Newspaper Page Text
Mr. Oni! Ill Ihe rlivr.
Mr. Hul'MU.V nu!iiii!tcil resolutions rcfering
HUc v.iriuui branches .f tlio iVosidoiil's Annual
Message l. Ilio appropriate Cnmniittccs,
Mr GEIlRIT SMITH said, , this was tl.e f,r,t
Iioio he had hud t,o lloor, it might W well lor him
i uunfess in advance, ho win 1,1 10 hul.it i.f im
.; -puling orrors t very freely, .ei haps ou this
- Ti.r,nin he s.i .t.H r,,,..T llp ,,lU j it mll.t
iki i nil n ...ti... np.u.i... i.. .
ln'.it it' i, i, . k. .i .V i '.
-ill ti it is II n it l otio. tint Ini ili i nim nn .il,t
i .;, I : i r i i , . . .
ami l ;"X . 1 ;:, tz v...
iinoi hi II i .ii . iVi i ii, I
i. , .. i i 1 '-in in.- iH'in nm emu
..w. iiij kiiiimi HI- III II IO I -llllil.i ti i-l i.f l.i.
I ; rt jiilcnt 11 M.neaire fully an. I warmly inilnrse the
con luct of the A l iilni-tration in the matter
.Mnrthi kostra. Now lie was tircurnd in he.
"low unqualilicd praiso in that partn ular. Ho win
t.nly ti a-yi.-l K,.,n. Cro lit, to l,'i;.t. liiKr.ihani
fr higjnst ileto.-niiiiiitimi hhi uu K'.iIzii, ami yot
he would tint lntfialuiMi had 150110 one step further;
jio would that liiKriilmiu had insisted 1111 Kostna's
Wing mt at aSi.iluto lihortv, ho would have left
J jtlniiff at tliat p lint, to tlio di-i reti,,i, f France
!f t.to rremli CjiuuI, or to l!io di-relinn of nnv
oiliur (i iU-.-n:n...:it. Ho w, til l Imvo had him hohl
11 1 U-i-uH or etitor into u:;y t:x.i;v with kidnapperi-.
Kostn vv.u n ki In.inpe I Atiieri'-nn lition j m sii.-Ii
tuo AinmiiMii Cioviviiiiiciit mis: I.01111I Ii set him
almliituly free, hut (apt. In-rahaia irpicscntc.i
tlio Ani"ii'vn ' J v oriiiii. nt ,.n tln ., -i-i..ii, nml for,
I hat OkiJ.ul.nl he n m t.'i.i Aiiiericm II in vniiiciit. ;
I'erhijii what lij sai J mi;;!it ! ii)v.u.i..tont witlii
! h iari of his pea.e.,iviii fri.-nds, who kneu '
. fci? op; nilion I war, yet liojustiticl (.'apt. Ingni-;
a vn, no. lei e 1 in too prumiotr ol a .National Armed
IVi ii-e. nn. he icic, tin.; n tv ...-i r..r
of ... !. a VAkt, U,t tint : n .. w ar. C:.-,V.
In-rraiim ir... n,.t ..lv b t i.
k-,i, ir.i .. y. . : . ":v "
- un. .11..11 n-r vvuii w ar. v .i n. nigra-
k.i. l.Mir.nht'1. 1....1 .:. - . 1 .1 . ' " .
.... .., ii..., noiiiiiii; 10 u ) wnii .i 1.111.1, nor
wi.!, tlio Austria,, ul. h would have been nn
n.ult t. Aus.ri.a . her a.i.ii ui.y. ha I he charged
her wit!, aatliori.iu kid,, M,;,i, . Hj 1;l 1 ,,,; , !
wii.1 muni m w:i ) nMrann'J Ivmtx.i luTtv;
1. a Lh li i.i . I .,.,., .... 1.: 1..: ,1.. .-. ..(',
..f M. .-.. it. k i.- . .. .
i!arv ol ri.le nr.-n
.ein.nvciyiiirigiit.ii interin'.iur. i r.v t hat m wis
Hj visltij I Mr. Marry Inl gma farther mi l said
Kui w.n by the of re.iem nml rilil nn !
ce.-t.iin th rt Cnnvptiti.iii.il, ties and the w .rin-e iI.m. ,
codes of turope. It is hi,.'!i lime it w is placed
on l'id iinmiilA'ilo law ef justice. It h id been said
th.it Ciitvin Iii'i'.iliam invade ! the rights of a
ncitr.il .Sfi:, but he always regretted tin; Sivretiry
of Stato did not positively deny this. Tlie deaia'l
was not needful for his argument, vt it w ml I have!Ju,t
fl'ino g)l. CV. Iiri'iiu did not vi.,! itn!
tit.) rights of Tui kc
u it 1 ur!;"-,' vi d.itc.l
Austria did not s 1 ch ir
tho r'rxliti of Auioricat-.s. be-
cttse she rli 1 .i.t ali'jr I Kosiza tho nrot-iclion due
J.; hi. a. Slio was cli ireiMo with letting him he
Vi lai;po I. T.nk-y hi I no right to biii.ivah.il.
Hi h?ld that when a u.-'utral S'ate shall fjrl,.ir to
da justice to n bciligerant thit helligeraut shall do
ju;ieo t itself. Hj might W a-kol whether he
w.iulj Ii ivo h i 1 C.i;. Iagra'iaiu tl. o i it 1 the Ails-
trosri snip: II, ndiwerc I that ho would hive
K)sii Ire? at whatever no il. Ho In. I said I...
' ml 1 11 it l),st i-.y ur, pialiiio 1 praise on our Govern-: L-'J
tmrt for tlio Kostxi ntf.iir. In onoof tin passa
in tuo lotto.1 ol .Mr. M irey t .Mr. H ilsem in, of rare
rliet.iric.il beiuty, hj veiitures t) insiiiua'o the
Icip itisin of Au-tria. Ho would not say this wai
'iiupiido-it hypioi-isy, but it wns in bad" t.ate, fori
Auierict is a fir greater and guiltier oppressor.!
..4nctri in rl.i.ii ..iu... ....... ... ... I .....i. . ... . :
. ""! i ".ii i4,u. nun ours. WHICH
degrade! men t chattels, ii ns tho little tinker toi
tkoloius. S.-'jrotary Marcy mentions in his jutili-l
cuion oi uaptain Ingrahaiu ihn iliviun iw" li.i
wnto othors n we wvjld have tho.n do unto us." 1
was n vt this ths verv a-mn of nrB.nmnti,... r, ...
American oocretarr to onotn t ns vhi s i i noiW.n
,i trampling under 'foot millioiiH eC its inhabitant j ?,
.-. ,. , . - . - .... .................. j
.inpir; suppose .Mr. Ilnlscman stone blind, J1-.
u.ia ui-.n no u n iiicu in Washington ao lung as
sec the biiviuj nnd selling of nvn. women I
a:id children goin ' on eominuilly ? And did Mr. :
Marey suppose Mr. Hulseman igtmrnnt r the fact
!holu?eri':rn'"l,'iieH ". !T"'"., 'mV0'm' '!",r '"'i
. .. i ..... . ... ,.w ,.,l)fl,.-, . Aluln(...,ri;, j
did not know thnt tho ulavo Undo finds in the ;
, , - ........ ... .....
r.oan Uavoriiment Us greatest natron ? '.hat it
s not only under general regulation but spe.-i-: "'
eolation i of Congress! Hid M,1. Marry sup-
Mr. HiiL-oui in wai ignorant of the fact th ir ,v-''-'!
this Admiiiistrntioi, siirpasici ill its predecessors
in :inuicie.'j pio'.lges uud Ucvotioli to tho slave
power? Tlin Se.cictary exalts tho nisil.tm of man
above thu w i.iJoui of God when ho savs Christianity
roquircs us b) do unto others iis wo Wuuld have
ethers dj unto in, except when iicling ur.der legal
restraints. This latter is sheer interpolation of the
Soiirctary. The A liniuistration U guiltv at this
point of attempting to corrupt 'lirisiiiiiMty in the
saro.l and authentic record, T!10 Jjiolu. coniiiiand
is absolute. Ho was uwaro lh.it had the Adminis
tration put tho justiltcatio;, of Capt. Iiigniham's
toudiictoii simple liiblc truth, il would h ive opened
the door for the res -uo of every Ainei i.-an slave,
and justified tho rescue of Sha Irach nt Huston and
the celebrate. 1 rce.-uo in his (.Smith's) neighborhood
the Jerry rescue nt Syracuso and jiistilied the
she l ling of bboi ut Caristiana, nn 1 justilicd the
deliverance of every sl ue in this land. Komiii-
pjsol the A ImiiiistiMtioti In I sold itself in advance
to tho Slave p nvor. Tins Administration had no u
right to give up Chrisiinnitv for slavery. Having
further dwelt on this point, lie said: Al'ser all thui ...
