Newspaper Page Text
talf a .aoien occasions through which thin passed
tf thfl Contrition has dims nothing more thcin to
compel the respectful admiration of All who wit
nessed Ha proceedings, even where thnir opinions
and sympathies were cold, if not advene to tire
attfHratinna by which it w as animated, it would have
Kssempnshed a great good for its constituent. Thin
moek it assuredly did t there is no coi.llict t.f iudg
tnewt et of testimony upon it. It b iipnssihl in
I. t .l: r' .1 ' ...
maallv H..ii,. V.,..kl.. ..,i.;a:,.:ni..J..Mni..l.l
impossible for any one. however prejudiced, tol
peran ui s pamphlet nnd not to soltoncd Lv (he
- weighing upon the free Masks are recognized.
and itapretsvd by the manly self-reliance in which
r.Mlv the:r own unassisted enec-lc to on mount
r I'.'' UnW" h" "P"1'"" ,h" ntcllcet.ml j
owror tho ne'ro is much bIkiVC tl'.at in cor.imcm
ww, will ho fail to be surprised Vv the deee ,
huity miutirested in wronl ,.T d o l!.., i ,1 i.
Viitteoi, cinlxidied in the proceedings. j
the vote of every !
Tho spociHo being actually efe.de 1 bv the Con-
rention is tho appointment of n National Council
of twenty memWi, two from ea 'h of the t-n State?
represented, (the members from New. York aro Jf.
MoCuno Sinitli of this City and J're lerick l)oii;d.i?
of It(K'liotcr) tin be increased heriMl'ter by tho elec
tion of addititin.il members, in the proportion ol
one to five thouunnd of tl co, -,r. population r,
each State, to henppoiiite I by Slate Councils, which
are themselves to he c!iocn hy t.hc vote
colored inhabitant who shall pay t-.i eent as a j.ol
The most promine.it pnr;eso at. 1 duly of the
National Council is the establish. nent of nn Indur
trial College for the education of colored ycut.'t in
the mechanic arts. Its initio hate charge is nsiu'n-
4 to a Cmmit!ou of live, v. in n'e to constitute
ti,A R.ifirii nt lruseec Ton:-,. i n U'i s I o-c tt'.irl f r 1
eliargel wtth the establi'lit.ient i t n l'ro:e. 'ne
Union, with nu miliary br.tte-l.e i, f r ti.o pinv-hnr-r
F"1 T ,f rf tT'"'- c','.,':"'"'-,1',m:
Committee of Unsines ltcl-if ions, v bii h istnes-'
tfiblifth and maintain nu oiii ce '.., t'.ie registry ofj
colored mechanics, nrtis-tiis rvid bc..',. e'i ur n !
throughout the Union, of a'.i persons wiring U.oiiiv,.i,,sed
uii'j v"i"nm inrn in ouMue.-s or to ''ini i "n M
f . , . , , . , . , .. , . i
bovi me 'hnnica traaos and I irnini ,:, r.nd ot colored ,
tnen and youth seeking employment cr in?tietten :
to report on any avemies of business which they
may dccin inviting to colored c-.u.ital, s'.;illor lalioi :
and to receive for exhibition or sule prodiic'scf ihe;
skill and labor of colored reoole : finally, a Com-i
mitteo on Publication. Each Coimu'tteo is to Ikiic
absolute control over its special departmci.t. and
to fill vacancies, gul.je..it to the confirmation of the
Council. In short, the olpi"'t is ilm estaMiiment
of tho npprojiriate executive departments of n con
end association of the freemen of color toiievclope
their industrial power, and thus ameliorate their
economic, condition, as tho necessary preliminary
of their social elevation.
"Povortv, ignoranccand dcgr.Mntion," says Fred-
!. In..f,... ., nn .,H,;rni.,i.i. ,f. v,-." n,n,.o
embodied in the proceedings, "constitute the S;v
cial disoase of the freecolored people." Whilethc
whites are not unwilling to gic their Muck fellow
brother, in humanity some opportunities for ,en-
ral education, ns m the Common Schools, mil oven
for apeeial education in tho liberal professi. r... jet !
they have obstinately barred the doorn ngninst edu-,
.r ., , , ., . . ... !
cation in tne mectmnic traces, ici t:.is point ucug-;
lass aaysi "rrejudico against tr.o tiuo crlered pej-i'
plo in the United Slates has shown itself nowhere
to invineiblo as among mechanics. Tl.o f.ivluw
and the professional man cherisdi no feeling .0 bit-i
ter as that cherished by tho m. V.w latter would ,
aUrve us out of tlio country entirely. At this 111 )-1
ment I can inoroei'ilv getniy son'iiUJ a lawyer's
to study law, tli'un I can inlo a bin-. -ksinith 1
shop to blow the bellow aii J to wield tin sic V;c ,
hammer. Denied tho means of lea-.'ning useful,
ire pressed into the narrowest limit to-
trades, we are presses
obtain a livelihood. In times past wo Itavo been
the hewcra of wood and tho drawers of water for
Amorican society, and we once enjoyed a monopo
ly in menial employments, but this is so no longer 1
sven these employments are rapidly passing out ,
of our hands. The fact is (every day begins vi h 1
Ihe lesson and ends with the leisnn) that colored
must loam trades niui t .Ind newemn'oyuitn'ai
new nodes of usefulness to society or that thv j
n tat dejay undor the pressing wants to which j
t-ieir oondition ia rapidly bringing them."
Tna same views aro tirmsed 111 a rennrt bv Tro-
lessor Reason, from the Committee on tho Manual
, Labor Schools, which is a very uhlo and scholar-
lib. hmiIh.I.ah 'I'l.n n., 1 f .. .. It .M I . .. d 1 1 1 1 1 . .1 .
........ . . . .
. with it ia thit it argues rather too much the Intel-
leotual, aud too little tho purely economical bene-!
fit, of lueh an institution, a renal fault perhaps in
,. 1:1.. ,r. x. ti "... r.i.
a sci.oinr iikis .'ir, jveuson. iuo wiiiim ui uiv
black, demand that it .l.ould be a, much of a
... ,. ... ...... . . r. l.
worMuopnsp.,. .", an . o 3J oir .... 'v...,
n ports with tho mam design.
