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ftiYRIt7S It. ROBtXSON, Kdito.
.vo uxwx mm mvF.noLDr.ns."
ANN rEAIiSOU, rtiblUhlnt AM.
!,' VOL. 0. XO. 12.
SALEM, COLUMWAXA COUNTY, OlIK), SATURDAY, XOVKMUKK 5, 1853.
WHOLE XO. 422.
;, tfll IHTI-SIA TKRI Bl'OLE,
' ' "' PW'",B,f",""V,TSAI.tl,nilIO.
' Vanwi l,o fr Mti.m, r7r,l.l in kl..nrf.
1 tl -2 " "' lho, who f ant .nts
WrlWf h.l tv ar UII-iW la Do lnifr(1 1 u ,llw,,.,.,n
.' J.'. "If'' '"'. iUi th.bov. thm tiler nllMMwraalinrtto
" U"lr ,na'"'"'- to '' I" -lr.iil.ltoo.in.iw
VT iUior. All otii.r. to Ass l-iiV.,, ltib
" Inti-iitW Infrrll.. tn t mUMm.! t
J. Ill WON, ranma.
VINDICATION OF HE LAW.
in llKH.irouu urt ol the Lnite l Slate., fr
II.a l.ti ti;Bi:.. ..r l.......-1 :.. .
W . . . " - . . . '.
w. . . ., iiiiiiiii, Killing; nlj
- -..-s.. -.- i-iuriiy nisi iieiiv-
red th fulluWMij opinion in th ease of lloputy,
. Maiwhai Jaakiix and Croiiar, ehai-L-ed with un
, uuiiut and Imttarrv nn a fuiritivn slavo nhuui thcr
' were ndati,riu tu arrest at WilkcabarM, i'cun-
Ex Parks John Jenkins and James Crozier.
. In allcnsca involuutf fnieslions conconmir the
Jnnsdietiun and powers ot the inmrU nf the I'nit-
' St lUs, and those of the several States, eawi-isjlly'""
' if thoy have my aoiuM'xiiUi with the not of Con-
rCreci 'oomx-iuiim lugitir from justico and pur -
..il, A As' u,. in 'V f fi..., I l.r. ..... ,.f ........... !
,7 ,-" nwinr:.,
icOe muoli piihlii! alteiition, and soe.u pe-nharlr
iimttm w nii.mpmsourauou irmu me gan,i. state-
IMW of thosa who undertake to report tl.ein,
, J havo conalu'lti 1 to raduco to writing U.o opinioiisl
1 rmiriuiii hi n s i-ic.
Our very peculiar institutions, which require of
very citnen a double allegiance mid obedience to
ttajodoitinrtiova.Tigus. Willi independent judiciary
ycn cniaiiai:!! irom i cii, muKu it especially
: necisary that great caution and piii.Wiieo he cx -
rrcii by their resimetivo tnhuoals in order to
"nid nr Collision or ' eontliet in the esereiso of
hir rspnotlv. jurisdiction over the same suhjeets.
tuid nrnuH. J'liat tliore sliouhl be irroat dirersitv
. of opinion a 1 1 ih InuiU of the power of either
oTereign nnd its courts mnr natumllv
I .J 11. u.:.l .!....:....., i... .1 ..... .
'ii. mil. villtoill loiopilli foe poniictii opinions
an caireuusis un ciiner sou-, ii in inc only oi com I
in ortJor to liuvu no unit eaiiuit cuIIimh
i.. . i . . i -
tllL OI1IV III CllllrlS.
. .u isjur in liuvu no nun ea.iiiir i'ihiim no. in earo -
iulljr avoid the assumption of power
.. .. . I. . -
uower not pinmiv
, ronniien in inem, nun, in me same iin.e, to perionn
T -i . .. i . ... .. 1 .
"?' ! ",nMh("'!
resolution, tl.sregardins the chu.ior or the coiitmiie -
. . . "
The iurisdicti.tn of Iho courts of iho I nitcJ
States m limited, but within its limits supremo.
The State courts have often in many ease, a con-'
i rurrent jurisdiction over the same subjects nnd
-J)orgLU4. Xltit neither can treat tho other in nn
. inferior jiirisiliotiiin, gxecjit in the caia s where the1
vonsuuuum nuu urn oi v.oiigrcv jiavc given such
power to th court of he Union. Where persons,
' r projierty ar liald W aviaur or arrest Iiy the
lirocem ol Wu, that which firat atlachod aliuuhl
( IiaTO tit preference. ' Auy attempt of either to
lake them fivU tho lc;al custody of the ollicers of
the other would hr an unjustifiable exercise of Its
. w ir, and lead to most deplorable conserpicnces.
ilic rf ire. if a pe:son bo iinpris iiied under the
rivil or criminal proof-i of one, tho other cannot
tk him from uitU utistody iu.onlcr to subject him
' to punisliuhfiU f..r au uilunee ngninst them. A fu
gitive ctnuot Ito taken f ioui tho legal eustoily ol
. llio klieritT by any warrant from tho courta of" flic
i I'niicl SUU'S4 in order to extradition, under the
' icts of Congrcis. N'either c m such fugitive, when
in rortoly ol'thc nmrsha', uiiiler legal proee a Irom
- B judge or Commissioner of tho flute.! Stutta, be
, .delivered from such custody by moans of n habeas
, corpus or any t4hor proofs to answer for mi oll'cnee
gainst the fstu!c, whuther fedony or misdemeanor,
' or for any other purpose.
While the act of Congress d.ios not forbid the
f is ling of a hal.e vs corpus by a Stato judge, it
carefully guards ngiinst (lie nhuso of it, niui
.makes n certiorate ot a coiuiuifsionor or judge ol
the niud Su:e ' conclusive evidene of the rigid
; of the pvrioi or iersous in whoso favor it is gran
ted to rt'iuvvo such f'ugitite," and forbids "ulT mo
lestation of such person or persons by any procosii
issued by any court, judge, magistrate, or other
Jierson whomsoever." This act of Congress is the
wupro no law of the land, mid l.iudii.g on tho cou-
sciunco of State judges us well as llioso of the
. l uited Stittos. Judges of tho t'nited Stales, as
well as of iStatti courts, are therefore bound lo dis
miss ft writ of habeas corpus, or to refuso to allow
it whenever they ore properly informed that the
r prisoner is hehf by legal procesa under this net,
nnd not to antler it tu bo abused by mischievous
iiitormeddlers for the junpo.e of "molestation" of
, the officer or owner ol tho fugitive, in clfc'tiug las
Tho laws of tho United States givo ftinplo rcine
,ly by habeas corpus for thoso illegally imprisoned
under color of their process, mid Statu courts have
in many initauees exercised a coiieurrent jurisdie
thm in similar cases. Hut Stato courts or Judges
hftv uu ppwer under a habeas corpus to review or
pit III crnir upon tho jutlwmenls or process of the.
judicial Officers of tho l uited .States acting within
ll. i- . , . .1 ! "
tlie jurisiliction committed to them, as has some
times been douo. 1 have known of 0110 instance
(nnd heard of others) Vhnro a fugitive legally in
custody has been discharircd 011 halieas cm una.
undor preteneo or aftcetatfon of judicial ignorance
.1. -. .1 !... I I.. 1" . V L. I .