Administration has d. , lie us good erviec in attiMiiiit-'
ing to qualify tlio divine command, 11 1 to unto others
"as y iu waul 1 h iv oth n d unto us.1' For the
sake of saving slaverv, it impels us to obey il,y'
c iin nanisol tno liitiii.. to let the oppressed go free,
lie was gla I tho Administration had identified itself "
with the bi'.'le.
Mr. S.aUt, was list-jned to with marked attention.
Mr. VllKSTO.V said Living as he did in a Slave
ftato, nnd coiili lent of the propriety of holding
tlfat kind of pripo.-ty l.eKcwug firmly in the
rights which were rc.-ogiiMcd by tho founders of
the O ivernment, who laid its baf; dcip and strong,
and which, ho hopo I, would cnd'.inj forever be
lieving that n de.;r;o of patriotism in great as that
of tho gentleman front Now York animated their
liisinn and th"ir descendants, nn l with u!l the
stre .'51 1, of conviction which language could express
as t.) tho justice of h . ling sinves, Im wa not one
of tlnso wha could listen Will, iudiireret.ee to the
goutlouiau's remark . Ha trusted ho cuuld show
that the .Southern Uepresentativ es were not lho up
holders of tl.o ni ist, onerous tyranny, but men of j
sense not misguide 1 by wild enthusiasm, such its
would snake the laltrie ol our institutions. In the,
",t k! ,', .. ,11 '" i ,.,"""1","'1d
tiia Koslia was clothe I wall, n itH.nal.ty hy. the j
e.tuen. W hen he went to S.iiyrnn ho w as beyond ,
the reach of Austrian cap uro and the reach ot ihe .
House of Hapiburg; but he would a-k tho irontlo-'
man if a solemn treaty did not exist by winch theirdor
fnili of the American Government was nlndcc,! for:
the roiraio of Kostza? Wc have something more
than treaty and compact. With ihe Constitution of
onr country, and Biblo in hand, tho gentleman
i.uriloris one. hundred uud twenty-six members
hero to ooin.nit perjury, and oeting on tho "higher
I vw, speaks uimui tuo sunoiulur ul property eon
jury Ut t!.B guirantucs of that lustrumunt vhich j
uiH'is sue minus in uniuii. v uoiu our slaves, ne ; t
i.J.becausotlire4ra twj races which were pi inled,rr,ii
Jinre before thu present government was founded,
We hulj then l-u.'auso no arc lu.t willing to am il-!
gim v.e, any moro tli i:, lho people of New York, "
with the nugroos. H a want to keep our feutonici
LUwd pure, to ba vyort.'iy d..sceud.iiiis of our great I
race. We will ki',i tlicai till God shall point lhej
time whou they nro entitled to freedom. J'l.oordi-
naueej of .the Alniuhty are strange, l.ryoml our
comprehension. Hj t.ian eloquently traced the
prJgiQM ot slavery, arguing mat, emancipation ,.
be of sl w progrsss not
violent, I.Ot us.
d iu his go .J time will uccoin-
aid ho, wait and
push, the object,
Mr. DEW thanked tho gentleman frcm Ken.
lucky ..(Mr. l'rostun) for yosterday dufvnding (he
,oji.lfict hoth of Ciiplulu Ingrnha.il uudour Goveru
ksiso'ti ., Hi colloigiio said, that allhouirh Austriu
is 4Muotisnw yut ihis (lovurnmeut W44 a f "Outer !
and aiiiii)r ppjre!ir. Tlmt Uoieriiuint of whii'lt .
fce fosiirs -J.ar;wii'l thilf l Adinitiisti-iin.ftsisl l'
guiltier oppressor than
its Winn ""J vvrjr existence to tho Slnvo power,
and is pledged to ilii defense. Now this Adminis
tration . not pledged to tho Slave or imvothcr
power, nnil this iliM tiini. I,... I,,...., ..i.,..!.. I.,..
r . ,,,r.'w.c vi-nw, nint ilitineil in the resolution
i mo .miii. nm i v ..mention, 'lhcr adopted the
ioct ino thnt the t ihlctletncy is lormrd of inde-t
pendent Mates i nt s ..... . I i ...i
,. . ' " u..'i in i. nn i-)
iiniiiuiion, nini winch Congress hns nothing to
do. llllt Ills CollcUL'IIC had suit) ibis (iiiVf.rnlni.iit is
Austria. If It were not
. I ir i ..,..., . ..... , l. ...... i.'
"""'F'"'. nown, noviiiiij
iii i.ntv nrr Lit il.i. n.,1,, ..i ii. . . :ri..'i'
. ui mu vmiiiir n in-
ii. i """ i-'i iiiipiini ii-nun i
s"...-.-.- . ii i.c i. ,m Known me nysirm wiiicii
liri'llIMN III tllri-ltl Iin llntn .... I... .a m.t i.I khk.
'''"'S of tln.t kind. There the will of one man "in
ol'!;- '''I1" Knipcror detroveil the Constitution
w liii h tho ieni(. riiin nrllctl htm to uiv-ll.pn. ftmr
years nn. .No luur men can there stnnd together
without living nrusie.I nnd thrnwn into prison.
'Hit colic i;;iin cmiM not hut kliow that women ol
rank nnd c.lucntinii were now pining in the dun
: e.ms of Austria, merely for political oH'enccs.
Mr. Iieaii rend from a proclamation of llnvnnu's,
n ho ordered .he executimi of ecry llinifcarian who
dared to set up a Kcpiihlicnn (iov eminent, without
Jintinciii.n (,C ne or m.x. This pro. laiiintiiin pro
I ceded fivni the Autri in (lovcninicnt. V'e have
only to look to Austria to-il.iy to seo more of her
hnuinv. V hile tho war I'elwecn Ifnvsia nod
Turkey is pr ircsiuj5, tlio latter striving for exist
pikc, Austria refuses to let Ihe telc;:rapli je n.'ed
to c.iiiiiiiini. iito intcliiV, nee of Turkey's vidoiies.
No pit! liciition cm t.c inado thrro exi'ept In favor
of the (Joverimicnt. Jle now w ihed to call atten
tion to the reuotis wjilcli inUueincd It tin in mil-
milling tlic Innniliam resolution. It v.ns not for
tl.e Mn ncse nl idnrii'vimr I'm. 1 r 1 i.
W 0 M -me t tl cAdministmU. n, hut '
inn v to . .... n. ,.f I,,..:.,. ... 1 1... ;
.'.. ;v. . a .,.. " : r
i.un s in m ii.mie, is.i.iiv pro. ainici
1,- .... ,1.. 11... .. .
' 1 . . - 111.1. .1 11. .111 nuiv 0x1. ati lata liilnse 1
' V'- ll.o w.ith. It is to
ll.af tho rights'of Amcicans nro worth hav-:
jn. and Aincricans traveling w hciever enterprise
" ineui. snail r;c ileiemled l.y our own ag. '
in.ri.ss r..t...l n .....r,l ... T...1 1 ...1 "
I,, .r,.i, i.... - ! ' ... i, i
" woriii-rciiow,ic. (.rre
preiMeUrv Mary uii.l Mr. Ilulseun
bclnro he mailo him n citizen
spoiidei.ee between 1
God made a
. , !
nini one only 1
m$ l'n '" l" world, un Ameri. aii Congress
"t!ins nn American officer and a man in defense
Anicii.-an rights and American citizens.