The letter of Douglass to Mrs. Stowo, urging
Iks ims,,.i,Mr ;.i...i.;,.l . .!,,,,,! .is writ.
. i , c... i.:.. .j..: :.. .....l
SOB UieJa UUr tuiiucsl iur Ills ir.ier ill icl'.iki 10
.... t. ..
tne best metlio l iu wliicti sue couhl permaiieiitiy
contribute to tho iinnrovoinoiit of tin free. Micks'.
ia undejstood that the money collected by her
Europe had this destination, but this, (,f course,
will go but a small way. Its establishment and
it auceess depend upon the enterprise nnd good
management of tho blacks themselves. To us it
aeeras of the first importance that it should be
made a prnfiliMt, and uot nn clueiuusynnry institu-
tion. In order that tho greatest possible number
of young tnen should be taught to mako shoes,
cnotnoi-ware, e it is necessary mat tncy sioiiiu
Bka enough of those articles to repay tho expen-
ses OT their tuition, aud nttortl a surjilus to swell
means of giving similar tuition to their sue-
lessors. It must bo nble to establish branches,
mni vawiiu ii uT.iiii"ii. ..I'lioiitr, 1111. n,niu Ull-
worthy prejudice which now excludes colored men
from learning trades will, for a time, manifest it
olf in efforts to curtail the employment of those
who shall aoquiro them, and to limit tho sales of
I loir products, tor these reasons it will probably
be, if not noecssarv, nt all events expedient, that
the graduates of the Industrial College should eon
tinue to work in combination ufter their course of
instruction has ended. It ia every way desirable,
too, that the black man should cease to" bo a seller
of immediate personal services, and become the
aniler of national products. The first are always
Issuer oi national pron nets, me nr aro always
m . . . . , . , . . . .
inth aMe, aud aro depressed in the mnrket
. ... ... . 1.
try a preiidico which cannot fasten upon a pnir
botts, simply beeatse there need bo nothing to in-
Cicate lie color of their nm! or. These w ill sell
tnsfc wntl wrm tit KJ ,n. nrnvide.l there
ll no obnoxious label m the box in which they
packed, aa if they came frim Lynn.
To manage industrial operations so ns most effec
tually to avoid the disadvantages nlfcet men of col
or, witkout reference to the economical advantage.
eoransoa to them with the whites, it is requisite
they should be done in a way involving the uso
considerable capital. It is plainly better thnt the
Industrial College should accumulate Unit capital
than that separate agencies should bo devised for
the purpose. To our apprehension the problem
to pni as many nspussioio, unu in ns siiori. n iiuir
aa possible, in a condition to earn something moro
man a auosistenco. i nat once none tney win pro
vide for their own education and, in an increasing
e-rr for ttint or their elublren.
After all this, it is superfluous for us to invoke
the hearty sympathy of nil lowtird tho first com
bined effort of the free blacks to ameliorate their
eondition by becoming In a higher degree
tfcam before produetive citizens. They nrej ttinoiig
m aa4 atay :ount that settled. Iet him that is
4atormin4 to bite theia do an, but ho must either
bate and piy, or miy enjoy tho luxury of hating
without pay, according U their poverty or prosper
ity. , Ga. 8. F. Cabit. It isevident that Gen. Carey
aaoritload hi pntlipe when he consented to bo the
instrument of Old Hunker at b'ow Y ork, in tumb
ling th Women on the plUil'oruv of the "World's
CikBlio.M Th injudiuiouanes of the course he
yvnued, ia by no mean limited by., the propriety
iaproprity of aiomsu' participation iu such a
anvoaaian, . . .
, i fiat sire protest against tho manner in which the
Gaer4 t aMftileonaUhnhd,torhiaunKiillntry.
euraeighborof the not owrly orthodox
, i-) either Te'nno Womefi'a Uibta, i after
' iim. w'db' it buifgat of epitl.eu. Their. i( tn
aHoi'j fa? tho tiloneral. lie had labored-Imni and
V.pefuily, to pu fcw Intemperance-, 'and aV hit!
4.4. -4 . ,, A L. . . i 1 . l.a . . ..... it ' ,
m-i-v" ..... i, mwirauy sou if lit
rlif ia putting dvw something else. The tinner-
miy rigui, to use a standing
Teir7 is nudmibtedlv
apology for nil wrong WoVi men; nnl we trust he
w ill belong spared to knock Intcniperuni e ns efl'ec-
tnnljy as ho knot kod the u-iiirni ions of the poor!
Antionctlc Brown at the World'! Contention. Cut-',
NATIONAL WOMAN'S RIGHTS CONVENTION.
! ci.ib.uol ihr. m,h that and
the two following dnv. Many-distinguished siieir
t. ,,nli, , (1 l,,le fr.,m diflcrri.t I arts of
Tl,l.r i;n rinv.lnn.l r,n Wednns-'only
lh" """"' wore PrM,,,,- A tic,,,,'r nmom" 1 rt'1'"
cut and thorough business tact has seldom cohgrc
they .m ii.d nn mm m.-fiu'n.n A !r ,h 11 rf dnv the sua
,,, Mel,,,..,,,, wn, fillcl and often crowdel will.
. , i
deeply Inierested audiences. Among the speakers
were I.ucretia Mutt. Francis P. tlane. (Who nresi",,t'
de l) Lucy .Stone, Antoitictto L. Dniwn, Aby K.
Foster. Mrs. Koso, Mrs. Severance. Mrs. Bloomer,
Mrs. Cue. Miss Anthonv, Mrs. hanford, W .D. mr-1
rison, (,'. P. Burleigh, Joseph Barker, f. S. Foster,
J. 15. Oiddingi, Mr. N'evin, Mr. Mahnn, Mr. Blitck-
'H II l ,
M:invoftl:end.lio..cs evinecd the deepest re-
-riirni hii'i n err in mi! iiijiicti otiht hi eloquence.
KviJlmiIIv. many were not prepare I to hear from
land was in marked
,, , . v.. v .1,
' "lu "numBWOTc,
Si me l!ltU'r.npleaantripss occurred on til" second '
ndw, while Mr. Barker and Mr. N'evin were speak-
il!r'- growing out of ti c antagonism of the views
entertained ' y these gentlemen. Thc Convention
nt a late hour all feeling that a great Work
, i. ,
iitid teen acconipliMicd.