.Such a"i iiIiuho !
of judicial discretion was held to bo no defence to i
mat etuvury caimivii in 1 irgiuut.
those who know
wiurs t iivm i w nn titiuiK u iu I
inglv rescued the fugitive bv means
much an illegal Uischnrgo would
shal from tho high penalty inflicted
...i . 1 ...
of it Whether
' nroteat the Man
ou.hiui for permitting un ccais may well be I
, doubted i and if bo should resist it, ns possibly ho
yrouiu, li wouiu lean in a very unpleasant eontliet,
winch every good ciimcn should Is) careful to
I have nmdo theso remarks, ns pnliniinnry to i
enienng upon tlio nuostion now lieloro us, in tinier
to rovtify a inisappreheiiNion mid gross I
ition of those made on a former occasion, and also 1
.. . .... .. .
tiou limy IjO uwaro of the misehicvous coiiseuuen-'
-us., 1., themselves and others' which aro like-
Bf.to.Mswi from attempts thus to abuse the process
nr State 'Courts, and bring t ioiu into contact with
. r wi
lli'iiw ui ma I ijiv-u cuiien, i
Th nruouer. John Jenkins nnd James Crosier, '
Wiat porsom wuoso ual In avor ot lugitives is,"
ouietiuios neruiittcd so far to outrun their discre-
har bMn brought befora Iho Court by virtuo of a
rrit of habeas corpus issued mid. allowed by me
od the 4th of October, and directed to J. B. Choi-1
The nntiiinn for ihi. writ i,.t. f..rth tl.st the !
VCtlttoncrs are" deputies of the Marshal of tho'
nc ht4 tl lai
(. cinia, and owinj; Ut fame
to a certain Ishman
&.4ith. of t auouier eoiuitv. YirL'iniu. had oscaned
'' thrfrom lota th State of Pennsylvania; that
they prood4 to Wiikssbarra, Lujsnio county,
J'onnsylvaaia, whar the fugitiv waa found ; that
j.ihey auemptad to arrest hint in obtdieuca to said
warrant; that th arrest was rcsistud with great
iolene, and, after a saver struggle, tha fugitive
wuodd in oapin(;. They complain that they
bea aneatad and impruonod under color of
fk warrant frou a juatic of th peace of Luzerne
. ooty, hrcio( thia with an assault and battory
" a said fusiUv. with intent to kill, aud pray to be
ttisebarfpoT from aid imprisonment.
T taut writ tt hahaa corpus Chollet make re
Ml detain ti prisoners hy virtus of a
- United Stato, for this dislri. it ; that a warrant was
. J.laiwd in their hamls by said Marsh.:!, issued by
V D. ,fraha.u, Ks,,., Commissioner, ,nd emhirscd
t.- . t..J. n .k. k;..- 1 1 i .!:.....: .1
- r.- ... .. .linn. h'J urarn nv
am,r without any iniinr-; ns to who had
"rid tliem to take n pint in tho proceedings,
1 11 "iw olyccted that the t ourt had no authority
i j" discharge the prisoners, lM, ause they wore held
hy a warrant fi-om the State magistrate for tn
l,,rm "? 'he iudieiarr net. this obieltion Would'
;( .Salm, or any order, process, or decree of nnv
..tudzo or court thereof, nnv ihinr in nnv n.. .'.i'
n'''M;;;h,i ;r iss: I'ioa:"'::,1 ,. ;r
" . "
conseouenccs. While tho Mnrshars officers in this
nuthonly ot tlie laws ot 1110 i rnteu nintes. iow
jet us supposo tho Marsha 8 officers had succeeded
in making the arrest, and the blieruT had attempted j
to eiiocuto tho process, what would havo been tho
If Marshal resists a contest ensue,, which
'"'7 be called, in fact, a war between officers, each
noting and justifying their conduct .under -roof ,
.from tier respective sovereigns. If tho ShoriH
Li. .i ..,,1 the officers of the United Stutes con-
pertain warrant isunl by (iilbert Hurroughs, n
justice of tho peace for tho borough of Wilkc.
barre, and endorsed hy nn aldcrtnnii 0f riiilndcl
pliin. Tho warrant sots forth nn thrnrmntion, upon the
oath of n, certain William Oilderslccve, "thnt
Oeorgo Wynkonp, John Jenkins, runl Jnnics IW-
ut, in a riotous manner, with pistol miU other
- f "etipons, peat anil waiindcd a certain eoloreil man
named Hill, nnd that they assnultod, heat, nnd
abused the snnj Hill, ni the deponent believed, with,
intent to kill him."
On the return of thin writ on Wedncmlay 1nt,
ohjection waa made to any net inn hy the Court ujh
on it hy learned rniin.i.l, who appealed without
KtntniK on whose helniir or l.y whom they were
1. I . ... .....
aiiuiiiriEoii io uueriere in tne matter, liionir i n
r"u" "' aT "J oujonuon Wlneli eolilil he liuiila n
I to thil rxlnnf ol iI.a i.i.Mnn ..I l. ........ :.. .1
- ........ ... ,,.,, nun
I alleged eriniinal oneneo nmuns
j sylvania, and that tho warrant i
, " " 'e liict. Ion liabeas corpus issued by
this toiirt, under the general authority conferred
!,c cnnclusive. Hut this writ was not allowed nml
: !nr" " general 1 iw, hut under the spec
I til UllWCI Cllli tefe...! lilT In, rAvim I Ii .-a.. 1 1.... . P . I ..
, - r.
;,. ' ongiess ..I r'd of Mar, h. M.;.:, , .'
" nonermi 10 our presem innu.ry, ih
1 1111 '"Hows :
" Ami Iv it ftrtVr Tint either of the
(justices 01 me Mioieuic Lmirt, or a judge of a:iv
JiKti n t Court f tlie 'nitd States, in ndilition to
the niitbority nlic.nly c itfened bv law, shall h.ne'
! power to grant writs i f habeas corpus in nil cases
1 ol a prisoner or prisoners 111 jail or eonfinenient.
1 where he or they shall be committed or confined
'nn nr l.u a in mil km ilu i,r l.ur f,- ,,,4 ..,.
nmillril tu be .mc iu j.u.uuiirt nf n Liir of I he I'ni -
i Coni:ics hi tho conlrarv uiitwiilo.tiiiiil'nor
v ... .... , ., ,. . .
1 .ii llii: 11111 iiiise ill inn 11 1. si n us, 1 in nm n,...i. .....,
lis point it .Wus necessary to assume that the
I l . . .
1 iulis i.ei loriu in ii e urisonei-s oettttnti were ifiin
i . . . r. - . i
..-is i,i, lt,n unu.l .1 11. ai.. .. 1 1..
i ..,a.i " .n' . :,; " , . .'. .. .,
petitton Mta'eH distinctlr that the
i ,. , T : . , ,.
, tirinoliers havo been commi ed l.ir un ml ,l,.i.,.
.1 - i- . . .
l , ; . ' fJ. . .... '" e . !i
'11.1' l lllll'll .-t:LlH. ir lillifialal'il .iLimiu n ill.t,
it tlicreloic comes within the
J lie writ ol liuhc.is corpus m n high prerrg.t -
live writ kimwn to the common law; the great
object of wlii. h is the liberation of those who mny
be impriomed without sudiciciit cause. It is iii
the nature of a writ of error, to examine the legal -
it V of the COlllluitlllOlit : it brines lite ImiU- nf the
prisoner up, tuimther with the cnue of his coiirnie-l
niont. Tho court onn, undoubtedly, inquire into
! the sufficiency of thnt cause." Seo cx parte
j Watkiiis, 'J IVicm ffltl.J
,V warrant of arrest is.uicd by n instiee of the
pc.ieo has imne of the characteristic's of
... i i- .i i . ' .. . .
ment of a court of record, and is then f.,re
l J U.l.
...iiviiisnu I'Miieucc nun ine prisoner is rigliity tic-
prived of his liberty. It is every tlav's iirnclu e to
impure into its rrgularity, nnd whether it has ln.cn
issued on sufficient grounds to justify the arrest
and imprisonment. Jf this cniihl not be done, the
writ uf habeas corpus would little deserve the eu
...l.:..u : i ; i . . ..
-'"T " I"vv'lc" u action to "'
Warrants of arrest! issued on the ,,li..n(i,.n ,.f
private informers nnv show i. th,.;.-1 . ., .!,.
'. ...Vi! 1 :. .' ' ,: nm
..Illi.. riiiiiii.il, i Un- lllllllllllllll 11, I III"
ini I ! i nu 1 1, n .., co. sooocuc. tncicm. i 1.V
oaoeas utirpiiN, unu slows inai lie wns t ie f ieri I
.,r tin. i,. I,,. ii :.. r I
le -al irarr:.,;,' If e.ine, .. ,,. , . . '
Put it may ho toiimled on nuslake, igno-1
malieo, or penury. To put a caiio vcrv i
to the present. A tells 11 that he has seen
0 1, - n. , . , .