Mr. GI MliJNljS. And now, Mr. Chairman, I
Vnyo '"" ""? ,v,ir'' 1,1 reply to the member who has
''is seat before I proceed to some other
''e.naitis, which I hvl inteti.Ie for nfutu
the iCon., I, vvii. W ,a.cd u ZZ , 7.'." .
" ftylT:i. a 1 1 tlnso
When the g.mtleaua here ren -escnts that this C..11.
fc leraey w as a Confederacy i f States, and that this
body possesses no jurisdiction which has not been
spec 1 II .'ii! ly ,1-lcgatcd to it, he and I ngree. It is
;tho Stato-Hight d . . trine, in behalf of-which, for
seventeen years, I have contended ; and when he;
says in u iii.s ivi.iv nan no right to intcrfero with
sl.nery ho nnd 1 stnnd together, w he. e wo both
si. o' 1 111 1 , 1 1, i.iuglitcr. .Nint
pit y, hcloio tin; country,
which lie hv thrown out
neiu no uoilli
desire, in this
v, to meet the imputation
a hero, that his colleague. !
c wh. nss,ialo will, his
.' . .' v.. . ...n
,,KU " cease to intcrfero with it.
"'"''i n"n. injustice to that gentleman
e'"' r.na in onie
oi mo r rec J-'emoerncv has called nnoii tins w
ti"vvral:!5!lt t0 i'rfoi-o with slaverv. lie has rep-
tie, have called uiion this Government In
iiiterlern with slavery. Uur position is directly
and iin.piali'.iediy the opposite of that doctrine'.
v h ive Won claiming that this Uj eminent should
wash its hmU of slavery; that it should purify
itself from its contaminations, and leave it with the
Stutes, where the Constitution left it. Wo demand
eax. and in order that he may set himself right, I
upon bin, to stand up here nnd tell this com-1
itteo of an instance in which any man here I :
" V.M "'""R nut! 1 call upon him now
uaj "l ia"on,io meet u una u man, licioro
V"s '""'? nt"' Wfore the nation: or elso shrink 1
,ruln. ''w I'."?"1."11 '"'. And now. sir. I i
:"',' .,lie l'll,',v"lO- gentleman.
MrGli'l.lrs1re'',n V'" " v 1 f .
-, v. . al, , .
" g"ntli anan, nirl to this II msc, thnt tho day has
, i i . J i
"""V4 w"!'u " c ",,vc l"ln" ear, nnd lho pi'iiple j
"lls nation aro uo longer to be deceived and mis- it
loll) A hundred aud lifty presses will bear to the' it
-North tins cxpaairo ot his niisr-ore-cnluti .n : !
"" '"lericiu nun sinvvry in un-
States, or whore it cuistitulioiinlly osists. When
l.iat gentleman, upon this lloor, deliberately votes
t':le.u-.ie a. I agitation of this Mibioot. and main-. is
taiua a conimen-e in tho bodiej of women in this
H.strict, reuses to repeal our own laws by w hich
women lire bred in this city nnd sold in market ; '
when ho upholds the coir.tnerco by which the bodies
women are sold hero ti supply tho 'hells' of !
.New Orleans; when that gentleman, with such , I
ami crime resting upon bun, says that Con-;
gross has nothing to do with shivery; ihat the
- v . . ....... .. , ii in. ii ll u.. .l,, 13
.es this execrable com-
mcrce, and is now rustaining it with every energy
..... lu,icr oicr-csiminies ins ow n
IIICM..I....I n, tl.. ...... .I..I1... .1' .1.. no.:..
v. i i.-uniii v in ihii i.iMiiii.. ii is o
.l:,' a'x 'r voutimiiHjj this intcrlerciicc
'? snail cease.
ilwl.iroj thnt we have no right to interfere.
"u never bad such right. Wo havo interfered.
however, nnd have established this accursed slave
. . - ; i 1 I il
slave tra..e here, mil on the high seas, ,s suslaincd
I.V lilH'ol. st.tiltlol.nl hlUS if Coll". CSS. whit 11 vte ' i
say shall be rrpcale.l, mid w hich he mid his friends
:iy shall no maintiiii.e.l. 1 his is the issue between
tr:"'1' t!'.'s -,ommerco in the bodies of women ; and ,
h-it geiitloniaii says, by his conduct, by his vote,
Ins pol'aical influence, that it shall continue ! ami
"taiius oeioro this House and tho country as tho
""Meaid protector ot it. .Now, 1 understand ,
...y incim iron, .New lork, Mr, Sam., who spoke
yes erd ay, to havo hud do n distinctly that this
, .w ,,,.,u 1..I.4 uonn uisiiiiciiy null HUB
Federal Govornuieiit huJ established this coniineKo
human ties!, here, that Ihrv sold mnn. 1
uud children, uud that if we only repealed our o.vn I
laws tho infamous traliio .mist .... . ,..! I
only say to the gentleman over the wnv Mr. 1a I
that Iiu e.lii!.iic.l that chivalry, in uvuilimr 1 1 . ... . us
. i .
....ii ..iiiiiii . .....I. . : i
( 11ISS.-USPHIU ; ui.u i.nvv j
Congressional enii.Mu.ent. nnd oniioso tho reneal bv
such laws, nml tho people i f the whole North will
repudiate that traffic ; mid let inego r. little farther,
ami say, they w ill renudiule Ihoee who sustain it.
11, ...... .. i- , ! .i - i ........ . .
n.ent, in the imprisonment of intelligent women,
Si,, in yomle, sl!.ve-pe intelligent women are not
only iiuprisoued, but they nie sold like swine in
market ; and this is dono'hv force of Congressional
enactment. Such barbui iiy-such heathenism
w, ...., nraetisud bv Ausiri.ni ilciinii-.... I,.
that 1 nm- bo perleetlv under. tood, I will
...,n..i . ... il... -..;.....i. . i- r.. ..:.i. ...
points, w hich Falslalf posscsteil v. hen ho said that 1 1
discretion was th better part of vulor." The j
in. in. in mil limn ninn Hiieu OlscUSMoli: am, 11, ,iv
me say, in nil kindness to him, as well ns other '
itlcincii here, that you cannot deceive this coiin-.dcd
longer. 1 ou must meet these questions ns they i
, mid if ytu restrain lho shivo trudo hero ol
repeat: we, tho friends of freedom, are striving to
purify this Government from such crimes. We
desiio to loavo tho question of slavery mid tho slave
trade with tlie Stales themselves'. I assume that
this Government has not the constitutional right
nor tho legitimate power to involve mo mid the
i.m.nlii I l'i.!.rii'iit In ll.n ilisi-iti.-n .., ll.ij I... Ili. ...
-m. : uud thai we have a riht, under the Federal
uiistituimn, to bo freed, exempt. ,1, and purified
thai uccursed commerce. And by till that is
j,1Ht ,ij puri, Hu will fieo ourselves from such
The time is approaching, nnd il is not far distant,
when we shall be relieved I'rnn this curse. The
popular sentiment U advancing with uu irresistible
no, mid I say to the gentleman from Now York,
M r. Ue.m.J and tlioso who take similar ground
will, him, that they must get out of the way, or
ear of f.eedi in w ill crush them in its onward
urse. This is the point uimjii which the whole
"lltut itil tntH art ircalnl yual i lliatllinj are fin'tittd
titir Crtah i( I Hy lUaih) rith t'v' inati iwt f,
issue between the advocates of freedom nml the
supsirtor of opiirrssiou rests. Wo of thu North
sny that we wi.l maintain the Uoveriiuionl upon
the doctrines for w hich it was founded, 'i'l.o elo
quent genilcumu from Kentucky, Mr, I'sfton,
said yestordiiy, we mast recur to the foundations ol
immutable and umhuugrablo truths, upon which
lhis.CovrriimeotM.is founded, and which declare
nn enemy to tho im.titiitii.nn
for he seeks t
w hich freedom is based, nnd upui'i whii.il the Federal
im criimciti w ns crceicii.
