Newspaper Page Text
if wC I
MAtUt'S It. lOHlSOf Editor.
0 VMOX 1.7717 SLAYr.tlQLDMiS:1
PEAKSOX, PnblUhinv A vent
VOL. NO. 420.
SALEM, COLUMIHAXA COUNTY, OHIO, SATCliDAY, DKCKMISKK 31, 1853.
WHOLE NO. 43&
THE A 1TI' SLAVERY BUGLE,
rrni.mrrD evkrv mti-rimv, atai.eh,oiuo.
TRMS. jl.fiu prr annum, t)l In .vftn',.
Mi We ftftH'bnnlljr pvnd nninlnM t thnt wlfl nr n
wrtborn, but who r hllvml to In ln(irpl-l In tin? tpni,nntt"i
of ftntl Uvtrjr Inith lwHh Um-Iin thnt iUvy will rl! vr nihn tU
tiimrlvni, or m Itirlr hit-iuiicc lo extern 111 ilrtulalini oun-m
S-rnmrnnt-l.tlon. Itit-niM for InnrM-m, M ls s.l,ln-.sl (.,
V.To B. no, KdHor. All oihcn to Ass l'w, I'ub-'
TKUMS OK ADVERTISING.
4 Out ftliftr H1 HnM ) llif tflflft
llnrli iuiMUonl Inpvrtlcn,
H mnnlhf, ....
H no r,-r, .....
To pquarvt 'lx month, .....
On your, .....
Om Fourth column on yor, with prlTllrg of rbaiiKing
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AfH'Kplii nut xrmllnit vlxlit Hnl will I Inflorlwt onn .tear,
1. lit tisox, rnjiTLK. I
1V last week navusome notice and soino extracts
from a work entitled Lellert lo Hit
" f f,-'- ' "
mnnnor in which tlio MtHsouri Compromise had
boon already violated and hence tho very reason-
ahlo nppraheiision that it would uoaaiu. Jielow
wo oontiuuo our extract from this work. The
writer is no abolitionist in tho ultra senso of the
term, hut ho presents facts and considerations of
tho gravest importance.
Sunt Loris, Sept. 7lh, 153. i
Mr Dear Fhii.no: I wish to say n few words
moro about cum promise.', and 1 inn done. lV hen
ono party fails to fullil his part of n contract, then
tho othur may demand, uud compel them to do so,
or depart from tho previous riig.'.gcmcut. What is
lair tor one
for the lurtli
long nnd 00 wide, and exclude slavery from it, and
Uko it away from Missouri, just so much u breach
of the Compromise wus coniuiittc l, when tu much!
ol tlie Ji-ec, tuixcei jrec, territory was given iu .uis-:
souri nod slavery.
This crime bin been wrought by tlio south, nnd
that very violation has given to the north the right
to demand, that Missouri sli.ill bo n I'reo htaic.
I' pou certain conditions, tho L'.iited Slates declared
Missouri a slave Stale; tlio conditions violated, il
instantly makes tho (piestiun the same ns Leloro the
tho Compromise-! in wlncli tl.e nortli Hi inaiulca
should bo a free State. As it was iinnio a .slave
Boluly on thoso conditions, it would, if tlie
north insisted upon it, Lccomu a lice Sti.le, upon
Uie holding of u single rd.ivc unon the forbid. Icn
premises. Tho fact that the north has noi ro' tiled
this oiio.oi..hnient, that it has not demanded
and excluilo slavery, docs not relieio the soulli one
...... ...u ...... vi .........u.. o. ou , jic..,
particle for what they have done; for if the n orth
was recreant iu not guur.Iiog the inlerests of free
dom, it is no excuse why tho sou'.h, n!n lorui u
t.art of tho L uioii, should not c u
i.e up aud protect
lot protect her own
ight Us Mulalii'ii,
it. But tho south not only did not
Missouri Coin; roaiiso but sou
nnd accomplished it.
llut, it liino and tuo solemnities of legislation
ealinot make firm aud abiding one c iiiii.roiiii.se,
neither enn they niiothnr. Uur Congress lux again
passed a Compromise, as it has I con unjustly called
In tho Missouri Compromise, tho uorili were de
inmdiiuts. In tiie c'Zo rcuditijii Comprnmi' e. the
south wcro deniandaiits. in tho Missouri Compro
mise tho south wore tiio proinissors. In the ne. ro.
rouditioii C .iniiroiiiiro, tho uortii wc.o nrcniisNors.
in tno .uissoiiri v.i.iiipr nui.se, t.ie soulii pr.miiied loi
keep its n iiiil:i this .NcluasUa I erntory.
In the slave-reiidiiion Cuiiiio-omisc. tho norlh
promised to chase, hunt, catch, hold, and deliver
ubck io ooniiago ever; p .or ingitiio siave.
In tho .Missouri Compromise, the south promised
humane, just, and holy thing. In tho negro-j
catching Compromise, tho norlh promised an inhu-1
man, unjust, nnd unholy thing.
ill tho Missouri Compromise, tho south, l.y their
vote, settled that question. Iu tho black Conipro-i
tho north, by their vote, sustained it.
In tho Missouri Compromise, the south gave n
promiso orcrer, designing that the act should never
Lo revoked, for its execution would always be sal-the
Utnry. In tho slam-catching Compromise, no time
was spccilled, for tho continuance of tho net, for it
can breed nn good to nny one.
But how del theso (.ompri.iiii.-cs stand in their
operation? Tho Missouri Compromiso has never
yet had but ono chaueo for trial, nil 1 how fared it ?:
Missouri wanted the tnaaido. Lho richest soil'
within her prctient holders, in order to extend the
curse over it, and she obtained it. Wo are on the
ove of i he question once more, nnd hat says the
promissor now f senator -Atchison, tho acting ico
rreiidoht of tho United .Status, may bo considered
as tho exponent of southern opinion. Iu speeches!
ho has boon making, in various portions of the
ho is reported as taking tho ground, nn.l iu
effect, asserting, that ho will fight tho admission of
Nebraska, unlc.-s it can conio without lho Wiluiot
Proviso ; that it shall conio in as a slavo Territory,
or, at least, with tho question left open, nnd all
ttuno in losior si nery mat Is psaijlc. i hero nro
men In western Missouri, who nro tampering with
the Indians, and trying lo induce the ablest of them
to becomo si iveholdeis. Tliu very question before
Congress, tl.e very reason why Nebraska is not
thrown open uircidy, in, that tho south nro uiiil-i
liiij to stand to tlie Missouri Compromise nro iin-j
wining tiiiii n nee icntory should he erected on
.L !.. ..e .1 .. .1 1 1-. .. ... . .....
the frontier of the down-fulling slavo Stuto of Mis-1
souri. The south originated, presented, and passed
the Missouri Compromise, but they hnvo uovcr
resnocted or preserved it. "
But how is it with the north and her black Com-
promise? Sho pnssod it, and laid it ou her own
shoulders, bncauso of tho blustorings of tho Mom -
phis Convention of southern disiiuioiiists. And,
ag,ain and nguiu, hns she conio up with tho sword
ol justioo, and tho arm of law, and a debauched
jmblio sentiment, all bearing down upon ono poor,
(trembling victim, uud cousignod him to injustice
and despair. Oh, glorious, suhliino, transcoiuhint
'Workl Oh, noblo humane. Christ;.,., a,.;-:, I ii'i,ni
joy swells the bosom of the uiiivcrsul north, as it
contemplate eauh of its (Jod-liko nchiovenients.
