Newspaper Page Text
From the New York Tribune.
LIFE AT THE FIVE POINTS.
THE TWO-PENNY MARRIAGE.
'Mr. Po.w, wo want tn ho married.'
Want to ho married what for?'
'Why you see, we doiit' think it Is riirht for us
o he living together thin w nr nny longer, nnd wc
havo been tulkitigover the matter to-ily nntl you
"Yes, yes, I son you linvo been talking over the
matter over the bottle nnd lmvetw t sort of
drunken conclusion to get married. When yon
gvt sober you will Isith repent of it, probably.'
'No, sir, wc arc not vory drunk now, not tn! ilnink
hut what wo can tliink, and wc don't think wc nrc
doing right wo aro not doing as wo were brought
,up to du by pious, parents. Wo Imvc boon reading
ulsmt good things you have done for such pir out
casts ns we nro and wo want you to try and do some
thing for uh,'
Read! Can you rend? Do yon read tho Bible?'
. 'Well not much lately, hut wo road tho nowspu
ors ami sometimes w road something good in
them. Ilowci-.u we read tho Bible when wo nro
, 'Do you think potting married Vi ill keep
irom getting drunk?
'vn Cor wo nro going totnkn the pledge too and
.wo shall keep it depend upon that.'
- 'fiupposeyou take tho pledge ami try that first,
and il you can keep it till yon ran wash some of tho
iirt mvay, nnd got some" clothes on, then 1 will
No that won't do. I shall cet to thinkini what
poor dirty, miserable wroteh I nm, nnd how 1
nin living with this woman, w ho is not u bail wo-
man by nature, nnd then I will drink, nnd thonshe
will drink oh. eursod ruin! nnd whtil is tn tiro-!
vent us? But if wo wore married, my wife, yes,
Pease, niy wifo would say, 'Thomas' she
would not say 'Tom. you dirty brute, don't bo
feiupieu; and out wo miglit lo somelwxly ynt
somebody that our own mothers would not he
Horn tho woman, who had been silent nnd rath
er moody,, hurst into a violent Hood of tears, cry
ing "Mother, mother, I know not whether sho is n
live or not, and dare not impure; but if wo were
married and reformed, I would tiiako her happy
'I could no longer stand tho appeal,' said Mr. P.,
and determined to give tltom n trial. 1 Have mar
ried a good many poor, wrctehcd-looking couples,
but uoiio that looked iiiite so much so ns this. The
m in was hatloss mid shooluss, without coat or vest
with long hair nnd beard grimed with dirt, lie
was by trade a brick-layer, ono of tho best in the
city. the wore tho last remains of a silk bonnet,
anil something that might pass for shoes nnd nn
old, very old dress, onco a rich merino, apparently
without any under garments.'
'And your numo is Thomas Thomas what?'
'lilting, sir, Thomas Kiting, a good, truo namo
an I true man, that is, shall be, if you marry us.'
'Well, well. I nm agoing to marry you.'
'Aro yon? There, Mag, I told you so.'
'I)on'"t call me Mag. If 1 nm agoing to bo mar
ried, I will ho ca'led by my right nnnio, the one my
mother gave me.'
'Not Mag. Well I never now that.'
'Now Thomas hold your tongue, you talk too
much. What is your name?'
'Matilda. Must I tell the other? Yes, I will,
and I never will disgrace it. I don't think I should
ever have been ns bad if I had kept it. That bnd
woman who brut tempted urn to ruin, made mo take
a false name. It is a bad thing for a girl to givo
up her name, uuless for that uf a good husband.
Matilda Fraley. Nobody knows uio by that name
in this bad citv.'
'Very woll, Matilda nnd Thomas, tuke each oth
er by the right hand, and look at me, for 1 am now
coing to uuito you in the holy bonds of marringo by
God's orJinanoe. Do you think yon are sufficient
ly sobor to comprehend, its solonmityi
'Mnrrinse beinc ono of God's holy ordinances,
cannot be sept in sin, misory, tilth and drunkencss,
Thomas, will you take Matilda to be your lawful
true, only, wedded wuer
'You pi-oniiso that you will live with lior, in sick
ness as woll us health, and nourish, protect and
comfort lior as your truo nnd faithful wifo; that
you will ho to liar a true and faithful husband; that
Vou will not get druuk, and will clothe yourself nnd
So I will." .
'Novor mind iinsworiug until I got through.
Vou promiso tn abstain totally from every kind of
drink that intoxicates, and treat this woman kind
ly, affectionately, and lovo lior u a husband should
love his wedded Wife. Now all of this, will you,
hure beforo as tho servant of tho Most high here
in the sight of God in Heaven, most faithfully prom
ise, if 1 give you this woman to be your weded
Yes, I will.'
'And you, Matilda, nn your part, will you prom
ise the same, nnd bo n truo wifo to this uiuur
'1 will try sir.'
'Rut do you promiso nil this faithfully?'
'Yes, sir, 1 will.'
'Then I pronounce you man nnd wife.'
'Now, Thomas,' says tho new wife, after I had
mado out tho certilicato and given it to lior, with
nn injunction to keep it safely 'now pay Mr.
Tease, und let us go homo ami "break tho bottle'
Thomas folt first in tho right hand pocket, then
tho left, then back to the right, then ho examined
Why, whore i it?" says sho, 'you had two dol
lars this moriiini:"
Yes, I know it, but I havo only pot two cents
thisevcniiur. Thero. Mr. I'ouso. take theni, it
nil I havo !rot in tho world; what moro can I eivo?'
Sure niiouirh. what could he do more?' 1 took
them and prayed over thorn, that in parting with
tho last penny, this couiile might have parted with
a vice., a wicked, foolii-U praetico which had
thorn to such a degree of povortjr und wretch
ediieis, that tho monster power of rum could
liardlv scud its victims lower.