.It is highly gratifying to the friends of this Con-1
vemion tbnt o mnnv classes nf women In .nnintv
women such convincing elooucnco nnd Irrisistalde
logic: tho result of which must be favorable to the
cause of tho Convention. Tho treatment tho La-,
lies received nt t h e hands of the Cili.ens of Clove-1
dcontrarl with that received by '
l i ... .v. i... . ,,,
k, un.Uak. volumes in bol.alf ,
judiics were forgolten.
were represented on its platform. In theone grand
oiijcit c'Uai iiiiuiiiiiny scciariau views nnu pre
though none of them what th
Convention demanded. The
Natural Bights, in contradistinction to convention
al usages, nnd beentise woman is
hc therefore has Human Bights,
Ti:e notices of the press were generally favorable.
un . e ii.:
- . ,
I . p .1 .
olulioiis of tho Conventions
. ",lt ''.v '."";nn R'Rntu wo nicoti
Jirmlivrf, That bcuaurc woman is a human!
. . , lit.' f ,
being and man is no more, she lias by virtue of her
ivignis wo mean
hi to convetition-
a human being
nn is a Inminti
"r?'mV r1"" ,v'."' "'" nnu
XhXa nnTln ZZZXuJCJZZi
wl" " ,lu,, "".",' ""u "i-" ,n"IIU,'n" "
'.qnal npp,.r uiiitjes for tho enjoyment and protec-,
t'"'1 0 ",c ,''r1., ' . . .
rt. i.-rt(v.. I nil, ir IS , .n eofi i.sf nsci.mt,l...i
, . . .' -. .. , ' . '. 'i
, ', '. Tl . , ,. i,"'"""""
"P"-'1" " ""V '""V"
jury wr, nraei m.nrea i:er ns mwomiii.iy. am!
'""' " . neSlni ncrPo , sl,e ventures
to th.c '1,mt '; a"W
i ""I'd, i hat the t-om:non Law by giving
to the luisUnd tl.o custody of his w ife's person
'I'-CJ virtually place her on n level with criiiiiuuls,
lunatics nnd fools, tinco these lire tho only class of
adult persons over whom the law makers have
tnougut it necessary to place keepers.
0. i- W(?7, i hat if it bo true, in the language
of John C. Calhoun, "that ho who digs the money
out of the soil has a righl to it ngains the Universe,
then tho law which gives to the husband the nowcr
to uso hi wife 'a earnings, mutes robbery, and is as
moan ns it is injust.
g. ltaohtd, That woman will soonest free lier
mea .if rrnl th. lo! diubllitle. !, ...a-.... k.
Hcurinir tho riirht to the eloctive franchise t,u',,
becoming hemelf a law maker, and that to this end
.c ,)t.titin our respective State Legislatures
. 1. ..: ...:..... . ... 1 .u.:
t)ie rii,t to tho franchise shall not be limited
iie wori,j mnlo.'
7. IirMnlrfiil. Ahit tnern is hn ..iuIh.a nn'
' , ''. tncro is ncitncr justice nor
wuidpolic, Pw arrangements of society
I''"" 7"mn ? 10 Pvcly narrow a
range of einiloynients; excludincthcin from those
i , . -, ,. i ,. ,
wh,nnr01 H t'.nnJ en in those to which
they nre. admitted awarding them a compensation
r ,-- I.
lo men iur an equal amount, oi service renocred
t. llwucfti, 1 tint HiuiDiic:! Uie attention of in.
I t.dleetiial strom'th nnd attainments nt' wmimn l.n
-n- ... ........... ......
I w.ll:.., tl Al U'i. I. ,1... nnlllnii.nnl ..F u'.l...
j o...o.M r. .... i umr rigmo,
1 'c' 111 reply to the oil repeated inquiry, "Have wo-1
in!"ieu by nature the sunietorcc of intellect with men?"
j we will say, tins inquiry never can be answered till
, women shall have such training as shall give their
I physical and intelloctiuil powers as full opportuni-1
t '"' f"' development by being ns heavily taxed and
! l'""' resources as fully called forth as are those
j ' men.
i On Wednesday evening M'm. Lloyd Orrrlson
presented the following series of resolutions to the
j, ne,jvfli, That the natural rihtsofone
man being nro those of every other; in nil cases
eounlly saored and inalienable; henco, tho boasted
itighta of M-in," about which wo heir so much
are umply tlio "Rights of Woman," nbout which
w o near so little; or, in othor words, they are the
llighta of Humankind, neither affected bv nor de
pendent upon sex or condition.
A l. I I I'l... .1 I . 3 . l .1 . l .
j.raodcii, i nu, iiiopv w uo iieriuo Dfl claims
rants and usurpers fiavo displayed in all nges tow
ards the mass of mankind strike at tho foundation
of all truly tree and equitublo government
tend for a sexual aristocracy, which is ns irrational
nnd unjust in principle, us that of w ealth or hercd'
i . , i . . . r
. I itary acHcent and show thoir appreciation of libev-
. ... .lh i , 1 1 U,."UB1
.. tv to be w hoi v one-sided unu sunremplv un hsb
I Tlgtlt to CtlOOSO thOtr OWD TUlerS, 011(1 eiinet t ie
ttrei0"1"- u" "iitial to their freedom, safety and
welfare, and then to deprive all the women of
these safe-guards, aolely on the ground of a differ-
ty to be wholly ono-sided und supremely selfish.
3. Jtnolvftl, That for the men of this land
claim for themselves tho elective frnuchiso, and
enco of sex, is to evineo the pride of sell'-cstoein.
inennness of usurpation, nnd thc folly of a aelf-as-
4. Juwilrcl, I hut woman, ns woii lis mnn,
a rigoi to inu uiguust ii.ouiii. unu pnysicui develop-
i incut to the tuot ample educational advantages
to tho occupancy of whatever position she can reach
in Church and State., iuscioueo aud out, in poetry
in Uiurcli nuil Mate, iu cioueo and out, in poetry
music, in painting and sculpture, in civil jur-!
isprudonco and political economy, and in tho
ried departments of human industry, enterprise nnd
skill to tlio electivo franchise and to a voico
adniinistrution of justice and the passngo
lawa for the general welfare.
