Newspaper Page Text
From The Chronicle.
THE AMISTAD SLAVES.
Mr. Editor. At the President recommends ihe
tpayiriont of this most unjust and infamous claim in
Ins late message, it nmv 11(1 1 1 n nm iu (n tirimr lioturn
your reader a tiUoinent of tlic tacts relative to this
In the year 1S1 , , Spain concluded a treaty with
the hritisti Government for tho suppression of the
African Shvo Trade. The trado was to terminate
completely in the year 1:.0, and tho kini i.f Spain
issued an ordinance in conformity with tlm treaty,
prohibiting the trado after that d.ito, and declaring
that all m-gines brought into any pol l ion of his do
minion, especially rvlcrriug to thocolouics. should
immediately become lice.
About tho year 1W7, a treaty to piovido for tho
more effectual execution of this original treaty was
entered into between Spain and Gieat Britain, nnd
anothorordinaiicc was issued particularly admonish
ing tho authorities of Cuba to lake ma dint the
treaty lie inlor. ed. Under this ticity every negro
imported into the island of C'nl.a.or nliv ether l-pnn-ish
possession, after HZO, was free and entitled to
his freedom ,y law.
In the j ear 1J'J a slave trader imported into f it
t i e'.i of slaves, of which filly-three w ere ship
je 1 oa board ilia Amislai I'm n o ,c part ol Cuba to
another. Thco being recently inported negroes,
were of eoursu freo tinder tho' ticaly. They had
been kidnapped in their own nntive hind, torn from
their families ami friends, thrown into u loathsome
prison ship, to hrecd pestilence nnd death, nnd
brought to Cuba in coiitravciitii n of treaties, nnd in
eoiiiouipt of tho laws of nations. They wero nh-o-luteJy
I. co. In the course of this transportation
from uno part to another, these negroes asserted the
liberty guurraiiticd to them by tieatv, and lo which
they wore entitled by the lav s of nations, and took
posiosiiou of the vessel, nnd insisted on I cing re
turned to Africa. On this condition, thelites of
tho Spaniards who clahnc I tliein us slaves were
spared. Xiiey now were imprisoned. Hut instead
ol directing the ship to Alii.u, the Spaniaids direct
ed it towmds our I'liorcs. Tl.enegroet wero at last
landed in Connoticut.
The Spaniards claimed them as. slaves, and the
claim became the subject of judicial iiivcsti;;nti' n.
The District Court ol the United States, held incm
formity with the treaty that the negroes were free
lhat they hud conniiilted no crime against tho I'ni
led .Slates. An nppeal was taken Iroin this decision
to tho Supreme Com i of the United States, not hv the
Spaniards, but by the Xalivnal (niiri mnciit. Our
government in compliant! with its pro-slavery ten
nency wished to enslave these free men and women
Of this eluiiu lien, l'ieree snvs truly, w hen he says,
"Its (the claim for pay) justice was admitted inour
diplomatic correspondence with Spain as early as
i,i, I id7 t..n ti... i .' . ....i
v. ",,u,... vu, i-nei iii uin ui ii ineni iiiiu
"our diplomatic correspondence" has always been
on tlie side of the oppressor. Even the great Dim-
Mi Webster, who claimed tho Wilmot provi.i.i at his
thunder, in his diplomatic correspondence with
Great Britain, in tlie celebrated Creole case, claimed
Illl M'l IHI'II'D III I IK
the negroes who ha 1 landed upon Knglith soil, as
rhves. It was tho Oci.crnl Government then that
took so deep an interest in the matter as to nppeal
from the decision ot the District Couit to the Su
premo Court, and thus throw its potent ir.Uuetice
against these poor friendless Africans, who with
out any fault of theirs were thrown up hi our s!i;.res.
Tho Supreme Court, which Mr. Jlaln railed the
rtrnng hold of Mavety, ijiinnrd Iho decision id the
District Court, nnd tfie freedom of tho Aiiicai.s vvus
established their ri,;l;t tu liberty was fo evident
that that nro-shivery body, the Supreme Couit, vwi"
compclbid lo declare tl.cm free. Thcso Aniislm!
men and vr.inien weio reMii-r.ed lo Africa hv anti
slavery men, wfao lurnishcd money fortheir defence
in I tlioir return homo
Is'j this Doaiierntii President presents this
claim to the "early nnd favorable consideration" of
Congress. Ha wishes Congress to tako JjD.POO'
Out of Iho Treasury and pay it over to these Span
iard (who are by the laws of nations of ours in
particular, piratai, and who would be hung if they
were Americans, under our laws,) for persons origi-
nnlly free, novor reduced to slavery and declured
by United States Court to be freo.
Why dun'lthe I'residont recommend Congress to
rass an insurance law hv which the slave trnder uiav
be indemnified when ho" meets with a loss in his il
legal and nefarious buisncss ? It would bo better
for wo should thon know w hat we wero doing.
' Tho truth is, tho slaveholder is determined that
the Uoneral Government shall acknowledge or re
cognize the right of property is slave,. Then it is
a very pretty way to oonciliato tho suspicious Cbiv
ernmeot of Spain, and it may not hurt us any in our
bargain for Cuba.
This claim has been pressed upon Congress yevr
Iter year with a uiont dogged pcrtinaciiy. James
k. Polk, in his anuu-.l me.is igo of Doc., 1S47, nrgo.i
it upon Congress. In l,s, on theoth of August,
. ioO.Ob'O was added as nu r.inendiuent to the appro
priation bill, just nt tho cl 'so of the session. It
passe 1 tho Scnatn. but was lost in tio II oise. It
was again bo'oro Congress in 1-11, when Mr. Win
throp said ho bad during his career in Congress
hcou culled lo vote on lhi ques'ion sonio half dozen
limes, and that he had always voted ugniustalluw-
. in" the claim.
