Newspaper Page Text
f I jit t
HI A It II It. ItOIUXSOX, Editor.
ao f.vo.v wna suruioLDEns."
AKM PEARSOX, rnblKhlnff Agent.
VOIi. 0. XO. 18.
SALEM, COLUMMAXA COUNTY, OHIO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1853.
WHOLE NO. 123.
the ini-nuEn d b c l e,
rini.miED r.vr.Rr satirimv, ats.w. em.ohio.
TKIIMS 1.M r nntim, pjmb In xWnnrt.
, illrs is-,lnimllr iwn.1 finmhers-to llio wlm sm tint puf
irltifrR, hul who are Iw-lls.isl In lm Intorf slcl In tti(ili..rmtnitin
of sntl-xlnrory truth '.villi ths Imj Hint tlirv will filtlii-r m.Wrllw
th.s.ltM. or an lli.tr hiltiMlir to oaltnil Ha tlrcul.llon siiic.ii
llnlr frl. n.li.
-C,inmmit-i.tlnn. Inlrmlcl f..r lnrtlnn. to hr i.trrM tr,
ill H. Hun.,, Keillor. All oilier, lo Ass 1'CA.ues, 1Mb.
TERMS OF ADVERTISING.
ttasllrplsrs lift Hns. ) ttiw werVi,
" " fci-h .Mlllct.sl Inxrllon,
" " Hl month.,
u Olio ysr,
t nnrw -Is month, ,
om murth roi lumn ono yr, with prlTliz of thtnjlnj
mif column, rimniini! mnnihif jo cm
--sr.l uot rsrmllnii .lulit IliiM will bo InMrtml on twir,
i,ui iu innmlK, j.
J. lii'Dsov, "imps.
For the Bugle.
1st. A preacher chicken-thief standing liosido
. preacher man-thief. AVi, tho church and state
pointing tho finger of .corn nt tho ehii keu-thief,
whiie tliey eulogise nnd applaud the nian-thi?f.
2nd. The chicken-thief is doomed to a diinKeon
.... . "
v..urc mine, w one wieinaii-iniei is raiscu
to the highest officos nnd honors in both
this 'straining nt n gn.it and swallowing a camel'?
3rd. A pious sheep-thief on his knees in the
,., ..... , i r t. i i
morning praying to Ood fir help and prosper.ty
in his sheep-stealing busines.i.
mocxoryr' cries church nml state. Il-.it when a
,, . ,
itir wnnn n
)ioits man-thief prays for success in his business,!
cry, "Rehohl ono of tho brightest ornaments'
the Church, an exemplary Patriurch and
citiien ! "
4th. What contempt of God, fur a man to sell
shcop to get money with which to pay hi.i
preacher. Rut if ho sell stolen Tom, Libby, and
Ned, fur tho auio purpose, what christian libc-'
6th. What disgraceful meinnes for n man to
teal wino for tho Communion table. Rut if ho
rob old Tony, Dolly nnd S un, of all they cam, t-i
mean to buy wind for that purpose, what uj
God fearing man ho js!
Cth. What a shaiuu and ouirngo for Fll;n;;ton to
kidnap Freeman, bocnuso ho was not a runaway!
Freeman. Hot if ho lo..l l..o,. n .,,..,.. p ..,,..
from Kllington, tho man-thief, it would have been
lawful kidnapping with pious reverence for Paul's
pistlo to Philemon, according: to certain I. l.'s.
' T tli. What n dunning, hell do-erving outrage,
for a brother to delude nn innocent d imsel in'o
a brothel there to leave her in ruin. Hell must
Mush, nnd Heaven weep nt su.h an outrage! un
church and state. But when ono seventh of till
tho noble young women of our country, aro drag
ged by yiolunco into the great religious American
brothel, and there left to ruin and degradation in
describable, this aa-.no church ami statu honor and
applaud the American Rrolhel, her l. U.'s rail it
a uou oruamu.1 institution, ami tl.o whnlu nation
Ills given a pledgu to delcnd this notorious house
so tint not a single nublo hearted dattghlei- t-:iu
escape from within its walls. May 1 u .t ask
church nnd state, what Heavonand Hull must do in
this last case ?
FARMER, Ohio, Nov. 29th '53.
For the Bugle.
For the Bugle. GERRIT SMITH-A CORRECTION.
GARRETTSVILLE, Sunday, Dec. 4, 1853.
Px.vn M.u-.iis: Truth is cvermoro better than
Error. Truth ulvvays does good Error always
does evil. Xo error but works sonio iniurv.
I soo and wish to correct an error in your paper
of November 10th, contained in tho following state-
mcnt of GtRRiT Smith, n extracted from a recent
lcttor from his pen
"I and my family hnvo refrained for twenty
year from shivo produco. It is one or the ways
r which, t-NiiER God, I aw aim e to maintain my
I think our brother Gerrit is mistaken j sugar,
molasses, rico and cotton, aro liulo to tho point. I
hope that nono of the very many nuti-slavory nnd
Freo Soil nemjmjKrt, for which our friend subscribes
and pays, nro manufactured out of slavo cotton. 1
hope that none of tho numerous circular, which ho
ha from time to time issued in furtherance of tho
antislavery cause, htivo been composition of freo
thought ami slave cotton, in equal proportions. I
, i . r ... . , , , ,.
Jinp. that the ,yl, he gives for liberty, (and asks all
-others to give.) a vote given in season and uu,' o
season, nud sonietitncs at n cost of six hundred
miles travel, is not, after nil, printed on that same
lave cotton. And I hope that none of the liookd
'lying upon tho shelves of his li irary
vauin, tno tuiniiy Uioio, iiyum hook, ton-
fession of Faith, und thoso famnua anti-slavery
documents, tho Declaration of Independence, U. S.
Constitution and Fugitivo Slav o Law nmong the
. . , .
.rest, are included tu this samo cotton condemnation,
Equally do I hopo that none of his thrico a thou-
aand letters aro inscribed on rags ground outof the
., , , , ,, -, , , ,
bloodr .lovo mill-grindinc out body, soul and nil.
" waU a. cotton rags, to bo mado up into H
beautiful, white paper. And if at home, ho keep.
l bopo bo never when abroad. cusut.Ily nor in
JIMJCW instuuee, uses sheet, nor scrip, uor Mimllosti
nattorn for u billet, or unv. even tho most iiisicaii-
Cn.nl rlnitlni, wl.i.l, hn .1.... l...
Lr. aud untainted. Nay. when thus abm,.d.
iiope he never inudvorteutly aiun, cats sumo of
that same mtjar, or mouna, ur rice; nor evou.at
night, without knowing it, luys himself down in
the yulgnr people's dower of southern cotton, and
not between the folds of truo bod linon. And
lope that ovon that cotton, containing thin very
tatement of twenty years protest and disclaim,
wm not, in spito of its owu and his oarnost assev
V ration, written on slavo pn per, nor tho yuld jen
that executed it was once dug out of tho ground by
'ilaw labor, nor tho lamp or candle which perchance
ihone to light the writing, buruod a slavo cotton
rick s or the pottage ttwnp, bought of tho Oov
nMnent, marked the ondud epis'lo with its slave
ottoB superscription 5 nor the vail paper, lending
length been lost out of sight, Nono tho less, how
thoy ever, docs the cotton tluml for the things so hartor
of . ed. It U literally tho all of them, and owr all. We
I have nothing beside it nothing of which it does
f" "a part. It is nliko the staff of our ac
tolen ! eiunplisliinciit in nil tho youJ wo undertake, (oven
' " unli-slavory good.) tho food we eat, the land
w Five on, ami the houses wo livo under, tho broad
rslity cloth and silk upon our hacks, the promissory note
! e give at tho bank, and the specie with which wo
' redeem it.