5. ltrrJrl, That to protend thut tho granting
of these claims would toud to mnko woman less
miuble and attractive, less regardful of her pecul-
duties nnd obligations a wife and mother,
wanderer from hor proper sphere, bringing confu-
sion into domestic life. and strife into ihe public
semblv. is the cunt of 1'anal Home, as lo I Udi.eoi-
d iiiLiiod IhUiIhI tendencies of the riuht of ni-iviitn
judgment in matter of fiith, in the outv'ry of logit-
of the incapacity of tho peoplo to govern
themselves ia tho false allegation which eollish
and timid conservatism is ever muking against ev
ery, new mcasuro of Reform and has no limndu
tion in reason, experience, fuct, or philosophy, .
C Iteiolcd. That (lie . eonseiiunace arising
front the exclusion of woman from the possession
and exerciso of hor natural rights and the cultivn-
tiiu ot her mental faoultioa haie boon calamitous
11m .wholu human race makinz her scrvilo denon-
ileut.inwouiHulj the victim of falte gallantry
on t jwaband, and ot tyruumo subjection tin the
oiimr oimiruetiiig her.mootul growth, crippling
-Uojc pbwuiul development and incupitatiim her for
upon ull Wn of woman; arid cultivating 'In mail
1 1 . . , I . .... , .. . . P .
; loruiy mo arroEnnt sniritl a luvo of dominion.'
disposition to lightly disregard her comfort and
1 Happiness, all of which pave been indulged iu to
fearful extent, to the curse of his own aoul, and the
desecration of her nnture.
7, ,VWi-.', That so long ns the most ignorant
degrade I, and worthless men are freely admitted t i
(h ballot x, and practically acknowledged to he
competent to determine who shall lie in iftbo, and
how the govormncn sua . to ,
postorous tu pretend thut women aro not qiiiililicd
1, use tho elective franchise, nnd th.it they arc fit-1
to he recognised politically spenking, as (ion
From the New York Tribune.
STATISTICS OF RAILWAY DISASTERS.
We have great reverent for the science of ata-
tidies tins side nt reason, Wherever that may be
"".' . " """'. ',n,.''ll'"l rrP'"'t,".l,;
comical in the manner in which a stnltcmn will.
hM of ,,, ,nml Clf rfftl or f,,llfr,(.t J
nnv subiect nnd work them un to tho adanla!iei
or disiulvantnce of the individual iiinn. Ilu la so
i ""'' m t ns sta-.st.cai way o, going to wow,
'that the laughable results of such a process do not
n... i..,,,,,,,; I i,i r,...i. :.. ,i.
; !rro. witligre.it skill nnd industry, the next thing
i to make them lit the individual, lie is so pene-:
I traled with his favorite science that nil oho is sub-l
,. . .. .,. I
lOrninnie ion. iiu is pcrcnance mi i iy wiion si
, iirpi,i, , nt ;nlu rosncctnblc distance.
. vl 1 1 rt t lie Clin ealcUlalC 1I1C clllllices ol (lentil
recovery, nnd elinmto whether children under one;
vear stun, a better cnai.ee man in o,o unuer live.
dividunl man, that our stat:c.an travels on the
strength of his ligures villi perfect security or thc
r ' 11 " 111 V regards the rj-";
iln inn iT im.n or rr.nuw. Ins f:mi. urn b.iiii11v
eleir,--;here must tie a given supply to n giveii
demand. The statician is not interested in single;
successes or disasters: they must figure in eonibi-1
u nion 10 numci ins nnormon, nno ciiuoiu i i io
. r . , ' .
educe his favorite resuts ii'tn l ho nianv to a sin-1
elo one. All cn-uahies. crimes, misfortunes, bios-
I sines, nnd honors can bo calculated on the antne
.vo,,r ,uli'( V'pt , 1 lM'' ' ' 0 "".f .
1" : ' ".:. .. t" " .. . e ? .V. ' ."i-'
jf0 tiit pestilence, and is really for a shv,
at steamboat explosions. To determine in what
portions .people who travel by steamboats arc
entitled to be destroyed, or scalded or manned, can
ril,l(oJ K, SI , .ipm.0 M ha .
. P1" "l"1 w,.,h c'l"nl '.:,","f ",''!"'" .. , ,,
I'Uriiciiiariv siriicn wiwi toe nurc-
. i i i- . i i ,i , i
ily terliiiieal naloro of n report int' lo to tho London
' Statistical Society on accidents bv railways. A
valuable paper, indeed, but cei uunlv connected
wu 11 some ecicuunc c.aooiuin i s uiei rruu:iiiiis
that nre inor.strnu.-ly oncer. Wo slinll present!
,.. ,,.;... ..,,.1 , ,fl comie. In ,h0 years1
1 14-I7 the distance trnvcUr'l ''V nil classes in1
v.,..fnn,l vns 17 7 mites' iii l4-'; 1 . hi X miles
j,.,,,! j it ,a,l diniin'n-lied lo 13.8 miles. Out
:.. -i.i,i nr .; '..,:.!.. .i ':. ....
"III ill I '1 1 v' I III U'JI.i ' ' v io i. iiiv-.,. i .-i
. tll,i,,. llnii !. ibe niimber killed ws "To
lU j ij.:,o j, rliminii-lied lo 13.8 miles. Out
f 4;s,4M.(in" passengers eniiirved in the years
ijo oy; kill,,, , 1. 4 l.i injured U'in
! in the proportion of one killed to a,tiS.y,;!i, and,
,,, injured in o.j7,fW. Of the ontiiie-.l;iwr.
I iniured 274. out of t.4rt. being ,.t the rate of one
in 177 rT- V" W M"V,
. their w'.iges should rise on the iiniinitnecment nl
,,13 , information, f r. in seeing the coroie,
lone so killed, one would mor.ilie ns the id.iloso-i
. ... . ... . " .