If it is the design of this administration to stop
agitation, an I 'Yru.,h out" Froa Siilisni why docs n
fircss thoo execiting subjects on Coiiressf it must
cud tonngry and exciting debates. The slave pow
er does not wish tlio subject of slavery kept out of
Congron only (t)ipoiitiot to slavery is to bo con
d conned, aud in tho language of General Cushing,
"crushed uul" of freeuion.
Dec. 10, 1853.
The history of this Amistal caso is briefly given
in tho following extract which wo make from Mr.
Ooodoll work entitled ' Slavery and Aiui-btartry
CAPTIVES OF THE AMISTAD.
"?icar'y ml thero unlortunnlo Africans came
from Mendi, a country in iho latitude of the dull i
n as Uivor, nnd probably f.-oni three lo tivo hundred
inilcs Irom tlio Atlantic cuast. iheir nverunu nge
was ab'jut twenty. Sonio wore ns old ns thirty;
; and some ns young ns eight or nine, ilicy were
cited, and. with many others, homed douu to the
- f.-iast about the U-t ot' April, loJ, and there, with
thro or four him Ire 1 mc.i a i l boys, mid about two
hundred women and children, were put on boar I a
slave shin for Havana. Alter tho terrible "middle
fiassago, placed between decks, where tho space is
ok than threa foot, they arrived nt llivann.
Jlare tncy wjro pot into one ol the large pens or
prison-houses, called llamicooiiH, ami oli'ered for
sale. In a few days Jo.enh Iluiz and Pedro Monies
bought them. Unix bought forty-nine, and Monies
bought tho children, three littlo girls. They pul
them on board Iho bchooner Ainistiid, coaster, fur
Puerto Principe, Cuba, ft few hundred miles from
Havana. When they ne.-c two or ihreo days out,
' Ihoy woro bo i'ea sovorely, threatened with death,
' 4o. A quarrel took place. The cook mid captain
w ore killo J, nnd two sailors tied in u bout. Cinquct.
tho master-spirit ot tho whole, assumed tho c im
taand. Ho established n strict control over his
comrades, and compelled ttuit nnd Monies tu steer
tho schooner for the risinj sun their own native
Africa. They did so by day, but in the night they
. decuived the. Africans, nud ran towards the United
",In this way they arrived on the American coast,
and came to anchor "otf Cullodon Point, Long Island.
Here some of thorn landed, mado purchases (pay
ing for all they took), and shipped water, intending
,i to proceed on their passage, Imt they wore taken
pososssion of by Lieutenant Grdiiey, of the U, S.
Iirlz Wa'binetoii, and carried into New London,
Conn, Judgu Judsuu bound them over to the Cir-
., iiuit Court tor trial, on the charge t murder, &c.
.t tut Judgo Thompson dacidod that our courts have
Ito ?nianc ol unnnees commuted on Loam
Klianisb vessels fill the high seas. As, hovvover,
cl yssstil, ca.'go, anil Africans had been libelled by
. Iiadney and others for salvage, it was determined
v.;.. I t t.L. .a ,i.n I,:..:.., t
ill,, mum nk&u ,i,,iw iii ,iiu 1'iniur, i uuo.
. . It was held in J.inuarv. Is It). Juaa Judson de.
oidoj that the prisumoi's wore native Africans, had
! never hteu slaves lugnllv. I Id dismissed lh Hinds
( with costs, and de Tee 1 that ihe Africans should be
delivered to the President of the United htnt.es, to
Lo stmt buck to Africa. Hut our Ourerniittut, on
the demand of the Fwrnhh mini-Uer. amwaletl In the
llreull L'lHrt. Thu Uourt was liuld in April, inju.
, Judge Thompson sustained tlie appeal, and as one
piny -or the othor would appeal to it higlior tribu-
u, whlclivr way he might ddcidu, the case went
- ftp to th Buprtine Court of the United StnKu as a
ras'trr'vf f.rn, (jt decision, iu January, lll.
these freo men aro kept in an American jail
eiguiceu nionins I
At the final trinl before the Supremo Court of
the United Slnlex.lhc African wero roloascd.ftnd
afterwards returned to Afrien, in company with
.uirsionnrica who were to resiito Among tl, cm.
ANTI-SLAVERY IN BRAZIL.
A member of Iho last Congress gave as a reason
for objecting to the nni.cxniion of Cuba, that he did
not w ish to hnvo the United Slates the only nation
on earth where chattel slavery is cherished. lie
preferred lo have Cuba remain as it is, in order that
slavery nmy continue to exist under tho Spanish
government. Spain, Brazil, nnd tho I'nited Stales
might bo able to keen e.v h other in countenance.
he thought, and snc eisfully defy tho judgment of
me ci, uizeii worm.
Hut those who undertake to fortify slavery against
the crowing power of justice in hiiinnn nflairs. will
at length understand that they havo engaged in a
ho eless wnrlate. The world moves; ami slavery
must disappear from tho face of tho earth. It is
civil) I way in Ilrnr.il. In that nation, an efficient
anti-slavery society has been for sonio time in ope
ration i and a llriuilliin newspaper gives the follow
ing particulars of a bill which passed the Chamber
id Deputies last venr:
"ll is decreed by tho General Legislative As
sembly of Brazil. It must pass another House, to
licomo law :
1. That all the children born after the (Into of this
law shall be free.