I'lulltn lit life. liliPilll. am itiA litirMHil tif Am.iii,,,... "
' ' . ' l " - a . ' ,' ft -,
The mnn who would overthrow those sublime truth;
nn no jut or jmrt in a free Hnvcrnnient his scnti-
incuts arc opposed to Amcricnn freedom, nnd he in'
o i list it ut i nn under which we live,
overthrow the very foundation o..n
hnve no soft wonU tinnn thin nucstioti. I mr.
tnen, tlmt the in no wlio would involve ttie people of
New York or Ohio in thi infamoiia trnflic in humnn
, i . . .
neMi i ininvcit nn enemr to the liinimu race, llei
..oi-i . . .... ..
imhiupii uiMmiioM hi! tuto ntid dlH'iiorB Iii mcp.
unit niiiicocK. nun dnni", nnu their asaneinlea
pro luinieil. to w it : that this (Jov eminent not the
Southern States, with their slaverv hut that this
liovenimenl, wns "constituted for tlie mnintennncc
01 ireriiiuit, anil not slavery ; and he who would
prostitute it to purposes of oppression is nn enemy
of ninnkind and of God. I sny, then, thnt here
slands the iuo hetween the gentleman from New
York, Mr. rr...,1 nnd his collennuo, Mr. Smith.
AVo stand where Jcflortion nnd tho founders of the
Itepnlilio stood. There wo shnll stnnd, nnd wo
"shnll fljiht on nnd fight ever," until tho people of
ine nee ."Mates snnll 00 reileemed and regenerated
from the contagion of slavery.
MrGiddinj;s proceeded with remarks in rojnrd
to tho Amistad cno, for whicli wo have not room
.Mr. ViiI1i ohlained the door, when
m- 1 htvr. niir-11
Mr. (lidding, asked, will the centlcmnn Cie wnv !
a no 111. 'lit f 1
Mr. YYal-h replied. I Wliove I will shut the linn
on this. I Lauuliter.j 1 intended to mnko remarks
at length on this question, hut I hnvo too much ro-
s.;" wr e icciiiigs 01 me already csiinustcd
'"" I '!,ud' r"r j'"'"' !
in a speech. Y hen a gentleman 1 eeomes in ilii-
us wv. when i,.:. ;.....,.,,.,, en,in i.i. .i..,,i',,
, . , r , 1 i 1
career, he IS taken kiln v lv I l.c Inunl. mill t.rniod
. . . ,' - , , - " ,- ,
J'r "'V1 ""'""KT,1;""'.1 ni repel l .ml repulsed,
a"d. " 7N'rl .'" 'r 1 -Ir- lHT,) '". " .!"
J ' , " ' ,A.ttiL
,. r r V 'V V. . r 1, , . . ,
nils ;osedof, lie will melt into full blooded Abolition-
the gentleman from Ohio to make at, ai ls un .1.-
n uf.Xcw Yik frl n?
,;,v ,, ' . "
" "i"Y s"".' " ... . 'ii' "
Vliulnatu i!,ntuitet'slv nn nitiiiiiiislriitinii which bus
...... " !i..i :.. 1. . . im .1 . ... 1
t"-l '.-'II lirlllll-ll 111 IHII, Jlllllll, J Ol V llHIVglll HI
""; '. V'-k which was never contemplated,
lit! lllll .lltllll I.Ira lli.tl l.llft tm-n i.iih.i. .. i
on tho Administration, but wc proved ourselves too j,
tacticians for thnt. It w as not a little strange .
or ominous that the gratuitous mid uncalled for uc-
feiise ol the Administration should have conic from
two men, one a l'ue Soilcr the other a Whig, w ho
do not net in the principles by which Gen. Tierce
uns n n e eil inlii 1 . . In Il..ii. ..I I i. I ....
1 - ! . iu. .nm
lues for speaking, and ho believed llmto w ho ,
thought "ill. him w ill be prepared to act with him,
wo will sit in mtr seats lika orderly and respecta
ble citiiteus, nnd quiet nml sincere Christians.
Laughter. We have silt, watched nnd prayed,
I , I.. ....! .1.-1.. ,-..1 I 1 ... 'i
nn.. mi- ii-eiiii muni i v ii (.eamiuii quarrel neiwcen
the Abolitionists of the strongest grade, nnd the in-
pient Abolitionists n quarrel which wc have no
,. ... , .,
:'',r,,' l,,n nnd tlio world, that when he time arrives
f,,r ",0 l,".e '''' "' " i'rk "peak, and
CV"'P''" "'""i ''''V ",',",k,"'. '';. '''.v w .11 speak ,
it uu il-.e lu.i l wo i v ihi nnd,,.-. 1 n... . r,i,....
who believed, tt: tiftcr tho great contosts the couii-
T toll ll.n lli.nvn llm Ailin!.,-
langunge which w ill admit of no two inlei iiretn-
Hons, Nobody will misunderstand. Until thnt
happy tiny nrrives I return to my quiet and order
i ly position. Laughter. J
Mr. Wright (I'enn.) obtained the floor, when the
Committee ruse, and the Home adjourned.
MU. WHIGHT of l'enusvlvniiia said: the onen-
ing debate of this House at' tho commencement ol
this session hns taken a somewhat imiiRi.nl course.
do not think that lho country nt lnrgn wns pro
call pared to anticipate the remit, "w ill, regard to the
opening debates of thi-House, tlmt w c have rcnlixcd
------, ...V .i..i. i.vu.unin iiiu viiiiir
try has so re enily pnfsed through, when both the I
great political parties orthe nation seemed to hnvp-j
concluded this warfare, nnd who:, the creat hnttlu I
wan fought ami the victory wnI say. 1 am one!
those who believed that nbolitintiUin wns dead
"I'' L,'1'icd ! "V1 u"li' '' Wfore yesterday
n..v.. ...u iiu.-iiiiii. Hum .s c w i in n j .ii r. cam ii j
exhumed its lifeless body, nnd dragged it ngnin j
B ! ....m ..'"hS1 1 " ,mii
befuro this House mid tl.o conn try, 1 supposo that i
w as dead and gone; but like the ghost tf Uunquo, !
is iig.iin in this Hall, mid before theenmtrv. I ;
do not pn.oe logo into u di.icuicioui.fthenbs'trael ;
iuesii..u oi in iiiition. i rer Heads than inn;r liuvel
already not only touched upon, but dissected Unit j"
subject, mil il it has not n limb left to its body that 'a
not conn, lctclv mutilate.!. 1 rene.ii. that at il.ls !
liioincnt it is lifeless and inanimate ; :uid the el I
quciicrni.d powcrofthc g, iitlci.i.in fr.ni New York
Mr. Smith cannot re.suscitute its putrid carcass.
I'erhaps, Mr. Chairman, I ought not to reply to . it
an argument on the subject of abolition in this Hall. I
know th it a large portion of lho llcaiocrutie part
this lb mo me o, pi.rrd to m:i w the discission I
on tho question ol abolition. They think, nsn
"Tout tu.riii.ti of ilmlr nnetr thmi.-l. tl.ni nn n. .;..., '
whatever should hnve been paid to any debute that I
mis n tendency nginn to bring before the country a
1 .- i. . . .. i
lies I it ill wi lei
hii'lt iu tVnm.l.t vt-iih ... 1......I. '.1 t. .1... I
."h"' ' m' ....i.i . ..i hi i.tv
country us that subject is. nnd would W, if its prin-inving
iol... urn enrrie,! not Vrl Mr I 1 , I ,. ,. I ......... I
un sit in an .men,-iin t ongress with my mouth j
closed, and hear doctrines ndiam ed sucli as were!
ndvnuce hero the day beforo yesterday by the 1st
gciiiieii.un in.m ;sew iorK. i reier you, sir, Ltid j
lueuiticr:) oi mis House, ion single Paragraph in
lho reported speech if that grutleiinn, and 1 hope
r.riy nave uio inuuigenre oi inu attontion ot the
committee, while 1 rcud tlio paragraph to which 1 ci
have referred. f
That there mny 1 c no mistake, sir, I will read the in
,.i ,,, ..... ,..,.. - .... I
' ' , "' ' " " ' I
P.m."A.n. ' ..il W"?1? "" thn A"' " ,, n .
gi enter and guiltier oppressor!