Shivo produco is part and parcel of our own hi
ebuiu tegral selves constituent clement of our very
! existence. We every one of ut lire iijioh llie unpaiit
Mr the Are,
TI.e fii.-ml . ..f Fn-n I'mdio-e .-iH nl-li
its adornments to tho cheerful parlor or ntudy,
looked upon tho great mnn ns hn wrote, with its
terrible portchtioiis eves, full of tlint samo southern
cotton. Yes, nnd 1 hope our fiiend AW that ol
,1... ......... .1 . i i 11 i i
uiv m lining iimusiiuii uniiarn no nn given to
liberate the slaves, tho bank-bilU woro invnriably
.numifuctiirod out of linen, mid the yvhl nnl tihei
wcro nil freo produce, nnd nA tho unpaid sweat
und toil of long generations wasting in slave mine.
lillt W'll.lt shllll V.e MllV IvIlOtl WA Pimm ... ll.n irfnnil
argument, ns nil this it a niore digression f No
mini lives nn hour no man eats, drink sleep, nor
pr.ij" t dresses, buihk buys nor sells: no mnn bo
corner a Christian, nerves temperance, hates slavery,
nor dues any other good thins ; no man oneo drinks
; il,.,;-,.r l.... . . i ,
in tlionir ot licavun, ovon to drawing his fimt hroath
when ho comes into tho world, or expiring his IW
when ho goes out of it no man docs nny ono ol
n," !!,c".V"r l K' ""?"r,,t T L,J
lour toing." It is the comincreo of tho race tho
currency of tho nations. Tho cntiro wealth of .the
American nnd Kuroponii continents is represented
, hy it. Kvcry thing, svery where, Imi been bought
h i. -oldr it. Our money, land, and public and
private richer Ircmthn rags on tho street beggar.
'P inrougii .'letroiKjinan pride and costliness, nnd
nil tho m ignilicent pomp nnd power of States, to
. . .. .. '
. ..u...,ies. vu........ ....o eno.o, rencquer 01
nation of W,(i(Hl,(H.' nil have been changed with,
n,"l exchanged fur, and for tho hundredth time!
changed with, and exchanged for, this samo pro-!
.1...... ..(-.!. .1 I,... i v. ...i- i ., .,
due of the slave land. Lteryth.ng. on both sides,
f tho water, has been bartered for cotton, years sol
,i .t ,t ,i. . ', .
null: iiiiii lulled nil in. in . unit inn ,'imf in una n
L ..:.... ...i : .i. r .i 1 1 m... ... i ...
my health and duties will not permit. I write now
. . '
simply to the question of ail error. My maxim is.
Truth is just good enough fur 1110, and if nut, it is
the best thing I can get.
Yotirs for the Heaven or Earth when wo shnll all
live on freo labor.
THE COMPACTS OF SLAVEHOLDING.
The subject of slavery in nil its aspects is a con
stant source of misery to its friouds. It is a t
it is a giiost
that forever haunts their sleeping and their waking
mi .mii... i 1, uu .mum mitt ..oiinuiiHiv lirv-ovcu
lies their thought-; and imagination. Il is the
."s ' ,
, , ., " .. ... - .
scic..i.. ... ... . imuso ; mi ti .ti ney win never nc
f , . 1 V m . ,i um "I' " '"!"""
, .,.Un,iln.,...,.nr inn .upponur ui .iu cry iu mis
o .r t. tv, is iinpii.uii.uiv, over ana nuovo ewjry
. ,. ' . V - . - " -, .'
llillni.,lmitll,iuilrii,b II iu I.A .ili.i..,iil.ii.n
which he breathes. It is his companion by night
aim o u.iy. 11 is mo louiiiaui 01 nil nm own
..-,.... ..... . .,,v ,.. ...v.tT... v ... nt......
no t -tun ties mo iiiougiui oi every oilier
Aillhlllg Collil'S tn Illlll OH Its OWH merits nlld Ulien-
cHiniicic i, either iroiii tl.o realms ol imtnl or mailer.
r.vory truth ol religion, every dictate ol charity,
every tcnlinieut ol plulaiilhropy, every glowing
hnpu ami every generous loehug, every (act ol
science nnd every deduction of logic, bcloro being
i.cp.eiorc,uuieiiauc.-ci ny ...in, uas . iu oe ex in i-,
iiiediu its inlluencc upon slavery. And accordingly
a t its bearing is for or against, so is decided tt.c
.lii. I, ..I ii t-i-.. nil..!, lot., tin. n.ni.l Vi.,1 n.
pocially so is decided the question whether it shall
ho allowed to direct or inlluencc Iho conduct of the
individual. Tho supiort and defciisu of Chattel
Slavery iiecosilale lho most ubject ineiiml serv i-
The support and dofoiisu of Chattel
ositulci lho most uLject ineiiml serv i-
tude, and creates u servitude of the soul, vv hich, to
every -truly independant mind, !h n thousand times
inoro galling than tho worst fellers of tin, whilst
physical bnnihigo c daily kel a melancholy
sorrow at the straits into which wo tec the support
ers no dni'isl nnd iIoIi-iiiLts .f ul-itorv ili iii.ii
s, np.ilogisis, nnu utiinutrs ol slavery ill it on
Ihe natural instincts ol justice and light ollen
prompt them to do aouio good net. I hey no;
sooner begin than hey aro arrested iu it by tho loll
gctiiua tli.it dogs their lootsteps niid wlioso sugges-
ttoli is tlie.i Invi. I In. Leant v nt truth till, n KeilneOH
: , , - ; - --
hem in to a ready assent, which is scarce hall
.... . ec . . B.vrre..u.. . ciecaot . qu.t.ineu, .
mriuc uieiiiii. u.iuiiit-re. sucu
- r '
i . . ""' J. " p "
which itloiio elevate man in the scale ol betnir. such
stultifications of the intellect, and such self-inflicted
.......... -...- I... ...... .. ..... .r :r .. .
! iluiigouii inearenralion of tho soul who can help
- ullJ comlllis()1,ltiu,l?2v,tMe. '
Tho message of tho Governor of Alabama is terri-
p . "resume, yoi incro uro louie goon
r..ia ... .n .v...,.,, n.((...,u r, , c .... ,j a.,., v.
-n,w m;Vi itl pt,rt( v,M,Hh judicial sales
, the seperatiuu of nioihcrs and theii cl.il. lien if in
! tender years; but it is evaded, or liurdly ever cn-
i "-cel. Tho Governor urgos that it shall bo made
: aLsoluto i that neither they, uor liusbaud aud wile,
j bm 0 ,oru mUmcr.