2. All those shall be considered freo w ho are bom
other countries, nnd conic to Brnzil after this
8. Every one who serves from birth to seven
years of ge, any of those included in Article 1, or
who has lo jcrvo so tunny vears. nt tlm end of
foiirleeu vears shall 1 c cmninTpalcd, and live as be
4. Every slave ravine for his liberty a sum ennal
tlmt which bo cot his master, or w'ho shall gain
by honorablo or gratuitous title, tho master shall
5. Where thero is no stipulated "price, or fixed
value of the slave, it shall be determined by nrbi
trators, one of whom shall be the public jtmmulor of
0. The government is authorized lo givo precise
regulations for tho execution of this law, and also
to form establishments necessary for taking enro ol
those who, born nftcr this date, may be abandoned
by the owners of slaves.
7. Opposing laws and regulations aro repealed."
This bill must pass both Chambers, to become a
law ; but that it was adopted by the Chamber of
Deputies, shows thai tho anti-slavery sentiment has
mane great progress among tlm linmlian people.
It will linally triumph; nnd it is probnbl
!."!" y"mhi" ,1lr,'n,l'"l happen that Iho
l1l,"0,, "", '' become the only nation where
. . .
slavery is kept iu existence. Cumuinnireahh.
l)c nti-51aucvv Bugle.
.fciil iii, Ohio, Di-crmbrr 31, 19.13.
rxn i rivr Ci ;vinTi r. meets at the Fair rooms in
t'le Town Hall nt 0 o'clock on Saturday morning,
the C Mi iust. li'ill t!ii memltr b jiuwtuul to I'k
CALL AT THE FAIR ROOMS TO MAKE
The Ladies open their Anti-Shivery Fnir this
morning, (Friday), and will continue it to-day and
to-morrow, evenings inclusive. They hnvo an ex
cellent assortment of articles, fanciful nnd useful,
n good stock of toys for their young friends
They havo au excellent supply of stocking yarn and
woolen blankets of superior quality; among them
the pair which took tho premium at tho lato Stnlo
Fair at Dayton, proscnto 1 by those skillful manu.
factitrers, nnd trim friends, of freedom, Messrs. C.
,fc G. Mcrritt, of Greene county,
C'nll, friends, beforo making your Holiday or
other purchase", nt tho Town Hall. Kxamiuo the
good", and you w ill not fnil to buy.
neficshnient tables will bo abundantly supplied
during the day and evening, for tho accommodation
President Pierco recommends in his message,
payment for the sr lf-emancipated slaves of the
Amistad. To their discredit, Polk nnd Fillmore
both did the same before him. Committees of both
Houses, approve ! the measure, but Congress could
never bo brought to tho point of granting $30,000
to those pirates for tho loss of their chattels. Prcs-1
ident Pierce ngain offors tho gross indignity to I
Congress and the nation, of repeating this infamous
What is this claim, srt pertinaciously urged upon
Conzrcsi by tho Executive? Jost ibis- Monies
and Unit were two Spanish pirntos pirate, by the
law of Congress,
human beings in
ri-. . ..
.... ousiuvs. .ii. sieaiiog,
Afi tea, and selling them into!
slavery iu Cuba. Ono of thoir enrgoes asserted
iheir l ij'ht to bo men instcrul of chattels, heroically
, i ,i . , . - ,
,hdued their oppressors, took possession of the
schooner, and landed in Connecticut. President
Pierco now instead of demanding that these pirates
shall bo hung, as tho laws of Congress prescribe,
insists upon it that tl.ey shall bo rowuvded-insists
upon it mat the simo tongross which votes appro-
priations to tho United flutes Navy to catch the '
should, when they art ean'iht, nnd landed!""'0
on our own shores, instead of punishing them no-'
,. . , , . fi .
cording to law, voto money to tho pirates to rcun-
burso them for their bus.
Proiiidniit Piercd says tho claim rests upon ol.li-'
gallons iimiosed by our treaties with Spain. If
erty only, but ogiunst Congress nnd tho nation, und ;
the treaty making power should be called to a I
serious account for lodging itself to sustain the!,
slave-trade in dire., contravention of ,.,e long ex-
pressed will or Congress. Jho President snys.
faith rcjuiict it) prompt adjustment." Good i
faith to SpnniBh and American pirates may require
that Muntos and Iiuix should- bo paid ?jO,00(, but
goud faith to Congress and American luw requires
that they should bo hung.
Our Presidents have been remarkably devolcd to
the intercut of these two Spanish pirates. Not
only huvo Iho Presidential recommendations we
havo referred to been made, but President Vnn
Huron, during whoso administration the matter was
adjudicated by the (Supreme Court, gave tho whole
woight of Ins influence, against tho captives, und he
so confidently calculated on the success of that in
fluence with the Court, thut he dispatched a vessel
from the Potomac to Now Haven, tu seino them as
soon as the Cuurt should huvo decided against them,
and pluco them at onco beyond the reach of those
friends of freedom, who were slceplessly watching
for their delivorance. Fortunately for tho poor
captives, tho Court decided in thoir favor, to the
chagriu of Van Burcn ami the sad disappointment
of Monies aud Uuix nud their sympathizing friends
in this country. And since that time, our Presi
dents kooiii hound to redress the sufferings and loss
of theso pirates, at all haiards. Perhaps they will
succeed. If Ihoy do, by their importunity, it will
only add now occasion Ut the despot of Europe to
jeer at aur professions anil mock at all pretensions
of fro government as thsy will,
A condensed statemeut of tlm prominent facte of
iho ca will le found iu auollmr column, c p!ed
from the Western Reserve C'hr..hiole. Unquestion-
ably, as that writer suggests, this recommendation
tho President will not aid very materially in
saving tho Union or suppressing agitation.