: J runs oil to n justice, swears to the,
boldly, without nnv kiiov. I,..,l--e of the fact.
s out a warrant for C, who is arrested ami ,
i . , , ., h
ririMOiici' 111 such a case, beciiuso tho wnrnint
, .. r . , , .. i
regular on lis face, the writ of ha .pas eortins is of !
.. .. ' - . I
little use. J-.vcry arrest of the person is an assault
and bimery, and attended with brce ami v oleuce
against a resisting party , and .( made by hree or ,
more mM-sons , a not provided the fact be con-
cc.vlcd that it was made in execution of u legal ,
Tho authority coiifcrrcd on tho judges of tliolhiin
Citiieil Si, ,ies I.i- this ,t..t nf r...,,....u tl.n.i,
hscover tor wliat useliil purpose the net was passeil.
Is the ini:oi;r tu bo brought before thein t.nly that i
thev mar nckiinwledge their utter iiupoteiice to
protect him? 1 his net was passci Wlien a certain
,nl "' ,l"s ll,1"n l'a1 fli' vutencd to nullity nets '
L.r ft..--.... .n.l ... l..l .... n. ii.i Is iiim '
..1 v ...nBi uu.. ui ii. .1. in. 101 un . -.v .. ... ,
siioum ui.ciiioi iu uxucuin uieui ; unu ii wip. .eon-
ed ns n remedy against Mich State legislation. K
il.A k!it., r 1 I - I.. 1. . i f 1 . 1 . .
flillC t'l J .-MIir l illllH 111
,1 1 .1. ...1.1 ..... 1 . :
'''''' - ''l - ed that the fugitive slav
An....ln,l .l.i.l.lll I.AM I.I.H.I...O I.
exr-eutotl within her borders, nml had directed her !
..... ..... r. ........ iu.-
officers to arrest nnd imprison those of tho luited
Stales who should attempt to execute it, would not 1
curt ll,lV0 1,cen l,"ul"1 lu l,eat net aa '
uneonstituliumil and void, and discharge their ofli-:
..AM. I'....,. :...t.rlu..t,i, ...... H...1..M ll 9 An. I I...... il.....
'''n' 1'r," iniprisomiiciit under it ? And hnvn they
ler to uo so, wnen niisciiievous iiiteriueUUIers
r1'"11""' i" " uu cum i'i; mr
"10 l",mo lnlrl)"Kt ' 11 "! ""ranai ami nisoiiieers
mny bo arrested for serving process, why not the
"'"j ",I""L ' "h fi"s."i ..ii nm. me ,
Commissioner ami Judge who issued tho process?
1 '"' '"; ' inm
seiircely eontend tluitin such civsos the courts of
1 "cl States should be wholly unable to proi
, I . . ... ..ii,..a. . ... . i u I. ...I. ni i.n i
r'1Hc wore ciideiiyoniig to retake the prisoner who ;
m,l escaped from the.,,, tho person wU afterwards
We to ho mfornuition on which his warrant.
w ns issue.. ,. .........i ..... ... -
Shor ff. which ho very wisely refused to execute. I
- - ' . i . 1 . ,1
ii 1 1 t 1 1 n ninvn!" hum imiv 111 inr nivr inii hi rvufi iuri 1
umler the writ of habeas corpus or g.ves then, !
none at nil. If under such a writ thev iumv in.
" . I V. 1 ,
,. , . . 1 t . .
disi hargo their nlhcor when iinpiisoneil ". ov
aulhm ihf' for nn act done in pursuance of a law j
01 tne l niteti .-states, it wouiu no nnpoiisiiiie to
kimwing tho persona ctuirgeu to no noting
vp,l tn nrison. If such a state ot afluirs can be
brought about at tho instance of any misehiovous
or unprincipled person, who is willing to swear
without scruple to that which ho does not know to
be true, or perhaps knows to bo false, then indeed
has been discovered n safe modo of nullifying the
constitution and laws of tho United States Ihosc
who celebrate the anniversaries of tho (Syracuse
riots or the Christiana murder mny well rejoice in
Not bclioving that the courts of tho United States
have been left in this helpless condition, or that we
are renuired and authorired to issuo a habeas cor-
!.!,, .nv nnt tn release the prisoners if
unjustly detained, the ol joction to the jurisdiction
and power of tho court was overruled, aud the
iTiiioi-ni mis appeared iiy its proper representative
in defence of it. ofTo'em " nnd if the Commonwenlth
of l'i nnvlvnnia. by any nfli.-er entitled to renro.
' her laws !ave been trnn-resse'il bv the rrinner
ther should bo l.nnri . ;r ,i,' ...i.'
ter inlornied, and in his last deposition ho refused
testify to that which ho has heard by report
iv.mi others," nnd that ho itoic believes "that ru
W more is no testimony."
,ay havo been received with regard to this trans-,
,.,,, we think it proper to givo a brief history of i
the facts as cI.ci.imI from the testimony of nu.uer-
,,us and rcspectablo cvo-witiiesscs who have Itenti
testify uot to rumor, but to what
thev .w . mil heur.l
.....i i, ,.., ,t , ' ... : . ' ''
" . ..' ' ,"' !' ""V ri'n'' "
in ii, iw on iicvt or tlx til0trlt'i;i,'e ami tshrl 1 tout he
X . . '. , " i
... . ...""' ' ? ' . PNI 1 n-v -V. . ."Tc' !
,ilt, ..,,.' ..t . r ,,M,, , ,' , " i ' Vt'i . i . , i.!'. '.i-!!
that he tlul not see tho prisoners
nL..i.. , .. . . I:.'
nitim 1 n i.-iii. ... 1 1 1 , 1 1 . t . c ,
not shot, and that the pn.-oncr, v cix- nllUcrs. nml
.,., ...,....,. ...i ..i.e..
it tin- r, iinrv, niui ii.iiiini u:Ul mis n' 'unp yns '
. ic... ini nm ni! 1 in u.iesi uic in-
citive. nn nil davit was bion-ht 1,, hi,,, n.n.l,. i. vlt.i
ten t by Sipiiro liitrrctiijis" on which the w',11 rant
ns siaied.l in romr hs l.u. nm 'n i ni tbn ,,(ii,l.,i w
and arc plenM-,1 to see that ho is now bet-
her henring of the enso postponed till the 12th
f td toher, in order that nruof inifilit ho made of
otoher, in order that pnsif might bo made nl
r....... ....... i .1 . . i .1 .1 it......
tlie fiirta xtnteil ill the tietilioti. nml that the fl:ite
of Pennsylvania, (hrougli her kiiowii 'frn erF, mi(;ht
appear if iho fit. and (how nny ,it emisc ol
l oinplnint nrruinpt llin oflirer tmvr in tirnjft.
()n that d. iv the nnmn Ipni-npil iTtillrionn who
hud npeared mi the former oceaioii mine forward
and proponed to tiilie part in the proceeding
were re. iioted to state whom they represented, anil
to show thi-ir authority, If ther lrnd any, to Inter
' wa answered that they had l.ren einpl'i veil l.y the
..onMnlile who made the nrrint. To wliiih it wai-'
replirdhy the fntirt that their duty to their client
ended when they had nado out Iiim return to the;
vene en lifliair i f tlm Kmto f renniTM num.
i.a.i ....t.. i.:.. ........ ,i...
writ ,.r i,i,o,. . ,i.. ,i. ...i.i i..i .
..... ... ....'.r...i,i;., ,1111, , in- ,;"iiii,i 1V nil., ,.. .
more toncern with the remit of thin nrneeeilinir
.1 ... . ... . .. '
iiinn iij innrr citizen : tliut tlie initeil Mate, t lov-
! . . ... i.t . ... i. .... it i.i
any ftutlionty from tho Uovemoror Alltornry Con-!