This, of course, is a stop towards emancipation
wherever madu ; tho s-drit of the community which
l!lKCS " 1"-T'8 "lr '""" ""
rcs,.ec.ed. Marriage, thereto.... must be loiacd.
Ulu I'overnor snvs:
. .. ... .... ....
"Theso aro relations which tinral duty requires
I "i to respect, und it can bono violation ol policy
tu conform 11111nicin.1l law to good morals.
universalfv' concuditd thut slaves nro leusoneblo bo
ings with tho moral feelings, it is true often oh-'
truce, siisceptiiiio 01 iiipruveu.cui. niu ii.ison.iu
wilo generally cherish aflitetioti for each other,
and the mutual utiachuiuiit of mother nud child
usually strong. Tho mother in nut always a wise
counsellor, but she must be presumed to L11 tho most
constant ami sincere lho child has, kct, tncni, me
latter enjoy this parental oversight during child
hood, that it may be thu better prepared by good
principles uud mduotriod habits to act its Jiart
Tho proprioty of exempting slares from oxocu
tion, eitlior to a practical or unlimited extent is
quostion of expediency merely nn excess of credit
is certainly a great evil in this State, often preju
dicial to tho interest of the debtor, and occasionally
to the croditor injurious to publiu morula, and
productive of muob suffering in families. So far,
then, as much as n measure may ad'cot credit, it if
not very objectionable.
The rrlation of master find slave is certain!? nn
i ;",.c.re"1,i."'? no ll.o fov.-rnco f w
to tho kind and considerate master
h is i.aiiif'.il
lind the ilutilti
nml grateful s rvant. Our intrit-'t in slaves inn
not bu tcgnnleil in nil respect!) similar to that
Joy in mere 1 casts or inaii'uiiated chatli'ls. 'J'lii
is indicated by the provision hich so niany masteif
aro making (ortlicir murnl iniprovcnieiit, its well nt
tho severe penally by vvhii h oiirlegisintive nets en
deavor to enforce their hiiuiane trcatn.cnt.
The uicvsne is guarded, nnd will mmiFO tho rcn
der by its ijiutlilitatioiis still, its "finger board"
is in tho right direction, and held up to viuw in
COL. BENTON'S HISTORY.
FROM THE NEW YORK EVENING POST.
Anno 1836.—Andrew Jackson President.—Final
Removal of the Indians.
paws iii Louisiana nud in Arkansas ; lvn kapoos,
,..1. . ... . I
0f every lienlv, nnd to tho pa-sago of every
. .. ..usurv illiorolilintioll u. t in ll,,. 1 1, of I!,.!..
- pros pcniy t-i ii.esu ctiuiuviii otuics, incio v as an
Pro.01lfJ ,vaJ, to ,mvu r,ltili(, ,cir fwi, , wi,10ut
u?". like, every other act of his AdmiuiHtrntio... it
()(. tR;jr l.,.ea,i,m n,i K1)0 ,lo iitory. llo was
Ljlar oJ wi(, ustis o to tho Iudians, in not pro-.
At the commencement of tho annual session of
lsati-7 l'rosident Jackson had tho grntTuation to
muku known toCougrcss tho tomplvtion ol the long
pursued policy ol retr oving nil llie Indians in the
Stittes nnd w ithin the organized Territories of the
sued by all succeeding Presidents, and nccoinplish-
l"" ")' JacKson. iim (.reeks nnd t.lierokees lind
WU' ,mw !' !','!"" (',;"rKi
Mlaawsnud ( lioctuu lr,mi '
d Alubimn s the tliiek -
Mississippi and Alnba -
allm. tl,u emit.oU hnd stipulated to rcniovo from
Florida ; Louisiana, Arkansas,
releived of their Indian pi pulntions : Kirn-
!"' ;.k? n"J '''e'"esvc, by earlier treaties w ith the
t-liicknsaws, bad roceitcd the same nilvuntngc.
Tllii frBClJ lho Stlllc, ,-,, llM .dis.ado
insns, and .Missouri liad
their in-owth nml r.,,r.riiv. ., It il,, r,,-, ,
. ,,i I, i.': '. ... , ........I.:.,..........
v.t.uii, i iu rui i i ti u i m i i ihl'unu in 01 LnciriMiit
ample iionnuai'ies. All thu tree Atlantic State lutii
l.. r i.oo i..t r i...:- 1...1: i... ......
and in this respect tho Northern and Southern
States were now upon nil cuuality. Tho re-ult has
been Proved to.be, what it was then believed it!
would be, beneficial to both parties, and still moru
so to Iho Indians than to tho whites. With them
it was a unction of extinction, tho timo only
dcbatnblo point. They wcro daily wusting under
contact witli tho whites, und had bcfoie their eyes
tho eventful but cei tn'n fatu of tho hun.hc.U ol
the southern tribes from that fate; and in git ingi
them new nud unmolested homes beyond the verge
of the white man's M.-ttleineiit, in a country ti-iu-i
pernio in climate, fertile in soil, adapted to agricul-
ureitnl 1.. ..a.!.,,-,..,. L lor- l,.n,t;.,
abounding Witu t.ilt water and talt sprinK-. it
em to work out in peace tl.o problem of Indian
civilization. To nil ll.e relieved States tho removal
of tho tribes within their borders wus n great bent-lit
to tho slave Slates tiaiisccndintlv und inap
preciably great. Tho largest tribes were within
their limit-', und the best id their lands in the hands
of the Indians, to tho extent, in smi-.o of the Stales,
in. Afuliiimn. iti.il M ilit.ti i.V n iltir.l
! n , ..r ii,,.. 1.1 1 1 1 ...
1 vi u '1'iin iv- i ji 1111,11 nii'nu ui vti. & HitiU lli'rvw
mro si, own, 111 1110 caso 01 tno wrecks aim the tlier-
okees in Georgia, that the ratification of the treat-
ics for tl.o extinction tf Indian cl.iiins within her-Tucquevillc
,0H;d her, received tho cordial support of Northern
iiiiius, iiuu woo. 11 icmoveu too nines which ciicuiii-
Senators, 'and that,
in nici, wiiuoui. nun siijipori
...1 n" .'.... . n .1 . . ., 1
lUl-.l nut have deen ncioiupliFh-
vu. iiiuii-iivn iu.il! tnu rnuiu t l 1111 tnu otitt-r Slav v
now losay the tflino t f nil lho other slave
Slnt(Mi itVy ,v01c nl ri.iuvcJ j liU nanncr.