. piier dnl oier tlm stiiiii -.- nt s.xi cnee a ilav, wiiost
brums lay sputtered about. ill .Jo'.l.bM porters
'nnd other persons employed, foe.n were 0S.1 killed
,, , ,;, ,,. r'nli;, kil.(11, , ,,(, , 5.7
, ,, ona Mril in , ,-)Si U(,1M of , rd
1 nil ia less" frightful than that pertaining to
stoker's depariinent. Jltiring tho years l,4i-'ol,
1 7,044, 4ti'J,4H miles had been trave'led bv passeu
etBeo 1 gor, nnd 17ti deaths had occurred from 'accidents
i,f all causes, so that it w ould nppcar that one
' passenger had been killed for every 0.0'.'j,3'J.i
I miles traveled over: this statement is extremely
I consolatory except to tho particular individual.
! But tho in" st alarming part of our staticinn's work
j ia now coming : If a person wero to bo constantly
in motion on a railway, nnd traveling at un over
lordcr to bo killed by nn accident, arising from all
1 vtiusos under the control of the company, to travel
I ''"r rc'iod f 4y, .venrs. The same person would
reoinre to travel 42t venrs lu order to bo killed by
"n n?,-'"'''nt arinug from causes beyond the control
of companies; but if this person were to travel
1 a, 'I inn. I.n. f . In. A.,, I i. I,n.,i ll... I,
. J . . ...
I Hit? year, then in -Job years lie would bo killed by
an accident of tho class included by those which
arose from all causes, nnd in Dt0 yeura b would
bo killed by nn accident arising from some camel
under tho control of tho railway companies; and!
in 852 years he would meet with his dentil from an
accident arising from causes beyond tho control of
the railway company. This view of the vase
horrible; if any woll-disposed and moderate man
ago speed of twenty miles per hour, ho would
travel 170,200 mile yearly, and he would have to
travel 1.28 years in ordor to be killed by afcidonts
arising from nil causes, and he would require, in
........ . :.. iiuii .- ... .1.. ..:i
ivnooec w inu '-v v;nr , i.iki oui- oil iuo
...... if.' .. ....'
jnit tne lime, aim wiiat is more, pav lor a urst-ctass
ticket, the company reward him bv certainly kill
It ling him at that rii'e period, haling no respect for
his gray hairs. To such ends do statistics running
on rail, lead us. But to revert to the actual fig-j
ures: Of the 237 passengers killed in the years
; ltf.'jO-731, there were Mil killed bv causes beyond
j the control of the companies, and' 134 by accidents
arising from causes under the control of the com-1
' panics. Of the number injured during the period
I 1 lti thcro were 1S8 injured by causes beyond
tne control oi companies, aim front causes
liu.undcr their control, llie working of the railway
'".vstcin in r.ngbind is improving: deaths from col
1h !lisi"n llrc b'ening; but thoso from the reckless,
ness of tho passenger themselves aro increasing
Of tlio latter kiud lately wcro threo deaths nnd
seven injuries to persons from attempting to retain
their hats. Deaths arising from axle-trees formed
eight per cent, of tho whole number in tho four
years since ipi-i, out none nave occurred since
t .1.... .; ...I i... .1.. t M
ninn Railways, during tho venrs 18 IS, 1S4U and
ISiO, on n length ol railway open of 8,4HO En
glish miles, the number of' pussengers conveyed
was 61,71.'I.'2W7, the miles traveled 1,155,430,81)0,
only one passenger had been killed, (murk that
American Companies!) while 53 railway tmplwje$
were killed und 88 injured.
Tho world is indebted to Mr. F. P. 0. Ncison,
for theso valunblo statistics, with the individualis
ing chances up to tho nge of Matliusuleh thrown
in by way ot condiment.
't .:,i.., ! ... . ., i. t . ...
nil ,.r lil " ' . .j T ". i . " '"..-y " U,R'
i ' "i.7. . ' .A 'V" m r.,,,lw"y .trHV!"-
. o " ...... iu imu uniiur
higher law of our democracy M there nr some
purely statistical calculations" inndo which quite
dash ns, in this branch of the subject. They
has as follow: Supposing a railway were made to
'sun, it would tnko S14 years to accomplish
i ioumev : but we have nlrendv ihimn itJ, :r
1 railway wore built and managed according to
I rlnglish plan, every soul in the train would be
I Unglish plan, every soul in the train would be
led in it.8 years, consequently no individual would
th-lever reach the sun Hliie, a's all the pussen-'ers
i would have been killed bv the time they had
in coniplishcd about one-half tho journey 1 Appnl
tbe of j ling ns these fuels nre ns regard's a ru'ilrimd from
London to the sun, they uie utterly thrown
: 'he shade by what a Jailrond will show when built
u. , from New-i ork to the sun, nnd conducted upon
1'urely Democratic principle. For nil the puascn
lar a'pr" ,0 ho .ilb"l n in a train ns long as the
""fpont's ! which is the longest live thing
know of. never having been compassed yet
human vision would reriuire not i'J) years' but
I year without the 2. lint per centiiL'e such
I milrond would pay, whether it would be a Domn
imacy I , r,i"n monoiol v a- cording to the Cnmden mid
1 "y tnodci, una conducted upon principle, straight
as the rails, and rate low ns the morals of certain
parlies, may form the subject of a future stiititicnl
pnper; meanwhile wo have only to repent our
viction, thut Mr. Neison's main statements nre
tremely valuable nud interesting, showing the exact
chance's of taking eternity aa a half-way house
any given railway expedition, and exiosiiig
workings of n system wbich proves that Iho
of peace tiro not entirely without martyrdom,
habitual, measurable, nnd statistical. '
Misa M.vkr S. Iao.mik, sister of Ihe lute II.
Lr.r.AKK, has made a libesnl donation of .$3,1100
a 'he Female college in Do Moines, luwa.iim $l,!0fl
. . .'.'. .11 .. :.. . I. .. . . ..I..... U 1 .. ...
a , lo a uiniu coin iu iur innii- in . cut,
shortly take hor placo us Principal, and professor
a of literature and lixe n l.aiic.uiigr in Ihe
ljc Inti-SIttucri) Xhtglc.
Kalcm, Ohio, Octobrr IS, 1N33.
Tin Kimtor, is unexpectedly absent on a short
' Uiur j,, Mi(.M n. T1, pen nnd scissors as our
"lur m '" '""" , ' , ,
renders will perceive, have passed into unskillful
hands hut it is to l hoped they will accord ft
kindly forbearance, nnd accept a promiso mat
whatever industry nnd application can accomplish,
in condensing news, will he freely given, and that
tho rcn F.ditorinl ns far ns the exigencies of the
will permit, shall keep its plnco on tho ink-
I stand, ancrcd to tno u.gnny 01 us very repu i:
Koszta. The Kostzn case continues to elicit
! j,rCat interest. It is fitting that It should be so.