,ttlmy of J.iieri.e countv! thev should l.r heard
Hut u i,e court I. ml ... t...i:. n.,
of tltee officers I.s,l .l,.n . . t.i .1.,.- n,
cuniteimm e to such proceedings, nnd as the rersoi,
who had a right to complain ns the Injure.!
Ill' I , i t 1 .. . . . . " . r . .
lie nan; ias cotiiessi :l the lustico ol hit,
Hrrct by f!e, ;, the rnuntrr. we Would not permit
1111 re Voiinile.TH to interfere for the purpose or em-
j broiling the Mate of I'onnsi Ivnnin 1, . ninst her will
' ' f ' tin1 I't it"d yr;i!,;s. or that rny society of per
le-.-ever r.peettihje. should ttssiime to be the
gunrdians i f l.cr peace iid di-iiilv.
I'viden.o win thivn pn.diiiM-d to show that the
f!"1 1'ris. ners were ilepi ties of the.Marshal ; that
awlul warrant was put into their hand.-i rommand-
'"P them to arrest one W illiam Thomas, a furitive
from hibor ; thst in llllfdliiin.iA ,,C K!U nnse.itil t ! n i-
arrested said fit"itii o that he resisted with irrcui
! violence, nnd made attempts to wound and kill the
ollicers ! that he o...e. .I...I : ......:.... r.... i.:.
arrest, ran into the river ...;.i. . l..:c.
ne ue. inve.i 10 won 1 not .e i en . il. i it...
. ... .. . .............
n .' in. .it . 1-1 in nun n in, p;i.,,'!
up the ntlcnipt In recapture him, mid came nnav ;
and that for these net.., done in ol edieiuo to their'
writ, thev had been f.lNelv ehmved vlth lint .ill I
assail 1 1
assault and ba'tei v. Tl o .. iici nl f.n-tlm oi l., 1 1
Cieni III nil! loni'e t.n r , ..1... .l .1..,:.. .......
eient u, ninhoiie ihelr l
n V : ,. "r ,' . " ' " '
..... .... .....11 iicn, iiiiormeii iirii a ltutui 0. oi
re I.e. la!. If. i orsons wc-e i.i'e nnt ii 1. . li ' I ... ':ii.i.B,..t
transection, nml being d, sinus to nseerlain
iwnetner toe t imers 1 ol ni.'.ed in an t:ejut'tiiih!(
"nani.fr, !i ns to mil f r ei.:;ivf i v puui dur.ent,
'otdercd thedepiK ition of those pcrsnns , I o taken
hy n comnii-.ioiier. In order to ncertn'n upr
what 'rt'OUlols the sworn iol'. .rmn inn ... j ',. .....I
who were the ners-ms i rosecntiiiff il ti e .l..:i.i ..'lt;.,n
I"' Win. ('. liildorslevo, en wine e oath the warrant
nis founded, was also taken : it being dun to that
person that he should be allowed to justify hiir.sell
' .c" "r"V'v. I'."-''-. 'ler ta ..l.tan,
" wiirrr.ni n.r tno iiris.mers. he :r.d trued a i e-
nii.ll I..I, iliilniM I ..I , I, . 1 I .
il n n -i'ni,. r .. ...i ..i . 11:11 .i.. tir ... ni
........ ...i.i n. un i--, nn ,in ,,r ,) imam iiioma
:!. . t . . .
I'l'oio., e., wnn iiuent to Kill mm. no w
"tlmtitwa.a coloied , ,.. . lmt " .,.
i'? ,i.wtt'0,l.i,',r c"'"i"'-l V " after
. . K 0111 1"e nn"10 "' "n0 r 1110 prisoners, that
lic "'" went to a justice of the peace, nnd told him
11..., . I I. II. ..
persons who atteint
:,. ,i, ,,;,., . . i . " . . i . , .
at that tune s tl.ot he cnimot tell what he swore to
"V1" .'l'" liolf HI Order to obtain Ihow.irmilt
Ier to ol. tain the warrant :
prisoners (he piitels "ot
JvvstcrPnc mid Seannn
hem wns very brief done
. . ' '
an ins iiiior uatioii irom Last
.... i ....... . . '
l 111 HIS llllPl'Vtew Willi I inm wn.
:.. , .. , ... . , ,. ', ,. . ,.
, , 'be R wl llvl t o
, , ollj , f Mni,in wn,i,
til ... Unl 1;Jn , ,, a m,7 ' ,, '
,,.,, ,u,, ' 1 . '.
" .....nil i.i.jini , unu lie Km
.1... ..... .... .... ....
. .... ., . ....!.. j , ji,,,
i u ai'r:iiii
unu tteiivcreu it lo the siieritt and told :
Li ... .1.: i s. ' ... ". , .
iteu inm to execute it. .othing was
uu ii. in i. iiiiiioi. ruiiiio iwo weens liner mis.
Ut reiniest of Messrs. Iirowu nml .l i,.l ,.n . t'.t ii
iis intended when ihe itifni ui.m iv.m ,1,',.,, .,...,1
that one Kutr. should swent-1 ii lot n. it ,.n.
convenient to liud Kut7., the Spiire ti Id hiin it tlid ,
,,t make n particle of dilference whether ho or
l.-..... ...,. . . I I t .. . 1 . ..
ii 1.,.. .,v in 11, inm 11c logneu nun swore 10 11,
ivroeariiig n rciui j null i.e cnmiot tell wiio em-;
nloyed Messrs. Juekson nnd ll.-own, but supposed
t . . in 1 1 1 . . . . . 1 1
t -.v; some persou in I'hiladelphie. ; that he knew I
1 . . . I ...... . 'i ... .
nn! ll lug ,, i,,viii 1111 inei j n lion ut eu ineiuseti cs lo .
him inliis store: tin.' it never cumc into his mind 1
to stato to the magistrate tiV.t the pmsous claimed :
hi piniu m mi' iihiii'iiiiit' i, i tun jirtcvu'' mi"" n
to be marshal's officers niiikiii- nn arrest; ud. li-
itallv, that " ho knew notion." about nnr pistol or
l!ro-anns,or any knives nnd foils, or iinvtliinir undor ,
. i ' . n
Cntnineiit nn siieh pniiiluet tu uimpvUumiu Tt I.
enougii to say mat it shows to the t ourt that, while
the nine and intelligent portion of the population
;f Wilkcsbnnre who witnessed this transaction, nml
in ii iiKcsuHiire who wiiucsscti tins truiisaetion, nml
the prosecutor, whoso duty it was to prosecute of-
iciices nge.insi me punne peace, have not seen prop
er to institute
';, on onth, that lie was not i resent, nml knows '
nothing- or tho transaction whatever; that ho did
not see AVillinin Thomns that day at all; that n .
certain Joseph Kastorliim had told him "thnt a man !
WHS shut ill tin, 1 1. - .1..:..- ! 1
mill I mil' I lit neen n iit.n. a h.i .. . m ... ah ...
... .. . ... :
any proceedings, some philanihrupui,
f nssticiation iu l'hila.lelnhia hnvo;"1
tin ivulioil. ns nMM.ii.i.itiiiii in In. tin. Oil.
vcuiureu in uii.e inn jieo pie oi uixerno cuunly un-'
dor their protection, ,,,,,1 havo boon so fortunate ns
i . . .1 . .i . . ... ' i
toliud awitness willing toswear to an information of,
the truth or falsehood of which, by bis own ncconnt, 1
,o was utterly ignorant. Imputing no bad motive
, ,,. ynincsa n,r such rnsn gnu iii-auviseu conuuet,
wn ih ok he lots uHWeil hi. v..l t mitn..n l,i. .111
in onlor 'to correct any Jalc impressions which
Tho threo Ucputiosof th Marshal, arcompariicd 1
bv two L-entlemcn fium Virinia. who were well act
nuuinteu with the fugitive to bo arrested, entered
tho dining-room of the l'homix hotel in the morn
ing, about 7 o'clock, and found tho negro Hill, or
William Thomas, in the room. The agent of the
owner look hold of the fugitive and handed him fl
yer to tho officers, says, "this is tho boy I require
you to tako under tho warrant." As th GuVer
proceeded to arrest hiin, telling him they wci Uni
ted States officers, a violent strugglo cm ued; tha
landlord of tho hotel, who was sitting at his break
fast, got up and went round the table, and said
"Hill give uy ther is no use to resist." Bill ealled
for his pistols. The landlord altemted to get hold
for his pistols. Th
ofhini. Hill made
a p iss at him, lo hit him in the
.t,.i, i 1
partvidantoring to hoidhim, nnd finally released himself
. r. . .. ' .
en then despatched a uiowugor for tho Mierill".