Lluckaiiavvs and tluclaws in Mississippi and Ala -
,,. . fhUkv cilI1H in -ponnessco nud Ken-
tlluli . .sjuminoles in Florida; C'adiloes and tiua -
issouri. ull undurvvent Iho muiio
pincess, and with Iho samo support nnd result,
in votes, in the Senate, came to the latilica-.
resciitutivcs. Northern men nmy be -.aid to have
, lo ,,10 .. nllj ,,as.j ,jl0 avif v .j.,tl,
t.-r uid it c.uld r.ot have been done, constituting
, ,i...w .ij.i ,. i,...,,., ..,:., :.. ,i. mi-n ti inl In.,
u, Ulll iu ,1L. senate, where a vote of two-thirds
waH lim,ng. I do not go ov Or these treaties nnd
law s one by one to shove tl.eir passage, and by what
voles; I did that in lho case of the Creek treaty
and llie Cherokee treaty for tho removal of these
iribcs In. ni Georgia, und thawed that tl.o North
uu. loi'i ni loon m in nc.i. en . iii.,I i.i.'i.Iv ... in I lie
i)tlvr KMU i both trcalies there was'a Southern
....position, mid in one of them (the Cherokee) both
' otlcl-. while. R, both trcalies there was'a S. uihern
,. i ..en .,(' il...... (il,,. Cloiolct I ,.ih
; l' (-..ih.,,,,, 1U1,I JIi-. L'l.iv in the ncoii'ive: mid'
t,t.,0 jnutances mnv stand lor an i'lustiatioii of the
; wll1Ci A nJ , llltN ,' ,11C;l ur fc,uv0 ' .;,iull ,.'1H
j Lecn almost doiililed in the blair; States by sending'
' ,,-,. .,n lmlii.nH tn ticiUn mom f..i- il.etr evti-mli i.-1
I , " V i . i 1 .
, . , ,llht nj cruel. unjust nud iruel in
Usl!ir indei.cndcnt of the motive-to chat ge these
.nrlhern States with a design lo abolidi shivery in
. ,10 j.oulh. if lhvy ,rt,l ha.buicd t-uch design, if
tU,y bpcll lllL.lc.,v ....iViciidly to the growth ,-.i;d
... . c -i .-. ...i -i ..
; c,ml,niiung a breach ol tho CoiiMituii or nn ug -
. i c... .1
.'iiTnsioi. u, l-.ii. i ..ill , nielli nn.'.. .i.n.s,. ...-iii-s i inc.
had only to tit still and vote against tho rat.ticaliun
.1 I .i. .V... .1... I...... .. i.:..i.
v....v,n ... .,. ,,
.0 laws which
efl'ectcd this great removal.
I hey Hid not do so
ngiunt.t their Southern
did not sit still nud into
brethren. On the contrary, they stood up nnd spoke
aloud, and gave to these law's uiid treaties an eHect-
ivo and jealous Mippert.- And I, who was the Sen-
ale's chairiimn of lho Ci nimittce of Indian Allairs
at this li.no and know lu.w thi-su tilings were done,
and who was so thankful for Northern help at
lime ; I, who knew lho truth, and love justice, nnd
cheri-h tl.o harinony and union of tho American
people, icei it to uu my tuny nii'i my privu-j;i ...
unto this great m t of .lustico from tho North to the
South, tn stand in history ns a perpetual contrudic-1
lion of all imputed design in tho free States to
abolish slavery in tho slavo Slates. I speak of
nut of individuals or societies.
I have shown that this policy of the universal re-
of tho Indians from thu cast to lho west of
.l.n v.u..,..t..il nr. ..It.Htl.il Ull 1 .tie. ..fncrsoll. 11.111
mos't huinano motive, and alt-r having
r H'U eXi'! Vf.wo, 1,,'U,I "j" Vli' wed un'
j Ht1 w ". nothing Ut the co..li..ua.ion
i .-...i.tuhod nuli.-v. but ono in which ho heart-'
.. ...,...,llrru(i. ue wbieb his local iiosiiimi and
7 t"m";ruuft"',,",..,'m: ' "r r".
111s experience iiiiinu ..1.11 01.0 01 -.hi; r.i.u.. j. .... ,
! ' .J .1 ..,.,.,..-,,;,, m t
iirepiueii!alioni, which lmvo survived the object
churgod witli injustice to tlio Indians, 1.1 not pro-.iur
leetingthciu against tho luvvs und jurisdiction of
the States; with cruelty, in driving them away
";Bl'rroin tho hones of Ihoir 'fathers ; with robbery,
takii." their lauds for paltry considerations. Parts
of ilm tribes wore excited to rcsUt tho execution of
the treaties, and it oven bcontuo nocossary to sond
ii-ooos and disiinfruishcd froneruls Scott to tho
ri,..r,.ln. .Won i7. tl, fWikRi.i fifTect their re -
movul ; which, by the mildiiesa ond stondiiiess of
those GeneruU, and acording to tho buuiano spirit
of thuir ordore, was tvontuaTiy neoouiplishod with
out tho application of force. Tbo outcry raisod
against Gouoral Jackson on account of those mcas-
ures roaohod the irs of the Trench truveltor and
writer eu American denioorsov, (D Tooqnevilln,)
, horso-gear ; l.DUUaxcs; i.isill hoes ; 11 House em U
for teu ehiefs, costing two bundled dollars apie. 0
crcigns iu Kuroj u could not purebnsc."
I The (Jrccian l'lulaich dci-nied it necessary to re-
! side foriy tears in Romo to ciuulil'v himself to writo
lojtl.c- lite,- It s, n.e Roman ciiixr-..., and then made
.... ... 1 . . . . . '
iu tri'm n l.i ri'iini.irr ni n. n nn ir 11 u on.
, toads ,' t! e ,;..,!,, of ll.e steiunboat, tCe stca.n-car,
the stagi.-coach. nnd tho lintel : tho whinpors of
some e.ir-wigs, with the leading of the daily pa! err,
and tho pci ii.dicnls, all more or less oiiirair'-d in par-1
tisan warfasc, and tho view of soino debate or
tho.'su-i.c in Coiigiiss, which u ay by an exceplion
I its ordinary .icioniui mid intclli-o-uce: these con-;
, stitule 11 mudeiii Kuropenn traveller' oualilication
j 1 1 writo Aiuericnu hihtorv. No wonder that thev
protect ana tielend troiu all unjust luiputaUon. It
was in this sin be that 1 maiked thii passage in lJe
for refutation ns soon ns his book ap-i-
' . . . .. . , . . '
: smc land olliccrs, three millions of liollurs for six
tho'and three-quarter millions of acres, being tl.o way
: ,ho nation ehoso to dispose ,,f it. Here .ire f.fty-six
to me small trilies Whoso names uro uiiKliowu lo
1 1.Utory, und wliich it is probttblo the writer on
American democracy had never heard of when
1 sketching the picture, of their fancied oppressions,
I will attend to the caso of these small re It
States, tribes, and sny that, besides their proportion of thu
i remaining thirty-six iniilions of dolhirB, they re
moval coivod a kind of compensation suited to their con-
teu eii.uis, cosi.ng two imiuircu uoiuirs apiece
, to furnish theso chiefs with six good vvngnns, six-
itcen eurts, tvvcuty-oight yokes ot oxen, with yokes
in;aiid log-chain; to pity all claims fur injuries com-
then soji uining nmong us nnd oollectin;; inaterinls
r his work, nnd induced him to write, thus in his
li:ipir IS :
"I'I.e ijrc tment of tho Indians very ofien takes
lace, nt tho proent ilny, in a regular nnd, lis it
ere, legal maimer. Ulien the white population
egihs the limit of desert inhabited by a savne
H e, the liovi'iiiiiicnt of the Lnited Slates iisunl-
X did at. I.e. L'nvovs In them, w ho nseml,'e tbn In.
uians iu n largo plain, nnd, having first calon nnd
diunk with them, accost thcin in the following man-'
'What have you to do in tho land of your fa.
