if which enough was 111 cultivation to produce, in 11
linglo year, ten thousand bushels of corn and seven
thousand bushels of w heat. In a succeeding year
ne ruiscii two iiiiniireu lamps, sinved twenty-seven
1 1...1.. ..c 11 1 . J ,
oiisiii-m 01 nnxstcti, nun plained seven Hundred
bushels of potatoes. 1 lo desisted, it was said, from
planting tobacco, which wus then extensively raised
in Virginia, for tho purposo of settiii'' 1111 examnle.
by employing this extensive means in tho introduc
tion nnd fostering of such articles of domestic use
nnd necessity us would ultimately tend to the best
advantage of his country. His 'domestics, at tho
sumo 111110, were industriously employed 111 luiinu-
tueturmg woolen cloth mid linen in sufficient qiiuii
tities to clotho his numerous ' household, which
numbered nearly ono thousand persons,"
On Monday last, whilst somo hands on the Cin-
cinnnti, Wilmington and Zuncsvillc Railroad nt Cu-
suclt s Mill, about five miles south of this city, wero
quarrying sumo, a nuinan skeleton wus tound
ombcdiled in rock, on a bluff bank nn the south
brunch of Jonathan's creek, thirty feet from the
surface. A small flssuro in tho rock of about two
inches in width, opened to the rosting place of these
remains, which, iu nil human probability, may huvc
oeen ucpuBiicii mere centuries ugo, j lie rock con
tained un indentation of the greater part of the
hotly, as perfect as though moulded of potter's clay.
From the hip to the foot, particularly, this surcoph
ngus was as coinploto as carving could have made
it. Tho proportions, curvatures, ic, of tho limb
wero distinct and regular, nnd indicated that the
skoloton had boon that of a p-rson of full siso.
How, and at what period of tho world, theso re
mains wore deposited where found, furnishes a wide
theino for conjecture as woll as a subject for the
discussion of geologists. The rational probabilities
are that at somo very ancient period this hotly hnd
been washed from tho creek into tho bunk of the
stream, and that tho continual depositos of sand
around formed it iuto rock, which has beon increas
ing lor ages, ns nges only could havo formod the
immense amount of very hard sund stono which
This discovery establishes whnt pnst history hns
hitherto failed to establish, vis: The phonomonnn
of a human skeleton within a hotly of solid rock.
Wo have no hesitation iu bolicving, from the np
pourance of the rock, that at one period tho portion
surronnding this body was entiro and solid, but that
tho undormining of tho rock by tho stream or somo
grout convulsion of nature, has opened tho fissure
which existed whon these reinnins wero discovered.
e saw this skoloton and tho rock from which it
was tnknn, tho tlay after it had boon discovered.
The bones wero in u good state of preservation. A
portion of tho skull muy bo seen at our oflico.
Gold Wiioiikd in tub Bank or Enulaxd ur Ma-
ciiinekv. a i-onuon paper says:
"One of the most iutorestinir and astonishing ,ln.
purtments within the whole compass of tho Bank
u, 1. ou.au. 1, m mo weiguing ticpartinont, in which,
with tho rapidity of thought, und a precision nn
prouching the hundredth part Of a grain, tlio
weight of gold coin is determined. There uro six
weighing machines, and throe weighors to attend
them. Lnrgo rolls of sovoroiirns. nro i,l,.,.,l ;
groovos, and aro shaken ono nt u timo, by tho mo
tion of tho maehino into a scale. If they nro of
the standard weight, they aro thrown by tho sumo
mocliunicul intelligence into a box at tho right
hand side of the person who watches tho oporntion
if they have lost the hundroth pnrt of a grain, thnv
nro oast int a box on the left. Thoso'whlcli stand
tho test aro put Into bags of 1000 each', and those
below tinr aro cut by a machlno, and sent back to
A Cieiicrni assortment of Now Hooks nnd Station
WALL PAPER AND NOTIONS,
Just opened nt McMILLAN'S HOOK-STORK.
which tho public are requested to call and examine.
Kry to I'nclc Tom's Cnlfin,
Just reeived nt McMillan's Hook-Storo.
SPF.NCF.Il AND FAIKCHILTVS
Celebrated (lold Pens. Kvcry Pen warranted.
At McMillan's Uook-Storo.
MATERIALS for Artificial Flowers. A full
assortment at tho Snlem Hook-Store.
For sale at McMILLAN'S Hook-Store.
WIDK, WIDE WOULD AND QUE EC Hi)
At McMillan's Hook-Store.
Wliitc Siitvo ti nd I ntlc Tom,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
Fancies of a Whimsical Man nud Hoods Humorous
At McMillan's Bouk-Sture.