We append tho paragraph ou this topic from the
"For several years Spain has been calling the
attention of this government to a claim for losses,
by some of her subjects, in the case of the schooner
Amislad. This claim is believed to rest on the ul
ligiitiotis imposed by our existing trenty with that
country. Its justice was admitted, in onr diplo
matic correspondence with the Spanish government
as early ns ,viarch, Ir ti ; ami one ol my predeces
sors, in his annual nicssngo of that year, recom
mended that provision should bo made fur its
payment. In January last it was again submitted
to Congress by the Executive. It has received a
favorable consideration by committees of both
brunches, but as yet thero has been no final action
upon it. I conceive that good faith requires its
prompt adjustment, nnd I present it to your early
and favorablo consideration."
In company with Charles nnd Josephine Grilling
wo attended meetings on Saturday afternoon and I
at Iho Friends' meeting house, at Fair-1
mount. The house is small but it was W ell Idled .
on both dnys, and on both occasions our Free Soil
friends took exceptions to some of the remarks made, j
nnd In consequence there nrosc snmew hnt of a dis -
cussion relative to our nnti-rlavery difference of
opinion. On Satuiday sonic remarks were also
mado by John Clurley, n colored man, which were j
well received. On Sunday, Isaac Pierce occupied :
considerable portion of the afternoon in vindico-
the constitution nnd the Union, nnd in attempt-
jing to show that Iho disunion movement was one
most disastrous to tho causo of emancipation.
r""fil,ly f mtcliny in tho country.
it clnuns no
disciplinary power over its members. It has no
ereed and vindicates no phase of theology. It is
literally a rhun-h in the original acceptation of Iho
term, ria an anciiibh, like tlmt of aiostolio times.
The Friends meet every First Day of tho week, ex
cbnnge friendly greetings, nnd whoever has a topic !
for discussion, or a project of practical benevolence,
presents it, and it is freely canvassed by all who
hooso. From churches so organized, freedom and
humanity hnvo much to hope. Our Fairmuunt
Friends lire plain, practical and fice (he intelli
gent, firm, conscieiicious friends of frecdim.
On tho evening of Sunday we met a crowded
audience nt tho village of Mount Union, who list
ened to our icrjiUiLs with apparent interest till a
very lute Ixur.
Wo wero informed that special efforts wero made
.so ll 1 1 lv lo rpi I lip mini n inni'omiiiinnniiio-iiNi
v -- r i - i - ,
meeting al the sadio hour iu the village. If it was
tho intenlii n to give us n small audience by this
ndvice there vvns a signal failure in Iho rosult.
THE AGGRESSIVE POLICY.
Thj ai.jn.uire jiJiry is unquestionably tho true
and only efl'octivo one. Wo are glad to eco such ;
exhortation ns tho following from tho Portland
Inquirer Tho slaveholders understand that they j
...... ..h.. o,,M.,CTl. .iuiicc umj
loavo no conquest iiuntlcinptcd no opiortunity
untried to extend their territory nnd tu incrense
their power. To net upon tho defensive merely
with slavery, is to invito defeat. And yet the
friends of freedom have been content so to net, nnd
very feebly at that rather ns suppliants limn as
heroes have they stood at Iho outposts of their posi
tion. Wc must not content ourselves with " hemming
in slavery," with assaults upon its incidents or its
outposts. We must not bo content to wait till the
enemy utlacks us. If Cnrlhngc is to be destroyed,
wc must attack its citadel. Wo must adopt Na
poleon's policy, wago tho war in Iho enemy's coun
try, nnd nt his expense Such a policy will proTe
us in earnest, and will, Ihercfcrc, go far to assure
friends, dishearten foes, nnd insure Iho battle.
Tho nnti-shiv cry men iu C'ongre:-s nnd the Stnto
Legislatures bnvc n position of great trial. F'cw
indeed mo found heroes, e pial to tho emergencies
which arise. And all nuti-slavery men nt homo
should wat m!i their c c.iroe, a a 1 eucourajo nnd ro.
buko ihs.n ns oec.nioa may requiro ; and ulmo all,
should they at homo show themselves fearloss
decided nnd agi;roiivo ready to take advantage of
every opportunity to deal a blow at slavery. Such
is truly the "wisest course."
THE WISEST COURSE.
After all thcso considerations are allowed, we
believe the opinion is general tlmt a more nggres
piratcs, I'"1'''? "hould bo pursued, lieasnn and' wish
" "yhjrmatory progress without
i"P'tation. It may bo by others, while we calmly
look on nud think that reform goes itself. Hut it is
a mistake. Other und bolder men aro toiling and
st,u;,;,'"", w''',!,t Hoat u)Min a current thus
'""more wisdoii fini1'"" fu"'' ',u ,,--u' "nut
It is chien.v to the policy of such men ns J. Q
Adams, ( iiddings aud Hale that the cause has been
'"r'';,'l fur "ito the arleries of political life,
"l'',1',iu"8 do ' -"'" l"'.v must be made.
Ul if carelXwricheduri
up tho cause not as a hobby, but as a greut com
"yne,d uitinding principle and purpose of public life.
The friends of free lum havo not failed to observe
"! , 1 '.'"'.."f1. u '"'" or l'"t Froi
i.i'.iii.'. iiT .'i v.uii;iesn mill ci.nu LiCglsiailireS
mvo en rather si out on t in .l,h.,.t ..f i;'.,...(
Thero are indeed times inoro favorablo to notion
;thnn others, nnd indiviiliial froedom of opinion as lo
li"'t',, nl"' ,"" ,l!"1" "'i'.'"1'1 m respected by tho nd-
voenles of Ireei loin. .Modest men. thrown into such
positions, are likely lo feel dillidelit. ard somellmes
thev nre not accustomed lo liuhtio Hlienltioi aii.1
debate. Thero may ulso bo a reluctance to breast
'',0 "Prosition w hich controls such bodies, and more
J" '"''as'0,"! u'uy "ilJ ccMons
rl',lvel'' "'rough its seutintls, always finds oc-
or another : w hv shimM
uncrty ne less inrtiiuuter Mora than a dozen is
sues could bo fairly raised w ith slavery almost any
day in our Stale legislature j and we do not think
that whole sessisons ought to pass iu silence on the
subject. For what do we labor to send men there,
if wo have uo cause there to be promoted ? It may
require courngc, but thut should not be wauling.
