Newspaper Page Text
From the New York Tribune.
FREEDOM IN KENTUCKY—C. M. CLAY.
FREEDOM IN KENTUCKY—C. M. CLAY. GLENVILLE, Lewis Co., Ky., Sept. 5, 1853.
fl...... It........ .. u - i ff
IroJ others 1. t 1 1 ?. ",,":Mon,mn-v,,,!r,,r!-i"Uh.Tthe
ShwerY m 7hi. I. . T "V rT1",,,,,r", i
Wthc HlevSri U. Jl!. ' y'Ti '
trmn. r.wTrl .V 1 1 . "T'-
with .tel iXt.Zrl h . h.7Bf,,17 n,,1"' hftl1
witnilt-lignt every md.oat.on of it jullimalc over-
l have just returned frinn another vtnit to 0. M.
viny nnu Hie ree riiim-hos in .Madison nnd Kock
eastle ceunties. fnnnd Clay at home, rotolutc in
tutrpose, sanguine in expectation, but calm in hone.
lid still believe a " lie will not live nlwnvs." II
expectathil nation vet to nee the falsity ni' Slavery
, impolicy ami cruelly aim with righteous In
-the comm. in enemy
dignation crush the nioiiitc
uif U.m and man.
Ther it) abontClay and hie hoineinuch of interent.
JI ie BiMiiitl, gencmu and hoepitable. lli wife i
a'nd, intelligent, pleasant, professing faith in Jesus,
III. i not tie home of infidelity that .many suppose.
Mwrj m an uuiipvwg in rviereiice fo n rtiaveiionii
evina In rvrerenva to tc r nve hull inir
nl. ! h I i i i i T
"t.". ' "V r'l""' """""J . rt ""
whatever skepticism he may have had in n-ference :
tn tha Flnnary Inspiration of the ( Id 'I cMamcnt,
Uortjra., im I apprehend, pr.Mluced as in miiny!ni,,
n hei, m,.r by pro-slavery f.T hlig than anytlung
else. Hilt his bite sneecl. nt the 1 1 lie II inner, in
. . ,-i , . . . '
B "!'."'. "h',w" h"!! .nB n"w repirds ( hrl-tinnity.
. in Uomestm allmrs aro eoi.dui ted with marked
yi?.' .",rp,,ll,T. c,"'',r''11' iii'lustry. . The
rich inheritnnce of bis father ho has not sriuandcrcd
.1" V fr" !""' "'""'. ns nwny other
Trust li.Vln . llVl.i. Tr"0, V' h", 1
Mn7iirn V .,. .J.., l . 1 1''prnl,n1, i,,',"f,,rV,or ""'":!
than two tlmuimnd acres is ne.itlv fenced, c caned
l, r , - i . ,
p. aim wen ci in itrass. llundreils nf f it rnltl..
nn ,. MNU. . 1 .
grate on the green pastures, and return to their
le IS hlim.nA m .... nn a I
. 1 1 . "...
owner a nnnusome nrnm. lie is humane nimiviw-
....' .1.1 r ".'""""'i coiiinas-1
EZT riZZl.:.: 1. . i
.iM..M.r...,.,K, 111 mr uiiiisi in riaverv.
p r- . , , --...lua.
the practicability nnd utility of free institutions.
. ta.':.l. .1 . c , . .
W.ttW..-yoars, Which has Wen very profitable.
Undo to tf.es. thing simply because hey show
l.,.n canity for more than writing and speech-
a vieomus system of trado In Hoirs and C.til,. f.,, I
tho last two year. Winch
1., in him
maklug. nome men nave rapacity tor some one
thing; he has capacity, beyond most men, for many
II I ever rendy to help the virtuous when in
want. While atte.idini the meetings of the Free
Church in this county, he received the intelligence
thrown into jail. Ho mtido inquiry concerning the
man, i.iiiiieilintely repaired to the plncc of confine
ment, ami, niter a protracted nnd opposing eflort,
hailed the tulxirlriir, w ho was n poor man but In
that a ctrlrur, recently commissioned by tliei,10
American .Missionary Association, in nn adjoining
county, had, nndcr alKO pretense, been sc.if.ed and
.1 I! ... i.: ..1 L i .. i.1 ..i! . iv
g,wo si.in.iiog o. u.s ciiur. .1, .inii.ii r.pis.oi,,,,, ,
though i he had committed himself to Join, in a short
time, the ri reel hurch mnveiiient. .Many other in-
cidenU or his kindness nnd generosity, even to en-1
cm.es. I could now enumerate, if space would allow.
and utility deman.lel. I
Ho haj been active in h.s own and adjacent coun-
ties m distributing nnti-slavery documents, and ,
en hatiteniiiff niilil.c sentunent.
,r ir r .i . , ... ,i
m. lie ciiorin m in.inv n nu 1111.13
the cause of freedom, have most
uiiou themselves and their cause,
r I l 1 ... 1 -
ii'tv.i nran ..in. h.iic'1 1.1 unu.i'ii n iiii 1 i-iFiiiiiini.
determination and hostility on the part of many of
the friends ..r freedon.-moro of the fighting spirit i
than I should like to see. But it serves to snow i
how vain is the policy of force against a good cause.
tiorhnn most active and nrominent as a s.tCnkcr.
liM tmeen rnnentedlv defenteit and distoieed. CHh-1
st sHnill rM."ed
e' "tIi'ov n.hwe'of-1
... . .....,. .....;
Signal tlisgrace and defeat have followed those who
were neglectful of duty or action in the mob that
' tore down his press. Two men, who had influence,
and could, in all probability, have suppressed the
rhoh had they desired to do ho, left the place at the
time the mob wa forming, or after the cnll wn
made. Both theso have been defeated, the Inst for
' Representative in Congress, Shuning responsibil-
' ity gave no lasting popularity. Another, who was
raman most active ana prominent as a spenxer,
has bneen repeatedly defeated and disgraced. Oth
ers, prominent, have neen defeated tor
for office. The
literary institution which it was hoped would lie
'-ahifililed frnm disTroes bv rvr.viiinitv to m. (ra nress.