tilers? llcloro long yen must dig up their bones
older to live, lii'whut iopect is the conntiy
you ii.habit l etter than nrotber? Aro there im,
woods, maishe.s, or prnirii s except whcie ym dwell:
can yen lite no where but under vour own umi?
beyond Ihisc motniailis whh.li yon sie nt O.c hori-l
Jon beyond the I ikes which bounds your tcrrisorv
u tho west there lio va-t eountiie.Vhero LeWs
of choso aio lound in great nbuinlaiice. Sell your
liu.tis to us, nnd go ai.d live happily iu those toll-,
t r, 1...I.1 .1 i m . . . ......
tl.8 eye, of tl.o Indians tire-arms, woolen garmenu;
kcir ofbrandv. alass necklm es. bincflei. of iil
,ul,:' o 'caiu tir.i language mcy prenu net re
ear-rings nnd looking-glasses. If, when they have
beheld all these riches, they still hesitate, it is in-.
that they bate not Iho means of lol'ti.-inj;
their reipiircd consent, and that tho fiotemmeiit
ilsell will not long hate tho power of protcctini:
tin-in in their rights. What arc they to do? Hull';
convinced, half compelled, ll.ev co to inhabit new
jdtsorts, whole thu iniportunnto w bites w ill not per-
tl"'111 to remain ten j vara in tranquility. In
manner di tlio Americans obtain, nt a very
, puce, w noio provinces wnu ii tno rn iiesl ov-:
iitnk..s. ';... .i.. .1...
our liistorv. A sojourn ol some months in the
t..i.. . :.i : .i . .1 ...
cotiimit mistakes, even where the intent U honest.
And no wonder that .Mens, do To.i.uoville. with
admitted good intentions, but with no "loity years'
resident w iiinong us, should bo no exception to tho
rule, which condemns tho liuvelling F.uiopoa.i wri-1
ur of American List, ry to the compilation of facts
m.inulactiiicil for pariiiun ctiect, und to the inven -
ti-.ns of reigns supplied from his own fancy. 1
l l,,..olc 1,..,! . i.. ....... I .; '.
1 ......... ..... .... , , 1 ... , ...... a ... v... . ..v .
, .-..IIS. t.U A UO lllv. IIIVJ. II 11 II tl'IIIIMI-
' .1... f.,.,.. ... M. ... . .1.. 'I -.11.. 1. .. It
nient to hini, implicative of respect, nnd by no
miai.s exjended Pi others, who err luoro largely.
nnd of purpose, but less harmfully. His error 111
lliat lie lias hero written is prolound '. and is in-,
jurious, inn merely to ueneral Jackson, to wiiom
his mistakes apply, but to tho national chunu'tor,
madu up as it isof tho u-;ts of individuals ; and
which character it is tho duty of every American
to. cherub nud exhall iu all that is worth, and to
peaicti, aim iook steps 10 inaKO uo ei niraiiieiu ii
; (so far as tho ullegcd ri bbery nud choittins of the
iiiuiaus was couccriicu; ituiiicicic itini coitipiciv,
and us puhlic nnd uurahlo as the archives ol
, tioveriinient itself. In this sense I had n call made
I lor n full, I'.iiinei icul, chronological, mid clliciul stute-lors
! nient ot nil our Indian hurchaes, from tho begin-
liing of the Federal Government in 17SU to that
; day, lfs40 tribe hy tribe, cession by cession, year
: Py year lor tho til ly years which the t.overnmeiil
.... : ...:.i. .1 i - :. ..!...
i o.iu vaisivii, nun inu nuiuocr 01 iicivb i.cijni.cn nt
. each tcssion.-ni.d thu nniomit paid lor ca;-U. 1 he
call was maiio iu tho Senate of the l nited Stales,
and answered hy document No. lilil, 1st session,
LOth Congress, in n document of thirteen printed
InLnlnr l,.i.,r. i.o.l In.oli. nloil l.v llo, sifMiiittiri-i.
uticnteil by the signatures
1 of Mr. Vim Riiren, l'resiil-nt : Mi-. Poinsett, See -
,t.arv-at-War ! and Mr. Hartley Crawford, t.'om -
inissi'oner of Indian AiVairn. Fiom this document
i r imniMii-t-il 1 1 nit I lii I 11 it el S'-i iit-t.4 tA tin ill tn ilti
'Indian oighly-live millions of dollars f,.r land pur -
chases up to lho venr ltMU ! to which live or six
millions may Lo mldcd fi r piircbnso since suy
ninety millions. This is near six times as much us
lho L nited Stales gave the great uin Icon for I.i.u-
isiai.n, the whole of it, soil and .jurisdiction, nnd
l.ei.l'l V ll.l'Cf. I iotes t s in ml, .is ,, II I l.r.io ol' I lo. irr.H.t
foreign purchases Louisiana. Florida, und Cali-j
loriiia cost usl und that for soil alone, nnd f. r so
foreign purchases Louisiana. Florida, und Cali -
lorniiii-ost usl ,..,.1 il.t f.,r s,.;i ,,lo.. nn.l f, r so
iniurli as would only be n fni-rnu-nt for Louisiana
ir C.'.lif.-ri ia. "
.j,!c' , ,.,,.(. js i tl,e .nHH j,
l.ceouies ini.-re so iu 1'ie detail, and when ni.plicd to
,t.n ; ..i . 'i i ' n-.. i.'
1 "l "i' c.s n.iosu .in luicn suuoi n.r,s n,.ii-
, mw n so mom .lot n ..l.tmn IV,,.,, M,,., ..I,. 'I',,.n
: .ill.. T ,.,: , ' r. .. . " . . .. ,i, J.. ,..;i'
Creeks. Cherokee-. Cl.i,ka,.ws 'nnd Choct..vvs.
Aonliod to them. , ...I tin, i.,l.l ..f r..hns..s mid
' ,, ,','.,, stands thus: To the Creek Indiana Ivveu-'l
-1 -. ....
ty-livo nullioiis of a -res ; which is seven lull inn
,,U WM ymlinrlir Louisiana, and ser-
1 enteei. millions moio than was paid Si ai.i f..r Hor-
... ..... . ....
he Choctaws, twcnty-thiee millions of
.esiili'S l-esni-ve.) trnelM for tu-iitv mil.
j dollars, (besides reserved true s,) for twenty mil
- .'. ; . . "
. i. f.f mrcs. I.pi.or .hren millimis mi, rt. than vvns
j pi,id lor Louisiana and Florida. To the Cherokee,
. ur cloven iniilions of ucres, was paid about fifteen
millions of dollars, tho exnet price of Louis ia
California. To tho Chiekasaws, tho wholo
ninount hir which this country sold under the
: KVslem of thn I'nhe.l Sim... nml l.v ilm C
j millions to lour tri'jes, leaving thirty millions to go
. oi.io... i.n,. .nivniiei. tu l.lilu. V tll.-.l. .11.0 inu vol..-
forla f civ iliml life. Of these 1 will give one
""""and tSa.nWU nation toffia",
which were exter.iled to nil tl.o tribes which were
in the hunting statu. These benefits were, to these
Usages, two blacksmith-shops, with four black
sinin.'.. hi. ., ,. r is. , l .;...!