Austrian despotism, compared w ith our despotism, i
h vU?,'.H ''''llnins .f .nen, wouirn nnd children
with cattle, is but ns the little linger to tl.c.loins."
And the nnil..i,,n nlopml l,i. I.nn.l nn l,U lu..K-
Im i., it v..,.. ...I I
iu is n greater I
..,l..,,t ...... ...ii.l I
1 . . . . ... ,
r ..... . , i i . i, . . ..
iiuu giganno us sno ,s vvnon i urn nnu tuero is il ;
nm told in a high place th it the'
despotism in America IVeo, indepen
and ifiL'antli! as s in is w inn I mu
greater despotism hero than there is ih that degra-j
Austrian empire, 1 cannot repress my feelings,
nor can I permit such talk to go out to the country i
without n notice of condemnation m.d without a '
reprimand, 1 euro not Iron, what source it emanates j
w ho litters it. Sir, that work of exaggerated
fiction w hich has lately gono forth to lho world,-!
culled "Unelo Tom's Cabin," written by Mrs.Harriet
Ucccher Stove, tho object of which was to impair
and diminish the character, tho power, the impor
tance, uud the social relations of this country abroad,
perhaps unworthy to bo noticed hero ; but when
gentleman w ith the high character for talent mid
learning us tl.o gentleman from New Y'ork, comes
hero to stigmatize his own country, it is time for
patriotic men tospeuk, uud to speak openly. The
gentleman eulogizes that Government which but a
short period ago formed a combination with Russia
and I'riissia to blot from the chart of nations the
nationality of I'obind, uud took her share of the
spoils in tliediv ision.
And in rising to reply to the gentleman, although,
perhaps, it might bo saving w hat I ought not to say
hero, I am giving character to the position ho has
i.siuiiied, which ntlmrwiso would go uu.ioticed.
How long has it been sinco that question was met
and disposed ol and met and disposed of bv the
best and purest patriots of our country? Why,
sir, does the grnth in recollect that two years
sin, o this subject underwent a full discussion in
both branches of Congress ar.d that men. irre
spective of party inarched up In tho issue and dis
po oof it, as they thought, forever? Sir, what
wero tl.e counsel! of thoso great mot. somo of
whom have left tlu stage of uetion, and somo of
hom nro still upon it ? What bus Ihe gentleman
say in regard to the views of his illustrious
friend as I presume, that he was, Wing of tho
same political party the great man, and the celor
hrnted constitutional expounder, who but a few
brief mouths sinco laid himself down to die, con
fronting that ocean upon which he had lisikod with
admiration for so many years, and td which he had
talked as. frieud talks to friend, and who died with
tho blessings of. his country ou his head; und his
arts were fully approved, on thisquctidivby thill".
who has hut just left the Amcricnn stnge?
hi-i. -i .ti t i - .. ... "
I tnnfl nf lit. IT.. I L.mnn . a. id n .i . n h-LuI n.t.!,.tan.
....... v. .. .v iu - ... i. . .....a. jr.... iv. lain
underwent tho tent of tho ago in which ha lived, and
who uvea hut to ndorn nil the soeinl relation of lite,
A statesman in every sense of tho word, and, above
an. n gentleman.
What shall 1 sny of tho counsel of thnt groat mnn
I What shnll I sny of another Brent statesman and
nurc initi ii.t who hniled frnni Keiittu'lrv. nH whnii.
lip, in tin Hull, touched hy the fire of inspiration,
i for lialf a eentury poured out tho purest eloqiicnco
... . . . " . . . . i
nnu t:io loltioil patriotism, nnd whose hi n era I re-
innt'iii hnfi Kctirruly craved now to vibrnto within
. u, iiniur whm ito ,i,an i in re .
inai msiiniriiisncii man wno occupies a proud po-
sitmn in tho co-ordinato hranch of this legislative
nnciy j annua to the distinguished man who ren-
1- .1.-. ..r t.ii 1 , '
resents, in part, the State of Michigan, and who,
hut a short time since, when representing his
country nt a foreign court, rose up, and, in the prcs-
enro 01 nil r-urnpe, prociaioico to 1110 world luo tree,
dom of the sensr
' J hese three men were tho men who, hut yester-
day, in tho .-enato I'hnmherof tho Un tad States.
joined hnnd in hand upon these compromise meas
ures w men nnvo polio lorth to the country, and
hnto heen adopted as its organic Inw. After this,
sncritico nnd mutual concession, nnd miitunl for
heninnee of southern rights and northern rights,
after nil had Wen taken into account, nrd wo nt
this ilny. nfier the question has gone to rest to he
annoyed hy tho gentleman from New York, I Mr.
.mitii: who comes here to throw n firehnnd ntn
1.1 t r . .
!,c Iheccuntry. endeavoring, at the same
time, to dignity 11 hy Ins position upon this floor,
whilo ho di gra.lcsoiirciiiniiii.il cnuiitrv hv sliiMim.
tizing it nsa greater despotism than tho most despo
tic power upon the Kuropean continent f
1 minor the gentleman lrom Jew York, sir, for
s judgement in this
seal and discretion
Z ?. ni t l is , t in e it nC'he a
""consiuerm.ie i..ums m
arc hv no menus evenlv nml. he.l
v "inins viciny mniilieil.
Anw.Jlr. Chairman hnv nir disnnsed i.f ll.nt narl
0f t,0 f ,,r., hi "h refers t"i the despotism of hls
nrY I want c cummhtco to lA7w h we nn U
mnki reference t " her q, Z ion f" m , W
gentlemnn's address, and whirl lis
. " . , . ' . " "
unMraUon, U frt,,W,
in keeping with I
......,. ..-.....,; .1,. ik, a... .......... ...... . 1 ...
" " .... . ...... . "...V jr. m ... ...
wmMralwu jncuxt in thnt vilj'ully corrji(imj
l ltrtfitamiij, lor the nine nt ninn; to rile and 1
aliitminnlilc a thimi a rinrfrv t
A ml tttn, i, u-hnl
W "r it f
I 1, a ... I iH.ntl.
, In the estimation of thai gentleman, this Admin
good istrution, indorsing these measures of compromise,
al'ler they had been adopted by Congress, nnd by
lioth of the dominant parties in tlio United Stntes.
upon their respective platforms at Baltimore, pres-!
'cuts to the country a most "pitnblo" and humilating'
n.. . .... VI l, t l . ... ..I. .. ....... ..r .1.. I
uriiiiiii ...... .v..n u.w:n nni;v ui 1I1UII1W1
For its adhesion to tho Constitution? For doing
that ho has Lien swum ns
i.. ..... i . i
right ill tho fuce of Heaven and men? Does the
gentlemiiti from New York pay duo regard to the
Constitution and laws of his country? I assume sir.
a nxinlcr if this
h dy, and 1, iving Wen sworn, I want to rider
him to n single clause in tho Constitution of the
I. no I. I read from the id clause, section 11.
,. v tii. ii- c-. .
N, person held to service or labor .none State
under the law. thereof, e.cnping into anolher, shnll,
c, iise,,. ern e o. any ,wor regu.auon inerein ,o
dlschnrfreil Irmu such ser ,i-e i.r lnl.nr l.iil . hull lin
j ,. . . - "
deluded up un claim of the party to whom such1
.... : 1..1 i... .1... .i
"l il.i" VI IIIWI UIIIJ UV UU1.