: v. he rifu'od to render ar.v ussis nin e.
bill's ulothm were much torn, and considerable
n.hl.KiJ had tecu shod over his ftteo and clothes in
"t been iiii tttutcd nor is now ai knowledand bv the
eV-l' 'cnnsyltiia, lu.t has its cuigin in some
""oei.i'.ioii living ut n llistance, nnd wholly lgno--
-'' hc whole tr uisaetion which they have ltd-'
llllteernil In in, .ili.,.. I.. . ll,.,l ll,.. 1..C... .....I....
num. ll i.s ui.ii v lit mi, i ii liris. utpru urn I iiii..i.i.(.
fnoc but minted it, nnd struck him on Ihoshoul.lei
;TIijM7iov, attemiiteil to n'cine him: one of thei
1 1 he 51
1 ...:. ..i
nritfl liim round tlie wait: he was thnnvn en th
j fl"H hut, mixing with them, he ohtnined )Mme
' iiinnf n irvinj knife mid attiiitod In ulnU Mr
S't Je, who lind ronie to the nMHintniii e of tho ofl.-
i eer 'hii l.low wttM ii.,,-i!n11v wnnlfwl l.r nn-
otlor poison, no thnt Settle wn atmi-k villi the
inutile niftrad eflhe point ot the knife, on Inn el-
o"v, an. I ii,iIjii Irom reii'liTin lurtlier asi
tni'4.. Th knife heinj Irtkeii Irnm hiln, the rfli-
eer r.!.!r,,,, I.. ..... il.o t,rUaner'a lini,.' will.
chniVli or linidi'iil'i, l.nt meeeedeil otili
tin them r.-i hi. ri"ht wrist, when I'.ill st
xier.ono of the d.tutie-, over the head
ImtileuliH. infiii lit," a i nt on his temple, u
iv it, ,'l.
i. i. r.. . .:. I I I u
nn ....! .1: ii:.... t.:... i.....: t;n
thrown dow'n. the ufTieei-ii in vuin ntternptin;;' to" fe -
cur-hiOminls with the the bnndciifl-.: Hill roe tip
with them, and seized a table knife nnd wounded
"li'htlv the liiind of Jenkins who livhl him around
tin v.aist. '
111 klufi' tt-ua rrr)ffti fi-iim liini nml tit-niv ;.c
In f.rk which he had scired. While Hill had pos -
i c4...w.i' ,t. i...:r ' i :
- . ... .. ... iii , iiiu noiii. it on imis v ni i, it , ii in u
toTwl, the .Hiccr, .mn ,no crivl out to tlictn:
' "We don't wmil a dead neno " "Ho not hurt him.'-
til r,i : :.i'"..i' r. i.. .1 1..
m .1 r.l, ....1 ... 1:11 .1. o 1 1.. i1.:. .'...I.
I to t ,e door at length, with two of tho ollicers ,.n-
ironj ineiii, uiej escaped and ran t iwarils the river,
Tho ofi ers then said they would try to frighten
bi, Ml J fired off pistohi, hut (lid not point tho lU-
toll, toward Ihem. Kill .l.l ioto ll, riv.r- ,..
l one fumirhed him with a largo knife. Thoofh -
the Mrii'-.ric a I iiri'ft ft'i'itil pal 1ni-f inniP n .
hulled JlJi not to bo tiikcn alive, and he declared
Ii t 1 1 1 It I 1 1 in i tn ttf l..t .Ifi.u I lull,.. 1 1,., i. l.r.
taken. The olli, urs. after dalKinir omo time beion
afraid to make further uticn'tpis to arrest him. ns
in. me u il.i o.'.i .1 .1. i
went i:-..v .... ; n. .1 1.1 .... i.
taken a in m.. t , v , ... t I,;. I it..., -
..... ......... ...... , .., ... ... u.
......... f .....u,. ,1111, ,,11 1,111.. vtlitl lie. .n'J'llil-
"I the ohicers, Hill said to two witm sses, who
injnirr of him ii he vim hurt, "that he as not
hurt, l-ut l.K.l . tne I.'. 111,1 , l.int tlm (....,. II..
s ufu-wnri! 1 !:. e uu-nv I.i- .. .... ...
. -.u.. w. 1
e n-i l.t'.i . .. I. ; : 1
" ., :. , ,
mo isiTioy 1 i i inme m i.:e cniiiiiter or tlieso i l.i
Cet'i, in theit'litisn. eesstiil i.i.il.. ..-..t.. ... I..1 :i n ...... .
to! ilo"iiistiii.; t'ii! v : ex.'e'. f. rerhaps. a
wnt of si;ft. ici.t ( cr.rn'.e mid per-cierence in tlie
itKotrj.'. to --.iita ll.i writ. A careful exnminn-
tint' ol the tc timi.i'V iilliclenllv exhibits the reason
a l.y those who we,,, ncrinaiuu-.l wild the facts of
the cae haie been nnv.iliing to prosecute the ofli
cru l. r their un 'iccessful attempt, and left it to
tl.oe who, to u .c ihcir own language, "knew 110
thii'g Uv. ut it uioler huav;u." "
la iimchiMiin. as we find that the prisoners are
iMeis of tic United States. " in confinement for
iicisd iioiiiniirstiineeofn law of the 1'nilcd State.
Ill ll t.ni nn l.i..n.,...i C . 1...1 1' .1.- .ll .1
tl.ev l.-.c r.,.( txccivled the cxiWncv of the i roofs
nU'U v which they acted : that this prosecution has
which the warrant to amt the prisoner, is Ibun '
'l 'is sworn to by one who did not k..ow whether
I,lc manor oi uic nllnliiMt presenleil to liim was
tnio or false, and that, bv ' statement of half tho
. .1. il . i- i .i .
From the Christian Press.
ANOTHER ATROCIOUS OUTRAGE.
LOCUST GROVE, Adams county, Ohio.
J ZTaZZ to hl ZZ'Z ZZlTvJJr'Zt
Xfi01 c and vourscirioi a, d use al r
.u2Ml Ut vr Mswor to th I
"" Brgruimit.enitit r l.et your answer to this
d'.7iu ln im ot your duty
toother! " V, hatsoevcr ye would that men should
titr. iici .111 i .' 1 iihl ihcv k inr run tun-un
""" """"' wa l-'W ea.ight one of
tlie men nnd the woman, but the niun l.un. ,1 ,..
... ; , 1 . . ""r-v mim-ii
, , . . - r.
hru:e!v thnt they were InrecU to let tho woinuii fro.
' ' ,rftvc' t!": "ll"'-,u
1 ey rciurneii on .aiuri,ay villi titcir poor, per-.
lrostitutes nnu an -ni niing io iuw. .uuy Uol,
"'"''J'' .1,rinr P"'1 l,nl,"V. to ?I"!0,.lJr T0"
'L.n HKoTiait : Will vou nilow me, throuuh
.1 "i ' .'. .' " -in;;iv ne-iuuiuui me
l""''"' working ol Hie peeuliiir-ehurchi hcrished
' 1 '"l'a" h1,1v ''"'ding churches) institution t,
Tho case is ns follow s : S.nnfl timo Inst
li'AIlr i!l n l.n!..,.. ! l,n ..1. ..i1 ... . I . A .
vour paper, to cive vou u simr e instance ol Ihe
week, five bein.-s in tlm slmnn .,f ....... !... ;....