; ha irons down entirely. Lawless mobs have fob
Iran fuiic uuwii arum cij . m..t iimo iiiiriro iimo mr
lowed, and that, too, against the officer of the
place. These, together with other facts, were nar-41"""PI",r"-H1
ratel to mo by one who has opportunity to know,
, and standing for veracity. They servo to show the
' folly of opposing right, especially with unlawful
means. There may lie momentary success, but the
; success is that of ono who for tho present succeeds
in covering tho crater of a burning volcano ; it will
be followed by a moro sudden and dreadful explo-1
: sion of tho pent up fires tire that shall burn to
the consumption of every opposing obstacle.
What the tnonds of freedom havo to do is ww-
rrrinil to sow the seed of truth, nnd confidently
exici-t the harvest and, " in due season, if wc faint
not, we shall reap." There aro now in Kentucky
six or seven free churches having no fellow ship
with Invcry. Theso have met with opposition
and persecution. This isdailydiininishing necexs
to the public mind is moro easy, and the sphere of
influence is continunlly increasing; though these
are yet "the day of small things." Tho cloud,
howevor, in the day of Klijah was not at first ap
parently larger than a man's hand ; it spread, how
ever, until it covered the wl.olo heavens, and poured
down showers in copious abundunco.
Faith in find and iicrseverance in duty will again
raise another such cloud, and lecuro the same life
giving influence John (J. Feb.
Tti rtiurrhrs sllwlivl In, with tlidr wlporturs ill.trlrialln
AaU-Slsrprr dnt'itroentm rt until th run. nf thii Anwrtrsn Mbi-
stnnsrr A.MMUtliiii. I hope Mis frlvtiils ot fraiwlnm snd s purr
pwlMH win imuia uiml ouiWlJ. tuiucm uhj ircsi'S tlu'iioni.
i. U. V.
AGITATION IN KENTUCKY.
The following address of Cassius M. Clay to the
people of Kentucky, will explain for itself the cir
cumstances undur which it was issued. We copy
from The Kentucky Ktw:
To the J'tuple of Kenim-ly i
WHITEHALL P. O., Sept. 2d, '53.
August 27 th, iKi.), have put forth a scries of reso
olutions, in which, among other things I nin publicly
"censured," and which I wish to assist in present
ing to the consideration of this Co.nmonwci.lth.
Before I consider the preamble and resolutions
over tho signature of K. (1. Williams, Chairman,
and W. II. Kirtley, Secretary, I will give a stute-
' men i nt ti.o loots.
Whilst I was attending tho nntl-slnvery Christ'
' Church, at thetiladein Madison county, established
. under tho auspices of John li, Fuo nnd W. Fink,
native Kentuck.nna, new came that A, It. W. Par
ker, a native of Tennessee and now a eitixen
Kentucky, and a voter of Kockcastlo co., employed
a colporteur of the Home Missionary Society
in jail on a charge nf " having attempted to persuade
a lnve to leave hi master: and that the bail
aessod py the Judge at ono thousanil dollars
tho principal, and tho same for tho surety.. Kumor
. also cunae that eighty-five slaveholder had banded
' together in a written article that they would prevent
hv violence, Messrs. Foe and Fisk, from preaching
in Kocko&stle county whore they had founded
Church aud made an appointment. It was
. iMiderstood that Parker denied the charge of
1 took a friend and went to Rockcastle, and in
Mount ornoa jail I found two prisoners committed
on the charge of persuading slave to leave their
' mister. The man named Shilllct, was Raid to
. of a bad character ami .an habitual drunkard.
gave twenty dollars to his wife and children
are destitute, and five dollars to the jailor for
benefit hut refused to bail him. Ibo other man,
Pitrkor, I learned was a citixen of unimpeachable
character, a long time a member of good standing
in the Methodist Church, nnd that lately he
- -hiiai a member of tho Free Church, nud a col
porteur. After I had read hira in tho presence
u.e jailor Mr. r ee' letter, he said that lata in
night, anr he had gone to bed, he was awukened
by a slave of J.' Newoum, who said hi master
sold kits, and b had run away, and wished to know
how he oul. escape into the free State. Parker
refused to givs hn the information, and the slave
' J'.0' wy- A-tu" nwhile he returned, and pressed
. hi suit to argently that Parker told hiui to
L at a certain place and lie woolile iii master, and
kaow whether he had sold him or nut. Th slave
nt off and Parker went to bed, when several men
He denied positively
) t leave Ins nmcr.
entered, and took him hi tail,
all intent to induce the slave ti leave Ins master,
and avowed his determination not willingly to viol-
tin law nf his Mnln
Now, if thiii he truu, J'lirkcr hnit violtd no Inw
" Higher Law," at it will no doubt
turn out when he come, before an impartial jury of
r"- far from "attempting to induce a
"lvo '" ' istcr"-ho attempted to induce
.him to fan.f. after he had lell him ! '
ftsn ,ent rr ,,.., ,lf ,he iaTm rfavehnl.lers
. , . ii
and principal men, and told them that I knew well
the sentiment of Jlown. Fee and Kick, and that
they in common with tlio whole "Abolition"
" Free Democratic I 'arty of Kentuckv," intended hi
abide by the l.nw nf the State and vet make under
the Constitution and Laws, nnvinconi promising war
upon slavery. That we begged for po-.ioc, but if
the sliiveholilera licjpin violence, Hint we were In
majority and would though not as well orgnni7.ed a
the slaveholder, defend ourselves to tho death.
1 told them that 1 had due respect for the citir.ens
of Jiockcastle and public sentiment that I wanted
the l.iws to bo burly executed in justice with mercv.
T,mt ,,.Uso of fShifflet'a bad character. I woufd
!.. i.:... ti -..- i . ru l-.i.. t -
ii.iii iiiiii. icuriicn I iirNLTiiini in vnin-pwi-w,
eh-vmter w.n good. 1 inquired of the gentleman
with w,m he hiV, ,lv0,, ,' w,t tw ,, ,ie
, ln , ,,,,,, f,,cn men. that I'arker
lKrno 'hilllwf wou ftM tMn tillir A tllPr
cnfW,! the same re.Kirt.ex.eptAV.il.
L- :-.i .i !.! . .' ' i
O'O'O'.v, wnose ooieiT.Hins lo.nmwero in a Tenia.