i p-mds of steel amiimlly ;
: 11 itl. millers li.r ilm sun..',- I iHttl c.m-u a. id .-nlves
tl'lht UIIU SIIW Illlll.
ll.tWO breeding swine; 1,U(H) ploughs; 1,01)0 set of
milted hy Ihe tribe on lho white people, or on oth-
cr Indians, to the amount of thirty thousand dub
bus; to purchaso their reserved lands at twodolhtrs
i per ucrc ; ihiee thousand dollars to reimburse that
i sum for ao much deducted from thoir annuity in
j 1K25, for property taken from tho whites, and since
, returned ; and, finally, throe thousaud dollars uioro
; for an luiputed wrongful withholding of that
amount, for the inmo reason, in the auuuily pay-
mcut of th year Ib''J. lo previous tieatita had
beon given seed grains and seed vrgetablns, with
fruit seed nd friu trses, dtmit'tio fowls, lnDorsraO
What a picture this n-sertioti of his makes by the I
side of tin) eighty-live iniilions of dollars nt that
1 time actually pui-1 to thov0 Indians for their lands.
and the Inn and large list of iigrii-nltural articles
'mid implements; long nnd large list of domestic
toinninials und fowlsj tho nmplo Mipply of mills and :
'hops, with mechanics to work ihem und teach tlteirl
use ; the provisions for schools nnd missionaries,
f-r building fences nnd houses, which arc found in
mnnner, tho object of tho (,'nited Stales being
to train them to ngriuiiltnre nnd pasturage to ei li
ner: ! duet tl em from the burning to the pastoral and the
'agricultural stifle j and for that pui -pose, and in ad
iu idilion to nil oilier uencGi. are to Lc ndJtd the ii
1 port ol school, tho encouragement ol missionaries,
and a small annual contribution to religious' aoiiu
ni.d lies w I o take tbnro i f their civiliintioii.
nothing shall be bought from them which Is i,n.e
inuated sary lor their comfort, nor any thing sold to them
which nmy bo to their detriment. Among tho pro-
vere nro tho penalties en this head that forfeiture
tr.f tin. lipeme. t'oi t'cetuvc of the w holeearpool eoodi.
; tho Osage treaty quoted, and which uro to be lound.
'lu-re or less, in every treaty with every tribe rmerg-
"ing from tho hunter stntol Tho fact is, that the!
''vemment of tho United Slates has made it a!
i.vnd documents nnd particular instances of imposi
nll tton upon indians to justify his picture ; and in do-
tlieiinws. 1 hey wero thenifielves those eomnnssioners
Ition of their iinatrs within their rcpective nperm-l
i .. . : .i 'i- ..:it.. I.-. . ........I
to low up tl.o'.r ground and to mnko their fences,
to raifo crops nnd save them, nnd touch the liid'nor
bow to farm ; with spinning, weaving, nnd sewing
iinploir.onts, nnd pel sons to show their use. Now.
(ail ibis was in one single trcnty with nn inconsid-
ieral.le tribe, which had Ven largely provided foi
1 in the sumo wny in six diiivrent previous trcnties'.
md ail the rude tribe, those in tl.o hunting state.
or iu-t cmerina fi-om it, wuro l iovided for in ti e
Rcidcs ell this, the Ooveil nicr.t keeps ur n large I
establishment K r the el eiial euio of iho Indians,
'mwi .I n .r, .., .,1 ' il.oir n!Vi, a . inl l..
reaii, lnvi lud otcr l.v n Coniiuissioncr at H nvhing-
ton: sc.i erintetolcnts in differetit districts : ni?ents,
sub-n'o'iits, nml interi tet'i s reviih i.t with the tril e,
. T. . . . . 1 . . . . . . .
'. tercts seeing that the laws are observed towards i
l.i i.. ;..t...:.. .!..., n,..n i,..i, !.!...!
and n'l iliarged sa till seeing to tlnir rigl.ts nml in
that nono but licensed tintleis ito nnionii them ! that
bibitcd urticlc? nro snirits of nllkiinls: nnd so sc
forfeiture of li e penalty of the bond, and inunedi-
lata suit in tho nearest I cderal Court for its recov
.crv. expulsion from tl
Iii'lian eouutrv, and disa-
ilitv forever to in ouirc another license, immediate-
ly follows ecry breech of the law fur the introdiic-
t"ii of the vma'lk-t (,uantity i f nny Und of spirits.
How iiiifortui.nte. then, in JI. do locquevnle to
j write that kegs of brandy me spread before thu In-
...lh.ii. t.. iii.lu.-o them to sell their hinds I ll,,w
n.iin iimr kail hi .m n, I v ,11 n Bt.ronii I I i.irr. T in, ii-
, ... ... ,. i... ... i
, ou i u in icoicnc.i.iiiu i i:u iuki n-vi iu
1 i...m.i...- ',....ito..Li,..i,..1
nia-le in exchange li t woollen garments, (.,ass neck-
fixed .li.y to cherish mid protect the Indians, to!
improve their condition, and turn them to tho hab-i
1 i's of civilized life: and grcnt is tho wrong and in-1
'jury which tho ini.lako of this writer has dono tol
...tit- national chara-ter abroad in r. mrcsc iitimr the i
-- - -- .... ... .
1 . ' - ........... ft . . .. v . ...... .
-l'nilt.,1 Sti.li.i ni oli-Kihiii, noil fol .Ltnir lhpn ."nil.
drcn of the lorcst.
Rut Monsieur do Toooueville has uuoted namcr.
itig so lias commuted tlio mistakes into which a
stranger and sojourner may easily fall. Ho cites
thorcKrt ol Messrs. I lark and Lnss, nnd flukes i
... . . 7.
a wrong application nn inverted npp icaUon ot
what they reported. They wero spoaknig of the
iiruetices 01 011..1 nci 1.1 ... j' sv
Indians for their skins and furs. Jhcy wero re -
porting to tho Government nu abuso lor corrcition
' tt-d States tVminlssinnern trcnting for tho purchnse!
in. . I... r,.,.n.,,B u. "'-
ol lanus, out Ol inuiviiiiiai trailers viniiiiing tiiu
Jun.l superinlendents of Inilian Affairs, and Govern-
i, nnu uiiv-crii-
of Territories one for the Northwest, in Mich
Missouri, and ;
iinnily to the;
igan, tho other from Iho far est, in
Loth noted for their iu-licc nnd huninni
Indians, und for their long mid careful tulmiiiistra
leililcncic-s. .-lonsictir 'IO . ocijnci nit- ..ns ijhuii:.!
their wen's eorreeuv, Lot with the eonm
I ,,f reversing their npplicatian, and applying tu the
commissioners themselves, in their bind ncgotiu-
tious for the Govern nt, tho cheatcries wliich they
! ,r..i.n .1..., ,, ',,, I., ll.n (ioc.rnnw.ol in ll.n illic 1
' were denouncing to the Government in the illic.t
1 tru!lic ol law It-s traders. This was the comic blun -
! ,.-r of a Mrnngcr! This is tu appear ns American
history in F.uropo, and to bo translated into our own
i. -i ii .mo mi u t kimiii n in I ii-iiii mi t i iii n tit-M'iu-n ui ill
! note l"' '
THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
1 niifccetianeoos sources ; iiiiioiiiuiog uK.-.u..r, 1.. s.
nncl j ! tv ouo niilljons, threo hundred and thirty even
jation nt a very early pemsd of my ndmiuistralion ;
and the part oi" my duty in regard to it, icenicd t-i
be obvious and clear, namely 1 first to apply the
surplus revenue to th discharge of ths publw dsbt,
for as It eVruM f odeibly b don, and detrtndly t
The new Piosidcnt, after a quaint snlnm to the.
great popu ar sovereignly," and reverent ac-
; knovvledg cut of Divii-o mercy and power, speaks
1 . . . . ... ' '. . '.
