Newspaper Page Text
ill 9 ' LI
bim n. nonivsov, r.jiior.
"A'O t .VIO.V rJH 5 AVZHOt T)ZR3:
AV r AIIiO., PilbU-.hli.ff AfUi..,,,,
SALEM; C0U7MMANA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1S53.
WHOLE XO. '-lU'JvS
H H IB 0 J3 . 7-i U r B IU 3 IM ID 111 rtJ 1 S U W i3
VOL. 9.- X0. 4.
' THE 4 .1TI.SU
?ER Y BUG IE,
;. , . rt BlISIIKDEVtPT8Ill!Dr.TAUll,0HI0.
annum. If r)a,ci bt ilelsr. '
S l.7'i "J I""l - lntOT.tl In the at.Wn.l,i10
3 Ift'DSO?:, hmn
From the Indians Free Democrat.
KILLING OF FUGITVE SLAVES AUTHORIZED
BY THE SLAVE CODE.
iu iftoung into the I'ro blavcrv papers both po-
iiucai una religious, we leurn that the tompronnso
M easures of Cougres, as well ns the Compromise'
Kesloutioiie of the tarious i:clihimtii!il Lr.diis.!
have not entirely allayed agimion ou the euljeet
of our Republican Slavery thoiu arc yet some
mouths that arc opeued lor the dumb there are.
some Hearts that Kiel tor those thnt aic in -bonds
as bound wih them." We rejoice to know that
'no leffinlntion run .n,n tlio l,1o , t i,n..n .1. ., i .
no legislation can sti.p the tide of liunum thought
when cahnlv directed to nu arnre I i d 1 il
emancipation of race from croeldn"e and tl rit '
cclesitisticnl measures however con-e'rvTithe '
entirely dnm up the channel, of human ' (h
Whatever may be the eflort. ,f thoc imere-ted in
the ,H-ntuaUun of our Slave .vatcm and all its per-1
s.icious inDucnces, one t-rtut lucf is Mtahlisled bv 1
our past experience. That ie, that every viul el',
truth poured out nn the h-hI of the beett thews
the world lint his kiiiHom if full of .InrVnlc Bn,l '
'ti-itike i:iu jLimvr his totigic fr pnin,
)....lun.A.t 1... .1 V 1' KB--
This In il
ea the Lean
"of thrifcthiH civillziuif.n.
It It lll.it C Jlh I.. . 11 .1... f i I i . .. I
cuSe offered in allia.in of the nti.- V K I
their aniiotv I ..! ..f .he ...7. T... .., .,
..,..,; n : , '
' 1111 J
.'" """ " " maitera tn
fact. This is particularly
brother rltinjj in rt-- Ne
the enfc with a
"i C Ob:.trver of March
Pavii,g over much that niihi jc profitably no
ticed, we call atten;i,.i (o the follow ing. whii'h we
prttient in '.rm of contrast fonm slatvholdinj! nn
thurity: The writer in the Observer says:
. "I li ve nevor known. a reward offered bv n mas
ler lor killing bis fuiritivu Slave."
Northern ixv.ilc tntl-Mirr, it,nt our Slaves'
v. hi'e iie-eMiineiiily a good people nie subject to a
iciooi.cless tyrnuny- tiiul reitanl. nr otl'v.red lot
1 . i In ibctu
i. o. ii ini uin-iiipi 10 t'scnnv iroui ineir
' i'hee .Trocitics nre repnuenteil ni done mi-d-r
the in- e: liiin -mil connivaiice tf Ian in ihe
..-.tl ntlve, tUeineut In il..i Jfn.'on. Tele
ftr Ifdl, til" Al:J "H, !.! le.els:
"' ii the l.t of 1;. it M nc!i my iien. nrm, Ran
som left too without the b ist pfoMjci'i,,i v, h.ttev.
er. I 111 give a reward of slii I'or mid neie, ii
ta'.t u Je.i.l or ulive. Jf killed iu any attempt an
u t ...n. e of N" will I " rmiil.
I.iivsxr Juii.v-os-, I'm , fold Co., fJeonrla
Tlie .Vewl.ei n .Spectator, oi Jn.uiiiry 1K18, has I
the I'll'' wing:
. "iCiiiiuwuy u iiexro man named fc;.i.ipion. Iif-
ty d.dhirs .ll be given for his delivery to inc.-
1 i' !..- r..-;,th i..i tl.it videui e is neee.fiury to take
lilni. i", .bit. !:,- will l,. . l.iiu.el if tho Slave i:-
e is iieee.fiury to take
..: i ... .i. t-i..
i vi i-v In me l
IImk ii I'ov," An n heiii-emei,t in tlio Charles
tuu, (S. O.i t.'fiirior, of .Jt'iili i'eu., Jriii, reads:
. .'.' liewa:.!.- Ituu.iwny from the subscriber
in ..v,en.l,er last, his two i.i o men, Billy und
I'oiupey. Hilly ih '-' i years oi l. nnd is known ns
tlio pvrnou o my bout loc many years. In all
pr l.iMlilv he lue.v rcjisf. in that "event JoO will be
pnid for h'lJ. Iicrtd."'
Many other ciihes iniylit l:e selected, but thete
N'oh the gciuleiiuin v I.o thus offcrod llicso ro
w.trd Fir the murder of their Servants (lid to in
foiifu-rmity to tlio hiw of the State. They procce-
i e i r. . r . , " - .
il.e following riiiclaiiiaiion of two Justices Of the I
t,, i .-.it ..in , :..... ,i,i v,..i tj....i
"And we do hereby by virtue of nn Act of the
' Assembly of this Stute, concerning servants and
-slaves, intimate nnd declare, if the said slaves do
. nut, surrender themselves und return homo to their
master immediately, after the publication of those
' presents, uny person may kill and destroy said
slaves by such moans ns ho or they mny think fit,
without accusation or impeachment of any crime
, or oll'euse for so doing, or without incurring any
, penalty or furf.dturc thereby,
"(liven under our hands aud seals this 12th Xo
' vember, IK',6.