VeU may ye exclaim, " H'e are the monof prinuinlo :
tee sustain the Luion ; ice caught bim : ,,. L-n,,i ,1...
eeutn in gio.i nmnor: tho .iogro eim't be vorv mart
. ..u.i.j, . cm negro enn t he vorv smart
, v. v tuuKiH nun, n cannot help
himself, he must go back 1"
But, in omo very sinful phicos, w hero twico or
thrice humanity has triumphed over insensibility,
and conscience conquered fear, and tho ey Uod'
gav him to guido bun, the font to carry liim, nnd
the intellect to counsel him, operated well, nnd tho
Mdangered wrotoh escaped from you, (14,HU0,O(Hl
irnio ;) way, wnat hn t.oen tho result? Tho
northern pros ha denounced it, and tho south has
rung a toeoin of alarm and horror, tit your faithless
ness and perversity in opposing and violating the
negro-rendition Compromise. A nd, to make amends
aud show you true love fur shivery, and your sin
oar ropontuuoo for your neglect, you permit free
men to bo kidnapped t and when in violation of
our own statutes, alavo nro brought into your
bound, and are freed by your law, you annul the
tatut by paying thoir full value, until ovon Louis
iana hrsff oonvulses with laughter at your ridio-
, " a
olou yoophanoy. . .. -
Ana, in aqq lonigniiy in your nflgradation, tfl
i ti'.'f What
't r il i
U" .onu m i.s uceiuy. jw, even nioro iteepiy toj
. h':i::ic than the south, lor tho l.orili has bad (he
i power, if she had possessed tho Kill, to control this
whnlo thing, nnd keep it right.
; 'f10 Missouri Compromise itself nr.s n blow in
VPry f,u.e nf freedom, which has niade her reel
loreo, the north should have declared, that the
; principles of our Ilepiiblic demanded tin m to ro
il main free forever, lint no; the south demanded
that th lulniicf if j-oicir should bo kept up!
li'mr' balance of 'power? What clause of the
'Constitution provides for legislating one portion ol
tho liep-ibliu Imchrnrds nnd the rOir portion fiir
niise, tejrth to keep them m;i ? New Mexico nnd I'tah
have alo, l.y northern compromising, been placed
j as n bait to 'southerners, to excite them to extend
nrc.iof human slavery.
' Again, the south demands a new law icsi octin.'
J fugitives, nnd tho north grants n l aw, in its spirit
,ind details, far beyond what tho frnmers of the
. Conslitiition ever dreamed of. And now. again,
the pouth demands tho removal cf tlio Missouri
Compromise from the beautiful Nebraska Territory.
Whnt will the nori'i II , a .i,n ., !..:..
north wonhl see how s!ie has slept nt her post ! Our
! nation is the beacon of freedom to tho iioi W, nnd
tho north is the only part of our land thnt has nny
j freedom eilher of body or mind, of tongue, action,
or press ! And tho north should Orinfi rier; one of
1 its representatives to tlio Ai.T.vn ot'l'ivednni, nnd
! uiiiko them wnir uiirnmpromisiinj iiatiicu to sl.iv-
' erv, axu i.tkkn.u. fiw.i.iiv to iiim.in liiEKhou ; nnd
if ho proves recreant, consign hini to obscurity, aud
rulo You with a henvier rod than they lay on th"ii
iwn slave, lnt winter they nUomptcd to add the
Jwern- to this negro-rendition loniproiiiisc, to
it in sin-h n manner that it could never he ro-
.okod that it should become n permanent shituli
-Myh.ch should end. i.iit the Inst clave in til.-'
tiion wns dead. Hn-jr failed ( obtain it. Thank
mil. lie Set H bound to llnrllii.ru i i.l I nal I..,. .l
c,,jtv nll,l t.v l-,,,,, , ,.,.,. ;, ,
cn,"'Ji ' n,V' ? ' "I'lam It.
1'" 'lot lnlsUtlllerslail'l I Wolll. ee ll.n
dilution nf n:j- country lionore l uml npliulil. ul-!
' ",,"-',.lt '"l"' I''" remlitinn of fugitive, lint ,
I i riljoiiiiiinto a f yeoiiliniiey, w hiel,. with criKerncM.,
"f 'f" "'"I' " tool tu nccoinplish nueli unlialluwod '
,u;r'; tl",l " ho nro uei.ii.itoiiicd to hinil, uml (
''riv0, c",l"i'1"1' n' proiierty thoir fellow-incu, '
let them come nnd (ret, nn.l take nwny w hat thev :
can Irjtdl; prove their own. There i Komutliiuj: 1
o ,,.,.( y in 10 im iuio)t, n iiioiami nine iireiui-i
aide to activity. And while I thus passively buIi- i
mil to the demands of the Constitution, and I would 1
have nU my f. ow-eiti.ens do the sairc, I would .
n"' winiM liaro tl.ein, with inkiut nctiv-!
y. I-" lv thut t.'ontiluiioii so niodilicd, lis
to relievo mo of even my paivu mihuiisnion to so
sad mi ordinance. .o; il it ho two vearn. or live.
or lifiy, that this chiuso fhiill siniul in our Coiisti-.
u "or H, let us sustain it; but
P;u'' yea' r' ''uul''e our cll"r, to innku the
t!l,"Ml,l,.t'"" eomitry what our fathers de-'.
ino.sijroel it ft hulvvark of human huppiiiesa nnd
sine i ii ft ijuiwurK oi nuinnn liaptiiiiesii nnd
fieodoin not a bulwark of degradation nnd nlnv-
.j !,,iui ...Him in..; iu n mi wo, wne.i i iouk upout
thee two Comnriini-eM. their characters and their;
t'ullilnient. The perfidy of tho south, their violation
of their solemn promises, their present 'inutility,
aim ineir impious oeiii.ui.is mat tliu .vimsoiiri Loin-
promise 'hall bo taken oil' the Nebraska Territory,
or i'.' ahull wl rttme in; nnd then their iibuso of th.i
north when l.oor serf ns he is. she has tried to l,e
perfect in their service, nnd has fallen but little
short of it.
And that recreant north, that, for party, power
and sp ills, lias sold out tho interests of humanity
nnd (reedoni, nnd has lionnitted that fair triangle
'l" i o laitlilul in tullilling lior bail promises toj
;" In' so n partner.
"' l', wliol.i system of Compromises, between
". a-v upon uincuaoic groiinus. I'eiiiaiiils
aru mauo by tlie south, and iicknim lodged by the
north, without a particle of evidenco or justice,
' bo Con; tiuiti.ni is, so construed by the south, as lo!
deleat nil I. g'olation which could benefit the norlh,
ll"d Jet to pass rvi iy enaclincnt which can help the
outh. Now, this is not a national policy, mid it
' f-T from too curs" intended Iry our fathers ; ntid
,n i ne nrescnt hour, r ,en. tlm mirth ...n . ho. .,
sim hn,, .l (h.innnded thnt the i,ri,i..ii,b.s v t,t,.l.
tho redcral (ioverritnei.t and tho Cotutitt tl..n were!
inteti.le.l to carry out. should be ropected and fr
'illo.l. She should h nn , ;,i.