1 eneourngutgly t.l the coiuiitiou ol loreign rei itio is-
Troublesome disputations, including tho snarl Willi
Groat Rritain about tho iisheries difficulties with
! Spain about Cuba-witl. Peru about tho Uuuu..;
t . , . . . ., . i i- . .
uiWO Willi .uexico nooui me iiuuntiary uno oc-
... ... ...... , o.
twuon ow "'"' ."xn an :
.huahua, arc in progress of adjustment
Of the condition of tho TreaM.ry-of lho Army
and Navy of tho PoHt lllfico of public lands
Internal rmprovcnicnts, 4c, ho speaks as follows :
Happily I have no occasion to suggest any radi
cal changes in tno iinant-.ai policy o ineuovein-
.... vr.fr I liti-u m ii iii..r il mir .1 1. a. .1 nts.l tl.it Ki.litii f
...v. ... Y';r. ,-. j
power ol Chrislenilom, having u surplus revenue
drawn immediately Iron, imports on et.imiierco. and
Ihereiore measured by tho spontaneous enterprise,
and nalionai prospor.ty ol tl.o country will, su.di
in dire t rolalioii tu unoulturo, maiiuliicturcs ami
f . " ! I 1 i .V Ti I J . -r i ,1.-L-i i
I , uuj() trea' , p, ,hu ,,
. . . ... 1 ' . 1 . ...
j lr.u".1, ts ,"' v'inl' ", v,"l',,"
to tho sources ol
publiu treasury, nor us to thu mini tier ol Keep-
1 , ...
3'ltli, 13, ameuuted to tit Iv eight iniilions, nine
hundred and thirty ono thousand, eight hundred
- - .....1 ..... ,..-.i
ailU Sl.tiy II VC Ullll.ll S, Hill.. III.IUIII-, l.n ...I."
1 lions, four hundred aud live thousnnd, soven bun
died and eight dollars, IV..111 public lands und other
: n oo .....i.....n, . '"'
j thousand, tiro hundred and seventy lour dollars;
whilo tho expenditures lor tho samo pern-d, oxe n-
sivo of payments on account of tho public tlobt.
amounted to lorty itueo 1111 110ns, uve uuinneu nnu
fifty four thoeand, two hundred and sixty two do!-
lars; leaving n balance of thirty tvvo millions, four
hiindrod anil twenty nve inousanii, lour mmuieu
and forty sovmi dollars ot rocmpu nhova cxpcudi-
1 turcs. This fact of increasing the eurplps in the
Iroosury, hooaiiio tno aunjotit 01 nnxious consiocr-
ing nnu mum g.ug ... ones any Kr. cU..,r.rsy
now prevail, thoro being a Koneral ucquiesic.co in
lho w i.doiu of lho present system.
Tho report of tho Secretary of tho 1 reusiiry will
exhibit in detail the state of tho public nuances.
and tho condition of the public service administered
that department of tho Government. The fei
enuool tlio country levied almost insensibly to the tax
payer, goes on from year to year, increasing bej und
either tho interests or the prospective wants of the
t.uernincht. At the close of the fiscal year eliding
Juno LU, l.r3, there remained in tho treasury a
of fourteen millions, six hundred and thirty
two thousand, 0110 hundred and thirty six dollars.
The public revenue for the fiscal year ending Juno
f"rl"', . lihi.ini.stralitu nctiin of bi do-
.'mvo often Inn expressed in lcli.lion to the
!, ,, f ie ,,, J,,,,,, , Il()t Ll.illK 0 ,lirce
- ( j. ,.cu,,llu, , t, Vo-1. r.il Treasury weic erroneous.
Tu un f M (ip m!(J (. .,itf ulllU
jJ( , ,.,, t ,,. kulf, of if,v-thrc
:it. , ' ... ..., i .1..
j. , , - ; , . xauM,
7 .,, )r i,,,,,,.;, nl,d JCI1,orpri..
, Bnl ,.)Urc), , 1.t,l.,,lmlicha nnT c,.i"tial
j . lomge iu tho laud system, except I y ino'dillcutiona
! j .vvr 0f tl.e ui-lun'l settler, and 1111 extension of
, .j,,, p,e-einption principle in crrtnin case for rea
dy j sons, and oil gi-oun. Is which will bu fully developed
j ,e reports to be laid Lei. re jcu.
j (.' ingress representing lho proprietors of the
' (orritoiial di i.iain, nnd charged ospeeially w llh
' .,Wi-r t-i dispnso i f trrritoi v beh I ging to she
, I niled Stales, has for n b ng'eournt of yearg, be
buluneo i , .,,illl vvith tho administration of Mr. Jerl'orson,
t.XL.., iscd the power to construct ronds within the
! territories, nnd thero nio so many such obvious dia-
deviso moans for tho grndual tcductton of the rev
enue to tho st-uidnrd ot tl.o put no exigencies.
Of these objects the first hns lech lu the court
of ncconipli'hment In a maimer and to a degte i
highly satisfactory. The amount of the public ill I
of all classes was en tht I'onrth of March, l5i
ixtv-nine million, or.o hundted nnd nino'y thou
lanil, ni.d tbirtv-scven dollars, pnvnients; an r
j count ' f which V.svo been mado simo that period to
! tho nninunt of twelve million, sriin hundred and
three thousand, thrco hundred tit A 1wclitV-nili
dollars, leaving unpaid in tho continue us courre of
liojui'lution, tl.o sum of ffiy-six million, four Iim.
died nnd eighty-six tLcf.snnd, totcu Lui dicd td
eicl t dollar.
Theo payments, rIiIk ugh made nt the market
trite of tlie reji eclivc chissrs of stocks, hate bn
ilfcc'cd readily, and to tho gcncrnl advantage tf
io treasury, and li'iie nt (lie bflino l.n.9 proteu ox
".'-"" ul"".v 1,1 11,0 ";l,c'' .t,,c-v i". ' '".''"tn '?
atlordrd to the mi i:ey tnai set nnd to the industrial
ar.d eoinnierciul ui-uits of ti c country.
Tl.o secoii.l ol' the above mentioned obiectr that
of the reilodii n of tho tnriti is if gieut import-
l,l,,", ''KSeU-l ' the . ..rotary a
the 1 reasury, whiih is to rt-Jncu tho duties in rer-
articles, nml to add to tho freo list many article
now taxed, aud especially such as enter into mana
fnctui'- s, and aro not largely or are not at all pro
dueed iu the country, is commended to your caudiil
ur.il cnn-fol con'ik'ra!ion.