H. COLEMAN. .LP. Seal.
.... i ...... -,, . . ., 1
Ih.s lotter .u the Observer ,. important at the .
eftiinL tl.iin liv enl imiv miF nl.nnl inn 1, tin. nu.li.ii-
', present time by calling our attention to this purlieu
I ir subject. Its bold affirmations in behalf of
. slaveholders, aud its strong denunciations of Mrs.
iSuiwo, have led us to look to theso questions as
suetaiucd by public opinion in slavcliulding com
munities and cmboUiodin their laws.
The laws of Buy community, particularly those
of 4 gouoral nature, aro thonianit'estation or expres
sion or the moral sense of that community they
aro tho embodiment of the feelings of tho law-makers
on thoir specific subjeots they are tho visi
blo exhibition of the honrt of society and thus it is
that the moral and progressive condition of any
community can bo seen in its laws, and moro espe-
ciitlly In those luws that relate to its industrial re
lations and interests. - Ilcnco in all those countries
and States where labor is honorablo, aud Industry
is sustained by public sentiment whore the indi
viduals who perform these important services aro
educated, and aro ia the possession of thoir own
- manhood all thoso countries and States have mado
and are mttkiug progress in the abilitio of a high
: and paramount civilization, TUe ovideneo thereof
i- not vieibleouly in tbecoudition of tho laborer, but
; aluo iu the nature and bumunlty and excellency of
: tboir laws. Ou the contrary, those couutrioa and
8Uitel who are to far in the rear cf oivilhation as
; to fraiuo laws foi bidding the education of the ma:
. tea who perform their daily labor, aud who declare
. tlio best condition of the laborer ia that of chaltle
ship, can of necessity make no truo and enduring
progrdta. Their laws must indicate their internal
, State, and hence we are uot, by any means, tur-t-
prised to see reward offered for killing an csca
. V'nl? oliattla sanctioned.
.. . Tbo entire condition and constitution cf our
Slavcli'dding society, uotwi,.h,'laii'liii(!,,he'.'l''gsne
ondccomplihmntSort.e8arorior cn .lo, Is con-
trnry to liv,ni) order, and of course is a fountain of;
evil mm while ourcivil and spiritual rulers and
tenclicre devoto their time and talents to its cxte-n-:
lion an ConsolidutiGn, they are running upon "Je-;
ovan t ne; ftnd cn tho thick bocce of his butk-j
j ne puny onu ciiuuuu eroutes that the snfity of,
tho Tuion and peace if tho Churth all depend onj
the nuiiibcr of fetters, that w e enn fnsten on our
i.e()htor s tiSsiIo will not be responded to by the pi -
cty and mtcllicence of tho age. It n becominir too
jLitotopersutido the reflecting that tho best lores!
of our fathers for thnt larre freed, mi in ul,i,-h ilmv
Ude,!e,1 ii,.;, I-,-,, T. ,i t .
Plc!ged their he3,depeud3 on tho in-tuution
American slavery, or that tho Cross of Christ
by nianuclo and chalnt,.
ONE OT THE OLD CAPTAINS.
Lafayette, March 26 1853.
BURNING PAPERS IN VIRGINIA.
i ie j.eiujuM iMscfljiua. religious na paper
nul.llshed at C'irelnvillc in thi. t..ii. ... il.n nr,.,, ,.f
t,t church of the "Uitcd Urcthron in
. ., ,. . . . , ,. . . .
It ifl nsilUlv but decide lv nut -slnvorv in ts r huiv
Pi n T" """I1? "f ,!lc
"Brethren Church, reside m irjjin-.n. nud of
cour!' ,ome of ,hc,a ',',,,;J ,0 tu!: '" rend the
L!,f ?i I 'nVi . ''' U tUo
. i i "l,!""n' ,m" ,,rI',eJ ,u
t7 1 i , P'vr ,'','"u";n''"-
p , Vf i' rt -u ?" ,y 'UrnM ''-T "''
, 'n ,r y or,;l'r of "10 ylaKr
.atl ,e wor,,,y fuiiftiotinry gives the follow-'
incr rfirevinni'iv roti acrriiiiit it in a a. nwU.,i in
o ev - ... . j " ft
IitlB CA0: ,
Mtt. JOHN IAW"HrClt. fMr; I Frel it invuiltV O
, " . ' W
nai pntinrit. Iia (liMtrihutml in thi Sfrsin ..f
MI,not be ' 's""e of irg.ma.-,
v,..., ... r .lu.i:.:.... ..i,...,..i,. .... .k.
- - " - .,..
! ( ,n;8 g,at0 ))f put jn ciretilation. I wnssor-1
ry to learn upon inspection of your paper that
conKune., ,,oien. anon...... aimr.-s. sucii as are
direct violation of the laws if this Mate, which suh-j
je t the e luorsund eirculatoisof all such d.H-unien'
t..im..r.;...iniont in t'toStatie Pcniteuf.nry for n-tlcss
thnn one, nor more than five jcars. It is made my
I'lutv under the law to insiiect nil sueh Miners uud
hnvc the same burned. And your paper being
l''lin'1 ''potieiauiinalion to bo on.! ol the al ovo i hur-
"ctcr, was ennsitrnrd on last Sutprdsry to thi fliiines
in ll. prefrnee end l.v ih dirocUou of thn Mngiv
, . .. ... t e .. i .
tllli". J i ' I ' v 1. 1 inn iiiii-.-r nil' I'cru
this eflice nnd will l c before the grand jury of our
comity nt the next Circuit Court. Yours, Ac.