!M10 ,)n.,,t , inr0 nnsa a svste'in of gr nluai
I emnneipalion for Mi- otiri. nnd given her ci'i.ei.s
tho prhilege to remove elsewhere, or if thev choose
remain to abide tho notion of her laws "llut no
t,n ,:0,U, way tu tho gMwii."- pi vuc-soot
Tl,n north permitted tho south to niaki7onei-onou'esl
Lnd it is for that reason that the south do not nnd
live not regarde." or respected (heir own Missouri
Coinproiiiisc. The north ouailcd ai.ii faltered, the'
south learned tho pusillanimity of the norlh, and
prolitod by it. b!.o has nlrondy made onset ufier
onet with success, nnd she will do it in the future ;
um, n me norm win now her ohseciiiotis head n.
intlc lower, she will sunn be ilrn
..haired to tho chariot wheels of ih
hen we received hinds (i-,,i.. M,.in., ,.,n, .. I,;.. I,
laws prohibitory of slavery luul been loii" in full
enough in Congress to betray tho interests of the
north, of the nation, of the w., rid, f..r the peenninry
interest of a portion of th? smith? Ch, lh.it the
his nanifl to nhiivinii, or rather preserve it wilh
tho execration nnd lonthiug, which embalm the
memory of n traitor tu bis country,
Theso Compromises, so far a:i" the north is con-
: cerned, nrise from r.varii e, selfishness, nnd love of
but what do thev nrit;e from on tho nart of'
tho north ? Venality and cowardice! U is a con-1
stunt Lidding lor the political influence nnd friend
I . - e .. . .. . ....
shin of tho south, or a constant fear of her threat -
ened action. Do you pretend that theso Conipro-'
niiscs nro from love to the liiion? Tho Union is!
I valuable only as it makes our nation, r.nd our tuition
is valuublc, only as t he fulfils a mission of peace,
prosperity, liberty, nnd Christianity, to her
j own people nnd tlio world. And tho man who
truly lov es his nation must wish this blot, this
1 stain, this curse, removed from it ; f..r we should be
(inner, richer, and better without it. if car, a
I man should bo bravo when ho is in the right, lie
should not let the bravadoes, or tho threats, or tho
'. imaginations of others, turn hint from his duty; ifj
..in..iiii.n,.i.,.a ,.T hiiipiiii' IViim. Ilia m.ii,.,i s h,.,t,i
that his conduct had been right than wrong. The
I south, for ol years, havo been llireateners, a mi-
! noritv (huiiit'i to a imiioritv the rii.-hl cither ol
, ;..,l,,.i,i...l I..,.;..i:l, ..
Jn uverv instance, the m.utli has bad n nnint to
carrv, aud she respectfully begins thus: " Wo
would bo pliitseU to have yuu do thus and thus.' '
Tho north opposes strongly ; tho voieo of tho south
rises; "you must do thus and thus; ire say, yon
must." tStill the north objects. Tho south nt lust,
fierce gesticulation, screams, "if you don't du
it, you'll repent tho hour j do it now, or ire will do
something horrible wo surely will 1 Don t toinpf
our spirit too fur we'll wiib'draw from the L'nioii
yes, we'll dissolve tho Union we'll hnvo a ci'c V
war! And then tho chivalrous nortli conies in
n t ' mit!' " 01,1 bi't do not be rush I Lot us
r" .. n.. .. 1 'l'Ue 60,ltl1 answers, with indigna
tion, "Think quick, or it will be ton Iuto the
extyenctes of the times are terrible act instaktly,
or tho Union goe. to piece. !" And tlio nortli, with
a wry lace, replies, " That would be a torriblo ca
lamity ; wo do not like your domand; but we
eaiino, take the instso.vsjuiLiTr of dividing thi
clonou Union i so iust (i it .... i.... ... j
, , , i . .. w phi, juuiouivng. im
do be quiet, and no not scare ua any more with such
, awnu tnreats.
woes ot our nation, while, tlicv nro recreant ni.d
cow nrdly iu iluiny right, aud Ln'nginj blccsings up
Stato j on her.
Such a cour. o of notion, nnd upon theso two
i?reat iuesiijii, would establish a 1 asis uud form a
I l"'''c,;J''"t '"r !,'IU future. It would hclji ea.li pnr
iigaiust ""'I' t'"J '',!,''e,,,,'"? delouchory which is pcr-
posterity ! Wlio en r lie ird nf the nortli threaten
mss in- tin; div isi.ui .f the Union ? Win ever hoard nf
: her doing ni,thin, to injure slavery V When: loir
-l.c; cut appeared so dreadful a monster. Unit -ho
I must he chained with compromises t . restrain her
,.,.9 I.: I :.i...... i
"iVIml contemptible fully ! What a farce is our
country pluvii.g in tin; ("u,. .f tliu v..rld nnd !
i...a .s, n. is urn neigui oi sn.i.ii. ,
, owar.li.o, und felf-cmitui...t, lor tile norlli to Htaiwi.
I. if t!in I, .If .... -...I 1.. I I...I ...
turbor t.f the nation peace, nn.l then wlmil h-jfort
tho worhl. that mm in tiik oxk to hluinc, nnj tniikt
Ihc renrutinnii duo l,y ,ona one el-c? There in A
lie in it ; it is perjury njjain.Ht nne'n lair lama nn
interexlx j it in a' icmirKiiiK f i'lhlrmuM it, and
rewarding or tin. An hour wii'l come, when our
children will utainl Htupclied with ninacineiit, a
they re.i-1 of the. Iccrcamy of the north to her in-
leiuntH, uml to every iiolileprineiplc ol national am)
individual mtion; mid thev, tho children of the
ninth as well ns the north will brand upon nil
llieso eompr.. mites their tru chaiacter, craven
cowardice and inhuman treachery.
lint what can the noilli do to Vetraco her steps ?
There are two things now piuxcntod, which demand
iMMi.niATK action: nnd they can ho rightly nettled,
,.i,i oi.iim: u u'.o.i uvmn ii loir I'.r 11 u.'iiim-
ol roliev. The lirst is, that the Missouri C
iiiim- simll l.e inviolate ; tho other if. that the Tu-.
ilic H.iilroad shall he huilt w here rijrlit demands:
it, ns near tlm slraiiihl line from Now York to San ;
it, ns near tlm slraiir
1'r.mcisco r.-i il can bo run, nnd that it shall neither
sn'-' v0 l' c '"'' or south of that line, neither
io pn'ase men, nor to save expense,
"Itut." v.,u n!t. "Ii.nv ,..i, no eommemp ?