"''' l" nt
thmjiKh our village, and stayed at a tavern on the
.uUkirts oi the village. They passed on northward
in pursuit of runaway save And haviiiL-overtaken
- I " . .1
,. - . . . . n -
k ,' .... " " T i f5 r ' '
'' ' V, v" ,v ""fc m;.' u .ourse
were well preiinicd tn i 11 i tl.p-,; !,....'
. ... ,.. .., r- wi-
seeuiou, ni .1 vietini. tieil naiid nud loot, like a
.'felon or murderer. The hclidess mail was badlv
varvod with knives ami dirks, while manfully Unlit -
' 1,,r . VV.;IV'" .riK''. la tins comluion
1 . ,,!'vr.p"' 1,0 '"'"ye mentioned tavern,
with their Pistols in limit, when. li..v Lm,l l.l.
. , ,., ,. , . . .' , 1
. .. " ' "c" "ig.
., M'"ay' mtirniiig they nuirchod hi 111 through the
VI I l!l 'ri with l 1st itwt iiiul iiinliiv t .a I. 1 It
?'""!-' 'itli his feet tied under the horse's belly,
instil' otf t.pneeuliln piteyunu K...I. In ..III.. ...
" u . i ......
!'.oy"tr-T . hnt a contrast ! . Only a few days be-lit
"?ro our i'''"-'" '' villages were crowded with men,
. i-ii .
w'""10l,i ana children, inarching to the sound
u,l,1" J"1 ,,'rr'1 ." ,l'c "tar-spanglod flag, w
e,f "l3 u".,u'r,"K " breeze, proclaiming, Li
liud of the
Alas, has this nation no
ti ill it eon-.
iinue tononsioi iioeriy, vv line ino piooaol millions
in mi. t.t i;...l fi.,,., tlm irn.ti.nfl" V... ..n . ........
,'",i,M K"'''?, heiul ; for husbiiiuls, wives, children.
... . .j.., ... ...... ....... ... j,. ........ .... ,, i.(;. iiinv
lainers, moiucrs, sisicrs, nnu oroiuurs, uu worked
whipped, yen, nnd virtuous females aro made
f'ghteousncss, and it. iniquities by showing mercy
nm in ii'ii. mnr. ll. lunv "riirn nu'nv irnni it. mnu in.
t0 VmT- '
1 w n,e a w in re at, on ,, the vchoMmg
1 es. An 1 w at shall 1 s yT A hundi,-,
- f "V "T . .. . i i Li .? i T..n i. 7.Y
human bouigs lor money I U sliamol whoro is thy
hlubhl O justice I whiiJier hast thou tied t Is it
any wonder that Mr. Foster calls such churches "a
brotherhood of thieves?" Let us try the matter.
Mr. Shivehiihling l'resbyteriiin, (old or uew school),
Methodist, linptist, or whutci cr liume you call your
self by, whethor would you rather that a man would
00 '! J"!"' ". J0 eve,n ,0 l"hm." Aud now, in
conclusion, i as. aim warn all gooo men ana women
iu connection with such ' brotherhood of thieves
to flue for thuir lives,-ilee as Lot did from ,Sodum,
look not back, lest the taaica of God's wrath
overtake yon, and vou bo consumed in the crushiug
thunders of God's righteous judgments, whicbawait
all impenitent oppressors.
' In haste, I remain yours la th cant of sutTering
Weuld net inch men hav don wendrs (n
Washington's day, whsn valiapt men wr needed
fiv men, witn tan pistols which would shoot
sixty limes, o on man nnd tt girl, and had toH
Ih' girl yn lo in e the man
LOCUST GROVE, Adams county, Ohio. A "FUGITIVE" SETTLING HIS OWN CASE.
In the ease nf Lewis, claimed ustl Fni W t Slave.
it C'iiieliinnti, pentliiitt tin exsiuinntioli, (hi 1'iiJu.V.
i disi.nteh was roi rhed frum Jud;e .SrAt i.MMi and
Mr. liARitiMiToN, counsel in tha cure, at t'.ilnml.ns
stating that Imuortant cvidem r on I elmlf of tin
defendant had been disi overeil: Col. CinviirR". f.u
after sonio iliseuaniiiii on points rn'iMid bv the r.t'.ui-
lirV. I1M and l-'.n. (. OM1I1IIX1 nn r t aki i ntkii. as we
ifjrn in in it.'" i 'T 'i'.. iiiiii.i.ii , i, i, 1 1 -i.
fereil t 1 fivoid n li'i;l.iti of the p.,nit rnl'e.l: Mil
we:e. Iin eonipolle.l to ile. I te, ln iii iioii wonl.l I (
1 runt urn r uts.run ai. a. r.n.U'ri ii or iiiiro.n ir
mcontor. imwersot a luiiiciu e turai ti-r on hiiit a
' Coiiimisiimier, whi-h, ill bis fpinimi. he could not
coiiNtilutionally oxoreini: and. that having ro:ison
snfBeinnt in the tolnfmphie Uispr.tih ine-ent.il. in
addition to his .wi uiiwillingnesN umleilal.e the
ilei ision of gmat and important lt-jral iiies!i,.ns. 1.
would, in the esercise of the dlscreti, n KeloiiL'ini'
' " n".'1' juilir", under a tiinnlar stale ofein-timsliinces
rnoii'oun th cuo nni'il mich i-cuuoi.iiI.Ip t i n,p s
.wtiM ullw cuuiibpI f.r ihn fuitivo a rJii:mMr
ed to suppose would, under tie circitn.stai s, be
. Ilefi.re the time wns fted f,,r wbl. 1. tie en,..1
"hould be continued, Col.C. remarked, that l.eMip.'h;is
, P1'""' ' '"'.V '-'' his fiien.l
. . I t . . I .1 . - ...
1 in 1 l.e 1 "Oiri
fi r I.i m la r u
i n "' somen tin; ruinnnrm,
1 '"fer incmirt. T1ii 1.rodmed s.,
wr" Hoercil tlmt tlie Is.y had, 111 Kief
. ,n 11 fw moments I'.cpiily Marshal Dnvnrx. win
had gona out to look ufte
him, returned mid said'
he had left the hoii' e.
Col. CntHHEis then remarked, "Look to it, "Mr.
Miirslmll yon nro pecuniarily responsible for his
i safe loping." The Marshal retired in pursuit, us i:;
siiniio.c.ii, ol I no lugitne.
essrs. .fni.i.irrc and IIav, the fugitive's e. nn-
sel, seemed to he as mu. h astonished at thi voi-
: unexpected result as any one olc. and im.st pi
tivel v disclaimed nnv euiioii nine in the n.uf ier.
: Counsel then inni eeilcd to setils the tone f,,r
. win. 11 t ic ea-e s louin c-Mitinnei!. w li i 1 was
flnnllvlWod for T.iesihiv next, at nino o'clock. A. iM.
The claiiLunt Kcioed to lake the c.i ape verv
cm ly. and remarked that "He had been wrotigell
out i( his piMpertv not unex ledlv, but be didn't
look for it 1 1 be done nr;,ctl.-in thatVav."
There v.as great exultation mining' the colored
jie..ile, ni... tit the court room, t.t tho re.-u'.t. yV.Vj-
l- J'i ' -.V.'i.