(rpnly do wo rejoice that our countrymen are so
, . , J , ,, ... , . . i,;. i.,
: ealous of tho rights of anew horn eitucn but
; mournfully yet not despondingly does the heart of j
tf,e philanthropist turn to Ukesbnrrc.
K. O. Thomas, of Marlboro. Stark Lo., U.,
has con-cntcd to teach a class in Anatomy nnd
I'livs'iolocv. commencing on the 31st Inst. It will i
, ul))v thc llwt ,i,llt l,a wm
j Secretary of tho Carroll Co. Agricultural Society,
for a kind invitation to attend tho Fair, which
ponies off in Carrolton, on tho l'Jth and 20th inst.
... . - . - .. t..ti: ...
n catinot for want of time, accent tho Invitation,
. " . .... '. , .
As Agricultural fairs are niginy instrumental in
. diiriiifvini and rendering labor rosnoetnble, we
I nrobahlv bo thc last class that he will teach in
ni.ir, Wo lw.no our ladv friends who intend to
suvUcnniro a thorough and practical knowledge of,
I these subjects, or who intend entering the medical
j r,(,n ; vnii th,m,elv
' ., , .
If ,1,1s last opportunity of Ms
Ives of thc privilege
Mi t'il oni.mr.u to our friend the Corresponding
I hope that this Inst Fair of the season, ill our vicin-
,. .,, . . . ...... ,.p ..i.i:.. r. -
'ity. win receive a lartzc sun v oi imichv in, vr.
"' " '--"' i
This eniitient minister in tho Society of Progres-'
. ...... . i..." .r. .i.-1
, SIVO I rieil'IS, I 1SIICU OUT IOW II Oil IH.T ,,UT IIOIH llic
... ' . ..... .... .,
iClcvclaiid convention. Clio letturoa twice in mo
ITuwn Hull, on the suliject of Human Freedom
; won. of a clcar-sinhtcd iihilantliroiiUt nnd eloquent
- .j. . . .'
. .oe.iker. At thc close of her sncecli. sho took.
Town Hall, on the suliject ol Human t rccdom ana,
Progression. She gave wido range to her subject,
I f,til,ned The character she has so nobly!
' ., . ... . ., , , ,
i won, of a clcar-si-htcd phihuithropiht and eloquent.
1 ..,.,! to administer a tfcntlo rcbuko of some of
"' '''". M "-"P0 'P1 brl"
i . . J - .' '
f forth fruits meet for repentance.
We did not bear her sermon in the Friends
Meeting House, nnd only know that the Friends
were highly pleased with it.
During tho recent visit of Mrs. Cl.uir. nt Salem,
she was shown a coverlet the material of w hich w as
carded ou hand cards nnd spun on a wheel In the
chimney corner in 1810. She immediately sugges
ted that it should bo taken to the county Fair, and
wroto the following lines to accompany it.
Tause stranger here, and as you look,
I.ct memory backward run, .
To good old times and"pifld old days,"
When this old spread wapun.j '
The women carded wool by hand
Told dnya works by tho run .
Baked bread in ovens, on the hearth
When this old spread was spun.
The kitchen, parlor, dining room
And bed room oft were ono,
And liomc-inade frocks tho "sundny things,''
When this old spread was spun.
Ohio then was but a child,
Her twadling days scarce done,
Ami here the mighty forest stood,
When this old spread wa spun.
Here tho wild panther roamed at will,
And hero thc wild deor run
And red men raised their cuinp-fircs high,
When this old spread was spun.
Men never got up cattlo shows,
Or County fairs, for fun
But training day were ull tho go,
When tltis old spread wna spun.
. , ai : T ...
Jlio.lg vino B sm urjr niev.
Nn steamer c or hurt run;
No iron horse sped thro' hor hills,
. When this old spread wa spun.
No lightning flashed along her wire,
To tell of grout deeds donoj
Tho pack horse plodded with tho mail,
When this old spread was spun.
To paint the face of thore wo loved,
We did not ask tho sun
But cut a profile, black aud white,
When this old spread wa spun.
No premiums by ladies fair,
Were ovor lost or won;
They rode to meeting, "on behind,"
When this old spread wa apun.
Ah! littlo thought our grand'mn; when
rhe made this f.,r her soil
That ero its colors bright w ere dim,
Or woru the thread sho spun,
That o'er the whole broad land by steam,
The spindles nil should run;
Her children no more wear tho gear,
Their own good bands bad spun.
But grandmas, do not fault us now,
Yourselves the work have done;
You gave our uncle too much bruins,
While, theso old spread you spun.
They've fixed things up so nice, for n
Thnt each and every one,
May learn to read and write and think,
(Since ibis old spread was spun.
: 1 1
The spinning ginnies give u time,
When othor work i done,
To think and feel, for other folks,
Since this old spread was spun.'
And woman's voice that echoed long,
Tho w heels continuous run;
Now pleads that webs of human woe
No longer may be spun.
Oh! let her plead till slavery, war,
Intemperance, shall be done;'
Earth clothed, in mercy, love and peace,
I Which her own bund hath spun.
LETTER FROM INDIANA.
WINCHESTER, Ind., Oct. 5, 1853,
Deah Marii's: My travelling companions aro so
constant and so truthful in their reports of our
progress, that thcro seems little need of any addi
tion of mine. That consideration only, has kept
me so generally silent.
M'e have now spent two Sundays nrd thr
day between, in tho If, osier State. By the
way, can you by long living in the West, explain to
me the meaning i f the term llnrirr, as applied to the
people of this Ptatc T I know why you Ohionns
aro called Buckeyes. But why in Michigan, the
people are called H 'oltvrr nm, or in Illinois, Surkern,
or in Kentucky, Corn Crnrktrt, or in Missouri,
I'ukc; is a secret yet unknown, even to much of
the learned world. To the Iliiiikerism of Michigan,
the name H'ulvtrene is appropriate enough. But I
found many there last year, who seemed more " ns
lambs In the midst of wolves." To inc ulso, the
Missourinns nre properly designated. I nm willing
that nil slavedom should he baptised by the snine
significant nppellntion. I wish some of yourlcnrn-
' runuits in vt extern r.iytnoiopy mm .-aiurai
History, would cnligliten us further un Una minor-
W e are n little disuppionted in regard to tho moral
condition of Indiana. Perhaps our r.w was made
under cireuinstnnccs not the most favorable. (
I came first to Uichmond, tho Capital of Quakerism
' nn nni' centro too of Methodist influence.