Lh-m.-tfr. and I thmnrht tinctured irreatlv with nro-
i,,,!,,-. 1 tlien i.n ...! ... I.nil I',,, kcr ,. . I,;,h
,(, JiUye BPnted. Lnmruaire was then used bv
i and I thought tinctured greatly with pro-'
, ju,n , tjs nllowini bail lint the
Ju" Hint tho law was plain, nnd he
would execute it. I then overheard J. M.nilh, who
i ... ,i. i i -l i.i
m-i-incu id nn iiic iiMiicr, sut inilfc iiicj wimiih kiivp'1
several men, intended, as I believe, to intimidate
seeiiieo rn i.e inn iiiiinnr. snv Hint rner wiin o irive
L. . . ., . . . . r
nim an in'.eiiii.i.ving wii.il agn.nsi nil nenai.ies iiir
r-.r,,,!,,- l,nil o... m..m tl.. J..,M .ni i in . nmnlv
.1 . . - -1 V
mnnr) ,hnt he was sworn to execute the law and
mti-mlnl to do it. . We then
11. ...j"- n . l
1 iiunu, 11, ll III nr TI l.n
Court House, Messrs. Kirtlcv and Smith, ritixens.
prisoner was committed under the oil clause of the
proceeded to the
1 brought into the
'XVC"l7"i I . 11
i'il!?'! 1 I' ! ' ?'
or , ,n. L. I ,
B"'1 J"n"n' "'"W ?ttrney. contended that the
iseil Statutes, concerning
md for his good behavior,
contended nn the nnrt of
the prisoner, that ha wa committed under the 2d
section, for a higher crime and penalty than tho 3d
section, nnd that he cln illicit a fair trial of his ac-
cuser. The Judge said that the warrant was issued
on tho cbargoof "attempting to persuade" the slave
In Innt'A Ills muster nn.l tlt.it tl.M I.... 1 .a.
,nln0 rBect, as he himself had made the com-
',;,,,,,,,.(, i, wn. )P!t j,KU f tho offciice, and
w ml, j11HiBt ,, tlc ,ij,1(.Ht penalty of the 2.1 sei-1
t.on, ns in duty biuiiid "that a violation of tho ltd
section, being susjiectcd" of on attempt to persuade
was simply n in.silemcanor, rcqiiiring surety for
itfwiil liclmviiir or t.i Intiro tl.n Vti.tn
e.-"V ......... ...v
Yot ,,.. .,,, hjj,)l Illin,c,, ..,.itiens" mid lovers
f llw jnHisted to tho last on letting I'arker off,
!Mim)y un)m hi bond for good behavior, which
..roves that they themselves have nil confidence in
Inker's innocence and that bo in nnd has been a
law abiding citizen, set upon by a conspiracy of
ien whn RVW ,,,, , wi), .,'1(lir
.. pc:u,eabl y if wo can. rriW if ire IHst."
1 1 -i i" r.. . ." n . .
ia..ii, inun iioiicci iiiu iiicis, i now su.it. noi.ee
. 1 , . . , , . , 11
" " ,m,u .';' "'"'""."
? ' aml..we ',',rt1l"n thein. that if come ", ,s
. u,""n' T.'1 nr' n,,,l T1 -'J"! "
" m " " u"reu " err.,l' e,vr7 l'"' 'I""
our IiIishI, unlc wo will yield up the liberty of the
press anil speech nutl our religions ti.itli to its ty
ranny! Tho " Homo Missionary Ss'iety," a jsir-
tion ot whose member are Hcntuckuins, and all
American cttixens are a fixed as the slaveholders
of Kockcastlo in their allegiance to tho American
Constitution, and under nnd nutsido of that Coiv
etitutiun they will bo as little rendy to yield their
1 . &
Having thus noticed tho facts, I now
"10 !'"ttl"ljl0 anil """"''.tions in detail,
AVo n ,ovnti"n " "0 l-li"n '
n' behind theso "citixens of Hiwkcastle
Kentucky "recognize slavery as a civil in
" ,l ' "; reop'e made it, and the 1
unmake It. N hat Ignorance is It in one
f the people to say to the other nineteen twentieths
i i j - 1
'y,,u nit"meddlo "with an "institution " Inch
"J "',r "'" onnrmge .s.;
An institution which so much "intermeddles" with
I them which ostracises us from all place of civil
political power and profit which drives usin
; the mountuin and wnsto lands, and exile- us
! from "ur homes w Inch monopolises the land nnd
! Tut" " terna bnner between n nnd nmnufactu-
fr comiiierco, winch builds up among u
j "r"c "ln heathen castle, embittering all tho so-
-''nl intercourse i f life which disuns us to msola-
,"'" " ioio.u.iic.n ignoinncu ,,y uiuiu, .
The Constitution nf ti... l'niti.,1 Ktiitn. .nil
rorenr.lusan iiiiiierishable hum
which minutes to u.o'anv "iv
hie schools which sups our manhood, nnd damns
uur consciences in maintaining by the vote and the
sword this greatest of all wrongs! Is not nil this
enough? And now, when wc any wo have born nil
this, nnd wo in our woe, cull for the Jlibe, for that
consolation of promise in a better world, which the
accursed institution ha denied us Hero you
will "tiiremi it will you?
2d. If the slave-holder of IWkcnstlo aro "well
supplied W illi the "Holy Scriptures, thenonslavo
holileri nro not. Those who don't want bibles need
not receive them: those who do, ought not to bo
prevented, and will not be by the slaveholders.
thev aro prepared "to render unto C.esar the thinirs
that nre Cicsar's:" nnd to God the things that arc
H.s. 1 hose men and those ".Ministers are nlso
"our own." Yours preach a slave-holding tiod
ours"aiod of JuHtico and Liberty. Time will
prove who are most ready to full u.urtyrs to their
3d. Out of the thousands of "Almlitinnist"
our State, a portion of whom lately carried the
election of a law officer over the slaveholder
Kockcastlo, it yet remains to be proved that a sin-
glo man has attempted to "induce slave to escape
to the tree State! vt hencver a had citnen shall
thrust himself into our party, who willingly violates
me .uw, wo w... assist in .us pun. s. uncut nccnrt.i.ig
to law: but in defence of our constitutional rights
in " pence" or "war" wo will stand together;
that, which wo will assist to impose on
man slavery, as the greatest of nil "calinnitios!"