S j Tom and Mag were transformed into Mr.
Mrs. Kiting, und having grown some what moro
whilo iu tho house, beemcd to fully understand
their new position, nnd all the obligations they
taken upou themselves.
For u few days I thought oceassionally of
ttt'o-pennv marriage, andtheu it becnnio nbsorbod
with a tlmusaud other scenes of wretchodness
which I have witnessed sineo I hnve livod in
centre uf city misery. Tinio wore on and I mar
l iod many other couples oflen those who came
their curringo nnd left a golden ninrriago foe
delicate way of giving to thepoody hut among
had never performed tho rito for a couple quite
so low as that of this two-penny foe, and I resolved
I never would again. At length howovor, I had
t,ill for a full match to them, which I refused,
' 'Why do you come to nie to be married,
friend, snid'l to the man? You are lioth too poor
to live separate, and besides you are both terrible
drunkards, I know you are.'
That Is just what we want to got married
and take the pledge'
Take that tirst.' '
'No, we must tuke all V!j,ethc, nothing olse
'Will that?' '
lt did one of my friends.'
'Woll, then, go and bring that friend hore; lot
sea and hoar how much it saved lion, aim ineu
will make up my mind what to do; If I can do
aiiiA I Willi tO Ho It.'
'Mv friend is at work ho has cot a cood Jobnnd
several hands working for him nnd is making nion
v. ami won't auit till niuht. (shall I coma
' 'Yes, I will stay at home and wait for you.'
" 1 litllo exnected to see him attain but ulmut 8
clock the servant said that man and his girl,
ieUleman and Uy were waiting in the reception
room. I told him to ask tho lady and gentleman
, walk un tn tho narlor and sitauioment, whilo
sent the candidates for marringo away, being
never to unite another drunken couple,
not dreaming that there was any sympathy between
tho parties. Hut they would not como up;
wanted to (too that oouple married. So I
down and found the stpialidly wretched pnir
ompuny with a woll dressed laboring man, for
ware a (lue blaok coat, silk yest, gold wuteli chain,
loan whito shirt and cravat, polished calf-skin
Wts; and his wifo was just as neat and tidily dres-
nod ns anybody's wifo, and her face bonnicd with
intelligence, mid tho way in which sho clung to the
arm ot nor hushnnj, as she seemed to shrtonk from
my sight, told that sho was a loving as woll nsii
'This couple,' snys the gnntlcmnn wnnts to get
'Yes I know it, hut I havo refused. Issik at
them; do they look like tit subjects for null a ho
ly ordinnnee"? lod never intended those whom
ho rrcateil in his own imng should live in inatrniio
ny liko thin m m mid woman, I cannot marry
wt , v ...l
were wor.0 off-more dirty-wor.o clothe.l, d
Tho woman rlirnuk hack a litllo moro out of
fiidit. I nw she tremhled violently, nnd put her
elenn cnmhrie hitmlketvlitel up to her eyes.
What could itmenn? Married them when worse
off? A ho wero theyf
'Have yon forgotten V . Said thn woman, ta
king my hands in hers, and dropping on her knees
'havo yon forgotten drunken To in and Sl:i? Wc
hn never forgotten you, hut pray for you every
'1 f you have forgotten them, you havo not for
gotten (lie two-penny mm ring". No wonder you
did not know uh. I told .Matilda she need not he
afraid or Ashamed if vou did know her. Hut 1
; knew you would not. llow could you? Wo were
m rags mm uirt tiien. J,ook nt us now. All your
work, Sir. All the Messing of that pledge and that
mnrringo, nnd that good ndviee vou gave us. l,ook
at this suit of elolheM, ami her dress all .Matilda's
work, every stiti li of it. Come and look at our
house, as neat as she is. Every thing in it to make
a comlortnhlo home; nnd oh, Kir. there is a erndle
in our bedroom. Fivo hundred dollar already in
1 hank, nnd I shall ndd as much more next week
when I finish my jok Jo much for one year of a
Isolier life, and a" faithful, honest, good wife. Now
this man in ns p-,m,iI workman ns I am. oulv he is
bound down with the galling fetters of (frnnken
Mr. I ness, and living with this woman just ns 1 did.
Now, he thinks that ho can reform just as well as
me; but ho thinks he must take the pledge ot tlie
'same man, nnd have his first effort sanctified with
the same hlessiui;. and then, with n cood resolution
and Matilda nnd mo to watch over them, I do be
lieve they will succeed.'
So they did. So may others by the snmemean,
I married them, nnd as 1 shook hands with Mr.
Kltinir, nt liartinir, he left two coins in my hand,
with tho simple remark that thero was another
two-penny marriage fee. 1 was in hopes that it
might have been n couple of dollars this time, but
1 said nothinir. nnd wo parted with a mutual God
bless you. When I went up stairs I tossed the
coins into my wife's lap, with tho remark, 'two pen
nies again nyr dear.'
Two pennies! Why, husband, they nro onirics
real golden eagles. AVIiat a deal of goodjthey
will do. lint blessings havo followed that act.
And will follow tho present, if tho pledge is
faithfully kept. Truly, this is n good result of a
For the Bugle.
THE GOOD TIME COMING.
0 hark! tho joyful tidings ring
The mighty thunders of the free,
Emancipated slaves can sing
I'nroll the fling of liberty.
0 hark! the Messed tidings roll,
And echo back from sea to sen,
From mountain peak, from p do to pole,
The mighty shout of liberty.
No moro our nation, Judas like,
Tho fling of freedom shall unroll,
And then condemn to endless night,
The captive Negro's hungry soul.