HAWTIIORXES AND (iltACE AOIILAR'S
At McMillan's Book-Store.
Andrew Jackson DnvU' Works
At McMillan's Book-Store.
DICKS WORKS AND BlllLI-.S,
For Sale cheap nt McMillan's Book-Store.
300 VOLUMES OF MINIATURE POETS,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
ALL KINDS OF HISTORICAL AND POETI
CAL Boo KM,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
MEDICAL BOOKS AND DICTIONARIES,
All kinds of School Books, Slates, Pencils. Plain
ami Fancy Stationery, Wholesale nnd Retail at
A good assortment nf WALL PAPER, WIN
DOW PAPER AND FIRE BOARD PRINTS,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
Blank-Books and Memorandums, Yankee No
tions and Toys, in great variety ut .McMillan's.
POCKET MAI'S, of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois,
Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, und Minnesota,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
UVEKV BOOK I. Till'. HUCKL'T,
Can be procured by calling nt .1. McMI LLA N"S
Cheap Book-Store, five doors East of the Town Hall,
Main-St., Salem. .
SPUING AND SUMMER GOODS,
THE subscribers nre now receiving a largn ad
dition to their stock of Spring ami Summer lined'',
mining which will bo found Dress Silks, Dress ui.d
Veil Borage. Beruge Delaines, Challes Clothes, all
Wool Do L lines, Do Beges Velvet De Laities, &e.
Also, a large lot of MAC.NI I'ICEN'T PLAIN'
AND FANCY SHAWLS, which will be sold us
cheap us ut nny other house in Ohio. A great varie
ty "I .Men's 11111I Boy's Siiniuicr Wear, cmbrneeing
plain und fancy Cushmorclts, f'assinierei, Linen
and Cotton Ootids; Hats, Caps, Shoes, Ac.
ALSO, AS ASSORTMENT Of I II EE 1..MIOR COOPS.
Don't forget that we keep (Iroeeries, Wholesalo
and Retail, ns low as nnv body else.
TO.MLINSON, Si'RATToX & Co.
American Ulmk; .Wci.
The Sugar Crcrk Witter Cure.
TWELVE miles South of Massillon under the
charge of Dr. Frease, is supplied with puro soft
spring water, nnd conducted 011 pure Hydropathic
principles. Wo give no drugs. They nre only
hindrances to the radical cure of disease. Tho suc
cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of humanity, enables us to speak
confidently uf thu virtues of jmre soft leater, n pro
per diet, &e.
Terms 5i in ordinary cases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of tho American Hvdropathie
Institute, nml Editor of the Nichols' Health dour
mil, in noticing the Water Curo movements of the
country, says uf us:
"Dr. Fries, a most thorough nnd energetic phy
sician, hns u Water Cure nt Sugar Creek Fulls, f'l.
Ilis terms nro very moderate, hut there nro few
places wo could recommend with groator confl
uence." Address, Dr. S. Froase, DcurtlolT's Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., O.
BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
LAl'ItlLl A1I BAHNAItn,
SUCCESSORS OF Z. BAKER,
Cutler's block, nearly opposite the Dunk,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
BOOKS AND STATIONERY ; where cim be found
n full assortment of Books, upon tho various re
forms of tlio day.
May 12th. 1RS3.
MAMEY Si CARPENTER'S PRE3J1UM
DAGUERRE AN GALLERY!
IS now complotod, and rendy for reception. Wo
havo gono to considerable expense in fitting up, to
opornto with udvuntngo, nnd with reference to tho
comfort and convenience of thoso w ho may fnvnv
us with a call; in short, wo are permanently hw
cuted Our rooms aro in the
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, 0.
Call nnd sec us. You will find our rccoption rooms
neat and comfortable,
Can bo surpassed no whore in the Stiito. Our'
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. We wur
runt our work. Likenesses of nil nges, tnken 1.1 ff
mke, or no ciiaroe! I Our prices runeo from 4r
cents, to 20 dollars. Past experience, and present
advantages, enublo us to take Good Likenesses, at
very reasomibte Utiles. Buing, ulso, posted in ull
tho rocout iirtprovomonts of tho art. our time nnd
entire attention shall be to render full satisfaction.
Sick or deceased persons taken nt their rooms.
Our motto, is EXCELSIOR.
N. H. Persons wishing Pictures taken on Gal
vanized Plates, can do so without extra charge.
ZSiy" Rooms open from 6 o'clock, A. M., until 6
P. M. Juno 31st, 1853.
VortA Side Main-St., One Door H'est of the Salcrt
'Hook-Store, Salem, Ohio.
Conts, Vests, Pants, 4c, Mutlo to Order and Wur-
runtod to tuve sutisluction.
The Tailoring Business in all his Branches, oar -
ricd on us heretofore.