W. E. HERENDON, P. M.
There if somewhat antiua'cd document called
tho Constitution of the United States, which is ns-:
tcnsibly Ihe biiprcmo law ofthc land, which pres-
ribes that the freedom of thought nnd of the press
hall not be abridged. There is a still more anti-j
I'.iated book called the bible, which some folks pro-'
fes t) regard as containing tho code of Oofl's high- i
er law, one of whtwe, statutes runs on this wise: j
.. n m .i i . . r . .i . u. t in 1
V"rea" """E8' ,,oM Uihl ""lt ,Th!ch Bocd'
The authority of both theso document seems to bo
at a discount amonc the hieher civilized nnd en-
c o i
The authority of both theso documents seems to bo
.L.....I .. -I .....
:u ii discount uinuug me iiigner civnizcij ami cn-j
lightened denizens of tho "Old I'omiuion." It J
seems that a certain W.E. Herenden, T.M.', is con-
science keeper for that portion of tho people resi-
ding in the favored vicinity of Glenrillc Vo. By 1
the law it is Mr. H i "duly to intpeel'' all publica-;
of a certain character, nnd "have tho same!
burned." Three cheers for the freedom of speech '
aud or tho proas in old Virginia! We suggest ves-
pectfully thnt all timid people who find it tpiite a '
trouble to exercise the right to think nnd act for
themselves, eniigrnto at onro. to the enlichtened rc-1
gions surrounding "Glcnville Va." where they inav
be freed from nil rospotisibility of exercising this
, - , . , , . -
embairnssing right; and placo their conscience in
tho paternal keeping of Mr. "W. E. Herenden P.
M.," and "The Magistrate," his worthy colleague,
We think it altogether probable that if they have
a protestant nowspnper at - uienviiio yi. it is a-
Doiii tins lime, mica witn ueiiiinenuions, piping
hot, ngainst tho Catholics of nil countries, for the
awful crime of consigning prolestnnt hooka and pa
pers to tho flames. ive IWtlytcrian.
CORRESPONDENCE OF THE IND. F. DEM.
Mr. Editor: Vo fcono jnilllco, Ood nnd my
cuuiury, iinoi.-i uiw iu ainio... cci'iue iiiai uunt ia ,
; ; bfrom thc sa me
country, impel me to action. Seeing that dust is
source and pluccd upon tho same grand platform, a ,
monitor within cries out, Give all men, every whert, I
equal riyhtr. j
But how is this aWed? Itu rcint are held
by men of s'niutor motives) those, too, who bhotild
be beacon lights in the onward march of Freedom
Frocdom has ever be, ju opposed since the world
bcau ; and becauee tho ancients succeeded meas
urably iu chaining it fast, the modern think they
must increase their glory by doing the same : but
Liborty's God still lives. Although men may chain
mercy fist, yet oppression' bands shall be torn
assundor, and thrown to the winds. May God speed
that long-prayed-for, happy day, when Freedom's
Sun shall riso, and like a steadfart planet, mount
arid reign triumphantly o'er this slavery, aiu-ourood :
What ago is this? Is it not the age of Gospel ;
light I Why then should it not bo an age of Gos
pel privileges? I hear the answer echoing within
the bounds of sacred wall lt is, U it.
If so, why then not initiate Slavery' sons inW
it privileges? why not grant thorn Gospel liberty ?
" They need not the Gospel," cry men of this Chris
tian day. If such an answer hud ocme from a need
in hell, we would have thought it In accordance
with his nature and position : but mon living in the
midst of Christian influence and Bible privileges,
to decide thus, undoubtedly proves them non com-
Go, if you please, into tho so-called flourishing
abodes of Slavery, and take items for one ntculh ;
nnd if you den't come to tho conolusion that mon
ycc, men claiming to be men of moral and liter
ary accomplishments liaVo turned demons in bu
rn u fcrin', then we nif deceived. Go to Lmiif'sna,
, , . "
ofn.toad of praying f,.r their own rlarervurred
States. Slavery is not in accordance with the
Wo.,,, ,',, n l,MK; Ootl gave thorn no soulfthn,
niji,. ,e ancient motto. 'Jhm toil v m,,h
wiu ,.,,,. in lh;H 0BB0 or WP mirht api,v u. u
,,yt plri0U!) moUl)) ,lril,a ,,,, ,,'iU HlAni
,1C to. 0 riKille0UI( iami, pnmt that tho Union ',
may (0 grout tmt cvrrv ,lllln lMl llm, nll;u. '
tl.e Kden of Slavery, yet a perfect hospital or misery.
where man it closed with brute, and ma.1t a slave
called slave, without soul, because black! ill
elud. ill fed; without Gospel and the Bible, to waste
and die as nut, unnoticed, w ilhont one pitying eye
and if you do not ooncludo that Slavery ii wrong,
we'll think you nro lout to all humanity. Ood save'
our State from such a ourne.
It is ouropiiiiim, Mr. Kditor, that if all Christians!
I would devoutly prny for the annihilation of Slavery
i in our I'nioii, it tniht be accomplished. Hut ale,!
how diflcrent. W Inn Ui i .
public congregation pray for "Uod to enlighten the
v..i. ...i . i. .i ,i . .,.
teachings of tho Oo-pcl of Jesus Christ, for It jl
I "ghul tidings of great j(,y j and all who coinei np
I to itx rcqiiirinieiits live in pnaeo and joy. What
is Plnvery T is it joy and po.e, or h.is ry and wot?;
I'o it sutyects partal..i of this joy, or of sorrow;
and dcgradiiiinn? l,ct the advocates or Slatery ,
answer. The i nri ,T ll,n Ati.,!nl,iv I.... ...i.m 1
,, ..vpryevp,. ;,.,, itM t.irtli.
l'lifl.,.,.1. .1... ,1.1 i t ii.. o r- . i
... . ...... ,.. i. .... ...