Let public 'nicclinvrs be culled, bv both the polilU
eal parties, in every town nnd hnmlot north of the
Mno. river. I.et them timixt nut from t he r nnnn-
nations, nnd pur;e their places of trust, of r.vr.BV
TiMC-rrnriN':, si..vvr-..nuiMi iiofMir.vrr. nnd let
them ilciiinud of thciroiiind nrir delegate?, whelli-
er they will vote for tho H'itiiiut I'rovun for Ne
braska, nnd for a railr .ad, to run through Hi idger's
or tho South I'uss.
I.et them instruct their representatives that, l(
the South will not pass the M ilmot proviso en No
own slaves, without either assistance or hindrance,
ns they did before the net. And lot Congress fur-
ther demand the freedom of the 4..'i.sd slaves, now
in tne nait-l.reil 1 riangle, w Inch wns mldcd micon-
stitutionnlly to Missouri, in l.l'O, nnd let it forth-
with bo proclaimed free,
Think not that I ntn an nboliiionsst. I Imo, nnd
can have, no sympathy w it li their f clings, plans,
or actions ; I ut 1 love to f-c tho nlli.iirs nl n nation
adiniiiii,tcic.l on a basis of equality, and I ha!o to
sec men active in ioi'i, evil, and strengthening the
......... . ... . ..y ...s,,1(, ,, ,iiik
n ,,cw -l:ll,i from a point where they should have
vr ' i;st out tlio bias ol soutbc:
l.t."' 0 !""' Ie'lr: "v,,,,' 1 " hmP K"vrncd Iheirn .T
''""nl councils nini elections, liin soulli would
! ",' !'' ' ''C Lll,t''' States' Congress luled
1 , ''s ,ml""1. nl"nu t0 "pliold slavery;
.' never, until that tuna shall come, i an tho nn-
I"'"i',,r: V1 ll,lviIR,! '" '"'r full sticiigth to in-
hucine, usctuluiess, nnd giory.
I would thnt I could raise my voice until it could
ru'u'1' ove,.v ''erlhern ear, to invito tho vhocnniker
w''h his lust, the tailor with his' shears, tho enrpen-
l,'r w'1'1 l" pi ine, the bhieksinilh with his sleilce,
t':J e ngineer with his Ine unotivo.tho surveyor with
cinonss. the physicinn with his cliemfcals, the
hiwyer with his brief, i.nd the minister with his ili
r " inis growni" .-tine oi .uisoiiri.
'""'P t""1 tho scale for freedom, or go into
! "in hcautilul .Nebraska, nr.d help to lay the ttrst
: f .iitidalions of a noble State..
the central htato of
"oblo I inch.
From the Homestead Journal.
DANGER OF RETROGADING.
i ""euurs, lonunaiei.Y, on no power, excepv oier ii
! luWt ttUi t-1'1"'1) tho highest necuunl.
"Tlio greater pnrt of tlie original trco Soil men
j aro really (leirii Smith men; uml so avow thcin
Stnto, i selves iu nearly every one of our discussions. Uu!
their leaders hold them back, in order to June them,
as it is called, with the scattered and discouraged
Iragnients of the Whig party. This union is to be
attended w ith some coilusion ; for the truly auti-
tunes ill u common cause, and divide whatever spoils
we gain, between us.' And as neither had uught
to lose, and both, perhaps, something, nt least, to
hope J'nr, tho nlliuiico wus concluded nil but the
conclusion. That is lo come. Free Soilinui decent
with ly died with Whigisin ; nnd from the ashes of the
Pinker I'illsbiiry in a recent letter, written from
Mediiin, Ohio, to lho editor of tliu Liberator, thus,
speaks of tho condition of affairs ut present w ith
lho Free boil party ot (Jl.iu:
"Hut my intention was to say soniothing about anti-slavery
here oh tho W .Iteservo tho unit tunli-sla-very
purl ol the country. Two influences nh.ne keep
tho people from the highest uuli-slnvuy positions;
first, tho hoarse, the luveu cry of tho puipit iibou
'infidelity,' mid second, the lending puiiliciuus,
most of whom nro now laboring to cunlorui the
I "'"'"J' nla philosophy ol former l'rccsoilisni to
"mt ' "i1"1' "c',,", how willing to bo known us
! 'i,',ogrcsj.ivu WlngiMu.' 'iho lormer of these in-
shivery men ot the party; who hnvo nny ejes to
see, mo unwilling enough to submit to it. At tho
recent election, they have been required to volo for
some of tl.o sliabl.ii at specimens of political hu
manity that were eier cast in the darkest, rnniesl
day ot creation. Tho Free Soil leaders have de
clared, over nnd over ngain, that tho Whig party is
dead : and vet thev have dui! it un. and inarricd it.
! They have even rcoiiiied thai some of its exhumeu
ineinbers bo voted lor to fill high olliees, who hnvo
laid iu the grave lunge;1 than d:d Lazarus, uud with
similar rcultson surrounding olfactories. The spe-
cuius cry is, for a reorganization of parties on tho
'plaltoriu of progression.' 'lho Whigs might havo
to advance a step or so from tho Baltimore piatforni,
to meet tho demands of their Frco Soil spouse ; but
that thcFrcoSoil party itself will adv ance.i.r attempt
to advance, or propose to advance, except 6uc7.ini n,
like tho Hibernian' licit, is out of tl.o question,
Tho bargain seems to bo this: They say to the
Whigs, 'You nro dead we know jou nro dead
u-n K.i iv von die. I ii deed. vn were not on I v witness
I of your giving up tlie ghost, but tho cause of il.
but now, if you w ill get up out i f your graves,
: t.ccl oil' your nioiiM, uud kimllo up souls ngain be-
Imnih vonr ril.s of dealh. we. who aro vet in eni-
brvo. mill So uhout your conn Is. wilt unite our lor-
ivvo has sprung Free Democracy.'
Wo don't know how others may regard the signs
of tho times, but w o think one w ho bus closely ob
served all tho change and niaiucuveriugs nuiong
party politician, ami especially among tho Free Soil
party, during the past six months, will bo forced to
admit that there i just and reasouublo groumlf for
Mr. Pillsbury' apprehensions, ns expressed in tho
abova extract, lliore is goneially more danger of
political reformer retrogading than there is of
them going ahead too fast. Lvery political party
w ill bavo it leaders, and these loadors are gener
ally the least honest and poises lesn lov for and
attachment to their professed principles, than tlie
mas of their follower. Tho loader of parly, too,
are generally seeker after ofTiee, and !l their in-
and wils are hrourht into requisition to V
lis'j wins nnd means to nceoini.lisli their ends in
this re:. poet. They seldom scruple to betray, sell
or baiter their principles for the tine qua iii of all,
political nMiiraul.. tlie iVr.i of the tlcar vrtiJr !
f his is the rock upon which nil political parties
coin to split or founder. There rooms to be a sort
.f I'atr.l ticerity for politiecl parties t become lor-j
rupt is .ou as they ac'uire strenth nnd impor
tiinco siil!icient to j;ivo hope nnd plospc. t of obtain
iti the psendency. 'J'h" 1'rce Soil party even, nl-,
tiioio'h iirofessedlv stnndinit so hi.'h tin to bo be
yond tho reii. h of nil such corrupting influences, is
"it "I": i.iiiiv HIinR'H ... .1 III u. ini'm linn.
