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BY LUCIAN BURLEIGH.
nviv ......a v.nn yn
j.ouiiiciin, mo ancient Macedonia. Tun timo nf!
lu birth is not certainly known, tut in nbei; c oi
"'curate clironulugical reckonings, the ninUtiotis
.lelicmet Ali was easily t'.attoied into the 1 die.
that he win born in tin' same vc,i? Hint gave l.ii tli
t: it... II..I-.. ..I- It- m: . i n ,.
" "" " einugtoti oim .vitii'ic hi viioim -
pane, IIIO lasf Ot W mill I n re e.nl I .! in lovrnl
j'trth-iihiri; ha in, therefore, generally nppocd to
have hecn horn some time in ilic vi ir ITiV.'.
lie commenced hi astonishing career in the
humble station of a toll Kvoni.t, in Ir native town:
tut linding the occupation iinmiitr I to his taste. I.c
Volunteered into the nrniv. which he 1,011.. I t.......
vongeuiai. 111 n
ii 11:1 new career ne was eminently
I oon nlilnitied hic.li f.ivorj with the
sueeenlul, nml soon obtained hiuh
G p ernor, to whom his skill nnd bravery
rmiu I e.n:icnt aid 111 uicllitig a re I c'.limi. and ilis-
ln sing naii i 1,1 pirate . 111s c 1:1101 iiul mg i tli -
IvttiJ. lie w n a -in nine I M
U'c-ci htm, nini
m rni' 1 his will MV,
III IT'.'", the Sultvi railed np.-in tliotown of C-iv-n'.la
to j;r.nl I" it rpt ita id' mii f'..r the cxpul-n n
of the Trench fr 0,1 Kjvj t ; the (!ncnn r sent (lie
n tuil er (h tiiandc I. hi -nhd I v his sen wmIi the
y Mm,' an I Jirdoi t M. hem 't Ali under Irs orders
rtly alter l uid.tur at Al I;ir. the
to l.'uucliu, . .-. l. !ir:n .-t Ali in i-oeiin i;id.
I 1 ail his e:i-i,','iiinitf with the French, hi'
fo'i.l'i -t an I v.ilnr wn r.-noial adiiiir.i'ion. lit
t pidly rose in rank, nnd his lofty sjdrit nnd reit-!
daring, (.e.tiifj fir him tho"rep"',t, sitbordi-
nation, mi l l ive of his siddierr. The 1'reneh
evaeuaie I Fyypt in No.:ciii er," I'til, ntid sism
the Sulfiui appointed M.diainuied Khotew, I
Vi.-croy of L j;ypt : it man between whim nnd e.
hemt Ali, tlie.o always cx;sle l an itivetenito ha-
t tel. The Mtiinnliiki-s, originally mer niereina-
ries, who ha I kept the .ouiitry in' n state of nniir-
n-id war since tin I who n ipired to its!
entire inatcrv, hi 1 been tr.;i..rnriiy overthrown
by tho I reneli, but ut. 11 their csi.iil-ioti tn nle
strenuous ed'ort to re ovor th:ir lost nsi-emhiiicv.
The two pnnrip.il Maiualuko l)cv, Oman Dar-'
OKny, nnd Mohammed K.ii'y, came to nil engage
ment with the Turkish aniiv, whirh was del.-ated.
For s ime reason, Meliemet Ali. w ho wns under thei
orders of Klm irsliid I'.i!ia. look no part in thf
battle. Of this the chargriucd Turkish general
eoniplaitied to tho Mcen y. w ho summoned Meh"-
met Ali to his presence ; he refus,., to attend, to-.k
n iv;iiii.i;n 01 nu insurrection mining toe a Iti'ininns,
nnd Joined the M.iinalukes under Oman It irdis.y.J
1 1 nn engagement n itli the icenv. 111 lti;t, ut
Patuictta, Melieinet All took him prisoner nnd cur-!
riel hnn to futrn. 1 1 e Nultnn "etit another ice-!
r.vy. who was soon put to .loath by the Al im.ilukes
In 10 1. the nriny under It.irdissy, became clam
orous fir its pay, long in nrrears; an in iiricctioti
ensued, nnd the Bey driven in hot haste from t.'.tiro.
M.dieinct Ali, ambitious and far-seeing, clandes
tinely fostered this insurrection : but, like 0110 who
knows how to bide his time, put forward his for
mer chief, Khoorshid I'ushi, then Governor id
Alexandria to bo Viceroy of Egypt, while, with
seeming magnanimity, he sent his prisoner Khos
revT to Constantinople, w here he has since several
times been prime minister. Khoorshid, ns Vice
roy, was greatly embarrassed ; the Albanians, ami
his own soldiers, persisted 111 their demands I
pay, which he was imal.le to satislv, n new insur-j
rejtioii broke out, mid the soldiers put Cairo to the
The frightened populace deposed Khoorshid Tii"
nnd ntipealed to Meliemet Ali for protection, j
and made linn Viceroy.
The Sultan saw witii no small ulnrin tho invinc-
Iblo Meliemet Ali in n position from which he was!
prepared to set him nt defiance, but very discreetly
waived nn appeal to urins, to retrain his var-Mii, 1
and rci .lveJ to compromise by exuding mi mutual
tributo, ns an acknowledgment nf his subjection.
In this arrangement, virtually constituting' Melie
met Ali tho independent governor of Egyjit, he
had the good sense to acquiesce, mid in lNH, was
installed in tho l'ushulie of Egypt, on condition of
paving tho Sultan MJO.tss) nunuallv, ns tribute
His first step to secure his power, was to concil
iate the soldiery. The citizens of Cairo had made
him Viceroy; appealing to their sense of justice
well ns lieuevoleiice, ho demanded that the
wnnts of the nrmy should be satisfied. Ho then
levied contributions, which wero promptly paid,
and appeased the soldiers, who thus became ar
dently attached to his person an attachment of
immense service in niter years, when wnrrnij;
Turk, Arab, and Lthiopeiin,
In l0. Meliemet Ali wns commissioned by the
Sublime l'orto to disperse n faiinticnl sect ol Mo
hammedans, tho Wiihabces, who had plundered
the holy cities Mecca and Medina. This wns 110
light undertaking, ns the result proved.