If for this wo must die with 1'atrick Henry
aspiration shall over bo, "(iivo me liberty or give
4. Tho resolution which condemn my conduct
mor. It is not true, tlmt
any "pretence" Vt hen
n your midst yuu attempted tn ovcrnwo me in
discharge of a simple act of humanity and duty,
told you that I would oxplaiu " why 1 rame all
way from Madison to bail Parker." "That 1
understood that he held similar political view w
myself ngainst slavery that 1 was not a man
avoid rcsMinsibility, there or elsewhere and
all tho world might know that whenever the hum
blest uitixcn of my party was in dn-ticss my purse
and my person were always at hi service." V
party ni.ulo the constitution and the laws you
liy our tnmonessof spirit or ill-timed magnanimity,
all the power. If you did not intcud for an offence
against the .d and Jd sections ot tho statuto to
a bailable one, why did you not say so? Xo,
was you who attempted to overawe tlie Judge
override the laws and make them "jiowerles."
is a calumny that I desire or encourage lawlessness.
I left one man in jail because of his lail character
another 1 hailed because of hi good character.
I told Parker in your presence and the presence
tho Court, that if I had reason to believe that ho
uny timo had violated or should violate tho laws,
that I would withdraw from his suretyship,
recommit him to jail. No! it is not I who would
base all "institutions" upon justico nnd conscience
who would put the bible nnd laws in tho house
of every man subject to both who encourage "
violato female chastity or murder tho infant.
rAo would pul tiinrn that 'iiutilnlion' vhick allow
i'iulorloitl No! it isyou who repress education
moral instruction who dare deny the Holy Scri
tures to nil tho slaves and all the oon-sluvotioldiug
whito millions of Ibis accursed South who
the conscience and iu.brule the men " to violate
female innocence and murder infant." The fact
on record in divers places that you have boen
cause of the committal of these crime upon
wivaa and infunts of "our : " and caused the
Ic bo "run off !" How much longer
"our" overpowering numlter allow you to add
to injury ?
alio letter nl .in", ti. fee i wormy ni nun,
he is fully able to speak for himself, tiod speed
f the vote and the
,him In his errand of Into- nnd nircy. Acknowl
!IkIh Hip tonality of nil im-n before the law and
nljrltnr the cunalit y t
their brotherhood before tlwl, he is a Worthy rep
nte ' l-e.eiitntive nf "our ministers" nf the Christian
KHicion. Amid the iiiillhtiiH of Pharisee who ait
, in high plnces-who do thoir nlm to bo seen of
men-who cry Lord-Lord-whilst devouring the
. house of widow and orphan- time serving
I generation, who know not of a 'Higher law' than
! the lust of worldly gain, he i not ..lent. There
let him ever be found in the "Glade" and other bye
1.1 l.:..u . .l..f.:., !..(. Inli. in' ,..
place, which a Ond-defy.ng 'institution ha made
waste, kneeling with the poor and friendless --till
nricrying "our father who art in I leaven forgive an
lour trespasses, a wo forgive those who trespass
against us" visiting those who arc tn prison
and feeling w ith those who are In lionds, as bound
with them !
Yes "citinens" nf nm'kcaslle, w elerme the con
trast of your "ministers" and "our" and if Ken
tucky has not 'lost the breed of noblo bloods,' ma
ny more will hasten to incur jour "censure."
I ask all paper which have published tho reso
lutions and statement of tho "Citiiens of Kockrna
tle" and all who are in favor of freedom nf speech
nnd the press, and lilierty of conscience, to give
vet bo free.
C. M. CLAY.
White Hall P. O., Sept. 2d, 1853.
is isillnoiislv endangered. Whenever a man I
1 true enough to tho i.istinets of nature to refuse to
t'nder tliis section, the liberty of seven Imn-
dred thousand of the people of this Oom.nonwonlth,
der. and they nro not wanting In that virtue, has!
'only to swear that ho "misjiects" him of nn intent
to induce a slave to leave his mn-tcr, and tho wr
.i... ;. i. r fi,r..oil ( .inn
1 ' " " " ....r... ... ...v, ..........
become the Watch dog ot slavery wane sinve-noi-1
.1 . ..r .w.i 1- . 1.:. .
iiiu wiirriun in mn unn r.n n..m i..n ........
It is therefore to lie expected that when one inter-
, , . , , , . . . ...
nose himcelf between them and their victim, that
he will meet their "highest censure." Aro they
so impatient for tho sacrifice that they cannot watt
till march next but must see l'nrkcr suffering
almost certain death in jail licfnro condemnation
by lawf The jail seemed to lie about twelve feet
iby fourteen of wisid logs, floored with the same:
) through an aperture in the floor, the prisoner was
! let down into a close room by a roric or ladder, and
1 then the trap disir closed tl.ero seemed to be no
ventilation, and but one aperturo, not allowing
light enough for l'arkor to read the letter I carried
1 him 1 tho stench was intolerable and a Moxican
; prison was never fuller of vermin! Are these men
liHr.li...l Cm ......l.n tl,Ht tl.nw tiiiiat mi In a
ninu'J I houso at tho dead hour of night when the
fncullies are unstrung, and by the strong instinct
of humanity, tempt a limn to violate nn arbitrary
lawf How dare "lespectnlile citizens ' to thrust
themselves with their slave into I'urkor's cnbin ?
i Shall the poor man have no fatmef Shall the
) u ..f I.A I.a.I ..l..i...l.,tw nml lli. i henrtli Mtnmi
, ............ ...... ....
be known only to the wealthy sliive-l.ol.ler7 Shall
i tho lalsiror's wifo nn.l chil.l.en have no resting
' place where brutal intruders dare not comet Whore
jure the sons of the Boons nnd the Kenton? Hoes
1 no trusty rillo rest upon the rack to tench our
tyrants that nn.ong freemen, tho cabin and tho
'lliu.c aro alike i.mvi.l-llo ?
! 1. i- .1.. l. ., In ,.f Itis k. astl.,. to snv that.
i ..... ... .-
so fur as I could judge a Inrge portion of nil clas
ses, sympathise with ma in bailing I'arker, whom
many" believed nn innocent nnd oppressed man.
I he people now liegin in icei in u.c.r sorrow, wnnr.