TloorU ...i.b.i'.flr nn i.,li;....,ei. nf fori, in ll.ir
ranks, nt this time, whi-h will tend directly to
Itiu-M limit- rtliitl'i.ii niul iiaiha ilin'iw npirntiiinrinn
'o retrograde, or at least, pievent thorn In in ma-
.. .". . .j. .....
King nny lurtlier iiilvaiieemeut lorn Icugili ot lime.
We nllude to the di 'ire on the part of n p c tion
of the Kieo Di m ienicy, to fue or unit" with the
Vi'hi" party, because tie-y hope to acquire strength
thereby si.fS. i. iit to obtain otlice, unci partly l.c
cau.'O they still chcri-h 'ousideral lo love nnd re
spect for iheir former old associates. Dot in their
atlempts thus to gain strength, they nro very unac
countably blind to the fact tlir.t the'eourse they are
mirxnill.r ii.nl..!..l nf it ini tl.nni cti-f.n.'ll. vill l.o
the very means of destr. yinc nnd deprivinR them
i f n great jiortion of the power ntid infiuem e which
they rjos,M.ed nnd w 'k Mo.!, w hiie thev w ero a mi-
li.'i'lty party, pnste-suig correct principles and hi n-
est motives. If these 'ioM''. were to succeed in
It tlicse tnttt.ri! were to kuccccU in
their present schemes of ucitiiu- the rce Soil p:ir -
ty Willi tiie ilivLniidc l W hii" iwrtv in Ulnn, the re -
suit wculd l.e that iiilrh'uiiic political aspirnnts
would immediately take tho lead in the new organ-
izntion, nnd they would nmnnge their curds so nd -
roitly thnt they would get till the olliees, nt d con -
ti-,,1 ii.n n..iiii..'.l nir,;,. ,.r .1 n ,,,,-.- Tlm vnnl
ami genuine Tree Soil spirit would all be swallowed
up, its influence completely overruled 1 v thof c con -
tn-ratirc, rni,irr'iiii.-ini hunkers, wl.n ni"o iilvvnys to
bo found, in great numbers, in eiery organization
as soon ns it moutres nin.ciet.t stietigth to ci
tnnnd nnd control the public offices. W hero would
Krecsoilisiu I o then? The nusvvcr Is plain to ev -
cry per-on of the most ordinary comprehension
,.;.' with hunkerisni, and nil ued complete -
,'lvup, to bes. cn mid heard of no more, only ns
s' luethiii" that liad preiii'iisiy existed;
Iiutweare to know that thero is enough
inuii mil in nic r i n ron i .i ga il 1 ai ion noil caunoi
bo bought, or traiisfcrreil, to form a new and slill
better party, w ho w ill take n kiibrr, safer nnd more
cnsisi.-iii gi ..ion; ii pai i ii men ii iii oe u nucleus
around which every true anti-slavery spirit can
rally iu the future, ami labor on the true ground
for the great object of icdccmiiig mankind.
From the National Era.
THE LEGAL TENURE OF SLAVERY
THE LEGAL TENURE OF SLAVERY LETTER H.
To the FrianU of Anurkan LiUrti
Having nlhrmcil the illegality of American Slave-
nr. mow proceeuto provu mo souiiuness oi my
losltion. for tho present, ami lor the sake or the
. l . . . -i
argument, I shall waive the consideration tl,",,
. or.uu .ii.s, iii, null ior iov-o.ii.oui IC
nuiiMi.-i. iimiiai lu.oi.i.iiui.i.u ill", i.nijr 111 V 101,1
ice, nnd in its own nature,
on. '1 his position I do,
rcgnnl.ln one. I shall bring
dace, when it will be shown
and thnt Mavervis, hence,
inciipablo of legalizatini
deed hold to be all impT
Il loriinr.i, in mnniicr ,.nu.-i-, ii o.-o i. inn o.- soon II
thnt it is not only an uiuleinaelo truth, but that it
r. I :.. - .1 .
has nlrendy, and long since, received tho expli -ilo
great, expounders ot i.om-1
I know that there nro .
mnny in this country, who would demur against
such a summary process., iu favor ot Libcrtv,
thoiich thev find no lault with summary lirocei.!-
. . .- --- - ----- j , -
ings iu support oi Slavery. 1 shall therefore, for
the present mark out a courso ol argument Unit no
ono v. ill demur ngninst who is willing to go into the
investigation at nil.
My first remark, then, is, that Slavery cannot bo !
legal, nor slaveholding n legal practice, or a legal
right, on the ground ot ualurul law. Tho right lo
hold horses and oxen ns property rests, originally,
on this ground. Men had a right, in tho nature of
tilings, to huld property in domesticated minimis
and iiianiniuto objects, tho products of tho soil, and;
the results of nninulactuic, before there wcro any
statutes for the protection of those rights. And
even under statute law, the right to hold such prop-
erty is, essentially, a natural right, reding in uatutc
itclf, rather than upon statute law. The re lit dues
not exist, iu virtue ol the statute, llut the statute and
the jiiilic.il ih cisioii, on the other hand, only declare
u:d protect tho already existing iiiticrcM right.
coiiscqiicnt'y no stnluto is neviled, in nny State, to
aulhoi ue and originate the right of holding hor.-ci
and oxen, w heat uud potatoes, dry goods uud hnrd-
wine, cotton fabrics uud implements of husliundrv.
-ri :.. .i. ".
.IB nn mi... iiiwiuir. 111,0,1:111,111100 lllliuruoil,.
the case, belonging to those w ho reared, produced, I
mnnufa.tuicd, purchased, or in heritod thciii.
Not so in the case cf holding properly in slaves.
In States where this species of properly is recog-
niscd ns legitimate, it is ncnr j.laied by jcuisrs
and civilians on tho ground of original or natural
right. Such a foundation for the right of slave-
l...l.tl.i,r Ik .11.1-r.p ili, in.,- il Lv a,. ...i ninii 'l'l..... I.. .,
holding is never claiiiKd by sane men. Thero is a
good reason uny it is not chinned, it would boa
seif-siibversive and fatal one to the claimant. Tho
moment no should claim his ncighhor ns his slave
on the ground of natural right, the stiid neighbor, ;
whatever his color might I e, could turn round and :
claim Aim as his slave' on the ground of nntural'
right. For nature nnd nntural law could not decide I
which man is the mnster nnd which is the slave '
And iust here, let it bo m ted. us we pass iilomr :
that ny law (by stntute or otherwise) i .r ori-iua-
ting the right to hold slaves, msr designate wd.ich
aro to be tho masters and which tl.e slnfe. Other-!
i... ...... .l.r.M.:.,.. ui....,... i:i, .n
v, ii-u un- i.i.i va.iii..s.....i .-.... tin j .nil I'r oi tun .
,,..., . , i.i ",. i- i.1 . . ,. 1
mull to nvikn n shivn of his nei.-hbor. Sirrh a hornl
. - . . ... r. . J.
tenure of sluvo property would find little favor even
in our slavo States ! it is accordingly held by tho
courts, in all our slnvo States Slavery is the crca-
ture of munirijMl or loeul luw, in distinction from
jnnlurnl, universal, or common luw ; thnt where
thero is no such, local or municipal law establishing
Slavery, llsorc is uo legalized Slavery nt all. It is
.... il.:. ..... .....i ,i..,i .i. i...... ... ....... i .. .