1is.irusuu. o. .no restless mm irc.ieneroua .nam -
niuwes, wnoin lie umi once use,, as a stepping , tone
f,i iMiwnr. lie tleteriomoil tl.e. ...,.. l .l.e.i.r lie.,
i r i i i- ; n
harm before leading his tried nnd devoted troops
ftllt ii r.rvitt t rtll Iiul iiflnmnl In ihsli o I.im
.!' I i! i i "ii i i V
net in this particular. On the 1st ot March, 1-1 i,
he invited the Ma.nalukc. to the caadel. ut tuiro,
ns chief of the expedition against the Waliubees.
At the close of tint coreiii-mv, w hi'di they attended
in apparent good liiit'i, they mounted t.ieir horses
l v ride forth, but on arriving ut the gates, found
litem closed, when a sudden discharge of lim.-ketiy
from the walls, slew- the entire body, d"0 in num
ber, with their valiant chief, Ibrahim Key. Many
otherj were slain the satuo day, in tho provinces.
Thus Mohoiuot Ali became master nf I'pper Egypt,
which had long yielded to Munmluke sway.
lii the iintiium of 111, I'nuiuieiieud "tho war
against the Wahubocs, w hich lasted six years, and
absorbed millions of treasure, and sacrificed u great
In lSl'i, Meliemet Ali commenced the rc-organi-ratioii
nnd thorough discipline nf his nrmy. At
tlr-d, up n introducing Europeun tactics nnd disci
pline, ho mot with strong resistance, his soldiers
threatening open insurrection. Never without tin
expodient lor any emergency, ho sent tho iiiutin'u-
lug troops into iihioniii, under the command ol
Ins son Ismael, who eonnuered tho nrovincos
f .I..!'.,., u, ..I . vi. .. .1.. ii i ' , .
lordntan, IJorlier, Mtendy, );,ngola, and .S'ltnaar.
.. . . , ...
and in their absence raised a new army, which was
drilled hv rretich no, I lr:i em .. ns.r.
drilled by French and Italian otliccr.
llo also gave much attention to hit navv. w hich
was well-appointed nnd ctiieiei.t, as was proved
i. i. b l.i i...: i i.:.. i.-'i
during the Greek Kcvolution, where his laud and
naval forces were among the best u-ixilinrics of
tho .Sultan. It was nn the 1 oh day nf July,
hat Mohomet Ali's fleet of 10:1 vessels, sailed for
the Morea, uudor the eoininand of Ibrahim I'.isha,
who kept tho country in subjection until the battle
of Navuriuo, Oct. UOth, IHT, wUoii ho wascompel
11 to retire.
Iu lt.10, by grant of tho Sultan, Meliemet Ali
atsumel tho administration of tl.o island of Catidia,
nn l the snme year liecamo involved in a wnr with
.Syria. Egyptians, to the mini her of O.lllH), had
migrated thither, and Meliemet Ali used this fact
m a pretext for annexing Syria to his dominions.
11a demanded the restitution of these ti,IHsl men hi
the hand of the governor nf Acre: to which the
re 1 ; wat retu.u !, that they were subjects of the
Suliliine 1'orto, alike iu Egypt and Syria, The
icernv enraged, sent word to tho Governor. Ab
dullah 1'ashu, that ho would c .ino nnd take his
6,000 subjects, "and one more." November 2d.
ISol, lie entered upon the cxecirtion of this threat
and in a few months reduced the w hole country to
i : . : no. ii. . i i ...
siiouiissiou, i ue niuiau caneu nun a renei, mid
rent large army to drive him from Svriu; bin
bis army was signally defeated in every engage
ment with tho ardent and well-disciplined troops
of Mehouiet Ali. Tho European powers, ever
jealous of any menaced overthrow of the Ottoman
j.nipire, intoriureci, and on wie i nn oi May,
treaty of peace was signed, ceding to Meheniei
Ali, nym, and the district ut' Adaua, on condition
of his vassalage tu the Sultan, and the payment ol
an anuiial tribute of s(sl,IHSI. He aceejited the
eonditions, and continued in quiet possession until
1H31I, when Bultan M ihnioud sent an nrmy under
HatU 1'asha, to dispossess and expol the KgyptiuiiH,
whom ha found too powerful, and was glad tu cs-
np y retreat, hngland, tlussia, Austria, and
I'russin, how deuiauded, in coujuuetiuu with the
Pitrte, ths erneuation of ivria. A livity was
igud.July Ijth, 1810. Jloping for aid' from
France, the Viceroy refused to yield, until his nrmy
iaa4 istea routed near Oeiroiit; C'aifa, and Saida,
'i ty aod '1'arsoni bombarded, Aero taken, nnd
cotton, silk, snnr. i.piuin, iudig.i, nnd other artic
les j les of loss importance.
From Kuropean countries, he imported neir nnd
useful arts. A early aj I -.".1, he had UI.'HH) nn-nfh-r
live operatives in colton r.illU alone, nnd 4, 'W
laborers building other mills.
1 id as were some nf the measures of Mchetnet
Ali, for the execution nf his favorite plans, they
have been followed by n steady nnd marked im
ehy, proveinont of the people, who nro much more
intelligent than formerly.
he spent much time in the study ol history, Inking
special interest in the lives of Alexander the Great
He understood the Arabic language, but prefcr
bo, red to speak only the Turkish,
llo was remarkably free from all religious btgot-
ry, intolerniice, and superstition, ami these absurd
prejudices, so uni.ersal in Mohammednii countries,
.and was the first disciple nf the l'mphet who
granted protection tu Christians, some cf w hom he
Alexandria blockaded bv nn English squadron,
...!. ...... ...... i. t , . .1 1 .
the hereditary I'nshnlic of Egvpt being tccurcd to
Before (he cvncimtinn of Svrin, the Egyptian
army numbered pj.Olsj men, of' whom hot kwo
returned to tl.cir country; privation, desertion.
...v.., ....... niiiii, ne accrued to mo term proposes!,
sickness, death, nml the opposition encountered on
their homeward march, lnivin;r onspited to thin
then. During nil tliit war, Mchcmct Ali hud tl.o
magnanimity to allow-the regular transmission if
tl.o . glish mail ,,r India, .hruiigh his territory;
for which he merited universal admiration.
l I . , . ...
i .'i uc.uei .vti was truly It ro.inrkaWo man.