The first object that met our view, wns thc Indi
ana Methodist Conference, then in session at liich
moiid. In l.jO, thcro were nearly eight hundred
Methodist ministers in this State alone. The Con for
eneein session when we arrived was a pretty formida
ble body, supported us it was by two most illustrious
Southern Divines, Bey. Dr. Durbin, nnd Key, Henry
Sliccr,of Baltimore. There were eminent strangers
from other States, ns far cast as Maine; but the
Biclimoitil papers very characteristically kept their
names concealed, and spoke only of those from the
South. Tims loyal are they to their masters.
Then ton, there was thc mustering of Orthodox
and Hicksilo Friends, for their respective Yearly
Meetings. And such a gathering of thc Hosts of
Ucorge Fox Disciplcship. probably was never wit-fo,lowingnrethor.)9-:i,f.
i t...r... ti. r..i....i... "1...1:.... v...i..
licn.-.l Ol-ioic, llir VIUIOMOA Jll.lllllll,
.. .. ,, ... ..
, .neciing is inc largest in mo worm, its territory
andCXtonds from tho Muskingum on tho cast, across
western Ohio, Indiana, Illinois nnd Iowa, to the
upper waters of the Missouri, a thousand miles and
more, on tho way to sunset; and from tho Ohio
Hiver on tho aouth. to Caniula nnd the crcat Lakes.
Their Meeting House in Kichmond is the largest on
Then thc Ilicksitcs too wcro in the midst of their
annual Feast of Tabernacles, They had a very
1 largo Mcoting House, but it became in time too
small for Yearly Meeting. It could not however,
be well enlarged, nnd so, with singular economy,
they set themselves to build another within a few
feet of the old, (at most not ten.) nnd ns irregular
as if Mown there by tho wind, und on Sunday both
houses wcro filled, mid preaching went on iu both,
wo wcro told, at the snmo time a double buttery
opened upon the powers of darkness.
At Newport, seven miles off, was another Yearly
Meeting also that of tho "Anll-Shivcry Friends,"
called so for reasons best known to themselves.
Wo woro not pormittod to speak a word in their
meetings; nor could wo' gct' the least possible co
operation from them In ours though walirul three
cvoning meetings rt their very door, daring tlielT
All thoso fortniduMo objects, (obstacles perhaps
they might bo called,) together with n County Fair
or two, we have encountered in the first week
our mission to this State.
And all these religious bodies, claim great merit
for anti-slavery character and work. The Method
ist Conference passed soincstroiig resolutions very
strong; but thore aot Dr, Durbin and Henry Sliocr
in the high places, the most honored of thc conclave.
And there it wna declared too, by members, that in
thoir own Oenoral Conference, were seventy thou
sand Methodists, recognized us Christians nud
Christian Ministers, nil of whom aro directly im
plicated in thc guilt of holding slaves ! And it was
further declared most emphatically, that on the
great question of human freedom, thc "Church was
full a hundred years behind the nge. Oh, what
Remedy nre a few Resolutions, for such a state
things a tins! Surely blindness, more than
part, has happened to tho Methodist Israel.
Tho Orthodox rnends too, nre yet u-hijtnng
never so quietly, their yearly Testimony. This
tho mooting that treated I.ucrotia Mott and Charles
C. Burleigh with contempt and scorn. But when
Henry Clay nimmertd in tho corruptions of debauch
ory, wiue bibbing, dueling, sluvo breeding, buying
und driving, came among thorn, he was exalted
the highest honors. Tho Clerk of thel early Moetiug
walked arm in nrm with him on Sunday, Into that
most aucust assemblage. Ho conducted him
one ol the "uppermost scats, nnu men mo ser
mons and addresses wero framed so a to do honor
to their illustrious guest. When nt tho close,
descended, salutations from both men nnd women,
greeted him on every sido. Ono membor, grasping
his hand, devoutly invoked the divine benediction
In theso cheering words: "God be with thee, nnd
we will." His body slave, Charlce, sat on
carriage, outside, during nil this sickening perform
ance. In Richmond, wo elbowed two or three little
meetings into "Warner Hall," a small nnd most
place.. And even there, we hud almost
to fight for our rights. For a pouipou little priest
of tho Lutheran faith, who permission to per
form hi weekly pulpit incnututioiis there, insisted
aa ho haa sometiuioa done before on like occtisioiiH
that wo should bo turned out of door. He pays
nothing for the uso of the place, and only has it,
oondition thut it is not wanted for other purpose.
When he fuund'wo had lighted the bouse, and taken
possession with our audience according to notice
givon, bo seized his Bible and l'salm-book and
emnly marched.' A few only followed nnd we
a pleasant and not by any means tinprotituMc meet
ing. . ,
Of our labor iu Xowport, Chorry Grove
Winchester, you will probably receive aceuuute
Your full of Faith nnd Hope,
RANDOLPH'S SLAVES IN WISCONSIN.
MITCHELL, Shelby Co., Wis., Sept. 30, 1853.
Dear Friknd Koiiinsox ; Plonso insert this
the benefit of whom it may concern.
On the evening of the 27th inst., wo wero called
upon by a colored womnu, about forty year of
who informed me that she had been a slave of
lute Johnllandulph, of Virginia, eiiianciputcd
hi will, and euuie to the State of Ohio with many
othor, about nine year ago, who were also
fro in the sameinanner; that she had lived at
pecanoe, but more recently in Troy, in Ihe Slato
Ohio, where sho had a husband by the nanio
Theodore Basil, find four children between the
of four and thirteen years. 1 lint she had a tinner
living in Lima, named (Billy) W illiam illmma
that In going from Troy to Lima, on a visit to her
father, some year and a half ago, she missed hor
war, nnd has been most of the time since traveling;
in search of her father j that she had been told that
her father lived in Wisconsin ( but reincmberf to
have roiln in a wagon from her falhcr'a houso to
Troy in ono day.