.... ,.- i........ ....ii ii.q ,7i.,ii uti il uoiuin iiuio 1 u-
eatcdlv decided, that when ft slaveholder allows
ns slave to bo tarried out of tl.o sluvo Slates, or
carries him out liiinself, into a State or country
where no local ormuni..ipnl law establishing Slave -
rv exists, tho slavo it thereby set fVcn. no, I emu
if brought back ngain, cannot bo held ns a slavo.
Tho courts in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Kentucky.
have aeoirdiugly liberated slaves under such cir
cumstance and expressly on this very ground,
SI avcry, then, it is admitted cn all hands, enn
hnvo no legal existence except bv Positive law
local municipal law, orgiiuitiiig lho legal relation,
mid accitiihgauu declaring who uro tho slaves
legality can stund on no oilier irruutid. Thero is
uoihing, on tho subject of tho legal tenure of Slave
ry' more certain and undeniable than this, folio w
citizeus, allow me torivotyour attention to this one
Tact. Lot ine succeed in fastening it throughly
upon your uienorios, in nil its distinctness, it cor
tuinty, and its foreo ; lot too but bo permitted to put
Aw loet by iho tide of other fact to be presented
hereafter, and I prowito you that allyour previously
exisiiug impression oi toe legality ot Amoricau
Slavery, However Ueoply eato4 those impressions
... s . . .c.a. .
may have been, ehull be driven to the winds, and
you shall never again bo nble to find a place for
mem. , v im.ian '."odeix.
NEW YORK, Oct., 1853.
Mr. Piljl) related ft story the other day which
aiinnc'l U very much; nnd wo prcanino it will Uo
no likewme to our reader
,V l'liiiitive. now livm" in Canada, was keeping
i havher s shop in Tolod a year nr two n-o.
Suddei.lv, one nidit he was ceircd 1V n couple o(
cir.cernoi the eovcrnm nt, necompVnied l.y the
man. who I v the laws of Keuliickv nnd n.-o l,r
the laws of 'the L'nited States, whildi nro operative
in Toledo, where tho Kentucky Btntntcs nro not,
licld our friend
Id onr friend as n cnatli 1.
m .... . ..r,.. .,.'.M,r ;..;,! . nn.l !i.,ne
..iliimi. . ...i vi u.. f - ------ t
seemed to die in 1 he hearts of the hunted fuilltmj s
friends; but he was n keen fellow ; nnd dc idedly
wliulrfor 1 1 1 1 1 A loi'l 1 1 ;ll I V 110 well ns nlivsicnllvl than
, l . .... V. - r
two eonsiuhlos and a Uetitu
a i cut il. Kian. i no time lor
the court cine; nnd he was brounht before one the
S". c iniiibsioni r who f0 honor our nationality ntn!
h.rily republicanism. Tho commissioner heard
the depositions nn.l v. s nl.ont to pass him over to
the po-es..i..n of tiie Kcntuikian, when the Yuj - i -
tive demanded counsel, lie said be had a riyht to
it, nn.l must have it; nnd that he could demoni-trate
Ids freedom if nny opporttmity were allowed him.
If course the c.mrt could not refuse, lie was per-
milted to (.'.i out, iieconipiiiiicd by tho two ollieers,
tij.rocure cunsel. Arrive 1 nt the door of the
lawyer, whom ho had chosen to defend him, they
wont in, the white men first, if rwi-fr; for pro -
'livery etiouettc woi.ld not allow n tu-j-ro t.) prnceuo
' winie loan. i..." ..-' .n' ... ..u.s..,.-,..
" ' ," '
:"""ld not fiil..w liiut t.. .'.''V r .7 "
",' ' . .' . V i V i i
V1""'"1.': 1"',1r'',1 to tl,e dour, turned the key, nnd
j ""mediately demonstrated his lugitivu propel.-
1 II n a m''sl '''i'rul procedure. No Icm toan
. u direct iiisu't to t ie iiuiiosly ol toe National Oov.
orniiiei.t, in the presence of two legally constituted
representatives of its executive authority. Itut the
uMotIv disregarded thcc solcinti
considerations, nnd to tlie imminent pern ot ine
I' iii. in. emigrated forthwith toCanada. .MeAiiwhilc,
u,n e "'i p.n - prisoners, two onicers aim an m -
torncy, Uctadict m uirect iioiaiion oi ine .-.laiuie
!"' Uluo, made anil provi. led lor tlie protection oi
lm ' "' K"'eers in uio uiscii ug.- oi u. en
duties, raised n general racket in tho law ofhee,
vociferously demanding lo bo I -t out. How tho
Jidu't stop to sc .
tj.ul Oelivcry was inialiy cucc.eu, our iiigimc in.
r ... m ai es i on t know enolic 11 to take Care, ot
themselves. Don't they? Ihtruit Democrat.
A FOOTE DOWN IN THE BOOTS.
. i . . i- . i
"H l"""'"'' V'Hty being in Kentucky
Foote has written nnd published his funeral or.-.-...
....... ' r. :.i .1...1:. ...
tio:i, c cannot hml room for it without exciuuing
better matter. He savs that his political death has
overtaken hini unexi cctedly. Ho had no doubt he
should have, cot back to the Senate, nnd we dure
should havo got niicli lo too .-cnnio, nun we uarc
.-ay ho expected to have lived to n good obi ge
therein. This is nntural. Most people are ovcrtn-
by death before they anticipate it. lie iti-,
mates 'that if he had been inclined to bargain nnd
licker for the plnce. ho might have bought his way
ack. but thnt lie thought tho ollico of Senutor too
nlevnted and dicnitied for thnt. Wo conjecture
,lat ,p ,..,,-,i,I sm Wotllrr flmPSMf
.i... i, i t i w..r.irf-riT..i..ia w Ant
...... .... ..-.il"-.. ...n nit. ..uu... ...... vu.. ....u
wo infer Ironi his remarks that if the position had
1, ecu a hiiinhlo one, he would nnvo nau no scru-
.)1(.3 0 this score. Foote thanks the people of Mis -
HiKiii for whnt they have dono i'.r him. We
tl!ink ,1,,,,,,, ,,)0- ltut we question tho tusto of
p0tc-, au;Ili; j,. Xhis being thankful for being
been a hinnblo one, he would hnvo had no scru-
oto S doing it. 'j Ills being thnilkllll lor heing
..l,,,.,,.,! . . ,nI11o bv a man who likes to bo iu
,0 wuji I)0i0, is to be thankful fur n very
MnM fuvor. ut j.-uulP j, oeculinr man. Ilo al-1
,. ' f r 0 one rX(.it0s moro mirth. And ho nev-1
,.n..a si-... 1 1..., met l .n ,oi. wii If re. I n I lilinv Innti.
0P pr(voki., n.ro luuKhtfr than when lio is tlio moNt
. V n-i i.: .:..... : i-i.rt
Miii'iuu. i. no can i.jigei ma pci ions i. ...... uu w. ... -
,y HllJ ,ll0 ,u, for u Jiss.dulioii of the Vnion ?