1 init he had not faults no me enn intelligently
pretend; I. ut numerous nnd groat n these faults
were, they I.c ante nliui.st imperceptible nmid his
I ri ! I in n ( achievement in arts nnd arms, and the
multiplied agricultural, mechanical, and social 1111
...M'ii;"iits, whii h his snuncitv. nnd the exercise
id his indomitable will erculc.l. nnd nmired into
me nip 01 1119 country.
I He w.is fur in advance of the Mohammedan
pint, 11s displayed in the government of the Sul-
tun. In tlio p dioy of his g .ivcrum'.'iil lie was often
i nnjusi nml nppiosne, but ncer without enlnrpcil
: ' d tl.e tiiial ieulls of clorv nnd inerensed
M'ciilth to the iiatii.ii. lie n sintle stroke of hi
iiiilnn ity, he nimihihitcif till the existini; titles to
'lie si.il, u :r. r the entite fi e-siiniile in himself:
'litis l.econiiii'i the irreat landlord nnd farmer.
" htiievcr tlte soil produced, was stored in the inil
lie 1 timers, he lixini his o 11 nrices nnd .'. dtn iiiiir
' me lami rent. In tins luniiiier, it is l.elieveil, the
n-'ii''iH' prodiii linn of the country was greatly
iin leaicd, mid scleral new m tides' bcenine, in n
short time, KL'Vplian slntdes, iiiiioiik which were
.Hi'linltltt All ns tiiissesseil or nn iron ennstltll-
ro-.i 01 wonncriul lorcc nml elastn itv. lie was
1 short in stature, and even nt tho nge of seventy
I hale nnd strong. His eyi-s were a light liutei,
deet.lv set in their sockets, bis coiiii.lcxii.n rinblvi
and lair, his lins thin, his features reirular. furmiiiir
' an nsreeable and animated physiognomy, wild a
j scriuini.iiig look, expressive nt om e cf" cimiiiiig.
nminliility, imbleiu ss, nml high intelligeni e.
What is iinusual uiimiig Turks, he stood very up-i
rem, in nil ins motions ami lie was lull ot
ti.ui ho was graci M, and in his manners digni-
lu o. lie was shim. le m his dress, nml cleanly
his person, lie wns frank ninl open, nnd cniildl
not easily conceal his ihoiithts. Ilis domestic
allivlimis : ere strong, nnd ho loved his children
with the pintosl tenderness, and livid nniong
them with sweet biniilhiri! v nnd freedom fn.1.1 n.
strniiit. If he was unrelenting and cruel when!
young, in hitler years he become very merciful
anil Immune, nnd generously forgnvo the severest
lie was find of Approbation, nnd desired not on
ly to he thought well of while living, but to leave n
noble inline behind him when dead. I. ike Na.ec.n
he slept but little, and nlwnys rose before sunrise,
lie received in person the reports nf his Ministers,
mid dictated answers to nil their coiumuuieatinns.
At the nge nf -15 he learned to rend, after which
raised to distinguished rank, nnd made his intimate
fin mis. He died ut Alexandria, August 'd, 1nI0,
aged MJ years, and wns buried on the -lib ol Au
gust in the Alabaster Momojc, built by himself in
COCOA NUT TREE.
In 1H3, it wns estimated thnt, on the Southwest
const of India, ten millions of cocoa-nut trees nt
least were grow ing. Tho tree begins to bear when
alsut eight years of nge. The nuts thnt nre intend
ed for plaining mo allowed to remain on the tree
longer than others. Tiiey are taken off when thor-
toiighly ripo, after having been put in n shed or out
bouse till nil the liioistni-o of the thick niitil husk
or bark is dried up, they are hung in pairs oyer the
branches of some trees near tho house, where thev
remain till the young riant shoot up w ith a firm
leaf through the eve of the nut. In this wnv the
villll,. f l.l.x llu a...,!, t,lra IIii.'ih .it.t.e ,..n V)...n
the h at is about three feel liigu at which time
1 utM ,,.,, tm, ,, SV1 tli;i;liI11 h.insinir to them
!,.,., ul0 j, , , ,,,lull ll)iul lwo , ,
...... .... . 1
mid one and a Hull m diameter, into which the plains
liril llU,ut ,lVlJ , t , ,
. .... 1 . '
i vrtnu thruwii in upua thorn, hut nut ro us t
C(lU.r , mit- Fur tl, i,
; u,lulll,.0 iJllt itlt. iH hv-tul lurwf, tilX ti110i
however, their trunk is increasing in hulk, nnd
Infill tho tilth to the seventh year, or thereabouts.
they grow to a considerable height. is.K.n after, 0
she, itu containing the blossom appears shooting out
I'l'oui the thick bin-end of the leal ; ami when uhoiit
a foot high and two inches in diameter the sheath
hursts; and ill n lew days tho ilillereut portions nt
the llow er, consisting of innumerable seeds, nttach
e.l to u long stake, bend down gracefully ou nil
sides. Afior uvvhilo, a great number of these scuds
fall oir, uud small nuts to the number of twenty to
lilty, on nu nverage, remain ou one stalk. From
I the time that tho II wer bursts, to the lime that the
nuts are ready to be gathered, sis months elapse.
Tho leaves of some trees nre twenty-live feet long,
uinl tno small IratloH that hang dow n from each
side of the thick middle lil.ro four feet long. As
tho loaves lire of thiii length, and very heavy, it is
necessary tliut some provision should be made for
attaching them lirinly to the trunk. This provision
is made and consists of u very strong net-like sub-
r"'" "i"' " "K""""1 n V" " '
uincc, extending uiiniit a loot along the i.usc ut the
-, "no as nm unier pan oi uiu nun oi me leal
; .,.,., : ,,,,i, ,,.!,. ,i ,....1U., ,t......... l
i is at.f.,.-.i i,,n in oriier to gras
11(1)ru iruil ,,,; s J ,
. .- ' .... s.
,.. . .. . ....... ... ,v ,.,v ......
more uruiiy, tins netting holds it tight round the
tree, and binds it fast till it has performed its office
a support to tho cluster ot nuts that
1 rest unou it.