No moro our Priests, for pvido nnd gold,
Shall barter lovo and truth awny,
No more shall human flesh be sold,
Down in that bright and glorious day.
No moro shall craven spirits bow;
No more shall Northerns bond tho kneo
To Southron tyrants, long and low,
But, in our strength, we will bl' free
Then sing aloud tho jubilee,
0 let it ring o'er hill and plain,
Thatovery captivo soul is fi-eo,
And nevor more shall wear tho chain.
Lot all of freedoms hosts arise,
lTnito in chorus, far nnd near,
With ungel spirits in tho skies,
That God und Christ are with us hore.
A band of brothers, then we'll be,
And sisters rallying for tho prize;
O then we'll sing the jubilee,
Iu music sweet, will incense rise.
Gilead 7th month 25th 1853.
From the New Orleans Delta.
F.ds. Delta; Franklin Gray, who committed sui
cide a few days ngo, by throwing himself before
cars at lloclielle, near lcv lork city, and whose
case, from his domestic relations, nppears to excite
irrimt. svtunathv in the North, is vorv well known
tho West nnd South. Ho lived at Helena, Arkan-
i b ;.,.r.nv., ,i..;,,l; i .;.i,
,' -,. ,i ,. ill . ' ,,-c.,a
sional gambler, and having been detected iu some
tricks at faro, by which ho had attempted to defraud
a respectable gentleman ot runups luuuty Arkan
sas, out of n considerable sum of money, tho citi
zens becoming enraged, demolished the groggory,
tore down tho building, and obliged him to leave,
without his coat, at midnight, lie went tu
Francisco, and, hy tho successful tricks uf
trade, accumulated a large fortune, and turned
in Washington, about a year ago, ns the millionaire
Col. Gray, one of the merchant princes of San Fran
cisco, lie stayed at llrown's Hotel had a fine suite
of rooms dressed superbly effulgent with bril
liants and diamonds of the first water he was
long in making a decided sensation in that dipl'j
lie soon acknowledged the beauty and charms
of his present wife, whom he had met at ono of
weekly soirees at Hrown's Hotel, whoro tho wealth
of Colonel Gray obtained for him n facile riirVe-e.und,
through tho influence of dinintitretted friends,
laid at tho feet of tho young lady's mulher his dia
monds, money und rent-roll, i'lio bait was
tempting to bo rejected. The engagement beciuno
the topic of public conversation, i'ho lady's mo
ther was cautioned against the connection, but
rent-roll won the day. Iho wedding took place
the church, and was a errand atl'air. Senator Owin
gavo away tho brido. The magnificent truu-mmu
diamonds, with winch ho presented Ins hridn,
displayed to tho public ga.e, and It is tearcd
many a lair maiden signed because suo wus not
tortunate recipient ot Col. Viray s vow sand money.
About nineteen years ago, Franklin Gray mar
ried the widow ot a respectable, lawyer ot JNorth
Carolina, much tils senior, cut a snowy ana intelli
gent lady. It was the Kiinio Mr. and Mrs.
who were mixed up in the rumored attempt
poison with chiunpnigno Gon, Santa Ana, when
prisoner, uftor his cupturo at Sim Jacinto.
came to Arkansas from Texas, und lived in
State from 1N17 until this ulfair ut Helena. Often
wretchedly poor, and eking out a living by tho
result of his profession, his wifo,
heartily abhorred tlioir uiouusof existoncc, boenmc
dissatisfied, and Gray and herself quarreled
umArutttiC (iruv Ihiimiiiia rich, und married
beautiful Miss French, without having a divorce,
and the first Mrs. Gray went to Now York
threatened a prosecution for bigamy against
legal husband. His will in favor uf his socoud
wifo will bo legully touted by tho party claiming
priority as wifo.
AVw Orleaiu, July 2H, 1853. '
5jr The Editor of a pnper down South hates
so bitterly thnt he always refuses to
tho Africa's nws, ' -
tT.. ..I....M nt.rLt nrt.l II. n mruili'fe fs.tln It.rl.l I
Shone wilt o'er hill and vale,
When Kiid-lioartod friends stood around tho death
hod, Of my pint, sweet I.ily l;ile !
(Hi, I.ily 1 sweet I.ily! dear Lily lnle!
Now tho wild-rows wnvo o'er her little preen
'Neath the trcs in the Moomnijt vale.
l"ko a fair (lower white, on that rod, ..till niht.
Hwept hy noino ny jrale,
'() R,r eu, n f nuow, in her heautv liriirht,
Lay my dear, sweet Lily !alo!
Oil, Lily, &o.
"1 go-' nnd she snirtcd, n we ept ot the ehild
'To that sinless, happy vale,
Where n kind hand shall wipe nil piiin from the
Of your poor, dear Lily Iale '."
The moon went down 'neatli the forest hrown,
And the stars grow dim ami pale.
And the death-smile wreathed the white, cold lips,
Of my poor, lost Lily I'nle.
Oh, Lily, An.
The light wnvo's moan, like a sad lute's tone,
Sighed soft to tho wind's low wail,
As the morn's red Hush stolo o'er tho whito
Of niy pour, dead Lily Dale I
Oh, Lily, ie.
Whero tho flowers bloom o'er her tiny tomb,
'Ncnth the trees of the leafy vale,
Sweetly sleepelh in pence, whilo tho bright bird
My loed, dear Lily Dale!
Oh, Lily, ie.
From the Athenaeum.
THE BRITISH JEWS.
BY THE REV. JOHN MILLS.