1 told them long ago, that liberty and slavery can
not cu-cxist! Ono or tho other must die!
From the Southern (Mississippi) Journal, Aug. 6.
BARBECUE AT THE PLANTATION OF
THE HON. S. A. DOUGLAS.
Mr. Ei.itor: I had the pleasure of attending the
barlx'Cuu given by Mr. Janice Strickland, the agent
and overseer of the Hon. S. A. Douglas, of Illinois,
at the plantation of this gentleman on I'enrl rives,
in this county, on the 30th ultimo. Tho barbecue
wa intondou realty lor tne slaves on the place, in
laccordanco witli a yearly custom whith Mr. Striclv
I 'inia has adoited, but there was a goodly nuutlier.
ot liulies ami gentlemen present irom me inrnieuh
. . 1.1 ..-I I .
nto uciuhliorl.ood. . . . ;
Tho arrangement were nil in most excellent
taste, and the tublc groaned beneath a profusion
of all the good things of this life. The barbecued
meat were dressed in the finest and most rclishahlo
style, nnd the adjoining river nnd lake had been
forced to add their supply of dainties to the feast.
I noticed, too, that there was a real superabundance
of delightful cukes of all sorts, shapes, sixes, and
ingredients : but being most greedily engaged in
the demolition of tho more substantial portion of
the dinner, 1 teel incompetent to pass a distinct
judgment upon the same. My friend, Jack
; expressed, I think, the sentiment of tho crowd,
when. will, two tenner run ni mutton in ins li.nutn
nnd n delicate piece of well-browned fish on his
fork, ho hoarsely whispered 'It is a good and a
pleasant thing to lio Here,'
The negroes followed tho invited guests at the
tables, and sat down to tho same dainties and deli
cacies which had just ntlordcd mi much satisfaction
i .. n'i i i i i
lO Olir llllllliun. 1 ll.'V liuuiouruu naiinv lino ii.in.ircii
and forty in all. It was a goodly sight to soo
their dark countenances lighted up with pleasure
at tho sight of the eatable before them ; the entire
abandon with which they pitched into tho good
things; tho extreme delicacy ot the female portion
of the crowd, ordering tho delighted waiter with
fustid.o.1 tnsto and careless toss of the head to
fetch the nicest pieces of the sheep-meet they
could find,' or 'to cut n big slico of do cake wid de
icing nn it,' or ' to stand furdcr buck, and not crowd
on tho lady w hen sho war drinking hcrcoltee.
The most ninusing part of the scene was a table
full of littlo snow-hulls some forty in number, nnd
nil alsiut one sixo and ngo. They were the blackest
of black ' little niggor.' Their bends rolled from
side to side a they crammed in the food, nnd more
particularly tho cuke, in a pure repletion of aniuiul
enjoyment. They did enjoy it. Tears were in their
large rolling eves, hut they were tears produced by
a satiety oi cane. J ney wept iswause tnoy couiu.
Eat no more ! '
Thoro was not ono of tho slaves, little or big, but
who was dressed cleanly, and some of them alnmst
elegantly for there is (strunge as it may sound
the curs of some) tully a much taste for tires
among negroes us among tho whites. Iho little
ones w ere rigged off it. their w hito cotton shirts.
the old familiar plantation dress lor tho children
tho South white as well as black. Hero was com-
Jin I, health, and hapjiinemi displayed.
My object, Mr. F.ditor, in thus detailing the saene
which 1 witnessed on this plantation, is to cnll the
attention of vonr renders liind it nmv lie mm, ivlin
are not) to the fact that here in our own County
Lawrence, in the State of Mississippi, is a large
S Imitation of negroes owned by a northern Foiled
tntos senator, and that theso negroes aro Isttter
fed, better clothed, aud their bodily comforts better
provided for, than many of oven tho w bite lnlsiring
classes of the North passing by for the present the
condition of its free negro population. 1 ho negroes
of Senator Douglas have divine service regularly
performed, and fur their special benefit. Their
spiritual, as well as their bodily wants, are attend
ed to. Now, the thought struck me that it would
have been a most instructive lesson to certain Free
Soil constituents of Senator Douglas to havo broil
present on this occasion. I would like to have
seen tho exponent nnd embodiment of 'All Young
America' make his appearance just as his slaves
seated themselves at the tables, in order that
might have taken in at a single glance the real con
dition of the 'poor African of the South.' lt would
huve added new eloquence to his tongue, new
strength to his genius, and new energy to his soul,
to havo been ablo to witness such a steno as this,
and afterwards, when fanaticism shuuld (Imp
slanderous fahschuod from its tongue, lo have de
scribed, in his own strong and vivid language,
sight he beheld nn tho banks of tho Pearl, in
Slave Slate of Mississippi, and to havo told the
of our institutions, with hi natural boldness,
that tii is was not an isolated iiistnnco nf
southerners' humanity fo tho slave but that
was the same every where over the full length and
breadth of our beautiful and smiling South.
would have been a good hint to such a man
Douglas to have told those charlatans in literature,
those pharisees in philnnlhmpy, and that immodest
womanhood nt the .North, what we knew the truth
to be from actual observation.
HalorH, Ohio, September , 11148.
j kind, that
The effective working of the new tehool law,
and the interest of general education in our State,
depend greatly on the character and efficiency of
the State School- Commissioner. Two candidate
are presented, Messrs. Andrew and Barney. Both,
o far a wo know, are conreedod to be thorough
scholar, excellent practical teacher, and deeply
interested in the cause of education. Mr. Barney
is the candidate of the Denroeratie party, and thin,
with tho qualification we have itated above, con'
stituto, so far a we hare aeon, the list of qualifica
tions urged in hi behalf, Tho last we take it, 1 hi
main qualification with thepartianwho nominatod
him. W hether he endorse the Baltimore plntfbrm,
we do not know,- If he dues, vg should deem it ft
very poor certificate for hi moral qualification
Mr. Andrew tin been selected by the teacher
and the more Inliorlmis friend of education in the
Stutc.who urgo that ho ha in addition to the above,
special qualification for the station. For two or
throe year past, lio ha performed the same labor
ill be required of him as (.'oinniis-
;,., Thi, hM givcn him aCquaintanoe with
teacher, and with the school machinery of the State,
general and local, which qualifies him to commence
tho work, with experimental advantages, which it
would require at least a year' time for any other
man to attain. It is urged that he ha done this
at considerable pecuniary sacrifice, and ha i this
capacity proved himsolf eminently qualified for the
work, by hi devotion, by his industry, hi good
judgement and practical common sense, all mani
fest in tho rapidly improving state of education
among u. It is urged against hira that ho is a Whig.