So in Congress; nud although greater difficulties
surround free men there, still tin y must be boldly
masterod, and tho country made to feel tho power
of truth as it only can bn from thut position.
Wo rejoice, as we think the whole body of the
parly will, to know that the free .Senators and Koi
resontatives in Congress intend to net a nobler and
moro aggressive part on tyrnnny than heretofore.
Instead of weakening tneir position with tho peoplo
it will strengthen it. So the experience nf Sir.
Adams, Mr. Giddings, and Mr. Halo and others
shows. . Ami the same policy will, wo doubt not. be
adopted in State Legislatures. Our nble body of
ireeiuen in Uio next Legislature will be heard from
next winter. lir(land Inquirer.'
Anti-Slavexv Societies. A friend in Michigan
requosts the form of a constitution for a society,
uuxuary to tlie Wiclugnn Anti-Slavory Society. If
our friend will turn to the constitution of the Mich
igan State Society, as published in the J8w of
ftovemoor Olli, she will find that form quite appli
cublo to her purpose, with a littlo alteration, to
moot the difference of its locality aud auxilarvshin.
We shall be happy to hear of the organisation of
ohc:o:it uuxilnno through the Peninsular Stale.
that if tho peoplo can bo imbued with these prin
Sunday, ciples, it will bo as impossiblo for them to voto
The trial time is now, and indeed always, to
anti-slavery politicians. The Inst election in this
county, especially, was a severe trial to some.
On the question of fusion with the M'higs, they
were divided. Doth the Free Soil papers in Iho
county contended that to make tho fution, was to
be unwiso in policy, and false in principle In
consequence of this division in the party, the
fusion candidates lost their election. The fusion-
b;ts are deprecating tho rosult, whilo tho immov
ables nro more and more convinced of tho correct
ness of their policy.
We aro wntching the influence of this state of
things, w ith no little interest. From present ap
pearances, wo should think the fusionists more and
more inclined to fusion, nnd we fear some of them
will be so perfoctly fused, as uttorly to lose their
anti-slavery identity, in the newly fused mass.
On tho otln r hand the non-fusionists are more and
more impressed with the importance of vindicating,
without compromise nnd without fusion, anti-sin-very
principles. Thinking, ns wo believe justly,
wrong, as it is for them to voto right now, whilo
under the control of pro-slavery principles. Hence
they seo tho necessity of progress nnd they don't
scem to think the Pittsburgh platform quite all it
might be tho end of the law for righteousness
;ind their cry is onward. Tho Homestead soys,
we must have a higher platform. The Aurora says,
we must tako tho position Hint slavery cannot ho
legalized and sumo at least, how many we do not
know, among the people, say Amrn.
We copy tho following from the lust Atsosi:
lliuiim. To many of us there seem to be two
. i . c t i i . . i . .i i. .. r
Kinos in r ri-iTsitners in tins roiiiiiyinosu wnu n-
vor fusion, coalition or amalgamation, and those in
opposition to this policy. The former want vory
badly to bent somebody at tho election especially
tho 'looofocos' nnd seem willing to risk the exist
ence of tho party, so it seems to us, if they could
but accomplish this object. They aro impatient to
bo on the stronir side too much so, it is feared
and nre in dancer of beinir lost. It dont look to
, jf t10v tnnj ,,n Iho broad platform, ' Free
Soil. Freo Speech. Free Labor, and rreo Men,
when they coalesce with notorious hunkers j to
them I doubt not the thing looks plausible ; for
they are known to bo honest, wo may say, in se
lecting their position. Hut wero they not mis
taken? Does subsequent reflection since tho elec
tion justify their course in October T It is hopod
not. On tho contrary, may so not hope that tiiey
are prepared to take higher instead of lower
ground 7 Let us rather do this than surrender a
sini'lo article of our political platform, nnd not be
in too great a hurry to cct on the stronir side If
c "f", l" ",,r purpose, ana not run alter
llltn sliinlf.u 1,1 iiiii,n tun rrtitnllv 11, n i-fiult Mill
Dc nir neiter.
Instead of lowering our platform so that hobbling
and one-legged hunkers can tumble themselves up
on it and thus break it down by half dead matter,
thero is an obvious disposition on the part of many
elevnto it to the position that si.Avr.HV cannot ue
r.Ai.izi d, a proud nnd noble eminence, and one
which every truo man will feel glad to stand upon.
Ours is a parly of progress not backward but
forward, and the adoption of such a position would
"c conclusive cvuloneo ol it.
ing principles to securo their aid.
Among the most important movements of the
slaveholders in tho appointment of the Congrossion.
ul Committees. This work they hnvo completed for
tho present, of course to tlioir own minds. Last
year, the Free Soil Senators wero excused from all
service of this sort, in consequence of tho "un.
healthy organization" to which they belonged.