Tiib Asian mystery is a subject on 1
has been not n little romantic speculation ; that the
same kind of mystery lies at our own doors that
forms of life as aneiciit as the Pyramids that a
eyclopiuilia of thought nnd emotion ns strange as
anything to be found in the p;igos of I'aulo or the
story of tho A nice cities- limy be found in the
Minorios or ltoundsditch, is a circumstance on
which few perhaps givo themselves timo to reflect.
Yet so it is. Within n minute's walk of the Kx
change, under the shadow of the great cdiliee which
is the seat of our Knstern empire, dwells a race of
men whose story is bound up in a ninnclloiis Vny
with that of all mankind, yet w ho live in n slate of
permanent isolation from their fellows, following a
law which almost ante dales ci ilization itself, mid
spurning iu their prido nnd tenacity of purpose
every light of moro recent ages us for them un
availing or superfluous. If wo pame to consider,
it will probably strike us ns stnui"o tint tho cir
cumstance has not inspired n deeper interest. A
li in o .lew, taitlilul to the rite ot Ins lathers, is nu
historical document of thn most remarkable kind.
lie is n witness for pint modes of thuiii'ht. lie is
a proof of the enduring pow er of sin h institutions
as happen to ho in harmony with national charac
ter, lie is a guarantee, certain nnd involuntary, of
the truth of the leading lines of tho world's his
tory for nearly four thousand years.
Most readers havo read in Mr. Disraeli's novels
of tho poor child of Israel going forth to some
Whiteehapel market in semh of "the palm leaves,
tho myrtle, and tho weeping willow," with which
lie is commanded ov the ancient law to deeornto Ins
humble dwellintt in the fall, and to celebrate even
amidst tho tilth and fog of London tho harvest of
tho vino. In his adherence to this ancient law the
llelirow defies time ami place alike, lie makes his
bower in a yard iu iloundsditch as his fathers built
their bowers iu the sunny gardens of Palestine ages
beforo tho captivity ot Itabyloii. lie treats his
child just as Abraham treated the children of his
house, lie still suvs his prayers in the old Chaldeo
jHiloi, though ho does not comprehend one word of
what ho utters. In tho service oi his lesiival lie
wears a cabalistic garb the form of which remains,
though the meaning has long been lost. He h'ddr
it a deadly crime to light the lamp with his own
hand. Ho is inspire 1 w ith hopes nnd actuated Im
passions to wlncii all men else lire strangers ami
' . i i. ...,i r .....i .1 i. i.
III lilt! IOW I'M OCluin III M,,,:iij mill ll I ii' I ill l"ll III"
nurses in his soul tho consoling thought of u future
return to niMeriul prosperity and intellectual sway.
Had sonio Mundeville iiillen in with such a ic !,
his nccouiits of them would scarcely have helped to
sustain his reputation ns n truth-teller had
Stephens found them clustered round some ancient
temple ol Mexico, seientilic ami literary missions
would havu been bent out to study their manners
and Diodes of life. Yet the London Hebrew, the
living riddle of the world, was until now a be'ng
all but unknown to the other dwellers iu the grout
Mr Mills, tho w riter of tho able and interesting
work before us, says, that thero are it bout -I .!
Jews in thn L'nitcd Kingdom: id' these 2'i,("HI
reside in Loudon and its suburbs. They are divided
into two grand parties : as is the case with almost
all religious bodies Christians, Molniiniiicduiis,
liiiddhisis and Confucians. These parties are, the
Sophardim, tho deiceiidaots of tho Jews of Spain
and Portugal, und the Ashkci.ii'Oni, the immigrants
J ho Ashkeunsim aro
ilrom normally uuu i-oiiinu
I the most numerous and from this brunch of Israel
have siiruiiK nearly all the Hebrew poets and wri-
ers who in niouern nines nave uoiiiriiiuteit to tin)
intellectual movements of Kuropo. The Scphnrdini,
however, illici t to bo of purer blood and higher
rank in the nation : Sidutiiii, as will bo remembered,
hums to bo of tho hephanlim.
It has not been oasv, however, to close the syna
gogue ngaiiiHt tho searching mid subtle spirit
ot rclorni. Ul lute years there have appeared, even
iu Israel, sceptics and protesters: the great point
of tho dispute being, thus far, the divine authority
of tho Talmud or oral law, together with some
minor differences about long rituals und other mat
ters nut quite in harmony with Knglish habits. On
these gruunds of appeal a new syuugogue has been
built and somo members of the Sephardim and
tho Ashkennsiurhave been drawn awny to tho Ho
After thus niui h of pTi lilninary remark, we turn
to Mr. Mills' pages for a few curious extracts nnd
illustrations, (hi tho oldest nnd newest of all sub
jects lovo and iniirriage ho writes:
There is n great antipathy nmong tho Jewish
people to celibacy. J ho llablnns teach that every
Jew ought to marry, nnd that early. This
founded upon thrt command in Genesis i. 2M: "He
I iu ill u I. u iu muni ov. uuu re iiciusii niu earin.
Tho proper ago generally rccoiinnt'iideil is from Bar
Mitsvuh to eighteen. This rule, however, is not
strictly kept by tho British Jews thoy freouoiitly
marry at a similar ago to that of their Gentile
lish marry at a similar ago 10 unit oi their i.eutile
Iho restriction in intercourse ninom?
tho two sexes, und other circumstances in Jewish
society, have given riso to a class oi persons called
.SoKniniiw, whose business it is to net us mutch-
makers. 1 lie ,S Am '.;, iilicr selecting the parties,
and settling the u Iiur iu his own mind, makes
Knit iii'ooos.ils to t ho parents, or iruiirdmns ! dud.
i i , , ,
approved oi on both sides, tho young couplu begin
their courtship. Tho Shtnlrlum is not so line h
request us formerly, nor as ho yet is in some coun
tries on the continent ; us most marriages here
from mutual uffectiou.