I advised her to stay with us till I could write
to her friends nnd get an answer, but Jeould only
prevail on her to stop two nights. She nppeora to
labor under slight insanity, ns well as simple
mindedness. I hno no idea she designs to practice imposition,
though as to dates, Ac, she may not be correct.
She is In possession of only Ihe garments sho no
on, appears willing to work to defray her expehsea,
nnd takes things very deliberately. If her friend
arc anxious about her, she might be looked up and
returned to them again. She has no knowledge In
what direction logo to find her friends, and ia there
fore tho moro entitled to sympathy,
NOTES FROM THE LECTURING FIELD.
At "Farmer," in Defiance Co., I held three meet-
in the school house, " the only place of Worship" lit
the villuge, w hich by no means tack the preached
word. In every little assemblage of houses, I find
from three to a half doxen dilfercnt kind of gosj l
dispensed, though each sect may have less than the
hist number of adherents. If there I salvation In
nil the different mum proposed, I am sure men
ought to be saved, Knch night increased tho num-
icr w ho attended our lectures, until the house wa
entirely filled. The people seemed deeply Inter
ested In the subject disnised, nnd mnny said these
things nre so. There lives In tho place, a Method
ist preacher, who, in prirnte denied some of our
statements in reference to his church and ministry
but in public he said nothing. I know of no claaa
of men who live by falsehood to thc extent of thoso
Methodist ministers. They arc continually telling
their people that their rhiin h ia free from slavery
that the South have all been expelled, and that
the Northern church Is radically nntl-slnvery. Very
many of tho best people in that church bcliovo thit
to be true. They w ill not always be able todoceivo.
A good Democratic brother dissented from US at
first, but finally concluded on the whole thnt it wa
best to say but little,
From Farmer I went to " Centre," in Willinma
Co., where I spoke on Saturday evening and threo
times on Sunday. Application had been mado for
the Methodist church, but It wna refused; so tho
meeting wns held in thc school house.
There is In the place an Academy, belonging to
the Old School Presbyterians, who havo two minis
ters in the village. The meeting on Saturday night
was quite large and enthusiastic. At thc close, I
enquired about meetings for Ihe next day : wa told
that the " l uited Brethren" had Sunday School at
nine o'clock, nnd that their new preacher Waa to
speak nt eleven for tho first time. I nsked tjiein tu
give up their School, nnd let me speak before their
service commenced. This they did not like to grant.
Hut on being told that I should speak if I had to do
so out of. doors, and Mr, Bowman, formerly of
Richfield, offering hi barn, they gavo way. So at
ton I sivike to more than could get Inside the house.
el .....-j .:. t :t..v.i.jLt . ...
iu imiiiwtiwi ,i ui i ji-nnu iimnnign. a
eleven tbq United Brother spoke. ' At the close of
his discourse, he made issuo with the discourso of
the morning, and with our positions generally, I
lo not think thnt be was aware thnt I wan in tho
house till I arose und told him kindly lie waa mis
representing our view and teachings.
Ho seemed surprised that I should thus speak
luring tho time of his sermon, and hoped I would
not interupt the meeting. I (old Mm I never
thought it an intoruptlun to be corrected when I
wus wrong ; nud as it was the custom of the clergy
to misrepresent us, I made it n rulo never to allow
them to do it, in my presence, without correction.
He replied, thut tills is " tho house of tied." No
such thing, said 1 ; it is only a school l ouse: and
if it icerr, tlm more fitting would it be to corect or-
ror. Ho insisted thut the place was holy, hud been
set apart for divino service, and ho would not bo
disturbed. I insisted that he was the aggressor.
and that it was dishonorable for him thus to act.
Finally ho culled on a brother to pray, to which, of
course, 1 had no objection, l ho brother prayed
fervently for help, but his God was asleep, gone ou
u journey, or in some other manner employed, fur
no help came, and tho mooting closed, I arose und
told tho congregation that it was 'under the influ
ence of the most kindly feelings that I had spoken,
und only for the purpose of giving the minister nn
opportunity to prove his statement or retract thom
beforo the people to w hom they hud been made. I
would fain believe these men honest, but with uch
constant manifestations, It is hard work. How the
world can bo saved by such a ministry, is to me
tho greatest mystery of Godliness.
Tho afternoon and evening meetings were equally
crowded, and the utmost excitement prevailed.
The object of both discourse was to show this na
tion' religion fostered and nourishod the worst
forms of crime, creating a public sentiment that
legalized und justified deeds thnt oven savage
themselves would blush to perpetrate. Never be
fore had tho corruption and crime of this church
nnd government been presented to them. Many
rejoiced at tho word spoken, and evinced their in
terest by muny acta of kiuduoss. I obtained about
a doxen subscribers for tho Bugle, und wna kindly
entertnined by II. Bowman and Dr. Knsign, meu
good and truo.
At the closo, I started to attend the National
Woman's liighis Convention, being present on my
way, at tho marriage of two of bur most thorough
friends, Richard Illoudon, of Adrian, and Mury
Ann ltulin, of Tccumsoh. It waa a most interest
ing season, and many prnyora wont up for tho
bnppiiies of tho young conplo.
Kxtract of a letter from Mrs. Foster:
While our moeting wus going forward in Tecum
seh, wo wero holding meeting also in Adrian.
Mr. F. hold a discussion two evenings with a Wea
leyun Minister, on the question of tho comparative
power of moral suasion aud political action aa
incnn for thc overthrow of slavery. Thi minis
ter, like the most of his order, evinced the greatest
contempt for tho power of the gospel, comparing
its forco to a spun of toad attached to a oar, whilo
political aoliou wu equnl to the force of lightning.
, It is no marvel to u thnt they hold the gospel in
contempt, us they have no knpwlodge of lt,no mora
than tho UnttuutuUor other heuthon. The religion
which tuey preach having no affinity to theglorioua
gospel of Jeu of Naaaroth. , .. ' .'
The Adrian people ba vV become o far Interested,
that the 1111 out uf which friend Walker wa hut
thrt o year ago, was thrown open to lis gratuitously,
for our last meeting in Adrian. ' . " '