! .. 1
lins net-work is called " matiillu,
and is one of the most curious productionsnf nature.
Tho threads or fibres uro so regularly crossed and
interwoven, that to ono unacquainted with the ar
ticle it would uiipctir o bo a stiecies of coarse cloth
manufactured m the loom. ithout preparation,
this miiterinl is well adapted for sieves nnd lillers :
and its natural texture renders it in the hands of
the ingenious, an admirable substance fur tho for
mation id clothes. Annuls .Vcicue.
CARDINAL WOSLEY'S LAST MOMENTS.
Our readers will be interested in tho following
oxtriu-t, tuken from the forthcoming fifih volume nf
U'Aubigue's "History of the licfoiiiiutiou:" "On
.Monday morning, being tormented with gloomy
loiebodings, Wotsey usked what was the time of
lay. 'I'ust eight o'clock,' replied Cuveudish.
'lhat cannot be,' said tlio Cardinal; 'eight o'clock!
No! lor by eight o'clock you shall loose your
muster.' At six o'clock ou 'Tuesday, Kingston
having como to iiupiiro nbuut bis health, Wolsev
said lo h.ni, ' I shun not live long.' 'llo of good
cheer,' rejoined the Governor of tho Tower. 'A las I
Master Kingston 1' exclaimed tiie Cardinal, 'if I
nud served God as diligently us I have served the
King, ho would not have given me over in my gmv
nuirs!' uud then he added, with downcast eyes,
' ibis is my last reward !' With n judgment upon
uis own lite ! tu the. ycry threshold of eternity,
(for he had but a few more minutes to live,) the
Cardinal summoned up till his hatred against the
Keforniation, uud made a last effort. The persecu
tion was too slow to pie iso him. 'Master Kingston,'
he said, ntieiul to my Inst request ( toll the Kmg
thnt I conjure him, iii God's name to destroy this
pernicious sect of Lutherans;' uud then, with as
tonishing presence of mind in this, his hist hour,
VV'olsey desoriUd the misfortune which the Hussites
uud, in Ins opinion, brought ujhiii lioliciuin; and
tnen coming to England, he recalled tlio times ol
vi'ickhtfu and hir John Old'-astle. Ho grew ani
mated ; his dying eyes sluit-forth fiery glances. He
trembled Wt Henry Mil., unfaithful to the I'npo.i
shotllj hold out his hands lo the reformer, Mn-
ter Kiiicon,' said he, in conclusion, ' the Kins
. i -ii -
knows, it lie loierutos heresy, una win inscnway
his power, nnd we shall then hnve mischief upon
misidiief bnrrentiew, scarcity, nnd disorder, to the
utter destruction of this realm. ' AVoNey wns ex
hausted by the elTort. After a momentary silence,
bo resumed, with n dvin roice, 'Mister Kingston,
farewell! Mj time ilrnweth on fast. Forget not
what I have said nnd charged you withal s for when
I nm dead, ye shall, perndvcnlure. understand my
words better!' It was with difficulty he uttored
these words - his tongue began to falter, his eyes
became fixed, his sight billed htm. lie brenthcil
his last nt the name moment thnt the clock struck
eiuht : and the Attendant standing round his bed
looked nt each other in affright. It was iho29th
of November, 1530."
THE HEBREW'S PRAYER.
BY T. R. HERVEY.
A Hebrew knelt in the dying light,
His eye was dim nnd cold,
The hairs on his brow were silver white,
And his blood was thin nnd old!
He lifted his look to his latest sun,
For ho knew that his pilgrimage was done!
And n ho saw God's nhmhite there,
His spirit poured itself in prayer!
"I come unto death's second birth,
Itenenth a stranger nir,
A pilgrim on n dull, cold earth,
As nil my fathers were;
And men have stamped me with curse,
I feel it is not Thiitt,
Thy mercy like yon sun was made
On me as them to shine!
And therefore, dare I lift mine ere,
Through that to Thee, before I die!
"In this grent Temple, built by Thee,
AVhose nltnrs art divine,
Beneath yon lump that, ceaselessly,
Lights up Thine own true shrine;
Oh! take my latest sacrifice,
l,.k down, r.nd miike this sod
Holy, ns that where, loiigago,
The Hebrew met his Uod.
"J ),nve not caused the widow's lenrs,
Nor dimmed the orphant's eye.
1 have not stained the v irgin's years.
Nor mocked the mourner's cry,
The songs of ion, in mine ear,
Have ever been most sweet,
And, always, when I felt Thee near,
My 'shoes' w ere off my 'feet 'I
"I have known Thee in the whirlwind,
I have known Thee on the hill
have loved Thee, in the tho voice of birds,
Or the music of the rill!
dreamed Thee, ill the shadow
I snw Thee, in the light
heard Thee, in the thundorpcal,
And worshipped, in the night.
All beauty, while it spoke of Thee,
Still niiide my heart rejoico,
And my spirit Isiwed within itself
To hear Thy still t iniill voice,
hurt nol felt myself a thing
Far from Thy presence driven,
y flaming sword or waving w ing
Shut out from Thee tuid Heaven!
"Must I the whirlwind reap, because
My fathers soweil the storm!
Or shrink, because another sinned,
Beneath Thy red right arm?
Oh! much of this we dimly scan,
And much is nil unknown
nut I will not tnke my curse from man,
I turn to Thee, nlono!
Oh! bid my fainting spirit live,
And w hat is dark revcul,
nd what is evil oh forgive!
And what is broken, hcnl;
And cleanse my nuturo from above
In the deep Jordnu of Thy love!
"I know not if the Christian's Heaven
Shall be the same as mine,
I only imk to bo forgiven
And taken homo to Thine;
I weary on n far dim strand,
Whose mansions nre ns tombs.
And long to find the father-land.
Where there arc many homes!
Oh! grant, of all yon starry thrones,
Some dim nnd ilislnnt star,
Whero Judith's lost and scattered ions
May b.ve Thee, from nfnr.
When nil Enrth's myriad hnrps shall meet
In choral praise and prayer,
Shnll Zion's Ilnrp, of old so sweet,
Alone lie wanting there?