This year they seem to bo somewhut more favored,
for sonio cause, though, caro has boon taken to place
them where they enn do no harm to slavery, or at
lc'ust ns little as possible. Thus Mr. Chase hns
been placed on tho committee on claims, on roads
ind on paleuts ; whiio Mr. Sumner has been hon
ored by un appointment on a select committee to in-
uiio into Iho causes of tho sickness and mortality
on board of emigrant vessels. Au important com
mittee nud tho duties of w hich wo have no doulit
ho will discharge to tho benefit of humanity, but
one which removes him to a safe distance from all
combat with slavery. Doubtless Mr. Sumner's con
nection with tho "unhealthy organization" suggest
ed tho fitness of the appointment. In tho House,
Mr. Giddings is on the committee on claims; and
Mr. Wude, of Cleveland, on tho committco on the
militia, and ulso un Iho committco on expenditures
on tho Treasury Department.
According to tho Tribune tho democrats nnd whigs
agreed to divide the committees in tho Senate, each
party naming tho men for tho numbers respective
ly assigned them. Tho Democrats also agreeing to
place Mr. Chase on their committees if tho Whig
would do tho sumo with Mr. Sumner. Tho Whigs,
however, in hopes of a healthful fusion with the
hunker Hards, refused thatcourlcsy to Mr. Sumner.
Uut they left n pluco vacant which the President of
the Senate subsequently filled by tho appointment
of Mr. Sumner.
The following, on thin subject of committees, is
from tho AVio 1'orA- Tribune:
THE TERRITORIAL COMMITTEES.
Important questions connected with tho organi
zation of V. S. Territories nro expected to come be
fore Iho present Congress, und it would bo idle to
a Heel not to seo that some of these questiuus con
cern the extension of Human Shivery. Let us sec,
therefore, how tho Committees ou Territories of the
two Houses ure constituted :
Senate: Messrs. Douglas, (III.) Ihuatun, (Tex
as,) Johnson, (Ark.) licit, (Tenn.) George W. Jonos,
(Iowa,) und Everett, (Muss.)
Jlotise: Messrs. Kichardson, (111.) McQueen, (S.
C.) J. L. Taylor, (Ohio,) J). J. Daileu, (Ga.) tm.
Smith, ( Vu.) Furley, (Me.) English, (Ind.) l'liillips,
(Ala.) and Lamb, (Mo.)
Thus the Sluvo States, with fur less than half
iho population of the Union, have a majority on tho
Committees having special control of questions
likely to arise affecting Slavery, while the represen
tation thereon of tho Free Suites is carefully woed
ed of all "fanaticism," and is for the most part in
fact as plustic as tho most ardent propagandist
could desire. Holy on it these Committees have
not been so packed without an object. Watch and
FuEE-BooTiso. A score or two of froo-booters
secretly left Sun Fruiicisco and invaded Lapax, a
small villago in Lowor California, shot somo five or
six of the inhabitants plunaerod tho village of its
property captured the Governor and then most
ostentatiously proclaimed a now republic, elected a
Prosident aud his Cabinot and high military and
naval officers, and then sailed off to commit other
deprodutions. Will those pirates and robbers be
punished T The expedition was fitted out in our
own territory and by our own citizens, and doubt-
loss was designed to have its effect in oxtending the
'area of freedom' ; for slavery is most covetous of
Tho papers also report a new Cuban expedition
on foot under the direction of A seoret association
in Now Orleans, culled the -oik Star. It is suid to
be somewhat formidable in numbers.
Judge Bugg, of Detroit, has pronounced tho
prohibitory liquor luw of Michigan unconstitutional.
ANNUAL MEETING OF THE STATE TEMPERANCE
SOCIETY THE WOMEN OF
On our first pngo will bo found an admirable ad-
dross to the women of Ohio on the subject of tem
perance. It places the moral and political of this
question in their true rclntiie positions. Its appenl
earnest and well mado, and should arouse all the
womon of our State to a vigorous use of the moans
within their reach for the establishment of tem
Appended to this address will ho found a call for
the first annual meeting of tho society, to assemble
Columbus on tlie 11th and 12th of January next.
We rave no doubt that this meeting, like those
which have proceeded it, wilt be interesting abd ef
fective. Nivt Daii.t National F.ra. Dr. Bnily has is
sued a prospectus for publishing the Era daily, af
ter tho second of January. Here is his prospectus:
Tin Daily Kationnl Era will be issued of a sixo
nearly that of the Washington Union, on Iho sec
ond day of January, 1K04, nnd daily thereafter, un
tlie 1st nt September, IKS4, (or longer, should
Congress continuo in session,) nt fivo dollars for
Its eharaelor will be the same as that of tho A'i
tional Era, published in this city for the Inst seven
yenrs, with this addition, that it will contain larger
reports ot the proceedings of Congress, winch w ill
in tho Weekly.
The extensive subscription of the Weekly, w hich
during tho years about to close, hns reached the
number of twenty-eight thousand, must make it
en eligible medium for advertisers.
Tho creed and policy of the paper may be summed
up in one word Democracy which will be en
forced in relation to Slavery nnd ull other political
Unlike political papers, the causo of Literature
will receive in the columns of the Daily the some
attention which it has always commanded in the
As Imt sixteen dnys intervere liolween this nnd
the 2d of Jnnunry. it is important that subscrip
tions bo forwarded at onen.
Payment in advunco will be invauiaiii.v required.
Another Dk isiom ron Slavekv. We find the
following in tho Vittsburgh Vitpatck. A decision
that tho master can reclaim the value of his slave by
virtue of common fair, is a now outrage upon free
dom. Judge Mcl.nno is quoted as one of the au
thorities for thisdocisioti. A "most worthy judge."