To this his friends reply tl.nt, though ho ha voted
with tho Whigs, he ha never been a partisan, but
always liberal, tho friend of freedom as well a of
education, and tl.nt hi alleged stumping it for
tleneral Scott last fall, consisted in his introducing
into Whig meeting resolution agninst the fugitive
slave law, nnd supporting them by brief addresses.
These, so far a we can learn, aro the important
claims sot up for these men, respectively. Many
of our render are deeply interested in the question,
nnd therefore wo stato these fact.
THE LIBERTY PARTY.
Wo publish from J. I). Copeland, what ho thinks
the creed of the Liberty l'arty. Perhaps ho give
it all right and true, a it was, when there was such
a party. There is no such party now in existence,
nor ha tlicro been for months, so far as we have
ever heard. M'licre he get hi fact to asure
him that tho Liberty party i growing so vigorous
ly, we dont know. The last wo remember to have
heard of it was from Frederick Douglass' report
snino ten or twelve months sinco, of its Inst mee
ting when if we remember right he applnuded the
party a one of jmre principle. Too pure to ever
lie embodied a the will of a successful party. That
its province was to be a nucleus of reform, and there
fore ho did not vote for tioodcll and Foot, its can
didates, but for Hale and Julian, tho candidates,
of a party more likely to succeed some time. ' If
tl.ero has been any muttering or peeping of that
party since the election last tall we have never
heard of it. We dont eny this from ill will to the
pnrtt dead or alive. We never uttered a word of
opposition against it, wish only to correct Mr.
t'opelunds facts. The party never existed except
'iq New. York, under Ocrrit Smith' fiwtoring euro,
and ho seem now to have abandoned it.
Sinco the nbove wa in type, wo havo received
the Carson Leaguo, which contains tho call for a
convention of tho Liberty party. It still ha nn
existence, we are glad to learn. And we should
bo glad to loarn of it great and growing useful
ness. Tho meeting is culled at the instance of
LIBERTY PARTY CONVENTION.
There nro still a few surviving member of the
Lilierty Party. There are still a few persons who
believo that every political party should be as com
prehensive and impartial in its aims, as Civil Gov
ernment is hound to lie. There are still a few per
sons, whn hcliovo, that no political party fulfills its
duties, that does not explicitly acknowledge the po
litical rights of women to be oiiial to those of men;
that does not openly commit itself to the work
prohibiting tralhu in intoxicating drinks; and that
loos not utterly deny the possibility of legnlixing
All such persons, both male and female, aro in
vited to meet in Canastota, N. Y., at 10 o'clock A.
M-, on Wkiimsdav, Oct. 5th, 185:1. A nomination
of Suite Officers for the ensuing election will be
Gerrit Smith, and other publio speakers, will at
tend the Convention.
Ch'n of State Com.
Lisi-TINANT Governor. The Editor of tho Ash
tabula Sentinel, addressed questions to Isaac J. Al
len, Whig candidate for Lieutenant Governor, rein.
tivo to his anti-slavery and Mitino Law opinions.
Dr. Allen, has answered promptly and unequivocal
ly, The Democratic Cnndiduto was also questioned
but has given no answer.
Mr. Allen, is opposed to tho extension of sla
very anywhere and in any manner. He would
ubolish slavery in tho District of Columbia Ho
would construo tho constitution most strictly
regard to slavery and would divorce tho General
Government from its support. Ho would not dis
turb the provisons of tho constitution on which
the fugitivo slave law is based, but ho would ex-
honerato the Federal Treasury from any support
slave catching and would have no penaltie coin-
iielling citixeu to aid in slave catching.
In answer to the question of his approval of
Muino Law he says:
"To this I reply by nn unequivocal affirmative;
For. if to shield our youth from temptation, and
deliver them from evil if to protect our people
from the desolating encroachments of Intemper
ance if tu wilhstund it certain tendency to
corruption of private and to the debasement of pub-
1 . . . i ll . ;. ; .rl
lie morals, no not lau w mini tne province oi legiti
mate legislation, then 1 conies that 1 have strange
ly misconceived tho solemn duties of a Christian
Statesman, and the high prerogative ot a Chris
These sentiments, I have long entertained,
hnve often publicly advocated.
Though personally a stranger to you, permit
to sulisuriho inyselt, respectfully, -
Your Friend, ISAAC J. ALLEN.
Fsek Demutrats or Massachi'sktt, hold the!
Stato Convention on tho 15th at Fitchhurgh.
reports indicate an enthusiastic meeting. Henry
Wilson was nominated fur Governor with groat
Tux Procressivi Ao, is tho name of a new Free
Soil pa per stalled in Coshocton. A barren place
Coshocton has been in all sort of Anti-Slavery
horetoforo ond we hope the age may do a good. work.
There is room and tieod for efforts. Tho paper
respectable in appearance and ability.
EXAMPLES FOR BOYS.
Solli clillilrt'H In Philadelphia not long since,
collected siiine money and mode Governor lligl-r a
life memlier of the American Sunday School Onion
a certificate of which was sentto him in a nict) gilt
frame. W hen Governor Biglnr received it he wrote a
letter to the children in which he says, "I have
hntli been asablmtli'tcll'HU scllntivrrtnd a teacher."
Thi let ii into an important iccret of hi charac
ter. The boy that wa not ashamed to continuo in
the Sunday school till he was old enough to be a
teacher, has now become governor of the State.