Hint tiiu Blli I'lHIlUCT 01
c..r? nun irogs, nco, nnu sucii Jiko, aud at las:
t.: ,, ... ... ......
- uuu i.mi nt ru anniiowuu up in tire ii?'p: ;
while those pnsr Ismclitea. scourged and traatvdUhare.
wome than old J'lmrn.di'a kitchen mr, Wert at last 1
d.litercd tlHltt jjloilously. Heaven hurr merer'
P ' I'linrn.i of .lay- j
The South i cntintmll v tilling our ears with ;
the cry, " Slavery exists among us, and wo can't .
K"t rid of it." Cnnnot the Smtl, rid herself of .
that rigid cruelty exercised over herslnvesf Can
,,, pMh1(i illws to .,,y,t wt,Q nllj iu,,and
- . . . . .
mini ht'iiiff tsiru from pikh other h kind pinijrne:
II. iV aJ....i1. iL.i j .1
mnirrK mvf, nil f0l.ipHf tlmtthovlmvrnoroffanl
r.. sl.,.t. 1 t ..v- i. c
1 1 1 1, 1 s'iiiniiii itivn ihjiiiii BiiiiiJiinii iiiui.
I'lv 'jif i u'H'u un rt'uiiru 1111111 nn lit nutiji'Cl." I
. . ... .
xht oemd not regard then, ns fit subject to
llttllin p,orn, ifc? lhlre ie South sav that neirroes
,y natrc lire not as glKld RSW0nr7 tllllt tllCV
.1 1.1 .... .... . 1 .1... '.. :.i 1 -"..
niKriuii u.'i uniu riii(u 1 ini ii uu iiiim'iii;. ( 1,1'
it'r,ltrn. jetl.,. thin-s. Vo do not be-
mar treat each other as brothers and sudor ;
Let ti c Chi ii.liaii W'irld pray thus,
AlVlO.X, ACTION '. Jl'li'0l'(l Noll.
O, for ccf iuc
Cabiz, Ind., Feb. 1853.
[From Sharpe's Magazine for July.]
SLAVE-HUNTS IN THE SAHARA.
BY HORACE ST. JOHN.
them. It ia a hitter witness to the broken faith f
mnn with man, to see creatures born under the '
pledge of a common compa-t nnd natural law, be ;
trnyiug and degrading one another ; but ihe most!
miserable sight in tho whole dark range of human '
debar-emunt is that of the beginning of the sliive' !
'sorrow. Ho is pitiablo when lie has grown old iu I
servitude, but still moro pitiable when the anklets 1
fa3t;lue' 18 "'Winiptei ny me atenitn or violence
From tho bondman, trembling under a senuryei
in tho American nlantatinn w.i i i.,r,, tn '
Africa, the mother of bondage, who forges chains !
for her own children. Of Ihe iron dug IVoui her
own mountains these fetters are made, and t.
tribes of tho sous of Tubal Cain beat and shape!
.:i ... .i.. i:... i . ii .i . I
tuvui uu m-i v.. ii o'jii. ah in u soi.ii.ue oi in.ise :
central deserts man keeps the gal.) open to
... . . . 1 . . . 1
enemy. The sword never found a passage thither.
Nothing but gold ever penetrated tho Sahara. 1,
dwellers were never connurrcd bv nn Al.-xawUr or
a Ciesar, but any truckling kidnapper can corrupt '
and manacles are nw and bright upon his limbs.
when liberty still lin'-irs in his thotiuhts, like the
.','., r . -mi i . i . r
sweetest taste of childhood, aud be is torn fr
homo, casting a lone, wretched, hopeless 1
Remote in tho wilderness of Central Africa sla-
very brings forth Its offspring. There, among;
beautiful hills and
.. :,i. ,i ... ... 'i i- ii. . i!
springs, with date-groves thading hamlets which
nntas I jivri.l I..- .1 . .1 . .1. n . u
seem all plensnntucss and peace, mothers nurse
the young brood which Is to pino end toil, nnd per
ish in the sugar or tobacco grounds of Cuba or the
Melancholy everywhere, the slave system is most
j --...vw. . w. , ... mvov win-
taut countries, defended on all sides by deserts,
melancholy m Central Africa. For, in thoso dis-
nn J on,y u18''0 accessible by the cupidity of muii,
w" fiercoivo the slave in his original home, enjoy.
'"3 ihnt happiness which harmonizes with his no-
tf tlm L iiln u rtt-inr
Wo may choose a city of the once famous and
mysterious kinudom of Bouruou tho eitv of Zin-
Ider, buried deep in the centro of Africa i it is pic
turesquely situated amid undulations of green hills,
with sprinkles of gigintic knolls.