The law ol divorce nmong the Jews is very curi
ouh. and very much uga.nst the weaker si x
lerhnps than even Milton wou'd havo desired.
very Hebrew lias a rigui to pin n.vay his wile.
Mr. Mills, however, s.iy : .
Tho British Jews, as far as we have learned,
not allowed to divorce their wives, unless, from hick
of lovo and sympathy, they should lead u (piarrcl
somo nnd iniseruMo life, or that idle be proved guilty
of adultery. .
What follows would be difficult to reconcile with
the laws of England:
There is another method of divorcement, which
is culled (ill ,'" JWei, a conditional divoreceuient.
This is usually done when n husband g"es to
roniote part of the world for ft length of time ex
ceeding three years, Vpon such an occasion thodWis
drawn up to tho follow ing import " That unless
the husband returns to his wife, or sends for her to
reside with him abroad, within tho timo therein
sperilled, nil former agreements, oenfrsels, deeds
and other matrimonial engagements between them,
aro to be and to remain cancelled and destroyed,
and totally null and void forever nfter nnd that it
shall, is, and may he, from and nfter the expiration
of the timo specified in the bill of divorcement
aforesaid, lawful for her to dispose of herself in
marriage to whom sho pleases, tho snnio ns if no
inarringi) had ever subsisted or been contracted be
tween her and any person heretofore. And that
the aforesaid conditional bill of divorcement shall,
at tho end of the tinio therein net down for the
husband's return, in case of bis not returning, be
deemed nn absolute bill of divorcement, irrevocable
forever." The O'cl is read hy tho Kahbi, and signed
hy the parties, in tho presence of n Minimi. The
ceremony being over, tho (M is delivered to the
custody of the wife. Sometimes Jewish parents
marry their children nt a very early ngo, nltliough
the marriage cannot bo consummated until they
reach the veers of maturity. I'nder such circum
stances, it n girl under ten years bo married to n
man whom she loved not, sho is entitled to a di
vorcement till sho bo of age, i. e., twelve years and
a day. This nho does in the following manner.
She seeks out two witnesses, who nre men of good
character in the Jewish faith, when she declares
to tle-m that she will not have such nn one. This
decimation they put down in writing, sign it, nnd
deliver it to her; when sho is at liberty to marry
whom she pleases. The divorced collide may ninr
ry ngain if they choose. This has occurred in
many instances. Hut if the divorcement took place
for adultery, they nro never allowed to como to
gether n second time nor is she to mnrry the
person implicated with her iu tho guilt; but she
may mnrry any one else.
A chapter on the "Jewess" tuny be safely rc
eoniuienilej to the stroni;-mimlcd women of Knit-
land as an exposition of their favorito doctrine of
vi oninii nnd her Jiustcr. Hero is ono instance
out of man vi
lli n social point of view there is no more distinc
tion made between the sexes ninong tho Jews limn
nmong their (icntilo neighbors; but in a religious
sense there is a deep lino of demarcation made
l"tw'oen male and female. Tho females constitute
no part of the congregation ; eonseipien'.ly they nre
I separated from the males ; nor are they allowed to
I join in any part of the public worship. All the
duties of oongri'i'ntiomil worship, whether in a
private Minyitii, or in tho synagogue, devolve en
h "I"'" I""''""'1 nceolint of this
ri-iiiuiin Hiiicicnee. me oew is lauglil 10 repeal ins
uiiiiy pr.iyers, " uicsseii art thou, ci liord our (iod,
rung oi tun universe, who hast not mado lno a
woman." The Jewess, on tho other hand, snvs
" lllessed urt thou, O Lord our (iod, Kititf of the
universe, whu hast made mo according to thy will."
What follows, while it may ho taken as part of
toe s.iineargiinieiit, is also nu interesting illustration
ol it Very curious passage in sacred story:
J he Jcwi. h wife, ns w ell as her Gentile neighbor,
may become a widow. When such happens, und
she be without i."nio, it is the duty of her husband's
brother to tako her ill marriage, or to set her free
to marry any other person ; this ceremony of giving
her leave to marry another is called Vnutlvih, I. c,
the taking off of the shoes, and is founded on I lout,
xxv. 5 10. Should tho liiing brother bo born
alter the decease of tho dead brother, ho is not
under obligation to marry bis sister-in-law; or,
should be already bo mnrried, he is only expected
to put her free, for w ithout this freedom she cannot
marry n second time. This ceremony is performed
iu the following manner: the parties liavinif m
formed the authorities of the fact, it is announced
in tho synagogue in tho evening, that a CluttUxnh
will take place tho following morning. After the
morning service, according to tho announcement,
three Uabhis, the rciuird w itnesses, and the parlies,
meet ; after hearing their statement, tho Chief
Kahbi questions the young man, and when he linds
him determined not to marry his brother's widow,
calls for the shoe. This shoe is of n peculiar make,
and used for this purpose only. It is made of black
cloth list, of pointed form, and two long laces at
tached thereto; it is always kept in tho synagogue.
hen browirbt lorward, the Kabtu commands the
man to put it un, after doing which, ho twists nnd
ties tho laces nrouiid his leg. Tho woman is then
led by tho rabbi to tho man, nnd taught to repeat
tho following in Hebrew : " My husband's brother
refuscth to raiso up unto Ids brother n name in Is
rael ; ho will not perform the duty of mv husband's
brother." In answer, he rope its:" 1 liko not to
take her." Tho wonnti then unravels tho knots,
which is rather a troublesome affair, ns she must do
it w ith her right hand only taken off thn shoe,
throws it upon the ground, an I spits beforo the man.
repeating, alter the K.ih'ii, the following: " Sj
shall it bo done unto that man that w ill not build up
his brother's house ; and his namo shall be called
iu Israel, Tin1 l ouse of him that hath his hoc
h osed." Ail thy1 ptcscnt respond, "llis kIioo is
loosed! his shoe is loosed! his shoo is loused!"