Yet plneo mo in Thy lowest sent,
Though I n now be there,
The Christian's scorn, the Christian's jest;
Hut let me see, uud hear,
From some dim mansion in tho sky,
Thy bright ones, nnd their melody,"
The sun goes down with suddent gleam;
And beautiful as a lovely dream,
And silently ns nir
The v ision of a dark eyed girl,
With long and raven hnir,
Glides in, ns guardian spirits glide
And lo! is kneeling nt his side,
Asif her sudden prusenco there
Wero sent in answer to his prayer!
(Oh! say they not that angels tread
Around tho gisid innn's dying bed?)
His child his sweet und sinless child!
And, ns he gnxed on her,
He knew his God was reconciled,
And this the messenger,
Assure as Gad had hung on high
The promise-bow before his eve !
Earth's purest hope thus o'er him Hung,
To point his Heavenward faith,
And life's most holy feeling strung,
Tu slug him unto death;
And, on his daughter's stniuloss breast,
Tho dying Hebrew sought his rest!
Plato calls truth, the body of God and light His
nhu,luie perhaps the sublines! of nil conceptions
having u merely mortal heart for u birth-pluec.
A TUNNEL THROUGH THE ALPS.
The French engineers are busily employed iu
perfecting the Isdd project of excavating a'tunnel
under the Alps, to connect the Piedmontese rail
ways with those of France. It is proimsed to pass
through the luountaiiis from Susa and liurdonieho
to Moduna in Savoy, by a lino ten miles shorter
than over Mont Ceiiis. It is to be eight miles iu
lengih, nnd a milo below tho highest point on the
H iss ; the estimate cost is a million uud linlf pounds
An excavating machine somewhat similar we
should think, to our own lloosac borer, has Iseii
contrived by Chevalier Mans, the chief engineer
Tor the accomplishment of the undertaking. The
tunnel is to bo ventilated by a to lie lying , tie
ground, earned on as tho work adviinc'cs, uud pro
vided with funs to maintain a proper current of
air. 1 he Chevalier hopes to succeed m accomplish
ing Ins herculean fobnr in fivp voir.
This Is nn undertaking which throws our Iloosne
tunnel business Into the shade. Boring the Alps I
It is an event, tho possibility of which our ances
tor never dreamed. Napoleon built tho famous
Simplon rond over these mountain harriers: Chev-
nlter Mans would instruct n nassnse throiml.
them. The work of Napoleon wn for tho nnrnosni
of carrying wnr nnd eounuest into the heart at It.
Aly; that of Chevalier Muus will unite the two
countries by the interest of social nnd commercial
intercourse, nnd will aid in sending forth peace on
enrth nnd good will among men. Ily the comple
tion of the tunnel, the hitherto almost impassable
barrier whuli ie) amies Firi'mi nt fnm her
neighbors will be removed ; but lovers of the pic
turesque will doubtless still prefer fo encounter the
Irnnn nl, (I.a ....l. k. ... . I . .....I ...I I: . .
a nnssnge over the mountnin, to the more rapid spotd 1
ot tho railroad car t""-"i
From the New York Musical World and Times.
TABITHA TOMPKINS' SOLILOQUY.
Havf: I, Tnbitbn Tompkins, n right to my shnre
of fresh nir unrnntamiiuileil t or hnvo I n"l f I nsk
the question with my arms n-kimho. I might ns
well sny w hat I've got to sny, pop gun fashion, a
to tiptoe round mv subject, mincing and courtcsving
when I'm nil n-bln.e with indignation.
1 nsk ngnin : Have I n right to my shnre of fresh
air iineontaminnted T or have I not?
Do I bo out for a walk ? Every ninn I meet is a
uo i go out lor a walk J r.very nmn 1 meet is a i
ehimney. Smoke sin. ke smoke j
wnke, while I dodge, nnd twist, and choke. Irving I
tho coils of the stifling Ann ..In. till!
ntn black in the face. . Tabithn Tomi.ki.,.. whose
grandfather wns ono of the "signers of tho Perfor
ation of Independence I I feel seventy-six-y ! I
hnvo Uirne it nlmiit ns long ns I can without dam
age to honks nnd eyes.
If I try to cscniie it. by getting into nn omnibus,
thcro it is ngnin ! If it does not originate inside,
somo "gentleman" on tho box or top, wnfts it into
me winnows, n i take reluce in a terry Imnt. I
find "gentlemen requested not to smoke," (ns usual)
a uenu icitcr, no more regarded man is tlio law ;
against gaming or the Sunday liquor traffic. Do I ,
go to a concert at Castle Garden, nnd step out on !
the balcony between the performances for a breath
of fresh nir ? myriad of lighted Hnvaiinns send
tnedir.r.y and staggering hnck into the concert room,
Does a geiillenniii call to see me of an evening ?
instant he shake his "ambrosial curls," nnd
gives "n nod,' I hnve lo run for my vinnigrette.
Do I advertise fr lodgings nud nftermueh in-1
speetion of rooms, nnd wear nnd tear of patience,
and gaiter IhmUs, make a final selection ? Do 1 cm-
ignite with big trunk, nnd little trunk, and a whole 1
or btiiulboxes ? Do I get mv rocking-chair, i
nnd work-table, nml writing-desk, and pretty little
nil safely transported nnd longitudinised to
my fancy? Do I, in a Pnrmlisiiic state of mind, I
(attendant upon said successful einigrntion,) go
closet, some fine morning, nnd take down n pet 1
.nsafietida nnd onions what an odor! AID
" pa. hniili" and "new mown liny" in New York!
sweeten it. Six young men the other side i
thnt chisel, nnd nil smokes ! ! ! Bettv, you may 1
have that dress ; I wouldn't touch it wlth'n pair of1
Do I lend a masculine friend my copy of Alex-1
nnder Smith Poems? can I ever touch it ngnin
till it has been through quarantine ? Does he. by
mistake, carry home my tippet in his pocket after a
concert? can I compute (he hours it must hang
dangling on llie clothes line, before it can be allowed
to resume Hs place round mv neck?