GRIER AND THE PRESS.
trains," that i'cnnsvlvanin citizens should I e libel- i
,.r ., . .....:....;,, i,,,i i, ,.,,
! that a supreme Jmb-eshoi. ,1 tbreaiet, ... hv .li. . . '
i . i ,
: incuts prcfered nirainst a poison who nun ies i.,i.iu
' , it under the sovereign uower of 1 ', t'.V,,,
wealth ; against any one who assists in the applica-i
i , 'A, "-v lw u""n u'
lr'''?!", "u Jiittleliciit
" . '"u
' " ''f1' UOWn llV tllO .1
-.- . -r - 1. 1 ....... .....u,... .
mm; ueuinsi ine lawyer wim tlelenils it ami the
sin in in nil ni iiTum it.imi nv nun "iiii.i.eiini. rti u iri.i-
Thefoll.miiigisnfDcciiiienof tho opinions of
the uress (not Inebn'i.-all anti-slnieiv in w.rrn,.,1
... .i' ... .. .. , ,.. , ' c
.It oil (jr. it a and tiif. Fi'oiTiVK Law. Tlie
opinion of Judge (irier, of the Supreme Court o!
the I'niled Statea, on discharging the officers ol'i
Marshal WyMKisir, brought before him en habeas
Ill 111,.- 1111 in'.UUH 1IIII11UIII 111 11 lllll'U UrilT I
lcorPu' f"'recs importaut principals ol State right,
: an". P1"'" "cw eon tructions upon the powers ol lei-
.'lllljllH-l n llllu null
rs, which are totally different
. m .' .-nUaetilia herctotor given as
exteiit of their p,.v. cr. , , '
..ur peo i.e nrojeii.o.iaoi any invatioii ol Male
Vermont, mid Jndire tisir.tt
grouiidin this oiiioi, m.
out conimeiit iinini the law
udire, but n independeiit
jouiinalisls we must boldly take ground against his
lima, manner ami language in tins oa-e, growing
out of theiitteiupt to urrest u fugitive .hue ut Wil-,
kesl larre. That I'ensvlvania Justice of IVace
Sheriff who serves it aro wli-min ntrardt r.i -
nicn win never no pnernte. in rennnvl
; ," , '.
wl"le ' t.liTl K "'ougli remains to defend tho
TV and I'OKi-ENiiF.M'ii, which nre vaunted
&!llt,; otto. 'it'. .San.
From the Philadelphia Register.
"HAS A STATE ANY RIGHTS?"
,0 tthU it, fr u. ri l)f j.0I1,1.Vttnill ,,nvt. le ;
1 ... 1 . . . . nun 111
uiuht Co or ol (-orvinf ii t cm 111111 writ It iu t;.i.
ui uroornc, hit couiis ireaien Willi contiime v. her :
,.,n..;,r,.i.. .:i...i 1, 1.1:
' thre.itene.1 bv a Federal functionary "dressed in n
ii" niiiiiu-.uii uiiesiion nKeii it one oi
l l.iu ii 11. . ...... Ill .....1 . . 1. . 1 , ..
our "'J contemporaries in relation lo Judge tjner',
recent decision, to tlie
. ",u lMri "n i mil .-line iiii!iin:.,s
nave no i risniction overnei simsw ineninm
I I ..
An in.lil'..,,,. .h.i.,.,i I..,, u.. i. i ..:'. ...
nn.itimi 1.. tlm ,i..i.. .:..i... ,1
h virion licmisinn. tlm m. .1..1. ......... ,r .... 1...1:. i .. 1.1!
It were n wante of ruasouinK to refute a crv wl,i, 1. 1
i sophistical enough to reouiro deiniiiruiiica'l 1,111 ms
:' 1. . " 1... I. . . .r. s 7 ""i-inr
10 gie 11 currency. 1 nc I ugiiive Mine Law and
its vallility arc not questioned in this c; e. Korall'
the purposes of the State tribunals, the civil nriK'nss i
1 ( . . 1 . . . . . H' " 1 '
it, which Jenkins, CWier and Wviikoor. were
. . ! . . . VV " ,v
uriueii, was cousin III lo
Jitional and to be executed. Hut
was'churired that a crime, a nhockimr d'hrn'i.,l
one was committed in its execution. A warrant
! was issued, unon eotitneti.iit ,,fn..r I..-
it.L....l 1. ..I.:.. . 'i s. . .. . 1 ' . I
uiiiiuiini. .iciiKins ami i.rozier weie urrcsteil. '
ii.i... : .... . I
, Judge Oricr issues a writ of lltihmx Cniu. tuli
tliA iitTiiliilnrii fi...,, tin. ...mat. .1.1.. ,...nu 1 .1..
' ..r....u.i., ft...y--n i.titiiiei
ivarrant mid sutiprceiles the .liisti.-i. r..e....nu ... i
counsel and witnesses for the prosecution, hears
I n t . . . . . ... I
onooi nieiicienuantsior liiiuselt and the nr soners
lisehargcs the latter and ruhukes the Htnin for " he
pri-suniption" in venturing to defend her own anil
und maintain her own laws.
The Judge admits, that uudcr the e-enernl no.
thority conferred upon him bv the judiciary act,
the objection of the counsel to fiisgoiiig behind the
.no oojecnoii m me coiuisct ioiiis going peliiml tiicl,
warrant would have been conclusiic hut he shcl-I
ters himself under the special powers enfened bv
.he seventh sec, on of tho Act of C,,g, ss of ,he
2d of Marc i. 1U, chap. 57, which giies to (he
... " , , ",D "'"nai power
"to lrrnnt writs of habea corpus in nil eases ,.c
tn grant writs of habea corpus in all cases of n
prisoner confined on, or by any authority of law
fur any act thine or omitted to be done in pursuance ;
of a law of the United States, or any order, process,
or decree of any Judge or Court thereof, anything
in any ai t of Congress, to the contrary notwith
standing." Does the learned Judge mean to say that this
provision has anything to tin with the case before
liim f Thit is not a proceeding for "anything done,
or omitted tn be done, in rwsvatu of the laws of
the United States." Wolds ai tilings, and partic
ularly in an Act of Congress, and it would be well
for a learned Judge to endeuvor to understand
them, aud not to be carrivd away by owirwanuiiig
and boisterous patriotism, poes he moan to sav
that if one man be nrreslcd instead nf another, fi
is in pursuance of the law ? Does ho mean thst if
an unresisting roan is cruelly beaten, il is in pur
suance of th law, bscnuse tlie officers hold a war
rant to arrettt Does h mean to (ay that if a
bystander is beaten or abused, it it in pursuance of
law ? Does h mean tn say that heeaus th officer
holds a warrant for a fugitive, h pisy ascscd his
warrant, and kill him or maim him f Doas b mean
to say that if doath or personal injury anstted, hs,
the Judge, has th right to arrant th efflcr IVim
the Stato nuthovity and dias.ha.rg offanders from
liability to the local authority, and trial by jury ?
l'gnihed outrage upon tho Uceeiicic of lile. on
the beach or olf. e hold un to tha tmhli.,
the violent autl undignified ciurso of Jud. ti7.
- , " . , --t
in itself censurable, without cxurcsmii u o.
pinion of the conduct of the officer.' and ,Tp..i:
Wilketharrc in the cos there. Wo ask the rea-
..m 'l.! .. '.
. . T
ocr iu innicc inai ineso nriK-ceuinira aid nut ui.
VAixiiiiuii m 11 r ib.h hi ihl innu. i.i.r in atitf iima
hot 11 limited nuthovity. That true; but
voars mid one half hefura ruu..in 17
II.. ...ll . .. . t ... '"g. U?
!f ti l' Isll's meanii g it Ism instfooa ! Mi t it
ho n it his me iniiifj;. n r a.sonhlr frward will t
paid to any ona who will infonn u what he doi
mean. Tlit : of Cranrest to which th team!