Alter this tho Kahbi declares tho women frco to
marry whomever she may, and the secretary ot the
svnagog'.i" gives her a writing to that eil'cct when
the ceremony is over.
As a "better observance of the Sabbath" is one
of the ipie tious under discussion at many tables,
and in all newspiipei s among ourselves, it may be
interesting to see how these things nro managed by
the stern H ibrow:
It is unlawful to rido on horseback, or in n car
riage to w alk more than a milo from their dwel
lings to transact business of nny kind tomoddlo
w ith nny tool to write to play upon any musical
instrument to bathe to comb tho hair; and even
to curry a pin in their clothes which is unnecessa
ry, these, uud a great many others, aro complied
with by tho most rigid. Thero is one command,
however, iu tho law of Moses, to w hich all Jews
most scrupulously adhere "Yo shall kindle no llro
throughout your habitations upon tho Sabbath
dny" (Kxod. xxxv.il.) Consequently they nev
er light lire, or n lump, or a candle, on the ftuuhnth
nor eat food prepared on that day all must
done on Iho rriday. As it is impossible to spend
the Sabbath in cold climates, without liro and light,
thoJowish families who keep servants miiko it
point to have a Gentile in their servico to do those
things, and, amongst the humbler classes, a number
of families generally unite iu securing tho servico
of il Gentile neighbor for the day. We believe that
nothingeould wound tho conscience of a Jew more
than to bo under the necessity of putting iuel on
bis lire or sunning his candles on the Imbbath.
Further than this wo miiy not follow our exposi
tor of Hebrew milliners and customs; but wo will
not close our notice of a book from w hich w o havo
gained instruction without warmly recommending
it to tho render's attention.
Lal'ui!aih.i AnvENTi'm, During tho past win
ter, a reverend clergyman in Vermont, being appre
hensive that tho accumulated weight of tho snow
upon tho roof of tho barn might do some damngo,
resolved to prevent it by seasonably shoveling it off.
Ho therefore nscended it, having tirst, for fear the
snow might nil slido off ut once, und himself with
it, fastened to his waist ono end of a rope, and
giving tho other to his wife, ho went to work; but
I fearing still for his snlety, "my dear, said
" tie tho roue round your waist; no sooner had
' l( jmfl t,JM than oU wont tho snow, poor minis
nniirhbors. , i ..n i i.: ;r 'i'i.,. ....
" ri llll'l till, UUU UN WIIK Il Miiu. Aliunii,, ,(liu
I ;,, )f t10 ,llrn astounded and confounded
U,.r)rvln bung, but on tho other side hung
' vilu J,, 1U1,1 ,lrVi ; lju.s,y sublime, dangling
! tm3 ()tlul. cml of-,i10 r.,u At ,lmt mmi,Ilt, llt,w,
thoL a goutloinan luckily passed by, and delivered
il' i "... .i...t :i .
mom iroill muir pcruuue niiuoiiou,
Coi i.dn't Do it. Thn Cleveland lloruld tells
following. Of course it's true ;
" Recently, upon tho ears running out of Clevo-
j laud, a lady was peddling tracts, playing tennile
colporteur. Thotract which engrossed hurespeeini
' attention was entitled, 'Give mc thy heart,' and was
1 undoubtedly nu orthodox and valiiablo production.
Vi itiioiit a word, sno presented it to a rptiet looking
homo, who read the title, mid replied, ' No, mndam,
1 cannot doit this woman Is my wife.' The heart
seeker vamoosed, nnd the passengers rourd."
"Dki'nk ns a Christian," has long been
scornful proverb of Pagans. Hut tho example
: christians is contagious. Bryant, lately truvulinu
in the East, says that the Turks now "get drunk
nny ikc Christians." Shame on them.
WOMAN AND MAN.
" For woman is not undeveloped man,
lint diverso; could wo make her as tho man,
Sweet love were Blain, whose dearest bond is this
Not liko to then, but liko In difference:
Y'et in tho long years liker must they grow;
Tho man be more of woman, she of man;
He gain in sweetness and in moval height,
Nor lose tho wrestling thews that throw the world;
Sho mental breadth, nor fail in childward care;
Moro as the double natured Poet each:
Till at tho last sho set herself to man,
Liko perfect musio untonoblo words;
And so these twain, upon the skirts of Time,
Sit side by side, full-summed in nil their powers,
Dispensing harvest, sow ing tho To-be,
Self-rcvorent each nnd revcroncitig each,
Distinct in individualities,
Hut liko each other even ns thoso w ho love.
Then comes tho statelier Eden back to men:
Theu reign tho world's groat bridals, chasto nnd
Then springs the crowning raeo of humankind,"
A Cory Sot.n. Funny Fern gives in the music
al World, tho following musical account uf tho pur
cluiso of ono of her own books:
Well, what I was going to say was, that, in trav
eling, one meets with funny things. A boy came
into the ear w ith an arm lull ol tern lsnm tor sale
thrust n copy into mv hand and assured me it was
i l.v.i p. .i ,i i -....:..- ..i
mo noon oi low season inriy iiuiosaiiii ciihch ill-
ready sold: prcssos running night ana day, nut
the demand not supplied," &c, &c.
"Who wroto it?" I nkod.
"Fannv Fern," replied tho boy.
"Who is she?" said I.