Tll'0 ,., r,.uuv thought at one time that ho had tl.e
cnioll in lis indiviiluul keeping, nnd ono day do-
elared he could not keep it together past a coming
Saturday afternoon nt tour, it Congiiss did nut
conic to his nid. Congress was busy in the Com-
mittco rooms and elsewhere and could not conic,
'"' Foote, by an herculean cllVt, took it over into
t,iC llext week. At least, he thought he did. Alas,
'Imt he could save the I'nioii but could not save him-
oil! Ilo is run under in Mississippi. Tho repudi-
ators have rc udiateii him. lie is no longer auv
.more curium than a Mississippi bond.
We bid an affectionate, adieu to the ex-Senntor
""til tho next time ho turns up. Ho will certiiinly
1,0 along soon w ith something supplementary to his
luncral oration, lie never yet delivered a (lis -
...,ni.i.-n i,k n a., .... . t .nt 1... On Out liilow W Olie
twice us long to explain it. Henry, mi recoir !
Si.Avnioi.riF.ns to Rr.rnEsrxT Fsrtvc.v. The;
Brookiille (In.,) Jwm'enit, of Nov. lSth. stntcs thnt
Senator Height from that state is a Slaveholder,
with negroes." Thero is nothing is Senator B.'t
public action touching slavery that ensts a doubt
upon tho statement, lor that conduct has been ut-
terly nnd shamelessly pro-slavery. Seuntor Do
glass, tho (very) "Little (limit" nf Illinois, is n
other illustration of tho representiition of a nonii
.. II.. C.... Sl......l,i.l,ln. I ........ Kl
ally free State by a Slavehohler. How many
instances a lull knowledge ol tlio circumstances of
Northern members ol Congress would disclose, we
cannot tell, but these are enough to prove how latal -
lv shivery has sent its poison through tho veins of
. ,....,' , , , .
A, ".ow I!r""I' Anti-Slavery penodicnl has just
",a,ie Ppearanco. The prophetic vignette on
"c , 0 Pr-" r!c e1 holding a eros. m his
''''"'d. ' right uplilted over a kneeling slave,
11 " '"I " ln" tlvi'n'"i 'y1'1" l'nking in d.s-
inav us no i-eaus tuu iiuiiuuiicciiieut w hich cneir-
, . , , i c . . . . . .
teles tho head ol tlio Oreat Linancipator: 'Iconic
to l.renk tho homls ol tho
oppressor. On the
sumo pago slaiid theso words. The American
ci......:...... ....:..,..in.i I. l. :., .i.n ii.a.i.
omiti in uu aui...u.i-. ..,..-. .. uu in nn, ucio,
a dumb chattel in tho Court of Justice; r. leper in
tho house of prayer; ai: outcast even from tho
Miss Rosa Douglass, daughter nnd assistant of
Mrs. Douglass who wns tried nnd found guilty n
few weeks idiu c by tho Supremo Court, at Norfolk,
lor instructing colored persons to lead nnd write,
having returned from New York, was held to bail
in tho sum of !.illO, for her appearance at tho next
lerin of tho Suneriur Court. "Would not one suf-
; , , . ,
rtrJ-W c hear that the inlanious lilacK Uiw passed
by tho Illinois Legislature at its last scsioii, has
ocen pi-oiioiiiicci H1ICOIISII1II.I...I..I nt .. .......i 1,1
competent iurisdicticu iu that State. What tho n:i
turo of the cute was wo hnvo not heard, but if the
cold-blooded designs of the f rumor id thnt law
, . . , -i j , .i.:. ... ei.. in:... :..
have been foiled iu this wny.wo rejoice. The Illinois
Constitution must certainly be a strnnge document
if such a law did nut contravene its provision.
JS3?The market value of the Slave escaping in
to Canada during lho year ltib'S, ban beon cstinia
ted at two millions of dollars; or over two thousand
ficrsoiiS at an avorago of nearly $1,(X)I) each. It is
ikolv that this is rather an over estimate; but tho
I.. . ... . i liI .I." il .1.
Uigure snouia uoi do mucu ueiow in is. moruiann
half of thi emigration hat grown out of tho pns-
. .1,. V,..lai.a Clars Ian. r.t U'.l CS.
alaveholder errglit to be Tory happy over tboir great
BitilO Ol liua, . S. fc..a..w .ar, wi aucw. I Ul
;-- ---p , ...v . -,
'ich woninn slave shall not be separately so d, or
exposed to sale under execution or other legal pro
ken ''O-ss, order or decree, er at nny sale made by an
executor .administrator, guardian or other truster.
w,..-0 under 21 years of ago; 7 wore from
A new Cafdnln-Oenfrnl, hn recently 1;cn up"
pointed and entered tipon Wm dutir, io the
of Canciki, who hits of ln.tr; potcrned th Inland m
tho worn iwumIjIo way. A llnrnnn corresnonoeiit
of the 1 ribnne, represcntu the B'lvcnl r,l fe nw
-ovemor, rnd the reiirnry of the old, M ennnin
rent f attraction at that plnce. 'trtnedo,! "
us I.? ?ave i-p the coinninnd, wns lert in full W
', way out of tlm hall v. lit re the tcmttnr.y tcok pwj
! without n friend to nceompm.y him. Ilfl ' l,K
j foiiiiu, lait no one tn.K toe nini, wnico cirvunnnmt
: erirnL'e.l hint to n rorv treat rtirrce,"
- i ! . .
1 anedo hns vink.d nt, and it is sniol in 'very
wnv enem,rn,-.sl the Umi;it..,' to the Islntijl ""I-'P
red Africans ns slnvcs; even reccnintr a nonus lor
.......... I I..I ,,n .1.. t.l.m eotitrlir In IftWi
v. v. j .,,v ........... -j - ,
anil in violation nl treaties i.etween n'nin
ireat Urituin. Tho correspondent rtlremly q'lotedi
snys the new Oovernor is understm.d to be ll
nl.olitioi.ist, nml that when oriii- s j-overtior Of
; IVjit'i Mi. o, he never permit tod the importation or
j "hives tbi'.hcr. Ti-iln m;
T, Xjr.n tK IU ji vwat StAvrs. Officer (fiipti-
;rirti iu, wa, employed nnd scut ou to New Yolk
, ,v tln wnors to procure tho nrrest of the slnve
' ' nb'cntided from this eit y and neiithborhootl. In
; vrin tiioy had, ns wns tho peneral belief, mndri
: th.'ir escni.e in the California sleaiucr Stnr of the
West, returned yesterday mornilin, fully satisfied
nun miy were not nor nan ira nil roaru oi inn.