But those young men who were hung in New York,
week before last, before they were twenty one years
of age, never went to Sunday school, but spent
their sahtmths in prowling about the streets secaing
amusement and plunder. A. 1". Oftserreri
Governor Higlcr who I thue nnmtnended I to,
day guilty of crime fsr more pernicious in its ex
tent and influence than the single murder committed
by the two young men who were hung in New
York, and who are brought forward to magnify hi
honor by contrast. Governor Biglcrapproves of Sla
very, which is a system of murder. It murders
by wholesale, by law, by system, with sWire tiore
thought. It murders for gain, for office, ftif tmpU'
larity Governor Bigler gives hi sanction to, and
swear to execute the fugitive slave law. And his
oath is no unmeaning formality. He hat aerated
it, with tenble rigor. , Ho ha in repeated instsn
ces, suffered honest, quiet citixen of Pennsylvania
to be Mixed nnd shut like dogs in the streets. He
has given the kidnapper and murderer Alborti per
mission to prowl at large and eiie and slay whom
he will and can Ho ha countenanced Ingrnham
and Wyncoop in their murderous kidnapping out
rage on the citixen of Pennsylvania, whose liberty
and uvea it wa hi duty to protect He hrt per
mitted free born women of the commonwealth to be
kidnapped, incarcerated and sold into slnvery, and
when their friond and protector waefouly murdered
in ao hcroio effort to save them, he takes no meas
ures to seek out the perpetrators of tho crime, but
by his wholo course of conduct, invites a repetition
of the same offence. Governor Bigler, is to day an
inconcoivenbly more stupendous criminal against
society than the poor ignorant murderers, whom
the New York Observer confesses had few edvan
tnges, but whom it would tench tho Sunday school
children to curse.
How false in its influence is the popular religion,
which the Now York Observer properly represents,
which tenches our children in Sunday school to ex
ecrate the poor uneducated youth, who in passion
strikes a deadly blow but applaudsthe rich honorable
and successful kidnapper aud murderer who commit
hi crimes, it is true by proxy, hut commit then,
nevertheless, and does it deliberately nnd with cool
purpose, for tho sake of party success and personal
honors and emoluments. What wnndor that vio
lence stalks abroad at mid-day! What wonder that
the support of slavery is tho paramount national
virtue, nnd that men havo a prospect of becoming
Governors and Presidents only a they are prcemi
ncnt in individual devotion to it support. What
wonder wo any at thi, when Sunday school teach
era ministers, and religious nowspnper, nre thus
josuitically poisoning the morals of our -children
under pretence of religion. This pious machinery
so employed, it is, which makes unscrupulous poll
ticians, like Governor Bigler and Presidents Fil
more nnd Pierce. And this it is, which deceives
aud corrupt the conscience of the pooplo so as to
induce thom to sustain such men. The Christian
Pres give currency to tho New York Observer'
sentiment without dissent on rebuke. We pray
the boy to follow an other example, than Governor
Facts and Opinions touching the Ileal Origin, Char
acter ami I nnuotico nt the American tolomxa
tion Society: Views of Wilborforee, Clurkson and
other, nud Opinions of the Free Peoplo of Color
of the I'nitcd States. By G. B. Stcbbins. Pro-
face by Hon. Win. Jay. Boston John I'. Jew
ett A Company; Cleveland, O. Jewett, Proctor
Twenty venrs ngo Win. Loyd Garrison, mail
his onslaught on tho American Colonisation Socie
ty. Ho then announced it true character, devel
ped it true purpose towards tho colored man, nnd
made manifest its influence upon freedom, justico
and morula. Some) ears subsequently Willinm Jny
followcd, with a most excellent work, made needful
by the mure recent and unscrupulous effort of the
scheme. An ti-Slavory men of all schools, hnve ever
found the Colonixation society and its active friends
thoir most bitter and unprincipled foes, hence their
paper, speeches and all their writings abound
in expositions of the true character of Colonixation.
In spite of all this, Colonixation still lives, because
chattle slavery live. It ha and ever will have in
dispensable occasion for its services.
The fugitive slave luw of 1850 was a god-send
colonisation, and since that it has flourished with
new activity and hope. New efforts nro therefore
nocossnry to expose its new pretence, subtorfuges
nnd falsehoods. It is preeminently subtle and ly
ing in its plans, conforming and transforming itself
from year to year so a to meet the ever changing
publio sentiment of tho country ever lying and
docoiving thut it may sustain American slavery
and its legitimate, hateful spawn American prcd-
Mr. Stcbbins lias therefore dono good scrvico
tho cause of freedom, by ugnin calling attention
tho subject, and systematically arraying before
community the facts in regard to the society.
Tho book is crowded with argument, principally
in tho slmpo of well digested, well arranged facts,
exposing the impudent hypocricy of tho American
Colonixation Society, .in its pretence of christian
philanthropy, toward Africa and of good will tow
ard tho colored population of America whether
bond or free. The book cover tho whole ground
of controversy and every position is fortified
all assault of argument or cnvil. In a word
tho work is brief but comprehensive from the
judged selection of it points and it evidence.
We hope it will be widely circulated. Abolitionists
should buy it. It, will be a store house of facts
for them, nnd just the thing to circulate among
A Fast. Some Editors iu Georgia nnd South
Carolina, propose that the President shnll set apart
a day of fasting on account of the New Orleans
Calamity. Would they like that a fast should
kept a directed by tho old prophet, to "looso
hands of wickedness. break every yoke and
the oppressed go free?" Not they. We would
them ifthey would. They would "fast for etrifo,
and to smita with the fist of wickedness." They
would represent themselves as righteous peniten's
while they would hold fast their unrighteous gain.
They would profoss penitence thut they might
better and more securely hold it.
The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania ha affirmed
the Constitutionality of the law prohibiting the
of intoxicating drink on the Sabbath. This is
to have resulted in the shutting up of the dogeriea
of Iliirriibusg on Sunday.
Thi ably-edited paper lately commenced
volume, greatly enlarged In ixe,' nnd printed on
new type. I wjnie in thi evidence of friend
Komnson'i pecuniary prosperity, for th take of
hi xeaiou eitorta in the causo of the oppressed
and down-trodden slave, the victims of a doubld
Oppression, political and theologies.!, , .