The great trade of the kingdom is iu (laves, who
are classed in a peculiar manner; tho men tiro as
sorted into those who have a beard, thoso who have
none, and those who have a board beginning;
while the women are valued secording to the size
and shapo of their totsouis. The best of them go
to the city of Niffo, to be there shinned for Amcr-
ioa. Ther is an immense traffic iu these slaves,
who are exchanged for Amcncan goods, which are
to be found in these markets more abundautly than
those of any other country. The chief slavo-hunt-ers
in these kingdoms are, of course, the kings
themsolves. Some of them go out once a year,
others once a month, and on various pretences,
though many avow cpenly the purpoce of their
expedition. Formeily, when the rulers wore Mos
lems, and the people idolaters, a religious cry cov
ered the shame of the kidnapper, but the wholo
population became Mohammedan, and then tlio
faithful hunted the faithful as savagely as they
had before hunted the Kaffirs or infidels I Thoir
common plan is this : A chief fomonts a quarrel
with some town or village within hi territories,
upon ome affair of taxation, and theu, to vindicate
his rightB, marches forth and csturAk all the in
hstiitntt). fn order -t snjivr th' privily hn
t ni:Muity : then, as Kichurdson describes in his
wmdei fully-striking niirrrti'-'j, old rnn bent two
tions double with the weight of iiiuny years, thoii
""''"'''''"J? l',lil18 drooping towarda the ground,
" ,,"'ir l""'r l,c-uls wvcrod ith white wool j "
n,xt c"lnp aJ;oJ women, tottering and helping
themselves, along with staves, and uftcr them stout
youths, chained neck und neck together, who lire
uiaier; u n.j sinuiips two, eaon na one lor. iiif
Thus the whole populace has an interest
in the result of tl.e expedition ; and all join with
hope nnd gloc to chn,c the peaceful villagers of the
coMi-ons ewmtry, and bring then, home desolate
V i' e l..r,nd cavalry, nnd thirty thou-1
'"'d bncn nse,,lc e R ph.in near the city ;
the drum-of 7.1 n dcrbc.it; the people shout ; gait-1
dy lings and ciiiUcm.: stream in the sun j an 1 away
K'"' IU aab.-Bdu with a mm Ii pomp end p.ide
I,,,r"" '"an paces along, allowing tho way to a mis
i.... erahlo truin of neivlv-niade slaves, ilere comes a
i.k'up of little boys, nuked, fearless, playiiij; about
ii .i. - . i...i:.i .i .. ..: ,.t
pays a- tribute to the Great Sh.ikb, or Lord ot
A regular razila, or slave hunt iu the Sahara, U
perhaps the most extraordinary or all the operation
invented by man to obtain wealth. Tor tome tiint
before, there is generally a rumor in the city thai
this event is to ttiko place, and (treat is the excite-
inent In the bordering countries until It Is known
in which direction the tarktt or governor will
1 march. This village is now- named, and now that
j hut a mystery usually prerails till within a few
1 ,).. r"ii. Ar nk;u .....il -
Uent out from time to time to tteul " f.imily or!
... . . . . , .
l,w0' ",or,u'r to "e MtM8" 'T crlul nuts
whi.U the sarloo is pleased to like. Then, perhaps;
! Ix.y pilfers a little fruit. PuUio justice must U
iiidiratud I Ho is sold in the Laiaar, and not
only he, but his fjthcr, uiotlior aud sisters,
pei haps tl.e whtdn circle of his relations, the mon-
ey being nppiopHatcd by the eliicf.
Uraduully, however, tho plan of the greatraiila
is coiuh-ted. A thousiin J slaves are re iui'r' d so
.....-,.. i. .,!,,. i.;i 1. n I.. ,t;..
trihmoj annmg the Inferior traders, and so many
tn Ii0 tfnt l.v the nrkii. If coinmon man rnleh.
. . . ... '. .
cs live, three iolong to inm, and two to Lis leii-Jul
. ... . i ....
v . .. i i .... . i ... . .1 . . 1 1 . .
:,,ull ; ''."m iiuiing uiung mu cm,i 10
1'iiiKiiiitp nt .Muii-tit't
A1it otM-:il do v j-.uriu'y, tlio nriny reacla
p-.m.trv u1,in nmv lip i:ui"li. nml ili.(frfsi
j - - o- - 1 - - 1
iisolt to tin' foT:il cuius un' m.Iuoh. ; um.'tiiiioh
tt.i 1. ... .d.r.'u.l tlttinihi'lvi'it liofiiit'titlv uitli their1
1 . 1 ji..:. si. :..P l
Iwa and arrow. , Uyi..;.
l UK.' B".' Ml lit I LB Ul I UJL 1,
, ... .. ... .1 ... ..e.. 1
ail'l lllllg ll.cir .l.ii-riy u-un. ue, niio.-.i,
il.. v m e hi.i i,iUi.,1 k lille ihev mo ni enarinc the'n
j i- i- -j
imeaU. or dancing, or clclrating a bridal feast :'
and then the enemy rush in, sete them, chain, and
bear tKciu uiirciUtiulv av.av. It' the bnnilet be
lit wiih stockades, a giirri'oti 1 expert arclier
. .. .. . .. . .
tiny occasionally ilt ivo linca tnc torioni r.opo oi
ihe r.bivc-huii,i r.', but a seif-iid assault U victori-j
uiis : nud tho dw llingii uie left level with the
e.u-lh. T!ic hut doors uie violently broken open :
tl.e iiisi.lu is ran-acceu; toe uiiik-uowis aim cum-
. . .i -mi .1.1.1-
t.asl.cs arc taken villi ihe b.irt", arrows, and axes ;
t nd 'the hui. i, i.eit unroofed or sot ou lire, while
tin- can!.-, the rhecj,, and the goat", arc Swept uui
of every field, to swell the general bounty.
.Meui.ii i.ilc, i:i Zlnder the inhabitants await ea
gerly the return of tlrv hunters. These lire sent
out to dltl'i i-ent elevation near the city to watch
for the shadow nod the dust of tho homeward-
marching, tinny. At length, nflcr an abeenco more
or less prolonged, a cry is heard, "The sarkee U
coming ! " All tho population !iron;;s out to learn
truth. II' he is not himself within sight, the
"nit of his achievements mo visible. A single
, "s" ,v " ..uuuujr , ucu n iraiS u.
iotl.t rs dragging themselves along, with babes at
:,lK'!r l,rests; theu girls of various ages, some
scarcely .bloomed out of chi
childhood, others ripened
huddled through tho gutcwiiys, never to pass them
hut iu boiida.