You w ill find in the revert cf the Soeretary cf
the Treasury, a!o, abatiAai.t prv-f of the emir
nileiiincy ( I tl." t ie'-.-iit ys:toni to meet t'.o itquire
nicnts of the public serin e, nod that whl'e ,roperly
nihninivti.rcd, it operates to tho ndvnntngo of the
cciiiini.iiiiy, in ordinary bit-ones relations.
I respeetl'nlly m-k yo'ur attention to sundry sug
ecstioi s of iinnrovi.iiicntj in tho settlement of ar
counts, especially ns regards tl.o largo sum of
I llltl'l lilt lit if nilMiM iloO til fl.n rrl. t OCOIllfltlt anrl ftf
r- ------ -- -- r
pnrtnient, which are iii-Jicali-d bv the Sucrotai T, a
. . -. .-
also to tho progress mndc in tho construction of
"'aline Hospitals, custom bouses Mid ol a new
1 ' ' ',1'l',r' ' ' au' tt ' "'tf Zln iZ
"'"'. provided lor by (.ongress, and UH W
"'"V"'' ? ""-U u'"' , ' '
xv nlm "J. """' 9 Uonru.
. '""" ' u.' li.critiiig your at tentl on, w I
''"I"'"'"" rocommemlalion. Irom !';? S'"01"1.1'
,'' ""f , " r.' I, I St-.i. ' is 1, t i a audi-'iou of
" J ,,, .' , L? "''" ,,7, ' :,i, .i..
Mrc' ,Mn ; ' y CS" n'e""un'r , "
p , . ..,.,,-.. ..,.,.;, ,, .1,0 iuk-
""'. , "' 1' i V j ct. t , a Jo H v . Poci ctnr of
",':,''n "u,'Jca "m0'1 -.V the ..ccutary ot
-' . ., ., . . 1. j..
i,,',t,rnst ng a nucleus nreuni' which the nation
' j . , . . .. ,. ,,iiii-..s n.nr.
"f J-' 1 ? ' j ' t ,,. 1 it in 1 o tirei7l
mentation or uioilili--ation, to adapt It to ll.e present
nv.nn.l...l . nt ., m ...I ....... ..h w.. I.. ...... ... .. i...nht,.
' ' '. on, n , ,nv ..j,
nnd tho condition of tho Indian tribes in the interior
of tho continent the necessity of which will nppear
in tho ci nimunications of tho Secretaries of War
and the Interior.
In the administration of the Tost Office depart
ment for tho fiscal year ending Juno 30th, IS53,
the gross expcndilmo was seven millions, nine nun-
,rcJ Bnd 0iult v-lwo thousand, seven hundred and
tifty-tsix dollars, and the gross receipts during the
,,, perioj v0 n,-,hm, rimo hundred and ftrty
two thousand, seven hundred and tlnrty-tour dollar'
1 lving that tho current mvenue failed to meet
tll0 crrt.llt pxpfn,:,., ,,f (10 ik.pnrtmcnt by th
BUW ,,t two million lortv-two thousnnd. nnd thirty-
two dollars. Tho causes w hich, under the present
postnl system nnd laws, led inuvitnblv to this 1
' p)H(ft fivste
i ;ujt nro fuv explained by the report of tho Post-
nm8ter Goneral one great cause being the'enormou
rates tho department lias l.-een compelled to pay
fr nmj PC.,.vit0 rendered bv Railroad t'onipanic.
exhibit in tho report of' the Postmaster General
of tho income and expenditures by mail steamers
,v:ii i e fUIlli poculinrlv iiilercslinir aud of a char.
. '..... P ...
i.ctcr to dcinnr.d tho iu. mediate ncliou of Congress,
During the last Csenl year, nine millions, eight
hundred and nineteen thousand, futir bundled and
eleven acres of the public hinds have been surveyed,
ten millions, three hr.mlicl nnd sixly-lhre
thnunmd, eight hundred nnd liinely-ono acres,
brought into market. A tl bin the sniuo period, the
Allien Ijv ittililii. r u iv ! i ti o ii 1 1 I iiri ntc entry, niiiountou
i "lie million, eiehiy-thrce tbeusni.d right hundred
nml ninety-nine acres located tinder military bounty
hind warrants; six million, one hundred and lorty
two thousand, three hundred nnd sixty acres lo
cated under other i crtiticates : nine thousand, four
hundred und tw cntv-seven in tes ceded to the Stnti-a
. .. I . . ..:.... .. -n: . : I I 1 I
as swum lai.us ; mmcch mum n, ix uui.uieu mm
. .1 ... e .. .1 I 1 1-...1 1 m- .1
e'b'l'tv-four thotis.iM.I. two hundred and fifty-three
acres. sclc-L-tel for Railroad-and other objects under
U.tl 0r ( wrCs ono million, four hundred and
tvventy-seveii ihoinand, four bundled aad fifty-seven
a-re. Toial amount of hinds disposed of "withiu
year, twenty in. I. on three hundred und
lorty-six tin. itsaml, ii-no huinlted and ninety-two
- -.i,;..!. ... i1.r,v.k0 in (uiant-tv sold und
" rt . . "' rt'1 0 m quitm ty soia una
located under land warrants and grants, of twelve
millions, two hundred and thirty rno thousand,
i t-...i i ...... ..,. .1... is.... I
j iinnil.,1;ltl.y j,m;?,ii.g.
It is believed that experience hns verified the
wisd-un nnd justice of tho present sjitem with
regard to the public domain in most essential
piirtieiilarr. 1 oil will pineivo by the report of
, CL.r.,(arv of t!lu l,.,,.,i.jr that opinions wbieb.
. . . . K .
Ill 11 111 IU. I ii If li UIIU I Id 11 IIU VI Ull I 1 -II I HIT tlll'UnilllUt
f-ur I.Jn.lri-l and sixty live dollar. I recommend.
j the exl.-nsii... of the land system over the t.-rriloriea
f . , , .. .,.:.. ,u..i, u.. .;t,..(iVUM
. .1 1: ..:.:.. . :..
us incii I'Vcuioii i.ics 111.1. .rou.iw.
unctions bctv. cen this exercise of povvor, nud that
of utak-ng roads within the Stales, that Ihe former
11.... . i.... ,.i t. , ,,., .
.n.n uu.n ovon ,...nn....v.. nu..,, vv. .v bmm
us apply to the hitter, nud such may new be uonald.
ered the setth I t-ot.strui-li.iii of ll.e power of th
Federal Government upon tho subject.
w ill ountn
ol the is.in
to bo with
N umeroiis Hpplisutinns have lecn and no doubt
will continue to be mado for grunts of land in aid
iirtrueiioii ot railways, it 1 not believed
bin thu intent nnd meaning of the Cousti.
union, 111.1 w.o power .0 ...sr.sD u, ,.,.,,,.0 ai
main should Lo uf od oihei wiso tbnn might be
expeolu.l irom a juudent proprietor, and therefcta
mill grams n iaim .0 n.u iu mo oon.u-ueiion oi
roads should Lo restricted to cuo w uero it would
bo fur the intcrect of a proprietor under like cireuiu
siaucos thu j to contribulo to the construction cf
F t th t,rot:.cal operation cf sueb grants thu
far in udvanoiug the interosts of th Stales in which
th works ore located, aud at tUa sain tun lb
snbetsutltl interests of all tb 6thr States, by t