Tin United States Circuit Court has overruled a
motion for arrest of judgment, in the caso of Gar
ret Van Meter r. Dr. Hubert Mitchell of Indiana
county, in which tho plaintiff had rcoovered the
estimated value of a negro, on the ground that de-
lendant nnd linrliorcd, concealed and cnahlcd linn
escape. The action was at common law, and
not under any statute of the United States. The
Court ( ludgo Irw in) decided that, "if there had
been no constitutional provision or statuto for tho
recaption nnd delivery of fugitives from labor, the
owner ol an escaped lugilive would have hud a
remedy by action for damages in tho Court of a
i.: l i. i. . i i i i
rauio nun w men uu lum ueu uuu void uuruoreu, or
iii n Court of tho United Stales, if either hnd com
mon lnw jurisdiction." The authorities depended
upon are A p. 2d part, 180; Addison's Keports, 320;
2d McLane, 603.
THE INDEPENDENT DEMOCRACY.
The State Ccntrnl Committee of the Ohio Freo
Democratic party, hare issued an address in the
last Columbian. After stating that their decision
is against the calling of a State Convention at tho
present time, the committee proceed to say
Hut we think lh nurnnse of hobllnc no Conven
tion this winter, should not imply a purposo of
relaxing or postponing our exertions and lalxirs
fur tho promotion of tho cause of Freedom, The
position lielil ley tlie parly in our State, in the
ranks of the friends of freedom nnd humanity.
does not allow us to sleep or rolax a muscle, in the
cause ; but rather culls upon us to nerve ourselves
with new visor, and stronger purposo. than have
over beforo characterised us. Tho work of organ.
ir.niion, oi petition una remonstrance, ana ot tlie
dissemination of light and truth upon the subiect
of human rights so little understood or so little
heeded in our land must go on and be prosecuted
with renewed vigor, and untiring perseverance.
Vl-l... 1 .1 r : . V , , ,
ii uul vsv uavu iiius uir gaincii, musi no ncia, ana
advances mado in tho future, or all we have ex
pended of svmputhy. and Inlmr, and " material
aid," will be lost. Iho thought of such a thing
must noi iur a inouiont uo loiuruicu.
1. L:ght must he moro generally disseminated'
Our national, our statu, und our county papers.
must all be suxtaued and by tho same means the
cause by exertions to increase thoir subscriptions,
und by gratuitous distributions on the pnrt of those
who huvo the heart aud tho ability to subscribe
and distribute them.
2nd. Our national and state Legislatures must
be petitioned, and importuned, and instructed.
until, from wcarinoss or fenr, if not from principle
or shnmo, the government of our states nnd the
nation shall be arrayed uu the side of Freedom in
stead of Slavery. For some years last past, the
work of petitioning hns been greatly rclnxed ; and
all best capablo of judging our ilcproscntntivcs
especially, are agreed thut much has been lost by
sucii relaxation ana neglect. Let us all enter
anew and earnestly, upon this work of making
known to our luw makers, as well as our executive
rulers, our wishes and demands iu rclution to Free
dom and shivery.
3d. Organization. A more gencrnl and thorough
organization throughout our Stale, is imperiously
demanded by tho interests of our cuuso. This is
a work that must be done, and cannot be left to do
itself, in many counties, yet, there is no organi
tion no concert of action among our friends.
Tho canvass shows that we hnvo votes in every
county in the Slato. Nineteen votes for Lewis in
Vunwert, was the smallest number in any county,
but in many counties they hnd no county tickets,
and in a number so litltle concert of action as to
have made a meugro show ou tho State ticket ron-
ernlly. This slato of things ought not to continue.
Many of our friends feel this : and your Commit
tee have been urged to mnke arrangements to rem
edy the deficiency. This they will gladly do, so
iur as it may be in their power. It is believed
that tlie means can bo raised, to procure one or
two agents, to spend their time for the ensuing
yoar, in effecting a thorough organization through
out tho State. We have now before us imposi
tions from throe individuals, to be each one of for
ty to contribute two thousand dollars, ($30 each,)
to employ two agents thus to labor and organize
the State. The plan scorns the most feasible of
any one that occurs or has been suggested to us.
We have three names where are the thirty and
seven f No doubt they can bo had, if each one
who is able and willing will mnko it his business
at once to speak nnd let his name bo known. Iu
souie instances several may unite and make their
donation through one of their number. Shnll this
proposition bo carried out! or shall we full back
and tuke a position of ignoble ease and inditfer
onco f Not so will our opponents do. They are
ever active over vigilant ever onward. la thore
not aa much resolution and patriotism among the
frionds of Freedom, as thore is among the support
ers of Slavery T
We make our appeal in behalf of what soeius
to us the most feasible plan for the promotion of
the cause. In connexion with the agency pro
posed, much can be done in forwarding the oilier
objects of petitioning, aud disseminating our prin
We call upon our frionds to rospond to this call
in such manner as each shall fcol it his privilege
aud duty to do. Information of suitahlo persons
to bo employed as agontsgood public speakers,
who have the interests of humanity doep in their
hearts, is also dosired,
Yours, for God and humanity.
J. H. COULTER,
J. M. WESTWATER,
L. U. VAN SLYKE,
H. E. PAINjfc
NEW ENGLAND CORRESPONDENCE.
Coscono, New Ilvmpshire, 1
Doe. lath, 1H53. J
Pea Fried Marios: Perhaps you hava noticed
tho eulogy of Edward Evorott, United States' Sen
ator from Massachusetts, npon the late Vie Pres
ident, pronounced in ihe Senate ono day lost wek
There is one passage huwovcr, wuicli l worm
passing remark. It is this;
"Thero is an ancient maxim sir, founded atonesl
in justico and right feeling, which tide us lay
nothing but what is good of the dead. I can obey
this rule, in reference to the late Vice President,
without violating the most scrupulous dictates of
sincerity I can say nothing but w hut is good of
him ) for I havo novcr scon or heard anything but
good of him, for thirty years that I have know
him, personalty and by reputation."