" Don't know," said tho peripatetic little Issik-
seller. " She's first this person nnd then that : now
a man, nnd then a woman ; somebody says she's
everybody, and everybody says she's sowir. Here's
y ur tern ijcnrr, lorty thousand sold in sixty huts,
bought a copy. F. V.
FOURTH ANNUAL WESTERN ANTI-SLAVERY
To rr. held IN Cincinnati, Ohio, DfRi.vo the
Till HI) W EEK IN Ot'TOUEK, 1853.
'lie lint wfliry in irrll lining, fur in due eaxon tc
ahull reap if ire flint nut."
More than tw enty yenrs have passed since that
great champion of the slave first threw down the
gauntlet, saying, "I irWbe heard; I trill not be si
lent." Hut the cause in w hich ho then enlisted 1ms
not yet triumped. Timo has proved that the war
fare then commenced is no pastime the enemy en
encountered is no insignificant one. So tho battle
has progressed, the fees of Freedom havo come out
of their hiding places of church nnd state, multipli
ing on every side, ns thn battle cry foun
ded in the various pnrts of our land.
"On right, on left, nbove. below;
"Sprang up nt oitcc tho lurking foo.
Much hns, Indeed, been accomplished. Often
has the enemy been driven from hi outposts, nnd
ninny of his munitions of defenon been taken nnd
destroyed; while great numbers have been induced
to desert their former positions, und come over and
enlist under the banner of right. But the strong
hold Is not yet taken, nnd wo nuiy not yet lay down
our arms. Hold back now, nnd uu mat wo nave
gained will bo irretrivnbly lost.
No, our work is not yet d ine. It may be that it
is just begun. - Tho fetters of the slave still clunk iu
our enrfl; The groans of the millions ol our coutry
mon in cruel bondago nre still wafted to us on ev
ery breeze. Wo criiinnt become weary und discon
tinue our labors, or coaso to cull upon others to
come to our aid. And us mnnnym of the IlWeni
Anti-Slneery Ai:ir, we again present this cause
before1 thff trie!l friends of the slave, appealing for
their sympathy nnd their substantial aid. Encour
aged by the grow ing interoit that has been inani
fesled in oiirnnninil Bazaar, nnd believing that it
has been an instrumentality of great good, wo arc
prepariro; to hold ntlothcr during the Ihiid we,- il,
Fiiciids ofihe slave haters of oppression
ciples of him w hocamo to preach didiM raUco to
them that nrc bound, wc again call upon you. It
depends upon ym to say how much this effort shall
accomplish. If you arc liberal in your labors lib
eral iu your contributions and cuter into the work
w ith nu earnestness ana zeal such us Iho cause de
mands, far more gratifying will bo the results, than
in uny proceeding year. Sympathy with the slave
has vastly deepened and w idened among the people
of nil classes. Tho various agencies that have
been in operation tho last year, have unlocked the
door of many n heart und unloosed tho strings
ninny a purse, und wo may reasonably expect
largely increased attendance nt our Bazaar. We
must, then, be nblo to present a display of the
beautiful and tho useful, such ns wdll miiko full
proof of this sympathy. Our tables must contain
so largo a variety that please tho cyo, ndorn the
body, nnd gratify the tasto, that none cull go away
with their punies full, because thero wns nothing
they w ished to purchase
And we wish that articles of real ulilihj, such
must bo purchased somcwhero by every family,
may preponderate. Thoro is hardly nn article
uso but will bo appropriate. 'Tis not beautiful
specimens of ladies' handiwork, or ornaments that
grace tho parlor, alone, that should bo here. Let
tho mechanic send in of the work of his hands.
All kinds of household utensils find ready sale.
Let farmers send of tho products of their farms.
Fruits, butter, cheese, nnd various kinds of veget
ables should bo in our ball. Especially pliull wc
need oronm, prosorvos, &c, for our llofreshmont
table BooiietB of flowers nro always snlcnblo.
Let tho Manufacturer nnd Grocer send us such
things ns aro needed for tho family store-closet,
sonp, candles, tea, coffee, sugur, spices, &o. Con
fectioners must not forget that wo dispose of many
articles in their lino. And to the dry goods mer
chants wo look for the raw material, that wo are,
by our own labor, to convert into children's mid
But wo need not extend this list. Every one
who pities tho slavo uud can co-opernto with us
this effort, will find something to do or something
to give. Wo invito your cordial aid, and trust that
tho Bazaar of this year will ns far exceod In inte
rest and profit tiie last, ns the lust did nny of tho
This Bazaar will, as tho others havo been,
cuiiduetcd without uny ubjectiontihlo feature, nml
only a fuir price bo charged for the goods. Tho
proceeds will, as heretofore, be applied to dissemi
nating nnti-shivery truth by means of tho lecturer
and tho press, und in whatever way may be opened
to us, hastening the overthrow uf American Slav
Donations may he sent to either of tho under
Mrs. KtHAO O'i'is EhnsT, Spring Garden,
" Makv Mann,
" Jl'I.IA IllKHOOl),
" Kl.lZAUETU T. Cot EUAN,
" Amanda Lewis,
" Makv M. Gi M i).
Ciueinnati, August 1st,
SALE M LEATHER,
BOOT AND SHOE STOKE.
TU K subscriber has commenced tho Hoot ft Shoo
business, nnd keeps on hand nil kinds of BHits nnd
Shoes of his own manufacture. Also, on hand for
sale, Sole and I'pper Leather, French nnd Country
Calfskins, with all kinds of Morocco and various
colored Konns. Also, Chamois, Iliiidiug nnd Lin
ings, Shoo Findings, 4o. Store nnrly opposite tho
Hank. K. KLD1UIHJK.