Do I go to church on Suinlnv. with a ilernnl .le.
desire to attend to the sermon V my next neighbor
is a young man, apparently seated tin n nettle cush
ion : he groans nud fidgets, nnd fidgets nud groans:
crosses his feet nud uncrosses them ; kicks over the
cricket; knocks down his enne; drops the hymn
hook, and finally draws from bis cent pocket n little
ensc ; Inkes out one segnr niter another, transposes
them, applies them to the end of hi nose and pats
them nllcctionntelv ; then he examines his watch ;
then frowns nt the pulpit ; then, glancing nt the
door, draws a sigh long enough nnd strong enough
to inflate a pair of bellows or burst off a vest but
ton. With a dolorous whine, this snme young mini
deplores (in public) his inability to indulge in the
luxury of a wife, "owing lo the rxltnrnijniil hut, itu
of tho young ladies of tho present day."
Ay, thou art wcleomo, heaven's delicious breath,
When woods begin to wear tho crimson leaf
And suns grow meek, nud tho meek suns grow
And the year smiles ns it draws near its death,
Wind of tho sunny south! oh still delay,
In the gray wood nnd in the golden air
Like to a good old age released from cure,
Journeying n long serenity uwny.
In such a bright day quiet, would that I
Might wear out life like thee, mid bowers nnd
And dearer yet tho sunshine of kind looks,
And music of kind voices ever nigh;
And when my lust sand twinkled in tho glass,
Pass silently from men, as thou doth pass,
BY BRYANT. OCEAN TELEGRAPH.
The Now York Courier and Euuiiirer stntes thnt
n company is now in process of formation, of cap
italists in this country nnd Europe, lor the building
of a submarine and subterranean telegrnph liue
troin .ew lork to .Liverpool.
A gcnllmiin from Massachusetts, who tins been
for soino years experimenting in the matter, has
discovered a method by winch tlio conducting cu
inicity of telegraphic wire is iiiereueed to nil ustnu
tsliiug power being many hundred per cent, over
tout possessed ny any "t the wires prepared nyany
of the processes now in use. Tho sumo gentlemen
has also made a very important improvement in the
mode of laying dowu submarine uud subterranean
wire, by which mode tho most perfect insulation is
uttuiued, coupled won the fullest protection from
external injury or interruption of any kind, and
thnt too, at a cost of less than ono third of that of
tho present modes of subterranean construction.
Ilotn ol these improvements huvo been purchased
by tho proprietors forming the uewcompiiny.
Starting vvestwurdly from Liverpool, a lino w ill
connect tliut port with Dublin (via Holy head)
whence a subterranean will extend to Galvvuy.
From this point, I ho submarine comes iu play again,
until the const of Newfoundland is reached, a dis
tance from Galw ny of about 1.1U0 miles. Hear will
be its first station on the American continent.
From tliis station, a subterranean line to some con
venient place ou the w estern coast of Newfound
land, whence a submarine w ire will be laid dowu
to Nova Scotia, whero tlio connection will be uguiti
taken up by the subterranean w ire, and continued
to New York. The whole length of the route from
Giilwuy to New York, as thus marked out, is about
2,H00 miles. The cost per mile for tho submarine
wire, on the improved plan, is estimated ut less
than :000. For tho subterranean portion of the
which is less than one third of the cost of such lines
now iu use
Tho fa. ility, too, with which the line cn-v Lo built
ot, tl.o new plan, is sin I. that the construction of
milf. thrt itsitiiiitktoil jiht IM n In iiit Ni''tHl imv miLa
the whole route from Liverpool to New York cun
be accomplished in six mouths from its commence
ment; su that if the company begins its operations
as is now contemplated by them, as curly iu the
ensuing spring us llio statu of the ground and tlio
weather w ill permit, we moy cnnfidenlly anticipate
.tin. -. i.ij.imv . "luiiitini, uin.ii nnu r.nropu uy
the opening of next autumn. Manx. ,Nyiy.
Parisian Am si.iitNTs, An aeronaut in Paris,
Dr. tiod.ird, recently descended from a balloon on
horseback by means of a parachute. Two years
ago to go up ou horseback was a marvel. The
parachute w as immense, and tho chords, extending
from its edges to the Innno-wnrk that sustained
tho horso, worou hundred feet long. The umbrel
la was, by some contrivance, opened beforo the
cord of connexion with the bnlloou was cut, in or
der fo avoid, uudor tho peculiar circumstances nf
the descent, tho rapid fall that ensues till the silk
unfurls. The aeronaut above, his brother, let him
off at the height of a mile: the descent was easy
SALEM UNION SCHOOL.
c(10 of instruction on modes of teaching, organ
oeomntivc j, Bllll con,lUetig wl,,,,,', Ac.
J''": Compositions and Declnmnt.ons mny re
tocsenno Sf" 2. "I"0 . '""' '-:tnry classes nre formcl in
nnu a wcn-seieetcu t. unmet nt .viinerals; ntso, with
Outline Maps, Anatomical I'lnles, Ac., Ac.
These advantages, added to those of a plensnnt,
healthy nnd accessible location, the influence of a
moral and intelligent comni'initv, nnd the efficient
labors of n corps ofablo and experienced teachers.
enable the Ibuird to furnish all who beeomo Stu
tho dents in the School, with facilities for ndvniieement,
c, to those to he had at any school, whether
public or private, in this part of tho Stnto.
. . . . ,
'." sllitnm to the ntiovo Lnngunges, the Course
" '""truidton embraces Orthography, Heading, in
nest ldnding, Mandevill's lteadtng an Oratory, Mental
"1"1 w r,tu'n Vrithnietie, Geography, English Gram
lamp, """r' .""" Annlysis, Natural Philosophy,
-'lenistry. Hotiinv. Astronomy, Getdogv, Anutomy
to!1""' Physiology, History, Mental nnd Morul Phil
my '""'l'h.v' 1'"K',i Hook-Keeping by Single nnd Doti
dres? Kll,r.v' Algebra, Geometry, Application of Al
tho K',,iri " Geometry. Plane and Spherical Trigon
wouldii't "m,',r.v. 'Surveying. Construction of Trigonometri
of on' Tbles, Conic Seeti.ms, Spherienl I'rojeelions,
''veriptivo Geometry, .Mathematical Philosophy,
and Mathcmatieiil Astronomy.