V''"'"'1 ,"'.r J''' nTUnC X',rf',,k' .nn.d 1 '
""."r ul" ' u"-' I'1""'1!" ullu cii rS.-w .u ....
pcriornmnco of his duty, Wins telegraphed to tho
agent of the steamer, Charles Morgan, Uiy, tf
j e.-ived Ironi him un answer l.y mad that the Sstnr Or
the West was bo nded by tho messenger dcr patched
,y hini for that minose. eicht miles below New-
, "rk, "and the mos diligent nnd thorough scnrcll
"was innndediutely made throughout the ship, but
: ' fugitives were" found on board." She readied
tlfi j,ty nt 10 o clock on 1 ueiday inorinn(. ntid "it
, ; certnin fsavs the necntl thnt'no ono could hav
; "cscai cd." 1 licre is now no UouM mat tney got
n m son
some con-:tinj craft bound to tlio Nortli ; ti
el;ect which they doubtless had some secret white)
agent to arrange lor their escape, i no police It is
l(,,t.j v bear this in mind. Tho Mayor, wo
learn, gnvo instrui lions yesterday monaiig to the.
police ollieers to search nil vessels leaving this tor
northern ports. Sorjolk (Va.) Ileraltl, 1'rr. 17.
Si.avi Monirns and Ttirm OrisrittNo. Tlm fol
lowing bill, in relation to tho snlo and division of
slave mothers from their children, is now before
the legislature of Ueorgiui
Si c. 1. He it enact-. 1 by the Senate nnd IIous4
i ! I .' iinsnenti t it tit-no nf llm stlnfn rf t iiu.rifi n in Iniu
" vl '"r . ,
er Assembly met. and it is hereby euactcd by th
authority, oi the same, that tt.o children notes-
(ediiitr live vn:irs of n..n of nn ui.nnin mIiiv. Anil
'l ' r'"'u toother, in one oi ine pari.
i 1 )'? ''"'' "u o -"o r,UT
they belong is to bo
u.,,i,.j.., ....(.nn p.,.,, ,,.,a,,,., VI. .1.1 V.. MLJ U U
effected without aucu soruiriaion.-. , . ...
.-cc. .. And ho it lurtlier enacted l.y the no-
"ry aioresnm, iiiut l.y consent oi the oruinurT,
,v v.,..... ... .
' slnve, living iu n diflcrciit county from a
owner, mny be sold nt the coumy iu wl
lnves may reside, upon application bei
Sec. a. And be it further enacted, that all lawi
nd l'nrt f mw" milituling ngniust this act, lo
n,1 lllc ',n'u horohy ropenle.1.
The Ri eop Ncwsr.irrs-The Iloston Post fur'
! niHlica kiuuo interesting fuels in regard to the riso
.. i i ... e. ..
: mm euriv iirgress oi newspapers, jn James .'st il
tav, i F-nglaml. news wns oecnsioiinlly circulated
; in'small pumphlots. Tho e arliest one preserved in
the Hritish Mtiseum is entitled "News out of IIol-
hind," of the date of 101 '., and printed by N'.N'cw-
bury; nnd there are others of the dnto of 1C20,
lti'21, 10:2, these quarto issues were converted into
a regular weekly issue entitled, "New s of the pre-
cut week," edited by Nathaniel llutler; and this
was the first w eekly newspaper printed in Kugland.
In Charles lst's day theso nous pamphlets multi-
plied greatly. In l'li'J'J tho "Kingdom's lutelligen-
cor" was eoniiueiiee.1 in komlon, which contained a
! greater variety of matter than had been customary,
j In a few years the advertisement feature began.
; It was not until liieen Anno's time, in ITtW, that
the Londoners had the luxury of a daily journal
. i he Pailv ( ourant. Scotland had a newspaper
... ll.r.'. i-i, ...n 1 1, I ill . I v. ...,, v n 1 1. 1 0 . ,1
; American colonies in 1704. The curliest country
1 supposed to be Italy.
fc-Jr-Too Detroit TiUmne. ou the r.utlu.riiy of
tlio officers of the Fcrry-bont between ti nt cily and
i v-iiiiiioii, siaies uiai over nine r.iiimicu negro ingi
stocked tivss from slavery, made their eccnpo into the Urifr-
is" province within the past year.
Saii.eii roR Lini r.u. Tho brig (ieucrul l icne
, liapt. (-looibiiiiiison, sailed from Siiviinnnli on Iri
'day, for Liberia, having on board K.2 colored enii-
i.riinlulo Ihnt f:.r nfT bind llCllin ll'." ill... an'.h.rl
.Sotitlt Ciirolinn. 15 from A labiiiuii. from Tennessee,
1 and 50 from (ieor 'ia: lil5 were sent Iry niastera
1 now living. 10 were liberated by will, and kl
! wcrc frco ; 3 t.inlcs nnd 70 female's,
I M i
I , , ,
Dr.l;r.i in;R s l.r.sioNATiov. Dr.Ldwnrd Bcecler,
fr a0v,.f,, yeirs senior editor of tho Vonitr'gatiou.
( ;,',, mH resigned his coimection with that r-arrr-
; Thi step seenied necessary, as he stntcs in hi vah
cdictory, in order ta avert from the pnper tho odium
C!t,.itPli gist him on account of hi " Conflict ol
excited ngninst him on account of hi "Conflict of
Aces." 1 he Dr. charges on the Jvntan lieeordtr
the nrincinnl truilt of stirrimr un this odium, and
.nra t lint throncli another medio in. nnd on bia
u- individual rosiioiisibility. he will call them to
. . .... ' . ... i . .
uccount lor ino'r misrepresentations oeioro uou aua
an intelligent Christian public'
Poise Cooi'ER, Acaix. we see bv a lute Califop-1
nia paper that tho celebrated II sa Cooper, alia
1 a, . r i c....: V. . :
j porter, of Jane Trainer r.otiriety, Is ueither
,lc,id nor reformed. It will he recollected bv niany
(,f our readers that herci
rci. lintel, Mr. Jiimes T. Bnidv.
rnvelv nssuse.l Judge Deer, on the trial, that Miss.
1 Toopcr had a'loudonel her former course, 'and re- '
I ,u C1i vu, ft life of virtue, and to bring Jane uo
;., inunf momliiv " It would si.em tint .I,..l,.i.
Ducr look it all inearnest. But the evidence rccent-
Mv taken before Iho Coroners Jury, as detailed in
c ifomia paners, shows Koso nt home again.
p; lip!,lira that o'no of her "lady boarders," named
1 1 . t.i lirevver, took new t.owic-Knite, went Irtin l.oso
Coopers house to n.inther such, nnd tlnding there'
her f.iilbless pnrnmi ur tbowcr;i g his attention cn
another just such a girl mimed Mnry Lee, Ida'
pluugod her bowie-knil'o into her, aud poor Mary;
died in scoin twenty minutes. This article is head- '
ed "Murder in a Aoiite nf prostitution." Roso 1
' Cooper's house is i n Third-'. Thi i the woman
who w as thought fit to train Charles Trainer' only 1
daughter, and claimed the right to fake thntdaugh-
tor, dospile the entreaties nf agonized parents, nnd
consign her to infamy. Thi i tho woman too, .
that in uch an undertaking K.uld command lho
servico of nblo counsel, nnd of dipt. Kynder and .
hi mob. Ito'O has not roon the rnd of thi Trainer
road yel. Chulcs ha a civil uit prooeeding i
scsiost hr claiming som $5,000 for the aliotreol .
adduction of hi obild, in which tons City mmtlo-
'wan hav becem her bail. Tribune. - m