Then desiro to propound to the gentleman a
question : How, in uccordunco with thnt clause in
tho Constitution of our country, can ho stand up
hero nn advocate of a law that is superior to the
Constitution itscii r
The gentlemnn it a renowned nnd distinguished
lawyer, and he has read that clause of the Consti
tution time nnd time again. How, then, let me ask
him, enn he, as a consistent part of this legislative
body, put his hand upon the Holy Kvnngclv, nnd
tho wittcn Constitution ot the
in nil I v. iiiiii,t!ifc inu nnii'il
country, and, nt tho snme lime, bo tho advocate
ffcre of a prineiplo which snvs thnt there is a high
navcrti er law than the Con.iiiiiii.m .,f l.i. eooi,irr I
know no law will, regard to miinicinnl reiruln'iiuns-l
with regnnl to questions of government, that should !
be superior, that is superior to the written Consli-j
iiu ion oi uur couuiry. iiuu, sir, ii tuo uay snail
ever como in this country when higher lnw shnll be
..i ...iu in .nil. uuuiiii j n ii vn iniii'r inw einiii nu
used ns a substitute for the written law, tied in his
mercy protect us, and the twonty llirco millions who
enjoy the blessings of free institutions will. us.
'Mr. .Smith, of Now York. Will the gentleman
vicld mo the lloor to reply to his question;
Mr. Wright, Docs the gentluiiuin desire to mnko
Mr. Smith, t
ply to the gentleman's question, for I do not wish
to'replv to it. Hut, ns ho put tho question tome,
and u.fght deem mo uncivil wcro 1 not to reply to
; nnd 1 trust that the gentleman will foci uo let
ol tor al'ler my reply.
Mr. Wright. After having called tho gentleman
out, I cannot rcfuso him tho floor,
Mr. Smith. The gentleman hns referred mo to
i,.,.t ,.l,.n.n ..f il.n i1.....!'.!..!!.... u-i.:..i. .......... r...-;.
lives from service ; m.d it is on this clnuso that his
question is based.
Now. not to consume the time
..C ll... .....I I........ u-til. .... ...I.... ........ I... ..... .1..
inu Liiiirii.ii.i .uu ...j ui.u i i .Tasini iui inj Ul.-
that tho word "service" in tho Constitution
1., 1. ........ I ... i , I .... I .. . 1 . .... i . . 1 1. .. I., ... .!,.
three days previous to tho close of tho convention
which framed the Constitution, the comiiiitteo on
vie mndo thuir report: and that then it wns
moved to strikeout tno word "servitude,' ami to
supply its uliieo Willi lite word "service.' 1 ns
I rose, not because I wished to ro-
:. .. r . i .1.. .. i. .
on, mr uu nut nisii i
substitution was made by a tnianimom voto, and
tor tno avowed reason tlmt "servitude
oudition of slaves, and "sorvico" tho condition of
cen.eii. I hold, therefore, that the word "service"
the Constitution refers to freemen, mid to free-
men only. To hold that tho frunicrs of the Coiisti-
tutiou did, lifter Ihe substitution I havo referred to,
1IU that tho word should refer to slavery, would
bo to btiguuitio them will, l.vt.ocraey. 1 add that
the fads I have hero given, may bo ftuiul in the
M WriAt. 'That is not mv recollection of the
'h..1.. !'nl.nrot ., V, i
I1IB1UI 11.111 iiiuci.'e!iiiii:s oi lliu coin t'llllCU WHICH
r..i-n,u,l il.n i
vt,. si..,:,i. i -... .... . . i,. t i:
m,. w ,.;!. Ti.,.t :..,..i i .... ,.r
..... ,.,,u..,, .nn. .nil,... in. vi.nniiui.iii.ij in
" .... . .......
those pupers. i lie very ehungo ot winch the gen.
lleuiaii speaks was made upon tho suggestion of a
southern member tf that body, who thought it
would bo belter not to introduce tho word slave"
into lho Constitution, and therefore he moved to
strike it out and insert in its place, "involuntary ser
or vitude." That is tho history of this chance, ns I
think I am prepared to show to the gentleman from
Xcvr York, to tho House, and to the country. And
ciiu the gentleman I am not putting the question
him now w ith a view of un ausw er Uuughter)
say, can tho gentleman, as a sound lawyer, put
ting upon the Constitution a proper construction,
ho has the ability to do, can ho assert that this
third clauso of tl.e Constitution does not embrace
slaves ns well ns other persons hold to involuntary
servitude? So tho courts have decided. So law
yers hnvo learned it ; and none havo perused it, I
presume, more carefully than tho distinguished gen
tleman from New York, Mr. Smith. j
When that gentleman approached that stand, nnd
with thu F.vuiigclist iu Ins hand, sworo to support
tho Constitution of his country, upon what princi
ple can he get up here and state that ho is govern
ed by a higher power than that which he hns sworn
support und obey? No, sir; the gentleman can
not unswer that question. It is not susceptible of
an answer. There he must swing, upou the posi
tion he has fixed for himself.
Mr. Smith. Will the gentleman allow mo to try
answer it'? LnughterJ
Mr. Wright. No, sir; 1 cannot allow tho gentle
man to interfere with my time, for it is precious.
Now, having been elected member of this Wdy,
and having sworn to support the Constitution of
tho country, I maintain that there is no powor,
eitiier above or Wlow, tlmt is superior to that Con
stitution, which ha received his solemn assent,
and to support which he is bound by all the obli
gations of a solemn oath.
Mr. Chairniun, I do not know what effect the
gentleman's speech is going to have upon the
country: It has gone out it ha been published
it hoe been read, I presume, by every AWlition
ist in the laud ; or, if it has not, it certainly will
be, for I regard that gentleman s the head, and
front - the great loader if tluU very small party
at the present time. But I have no idea that the
arguments contnined in that speech will make any
new converts to his theory.
I think the lime has g..ne by in the annals ol
American politics and nhilnnthrory when a fne-
tionns the Abolition faction Is- will be permitted
even to earry a firebrand, much less to attempt to
burn our fair political fabrii. They have not the
power to du evil, if they have the inclination.
.Muny years ago, the groat Stato of l'ennsplva-
iiin, which 1 nnvo tno minor, in part, to represent,
nnd which I am proud to represent for 1 do not say
as others have said, that it wns mr wish to have
Wen Wrn in some other nart of the I'mmi limn
I'ennsylvanin for 1 am proud to come here ns a
I'ennsylrnnian, nnd rejoice in the land of my birth
I honor her name and her institutions; but 1
am digressing, I was about to say thnt yenrs and
yenrs ago, tho Cnmmonwonlth of I'cnnsylvnnin
abolished from her statute-hook, the right to hold
persons in involuntary servitude. She did it ns a
sovereign State i sho had n constitutional right to
do It 1 and neither the gentlemnn from Now Y ork,
nor any other gentlemnn has a right to complain of
this exercise of this constitutional sovereignty as
regnrus 1110 fMnte ot I'ennsylvanin. In the lull
plcnlitiide of her power nnd sovereignty, sho acted.
She Impaired no Wnd she had entered into with
tho Federal Government. Sho violated no nledire.
She acted with a view of, and consonant with, her
ow n vested rights, nnd tho net being sovereign nnd
supreme, no power on earth had the right to nues-
tion her motives. And because mv Stato did this
act, 1 rejimu nt It, lor slavery, 111 the abstract, 1
conucmn tut to abolish it elsewhere is an entire v
different position, so far as I'cnnsylvania is con
cerned, and also the General Government, as to its
power to interfere with tho domestic relations of
Whether the State of New York was a slave State
or not I do not know.
Mr. Smith. She wns.