On the subject of Christianity, it ia well knswii
that I do not agree with him, as he holds the sys
tem of Christianity, the Bible Itself, and all Christ
Inn, responsible for the sentiments of the profe.
ledly christian defender and apologist, of . the;
barharnns system of humnn slavery.' A well
might he hold the science of Agriculture and all
Agriculturist! responsible for the evil of Intem
perance because some persons choose te eonverUt
most important products into intoxicating liquors
The religion of our Savior bears no more resem
blance to the pro-lavery logic or religion of Ai.xxJ
AJtnra Capxi,i, and other ''chief priest" of
Slavery, than wholesome bread does to Pxrait'i
I am a practical farmer nud a xcaluii temnernncS
mnn, and I repudiate alike the logic nf the editor1
of the Anti-tilnw illtut-, which, if Mlfrind out iH
.i u iil.i .. . u j u
ino nnove ii.i.sirni.oni woum prove me upisircvi u,
temperance. Iieennse I have thi season a fine field
of corn growing, which can lie converted into whi
key; and the logic or the editor of the juiuemai
litirliimer. which in the same ease would nrove me
opposed to the true Interests of Agriculture, lie
cause I am utterly opposed to' the manufacture of
wniskey, quite as niuen as It prove tnai .Ami-Biu
very men are opposed to Christianity.
Distiller and Pro-Slavery theologian have ontrl
proved that God' best gift to mankind ma HJ
used for tho basest purpose- -but thi doe Hoi
prove that they are not blessing- When ' prbperly"
used. -- .
Friend Robinson, had yon not liCtlfr direct th
din from yotir battery at Pro-Slavery Thoolocy,
rather thnn at Christianity which reqlrei"that
"whatsoever ye would that men should do to you,
do ye oven so to them ? " Ctenluml Commercial,
Most certainly, Friond Anniso!. And if any
person hnve got hit by our shot, it i not more the
fault of otir thooting thnn of their ttanding. "If
they fellowship pro-slavery theologians a good
christians, we should not wonder if they soinotimo
got hit with the splinters, if not with tho bullets.
That Christianity which says "whatsoever ye wouhf
that mon should do unto you, do ye evon so to
them," has nover been assailed by our battery, and
ncvor will be. .
W'e must protest ngainst Mr. Addison as -th
publisher of our creed, Unless ho shall do hotter
than he ha almve. We do mtt " hold that the sys
tem of Christianity, the Bible, nn.l all christians,
are responsible for tho sentiments of the profess
edly christian defender and apologists nf the bar-
bnrou system of human slnvory." Our pnper' is
poorly entitled to be called "nn nbly edited ".one,
if it has advocated so absurd a doctrine ns this, or
if it has been generally as unfurtunato in commu
nicating the view of its editor, as in thi case'.
Wo hold directly the opposite. That the Bible I
responsible for just what it teaches, and nothing
elae. So nf Christianity. And nil men, whether
christian or not, are responsible f..r just what they
sny and do, and nothing more. If the Bugle hn
taught anything, it ha lieen the doctrine of indi
vidunlity, in action nnd responsibility.
It i true, that wo havo lalsired to tho best of
our ability to convinco professing christians thai
if thoy received those barbarian slave holdors and
men stealers, as brother christians a representa
tives of Jesus nnd hi gospel- and at the snind
time cast out of thoir fellowship horso stealer,
liar and other criminals, they did thus pronounce
slavery io crime enter into partnership with,' it
and make it thoir own, and become thus responsi
ble for it. o do hold tho W hig party responsible)
fur slavery, when it climbs on the .-.Baltimore
platform and endorse slavery, and h.dd forth the
right hand of political fellowship to thoeriulhial
slave holders. And when any professed christian
gets onto any religious Baltimore platform ami
does tho same thing in the church, why wo nro no
respector tif persons, but charge tlicui both with
being guilty of the same offence against liberty.
Who but theological compromiser will say we am
Tho North Ohio Conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church met at Mount Vernon, on the
lust week of lust month. They passed resolution
in favor of Liboria and colonization, nud also the
following whercna nnd resolve, in regard to sla
Whereas, Slnvery exist in the I'nitcd Slate of
America, and whereaa it is destructive of humnn
rights and contrary to natural conscience, and con
demned by the written law of God, and blighting
in its cuects oolli upon the slaveholder ana tne en
slaved, and whereas, there has been a stendy en
croachment of the slave power upon tho govern
ment, and an extension of slavery within its
. I I I .1. . .
Dounus, ami wnerens, unuer tiiese circumstance!
we cannot bo silent or inactive, therefore.
Jletolced, That tho system of American Slavery
is a great evil, moral, social aud political, and the
disgrace of the age.
Hctoleed, That it is our duty to lulmr with un
tiring seal, and in the use of all tccltiiitutieal, po
litical and commercial means, but in the calm, con
siderate, and benevolent spirit of Christianity for
Jlesolred, That tho church should bar from her
communion nil slaveholders who hold thoir follow
mon in bondngo for the take of gain.
Theso resolutions are trash, and worse They
are a cheat. They will cheat many an honest un
thinking Methodist. They are a fraud, designed
to obtain for tho Methodist Church, the reputation
of anti-slavery, while without thought of reient
nnce, or the least intention to relax their robber
clutch, they hold fast to 40,000 human chattels!
The protonce is, that they don't do it for gain !
Do the members of this Ohio Conference think the
world fools, that they sot up such a plea? It only
stamps them a unenviubly yerdunt if they boliove
it thcmiclves, and knavos if they don t.
The insincerity of those who talk no, ii mani
fest by their special pleading. Their representa
tive in the Methodist Church, last week, the Key.
Graham, told u " Uio difficulty was to prorn that
the Mcthodi.lt held tlavet for gain." " Prove it,"
said ho, "and we will exoludo them." Prove it I
What a vindication of tho anti-slavery of Method
ism. Porhap the Conference and Mr. Graham
think it difficult to provo thut their worthy brother
Pleasant Ellington, soizod John Freeman for gain.
Perhaps they would have u think that ho perjured
his own (oul by swearing that he was hi skive
that ho suborned three other ruffians from Ken
tucky, to Hweur to the same lio, out of pure good
will to Freeman. Perhaps they would have lis be
lieve that their minted brother, Gorsuch, foil at
Christiana a martyr tn hi benevolence. But U ia
fully to attempt an answer to such an absurdity aa
this protonce. Wo havo only to say to the North
ern Conference, prove that your Methodist slave
holders hold their slaves fur anything eh tkmm gain,
and you will then be exhoneruted by the commun
ity from the charge of being either fool or hypo
crite. Until you do, it will hold you to be either
the one or tho othor. As Que of the community,
we can make nothing clie out of thi pretenco of