Jude refera for his juMifloallon, baa nothlnffj to d
with thca befora him -and, with tha intirprM
thm he has ptiven It, it would be utterly utTraT
j of the Constitution, and the aaored right ot tfia
State". If an nfiiecr, holding n Wfirrunt from thw
t niteil states eomnnts munler while exvutinj: it,
In I'oniv-; Ivnn'a i tint an art done In pnrnnf
. .1 11--. .1 I . . I n. . . .
of his y iiri iml 1
a vTincti naioa saae in imfr
ff the in! frum the State nnthoritiea and di
i har-e effeii.'ers from onieens and eneoaragw
i r"t f ti'ii n of ofTetiees, wlneh h hn no power to
. . 1 . . i: . i '
i ok i mi 'n?;;rn'iing, anu Trampling wpena
Sinte riht ? I it not to hemppoaed that thattli
Sta.. Tribnimls are oompeUnt to all the purpeM i f
l.a-v and .Piiin e7 If these men were jutttfiml
1 midertlu'ir warrant liad a warrant, andannoanctd
their iv.irnuit. aid acted within it limit m OtliM
I won!, ;.irue. it, would It nut hare been k teetir
ri lianei. before ft ombetcnt Conrtf And waa not
i ludva tirior bound an to consider It f Why tKa
' "h. ii Id he. throwing out slurs utHin ererT iuriadio-
, , . 1
1 ''I'Hii" . i-mp hH.a?i wini. when ft war-
I hearing had taken phuc thorcby defeating all lu-
' .-itimate iooiMi-v
The learned judi'e sns that the fniteJ rstatea
""i.i 1 iiiij-ii, it. i.-ii 11. i., v.',i-,rviii.u, iiv rvuuvra
I ;hat authority Illimitable, and tramples down th
ri-'iits enusiit uf loita it yrsioa in inn ntataa. ha
rHiutnt ih'tiy the ilis tiine thit what her Htatethtv
not given, they !iav. re- erved. Will healiowwb
or where the Nate he given any raeh authoritr
as he claims? Congress have never given itt anil
have no Ciipstitutioiuil right to give it, If this -
1 sumption id" power on the part of a federal J udg
i' uiiowen, mate rigms oro entirely merged and
I l.i-t, whenever they oome in eontaet with the Lnitsd
j States iissiiutptioii ; and this in civil na well asorinv
ii.e.l matters. Suppose, for instance the Marshal
' his- men should ho ane-tedon a nap: from
tne Miiirenie v ourt ol tlie rtute ul 1'onnsTlrania.
under un iilciitur of bail on (Itl.lKIU, and the defen
dutits tor want of ImiiI. were imprisoned, Would
uooir. -irnir on um ltouoii umi me oeiuiionnis wer
,inr flieera and were aoling in piirsunne of
' States warrant, undertake togrant a habaa
corpus to go behind her arrest to allow Ih prk-
,0 become wilnesses to exclude all tcstimntijr
, on the part of tho plaintiff, perhapi to refute to
,inlr counael, and to discharo the defendant
lr"ul confinement ; nay not only this, but to threaten
ho Supreme Court, and all subordinates, with pun-
ishiiioiit for having intorfnrod with -Ait officer v-
V"V' f,",",ll7 tl,i"- '?ut to threaten tu writ to th
, , . , k
Losirici viioruey oi j.iiKcrue ctmnty, ana reqiieal
hh" pro'-ccd iigainst ou or all ot tho witnusae
; ",r..rr J' V . . . . !
I 1 '' '"Bat,un r Ju.df?8 nricieitlT
l......iu In. liau n.. ...... 1.. u 1
i.ii.i.i.,iib nan iriwuviuii hi iiivivk HiOlf SVItlH,
nor l.mt be any excuse for doing o. Ther hi net
a Ssiuthern Judge in th I'nion that wuld vantwr
upon the nieaaurua w hich ha ho adopted. ' Kvn
nicn who arc opimawl to ulxAUivH ar aliockad. a
lias hoen truly wild, "l.y nn btowo! of sentiment
whicli, even m 1,'J, would have found delaoa-
I r' : - ' '
The press of the country has Terr wnerallT ani
.,,. iu;tlv cen-ured the vlolant d unMiHd
course oi jiiugo urcer, oi tne unitea istata
preiuo Court, in relation to th lat Slav
M ilkeshorre, I cnnsylvauia. ,
It is not our present purposo toeomment on th
extraordinary judicial proceedings belbre Jadgo
(ji it r, ur-hiH still inoro exlraordinarr conduet.
i' i :.i u-. . . i . . . . . . .
fi v rjt iiiuauusu Willi uu Vliori to OUHIXUCI Ul.al
phtce in Cincinnati, before Judge r linn, but in th
' riiiiadclphiii bufore Judjje Uricr, of tho Su
picnic Court uf th L'tiitod .States. Ciucinnv'U Ca
This Judge must bo a Solon. In Uio firat placa
I, ci.iai.es hum elf a nilucss. "Ilu kuew auiiu
thing of the nnni who makes tliiH ouiiiDlaint."
lie turns bully, and trioa Ui iutimidau- all who had
tne uuuaeity to inquiro into crime, lie then pn
illthCS the wluite null, lint Itni.u-iii.r I.a.1... l....
11K; inul r h,ul not committed all Iho criuina In
.t t .... i - .
. ' " " I ........ I IJii.l.u.u 1 1 liAUl. UUlllt K 1 . W ill
f. i v. i- i ii i .
ei. " e uartiiy Know winch most to
tho iguoriinco, or vulgarity, or awairirar-
arrogance of this miniature J.etfrios. Jf on
stateineiit is true, this Judge. CriuC
--o-.. s. ..r... . v nui..
III.UMI.hlU III. ..I.
Thuoflicera who shot n fu.-iiiv .bivo ni IC'ill.
barre, pursued him into the wator and kant hiin
""'re 1"r hours, bleeding and half drowned, b.i
, , . 1....... 7. ..... ,. '. ...
'l"11.1 "1 wimr, nuu luniaraua wuu
'ouu unrsij ompuana uiai wouiu nave don
l-"ll't " Jcfl'erics. that he "i unablu to poroeiva
1 ... I . .. . P It.. .. .1 1 .
'"'.Mhing worthy of Maine iu thuir conduct exottpt.
...... . e . . u; ... . .... . i 1
IlK1'hiip a want of Miliieicnt courage and porsevcr-
1KU ' tlie atiempt to executu tho writl"jtaai.ii
Miiiuf. , ...
A gentleman, claiming to be a "friend to the ba
nian race," and who keeps the ruu of facts, figure
and babies, bus just laid before an "inquiring
world" the following statistic.: "The whole nuiu
her of InnjjiingeH Hpokon in the world amount tc
JMirW; fih'J in Lurope; U.'JO ill Asia; 1!WS in Africa;
and IMl iu Ainoiiia. The inhabitants of our
globe profess more than lOtHJ different religions.
The number of limn is about cquul to the number
of women. The uvcrnga of human life is about 'i'J,
vears. Cne tjunrter part die previous to the age of
fused lo one-half the Lilian sneciiV ToarvllsSi
Zy in. Irei ZiT
lull only 7 riach the age of tie; and not inor , Um2
unu , ootj ve to SOyear of ao."-AVrui fa.
J ' ' "o" ,rr''
An OiiTsnuit in Mi.ssotki. A-flm 4uJ Ay atoo.
Since the attempted justiticatioii by th praaa of
the apnlicalian of Lynch law iu California ther i
a decided manifestation iu other part of th uouii--try,
whui law exists to make summary ' vengeance
upon criminals, without waiting tor th operation,
ot tho laws. A negro, a few days ago, was taaait
iu Columbiana county, Mo., by a mob, and hung,
fur un attempted rape on a whit girl, daughter of
oitiaen of that place. The negro had beoa al
conline'l in jail, aud his esoap was iiBoaiul
hut excited leoling got th bettor of ali other, sua.
siilaralious, and the mob opeu4 th jail, got vt
their victim, took a vol whijir h should b burak
i.r hung, and txcoiittd him by hanging, aotwitli.
standing the rcmonstrauce ol a larg portion lif
111V vivi.s.., . .
A Bsur, Bt 6Tujr4CTor CeLLo,av, itw
Tilt "H.RU" CaNAI, f)lIOMI0r't A Ma. (lat.
Hnrd Canal Cormi4siotw.$tm, Jtitit ww 4
you think IT1 run but thit fall f . ''
MY. Vick. ell. ir Uie weather mP ! M il
is now, I guess you'll run bespat th no, '