N. B. Lessons in Pen nnd Pencil Drawing,
Sketching, nud Painting in Wnter Colors, nud also
.ho jn.i, can be had of competent! nstructors,
in cur village, on rcnsonnblc terms,
This School, which commenced its first session
Aug. Ctli, lSo'j, is now in successful operation, with
1 fifty orcinn and two hundred nnd fiOvdistretschol
nrs in tittendanee a number which Tins more than
justified tho most sanguine expectations of its
Messrs. McClnin nnd Marklinm will be contin
ued ns Superintendents; the former of the Commer
cial nnd High School Department, the lntterof the
Mr. Fredor. Dolmesb h, who spent mnny yenrs
ns instructor in some of the best schools in Germany
and w ho is well known hero ns an n'dc limiiii.it nnd
n? hT1 , vT""; T 'WW "I"'
High School Department, nt the coinmenec.'neti
the next term, nnd tnke charge of Classen in the
La: in, Greek, irench nnd German Languages,
Arrangements hnve been made by which Stil
dentscmi, during each term, nvnil themselves of the
ndvnnlnges of a carefully prepnrcd Series of Lec
tures on Anatomy nnd Physiology, illustrated by
an excellent French Manikin and Skeleton; nnd al
so of a full course of Lessons in l'cnnmnnship by
nn accomplished l'eiimnii, on moderate terms.
Those who wish to qualify theinselvc for leach
ing, have an opportunity of attending n well-conducted
Normal Clas, and receiving a regular
1 110 PH'"0"1: n"" n 'y. ""ciely
permanently connected therewith. A Debating
Society is nlso in successful operation.
A Committee recently appointed by the Hoard
for that purpose, have made arrangement:) by
w Inch Student enn be furnished with gisid board
nt 1,30 per week. Those w ho w ish to board them
selves can obtain rooms.
The School is furnished with a set of good Phil
osophicnl, Chemical nnd Astronomical Apparatus,
SALEM UNION SCHOOL. TUITION PER QUARTER OF ELEVEN WEEKS.
Honding.aPenmnnship, Arithmetic, English
Grnmuiar, Geography, and May hen 's
Hook-Keeping, " $3,00
Tho elements of Algebra, Geometry, Histo
ry, .Natural I'hilosopbv, Chemistry, As
tronomy, Geology, Anatomy, Physiolo
gy. Ac.. " ' 4.0(1
The Latin uud Greek Lnngunges, the Higher
jiniiii iiL-sui .iiauic-uiiiiics, Willi llieir np-
plication to Natural Philosophy, Astrono
my, Ac, " 5,0o
The French nnd German Lnngunges, ench, ?2,o0
llio inter term will commence Any. tit.
and continuo 17 weeks; the Spring Term, March
"0th, llso4, nnd continuo 12 weeks.
Foreign Stdiolars will not be admitted for less
than half a quarter, and ench nm will ho expected
to pay the tuition for this time in ndviincc. Should
a Scholar bo prevented by sickness, from attending
a half quarter, an equitable proportion of this fee
will be refunded.
Though scholars can enter the School nt nnv
time, they will find it greatly lo their advantage to
connueneo with the term.
Wc insert n few of tho regulations which have
been adopted for the government of High School
lit. II: Foreign seholnrs may, if they wih it,
study during the intervals between recitations, at
their respectiv e Isiarding houses, unless in conse
quence of iioii-coinpliniiee with the Regulations of
the School, they are forbidden to do so by either
the Principal or tho Hoard. District scholars inny
under a like restriction, do the same, if the Princi
pal and their Parents or Guardians consent there
to. IX. II: Scholars who are Hoarding in the vl-
lagc orvioinity for tho purpose of attending School
will bo required to conduct themselves ns they
would bo expected to in a well regulated family,
nnd in a quiet, peaceable and orderly community.
To moot the increasing demand for such an Ed
ueatinn ns will qunlify students for performing the
.1...: ..i-.i. j : ii ;.i ,
minus oi iiio dimming jvooin w iiu nccurucy uud
dispatch, this Department has been connected with
the School. Iu it the various branches of liook
Keeping by Singlo nnd Double Entry, Mercantile
Computations, Ac, will bo taught; n 'well-arranged
Series of Loot u res ou Commercial Law delivered
by a Member of the Har; nnd nud a full Course of
Lessons in Penmanship givou by an ablo Instruc
tor. In addition to going through the text book
(Duff's llook-Keeping.) Students will bo required
to perform lllack-hoard und .Manuscript Exercises
daily. Eleven vvoeks nro considered ample time to
completo the course of instruction iu tine Depart
ment. Mr. MeClain is a graduate of ono of the best
Commercial Colleges in the West is well acquain
ted with the Science of Accounts, and is un experi
enced teacher of Hook-Keening; wo have no doubt,
therefore, thnt his course of instruction is as thor
ough as that givou in any Mercantile Establish
ment iu the State.
Tuition for the Courso, $20,00
(students can enter tins Department at nny time
when the School is in session,
Jly Order nfthe Jtiinnl,
JOHN HARRIS, Clerk.
M l.VLEV k CARPENTER'S PRESlTS
DAGUEKKEAN 0 A L L E K Y !
i S "ow l'0'l'lte'. "' ,-dy for rocoptiun. We
I '"lve Is"""1 '" considerable expense in luting up, to
"lK,r;,,u, wi,j' ""'W' '"' reference to the
-'""1,!';t '! convenience of those who may favor
us with a call; in short, wo uro permanently lo-
cuted Our rooms aro in the
AMERICAN HOUSE, SALEM, O.
Call nnd eo us. You will find our reception rooms
neat and couifortablo.
Cun be surpassed no where in the Stute. Our
CAMERA, is a powerful quick-worker. Wo war
rant our work. Likenesses of nil uges, tuken like
i.ike, or no tii vttot!! Our prices rungo from 40
cents, to 20 dollar. Past experience, uud present
advantages, euablu u to take Guotl Likewise, at
ttry reuaiMidile Jtalei. Being, also, posted in all
the rocent improvement of tlio art. our time ami
ontiro attention shall he to rendor full satisfaction.
Sick or deceased persons taken at their room
Our motto, i EXCELSIOR.
N. B. Persons wishing Picture taken on Gal
vanized Plates, can do so without extra charge.
toy Room open from 6 o'clock, A. M., until 6
P- M, June 31st, 1H63.