There is iov in Zlnder. All day lone; tho tri-
umph is prolonged. Following this 'ittlguard the
abject trophies of misery, come single cavaliers,
then lines of horsemen galloping over the plain,
then cavalry with drums beating, aud then a body
of mounted warriors, w ith helmets of brass and
padded con ts, who mure lied around the sarkeo or
sultiiu. At length tho mass of tho limiting army
appears iu sight, toiling along a rolling cnuopy ot
dust, and with it comes the spoil of tho expedition,
perhaps three thousand slaves. This is tho begin
ning of a sorrow which is to end perhaps with in
sults and lashes iu u plantation of Virginia.
Soino ff tho captives taken are, after the general
sule, domesticated in Zindcr, or a neighlioriugi
Bournoti city. Almost every householder has one
or two trained, who, from the method iu which the
irons nre fixed on their limbs, cnnnot walk, but,
when they nre obliged to go ubout, move along
!.u i:.,i. : v. ,;!. .... 1..
Kill. IIIUU JUUipO. nielli, l-ini WW vviivungu
moro paintul ; lut it tno poopie win ntivo slaves it
is noccssary to fetter them, because there are so!
many towns and retreats near, to which they could :
eseapo without difficulty, and w honeo they could
uot easily be brought back. They are excoodiugly
useful to their owuers, w ho enjoy indoleuco and
oomfcrt through their industry ; aud for this rea
son it is, that when the slave-hunting army returns,
so much delight fills the population that they salute
the army with the beautiful Arabio word "Alber
ka I " " blessing 1 " In the same spirit the Italian
bandit repeats an invocation to the Virgin while
ho cocks his pistol!
The slaves cultivate the ground, cook food, sweep
the huts, and do all kinds of menial olt?cis for thoir
masters, and wKou th!sy offend, are punished with
awful severity by them. Yoi they are not on the
whole inhumanly treated, and are allowed to enjoy
some of thoir favorite amusements. On the "night
of power," in which the Koran is said to have de
scended from beavon, they ara permitted to have a
feast, a free danoe, and songs ; aud then they for
get for the hour, all thought of auffering, and are
as happy as under their native shades. . On ecrtaio
day, too, tby visit th tombs of their dead friends,
burning inoonse over them, calling upon their
names, and praying to be restored "to them and
to liberty after doah." Tehy dree very gaily on
holidays, and dorive from such occasions an enjoy
ment which seems almost to rompensst for the
rsdneis ef th rest ef the year. Mny of them
audjeudden and hopeloss partings "such as break
young hearts" bum in the bosoms of tho iuost'p,eJ
youthful and dulicat U England?
A number of camels, with a le r.f armed men, 1
' march with the weary cavalcade of slaves. Th'.-y I
!,, i, n ,i... i,. . .
........... . . . ... . . . I
are patterns or fidelity, and after a leugiheueJ
period or service will dio for their masters.
But the most unhappy are those who are doomec
to lie sent across deserts, to he sold in distant cit
ies, and scuttered far over the earth in Strang
lauds. Regular covavatis are farmed to take Uieu,
across tho Sahara, to tho market of the coaat
They are either sold or eoufided to th dealers, and
. matched iu the heat of the day orer lh djolatc
wastes of . sand aud rock, with no aUevialion to
i their toil except the lightnesa of thoir own boirta,
'an, I ..k. t
The train is readv-it startsi little time is riven
. 1 8
lor adieus, aud trie lihksofblood. and th bonds U
love, and all tl.e dear affinities of the heart, a.a bra -
kon for ever! And who Shall tar that inch mow
! do not burn as deeply into the beout or the nerro,
crawling ami scarcely able to move, others Urjjed I
I crawling and scarcely
! auddetilr on with threati or l.lowi. Lati.lv. a iir
eller it'll in with one ul tliese melancholy cam ans ,
i i . j
nwinsmicu oi auuunweniy cameis iwjn riui ivory, i
and thirty girl who had betn seventy days on their I
monotonous mournful way. M.t of these ptor '
voting creatures had performed jouruies on their'
road f.oi.. their own happy village, to captivity.
which would aeqilirt for any Kumpc.in traveller who
-hould perform them, an unequalled renown. Some
of them had littlo children .slung cn their backs. '
They met an old woi.inu who ws returning free to j
her ou Country, under the protection of a party t.f
mi. 1 .1 . . 1 1 .
wnuw mun, uuhvt iiiiuu iituir wiuom. jiivy;
fell 11 null Iipp n'il rwi-lr u-iwmiiins nurl bikk'niir hor
Q;uud Wr.iu hor in wlum for th? kind wUh tin
uttirO'I. that the unine lini nliu'! niiirht !m !n ifiri
1 t n t
iur uu 01 tnutit.
AY:iA tho c:iriiViin nrii'fi! rir llw iittnir qund I
1, , . . v"i -j
'.Un! iI.a ...,! I !......:...- l.-:..t
I If 1 1 IV ITU II is; IP IHal'lIlg UlUllg III Sli lllhtt UMV VlliU ;
......I 1 ..... i- ... .1 . 1: .