The rending of this passage has re-called to my
mind the part tho Vice President took In a dobate
in tho Senate, relative to tho taking of the las!
census, jvir. Bcwaru oi rvew lorx, nna mane
motion, accompanied by some remarks, which
Southern Senators had considered as an affront W
the "pceulinr Institution." Tho Hon. gentleman
from Alabama, Win. It. King, enme forthwith
tho rescue. Ho seemed fully to admit th force of
Mr. Seward's implied charge, and then defenJexf
the subject in this mannor;
" Does the Senator from New York moan to lay
that all the women of his State, are so highly in
tellectual, so bright in their perceptions, so acuta
in their understanding, that they could give the
exact number of children that thoy have had, if il
were required of them 7" I would like
to he informed whether all the womon in his state.
the stato of New York, are so intelligent, and hava
lived in such a way, as to justify belief that they
could givo truo information on this question, if
required of thorn. Go into Now York city, or Into
any portion of tho sta.e, and you will find persona
who could not give it."
Mr. Everett could hardly have overlooked ao
important a part of Senatorial proceedings, as th
debato on the Census Bill. He may therefore be
considered ns endorsing these sentiments ; for he
avows distinctly, that in tho lust thirty year of
his personal acquaintance with tlioir author, h
"has scon and heard nothing but good of him."
And thon tho cool admission of Senator King,
is too instructive to bo forgotten. It soems evident
enough from it that the slave system has so finished
its work of ruin upon the slave mother' intellect
nnd heart, that sho docs not oven know tho number
of her children.
And this is a system tu Lo pro-
longed. To bo the groat object of governmental
patrunngo and protection to bo sanctified by the
greatest religious bodies in the land, every one of
them, in the name of the Father, and the Son, and
of tho Holy Ghost.
Senators from tho South, drunk on the blood of
slavery, can admit in Congressional debate, that
slavery thus murders the souls as well as bodies of
its victims and they seo no outrage, no sacrilege,
no murder of Ood's own spirit, in what they do.
They do not deny it. They admit, and then just
ify it. And Northorn Senators, aspirant to the
Presidency, ondorso this acted blasphemy against
the Holy Ghost, if any such sin there be and
Edward Lvorett, of Massachusetts, ha never
"soon or heard any thing but good" of one-wha'
has dono tho deed and then unblushingly defended
it, to the nation and the world. Ho is the man
too, w lio declared himself ready to bucklo on hi
knapsack, to exterminate any who should dar
interpose to rescue humanity from such awful pro
fanation. How well ho has earned tho Prcsidoncyi
But how sadly and certainly is ho doomed to dis
appointment. Thero is. nothing transpiring at present, here
abouts, of absorbing intorcst, except the discus
sions upon tho President's Message "Who wrote
it," is asked by every body, and "to what favored
Editors was it first sent," is a grave question
among the newspaper fraternity. The first enqui
ry grows serious. Tho real adamantines arc great
ly alarmed at the Free Soil proclivities of the
President. His appointments nre giving great
offence, and tho messugo neither promises or
prophecies anything better. Gnrrisoninns, and
Freo Soil men in very important offices, three hun
dred women acting ns Post Masters, in compliance
with the progressive spirit of the age, one tchiU
whig in North Carolina, removed from a Light
House, to make room for a colored man, whoso
complexion has always deprived him of the right
of suffrage, these are a few of the reasons why
there is so much alarm in the Democratic encamp
ment. And there is a little revival of Whlgism in some
quarters, which funs up tho already kindled excite
ment. The niyht-mare being removed from the
breast of tho party in Massachusetts, by the death
of Daniel W cbster, it has risen like a refreshed
giant, and scattered its motley foes, like chaff
before tho whirl-wind and the emallness of the
Democratic triumph in Vermont, the Legislature'
being compelled to adjourn without choosing a
Senator, and with a fair prospect that the next
oleetion will restore again the now fallen fortune
of the Whig party, this too adds fuel to the flame,
und gives hope to the heart of the desponding.
A yeur will show ue what w never yet saw.
and that of which at present, we do not even
I am making my preparations, with view of
suiting from Boston, in the steamer of the 4ib of
January. Perhaps I may not find time to writt
you nzain before mv dennrture. If not. let ma
wish you and your reader the highest prospority
and success, in your gloriou struggle. I hope to
report myself favorably in the columns of the
Bugle, in my absence and to return in good time
to rouow with them and you, the battle, a,nd, V)
shore with you tlie triumph.
Your in the fullness of Faith, .
Escape or Slave in New Yum Steakers The)
papers in Norfolk are raising a dust in consequent
ces of the alleged escape of seven (lave from that
City on board the steamship Star vf the West, wbieh
vessel lately put into thnt port to ooal for her homo,
ward voyage. The Norfolk Herald of Thursday
waxes eloquent over the subject as folio wssXhu
crat. We hoar of no last than seven alave who - deser
ted from Norfolk and Portsmouth on Sunday, and
we have no doubt mado their escape in the steamer
Star nf the West, which put In her and left again
fur New York on that day. The opportunity wo
a most favorable on for their purpose t but it la
more than probable that some secret, agent promp
ted thum to avail themselves of it, I there no way
to hinder such daring violation pf our law f Tba
question i becoming a serious on to our ottltsn
und if our own law and the "higher law" had been
onforced in the cose of the Star e (As West, (a wa
trust they will hereafter be,) it i not to be uippo4
that our citizens would have thus been despoiled of
their property. One of tlx rupaway was th matt
Harrison, who has beon living with Mr. Jame
Smiley in this city for twenty-eight year., II
took with him two eons, 14 and 13 yean of in
be longing to a family la Portsmouth.