Mr. Wright. Some gentleman answers the ques
tion in tho affirmative. I prosumo that answer is
correct. If sho were a slave Stato then, the gen
tleman will admit thnt, under the power of her or
ganic lnw. and under tho nlnnnnv of her Klntn ....
ereignty, sho abolished that institution. And what
right hud the Stnte or I'cnnsv lvania to make nny
complaint in regard to itT Mime, sir, whatever.
ll'e fctne. H will admit, aro sovereign and su-
fmo ler the enactment of nil their internal regu-
csrepi sucti ns uiey nnve conceded to Con-
" enjoy nt hoi
, 0 c:,Pl'rlcnt;e(1
gross, under the Constitution of tho United States;
nut tno doctrine ol tho gentleman from Now York,
if his theory be carried out and adopted, goes to
destroy thnt sovcreigty, and to consolidate all pow
er here, to destroy, for all practical purposes, a
combination and league of theso respective sov
ereignties which has conferred countless blessings
upon mnn which hns produced much of the liber
ty we enjoy nt home, and nil the advantages we
in our commercial relations
It hns been said and contended, time and airnin.
thnt Congress has no power to legislnte upon this
qucsiion. n ny, men, does the gentleman lrom
Now York drag it boforo tho country, when it is ai.
know ledged, on nil hnnds, that wo 'have no power
.i.i-r ii. u niiojeoi -jusi as powerless ns tnni nana
would be if every bono in this arm wero broken
V. e. .1. .1 :t.
i.tsooiii, mis question must no talked alKiut
ii n in si, uu hhiuu n iiiemo mr speccnes ; and time
""1B "Knl", no uouijt, during tho present ses-
.ion -0 ,,,, htlvo lho w t) ho ..Ucnth.,
Bend nnd nross-lK-ne." stnrinc us in the fnce : and.
perlmp,, Mr0 ,hc tC(tli()n j, ended, the gentleman
r ... i- . ... . 1 . . si
,roui .mi xor win not even know his own bnnt.
Now, whnt shnll I say in renly to the honorable
genueiiinn iron, tne Stnte or Uluo r Mr. G.tn.Nos.
ii-i.iii. . . .. i. .j
ti nai sunn i say in reply to Ins observations T
Ho not let the gentleman suppose that I nm pulling
the question now with the view of obtaining from
him an immediate nuswer. IA latich.l I Lmm lie
is niwnys ready; nnd will, t
will, ncrhans. answer at
much greater length than I would bo willinir he
should in view of the time allotted me undor the
rules. By no means let him supposo so. Laughter.
Mr.GlDIUNGS. I will answer tl.o gentlemnn
from Pennsylvania if ho desires if
Mr. WRIGHT. Not at all nt nresent. 'Renewed
laughter. I pay deferenen nt all times to aire.
I .. - . - r '
i.mnv veai-stlm l...,i..r. i... .Lh
sionVhen 1 hsik'nt the two gontleinun in their seats
llut what shall I say to the gentleman from Ohio?
the gentleman fn in New York, is, undoubtedly.
is my impres-
tunc than I would bo willing to allow: and I do
not des r i Im l,or.il.n ...oion ,.n,... . ....
Ho usod very hard talk vosterday, when ho said
nun every man nortn ot .Vinson nnd Uixon s line.
was a "duugh-faco." I would ask the gentleman a
Juesnon, ami win not object to a categorical answer,
would nsk him if ho livos north ufMasun and
Mr. GII'IMNGS. I do.
Mr .WHIGHT. Then, according to the gontlo
mau's own nssertion. bo is liiiiisolf n .I.. I'.no "
Great laughter. IIo is in the tamo cntuloguo he
i .i ...... .i ... ...
p.aces mo resi oi iis. no is verv kind.
mr, ma speech inai i no gentleman lrom Ulno
made yesterday I havo heard time nfier time, nnd
ngnin mid again, during tho last ten years. It is a
stereotyped edition, nml ns tho country ij hound
to bo nlllicled with it annually, and as "we were to
have ii repetition of it this session, ns we hnvo hnd
iu former session", it was just ns well thnt he should
put it to press now, nnd send it out at this early
stage. It wns all ready.
Now, as tho gentleman has designated every man
who resides north of Mason and ixon's lino as a
"dough-luce," I would ask
.Mr. GIUHINGS. I hopo now that the gentleman
will allow me to explain.
M. WKIGHT. No, no; I cannot. I nn, afraid
the gentleman from Ohio will occupy more of mv
.i i i.i i . -ii. . Ir .
filled up will, principles and doctrines I abhor.
1 ho gentleman having made this reinnik in re
gard to 'dough-facos," I merely wunted to ninko
un allusion to it. As to tho substance of w hat he
said yesterday, it hns been so often replied to in
tho Congress of tho United Stnles, thnt I pnss it
by, ovou without n single solitary remark. Il is not
my purpose to givo htm notoriety by noticing hi,
From the Pennsylvania Freeman.
A HARD CASE.
Most of the readers of tho Freeha havo heard
what has been cnllod the Kiiutl'innn ense, nnd
many of them uro doubtless famillinr with its his
tory ; but it is nut known to all, I presume, thut
there wus another parly ta the htirdshiiis of that
outrage, and thnt thut party hns now in the final
decision becomo the principle sufferer. I ulludo to
Stephen F. Wenkly, the lriend of Mr. KnuBmnii
and his associate in the prosecution. The sub
joined lotter will explain iu part what I mean ; but
ordor that the uiuttor mny be moro fully under
stood, allow me to recapitulate the principal facts
A little more than fivo year ago a family of thir
teen slaves escaping from .Maryland to tho North,
took refuge in the burn of Daniel Knuffman, of
Cumberland county, i'enna. Mr. Kauftuiun gave
them food and shelter, nnd nftorwards, as is alleged,
put them iu his wagon nnd aided them on their
way. These facts becoming known to the party
who were iu pursuit, the chase was gireu over, and
tho resolution taken to arrest not the slaves, for
these woro now beyond reach, but those who were
alleged to have uided in their oscnpo. According
ly I hiiiiel Weakly was arrested and prosecuted in a
suit at common law, mid Stephen F. Weakly and
in.:.;.. u..,i.i.:ii i.i. ,.:...i. ' . ...
.....f v. ii ..iii, ma iwuuun, nerv Sllllllliouuil as
witnesses. The case was tried before Judge Hep
burn, of Carlisle. Mr. Kaufiinnn and Mr. llrecli
bill refused to testify on tho ground that thoir tes
timony might criminate themselves. For this re
fusal they were thrown into prison. At the same
time, by the ndvico of counsel and on the assurance
the Judge that their testimony should not bo
used against themselves, and having in faot no al
ternative except to remain in jail, they gave their
evidence, and Mr. Knuftiuan was convicted. He
was sentenced to pay a tine of $2,000. From this,
with Mr. Weakly' co-operation, he took up on ap
peal to the Supreme Cuurt of the State, and the de
cision was reversed. Judge Coulter delivered tho
opiuion of the bench, and in the course of hi re
marks used the following language t
"The true question in tin aspect of the ease
ought to be and is, whether in the Stnte of IVnn
sylvanm citizen who give a cup of water and a
.morsel of bread to furnishing women and children,
and permit them to rest few hour in hi barn
when they were sunnlimvnts io his mure i or mi
give them a lift iu hi wagon, even if H boukJ.
turn out thnt they are fugitives from slavery to
freedom; does by that ulTer of mercy and compas
sion break the luw nnd mnko himself linble for
their price In the mart where men women aud chili
drcn are bought and sold." . ,
Soon after this a new suit was commenced ii
which the names of Messrs. Weakly nnd Brechbili
were included with that of Kaufl'iimn, and the rasa
wns brought beforo Judge Grier of the U. H. Cir
cuit Court sitting at l'hil.adelphin, for trial. The
slaveholders of Maryland having made, as launder
stood, common cause with the claimants, and aid
ed them to employ strong counsel, and th bench
being strongly in their favor, tho defendant had
but Tittle ground to hope for a favorable result..