.v ......... .,,u huiiuiji,;, ru Hiu uiniuum, .
inovinir muks of trooiis. ofoiociallv when the miraja 1
a , . , o-
multiplies their lung piles to the eye. Asolidbedof,
rock eoiibtitutus tho basis of t.iu rogiun, scattered !
over w ith line dry sand, or blue pobblcs, except w hen 1
a inuiiiiiiii spi.isnes ainiu its littlo grejn para.lise,
. ii .i... r . ii
ii'-a m.oic on mo nice oi unsoiaiion. uccsioimuy, ,
a vast assemblage or rocks appoars ou the horiion, '
I .lud sccins to the believ ing eye of the Moslem, some
alia.idouc l t ity of the diiiu. Then u small luke '
1.:..... r.l. ... : ... ,.r l .... i . .. . j !
.......-. . puou . m..r unu.r somu p.inns, aim
I somo pretty re J and yellow wild flowers 4rf scattired
j along the track j aud the wanderer, unaccustomed to
And starts i.mid tin thirsty wilds to hear
New falb of water murmuring in his ear." j
Tho slaves ns they march wear scarcely nnv ,
clothes, nnd arc treated as much like uivrehai.diseaa
it is possible for human beings to Ihj. Three or four j
nre often made into a "'pai eel" a young woman, a
young man, and two children. Their condition 1
varies, of course, with the characteror their drivers,
Some lire grossly and savagely used, whipped along'
by day, nnd mado tho toy of their masters iu the
camp ; others aro kindly tronlcd, well fed, and per-'
to ridj iu turns. Those with infants in their
arms nre behaved to with tenderness and even re-:
respect, t mean, of the sort which is jitaid to
women in this part of tho earth. Generally, females j
aro not believed to possess souls; they have no
moral motives to ''irtuS no fatnilv or feminine tiridc, I
no liberty of thc affections, and nro expected to do '
wrung if they can. From women iu such n position 1
niiiittnn be anticipated? Sultan Fnnoor, of the
unexplored kingdom or Ahecr, told ltichnrdsnn bin !
ideas on this subject : "Thoopiiiiuns'of his highness !
wii'tK.n does not flatter tho ladies! ho recoin-
mended us never to listen to tho advico of our wives;
if wo did we should be lost. The women were '
very well to fetch water, ponud ghascb, and cook !
supper, but fi.r nothing ehe. Iln never himself
paid any attention to what they said; they were j
awfttl tulkcrs." So much for tho old savage. I
However, wonicu in bonds aro not likely to bo the
best representatives of thoir sex.
Happy is it for tho poor slavo-girls ou their
march over the Sahara, thut they have light hearts.
They sing touching and plaintive songs, laden with
meinories of home, laden with thoughts of former
joys, laden with recollections of tho fields and huts!
where they spent their happy youth, and so they I
beguile their way. As simnus the placeofcncamp-!
inent is reached, they arrange everything and light I
fires first Tor thoir musters and theu for themsolves.
The cold ofthe desert is bitter at night, uud the
wretched creature wear littlo or no elothing.
Their rations of food aro then served to them; and
too often tho harley-moal nud wirtor which would
be scarcely sufficient for ouo, is divided among ten i
or the fami.-hod and squalid slaves. j
They mny have bees on foot fourteen hours; they
may bo still hungry, thirsty, weary; yet, as the ev-
eniug deepens, thoy riso one by one to th dance,
und trip upon tho solid until thc moon grow pale.
They boat tlictr ujic juth drums, and tho young
slaves fly round, often in vary modest and graceful
measures, though often, too, in figures quiie of an
othor character. A peculiar, hopping step is much
in practice among them, and it is by no moan an
uncurious circumstance that we can trace many ot
the favorite netjrodanoes in Amorica to their ori
gin iu the reunite kindoms cf th Sahara. They
have even preserved aonie of the most singular ol
ihe movements and evolutions, a well as many na
tive air, to that the spirit of Africa is biodthed a
gain among the sugar-canes and cotton-fields of Al
abama and Carolina. In such festivities tlio un
happy cioatures fall into forgeifuluos cf thoir lot,
and soom as though lost by an indifforence, which
however, enly lact while tlio merriment gees on.
Soe them noxt morning setting out, with unwilling
steps, their heads bent, their c downcast and
dull, their faces marked with sorrow, and all the il
lusion of thoniooulit rovelry passes away, and sla
very becomes again a chaerles and dosslate a
thine as the Sahara itself.
Aad so the caravan toil along, now winding in
irregular files along the plain, now crawling up a
mountain, now byvouacing near a well, and on the
green fields of an oasis. As it goes, come cf the
victims tad in aUength, and pink y. liter, tie
nn no friend cnrievr come to vih U-
P1,r again. An undiitluguisbat.rs htlinrk
'remslns Tcr a Whili afn tlrf sp.i..b'ittUdeiert ia
"dWuld to iu !tvsl, and ercrj, sign cfthlr e
"tenet 1 g?t,e.
- - ,
''road. The rery ared eipe-.ia!ly lave their boiiirt
i n this rnnunw, hftlf-way . between tbtir fcrmrtf
Mwclling plnees ed Hi terminn'ion of the JPtiroeJ
o londage. It seems a gratuitous cruelty Ha 'M
)rt0fUie sUr-bunters to distnrb totterlnir oil
nen and wem!D, who kve retMnf 'ln dm katfk
uttodie, Riid who, If they WH actually" brt utrrl
to market, would not sell for more than one tiilling
'so feebl and uselees are they. When the ejtpim
! a hole li dap, or rathr Krntrhed, in th s&ad, and
they are throfn In, aud a looae iWe Is pluoeJ tw
il..m Vn.1.r. .,,.1, ik r.,..L
cnH-van tracts, from tho kingdom of the g
v ...i. .
r'nrl" ": nonnern cwv rr.eny nine, mounds,
w UlB re,tlBC M r children Who hs.v died ost
tigroid; the earth Is hollov.ed for them the mrr
m'n' 'bey hare cesied to bi"th, reit ksTote, au4
ALL'S FOR THE BEST.