NEW DRY GOODS JOBBING HOUSE 1
Corner of flank and Center Street,
NORTH. FRENCH A STERLING hnve recently
opened n Dry tloods Jobbing Honse, are now re
ceiving forge addition to their stock, adapted to th
FALL AS'D mXTER TRADE,
and uro prepared to offer dealers unusual bargain
by the piece or package, and will guarantee to sell
ns chenp ns the snme qualities nnd classes of good
can bo sold in any of the Eastern markets.
Our stock consists In part of the following Gooda.
to which additions are mndo through the season
100 Hales Bro. Sheeting;
20 " Bro. Drills j
23 " Shirting Stripes ;
M " Flannel, scarlet and white f
20 ' Tickings;
200 " Jld'ting, various grades;
150 " Cotton Yarn
fiO " Carpet Ynrn j
120 Pieces French and American Broadcloths f
.10 " Overcoat Cloths ;
100 ' Woolen Vostings j
50 " Extra rich "
150 " Black and Fancy Cassimeres
100 " Worsted Serges i
70 " Bl'k and col d Tabby TolveU,'
20 " Wide bl'k Silks ;
1(H) Bales Cotton Wicking;
120 ' Cotton Twine
100' " Wadding, bl'k and white;
50 " Seamless Bags ;
25 Cases Blca'd Sheetings and Shirtings;
10 " Blen'd Drills;
10 " Col 'd Corset Jenns;
5 " Silesinns and Wignns;
15 " Satinetts;
10 " Tweeds and Ky. Jenns;
'CO " Amcrienn nnd English Prints;
10 " " " M. DeLaiaM
IS " Bl'k and eol'd Alpncens:
10 " Coburg nnd l.yoncse Cloths ;
10 " American and Scotch Ginghams;
12 " I.iiieys and Plaid Linings ;
1') " Cnl'd Canton Flannels ;
10 " Bl'k nnd col d Cumbrics;
5 " Irish Linens;
3'HI Dozen Comforters;
150 " Buck Mitts nnd Gloves;
100 " Chamois Lined Gloves;
150 " Cnshmere nnd other Glove
600 " Hosiery, various kinds;
50 " Shirts nnd Drawers ;
150 Pieces Pongee Silk lldkfi;
WO " Cotton Flag "
150 " Linen '
.100 " Plain and Bard Cambrics ;
2"0 " Jaconets nnd Mull Muslins;
;tiHI " Book and Swiss "
M0 " Dotted " ii .
10 cart'ns llonnot Hi I .Isms ;
60 " Plain T.itf'd large assortment ;
Saxony Edgings ;
Cap Bordering ;
Swiss Edgings and Insertings;
20 Dozen Bl'k Silk Veils;
lot) Pieces .'1-4 and 7-H Fig'd Laces;
50 " Fig'd and Plain Bonnet Laces ;
30 " Table Linen ;
loo Dozen 1 1 mul ric Toweling;
fioo Pieces Scotch Diaper various grades;
5IKI " Bl'k Velvet Ribbons all widths;
;;ihi " Bl'k nud col d I limps ;
6o0 Bay State Long Shawls nt manufac
turers prices ;
Pk) llroclm and other Shawls ;
Together with n complete assortment of Threads,
Buttons, Suspenders, Combs and staple Yankee
Particular attention is invited to our stock cf
Cloths Fancy Cnssimeres, Vesting and Tailor'
Goods, ns it is unusually forge, nnd we nre satisfied
nu van meei uny uinmct in prices, luercuania
visiting this city nre respectfully solicited toexmn-
our stock, nud we will endeavor to muko it for their
interest to deal w ith us.
NORTH, FRENCH A STERLING.
A General assortment of New Bis.ks and Station
ery: Also, afresh lot of WALL and WINDOW
Just opened nt MeMILLAN'8 BOOK-STORE,
which the public nro requested tocnll und examine.
THE LIFE OF ISAAC T. HOPPER, uv Ma.
Just revived at McMillan's Book-Store.
NARB1TIVE (IF SOLOMON NORTIIRIP,
A free man, who wns kidnapped in 1841, and
rescued in 1N53,
For sale at McMILLAN S Book-Sturo.
Foru I.riivr, from Fanny's) Portfolio,
A luxik tliut una vould reud with the tmith-iu he.
At McMillan's Book-Store.
Oopei and Ilrlpi for the young of both itxri.
At McMillan's Book-Store.
SHADY SIDE ami SLNXY SIDE,
Two charming tules of pastoral lifo.
DICKS WORKS AND BIBLES,
For Sale cheap at McMillan's Book-Store.
300 VOLUMES OF MINIATURE POETS,
At McMillan's Book-Store.
SPENCER AND FAIRCIIILD'S
Celebrated Gold Pens. Evory Pen warranted
At McMillan's Book-Store.
MATERIALS for Artificial Flower. A full
assortment ut the Salem Book-Store.
WIDE, WIDE WORLD AND QUEECIIY,
At McMillan' Book-Store.
White Slave and l ncle Tom,
At McMillan' Book-Store.
ALL KINDS OF HISTORICAL AND POETI
At McMillan' Book-Store.
MEDICAL BOOKS AND DICTIONARIES,
Alt kinds of School Hooks, Slates, Pencils, Plait
ami fancy Stationery, Wholesale and Retail at
EYEHY BOOK IN TIIE ItlAKKET,
Cun be procured by falling ut J. McMILLAN'.t
Cheap Book-Store, five doors East of the Town Hall,.
Muiu-St., Salem, O,
WATER-CUKE AND INFIRMARY.
For the Cure of Chronic Dlieaici.
Located at Granvii.i.i, Ltrxi.va Co., O., and com
bines the advantages of other good establishments,
a healthy location, a supply of pure water, gymnas
ium, a skilful lady in chargu of the female patients.
a physician who ha had uu extensive practice of 25
f emulo who have oeen counneu to tneir ueus,
unable to wulk or sit up for from one to twenty
years, in consoiuenco of nervous, spinal, or uterine
llisease, uro rswiiiiiy uiviiuu w. vunwnsm.i wn jf
visit us. Universal success in the treatment of this
class of disease ha given us confidence, and we say
to all such, even though ttiey have sutlorea much or
many Physicians, make one more trial. Term
from ?i to $12 per week. Patient furnish towel
and packing matorials. Address,
Granville, Not, S, 'S2.