Hoot Trees nnd Shoe Lasts, a goisl assortment on
hand nt the Salem Leather Store. - K. K. -
August 20, lH,r)3. .i
A Goneral assortment of New Books nnd Station
ery j Also,
WALL TAPER AND NOTIONS,
Just opened nt McMILLAN'S HOOK-STORK,
which thn public nro requested to call nnd examine.
Key to Uncle Tom's Cnbln,
Just roclved nt McMillan's Hook-Store.
SPENCLR AND FAIKCHILD'S
Celebrated Gold Pens. Every Pen warranted.
At McMillan's Hook-Store.
MATERIALS for Artificial Flower,
assortment at tho Salem Hook-Storo.
For sale at McMILLAN'S Hook-Storo.
WtliE, W1DK WORLD AND QIKLCIIY,
At McMillan's Hook-Store.
White Slnvc nnl l nrlc Tom,
At McMillan's B .ok-Store.
Fancies of a Whim-deal Man aud Hoods Humorous
At McMillan's Book Storc. , .
HAWTHORNE'S AND GRACE AGUILAU'S
At McMillan's Look-Store.
Andrew Jackson Davis' Worki,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
DICKS WORKS AND BIBLES,
For Sale cheap nt McMillan's Book-Storo.
31 Hi VOLVMES OF MINIATl'RE POETS,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
ALL KINDS OF HISTORICAL AND POETI
At McMillan's Book-Storo,
MEDICAL BOOKS AND DICTIONARIES,
All kinds of School Hooks, Slates, Tencils, Plain
and Fancy Stationery, Wholesale and Retuil ut
A good assortment of WALL PAPER. WIN
DOW PAPER AND FIRE BOARD PRINTS,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
Blank-Hooks and Memorandums, Yankee
tious nnd Toys, iu great variety at McMillan's.
POCKET MAPS, of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois
Michigan. Wisconsin, Iowa, and Minnesota,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
cvr.uv hook is the riakuet,
Cart be procured by cnlling lit .1. McMILLAN'S
Cheap Book-Store, the doors East of the Tow n Hull,
Mnin-St., Salem, O.
SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS.
THE subscriber nro now receiving a large ad
dition to their stock of Spring and Summer tiisids,
among w hich will be found Dress Silks, Dress and
Veil jlerngcs, Berage Delaines, Chnllos Clothes, all
Wool Do I. allies, Do Beges Velvet De I. nines, Ac.
Also, n large lot of MAGNIFICENT PLAIN
AND FANCY SHAWLS, which will bo sold as
I cheap as at uny other house in Ohio. A great tiirie
ty et Men's and Boy's Summer Wear. cmhranciii)(
, titiil t'mioi Cnult,ii..i.ttu ('nuuiii)oi.iu I.iiii.ii
and Cotton Goods; Hats, Caps, Shoes, ie.
ALSO, AN ASSOHTMENT OP I'll Kit LA Hull OOODS.
Don't forget that wo keep Groceries, Wholesale
and Retail, as low in anv bodv else.
TOMLINSON, StKATTON & Co.
American Htjrk, Salem.
The Siprur Creek Water :nr'o'.
TWELVE miles South of Mnssillon under thn
charge of Dr. Frease. in supplied with pure soft
spring water, and conducted on puro llydroputhi':
iii'ini'i oli.u Vi not, oi, lino'- Tliev urn oulv
I l,;,,,l.,,., .a I,. tl,ni.,IL.l ,.n,-,.,,r .1! Thn imi...
cess which has thus far attended our efforts to alle
viate the sufferings of Immunity, enables us to speak
confidently' uf tho virtues of ' pure toft icuter, a pro
per diet, ie.
Terms ?5 iu ordinary cases, payable weekly.
Dr. T. L. Nichols, of tho American Hydropathic
Institute, und Editor of tho Nichols' Health Jour
nal, in noticing the Water Curo movements of tho
country, says of us:
"Dr. Fries, a most thorough nnd energotio phy
sician, has a Water Cure at Sugnr Cre ek Fulls, ().
His terms nro very moderate, tint thero nro few
places wo could recommend with greater confl
uence." Address, Dr. S. Froase, Doardoff's Mills, Tusca
rawas Co., O. , .,
"BOOKS AND STATIONERY.
. HUME AND IIAKNAHD,
SUCCESSORS Of Z. BAKER,
Cullcr't liloek, nearly opjmiite the Dunk,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN
BOOKS AND STATIONERY; where cau ho found
a full assortment of Books, upon the various re
forms of the day.
May 12th, 1S53.
MANLEV k CARPENTER'S rREJHTM
IS now completed, nnd ready for roceptiofc- Wb
havo gono to considerable expense in fitting up, tut
operate with advantage, nnd with reforenco to tho
comfort and convenience of those who may favor
us with ii cull; in short, w nro permanently lo
cated Our rooms nro in tho
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, O.
Call nnd seo us. You w ill find our roooption rooms
neat and coinfortablo,
Can be surpassed no whoro in tho State. Our
CAMERA, is a poworful quick-worker. We war
rant our work. Likonessos of all agos, taken Lirr
i.ike, ok no fiiABUEl ! Our prices ran go from '10
cents, to -0 dollars. Past experionco, and present
advantages, cnablo us to tako Good Xi'A'ouvmm, at
rery mtsuimblt Male. Being, iilso, posted In alb
tho recent improvements of the urt, our time nnd.
eniiio attention shall bo to rcudcr full satisfaction.
Sick or deceased persons taken at their rooms..
Our motto, is EXCELSIOR..
N B. Persons wishing Pictures taken on flal
vmiized Platos, can do so without extra charge
teif Rooms open from 0 o'clock, A. M., until ft
P. M, i June 3lst, IWJ.