Ail' for thi bosl! be skbkuIus and ciaiuful, . ;
Trouble aud sorruw. ar fii:n )s Ii diii-i': j
Xoil.il, g but foil.. g'A faithless aad foiafuli
Cuurugo loraver is happy and wist:
All for the best if a ms a would but know it ; r
i'rovidence wishes us atl to be blast ;
Tliii if r.o dream of ilii puielit i.r p.,.t,
Itei.vcii in gracious, and All's Xt Ui) beul.
All's for the best ! set thU on your itauJnr.l, '
Soldier of sadness, or pilgrim of love, " ' '
Who to the shore of Despair may have wandered,
A way-wearied swallow, or hearl-strlcken dot ;
All (or the bet! Ia mftn but eot.Gding.
Frovidi nee tenderly governs the rout,, , i 1
And the fruil bark of Hi creature is guiding.,
Wisely and wsrilv, all for the best. !'
.1 ,. ..
A U for the best '. then flint; away terror, . ,i
Meet all your fears und your f.ies in the iku,.
And in the midst of your dangers or crnia . ... '
Trust like a child, wliile vou strive likv a man.
All's fur the best ! unl.ia -eJ, iiiibouuded,
l-'roviduiico reigns from the font Jo, the Weal;
And by both wisdom and mercy surrounded, ,
!'op and be happy that All's for the best.
ncss which interferes so much to regulnlo political
"With the woman nt the polls, a (own meotir.g
might b?como as civil nnd social ana pic-nic. No
other social gathering is deemed complete without
'ho women; und Soine people arc So odd as to insist
thnt the town meeting is in complete ani much ia
mitted !clin"d to barbarism without them, and they Insist
that the next generation of men will fully reoog
spect nie this fact and tako the prvperaccouut of it."
Mlswai. Mr. end Mrs. Itsteham of ti.e Obi' j
Cultivator nn cii a tour West. Mr. U. write.
from St. Lnr.in of Slavery ua I its inllueneo upon
improv-mems, as follows:
Agricultural improvement haa nut as yet made
rapid progress in Missouri, owing doubtless to ,hn
more inviting character of the fertile prairies of L
of linois and other western Stntes, and Ihe inrlu?nun
'of .S'ariry in deterring emigrants fioni tl.e fiSo
States aud Kurope from settling here. Indeed th'j
latter objection is tl.e moro common one urod a
tho (gainst settling in M ir.souri by pjisons whom wo
have hoard speak ou the subject, and we greatry
wonder that the intelligent itiena of Missouri, eo
few of whom nro stave, owners, have not leforw
The fallowing suggestions are worthy of .note,
..... tt ., . - ... r,imm,.n-ren., i.
lB;va 0f 's,i)r notjon.
"Our women have a bkF ibi k.
teta than Victoria has to be queen. If tliey should
nu us9 '' M'8 flre surp ",nt effl'et on our
politics would not be wholesome.' The influence
of the woman .might civilise them, and contend sue-
'ccsslully agains that rude and passionate selflsh-
this turns tuken measures to rid their .fair .Stale cf
tho blighting influence of slavery. As. acintler of
mere pocuniury consideration, vrcato quite sure llm
advantage would be manifold greater than the vui-
ue of nil the tduves. '.
. - -. T- ' .
Tinite "gay nud gallant gentlemen" left Coving
ton, a few dayu since, to hunt for a fugitive iio;ru
nnioug the hills west of that town. Ta enliven
themselves, they indulged sevcraltimcsbeforestiiu-
ing, in the glorious privilege of di inking whitkey.
and took ainplo supply or the article alon,j. Tlmy
had not proceeded, fur . .Lifro they differed as to
various matters, and soon found themselves engag
in a " freo light." One of them named Clock,'
Sicd a phttj At another uamcd JeffreN, aud a buck
,hct thut had been intended for thc fugitive, took
effect in Ihe cLiu of il.o hitler, and several sharp
Mqnci., intended for no one particular, cut aud
brui.ed th ennic individual scvorely.
... - -,-. --r- i ,
The rnvncAL CoMuTKN- oi Hicks Nun. ni ,.v.Mt
Sorm. The Jiichinond &unVr publishes tin
intrestjng statistical articul, contrasting ihe ms.,
oal condition cf the free blacks of il.u North,' mid
the sUves of the Suuih. Tliu Hxniniimr taVs :
In Majnc there ate l.'ijj fica blinks, of wh.jii
94 aro itjiano tnc lo fcuilecii I .. lu , l-onislmi,, ,
thote wore 45 insnuo out cf C3,C? 1 slaves unu n
every four thousand thsrcu hundred and ten. . V
M.Ui&chiueeti, tho ratio cf insanity auioi. the fiyo
negroes wa one to every 53. In Viriuiu, nno li
Ueo. In Lisiuuri, one to 979. Iu Illinois, 1 to 1.
The census of )S3U ahoncd that theio nasone blind
person to every 24-15, whiles, one blind to tvor j
204a thivcn, whilst among the froo coloitjd 'etsouu
of the Paradise of the Abolitionist at the North,
ir ere is one blind to vry eight hundied und sev
enty. There is one idiot to every 104Q slavey audi
ono idiot to every 43o I lick at the .XprthJ ., Tho
tital of afflicted, of. deaf, dumb, and idiotic, and
insane among slaves at the South, is ouo to every
I0o7 while those horid miladtoa are endured
are endured among the free Uavka vf ihe North,
under the car of Ge:;it South, Gairioon.Vvi'
Harriot and VrAa, ti.e ratio ff cnt t'e every
ti.e hu-iii tuitUcv.ii , . ,.. ,, ... .