There wero several hearings of the ense, in one of
w hich the prosecutors wero non-suiled, in another
the Jury disngreed, nnd it was not until aWut eigh
teen months ngo, thnt the verdict wns found in the'
slaveholders' favor. Hy this verdict, Mr. Drechbill
nnd Mr. S c.akly wore 'acquitted, and Mr, Ksoff-'
mnn wns found guilty, nnd sentenced to pny f 2,1(10.'
W ith this, however, "the slaveholders were not sat-'
islicd. They wauled a larger sum nnd a mure re"
sponsililo mnn. A verdict against VI eskly was
their object, nnd in another triuf, before Judge Orier
they counted on obtaining it. Thry mail nn ap
plication for n new trial which was granted ; but
the whole mntter lini been settled by Mr. Wsakly'
coming forwnrd nnd pnyingofT tho entire amount
of the judgment against K.iuD'iuan, w ith the inter
est nnd costs.
The particulars, with other mailers pertaining to
tho subject. I lenvo to be slated by Sir. Weakly
himself. His letter was not intended for publics-'
lion, but he will excuse me, I am sure, for Inking
this liberty with it. I w ill only add that I bar
been acquainted with Mr. W. for twenty years, and
know him to be a humane, honest, and worthy man.
I'erson disposed to contribute to his aid ar re
quested to address themselves either to Charle
Wise, N. K. corner of Fifth and Market street, er
to J. M. McKim,
31 N. Fifth St.
Near CARLISLE, Nov, 19th, 1853.
Mr PcAn Sir: Ity tl.e ndvico of Thaddeui Ste
von and other eminent counsel, and also in accord
ance with my own judgment, 1 have put an end t
thnt tormenting and oppressive lawsuit against 1),
Kniiflmnn and myself by paying off the judgment
against I). K. with interest and costs. Tin U
tho best settlement that could be mndo. and t tut.
ecoded to il to avoid tho expense of nnothor trial,
and a worso rosult. w hich was considered insti,.
bio. Tho amount that I hnd to nnv came lo tho
enormous sum of $4,l'.'l. To make up this, I ob
tained the $1!'0U contributed by benevolent individ
uals in your city and elsewhere, nnd know n as the
rvnuttmnn fund," nnd the remainder. S2.E91. I
pnid out of my own pocket. 1 yielded up Ihe mo
ney on the same principle I would to a highway.
num. 1 he costs were heavier than was antiaina.
ted, nnd a portion of them were thought to be ille
gal ; but 1 hnd no remedy, except for about $03,
which, through tho kind interference of Kdward
Hopper, Ksq., wero remitted by tho Court.
The money I hnve borrowed in cvory conceivable
wnv, nnd how I nin ngoing to do when pny dayr
conies, is moro than I can now tell j and how I ut
ever to get rid of tho lond of debt thnt now rest
ujMin me, is my great concern. I took the proper
ty I now occupy, encumbered with a debt to an ex
lent fully cijuiil to my ability to extinguish. A
tho present time there Is Sl'.OtiO of this original en.
cuniWrnnco upon it, and now ?2,.''nu ;n addition,
that 1 hnvo furnished to w ipo all off the U. 8. Dock
et, which makes an amount beyond my ability te
reach. Then odd to this suit JsOO f, attorney'
fees and other expenses, nnd you have the large
sum of 3,100 thnt I hnve spent" in this thing. My
farm contains IK) acres, but under all these liabili
ties I don't see how I can hold it with any prospect
of gettiug out of debt ; tho interest being about a
much ns 1 can reach, nnd nt tl.o snmo time eke out
a living, nnd yet I am totally averse to selling if it
is possible to avoid it. This is the old homestead,
nud I hardly need toll you that there is net a spek
upon it but what is dear, very dear to me.
I shall add no more, however, hut will hop em,
Your friend truly.
Near CARLISLE, Nov, 19th, 1853. STEPHEN F. WEAKLY.
SLAVERY IN ILLINOIS.
QUINCY, Adams Co., III, Dec. 2, 1853.
Tu Ihe Editor of the Xulwha! t.'ra i
Recently a mnn in this county found a colored
man in tho woods, siek and emaciated with th
ngue, who nppenred to be a fugitive slave. IIo
took tho ci din cd man to I, i.i h .use, and, in the
event, lodged him in jail t, nwnit a claimant. At
the eud.of six weeks lho mnn (or slave) was sold
for his jail fees, "according to law." A mnn wa
over from Missouri nt thn sale, who Wasted that
he intended to havo that fellow for ft slavo. A
friend declared ho should not, nnd between them
ho was run up to six hundred dollars, and bid off
lo tho friend, who left him in jail, and soon got
out a w rit of Italian coijnti, to ascertain the slave'
right to freedom. F.very man being presumed to
be free till proved to be n slave, and no testimony
appearing to i.rovo him thus, he wns released by
the court, willi testimony to that effect! aud, in
view of tl.o threat to enslave him, he wns cared
for by thoso who prefer to help a man to freedom
rather than to enslave him. Th.s is only a meager
outlino of o:.o incident among ninny.
The foregoing statement is congrmed by the
Quincy newspapers. It furnishes a beautiful
illustration of the workings of lho liluck Code ef
Illinois. Had it not Wen for lho interposition of
this Anti-Shivery friend, tho poor mnn would hve
been consigned to Shivery for life. True, ho could
only bo sold for ono month, but there would be nn
legal provisiuu for his enfranchisement at the end
of that ti.no. The Quincy IFAii, of NovcuiLsr
" It is asserted, nud wo fully Wliovo it, thnt one
individual, w ho was a bidder at tho sale, intended .
in case he succeeded in purchasing tho negro, to
take him to a slavo State nn l sell him or treat hint
as a slavo for life. Wo say that wo believe this.
and the facts in tho case that nre known to the
public are sufficient evidence of it."
Tl.o Legislature that enacted tho infamous law
undor which the snlo took plnco, provided no safe
guard against such an abuse. Had the poor mnn
been "struck oH" to tho Missouri bidder, he might
hnve found himself at the end of the month on
solitary plnutntiou on tho Hod rivor, Wyond hope
Nut to sny anything of Christianity, Civilisation
must be at a very low ebb in a Stato that can
sanction a statute to utterly unprincipled and vil
lunnus. The distinguished Senator from Illinois,
in his late tour through Europe, saw nothing under
any of it mean Despotisms meaner than this stat
ute of a Democratic State. Xutiunal Era.
DtnocsiTic Split i.v Vermont. MoNrrruo,
Pee. 11). The Freo Soil Democrats are greatly ex
cited against the Old Lino Democrat. In Orange
and Washington counties they have held Conven
tions in one, they resolved thut those who by their,
vote elected John S. Hobinson, Governor, and Jf.
ferson 1. Kidder, Lieutenant Governor of Vermont,
should be held in utler detestation by all tree,
friends of freedom. In tho other, thoy resolved,
that those members of our Legislature whe havo
given their support to a pro-shivery and drunken
party, are traitors, nnd cannot bo safely allowed oi
board the ship Freedom. They have also estab
lished a now paper iu this oily called the Liberty
Standard, The split threatens to rival in bitterne
the war of the "SlioHs in New York.
Law Against Teaching Slaves. A writer in the
Now York Timet, lifter cnrofully examining Vir
ginia slave laws, particularly tlmt against teaching)
colored childruu to rend aud write, find tliat severe
"prohibitutions of ediacatiou in the slave Stnte are-
of no receut origin, but are older, by'morertanacen
fury, thut tho Northern agitations, which are aidl;
to give rise Ut tbeui." Cummonwealth. '
Closure or Kintvckt Distilleries. The Loult-s
ville Courier report at least 60 per cent, decreased'
in LtourWn whiskey. In Harrison country len.
the Amount of last year' distillation was aboet 15,
000. Nearly half the distilleries in the- sourity'
hav closed up, or been converted in t other par-'
pose. Other will follow the same emir a dc
aa the present seaxrn it over. . '